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1.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 24-32, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357472

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies focusing on multisite musculoskeletal pain have revealed that the prevalence of multisite pain is high in general populations. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain in the last 12 months and in the last seven days, in a population-based sample and investigate its association with demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, reported morbidity and ergonomic variables. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional population-based survey in Bauru, São Paulo (Brazil). METHODS: 600 individuals were interviewed. The following data were collected: participants' characteristics, through a precoded questionnaire; physical activity level, through the International Physical Activity Questionnaire; and musculoskeletal symptoms, through the Nordic questionnaire. Descriptive, bivariate and Poisson regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain was 46.5% (confidence interval, CI 42.5 to 50.5) in the last 12 months and 26.1% (CI 22.8 to 29.8) in the last seven days. The variables associated with multisite pain in the last 12 months were female sex, presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or depression, watching TV more than three times a week and working in a seated position. Formerly smoking was a protection factor. The variables associated with multisite pain in the last seven days were female sex, age group 60 years and over, low income, presence of comorbidities of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or depression and working in a seated position. CONCLUSION: There was high prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain, which was associated with demographic, socioeconomic, work-related, electronic device-related and reported morbidity variables.


Subject(s)
Musculoskeletal Pain/epidemiology , Occupational Diseases/diagnosis , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Middle Aged
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(2): 693-710, fev. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153800

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo é identificar a prevalência de ansiedade em profissionais de saúde durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Trata-se de revisão sistemática de estudos publicados em qualquer idioma em 2020. Foi realizada busca nas bases de dados Embase, LILACS e PubMed utilizando os descritores anxiety, COVID-19, health workers, e sinônimos. A estimativa da prevalência geral de ansiedade com intervalo de confiança de 95% foi calculada utilizando o modelo de efeitos aleatórios. Dos 861 registros identificados, 36 artigos foram incluídos na revisão sistemática e 35 na metanálise. A prevalência geral de ansiedade foi de 35% (IC95%: 29-40). Foi identificado maior risco de ansiedade nas mulheres em relação aos homens (Odds Ratio: 1.64 [IC95%: 1,47-1,84]), e nos enfermeiros, na comparação com médicos (Odds Ratio: 1.19 [IC95%: 1,07-1,33]). Atuar na linha de frente no combate a COVID-19, estar infectado com coronavírus e apresentar doenças crônicas também foram fatores associados com maior risco de ansiedade. Observa-se alta prevalência de ansiedade entre profissionais de saúde, com maior risco entre mulheres e enfermeiros. Há necessidade de medidas que visem sua prevenção, bem como o fornecimento de tratamento precoce e adequado aos com ansiedade moderada e grave.


Abstract This study sets out to identify the prevalence of anxiety among health professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic. It involves a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published in any language in 2020. A search was conducted in the Embase, LILACS and PubMed databases using the keywords anxiety, COVID-19, health workers, and synonyms. The estimated overall prevalence of anxiety with a 95% confidence interval was calculated using the random effects model. Of the 861 records identified, 36 articles were included in the systematic review and 35 in the meta-analysis. The overall prevalence of anxiety was 35% (95%CI: 29-40). A higher risk of anxiety was identified among women compared to men (Odds Ratio: 1.64 [95%CI: 1.47-1.84]), and in nurses, in comparison with physicians (Odds Ratio: 1.19 [95%CI: 1.07-1.33]). Being on the front line of COVID-19, being infected with coronavirus and having chronic diseases were also factors associated with a higher risk of anxiety. A high prevalence of anxiety among health professionals was observed, with higher risk among women and nurses. There is a pressing need for measures aimed at prevention of anxiety and providing early and appropriate treatment for those suffering from moderate and severe anxiety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/epidemiology , Health Personnel , COVID-19 , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence
3.
Brasília; Brasil. Ministério da Saúde; 2021.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373356

ABSTRACT

Considerando a responsabilidade da gestão pública em saúde de auxiliar na formulação de políticas públicas alinhadas aos princípios básicos dos direitos humanos, cidadania e ao trabalho seguro ­ espera-se que esse documento possa subsidiar ações de vigilância, prevenção e controle do CRT que priorizem os trabalhadores de setores e atividades econômicas mais vulneráveis à ocorrência dessas doenças, indiferentemente do vínculo empregatício e forma de inserção no mercado de trabalho, conforme definido na Política Nacional de Saúde do Trabalhador e da Trabalhadora (PNSTT).


Subject(s)
Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Occupational Health , Neoplasms/etiology , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Environmental Hazards
4.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(4): e20200577, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286954

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Work-related asthma (WRA) is highly prevalent in the adult population. WRA includes occupational asthma (OA), which is asthma caused by workplace exposures, and work-exacerbated asthma (WEA), also known as work-aggravated asthma, which is preexisting or concurrent asthma worsened by workplace conditions. In adults, the estimated prevalence of OA is 16.0%, whereas that of WEA is 21.5%. An increasing number of chemicals used in industrial production, households, and services are associated with the incidence of adult-onset asthma attributable to exposure to chemicals. This review article summarizes the different types of WRA and describes diagnostic procedures, treatment, prevention, and approaches to patient management. It is not always easy to distinguish between OA and WEA. It is important to establish a diagnosis (of sensitizer-/irritant-induced OA or WEA) in order to prevent worsening of symptoms, as well as to prevent other workers from being exposed, by providing early treatment and counseling on social security and work-related issues.


RESUMO A asma relacionada ao trabalho (ART) é um acometimento com elevada prevalência na população adulta. A ART inclui a asma ocupacional (AO), desencadeada pela exposição a um agente presente em um determinado ambiente de trabalho, e a asma agravada ou exacerbada pelo trabalho (AA/ET), que acomete indivíduos com antecedentes de asma ou que iniciaram um quadro de asma concomitante, mas sem relação causal com o ambiente de trabalho. Estima-se que 16,0% e 21,5% da asma no adulto sejam AO e AA/ET, respectivamente. O elevado e crescente número de substâncias químicas usadas na produção industrial, no uso domiciliar ou em serviços é responsável pela incidência de asma associada à exposição a agentes químicos na vida adulta. Este artigo de revisão descreve os principais tipos de ART, os procedimentos para seu diagnóstico, tratamento e prevenção e as condutas frente ao diagnóstico. Nem sempre é fácil a distinção entre AO e AA/ET. A importância do diagnóstico (AO ou AA/ET e asma induzida por sensibilizantes ou irritantes) tem relação com a adoção de medidas de prevenção para evitar que novos indivíduos sejam expostos e que os acometidos apresentem agravamento da doença, utilizando tratamento precoce e fornecendo orientação sobre aspectos previdenciários e trabalhistas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Asthma, Occupational/diagnosis , Asthma, Occupational/etiology , Asthma, Occupational/epidemiology , Occupational Diseases/diagnosis , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1156859

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and analyze their associated factors in professionals from administrative sectors working predominantly in sitting position. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study with data obtained from 451 workers from a federal public institution in Southern Brazil. The dependent variable was the number of musculoskeletal symptoms in the prior 12 months, measured using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. In the analyses, 19 independent variables were investigated, divided into four categories: sociodemographic, behavioral, occupational and health characteristics. Univariate analysis and multiple Poisson regression with robust variance were performed. The independent variables were inserted into blocks with stepwise backward criterion, considering the value for Wald statistics equal to 0.20. The effect measures were expressed in a relative increase (RI) in the mean value, and the data were analyzed for a 5% significance level. RESULTS The estimated prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the prior 12 months was 90% (confidence interval - 95%CI 87-93). In the final model of regression analysis, the variables female gender (RI = 14.75%), low (RI = 100.02%) and moderate (RI = 64.06%) work ability index, use of medications (RI = 48.06%) and waist circumference at risk (RI = 15.59%) had a significant association with the increase in the mean number of symptoms; schooling with technical education acted as a protective factor, reducing the mean by 36.46%. CONCLUSIONS The high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms found and the associated factors indicate the need to propose specific actions and care for this population, such as immediate treatment of symptoms and changes in the organization and work environment, to achieve balance and harmony in the demands of prolonged sitting work and avoid its impact effect of this condition on public health.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS Estimar a prevalência de sintomas osteomusculares e analisar os fatores a eles associados em profissionais de setores administrativos que trabalham predominantemente na postura sentada. MÉTODOS Trata-se de estudo transversal com dados obtidos de 451 trabalhadores de instituição pública federal na região Sul do país. A variável dependente foi o número de sintomas osteomusculares nos últimos 12 meses, aferido utilizando-se o Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares. Foram investigadas 19 variáveis independentes, divididas em quatro categorias: características sociodemográficas, comportamentais, ocupacionais e de saúde. Foi realizada análise univariada e, na sequência, regressão múltipla de Poisson com variância robusta. As variáveis independentes foram inseridas em blocos com critério backward stepwise, considerando o valor para estatística de Wald igual a 0,20. As medidas de efeito foram expressas em aumento relativo (AR) no valor médio, sendo os dados analisados para um nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS A prevalência estimada de sintomas osteomusculares nos últimos 12 meses foi de 90% (intervalo de confiança - IC95% 87-93). No modelo final da análise de regressão, as variáveis sexo feminino (AR = 14,75%), índice de capacidade para o trabalho baixo (AR = 100,02%) e moderado (AR = 64,06%), uso de medicamentos (AR = 48,06%) e circunferência da cintura em risco (AR = 15,59%) tiveram associação significativa com o aumento da média de sintomas; já a escolaridade com ensino técnico atuou como fator de proteção, reduzindo a média em 36,46%. CONCLUSÕES A alta prevalência de sintomas osteomusculares encontrada e os fatores associados indicam a necessidade de propor ações e cuidados específicos para essa população, como tratamento imediato dos sintomas e mudanças na organização e no ambiente laboral, a fim de alcançar equilíbrio e harmonia nas exigências do trabalho sentado prolongado e evitar o impacto dessa condição na saúde pública.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Administrative Personnel , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Sitting Position , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors
6.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3455, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1280480

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze evidence concerning the risks of occupational illnesses to which health workers providing care to patients infected with COVID-19 are exposed. Method: integrative literature review conducted in the following online databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE/PubMed), Web of Science (WoS), Excerpta Medica Data-Base (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Scopus (Elsevier). Original articles published between November 2019 and June 2020, regardless of the language written, were included. A descriptive analysis according to two categories is presented. Results: the sample is composed of 19 scientific papers. Most were cross-sectional studies with an evidence level 2C (n=17, 90%) written in English (n=16, 84%). The primary thematic axes were risk of contamination and risk of psycho-emotional illness arising from the delivery of care to patients infected with COVID-19. Conclusion: the review presents the potential effects of providing care to patients with COVID-19 on the health of workers. It also reveals the importance of interventions focused on the most prevalent occupational risks during the pandemic. The studies' level of evidence suggests a need for studies with more robust designs.


Objetivo: analisar as evidências sobre os riscos de adoecimento ocupacional aos quais estão expostos os profissionais de saúde que cuidam de pacientes acometidos pela COVID-19. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada por meio de busca on-line nas bases de dados Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE/PubMed), Web of Science (WoS), Excerpta Medica Data-base (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) e Scopus (Elsevier). Incluíram-se artigos originais, publicados entre novembro de 2019 e junho de 2020, sem restrições de idioma. A análise descritiva dos resultados é apresentada em duas categorias. Resultados: a amostra constituiu-se de 19 produções científicas com predomínio da língua inglesa (n=16, 84%) e estudos de corte transversal, com nível de evidência 2C (n=17, 90%). Os estudos mostraram, como principais eixos temáticos, o risco de contaminação e o risco de adoecimento psicoemocional no atendimento a pacientes acometidos pela COVID-19. Conclusão: a revisão mostrou os potenciais efeitos sobre a saúde dos profissionais durante o atendimento de pacientes acometidos pela COVID-19. Evidenciou-se a importância da implementação de estratégias de intervenção focadas nos riscos ocupacionais mais prevalentes durante a pandemia. O nível de evidência dos estudos sugere a necessidade de desenvolvimento de pesquisas com delineamentos mais robustos.


Objetivo: analizar las evidencias sobre los riesgos de enfermedad ocupacional a los cuales están expuestos los profesionales de la salud que cuidan de pacientes afectados por la COVID-19. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura realizada a través de búsqueda online en las bases de datos Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE/PubMed), Web of Science (WoS), Excerpta Medica Data-base (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) y Scopus (Elsevier). Fueron incluidos artículos originales, publicados entre noviembre de 2019 y junio de 2020, sin restricciones de idioma. El análisis descriptivo de los resultados se presenta en dos categorías. Resultados: la muestra fue constituida por 19 producciones científicas con predominio del idioma inglés (n=16, 84%) y estudios de corte transversal con nivel de evidencia 2C (n=17, 90%). Los estudios mostraron como principales ejes temáticos el riesgo de contaminación y riesgo de enfermedad psicoemocional, en la atención a pacientes afectados por COVID-19. Conclusión: la revisión mostró los potenciales efectos sobre la salud de los profesionales durante la atención de pacientes afectados por COVID-19. Se evidenció la importancia de implementar estrategias de intervención, enfocadas en los riesgos ocupacionales más prevalentes durante la pandemia. El nivel de evidencia de los estudios sugiere la necesidad de desarrollar investigaciones con delineamientos más robustos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Risks , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Exposure , Health Personnel , Coronavirus Infections , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology
7.
Clinics ; 76: e2641, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the vocal self-perception of Brazilian teachers and their communication needs, vocal signs and symptoms, and voice-related lifestyles during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and, based on this information, to develop guidance materials intended for dissemination to these teachers and the general community. METHODS: An online questionnaire designed for this survey was distributed via the researchers' networks and was available for completion by any teacher, except those who were not working at the time. There were 1,253 teachers from all over Brazil, of both sexes, covering a wide age range, working at different levels of education, and most with more than ten years of experience. Descriptive and inferential analyses of the data were performed. RESULTS: On comparing the prepandemic period with the current one, participants indicated voice improvements. In contrast, they presented symptoms such as dry throat, effort in addressing remote classes, hoarseness after classes, and difficulties with the use of headphones, among others. They further indicated stress, general fatigue, impact of the pandemic on mental health, and the overlapping of many home tasks with professional tasks. Some smoked, and others hydrated insufficiently. CONCLUSION: Although teachers generally noticed voice improvements during the pandemic, a proportion of them perceived worsening of voices. Many indicated several factors in which speech-language pathologists could guide them with the aim of improving performance and comfort during remote and hybrid classes, an initiative that will positively impact not only their voice and communication but also their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Voice Disorders/therapy , Voice Disorders/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus , Occupational Diseases/therapy , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Self Concept , Speech Therapy , Voice Quality , Brazil , Communication , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We aimed to examine the cross-sectional association between occupational class and self-reported low back pain (LBP) in a representative sample of the Japanese general population.@*METHODS@#We used anonymized data from a nationwide survey (31,443 men and 35,870 women aged ≥ 20). Occupational class variables included working status, occupation, employment status, and company size (number of employees). Covariates included age, socio-economic status, lifestyle, and comorbidities. Poisson regression models stratified by gender were used to estimate adjusted prevalence ratio (APR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for self-reported LBP.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of self-reported LBP was 11.7% in men and 14.2% in women. After adjustment for covariates and mutual adjustment for all occupational class variables, among both genders, agricultural/forestry/fishery workers and non-workers had a significantly higher prevalence of self-reported LBP: APR (95% CI) of agricultural/forestry/fishery was 1.36 (1.08-1.70) in men and 1.59 (1.30-1.93) in women; that of non-workers was 1.42 (1.18-1.70) in men and 1.23 (1.08-1.40) in women. Among men, non-regular employees were more likely to have self-reported LBP than regular employees: APR (95% CI) was 1.25 (1.07-1.46) in part-timers and casual staff and 1.18 (1.03-1.35) in other types of non-regular employees. Moreover, compared to men working at companies with ≥ 100 employees, men working at companies with 30-99 employees had a significantly higher prevalence of self-reported LBP (APR 1.17; 95% CI, 1.03-1.34). Among women, professionals and technicians (1.26; 1.11-1.43) and sales workers (1.22; 1.04-1.43) had a significantly higher prevalence of self-reported LBP than clerks. Neither employment status nor company size was associated with self-reported LBP in women. After stratified analyses by age group, similar patterns were observed in participants aged 20-64, but not in those aged ≥ 65.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results suggest that self-reported LBP is highly prevalent among agricultural/forestry/fishery workers and the unemployed, regardless of gender, and that there are also gender differences in the association of occupational class factors with self-reported LBP. It is necessary, therefore, to take preventive measures against LBP based on gender and occupational class factors in Japan.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Employment/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupations/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Self Report , Sex Distribution
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922191

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#International Labour Organization (ILO) report indicates more than 2.4 million workers die from work-related diseases and accidents each year. Work-related respiratory ailments related to airborne particulate matter such as flour dust are responsible for about 386,000 deaths and 6.6 million illness-adjusted life years. Even though exposure to flour dust together with the extreme expansions of flour mill sectors is a priority health concern, extent of the problem is little investigated in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the magnitude and risk factors of work-related respiratory symptoms among flour mill workers in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia.@*METHODS@#This study employed a comparative cross-sectional survey of 560 samples (280 exposed group from flour mill workers and 280 unexposed group from office workers) with a stratified random sampling technique. The study was conducted from March to April 2019 in Bahir Dar City, Northwest Ethiopia. We used the British Medical Research Council (BMRC) questionnaire to assess work-related respiratory symptoms. The questionnaire was pretested and interview administered to collect data. Binary logistic regression analysis was fitted to evaluate significant factors of respiratory symptoms at a < 0.05 p value. Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with a confidence interval (CI) of 95% was calculated to determine a strength of association.@*RESULTS@#All the sampled participants had fully responded to the interview. The median age of exposed and unexposed groups was 28.5 interquartile range (IQR, 20) and 31 (IQR, 15) years, respectively. The prevalence of work-related respiratory symptoms among flour mill workers was substantially higher than that of among controls, 63.9% and 20.7%, respectively (Χ@*CONCLUSION@#Respiratory symptoms emanating from exposure to various flour dusts were significantly higher among flour mill workers than among the control group. Therefore, we recommend the need to effectively implement health and safety programs that account for the reduction of dust at a source, use of engineering controls (e.g., provision of adequate ventilation systems), use of administrative measures (e.g., training program and health surveillance) and provision of a suitable personal protective equipment (PPE). Furthermore, it is vital to integrate workplace health and safety programs to the wider public health policies and strategies to effectively mitigate the burden of work-related respiratory conditions. We also encourage future studies to evaluate concentration of flour dusts combined with physical examinations to establish plausible associations of respiratory symptoms with dusts of flour mill-related origin.


Subject(s)
Adult , Air Pollutants, Occupational/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dust , Ethiopia/epidemiology , Female , Flour , Humans , Male , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Prevalence , Respiration Disorders/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workplace , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888294

ABSTRACT

Non-steady state noise has become the main type of workplace noise. Compared with steady state noise, non-steady state noise may cause more serious hearing loss. This paper reviews the new situation of occupational hearing loss caused by non-steady state noise exposure, the overview of international noise exposure assessment standards and new challenges, and the new evidence of non-steady state noise induced hearing loss, so as to provide the basis for the future research of non-steady state noise induced hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Auditory Threshold , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Humans , Noise , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology
11.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(9): e00129420, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339555

ABSTRACT

This study aims to describe the prevalence and factors associated of physical and psychosocial demands among Brazilian workers. Data were obtained from the 2013 Brazilian National Health Survey. Physical demand was defined as jobs that require intense physical effort or excessive walking, whereas psychosocial demand was defined as involvement in stressful activities. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the association between demands and health conditions, occupational characteristics, and work conditions. Out of 39,590 participants, 54.4% reported physical demands and 35.5% psychosocial demands at work. After adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, occupational characteristics, and work conditions remained significantly associated with physical or psychosocial workload. The results suggest that in Brazil the work has a high level of physical and psychosocial demands, which are associated with occupational features and health conditions. It is necessary to incorporate work activities as significant factors to investigate the causes of diseases. And the interventions and policies aimed at preventing the negative occupational exposures are urgent, and can contribute to improve physical and psychosocial health at the workplace.


O objetivo do estudo foi descrever a prevalência de demandas físicas e psicossociais e fatores associados entre trabalhadores brasileiros. Os dados foram obtidos da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde de 2013. A demanda física foi definida como trabalhos que exigem esforço físico intenso ou caminhadas excessivas. A demanda psicossocial foi definida como envolvimento em atividades que levam ao nervosismo. A regressão logística multivariada foi utilizada para estimar a associação entre demandas e condições de saúde, características ocupacionais e condições de trabalho. Dos 39.590 participantes, 54,4% relataram demandas físicas e 35,5% demandas psicossociais no trabalho. Depois de ajustar para características sociodemográficas, as condições de saúde, características ocupacionais e condições de trabalho permaneceram associadas significativamente com a carga de trabalho física ou psicossocial. Os resultados sugerem que o trabalho no Brasil apresenta níveis elevados de demandas físicas e psicossociais. Essa demanda está associada a características ocupacionais e condições de saúde. É necessário incorporar as atividades laborais enquanto fatores importantes na investigação das causas de doenças. Além disso, são urgentes as intervenções e políticas de prevenção das exposições ocupacionais negativas, podendo contribuir para melhorar a saúde física e psicossocial no local de trabalho.


El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la prevalencia y factores asociados a las exigencias físicas y psicosociales entre trabajadores brasileños. Los datos se obtuvieron de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud de 2013 en Brasil. La exigencia física fue definida como trabajos que requieren un esfuerzo físico intenso o caminar excesivamente. La exigencia psicosocial fue definida como la implicación en actividades que conducen al nerviosismo. Se utilizó una regresión logística multivariada para estimar la asociación entre exigencias y condiciones de salud, características ocupacionales y condiciones laborales. De los 39.590 participantes, un 54,4% informó de exigencias físicas y un 35,5% de psicosociales en el trabajo. Tras el ajuste por características sociodemográficas, las condiciones de salud, características y condiciones laborales continuaron significativamente asociadas a la carga de trabajo física o psicosocial. Los resultados sugieren que en Brasil el trabajo posse una alta exigencia física y psicosocial. Asimismo, esta exigencia está asociada con características laborales y condiciones de salud. Es necesario incorporar las actividades laborales como factores importantes para investigar las causas de enfermedades. Asimismo, son urgentes las intervenciones y políticas con el objetivo de prevenir exposiciones laborales negativas, y pueden contribuir a mejorar la salud física y psicosocial en el lugar de trabajo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Exposure , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Workload , Workplace , Occupations
12.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(10): e00202220, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339525

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a associação entre dificuldade auditiva autorreferida e exposição ocupacional a agentes otoagressores em trabalhadores brasileiros. Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS-2013). A variável dependente foi a dificuldade auditiva autorreferida, e foram analisadas três exposições principais: ruído, poeira industrial e substâncias químicas. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística, estimando-se as odds ratio (OR) brutas e ajustadas, com intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%). As variáveis principais de exposição foram ajustadas entre si e pelas covariáveis sexo, idade, ambiente de trabalho, tempo de trabalho e hipertensão arterial. Participaram deste estudo 36.442 trabalhadores. Maior prevalência de dificuldade auditiva foi observada em indivíduos expostos à poeira industrial (9,9%) (p < 0,001). Além disso, quanto maior a idade do trabalhador e tempo de trabalho, maior foi a prevalência do desfecho (p < 0,001). Na análise ajustada, trabalhadores expostos a ruído apresentaram 1,65 vez mais chance de referir dificuldade auditiva, quando comparados aos indivíduos não expostos (p < 0,001). O mesmo ocorreu com trabalhadores expostos à poeira industrial (OR = 1,36) (p = 0,012). Não foi observada associação entre o desfecho e a variável exposição a substâncias químicas (p = 0,120). Observou-se associação entre dificuldade auditiva e exposição ocupacional a ruído e à poeira industrial em trabalhadores brasileiros. Reforçam-se a importância do aprimoramento de políticas públicas em saúde auditiva e o desenvolvimento de ações voltadas à prevenção e ao monitoramento auditivo em ambiente ocupacional.


This study's objective was to estimate the association between self-reported hearing impairment and occupational exposure to hazardous noise and ototoxic agents in Brazilian workers. This was a cross-sectional study with data from the Brazilian National Health Survey (PNS-2013). The dependent variable was self-reported hearing impairment, and three principal exposures were analyzed: noise, industrial dust, and chemical substances. Logistic regression was performed, estimating crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). The principal exposure variables were adjusted for each other and by covariables sex, age, workplace, time on the job, and hypertension. 36,442 workers participated in the study. Higher prevalence of hearing impairment was seen in workers exposed to industrial dust (9.9%) (p < 0.001). The older the worker and the longer the time on the job, the higher the prevalence of hearing impairment (p < 0.001). In the adjusted analysis, workers exposed to noise showed 1.65 higher odds of reporting difficulty hearing, when compared to unexposed individuals (p < 0.001). The same was true for workers exposed to industrial dust (OR = 1.36) (p = 0.012). No association was observed between the outcome and exposure to chemical substances (p = 0.120). There was an association between hearing impairment and occupational exposure to noise and industrial dust in Brazilian workers. This emphasizes the importance of strengthening public policies for hearing health and the development of measures for prevention and auditory monitoring in the workplace.


El objetivo de este estudio fue estimar la asociación entre dificultad auditiva autoinformada y la exposición ocupacional a agentes otoagresores en trabajadores brasileños. Se trata de un estudio transversal, realizado con datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud (PNS-2013). La variable dependiente fue la dificultad auditiva autoinformada y se analizaron tres exposiciones principales: ruido, polvo industrial y substancias químicas. Se realizó un análisis de regresión logística, estimándose las odds ratio (OR) brutas y ajustadas, con intervalos de un 95% de confianza (IC95%). Las variables principales de exposición fueron ajustadas entre sí y por las covariables: sexo, edad, ambiente de trabajo, tiempo de trabajo e hipertensión arterial. Participaron en este estudio 36.442 trabajadores. La mayor prevalencia de dificultad auditiva se observó en individuos expuestos al polvo industrial (9,9%) (p < 0,001). Asimismo, cuanto mayor era la edad del trabajador y tiempo de trabajo, mayor fue la prevalencia del desenlace (p < 0,001). En el análisis ajustado, los trabajadores expuestos a ruido presentaron 1,65 veces más oportunidad de informar de dificultad auditiva, cuando se comparan con los individuos no expuestos (p < 0,001). Lo mismo sucedió con trabajadores expuestos a polvo industrial (OR = 1,36) (p = 0,012). No se observó una asociación entre el desenlace y la variable exposición a sustancias químicas (p = 0,120). Se observó una asociación entre dificultad auditiva y exposición ocupacional a ruido y polvo industrial en trabajadores brasileños. Se refuerza la importancia del perfeccionamiento de políticas públicas en salud auditiva y desarrollo de acciones dirigidas a la prevención y monitoreo auditivo en el entorno laboral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Hearing Loss/chemically induced , Hearing Loss/epidemiology , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/chemically induced , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Self Report
14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 294-299, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132593

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: South Africa has a high prevalence of co-existing tuberculosis and HIV. As ototoxicity linked to the treatments for these conditions occurs with concomitant exposure to other ear toxins such as hazardous noise exposure, it is important to investigate the combination impact of these toxins. Limited published evidence exists on the co-occurrence of these conditions within this population. Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the hearing function of gold miners with (treatment group) and without (non-treatment group) the history of tuberculosis treatment, in order to determine which group had increased risk of noise induced hearing loss. Furthermore, possible influence of age and HIV in these two groups was examined. Methods: A retrospective record review of 102 miners' audiological records, divided into two groups, was conducted, with data analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. Results: Findings suggest that gold miners with a history of tuberculosis treatment have worse hearing thresholds in the high frequencies when compared to those without this history; with evidence of a noise induced hearing loss notch at 6000 Hz in both groups. Pearson's correlations showed values between 0 and 0.3 (0 and −0.3) which are indicative of a weak positive (negative) correlation between HIV and hearing loss, as well as between hearing loss and age in this population. Conclusions: Current findings highlight the importance of strategic hearing conservation programs, including ototoxicity monitoring, and the possible use of oto-protective/chemo-protective agents in this population.


Resumo Introdução: A África do Sul apresenta uma alta prevalência de coinfecção de tuberculose e HIV. Como a ototoxicidade associada aos tratamentos para essas condições é observada na exposição concomitante a outros agentes ototóxicos, como a exposição a ruídos perigosos, é importante investigar o impacto da combinação desses agentes. São poucas as evidências publicadas sobre a co-ocorrência dessas condições nessa população. Objetivo: Comparar a função auditiva de garimpeiros com (grupo tratamento) e sem (grupo sem tratamento) história de tratamento de tuberculose, a fim de determinar que grupo apresentava maior risco de perda auditiva induzida por ruído. Além disso, avaliou-se a possível influência da idade e do HIV nesses dois grupos. Método: Os registros audiológicos de 102 garimpeiros, divididos em dois grupos, foram revisados de forma retrospectiva; os dados foram qualitativa e quantitativamente analisados. Resultados: Os achados indicam os garimpeiros com histórico de tratamento de tuberculose apresentam piores limiares auditivos nas altas frequências quando comparados àqueles sem esse histórico; em ambos os grupos, observou-se perda auditiva induzida por ruído com entalhe audiométrico a 6.000 Hz. As correlações de Pearson mostraram valores entre 0 e 0,3 (0 e -0,3), que são indicativos de uma fraca correlação positiva (negativa) entre o HIV e a perda auditiva, bem como entre a perda auditiva e a idade nessa população. Conclusões: Os resultados atuais destacam a importância de programas estratégicos de conservação auditiva, inclusive monitoramento de ototoxicidade, e o possível uso de agentes oto-/quimioprotetores nessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Gold , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/epidemiology , Mining , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , South Africa/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/diagnosis , Hearing Tests
15.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(3): 222-235, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126157

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: Están demostradas las ventajas de la cirugía laparoscópica para el paciente en términos de dolor, rápida recuperación y precisión quirúrgica, sin embargo, no existen estudios nacionales respecto al impacto en los cirujanos. El objetivo de este trabajo es realizar un estudio prospectivo de evaluación ergonómica de ginecólogos que operan cirugía laparoscópica. MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron métodos de evaluación específica por ergónomo experto y percepción de los participantes. Se evaluaron, carga global de trabajo (NASA-tlx), carga bio-mecánica (REBA) y la percepción de molestias músculo-esqueléticas (Escala de Discomfort Corporal). Se recogieron datos personales y de la cirugía, para explorar la existencia de dificultades técnicas. RESULTADOS: 86,7% de los ginecólogos evidenciaron altos niveles de carga global de trabajo, siendo las variables esfuerzo y rendimiento, las de mayor puntaje. El nivel de riesgo bio-mecánico, fue catalogado como medio en la totalidad de la población. 60% manifestó discomfort corporal durante la cirugía. En cuanto a las dificultades técnicas, el efecto fulcrum estuvo presente en el 46% de los cirujanos, el mismo porcentaje tuvo síntomas de ojo seco. El 68% alguna vez accionó el pedal equivocado y ha sentido parestesia del pulgar. CONCLUSIONES: La cirugía laparoscópica ginecológica, presenta una elevada carga global de trabajo. El ginecólogo percibe un importante discomfort corporal y algunas dificultades técnicas. Es necesario incorporar medidas ergonómicas, para minimizar y/o disminuir los factores de riesgo mental y físicos, y así prevenir el desgaste precoz y lesiones a futuro en los cirujanos.


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic surgery had demonstrated advantages such as less pain, rapid recovery and surgical precision. There are no national data regarding the impact on surgeon's health. This is a prospective study on ergonomic evaluation and laparoscopic surgery performed by gynecologists. METHODS: Specific evaluation methods were used such as Global workload (NASA-tlx), bio-mechanical load (REBA) and the perception of musculoskeletal discomfort (Body Part Discomfort Scale). Personal opinions and surgery data were collected to explore the existence of technical difficulties. RESULTS: 86.7% of gynecologists cataloged surgery as high level of global workload. Effort and performance variables were most important. Bio-mechanical risk level was classified as medium in the entire population. 60% showed body discomfort during surgery. Regarding technical difficulties, fulcrum effect was present in 46% of surgeons, the same percentage had dry eye symptoms. 68% have a pedal error activation during surgery and felt paresthesia of the thumb. CONCLUSIONS: Gynecological laparoscopic surgery has a high overall workload. The gynecologist perceives an important body discomfort and some technical difficulties. It is necessary to incorporate ergonomic measures, to minimize and / or reduce mental and physical risk factors, and thus prevent early wear and future injuries in surgeons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Ergonomics , Pain/epidemiology , Posture , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Biomechanical Phenomena , Dry Eye Syndromes , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Workload , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Assessment , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(1): 243-249, jan. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055795

ABSTRACT

Resumen Esta investigación ignifi la asociación entre la fatiga y el absentismo en el trabajo en 110 asistentes de enfermería de un hospital altamente complejo en Chile. Se ignifi un cuestionario sociodemográfico y la escala Check Strength Individual Strength. Los resultados mostraron que el ignific de absentismo predominante fue de 11 a 29 días. Los mayores promedios de fatiga se presentaron en los mayores de 2 años, con más de 10 pacientes en el consultorio y con contrato annual. No hubo diferencias significativas entre la fatiga media en relación con el absentismo, pero hubo una asociación ignificative entre la fatiga física (p = 0,040; OR = 1,054) y la antigüedad en el trabajo (p = 0,001; OR = 1,084) con el absentismo laboral. Finalmente, se concluye que la fatiga física y la antigüedad en el servicio clínico representaron un factor de riesgo significativo para el absentismo.


Abstract This research examined the association between occupational fatigue and work absenteeism in 110 female assistant nurses of a high-complexity hospital in Chile. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS) scale were used. The results showed that the predominant absenteeism range was 11-29 days. The highest means of fatigue occurred in those with seniority above 2 years, with more than 10 patients in charge and an annual contract. No significant difference was observed between the fatigue means concerning absenteeism, but a significant association was observed between physical fatigue (p = 0.040, OR = 1.054) and service seniority (p = 0.001, OR = 1.084) with work absenteeism. Finally, we can conclude that physical fatigue and seniority in the clinical service are significant risk factors for the occurrence of absenteeism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Absenteeism , Fatigue/epidemiology , Nursing Assistants/psychology , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals
18.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 28, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094414

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To assess the years of life lost due to premature death and disability-adjusted life years (DALY) as a result of chronic noncommunicable diseases attributable to occupational hazard factors, and to compare their position according to the risk ranking for chronic noncommunicable diseases in 1990 and 2016. METHODS Data for the DALY indicator, estimated from the Global Burden of Disease 2016 (GBD 2016) study, were analyzed for noncommunicable chronic diseases attributable to occupational, and other risk factors, selected in Brazil. A descriptive analysis was performed comparing the proportion of DALY by sex and age group (15 to 49 and 50 to 69 years old), as well as the ranking of occupational hazard factors in 1990 and 2016. RESULTS In 2016, ergonomic risk factors, carcinogenic agents, and noise in the workplace were among the 25 largest contributors to DALY for chronic noncommunicable diseases affecting the age group between 15 and 49 years. The contribution of all occupational hazard factors increased in 2016, except for occupational aerodispersoids affecting men. Concerning the age group between 50 and 69, occupational carcinogens stand out, with an increase of 26.0% for men, and 17.1% for women in 2016. Risk factors evaluated according to their 1990 and 2016 ranking show that occupational hazards have all scored higher on the second evaluation (2016), especially when compared with other risks. CONCLUSIONS The global burden of chronic noncommunicable diseases attributed to occupational hazard factors has become increasingly important. We suggest the strengthening of the approach of occupational hazard factors in the agendas for tackling these diseases in Brazil.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar anos de vida perdidos por morte prematura e por incapacidade ( disability-adjusted life years - DALY) em decorrência de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis atribuíveis a fatores de risco ocupacionais e comparar a posição desses fatores no ranking dos riscos para doenças crônicas não transmissíveis em 1990 e 2016. MÉTODOS Os dados referentes ao indicador DALY, estimado no estudo de Carga Global de Doenças de 2016 (GBD 2016), foram analisados para doenças crônicas não transmissíveis atribuíveis a fatores de risco ocupacionais e outros selecionados no Brasil. Realizou-se análise descritiva comparando a proporção de DALY por sexo e faixa etária (15 a 49 e 50 a 69 anos), além do ranqueamento de atribuição dos fatores de risco ocupacionais em 1990 e 2016. RESULTADOS Em 2016, fatores de risco ergonômicos, agentes carcinogênicos e ruído no ambiente laboral estiveram entre os 25 que mais contribuíram para os DALY por doenças crônicas não transmissíveis na faixa etária de 15 a 49 anos. A contribuição de todos fatores de risco ocupacionais aumentou em 2016, exceto os aerodispersoides ocupacionais para os homens. Para a faixa etária de 50 a 69 anos, sobressaem os agentes carcinogênicos ocupacionais, com aumento de 26.0% para homens e 17.1% para mulheres em 2016. Comparando o ranqueamento de 1990 e 2016 dos fatores de risco avaliados, os ocupacionais ascenderam de posição, com destaque em relação aos demais. CONCLUSÕES A carga global de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis atribuídas aos fatores de risco ocupacionais têm adquirido importância crescente. Sugere-se reforçar a abordagem dos fatores de risco ocupacionais nas agendas para enfrentamento dessas doenças no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Life Expectancy , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Global Burden of Disease , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Middle Aged
19.
Kinesiologia ; 39(1): 8-13, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123330

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El 30 de enero de 2020 el Director General de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaró que elbrote de COVID-19 constituía una Emergencia de Salud Pública de Importancia Internacional. El 11 de marzo se determinóque el brote podría caracterizarse como una pandemia, considerando sus alarmantes niveles de propagación y gravedad. En este contexto sanitario, el personal de salud tiene mayor riesgo laboral de infección por SARS-CoV-2. Con el propósito de tener un registro del número de kinesiólogos(as) contagiados en el país, el Colegio de Kinesiólogos elaboró una encuesta de auto-reporte de contagio. Este informe presenta los datos recogidos entre el 01 de junio y el 31 de julio de2020. MÉTODOS: Se diseñó una encuesta online de auto-reporte de casos confirmados de contagio por COVID-19 dirigidaa todos los kinesiólogos(as) residentes en Chile que voluntariamente quisieran participar. RESULTADOS: La encuesta fue respondida por 157 kinesiólogos(as). El 85,3% de los casos correspondió a kinesiólogos(as) jóvenes menores de 40 años. El 77,7% residía en la Región Metropolitana. El 70,1% de los kinesiólogos(as) reportó trabajar en centros de salud de alta complejidad. El 95,5% de los casos tuvo un manejo domiciliario de los síntomas. CONCLUSIÓN: El contagio laboral por COVID-19 de parte de kinesiólogos(os) que atienden pacientes infectados es considerada una enfermedad profesional y debe ser atendida según lo dispuesto en la legalidad vigente. La prevención radica en el correcto uso de los elementos de protección personal.


INTRODUCTION: On January 30th, 2020, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. On March 11th, it was determined that the outbreak could be characterized as a pandemic, considering its alarming levels of spread and severity. In this health context, health workers have a higher occupational risk of infection by SARS-CoV-2. With the aim of keeping a record of the number of physiotherapists infected in the country, the Colegio de Kinesiólogos de Chile prepared a self-reported contagion survey. This report presents the data collected between June 1st and July 31th, 2020. METHODS: An online self-report survey of confirmed cases of contagion by COVID-19 was designed for all physiotherapists residing in Chile who voluntarily wanted to participate. RESULTS: The survey was answered by 157 physiotherapists. 85.3% of the cases corresponded to young professionals under 40 years of age. 77.7% resided in the Metropolitan Region. 70.1% of the physiotherapists reported working in highly complex health centers. 95.5% of the cases had a home management of symptoms. CONCLUSION: Occupational contagion by COVID-19 by physiotherapists who treat infected patients is considered an occupational disease and must be treated according to the provisions of current legislation. Prevention lies in the correct use of personal protection elements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Physical Therapists/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Occupational Exposure , Health Personnel , Workplace , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Age and Sex Distribution , Self Report , Pandemics/prevention & control
20.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(supl.2): e20200469, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1125939

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To report the experience of the Nursing Committee for Coping with COVID-19 in Bahia. Methods: The experience report describes motivation, objectives, representatives, organization, working groups, activities and impact of the Committee actions. Results: The Committee consists of educational institutions and class representation. It accepts demands, questions and complaints from nursing workers, acts in favor of safe care and inspection of health and safety conditions at work. Five working groups and six technical support groups were formed. These groups address Communication, Review of Health Services Contingency Plans, Assistance to Long-Term Institutions, Epidemiology and External Activities. An Instagram account was created for quick and reliable access to information, and also an email to meet demands and monitor COVID-19 cases. Conclusion: The results of the Committee work contribute to guide, support, value and defend nursing workers in coping with COVID-19


RESUMEN Objetivo: Informar sobre la experiencia del Comité de Enfermería de Bahía en su combate contra la COVID-19. Métodos: El informe describe la motivación, los objetivos, los representantes, la organización, los grupos de trabajo, las actividades y el impacto de las acciones del Comité. Resultados: El Comité está formado por instituciones educativas y por representación de clases. Recibe demandas, dudas y denuncias de los trabajadores de enfermería, actúa a favor del cuidado seguro y de la supervisión de las condiciones de salud y seguridad laboral. Se formaron cinco grupos de trabajo y seis grupos de apoyo técnico para actuar en la Comunicación, la Revisión de los Planes de Contingencia de los Servicios Sanitarios, el Asesoramiento de las Instituciones de Permanencia Prolongada, la Epidemiología y las Actividades Externas. Se creó una cuenta en Instagram de acceso rápido y de información confiable y un correo electrónico para organizar las demandas y supervisar los casos de COVID-19. Conclusión: Los resultados de la labor del Comité contribuyen a orientar, apoyar, valorar y defender a los trabajadores de enfermería durante la lucha contra la COVID-19.


RESUMO Objetivo: Relatar a experiência do Comitê de Enfermagem para Enfrentamento da COVID-19 na Bahia. Métodos: O relato de experiência descreve motivação, objetivos, representantes, organização, grupos de trabalhos, atividades e impacto das ações do Comitê. Resultados: O Comitê é formado por instituições de ensino e representação de classe. Acolhe demandas, dúvidas e denúncias de trabalhadoras/es em enfermagem, age em prol do cuidado seguro e da fiscalização das condições de saúde e segurança no trabalho. Cinco grupos de trabalho e seis de suporte técnico foram formados. Esses grupos dirigem-se a Comunicação, Revisão de Planos de Contingência de Serviços de Saúde, Assessoria às Instituições de Longa Permanência, Epidemiologia e Atividades Externas. Criou-se conta no instagram, para acesso rápido e confiável à informação, e e-mail, para acolher demandas e monitorar casos da COVID-19. Conclusão: Os resultados do trabalho do Comitê contribuem para orientar, apoiar, valorizar e defender trabalhadoras/es em enfermagem no enfrentamento da COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Professional Staff Committees/organization & administration , Occupational Health , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , Nursing Staff , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Motivation , Nursing Assistants , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology
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