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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 586-593, fev 11, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359359

ABSTRACT

Introdução: objetivamos avaliar associação entre ingestão de bebida alcoólica e estado antropométrico em estudantes que frequentam Restaurante Universitário. Metodologia: estudo transversal com 155 universitários em que foi avaliado o consumo de bebida alcoólica, frequência do consumo, tempo de consumo, quantidade e hábitos adotados enquanto bebiam. As medidas antropométricas realizadas foram estatura, peso, circunferência da cintura, circunferência do quadril e quatro dobras cutâneas (tricipital, bicipital, subescapular e suprailíaca). Para análise, realizamos estatística descritiva, o teste de qui-quadrado de independência para as proporções entre os grupos e a diferença entre as médias das medidas antropométricas de acordo a quantidade de bebida alcoólica consumida foi avaliada pelo teste ANOVA. Foram considerados significantes valores de p<0,05. Resultados: dos universitários, 63,87% eram bebedores, 23,2% dos bebedores estavam com excesso de peso, 21,2% apresentaram circunferência da cintura com risco elevado e percentual de gordura em excesso em ambos os grupos (77,8% vs. 73,2). Identificamos diferença estatisticamente para a circunferência da cintura entre o tempo de consumo (p=0,003) e entre o percentual de gordura corporal de acordo com a quantidade de bebida alcoólica consumida (p=0,001). Conclusão: o estado antropométrico dos universitários que consumiam bebida alcoólica apresentou alta frequência de excesso de peso e risco de complicações metabólicas associadas à obesidade, mesmo que sem significações estatísticas para as associações testadas.


Introduction: we aimed to evaluate the association between alcohol intake and anthropometric status in students who attend the University Restaurant. Methodology: cross-sectional study with 155 university students in which the consumption of alcoholic beverages, frequency of consumption, consumption time, quantity and habits adopted while drinking were evaluated. The anthropometric measurements taken were height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference and four skinfolds (triceps, biceps, subscapular and suprailiac). For analysis, we performed descriptive statistics, the chi-square test of independence for proportions between groups and the difference between the means of anthropometric measures according to the amount of alcoholic beverage consumed was evaluated by the ANOVA test. Significant values of p<0.05 were considered. Results: of the college students, 63.87% were drinkers, 23.2% of the drinkers were overweight, 21.2% high risk waist dissipation and fat percentage in both groups (77.8% vs. 73 ,two). We identified a statistically significant difference for waist circumference between consumption time (p = 0.003) and between body fat percentage according to the amount of alcoholic beverage consumed (p = 0.001). Conclusion: the anthropometric status of college students who drank alcoholic beverages presented a high frequency of weight and risk of metabolic complications associated with obesity, even if without statistical significance for the tested associations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Restaurants , Students , Body Mass Index , Obesity, Abdominal , Alcohol Drinking in College , Cross-Sectional Studies , Evaluation Studies as Topic
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(2): 761-769, Fev. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356091

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article aims to identify the prevalence of and factors associated with dynapenic abdominal obesity (DAO) in older adults in a city in the northern region of Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 382 community-dwelling older adults in Macapa, Amapa, Brazil. Socioeconomic, clinical, and health information were collected using a structured form. DAO was defined as a combination of dynapenia (handgrip strength of < 26 kgf for men and < 16 kgf for women) and abdominal obesity (abdominal circumference > 102 cm for men and > 88 cm for women). Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed using chi-squared tests, Student's t-tests, and a Poisson regression. The prevalence of DAO was 10.73%. In the preliminary bivariate analysis, the variables of age range, marital status, number of diseases, functional disability for basic and instrumental activities of daily living, gait speed, and level of physical activity met the established criterion. The final model indicated that only gait speed was a predictor of DAO in older adults. DAO affects nearly 11% of community-dwelling older adults from northern Brazil; gait speed was a predictor of DAO and could be a useful tool for managing and monitoring this population's health.


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à obesidade abdominal dinapênica (OAD) em idosos de uma cidade da região Norte do Brasil. Estudo transversal realizado com 382 idosos comunitários residentes em Macapá, Amapá, Brasil. As informações socioeconômicas, clínicas e de saúde foram coletadas por meio de um formulário estruturado. A OAD foi definida pela combinação de dinapenia (força de preensão manual < 26 kgf para homens e < 16 kgf para mulheres) e obesidade abdominal (circunferência abdominal > 102 cm para homens e > 88 cm para mulheres). As análises descritivas e inferenciais foram realizadas utilizando os testes qui-quadrado, t de Student e regressão de Poisson. A prevalência de OAD foi de 10,73%. Na análise bivariada preliminar, as variáveis faixa etária, estado conjugal, número de doenças, incapacidade funcional para atividades básicas e instrumentais de vida diária, velocidade da marcha e nível de atividade física atenderam ao critério estabelecido. O modelo final indicou que apenas a velocidade da marcha foi um preditor para a OAD em idosos. A OAD afeta quase 11% dos idosos residentes nessa comunidade do Norte do Brasil; e a velocidade de marcha é um preditor que pode ser uma ferramenta útil para gerenciar e monitorar a saúde desta população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Hand Strength , Obesity, Abdominal , Activities of Daily Living , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Independent Living
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(2): 737-746, Fev. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356072

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivou-se analisar a associação entre consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e adiposidade abdominal em adultos. Estudo transversal realizado com dados da linha de base do ELSA-Brasil (2008-2010). A amostra foi constituída por 15.065 servidores públicos de seis instituições de ensino e pesquisa (35 a 74 anos, ambos os sexos). Para identificar adiposidade central por meio das medidas de circunferência da cintura (CC) e relação cintura/quadril (RCQ), utilizou-se os pontos de corte preconizados pela Organização Mundial da Saúde. Para as análises estatísticas foi utilizado o teste qui-quadrado e modelos de regressão de Poisson ajustados por variáveis potencialmente confundidoras. Cerca de 40% da amostra apresentava CC e RCQ elevadas. A probabilidade de apresentar CC elevada foi 5% e 3% maior no grupo mais exposto de consumo de cerveja em homens e mulheres quando comparado ao grupo de referência [RP = 1,05 (IC 95% 1,02-1,08) e RP = 1,03 (IC 95% 1,00-1,07)]. Também foi encontrada maior probabilidade de apresentar RCQ elevada entre os maiores consumidores de cerveja [RP = 1,03 (IC 95% 1,00-1,07) em homens e RP=1,10 (IC 95% 1,04-1,15) em mulheres]. Maior número de doses/semana de bebida alcoólica aumentou a probabilidade de ocorrência de CC e RCQ elevadas, sendo mais importante a contribuição da cerveja.


Abstract The objective was to analyze the association between alcohol consumption and abdominal adiposity in adults. Cross-sectional study conducted at baseline data from ELSA-Brasil (2008- 2010). The sample consisted of 15,065 civil servants from six education and research institutions (35 to 74 years old, both sexes). To identify central adiposity by measuring waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), the cutoff points recommended by the World Health Organization were used. Poisson regression models adjusted for potentially confounding variables were tested. About 40% of the sample had elevated WC and WHR. The probability of having elevated WC was 5% and 3% higher in the most exposed group of beer consumption in men and women when compared to the reference group [PR= 1.05 (95% CI 1.02-1.08) and P R= 1.03 (95% CI 1.00-1.07)]. A higher probability of having a high WHR was also found among the highest beer consumers [PR = 1.03 (95% CI 1.00-1.07) in men and PR = 1.10 (95% CI 1.04-1.15) in women]. A greater number of doses/week of alcoholic drink increased the probability of occurrence of high WC and WHR, with the beer contribution being more important.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Alcoholic Beverages , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Waist-Hip Ratio , Waist Circumference , Middle Aged
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(6): 1191-1201, dez. 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350048

ABSTRACT

Resumo A prevalência de obesidade e insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção preservada (ICFEP) aumenta significativamente em mulheres na pós-menopausa. Embora a obesidade seja um fator de risco para disfunção diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo (DDFVE), o mecanismo que liga a interrupção da produção de hormônios ovarianos, especialmente o estrogênio, ao desenvolvimento da obesidade, DDFVE, e ICFEP em mulheres em processo de envelhecimento não é claro. Estudos clínicos e epidemiológicos demonstram que mulheres na pós-menopausa com obesidade abdominal (definida pela circunferência de cintura) têm risco maior de desenvolver a ICFEP do que homens ou mulheres sem obesidade abdominal. Este estudo analisa dados clínicos que corroboram a existência de uma ligação de mecanismo entre a perda de estrogênio mais obesidade e o remodelamento ventricular esquerdo com ICFEP. Ele também discute os possíveis mecanismos celulares e moleculares para a proteção mediada por estrogênio contra tipos de células, depósitos de tecidos, função e metabolismo de adipócitos negativos que podem contribuir para a DDFVE e a ICFEP.


Abstract The prevalence of obesity and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) increases significantly in postmenopausal women. Although obesity is a risk factor for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), the mechanisms that link the cessation of ovarian hormone production, and particularly estrogens, to the development of obesity, LVDD, and HFpEF in aging females are unclear. Clinical, and epidemiologic studies show that postmenopausal women with abdominal obesity (defined by waist circumference) are at greater risk for developing HFpEF than men or women without abdominal obesity. The study presents a review of clinical data that support a mechanistic link between estrogen loss plus obesity and left ventricular remodeling with LVDD. It also seeks to discuss potential cell and molecular mechanisms for estrogen-mediated protection against adverse adipocyte cell types, tissue depots, function, and metabolism that may contribute to LVDD and HFpEF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Heart Failure/etiology , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Estrogens , Obesity, Abdominal/complications
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 701-712, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345245

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Indicadores antropométricos são utilizados na prática clínica e em estudos epidemiológicos para rastreamento de fatores de risco à saúde. Objetivo: Avaliar o poder discriminatório individual do Índice de Adiposidade Corporal (IAC), do Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC), da Circunferência da Cintura (CC) e da Razão Cintura-Quadril (RCQ) para identificar risco coronariano e investigar se a combinação de indicadores antropométricos de obesidade geral e central melhora a capacidade preditiva em adultos. Métodos: Avaliou-se 15 092 participantes (54,4% mulheres) com idades entre 35-74 anos na linha de base do ELSA-Brasil. Indivíduos em risco coronariano foram identificados pelo Escore de Risco de Framingham, e divididos em risco muito alto (RMA20%) e risco alto (RA10%). Medidas de acurácia diagnóstica e áreas sob curvas ROC (AUC) foram analisadas. Associações foram testadas por regressão de poisson com variância robusta, conforme sexo e idade. Foi adotada significância estatística de 5%. Resultados: A RCQ apresentou melhor poder discriminatório para RMA20% em todos os grupos, com maior capacidade preditiva nas mulheres (AUC: 0,802; IC95%: 0,748-0,856 vs 0,657; IC95%: 0,630-0,683 nas faixas etárias 35-59 anos e AUC: 0,668; IC95%: 0,621-0,715 vs 0,611; IC95%: 0,587-0,635 nas faixas etárias 60-74 anos). As combinações IAC+RCQ e IMC+RCQ apresentaram melhor poder preditivo em homens e mulheres, respectivamente. Combinações entre indicadores de obesidade geral e central estiveram mais fortemente associadas com RMA20% e RCA10% em todos os estratos. Conclusões: Indicadores combinados tiveram melhor capacidade preditiva do que um indicador isoladamente, sendo IAC+RCQ e IMC+RCQ melhores estimadores de risco coronariano em homens e mulheres, respectivamente. RCQ teve melhor desempenho individual.


Abstract Background: Anthropometric indicators have been used in clinical practice and epidemiological studies for screening of health risk factors. Objectives: To evaluate the individual discriminatory power of body adiposity index (BAI), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-hip-ratio (WHR) to identify individuals at risk for coronary heart disease and to evaluate whether combinations of anthropometric indicators of overall obesity with indicators of central obesity improve predictive ability in adults. Methods: A total of 15,092 participants (54.4% women) aged 35-74years were assessed at baseline of the ELSA-Brasil study. Individuals at risk for coronary heart disease were identified using the Framingham risk score and divided into very-high risk (VHR 20%) and high risk (HR10%). Measures of diagnostic accuracy and area under the ROC curves (AUC) were analyzed. Associations were tested using Poisson regression analysis with robust variance, according to age and sex. Statistical significance was set at 5%. Results: WHR showed the highest discriminatory power for VHR20% in all groups, with higher predictive ability in women (AUC: 0.802; 95%CI: 0.748-0.856 vs 0.657; 95%CI: 0.630-0.683 in the age range of 35-59 years, and AUC: 0.668; 95%CI: 0.621-0.715 vs 0.611; 95%CI: 0.587-0.635 in the age range of 60-74 years). BAI + WHR and BMI + WHR had the highest predictive power in men and women, respectively. Combinations of indicators of overall obesity with indicators of central obesity were more strongly associated with VHR20% and HR10% in all subgroups. Conclusion: Combined indicators had greater predictive ability than indicators taken individually. BAI+ WHR and BMI + WHR were the best estimators of coronary risk in men and women, respectively, and WHR had the best individual performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Waist-Hip Ratio , Waist Circumference , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Obesity/epidemiology
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(5): 879-886, nov. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248888

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: O índice de massa corporal (IMC) é o índice mais usado para categorizar uma pessoa como obesa ou não-obesa, e está sujeito a limitações importantes. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito direto do IMC nos desfechos cardiovasculares em participantes sem obesidade central. Métodos: Esta análise incluiu 14.983 homens e mulheres com idades entre 45-75 anos do Estudo de Risco de Aterosclerose em Comunidades (ARIC). O IMC foi medido como obesidade geral e a circunferência da cintura (CC), a relação cintura-quadril (RCQ) e circunferência do quadril como obesidade central. A estimativa de máxima verossimilhança direcionada (TMLE, no acrônimo em inglês) foi usada para estimar os efeitos totais (TEs) e os efeitos diretos controlados (CDEs). A proporção de ET que seria eliminada se todos os participantes fossem não obesos em relação à obesidade central foi calculada usando o índice de proporção eliminada (PE). P<0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. As análises foram realizadas no pacote TMLE R. Resultados: O risco de desfechos cardiovasculares atribuídos ao IMC foi significativamente revertido com a eliminação da obesidade na RCQ (p <0,001). A proporção eliminada dos efeitos do IMC foi mais tangível para participantes não obesos em relação à CC (PE = 127%; IC95% (126,128)) e RCQ (PE = 97%; IC95% (96,98)) para doença arterial coronariana (DAC), e RCQ (PE = 92%; IC95% (91,94)) para acidente vascular cerebral, respectivamente. Com relação ao sexo, a proporção eliminada dos efeitos do IMC foi mais tangível para participantes não obesos em relação a RCQ (PE = 428%; IC95% (408.439)) para DAC em homens e CC (PE = 99%; IC95% (89,111)) para acidente vascular cerebral em mulheres, respectivamente. Conclusão: Esses resultados indicam diferentes efeitos potenciais da eliminação da obesidade central na associação entre IMC e desfechos cardiovasculares em homens e mulheres. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(5):879-886)


Background: Body mass index (BMI) is the most commonly used index to categorize a person as obese or non-obese, which is subject to important limitations. Objective: To evaluate the direct effect of BMI on cardiovascular outcomes among participants without central obesity. Methods: This analysis included 14,983 males and females aged 45-75 years from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC). BMI was measured as general obesity, and waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and hip circumference as central obesity. Targeted maximum likelihood estimation (TMLE) was used to estimate the total effects (TEs) and the controlled direct effects (CDEs). The proportion of TE that would be eliminated if all participants were non-obese regarding central obesity was computed using the proportion eliminated (PE) index. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Analyses were performed in the TMLE R package. Results: The risk of cardiovascular outcomes attributed to BMI was significantly reversed by eliminating WHR obesity (p<0.001). The proportion eliminated of BMI effects was more tangible for non-obese participants regarding WC (PE=127%; 95%CI (126,128)) and WHR (PE=97%; 95%CI (96,98)) for coronary heart disease (CHD), and WHR (PE=92%; 95%CI (91,94)) for stroke, respectively. With respect to sex, the proportion eliminated of BMI effects was more tangible for non-obese participants regarding WHR (PE=428%; 95%CI (408,439)) for CHD in males, and WC (PE=99%; 95%CI (89,111)) for stroke in females, respectively. Conclusion: These results indicate different potential effects of eliminating central obesity on the association between BMI and cardiovascular outcomes for males and females. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(5):879-886)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Body Mass Index , Likelihood Functions , Risk Factors , Waist-Hip Ratio , Waist Circumference , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications
8.
Revista Brasileira de Ciência e Movimento ; 28(4): 231-240, ago. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343014

ABSTRACT

A avaliação da força de preensão palmar é considerada um indicador simples, de baixo custo e que pode ser utilizada como um marcador de saúde geral de pessoas atendidas pela atenção básica. O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar a associação entre os índices de obesidade e hipertensão arterial sistêmica com a força de preensão palmar relativa em mulheres adultas. Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 258 mulheres, com idade entre 18 e 59 anos, usuárias do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foram avaliadas a pressão arterial de repouso, força de preensão palmar, medidas antropométricas e obtidas informações sociodemográficas. A força de preensão palmar relativa pelo peso corporal (kgf/kg) foi categorizada como baixa (tercil inferior) e normal (tercil intermediário e superior). Análise de regressão logística múltipla usando a classificação de baixa força muscular como variável dependente, foi utilizada para verificar a relação com as variáveis de obesidade e hipertensão arterial. A prevalência de obesidade (IMC ≥ 30 kg/m2 ), obesidade abdominal (circunferência de cintura ≥ 88 cm), níveis pressóricos alto em repouso (≥ 130/80 mmHg) e uso de medicamento anti-hipertensivo foi de 58,9%, 58,5%, 42,2% e 32,6%, respectivamente. Foi observado associação positiva entre obesidade (OR: 9,36 [IC 95%: 3,07 - 28,51]) e obesidade abdominal (OR: 21,75 [IC 95%: 4,90 - 96,43]) com baixa força muscular relativa, após ajustes de idade e fatores sociodemográficos. Mulheres que apresentavam níveis pressóricos alto em repouso tiveram 2,02 (IC 95% 1,03; 3,96) vezes mais chances de ter baixa força muscular relativa, independentemente da idade, fatores sociodemográficos e obesidade. Em adição, mulheres que utilizavam anti-hipertensivos apresentaram 2,77 (IC 95%: 1,42; 5,41) vezes mais chances de ter baixa força muscular relativa. Em conclusão, mulheres adultas que possuem maiores índices de obesidade, pressão arterial em repouso e que usam anti-hipertensivo tendem apresentar baixa força de preensão palmar relativa.(AU)


The assessment of handgrip strength is considered a simple, low-cost indicator that can be used as a general health marker for people assisted by primary care. The current study aims to analyze the association between obesity index and systemic arterial hypertension with the relative handgrip strength in adult women. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 258 women aged between 18 and 59 years, users of the Unified Health System (SUS). Resting blood pressure, handgrip strength, anthropometric measurements, and sociodemographic information were assessed. The relative handgrip strength by body weight (kgf/kg) was categorized as low (lower tertile) and standard (intermediate and upper tertile). Multiple logistic regression analysis using the classification of low muscle strength as a dependent variable was used to verify the relationship between obesity and hypertension. The prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ), abdominal obesity (waist circumference ≥ 88 cm), high blood pressure levels at rest (≥ 130/80 mmHg), and use of antihypertensive medication was 58.9%, 58.5%, 42.2%, and 32.6%, respectively. A positive association was observed between obesity (OR: 9.36 [95% CI: 3.07 - 28.51]) and abdominal obesity (OR: 21.75 [95% CI: 4.90 - 96.43]) with low relative muscle strength, after age adjustments and sociodemographic factors. Women who had high blood pressure levels at rest were 2.02 (95% CI 1.03; 3.96) times more likely to have low relative muscle strength, regardless of age, sociodemographic factors, and obesity. Besides, women who used antihypertensive drugs were 2.77 (95% CI: 1.42; 5.41) times more likely to have low relative muscle strength. In conclusion, adult women who have higher obesity rates, resting blood pressure, and who use antihypertensive drugs tend to have low relative handgrip strength.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care , Women , Unified Health System , Hypertension , Obesity , Body Weight , Anthropometry , Muscle Strength , Obesity, Abdominal , Arterial Pressure , Antihypertensive Agents
9.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(2): 104-113, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1290827

ABSTRACT

Con el fin de identificar la asociación entre factores familiares (estructura, funcionalidad y contexto socioeconómico) y la presencia de sobrepeso y obesidad abdominal en escolares, se realizó un estudio transversal analítico en 120 niños escolares (5-11 años) y sus madres que acudieron a un servicio de atención pediátrica en la ciudad de Colima, México. El sobrepeso se definió con el indicador IMC con un puntaje Z > +1 desviación estándar y la obesidad abdominal como circunferencia de cintura > del percentil 75 por sexo y edad. Se evaluó tamaño y tipo de familia, tipo de hogar, relación de los padres y funcionalidad familiar. Las asociaciones se analizaron con regresión logística múltiple. Se encontró 33% de sobrepeso y 33,7% de obesidad abdominal. El menor tamaño de la familia, la mayor marginalidad de la colonia (barrio) de residencia, la percepción de problemas en la economía familiar, el mayor peso al nacer y la mayor edad se asociaron con el sobrepeso. Mientras que el menor tamaño de la familia, el mayor peso al nacer y la mayor edad se asociaron con obesidad abdominal. Para programas de prevención de sobrepeso y obesidad abdominal, sugerimos incluir un enfoque de sistemas familiares que considere el tamaño de la familia y variables del contexto socioeconómico, ya que condicionan su dinámica de interacción(AU)


To identify the association between family factors (structure, functionality, and socioeconomic context) and the presence of overweight and abdominal obesity in school children, an analytical cross-sectional study was performed in 120 schoolchildren (5-11 years old) and their mothers assisting to a pediatric care service at Colima City, Mexico. Overweight was defined with the BMI indicator with a Z-score > +1 standard deviation and abdominal obesity as a waist circumference > 75th percentile by sex and age. Family size and type, type of home, parents' relationship, and family functionality were evaluated. Associations were analyzed with multiple logistic regression. Overweight was present in 33%, and abdominal obesity in 33.7% of the children. A smaller family size, greater neighborhood marginality, a perception of problems in the family economy, a larger birth weight and older age were associated with overweight. A smaller family size, higher birth weight and older age were associated with abdominal obesity. We suggest a family systems approach, including family size and variables of socioeconomic context -which determine their interaction dynamics-, in programs for overweight and abdominal obesity prevention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Overweight , Feeding Behavior , Obesity, Abdominal , Socioeconomic Factors , Body Mass Index , Pediatric Obesity
10.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(2): 85-93, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1290813

ABSTRACT

Tradicionalmente se han utilizado algunos índices antropométricos para el diagnóstico de exceso de peso en niños y adolescentes que han mostrado algunas desventajas por lo que se han postulado otros indicadores. En ese sentido, se plantea estimar el nivel de asociación entre indicadores antropométricos y la presencia de dislipidemia en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Se realizó una investigación observacional, descriptiva y de corte transversal en 123 adolescentes (68,2% mujeres, edad promedio 14,5 años) y 122 adultos jóvenes (70,5% mujeres, edad promedio 21 años) de la ciudad de Caracas. Se calcularon Índices de Masa Corporal (IMC), Índice Cintura­Talla (ICT), Índice de Masa Corporal Abdominal (IMCA) e Índice de Masa Tri-Ponderal (IMT). Se obtuvo una muestra de sangre por punción venosa, en ayuno de 12 a 14 horas, a partir de la cual se cuantificó Colesterol Total, Lipoproteína de alta densidad y Triglicéridos. Se calculó la concentración de Lipoproteína de baja densidad por la fórmula de Friedewald, así como el índice LDL-C/HDL-C y el índice LogTg/HDL. Para el análisis e interpretación de los datos se utilizó estadística descriptiva univariante y multivariante. Los resultados revelaron que los índices antropométricos IMCA e IMT no mostraron mejor desempeño en predecir dislipidemia que los indicadores IMC, Circunferencia de Cintura (CC) e ICT en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Los indicadores antropométricos de adiposidad abdominal, CC e ICT, tendieron a presentar mayores OR, ABC, sensibilidad y especificidad independientemente del grupo de estudio. En general, la capacidad de los indicadores antropométricos evaluados en predecir la presencia de dislipidemia en adultos jóvenes fue adecuada, situación que no se presentó en los adolescentes(AU)


Traditionally, some anthropometric indices have been used for the diagnosis of excess weight in children and adolescents, which have shown some disadvantages for which other indicators have been postulated. In this sense, it is proposed to estimate the level of association between anthropometric indicators and the presence of dyslipidemia in adolescents and young adults. An observational, descriptive cross-sectional investigation was carried out in 123 adolescents (68,2% women, media age 14,5 years) and 122 young adults (70,5% women, media age 21 years) from the city of Caracas. Body Mass Indices (BMI), Waist-Height Ratio (WHR), Abdominal Body Mass Index (BMAI) and Tri-Ponderal Mass Index (TMI) were calculated. A blood sample was obtained by venipuncture, fasting for 12 to 14 hours, from which Total Cholesterol, High Density Lipoprotein and Triglycerides were quantified. The low-density lipoprotein concentration was calculated by the FriedEwald formula, as well as the LDL-C / HDL-C index and the LogTg / HDL index. Univariate and multivariate descriptive statistics were used for the analysis and interpretation of the data. The results revealed that the BMI and TMI anthropometric indices did not show better performance in predicting dyslipidemia than the BMI, Waist Circumference (WC) and WHR indicators in adolescents and young adults. The anthropometric indicators of abdominal adiposity, WC and WHR, tended to present higher OR, AUC, sensitivity and specificity regardless of the study group. In general, the capacity of the anthropometric indicators evaluated to predict the presence of dyslipidemia in young adults was adequate, a situation that did not occur in adolescents(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Dyslipidemias/physiopathology , Waist Circumference , Waist-Height Ratio , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Obesity, Abdominal , Pediatric Obesity
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 795-803, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285216

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A obesidade afeta a adolescência, podendo levar à síndrome metabólica (SM) e disfunção endotelial, um marcador precoce de risco cardiovascular. Apesar de a obesidade ser fortemente associada à síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono (SAOS), ainda não está claro o papel da SAOS na função endotelial em adolescentes obesos. Objetivo: Investigar se a obesidade durante a adolescência leva à SM e/ou SAOS e causa disfunção endotelial nesses indivíduos. Além disso, estudamos a possível associação dos fatores de risco para SM e do índice de apneia e hipopneia (IAH) com disfunção endotelial. Métodos: Estudamos 20 adolescentes obesos sedentários (AO; 14,2±1,6 anos, 100,9±20,3kg), e 10 adolescentes eutróficos (AE, 15,2±1,2 anos, 54,4±5,3kg) pareados por sexo. Avaliamos os fatores de risco para SM (critérios da Federação Internacional de Diabetes), função vascular (dilatação mediada pelo fluxo, DMF), capacidade funcional (VO2pico) e presença de SAOS (IAH > 1 evento/hora, pela polissonografia). Consideramos um p<0,05 como estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: AO apresentaram maior circunferência da cintura (CC), gordura corporal, triglicerídeos, pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD), maiores níveis de LDL e menores HDL e VO2pico em comparação a AE. Não houve diferença no IAH entre os grupos. AO apresentaram menor DMF que AE (6,17±2,72 vs. 9,37±2,20%, p=0,005). Observou-se uma associação entre DMF e CC (R=-0,506, p=0,008) e entre DMF e PAS (R=-0,493, p=0,006). Conclusão: Em adolescentes, a obesidade associou-se à SM e causou disfunção endotelial. CC e PAS aumentadas poderiam estar envolvidas nessa alteração. SAOS foi detectada na maioria dos adolescentes independentemente de obesidade. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(4):795-803)


Abstract Background: Obesity affects adolescence and may lead to metabolic syndrome (MetS) and endothelial dysfunction, an early marker of cardiovascular risk. Albeit obesity is strongly associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), it is not clear the role of OSA in endothelial function in adolescents with obesity. Objective: To investigate whether obesity during adolescence leads to MetS and/or OSA; and causes endothelial dysfunction. In addition, we studied the possible association of MetS risk factors and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) with endothelial dysfunction. Methods: We studied 20 sedentary obese adolescents (OA; 14.2±1.6 years, 100.9±20.3kg), and 10 normal-weight adolescents (NWA, 15.2±1.2 years, 54.4±5.3kg) paired for sex. We assessed MetS risk factors (International Diabetes Federation criteria), vascular function (Flow-Mediated Dilation, FMD), functional capacity (VO2peak) and the presence of OSA (AHI>1event/h, by polysomnography). We considered statistically significant a P<0.05. Results: OA presented higher waist (WC), body fat, triglycerides, systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), LDL-c and lower HDL-c and VO2peak than NWA. MetS was presented in the 35% of OA, whereas OSA was present in 86.6% of OA and 50% of EA. There was no difference between groups in the AHI. The OA had lower FMD than NWA (6.17±2.72 vs. 9.37±2.20%, p=0.005). There was an association between FMD and WC (R=-0.506, p=0.008) and FMD and SBP (R=-0.493, p=0.006). Conclusion: In adolescents, obesity was associates with MetS and caused endothelial dysfunction. Increased WC and SBP could be involved in this alteration. OSA was observed in most adolescents, regardless of obesity. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(4):795-803)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Polysomnography , Obesity/complications
14.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(1): e271, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289386

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de ovario poliquístico se asocia con frecuencia a alteraciones cardiometabólicas; y su asociación con el fenotipo hipertrigliceridemia-obesidad abdominal ha sido poco estudiada en Cuba. Objetivo: Identificar la frecuencia del fenotipo hipertrigliceridemia-obesidad abdominal en mujeres de edad mediana con síndrome de ovario poliquístico y su asociación con la resistencia a la insulina, trastornos del metabolismo de la glucosa y ateroesclerosis subclínica. Método: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, en 30 mujeres. Se tomaron variables clínicas: edad, peso, talla, índice de masa corporal, circunferencia de cintura y cadera, índice cintura/cadera, tensión arterial, además de concentraciones de glucosa, insulina, colesterol total, triglicéridos, HDL-c y LDL-c, e índice HOMA-IR. La aterosclerosis subclínica se evaluó por doppler carotideo y ecocardiograma (hipertrofia ventricular izquierda y grasa epicárdica). El fenotipo hipertrigliceridemia-obesidad abdominal se definió como triglicéridos elevados (≥ 1,7 mmol/L) y circunferencia de la cintura ≥ 80 cm. Resultados: La frecuencia del fenotipo hipertrigliceridemia-obesidad abdominal fue 43,3 por ciento (13/30). Los valores medios de circunferencia abdominal, tensión arterial, así como de glucemia (p < 0,003), insulinemia (p = 0,028), triglicéridos (p < 0,0001), e índice HOMA-IR (p = 0,012) fueron más elevados en el grupo de mujeres con esa condición. A pesar de no haber diferencias significativas la frecuencia de mujeres con incremento del grosor íntima-media carotídeo y de grasa epicárdica fue superior en aquellas con el fenotipo. Conclusiones: La presencia del fenotipo hipertrigliceridemia-obesidad abdominal es frecuente en mujeres con síndrome de ovario poliquístico, y se asocia con alteraciones del metabolismo de la glucosa y la resistencia a la insulina. Este pudiera ser utilizado en la práctica clínica como un marcador de riesgo para alteraciones cardiometabólicas(AU)


Introduction: The polycystic ovary syndrome is frequently associated to cardiometabolic alterations; and its relation with the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype has been poorly studied in Cuba. Objective: Identify the frequency of the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype in middle age women with polycystic ovary syndrome and its association with insulin resistance, disorders in the glucose metabolism and subclinical atherosclerosis. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study in 30 women. As clinical variables there were used: age, weight, size, body mass index, waist-hip circumference, waist/hip index, blood pressure; glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-c and LDL-c concentrations, and HOMA-IR index. Subclinical atherosclerosis was assessed by a carotid doppler and an echocardiogram (left ventricular hypertrophy and epicardial fat). The hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype was defined as high triglycerides levels (≥ 1.7 mmol/L) and CC ≥ 80 cm. Results: The frequency of the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype was 43.3 percent (13/30). The mean values of abdominal circumference, blood pressure, as well as glycemia (p < 0.003), insulinaemia (p = 0.028), triglycerides (p < 0.0001), and HOMA-IR index (p = 0.012) were higher in the group of women with that condition. Although there were not significant differences, the frequency of women with increase of the carotid intima-media thickness and epicardical fat was higher in those with the phenotype. Conclusions: The presence of the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype is frequent in women with the polycystic ovary syndrome, and it is associated with alterations of the glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. This can be used in the clinical practice as a marker of risk for cardiometabolic alterations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/diagnosis , Hypertriglyceridemia/diagnosis , Obesity, Abdominal/etiology , Insulin Resistance , Body Mass Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e190245, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155457

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the association between breakfast omission, overweight/obesity, abdominal adiposity, and unhealthy lifestyle of low-income adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional population study involving 571 public school students aged between 15 and 19 years old. The habit of having breakfast was assessed using a form, checking the weekly frequency of a given meal and considered as breakfast omission when these adolescents did not have breakfast for at least 5 days in the past week. Sociodemographic and lifestyle variables (sedentarism, physical activity level, and sleep duration) were also assessed. Overweight/obesity was defined as a body mass index above a Z-score of +1, and the presence of abdominal adiposity was determined by a waist circumference/height ratio greater than 0.5. The association between breakfast omission and lifestyle variables was assessed using the chi-square test and a multivariate logistic regression of the anthropometric indicators. Results The omission of breakfast was found in 31% of the adolescents and was associated with physical inactivity (p<0.001). Regarding anthropometric indicators, breakfast omission was an independent factor for determining abdominal adiposity, with a 1.8 times greater chance of having this condition among those who omitted breakfast (p=0.037). Conclusions Omitting breakfast was frequent among the students assessed, and was associated with abdominal adiposity, a cardiometabolic risk factor. Investigation and early intervention are fundamental to change this behavior.


RESUMO Objetivo O estudo objetivou avaliar a associação entre omissão do desjejum, sobrepeso/obesidade, adiposidade abdominal e estilo de vida não saudável em adolescentes de baixa renda. Methods Este foi um estudo populacional com delineamento transversal, envolvendo 571 adolescentes de escolas públicas, entre 15 e 19 anos. O hábito do desjejum foi avaliado através de formulário que verificou a frequência semanal da realização dessa refeição, sendo considerado omissão do desjejum quando os adolescentes não o realizaram por pelo menos cinco dias na última semana. Variáveis sociodemográficas e de estilo de vida (sedentarismo, nível de atividade física e horas de sono) também foram analisadas. A classificação em sobrepeso/obesidade contemplou o índice de massa corporal acima do +1 escore-z, e definiu-se adiposidade abdominal quando a relação circunferência abdominal/estatura foi maior que 0,5. A associação entre a omissão do desjejum e as variáveis de estilo de vida foi avaliada através do teste do qui-quadrado e com os indicadores antropométricos por regressão logística multivariada Results O hábito de omitir o desjejum esteve presente em 31% dos adolescentes e apresentou associação com a inatividade física (p<0,001). Em relação aos indicadores antropométricos, a omissão do desjejum foi um fator independente para determinação da adiposidade abdominal, verificando-se uma chance 1,8 vezes maior de presença dessa condição entre os que omitiam o desjejum (p=0,037). Conclusions A omissão do desjejum foi frequente entre os estudantes avaliados e esteve associada à adiposidade abdominal, um fator de risco cardiometabólico, sendo fundamental a investigação e a intervenção precoce para a mudança desse comportamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Adolescent , Obesity, Abdominal , Sedentary Behavior , Breakfast
16.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(3): e248, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156390

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La obesidad está relacionada con un riesgo elevado de enfermedades no transmisibles. Una tendencia creciente en la prevalencia de la obesidad desde principios de la década de 1980 ha planteado una importante carga de salud de la población en todo el mundo. Objetivos: Determinar la utilidad del fenotipo hipertensión-obesidad abdominal para identificar personas con riesgo cardiovascular global moderado o alto en adultos con exceso de peso corporal y si esta es superior a la de otros binomios fenotípicos descritos y al síndrome metabólico. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal que incluyó 257 personas de 35 a 70 años. Variables estudiadas: edad, sexo, peso, talla, índice de masa corporal, circunferencia de la cintura, presión arterial, colesterol, triglicéridos, colesterol-HDL y glucemia en ayunas. Se determinó la presencia del síndrome metabólico según los criterios de la declaración provisional conjunta [Joint Interim Statement (JIS), siglas en inglés], además se estudiaron los fenotipos hipertensión-obesidad abdominal, hipertrigliceridemia-obesidad abdominal e hiperglucemia-obesidad abdominal. El riesgo cardiovascular global fue evaluado mediante las tablas de Gaziano. Resultados: El 81,7 por ciento (210/257) de los sujetos presentó el fenotipo hipertensión-obesidad abdominal y la frecuencia de riesgo cardiovascular moderado-alto fue de 28,0 por ciento (72/257). El fenotipo hipertensión-obesidad abdominal detectó la mayor proporción de sujetos con riesgo cardiovascular moderado-alto (64 de los 72); el riesgo cardiovascular moderado-alto estaba presente en la mayoría con este fenotipo (88,8 por ciento), diferente de aquellos sin el fenotipo (11,1 por ciento). La sensibilidad (88,9 por ciento) y el valor predictivo negativo (83,0 por ciento) muestran que el fenotipo hipertensión-obesidad abdominal es un binomio útil para detectar individuos con riesgo cardiovascular moderado-alto. Conclusiones: La utilidad del fenotipo hipertensión-obesidad abdominal es superior a la de otros binomios fenotípicos y al síndrome metabólico para identificar personas con riesgo cardiovascular moderado-alto. La elevada sensibilidad y el alto valor predictivo negativo del fenotipo hipertensión-obesidad abdominal, así como la simplicidad de su determinación, lo convierten en una buena opción para pesquisar sujetos con este riesgo(AU)


Introduction: Obesity is linked to a high risk of non-communicable diseases. A growing trend in the prevalence of obesity since the early 1980s has posed a significant population´s health burden worldwide. Objectives: Determine the usefulness of the hypertension- abdominal obesity´s phenotype to identify cases with moderate or high overall cardiovascular risk in adults with excess body weight and whether it is superior to that of other phenotypic binomials described and to the metabolic syndrome. Methods: Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study that included 257 people from 35 to 70 years old. Variables studied: age, sex, weight, size, body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol and fasting blood glucose. The presence of metabolic syndrome was determined according to the criteria of the Joint Interim Statement (JIS), and hypertension- abdominal obesity phenotypes, abdominal hypertriglyceridemia-obesity and hyperglycemia- abdominal obesity were also studied. The overall cardiovascular risk was assessed using Gaziano's tables. Results: 81.7 percent (210/257) of subjects had the hypertension-abdominal obesity´s phenotype and the frequency of moderate-high cardiovascular risk was 28.0 percent (72/257).The hypertension- abdominal obesity´s phenotype detected the highest proportion of subjects at moderate-high cardiovascular risk (64 of the 72); moderate-high cardiovascular risk was present in most of the subjects with this phenotype (88.8 percent), different from those without the phenotype (11.1 percent).Sensitivity (88.9 percent) and the negative predictive value (83.0 percent) show that the hypertension- abdominal obesity´s phenotype is a useful binomial for detecting individuals with moderate-high cardiovascular risk. Conclusions: The usefulness of the hypertension- abdominal obesity phenotype is superior to that of other phenotypic binomials and to the metabolic syndrome in order to identify people with moderate-high cardiovascular risk. The high sensitivity and high negative predictive value of the hypertension- abdominal obesity phenotype, as well as the simplicity of its determination, make it a good option for researching subjects with this risk(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Arterial Pressure , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic , Noncommunicable Diseases/epidemiology
17.
Medisan ; 24(6) graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143267

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Existen parámetros antropométricos predictivos del riesgo de padecer diabetes mellitus que pueden correlacionarse, tal como el índice de masa corporal, el porcentaje de grasa corporal, el perímetro de la cintura y el porcentaje de grasa visceral. Objetivo: Establecer el riesgo potencial de padecer diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 mediante la correlación de indicadores y medidas antropométricas aplicables a la población local. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico, transversal, observacional y analítico de 118 individuos jóvenes, en la Universidad Católica de Córdoba, en Córdoba, Argentina, durante el mes de septiembre de 2019, en el cual se aplicó el FINnish Diabetes Risk Score, tomando además como indicadores los porcentajes de grasa corporal y de grasa visceral. En el análisis estadístico de las variables cuantitativas y cualitativas se utilizaron el promedio y la desviación estándar como medidas descriptivas; asimismo, se aplicaron las pruebas de normalidad de Shapiro-Wilk y de Kolmogorow-Smirnov y el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman para probar las hipótesis estadísticas planteadas. Resultados: Se encontró que la mayoría de la población era de bajo riesgo y la correlación entre el índice de masa corporal y la grasa corporal que se ajustaba era Y=1,18X+4,06; donde Y fue el porcentaje de grasa corporal y X el índice de masa corporal. Para correlacionar el perímetro de la cintura y el porcentaje de grasa visceral se ajustaban Y=0,21X-10,21 para hombres y Y=0,17X-7,84 para mujeres, donde Y fue el porcentaje de grasa visceral y X el perímetro de la cintura. Conclusiones: El conocimiento del estado de salud de una población lleva a la capacitación y asistencia para el autocuidado y la adquisición de hábitos saludables, que contribuyan a una adultez con calidad de vida.


Introduction: There are risk anthropometric predictors parameters of suffering from diabetes mellitus that can be correlated, such as the body mass index, body fat percentage, waist perimeter and visceral fat percentage. Objective: To establish the potential risk of suffering from type2 diabetes mellitus by means of the correlation of indicators and anthropometric measures applicable to a local population. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-sectional, observational and analytic study of 118 young individuals was carried out in the Catholic University of Córdoba, in Córdoba, Argentina, during the month of September, 2019, in which the FINnish Diabetes Risk Score was implemented, the body fat and visceral fat percentages were also taken as warning signs. In the statistical analysis of the quantitative and qualitative variables the average and the standard deviation were used as descriptive measures; also, the Shapiro-Wilks and Kolmogorow-Smirnov normality tests and the Spearman correlation test were implemented to prove the outlined statistical hypotheses. Results: It was found that it was a low risk population and the correlation between the body mass index and the body fat that was adjusted was Y=1.18X+4.06; where Y was the body fat percentage and X the body mass index. To correlate the waist perimeter and the visceral fat percentage Y=0,21X-10,21 for men and Y=0,17X-7,84 for women were adjusted, where Y was the visceral fat percentage and X the waist perimeter. Conclusions: The knowledge of the population health condition leads to the training and assistance for the selfcare and to the acquisition of healthy habits that contribute to an adulthood with life quality.


Subject(s)
Body Weights and Measures , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Obesity, Abdominal
18.
Medisan ; 24(4)jul.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1125140

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The metabolic syndrome is defined by the presence of obesity, fundamentally central, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia; Objective: To characterize patients with metabolic syndrome from the clinical and epidemiological points of view. Methods: A descriptive and prospective study of 640 patients with metabolic syndrome was carried out, who were admitted to Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital from Santiago de Cuba during 2019. Information was statistically processed and analyzed; through the SPSS 11.5.1 program, by using the percentage as summary measure for qualitative variables. Results: In the serie, 26.8% of the patients belonged to the age group 40-49, and 53,0% were of female sex. Likewise, diabetes mellitus and hypertension were the associated diseases in 22,3 y 22,2 % of the patients, respectively, while 67,7 % had a saturated fats diet. Social drinkers were identified in 53,0 % of cases, and the heavy smokers in 47.0 %. Conclusions: Personal and family associated diseases prevailed as associated personal and family diseases, what shows the closed relationship between them and the metabolic syndrome. Health promotion and education should be considered in patients with metabolic syndrome from the primary care, as well as the distribution of medical care for this group of hospital institutions, to prevent and control risk factors related to its emergence.


Introducción: El síndrome metabólico está definido por la presencia de obesidad, fundamentalmente central; hipertensión arterial; diabetes mellitus y dislipidemias. Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes con síndrome metabólico desde el punto de vista clínico-epidemiológico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y prospectivo de 640 pacientes con síndrome metabólico atendidos en el Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba durante el año 2019. La información se procesó y analizó estadísticamente mediante el programa SPSS 11.5.1, con el empleo del porcentaje como medida de resumen para variables cualitativas. Resultados: En la serie, 26,8 % perteneció al grupo de edades de 40-49 años y 53,0 % era del sexo femenino. Asimismo, la diabetes mellitus y la hipertensión arterial figuraron como enfermedades asociadas en 22,3 y 22,2 % de los pacientes, respectivamente, en tanto 67,7 % ingería dieta a base de grasa saturada. Los bebedores sociales fueron identificados en 53,0 % de los casos y los fumadores empedernidos en 47,0 %. Conclusiones: La diabetes mellitus y la hipertensión arterial predominaron como enfermedades personales y familiares asociadas, lo que muestra la estrecha relación entre estas y el síndrome metabólico. Deben considerarse la educación y promoción de salud en pacientes con síndrome metabólico desde la atención primaria, así como la verticalización de la atención médica para este grupo en instituciones hospitalarias, a fin de prevenir y controlar los factores de riesgo relacionados con su aparición.


Subject(s)
Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Obesity, Abdominal , Dyslipidemias , Hypertension
19.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(2): e215, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138893

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Existen discrepancias en relación con el aumento de la adiposidad abdominal de los pacientes con hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita (HSC) y la influencia sobre ella de factores clínicos, hormonales y relacionados con la dosis y el tiempo de uso del tratamiento esteroideo. Objetivo: Describir la relación entre la obesidad abdominal, la dosis, el tiempo de tratamiento esteroideo los niveles de andrógenos circulantes y el perfil lipídico en los pacientes tratados por este padecimiento. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, que incluyó a todos los niños y adolescentes con hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita por déficit de 21 hidroxilasa que recibían tratamiento esteroideo sustitutivo, atendidos en el departamento de endocrinología pediátrica del Instituto Nacional de Endocrinología durante el periodo 2000-2015. Se estudiaron variables clínicas, bioquímicas y hormonales. Para las variables cualitativas se calcularon frecuencias absolutas y porcentajes, media y desviación estándar para las variables cuantitativas. Se evaluaron asociaciones utilizando el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman y la prueba chi cuadrado para evaluar la significación estadística de la posible asociación, considerada cuando p < 0,05. Resultados: Fueron estudiados 29 pacientes, 24 (82,8 por ciento) con sexo social femenino, una edad promedio de 10,9 ± 6,27 años, edad al diagnóstico de 1,9 años ± 2,7 años y edad de inicio del tratamiento 2,03 ± 2,7 años. Las formas clásicas predominaron con 23 pacientes (79,3 por ciento), 11 perdedoras de sal (47,8 por ciento) y 12 formas virilizantes simples, solo 6 correspondieron a las formas no clásicas (20,7 por ciento). En los tres grupos se comprobó adiposidad abdominal incrementada según el índice abdomen/talla (0,52 vs. 0,51 vs. 0,51). La utilización de mayores dosis de esteroides se correlacionó de manera positiva con mayor circunferencia de cintura (p < 0,05) y abdomen (p < 0.01). En 13 (44,8 por ciento) pacientes se comprobó obesidad abdominal y el perfil lipídico mostró valores normales en todos los casos estudiados. Conclusiones: La obesidad abdominal constituye un signo frecuente en los pacientes con HSC. Es preciso monitorear con precisión las dosis de esteroides empleadas, establecer estrategias de seguimiento más completas y estimular estilos de vida saludables, lo que redundará a largo plazo en menores consecuencias cardiometabólicas(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Some disagreement exists concerning the increase in abdominal adiposity in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and the influence of clinical, hormonal and dose-related factors and the time of steroid treatment use. Objective: To identify the presence of abdominal obesity and its relationship with the dose and time of steroid treatment, as well as with the levels of circulating androgens, and describe the lipid profile of these patients. Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study that included all the children and adolescents with 21-hydroxylase-deficient congenital adrenal hyperplasia and who received steroid replacement treatment, treated at the pediatric endocrinology department of the National Institute of Endocrinology, in the period 2000-2015. Clinical, biochemical and hormonal variables were studied. For the qualitative variables, absolute frequencies and percentages; mean and standard deviations were calculated for the quantitative variables. Associations were evaluated using the Spearman correlation coefficient. The chi-square test was used to evaluate the statistical significance of the possible association, considered when p < 0.05. Results: Twenty-nine patients were studied: 24 (82.8 percent) with female social sex, an average age of 10.9 ± 6.27 years, age of diagnosis at 1.9 ± 2.7 years, and age of treatment beginning at 2.03 ± 2.7 years. The classical forms predominated in 23 patients (79.3 percent): 11 salt losers (47.8 percent) and 12 simple virializing forms; only six corresponded to non-classical forms (20.7 percent). In the three groups, increased abdominal adiposity was found, according to abdomen/height index (0.52 vs. 0.51 vs. 0.51). The use of higher doses of steroids was correlated positively with greater circumference of waist (p < 0.05) and abdomen (p < 0.01). In 13 (44.8 percent) patients, abdominal obesity was found, while the lipid profile showed normal values in all the cases studied. Conclusions: Abdominal obesity is a frequent sign in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. It is necessary to monitor accurately the doses of steroids used, establish more comprehensive follow-up strategies, and encourage healthy lifestyles, which will result in fewer long-term cardiometabolic consequences(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital/etiology , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology
20.
Fisioter. Bras ; 21(3): 273-280, Ago 31, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283096

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A lipodistrofia localizada em flancos está entre os problemas estéticos mais procurados para tratamento. Dentre os procedimentos utilizados para tratar esta condição, destaca-se a utilização da carboxiterapia e a drenagem linfática. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação da carboxiterapia com a drenagem linfática manual na gordura abdominal, em mulheres não sedentárias. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo do tipo exploratório, analítico, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra caracterizou-se como não probabilística por conveniência, e foi aplicada tanto no gênero feminino, quanto masculino. A pesquisa foi realizada em um laboratório de saúde, de uma faculdade privada, localizada em Vitória da Conquista/BA. Os instrumentos utilizados foram um questionário com dados sociodemográficos, uma ficha de anamnese, uma escala likert de satisfação, além dos registros fotográficos. Foram realizadas 8 sessões de carboxiterapia associada à drenagem linfática manual, realizadas 2 vezes na semana, com duração de 50 minutos. Resultados: A análise do comprimento da circunferência abdominal mostrou que o procedimento realizado promove redução em sua média, no qual se observou um resultado satisfatório da redução de medidas através da perimetria. Conclusão: O tratamento com a carboxiterapia associado à drenagem linfática manual apresentou resultados significativos e favoráveis, quanto a redução de medidas e na satisfação. (AU)


Introduction: Flank localized lipodystrophy is one of the most aesthetic problems for treatment. Among the procedures used to treat this condition, the use of carboxytherapy and lymphatic drainage stands out. Objective: To evaluate the association of carboxytherapy with manual lymphatic drainage in abdominal fat in non-sedentary women. Methods: An exploratory study, analytical, with quantitative approach was performed. The sample was characterized as nonprobabilistic for convenience and was applied to both females and males. The research was conducted in a health laboratory of a private college, located in Vitória da Conquista in the state of Bahia. The instruments were a questionnaire with sociodemographic data, an anamnesis form, a likert satisfaction scale, and photographic records. Eight sessions of carboxytherapy associated with manual lymphatic drainage were performed twice a week, lasting 50 minutes. Results: The analysis of the abdominal circumference length showed that the procedure promotes a satisfactory result of the reduction of measurements. Conclusion: The treatment with carboxytherapy associated with manual lymphatic drainage showed significant and favorable results regarding the reduction of measurements and satisfaction. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Obesity, Abdominal , Manual Lymphatic Drainage , Health , Abdominal Fat
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