Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 3.292
Filter
1.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(4): 837-858, out.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411131

ABSTRACT

Este artigo tem como objetivo contextualizar e discutir aspectos característicos do trabalho intermediado por plataformas digitais no Brasil com foco nos desafios e nas alternativas às formas de resistência e organização coletiva da classe trabalhadora. Em paralelo, pretende-se apresentar um breve levantamento de importantes formas de enfrentamento e de organização política mobilizadas nos últimos anos, diante do recrudescimento da precarização trabalhista no país, particularmente no cenário pandêmico. Para tal, foi realizada revisão narrativa de literatura, a partir de levantamento bibliográfico qualitativo contendo artigos científicos, materiais jornalísticos e dados de institutos nacionais e internacionais de pesquisa. As análises apontam aspectos característicos do trabalho neoliberal que dificultam a formação de resistências organizadas e revelam como as tecnologias representam, ao mesmo tempo, um dispositivo de controle intenso e um mecanismo mobilizado para subvertê-lo. Diante desse panorama, trazer visibilidade para essas resistências e reafirmar sua potência transgressora revelam-se, portanto, verdadeiras necessidades ético-políticas.


This article aims to contextualize and discuss characteristic aspects of work mediated by digital platforms in Brazil, focusing on the challenges and alternatives to the forms of resistance and collective organization of the working class. In parallel, it intends to present a brief survey of important forms of confrontation and political organization mobilized in recent years in the face of the resurgence of labor precariousness in the country, particularly in the pandemic. To this end, a narrative literature review was carried out based on a qualitative bibliographic survey containing scientific articles, journalistic materials and data from national and international research institutes. The article points out characteristic aspects of neoliberal work that hinder the formation of organized resistance and reveals how technologies represent, at the same time, a device of intense control and a mechanism mobilized to subvert it. In this panorama, bringing visibility to these resistances and reaffirming their transgressive power are, therefore, true ethical-political needs.


Este artículo tiene como objetivo contextualizar y discutir aspectos característicos del trabajo mediado por plataformas digitales en Brasil, centrándose en los desafíos y alternativas a las formas de resistencia y organización colectiva de la clase trabajadora. Paralelamente, se pretende presentar un breve recorrido por importantes formas de confrontación y organización política movilizadas en los últimos años ante el recrudecimiento de la precariedad laboral en el país, particularmente en la pandemia. Para ello, se realizó una revisión narrativa de la literatura a partir de un levantamiento bibliográfico cualitativo que contiene artículos científicos, materiales periodísticos y datos de institutos de investigación nacionales e internacionales. El artículo señala aspectos característicos del trabajo neoliberal que dificultan la formación de resistencia organizada y revelan cómo las tecnologías representan, al mismo tiempo, un dispositivo de intenso control y un mecanismo movilizado para subvertirlo. Ante este panorama, visibilizar estas resistencias y reafirmar seu poder transgressor son, por tanto, verdaderas necesidades ético-políticas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Internet , Employment , Occupational Groups , Work , Communication , Sexual Vulnerability , Social Vulnerability , Occupational Diseases
2.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 75-84, set.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380721

ABSTRACT

As doenças periodontais provém de processo inflamatório instalado com concomitante destruição dos tecidos de proteção e de sustentação dos dentes. Comumente evidencia-se o acometimento em caráter reversível pela gengivite e em caráter irreversível pela periodontite. Algumas ocorrências relacionadas a doenças bucais provenientes das atividades laborais desempenhadas podem ocasionar manifestações bucais com o acometimento pelas doenças periodontais. O objetivo deste artigo foi evidenciar como as atividades desempenhadas no ato da execução do trabalho podem manifestar-se em âmbito odontológico, promovendo o acometimento pelas doenças periodontais. Realizou-se estudo de revisão narrativa de literatura com busca nas bases de dados: PubMED, LILACS, Google Acadêmico e levantamento de estudos e artigos que tratavam do aparecimento de doenças periodontais em trabalhadores advindas do seu ambiente laboral. No geral, muitos problemas bucais podem advir de atividades insalubres desempenhadas no ambiente de trabalho, estas que podem afligir tanto os tecidos duros como os tecidos moles dos elementos dentais, dentre os quais pode-se constatar a instalação de cárie dentária, neoplasias orais e pigmentação do tecido gengival, entre outras intercorrências. Na hipótese de ocorrer acometimento dos tecidos moles, uma das manifestações possíveis engloba a instalação e a progressão das doenças periodontais. Concluiu-se que uma abordagem odontológica precoce e preventiva atuante no ambiente laboral é imprescindível para que seja possível evitar-se agravantes que possam causar prejuízo ao estado de saúde bucal dos trabalhadores, incluindo o estado de saúde periodontal.


Periodontal diseases come from an inflammatory process installed with concomitant destruction of the protective and supporting tissues of the teeth. Commonly, reversible involvement by gingivitis and irreversible character by periodontitis is evident. Some occurrences related to oral diseases from work activities performed can cause oral manifestations with the involvement of periodontal diseases. The objective of this article was to show how the activities performed in the execution of the work can be manifested in the dental field, promoting the involvement of periodontal diseases. A narrative review of the literature was carried out with a search in the following databases: PubMED, LILACS, Google Scholar and a survey of studies and articles dealing with the appearance of periodontal diseases in workers arising from their work environment. In general, many oral problems can result from unhealthy activities performed in the work environment, which can affect both hard and soft tissues of the dental elements, among which dental caries, oral neoplasms and pigmentation can be seen. gingival tissue, among other complications. In the event of soft tissue involvement, one of the possible manifestations includes the onset and progression of periodontal diseases. It was concluded that an early and preventive dental approach active in the work environment is essential so that it is possible to avoid aggravating factors that may harm the oral health status of workers, including the periodontal health status.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases , Workplace , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Dentistry
3.
Distúrb. comun ; 34(2): e54909, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396779

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar a atuação de profissionais fonoaudiólogos na saúde vocal de professores, no âmbito da Atenção Primária à Saúde, em um município do Nordeste do Brasil. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo de caso, com abordagem qualitativa. Participaram da pesquisa cinco profissionais fonoaudiólogas inseridas no Núcleo Ampliado de Saúde da Família e Atenção Básica. A coleta de dados foi realizada a partir de entrevistas semiestruturadas. Os dados foram interpretados por meio da técnica de análise de conteúdo. Resultados: caracteriza-se a atuação fonoaudiológica na Atenção Primária em Saúde e saúde vocal de professores. São identificadas atividades realizadas pelos Núcleos de Apoio à Saúde da Família que favorecem o reconhecimento da Atenção Primário em Saúde como local virtuoso para ações de promoção da saúde e prevenção de agravos por meio de ações de Vigilância em Saúde do Trabalhador (a). O Programa Saúde na Escola é reconhecido como potente dispositivo para a realização de ações intersetoriais para a implementação do Protocolo de Distúrbios da Voz Relacionado ao Trabalho. Conclusão: as atividades realizadas pela fonoaudiologia se caracterizam por ações de promoção da saúde, realizado em equipe multiprofissional que assume o cuidado sobre um território. Existem limitações e desafios para o melhor desenvolvimento das ações que foram intensificadas pela pandemia de COVID-19. Importa que sejam realizados outros estudos que aprofundem a problemática. A fonoaudiologia é uma categoria profissional que contribui para a saúde das pessoas nos seus locais de vida e trabalho, tornando-se fundamental sua inserção na Atenção Básica do Sistema Único de Saúde.


Purpose: characterize the performance of speech therapists in the vocal health of teachers, in the context of Primary Health Care, in a city in the Northeast of Brazil. Methods: This is a case study with a qualitative approach. Five professional speech therapists, inserted in the Extended Center of Family Health and Primary Health Care, participated in the research. Data collection was carried out through semi-structured interviews. The data were interpreted by means of the content analysis technique. Results: Speech therapy performance in Primary Health Care and teachers' vocal health is characterized. Activities carried out by the Centers for Support to Family Health are identified, which favor the recognition of Primary Health Care as a virtuous place for actions to promote health and prevent diseases through actions of surveillance in Worker's Health. The School Health Program is recognized as a potent device for the realization of intersectorial actions for the implementation of the Work-Related Voice Disorders Protocol. Conclusion: the activities carried out by speech therapy are characterized by health promotion actions, carried out in a team of different health professions that assume the care over a territory. There are limitations and challenges for the best development of the actions that were intensified by the pandemic of COVID-19. It is important that further studies be carried out to deepen the problematic. Speech therapy is a professional category that contributes to people's health in their places of life and work, making its insertion in the Primary Care of the Unified Health System fundamental.


Objetivo: caracterizar la actuación de los profesionales fonoaudiólogos en la salud vocal de los profesores, en el ámbito de la Atención Primaria a la Salud, en un municipio del Nordeste de Brasil. Métodos: se trata de un estudio de caso, con abordaje cualitativo. Participaron en la investigación cinco profesionales fonoaudiólogos inscritos en el Núcleo Ampliado de Salud de la Familia y Atención Básica. Los datos se recogieron mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas. Los datos se interpretaron mediante la técnica de análisis de contenido. Resultados: se caracteriza la actuación fonoaudiológica en la Atención Primaria en Salud y la salud vocal de los profesores. Se han identificado actividades realizadas por los Núcleos de Apoyo a la Salud de la Familia que favorecen el reconocimiento de la Atención Primaria en Salud como un local virtuoso para las acciones de promoción de la salud y la prevención de los daños mediante las acciones de Vigilancia en Salud del Trabajador (a). El Programa de Salud Escolar es reconocido como un poderoso dispositivo para la realización de acciones intersectoriales para la implementación del Protocolo de Trastornos Vocales Relacionados con el Trabajo. Conclusión: las actividades realizadas por la fonoaudiología se caracterizan por ser actividades de promoción de la salud, realizadas en equipos multiprofesionales que asumen el cuidado de un territorio. Existen limitaciones y retos para el mejor desarrollo de las acciones que se intensificaron con la pandemia de COVID-19. Es importante que se realicen más estudios para profundizar en la problemática. La logopedia es una categoría profesional que contribuye a la salud de las personas en sus lugares de vida y trabajo, por lo que su inserción en la Atención Primaria del Sistema Único de Salud es fundamental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care , Health Personnel , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Voice Disorders/prevention & control , Qualitative Research , Surveillance of the Workers Health , School Teachers , Health Promotion , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control
4.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 22(39): 15-22, junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1380254

ABSTRACT

El dolor lumbar es una enfermedad laboral frecuente en enfermería, asociado a exigencias del cargo y múltiples causas. La intensidad varía según postura y actividad física, acompañándose de limitación dolorosa del movimiento, ser localizado, referido o irradiado. Objetivo: Determinar las características demográficas y laborales del personal de enfermería que presenta dolor lumbar de un hospital público de Corrientes, capital en el año 2021. Metodología: Diseño cuantitativo, transversal, observacional. Población 170 trabajadores de enfermería del hospital. Se incluyeron aquellos con dolor lumbar y que no cursaban enfermedades crónicas o invalidantes. Los datos se recogieron mediante cuestionario de elaboración propia, validado mediante prueba piloto. Variables: edad, género, formación en enfermería, frecuencia, intensidad y duración del dolor, principal tipo de dolor, tratamiento farmacológico y no farmacológico, principal situación generadora, tipo de trabajo realizado, turno y antigüedad laboral. Resultados: Se analizaron las respuestas de 115 trabajadores con dolor lumbar; amplitud etaria 22 a 62 años, promedio 36 años; 67% mujeres. El dolor lumbar fue diario en 22%, frecuente en 35%, ocasional en 43%. Según intensidad, 13% manifestó dolor leve, 47% moderado y 40% severo. El dolor era diario en 10% de jóvenes, en 20% de adultos jóvenes, en 45% de adultos intermedios y en 59% de adultos tardíos. En duración, el 73% lo padecía en forma aguda y el 27% crónica. En localización del dolor, el 75% indicó padecer dolor localizado y 25% irradiado. Principales situaciones generadoras de lumbalgia, 51% al movilizar pacientes, 23% al permanecer de pie, 18% al trasladar objetos pesados. En la percepción del personal sobre tipo de trabajo habitual, el 41% indicó pesado y 12% muy pesado. El 86%de los encuestados utilizó AINES. Conclusión: La intensidad del dolor lumbar es menor en el personal más joven respecto a los mayores. Los más jóvenes refieren dolor localizado, los de mayor edad dolor irradiado. El principal desencadenante del dolor lumbar es la movilización de pacientes[AU]


Low back pain is a common occupational disease in nursing, associated with the demands of the position and multiple causes. Te intensity varies according to posture and physical activity, accompanied by painful limitation of movement, being localized, referred or irradiated. Objective: To determine the demographic and labor characteristics of the nursing staff that presents low back pain in a public hospital in Corrientes, capital in the year 2021. Methodology: Quantitative, cross-sectional, observational design. Population 170 hospital nursing workers. Tose with low back pain and who did not have chronic or disabling diseases were included. Te data was collected through a self-prepared questionnaire, validated through a pilot test. Variables: age, gender, nursing training, frequency, intensity and duration of pain, main type of pain, pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment, main generating situation, type of work performed, shif and work seniority. Results: Te responses of 115 workers with low back pain were analyzed; age range 22 to 62 years, average 36 years; 67% women. Low back pain was daily in 22%, frequent in 35%, occasional in 43%. According to intensity, 13% reported mild pain, 47% moderate and 40% severe. Pain was daily in 10% of youth, 20% of young adults, 45% of middle adults, and 59% of late adults. In duration, 73% suffered from it acutely and 27% chronically. In pain location, 75% indicated localized pain and 25% irradiated. Main situations that generate low back pain, 51% when moving patients, 23% when standing, 18% when moving heavy objects. In the perception of the personnel on the type of habitual work, 41% indicated heavy and 12% very heavy. 86% of those surveyed used NSAIDs. Conclusion: Te intensity of low back pain is lower in the younger staff compared to the older ones. Te youngest refer localized pain, the oldest radiated pain. Te main trigger of low back pain is the mobilization of patients[AU]


A lombalgia é uma doença ocupacional comum na enfermagem, associada às demandas do cargo e a múltiplas causas. A intensidade varia de acordo com a postura e atividade física, acompanhada de limitação dolorosa do movimento, sendo localizada, referida ou irradiada. Objetivo: Determinar as características demográfcas e laborais da equipe de enfermagem que apresenta lombalgia em um hospital público de Corrientes, capital no ano de 2021. Metodologia: Desenho quantitativo, transversal, observacional. População 170 trabalhadores de enfermagem hospitalar. Foram incluídos aqueles com lombalgia e que não possuíam doenças crônicas ou incapacitantes. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um questionário autoelaborado, validado por meio de um teste piloto. Variáveis: idade, sexo, formação do enfermeiro, frequência, intensidade e duração da dor, principal tipo de dor, tratamento farmacológico e não farmacológico, principal situação geradora, tipo de trabalho realizado, turno e antiguidade no trabalho. Resultados: Foram analisadas as respostas de 115 trabalhadores com lombalgia; faixa etária de 22 a 62 anos, média de 36 anos; 67% mulheres. A dor lombar foi diária em 22%, frequente em 35%, ocasional em 43%. De acordo com a intensidade, 13% relataram dor leve, 47% moderada e 40% intensa. A dor foi diária em 10% dos jovens, 20% dos adultos jovens, 45% dos adultos intermediários e 59% dos adultos tardios. Em duração, 73% sofriam agudamente e 27% cronicamente. Na localização da dor, 75% indicaram dor localizada e 25% irradiada. Principais situações que geram lombalgia, 51% ao movimentar pacientes, 23% ao fcar em pé, 18% ao movimentar objetos pesados. Na percepção do pessoal sobre o tipo de trabalho habitual, 41% indicaram pesado e 12% muito pesado. 86% dos entrevistados usaram AINEs. Conclusão: A intensidade da dor lombar é menor na equipe mais jovem em comparação com a mais velha. Os mais jovens referem dor localizada, os mais velhos referem dor irradiada. O principal desencadeador da lombalgia é a mobilização dos pacientes[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Occupational Risks , Demography , Low Back Pain , Hospitals, Public , Nursing Staff , Occupational Diseases , Posture , Pain Measurement
5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 24-32, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357472

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies focusing on multisite musculoskeletal pain have revealed that the prevalence of multisite pain is high in general populations. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain in the last 12 months and in the last seven days, in a population-based sample and investigate its association with demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, reported morbidity and ergonomic variables. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional population-based survey in Bauru, São Paulo (Brazil). METHODS: 600 individuals were interviewed. The following data were collected: participants' characteristics, through a precoded questionnaire; physical activity level, through the International Physical Activity Questionnaire; and musculoskeletal symptoms, through the Nordic questionnaire. Descriptive, bivariate and Poisson regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain was 46.5% (confidence interval, CI 42.5 to 50.5) in the last 12 months and 26.1% (CI 22.8 to 29.8) in the last seven days. The variables associated with multisite pain in the last 12 months were female sex, presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or depression, watching TV more than three times a week and working in a seated position. Formerly smoking was a protection factor. The variables associated with multisite pain in the last seven days were female sex, age group 60 years and over, low income, presence of comorbidities of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or depression and working in a seated position. CONCLUSION: There was high prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain, which was associated with demographic, socioeconomic, work-related, electronic device-related and reported morbidity variables.


Subject(s)
Musculoskeletal Pain/epidemiology , Occupational Diseases/diagnosis , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Middle Aged
6.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE039014234, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374040

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar os danos à saúde relacionados ao trabalho de enfermeiros em um hospital universitário. Métodos Estudo transversal, quantitativo realizado com 135 enfermeiros de um hospital universitário localizado na região Sudeste do Brasil, entre os meses de dezembro de 2018 e fevereiro de 2019, com aplicação de questionários para caracterização pessoal e laboral e a Escala de Avaliação de Danos Relacionados ao Trabalho. Utilizou-se estatística descritiva e inferencial para a análise dos dados. Resultados Prevaleceu entre os enfermeiros o adoecimento físico. A avaliação para os danos psicológicos e sociais foi suportável. Os itens "distúrbios digestivos" (2,35±1,18), "mau-humor" (2,41±1,12), "dor de cabeça" (2,58±1,11), "dores no corpo" (2,81±1,15), "dores nas costas" (2,90±1,29), "alterações no sono" (2,96±1,28) e "dores nas pernas" (3,00±1,25) tiveram avaliação crítica pelos enfermeiros, o que representa risco para adoecimento. Não se identificaram associações significativas entre as variáveis pesquisadas e o adoecimento. Conclusão Os enfermeiros estão sujeitos a riscos de adoecimento relacionado ao trabalho no hospital universitário em estudo que deflagram adoecimento físico; sendo o suporte social uma provável explicação para o não adoecimento psicológico e social.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar los daños a la salud relacionados con el trabajo de enfermeros en un hospital universitario. Métodos Estudio transversal, cuantitativo realizado con 135 enfermeros de un hospital universitario ubicado en la región Sureste de Brasil, entre los meses de diciembre de 2018 y febrero de 2019, con la utilización de cuestionarios para caracterización personal y laboral y la Escala de Evaluación de Daños Relacionados con el Trabajo. Se utilizó una estadística descriptiva e inferencial para el análisis de los datos. Resultados Prevaleció entre los enfermeros la dolencia física. La evaluación para los daños psicológicos y sociales fue soportable. Los ítems "disturbios digestivos" (2,35±1,18), "malhumor" (2,41±1,12), "dolor de cabeza" (2,58±1,11), "dolores por el cuerpo" (2,81±1,15), "dolores en la espalda" (2,90±1,29), "alteraciones del sueño" (2,96±1,28) y "dolores en las piernas" (3,00±1,25) tuvieron una evaluación crítica de los enfermeros, lo que representa riesgo para la dolencia. No se identificaron asociaciones significativas entre las variables investigadas y la dolencia. Conclusión Los enfermeros están sujetos a riesgos de dolencia relacionados con el trabajo en el hospital universitario en un estudio que ocasionan dolencia física; el soporte social es una probable explicación para la no dolencia psicológica y social.


Abstract Objective To analyze the work-related health damage of nurses in a university hospital. Methods Cross-sectional, quantitative study conducted with 135 nurses from a university hospital located in the southeast region of Brazil between December 2018 and February 2019 with the application of questionnaires for personal and occupational characterization and the Work-Related Damage Assessment Scale. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Results Physical illness prevailed among nurses. Psychological and social damage were evaluated as bearable. The items "digestive disorders" (2.35±1.18), "bad mood" (2.41±1.12), "headache" (2.58±1.11), "body pain" (2.81±1.15), "back pain" (2.90±1.29), "sleep disorders" (2.96±1.28) and "leg pain" (3.00 ±1.25) had a critical evaluation by nurses, which represents a risk for illness. No significant associations between the studied variables and illness were identified. Conclusion Nurses are subject to risks for illness related to work in the university hospital under study that trigger physical illness. Social support is a likely explanation for not getting psychologically and socially ill.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Working Conditions , Occupational Health , Nurses , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Assessment , Absenteeism , Social Factors , Hospitals, University , Occupational Diseases/classification
7.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3518, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365882

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo avaliar a relação entre sintomas psicopatológicos e a situação laboral de profissionais de enfermagem da Região Sudeste do Brasil, no contexto da pandemia da COVID-19. Método estudo observacional e transversal com coleta de dados virtual e por meio de snowball nos meses de abril a julho de 2020. Aplicou-se um questionário contendo dados sociodemográficos, laborais e a escala de avaliação de sintomas psicopatológicos (psicoticismo, obsessividade/compulsividade, somatização e ansiedade). Foram utilizadas estatísticas descritivas e inferenciais para a análise dos dados. Resultados entre os 532 participantes, verificou-se relação entre carga horária de trabalho semanal e psicoticismo. Todos os domínios da escala associaram-se ao constrangimento e/ou violência no percurso de trabalho e recebimento de suporte psicológico/emocional da instituição onde o indivíduo trabalha/estuda. Conclusão a faixa etária, carga horária elevada, violência vivenciada e falta de suporte psicológico durante a pandemia associaram-se com o aumento dos sintomas psicopatológicos entre os profissionais de enfermagem. Sugere-se a criação de diretrizes institucionais voltadas ao acolhimento e acompanhamento dessas demandas.


Abstract Objective to evaluate the relationship between psychopathological symptoms and the work situation of nursing professionals in the Southeast Region, Brazil, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method an observational and cross-sectional study with virtual and snowball data collection from April to July 2020. A questionnaire containing socio-demographic and labor data and the psychopathological symptoms assessment scale (psychoticism, obsessiveness/compulsivity, somatization, and anxiety) were applied. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Results among the 532 participants, there was a relationship between weekly workload and psychoticism. All domains of the scale were associated with embarrassment and/or violence in the course of work and receiving psychological/emotional support from the institution where the individual works/studies. Conclusion the age group, heavy workload, experienced violence and lack of psychological support during the pandemic were associated with increased psychopathological symptoms among nursing professionals. It is suggested the creation of institutional guidelines aimed at the reception and follow-up of these demands.


Resumen Objetivo evaluar la relación entre síntomas psicopatológicos y la situación laboral de profesionales de enfermería de la Región Sureste de Brasil, en el contexto de la pandemia de la COVID-19. Método estudio observacional y transversal con recolección de datos virtual y por medio de snowball en los meses de abril a julio de 2020. Se aplicó un cuestionario que contenía datos sociodemográficos, laborales y la escala de evaluación de síntomas psicopatológicos (psicoticismo, obsesión/compulsión, somatización y ansiedad). Fueron utilizadas estadísticas descriptivas y de inferencia para el análisis de los datos. Resultados entre los 532 participantes, se verificó una relación entre la carga horaria de trabajo semanal y el psicoticismo. Todos los dominios de la escala se asociaron con incomodidad y/o violencia, en el transcurso del trabajo y el recibimiento de soporte psicológico/emocional de la institución, en donde el individuo trabaja/estudia. Conclusión el intervalo etario, la carga horaria elevada, la violencia experimentada y la falta de soporte psicológico, durante la pandemia se asociaron con el aumento de los síntomas psicopatológicos entre los profesionales de enfermería. Se sugiere la creación de directrices institucionales dirigidas al acogimiento y acompañamiento de esas demandas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Psychopathology , COVID-19 , Mental Disorders , Nurse Practitioners , Occupational Diseases
8.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2463, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360145

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo investigar a ocorrência de queixa vocal autorreferida no uso profissional da voz em atores profissionais de teatro; correlacionar presença de queixa vocal com três protocolos de autoavaliação do impacto de uma alteração vocal: Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV), Escala de Desconforto do Trato Vocal (EDTV) e Índice de Desvantagem Vocal -10 (IDV-10); verificar quais protocolos são mais robustos à detecção do impacto de possível disfonia nessa população. Métodos Participaram 75 atores profissionais de teatro, ambos os gêneros, 18 a 64 anos. Os atores informaram a presença ou ausência de queixa vocal e responderam a três protocolos de autoavaliação: Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV), Escala de Desconforto do Trato Vocal (EDTV) e Índice de Desvantagem Vocal-10 (IDV-10). Resultados constatou-se que 25% dos atores apresentaram queixa vocal. O grupo com queixa (GCQ) apresentou maior número de sintomas vocais e maior frequência e intensidade de desconforto de trato vocal, quando comparado ao grupo sem queixa (GSQ). IDV-10 não identificou desvantagem vocal nos grupos. No GCQ, houve correlação forte entre ESV e IDV-10 e correlação muito forte entre os escores de frequência e intensidade da EDTV. No GSQ, houve correlação moderada entre ESV e EDTV, ESV e IDV-10 e correlação muito forte entre os escores de frequência e intensidade da EDTV. Conclusão neste estudo, 25% dos atores profissionais de teatro apresentaram queixa vocal. A correlação entre a queixa vocal e os protocolos foi positiva e variou de moderada à forte. No GCQ, a ESV e a EDTV foram instrumentos mais robustos na detecção do impacto de uma possível disfonia.


ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the occurrence of self-reported vocal complaints in the professional use of the voice in professional theater actors; analyze the correlation between the presence of vocal complaint and three self-assessment protocols of the vocal problem impact; The Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS), the Vocal Tract Discomfort (VTD) scale and the Voice Handicap Index -10 (VHI -10); verify the most robust protocols to identify dysphonia in this population. Methods The participants were 75 professional theater actors, men and women, between 18 and 64 years old. They answered to a questioner informing presence or absence of vocal complaint and to three self-assessment protocols: VoiSS, VTD and VHI-10. Results 25% of the actors presented vocal complaints. The group with vocal complaint (GwVC) had more voice symptoms and higher frequency and intensity of vocal tract discomfort than the group with no vocal complaint (GnVC). No group presented voice handicap considering the VHI-10 and a very high correlation between the VTD frequency and intensity scores. The GnVC presented moderate correlation between the VoiSS and the VTD, moderate correlation between the VoiSS and the VHI-10 and, a very high correlation between the VTD frequency and intensity scores. Conclusion In this study, 25% of professional theater actors presented vocal complaints. The correlation between vocal complaints and protocols was positive and ranged from moderate to strong. The VoiSS and the VTD were more robust identify dysphonia in the GwVC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Art , Voice Disorders/diagnosis , Voice Disorders/epidemiology , Sickness Impact Profile , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Occupational Diseases , Self Concept , Surveys and Questionnaires , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Dysphonia
9.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE02087, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402909

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Relacionar o perfil sociodemográfico com a sobrecarga de trabalho e a qualidade de vida dos cuidadores de pessoas acamadas. Métodos Estudo transversal, realizado em 2019, com 240 cuidadores, os quais responderam três instrumentos: questionário sociodemográfico, Zarit Burden Interview e o WHOQOL-bref. Para análise foram utilizados os testes Qui-quadrado, Fisher e Regressão Logística Binária. Resultados Verificou-se que a maioria dos cuidadores (86,6%) apresentam sobrecarga moderada ou severa e o escore geral de qualidade de vida em 48,9 pontos. Cuidadores com ocupação Do Lar (OR=52,89), com a saúde afetada por causa do seu envolvimento como cuidador (OR=22,92) e que perderam o controle de sua vida desde a doença da pessoa acamada (OR=49,38), tiveram maior probabilidade de ter qualidade de vida ruim. Conclusão A ocupação e o período de cuidado relacionaram-se significativamente com a qualidade de vida dos cuidadores de pessoas acamadas, sendo, a ocupação "Do lar" e fatores da sobrecarga preditores significativos da qualidade de vida ruim.


Resumen Objetivo Relacionar el perfil sociodemográfico con la sobrecarga de trabajo y la calidad de vida de los cuidadores de personas encamadas. Métodos Estudio transversal, realizado en 2019, con 240 cuidadores, que respondieron a tres instrumentos: cuestionario sociodemográfico, Zarit Burden Interview y el WHOQOL-bref. Para el análisis se utilizaron las pruebas de ji cuadrado, Fisher y Regresión Logística Binaria. Resultados Se verificó que la mayoría de los cuidadores (86,6 %) presenta una sobrecarga moderada o severa y el puntaje general de calidad de vida es de 48,9 puntos. Cuidadores con ocupación "Amo/a de casa" (OR=52,89), con la salud afectada a causa de su implicación como cuidador (OR=22,92) y que perdieron el control de sus vidas desde la enfermedad de la persona encamada (OR=49,38) tuvieron más probabilidades de tener mala calidad de vida. Conclusión La ocupación y el período de atención se relacionaron de forma significante con la calidad de vida de los cuidadores de personas encamadas. La ocupación "Amo/a de casa" y factores de la sobrecarga fueron predictores significativos de la mala calidad de vida.


Abstract Objective To associate the sociodemographic profile with the work overload and the quality of life of caregivers of bedridden people. Methods Cross-sectional study, carried out in 2019, with a total of 240 caregivers who answered three instruments: sociodemographic questionnaire, Zarit Burden Interview and the WHOQOL-bref. For analysis, the Chi-square, Fisher and Binary Logistic Regression tests were used. Results Most caregivers (86.6%) were found to have moderate or severe overload and the overall quality of life score was 48.9 points. Caregivers that worked at home (OR=52.89), with health affected because of their involvement as a caregiver (OR=22.92) and who have lost control of their lives since the bedridden person's illness (OR=49.38), were more likely to have poor quality of life. Conclusion Occupation and period of care were significantly related to the quality of life of caregivers of bedridden people. The occupation "household" and overload factors are significant predictors of poor quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , National Health Strategies , Caregivers , Occupational Stress , Bedridden Persons , Occupational Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Home Care Services
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935818

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the occupational hazard factors and exposure levels of workers during the construction of power transmission and transformation projects. Methods: Analysis and identification of occupational hazard factors were carried out for typical construction process of 6 power transmission projects and 3 substation projects in September 2018. The on-site occupational health investigation was carried out to detect and analyze the exposure levels of workers to occupational hazard factors. Results: The time weighted average concentration (C(TWA)) of crushing workers exposed to silica dust and welders exposed to welding fume in substation projects were 2.72 and 14.03 mg/m(3), respectively. The 8 h equivalent sound level results of exposure noise of carpenters in power transmission projects and crushing workers, reinforcement workers, carpenters, scaffolders, road builders in substation projects were 87.9, 92.5, 87.1, 92.5, 93.0 and 90.2 dB (A) , respectively. The 4-hour time equal energy frequency weighted vibration acceleration of hand-transmitted vibration of bricklayer in power transmission projects, bricklayer, general worker 3, road builder 1 and road builder 2 of substation projects were 5.36, 5.21, 5.28, 10.71 and 5.22 m/s(2), respectively. The effective irradiance of electric welding arc light of welders' limbs in power transmission projects and substation projects were 401.19, 319.68 μW/cm(2), respectively. All of the above exceeded the requirements of occupational exposure limits. The occupational radiation levels and exposure limits of hazardous chemical factors met the requirements of each post. Conclusion: During the construction of power transmission and transformation projects, the exposure levels of occupational hazard factors in multiple posts exceed the standard. The main responsibility of employers for occupational disease prevention and control should be implemented, and targeted comprehensive measures should be taken to reduce the exposure levels of occupational hazard factors of workers.


Subject(s)
Dust , Humans , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Exposure/analysis , Occupational Health , Welding
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935817

ABSTRACT

Objective: To learn about the noise exposure and health status of workers and analyze factors that may affect the health outcomes of workers in an auto manufacturing enterprise in Tianjin City. Methods: In September 2020, occupational hygiene survey, noise exposure level detection and occupational health examination data collection were carried out in an auto parts manufacturing enterprise. Chi square test and unconditional logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the health effects of noise exposure and hearing loss of 361 noise exposure workers. Results: The rates of over-standard noise exposure, hearing loss and hypertension were 69.39% (34/49) , 33.24% (120/361) and 11.36% (41/361) , respectively. There were upward trends on age and noise-working years for hearing loss and hypertension rates (χ(2)=-5.95, -6.16, -2.81, -2.74, P<0.05) . Unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that age>35 years old, noise exposure length of service >10 years and noise L(EX, 8 h)>85 dB (A) were risk factors for hearing loss (OR=3.57, 95%CI: 1.09, 11.75; OR=4.05, 95%CI: 1.97, 8.25; OR=1.75, 95%CI: 1.00, 3.05; P=0.036, 0.001, 0.047) . Conclusion: This company has a high rate of job noise exceeding the standard, and noise-exposed workers have more serious hearing loss. Age, noise exposure and high noise exposure are risk factors for hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Adult , Automobiles , Deafness , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/etiology , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/complications , Occupational Exposure/analysis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935810

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the incidence of pneumoconiosis in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province, and provide reference for the prevention and control of pneumoconiosis in the non-coal mining industry. Methods: The data of 7019 newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis patients in non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province from January 1956 to December 2019 were collected through the Jiangsu Province Pneumoconiosis Follow-up Network Report System, including the gender of the pneumoconiosis patients, the name of the employer and the location, the industry classification of the employer, the duration of dust exposure in dust exposure, the name of occupational pneumoconiosis disease, the date of diagnosis of pneumoconiosis, etc. The collected case data of patients with pneumoconiosis were entered into the statistical software, and the characteristics of the patients' diagnosis time, region and industry were analyzed. Results: The number of confirmed pneumoconiosis patients in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province was mostly in 2007 (395 cases) , concentrated in Wuxi City (40.96%, 2875/7019) and Suzhou City (27.72%, 1946/7019) . The industries to which the patients belonged were mainly non-metallic mining and dressing (60.95%, 4278/7019) , and the most common type of pneumoconiosis was silicosis (96.40%, 6766/7019) . The patients were mainly stageⅠpneumoconiosis (61.33%, 4305/7019) . There were statistically significant differences in the mean age of diagnosis and the average duration of dust exposure among patients with different pneumoconiosis stages (P<0.01) . The differences in the average diagnosis age and the average duration of dust exposure of patients with different types of pneumoconiosis were statistically significant (P<0.05) , the mean age of diagnosis and the average duration of dust exposure of electric welders were the smallest, which were (44.92±7.74) years old and (17.38±10.15) years, respectively. Conclusion: The regional and industry distribution characteristics of new pneumoconiosis patients in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province are obvious, and attention should be paid to the treatment of pneumoconiosis patients with young diagnosed age and short duration of dust exposure, as well as the personal protection and health protection of front-line workers such as electric welders who are exposed to productive dust in a short period of time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Coal Mining , Dust , Humans , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis/epidemiology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935801

ABSTRACT

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) refer to musculoskeletal disorders caused by work or work as the main cause, which are characterized by high prevalence and heavy burden of disease as a global problem. The classification and catalog of occupational diseases is of great significance for guiding the prevention and control of occupational diseases and safeguarding the rights and interests of workers. The types of WMSDs included in the list of occupational diseases vary greatly from country to country, and the regulations on specific pathogenic factors are also inconsistent. By sorting out and analyzing the lists and characteristics of WMSDs at home and abroad, and using the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) in occupational health to standardize of WMSDs in various countries, which would lay the foundation for future multi-country WMSDs occupational health registration and disease burden research, and provide a reference for China to revise the WMSDs list.


Subject(s)
Humans , Musculoskeletal Diseases/prevention & control , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935795

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the incidence characteristics of occupational diseases in Guangzhou from 2010 to 2020, provide scientific basis for formulating occupational disease prevention and control policies. Methods: In January 2021, based on the data of occupational diseases in Guangzhou reported in the Information Monitoring System of Occupational Diseases and Occupational Health, descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the types and characteristics of occupational diseases in Guangzhou from 2010 to 2020. Results: A total of 1341 cases of 38 kinds of occupational diseases in 9 categories were reported in the past 11 years. The incidence of occupational pneumoconiosis, occupational otolaryngology and oral diseases and occupational chemical poisoning ranked the top three, accounting for 38.1% (511/1341) , 30.5% (409/1341) and 16.2% (217/1341) of the total cases respectively. The cases of pneumoconiosis in welders and silicosis accounted for 47.7% (244/511) and 34.4% (176/511) of the cases of occupational pneumoconiosis respectively. The cases of noise deafness accounted for 99.8% (408/409) of occupational otorhinolaryngology oral diseases. Acute occupational chemical poisoning cases accounted for 26.7% (58/217) of the occupational chemical poisoning cases, in which dichloroethane poisoning cases ranked the first, accounting for 79.3% (46/58) . Chronic occupational chemical poisoning cases accounted for 73.3% (159/217) of the occupational poisoning cases, in which benzene and lead poisoning cases ranked the top two, accounting for 79.2% (126/159) and 17.6% (28/159) respectively. Conclusion: Pneumoconiosis, silicosis, noise deafness, benzene poisoning, lead poisoning, dichloroethane poisoning should be supervised and managed as key occupational diseases in Guangzhou.


Subject(s)
Benzene , China/epidemiology , Deafness , Ethylene Dichlorides , Humans , Incidence , Lead Poisoning , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935793

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the detection of suspected occupational diseases and occupational contraindications for benzene workers in Tianjin. Methods: In June 2020, the occupational health inspection data of 16113 benzene workers in 514 enterprises with benzene hazards in 16 municipal districts in Tianjin from January to December 2019 were included in the analysis. Enterprise information included the employer's region, economic type, industry classification and enterprise scale. Occupational health inspection data for benzene workers during their on-the-job period included routine inspection indicators and benzene special inspection indicators. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between personal general information, occupational history, enterprise information and suspected benzene poisoning and occupational contraindications of benzene workers. Results: There were 16073 benzene workers in the normal group and 24 in the suspected benzene poisoning group. The detection rate of suspected benzene poisoning in females was higher than that in males (χ(2)=8.26, P=0.004) . There was no significant difference in the detection rates of suspected benzene poisoning among different dimensions such as age, length of service, occupational health inspection institution location, employer location, industry classification, economic type, and enterprise scale (P>0.05) . There were 16073 benzene workers in the normal group and 16 in the benzene contraindication group. The detection rate of benzene contraindications for workers in suburban areas where occupational health inspection institutions were located was higher than that in urban areas (χ(2)=9.71, P=0.002) , and there was no significant difference in the detection rates of contraindications for benzene in other dimensions (P>0.05) . Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female benzene workers were more likely to detect suspected benzene poisoning (OR=3.53, 95%CI: 1.57-7.94, P=0.002) ; benzene workers who received physical examination in suburban occupational health inspection institutions (OR=5.81, 95%CI: 1.94-17.42, P=0.002) , the employer's area was in the suburbs (OR=9.68, 95%CI: 1.23-76.07, P=0.031) , and female workers (OR=3.07, 95%CI: 1.13-8.37, P=0.028) , it was easier to detect occupational contraindications. Conclusion: Female benzene workers with employers located in the suburbs have a higher risk of detecting occupational contraindications, and women are more likely to detect suspected benzene poisoning. The management of benzene operations in the production environment of enterprises in the suburbs of Tianjin and the occupational health monitoring of female workers should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Benzene/analysis , Female , Humans , Industry , Male , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/analysis , Occupational Health
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935792

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the literature of related research reports on occupational hearing loss (ONIHL) , study the characteristics of the subject and determine the research hotspots. Methods: In December 2020, PubMed database was searched by bibliometrics for ONIHL published in PubMed database from January 1971 to December 2020. Bicomb 2.03 software was used to extract the subject. The publication year, publication country, source magazine and subject words were summarized and analyzed. Results: A total of 1 473 papers were included in this study, and the number of papers was 66 from 1971 to 1980, and 628 from 2011 to 2020, an increase of nearly 10 times. The top three countries were the United States, China and Germany, with 31.5% (464/1473) , 11.5% (171/1473) and 6.2% (91/1473) ; The cross-sectional study was the most applied type; The top five words for 2011-2020: Mental Illness, polymorphism, cardiovascular disease, high frequency hearing impairment and standards and regulations. Conclusion: Susceptibility Genes, Psychological Disorders, Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Assessment are hot areas in ONIHL at present. Researchers should focus on major fields and grasp future trends as a whole.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Humans , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases , PubMed , United States
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935773

ABSTRACT

Objective: To expore the correlation between neck disability, neck pain and muscle strength in cervical pondylosis of office worker, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of cervical spondylosis. Methods: In April 2021 ,234 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy treated in the Subsidiary Rehabilitation Hospital of Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2015 to April 2017 were selected, the correlation between Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, neck pain and muscle strength was analyzed using the Spearman rank correlation method. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the difference of maximum muscle strength of isometric contraction. Results: NDI score was negatively correlated with neck flexion, extension, and muscle strength in the left and right flexion directions (r(s)=-0.164, -0.169, -0.222, -0.176, P=0.012, 0.010, 0.001 , 0.007). In mild and moderate functional disorder patients, the muscle strength in flexion, extension and left and right flexion direction was greater, the difference was statistically significant (P <0.01). Conclusion: There is a negative correlation between cervical functional disorder and cervical muscle strength in office workers, suggesting that strengthening cervical muscle strength may be a way to improve cervical spine function.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae , Humans , Muscle Strength/physiology , Neck Muscles/physiology , Neck Pain/physiopathology , Occupational Diseases/physiopathology , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Spondylosis/physiopathology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935771

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between occupational noise exposure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in a large Chinese population. Methods: In December 2019, the study included 21412 retired participants from the Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort Study at baseline from September 2008 to June 2010, occupational noise exposure was evaluated through workplace noise level and/or the job titles. In a subsample of 8931 subjects, bilateral hearing loss was defined as a pure-tone mean of 25 dB or higher at 0.5, 1 , 2, and 4 kHz in both ears. Logistic regression models were used to explore the association of occupational noise exposure, bilateral hearing loss with 10-year CVD risk. Results: Compared with participants without occupational noise exposure, the 10-year CVD risk was significantly higher for noise exposure duration ≥20 years (OR=1.20, 95%CI:1.01-1.41 , P=0.001) after adjusting for potential confounders. In the sex-specific analysis, the association was only statistically significant in males (OR=2.34, 95%CI: 1.18-4.66, P<0.001) , but not in females (OR=1.15, 95%CI:0.97-1.37, P=0.153). In the subsample analyses, bilateral hearing loss, which was an indicator for exposure to loud noise, was also associated with a higher risk of 10-year CVD (OR= 1.17, 95% CI:1.05-1.44, P <0.001) , especially for participants who were males (OR =1.24, 95% CI:1.07-2.30, P<0.001) , aged equal and over 60 years old (OR=2.30, 95%CI: 1.84-2.88, P<0.001) , and exposed to occupational noise (OR=1.66, 95%CI: 1.02-2.70, P=0.001). Conclusion: Occupational noise exposure may be a risk factor for CVD.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Hearing Loss, Bilateral/complications , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935761

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the diagnosis of suspected occupational diseases reported in Guangzhou from 2014 to 2019, so as to provide theoretical basis and technical support for the supervision of suspected occupational disease reports. Methods: By cluster sampling, the suspected occupational disease report card, occupational disease report card and pneumoconiosis report card reported by Guangzhou from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2019 in the occupational disease and occupational health information monitoring system were collected for matching analysis to understand the diagnosis of suspected occupational disease patients. Results: From 2014 to 2019, a total of 1426 suspected occupational cases in 7 categories and 32 species were reported in Guangzhou. The average number of reported cases per year was about 240. The main diseases of suspected occupational diseases were suspected occupational noise deafness (68.44%, 976/1426) , suspected occupational chronic benzene poisoning (16.48%, 235/1426) , suspected occupational other pneumoconiosis (4.84%, 69/1426) , suspected occupational silicosis (3.23%, 46/1426) and suspected occupational welder pneumoconiosis (1.82%, 26/1426) . The diagnostic rate required to enter the occupational disease diagnostic program is 36.61% (522/1426) , and the diagnostic rate is 59.20% (309/522) . In 2019, the diagnosis rate of suspected occupational diseases was the lowest (23.92%, 61/255) , Huadu District was the lowest (8.33%, 9/108) , suspected occupational pneumoconiosis was the lowest (28.03%, 44/157) , the diagnosis rate of suspected occupational diseases reported by the Centers for Disease control and prevention was the lowest (17.43%, 19/109) , and the diagnosis rate of suspected occupational diseases reported by outpatient treatment was the lowest (22.22%, 2/9) . The suspected occupational diseases reported by institutions outside Guangzhou did not enter the occupational disease diagnosis procedure. Suspected occupational skin diseases, suspected occupational diseases caused by physical factors and suspected occupational tumors were diagnosed, and the diagnosis rate of occupational disease prevention and control institutions was the highest (94.87%, 37/39) . Conclusion: The main types of suspected occupational diseases reported during these six years are noise deafness, chronic benzene poisoning and pneumoconiosis. The overall diagnosis rate and diagnosis rate of suspected occupational diseases are not high. It is suggested to improve the network direct reporting system of suspected occupational diseases and strengthen the follow-up management and supervision of suspected occupational diseases.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Humans , Noise, Occupational , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Physical Examination , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the pattern and characteristics of occupational diseases in Weihai City from 2009 to 2020, and to provide scientific basis for the formulation of occupational disease prevention. Methods: In February 2021, retrospective analysis was performed on the cases of occupational diseases diagnosed from 2009 to 2020 in Weihai City. The relevant information and data were collected to analyze the types of occupational diseases, onset age, working age, diagnosis time, industry distribution, economic type and enterprise size distribution. Results: From 2009 to 2020, a total of 453 cases of new occupational diseases were reported in Weihai City. There were 431 males (95.14%) and 22 females (4.86%) . The average onset age was (49.16±8.51) years, and the average working age was (17.89±9.30) years. The incidence of pneumoconiosis and other respiratory diseases (322 cases, 71.08%) , occupational otolaryngology and oral diseases (71 cases, 15.67%) and occupational chemical poisoning (36 cases, 7.95%) were the top 3 cases, of which 313 cases were pneumoconiosis and 69 cases were noise deafness. The cases were mainly concentrated in the 40-59 years age group (357 cases, 78.81%) and the 10-19 years working age group (175 cases, 38.63%) . There were significant differences in the incidence of occupational diseases in different ages and different working ages (χ(2)=97.64, 80.74, P<0.001) . The new cases were mainly in mining industry (134 cases, 29.58%) , shipbuilding or maintenance industry (97 cases, 21.41%) , and private enterprises (350 cases, 77.26%) . Conclusion: Pneumoconiosis and noise deafness are the main emerging occupational diseases in Weihai City. Occupational disease prevention and control in private enterprises such as mining and shipbuilding or maintenance industry should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Industry , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL