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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 332-358, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414877

ABSTRACT

Fatores de risco, incluindo os de cunho materno, interferem no crescimento e desenvolvimento infantil. Nesse sentido, o conhecimento desses fatores e avaliação ade- quada desses processos são necessários para articulação de estratégias preventivas de transtornos futuros. Assim, o estudo visou investigar o crescimento e desenvolvimento de crianças atendidas em consulta de puericultura em unidades básicas de saúde de um mu- nicípio cearense, que integra uma universidade brasileira de cunho internacional, e seus fatores de risco. Trata-se de estudo observacional, analítico, transversal e de abordagem quantitativa, conduzido com crianças e suas mães no Centro de Saúde de Acarape e Posto de Saúde São Benedito (Acarape ­ CE), no período de fevereiro a julho de 2021. Após consentimento, as mães preencheram um questionário, seguido de avaliação do cresci- mento e desenvolvimento das crianças. Os dados obtidos foram analisados. Das 70 crian- ças, 50,00% (n = 17) e 51,43% (n = 18) dos meninos e meninas tinham baixa estatura para idade, respectivamente. Para o desenvolvimento psicossocial, dos 284 testes condu- zidos, 86,27% (n = 245) foram realizados em plenitude pelas crianças. Observou-se as- sociação significativa entre a gestante ter concebido o filho com, no mínimo, 9 meses de período gestacional e esse apresentar relação Peso/Idade adequada e Estatura/Idade ina- dequada. Houve associação significativa entre a criança não ingerir refresco em pó e apre- sentar relação Peso/Idade adequada. Conclui-se que as crianças tinham idade gestacional adequada e apresentavam estado nutricional apropriado, apesar da baixa estatura para idade. Manifestavam desenvolvimento psicossocial, de linguagem e físico normais. Sobre os fatores de risco, esses envolveram os de cunho materno e o consumo de alimentos cariogênicos.


Risk factors, including maternal ones, interfere with child growth and de- velopment. In this sense, knowledge of these factors and adequate evaluation of these processes are necessary to articulate preventive strategies for future disorders. Thus, the study aimed to investigate the growth and development of children seen in childcare con- sultations in primary health units in Ceará, part of a Brazilian university of international character, and their risk factors. This is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, conducted with children and their mothers at the Acarape Health Center and São Benedito Health Center (Acarape ­ CE), from February to July 2021. After consent, the mothers completed a questionnaire, followed by an assessment of the children's growth and development. The data obtained were analyzed. Of the 70 children, 50.00% (n = 17) and 51.43% (n = 18) of the boys and girls were short for their age, respectively. Of the 284 tests conducted for psychosocial development, 86.27% (n = 245) were entirely performed by the children. A significant association was observed between the pregnant woman having conceived her child at least nine months of gestation and having an adequate Weight/Age and Height/Age ratio. There was a significant asso- ciation between the child not ingesting powdered soft drinks and having an appropriate Weight/Age ratio. It was concluded that the children had an adequate gestational age and had an appropriate nutritional status, despite their low height for their age. They showed normal psychosocial, language, and physical development. The risk factors involved those of mother nature and the consumption of cariogenic foods.


Los factores de riesgo, incluidos los maternos, interfieren en el crecimiento y desarrollo infantil. En este sentido, el conocimiento de estos factores y la evaluación adecuada de estos procesos son necesarios para articular estrategias preventivas de futu- ros trastornos. Así, el estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar el crecimiento y desarrollo de niños atendidos en consultas de puericultura en unidades básicas de salud de un muni- cipio de Ceará, que forma parte de una universidad brasileña de carácter internacional, y sus factores de riesgo. Se trata de un estudio observacional, analítico, transversal, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado con niños y sus madres en el Centro de Salud de Acarape y el Centro de Salud São Benedito (Acarape ­ CE), de febrero a julio de 2021. Después del consentimiento, las madres completaron un cuestionario, seguido de una evaluación del crecimiento y desarrollo de los niños. Los datos obtenidos fueron analizados. De los 70 niños, el 50,00% (n = 17) y el 51,43% (n = 18) de los niños y niñas eran bajos para su edad, respectivamente. Para el desarrollo psicosocial, de las 284 pruebas realizadas, el 86,27% (n = 245) fueron realizadas íntegramente por los niños. Se observó una asociación significativa entre la gestante haber concebido a su hijo con al menos 9 meses de gesta- ción y tener una adecuada relación Peso/Edad y Talla/Edad. Hubo asociación significativa entre el niño que no ingiere gaseosas en polvo y presentar una adecuada relación Peso/Edad. Se concluyó que los niños tenían una edad gestacional adecuada y un estado nutricional adecuado, a pesar de su baja talla para su edad. Presentaron un desarrollo psi- cosocial, lingüístico y físico normal. En cuanto a los factores de riesgo, estos involucraron los de naturaleza materna y el consumo de alimentos cariogénicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Universities , Child Development/physiology , Risk Factors , Cariogenic Agents , Child , Nutritional Status/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Gestational Age , Maternal-Fetal Relations/physiology , Growth and Development/physiology , Eating/physiology
2.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 36: e220106, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1507421

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the food practices and nutritional status of students who use the University Restaurant at a public university. Methods This is a cross-sectional study carried out with 958 university students. Data related to regular eating practices (≥5 times/week), routine food consumption and nutritional status were collected. The association between University Restaurant attendance and dietary practices and body mass index was reviewed by bivariate logistic regression model and multiple regression. Results Students who attended the University Restaurant three or more times a week were more likely to regularly consume beans (OR: 1.35, p=0.041) and fresh salad (OR: 1.77, p<0.001) and less likely to have afternoon snack (OR: 0.68; p=0.008). In addition, an association between soda consumption and overweight was observed. Conclusion Thus, the importance of strategies that seek to promote incentives for healthy eating and lifestyle practices in the university population become evident.


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar as práticas alimentares e o estado nutricional de estudantes usuários do restaurante-escola em uma universidade pública. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com 958 estudantes universitários. Foram coletados dados relacionados às práticas alimentares regulares (≥5 vezes/semana), à rotina alimentar e ao estado nutricional. A associação entre a frequência de ida ao restaurante-escola, práticas alimentares e índice de massa corporal foi analisada por modelo de regressão logística bivariada e regressão múltipla. Resultados Os estudantes que frequentaram o restaurante-escola 3 ou mais vezes por semana apresentaram maiores chances de consumir regularmente feijão (OR: 1,35, p=0,041) e salada crua (OR: 1,77, p<0,001) e menos chances de realizar o lanche da tarde (OR: 0,68; p=0,008). Além disso, foi observada associação entre o consumo de refrigerante e o excesso de peso. Conclusão Dessa forma, evidencia-se a importância de estratégias que busquem promover incentivos a práticas alimentares e de vida saudáveis na população universitária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students , Nutritional Status/physiology , Eating/ethnology , Restaurants , Universities , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Overweight/epidemiology , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages/adverse effects
3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 809-819, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399471

ABSTRACT

Considera-se gestação de alto risco quando a mulher apresenta comorbidade materna e/ou condição sociobiológica que levam as chances de ocorrer alguma intercorrência na evolução natural da gravidez, como hipertensão arterial, diabetes, anemia, alcoolismo e obesidade. É de grande importância o acompanhamento pré-natal com uma equipe de assistência capaz de identificar os problemas antes mesmo que possam ser agravados. O objetivo deste estudo foi rastrear o perfil clínico e nutricional de mulheres com gestação de alto risco na Estratégia de Saúde da Família de Santa Quitéria- CE. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, com abordagem quantitativa realizado com 33 gestantes. Para a coleta de dados foi utilizado o cartão da gestante e prontuário, o estado nutricional foi avaliado através do peso pré- gestacional contido no cartão e peso atual através da balança. Para análise estatística, foram usados frequências, percentuais, médias e desvio padrão, verificadas por meio dos testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnov e Levene. Para a comparação de médias entre duas categorias, utilizou-se o teste t de Student para amostras independentes. Os resultados mostraram que a maioria tinha o ensino médio como nível de escolaridade, renda igual ou menor que um salário mínimo, multíparas com um ou mais abortos. Em relação às características do estado clínico patológico, as condições mais prevalentes nas gestantes do presente estudo foram hipertensão arterial sistêmica, pré-eclâmpsia, seguidos de DMG e eritoblastose. Excesso de peso antes e durante a gravidez com ganho ponderal de peso adequado. O que demonstra a necessidade de estratégias para a saúde da mulher. É apropriado acionar sinal de alerta no acompanhamento da saúde da mulher também antes da gestação e não somente no pré-natal para que transcorra bem durante e após o parto. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Estado nutricional; Gestação de alto risco; Assistência Pré-Natal.


High-risk pregnancy is considered when the woman presents maternal comorbidity and/or sociobiological condition that increase the chances of some complication occurring in the natural evolution of pregnancy, such as arterial hypertension, diabetes, anemia, alcoholism, and obesity; It is of great importance the prenatal follow-up with an assistance team capable of identifying the problems even before they can be aggravated; The objective of this study was to track the clinical and nutritional profile of women with high-risk pregnancy in the Family Health Strategy of Santa Quitéria-CE; This is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach carried out with 33 pregnant women; For data collection the pregnant woman's card and medical records were used, the nutritional status was evaluated through the pre-gestational weight contained in the card and current weight through the scale; For statistical analysis, frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviation were used, verified by means of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Levene tests;For comparison of means between two categories, Student's t test for independent samples was used; The results showed that most had high school education, income equal to or less than one minimum wage, multiparous women with one or more abortions; Regarding the characteristics of the pathological medical condition, the most prevalent conditions in the pregnant women of the present study were hypertension, pre- eclampsia, followed by GDM and erythoblastosis; Overweight before and during pregnancy with adequate weight gain; This demonstrates the need for women's health strategies; It is appropriate to trigger warning signals in the monitoring of women's health also before pregnancy and not only in the prenatal period so that it goes well during and after delivery;


Se considera embarazo de alto riesgo cuando la mujer presenta comorbilidad materna y/o condición socio-biológica que conlleva las posibilidades de aparición de alguna complicación en la evolución natural del embarazo, como son la hipertensión, la diabetes, la anemia, el alcoholismo y la obesidad. Es de gran importancia el seguimiento prenatal con un equipo de asistencia capaz de identificar los problemas incluso antes de que puedan agravarse. El objetivo de este estudio fue rastrear el perfil clínico y nutricional de las mujeres con embarazo de alto riesgo en la Estrategia de Salud Familiar de Santa Quitéria-CE. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con un enfoque cuantitativo realizado con 33 mujeres embarazadas. Para la recopilación de datos se utilizó el cartón de la gestante y el prontuario, el estado nutricional se evaluó a través del peso pregestacional contenido en el cartón y el peso actual a través de la balanza. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizaron frecuencias, porcentajes, medias y desviación estándar, verificados mediante las pruebas de Kolmogorov-Smirnov y Levene. Para la comparación de medias entre dos categorías, se utilizó la prueba t de Student para muestras independientes. Los resultados mostraron que la mayoría tenía estudios secundarios, ingresos iguales o inferiores a un salario mínimo, mujeres multíparas con uno o más abortos. En cuanto a las características del estado clínico patológico, las condiciones más prevalentes en las embarazadas del presente estudio fueron la hipertensión arterial sistémica, la preeclampsia, seguidas de la DMG y la eritoblastosis. Exceso de peso antes y durante el embarazo con un aumento de peso adecuado. Lo que demuestra la necesidad de estrategias de salud para las mujeres. Es conveniente activar la señal de alarma en el seguimiento de la salud de las mujeres también antes del embarazo y no sólo en la atención prenatal para que funcione bien durante y después del parto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , National Health Strategies , Health Profile , Nutritional Status/physiology , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Women , Body Mass Index , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Women's Health , Pregnant Women , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Hypertension/complications , Obesity/complications
4.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3342, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421869

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study identified factors associated with dynapenia in older adults residing in a small town in northeastern Brazil. It is a population-based study conducted with 208 senior citizens (58.7% women) from Aiquara, BA. Sociodemographic, behavioral and health information were obtained from face-to-face interviews, and nutritional status was assessed by body mass index. To measure their level of physical activity and sedentary behavior, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used. Dynapenia was diagnosed by sex, from the 25th percentile of handgrip strength, by means of a hydraulic dynamometer. For inferential analyses, Poisson regression was used, with a robust estimator, calculation of Prevalence Ratios (PRs) and their respective 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs). The prevalence of dynapenia was higher in older adults aged 70-79 (PR: 3.21; 95%CI: 1.55-6.64) and ≥80 years (PR: 4.91; 95%CI: 2.32-10.39), in those with low weight (PR: 2.20; 95%CI: 1.26-3.82), in those who are insufficiently active (PR: 1.99; 95%CI: 1.12-3.54), and among those with high level of sedentary behavior (PR: 1.88; 95%CI: 1.19-2.98). The factors identified as being associated with dynapenia were: age between 70 and 79 and ≥80 years, insufficient level of physical activity; high level of sedentary behavior, and low weight.


RESUMO Este estudo identificou os fatores associados à dinapenia em idosos residentes em um município de pequeno porte do Nordeste brasileiro. Trata-se de um estudo populacional, conduzido com 208 idosos (58,7% mulheres) de Aiquara-BA. As informações sociodemográficas, comportamentais e de condições de saúde foram obtidas em entrevistas face a face, e o estado nutricional foi avaliado pelo índice de massa corporal. Para mensuração do nível de atividade física e do comportamento sedentário, utilizou-se o International Physical Activity Questionnaire. O diagnóstico da dinapenia foi realizado por sexo, a partir do percentil 25 da força de preensão manual, averiguada com um dinamômetro hidráulico. Para análises inferenciais foi utilizada a regressão de Poisson, com estimador robusto, cálculo das Razões de Prevalência (RP) e de seus respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC). A prevalência de dinapenia foi maior nos idosos com idade entre 70-79 (RP: 3,21; IC95%: 1,55-6,64) e ≥80 anos (RP: 4,91; IC95%: 2,32-10,39), nos com baixo peso (RP: 2,20; IC95%: 1,26-3,82), nos insuficientemente ativos (RP: 1,99; IC95%: 1,12-3,54) e entre os com elevado comportamento sedentário (RP: 1,88; IC95%: 1,19-2,98). Identificou-se que os fatores associados à dinapenia foram: idade entre 70-79 e ≥80 anos, nível de atividade física insuficiente; elevado comportamento sedentário e baixo peso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged/physiology , Aging/physiology , Health Status , Sociodemographic Factors , Health Services Research , National Health Strategies , Brazil/epidemiology , Exercise , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Sedentary Behavior
5.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3356, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421872

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a satisfação e distorção da imagem corporal em crianças de 7 a 10 anos de idade e verificar quais fatores antropométricos e socioeconômicos estão associados a elas. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, realizado com 307 crianças de escolas públicas de Goiânia. A saúde da criança e os aspectos socioeconômicos da família foram avaliados por meio de um questionário semiestruturado; a imagem corporal foi avaliada por meio da Escala de Silhuetas Brasileiras Para Crianças; e também foram coletados dados antropométricos de peso, estatura, dobras cutâneas e circunferência da cintura. Observou-se homogeneidade do gênero neste estudo, predomínio de meninos (52%) eutróficos (73%). Apesar de se tratar de uma amostra com peso saudável, a insatisfação e a distorção da imagem corporal prevaleceram sobre a maior parte da amostra: a insatisfação esteve presente em 92% das crianças, prevalecendo o desejo por uma menor silhueta, enquanto a distorção esteve presente em 75% da amostra, com predomínio da subestimação da silhueta. No entanto, este estudo encontrou associação da insatisfação com a imagem corporal apenas com IMC (aferido, atual e desejado) e circunferência da cintura; e associação da distorção da imagem corporal apenas com os IMC (aferido e atual).


ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to analyze the satisfaction and distortion of body image in children from 7 to 10 years old and to verify which anthropometric and socioeconomic factors are associated with them. This is a cross-sectional study, carried out with 307 children from public schools in Goiânia. The child's health and the socioeconomic aspects of the family were assessed using a semi-structured questionnaire; body image was assessed using the Brazilian Silhouettes Scale for Children; and anthropometric data on weight, height, skinfolds and waist circumference were also collected. Gender homogeneity was observed in this study, with a predominance of eutrophic(73%) boys (52%). Despite being a sample with a healthy weight, dissatisfaction and distortion of body image prevailed over most of the sample: dissatisfaction was present in 92% of children, the desire for a smaller silhouette prevailing, while distortion was present in 75% of the sample, with a predominance of underestimation of the silhouette. However, this study found dissatisfaction association with body image only with BMI (measured, current and desired) and waist circumference; and association of the distortion of the body image only with the BMI (measured and current).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Body Image/psychology , Child , Nutritional Status/physiology , Schools/organization & administration , Socioeconomic Factors , Body Composition/physiology , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry/instrumentation , Child Health , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Waist Circumference/physiology
6.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(3): 169-176, jul.-sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381613

ABSTRACT

La alta prevalencia de obesidad en Chile, y su tendencia al aumento, constituye un problema de Salud Pública por su asociación con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. Durante la década 2010-2020, el estado de Chile implementó estrategias de intervención nutricional dirigidas a mantener o disminuir la prevalencia de obesidad. Regulaciones como la ley 20.606 sobre composición nutricional de los alimentos y su publicidad para modificar los entornos alimentarios, sistema elige vivir sano como modelo de gestión intersectorial constituido por políticas, planes y programas elaborados y ejecutados por distintos organismos del Estado, destinados a contribuir a generar hábitos y estilos de vida saludable y a prevenir y disminuir los factores y conductas de riesgo asociados a las enfermedades no transmisibles. A pesar de todos los esfuerzos, las encuestas poblacionales han demostrado que la obesidad continúa en aumento a lo largo del ciclo vital, por lo que es necesario fortalecer las estrategias existentes, pero con enfoque de determinantes sociales y de salud en todas las políticas, y a su vez mejorar los sistemas de evaluación de las estrategias implementadas en la población, midiendo su impacto además de su ejecución.


The high prevalence of obesity in Chile, and its increasing trend, constitutes a Public Health problem due to its association with chronic non-communicable diseases. During the 2010-2020 decade, the state of Chile implemented nutritional intervention strategies aimed at maintaining or reducing the prevalence of obesity. Regulations such as Law 20.606 on the nutritional composition of food and its advertising to modify food environments, Sistema chooses to live healthy System "EVS" Choose Healthy lifestyles as an intersectoral management model made up of policies, plans and programs prepared and executed by different State agencies, intended to contribute to healthy habits and lifestyles and to prevent and reduce risk factors and behaviors associated with non-communicable diseases. Despite all efforts, population surveys have shown that obesity continues to increase throughout the life cycle, which is why it is necessary to strengthen existing strategies, but with a focus on social and health determinants in all policies, since in turn, improve the evaluation systems of the strategies implemented in the population, measuring their impact, in addition to their implementation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Caloric Restriction/methods , Obesity/diet therapy , Obesity/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Nutritional Status/physiology , Prevalence , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Obesity/prevention & control
7.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e2929, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289622

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Ingresar a la universidad implica múltiples cambios que repercuten en el estado nutricional y pueden condicionar la aparición de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles al futuro. Objetivo: Comparar el estado nutricional de las estudiantes de Nutrición y Dietética de México y Colombia mediante mediciones antropométricas y el consumo de alimentos. Material y Métodos: Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, multidimensional de tipo transversal; con un tamaño de la muestra de 583 estudiantes elegidos aleatoriamente en centros universitarios de Colombia y México. Se aplicó una encuesta que indagó sobre el consumo de alimentos y el estilo de vida de las estudiantes, la toma de datos antropométricos se realizó de manera presencial mediante la técnica The International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). Se emplearon las técnicas estadísticas: test de comparación de proporciones, MANOVA y distribuciones de frecuencias. Resultados: Se presentó mayor carga genética para diabetes mellitus, hipertensión arterial, cáncer y obesidad en las estudiantes mexicanas; quienes reportaron más sobrepeso y enfermedades gastrointestinales. El consumo frecuente de queso entero, huevo, grasas saturadas y poliinsaturadas, azúcares y dulces, y productos fritos fue mayor en las colombianas; mientras que el consumo de queso bajo en grasa, leguminosas y mezclas vegetales, grasas monoinsaturadas, salsas, frutas, verduras y hortalizas, nueces y semillas, enlatados y bebidas alcohólicas, fue superior en las mexicanas. Conclusiones: Se reportan cambios alimenticios desde el ingreso a la carrera, lo cual es un factor protector para el desarrollo de enfermedades crónicas no trasmisibles(AU)


Introduction: Entering the university implies multiple changes that affect the nutritional status and can condition the appearance of chronic non-communicable diseases in the future. Objective: To compare the nutritional status of Nutrition and Dietetics students from Mexico and Colombia through anthropometric measurements and food consumption. Material and Methods: Through the application of a survey, the food consumption and lifestyle of the students were investigated. The anthropometric data collection was carried out using the techniques adopted by The International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). With the data obtained, a descriptive, exploratory, multidimensional and cross-sectional study was carried out. The sample size was 583 students randomly chosen from university centers in Colombia and Mexico. The statistical techniques used included: comparison test for proportions, MANOVA and frequency distributions. Results: There was a higher genetic load for diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, cancer and obesity in Mexican students who reported more overweight and gastrointestinal diseases. The frequent consumption of whole cheese, eggs, saturated and polyunsaturated fats, sugars and sweets and fried products was higher in Colombian women while the consumption of low-fat cheese, legumes and vegetable mixtures, monounsaturated fats, sauces, fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, canned goods and alcoholic beverages was higher in Mexican women, presenting a significant difference (p <0.05). Conclusions: Dietary changes are reported from the beginning of the studies, which is a protective factor for the development of non-communicable chronic diseases. There must be consistency among knowledge, eating practices and lifestyle to maintain health and achieve greater credibility of the knowledge imparted(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities , Dietetics , Nutritional Sciences , Nutritional Status/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia , Eating/physiology , Alcohol Drinking in College , Mexico
8.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 43: e48747, Feb.11, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368155

ABSTRACT

Although malnutrition and risk of falls in the elderly have increased in recent years, uncertainties exist as to whether these conditions are associated after controlling for sociodemographic variables, body composition, metabolic condition, and Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to analyze the association between nutritional status and risk of fall in the elderly population. Participants were matched by gender and age, after they had been grouped on the basis of diagnosis of AD. The risk of falls, nutritional status, and mental status were assessed using the Downton Fall Risk Score (FRS), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and Mini Mental State Evaluation (MMSE), respectively. Logistic regression modelsadjusted for the main confounders were used in the analyses. Among the 68 elderly individuals studied, participants who were malnourished or at risk of malnutrition were more likely to fall (odds ratio = 8.29; 95% confidence interval = 1.49-46.04) than those with normal nutritional status, regardless of gender, age, education, body composition, and metabolic condition. This association did not remain significant after adjustment for AD, a potential confounder in this association. Malnutrition or its risk was independently associated with high risk of fall; thus, malnutrition should be considered in the prevention of falls among the elderly population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Accidental Falls/prevention & control , Elderly Nutrition , Alzheimer Disease/complications , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Alzheimer Disease/metabolism , Body Composition/physiology , Aged/physiology , Aging/physiology , Nutritional Status/physiology , Dementia/complications , Malnutrition/complications , Metabolism/physiology
9.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 43: e54483, Feb.11, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368749

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to detect early hypertension, diabetes and obesity, as well as their risk factors, in 105 young shooters from Tiro de Guerra 11-002 in the city of Ituiutaba-MG. This is a cross-sectional mixed study. A semi-structured questionnaire that contained questions related to the sociodemographic context, health status, lifestyle, eating habits, and psychosocial variables was applied. Blood pressure, anthropometric indexes, and lipid and glycemic profiles were measured. Descriptive and inferential statistics, including Pearson's correlation test and Spearman's coefficient, considering significative value (p < 0.05). The shooters had an average of 18.9 years old, most educated and brown. Anthropometric indices indicated a mainly eutrophic population, and normotensive and desirable lipid and glycemic profiles. However, overweight, high blood pressure, and self-declaration of family history for chronic diseases were identified. In addition, most shooters affirmed to ingest alcoholics beverages, to have insufficient time of physical activity, and to be aware of their levels of stress, pressure and anxiety and a few hours of sleep. Overall, the shooters showed good anthropometric and biochemical indicatorsof blood. Risk behavior, such as drinking alcoholic beverages and smoking, low level of physical activity and self-perception of stress, anxiety and pressure were also noted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Health Status , Risk Factors , Adolescent Behavior/physiology , Noncommunicable Diseases/prevention & control , Anxiety , Quality of Life , Tobacco Use Disorder , Exercise , Nutritional Status/physiology , Chronic Disease , Diabetes Mellitus , Overweight , Feeding Behavior/physiology , Alcoholics , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Psychological Distress , Sociodemographic Factors , Hypertension , Life Style , Lipids/physiology , Obesity
10.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 39: e2020076, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155479

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of breastfeeding (BF) and the association between occurrence/duration of BF and overweight/obesity in schoolchildren aged 7-14 years. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in 2012-2013, on schoolchildren aged 7-14 years from Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. Weight and height were measured according to procedures of the World Health Organization. Breastfeeding and sociodemographic data were obtained from a questionnaire responded by parents/guardians. BF was categorized as a dichotomous variable (yes/no) and according to duration (months). Nutritional status was evaluated according to the Z score of the body mass index per age for sex and it was categorized into two groups: normal weight (<Z score+1) and overweight/obesity (≥Z score+1). The adjusted analysis was performed by logistic regression in two age strata (age groups of 7-10 and 11-14 years). Results: 6.6% of schoolchildren had never breastfed; 16.8% had been breastfed for ≤3 months; 16.7%, for 4-6 months; and 59.9%, for ≥7 months. No statistically significant differences were found in the occurrence and duration of BF between the age groups. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was 34.2%. For age groups (7-10 and 11-14 years), the prevalence of overweight/obesity was 36.7% and 29.8%, respectively. Chance of overweight/obesity for the age group of 7-10 years was lower among schoolchildren who were breastfed (OR=0.54; 95%CI 0.33-0.88), when compared with those who never breastfed. When categorized, the chance of overweight/obesity in the age group of 7-10 years was lower for duration of BF ≤3 months (OR=0.41; 95%CI 0.20-0.83), and 4-6 months (OR=0.48; 95%CI 0.28-0.82) when compared with children who never breastfed. Conclusions: BF for at least six months was associated with a lower chance of overweight/obesity for schoolchildren aged 7-10 years. No association was found for schoolchildren aged 11-14 years.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar prevalência e duração de aleitamento materno (AM) e sua associação com sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7-14 anos. Métodos: Estudo transversal, realizado em 2012-2013, com escolares de 7-14 anos de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. Peso e altura foram mensurados segundo preconizado pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS). Dados sociodemográficos e sobre AM foram obtidos por questionários enviados aos responsáveis/cuidadores. A variável amamentação foi analisada como dicotômica (sim/não) e por duração (em meses). O perfil antropométrico foi avaliado por escore Z do índice de massa corporal (IMC) para a idade, segundo sexo, categorizado em: normal (<escore Z+1) e sobrepreso/obesidade (≥escore Z+1). Análises ajustadas foram realizadas (regressão logística) em dois estratos etários (7-10 e 11-14 anos). Resultados: 6,6% dos escolares nunca tinham sido amamentados, 16,8% foram amamentados por ≤3 meses, 16,7% por 4-6 meses e 59,9% por ≥7 meses. Não houve diferença estatística de ocorrência/duração de AM entre os grupos etários. A prevalência de sobrepeso/obesidade foi 34,2%. Nos grupos etários (7-10 e 11-14 anos), a prevalência foi 36,7% e 29,8%, respectivamente. A chance de sobrepeso/obesidade nos escolares de 7-10 anos foi menor entre aqueles que tinham sido amamentados (OR=0,54; IC95% 0,33-0,88), comparando com os nunca amamentados. Quando categorizada, a chance de ter sobrepeso/obesidade nos escolares de 7-10 anos foi menor quando a duração do AM foi ≤3 meses (OR=0,41; IC95% 0,20-0,83) e 4-6 meses (OR=0,48; IC95% 0,28-0,82), em comparação à ausência de AM. Conclusões: AM por pelo menos seis meses foi associado com menor chance de sobrepeso/obesidade para escolares de 7-10 anos. Não foi observada associação para o grupo 11-14 anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Breast Feeding/statistics & numerical data , Nutritional Status/physiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Time Factors , Body Height/physiology , Body Weight/physiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Breast Feeding/adverse effects , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Overweight/etiology , Child Nutrition Sciences/statistics & numerical data , Mothers/statistics & numerical data , Obesity/etiology
11.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2233-2247, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144730

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la presencia de la ventilación mecánica, crea interrogantes vinculadas con la importancia de conocer la influencia del estado nutricional y su asociación con factores de riesgo. Objetivo: relacionar el estado nutricional según indicadores antropométricos agrupados con variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y de laboratorio. Las que fueron estudiadas en pacientes ventilados artificialmente al ingreso en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Universitario "Celia Sánchez Manduley", durante los años 2017 al 2018. Materiales y método: se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico de cohorte prospectiva, con pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se utilizaron técnicas de estadística descriptiva, medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. El nivel de significación de se halló según p valor ≤ 0,05 a través de Chi cuadrado de Pearson (X2) y la prueba T de student. Resultados: el sexo masculino y la edad mayor de 60 años estuvieron significativamente asociados a los ventilados desnutridos. La medición de los indicadores bioquímicos aislados no fue significativamente útil para la evaluación del estado nutricional en estos pacientes. Conclusiones: la comorbilidad, las infecciones nosocomiales, la ventilación de mediana duración y las entidades clínicas neurológicas, predominaron con alta mortalidad al egreso, pero sin asociación significativa al estado nutricional (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the presence of mechanical ventilation brings about questions related to the importance of knowing the influence of the nutritional status and its relation with risks factors. Objective: to establish a relationship of the nutritional status according to grouped anthropometric indicators with laboratory, clinical and socio-demographic variables that were studied in artificially ventilated patients when admitting them in the Intensive Care Unit of the University Hospital "Celia Sánchez Manduley", during 2017 and 2018. Materials and method: a cohort, prospective, analytical, observational study was carried out with patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Different techniques of descriptive statistics were used, together of with measures of central tendency and dispersion. The level of significance was determined according to value p ≤ 0,05 by means of Pearson's Chi Squared (X2) and the student T test. Results: male sex and ages over 60 years were significantly associated to malnutritioned ventilated patients. Measuring isolated biochemical indicators was not significantly useful to assess nutritional status in these patients. Conclusions: comorbidity, nosocomial infections, average lasting ventilation, and neurological clinical entities predominated, with high mortality at discharging, but without significant association to the nutritional status (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Nutritional Status/physiology , Clinical Diagnosis , Risk Factors , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Malnutrition/complications , Intensive Care Units
13.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 46(1): e1150, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1126819

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El balance energético equilibrado en el organismo humano permite mantener un estado nutricional y de salud adecuado, ingestas excesivas o por defecto modifican la homeostasis y producen enfermedades. Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre balance energético y estado nutricional en niños de instituciones educativas del distrito de Huanchaco, departamento La Libertad, Perú. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo de corte transversal en 203 niños de 3 a 5 años en el periodo abril-junio 2014. Se evaluó el estado nutricional con los índices talla/edad, peso/edad, peso/talla usando estándares de crecimiento infantil de la Organización Mundial de la Salud 2006. El balance energético se midió con la adecuación de energía ingerida respecto a su requerimiento energético estimado, expresado en porcentaje. Se aplicó la prueba estadística Chi-cuadrado con un nivel de significancia de 5 por ciento. Resultados: Los índices para evaluar el estado nutricional fueron predominante normales. El balance energético para niños y niñas de 3 años fue 123,75 ± 46,97 por ciento y 125,82 ± 13,01 por ciento de su requerimiento respectivamente; en niños y niñas de 4 años fue de 109,90 ± 23,17 por ciento y 104,69 ± 20,96 por ciento, respectivamente y finalmente en niños de 5 años fue 105,15 ± 24,97 por ciento y en las niñas un balance energético negativo de 86,39 ± 11,99 por ciento. Existe asociación altamente significativa (p < 0,01) entre estado nutricional y balance energético. Conclusiones: El balance energético con tendencia positiva predispone hacia la obesidad para los índices peso/talla y peso/edad y el equilibrado o positivo condicionan un estado nutricional normal según talla/edad(AU)


Introduction: The balanced energy state in the human body allows maintaining a nutritional and health status; excessive or small intakes of food modify the homeostasis and produce diseases. Objective: To determine the association between energy balance and nutritional state in children from educational institutions of Huanchaco District, La Libertad, Peru. Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative study was carried out in 203 children from 3 to 5 years old in the period from April to June 2014. It was assessed the nutritional state with the indexes height/age, weight/age, weight/height using child growth standards of the World Health Organization 2006. The energy balance was measured with the adequacy of energy intake in relation to their estimated energy requirement, expressed as a percentage. Chi-square statistical test was applied with a significance level of 5 percent . Results: The indexes to assess the nutritional state were predominantly normal. The energy balance for boys and girls of 3 years old was 123.75 ± 46.97 percent and 125.82 ± 13.01 percent of their requirement respectively; in children of 4 years old it was 109.90 ± 23.17 percent and 104.69 ± 20.96 percent, respectively; and finally in 5 years old boys it was 105.15 ± 24.97 percent and in girls a negative energy balance of 86.39 ± 11.99 percent. There is a highly significant association (p< 0.01) between the nutritional state and the energy balance. Conclusions: The energy balance with positive trend predisposes toward obesity for the indexes weight/height and weight/age, and the balanced or positive condition to a normal nutritional state according to height/age(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Chi-Square Distribution , Nutritional Status/physiology , Nutritional Requirements , Peru , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Evaluation Studies as Topic
14.
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 81 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SESSP-CTDPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-TESESESSP, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1146027

ABSTRACT

Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar a influência de pais ou cuidadores no comportamento alimentar e estado nutricional de pessoas com deficiência intelectual. Trata-se de um estudo transversal descritivo realizado em 64 adultos com deficiência intelectual de ambos os sexos atendidos em uma instituição social na zona leste de São Paulo e 64 respectivos pais ou cuidadores dessas pessoas. Foram aferidas medidas de peso e altura de todos os participantes para classificação do estado nutricional segundo índice de massa corpórea e aplicado questionário de frequência alimentar para coletar informações de frequência sobre o consumo dos mesmos. O consumo de alimentos foi reclassificado para análise em grupos segundo grau de processamento através do Guia Alimentar para a População Brasileira. Foi aplicado o Questionário de Comportamento Alimentar nos participantes com deficiência intelectual e analisado segundo categorias de interesse e desinteresse pela comida. O estudo encontrou 64,0% dos adultos com deficiência intelectual acima do peso, destes, 46,9% apresentaram pais ou cuidadores também com excesso de peso e ambos consomem com frequência alimentos ultra processados. A pesquisa revelou também que pessoas com deficiência intelectual têm maior prazer em comer. O estudo concluiu que pais e cuidadores exercem influência no comportamento alimentar e no estado nutricional de pessoas com deficiência intelectual, portanto, esses resultados sugerem que trabalhos de educação nutricional devem ser realizados em conjunto com pais e cuidadores de pessoas com deficiência intelectual, e assim, promover melhorias na qualidade de vida a longo prazo desta população. (AU)


This research aims at assessing the influence of parents and caregivers on eating behavior and nutritional status of people with intellectual disabilities. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out on 64 adults with intellectual disabilities of both sexes, treated at a social institution in East Sao Paulo City, and their 64 respective parents and caregivers. All participants' weight and height measurements were taken to classify their nutritional status according to body mass index. Also a food frequency questionnaire was applied to collect information on the frequency those specific foods were consumed. Food consumption was reclassified for analysis in food groups according to the degree of processing by the Food Guide For The Brazilian Population. The eating behavior Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire was applied to participants with intellectual disabilities and analyzed according to categories of interest and disinterest in particular food items. The study found that 64% of the adults with intellectual disabilities were overweight; and of these, 46.9% had parents or caregivers who were also overweight and both frequently consume ultra-processed foods. The survey also revealed that people with intellectual disabilities find more pleasure in eating than those who do not have intellectual disabilities. Our study came to the conclusion that parents and caregivers have strong influence on the eating behavior and nutritional status of people with intellectual disabilities. Therefore, we suggest that a nutritional education work be carried out together with parents and caregivers of people with intellectual disabilities, thus making improvements in the long-term quality of life of this population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Nutritional Status/physiology , Caregivers , Eating , Feeding Behavior , Intellectual Disability/diagnosis
15.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143843

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association between body weight perception and quality of diet among Brazilian adolescents. Methods: The sample was composed of 71,740 adolescents aged from 12 to 17 years-old enrolled in the Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (Estudo de Riscos Cardiovasculares em Adolescentes - ERICA), carried out during 2013-2014. Body weight perception was self-reported. Food consumption was assessed by food record and quality of diet index for Brazilian adolescents (DQIA-BR) was calculated, considering the balance, diversity, and diet composition. The quality of diet was compared according to weight perception for the entire sample and after stratification by nutritional status. Linear regression models were used to assess the association between body weight perception and quality of diet. Results: Among the studied adolescents, 14.7 and 30.3% reported to be underweight or overweight in relation to their desired weight, respectively. Those who perceived themselves as overweight had lower quality of diet (DQIA-BR=16.0 vs. 17.4 points; p<0.001). After stratification by BMI, adolescents with normal weight (DQIA-BR=15.3 points) or overweight (DQIA-BR=16.1 points), but who perceived themselves as overweight showed lower quality of diet when compared to their peers. In adjusted analysis, overweight perception (β= -0.51; 95%CI -0.77; -0.24) was associated to lower quality of diet. However, this association was no longer significant after stratification by BMI status. Conclusions: Body weight perception can influence the consumption of healthy foods and the quality of diet, especially for those who consider themselves overweight. However, this association is influenced by nutritional status.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre percepção de peso corporal e qualidade da dieta de adolescentes brasileiros. Métodos: A amostra estudada foi composta de 71.740 adolescentes de 12-17 anos participantes do Estudo de Riscos Cardiovasculares em Adolescentes (ERICA) realizado entre 2013 e 2014. A percepção do peso corporal foi avaliada por questionário autoaplicável; o consumo alimentar, por recordatório alimentar; e a qualidade da dieta pelo índice de qualidade da dieta de adolescentes brasileiros (IQDA-BR), considerando o equilíbrio, a diversidade e a composição da dieta. A qualidade da dieta foi comparada de acordo com a percepção do peso para toda a amostra e após estratificação por índice de massa corpórea (IMC). Modelos de regressão linear foram utilizados para avaliar a associação entre distúrbios na percepção do peso e qualidade da dieta. Resultados: Entre os adolescentes, 14,7 e 30,3% percebiam-se abaixo ou acima do peso, respectivamente. Aqueles que se percebiam acima do peso apresentaram menor qualidade da dieta (IQDA-BR=16,0 vs. 17,4 pontos; p<0,001). Após estratificação por IMC, adolescentes com peso normal (IQDA-BR=15,3 pontos) ou excesso de peso (IQDA-BR=16,1 pontos), mas que se percebiam como acima do peso, apresentaram pior qualidade da dieta se comparados ao demais. Em análise ajustada, perceber-se acima do peso (β= -0,51; intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% -0,77; -0,24) foi associado a pior qualidade da dieta, porém essa associação perdeu significância após a estratificação por IMC. Conclusões: A percepção do peso corporal parece influenciar o consumo de alimentos saudáveis e a qualidade da dieta principalmente daqueles que se consideram acima do peso, contudo essa associação é influenciada pelo estado nutricional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Weight Perception/physiology , Body Image/psychology , Diet/trends , Eating/psychology , Self Concept , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Linear Models , Nutritional Status/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Overweight , Self Report , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Nutritive Value
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4039, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056073

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the oxidative profile, nutritional status and food intake (caloric value; macronutrients; vitamins A, E and C; and zinc), and to correlate oxidative stress with nutritional status in patients who were candidates for liver transplant. Methods This is a cross-sectional, analytical, and descriptive study with 51 candidates for liver transplant. Sociodemographic and clinical data, anthropometric parameters, food consumption, and a 10mL blood sample were collected from each patient. Oxidative stress was analyzed by the thiobarbituric acid method. The consumption of macronutrients, caloric value and micronutrients (zinc, vitamins A, E and C) were qualitatively analyzed, and zinc was also quantitatively analyzed. Results The mean age was 49.17±8.17 years. The highest percentage of malnutrition was according to arm muscle circumference (56.86%), followed by arm circumference (52.94%), triceps skin fold (50.98%), and body mass index (1.96%). The mean malondialdehyde level was 14.80±8.72μM/L, presenting a negative correlation with the body mass index for patients with liver cirrhosis according to IMC-Campillo values (p=0.001; r=-0.430). Low energy, carbohydrate, protein, vitamin A and E consumption were observed in more than 50% of subjects. Conclusion This study showed an association of nutritional status through body mass index for patients with liver cirrhosis according to IMC-Campillo, with oxidative stress in patients with liver cirrhosis on a liver transplant waiting list.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o perfil oxidativo, o estado nutricional e o consumo alimentar (valor calórico; macronutrientes; vitaminas A, E e C; e zinco), e correlacionar o estresse oxidativo com o estado nutricional em pacientes candidatos ao transplante hepático. Métodos Trata-se de estudo transversal, analítico e descritivo com 51 pacientes candidatos ao transplante hepático. Coletaram-se dados sociodemográficos e clínicos, parâmetros antropométricos, consumo alimentar e amostra de 10mL de sangue de cada paciente. O estresse oxidativo foi analisado por método do ácido tiobarbitúrico. O consumo de macronutrientes, do valor calórico e dos micronutrientes (zinco, vitaminas A, E e C) foi analisado qualitativamente, e o zinco também foi analisado quantitativamente. Resultados A média de idade foi de 49,17±8,17 anos. Maior percentual de desnutrição esteve de acordo com circunferência muscular do braço (56,86%), seguida de circunferência do braço (52,94%), dobra cutânea triciptal (50,98%) e índice de massa corporal (1,96%). A média do malondialdeído foi de 14,80±8,72µM/L, apresentando correlação negativa com os valores do índice de massa corporal para pacientes com cirrose hepática segundo IMC-Campillo (p=0,001; r=-0,430). Observou-se baixo consumo de energia, carboidrato, proteína, e vitaminas A e E em mais de 50% dos indivíduos. Conclusão Este estudo mostrou associação do estado nutricional, por meio do índice de massa corporal para pacientes com cirrose hepática segundo IMC-Campillo, com o estresse oxidativo em paciente com cirrose hepática em lista de transplante de fígado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Nutritional Status/physiology , Liver Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Oxidative Stress/physiology , End Stage Liver Disease/metabolism , Transplant Recipients/statistics & numerical data , Reference Values , Energy Intake , Nutrition Assessment , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Educational Status , Feeding Behavior/physiology , End Stage Liver Disease/surgery , Malondialdehyde/blood , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 22(supl.1): e148, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280386

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La osteoartritis es una enfermedad crónica y degenerativa que presenta un pico de incidencia en personas mayores de 60 años. Objetivo: Determinar el estado nutricional de los pacientes adultos mayores con diagnóstico de osteoartritis y su relación con la intensidad del dolor. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y correlacional, de corte transversal en adultos mayores con osteoartritis. El universo estuvo constituido por 168 pacientes de los cuales 156 formaron parte de la muestra del estudio. A cada paciente se le determinará el estado nutricional mediante el índice de masa corporal. Para conocer la intensidad del dolor se empleó la escala visual análoga de dolor. Se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson para identificar la relación entre el estado nutricional y la intensidad del dolor. Resultados: Hubo un promedio de edad de 67,72 años, con predominio de pacientes femeninas (60,13 por ciento) y afectación de rodillas (34,80 por ciento). El 34,18 por ciento de los adultos mayores presentó sobrepeso y el 18,35 por ciento obesidad. La mayor parte de los pacientes tenían dolor articular moderado (60,13 por ciento). El dolor grave se presentó con mayor frecuencia en el grupo de pacientes obesos (48,28 por ciento). Conclusiones: Se identificó una correlación positiva considerable entre el estado nutricional y la intensidad del dolor en los adultos mayores con diagnóstico de osteoartritis(AU)


Introduction: Osteoarthritis conceptualized as a chronic and degenerative disease that presents a peak incidence in people older than 60 years. Objective: To determine the nutritional status of older adult patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis and its relationship to pain intensity. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out in older adults with osteoarthritis. The universe consisted of 168 patients, of whom 156 were part of the study sample. Nutritional status will be determined for each patient using the body mass index. To visualize the intensity of pain, the visual analog pain scale used. Pearson's correlation coefficient used to identify the relationship between nutritional status and pain intensity. Result: Average age of 67.72 years with a predominance of female patients (60.13 percent) and knee involvement (34.80 percent). 34.18 percent of older adults were overweight and 18.35 percent were obese, while 43.04 percent had a normal nutritional status. There was a predominance of patients with moderate joint pain (60.13 percent). Conclusions: A considerable positive correlation identified between nutritional status and pain intensity in older adults diagnosed with osteoarthritis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoarthritis , Pain Measurement , Body Mass Index , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 38: e2018177, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057227

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate context of overweight adolescents from the semiarid and rural areas of Pernambuco, considering the multifactorial nature of the determinants of being overweight, and the food and nutritional insecurity conditions of the region. Methods: A population based cross-sectional study was conducted from September to October 2015. The nutritional status of adolescents was assessed by body mass index (BMI) and classified by the BMI/Age indicator, according to sex. To analyze the factors associated with being overweight, the variables were grouped into: socioeconomic, demographic, environmental, lifestyle, psychological, biological and food and nutritional security. Poisson regression was used to verify the association between being overweight and independent variables. Results: The prevalence of excessive weight found was 20.1%, namely: 13.4% overweight and 6.7% obese. After adjusting for the confounding variables, the variables: occupancy situation (rented house), alcohol consumption, food security and light food insecurity, body perception (overweight and obese) and age range (10 to 14 years), were associated with being overweight. High food and nutritional insecurity was identified in 80.4% of the population. The moderate and severe forms were more frequent, and precarious social conditions were still prevalent in the region. Conclusions: The prevalence of being overweight was high, exceeding the expected for a population with better living conditions. The determinants of being overweight were: alcohol consumption, occupancy situation, self-perceived weight, age and food security/mild food insecurity.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar o excesso de peso em adolescentes do Sertão e Agreste de Pernambuco, considerando a multifatoriedade dos determinantes do excesso de peso e as condições de insegurança alimentar e nutricional da região. Métodos: Estudo transversal, de base populacional, realizado no período de setembro a outubro de 2015. O estado nutricional dos adolescentes foi avaliado pelo índice de massa corpórea (IMC) e classificado pelo indicador IMC/idade, segundo o sexo. Para analisar os fatores associados ao excesso de peso, as variáveis foram agrupadas em: socioeconômicas, demográficas, ambientais, de estilo de vida, psicológicas, biológicas e segurança alimentar e nutricional. A regressão de Poisson foi utilizada para verificar a associação entre o excesso de peso e as variáveis independentes. Resultados: A prevalência de excesso de peso encontrada foi de 20,1%, sendo 13,4% de sobrepeso e 6,7% de obesidade. Após o ajuste para as variáveis de confusão, as variáveis regime de ocupação (casa cedida, alugada), consumo de álcool, segurança alimentar, insegurança alimentar leve, percepção corporal (sobrepeso e obesidade) e faixa etária (10 a 14 anos) mostraram-se associadas ao excesso de peso. Destaca-se a elevada insegurança alimentar e nutricional, em 80,4% da população, sendo as formas moderadas e graves as mais frequentes, como também as precárias condições sociais ainda prevalentes na região. Conclusões: A prevalência de excesso de peso foi elevada, superando o esperado para uma população com melhores condições de vida. Os determinantes do excesso de peso foram: consumo de álcool, regime de ocupação, autopercepção do peso, faixa etária e segurança alimentar/insegurança alimentar leve.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Nutritional Status/physiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Food Supply/standards , Self Concept , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Demography/trends , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Environmental Exposure/adverse effects , Overweight/psychology , Underage Drinking/psychology , Food Supply/statistics & numerical data , Life Style , Obesity/epidemiology
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5075, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101100

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the nutritional risk factors in patients eligible for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods A cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted with patients recruited from an hematology outpatient clinic. Study variables included demographic and clinical data, patient-generated global subjective assessment findings, anthropometric indicators, food intake and oxidative stress levels. The level of significance was set at 5% (p<0.05). Results The sample comprised 72 patients, mean age of 48.93 years (14.5%). Multiple myeloma was the most prevalent condition (51.4%) in this sample. Most patients (55.6%) were overweight according to body mass index and at risk of cardiovascular disease according to waist circumference, conicity index and percentage of body fat. Sarcopenia was associated with risk of cardiovascular disease, hip-to-waist ratio (p=0.021), muscle strength depletion (p<0.001), food intake (p=0.023), reduced functional capacity (p=0.048), self-reported well-nourished status; p=0.044) and inadequate vitamin B6 (p=0.022) and manganese (p=0.026) intake. Elevated oxidative stress, detected in 33.3% of patients in this sample, was not associated with sarcopenia. Conclusion Most patients in this sample were overweight and sarcopenic. Lean mass depletion was associated with risk of cardiovascular disease, reduced muscle strength, food intake changes, reduced functional capacity, self-reported well-nourished status and inadequate intake of vitamin B6 and manganese, but not with oxidative stress.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar os fatores de riscos nutricionais em pacientes pré-transplante de célula-tronco hematopoiética. Métodos Estudo transversal, descritivo, realizado com pacientes de um ambulatório de hematologia. As variáveis estudadas foram demográficas, dados clínicos, avaliação subjetiva global produzida pelo próprio paciente, indicadores antropométricos, ingestão alimentar e estresse oxidativo. Os dados foram considerados estatisticamente significativos quando p<0,05. Resultados A amostra do estudo foi constituída por 72 pacientes, com média de idade de 48,93 (14,5%) anos e com mieloma múltiplo (51,4%) como a patologia mais prevalente. Conforme índice de massa corporal, 55,6% dos pacientes encontravam-se com excesso de peso. De acordo com a circunferência da cintura, índice de conicidade e percentual de gordura corporal, houve prevalência de risco para doença cardiovascular. A sarcopenia foi associada ao risco de doença cardiovascular pela relação cintura/quadril (p=0,021), depleção da força muscular (p<0,001), além da ingestão alimentar (p=0,023), da capacidade funcional reduzida (p=0,048) e do diagnóstico de "bem nutrido" (p=0,044), conforme a avaliação subjetiva global, e com consumo inadequado de vitamina B6 (p=0,022) e de manganês (p=0,026). Dentre os avaliados, 33,3% apresentaram estresse oxidativo elevado sem associação com sarcopenia. Conclusão Pacientes do pré-transplante se apresentam, em sua maioria, com excesso de peso, mas com sarcopenia, estando essa ausência de massa magra associada a risco de doença cardiovascular, depleção da força muscular, alteração da ingestão alimentar, redução da capacidade funcional, classificação de "bem nutrido", segundo a avaliação subjetiva global e consumo inadequado de vitamina B6 e manganês, não estando associada a estresse oxidativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Nutrition Assessment , Risk Assessment/methods , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Energy Intake/physiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Eating/physiology , Overweight/complications , Overweight/physiopathology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Sarcopenia/complications , Sarcopenia/physiopathology , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma/surgery , Multiple Myeloma/physiopathology
20.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(4): e2020102, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124749

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a relação das condições de saúde com a mudança de peso entre idosos em um período de dez anos em São Paulo/SP. Métodos: Estudo longitudinal que acompanhou (2000-baseline, 2006 e 2010) a mudança do peso corporal (variável desfecho) e condições de saúde associadas (variáveis de exposição) em idosos (n=571); análises de regressão logística multinomial foram empregadas. Resultados: O aumento médio de peso no período foi de 29,0%. Perderam peso 34,0% (2006) e 12,5% (2010); e ganharam peso 18,2% (2006) e 39,9% (2010). A prevalência de doenças crônicas aumentou de 34,1% (2000) para 51,9% (2006) e 60,1% (2010). Idosos com aumento de peso avaliaram pior sua saúde geral em 2006 (RR:3,15; IC95% 1,21;8,17) e 2010 (RR:2,46; IC95% 1,02;5,94). Maior número de doenças (RR:2,12; IC95% 1,00;4,46) e internações (RR:3,50; IC95% 1,40;8,72) associaram-se a diminuição de peso em 2010. Conclusão: Mudanças de peso estão relacionadas a um pior estado de saúde entre idosos.


Objetivo: Analizar la relación entre las condiciones de salud y el cambio de peso entre adultos mayores durante un período de diez años en São Paulo/SP. Métodos: Estudio longitudinal (2000-baseline, 2006 y 2010) que siguió el cambio en el peso corporal (variable de resultado) y las condiciones de salud asociadas (variables de exposición) en adultos mayores (n=571); se emplearon análisis de regresión logística multinomial. Resultado: El aumento de peso promedio en el período evaluado fue del 29,0%. Un 34,0% (2006) y 12,5% (2010) perdieron peso; 18,2% (2006) y 39,9% (2010) ganaron peso. La prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas aumentó del 34,1% (2000) para 51,9% (2006) y 60,1% (2010). Las personas mayores con aumento de peso calificaron su salud general peor en 2006 (RR:3,15; IC95% 1,21;8,17) y 2010 (RR:2,46; IC95% 1,02;5,94). El mayor número de enfermedades (RR:2,12; IC95% 1,00;4,46) y hospitalizaciones (RR:3.50; IC95% 1,40;8,72) se asociaron con una disminución del peso en 2010. Conclusión: Los cambios de peso están relacionados con un peor estado de salud entre los adultos mayores.


Objective: To analyze the relationship between health conditions and weight changes among elderly people monitored by the SABE Survey over a ten-year period in São Paulo/SP. Methods: This was a longitudinal study that followed (2000-baseline, 2006 and 2010) change in body weight (outcome variable) and associated health conditions (exposure variables) in the elderly (n=571); multinomial logistic regression analyses were employed. Results: Average weight increase in the evaluated period was 29.0%. 34.0% (2006) and 12.5% (2010) lost weight and 18.2% (2006) and 39.9% (2010) gained weight. Prevalence of chronic diseases increased from 34.1% (2000) to 51.9% (2006) and 60.1% (2010). Older people with weight gain also rated their overall health as poorer in 2006 (RR:3.15; 95%CI 1.21;8.17) and 2010 (RR:2.46; 95%CI 1.02;5.94). The higher numbers of diseases (RR:2.12; 95%CI 1.00;4.46) and hospitalizations (RR:3.50; 95%CI 1.40;8.72) were associated with a decrease in weight in 2010. Conclusion: Weight changes are related to poorer health status among the elderly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging/physiology , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status/physiology , Longitudinal Studies , Brazil , Chronic Disease/trends , Overweight
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