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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880855

ABSTRACT

Dental pulp can initiate its damage repair after an injury of the pulp-dentin complex by rearrangement of odontoblasts and formation of newly differentiated odontoblast-like cells. Connexin 43 (Cx43) is one of the gap junction proteins that participates in multiple tissue repair processes. However, the role of Cx43 in the repair of the dental pulp remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the function of Cx43 in the odontoblast arrangement patterns and odontoblastic differentiation. Human teeth for in vitro experiments were acquired, and a pulp injury model in Sprague-Dawley rats was used for in vivo analysis. The odontoblast arrangement pattern and the expression of Cx43 and dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) were assessed. To investigate the function of Cx43 in odontoblastic differentiation, we overexpressed or inhibited Cx43. The results indicated that polarized odontoblasts were arranged along the pulp-dentin interface and had high levels of Cx43 expression in the healthy teeth; however, the odontoblast arrangement pattern was slightly changed concomitant to an increase in the Cx43 expression in the carious teeth. Regularly arranged odontoblast-like cells had high levels of the Cx43 expression during the formation of mature dentin, but the odontoblast-like cells were not regularly arranged beneath immature osteodentin in the pulp injury models. Subsequent in vitro experiments demonstrated that Cx43 is upregulated during odontoblastic differentiation of the dental pulp cells, and inhibition or overexpression of Cx43 influence the odontoblastic differentiation. Thus, Cx43 may be involved in the maintenance of odontoblast arrangement patterns, and influence the pulp repair outcomes by the regulation of odontoblastic differentiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Connexin 43 , Dental Pulp , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Odontoblasts , Phosphoproteins , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 298-303, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132307

ABSTRACT

Abstract Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders that can lead to damage and dysfunction of many organs including the dental pulp. Increased inflammatory response, reduction of dentin formation and impaired healing were reported in diabetic dental pulp. Hyperglycemia, which is a main characteristic of diabetes, was suggested to play a role in many diabetic complications. Therefore our aim was to investigate the effects of high glucose levels on proliferation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). HDPCs were cultured under low glucose (5.5mM Glucose), high glucose (25 mM Glucose) and mannitol (iso-osmolar control) conditions. Cell proliferation was analyzed by MTT assay for 11 days. Glutathione and DCFH-DA assay were used to assess ROS and antioxidant levels after 24 h of glucose exposure. Odontogenic differentiation was evaluated and quantified by alizarin red staining on day 21. Expression of mineralization-associated genes, which were alkaline phosphatase, dentin sialophosphoprotein and osteonectin, was determined by RT-qPCR on day 14. The results showed that high glucose concentration decreased proliferation of HDPCs. Odontogenic differentiation, both by gene expression and mineral matrix deposit, was inhibited by high glucose condition. In addition, high DCF levels and low reduced glutathione levels were observed in high glucose condition. However, no differences were observed between mannitol and low glucose conditions. In conclusion, the results clearly showed the negative effect of high glucose condition on HDPCs proliferation and differentiation. Moreover, it also induced ROS production of HDPCs.


Resumo O diabetes abrange um grupo de distúrbios metabólicos que podem levar a danos e disfunções de muitos órgãos, incluindo a polpa dentária. Aumento da resposta inflamatória, redução da formação de dentina e comprometimento da cicatrização foram relatados na polpa dentária diabética. A hiperglicemia, que é uma característica determinante do diabetes, desempenha um papel importante em muitas complicações diabéticas. Portanto, nosso objetivo foi investigar os efeitos dos altos níveis de glicose na proliferação, produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio (ROS, em inglês) e diferenciação odontogênica das células da polpa dental humana (HDPCs, em inglês). As HDPCs foram cultivadas em condições de baixa glicose (glicose 5,5 mM), alta glicose (glicose 25 mM) e manitol (controle iso-osmolar). A proliferação celular foi analisada pelo ensaio MTT por 11 dias. Glutationa e DCFH-DA foram utilizados para avaliar os níveis de ROS e antioxidantes após 24 h de exposição à glicose. A diferenciação odontogênica foi avaliada e quantificada pela coloração com vermelho de alizarina no dia 21. A expressão de genes associados à mineralização, que eram fosfatase alcalina, sialofosfoproteína de dentina e osteonectina, foi determinada por RT-qPCR no dia 14. Os resultados mostraram que a alta concentração de glicose diminuiu a proliferação de HDPCs. A diferenciação odontogênica, tanto pela expressão gênica quanto pelo depósito da matriz mineral, foi inibida pela condição de alta glicose. Além disso, altos níveis de DCF e níveis reduzidos de glutationa foram observados na condição de alta glicose. No entanto, não foram observadas diferenças entre o manitol e as condições de baixa glicose. Em conclusão, os resultados mostraram claramente o efeito negativo da condição de alta glicose na proliferação e diferenciação de HDPCs. Além disso, essa condição também induziu a produção de ROS em HDPCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp , Alkaline Phosphatase , Phosphoproteins , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Reactive Oxygen Species , Cell Proliferation , Glucose , Odontoblasts
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190023, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056577

ABSTRACT

Abstract When exposure of the pulp to external environment occurs, reparative dentinogenesis can be induced by direct pulp capping to maintain pulp tissue vitality and function. These clinical situations require the use of materials that induce dentin repair and, subsequently, formation of a mineralized tissue. Objective: This work aims to assess the effect of tricalcium silicate cements and mineral trioxide aggregate cements, including repairing dentin formation and inflammatory reactions over time after pulp exposure in Wistar rats. Methodology: These two biomaterials were compared with positive control groups (open cavity with pulp tissue exposure) and negative control groups (no intervention). The evaluations were performed in three stages; three, seven and twenty-one days, and consisted of an imaging (nuclear medicine) and histological evaluation (H&E staining, immunohistochemistry and Alizarin Red S). Results: The therapeutic effect of these biomaterials was confirmed. Nuclear medicine evaluation demonstrated that the uptake of 99mTc-Hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (HMDP) showed no significant differences between the different experimental groups and the control, revealing the non-occurrence of differences in the phosphocalcium metabolism. The histological study demonstrated that in mineral trioxide aggregate therapies, the presence of moderate inflammatory infiltration was found after three days, decreasing during follow-ups. The formation of mineralized tissue was only verified at 21 days of follow-up. The tricalcium silicate therapies demonstrated the presence of a slight inflammatory infiltration on the third day, increasing throughout the follow-up. The formation of mineralized tissue was observed in the seventh follow-up day, increasing over time. Conclusions: The mineral trioxide aggregate (WhiteProRoot®MTA) and tricalcium silicate (Biodentine™) present slight and reversible inflammatory signs in the pulp tissue, with the formation of mineralized tissue. However, the exacerbated induction of mineralized tissue formation with the tricalcium silicate biomaterial may lead to the formation of pulp calcifications


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Oxides/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Dentinogenesis/drug effects , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Pulpitis/pathology , Pulpitis/drug therapy , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Dental Pulp Exposure/pathology , Dental Pulp Exposure/drug therapy , Rats, Wistar , Dental Pulp/pathology , Dental Pulp Capping/methods , Drug Combinations , Molecular Imaging/methods , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/pharmacology , Odontoblasts/drug effects
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190105, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056578

ABSTRACT

Abstract Calcium aluminate cement (CAC) has been highlighted as a promising alternative for endodontic use aiming at periapical tissue repair. However, its effects on dental pulp cells have been poorly explored. Objective: This study assessed the impact of calcium chloride (CaCl2) and bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) or zinc oxide (ZnO) additives on odontoblast cell response to CAC. Methodology: MDPC-23 cells were exposed for up to 14 d: 1) CAC with 2.8% CaCl2 and 25% ZnO (CACz); 2) CAC with 2.8% CaCl2 and 25% Bi2O3 (CACb); 3) CAC with 10% CaCl2 and 25% Bi2O3 (CACb+); or 4) mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), placed on inserts. Non-exposed cultures served as control. Cell morphology, cell viability, gene expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP-1), ALP activity, and extracellular matrix mineralization were evaluated. Data were compared using ANOVA (α=5%). Results: Lower cell density was detected only for MTA and CACb+ compared with Control, with areas showing reduced cell spreading. Cell viability was similar among groups at days one and three (p>0.05). CACb+ and MTA showed the lowest cell viability values at day seven (p>0.05). CACb and CACb+ promoted higher ALP and BSP expression compared with CACz (p<0.05); despite that, all cements supported ALP activity. Matrix mineralization were enhanced in CACb+ and MTA. Conclusion: In conclusion, CAC with Bi2O3, but not with ZnO, supported the expression of odontoblastic phenotype, but only the composition with 10% CaCl2 promoted mineralized matrix formation, rendering it suitable for dentin-pulp complex repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Dental Cements/pharmacology , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Oxides/pharmacology , Oxides/chemistry , Time Factors , Zinc Oxide/pharmacology , Zinc Oxide/chemistry , Bismuth/pharmacology , Bismuth/chemistry , Materials Testing , Calcium Chloride/pharmacology , Calcium Chloride/chemistry , Gene Expression/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Silicates/pharmacology , Silicates/chemistry , Drug Combinations , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/drug effects , Odontoblasts/drug effects
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(9): e9750, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132559

ABSTRACT

Our study attempted to compare the efficacies of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 2, 6, and 9 in inducing osteogenic differentiation of preodontoblasts (PDBs). We immortalized PDBs by introducing a reversible SV40 T antigen-based immortalization system. Cell proliferation capability was examined by the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide assay. The effects of BMP2, 6, and 9 on the osteogenic differentiation of immortalized preodontoblasts (iPDBs) were measured by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assays and alizarin red S staining. The expression of osteogenic markers was evaluated by semiquantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. To assess ectopic bone formation, rat-derived iPDBs were transfected in culture with adenoviral vectors designated Ad-BMP2, 6, and 9 and subcutaneously or intramuscularly injected into mice. Several BMPs retained endogenous expression in PDBs and regulated the mRNA expression of mineralized tissue-associated proteins. ALP activity and mineralized nodule formation were significantly increased in the Ad-BMP9-transfected group relative to the control group. In addition, the most significant hard tissue formation was in this group. The results indicated that BMP signaling was involved in the osteogenic differentiation of iPDBs. BMP9 could be an efficacious accelerant of the osteogenic differentiation of iPDBs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Osteogenesis , Signal Transduction , Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression Regulation , Cell Proliferation , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6 , Growth Differentiation Factor 2 , Odontoblasts
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827539

ABSTRACT

Tubular dentin is of great significance in the process of tooth tissue and tooth regeneration, because it is not only the structural feature of primary dentin, but also can affect the tooth sensory function, affect the differentiation of dental pulp cells and provide strong mechanical support for teeth. Scaffold is one of the three elements of tissue engineering dentin regeneration. Most experiments on dentin regeneration involve the study of the microstructure and mechanical properties of the scaffold. The microstructure and mechanical characteristics of scaffold materials have important effects on the differentiation and adhesion of odontoblast, it can directly affect the tissue structure of regenerated dentin.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Dental Pulp , Dentin , Odontoblasts , Regeneration , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the difference in odontoblast differentiation capacity between stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), and to examine the expression level of ephrinB1 in odontoblast differentiation of these stem cells.@*METHODS@#The stems cells were divided into a SHED group and a DPSCs group. After odontoblast differentiation induction, the above 2 groups were also randomly divided into a 3 d group and a 7 d group, respectively.The calcium deposition was detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and alizarin red staining.The mRNA and protein expressions of ephrinB1, dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1) and dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) were detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#ALP staining and alizarin red staining showed that there was stronger mineralization capacity in the SHED group than that in the DPSCs group. The relative mRNA and protein expressions of DMP-1, DSPP, and ephrinB1 in the SHED group were higher than those in the DPSCs group except for the protein expression of DMP-1 in the SHED 3 d group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SHED has stronger odontoblast differentiation capacity than DPSCs. In addition, ephrinB1 may be involved in the processes of odontoblast differentiation in the SHED and DPSCs.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp , Humans , Odontoblasts , Osteogenesis , Stem Cells , Tooth, Deciduous
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of autophagy in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced apoptosis of murine odontoblasts.@*METHODS@#Murine odontoblasts (mDPC-23 cells) were treated with 5 μg/mL LPS for 6, 12 and 24 h, and the changes in cell viability was examined using CCK8 kit and cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining. The changes in the protein levels of LC3, Beclin1, Atg5, AKT, p-AKT, mTOR and p-mTOR were detected using Western blotting. The effect of 3-MA treatment for 24 h on LPS-induced apoptosis of mDPC-23 cells was evaluated by detecting the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins caspase-3 and Bax using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Stimulation with LPS for 6 and 12 h did not cause significant changes in the proliferation or apoptosis of mDPC-23 cells, but LPS treatment for 24 h significantly suppressed cell proliferation (@*CONCLUSIONS@#LPS stimulation induces autophagy to promote apoptosis of mDPC-23 cells, and suppression of autophagy attenuates LPS-induced apoptosis. Autophagy may play an important role in the injury of inflamed pulp tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Mice , Odontoblasts/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4537, 01 Fevereiro 2019. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998237

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the effect of immediate placement of implants with extract from the new bone formation histometically. Material and Methods: In this true-experimental design with randomized post test control group, 9 mongrel dogs weighing 10 to 12 kg were used, which were divided into 3 groups, based on observation time of 14 days, 28 days and 56 days. On the installation of implants (∅3.5x10 mm) sequentially, the former socket extraction of the lower jaw's right second premolar tooth in the study sample injected 10% Aloe vera gel extract and left second left premolar tooth without injection of 10% Aloe vera extract. To compare independent groups use the Mann-Whitney test. All analysis were carried out using SPSS version 20. Results: There was an increase in the number of osteoblast cells in both treatment and control groups, but the value of the treatment group was greater. There were significant differences in the number of osteoblast cells between the treatment and control groups 14 days (p=0.019), 28 days: (p=0.018), and 56 days (p=0.009). There were no significant differences in the number of fibroblast cells between the treatment and control groups (p>0.05). But at observations 28 and 56 days, it was showed a significant difference in the number of fibroblast cells between the treatment and control groups (p=0.353 and p=0.024, respectively). Conclusion: Immediate placement of implants with 10% Aloe vera extract gel on extracted socket increases the number of osteoblasts and suppresses the number of osteoclasts and fibroblasts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Osteoclasts , Connective Tissue Cells , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Aloe , Statistics, Nonparametric , Fibroblasts , Indonesia , Odontoblasts
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e117, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132651

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Brazilian propolis on the cell viability, mineralization, anti-inflammatory ability, and migration of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). The cell viability was evaluated with CCK-8 kit after 1, 5, 7, and 9 days. The deposition of calcified matrix and the expression of osteogenesis-related genes were evaluated by Alizarin Red staining and real-time PCR after incubation in osteogenic medium for 21 days. The expression of inflammation-related genes in cells was determined after exposure to 1 μg/mL LPS for 3 h. Finally, the numbers of cells that migrated through the permeable membranes were compared during 15 h. Propolis and MTA significantly increased the viability of hDPCscompared to the control group on days 7 and 9. In the propolis group, significant enhancement of osteogenic potential and suppressed expression of IL-1β and IL-6 was observed after LPS exposure compared to the MTA and control groups. The number of migration cells in the propolis group was similar to that of the control group, while MTA significantly promoted cell migration. Propolis showed comparable cell viability to that of MTA and exhibited significantly higher anti-inflammatory and mineralization promotion effects on hDPCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/pharmacology , Propolis/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Brazil , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Anthraquinones , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Statistics, Nonparametric , Drug Combinations , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Odontoblasts/drug effects
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e013, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989479

ABSTRACT

Abstract Recent studies on functional tissue regeneration have focused on substances that favor cell proliferation and differentiation, including the bioactive phenolic compounds present in grape seed extract (GSE). The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the stimulatory potential of GSE in the functional activity of undifferentiated pulp cells and odontoblast-like cells. OD-21 and MDPC-23 cell lines were cultivated in odontogenic medium until subconfluence, seeded in 24-well culture plates in a concentration of 2x104/well and divided into: 1) OD-21 without GSE; 2) OD-21+10 µg/mL of GSE; 3) MDPC-23 without GSE; 4) MDPC-23+10 µg/mL of GSE. Cell proliferation, in situ detection of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and total protein content were assessed after 3, 7 and 10 days, and mineralization was evaluated after 14 days. The data were analyzed by ANOVA statistical tests set at a 5% level of significance. Results revealed that cell proliferation increased after 10 days, and protein content, after 7 days of culture in MDPC-23 cells. In situ ALP staining intensity was higher in undifferentiated pulp cells and odontoblast-like cells after 7 and 10 days, respectively. A discrete increase in MDPC-23 mineralization after GSE treatment was observed despite OD-21 cells presenting a decrease in mineralized nodule deposits. Data suggest that GSE favors functional activity of differentiated cells more broadly than undifferentiated cells (OD-21). More studies with different concentrations of GSE must be conducted to confirm its benefits to cells regarding dentin regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Grape Seed Extract/pharmacology , Odontoblasts/drug effects , Reference Values , Time Factors , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Line , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Dentin/cytology , Dentin/drug effects , Odontogenesis/drug effects
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180453, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012522

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study was designed for the chemical activation of a 35% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) bleaching gel to increase its whitening effectiveness and reduce its toxicity. Methodology First, the bleaching gel - associated or not with ferrous sulfate (FS), manganese chloride (MC), peroxidase (PR), or catalase (CT) - was applied (3x 15 min) to enamel/dentin discs adapted to artificial pulp chambers. Then, odontoblast-like MDPC-23 cells were exposed for 1 h to the extracts (culture medium + components released from the product), for the assessment of viability (MTT assay) and oxidative stress (H2DCFDA). Residual H2O2 and bleaching effectiveness (DE) were also evaluated. Data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA complemented with Tukey's test (n=8. p<0.05). Results All chemically activated groups minimized MDPC-23 oxidative stress generation; however, significantly higher cell viability was detected for MC, PR, and CT than for plain 35% H2O2 gel. Nevertheless, FS, MC, PR, and CT reduced the amount of residual H2O2 and increased bleaching effectiveness. Conclusion Chemical activation of 35% H2O2 gel with MC, PR, and CT minimized residual H2O2 and pulp cell toxicity; but PR duplicated the whitening potential of the bleaching gel after a single 45-minute session.


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching/methods , Tooth Bleaching Agents/toxicity , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/toxicity , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Reference Values , Time Factors , Ferrous Compounds/chemistry , Catalase/chemistry , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Chlorides/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Manganese Compounds/chemistry , Color , Peroxidase/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Pulp/chemistry , Dental Pulp/diagnostic imaging , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Odontoblasts/drug effects
13.
Duazary ; 16(3): 87-103, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1052229

ABSTRACT

Los odontoblastos son células posmitóticas de origen mesenquimal dispuestas en forma de palizada en la periferia de la pulpa dental y responsables de la formación de la dentina. Los odontoblastos derivan de la cresta neural,y su diferenciación es la consecuencia de las interacciones epitelio-mesénquima entre las células de la papila dental y el epitelio dental interno. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo revisar los aspectos fisiológicos y patológicos de los odontoblastos, comprendiendo su origen, mecanismos de diferenciación y propiedades funcionales. Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica de literatura desde el año 2000 hasta febrero de 2018y seseleccionaron 2.889 artículos, de los cuales 52 fueron analizados y discutidos. Los resultados exponen el origen, las etapas y los factores relacionados con la diferenciación odontoblástica, junto con los aspectos principales de la organización estructural y las funciones que desempeñan los odontoblastos. Esta revisión demuestra mediante la evidencia científica actual cómo los estudios concernientes a los odontoblastos se focalizan en comprender los mecanismos en la formación de la dentina reparativa, la respuesta inmunitaria y su rol en los procesos de inflamación y dolor. Trabajos futuros deberán esclarecer las diferentes señales involucradas en los procesos fisiopatológicos celulares y moleculares llevados a cabo por los odontoblastos.


The odontoblasts are post-mitotic cells of mesenchymal origin arranged in the form of a palisade in the periphery of the dental pulp and responsible for the formation of the dentin. The odontoblasts are derived from the neural crest and their differentiation is the consequence of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions between the cells of the dental papilla and the internal dental epithelium. This work aims to review the physiological and pathological aspects of odontoblasts, including their origin, mechanismsof differentiation and functional properties. An electronic literature search was conducted from 2000 to February 2018, selecting 2889articles, of which 52 articles were analyzed and discussed. The results show the origin, stages and factors related to odontoblastic differentiation, together with the main aspects of the structural organization and functions performed by odontoblasts. This review demonstrates through current scientific evidence that the studies concerning odontoblasts focus on understanding the mechanisms in the formation of reparative dentin, the immune response and its role in the processes of inflammation and pain. Future work should clarify the different signals involved in the cellular and molecular pathophysiological processes carriedout by the odontoblasts.


Subject(s)
Odontoblasts
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify the effect of the mutant gene vps4b on the expression of tooth development-related proteins, dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and collagenⅠ (COL-Ⅰ).@*METHODS@#Paraffin tissue sections of the first molar tooth germ were obtained from the heads of fetal mice at the embryonic stages of 13.5, 14.5, and 16.5 days and from the mandibles of larvae aged 2.5 and 7 days after birth. The immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression and location of DSPP and COL-Ⅰ in wild-type mouse and vps4b knockout mouse.@*RESULTS@#DSPP and COL-Ⅰ were not found in the bud and cap stages of wild-type mouse molar germ. In the bell stage, DSPP was positively expressed in the inner enamel epithelium and dental papilla, whereas COL-Ⅰ was strongly expressed in the dental papilla and dental follicle. During the secretory and mineralized periods, DSPP and COL-Ⅰ were intensely observed in ameloblasts, odontoblasts, and dental follicles, but COL-Ⅰ was also expressed in the dental papilla. After vps4b gene knockout, DSPP was not expressed in the dental papilla of the bell stage and in the dental papilla and dental follicle of the secretory phase. The expression position of COL-Ⅰ in the bell and mineralization phase was consistent with that in the wild-type mice. Moreover, the expression of COL-Ⅰ in the dental papilla changed in the secretory stage.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Gene vps4b plays a significant role in the development of tooth germ. The expression of DSPP and COL-Ⅰ may be controlled by gene vps4b and regulates the development of tooth dentin and cementum together with vps4b.


Subject(s)
ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities , Genetics , Animals , Collagen , Metabolism , Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport , Genetics , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Molar , Odontoblasts , Phosphoproteins , Metabolism , Sialoglycoproteins , Metabolism , Tooth Germ
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772655

ABSTRACT

The polarity of ameloblasts and odontoblasts is crucial for their differentiation and function. Polarity-related molecules play an important role in this process. This review summarizes the process of polarity formation of ameloblasts and odontoblasts and their related regulators.


Subject(s)
Ameloblasts , Cell Differentiation , Odontoblasts
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764402

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Light-emitting diodes curing unit (LCU), which emit blue light, is used for polymerization of composite resins in many dentistry. Although the use of LCU for light-cured composite resin polymerization is considered safe, it is still controversial whether it can directly or indirectly have harmful biological influences on oral tissues. The aim of this study was to elucidate the biological effects of LCU in wavelengths ranging from 440 to 490 nm, on the cell viability and secretion of inflammatory cytokines in MDPC-23 odontoblastic cells and inflammatory-induced MDPC-23 cells by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: The MTT assay and observation using microscope were performed on MDPC-23 cells to investigate the cell viability and cytotoxic effects on LCU irradiation. RESULTS: MDPC-23 cells and LPS stimulated MDPC-23 cells were found to have no effects on cell viability and cell morphology in the LCU irradiation. Nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 which are the pro-inflammatory mediators, and interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) which are the proinflammatory cytokines were significantly increased in MCPD-23 cells after LCU irradiation as time increased in comparison with the control. LCU irradiation has the potential to induce inflammation or biological damages in normal dental tissues, including MDPC-23 cells. CONCLUSION: Therefore, it is necessary to limit the use of LCU except for the appropriate dose and irradiation time. In addition, LCU irradiation of inflammatory-induced MDPC-23 cells by LPS was reduced the secretion of NO compared to the LPS alone treatment group and was significantly reduced the secretion of TNF-α in all the time groups. Therefore, LCU application in LPS stimulated MDPC-23 odontoblastic cells has a photodynamic therapy like effect as well as inflammation relief.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Composite Resins , Cytokines , Dentistry , Dinoprostone , Inflammation , Necrosis , Nitric Oxide , Odontoblasts , Photochemotherapy , Polymerization , Polymers
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764049

ABSTRACT

Dentin hypersensitivity is an abrupt intense pain caused by innocuous stimuli to exposed dentinal tubules. Mechanosensitive ion channels have been assessed in dental primary afferent neurons and odontoblasts to explain dentin hypersensitivity. Dentinal fluid dynamics evoked by various stimuli to exposed dentin cause mechanical stress to the structures underlying dentin. This review briefly discusses three hypotheses regarding dentin hypersensitivity and introduces recent findings on mechanosensitive ion channels expressed in the dental sensory system and discusses how the activation of these ion channels is involved in dentin hypersensitivity.


Subject(s)
Dental Physiological Phenomena , Dentin Sensitivity , Dentin , Dentinal Fluid , Hydrodynamics , Ion Channels , Mechanoreceptors , Neurons, Afferent , Odontoblasts , Stress, Mechanical
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recombinant amelogenin protein (RAP) was reported to induce soft-tissue regeneration in canine infected endodontically treated permanent teeth with open apices. To characterize identities of the cells found in the RAP regenerated tissues compared to authentic pulp by identifying: 1) stem cells by their expression of Sox2; 2) nerve fibers by distribution of the axonal marker peripherin; 3) axons by their expression of calcitonin gene–related peptide (CGRP); 4) the presence of astrocytes expressing glial fibrillary acidic proteins (GFAP).METHODS: A total of 240 open-apex root canals in dogs were used. After establishment of oral contamination to the pulp, the canals were cleaned, irrigated, and 120 canals filled with RAP, and the other 120 with calcium hydroxide.RESULTS: After 1, 3, and 6 months, teeth were recovered for immune-detection of protein markers associated with native pulp tissues. Regenerated pulp and apical papilla of RAP group revealed an abundance of stem cells showing intense immunoreactivity to Sox2 antibody, immunoreactivity of peripherin mainly in the A-fibers of the odontoblast layer and immunoreactivity to CGRP fibers in the central pulp region indicative of C-fibres. GFAP immunoreactivity was observed near the odontoblastic, cell-rich regions and throughout the regenerated pulp.CONCLUSIONS: RAP induces pulp regeneration following regenerative endodontic procedures with cells identity by gene expression demonstrating a distribution pattern similar to the authentic pulp innervation. A- and C-fibers, as well as GFAP specific to astrocytic differentiation, are recognized. The origin of the regenerated neural networks may be derived from the Sox2 identified stem cells within the apical papilla.


Subject(s)
Amelogenin , Animals , Astrocytes , Axons , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Calcium Hydroxide , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Dogs , Gene Expression , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Nerve Fibers , Odontoblasts , Periapical Periodontitis , Regeneration , Stem Cells , Tooth
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787362

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the odontoblast gene expression related to the subculture speed of supernumerary dental pulp stem cells (sDPSCs). The stem cell is undifferentiated cells which has the ability to differentiate into various cells. Specific stimulation or environment induces cell differentiation, and these differentiation leads to bone or muscle formation.20 sDPSCs were obtained from 20 children under aseptic condition. During the culture through the 10th passage, the third passage cells which showed short subculture period and 10th passage cells which showed long subculture period were earned. Each cell was divided into differentiated group and non-differentiated group. Quantitative real-time polychain reaction (q-RT-PCR) was performed for each group. The genes related to odontoblast differentiation, Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Osteocalcin (OCN), Osteonectin (ONT), Dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and Dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1 (DMP-1), were measured.Differentiated cells showed more gene expression levels. Undifferentiated cells showed higher gene expression level in 10th passages but differentiated cells showed higher gene expression level in 3rd passages. Cells that showed faster subculture period showed relatively lower gene expression level except for OCN and DSPP.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Cell Differentiation , Child , Dental Pulp , Dentin , Gene Expression , Humans , Odontoblasts , Osteocalcin , Osteonectin , Pilot Projects , Stem Cells
20.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 33(75): 29-35, jul.-dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1000087

ABSTRACT

Diferentes estudios han demostrado que después de la tercera década de vida hay una transición en la microestructura de la dentina. Dada la importancia de ésta como sustrato para la adhesión de materiales de restauración utilizados en operatoria y rehabilitación oral, ha sido objetivo de este trabajo realizar una búsqueda bibliográfica de las publicaciones existentes en inglés y español de los últimos 15 años, haciendo uso de buscadores científicos como Pubmed, Google Schoolar y LILACS que permitieran actualizar la información existente ayudando a entender los efectos biológicos del envejecimiento de la dentina, identificando los cambios de mayor relevancia a nivel histológico. De la búsqueda realizada se concluye que el envejecimiento de la dentina está asociado con aumento de dentina secundaria, formación de dentina esclerótica opaca, variaciones en la composición química de la matriz y disminución del número y actividad de los odontoblastos. Los conocimientos sobre el envejecimiento de la dentina deben tenerse en cuenta frente a estudios relacionados con materiales de restauración dental, ya que los cambios en la microestructura y capacidad funcional de la dentina con el envejecimiento requieren que éstos se adapten a dichas variaciones (AU)


Different studies have shown that aafter the third term of life there is a transition in the microstructure of dentin. Given the importance of dentin as a substrate for the adhesion of restorative materials used in operative and oral rehabilitation, the aim of the present work was to conduct a search of the scientific literature in English and Spanish, published in the last 15 years, using search engines such as Pubmed, Google Schoolar and LILACS, for an update on the biological effects of dentin aging, to identify the most relevant age-related histological changes in dentina. The data obtained from the literature review allow concluding that dentin aging is associated with an increase in secondary dentina, opaque sclerotic dentin formation, variations in the chemical composition of the matrix and a decrease in odontoblast number and activity. Updated information on dentin aging should be taken into account in studies on dental restoration materials, since the latter must adapt to aging-related changes in the microstructure and functional capacity of dentin (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aging/physiology , Dentin/physiopathology , Odontoblasts , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Materials , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dentinogenesis
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