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9.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 19(1)abr. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1337716

ABSTRACT

Desde el ingreso a la universidad cada estudiante tiene ideas y creencias en cuanto a su formación académica, con respecto a la elección de la carrera, a la institución y especialmente sobre las expectativas en cuanto a su futuro profesional, donde la calidad de su formación prevalecerá para la inserción laboral. El objetivo general fue determinar expectativas del estudiante sobre su formación universitaria en la carrera de Obstetricia del Instituto Dr. Andrés Barbero en San Lorenzo-Paraguay en 2018. El estudio tuvo un diseño observacional, descriptivo, corte transversal enfoque cuantitativo. La población original era de 253 estudiantes, pero la muestra fueron todos los estudiantes matriculados (25) del primer curso. El método usado fue la entrevista, la técnica una encuesta, y el instrumento un cuestionario impreso. Con el visto bueno de la máxima autoridad, se contactó con los sujetos de estudio, a fin de realizar la recolección de la información. Los datos fueron cargados en Excel, y analizados con EPIINFO 7.2 usando estadística descriptica. Casi la totalidad correspondió a mujeres del 17 a 19 años, poco más de la mitad era de procedencia urbana, y menos de la mitad tenía una familia nuclear. En cuanto a la motivación poco menos de la mitad ingresó al Instituto Dr. Andrés Barbero por razones personales, optó por la carrera de Obstetricia por motivos profesionales y en cuanto a las expectativas de los estudiantes sobre su formación universitaria predominaron las razones personales


Since entering the university, each student has ideas and beliefs regarding their academic training, regarding the choice of career, the institution and especially about the expectations regarding their professional future, where the quality of their training will prevail. for job placement. The general objective was to determine the student's expectations about their university training in the Obstetrics career of the Instituto "Dr. Andrés Barbero" in San Lorenzo-Paraguay in 2018. The study had an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and quantitative approach design. The original population was 253 students, but the sample was all students enrolled (25) in the first year. The method used was the interview, the technique a survey, and the instrument a printed questionnaire. With the approval of the highest authority, the study subjects were contacted in order to collect the information. The data were loaded into Excel, and analyzed with EPIINFO 7.2 using descriptive statistics. Almost all of them corresponded to women between the ages of 17 and 19, just over half were of urban origin, and less than half had a nuclear family. Regarding motivation, just under half entered the Instituto "Dr. Andrés Barbero" for personal reasons, opted for a career in Obstetrics for professional reasons and regarding the expectations of the students about their university training, personal reasons predominated


Subject(s)
Motivation , Obstetrics/education , Students
11.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(4): e190, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341008

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: This article features "Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs)" in the Obstetrics and Gynecology field designed for medical undergraduates, aiming to support the teaching/learning process. Objective: The aim is for the graduate to be competent to meet the minimum requirements necessary for the student in this field. Method: In this study, EPAs were created based on an international template already in use and validated using the Delphi technique. The structuring of the EPAs was based on the international literature: "Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency: Curriculum Developer's Guide" from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). The content for the topics of each EPA was based on the publication "The Obstetrics and Gynecology Milestone Project" from the joint action of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) and the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG). Results: Thirteen EPAs were created with topics for teaching in that field during undergraduate school. A checklist was created for each EPA, aiming to guide the evaluator and the student regarding the performance of the tasks defined in the EPAs. Conclusion: The EPAs with checklists bring an innovative proposal for Obstetrics and Gynecology teaching in medical graduation since they facilitate and operationalize the learning, the development, and the observation of the acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes required for the performance of each topic in the area, thus helping the training of a competent professional. At the end of the medical course, the ability to perform all EPAs identifies a competent graduate in Gynecology and Obstetrics regarding the general practitioner.


Resumo: Introdução: Este artigo traz "Atividades Profissionais Confiáveis" (APCs) na área de ginecologia e obstetrícia elaboradas para a graduação médica a fim de sustentar o processo de ensino-aprendizagem. Objetivo: O objetivo é que o egresso seja competente para atender aos requisitos mínimos necessários ao estudante nesta área. Método: Neste estudo, as APCs foram criadas com base num molde internacional já utilizado e validadas pela técnica Delphi. A estruturação das APCs foi baseada na literatura internacional: "Principais atividades profissionais confiáveis (APCs) para acesso à Residência Médica: Guia para Elaboradores de Currículos" da Associação Americana de Faculdades Médicas (AAMC). O conteúdo dos temas para elaboração de cada APC foi baseado na publicação "Pilares da Obstetrícia e Ginecologia" oriundo da ação conjunta do Conselho de Acreditação de Educação Médica na Graduação (ACGME), Colégio Americano de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia (ACOG) e pelo Conselho Americano de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia (ABOG). Resultados: Foram elaboradas treze APCs com temas para o ensino da referida área durante a graduação. Para cada APC, uma lista de verificação foi elaborada de forma a orientar o avaliador e o estudante quanto à execução das tarefas definidas nas APCs. Conclusão: As APCs com as listas de verificação trazem uma proposta inovadora no ensino da ginecologia e obstetrícia na graduação médica, uma vez que facilitam e operacionalizam o aprendizado, o desenvolvimento e a observação da aquisição dos conhecimentos, habilidades e atitudes exigidos na execução de cada tema na área, auxiliando, assim, a formação de um profissional competente. Ao final do curso de medicina, a capacidade de realização de todas as APCs identifica um egresso competente em ginecologia e obstetrícia naquilo que concerne ao médico generalista.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , Education, Medical/methods , Gynecology/education , Obstetrics/education , Competency-Based Education , Educational Measurement
16.
Femina ; 48(10): 604-608, 20201031. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127708

ABSTRACT

A avaliação dos residentes é um grande desafio nos programas de residência médica em ginecologia e obstetrícia. Neste artigo descrevemos a experiência com a aplicação do exame clínico objetivo estruturado (objective structured clinical examination ­ OSCE) em residentes do terceiro ano nos programas de residência médica em ginecologia e obstetrícia de Porto Alegre no Rio Grande do Sul. O OSCE tem se mostrando uma ferramenta promissora na avaliação das competências clínicas dos residentes, como demonstra o nosso estudo.(AU)


Residents' assessment is a major challenge within medical residency programs in gynecology and obstetrics. In this article we will describe the experience with the application of the structured objective clinical examination (OSCE) in third year residents in the medical residency programs in gynecology and obstetrics in Porto Alegre in Rio Grande do Sul. OSCE has shown to be a promising tool in assessing the clinical competencies of residents, as shown in our study.(AU)


Subject(s)
Employee Performance Appraisal , Gynecology/education , Internship and Residency/methods , Obstetrics/education , Brazil , Educational Measurement/methods
17.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2435-2440, sept.-oct. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150027

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Patriota, médico y científico cubano, especialista en Obstetricia y Ginecología, Eusebio Hernández Pérez fue combatiente de las tres guerras del siglo xix por la independencia de Cuba. Como hombre de ciencias obtuvo notables reconocimientos y dejó una apreciable obra escrita en el terreno de la Obstetricia y la Ginecología. Fue un destacado revolucionario cubano, historiador y partícipe de los hechos narrados, y un excepcional profesor de Obstetricia y Ginecología de la Universidad de la Habana durante 30 años (AU).


SUMMARY Cuban patriot, physician and scientist, specialist in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eusebio Hernandez Perez was fighter of the three wars for Cuban independence in the XIX century. As a man of sciences he got remarkable recognitions and led a substantial written work in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology. He was an outstanding Cuban revolutionary, historian and participant of the events recounted and an exceptional professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Havana for thirty years (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Physicians/history , Gynecology/education , Obstetrics/education , Physicians/ethics , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital , Emotions/ethics , Scientific Domains , Faculty
19.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(7): 404-410, July 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137857

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the applicability and efficiency of amulti-approach laparoscopic training in improving basic laparoscopic skills of obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) residents. Methods Cross-sectional, observational and descriptive study, developed at the Experimentation and Surgery Training Center (CETEC, in the Portuguese acronym) of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein with OBGYN residents. Theoretical and practical tests were applied to 24 OBGYN residents to assess their laparoscopic skills before and after their participation in an 8-week course. The course involved theoretical lectures and practical laparoscopic surgery exercises developed using rubber models, black boxes, virtual simulators and animal models (pigs). Results There was an overall improvement in the ability of the residents, with an increase in the number of correct answers in the theoretical evaluation and decrease in the time needed to perform practical tests (needle holder assembly and laparoscopic node). The course was evaluated by the students as highly relevant for both improving their surgical skills and motivating them to continue practicing. Conclusion Laparoscopic training using multiple approaches resulted in significant improvement of surgical skills with a high satisfaction level of the participants. Further studies are still needed to measure the long-term retention of these acquired skills.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar a aplicabilidade e eficiência de um treinamento em laparoscopia com múltiplas abordagens, em melhorar as habilidades laparoscópicas básicas de residentes de ginecologia e obstetrícia (GO). Métodos Estudo transversal, observacional e descritivo, desenvolvido no Centro de Treinamento em Experimentação e Cirurgia (CETEC) do Instituto de Pesquisa do Hospital Albert Einstein com residentes de GO. Foram aplicadas avaliações teóricas e práticas a 24 residentes de GO com o objetivo de avaliar suas habilidades laparoscópicas antes e após sua participação em um curso de 8 semanas. O curso envolveu palestras teóricas e exercícios práticos de cirurgia laparoscópica através de modelos de borracha, caixas pretas, simuladores virtuais e modelos animais (porcos). Resultados Houve uma melhora geral na habilidade dos residentes, comaumento do número de respostas corretas na avaliação teórica e diminuição do tempo na execução dos testes práticos (montagem do porta-agulha e realização de nó laparoscópico). O curso foi avaliado pelos alunos como altamente relevante por melhorar suas habilidades cirúrgicas e motivá-los a continuar praticando. Conclusão O treinamento laparoscópico utilizando múltiplas abordagens resultou em melhora significativa das habilidades cirúrgicas atrelado a alto nível de satisfação dos participantes. Novos estudos ainda são necessários para mensurar a retenção destas habilidades adquiridas a longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy/education , Gynecology/education , Internship and Residency/methods , Obstetrics/education , Teaching , Cross-Sectional Studies , Clinical Competence , Models, Animal , Virtual Reality , Models, Anatomic
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