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1.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 209-215, May-Aug. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1114929

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The nutritional transition in Brazil is reaching the child population. In this context, studies have shown high prevalence of overweight and obesity in schoolchildren. : To analyze the nutritional and anthropometric status of children in a public school between the years 2013 and 2015METHODS: This is a longitudinal research using a study from 2013 as a baseline. The sample consisted of 73 students aged between 3 and 9 years old. Socioeconomic, anthropometric and school feeding information were collected using questionnaires according to the age of the student. The nutritional status was determined by collecting weight and height measurements, which were later used to express Weight/Age and Height/Age scores. Statistical analysis was done with the SPSS programRESULTS: The results showed that a significant portion of the students remained overweight and obese according Weight/Age index (21.8%) and at risk of low weight by the Height/Age and Weight/Age indexes (4.1% and 3.6%). These students had growth and weight gain within the normal range and most of them with an appropriate weight for their age, however there was a significant portion of students underweight and overweight/obeseCONCLUSION: The early identification of factors, which affect the growth and weight gain in childhood, may contribute to design strategies between the health team and the school crew to promote healthy eating habits among this audience


INTRODUÇÃO: A transição nutricional no Brasil vem alcançando também a população infantil. Neste âmbito, estudos tem demostrado altas prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade em crianças em idade escolarOBJETIVO: Analisar o estado nutricional e antropométrico de crianças de uma escola pública entre os anos de 2013 e 2015MÉTODO: Foi desenvolvido um estudo longitudinal utilizando um estudo de 2013 como baseline. A amostra final foi composta de 73 escolares com idade inicial entre 3 e 9 anos. Foram coletadas informações socioeconômicas, antropométricas e de prática de alimentação escolar utilizando questionários de acordo com a idade do escolar. O estado nutricional for determinado pela coleta de medidas de peso e altura, posteriormente estas foram utilizadas para expressão z escores de Peso/Idade e Altura/Idade. Utilizou-se o SPSS para análises estatísticasRESULTADOS: Os resultados mostraram que uma expressiva parcela dos escolares se manteve em sobrepeso e obesidade a partir do índice Peso/Idade (21,8%) e em risco de baixo peso pelos índices Altura/Idade e Peso/Idade (4,1% e 3,6%). Estes escolares apresentaram um crescimento e ganho de peso dentro dos padrões de normalidade e a maioria apresentou peso adequado para a idade, no entanto existiu uma parcela expressiva de escolares que apresentam baixo peso e sobrepeso/obesidadeCONCLUSÃO: O estado nutricional de crianças está relacionado a diversos fatores que devem ser trabalhados por meio de ações de desenvolver ações de vigilância alimentar e nutricional e de educação alimentar e nutricional com os escolares para promover hábitos alimentares saudáveis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , School Feeding , Nutritional Surveillance , Child , Nutritional Status , Malnutrition , Overweight
2.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 225, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103378

ABSTRACT

Las medidas antropométricas resultan de utilidad para evaluar el estado nutricional, son fáciles de obtener cuando se aplican a poblaciones de ancianos ambulantes. Objetivo: evaluar antropométricamente un grupo de adultos mayores; para ello se midieron las variables: edad, peso, talla, Circunferencia de cintura (CC), perímetro de pantorrilla (PP) y se calcularon IMC, ICT, IPCC y %GC. Métodos: Se seleccionó un grupo de adultos mayores, quienes asistieron a la consulta en una clinica privada, del área metropolitana de Caracas, durante los mese de junio y octubre de 2015. Se determinaron los indicadores IMC, CC, PP, ICT, IPCC y %GC, para clasificar, según las categorías de cada uno, a los adultos, y evaluar su estado nutricional. Resultados: Los resultados indican edad 71,9±7,9 años, peso 67,1±13,9, talla 157,6±9,2 cm, CC 93,7±12,2, PP 33,7±4,1, IMC 26,9±4,7, ICT 0,60±0,08, IPCC 0,71±0,10 y %GC 40,4±7,7. Desnutrición según el PP 42,3%(M) y 15,6%(F); Sobrepeso según IMC 69,1%(M) y 62,9% (F); obesidad 30,8% (M) y 37.1%(F). Riesgo elevado y riesgo muy elevado, según la CC, 42,1% (M) y 20,6% (F), y 58,9% (M) y 77,4% (F), respectivamente. ICT revela obesidad 20,7% (M) y 62,2% (F); IPCC riesgo 78,2% (M) y 49,6% (F); %GC obesida 95,5% (M) y 98,3% (F). Correlaciones altas entre CC-ICT, Peso-IMC, Peso-CC, Peso-IPCC (r ≥ 0,80 y p<0,001). Conclusión: los indicadores son muy útiles para evaluar el estado nutricional, y disponer de varios de ellos, permite complementar la evaluación nutricional en el adulto mayor(AU)


Anthropometric measurements are useful for evaluating nutritional status, they are easy to obtain when applied to ambulatory elderly populations. Objective: to anthropometrically evaluate a group of older adults; For this, the variables: age, weight, height, waist circumference (CC), calf circumference (PP) were measured and BMI, ICT, IPCC and% GC were calculated. Methods: A group of older adults was selected, who attended the consultation in a private clinic, in the Caracas metropolitan area, during the months of June and October 2015. The indicators BMI, CC, PP, ICT, IPCC and% GC were determined. To classify, according to the categories of each, adults, and assess their nutritional status. Results: The results indicate age 71.9 ± 7.9 years, weight 67.1 ± 13.9, height 157.6 ± 9.2 cm, CC 93.7 ± 12.2, PP 33.7 ± 4.1, BMI 26.9 ± 4.7, ICT 0.60 ± 0.08, IPCC 0.71 ± 0.10 and% GC 40.4 ± 7.7. Malnutrition according to the PP 42.3% (M) and 15.6% (F); Overweight according to BMI 69.1% (M) and 62.9% (F); obesity 30.8% (M) and 37.1% (F). According to the CC, high risk and very high risk, 42.1% (M) and 20.6% (F), and 58.9% (M) and 77.4% (F), respectively. ICT reveals obesity 20.7% (M) and 62.2% (F); IPCC risk 78.2% (M) and 49.6% (F); % GC obesity 95.5% (M) and 98.3% (F). High correlations between CC-ICT, Weight-BMI, Weight-CC, Weight-IPCC (r ≥ 0.80 and p <0.001). Conclusion: the indicators are very useful to assess nutritional status, and having several of them, allows to complement the nutritional evaluation in the elderly(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status , Waist Circumference , Body Composition , Anthropometry
3.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 20(35): 5-12, jun. 2020. graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1119029

ABSTRACT

Esta investigación tuvo por objetivo describir las características de los pacientes trasplantados renales con retraso en la función del injerto. Estudio descriptivo, transversal y observacional. Población: trasplantados renales asistidos en el Instituto de Cardiología de Corrientes entre 2016 y 2018 que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Se utilizó formulario de elaboración propia; los datos se obtuvieron de revisión de historias clínicas. La información recolectada se analizó mediante programa informático Epidat_4.2. Se contó con el aval del comité de la institución. Se estudiaron 61 pacientes trasplantados; 43% pertenecía a donantes vivos y 57% a cadavéricos. El 66% de donantes cadavéricos tuvo retraso de la función del injerto, los de donantes vivos no lo presentaron. En cuanto al sexo 48% de los varones presentaron retraso en la función; en las mujeres fue el 28%. En edad de los pacientes, la media fue de 40,6 años ± 15,7; se observó mayor frecuencia de retrasos de la función en el grupo etario de 31 a 50 años con 44%. En cuanto al estado nutricional 17% que se encontraba con sobrepeso y 48% con bajo peso presentaron retraso de la función del injerto. Según los años en diálisis pre trasplante el 65% de aquellos con 4 a 7 años de diálisis presentaron retraso en la función del injerto. Según tiempo de isquemia fría del órgano trasplantado, 52% presentó retraso en la función del injerto cuando el tiempo fue mayor a 15 horas. En requerimiento de diálisis pos-operatorio, el 66% presentó retraso en la función del injerto y pertenecían a donantes cadavéricos. En índice de resistencia vascular renal en las primeras 24hs, el 65% con retraso de la función del injerto presentó índice patológico. En conclusión, sexo masculino, grupo etario de 31 a 50 años, tener alterado el estado nutricional, haberse dializado pre trasplante entre 4 a 7 años, padecer un tiempo prolongado de isquemia fría > 15 horas y presentar un índice de resistencia vascular renal patológico, son características presentes; en trasplantados renales con retraso en la función del injerto; y requieren ser tenidos en cuenta cuando se planean estas cirugías[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Nutritional Status , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation , Delayed Graft Function/physiopathology , Cold Ischemia
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): e271-e277, jun. 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1116919

ABSTRACT

Los problemas médicos gastrointestinales, nutricionales, metabólicos, endocrinológicos y de microbiota en los pacientes pediátricos con diagnóstico de trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) son parte de los problemas médicos concomitantes al diagnóstico. La prevalencia alcanza a más del 91 % en el caso de los problemas gastrointestinales, hasta el 89 % para los nutricionales y metabólicos, más del 50 % de disfunción tiroidea y hasta el 100 % para los relacionados con la microbiota.Es urgente actualizar la práctica médica para incluir la evaluación, testeo, diagnóstico y tratamiento de estos problemas médicos concomitantes al diagnóstico de TEA en la población pediátrica, adolescente y adulta. El tratamiento riguroso de dichos problemas genera cambios positivos en la calidad de vida y en la sintomatología bajo la cual el TEA se diagnostica en muchos casos. Debe basarse en evidencia científica de alta calidad, con control y cuidado médico adecuado


Gastrointestinal, nutritional, metabolic, endocrine, and microbiota medical problems in pediatric patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are some of the coexisting medical conditions in ASD diagnosis. Their prevalence reaches more than 91 % for gastrointestinal problems, up to 89 % for nutritional and metabolic disorders, more than 50 % for thyroid dysfunction, and up to 100 % for microbiota-related conditions.There is an urgency for medical practice to be updated and to include the assessment, testing, diagnosis, and treatment of these coexisting medical conditions in ASD diagnosis in the pediatric, adolescent, and adult population. A strict management of such conditions results in positive changes in the quality of life and symptoms based on which ASD is diagnosed many times. It should be based on high-quality scientific evidence with an adequate medical care and control


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Endocrine System Diseases/metabolism , Microbiota , Autism Spectrum Disorder/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/metabolism , Concurrent Symptoms , Nutritional Status , Autism Spectrum Disorder/complications , Autism Spectrum Disorder/diet therapy , Autism Spectrum Disorder/metabolism , Gastrointestinal Diseases/complications , Gastrointestinal Diseases/diet therapy
5.
J. nurs. health ; 10(2): 20102008, mai.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1104136

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a avaliação nutricional subjetiva global em pacientes com úlcera venosa acompanhados em Unidades de Saúde da Família. Método: pesquisa quantitativa, descritiva, com 30 pacientes de cinco unidades do distrito sanitário do Subúrbio Ferroviário, em Salvador, Bahia, que estiveram em atendimento de março a junho de 2019. Para realização do estudo, foi utilizada a técnica de amostra não probabilística por conveniência. Resultados: pela avaliação subjetiva global, os pacientes foram classificados como bem nutridos, porém percebe-se um percentual alto de obesidade, sendo necessária uma educação em saúde para que a escolha do alimento seja de acordo com o teor calórico. Conclusões: é de fundamental importância que o profissional de saúde ofereça um cuidado integral ao paciente com úlcera venosa, realizando intervenções precisas e evidenciando a atenção ao estado nutricional durante todo tratamento, uma vez que a nutrição pode reduzir o tempo de tratamento das lesões.(AU)


Objective: to describe the subjective global nutritional assessment of patients with venous ulcers attended at a Family Health Unit. Method: a quantitative, descriptive study with 30 patients from five family health units in the health district of Subúrbio Ferroviário, in Salvador, Bahia, who were in care from March to June 2019. To conduct the study, the non-probabilistic for convenience sample was used. Results: in accordance with the Subjective Global Assessment, the patients were classified as well nourished, however, a high percentage of obesity was observed, verifying the need for health education in order for the choice of food to be in accordance with its nutritional contents. Conclusions: it is of fundamental importance that the health professionals offer comprehensive care to patients with venous ulcers, performing precise interventions and evidencing attention to the nutritional status during the whole treatment, once nutrition can reduce the treatment time for the lesions.(AU)


Objetivo: describir la evaluación nutricional global subjetiva de pacientes con úlcera venosa asistidos en Unidades de Salud de la Familia. Método: investigación cuantitativa, descriptiva con 30 pacientes de cinco unidades en el distrito de salud de Subúrbio Ferroviário, en Salvador, Bahía, que estuvieron bajo cuidado de marzo a junio de 2019. La técnica de muestra fue no probabilística por conveniencia. Resultados: por la Evaluación Subjetiva Global los pacientes fueron clasificados en bien nutridos, pero se percibe un alto porcentaje de obesidad, verificando que es necesaria una educación en salud para que la elección del alimento sea de acuerdo con el contenido nutricional. Conclusiones: es de fundamental importancia que el profesional de saludo frezcaun cuidado integral al paciente con úlceras venosas, realizando intervenciones precisas y evidenciando la atención al estado nutricional durante todo el tratamiento, una vez que la nutrición puede reducir el tiempo de tratamiento de las lesiones.(AU)


Subject(s)
Varicose Ulcer , Wound Healing , Nutritional Status
7.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e43552, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099823

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar os padrões alimentares e os fatores associados de mulheres em idade reprodutiva. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal realizado com 322 mulheres de 12 a 49 anos, residentes em Vitória de Santo Antão, Zona da Mata de Pernambuco, através de busca ativa nos domicílios. Os setores censitários foram sorteados de forma aleatória simples, abrangendo as unidades de saúde pertencentes à Estratégia de Saúde da Família. A partir do Questionário de Frequência Alimentar, identificaram-se os padrões alimentares, categorizados em baixo consumo, 1º e 2º tercil, e alto consumo, tercil superior. As variáveis independentes analisadas foram as sociodemográficas, de estilo de vida e de saúde. Resultados: Do grupo estudado, 59,3% tinham entre 20 e 39 anos e 60,9% apresentavam excesso de peso. Verificaram-se três padrões alimentares: Saudável, Comum Típico Brasileiro e Fast-food. As mulheres com idade ≥ 40 anos consumiam aproximadamente três vezes mais alimentos do padrão Saudável, quando comparadas àquelas com idade ≤ 19 anos. Em contraste, aquelas com idade ≥ 40 anos apresentaram menor probabilidade de consumir alimentos do padrão Fast-food do que as mais jovens (≤ 19 anos). Verificou-se ainda que mulheres com escolaridade superior a oito anos tinham maior probabilidade de consumir alimentos do padrão Fast-food quando comparadas aquelas com ≤ 4 anos de estudo. Conclusões: As mulheres mais jovens e as de maior escolaridade apresentaram um consumo elevado do padrão alimentar Fast-food, em comparação às mais velhas e de menor escolaridade, respectivamente. (AU)


Objective: To analyze eating patterns and associated factors in women of reproductive age. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 322 women aged 12 to 49 years old, residing in Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco's Zona da Mata, Brazil, through active household survey. Census sectors were drawn in a simple and random manner, covering the health units belonging to the Family Health Strategy. The Eating Frequency Questionnaire allowed identifying eating patterns, categorized into low consumption, 1st and 2nd terciles, and high consumption, higher tercile. The independent variables analyzed were sociodemographic, lifestyle and health. Results: Within the studied group, 59.3% of the women were aged between 20 and 39 years old, and 60.9% had excessive weight. Three eating patterns were observed: Healthy, Brazilian-Typical Common, and Fast-Food. Women aged ≥ 40 years old consumed approximately three times more food of the Healthy pattern compared to those aged ≤ 19 years old. On the other hand, those aged ≥ 40 were less likely to consume foods of the Fast-Food pattern than the younger ones were (≤ 19 years old). Moreover, women with more than eight years of education were more likely to consume foods of the Fast-Food pattern compared to those with ≤ 4 years of education. Conclusions: Younger and better educated women presented a high consumption of foods characterizing the Fast-Food eating pattern compared to older and less educated ones, respectively. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Women's Health , Feeding Behavior , Nutritional Status , Whole Foods , Industrialized Foods
8.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 6(1): 51-56, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096720

ABSTRACT

La obesidad corresponde a la acumulación anormal de grasa en el organismo, además es un importante factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de enfermedades cardiovasculares, diabetes, cáncer, etc. En Chile, su prevalencia ha aumentado a lo largo de los años llegando a 24,4% en menores de primer año básico en el año 2018. Hay estudios que reportan que la distorsión de la percepción materna de la imagen corporal del niño podría ser un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de obesidad infantil ya que de ella dependen principalmente los hábitos alimenticios que el niño adquiera. La sociedad y cultura en la que se desarrolle el individuo también juegan un rol fundamental. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la percepción materna de la imagen corporal sobre el estado nutricional real del niño con necesidades educativas especiales. La investigación tuvo un diseño observacional de corte transversal. El estudio se realizó en 60 escolares, de 5 y 6 años de edad, pertenecientes a 5 establecimientos de educación especial en la ciudad de Arica. Se aplicó un cuestionario a las madres sobre su percepción del estado nutricional de sus hijos mediante siluetas y conceptos, luego se evaluó peso y estatura en los escolares. Se observó una prevalencia de 38,3% de malnutrición por exceso en la muestra de escolares con necesidades educativas especiales. Además, destaca que un 71,7% de las madres fueron capaces de reconocer el concepto que corresponde al estado nutricional real de su hijo, mientras que un 46,6% lo identificó por medio del uso de siluetas. Se concluyó que las madres con alteración de la percepción materna sobre el estado nutricional de los escolares muestran una tendencia a percibir a su hijo con sobrepeso u obesidad cuando se encuentra en la categoría normal.


Obesity corresponds to the abnormal accumulation of fat, negative situations for health. In childhood, it is an important risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, etc. In Chile, its prevalence has increased over the years reaching 24.4% in children of the first basic year in 2018. Studies indicate that the discrimination of the maternal perception of the child's body image could be a risk factor for the development of childhood obesity that depends on the eating habits that the child acquires. The society and culture in which the individual develops also plays a fundamental role. The objective of the study was to analyze the maternal perception of the body image on the real nutritional status of the child with special educational needs. The research has an observational and transversal design. The study was conducted in 60 students between 5 and 6 years old belonging to 5 special education establishments in the city of Arica. A questionnaire was applied to the mothers about their perception of the nutritional status of their children through silhouettes and concepts, then weight and height were evaluated in schoolchildren. A prevalence of 38.3% of excess malnutrition was observed in the sample of schoolchildren with special educational needs. In addition, it is highlighted that 71.7% of the mothers were able to recognize the concept that corresponds to the actual nutritional status of their child, while 46.6% identified it through the use of silhouettes. We concluded that mothers with an altered maternal perception of the nutritional status of schoolchildren show a tendency to perceive their child as overweight or obese when it is in the normal category.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Body Image/psychology , Nutritional Status , Education, Special , Mothers/psychology , Obesity/psychology , Perception , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Overweight
9.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 6(1): 65-75, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096725

ABSTRACT

El rápido aumento de la obesidad infantil se ha asociado al elevado consumo de alimentos procesados de alta densidad energética e insuficiente actividad física. Chile el año 2016, implementó la Ley 20.606 sobre Composición Nutricional de los Alimentos y su Publicidad, que prohíbe la publicidad de alimentos altos en calorías, grasas saturadas, azúcares y sodio para los niños menores de 14 años y la venta de estos alimentos al interior de las escuelas. El objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar los cambios en la oferta y consumo de alimentos de los kioscos escolares en escuelas públicas de Chile con la implementación de la Ley 20.606 sobre Composición Nutricional de los Alimentos y su Publicidad. Se hizo so de un estudio longitudinal. La muestra provino del estudio "Efectividad de una intervención en alimentación y actividad física orientada a controlar la obesidad en niños pertenecientes a escuelas públicas en escuelas de tres regiones del país" (estudio KIND), alcanzando 351 escolares de 8 a 14 años pertenecientes a tres escuelas municipalizadas. Para analizar la oferta en el kiosco se registraron en una base Excel todos los alimentos junto a su aporte nutricional, para el consumo de alimentos, se aplicó la encuesta utilizada en el estudio KIND y la medición del estado nutricional fue realizada por nutricionistas previamente estandarizadas. Se utilizó de la línea base la información obtenida en el estudio KIND, obtenida el año 2015 y se comparó con el año 2017 a través de Test de Mac Nemar y Test de proporciones para una muestra. Todos los análisis se realizaron con STATA 15 (Copyright 1984-2009 StataCorp). Los alimentos procesados y ultra procesados (84,8%) siguen siendo los más ofertados dentro de los kioscos en donde destacan los snacks dulces y los caramelos, manteniéndose la oferta al interior y exterior de las escuelas. Los grupos de alimentos que los niños prefieren comprar y traer desde la casa en ambos periodos analizados son los snacks dulces y las bebidas y jugos azucarados. Con la implementación de la Ley 20.606, disminuyó la variedad de alimentos ofertados altos en nutrientes críticos, sin embargo, se mantiene la oferta de alimentos ultra procesados y procesados en los kioscos escolares.


The fast growth in childhood obesity has been linked to the increased intake of high energy density processed food and poor physical activity. In 2016 in Chile the law 20.606 about Food Nutritional Composition and Advertisement, forbids the advertising of food with high calories, saturated fats, sugars, and sodium for children younger than 14 years and the sale of these food products inside schools. This work aimed to identify changes in the food supply and consumption in public school kiosks from Chile with the addition of the law 20.606 about Food Nutritional Composition and Advertisement. A longitudinal study was performed. The sample came from the study "Effectiveness of a food and physical activity intervention oriented to control obesity in children belonging to public schools from three regions of the country" (KIND study), reaching 351 students from 8 to 14 years belonging to three municipal schools. To analyze the supply at the kiosk, every food product along with its nutritional content was registered in an Excel base, for the intake of food it was used the survey from the KIND study and the nutritional state measurement was made by nutritionist standardized in advance. We used the baseline of the data obtained from the KIND study, this data was gathered in 2015 and we compared it to the one from 2017 using the Mac Nemar Test and the Test for proportions of a sample. Every analysis was made with STATA 15 (Copyright 1984-2009 StataCorp). Processed and ultra-processed food (84.8%) still is the most offered in the kiosks where the sweet snacks and candy are featured, keeping the supply at the inside and outside of schools. The foods that children prefer to buy and bring from home in both analyzed periods are the sweet snacks and sugary drinks and juices. With the addition of the law 20.606, the variety of the high critical nutrient food decreased, however, the supply of processed and ultra-processed food in school kiosks still remains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Schools , Food Consumption , Food Composition , Food Services , Obesity/epidemiology , Chile , Nutritional Status , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e47361, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099820

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A imagem corporal é um conceito multidimensional e dinâmico, segundo o qual as percepções são formadas com base em experiências, conceitos e comportamentos. Poucos estudos sobre satisfação corporal são realizados com universitários, sendo esse público sujeito a transtornos alimentares, considerando as particularidades desse período da vida. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a satisfação corporal e verificar sua associação com variáveis sociodemográficas, comportamentais e de saúde de estudantes universitários. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado com 115 residentes na Casa de Estudantes Universitários, que responderam a um questionário autoaplicável. Sociodemográficas (idade, sexo, nacionalidade, região de origem, nível e área de atuação e escolaridade materna), comportamento (tabagismo, risco de consumo abusivo de álcool e nível de atividade física) e variáveis de saúde (diabetes mellitus, hipertensão, dislipidemia, depressão e / ou síndrome de pânico e estado nutricional). A análise descritiva dos dados foi realizada considerando um nível de significância de 95% (valor de p <0,05). Resultados: Os alunos apresentaram prevalência de 53,9% de satisfação com o próprio peso. Menos de 10% dos estudantes relataram ter diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial e dislipidemia. Treze por cento relataram sofrer de depressão e / ou síndrome de pânico. Pouco mais de um quarto dos estudantes eram fumantes, e essa proporção também ocorreu entre os estudantes que apresentaram risco de consumo prejudicial de bebidas alcoólicas. A prática de atividade física foi significativa entre os estudantes, uma vez que 45,5% eram ativos e 34,8% eram muito ativos. Em relação ao peso, 61,6% eram eutróficos e 53,9% estavam satisfeitos com o peso que possuíam. A insatisfação corporal foi significativamente associada a nacionalidade estrangeira e estado nutricional. Conclusão: As instituições de ensino superior precisam incluir o tema da satisfação corporal no cuidado de estudantes universitários, por meio de trabalho em equipe multidisciplinar, com o objetivo de desmistificar padrões estereotipados. (AU)


Introduction: Body image is a multidimensional and dynamic concept by which perceptions are formed based on experiences, concepts and behaviors. Few studies on body satisfaction are performed with university students, a public subject to eating disorders, considering the particularities of this period of life. This study aimed to evaluate body satisfaction and verify its association with sociodemographic, behavioral and health variables of university students. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out with 115 residents of the University Student Houses, who answered a selfadministered questionnaire. Socio-demographic (age, gender, nationality, region of origin, level and course area and maternal education), behavior (smoking, risk of abusive consumption of alcohol and level of physical activity) and health variables (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, depression and/or panic syndrome and nutritional status) were analyzed. Descriptive data analysis was performed considering a significance level of 95% (p value < 0.05). Results: Students presented a 53.9% prevalence of satisfaction with their own weight. Less than 10% of students reported having diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension and dyslipidemia. Thirteen percent reported suffering from depression and/or panic syndrome. Slightly more than a quarter of the students were smokers, and this proportion also occurred among those who presented a risk of harmful consumption of alcoholic beverages. The practice of physical activity was significant among students, since 45.5% were active and 34.8% were very active. Regarding weight, 61.6% were eutrophic and 53.9% were satisfied with their weight . Body dissatisfaction was significantly associated with foreign nationality and nutritional status. Conclusion: Therefore, higher education institutions need to include the topic of body satisfaction in the care of university students through multidisciplinary teamwork aiming to demystify stereotyped patterns. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students , Body Image , Body Dissatisfaction , Universities , Student Health , Nutritional Status , Feeding Behavior
11.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): 42737, jan.- mar.2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096289

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a associação do estado nutricional e maturação sexual com a insatisfação corporal em adolescentes. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal, realizado com adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos de escolas públicas. Avaliaram-se peso, altura, IMC para idade, perímetro da cintura, percentual de gordura corporal, maturação sexual (escala de Tanner) e insatisfação corporal, por meio da pontuação na Escala de Evaluación de Insatisfación Corporal para Adolescentes (EEICA). Para as análises estatísticas, utilizou-se o programa SPSS versão 17.0 e realizaram-se os testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Qui-quadrado de Pearson, t de Student ou Anova, considerando-se nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 345 adolescentes, sendo 53,6% do sexo feminino. A maioria (63,6 % meninas e 66,7% dos meninos) são eutróficos. A pontuação média da EEICA no sexo feminino (11,46 ± 5,90) foi superior ao masculino (9,29 ± 4,71) (p<0,001). Em ambos os sexos, o IMC para idade, percentual de gordura corporal e razão cintura/estatura associaram-se a uma maior pontuação na EEICA (p<0,001). No sexo feminino, as pós-puberes foram mais insatisfeitas que as púberes. Conclusão: Observou-se maior pontuação no sexo feminino, assim como associação entre insatisfação corporal e o estado nutricional em ambos os sexos e com a maturação sexual no sexo feminino. Tais achados reforçam a importância da abordagem do tema e suas possíveis consequências, estimulando a reflexão sobre os padrões de beleza. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate the association of nutritional status and sexual maturation with body dissatisfaction in adolescents. Methods: This is a crosssectional study carried out with adolescentes aged 10 to 14 from public schools. Weight, height, BMI for age, waist circumference, percentage of body fat,sexual maturation (Tanner's scale) and body dissatisfaction were assessed using the Scale for Assessment of Body Dissatisfaction for Adolescents (EEICA). For the statistical analysis, the SPSS version 17.0 program was used and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Pearson's Chi-square, Student's T or Anova tests were used, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: The sample consisted of 345 adolescents, 53.6% female. The majority (63.6% girls and 66.7% boys) are eutrophic. The mean EEICA sco ,302r for females (11.46 ± 5.90) was higher than for males (9.29 ± 4.71) (p <0.001). In both sexes, the BMI for age, percentage of body fat and waist-toheight ratio were associated with a higher score in the EEICA (p <0.001). In the female, the post-puberals were more dissatisfied than the pubescent ones. Conclusion: It was observed a higher score in the female, as well as an association between body dissatisfaction and nutritional status in both sexes and sexual maturation in females. Such findings reinforce the importance of approaching the theme and its possible consequences, stimulating reflection on beauty standards. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Body Image , Nutritional Status , Body Dissatisfaction , Adolescent , Puberty , Adolescent Development
12.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 8(1): 1-8, 01/01/2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1103731

ABSTRACT

Objective: this is a cross-sectional descriptive study, with the objective of verifying the relationship between health self-perception, sociodemographic characteristics, weight status and physical and psychological symptoms in a group of dental students. Methods: one hundred and sixty individuals from a Dental School, aged 16-24 years, participated. Questionnaires were applied for socioeconomic characteristics, psychological symptoms, and self-perception of health. Clinical examinations were performed to evaluate oral health (CPOD index, frequency of brushing and dental consultations) and weight status (Body Mass Index, BMI). The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Student t, Mann-Whitney, chi-squared tests and logistic regression. Results: the prevalence of overweight/obese individuals was 29%, with a similar proportion for the sexes (P=0.23). Weight status, satisfaction with body image, comparison with others, feeling depressed or nervous, and eating habits were factors associated with self-perception of health (OR 0.20-5.19, P < 0.05). Individuals who were satisfied with their body image or considered their eating habits healthy were more likely to perceive health positively (OR = 4.24 e OR = 4.27). Conclusion: socio-demographic characteristics showed no influence on self-perception of health, except weight status that was negatively associated with self-perception of health. Individuals who show satisfaction with their body image and consider themselves to have healthy eating habits perceived their health positively.


Objetivo: trata-se de um estudo transversal descritivo, com o objetivo de verificar a relação entre autopercepção de saúde, características sociodemográficas, status de peso e sintomas físicos e psicológicos em um grupo de estudantes de odontologia. Métodos: participaram 160 indivíduos, entre 16 e 24 anos, de uma faculdade de Odontologia. Os questionários foram aplicados para características socioeconômicas, sintomas psicológicos e autopercepção de saúde. Foram realizados exames clínicos para avaliação da saúde bucal (índice CPOD, frequência de escovação e de consultas odontológicas) e status de peso (Índice de Massa Muscular). Resultados: a prevalência de sobrepeso/obesidade foi de 29%, com proporção semelhante para os sexos (P = 0,23). O status do peso, a satisfação com a imagem corporal, a comparação com os outros, a sensação de estar deprimido ou nervoso e os hábitos alimentares foram fatores associados à autopercepção de saúde (OR 0,20-5,19, P < 0,05). Indivíduos satisfeitos com sua imagem corporal ou que consideraram seus hábitos alimentares saudáveis apresentaram maior probabilidade de perceber a saúde positivamente (OR = 4,24 e OR = 4,27). Conclusão: as características sociodemográficas não mostraram influência na autopercepção de saúde. Indivíduos que demonstraram satisfação com a imagem corporal e que consideraram ter hábitos alimentares saudáveis perceberam sua saúde positivamente.


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Body Image , Health Behavior , Nutritional Status
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Calcium (Ca) is an insufficiently consumed nutrient, whereas phosphorus (P) intake has exceeded the recommended intake level in Korea over the past decade. The purpose of this study was to analyze dietary Ca and P intakes and their contribution rate according to dish groups.METHODS: A 24-hour dietary recall survey of 640 healthy adults (aged 19–69 years) was undertaken twice in four Korean provinces. Dietary Ca and P intakes and their rates of contribution from 31 major dish groups were analyzed and compared by gender, age group, and region.RESULTS: The average Ca and P intakes of the subjects were 542.1 ± 222.2 mg/d and 1,068.3 ± 329.0 mg/d, respectively. The intakes of Ca and P as percentages of recommended nutrients intake (RNI%) were 71.7 ± 29.8% and 152.6 ± 47%, respectively, and the percentages under the estimated average requirement were 60.3% for Ca and 3.8% for P. The RNI% of Ca was not significantly different between males and females, but was significantly higher in subjects in the sixties age group than in other age groups and was significantly lower in the Korean capital than in other regions. The RNI% of P did not significantly differ by gender or age groups, but it was significantly higher in the capital than in Gyeong-sang. The five major dish groups contributing to Ca intake (contribution rate) were milks/dairy products 69.2 ± 109.2 mg/d (12.6%), soups 55.6 ± 69.6 mg/d (10.1%), stir-fried foods 53.1 ± 70.7 mg/d (9.7%), stews 43.4 ± 85.4 mg/d (7.9%), and kimchi 38.4 ± 31.8 mg/d (7.0%). The five major dish group contributing to P intake (contribution rate) were cooked rice 160.7 ± 107.1 mg/d (14.9%), stir-fried foods 88.5 ± 89.4 mg/d (8.2%), soups 76.7 ± 85.8 mg/d (7.1%), one-dish meals 63.3 ± 94.4 mg/d (5.9%), and stews 62.6 ± 89.3 mg/d (5.8%). The dish groups contributing to Ca and P intakes differed somewhat by gender, age group, and region.CONCLUSIONS: Programs to improve the nutritional status of Ca and P intakes should consider the differences in Ca and P contribution rates by dish groups as well as by gender, age group, and region.


Subject(s)
Adult , Calcium , Calcium, Dietary , Female , Humans , Korea , Male , Meals , Nutritional Status , Phosphorus
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811254

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study assessed the food intake and nutritional status of the elderly in long-term care facilities in order to provide adequate food services and improve the nutritional status.METHODS: The survey was carried out from August 2019 to October 2019 for the elderly in long-term care facilities located in Gwangju Metropolitan City. The survey was conducted to collect data from 199 elderly persons (34 males and 165 females) aged over 65 years old. The food intake was assessed using a 1-day 24-hour recall method.RESULTS: More than 90% of the subjects were over 75 years old. Forty five percent of the subjects were active, 44.2% of the subjects perceived themselves as not being healthy. Dementia and Parkinson's disease were the most common diseases, followed by hypertension, musculo-skeletal disease, diabetes, and stroke. Only 25.6% of the subjects had most of their teeth intact, and 44.7% of the subjects had difficulty in chewing and swallowing. The total food intake was 1,127 g in males and 1,078 g in females. The most frequently consumed foods were kimchi, cooked rice with multi-grains, soybean soup, cooked rice with white rice, yogurt, pumpkin porridge, soy milk, and duck soup. The average energy intake of the subjects was 1,564.9 kcal in males and 1,535.5 kcal in females. The overall nutritional status of the elderly in the long-term care facilities was poor. In particular, the intake of vitamin D and calcium, vitamin C, riboflavin, and potassium were very low. The intake of vitamin D was 5 µg, and 86.4% of the elderly were below the estimated average requirement, while the intake of sodium was high.CONCLUSION: The results of this study can be used to understand the health and nutritional status and to improve the food services and nutrition management for the elderly in long-term care facilities.


Subject(s)
Aged , Ascorbic Acid , Calcium , Cucurbita , Deglutition , Dementia , Ducks , Eating , Energy Intake , Female , Food Services , Humans , Hypertension , Long-Term Care , Male , Mastication , Methods , Nutritional Status , Parkinson Disease , Potassium , Riboflavin , Sodium , Soy Milk , Soybeans , Stroke , Tooth , Vitamin D , Yogurt
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811251

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the dietary quality and nutritional status of elderly people using the Nutrition Quotient for Elderly (NQ-E).METHODS: The participants were 204 elderly people over 65 years of age (38 men and, 166 women) in Seoul. The dietary information was analyzed using a questionnaire of NQ-E, which consisted of 19 checklist items, and 24-recall test data. The NQ-E scores and its four factors, including ‘balance’, ‘moderation’, ‘diversity’, and ‘dietary behavior’ factors, were calculated according to general characteristics of the subjects. The subjects were divided into the ‘monitoring needed group’ (62 > NQ-E score) and the ‘good group’ (62 ≤ NQ-E score) according to their NQ-E score.RESULTS: The mean NQ-E score of the total subjects was 61.9, which was within the medium-high grade. The scores of balance, moderation, and dietary behavior factors were within the medium-high grade, while the score of the diversity factor was within the medium-low grade. The NQ-E score was 54.8 in the monitoring needed group and 69.3 in the good group. For the score of the diversity factor, the elderly living alone had a significantly lower score than the score for the elderly living with a spouse. The female subjects showed significantly higher scores of moderation and dietary behavior factors than did the male subjects. The daily intakes of vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin C and calcium in the monitoring needed group were significantly lower than those in the good group. The nutrient adequacy ratios (NAR) of vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin C and calcium in the monitoring needed group were significantly lower compared to the scores of the good group. The indexes of nutritional quality (INQ) of vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin C, calcium and potassium were less than 1 for all the subjects. The monitoring needed group had a significantly lower consumption of total foods, vegetables and mushrooms than the good group. As a result, the nutritional status of the monitoring needed group was significantly lower than that of the good group.CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that NQ-E would be a useful tool for assessing the dietary quality of the elderly. In conclusion, a focused-nutrition education program and a useful guideline are needed for promoting the health and nutritional status in elderly people.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Aged , Ascorbic Acid , Calcium , Checklist , Education , Female , Humans , Male , Nutritional Status , Nutritive Value , Potassium , Riboflavin , Seoul , Spouses , Vegetables , Vitamin A
16.
Rev. bras. ciênc. saúde ; 24(1): 115-122, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1087538

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional materno (pré-gestacional) e o ganho de peso na gestação e sua influência no peso do recém-nascido em gestantes de uma clínica particular de gi-necologia e obstetrícia de Joinville-SC. Metodologia:Trata-se de um estudo observacional, descritivo, e retrospectivo por meio da análise de dados secundários de registros da Clínica de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia. Foram incluídas gestantes acima de 18 anos, que tiveram gestação de baixo risco, com parto em 2017. As informações foram coletadas no programa Helis®. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados conforme estatística descritiva no programa Microsoft Office Excel® 2010 e software R com a interface RStudio, por meio dos testes qui-Quadrado e de Fischer. Resultados: Referente ao estado nutricional materno e peso do recém-nascido pode-se ver que a maioria das mulheres que estavam eutróficas antes da gestação, os neonatos nasceram com o peso adequado (50%), seguida das que estavam com sobrepeso, onde o total de neonatos que nas-ceram com o peso adequado foram de 20,8%. Outro parâmetro importante foi que o ganho de peso na gestação influenciou o peso ao nascer dos neonatos. Conclusão: Com este estudo pode-se observar que em gestantes de baixo risco, tanto o IMC pré-gestacional como o ganho de peso gestacional pode ser um influenciador no peso do recém-nascido. Por isso é importante que por meio de um adequado acompanhamento no pré-natal, seja sempre observado o estado nutricional pré-gestacional para que objetivos sejam estabelecidos e, principalmente, uma educação nutricional congruente. ((AU)


Objective: To evaluate maternal (pre-gestational) nutritional status and weight gain during pregnancy and its influence on the weight of the newborn in pregnant women from a private gynecological and obstetrical clinic in Joinville-SC. Methodol-ogy:This is an observational, descriptive, and retrospective study through the analysis of secondary data records from the Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic. Pregnant women over 18 years of age who had low-risk pregnancies with delivery in 2017 were included. Information was collected in the Helis® program. The data were tabulated and analyzed according to descriptive statistics in the program Microsoft Office Excel® 2010 and R software with the interface RStudio, through Chi-Square and Fischer tests. Results:Regarding the maternal nutritional status and weight of the newborn, it can be seen that the majority of the women who were eutrophic prior to gestation, the newborns were born with the appropriate weight (50%), followed by those who were overweight, where the total neonates born with the appropriate weight were 20.8%. Another important parameter was that the weight gain during pregnancy influenced the birth weight of the neonates.Conclusion:With this study it can be observed that in low-risk pregnant women, both pre-gestational BMI and gestational weight gain may be an influence on the weight of the newborn. Therefore, it is important that, through an adequate prenatal follow-up, the pre-gestational nutritional status is always observed so that goals are established and, above all, a consistent nutritional education. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Nutritional Status , Prenatal Nutrition
17.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 30: e-3003, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1116887

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes portadores de vasculopatia periférica internam recorrentemente para procedimentos cirúrgicos ou tratamento clínico devido a complicações da doença de base. O real impacto da desnutrição nesses pacientes durante a internação ainda é pouco compreendido. Objetivo: Investigar os fatores de risco associados à mortalidade em pacientes internados com doença vascular periférica devido a complicação da doença vascular. Métodos: Estudo observacional retrospectivo avaliou cento e dezessete pacientes acima de 18 anos admitidos no serviço de cirurgia vascular de hospital terciário no período de junho de 2013 a agosto de 2014 por complicação da doença vascular. Avaliados parâmetros clínicos, comorbidades, dados demográficos, complicações durante a internação e estado nutricional. Dados coletados por meio de entrevista, aplicação do questionário Avaliação Global Subjetiva (AGS), exame físico e laboratoriais e dados de prontuário. Resultados: Cento e dezessete pacientes com doença vascular periférica avaliados em relação a complicações vasculares durante internação. Mortalidade geral de 7,7% e pacientes desnutridos ou com suspeita de desnutrição eram 39% da amostra Através da análise multivariada, tanto a classificação AGS (OR 6,15 CI 1,092-34,74 P = 0,039) quanto a presença de doença cardíaca (OR 8,51 CI 1,56-47,44 P = 0,015) foram fatores preditores independentes para mortalidade. Pacientes com doença vascular classificados em suspeita de estarem desnutridos ou desnutridos apresentaram chance de ir a óbito durante a internação aumentada em 6,15 vezes, enquanto a cardiopatia elevou essa chance 8,51 vezes. Conclusão: Pacientes internados por complicação de doença vascular periférica apresentam como fatores de risco para mortalidade a desnutrição e a presença de doença cardíaca.(AU)


Patients with peripheral vasculopathy are routinely hospitalized for surgical procedures or clinical treatment due to complications of the underlying disease. The real impact of malnutrition in these patients during hospitalization is still poorly understood. Aim: This study aimed to assess mortality predictors in patients with peripheral vascular disease during hospitalization. Methods: This retrospective observational study evaluate one hundred and seventeen patients over 18 years admitted to the vascular surgery service of a tertiary hospital in the period of June 2013 and August 2014 due to complications of vascular disease. They were assessed for clinical parameters, comorbidities, demographics, complications during hospitalization and nutritional status. Data were collected through interviews, the questionnaire Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment (SGA), laboratory exam and physical examination. Results: One hundred and seventeen patients with peripheral vascular disease were followed during admission due to vascular complications. Overall mortality was 7.7%, and malnourished patients or patients at nutritional risk were 39,0% of the sampled population By multivariate analysis both rating by SGA (OR 6.15, CI 1.092 to 34.74, P = 0.039), the presence of heart disease (OR 8.51 CI 1,56 to 47.44 P = 0.015) were independent predictors of mortality. When the patient was classified as malnourished or suspected of being malnourished by SGA it increased 6.15 times the odds of death during hospitalization, while the presence of heart disease increased by 8.51 times. Conclusion: Patients hospitalized for complications of peripheral vascular disease present as risk factors for mortality: malnutrition and the presence of heart disease. (AU)


Subject(s)
Nutritional Status , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Nutrition Assessment , Risk Factors , Mortality , Malnutrition , Hospitalization , Inpatients
18.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(1): 32-43, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-1052614

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A saúde do trabalhador é um campo de relevância, mas que ainda está sendo consolidado no âmbito do sistema único de saúde (SUS). Partindo dessa compreensão, esse estudo teve como objetivo avaliaro estado nutricional e as condições de saúde dos agentes comunitários de saúde do município de Currais Novos-RN.Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal,realizado com80 indivíduos de ambos os sexos. Condições sociais e de saúde, estilo de vida e estado nutricional foram investigados.A análise bivariada foi conduzida através do teste Qui-quadrado, para analisar a associação entre o estado nutricional e as variáveis independentes. Considerou-se o nível de significância estatística de p ≤0,05. Resultados:A maioria dos participantes encontravam-se na faixa etária de 41 a 58 anos (52, 5%), possuía renda maior que 1 salário mínimo (77,5%) e encontrava-secom Sobrepeso/Obesidade (63,8%). Apenas as variáveis antropométricas percentual de gordura (p<0,02), relação cintura/quadril (p<0,02) e satisfação com peso (p<0,01) se associaram ao estado nutricional. Conclusão: O presente estudo verificou que a maioria dos indivíduos estudados apresenta sobrepeso/obesidade, que os dados referentes a condições sociais e de saúde, como também estilo de vida não se associaram ao desfecho que foi analisado. As variáveis antropométricas apresentaram diferença significativa na análise bivariada, demonstrando que estas exercem influência no estado nutricional.(AU).


Introduction:Occupational health is a relevant field, but it is still being consolidated within the scope of the single health system (SUS).From this understanding, this study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status and health conditions of community health agents in the city of Currais Novos-RN.Methods:This is a cross-sectional study, conducted with 80 individuals of both sexes.Social and health conditions, lifestyle and nutritional status were investigated.Bivariate analysis was conducted using the Chi-square test to analyze the association between nutritional status and independent variables. The level of statistical significance of p ≤0,05 was considered.Results:Most participants were between 41 and 58 years old (52,5%), had an income higher than 1 minimum wage (77,5%) and were overweight / obese (63,8%).Only the anthropometric variables percentage of fat (p <0,02), waist / hip ratio (p <0,02) and weight satisfaction (p <0,01) were associated with nutritional status.Conclusion:The present study found that most of the individuals studied were overweight / obese, that data regarding social and health conditions, as well as lifestyle, were not associated with the outcome that was analyzed.The anthropometric variables showed a significant difference in the bivariate analysis, demonstrating that they influence the nutritional status.(AU).


Introducción: La salud ocupacional es un campo relevante, pero aún se está consolidando dentro del alcance delsistema único de salud (SUS).En base a esta comprensión, este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el estado nutricional y las condiciones de salud de los agentes de salud comunitarios en la ciudad de Currais Novos-RN. Métodos:Este es un estudio transversal realizado con 80 individuos de ambos sexos.Se investigaron las condiciones sociales y de salud, el estilo de vida y el estado nutricional.El análisis bivariado se realizó mediante la prueba de Chi-cuadrado para analizar la asociación entre el estado nutricional y las variables independientes.Se consideró el nivel de significación estadística de p ≤0.05. Resultados:La mayoría de los participantes tenían entre 41 y 58 años (52.5%), tenían un ingreso superior a 1 salario mínimo (77.5%) y teníansobrepeso / obesidad (63.8%). Solo las variables antropométricas porcentaje de grasa (p <0.02), relación cintura / cadera (p <0.02) y satisfacción con el peso (p <0.01) se asociaron con el estado nutricional.Solo las variables antropométricas porcentaje de grasa (p <0.02), relación cintura / cadera (p <0.02) y satisfacción con el peso (p <0.01) se asociaron con el estado nutricional.Conclusión:El presente estudio encontró que la mayoría de los individuos estudiados tenían sobrepeso / obesidad, y los datos sobre las condiciones sociales y de salud, así como el estilo de vida, no se asociaron con el resultado que se analizó.Las variables antropométricas mostraron una diferencia significativa en el análisis bivariado, lo que demuestra que influyen en el estado nutricional.Palabras clave:Agente de salud comunitaria; Salud ocupacional; Condiciones de salud; Estado nutricional.(AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Brazil , Health Status , Nutritional Status , Occupational Health , Community Health Workers , Chi-Square Distribution , Anthropometry , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical
19.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 66(2): 1-9, 20200402.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1095570

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Câncer é o nome dado a um conjunto de doenças que têm em comum o crescimento desordenado de células. O estado nutricional debilitado é frequente em pacientes oncológicos e interfere de forma negativa nas habilidades de vida diárias do paciente. Objetivo : Avaliar o estado nutricional e a capacidade funcional de pacientes oncológicos em quimioterapia. Método: Estudo epidemiológico observacional com delineamento transversal, composto por uma amostra obtida por conveniência, de 213 indivíduos em tratamento quimioterápico ambulatorial. Os entrevistados responderam à avaliação subjetiva global produzida pelo paciente (ASG-PPP); a capacidade funcional foi verificada por meio da força de preensão palmar (FPP) e da escala de performance status Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG). Resultados: Foram avaliados 213 pacientes, 56,3% idosos e 54,0% do sexo feminino. Com exceção dos indivíduos com neoplasia de cabeça e pescoço, observou-se maior prevalência de bem nutridos conforme a ASG-PPP (p=0,004); em relação ao índice de massa corporal (IMC), exceto para indivíduos com câncer de mama, a maior prevalência foi de eutrofia (p=0,010). Os indivíduos com FPP adequada (54,9%) apresentaram-se bem nutridos conforme a ASG (91,5%) (p≤0,0001) e sobrepeso de acordo com o IMC (46,2%) (p=0,010). Ainda, os indivíduos totalmente ativos (69,0%) eram bem nutridos conforme a ASG (89,8%) (p≤0,0001) e os eutróficos segundo o IMC (44,2%) (p=0,003), demonstrando diferença significativa na avaliação do estado nutricional com a capacidade funcional. Conclusão: O estudo demonstrou que a maioria dos pacientes oncológicos em quimioterapia tinham satisfatório estado nutricional, adequada força muscular e eram totalmente ativos.


Introduction: Cancer is the name given to a set of diseases that have in common the disorderly growth of cells. Impaired nutritional status is frequent in oncologic patients and negatively interferes in the patient's daily life abilities. Objective:To evaluate the nutritional status and functional capacity of oncologic patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment. Method: Cross-sectional design, observational epidemiological study, with a sample obtained by convenience from 213 individuals undergoing outpatient chemotherapy treatment. The interviewees answered to the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA); functional ability was verified using handgrip strength (HGS) (hand dynamometry) and through the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scale for performance scale. Results: 213 patients were evaluated, 56.3%, elderly and 54.0%, females. Excluding head and neck neoplasms, there was a higher prevalence of well-nourished individuals according to PG-SGA (p=0.004); in relation to the body mass index (BMI), except for individuals with breast cancer, the highest prevalence was eutrophy (p=0.010). Individuals with adequate HGS (54.9%) were well nourished according to the SGA (91.5%) (p≤0.0001) and overweight according to the BMI (46.2%) (p=0.010). Still, fully active individuals (69.0%), were well nourished according to SGA (89.8%) (p≤0.0001) and eutrophic according to BMI (44.2%) (p=0.003), showing a significant difference in the assessment of nutritional status with functional capacity. Conclusion: The study demonstrated that the majority of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy had satisfactory nutritional status, adequate muscle strength and were fully active.


Introducción: Cáncer es el nombre dado a un conjunto de enfermedad que tienen en común el crecimiento celular desordenado. El estado nutricional débil es frecuente en pacientes oncológicos e interfiere negativamente con las habilidades de la vida diaria del paciente. Objetivo: Evaluar el estado nutricional y capacidad funcional de los pacientes oncológicos en quimioterapia. Método: Estudio epidemiológico observacional con delineamiento transversal, compuesto por muestra obtenida por conveniencia, 213 individuos en tratamiento ambulatorial. Los entrevistados respondieron a la evaluación subjetiva global producida por el paciente (ESG-PPP); la capacidad funcional se verificó utilizando la fuerza de la empuñadura (FPP) y a través de la escala de rendimiento del Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG). Resultados: Se evaluaron 213 pacientes, 56,3%ancianos y 54,0% mujeres. Con excepción de las neoplasias de cabeza y cuello, hubo una mayor prevalencia de individuos bien nutridos según el ESG-PPP (p=0,004); en relación con el índice de masa corporal (IMC), a excepción de las personas con cáncer de mama, la prevalencia más alta fue la eutrofia (p=0,010). Las personas con FPP adecuada (54.9%) estaban bien nutridas según la ESG (91,5%) (p≤0,0001) y con sobrepeso con el IMC (46,2%) (p=0,010). Aun así, los individuos completamente activos (69,0%) estaban bien nutridos según ESG (89,8%) (p≤0,0001) y eutróficos según el IMC (44,2%) (p=0,003), mostrando una diferencia significativa en la evaluación del diagnóstico nutricional con capacidad funcional. Conclusión: El estudio demostró que la mayoría de los pacientes con cáncer que reciben quimioterapia con un estado nutricional satisfactorio, una fuerza muscular adecuada y completamente activa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Nutritional Status , Muscle Strength/drug effects
20.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 593-602, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1099714

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: sintetizar o conhecimento produzido na literatura acerca do estado nutricional e a segurança alimentar de famílias beneficiadas pelo Programa Bolsa Família. Métodos: Revisão integrativa, com publicações de 2004 a 2017, nas bases de dados: Scientific Electronic Library Online, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde utilizando-se os descritores: Estado Nutricional; Segurança Alimentar; Saúde Pública; Política Nutricional; Política Social. Resultados: Foram selecionadas 17 publicações que atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. O Programa proporcionou às famílias beneficiadas acesso a alimentos de qualidade e em quantidade suficiente. Em contrapartida, proporcionou o aumento no consumo de alimentos calóricos e de baixo teor nutritivo, ocasionando distúrbios nutricionais. Conclusão: O Programa trouxe inúmeros benefícios, mas recomenda-se a realização de ações educativas que visem à alimentação saudável e a busca por investimentos nos setores de educação, saúde, geração de trabalho e renda e implantação de políticas voltadas à desigualdade social


Objectives: To synthesize the knowledge produced in the literature about the nutritional status and food security of families benefited by the Bolsa Família Program. Methods: Integrative review, with publications from 2004 to 2017, in the databases: Scientific Electronic Library Online, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature and Virtual Health Library using the keywords: Nutritional Status; Food safety; Public health; Nutritional policy; Social policy. Results: We selected 17 publications that met the inclusion criteria. The Program provided beneficiary families with access to sufficient and quality food. On the other hand, it provided an increase in the consumption of low calorie and nutritious foods, causing nutritional disturbances. Conclusion: The Program has brought many benefits, but it is recommended to carry out educational actions aimed at healthy eating and the search for investments in education, health, job and income generation and implementation of policies aimed at social inequality


Objetivos: sintetizar los conocimientos producidos en la literatura sobre el estado nutricional y la seguridad alimentaria de las familias beneficiados por el Programa Bolsa Família. Métodos: Revisión integrativa, con publicaciones de 2004 a 2017, en las bases de datos: Biblioteca Electrónica Científica En Línea, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe sobre Ciencias de la Salud y Biblioteca Virtual de Salud utilizando los descriptores: Estado Nutricional; Seguridad Alimentaria; Salud Pública; Política Nutricional; Política Social. Resultados: Seleccionamos 17 publicaciones que cumplían los criterios de inclusión. El Programa proporcionó a las familias beneficiadas acceso a alimentos de calidad y suficientes. Por otro lado, aumentó el consumo de alimentos calóricos con bajo contenido nutricional, causando trastornos nutricionales. Conclusión: El Programa ha traído numerosos beneficios, pero se recomienda llevar a cabo acciones educativas dirigidas a una alimentación saludable y la búsqueda de inversiones en los sectores de la educación, la salud, la generación de trabajo y los ingresos y la implementación de políticas dirigidas a la desigualdad social


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nutrition Programs and Policies , Nutritional Status , Food and Nutrition Security , Nutrition Surveys , Government Programs
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