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2.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 30(108): 58-67, 20220000. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363381

ABSTRACT

ntroducción: La información sobre la evolución de la infección por COVID-19 en personas gestantes (PG) continúa en desarrollo.Objetivos: Describir la presentación de la infección por Sars-CoV-2 en PG y determinar variables asociadas a mayor gravedad.Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional retrospectivo. Periodo: 01/03/2020-31/07/2021. Se incluyeron PG con diagnóstico de COVID-19 asistidas en una maternidad de gestión pública: se clasificaron según gravedad y se dividieron en dos grupos: Grup o1 leve y de manejo ambulatorio; Grupo 2 moderado, severo y crítico, con internación. Se analizó la relación entre gravedad y obesidad, DBT, hipertensión inducida por el embarazo (HIE), edad gestacional, edad materna, vacunación antigripal. Recién nacidos (RN) de madres infectadas se estudiaron con PCR para Sars-CoV-2 24-48 hs postnacimiento. Análisis estadístico: Chi-cuadrado o test exacto de Fisher. Significancia= p<0,05. Aprobado porComité Ética Institucional.Resultados: 52 PG con diagnóstico de COVID-19. Edadmediana 29,6 años. Grupo 1: 29 PG (55,5%). Grupo 2: 23 PG(44%), 19 (36,5%) moderados, 2 (4%) severos y 2 (4%) críticos. No hubo fallecimientos maternos ni fetales. Edad gestacional ≥ 28 semanas fue la única variable asociada a mayor gravedad,p=0,00004. 48% de los embarazos finalizaron por cesárea.48/52 RN fueron estudiados con PCR para Sars-CoV-2, siendo 1 (2%) positivo (fue el único RN sintomático).Conclusiones: La infección por COVID-19 en PG se asoció a presentaciones clínicas más graves cuando la infecciónse cursó en el tercer trimestre de gestación y se asociócon mayor incidencia de cesáreas


ntroduction: The information concerning the impact of COVID-19 infection in pregnant people (PP) continues to be established.Aim: to describe the evolution of the Sars-CoV-2 infection in pregnant people and to determine variables associated with clinical severity.Materials and Methods: Retrospective observational study. Period: 01-03-2020 to 31-07-2021. We included PP with diagnosis of COVID-19, assisted in a public maternity hospital. The cases were classified according to clinical severity based on the NIH guidelines. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Group 1: mild (ambulatory manage-ment). Group 2: moderate, severe and critical (requiring hospitalization). The relationship between variables and clinical severity was analyzed. Variables studied: obesity, DBT, gestational hypertension, gestational age, maternal age, influenza vaccination. Newborns of infected mothers were studied with PCR for Sars-CoV-2 24 to 48 hours af-ter birth. Statistical analysis: Chi-square or Fisher's exact test, significance = p <0.05. Study approved by the Institu-tional Ethics Committee.Results: 52 PP with diagnosis of COVID-19 were includ-ed. Median age 29.6 years. 23 patients (44%) required hospitalization and 2 (4%) MRA (mechanical respiratory assistance). 29 (55.5%) were mild, 19 (36.5%) moderate, 2 (4%) severe, and 2 (4%) critical. There were no mater-nal or fetal deaths. Gestational age ≥ 28 weeks was the only variable associated with more severe clinical forms, p = 0.0001. 48% of the pregnancies ended by cesarean section. 48/52 newborns were studied with PCR for Sars-CoV-2, with only 1 (2%) being positive. This was the only symptomatic newborn.Conclusions: In our study, Sars-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy was associated with more severe clinical pre-sentations when the infection occurred in the 3rd trimes-ter of pregnancy. COVID-19 was also associated with a higher incidence of ter


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Severity of Illness Index , Retrospective Studies , Pregnant Women , COVID-19/complications , Obesity/complications
3.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(2): e20210191, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1286061

ABSTRACT

The downer cow syndrome (DCS) is characterized by an alert cow showing inability or reluctance to stand for 12 hours or more. This paper reported clinical, laboratory, and pathological findings in a Guzerá heifer with rhabdomyolysis, pigmenturia and acute renal failure following DCS. A 17-month-old Guzerá heifer was transported via a 350-km ride in a truck and showed sternal recumbency and severe difficulty in standing and walking. Neurological examination was unremarkable, and the heifer presented normal response to cranial nerves and spinal cord tests. Rectal palpation revealed a 5-month gravid uterus. No other abnormalities were noted in the pelvis or around the coxofemoral joints. Biochemical abnormalities included extremely high muscular enzyme activities (creatine phosphokinase and aspartate aminotransferase) and high creatinine levels. Urinalysis revealed blackish and cloudy urine, proteinuria, and a positive occult blood test. Spinal cord ultrasonography showed no abnormalities. This report highlighted an uncommon clinical presentation (myoglobinuria) and pathological findings in a heifer with DCS as a consequence of severe compressive muscle damage. Practitioners and producers must be aware of the risk of careless road transportation for long distances of cattle, especially obese cows, avoiding unnecessary suffering and expenses due to DCS.


A síndrome da vaca caída (SVC) é caracterizada por um bovino alerta que mostra incapacidade ou relutância em permanecer em estação por 12 horas ou mais. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar os achados clínicos, laboratoriais e patológicos em uma novilha Guzerá com rabdomiólise, pigmentúria e insuficiência renal aguda após a SVC. Uma novilha da raça Guzerá, de 17 meses de idade, foi transportada de caminhão por 350 km e apresentou decúbito esternal, grande dificuldade para assumir estação e caminhar. O exame neurológico não demonstrou alterações, e a novilha possuía resposta normal aos testes de nervos cranianos e medula espinhal. A palpação retal revelou útero grávido de cinco meses. Nenhuma outra anormalidade foi observada na pelve ou na região das articulações coxofemorais. As anormalidades bioquímicas incluíram atividades de enzimas musculares (creatina fosfoquinase e aspartato aminotransferase) extremamente aumentadas e níveis elevados de creatinina. A urinálise revelou urina enegrecida e turva, proteinúria e teste de sangue oculto positivo. O exame ultrassonográfico da medula espinhal não apresentou anormalidades. Este relato evidencia uma apresentação clínica (mioglobinúria) e achados patológicos incomuns em uma novilha com SVC em consequência de extensa lesão muscular compressiva. Veterinários e produtores devem estar atentos aos riscos do transporte rodoviário descuidado por longas distâncias de bovinos, especialmente vacas obesas, evitando assim sofrimento e despesas desnecessárias decorrentes da SVC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Posture , Rhabdomyolysis/veterinary , Renal Insufficiency/veterinary , Myoglobinuria/veterinary , Obesity/complications , Obesity/veterinary , Necrosis/veterinary
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1136-1147, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340023

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to evaluate the effect of low-calorie diet on 24-hour urinary metabolic parameters of obese adults with idiopathic calcium oxalate kidney stones. Materials and Methods: Adult idiopathic calcium oxalate stone formers, with body mass index (BMI) ≥30kg/m2 and a known lithogenic metabolic abnormality, were submitted to low-calorie diet for twelve weeks. After enrolment, anthropometric measures, serum exams, 24-hour urinary metabolic parameters and body impedance were collected one month prior to dietary intervention and at the end of twelve weeks. Correlations between weight loss, waist circumference loss, fat loss and variation in 24-hour urinary lithogenic parameters and calcium oxalate urinary supersaturation (CaOx SS) as per Tiselius equation were analysed. Results: From January 2017 to January 2018, 39 patients were enrolled to participate in this study. Median (range) prescribed diet was 1300 (1100-2100) Kcal/day. Mean age was 51.7±11.0 (29-68) years old and 69.2% were female. 30.8% of the participants shifted from obesity to BMI <30kg/m2 and none to BMI <25kg/m2. A significant correlation was found between baseline 24-hour urinary oxalate and weight (p=0.018) and BMI (p=0.026). No correlation was found between variation of weight, waist circumference, fat mass and 24-h urinary stone risk factors or CaOx SS. Conclusions: Short-term modest weight loss induced by twelve weeks of low-calorie diet is not associated with a decrease of 24-hour urinary lithogenic parameters in idiopathic calcium oxalate stone formers. Calcium oxalate urinary stone formation is probably multifactorial and driven by other factors than weight.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Kidney Calculi/etiology , Urinary Calculi , Calcium Oxalate , Calcium , Caloric Restriction , Obesity/complications
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 701-712, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345245

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Indicadores antropométricos são utilizados na prática clínica e em estudos epidemiológicos para rastreamento de fatores de risco à saúde. Objetivo: Avaliar o poder discriminatório individual do Índice de Adiposidade Corporal (IAC), do Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC), da Circunferência da Cintura (CC) e da Razão Cintura-Quadril (RCQ) para identificar risco coronariano e investigar se a combinação de indicadores antropométricos de obesidade geral e central melhora a capacidade preditiva em adultos. Métodos: Avaliou-se 15 092 participantes (54,4% mulheres) com idades entre 35-74 anos na linha de base do ELSA-Brasil. Indivíduos em risco coronariano foram identificados pelo Escore de Risco de Framingham, e divididos em risco muito alto (RMA20%) e risco alto (RA10%). Medidas de acurácia diagnóstica e áreas sob curvas ROC (AUC) foram analisadas. Associações foram testadas por regressão de poisson com variância robusta, conforme sexo e idade. Foi adotada significância estatística de 5%. Resultados: A RCQ apresentou melhor poder discriminatório para RMA20% em todos os grupos, com maior capacidade preditiva nas mulheres (AUC: 0,802; IC95%: 0,748-0,856 vs 0,657; IC95%: 0,630-0,683 nas faixas etárias 35-59 anos e AUC: 0,668; IC95%: 0,621-0,715 vs 0,611; IC95%: 0,587-0,635 nas faixas etárias 60-74 anos). As combinações IAC+RCQ e IMC+RCQ apresentaram melhor poder preditivo em homens e mulheres, respectivamente. Combinações entre indicadores de obesidade geral e central estiveram mais fortemente associadas com RMA20% e RCA10% em todos os estratos. Conclusões: Indicadores combinados tiveram melhor capacidade preditiva do que um indicador isoladamente, sendo IAC+RCQ e IMC+RCQ melhores estimadores de risco coronariano em homens e mulheres, respectivamente. RCQ teve melhor desempenho individual.


Abstract Background: Anthropometric indicators have been used in clinical practice and epidemiological studies for screening of health risk factors. Objectives: To evaluate the individual discriminatory power of body adiposity index (BAI), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-hip-ratio (WHR) to identify individuals at risk for coronary heart disease and to evaluate whether combinations of anthropometric indicators of overall obesity with indicators of central obesity improve predictive ability in adults. Methods: A total of 15,092 participants (54.4% women) aged 35-74years were assessed at baseline of the ELSA-Brasil study. Individuals at risk for coronary heart disease were identified using the Framingham risk score and divided into very-high risk (VHR 20%) and high risk (HR10%). Measures of diagnostic accuracy and area under the ROC curves (AUC) were analyzed. Associations were tested using Poisson regression analysis with robust variance, according to age and sex. Statistical significance was set at 5%. Results: WHR showed the highest discriminatory power for VHR20% in all groups, with higher predictive ability in women (AUC: 0.802; 95%CI: 0.748-0.856 vs 0.657; 95%CI: 0.630-0.683 in the age range of 35-59 years, and AUC: 0.668; 95%CI: 0.621-0.715 vs 0.611; 95%CI: 0.587-0.635 in the age range of 60-74 years). BAI + WHR and BMI + WHR had the highest predictive power in men and women, respectively. Combinations of indicators of overall obesity with indicators of central obesity were more strongly associated with VHR20% and HR10% in all subgroups. Conclusion: Combined indicators had greater predictive ability than indicators taken individually. BAI+ WHR and BMI + WHR were the best estimators of coronary risk in men and women, respectively, and WHR had the best individual performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Waist-Hip Ratio , Waist Circumference , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Obesity/epidemiology
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(5): 879-886, nov. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248888

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: O índice de massa corporal (IMC) é o índice mais usado para categorizar uma pessoa como obesa ou não-obesa, e está sujeito a limitações importantes. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito direto do IMC nos desfechos cardiovasculares em participantes sem obesidade central. Métodos: Esta análise incluiu 14.983 homens e mulheres com idades entre 45-75 anos do Estudo de Risco de Aterosclerose em Comunidades (ARIC). O IMC foi medido como obesidade geral e a circunferência da cintura (CC), a relação cintura-quadril (RCQ) e circunferência do quadril como obesidade central. A estimativa de máxima verossimilhança direcionada (TMLE, no acrônimo em inglês) foi usada para estimar os efeitos totais (TEs) e os efeitos diretos controlados (CDEs). A proporção de ET que seria eliminada se todos os participantes fossem não obesos em relação à obesidade central foi calculada usando o índice de proporção eliminada (PE). P<0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. As análises foram realizadas no pacote TMLE R. Resultados: O risco de desfechos cardiovasculares atribuídos ao IMC foi significativamente revertido com a eliminação da obesidade na RCQ (p <0,001). A proporção eliminada dos efeitos do IMC foi mais tangível para participantes não obesos em relação à CC (PE = 127%; IC95% (126,128)) e RCQ (PE = 97%; IC95% (96,98)) para doença arterial coronariana (DAC), e RCQ (PE = 92%; IC95% (91,94)) para acidente vascular cerebral, respectivamente. Com relação ao sexo, a proporção eliminada dos efeitos do IMC foi mais tangível para participantes não obesos em relação a RCQ (PE = 428%; IC95% (408.439)) para DAC em homens e CC (PE = 99%; IC95% (89,111)) para acidente vascular cerebral em mulheres, respectivamente. Conclusão: Esses resultados indicam diferentes efeitos potenciais da eliminação da obesidade central na associação entre IMC e desfechos cardiovasculares em homens e mulheres. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(5):879-886)


Background: Body mass index (BMI) is the most commonly used index to categorize a person as obese or non-obese, which is subject to important limitations. Objective: To evaluate the direct effect of BMI on cardiovascular outcomes among participants without central obesity. Methods: This analysis included 14,983 males and females aged 45-75 years from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC). BMI was measured as general obesity, and waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and hip circumference as central obesity. Targeted maximum likelihood estimation (TMLE) was used to estimate the total effects (TEs) and the controlled direct effects (CDEs). The proportion of TE that would be eliminated if all participants were non-obese regarding central obesity was computed using the proportion eliminated (PE) index. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Analyses were performed in the TMLE R package. Results: The risk of cardiovascular outcomes attributed to BMI was significantly reversed by eliminating WHR obesity (p<0.001). The proportion eliminated of BMI effects was more tangible for non-obese participants regarding WC (PE=127%; 95%CI (126,128)) and WHR (PE=97%; 95%CI (96,98)) for coronary heart disease (CHD), and WHR (PE=92%; 95%CI (91,94)) for stroke, respectively. With respect to sex, the proportion eliminated of BMI effects was more tangible for non-obese participants regarding WHR (PE=428%; 95%CI (408,439)) for CHD in males, and WC (PE=99%; 95%CI (89,111)) for stroke in females, respectively. Conclusion: These results indicate different potential effects of eliminating central obesity on the association between BMI and cardiovascular outcomes for males and females. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(5):879-886)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Body Mass Index , Likelihood Functions , Risk Factors , Waist-Hip Ratio , Waist Circumference , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications
9.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 264-269, sept.-oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348067

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La mucina salival (Ms) modula otras proteínas salivales que participan en múltiples funciones fisiológicas de la cavidad oral. Los niveles de Ms pueden proporcionar información sobre el estado de inflamación de los tejidos periodontales. Por tanto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar los niveles Ms en pacientes obesos y no obesos, antes y después del tratamiento periodontal. Material y métodos: Un total de 60 pacientes fueron distribuidos en seis grupos, de acuerdo al índice de masa corporal (IMC) y la gravedad de la enfermedad periodontal (EP). Valores del IMC superiores a 27 correspondían a obesidad. La EP en el momento del diagnóstico se designó como leve, moderada o severa. Se recolectaron muestras de saliva completa, antes (MU-A) y después (MU-D) del tratamiento periodontal. Se evaluaron los niveles de Ms utilizando el método de Azul Alcian. Los resultados se analizaron con el Software InfoStat, mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: Los valores de MU-A fueron superiores a los contenidos de MU-D (p < 0.0001). Las variaciones entre los pacientes no obesos y obesos fueron mínimas. A medida que aumentó el nivel de la EP, las variables MU-A y MU-D mostraron una disminución progresiva (p = 0.0032). Conclusiones: El nivel de Ms fue mayor en la saliva de los pacientes con EP no tratada. Ms se puede utilizar como marcador inflamatorio para la detección de EP (AU)


Introduction: Salivary mucin (sM) modulates other salivary proteins that participate in multiple physiological functions of the oral cavity. sM levels can provide information on the state of inflammation of the periodontium. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to evaluate sM levels in obese and non-obese patients, before and after periodontal treatment. Material and methods: A total of 60 patients were distributed into six groups, according to the body mass index (BMI) and the severity of the periodontal disease (PD). BMI values higher than 27 corresponded to obesity. PD at the time of diagnosis was designated as mild, moderate, or severe. Complete saliva samples were collected before (MU-B) and after (MU-A) the periodontal treatment. sM levels were evaluated using the Alcian Blue method. The results were analyzed with the InfoStat Software, using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: MU-B values were higher than MU-A contents (p < 0.0001). Variations between non-obese and obese patients were minimal. As the level of PD increased, the variables MU-A and MU-D showed a progressive decrease (p = 0.0032). Conclusions: The level of sM was higher in the saliva of patients with untreated PD. sM can be used as an inflammatory marker for the detection of PD (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases , Saliva , Mucins/analysis , Obesity/complications , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Biomarkers , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Statistical Analysis , Alcian Blue , Controlled Before-After Studies
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 316-321, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345286

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Considering the association between colorectal cancer (CRC) and both insulin resistance and obesity, and the prominent role of ghrelin in these metabolic disorders, we explored whether plasma levels of ghrelin were associated with CRC. Moreover, in the patients with CRC the possible correlations between ghrelin and insulin, insulin resistance, and body mass index (BMI) as an indicator of obesity were examined. METHODS: A total of 170 subjects, including 82 cases with CRC and 88 controls were enrolled in this study. Plasma levels of ghrelin, insulin, and glucose were measured in all the subjects using ELISA and glucose oxidase methods. Furthermore, insulin resistance was assessed by calculating HOMA-IR index. RESULTS: The cases with CRC had decreased ghrelin levels (P<0.001) and a higher HOMA-IR index (P<0.001) than controls. Interestingly, when CRC patients were stratified based on tumor site, lower ghrelin levels and a higher HOMA-IR index were observed in the patients with either colon or rectal cancer vs. controls too. Additionally, there were an age and BMI-independent negative correlation between ghrelin levels and HOMA-IR (r=-0.365, P<0.05), and an age-independent negative correlation between ghrelin levels and BMI (r=-0.335, P<0.05) in the rectal subgroup. CONCLUSION: Our findings support a role for ghrelin in connection with insulin resistance and obesity in CRC susceptibility; however, it needs to be corroborated by further studies.


RESUMO CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Considerando a associação entre câncer colorretal (CCR), a resistência à insulina, à obesidade e o papel proeminente da grelina nessas doenças metabólicas, foi explorado se os níveis plasmáticos de grelina estavam associados ao CCR. Além disso, nos pacientes com CCR foram pesquisadas as possíveis correlações entre a grelina, insulina, resistência insulínica e índice de massa corporal (IMC) como indicadores de obesidade. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos neste estudo 170 indivíduos, sendo 82 com CRC e 88 controles. Os níveis plasmáticos de grelina, insulina e glicose foram medidos em todos os sujeitos utilizando métodos ELISA e glicose oxidase. Além disso, a resistência à insulina foi avaliada pelo cálculo do índice HOMA-IR. RESULTADOS: Os pacientes com CRC apresentaram redução dos níveis de grelina (P<0,001) e maior índice HOMA-IR (P<0.001) do que os controles. Curiosamente, quando os pacientes com CRC foram estratificados com base no local do tumor, níveis mais baixos de grelina e maior índice de HOMA-IR foram observados nos indivíduos com câncer de cólon ou retal versus controles também. Além disso, houve uma correlação negativa entre idade e IMC independente entre os níveis de grelina e HOMA-IR (r=-0,365, P<0,05) e uma correlação negativa independente da idade entre os níveis de grelina e IMC (r=-0,335, P<0,05) no subgrupo retal. CONCLUSÃO: Nossos achados apoiam o papel da grelina em relação à resistência à insulina e à obesidade na suscetibilidade do CRC; no entanto, ela precisa ser corroborada por estudos posteriores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Insulin Resistance , Colorectal Neoplasms , Body Mass Index , Ghrelin , Obesity/complications
11.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e3598, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289618

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Desde hace algunos años, se reporta en la literatura médica una posible asociación entre la periodontitis con otras enfermedades y condiciones sistémicas. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la periodontitis con las dislipidemia, obesidad o ambas. Material y Método: Estudio analítico transversal. Del universo de 9 350 individuos residentes en el municipio Plaza de la Revolución en edades entre 35 y 70 años, ambos sexos; se seleccionó una muestra probabilística utilizando el esquema muestreo aleatorio simple de 1 200 individuos que otorgaron su consentimiento para participar. Debían presentar, en su historia clínica médica, resultados de análisis complementarios para detectar dislipidemia en los últimos seis meses y como mínimo seis dientes en boca. Las variables estudiadas fueron: periodontitis, dislipidemia, obesidad y presencia de dislipidemia y obesidad en el mismo individuo. Los sujetos se clasificaron en tres grupos: con presencia de dislipidemia, obesos y ambas entidades (dislipidemia+obesidad). Resultados: La variable más encontrada fue dislipidemia (73,0 por ciento), seguida de periodontitis (62,2 por ciento). La periodontitis se encontró con mayor frecuencia en individuos que presentaban dislipidemia (48,1 por ciento), los obesos presentaron en su mayoría periodontitis, en los sujetos que presentaron dislipidemia + obesidad, la periodontitis fue más frecuente que en los que no presentaban ambas entidades unidas. Conclusiones: La periodontitis se relacionó con la dislipidemia, obesidad y ambas unidas, no así con la obesidad, aunque fue más frecuente en estos últimos que en los no obesos(AU)


Introduction: A possible association between periodontitis and other diseases and systemic conditions has been reported by the medical literature for many years. Objective: To determine the relationship between periodontitis and dyslipidemia and obesity or both of them. Material and Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted. The universe consisted of 9 350 individuals between the ages of 35 and 70 years, of both sexes who live in Plaza de la Revolución Municipality. From this universe, a sample composed of 1 200 individuals who gave their consent to participate in the study was selected by simple random sampling method. Their clinical records should include the results of complementary tests to determine dyslipidemia in the last six months; also, they should have at least six teeth in the mouth. The variables studies included: periodontitis, dyslipidemia, obesity and the presence of dyslipidemia and obesity in the same individual. The subjects were divided into three groups: with dyslipidemia, obese and with both entities (dyslipidemia+obesity). Results: The most common variable found was dyslipidemia (73,0 percent), followed by periodontitis (62,2 percent). Periodontitis was more frequently found in individuals with dyslipidemia (48,1 percent), and the majority of obese subjects had periodontitis. Periodontitis was more frequent in individuals with dyslipidemia + obesity than in the ones that did not present both entities at the same time. Conclusions: Periodontitis was associated with dyslipidemia, obesity and with both entities at the same time, but it was not associated with obesity only. However, it was more frequent in obese subjects than in non-obese ones(AU)


Subject(s)
Simple Random Sampling , Dyslipidemias/complications , Obesity/complications , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chronic Periodontitis/complications
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 27-36, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339329

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this 9-month clinical study is to assess the impact of one-stage full-mouth disinfection (FMD) on salivary nitrite levels and systemic biomarkers and its correlation with total subgingival bacterial load in obese and non-obese patients with periodontitis. In total, 94 patients (55 obese and 39 non-obese) were initially evaluated, seven were lost during follow-up, resulting in 87 individuals at the end of the study. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, 3, 6, and 9 months post periodontal treatment by FMD. Salivary nitrite levels were determined using Griess reagent. Blood samples were collected to determine C-Reactive Protein (CRP), alkaline phosphatase and fasting blood glucose. Real-time PCR was used to determine the total subgingival bacterial load. FMD protocol resulted in increased salivary nitrite levels at 6- and 9-months post-treatment in the non-obese group (p<0.05). In obese individuals, FMD treatment led to an increase in salivary nitrite levels at 6 months (p<0.05); however, at 9 months, the nitrite levels returned to baseline levels. For both groups, the highest nitrite values were observed at 6 months. In addition, in both groups, FMD was associated with a decrease in biomarkers related to systemic inflammation and cardiovascular diseases, such as CRP (p<0.05) and alkaline phosphatase (p<0.05), and had no impact on the fasting blood glucose. This study demonstrates that obese patients with periodontitis present similar salivary nitrite levels when compared with non-obese individuals. FMD protocol resulted in increases in salivary nitrite levels and was associated with a positive impact on systemic biomarkers, regardless of obesity status.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo clínico, é avaliar o impacto da desinfecção bucal completa (DBC) nos níveis de nitrito salivar e biomarcadores sistêmicos e sua correlação com a carga bacteriana subgengival total em pacientes obesos e não obesos com periodontite. No total, 94 pacientes (55 obesos e 39 não obesos) foram avaliados inicialmente, sete foram perdidos durante o estudo, resultando em 87 indivíduos ao final. Os resultados foram avaliados no início do estudo, 3, 6 e 9 meses após o tratamento periodontal por DBC. Os níveis de nitrito salivar foram determinados usando o reagente de Griess. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas para determinação da Proteína C Reativa (PCR), fosfatase alcalina e glicemia de jejum. A PCR em tempo real foi usada para determinar a carga bacteriana subgengival total. O protocolo de DBC resultou em níveis aumentados de nitrito salivar em 6 e 9 meses após o tratamento no grupo de não obesos (p <0,05). Em indivíduos obesos, o tratamento da DBC levou a um aumento nos níveis de nitrito salivar em 6 meses (p <0,05); no entanto, aos 9 meses, os níveis de nitrito voltaram aos níveis basais. Para ambos os grupos, os maiores valores de nitrito foram observados aos 6 meses. Além disso, em ambos os grupos, a DBC foi associada à diminuição dos biomarcadores relacionados à inflamação sistêmica e doenças cardiovasculares, como PCR (p <0,05) e fosfatase alcalina (p <0,05), e não teve impacto na glicemia de jejum. Este estudo demonstra que pacientes obesos com periodontite apresentam níveis de nitrito salivar semelhantes quando comparados a indivíduos não obesos. O protocolo de DBC resultou em aumentos nos níveis de nitrito salivar e foi associado a um impacto positivo nos biomarcadores sistêmicos, independentemente do status de obesidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Nitrites , Biomarkers , Disinfection , Obesity/complications
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 795-803, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285216

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A obesidade afeta a adolescência, podendo levar à síndrome metabólica (SM) e disfunção endotelial, um marcador precoce de risco cardiovascular. Apesar de a obesidade ser fortemente associada à síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono (SAOS), ainda não está claro o papel da SAOS na função endotelial em adolescentes obesos. Objetivo: Investigar se a obesidade durante a adolescência leva à SM e/ou SAOS e causa disfunção endotelial nesses indivíduos. Além disso, estudamos a possível associação dos fatores de risco para SM e do índice de apneia e hipopneia (IAH) com disfunção endotelial. Métodos: Estudamos 20 adolescentes obesos sedentários (AO; 14,2±1,6 anos, 100,9±20,3kg), e 10 adolescentes eutróficos (AE, 15,2±1,2 anos, 54,4±5,3kg) pareados por sexo. Avaliamos os fatores de risco para SM (critérios da Federação Internacional de Diabetes), função vascular (dilatação mediada pelo fluxo, DMF), capacidade funcional (VO2pico) e presença de SAOS (IAH > 1 evento/hora, pela polissonografia). Consideramos um p<0,05 como estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: AO apresentaram maior circunferência da cintura (CC), gordura corporal, triglicerídeos, pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD), maiores níveis de LDL e menores HDL e VO2pico em comparação a AE. Não houve diferença no IAH entre os grupos. AO apresentaram menor DMF que AE (6,17±2,72 vs. 9,37±2,20%, p=0,005). Observou-se uma associação entre DMF e CC (R=-0,506, p=0,008) e entre DMF e PAS (R=-0,493, p=0,006). Conclusão: Em adolescentes, a obesidade associou-se à SM e causou disfunção endotelial. CC e PAS aumentadas poderiam estar envolvidas nessa alteração. SAOS foi detectada na maioria dos adolescentes independentemente de obesidade. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(4):795-803)


Abstract Background: Obesity affects adolescence and may lead to metabolic syndrome (MetS) and endothelial dysfunction, an early marker of cardiovascular risk. Albeit obesity is strongly associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), it is not clear the role of OSA in endothelial function in adolescents with obesity. Objective: To investigate whether obesity during adolescence leads to MetS and/or OSA; and causes endothelial dysfunction. In addition, we studied the possible association of MetS risk factors and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) with endothelial dysfunction. Methods: We studied 20 sedentary obese adolescents (OA; 14.2±1.6 years, 100.9±20.3kg), and 10 normal-weight adolescents (NWA, 15.2±1.2 years, 54.4±5.3kg) paired for sex. We assessed MetS risk factors (International Diabetes Federation criteria), vascular function (Flow-Mediated Dilation, FMD), functional capacity (VO2peak) and the presence of OSA (AHI>1event/h, by polysomnography). We considered statistically significant a P<0.05. Results: OA presented higher waist (WC), body fat, triglycerides, systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), LDL-c and lower HDL-c and VO2peak than NWA. MetS was presented in the 35% of OA, whereas OSA was present in 86.6% of OA and 50% of EA. There was no difference between groups in the AHI. The OA had lower FMD than NWA (6.17±2.72 vs. 9.37±2.20%, p=0.005). There was an association between FMD and WC (R=-0.506, p=0.008) and FMD and SBP (R=-0.493, p=0.006). Conclusion: In adolescents, obesity was associates with MetS and caused endothelial dysfunction. Increased WC and SBP could be involved in this alteration. OSA was observed in most adolescents, regardless of obesity. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(4):795-803)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Polysomnography , Obesity/complications
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 8-19, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134333

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Recently, several studies have found that obesity had a protective effect against varicocele, but no meta-analysis has confirmed this finding. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and varicocele. Material and Methods: We searched for studies in PubMed, Science Direct and the Cochrane Library from inception until February 2018. The association between BMI and varicocele was assessed by pooling the odds ratios (ORs). Results: Eleven eligible studies with a total study population of 1.376.658 participants were included in our analysis. According to BMI, the subjects were defined as belonging to the obese, overweight and underweight groups. Our results showed that the obese group had a lower risk of varicocele when compared with the normal weight group (odds ratio [OR] 0.46, 95% confidence intervals [CIs] 0.37-0.58). Additionally, an overweight BMI had a protective effect against varicocele (OR 0.70, 95% CIs, 0.56-0.86). However, underweight patients had a more than 30% higher risk of varicocele (OR 1.31, 95% CI, 1.04-1.64). Furthermore, there was no publication bias in any of the analyses. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that BMI is negatively associated with the presence of varicocele.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Varicocele/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Odds Ratio , Overweight/complications , Overweight/epidemiology , Obesity/complications
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878336

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Evidence is lacking regarding the combined effects of smoking and obesity on mortality from coronary heart disease in male veterans. This study aimed to explore the combined effect of smoking and obesity on coronary heart disease mortality in male veterans in China.@*Methods@#A cohort of 1,268 male veterans from 22 veteran centers in Xi'an (Shaanxi Province, China) were followed up once every 2 years from February 1, 1987 to October 30, 2016. The endpoint was death from any cause. The hazard ratio ( @*Results@#The total follow-up was 24394.21 person-years; each subject was followed up for a mean duration of 19.24 years. By the end of the study, of the 1,268 veterans, 889 had died, 363 were alive, and 16 were lost to follow-up. Cox regression analysis results revealed that current smoking ( @*Conclusion@#Our results suggest that obese veterans who smoke might be an important target population for coronary heart disease mortality control.


Subject(s)
Aged , China/epidemiology , Coronary Disease/mortality , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Smoking , Veterans/statistics & numerical data
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(4): e10022, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153544

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the main chronic diseases affecting the world population due to its high prevalence and increasing morbidity. Similarly, obesity gained the interest of the scientific community as it directly or indirectly increases mortality from cardiovascular causes, and its prevalence characterizes a pandemic. The objective of this study was to investigate obesity measured by body mass index as a predictor for end-stage renal disease in the general adult population. A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out by searching 10 databases for prospective or retrospective cohort studies, with no restrictions on the language of publication, including adults with obesity without previous renal disease and who evolved to CKD (diagnosed by estimated glomerular filtration rate below 60 mL&mac_middot;min-1&mac_middot;(1.73 m2)-1 over the follow-up period. The R software and Meta package were used for data analysis. After removing duplicates, 5431 studies were submitted to the steps of the systematic review, and 21 articles were included in the data analysis. In total, 3,504,303 patients, 521,216 with obesity, and an average follow-up time of 9.86 years were included. The relative risk of obese people for developing CKD in the random effects model was 1.81 (95%CI: 1.52-2.16). The evidence found in this meta-analysis confirmed that obese people are at higher risk of developing CKD that the non-obese population (1.81 times higher), with obesity being a priority risk factor in preventive actions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Obesity/complications , Obesity/epidemiology
19.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(3): 127-132, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293388

ABSTRACT

La obesidad es una enfermedad que se ha visto relacionada con la pandemia del nuevo coronavirus, sugiriendo que los obesos tienen mayor riesgo a padecer COVID-19 grave y sus complicaciones, cobrando mayor relevancia en Chile, país con tasas elevadas de obesidad. Se revisan mecanismos fisiopatológicos involucrados, efecto de las comorbilidades, posibilidad de atención médica y resultados de una eventual vacunación, corroborando un peor pronóstico para este grupo de pacientes. Se destaca la necesidad de datos antropométricos específicos, además del índice de masa corporal (IMC) para establecer una relación más relevante. La paradoja de la obesidad, de igual manera, carece de evidencias para asociarse al COVID-19.


Obesity is a disease that has been related to the new coronavirus pandemic, suggesting that obese people have a greater risk of suffering from severe COVID-19 and its complications, becoming more relevant in Chile, a country with high rates of obesity. The pathophysiological mechanisms involved, effect of comorbidities, medical care atention and potential vaccination, outcomes are reviewed, showing a worse prognosis for this group of patients. The need for specific anthropometric data is highlighted, in addition to the body mass index (BMI) to establish a more relevant relationship. Likewise, the obesity paradox, lacks of evidence to be associated with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Risk Factors , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/physiopathology , Hospitalization , Obesity/complications , Obesity/physiopathology
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e11409, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285656

ABSTRACT

Obesity has been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer recurrence and death. Some readily available biomarkers associated with systemic inflammation have been receiving attention as potential prognostic indicators in cancer, including neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). This study aimed to explore the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and invasive breast cancer and the association of NLR, PLR, and BMI with breast cancer outcomes. We undertook a retrospective study to evaluate patients treated for breast cancer over 14 years. Clinicopathological data was obtained before receiving any treatment. Of the 1664 patients included with stage I-III, 567 (34%) were obese (BMI≥30 kg/m2). Obese patients had larger tumors compared to non-obese patients. Higher BMI was associated with recurrence and worse survival only in patients with stage I disease. NLR and PLR were classified into high and low level groups. The NLRhigh (NLR>4) was found to be an independent prognostic factor for recurrence and mortality, while the PLRhigh (PLR>150) group had no impact on survival. A subgroup of patients with NLRhigh and BMIhigh had the worst disease-free survival (P=0.046), breast cancer-specific survival (P<0.001), and overall survival (P=0.006), compared to the other groups. Patients with early-stage breast cancer bearing NLRhigh and BMIhigh had worse outcomes, and this might be explained by the dysfunctional milieu of obesity in adipose tissue and its effects on the immune system. This study highlights the importance of lifestyle measures and the immune system interference with clinical outcomes in the early breast cancer setting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Lymphocytes , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Obesity/complications
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