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1.
Tegicigalpa; s.n; jun. 2, 2019. 64 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1048345

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una investigación descriptiva de corte transversal, muestro no probabilístico y por conveniencia se tomó una muestra de 55 estudiantes del IV año de la carrera de enfermería de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras (UNAH), en el mes de marzo del 2018. El 91% correspondió al género femenino, el 55% en edades de 28 -32 años de edad, 56% eran de Tegucigalpa, sobre los factores que les causaban estrés: el 47% respondieron estar muy de acuerdo con la falta de competencia, relación tutor el 29 % les fue indiferente, la impotencia e incertidumbre muy de acuerdo el 48%, el control del sufrimiento muy de acuerdo 34%, el no control de la relación paciente/ estudiante 33% muy de acuerdo, la implicación emocional 28% de acuerdo, daño en la relación con el paciente 32% muy de acuerdo, el paciente busca otro tipo de relación muy de acuerdo 36%, la sobre carga de los estudiantes el 41% muy de acuerdo. El género femenino fueron los más frecuentes en edades de 22 -32 años y de procedencia de Tegucigalpa, de los estresores académicos los principales fueron la impotencia e incertidumbre, de los emocionales fueron el control del sufrimiento, y los estudiantes consideran estar muy de acuerdo que la sobre carga académica es un factor muy estresante


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Professional Practice , Burnout, Professional , Nursing , Nursing, Practical , Nursing Staff , Public Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-739909

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to understand the experiences of career exploration among nursing students during their clinical practice and to develop a theoretical framework for the career exploration process. METHODS: From February 2 to 28, 2015, data were collected through focus group interviews from 24 participating fourth-year nursing students. The data were analyzed using grounded theory. RESULTS: The central phenomenon of 'confusion between the ideal and the reality of nursing' occurred in contexts for various reasons of choosing one's major, nurses in the ideal, a vague fear of the field, arduous nursing assignments in the field, and severe adversity in the nursing field. Nursing students tried to deal with their confusion by using interaction strategies such as pursuing the intrinsic value of nursing, finding role models, trying to project oneself, and preparing for adapting to reality. The career exploration process in clinical practice was a voyage to discover the authentic nurse of the pre-registration nurse. CONCLUSION: This result shows that nursing students were to gain confidence in their career choices by finding the value of nursing and interacting with patients. Therefore, opportunities for learning experiences about interaction with patients and various positive experiences in clinical practice should be provided for nursing students.


Subject(s)
Career Choice , Focus Groups , Grounded Theory , Humans , Learning , Nursing , Nursing, Practical , Qualitative Research , Students, Nursing
3.
Enferm. Investig ; 3(2): 61-65, jun.-2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-999895

ABSTRACT

Introducción:Cualquier persona es susceptible de sufrir un traumatismo ypor ello, es importante que todos los profesionales de la salud especialmente el profesional de enfermería, disponga de los conocimientos básicos que le permitan abordar adecuadamente la asistencia inicial.Objetivo:Evaluar el cumplimiento de los cuidados de enfermería al paciente politraumatizado. Métodos:Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo longitudinal. Servicio de Urgencias y Cirugía del Hospital Regional de Bata. Enero -mayo del 2017. Universo: 37 enfermeras (os), y la muestra 20. Se aplicó una guía de observación. Las variables fueron: acciones de Enfermería: si ejecuta las medidas de protección para la atención a estos pacientes, prepara el servicio de urgencias para recibirlos, realiza una evaluacióninicial al paciente, desempeña los cuidados de enfermería según procedimientos. Resultados:El 95% de los enfermerosprepara el servicio para realizar las acciones correspondientes, el 90%, ejecuta las medidas de protección y el 100% realiza la evaluación inicial; un 85% coloca al paciente en posición adecuada, el 90% le realiza aspiración de cavidad, el 95% realiza lacolocación de sonda nasogástrica y vesical, un 90% hace la cura local de heridas, el 80% de los profesionales cumple con el aseo del paciente, un 95% brinda educación sanitaria al paciente y familiares.Conclusiones:Los cuidados de enfermería en la atención al paciente politraumatizado en el servicio de urgencias y cirugía, en su generalidad se ejecutan de manera correcta. Existe inestabilidad de recursos básicos en los servicios y en la capacitación del personal de enfermería


Introduction:Anyone is susceptible to trauma and therefore, it is important that all health professionals, especially the nursing professional, have the basic knowledge that allows them to adequately address initial assistance. Objective:To evaluate the fulfillment of the nursing care to the polytraumatized patient. Methods:Alongitudinal prospective descriptive study was carried out. Emergency Service and Surgery of the Regional Hospital of Bata. January -May 2017. Universe: 37 nurses, and sample 20. An observation guide was applied. The variables were: Nursing actions: if you execute protective measures to care for these patients, prepare the emergency service to receive them, perform an initial evaluation of the patient, perform nursing care according to procedures. Results:95% of the nurses (as) prepare the service to perform the corresponding actions, 90%, execute the protection measures and 100% perform the initial evaluation; 85% place the patient in an appropriate position, 90% perform cavity aspiration, 95% perform nasogastric and bladder catheter placement, 90% perform local wound healing, 80% of professionals comply with thepatient's hygiene, 95% provide health education to the patient and family members. Conclusions:Nursing care in the care of patients with multiple trauma in the emergency department and surgery, in general, is performed correctly. There is instability ofbasic resources in the services and training of nursing personnel.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Wounds and Injuries , Nursing Care , Nursing, Practical , Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation , Education, Nursing , Ambulatory Care
4.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 9(1): 41-43, abr. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1028342

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Refletir sobre questões ligadas às práticas de enfermagem na Atenção Primária à Saúde no contexto do sistema único de saúde que hoje são realizadas em uma perspectiva que possa favorecer a ampliação das ações de enfermagem com vistas à melhoria da cobertura universal e ampliação do acesso aos serviços de saúde. Reflete-se sobre a necessidade de ampliar o escopo das práticas de enfermagem que já são realizadas na Atenção Primária, à luz do conceito de Práticas Avançadas de Enfermagem. A ampliação de competências e da liderança dos enfermeiros em funções complexas em âmbito nacional requer estudos sobre a realidade nacional, superação dos desafios regionais e apoio dos órgãos representativos da enfermagem.


Objective: To reflect on the potential of Nursing Practices in Primary Health Care in the context of the Brazilian Unified Health System, with an expansion of the work performed by nurses. The paper reflects on the need to expand the scope of nursing practices in Primary Care, according to the concept of Advanced Nursing Practices. The expansion of the nurses’ competences and leadership in complex tasks at a national level requires studies on the Brazilian reality, the overcoming of regional challenges, and support to nursing representative bodies.


Reflexionar sobre las potencialidades de las Prácticas de Enfermería en la Atención Básica de la Salud en el contexto del Sistema Único de Salud brasileño, con ampliación de las acciones realizadas por enfermeros. Se reflexiona sobre la necesidad de ampliar la gama de las prácticas de enfermería en la Atención Básica, a la luz del concepto de las Prácticas Avanzadas de Enfermería. La ampliación de competencias y del liderazgo de los enfermeros en funciones complejas en el ámbito nacional requiere estudios sobre la realidad nacional, la superación de los desafios regionales y el apoyo de los órganos representativos de la enfermería.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Primary Health Care , Nursing , Nursing, Practical , Nurses , Nurse Practitioners
5.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 34(1): e1257, ene.-mar. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1099024

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El clima organizacional constituye uno de los elementos a considerar en los procesos organizativos de la gestión, cambio e innovación. Por su repercusión inmediata adquiere relevancia, tanto en los procesos como en los resultados y ello incide directamente en la calidad del propio sistema y su desarrollo. Objetivo: Sistematizar la definición de clima organizacional, teniendo en consideración su relación en el ámbito laboral en la práctica de la enfermería. Métodos: Se realizó análisis de contenido de documentos, que incluyó artículos originales y de revisión publicados desde el año 2001 al 2014, con las siguientes palabras clave: clima organizacional, características, dimensiones en SciELO. Se identificaron y revisaron artículos que fueron útiles para el desarrollo de la revisión, así monografías de varias revistas y tesis doctorales actualizadas que permitieron el análisis histórico lógico de la evolución de la definición del clima organizacional. Conclusiones: La sistematización de los términos relacionados con el clima organizacional, permitió definir el clima organizacional, las características y dimensiones, algunos autores que se han dedicado al estudio del clima organizacional en el mundo han establecido su definición, objetivos, dimensiones, importancia, teorías e instrumentos para su medición sin embargo se hace necesario su conocimiento para el mejoramiento de la calidad en las instituciones del mismo(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Organizational climate is one of the elements to consider in organizational processes, management, change and innovation. For immediate impact becomes relevant in both processes and results and this directly impacts on the quality of the system itself and its development. Objective: To systematize the definition of organizational climate, taking into consideration their relationship in the workplace in nursing practice. Methods: Organizational climate, characteristics, dimensions: content analysis of documents, including original and review reports with the following keywords items is done. They were identified and reviewed articles that were useful for the development of the review, several magazines and monographs and doctoral theses to date that allowed the logical historical analysis of the evolution of the definition of organizational climate. Conclusions: The systematization of terms related to organizational climate, allowed to define the organizational climate, the characteristics and dimensions, some authors who have dedicated themselves to the study of organizational climate in the world have established their definition, objectives, dimensions, importance, theories and instruments for measuring however their knowledge to improve the quality of institutions it is necessary(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Institutional Development , Scientific and Technical Publications , Nursing, Practical/standards , Review Literature as Topic
6.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-717406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of an individual education program using the treating rheumatoid arthritis to target (RA T2T) strategy in patients with moderate-severe rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Patients were assigned randomly to an educational intervention (n=33) or conventional care group (n=33). The intervention was a nurse-delivered 9-month educational program consisting of 3 monthly sessions and monthly telephone counseling. The assessments occurred at the baseline and every 3 months in both groups, but only the intervention group completed the 9-month education follow-up. The outcome variables included the disease activity (DAS28), functional disability (KHAQ), fatigue (FACIT-Fatigue), and quality of life (SF-36). Repeated measures ANOVA and a Bonferroni multiple comparison were used to evaluate the outcome variables comparing the groups and follow-up times. RESULTS: Significant interactions were observed between the groups and follow-up times in the disease activity (p=0.041), fatigue (p=0.042), and physical (p=0.006) and mental (p=0.031) health-related quality of life, but there was no significant interaction in the functional disability (p=0.110). Significant differences were noted between the groups at the 9-month period (p=0.048) in disease activity and fatigue, and at the 6-month (p=0.023) and 9-month periods (p=0.027) in the physical health-related quality of life. CONCLUSION: This education program using the RA T2T strategy had significant benefits on the disease activity, fatigue, and quality of life in patients with moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis, and the results suggested that this contributed to positive clinical outcomes as a good practical nursing intervention.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Counseling , Education , Fatigue , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Nursing, Practical , Patient Education as Topic , Quality of Life , Telephone
7.
Investig. enferm ; 20(1)2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-995381

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: revelar la percepción de estudiantes de enfermería sobre la práctica basada en evidencias como estrategia de enseñanza y aprendizaje en la prevención de úlceras por presión. Métodos: estudio cualitativo realizado con doce estudiantes de graduación en enfermería de una universidad del sur de Brasil que participaron en un workshop teórico-práctico sobre la prevención de úlceras por presión. Los datos se recabaron a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas y se sometieron a análisis temático. Resultados: se evidenció la categoría temática como la estrategia de la práctica basada en evidencias en la enseñanza-aprendizaje de úlceras por presión, con cuatro subcategorías: facilitando la correlación entre teoría y práctica y la búsqueda de soluciones; activando las competencias del enfermero; fomentando la identificación de las fases de la úlcera por presión, y revelando la importancia de la escala de Braden. Conclusión: los estudiantes destacaron que la práctica basada en evidencias fomentó un aprendizaje amplio sobre las medidas para prevenir las úlceras por presión.


Objective: To reveal the perception of nursing students on the practice based on evidence as a teaching and learning strategy in the prevention of pressure ulcers. Methods: A qualitative study performed with 12 undergraduate nursing students of a public university in southern Brazil, who participated in a theoretical and practical workshop about the prevention of pressure ulcers. Data were collected by semi-structured interviews and submitted to thematic analysis. Results: It was noted the thematic category the strategy of evidence based on the teaching and learning of pressure ulcers practice, with four subcategories: facilitating the correlation between theory and practice and the search for solutions; awakening the nurse skills; enabling the identification of pressure ulcer stages and awakening to the importance of the Braden scale. Conclusion: The students emphasized that evidencebased practice provided a wide learning about measures to prevent pressure ulcers.


Objetivo: revelar a percepção de estudantes de enfermagem sobre a prática baseada em evidências como estratégia de ensino e aprendizagem na prevenção de úlceras por pressão. Métodos: estudo qualitativo realizado com 12 estudantes de graduação em enfermagem de uma universidade pública do sul do Brasil, que participaram de um workshop teórico-prático sobre a prevenção de úlceras por pressão. Os dados foram coletados por entrevistas semiestruturadas e submetidos à análise temática. Resultados: evidenciou-se a categoria a estratégia da prática baseada em evidências no ensino-aprendizado de úlceras por pressão, com quatro subcategorias: facilitando a correlação entre teoria e prática e a busca por soluções; despertando para as competências do enfermeiro; propiciando a identificação dos estágios da úlcera por pressão e despertando para importância da escala de Braden. Conclusão: os estudantes destacaram que a prática baseada em evidências propiciou uma aprendizagem ampla sobre as medidas para se prevenir as úlceras por pressão.


Subject(s)
Pressure Ulcer/diagnosis , Evidence-Based Practice/methods , Nursing, Practical/education
8.
Investig. enferm ; 20(1)2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-995420

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: identificar los estresores en las prácticas clínicas de los alumnos de la Facultad de Enfermería de una universidad pública de Antioquia (Colombia) y explorar la relación entre el grado de estrés y las variables sexo y semestre académico. Métodos: estudio cuantitativo de tipo transversal realizado durante el primer semestre académico de 2016. La población de estudio fueron todos los estudiantes de quinto a octavo semestres en práctica clínica. No se hizo muestreo. Los participantes contestaron por autorreporte la escala KEZKAK de Zupiría et al. que evalúa 41 estresores en las prácticas clínicas de los estudiantes de enfermería. Los puntajes mayores de 1,5 indican que hay estrés. Resultados: participaron 156 de los 224 estudiantes matriculados (69,6% del total). El promedio de la escala fue de 2,0, que equivale a un estrés moderado. En el 88% de los ítems mostraron algún grado de estrés (3 ítems con nivel alto > 2,5: hacer mal mi trabajo y perjudicar al paciente, hacer daño físico al paciente, y confundirme de medicación). Se presentaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el puntaje promedio total en las variables sexo (mayor en el femenino) y semestre académico (mayor en el quinto). Se encontró que los dominios del KESKAK con mayores puntajes fueron: falta de competencia (2,2), sobrecarga de trabajo (2,2), contacto con el sufrimiento (2,0) y que el paciente busque una relación íntima (2,0). Conclusión: los estudiantes de enfermería tienen un estrés moderado ocasionado por situaciones de la práctica clínica; predominan los factores relacionados con la falta de competencia y la sobrecarga de trabajo.


Objective: To identify the stressors in clinical practices in students from the Faculty of Nursing at a public university in Antioquia (Colombia) and to explore the relationship between stress level and the variables sex and academic semester. Methods: A cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted during the first 2016 academic semester. The study population was all students from 5th to 8th semester in clinical practice, no sampling was done. The participants answered by self-report the KEZKAK scale by Zupiria et al. to evaluate 41 stressors in the clinical practices of nursing students. Scores above 1,5 indicated the presence of stress. Results: 156 of the 224 enrolled students participated in the study (69.6% of the total). The mean for the scale was 2,0, which is equivalent to moderate stress level; 88% of the items showed some degree of stress (3 items with high level >2,5: poor work performance and harming the patient, causing physical harm to the patient, and confusing the types of medications). Statistically significant differences were found in the total average score by gender (highest in females) and academic semester (highest during the fifth). It was found that the KESKAK domains with the highest scores were: lack of skills (2,2), work overload (2,2), contact with suffering (2,0), and the patient seeking a close relationship (2,0). Conclusion: nursing students have a moderate level of stress caused by situations of the clinical practice, factors related to lack of skills and work overload were predominated.


Objetivo: identificar os estressores nas práticas clínicas nos alunos da Faculdade de Enfermagem de uma Universidade pública do Antioquia (Colômbia) e explorar a relação entre os níveis de estresse e sexo e semestre acadêmico. Métodos: estudo quantitativo de tipo transversal realizado durante o primeiro semestre acadêmico de 2016. A população do estudo consistiu de todos os alunos da 5a a 8a semestre na prática clínica, nenhuma amostragem foi feita. Os participantes responderam por autorreporte a escala KEZKAK de Zupiría et al. para avaliar 41 estressores nas práticas clínicas dos estudantes de enfermagem. As pontuações maiores de 1,5 indicavam que havia estresse. Resultados: 156 dos 224 alunos inscritos participaram (69,6% do total). A média da escala foi de 2,0 o que equivale a nível de estresse moderado. Em 88% dos itens mostraram algum grau de estresse (3 itens com nível alto >2,5: Fazer mal meu trabalho e prejudicar ao paciente, fazer dano físico ao paciente, e Confundir-me de medicação). Se apresentaram diferencias estatisticamente significativas na pontuação média total nas variáveis sexo (maior no feminino) e semestre acadêmico (maior no quinto). Se encontrou que os domínios de KESKAK com maiores pontuações foram: falta de competência (2,2), sobrecarga de trabalho (2,2), contato com o sofrimento (2,0) e que o paciente busque uma relação íntima (2,0). Conclusão: os estudantes de enfermagem têm um nível de estresse moderado ocasionado por situações da prática clínica, foram fatores predominantes os relacionados com a falta de competência e sobrecarga de trabalho.


Subject(s)
Stress, Psychological , Cross-Sectional Studies , Nursing, Practical/methods
9.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 17-25, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-713606

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Clinical nursing practice is important because it helps nursing students experience realities of clinical nursing that cannot be learned through theoretical education. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an interactive nursing skills mobile application for nursing students. METHODS: Sixty-six senior nursing students were randomly assigned to experimental or control groups. The experimental group used an interactive nursing skills mobile application for 1 week. The control group was provided with a mobile application containing noninteractive nursing video contents for 1 week. Before (pre-test) and 1 week after (post-test) using the mobile application, participants' knowledge of clinical nursing skills, self-efficacy of nursing practice, and nursing skills performance were assessed. RESULTS: The experimental group showed a significantly higher value for knowledge after 1 week of treatment via their mobile application than the control group (t = 3.34, p = .001). In addition, they showed significantly improved self-efficacy before and after intervention (t = 2.46, p = .017) than the control group. The experimental group's nursing skills performance was also significantly enhanced after intervention (t = 7.05, p < .001), with a significant difference in the degree of improvement (t = 4.47, p < .001). CONCLUSION: The interactive learner-centered nursing education mobile application with systematic contents was an effective method for students to experience practical nursing skills. Developing and applying a mobile application with other nursing contents that can be effectively used across all range of nursing students is recommended.


Subject(s)
Education , Education, Nursing , Humans , Methods , Mobile Applications , Nursing , Nursing, Practical , Simulation Training , Students, Nursing
10.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-715846

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a neonatal nursing practice program for nursing students on students' stress, self-efficacy, and confidence. METHODS: A 1-group pre- and post- study design was used. The participants consisted of 64 nursing students who were in a pediatric nursing clinical practicum at a nursing college in Seoul from September 2015 to May 2016. The program consisted of 3 stages-orientation, practice, and debriefing-and was conducted for 3 hours during a 2-week period of the pediatric nursing clinical practicum. The dependent variables were neonatal nursing practice stress, self-efficacy, and confidence. Data were analyzed using the paired t-test, the Pearson correlation coefficient, the x² test, and descriptive statistics with SPSS for Windows version 22.0. RESULTS: The neonatal nursing practice program was effective at decreasing clinical practice-related stress and increasing confidence and self-efficacy regarding neonatal nursing practice. CONCLUSION: The neonatal nursing practice program may effectively promote the integration of theoretical knowledge and practice. In the future, we propose to develop various educational programs that reinforce basic nursing skills for neonates as part of an effective pediatric nursing clinical practicum.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Nursing , Nursing , Nursing, Practical , Pediatric Nursing , Preceptorship , Self Efficacy , Seoul , Stress, Psychological , Students, Nursing
11.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 25: [e14480], jan.-dez. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-948035

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: discutir o sintoma e suas implicações na prática clínica do enfermeiro em unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI). Método: estudo teórico, de análise reflexiva, no qual foi abordado o conceito de sintoma a partir de como ele surgiu no campo da medicina, até a dimensão do sintoma considerada na psicanálise. Posteriormente, foi proposta uma reflexão da compreensão de sintoma que permeia a prática clínica do enfermeiro em UTI. Resultados: para se conhecer o sintoma, faz-se necessário conhecer o sujeito que é cuidado e percebê-lo em sua singularidade, por meio de uma escuta focada na sua história de vida, para que permita criar condições de aparecimento do sujeito do inconsciente. Conclusão: o enfermeiro em UTI não pode limitar o seu processo de trabalho exclusivamente à condição de adoecimento do paciente, mas deve antes de tudo se perguntar quem é esse sujeito e qual sua história de vida, considerando a dimensão do inconsciente.


Objective: to discuss the symptom and its implications in the clinical practice of nurses in intensive care units (ICUs). Method: in this theoretical, analytical reflection study, the concept of "symptom" was approached in terms of how it arose in the field of medicine, through to the dimension of symptom considered in psychoanalysis. The proposal was then to reflect on the comprehension of symptom that permeates nurses' clinical practice in the ICU. Results: in order to know the symptom, it is necessary to know the subjects cared for, and to perceive them in their singularity, by listening focused on their life histories, so as to create the conditions in which the subject of the unconscious can appear. Conclusion: ICU nurses cannot limit their work process exclusively to the patient's condition in terms of illness, but must first ask themselves who this subject is, and what his or her life history is, to consider the unconscious dimension.


Objetivo: discutir el síntoma y sus implicaciones en la práctica clínica del enfermero en unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI). Método: estudio teórico, de análisis reflexivo, en el que se abordó el concepto de síntoma desde cómo surgió en el campo de la medicina, hasta la dimensión del síntoma considerado en el psicoanálisis. Posteriormente, se propuso una reflexión de la comprensión de síntoma que está presente en la práctica clínica del enfermero en UTI. Resultados: para conocer el síntoma, se hace necesario conocer al sujeto que objeto del cuidado y entenderlo en su singularidad, por medio de una escucha enfocada en su historia de vida, para que se pueda crear condiciones de surgimiento del sujeto del inconsciente. Conclusión: el enfermero en UTI no puede limitar su proceso de trabajo exclusivamente a la condición del enfermarse del paciente, sino debe, ante todo, preguntarse quién es ese sujeto y cuál es su historia de vida, considerando la dimensión del inconsciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Signs and Symptoms , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care , Nursing, Practical , Clinical Nursing Research , Models, Theoretical
12.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 25(4): 279-284, Octubre.-Dic. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1031350

ABSTRACT

Resumen


Introducción: la estrategia Código Infarto garantiza el diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento oportuno al paciente con infarto agudo al miocardio. En dicha estrategia el profesional de enfermería fundamenta sus intervenciones en colaboración con el equipo multidisciplinario.


Objetivo: evaluar el nivel de competencia clínica del profesional de enfermería en la atención del paciente con Código Infarto puerta-balón-primaria.


Metodología: estudio transversal analítico, en una muestra de 57 enfermeras de los servicios de Urgencias y Hemodinamia de un hospital de tercer nivel. Con base en el protocolo Código Infarto se diseñaron tres instrumentos: un cuestionario y dos listas de cotejo, las cuales incluyeron 42 ítems, validados por expertos (2 de 2). Se hizo un análisis descriptivo y se también se usaron pruebas no paramétricas.


Resultados: el nivel de competencia clínica fue eficiente en el 74%. En relación con el grado académico y el nivel de competencia, fue más eficiente el personal con formación profesional técnica (35%) que el personal con formación de licenciatura (28%). Se correlacionó el nivel de competencia con el grado académico y la capacitación (p < 0.005).


Conclusiones: la competencia del profesional de enfermería en la atención del paciente con Código Infarto fue eficiente, en razón de la oportunidad y el tiempo de la reperfusión coronaria.


Abstract


Introduction: The Infarct Code (Código Infarto) strategy guarantees early diagnosis and timely treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction. In this strategy, the nursing professional bases his interventions in collaboration with the multidisciplinary team.


Objective: To evaluate the level of clinical competence of the nursing professional in the care of the patient with a primary infarction.


Methods: It was carried out a cross-sectional analytical study in a sample of 57 nurses from the services of Emergency and Cardiac Care Unit. Based on the Infarct Code protocol, three questionnaires and two checklists (these included 42 items) were designed and validated by experts (2/2). We made a descriptive analysis and we also used non-parametric tests.


Results: The level of proficiency was efficient in 74%. With regards to the academic degree and the level of competence, the personnel with technical professional training (35%) were more efficient than the personnel with a bachelor's degree (28%). The level of competence was correlated with the academic degree and the training (p = <0.005).


Conclusions: The competence of the nursing professional in the care of the patient with Infarction Code was efficient, due to the timing and the time of the coronary reperfusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inservice Training , Clinical Competence , Nursing, Practical , Cross-Sectional Studies , Myocardial Infarction , Reperfusion , Myocardial Reperfusion , Mexico , Humans
13.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 25(3): 233-238, Julio.-sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1031343

ABSTRACT

Resumen


El Cyberknife es un sistema de radiocirugía robótica sin marco de fijación, utilizado para tratar tumores benignos, tumores malignos y otras condiciones médicas. El sistema consiste en un método para administrar radiación ionizante con el acelerador lineal en forma localizada y con mayor precisión que con la radioterapia convencional. Como personal ocupacionalmente expuesto (POE), la enfermera debe ejercer todas sus funciones en los servicios y unidades donde se utilizan radiaciones ionizantes con fines médicos; por lo tanto, trabaja en estricta colaboración con el médico radiooncólogo, el físico, el dosimetrista y el técnico de radioterapia, ya que provee los cuidados específicos al paciente en la exploración y el tratamiento.


Abstract


The Cyberknife is a robotic radiosurgery system with no fixation frame, used to treat benign tumors, malignant tumors and other medical conditions. The system consists of a method for administering ionizing radiation with the linear accelerator in a localized form and with greater accuracy than with conventional radiotherapy. As an Occupationally Exposed Personnel (NPO), the nurse must perform all her functions in the services and units where medical ionizing radiation is used; therefore, it works in strict collaboration with the radiologist, the physicist, the medical dosimetrist and the radiotherapy technician, since it provides the specific care to the patient in the exploration and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing, Practical , Neoplasms , Radiation, Ionizing , Radiosurgery , Robotics , Mexico , Humans
14.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 35(1): 8-16, February 15, 2017. figura
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-875110

ABSTRACT

Objective. To identify the care models and the impact of the use of these in the care of people with chronic diseases reported in the literature in the years 2000 to 2014. Methods. Integrative literature review in which the following guiding question was adopted: Which care models are used in the care of patients with chronic diseases and what impacts can be verified through their application? We consulted the bibliographic databases Virtual Health Library, LILACS, MEDLINE, Spanish Bibliographic Index of Health Sciences and the Database of Nursing. Results. The sample consisted of 17 articles on the topic of interest. Three categories emerged from the analysis: health care costs, model-based care experience, and patient autonomy. The articles addressed self-management, case management and care model for people with chronic diseases. The major impacts on the use of the models were: a better relationship between the patient and the health professional, an increase in the autonomy of the person with chronic illness, and a reduction in personal and health care expenditure. Conclusion. The use of care models for people with chronic diseases presents benefits to the patient and to the health system. Nurses must actively participate in the application of these care models of people with this type of illness.


Objetivo. Identificar los modelos de cuidado y el impacto de la utilización de éstos en el cuidado de personas con enfermedades crónicas reportados en la literatura en los años 2000 a 2014. Métodos. Revisión integrativa de la literatura en la que se tuvo la pregunta norteadora: ¿cuáles modelos de cuidado son utilizados en la atención de los pacientes con enfermedades crónicas y qué impactos pueden ser verificados mediante su aplicación? Se consultaron las bases bibliográficas Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, LILACS, MEDLINE, Índice Bibliográfico Espanhol de Ciências da Saúde y la Base de dados em Enfermagem. Resultados. La muestra estuvo constituida por 17 artículos sobre el tema de interés. Del análisis emergieron tres categorías: los costos del cuidado de la salud, la experiencia de atención basada en un modelo y la autonomía del paciente. Los artículos abordaron la autogestión, la gestión de casos y el modelo de cuidado a personas con enfermedades crónicas. Los mayores impactos en la utilización de los modelos fueron: una mejor relación del paciente con el profesional de salud, aumento de la autonomía de la persona con enfermedad crónica y la reducción del gasto en salud personal y del sistema sanitario. Conclusión. La utilización de modelos de cuidado de personas con enfermedades crónicas presenta beneficios al paciente y al sistema de salud, modelos en los cueles los enfermeros deben participar activamente en su aplicación.


Objetivo. Identificar os modelos de cuidado e o impacto da utilização destes no atendimento à pacientes com doenças crônicas, publicados na literatura de 2000 a 2014. Métodos. Revisão integrativa em que a questão norteadora foi: Quais modelos de cuidado são utilizados no atendimento aos pacientes com doenças crônicas e que impactos podem ser verificados mediante sua aplicação? As bases de dados pesquisadas foram o diretório da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, nas bases Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Índice Bibliográfico Espanhol de Ciências da Saúde e a Base de dados em Enfermagem. Resultados. A amostra foi composta de 17 artigos sobre o tema de interesse. Na análise emergiram três categorias: custos em saúde, experiência do cuidado com base em um modelo e autonomia do paciente. Os artigos abordaram a autogestão, a gestão de casos e o modelo de cuidados para pessoas com doenças crônicas. Os impactos da utilização dos modelos foram: melhor relação do paciente com o profissional de saúde, aumento da autonomia da pessoa com doença crônica e redução dos gastos em saúde. Conclusão. O uso de modelos de cuidados para as pessoas com doenças crônicas apresenta benefícios para o paciente e para o sistema de saúde. Os Enfermeiros devem participar ativamente na implementação desses modelos de cuidados para as pessoas com estas doenças.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Disease , Models, Nursing , Nursing Care , Nursing, Practical
15.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 16(2): 226-237, 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-877016

ABSTRACT

Aim: to characterize the dissertations and theses available in the Brazilian Nursing Association (ABEn) Catalog of Thesis and Dissertations (CEPEn) regarding the path taken by Brazilian Nursing in teaching, research, management and care practice. Method: a documentary and quantitative study, whose material were the Thesis and Dissertation Catalog, available on ABEn's website, from Volume XIX to XXXII. The following data collection indicators were used: academic level, educational institution, year, place, object of study, methodological design and final implications and recommendations for Nursing. Results: 8,720 abstracts were found, of which 7,141 (81.89%) composed the final sample. Of these, 627 (8.78%) were associated with teaching, 329 (4.61%) with management, 2,564 (35.91%) with care practice and 3,621 (50.71%) with research. Conclusion: it was observed that there was a substantial increase in the quantity and quality of the publications produced by Brazilian nursing personnel in the last 20 years (1994-2014).(AU)


Objetivo: caracterizar las disertaciones y las tesis disponibles en el Catálogo de Tesis y Disertaciones (CEPEn) de la Asociación Brasileña de Enfermería (ABEn) acerca del camino recorrido por la Enfermería brasileña en el ámbito de la enseñanza, de la investigación, de la gestión y de la práctica asistencial. Método: estudio tipo documental y cuantitativo, donde los Catálogos de Tesis y Disertaciones, disponibles en el sitio de la ABEn, del Volumen XIX al XXXII, fue el material utilizado. Se utilizaron los siguientes indicadores de recolección de datos: nivel académico, institución de enseñanza, año, local, objeto de estudio, diseño metodológico e implicaciones y recomendaciones finales para a Enfermería. Resultados: fueron encontrados 8.720 resúmenes, de los que 7.141 (81,89%) constituyeron la muestra final. De ellos, 627 (8,78%) se asociaron a la enseñanza, 329 (4,61%) a la gestión, 2.564 (35,91%) a la práctica asistencial y 3.621 (50,71%) a la investigación. Conclusión: se observó que hubo un substancial crecimiento en la cantidad y en la calidad de las publicaciones producidas por la enfermería brasileña en los últimos 20 años (1994-2014).(AU)


Objetivo: caracterizar as dissertações e as teses disponíveis no Catálogo de Teses e Dissertações (CEPEn) da Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem (ABEn) quanto ao caminho percorrido pela Enfermagem brasileira no âmbito do ensino, da pesquisa, da gestão e da prática assistencial. Método: estudo do tipo documental e quantitativo, cujo material foram os Catálogos de Teses e Dissertações, disponíveis no sítio da ABEn, do Volume XIX ao XXXII. Utilizaram-se os seguintes indicadores de coleta de dados: nível acadêmico, instituição de ensino, ano, local, objeto de estudo, desenho metodológico e implicações e recomendações finais para a Enfermagem. Resultados: foram encontrados 8.720 resumos, dos quais 7.141 (81,89%) compuseram a amostra final. Destes, 627 (8,78%) associaram-se ao ensino, 329 (4,61%) à gestão, 2.564 (35,91%) à prática assistencial e 3.621 (50,71%) à pesquisa. Conclusão: observou-se que houve um substancial crescimento na quantidade e na qualidade das publicações produzidas pela enfermagem brasileira nos últimos 20 anos (1994-2014).(AU)


Subject(s)
Health Management , Nursing , Nursing Research , Nursing, Practical , Teaching
16.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 15(4): 632-643, Dec 2016. ilus
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-967503

ABSTRACT

Este artigo originou-se da segunda categoria que emergiu na Dissertação de Mestrado Profissional intitulada "Tecnologia educacional como estratégia para o uso de luvas pelos profissionais de Enfermagem visando a precaução de contato",apresentada à banca examinadora da Escola de Enfermagem Aurora de Afonso Costa (UFF). OBJETIVO: identificar os fatores que interferem na adesão e/ou adequação às medidas de precaução de contato na utilização das luvas de procedimentos e estéreis pela equipe de enfermagem. MÉTODO: estudo metodológico com abordagem quantiqualitativa. Com um total de 66 participantes distribuídos em 4 etapas. NA 1ª etapa, foram entrevistados 45 profissionais de enfermagem das clínicas cirúrgicas em um hospital universitário entre janeiro e março de 2014. RESULTADOS: 93% dos profissionais apontam falhas no uso de luvas, e somente 7% não observam falhas. CONCLUSÃO: a adequação no uso de luvas é determinante para a segurança do paciente, do profissional, da sociedade e do ambiente.


This article originated from the second category that emerged on the professional master's dissertation entitled "Educational technology as a strategy for the use of gloves by nursing professionals aiming the contact precaution", presented to the Review Board of the nursing school Aurora de Afonso Costa, Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF ­ Fluminense Federal University). AIM: to identify the factors that interfere in the adhesion and/or adequacy of the precautionary contact measures in the use of procedure sterile gloves by the nursing team. METHOD: this is a methodological study using a quantitative approach, with a total of 66 participants distributed in four stages. In the first stage, 45 nursing professionals from the surgical clinics were interviewed in a university hospital between January and March 2014. RESULTS: 93% of the professionals report a failure in the use of gloves and only 7% do not observe failures. CONCLUSION: the suitability of gloves is crucial for the safety of patients, professionals, society and the environment.


Este artículo se originó de la segunda categoría que surgió en laDisertación de Maestría Profesional titulada "Tecnología educacional como estrategia para el uso de guantes por los profesionales de Enfermería buscando la precaución de contacto", presentada a la banca examinadora de la E scuela de E nfermería A urora de Afonso Costa (UFF). OBJETIVO: identificar los factores que interfieren en la adhesión y/o adecuación a las medidas de precaución de contacto en la utilización de los guantes de procedimientos y estériles por el equipo de enfermería. MÉTODO: estudio metodológico con abordaje cuanticualitativo. Con un total de 66 participantes distribuidos en 4 etapas. En la 1ª etapa, fueron entrevistados 45 profesionales de enfermería de las clínicas quirúrgicas en un hospital universitario entre enero y marzo de 2014. RESULTADOS: 93% de los profesionales apuntan fallas en el uso de guantes, y solamente 7% no observan fallas. CONCLUSIÓN: la adecuación en el uso de guantes es determinante para la seguridad del paciente, del profesional, de la sociedad y del ambiente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Nursing/methods , Gloves, Protective/statistics & numerical data , Educational Technology/education , Gloves, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Nursing, Practical/standards
17.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 24(3): 165-170, Septiembre.-Dic. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1031297

ABSTRACT

Resumen


Introducción: en la formación de la enfermera, la teoría se complementa con la práctica, situación en la cual el estrés se encuentra presente.


Objetivo: evaluar una intervención de apoyo a estudiantes de enfermería en su primera práctica clínica para afrontar situaciones de estrés.


Metodología: estudio cuasi-experimental de prueba y posprueba. Se incluyeron estudiantes de segundo semestre de licenciatura en enfermería, ciclo 2011-2012. Se aplicó el cuestionario KEZKAZ (2003) para identificar situaciones estresantes, posteriormente se realizó una intervención de apoyo durante la práctica clínica en la que se manejaron competencias y contención de emociones. El análisis estadístico se realizó con la prueba de Wilcoxon para población pareada. A los participantes en el estudio se les solicitó consentimiento informado y se garantizó la confiabilidad de la información. Resultados: en relación con las dimensiones que conforman el KEZKAZ, se encontró significancia estadística (p < 0.05) para relaciones con tutores y compañeros, impotencia e incertidumbre ante la atención directa al paciente y sobrecarga de trabajo.


Conclusión: se encontró modificación en la percepción de los estudiantes posterior a la intervención, mostrando mayor autonomía y mayor certidumbre en su actuar, así como disminución en la percepción de sobrecarga de trabajo. Es necesario un mayor tiempo de apoyo para lograr modificar dimensiones que implican la relación enfermero-paciente.


Abstract


Introduction: In nursing, professional training practice complements theory, and it is an event where stress is often involved.


Objective: To assess a support intervention for nursing students in order to face situations of stress during their first clinical practice.


Methods: Test and post-test quasi-experimental study including undergraduate students from second semester of nursing bachelor, school year 2011-2012. KEZKAZ (2003) questionnaire was applied in order to identify stress situations; then a support intervention was performed during clinical practice in which competences and handling of emotional situations were practiced. Statistical analysis was performed through Wilcoxon Rank Test for paired population. Participants were requested for their informed consent and information reliability was ensured.


Results: Regarding dimensions conforming KEZKAZ questionnaire, statistical significance (p < 0.05) was found for relationships among tutors and their partners, discomfort and uncertainty about direct health care to patients and overload of work.


Conclusions: A change in perception of students after the intervention was found, showing greater autonomy and greater certainty in their performance, as well as a reduction in the work overload perception. A great deal of support time is required in order to change dimensions involving the nurse to patient relationship.


Subject(s)
Nursing, Practical , Stress, Psychological , Students, Nursing , Mexico , Humans
18.
Acta paul. enferm ; 29(4): 405-412, ago. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-827725

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar os fatores relacionados à mortalidade e avaliar a sobrevida de pacientes pediátricos tratados com oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea. Métodos Estudo de coorte retrospectivo, que incluiu pacientes pediátricos que utilizaram o dispositivo nos últimos cinco anos. Os grupos foram divididos com base naqueles que sobreviveram ou não após a terapia. Para avaliar os fatores preditivos de morte, foi utilizada análise multivariada com regressão logística e, para a sobrevida, o método de Kaplan-Meier e Log-Rank. Resultados A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo era maior no grupo de sobreviventes (74%+14,6% vs 56,2% + 22%, p=0,038) e o número de pacientes que necessitaram de diálise foi maior no grupo de não sobreviventes (52,4% vs. 12,5%, p=0,039), sendo a sobrevida significativamente menor neste grupo (log-rank=0,020). Conclusão Disfunção ventricular prévia, evidenciada pela fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo <55%, e necessidade de terapia de substituição renal concomitante aumentaram o risco de morte.


Abstract Objective To identify factors related to mortality, and evaluate the survival of pediatric patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Methods A retrospective cohort study that included pediatric patients using the device in the last five years. The groups were divided into those who survived after therapy, and those who did not. Multivariate logistic regression was used for assessing the predictive factors of death, and the Kaplan-Meier and log-rank for assessing survival. Results Left ventricular ejection fraction was higher in the group of survivors (74% + 14.6% vs 56.2% + 22%, p = 0.038), and the number of patients who required dialysis was higher in the group of non-survivors (52.4% vs. 12.5%, p = 0.039), showing significantly lower survival in this group (log-rank = 0.020). Conclusion Previous ventricular dysfunction, evidenced by a left ventricular ejection fraction <55%, and requirement of concomitant renal replacement therapy, increased the risk of death.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/adverse effects , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/mortality , Nursing, Practical , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies
19.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 15(2): 203-211, Abr.-Jun. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-974824

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Neste estudo propôs-se desenvolver e validar o conteúdo de um Instrumento de avaliação dos pacientes candidatos à colocação do Cateter Central de Inserção Periférica (CCIP) valvulado, abordando as condições adequadas para seu uso prolongado. Trata-se de uma pesquisa quanti-qualitativa, exploratória e descritiva. A construção do Instrumento ocorreu mediante busca as bases de dados LILACS e PubMed, livros e manuais de capacitação. Para a validação do conteúdo do instrumento foi utilizada a técnica Delphi, em três etapas, com a participação de 11 enfermeiras capacitadas, sendo excluídas as que possuíam a capacitação há menos de um ano ou que não realizavam a técnica há pelo menos um ano. A pesquisa ocorreu no período de março a novembro de 2014. Todas as dimensões incluídas no instrumento inicial obtiveram aprovação de, pelo menos, 72,7%, e duas dimensões atingiram aprovação de 100% dos especialistas. O instrumento foi ajustado quanto à clareza, classificação do perfil do paciente e organização das questões. A versão final do Instrumento possibilitou melhor avaliação e padronização de todas as variáveis que interferem na inserção e manutenção no longo prazo do CCIP valvulado.


RESUMEN El objetivo del estudio fue desarrollar y validar el contenido de un Instrumento de evaluación de los pacientes candidatos a la colocación de Catéter Central de Inserción Periférica (PICC) valvulado, frente a las condiciones adecuadas al uso prolongado. Se trata de una investigación cuanti-cualitativa, exploratoria y descriptiva. La construcción del Instrumento se llevó a cabo a través de la búsqueda en las bases de datos LILACS y PubMed, libros y manuales de capacitación. Para la validez de contenido del instrumento se utilizó la técnica Delphi, en tres etapas, con la participación de 11 enfermeras capacitadas, siendo excluidas del estudio las que poseían la capacitación a menos de un año o que no realizaban la técnica durante al menos un año. La investigación se llevó a cabo entre marzo y noviembre de 2014. Todas las dimensiones incluidas en el instrumento inicial obtuvieron la aprobación de, al menos, el 72,7%, y dos dimensiones alcanzaron la aprobación de 100% de los expertos. El instrumento fue ajustado en cuanto a la claridad, clasificación del perfil del paciente y organización de las preguntas. La versión final del Instrumento permitió una mejor evaluación y estandarización de todas las variables que interfieren en la inserción y en el mantenimiento a largo plazo del PICC valvulado.


ABSTRACT This study proposes to develop and validate the content of an Evaluate Instrument of patients who are candidates to place a valved Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC), which will discuss the adequate conditions to its long-term use. This is a quanti-qualitative research, with exploratory and descriptive approaches. The construction of the Instrument was supported by searches on LILACS and PubMed databases, as well as books and training manuals. To validate the content of the instrument, the Delphi technique was used, which is subdivided in three stages and with the participation of 11 capacitated nurses, excluding those professionals who were capacitated less than a year ago, or those who did not use the mentioned technique for more than one year. The research took place from March to November 2014. All dimensions included in the initial instrument were approved, with at least 72.7% for a positive score, and two dimensions achieved a 100% approval by the specialists. The instrument was adjusted as suggested in clarity, classification of patient's profile, and organization of questions. The final version of the Instrument enabled better evaluation and standardization of the variables that interfere in the insertion and maintenance of the valved PICC in the long-run.


Subject(s)
Female , Veins/anatomy & histology , Delphi Technique , Central Venous Catheters/standards , World Health Organization/organization & administration , PubMed/standards , Catheters/standards , Ambulatory Care/organization & administration , LILACS/standards , Nurses/standards , Nursing, Practical/education
20.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 34(1): 211-220, Jan.-Apr. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF, COLNAL | ID: lil-783567

ABSTRACT

Objective.To assess the risk factors for stress in undergraduate students of nursing in clinical practice in a public university in the Northeast region of Brazil. Methods. Cross-sectional descriptive study with 116 students from the fifth to the ninth period. The bilingual KEZKAK questionnaire, validated for Portuguese, was used. Stress was considered to be present when the score was equal or superior to 2. Results. The students with stress in clinical practice were 18 to 22 years old (2.82 ± 0.98), women (2.81 ± 0.96), married (2.80 ± 0.97), and who were permanent contracted employees (2.74 ± 0.94). The factors which were most associated with stress were: Lack of competence (2.99 ± 0.88); Impotence and uncertainty (2.98 ± 0.85); and Patients seeking a closer relationship (2.93 ± 1.01). The students of the sixth period were the most vulnerable to stress (2.85±0.96). Conclusion. The studies showed the main risk factors for stress among students of nursing in their clinical practice. These results could be used in the development of strategies seeking to reduce stress in this context as well as to contribute to promoting mental health.


Objetivo.Evaluar factores de riesgo para el estrés en estudiantes de pregrado de enfermería en la práctica clínica de una universidad pública de la región nordeste de Brasil. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo transversal con 116 estudiantes del 5º al 9º período. Se utilizó el cuestionario KEZKAK validado al portugués. Se consideró que se había estrés cuando la puntación era igual o superior a 2. Resultados. Los estudiantes con estrés relacionado con la práctica clínica estaban en el grupo de 18 a 22 años (2.82 ± 0.98), eran mujeres (2.81 ± 0.96), estaban casados (2.80 ± 0.97) y trabajaban (2.74 ± 0.94). Los factores más predisponentes fueron: la falta de competencia (2.99 ± 0.88), la impotencia y la incertidumbre (2.98 ± 0.85) y que el paciente busque una relación íntima (2.93 ± 1.01). Los estudiantes del sexto período fueron los más vulnerables al estrés (2.85 ± 0.96). Conclusión. El estudio mostró cuáles eran los principales factores de riesgo para el estrés en estudiantes de enfermería en la práctica clínica. Esta información puede ser empleada para el desarrollo de estrategias que busquen la reducción de estrés en los estudiantes de enfermería en la práctica clínica y así contribuir la promoción de la salud mental.


Objetivo.Avaliar os fatores de risco para o estresse em estudantes de graduação de enfermagem em prática clínica em uma universidade pública da região nordeste do Brasil. Metodologia. Estudo descritivo de corte transversal, com 116 acadêmicos, del 5º ao 9º período. Empregou-se o questionário bilíngue KEZKAK validado para o portugués. Considerou-se estresse quando a pontuação fosse igual ou superior a 2. Resultados. Os estudantes com estresse na prática clínica encontraram-se no grupo de18 a 22 anos (2.82 ± 0.98), mulheres (2.81 ± 0.96), casados (2.80 ± 0.97), e que possuíam vínculo empregatício (2.74 ± 0.94). Os fatores mais condicionantes para estresse foram: Falta de competência (M=2.99, DP=0.88); Impotência e incerteza (M=2.98, DP=0.85); O paciente busca uma relação íntima (M=2.93, DP=1.01). Os académicos do sexto período foram os mais vulneráveis para o estresse (2.85±0.96).. Conclusão. O estudo mostrou os principais fatores de risco para o estresse entre alunos de enfermagem na sua prática clínica. Estes resultados podem ser utiizados no desenvolvimento de estrategias que busquem a redução do estresse nesse contexto, bem como contribuir para a promoção da saúde mental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological , Students, Nursing , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Nursing, Practical
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