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Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 642-655, 20230906. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1509784


Introducción. La cirugía bariátrica es una estrategia válida de tratamiento en obesidad severa. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la reducción de peso y la resolución de comorbilidades comparando dos técnicas quirúrgicas, baipás gástrico en Y de Roux y manga gástrica. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo de tipo analítico que incluyó pacientes con obesidad grados II y III. Se analizaron variables demográficas y perioperatorias, y las comorbilidades asociadas a la obesidad. La reducción del peso se evaluó con el porcentaje de pérdida del exceso de peso. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo univariado, usando medianas, rangos intercuartílicos, frecuencias y proporciones. Se usaron las pruebas de U de Mann-Whitney y Chi cuadrado para el análisis de grupos. Un valor de p<0,05 fue considerado estadísticamente significativo. Resultados. Fueron incluidos 201 pacientes. La mediana del porcentaje de pérdida del exceso de peso a 18 meses fue de 77,4 % para el grupo de baipás gástrico en Y de Roux vs 69,5 % para el grupo de manga gástrica (p=0,14). La mayoría de los pacientes presentaron resolución o mejoría de la hipertensión arterial (76 %), diabetes mellitus (80 %), dislipidemia (73 %), apnea del sueño (79 %) y artropatías (94 %), sin diferencia significativa según la técnica quirúrgica empleada. La tasa de complicaciones mayores fue del 1,9 %. No se presentó mortalidad. La mediana de seguimiento fue 28 meses. Conclusión. El baipás gástrico en Y de Roux y la manga gástrica son procedimientos muy seguros y efectivos para la reducción del exceso de peso y la resolución de las comorbilidades asociadas a la obesidad

Introduction. Bariatric surgery is a valid strategy of treatment for severe obesity. The aim of this study is to evaluate weight loss and resolution of comorbidities comparing two procedures, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. Methods. Descriptive study of analytical type that included patients with obesity grades II and III. Demographic and perioperative variables were analyzed. The weight reduction was evaluated among others with the percentage of excess of body weight loss. Comorbidities associated with obesity were also analyzed. A univariate descriptive analysis was performed, using medians, interquartile ranges, frequencies, and proportions. The Mann-Whitney U and Chi squared tests were used for analysis of groups. A value of p <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Median follow-up was 28 months. Results. A total of 201 patients were included in the analysis. The median percentage of excess of body weight loss at 18 months was 77.4% for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass group vs 69.5% for sleeve gastrectomy group (p=0.14). The majority of patients presented resolution or improvement of hypertension (76%), diabetes mellitus (80%), dyslipidemia (73%), sleep apnea (79%), and arthropathy (94%), without significant differences according to the surgical technique used. Major complication rate was 1.9%. There was not mortality. The median follow-up was 28 months. Conclusion. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are both very safe and effective procedures for excess weight reduction and resolution of comorbidities associated with obesity

Humans , Gastric Bypass , Bariatric Surgery , Obesity, Morbid , Gastroplasty , Weight Loss , Comorbidity
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 852, 30 Junio 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451425


INTRODUCTION. Obesity is recognized as a risk factor for developing severe new coronavirus disease. Bariatric surgery prior to infection could behave as a protective factor against serious infections and death. OBJECTIVE. To describe the impact of bariatric surgery on the severity and mortality of patients with obesity and new coronavirus disease; through a systematic review and meta-analysis of the specialized literature from 2020-2022. METHODOLOGY. Publications indexed in databases such as Pubmed, Tripdatabase, and Google scholar, on the impact of previous bariatric surgery on the evolution and prognosis of patients with new coronavirus disease were taken. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess quality and risk of bias. RevMan 5.0 software was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS. Eight cohort studies were included, with a population of 137 620 adult subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease; of these, 5638 (4.09%) had a history of bariatric surgery. In the meta-analysis, it was determined that, in subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease, the history of bariatric surgery had a protective effect against the use of mechanical ventilation [OR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.62-0.75] (p<0.001) and mortality [OR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.50-0.65] (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS. The history of bariatric surgery in subjects with obesity seems to have a protective effect against the severity defined by the use of mechanical ventilation in patients with obesity and mortality due to the new coronvirus disease; therefore, the resumption of bariatric surgical activity, at pre-pandemic levels, could represent an additional benefit for candidate subjects.

INTRODUCTION. Obesity is recognized as a risk factor for developing severe new coronavirus disease. Bariatric surgery prior to infection could behave as a protective factor against serious infections and death. OBJECTIVE. To describe the impact of bariatric surgery on the severity and mortality of patients with obesity and new coronavirus disease; through a systematic review and meta-analysis of the specialized literature from 2020-2022. METHODOLOGY. Publications indexed in databases such as Pubmed, Tripdatabase, and Google scholar, on the impact of previous bariatric surgery on the evolution and prognosis of patients with new coronavirus disease were taken. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess quality and risk of bias. RevMan 5.0 software was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS. Eight cohort studies were included, with a population of 137 620 adult subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease; of these, 5638 (4.09%) had a history of bariatric surgery. In the meta-analysis, it was determined that, in subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease, the history of bariatric surgery had a protective effect against the use of mechanical ventilation [OR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.62-0.75] (p<0.001) and mortality [OR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.50-0.65] (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS. The history of bariatric surgery in subjects with obesity seems to have a protective effect against the severity defined by the use of mechanical ventilation in patients with obesity and mortality due to the new coronvirus disease; therefore, the resumption of bariatric surgical activity, at pre-pandemic levels, could represent an additional benefit for candidate subjects.

Mortality , Bariatric Surgery , Patient Acuity , Protective Factors , COVID-19 , Obesity/complications , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory System , Obesity, Morbid , Cardiovascular System , Body Mass Index , Ecuador , Hypertension , Metabolic Diseases
Braz. j. anesth ; 73(1): 36-41, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420657


Abstract Introduction The higher risk of perioperative complications associated with obesity has made anesthesiologists increasingly concerned with the management of obese patients. Measures that improve bariatric surgery patient safety have become essential. The implementation of ERAS protocols in several surgical specialties has made it possible to achieve appropriate outcomes as to surgery safety. The aim of this study was to evaluate patient compliance with the recommendations of an ERAS protocol for Bariatric Surgery (ERABS) at a hospital specialized in obesity treatment. Methods Cross-sectional study, using a medical record database, in a hospital certified as an International Center of Excellence in Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery. The definition of the variables to be assessed was based on the most recent ERABS proposed by Thorell et al. Results were analyzed using descriptive epidemiology. Results The study evaluated all patients undergoing bariatric surgery in 2019. Mean compliance with the recommendations per participant was 42.8%, with a maximum of 55.5%, and was distributed as follows: 22.6% of compliance with preoperative recommendations, 60% to intraoperative recommendations, and 58.1% to postoperative recommendations. The anesthesiologist is the professional who provides most measures for the perioperative optimization of bariatric surgery patients. In our study we found that anesthesiologists complied with only 39.5% of ERABS recommendations. Conclusions Mean compliance with ERABS recommendations per participant was 42.8%. Considering that the study was carried out at a hospital certified as an international center of excellence, the need for introducing improvements in the care of patients to be submitted to bariatric surgery is evident.

Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Obesity/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Obesity, Morbid , Cross-Sectional Studies
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 36: e1748, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447014


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Obesity has reached epidemic proportions among adolescents. Methods, such as bariatric surgery, have become the most effective treatment for patients with classes III and IV obesity. AIM: To evaluate weight loss, comorbidity remission, and long-term results of bariatric surgery in adolescents. METHODS: Study with adolescent patients undergoing bariatric surgery, evaluating laboratory tests, comorbidities, and the percentage of excess weight loss in the preoperative period and at one, two, and five years postoperatively. RESULTS: A total of 65 patients who met the inclusion criteria, with a mean age of 18.6 years, were included in the analysis. In the preoperative period, 30.8% of hypercholesterolemia, 23.1% of systemic arterial hypertension, and 18.4% of type 2 diabetes were recorded, with remission of these percentages occurring in 60, 66.7 and 83.4%, respectively. The mean percentage of excess weight loss was 63.48% after one year of surgery, 64.75% after two years, and 57.28% after five years. The mean preoperative total cholesterol level was 180.26 mg/dL, and after one, two, and five years, it was 156.89 mg/dL, 161.39 mg/dL, and 150.97 mg/dL, respectively. The initial mean of low-density lipoprotein was 102.19mg/dL and after five years the mean value reduced to 81.81 mg/dL. The mean preoperative glycemia was 85.08 mg/dL and reduced to 79.13 mg/dL after one year, and to 76.19 mg/dL after five years. CONCLUSIONS: Bariatric surgery is safe and effective in adolescents, with low morbidity, resulting in a loss of excess weight and long-term stability, improving laboratory tests, and leading to remission of comorbidities, such as diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, and systemic arterial hypertension.

RESUMO RACIONAL: A obesidade tomou proporções epidêmicas entre adolescentes, e procedimentos como a cirurgia bariátrica tornou-se o tratamento mais efetivo em pacientes com obesidade grau III e IV. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a perda peso, a remissão de comorbidades, e resultados a longo prazo da cirurgia bariátrica em adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Estudo com pacientes adolescentes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica, avaliando exames laboratoriais, comorbidades e o percentual de perda de excesso de peso, nos períodos pré-operatório e com 1, 2 e 5 anos de pós-operatório. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos no estudo 65 pacientes que preencheram os critérios de inclusão, com a média de idade de 18,6 anos. No pré-operatório foram registrados: 30,8% hipercolesterolemia, 23,1% hipertensão arterial sistêmica e 18,4% diabetes tipo 2, ocorrendo remissão destes porcentuais em 60, 66,7 e 83,4%, respectivamente. O percentual médio de perda de excesso de peso após 1 ano foi de 63,48%, após 2 anos foi de 64,75% e após 5 anos foi 57,28%. O valor médio do colesterol total no pré-operatório era de 180,26mg/dL, e após 1 ano, 2 anos e 5 anos foram de 156,89mg/dL,161,39mg/dL e de 150,97mg/dL, respectivamente. A média inicial de lipoproteína de baixa densidade era 102,19mg/dL e após 5 anos o valor médio reduziu para 81,81 mg/dL. O valor médio da glicose pré-operatório era 85,08 mg/dL, após um ano uma média 79,13mg/dL, e com 5 anos 76,19 mg/dL. CONCLUSÕES: A cirurgia bariátrica é segura e eficaz em adolescentes, com baixa morbidade, resultando em uma perda do excesso de peso e estabilidade a longo prazo, melhorando exames laboratoriais e levando a remissão de comorbidades como diabetes mellitus, hipercolesterolemia e hipertensão arterial sistêmica.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Pediatric Obesity/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/diagnosis , Weight Loss , Comorbidity , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Pediatric Obesity/diagnosis
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(1): 50-60, 20221230. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415296


Introducción. La cirugía bariátrica es efectiva para inducir una rápida pérdida del exceso de peso, pero existen dudas sobre la duración de este efecto a largo plazo. Este estudio buscaba identificar la proporción de pacientes operados que presentaron una pérdida insuficiente o una ganancia significativa de peso y los posibles factores relacionados. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo en pacientes adultos sometidos a cirugía bariátrica. Se describieron variables demográficas y clínicas. Se realizó un análisis multivariado para identificar factores relacionados con un peso fuera de metas posterior a la cirugía. Resultados. Se incluyeron 187 pacientes, 117 con baipás gástrico y 70 con manga gástrica. La mediana de índice de masa corporal preoperatorio fue 41,3 kg/m2 y postoperatorio de 28,8 kg/m2. El 94,7 % de los pacientes en ambos grupos logró una adecuada pérdida del exceso de peso. La ganancia de peso mayor del 20 % se presentó en el 43,5 % de los pacientes, siendo mayor en el grupo de manga gástrica (p<0,004). Los factores independientes para ganancia de peso fueron el sexo masculino (OR 5,5), cirugía tipo manga gástrica (OR 3,4), síndrome de apnea del sueño (OR 2,9) y enfermedad mental medicada (OR 2,8). Conclusión. La cirugía bariátrica produce una pérdida del exceso de peso suficiente en casi la totalidad de los pacientes, pero un buen número recuperan peso luego de 3 años. Los principales factores asociados a ganancia de peso son el sexo masculino y la cirugía tipo manga gástrica

Introduction. Bariatric surgery is highly effective in inducing rapid excess body weight loss but there are doubts about its effect on long-term. This study seeks to identify the number of patients that underwent bariatric surgery who present insufficient weight loss or significant weight gain and the possible related factors. Methods. Retrospective cohort study of adult patients who underwent bariatric surgery. Demographic and clinical variables are described. A multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors related to patient weight outside the set goals postoperatively. Results. 187 patients were included (117 gastric bypass, 70 gastric sleeve). The median preoperative body mass index was 41m/kg2 and 28.8m/kg2 postoperatively. 94.7% of the patients in both groups achieved adequate excess body weight loss. Weight gain (>20%) occurred in 43.5% of the patients, with the probability being higher in the gastric sleeve group (p<0.004). Independent factors for weight gain were male gender (OR 5.5), gastric sleeve surgery (OR 3.4), sleep apnea syndrome (OR 2.9), and mental illness under treatment (OR 2.8). Conclusions. Bariatric surgery produces sufficient loss of excess weight in almost all patients, but a good number of them regain weight after 3 years. The main factors associated with weight gain are male gender and gastric sleeve surgery

Humans , Gastric Bypass , Bariatric Surgery , Obesity, Morbid , Gastroplasty , Weight Loss
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(3): 269-274, set. 2022. il
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1422937


RESUMEN La obesidad y el sobrepeso se definen como una acumulación anormal o excesiva de grasa que puede ser perjudicial para la salud. Es una enfermedad crónica de origen multifactorial, que como consecuencia ocasiona problemas higiénicos, discapacidad funcional y alteración de la calidad de vida. La dermolipectomía abdominal es una técnica quirúrgica que constituye la única opción para el tratamiento de pacientes con panículo adiposo prominente; de esa forma se logra disminuir las complicaciones y se reintegra socialmente al paciente que, a causa del enorme faldón abdominal, estuvo limitado por muchos años. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 53 años con lipodistrofia abdominal grave, que llegaba a ambos tobillos con afectación cutánea, y discapacidad para realizar actividades diarias, resuelta con dermolipectomía abdominal y resección de 29 kg de tejido dermograso. Se realizará, además, una revisión bibliográfica del tema.

ABSTRACT Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. It is a chronic disease caused by multiple factors, which results in hygienic issues, functional disability and impaired quality of life. Abdominal dermolipectomy is the only surgical option for the treatment of patients with prominent panniculus morbidus, thus reducing complications and providing social reintegration for the patient who has been limited for many years due to the enormous abdominal panniculus. We report the case of a 53-year-old female patient with severe abdominal lipodystrophy with coverage of both ankles, skin involvement, and disability to perform daily activities, that was managed with abdominal dermolipectomy and resection of 29 kg of dermo-adipose tissue. Bibliographic research is also presented.

Female , Middle Aged , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Lipodystrophy/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Infections , Lipodystrophy/diagnosis
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e501, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1384408


El by pass gástrico (BPG) es una técnica de cirugía bariátrica de probada eficacia en el control de la obesidad y la resolución de enfermedades asociadas, como diabetes e hipertensión. El dolor abdominal en el postoperatorio alejado del BPG es un verdadero desafío, y exige para su diagnóstico etiológico comprender la técnica quirúrgica y las posibles causas que originan el dolor. Las principales causas de dolor son la úlcera de neoboca, las hernias internas (por el espacio de Petersen o la brecha mesentérica), la litiasis vesicular sintomática y el síndrome del "bastón de caramelo" (o "Candy Cane syndrome" por su nombre anglosajón). El mismo resulta de una excesiva longitud del cabo yeyunal ciego del asa alimentaria, luego de la anastomosis gastro yeyunal. Cuando mide más de 4 cm puede llenarse de alimentos, actuando como una bolsa o reservorio, generando dolor, náuseas o vómitos. El diagnóstico surge de la clínica y un estudio contrastado que demuestre la longitud excesiva del extremo del asa alimentaria. El tratamiento es quirúrgico y la desaparición de los síntomas confirma el diagnóstico.

Female , Middle Aged , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Laparoscopy , Pain, Postoperative/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Syndrome , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Abdominal Pain/surgery
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 122-130, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356274


ABSTRACT Purpose: To analyze the association between obesity and urinary incontinence rate in men submitted to robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in a high-volume cancer center. Materials and Methods: We reported 1.077 men who underwent RARP as the primary treatment for localized prostate cancer from 2013 to 2017. Patients were classified as non-obese (normal BMI or overweight) or obese men (BMI ≥30kg/m2). They were grouped according to the age, PSA level, D'Amico risk group, Gleason score, ASA classification, pathological stage, prostate volume, salvage/adjuvant radiotherapy, perioperative complications, and follow-up time. Urinary continence was defined as the use of no pads. For the analysis of long-term urinary continence recovery, we conducted a 1:1 propensity-score matching to control confounders. Results: Among the obese patients, mean BMI was 32.8kg/m2, ranging 30 - 45.7kg/m2. Only 2% was morbidly obese. Obese presented more comorbidities and larger prostates. Median follow-up time was 15 months for the obese. Complications classified as Clavien ≥3 were reported in 5.6% of the obese and in 4.4% of the non-obese men (p=0.423). Median time for continence recovery was 4 months in both groups. In this analysis, HR was 0.989 for urinary continence recovery in obese (95%CI=0.789 - 1.240; p=0.927). Conclusions: Obese can safely undergo RARP with similar continence outcomes comparing to the non-obese men when performed by surgeons with a standardized operative technique. Future studies should perform a subgroup analysis regarding the association of obesity with other comorbidities, intending to optimize patient counseling.

Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/complications , Obesity, Morbid , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function , Propensity Score
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 35:, 20220125.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1382245


Objetivo: Compreender o enfrentamento do obeso mórbido em situações do cotidiano e estilo de vida. Métodos: Pesquisa de natureza qualitativa, com abordagem fenomenológica, realizada no setor de endocrinologia e cirurgia bariátrica de hospital terciário de referência no Ceará, com 22 obesos mórbidos, no período de dezembro de 2018 a fevereiro de 2019. Utilizou-se para a pesquisa pacientes maiores de 18 anos com IMC ≥40kg/m². A obtenção dos dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista com informações sociodemográficas, seguida de entrevista fenomenológica a partir da pergunta norteadora: como você se percebe na sociedade como obeso mórbido? Resultados: O grupo constituiu-se de 22 participantes, com média de idade de 44,1± 7,67 anos. Do total, 15 (68,1%) residiam no interior do estado, dez (45,4%) possuíam ensino médio completo, e 13 (59%) eram casados. As categorias que emergiram dos discursos deram-se enquanto: o preconceito da sociedade; dieta como modo de vida ou sacrifício?; a moda como um vilão para o obeso. Discutiram-se os relatos a partir do olhar fenomenológico de Merleau- Ponty. Conclusão: Ressalta-se a complexidade da intervenção sobre a obesidade diante de uma situação que envolve inúmerasquestões biológicas, psicológicas e sociais. As formas de enfretamento perpassaram por sentimentos de vergonha, desânimo,motivação para terapias e raiva.

Objective: To understand morbidly obese individuals' coping with everyday situations and lifestyle. Methods: A qualitative research was conducted using a phenomenological approach at the endocrinology and bariatric surgery sector of a reference tertiary hospital in Ceará with 22 morbidly obese individuals from December 2018 to February 2019. Research participants were over 18 years old and had a BMI ≥40kg/m². Data were collected through an interview to collect sociodemographic information, followed by a phenomenological interview based on the guiding question: how do you perceive yourself in society as morbidly obese? Results: The group consisted of 22 participants with a mean age of 44.1±7.67 years. Of the total, 15 (68.1%) lived in the countryside of the state, ten (45.4%) had completed secondary education, and 13 (59%) were married. The categories that emerged from the reports were: society's prejudice; diet as a way of life or sacrifice?; fashion as a villain for the obese. The reports were discussed from the phenomenological point of view of Merleau-Ponty. Conclusion: The complexity of intervention on obesity is highlighted in a situation that involves numerous biological, psychological and social issues. The ways of coping ranged from feelings of shame to discouragement to motivation for therapies and anger

Objetivo: Comprender el enfrentamiento del obeso mórbido en situaciones del cotidiano y su estilo de vida. Métodos: Investigación de naturaleza cualitativa y de abordaje fenomenológica realizada en el sector de endocrinología y cirugía bariátrica del hospital terciario de referencia de Ceará con 22 obesos mórbidos, en el período entre diciembre de 2018 y febrero de 2019. Para la investigación se utilizó los pacientes con más de 18 años y el IMC ≥40kg/m². La obtención de los datos se dio a través de entrevista con informaciones sociodemográficas, seguida de la entrevista fenomenológica a partir de la pregunta norteadora: ¿cómo te ves en la sociedad como una persona con obesidad mórbida? Resultados: El grupo tenía 22 participantes con media de edad de 44,1± 7,67 años. Del total de participantes, 15 (68,1%) vivían en el campo, diez (45,4%) tenían educación básica completa y 13 (59%) eran casados. Las categorías que emergieron de los discursos fueron: el prejuicio de la sociedad; ¿la dieta como modo de vida o sacrificio?; la moda como el villano para el obeso. Se ha discutido los relatos a partir de la mirada fenomenológica de Merleau-Ponty. Conclusión: Se destaca la complejidad de la intervención sobre la obesidad ante una situación que tiene inúmeras cuestiones biológicas, psicológicas y sociales. Las formas de enfrentamiento pasan por sentimientos de vergüenza, desanimo, la motivación para las terapias y la rabia.

Obesity, Morbid , Adaptation, Psychological , Social Stigma
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936102


Objective: To investigate the safety and learning curve of Da Vinci robotic single-anastomosis duodenal-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) in the treatment of obesity patients. Methods: A descriptive case series study was performed. Clinical data of obesity patients who were treated with Da Vinci robotic SADI-S in China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University from March 2020 to May 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Case inclusion criteria: (1) uncomplicated obese patients with body mass index (BMI)≥37.5 kg/m(2); (2) patients with BMI of 28 to <37.5 kg/m(2) complicated with type 2 diabetes or two metabolic syndrome components, or obesity comorbidities; (3) patients undergoing SADI-S by Da Vinci robotic surgery system. Those who received other bariatric procedures other than SADI-S or underwent Da Vince robotic SADI-S as revisional operation were excluded. A total of 77 patients were enrolled in the study, including 31 males and 46 females, with median age of 33 (18-59) years, preoperative body weight of (123.0±26.2) kg, BMI of (42.2±7.1) kg/m(2) and waistline of (127.6±16.3) cm. According to the order of operation date, the patients were numbered as 1-77. The textbook outcome (TO) and Clavien-Dindo grading standard were used to analyze the clinical outcome of each patient and to classify surgical complications, respectively. The standard of textbook outcome was as follows: the operative time less than or equal to the 75th percentile of the patient's operation time (210 min); the postoperative hospital stay less than or equal to the 75th percentile of the patient's postoperative hospital stay (7 d); complication grade lower than Clavien grade II; no readmission; no conversion to laparotomy or death. The patient undergoing robotic SADI-S was considered to meet the TO standard when meeting the above 5 criteria. The TO rate was calculated by cumulative sum analysis (CUSUM) method. The curve was drawn by case number as X-axis and CUSUM (TO rate) as Y-axis so as to understand the learning curve of robotic SADI-S. Results: The operative time of 77 robotic SADI-S was (182.9±37.5) minutes, and the length of postoperative hospital stay was 6 (4-55) days. There was no conversion to laparotomy or death. Seven patients suffered from complications (7/77, 9.1%). Four patients had grade II complications (5.2%), including one with duodeno-ileal anastomotic leakage, one with abdominal bleeding, one with peritoneal effusion and one with delayed gastric emptying; two patients were grade IIIb complications (2.6%) and both of them were diagnosed with gastric leakage; one patient was grade IV complication diagnosed with postoperative respiratory failure (1.3%), and all of them were cured successfully. A total of 51 patients met the textbook outcome standard, and the TO rate was positive and was steadily increasing after the number of surgical cases accumulated to the 46th case. Taking the 46th case as the boundary, all the patients were divided into learning stage group (n=46) and mastery stage group (n=31). There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender, age, weight, body mass index, waist circumference, ASA classification, standard liver volume, operative time and morbidity of postoperative complication (all P>0.05). The percent of abdominal drainage tube in learning stage group was higher than that in mastery stage group (54.3% versus 16.1%, P<0.05). The length of postoperative hospital stay in learning stage group was longer than that in mastery stage group [6 (4-22) d versus 6 (5-55) d, P<0.05)]. Conclusion: The Da Vinci robotic SADI-S is safe and feasible with a learning curve of 46 cases.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Learning Curve , Obesity/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 188-192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935599


Bariatric-metabolic surgery (BMS) has the potential of decreasing body weight and improving obesity-related metabolic syndrome by restricting food intake and malabsorption. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, adjustable gastric banding, biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch are four major BMS procedures. Sleeve plus surgery, one-anastomosis gastric bypass, intragastric balloon and endoscopic surgery are also arising and gaining popularity due to their specific efficacy. Currently, BMS is now experiencing an era with deeply integrated interdisciplinarity, optimizing and innovating of surgeries and well-illustrated clinical efficacy, as a result, more obese patients would benefit from BMS.

Humans , Bariatric Surgery , Gastrectomy , Gastric Balloon , Gastric Bypass , Laparoscopy , Morbidity , Obesity/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/surgery
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 774-778, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927567


Since its first description in 2013, robust evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of the endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) has been on the rise. A large case series and meta-analysis report supported results up to 24 months, while some other studies already described 5-year data. If associated with pharmacotherapy, the ESG may help one to achieve weight loss similar to that of surgical sleeve gastrectomy. Though the results of the ongoing randomized trials on ESG are awaited, currently available data support the clinical use of the ESG, especially for patients who are refusing or unfit for bariatric surgery.

Humans , Gastrectomy , Gastroplasty/methods , Laparoscopy , Obesity, Morbid , Treatment Outcome
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 32: 32403, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391278


Introdução: A cirurgia bariátrica é atualmente o tratamento indicado para a obesidade mórbida e a técnica do bypass gástrico em Y de Roux (BGYR) largamente utilizada em todo o mundo, mesmo para pacientes superobesos. No Brasil, o BGYR é a técnica de escolha da maioria dos cirurgiões bariátricos. As deiscências de anastomose ou da linha de grampeamento estão entre as complicações cirúrgicas mais temidas. Relato de Caso: Paciente com fístula da anastomose gastrojejunal após bypass gástrico em Y de Roux comunicando com a ferida operatória, foi tratado com sucesso com tratamento endoscópico conservador. Após o diagnóstico, o paciente foi submetido à endoscopia digestiva alta em ambiente de centro cirúrgico com passagem de sonda nasoenteral. Onze dias após, foi realizada uma segunda endoscopia com dilatação da anastomose gastrojejunal com vela de Savary-Gillard. A fístula fechou em 21 contando da data de seu diagnóstico. Conclusão: A partir desse relato, conclui-se que a abordagem conservadora de fístulas pós-BGYR em pacientes estáveis com auxílio endoscópico para o posicionamento da sonda nasoenteral e dilatação com vela pode reservar bons resultados terapêuticos para a condução dessa complicação e evitar intervenções cirúrgicas mais complexas.

Introduction: Bariatric surgery is currently the indicated treatment for morbid obesity and the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) technique is widely used worldwide, even for super obese patients. In Brazil, RYGB is the most chosen technique of bariatric surgeons. Although, anastomosis or stapling line dehiscences are one of the most feared surgical complications. Case Report: A patient with gastrojejunal anastomosis fistula after Rouxen-Y gastric bypass communicating with the surgical wound was successfully treated with conservative endoscopic treatment. After diagnosis, the patient underwent upper digestive endoscopy in operating room with introduction of a nasoenteral tube. Eleven days later, a second endoscopy was performed with dilation of the gastrojejunal anastomosis with a Savary-Gilliard bougie. The fistula closed at the day 21 counting from the date of his diagnosis. Conclusion: From this report, it's concluded that the conservative approach of post-RYGB fistulas in stable patients with endoscopic aid for positioning the nasoenteral tube and dilation with a bougie can reserve good therapeutic results for the management of this complication and avoid more surgical interventions complex.

Humans , Male , Adult , Obesity, Morbid , Gastric Bypass , Anastomotic Leak , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Bariatric Surgery , Conservative Treatment
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3358, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421874


ABSTRACT This study objective to compare the acute effects between one resistance training bout with high versus moderate intensities on inflammatory markers in women with severe obesity. Experimental crossover study, performed with adult women with severe obesity (BMI ≥ 40.0 kg/m²; age ≥ 18 years old). Each participant performed a high and moderate intensity resistance training (HIRT and MIRT, respectively) with an interval of 7 days between bouts. Four exercises were performed in the both protocols, with total training volume equalized. MIRT consisted of 3 sets of 8 repetitions each, with an intensity of 75% of 1RM, while HIRT consisted of 2 sets of 6 repetitions, followed by a 20-second rest, with a new performance of 2 to 3 repetitions, with one more rest of 20s and finishing with 2 to 3 more repetitions, at an intensity of 85% of 1RM. Blood samples were collected before, 15 minutes after and 24 hours after both training protocols. The inflammatory markers analyzed were IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ. Nine participants have completed the intervention (n=9; 35.2 ± 10.93 years old; BMI = 48.3 ± 5.06 kg/m²). The Mann-Whitney U test showed that there was no significant difference between the HIRT and MIRT in the concentration of markers. Friedman's test did not report significant differences between intragroup measures for the HIRT as well as MIRT. This research suggests that a single session of high or moderate intensity resistance training does not change the inflammatory status of women with severe obesity.

RESUMO Este estudo objetivou comparar os efeitos agudos entre uma sessão de treinamento de força de alta versus moderada intensidade sobre marcadores inflamatórios em mulheres com obesidade severa. Estudo experimental do tipo cross-over, realizado com mulheres adultas com obesidade severa (IMC ≥ 40,0 kg/m²; idade ≥ 18 anos). Cada participante realizou uma sessão de treinamento de força de alta e de moderada intensidade (HIRT e MIRT, respectivamente) com intervalo de 7 dias entre as sessões. Quatro exercícios foram realizados em ambos os protocolos, com volume total de treino equalizado. O MIRT consistiu em 3 séries de 8 repetições cada, com intensidade de 75% de 1RM, enquanto o HIRT consistiu em 2 séries de 6 repetições, seguidas de um descanso de 20 segundos, com nova execução de 2 a 3 repetições, com mais um descanso de 20s e finalização com mais 2 a 3 repetições, com intensidade de 85% de 1RM. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas antes, 15 minutos após e 24 horas após ambos os protocolos de treino. Os marcadores inflamatórios analisados foram IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α e IFN-γ. Nove participantes completaram a intervenção (n=9; 35,2 ± 10,93 anos; IMC = 48,3 ± 5,06 kg/m²). O teste U de Mann-Whitney mostrou que não houve diferença significativa entre HIRT e MIRT na concentração dos marcadores. O teste de Friedman não mostrou diferenças significativas entre as medidas intragrupo para HIRT e MIRT. Esta pesquisa sugere que uma única sessão de treinamento de força de alta ou moderada intensidade não altera o estado inflamatório de mulheres com obesidade severa.

Humans , Female , Adult , Women , Obesity, Morbid , Resistance Training , Exercise , Body Mass Index , Cytokines , Women's Health , Inflammation
HU rev ; 48: 1-7, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371596


Introdução: A obesidade é uma doença crônica de alta prevalência no Brasil associada a alta morbimortalidade, sendo a cirurgia bariátrica uma proposta válida para seu controle e tratamento. Nota-se que há uma escassez na literatura nacional de informações referentes a dados epidemiológicos, bem como das complicações que envolvem a cirurgia bariátrica. Objetivo: Investigar o perfil epidemiológico de indivíduos adultos submetidos a cirurgia bariátrica realizadas em hospital público de ensino no município de Juiz de Fora - MG. Método: Trata-se de um estudo de natureza analítica, observacional, transversal do tipo inquérito por meio do levantamento de prontuários. Resultados: Dos 466 indivíduos que realizaram a cirurgia bariátrica, a média de idade dos indivíduos foi de 40,2 anos e 85,2% eram do sexo feminino. Cerca de 84% dos pacientes classificaram-se com obesidade grau III. A comorbidade que mais prevaleceu no grupo pesquisado foi a hipertensão arterial (89%), a taxa de mortalidade foi de 1,9% e a frequência de complicações foram mais observadas em pacientes com obesidade grau III (68%). Conclusão: O perfil dos pacientes que buscaram abordagem cirúrgica para obesidade foi predominantemente de mulheres na terceira e quartas décadas de vida, brancas, com obesidade mórbida, tendo como comorbidade mais frequente DM e HAS, sendo que a presença de comorbidades não esteve associada ao aumento no risco de intercorrências do procedimento. A taxa geral de complicações foi baixa e o grau de obesidade esteve diretamente associado à sua ocorrência. A cirurgia bariátrica para tratamento da obesidade mostrou-se segura, com baixa taxa de complicações em um centro especializado, caracterizando, até o momento, a maior casuística nacional.

Introduction: Obesity is a chronic disease of high prevalence in Brazil associated with high morbidity and mortality, and bariatric surgery is a valid proposal for its control and treatment. It is noted that there is a shortage in the national literature of information regarding epidemiological data, as well as complications involving bariatric surgery. Objective: To investigate the epidemiological profile of adult individuals undergoing bariatric surgery performed in a public teaching hospital in the city of Juiz de Fora-MG. Method: This is an analytical, observational, cross-sectional survey-type study through the survey of medical records. Results: Of the 466 individuals who underwent bariatric surgery, the average age of individuals was 40.2 years and 85.2% were female. About 84% of patients classified as having grade III obesity. The most prevalent comorbidity in the researched group was systemic arterial hypertension (89%), the mortality rate was 1.9% and the frequency of complications was more observed in patients with grade III obesity (68%). Conclusion: The profile of patients who sought a surgical approach for obesity was predominantly women in the third and fourth decades of life, white, morbidly obese, with DM and SAH as the most frequent comorbidity, and the presence of comorbidities was not associated with the increase in the risk of complications of the procedure. The overall rate of complications was low and the degree of obesity was directly associated with its occurrence. Bariatric surgery for the treatment of obesity proved to be safe, with a low rate of complications in a specialized center, characterizing, to date, the largest sample in Brazil.

Bariatric Surgery , Obesity, Morbid , Comorbidity , Prevalence , Metabolic Syndrome , Hospitals, Teaching
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 139 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378713


A obesidade é uma doença complexa que está associada inflamação crônica de baixo grau que contribui para o desenvolvimento de diversos distúrbios metabólicos como a resistência à insulina e estudos recentes sugerem a influência da microbiota intestinal no desenvolvimento e manutenção da doença. Diversos estudos apontam para o benefício da ingestão de frutas e vegetais na prevenção e tratamento de doenças crônicas. O suco de laranja contém diversos compostos bioativos com ações anti-inflamatórias, antioxidantes com efeitos na composição da microbiota intestinal. Deste modo, o objetivo principal deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da ingestão do suco de laranja Pera e Moro sobre a composição da microbiota intestinal e de parâmetros inflamatórios em voluntários com obesidade e resistência à insulina. Foi realizado um ensaio clínico crossover com suplementação de suco de laranja (400ml/dia) por 15 dias com um período de washout de 40 dias. As análises de sangue, fezes, urina, composição corporal, consumo alimentar foram realizadas antes e após cada intervenção. A comparação entre os tratamentos foi realizada utilizando equações de estimativas generalizadas e adotou-se um nível de significância de 5%. Em relação à microbiota intestinal, em ambos os tratamentos, os dois filos mais abundantes foram Firmicutes e Actinobateria. Dos gêneros analisados, observou-se maior abundância de Bifidobacterium após a suplementação com o suco de laranja Moro. O suco de laranja Pera promoveu uma diminuição da zonulina e o suco de laranja Moro contribuiu para redução de citocinas inflamatórias, diminuição da pressão arterial e aumento nos níveis de acetato nas fezes. Após a separação dos voluntários por grau de obesidade, observamos que o suco de laranja Moro contribuiu para o aumento na abundância de Akkermansia, Alistipes, Bacteroides e Catenibacterium em indivíduos com obesidade grau 3. Além disso, em ambos os sucos encontramos redução da razão Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes e aumento da excreção de metabólitos de flavonoides após os tratamentos. Diante destes resultados, conclui-se que o suco de laranja Pera apresentou ações positivas sobre a permeabilidade intestinal e o suco de laranja Moro promoveu efeitos mais expressivos na modulação da inflamação associada à obesidade e da microbiota intestinal

Obesity is a complex disease that is associated with low-grade chronic inflammation, and it contributes to the development of several metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance, and recent studies suggest the influence of the intestinal microbiota in the development and maintenance of the disease. Several studies have suggested the benefit of fruits and vegetables consumption in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. The orange juice contains some bioactive compounds with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actions with effects in the composition of the gut microbiota. Thus, the main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of Pera and Moro orange juice consumption on the composition of the gut microbiota and inflammatory parameters in volunteers with obesity and insulin resistance. A crossover clinical trial was carried out with orange juice supplementation (400ml/day) for 15 days with a washout period of 40 days. Blood, feces, urine, body composition, food consumption were analyzed before and after each intervention. Comparison between treatments was performed using generalized estimating equations and a significance level of 5% was adopted. In relation to gut microbiota, in both treatments, the two most abundant phyla were Firmicutes and Actinobateria. In the analysis of bacterial genera, a greater abundance of Bifidobacterium was observed after supplementation with Moro orange juice. The Pera orange juice reduced zonulin and Moro orange juice contributed to a reduction on inflammatory cytokines, a decrease in blood pressure and an increase in acetate levels in the stool. After separating the volunteers by degree of obesity, we observed that Moro orange juice contributed to the increase in the abundance of Akkermansia, Alistipes, Bacteroides and Catenibacterium in individuals with grade 3 obesity. Furthermore, in both juices we found a reduction in the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio and increased excretion of flavonoid metabolites after treatments. Therefore, we concluded that Pera orange juice had positive actions on intestinal permeability and Moro orange juice promoted more expressive effects on the modulation of inflammation associated with obesity and on the intestinal microbiota

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Citrus sinensis/classification , Citrus sinensis/adverse effects , Eating , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Fruit and Vegetable Juices/adverse effects , Fruit , Obesity/classification , Volunteers , Flavonoids/agonists , Body Composition , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Insulin Resistance , Chronic Disease , Eating , Arterial Pressure , Phytochemicals/adverse effects , Inflammation
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 730-738, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349983


ABSTRACT Objective: Identifying significant fibrosis is crucial to evaluate the prognosis and therapeutic interventions in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We assessed the performance of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography, APRI, FIB-4, Forns, NFS and BARD scores in determining liver fibrosis in severe obesity. Subjects and methods: A prospective study included 108 patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Liver biopsy specimens were obtained intraoperatively and classified according to the NAFLD Activity Score. Patients were assessed with serological markers and shear wave velocity of the liver was measured with the Siemens S2000 ultrasound system preoperatively. Optimal cut-off values were determined using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROC). Results: In the entire cohort prevalence of NAFLD was 80.6%, steatohepatitis 25.9% and significant fibrosis 19.4%. The best tests for predicting significant fibrosis were FIB-4 and Forns scores (both AUROC 0.78), followed by APRI (AUROC 0.74), NFS (AUROC 0.68), BARD (AUROC 0.64) and ARFI (AUROC 0.62). ARFI elastography was successful in 73% of the patients. Higher body mass index (BMI) correlated with invalid ARFI measurements. In patients with BMI < 42 kg/m2, ARFI showed 92.3% sensitivity and 82,6% specificity for the presence of significant fibrosis, with AUROC 0.86 and cut-off 1.32 m/s. Conclusions: FIB-4 and Forns scores were the most accurate for the prediction of significant fibrosis in bariatric patients. Applicability and accuracy of ARFI was limited in individuals with severe obesity. In patients with BMI < 42 kg/m2, ARFI elastography was capable for predicting significant fibrosis with relevant accuracy.

Humans , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Obesity, Morbid/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnostic imaging , Acoustics , Biopsy , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Liver/pathology , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnostic imaging
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 763-770, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388899


Resumen La obesidad es reconocida como "la gran epidemia" del siglo XXI. Los primeros tratamientos fueron enfocados en el manejo médico, sin lograr los resultados esperados, por lo cual surge la cirugía bariátrica (CB) como la mejor alternativa. Inicialmente la obesidad se concibe como una figura de poder en el imperio egipcio, luego como enfermedad por Galeno e Hipócrates, reapareciendo más tarde como símbolo de fecundidad en Europa. Las primeras técnicas fueron el bypass yeyuno-colónico por Payne y De Wind modificado luego por Scopinaro, consolidándose más tarde como el bypass actual por Mason, Wittgrove e Higa. Por su parte, la gastrectomía en manga fue concebida por Gagner como puente de la derivación biliopancreática, pero dado sus excelentes resultados se consolida como técnica por sí sola. A su vez, la CB evidencia efectos metabólicos inesperados, posicionándose en la actualidad como el mejor tratamiento tanto para la obesidad como para el síndrome metabólico. En Chile la CB se inicia en 1986 con González del Hospital Van Buren con la experiencia en bypass yeyuno-ileal, continuando con Awad y Loehnert del Hospital San Juan de Dios. Luego se consolida con el desarrollo de la CB moderna tanto en la Universidad Católica como en la Universidad de Chile, llegando en la actualidad a ser un procedimiento ampliamente difundido en todo el país. El objetivo principal de la siguiente revisión es analizar el concepto de obesidad en la historia y la evolución de la CB en Chile y el mundo, rememorando sus inicios y destacando su constante desarrollo.

Obesity is recognized as "the great epidemic" of the 21st century. The first treatments were focused on medical management, failing to achieve the expected results, which is why bariatric surgery (BC) emerges as the best alternative. Obesity was initially conceived as a power figure in the Egyptian empire, later as a disease by Galen and Hippocrates, later reappearing as a symbol of fertility in Europe. The first techniques were the jejuno-colonic bypass by Payne and De Wind, later modified by Scopinaro, to finally consolidate as the current bypass by Mason, Wittgrove and Higa. For its part, sleeve gastrectomy was conceived by Gagner as a bridge for biliopancreatic diversion, but given its excellent results, it is consolidated as a technique by itself. In turn, BC shows unexpected metabolic effects, currently positioning itself as the best treatment for both obesity and metabolic syndrome. In Chile, BC started in 1986 with González at the Van Buren Hospital with his experience in jejuno-ileal bypass, continuing with Awad and Loehnert at the San Juan de Dios Hospital. Later, it was consolidated with the development of modern BC both at the Catholic University and at the University of Chile, currently becoming a widely disseminated procedure throughout the country. The main objective of the following review is to analyze the concept of obesity in history and the evolution of BC in Chile and the world, recalling its beginnings and highlighting its continuous development.

Humans , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Metabolism/physiology , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass/methods , Chile , Bariatric Surgery/history , Bariatric Medicine/history
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 668-676, dic. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388900


Resumen Introducción: La experiencia internacional no ha logrado reproducir los resultados de los primeros trabajos de plicatura gástrica laparoscópica (PGL). Objetivo: Analizar los resultados a largo plazo de pacientes sometidos a PGL. Materiales y Método: Estudio prospectivo y descriptivo, se incluyeron pacientes obesos adultos que cumplieron criterios universales para cirugía bariátrica. Se registraron datos epidemiológicos, comorbilidades, tiempo operatorio, estadía hospitalaria, porcentaje de pérdida de exceso de IMC (% PEIMC), complicaciones posoperatorias y resolución de comorbilidades. El seguimiento se efectuó con controles periódicos anuales hasta el año 2020. Resultados: Se inició la selección de pacientes durante el año 2010. Se realizaron 26 intervenciones desde enero de 2011 hasta mayo de 2012. Todas las pacientes fueron de género femenino. El IMC preoperatorio promedio fue 38,8 kg/m2 (DS 3,8). El % PEIMC promedio al año, 3 años y 9 años de posoperado, fue 62,2% (DS 27,1), 40,2% (DS 24,5) y 28% (DS 31,9), respectivamente. Las complicaciones, basadas en la clasificación de Clavien-Dindo (CD), durante los primeros 30 días de posoperatorio fueron 21 pacientes con tipo I, 1 con tipo II, y 2 pacientes con complicaciones tipo IVa. A los 9 años de posoperado, 9 pacientes presentaban efectos adversos tipo I. No hubo mortalidad. Hasta los 3 años hubo corrección de comorbilidades. Se objetivaron 3 pacientes diabéticas al final del estudio, 2 de ellas previamente sanas. Conclusiones: El % PEIMC a largo plazo fue insuficiente. El porcentaje de complicaciones es mayor que en otras técnicas. No recomendamos la realización de la PGL.

Background: The international experience has failed to reproduce the first studies of laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP). Aim: The objective is to analyze the outcomes after 10 years of follow-up of patients subjected to LGP. Materials and Method: Prospective and descriptive study, in which obese adult patients who met universal criteria for bariatric surgery were included. Epidemiological data, comorbidities, operating time, hospital stay, percentage of excess BMI loss (% EBMIL) and resolution of comorbidities were collected. The follow-up was realized by annual periodic controls until 2020. Results: Patient selection began in 2010. A total of 26 interventions were performed from January 2011 to May 2012. All patients were female. The average preoperative Body Mass Index (BMI) was 38.8 kg/m2 (SD 3.8). The average % EBMIL at 1st, 3rd and 9 th postoperative years was 62.2% (SD 27.1), 40.2% (SD 24.5) and 28% (SD 31.9), respectively.Complications, based in Clavien Dindo classification, during the first 30 postoperative days was: 21 patients with type I, 1 type II, and 2 patients with complications type IVa. At 9 th postoperative year, 9 patients presented adverse effect type I. There was no mortality. Until the 3rd year there was correction of comorbidities. Three diabetic patients were observed at the end of the study, 2 previously healthy. Conclusions: The long term % EBMIL was insufficient. The percentage of complications is higher than in other techniques. We do not recommend the LGP.

Humans , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery , Comorbidity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Practice Guidelines as Topic