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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929148

ABSTRACT

Multiple signaling pathways are involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation in odontogenesis and dental tissue renewal, but the details of these mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we investigated the expression patterns of a transcription factor, Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6), during the development of murine tooth germ and its function in odontoblastic differentiation. KLF6 was almost ubiquitously expressed in odontoblasts at various stages, and it was co-expressed with P21 (to varying degrees) in mouse dental germ. To determine the function of Klf6, overexpression and knockdown experiments were performed in a mouse dental papilla cell line (iMDP-3). Klf6 functioned as a promoter of odontoblastic differentiation and inhibited the proliferation and cell cycle progression of iMDP-3 through p21 upregulation. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation showed that Klf6 directly activates p21 transcription. Additionally, the in vivo study showed that KLF6 and P21 were also co-expressed in odontoblasts around the reparative dentin. In conclusion, Klf6 regulates the transcriptional activity of p21, thus promoting the cell proliferation to odontoblastic differentiation transition in vitro. This study provides a theoretical basis for odontoblast differentiation and the formation of reparative dentine regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cell Proliferation , Mice , Odontoblasts/metabolism , Odontogenesis , Tooth Germ
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#A study was conducted to explore the expression pattern and function of ferritin heavy polypeptide gene (fth1b) in zebrafish pharyngeal teeth development and lay the foundation for subsequent research on teeth development and mineralization.@*METHODS@#The zebrafish embryos were harvested at 56, 72, 96, and 120 h after fertilization. The expression of fth1b in zebrafish pharyngeal teeth development was detected by whole embryo @*RESULTS@#The expression pattern of fth1b gene was very similar to that of the known zebrafish pharyngeal teeth marker dlx2b and was specifically expressed in the zebrafish pharyngeal teeth during development. After the specific knockout of the gene fth1b, the earliest gene that can be detect in zebrafish pharyngeal teeth-pitx2 was expressed normally during early development. The dlx2b expression was not significantly different from that of wild type zebrafish, but the mineralization of pharyngeal teeth in the mutant was weaker than that of wild type zebrafish.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The gene fth1b is specifically expressed in zebrafish pharyngeal teeth and acts on their early mineralization.


Subject(s)
Animals , In Situ Hybridization , Odontogenesis , Pharynx , Tooth , Zebrafish/genetics
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880861

ABSTRACT

Tooth root morphogenesis involves two biological processes, root elongation and dentinogenesis, which are guaranteed by downgrowth of Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) and normal odontoblast differentiation. Ubiquitin-dependent protein degradation has been reported to precisely regulate various physiological processes, while its role in tooth development is still elusive. Here we show ubiquitin-specific protease 34 (USP34) plays a pivotal role in root formation. Deletion of Usp34 in dental mesenchymal cells leads to short root anomaly, characterized by truncated roots and thin root dentin. The USP34-deficient dental pulp cells (DPCs) exhibit decreased odontogenic differentiation with downregulation of nuclear factor I/C (NFIC). Overexpression of NFIC partially restores the impaired odontogenic potential of DPCs. These findings indicate that USP34-dependent deubiquitination is critical for root morphogenesis by stabilizing NFIC.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Female , Morphogenesis , NFI Transcription Factors , Odontogenesis , Tooth Root
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210138, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340112

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mesenchymal and epithelial stem cells were identified in dental tissues; however, knowledge about the odontogenic stem cells is limited, and there are some questions regarding their temporo-spatial dynamics in tooth development. Objective Our study aimed to analyze the expression of the stem cell markers CD146 and p75NTR during the different stages of odontogenesis. Methodology The groups consisted of 13.5, 15.5, 17.5 days old embryos, and 14 days postnatal BALB/c mice. The expression of CD146 and p75NTR was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Results Our results showed that positive cells for both markers were present in all stages of tooth development, and the number of positive cells increased with the progression of this process. Cells of epithelial and ectomesenchymal origin were positive for CD146, and the expression of p75NTR was mainly detected in the dental papilla and dental follicle. In the postnatal group, dental pulp cells were positive for CD146, and the reduced enamel epithelium and the oral mucosa epithelium showed immunostaining for p75NTR. Conclusions These results suggest that the staining pattern of CD146 and p75NTR underwent temporal and spatial changes during odontogenesis and both markers were expressed by epithelial and mesenchymal cell types, which is relevant due to the significance of the epithelial-ectomesenchymal interactions in tooth development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Odontogenesis , Stem Cells , Cell Differentiation , Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor , CD146 Antigen , Mice, Inbred BALB C
5.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(3): e3060, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126525

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Durante la odontogénesis se pueden producir malformaciones congénitas que afectan la forma, el número, el tamaño, la estructura, la posición, el color y la erupción de los dientes. En las personas con discapacidades como parálisis cerebral, trastorno del desarrollo intelectual, síndrome de Down y trastorno del espectro autista, pueden presentarse variedad de anomalías dentales. Objetivo: Describir las anomalías dentales en las condiciones de discapacidad de parálisis cerebral, trastorno del desarrollo intelectual, síndrome de Down y trastorno del espectro autista. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos Clinical Key, Medline, Dialnet y SciELO. Se aplicó la lista de comprobación PRISMA. Análisis e integración de la información: Posterior al proceso de lectura y análisis de la información, se recuperaron 800 artículos de las bases de datos, se eliminaron 590 por encontrarse repetidos. Luego de la discriminación, quedaron para revisar 210, a estos restantes se hizo la revisión de texto completo. Se eliminaron 193 no hacían referencia a anomalías dentales y/o a los trastornos o síndromes. De los 17 restantes, solo 15 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Conclusiones: No se encontraron diferencias para afirmar que algunas de las anomalías y alteraciones presentadas correspondan de manera individual a cada tipo de discapacidad. Sin embargo, el síndrome de Down presenta anomalías dentales relacionadas al estado del paciente. La parálisis cerebral reporta otros hallazgos como bruxismo, debido al deficiente desarrollo muscular, lo que afecta la cavidad bucal y sus estructuras(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: During odontogenesis, congenital malformations can occur that affect teeth shape, number, size, structure, position, color and eruption. In people with disabilities such as cerebral palsy, intellectual development disorder, Down syndrome, and autism spectrum disorder, a variety of dental abnormalities can occur. Objective: To describe dental anomalies in such disability conditions as cerebral palsy, intellectual development disorder, Down syndrome and autism spectrum disorder. Methods: A bibliographic search was performed in the databases Clinical Key, Medline, Dialnet and SciELO. The PRISMA checklist was applied. Information analysis and integration: After reading and analyzing the information, 800 articles were retrieved from the databases, of which 590 were deleted because they were repeated. After the discrimination, 210 were pending to review; the remaining ones were reviewed full-text. 193 were deleted because they did not do any reference to dental anomalies and/or disorders or syndromes. Of the remaining 17, only 15 met the inclusion criteria. Conclusions: No differences were found to affirm that some of the anomalies and alterations presented correspond individually to each type of disability. However, Down syndrome has dental abnormalities related to patient condition. Cerebral palsy coincides with other findings such as bruxism, due to poor muscle development, which affects the oral cavity and its structures(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Abnormalities/therapy , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnosis , Disabled Persons , Odontogenesis/physiology , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Down Syndrome/diagnosis , Autism Spectrum Disorder/diagnosis
6.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20(supl.1): e0138, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Many viral infections cause oral manifestations, including disorders in odontogenesis, resulting in dental malformations. In this review, based on current knowledge, we will discuss the likely dental and oral consequences of COVID-19. In this article, we review currently available data associated with vertical transmission of COVID-19 and odontogenesis, oral manifestations, and the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on a diagnosis of oral diseases. Owing to the severity of the pandemic, the population's anxiety and fear of becoming infected with COVID-19 may underestimate the signs and symptoms of serious illnesses, besides discourage patients from seeking health, medical or dental services to determine the diagnosis of oral lesions. Thus, the COVID-19 pandemic could be an additional and aggravating factor for the delay of serious illness diagnosis, such as oral squamous cell carcinoma resulting in higher morbidity and worse prognosis. Several changes and oral lesions have been described as oral manifestations of COVID-19, such as dysgeusia, oral ulcers, petechiae, reddish macules, desquamative gingivitis, among others. Besides, it can cause major systemic changes and predispose opportunistic infections. As with other viral infections, oral manifestations, including dental anomalies, can occur as a direct result of SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, further studies are needed to guide and clarify possible oral changes.


Subject(s)
Tooth Abnormalities/pathology , Oral Health , Coronavirus , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Odontogenesis , Oral Manifestations , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/psychology , Oral Ulcer/pathology , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
7.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 19(3): 701-710, Jul.-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041092

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To analyze the association between low birth weight (LBW) and the occurrence of the delay on the eruption of deciduous teething (DEDT) in children from 04 to 30 months, living in Salvador, Bahia. Methods: A cross-sectional study involved 520 children at four to thirty months of age, from public, private and philanthropic daycares from two districts in Salvador. A descriptive analysis and unconditional logistic regression were done to estimate the odds ratios (ORs), using the Confidence Interval of 95% as a criterion for accepting associations. Poisson regression was used as an analytical strategy to obtain the prevalence ratio. Results: the prevalence of the delay on the eruption was 10.29%. There was a positive association between LBW and occurrence of DEDT among children with less than 24 months, both in the unadjusted model (PR=2.07, 95%CI= 0.96 4.44) as in the adjusted (adjusted PR=2, 27, 95%CI= 1.02 5.07). Conclusions: the variables of development and nutritional at birth and during the early life may be important predictors of the chronology of eruption. Further investigations should be carried out towards the adequate evaluation of the LBW role in the occurrence of the delay on the eruption.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar a associação entre o Baixo Peso ao Nascer (BPN) e a ocorrência de atraso na erupção da dentição decídua (AED) em crianças de 04 a 30 meses, residentes em Salvador-BA. Métodos: estudo transversal envolvendo 520 crianças que frequentavam creches públicas, privadas e filantrópicas de dois Distritos Sanitários de Salvador-Ba. Procedeu-se a análise descritiva e regressão logística não-condicional para estimação da oddsratios (ORs), empregando-se o Intervalo de Confiança a 95% como critério para aceitar as associações. A regressão de Poisson foi utilizada como estratégia analítica para obtenção da Razão de Prevalência. Resultados: a prevalência de atraso na erupção foi de 10,29%. Verificou-se uma associa-ção positiva entre BPN e ocorrência de AED entre as crianças com menos de 24 meses no modelo bruto (RP=2,07, IC95%= 0,96 4,44) e ajustado (RP ajustada=2,27, IC95%= 1,02 5,07). Conclusões: variáveis de desenvolvimento e nutricionais ao nascimento e durante a vida precoce podem ser importantes preditores do tempo de erupção, sendo necessárias outras investigações para uma adequada avaliação desta associação.


Subject(s)
Infant , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous/growth & development , Tooth Eruption , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Odontogenesis/physiology , Brazil , Infant, Premature , Nutritional Status , Parenteral Nutrition , Calcium Deficiency , Fetal Growth Retardation
8.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1009749

ABSTRACT

Através de uma Revisão da Literatura, o trabalho busca consolidar informações sobre o desenvolvimento do sistema estomatognático, durante a vida intrauterina. Foram realizadas pesquisas sobre o tema abordado, nas seguintes bases de dados: Scielo, Medline; Bireme; Google Acadêmico e o PubMed, no intervalo de tempo de agosto de 2006 a junho de 2017. Livros publicados no mesmo período também foram consultados. Foram selecionados os artigos em português ou inglês, que contemplaram assuntos inerentes ao estudo. O desenvolvimento do sistema estomatognático acontece a partir do primeiro mês gestacional. A exposição materna a fatores de risco como infecções, traumatismos, desnutrição e consumo de drogas, pode deixar sequelas no feto, comprometendo estruturas e funções buco-dentais.


Through a Literature Review, this work aims to consolidate information about the development of the stomatognathic system during the intrauterine life. The development of the stomatognathic system happens from the first gestational month. Maternal exposure to risk factors, such as infections, trauma, malnutrition, drug use, may leave sequels in the fetus and may compromise buccal-dental structures and functions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Stomatognathic System , Pregnancy , Embryonic Development , Odontogenesis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772647

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to study the expression patterns of ectodysplasin (EDA) and ectodysplasin receptor (EDAR) during the early development of zebrafish and provide a foundation for further research of the Eda signaling pathway in tooth development.@*METHODS@#Total RNA was extracted from zebrafish embryos at 48 hours postfertilization (hpf) and then reverse transcribed for cDNA library generation. The corresponding RNA polymerase was selected for the synthesis of the digoxin-labeled antisense mRNA probe of zebrafish pharyngeal tooth specific marker dlx2b and Eda signaling-associated genes eda and edar in vitro. The three sequences were ligated into a pGEMT vector with a TA cloning kit, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was applied to linearize the plasmid. The resultant PCR sequences were used as templates for synthesizing Dig-labeled mRNA probe dlx2b, eda, and edar. Zebrafish embryos were collected at 36, 48, 56, 60, 72, and 84 hpf, then whole mount in situ hybridization was performed for the detection of eda and edar expression patterns. Then, their expression patterns at 72 hpf were compared with the expression pattern of dlx2b.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA antisense probes of dlx2b, eda, and edar were successfully obtained. The positive signals of eda and edar were observed in zebrafish pharyngeal tooth region at 48-72 hpf and thus conform to the signals of dlx2b in the positive regions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ligand eda and edar, which are associated with the Eda signaling pathway, are strongly expressed only at the pharyngeal tooth region in zebrafish from tooth initiation to the morphogenesis stage. Thus, the Eda signaling pathway may be involved in the regulation of the early development of zebrafish pharyngeal teeth.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ectodysplasins , Edar Receptor , Odontogenesis , Receptors, Ectodysplasin , Zebrafish
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e013, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989479

ABSTRACT

Abstract Recent studies on functional tissue regeneration have focused on substances that favor cell proliferation and differentiation, including the bioactive phenolic compounds present in grape seed extract (GSE). The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the stimulatory potential of GSE in the functional activity of undifferentiated pulp cells and odontoblast-like cells. OD-21 and MDPC-23 cell lines were cultivated in odontogenic medium until subconfluence, seeded in 24-well culture plates in a concentration of 2x104/well and divided into: 1) OD-21 without GSE; 2) OD-21+10 µg/mL of GSE; 3) MDPC-23 without GSE; 4) MDPC-23+10 µg/mL of GSE. Cell proliferation, in situ detection of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and total protein content were assessed after 3, 7 and 10 days, and mineralization was evaluated after 14 days. The data were analyzed by ANOVA statistical tests set at a 5% level of significance. Results revealed that cell proliferation increased after 10 days, and protein content, after 7 days of culture in MDPC-23 cells. In situ ALP staining intensity was higher in undifferentiated pulp cells and odontoblast-like cells after 7 and 10 days, respectively. A discrete increase in MDPC-23 mineralization after GSE treatment was observed despite OD-21 cells presenting a decrease in mineralized nodule deposits. Data suggest that GSE favors functional activity of differentiated cells more broadly than undifferentiated cells (OD-21). More studies with different concentrations of GSE must be conducted to confirm its benefits to cells regarding dentin regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Grape Seed Extract/pharmacology , Odontoblasts/drug effects , Reference Values , Time Factors , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Line , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Dentin/cytology , Dentin/drug effects , Odontogenesis/drug effects
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713807

ABSTRACT

Fast progresses in stem cell-based tooth tissue engineering have been achieved in recent years in several animal models including the mouse, rat, dog, and pig. Moreover, various postnatal mesenchymal stem cells of dental origin have been isolated and shown capable of differentiating into odontoblasts and generating dentin. Meanwhile, human keratinocyte stem/progenitor cells, gingival epithelial cells, and even iPSC-derived epithelium have been demonstrated to be able to differentiate into functional ameloblasts. Translational medicine studies in the nonhuman primate are irreplaceable steps towards clinical application of stem cell-based tissue engineering therapy. In the present study, we first examined the epithelial stem cell markers in the rhesus skin using immunostaining. Keratinocyte stem cells were then isolated from rhesus epidermis, cultured in vitro, and characterized by epithelial stem cell markers. Epithelial sheets of these cultured keratinocytes, which were recombined with E13.5 mouse dental mesenchyme that possesses odontogenic potential in the presence of exogenous FGF8, were induced to differentiate into enamel-secreting ameloblasts. Our results demonstrate that in the presence of appropriate odontogenic signals, rhesus keratinocytes can be induced to gain odontogenic competence and are capable of participating in odontogenesis, indicating that rhesus keratinocytes are an ideal epithelial cell source for further translational medicine study of tooth tissue engineering in nonhuman primates.


Subject(s)
Ameloblasts , Animals , Dentin , Dogs , Epidermis , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Keratinocytes , Macaca mulatta , Mental Competency , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mesoderm , Mice , Models, Animal , Odontoblasts , Odontogenesis , Primates , Rats , Skin , Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering , Tooth , Translational Research, Biomedical
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715965

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although studies regarding dental developmental disturbances after childhood cancer treatment have increased, they have many limitations. Studies analyzing the significance of independent clinical risk factors with regard to the dental health status are also rare. We aimed to investigate the risk factors for dental developmental disturbances, particularly severe disturbances, in childhood cancer survivors (CCS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral examinations and retrospective reviews of medical and panoramic radiographs were performed for 196 CCS (mean age, 15.6 years). Cancer type, age at diagnosis, treatment modality, type and accumulated dose of administered drugs, and dose and site of radiation were recorded. Dental developmental disturbances were diagnosed using panoramic radiographs and graded for severity according to the Modified Dental Defect Index (MDDI). Descriptive statistics and multivariate analyseswere performed to determine the association between dental abnormalities and clinical factors. RESULTS: In total, 109 CCS (55.6%) exhibited at least one dental anomaly, and the median value of MDDI was 2.5. Microdontia (30.6%) was the most prevalent anomaly, followed by tooth agenesis (20.4%), V-shaped roots (14.8%), and taurodontism (10.2%). Multivariate analysis revealed that a young age at diagnosis (≤ 3 years), a history of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the use of multiple classes of chemotherapeutic agents (≥ 4 classes), and the use of heavy metal agents were significant risk factors for severe dental disturbances. CONCLUSION: CCS with any of the above risk factors for severe developmental disturbances should be comprehensively followed up to minimize adverse consequences to their dental development and preserve their future dental health.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Oral , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Odontogenesis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survivors , Tooth , Tooth Abnormalities
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772459

ABSTRACT

The bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family is an important factor in the regulation of cell ular life activities and in the development of almost all tissues. BMP-mediated signaling plays an important role in tooth root development, which is a part of tooth development. Epithelial and mesenchymal interactions are involved in tooth root development, but the BMP signaling pathway has a different effect on tooth root development in epithelial and mesenchymal. This review summarizes the advances of BMP signaling in tooth root development.


Subject(s)
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7 , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Physiology , Odontogenesis , Signal Transduction , Tooth , Tooth Root
14.
Rev. ADM ; 74(5): 245-251, sept.-oct. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973044

ABSTRACT

Los dientes derivan de tres estructuras embriológicas importantes: las células de la cresta neural, el mesodermo y el ectodermo bucal. Asimismo, los teratomas son lesiones tumorales que se desarrollan a partir de las células germinales de las tres capas germinativas embrionarias y que pueden dar lugar a la formación de estructuras dentales, adiposas, pilosas, óseas, cartilaginosas en localizaciones anatómicas aberrantes pudiendo aparecer en los pulmones, los ovarios, los testículos, la región hipofisiaria y pineal. Se trata de lesiones generalmente asintomáticas y subclínicas que tienden a aparecer en las primeras tres décadas de la vida y son comúnmente diagnosticadas de forma accidental mediante estudios imagenológicos como la tomografía axial computarizada o la resonancia magnética. Se describe el caso de una paciente de 28 años a quien se le realizó la extirpación de una masa tumoral en el ovario con el diagnóstico presuntivo de teratoma, y al realizar su apertura se encontraron órganos dentarios en su interior. El objetivo principal de este artículo es explicar el proceso embrionario que da lugar a losdientes y las circunstancias patológicas que pueden ocasionar que esteproceso odontogénico se suscite en sitios anatómicos aberrantes yatípicos ajenos a la cavidad bucal.


Teeth are derived from three important embryological structures: the neural crest cells, oral mesoderm and ectoderm. Also, teratomas aretumoral lesions that are developed from the germ cells of the threeembryonic germinative layers and that can give rise to the formation of dental, adipose, hairy, bony, cartilaginous structures in aberrant anatomical locations that can appear in lungs, ovaries, testicles, pituitary and pineal region. These are usually asymptomatic and subclinical lesions that tend to appear in the first three decades of lifeand are commonly diagnosed accidentally by imaging studies such ascomputed tomograph or magnetic resonance imaging. We describe thecase of a 28-year-old patient who was removed from a tumor mass in theovary with a presumptive diagnosis of teratoma and when they openedit, dental organs were found inside. The main objective of this articleis to explain the embryonic process that gives rise to the teeth and thepathological circumstances that can cause this odontogenic process toarise in anatomical aberrant and atypical sites outside the oral cavity.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Teratoma/embryology , Teratoma/pathology , Teratoma/surgery , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic , Odontogenesis/genetics , Odontogenesis/physiology , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Histological Techniques
15.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 17(2): 31-34, abr.-jun. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281622

ABSTRACT

A Displasia Cleidocraniana (DCC) ou Disostose Cleidocraniana é uma rara displasia, esquelética, de etiologia desconhecida, com prevalência de 1:1.000.000 de nascidos. O diagnóstico é baseado em características clínicas e radiográficas pertencentes à seguinte tríade patognomônica: múltiplas unidades dentárias supranumerárias, ausência parcial ou total da clavícula, sutura sagital e fontanelas abertas. O objetivo do presente estudo é relatar um caso clínico de uma paciente, sexo feminino, 11 anos de idade, portadora de sinais clínicos e radiográficos da Displasia Cleidocraniana. Diante disso, torna-se de suma importância o conhecimento dos aspectos clínicos e radiográficos da DCC pelo Cirurgião-dentista, evidenciando a sua relevância no diagnóstico da Displasia Cleidocraniana... (AU)


The benign cementoblastoma is a rare pathologic wound, of odontogenic origin feature of the abnormal cementoblast proliferation, resulting hence a coat mass like to cement. Usually is found in association with the first bottom molars. This happen more frequently on Caucasian, between the 2ª and 3ª decade of life, affecting rarely the primary dentition . Generally show a painful symptomatic and expansion of the cortical bone. The treatment starts with the removal wound full of with the tooth extraction involved in the endodontico treatment, with preservations of the dental element. This article descrambles a cementobastoma benign case in a patient with 23 years old, asymptomatic and the clinic exam nothing abnormal was found. Was treated through the wound removal and the tooth extraction... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Tooth Extraction , Clavicle , Cleidocranial Dysplasia , Dentofacial Deformities , Odontogenesis
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-191865

ABSTRACT

Dentinogenesis imperfecta is a dominant autosomal hereditary disorder of dentin formation that affects the deciduous and permanent teeth. Its etiology is characterized by inadequate cell differentiation during odontogenesis. The clinical characteristics of dentinogenesis imperfecta are discolored teeth with a translucency that varies from gray to brown or amber. Radiographically, the teeth exhibit pulp obliteration, thin and short roots, bell-shaped crowns, and periapical bone rarefaction. The aim of this report was to present a case of dentinogenesis imperfecta type II that was followed up over a 17-year period. This report also presents scanning electron microscopy images of the enamel and dentin, showing that both were altered in the affected teeth. The disease characteristics and the treatments that were administered are reported in this study to guide dentists with respect to the need for early diagnosis and adequate follow-up to avoid major sequelae.


Subject(s)
Amber , Cell Differentiation , Crowns , Dental Enamel , Dentin , Dentinogenesis Imperfecta , Dentinogenesis , Dentists , Early Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Odontogenesis , Tooth
17.
HU rev ; 43(4): 415-420, 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-980614

ABSTRACT

O cisto odontogênico calcificante (COC) é considerado como condição patológica benigna de ocorrência rara em maxila e mandíbula, caracterizado por revestimento cístico de células epiteliais odontogênicas, contendo células fantasmas com propensão a regiões de calcificação. Neste artigo, descreveu-se a configuração clínica e histopatológica do COC por meio de relato de caso submetido a tratamento cirúrgico e acompanhamento pós-operatório. Paciente de 11 anos apresentou aumento de volume em região maxilar à esquerda, próxima ao sulco nasolabial e sem sintomatologia dolorosa. Os exames radiográficos indicaram lesão radiolúcida, bem circunscrita e expansiva em maxila, que foi submetida a enucleação associada a ostectomia marginal das paredes corticais ósseas. O histopatológico revelou revestimento cístico com epitélio odontogênico ameloblástico, ninhos espalhados de células fantasmas e regiões eosinofílicas de material compatível com dentinóide. Evidenciou-se, assim, perfil clínico de COC, que pode ser confundido com outras lesões císticas ou tumorais, sendo essencial o diagnóstico por meio de análise histopatológica. A abordagem cirúrgica proporcionou adequado diagnóstico e tratamento. Após acompanhamento clínico e radiográfico, não houve recorrência do COC.


Calcifying odontogenic Cyst (COC) has been considering as benign pathological ill and rare occurrence in maxilla and mandible, there been showed odontogenic epithelial cystic lining demonstrating ghost cells with a propensity to calcify. In this article, we described the clinical and histopathological features from case reported who had undergone surgical approach and postoperative follow-up. A 11 year-old-girl had presented volumetric increased in left maxilla area near nasolabial fold. The radiography images had indicated radiolucent lesion, well-circumscribed and wide on cortical maxillary bone, which was undergone enucleation associated with marginal osteotomy on the bone cortical walls. The histopathological features showed cystic lining with odontogenic epithelium containing ghost cells and some areas with eosinophilic matrix material compatible dentinoid. Thus, it was evidenced a clinical features of COC which could be confused with other cystic or tumoral lesions, there being essential on diagnosis and treatment. After clinical and radiographic follow-up during 07 years, there was no recurrence of the COC.


Subject(s)
Odontogenic Cyst, Calcifying , Odontogenesis , Osteotomy , Pathology, Oral , Surgery, Oral , Odontogenic Cyst, Calcifying/diagnostic imaging
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317719

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanism of retinoic acid (RA) signal in dental evolution, RA is used to explore the influence of the mechanism on neural crest's migration during the early stage of zebra fish embryos.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We divided embryos of wild type and transgenic line zebra fish into three groups. 1 x 10(-7) to 6 x 10(-7) mol x L(-1) RA and 1 x 10(-7) mo x L(-1) 4-diethylaminobenzaldehyde (DEAB) were added into egg water at 24 hpf for 9 h. Dimethyl sulfoxid (DMSO) with the concentration was used as control group. Then, antisense probes of dlx2a, dlx2b, and barxl were formulated to perform whole-mount in situ hybridization to check the expressions of the genes in 48 hpf to 72 hpf embryos. We observed fluorescence of transgenic line in 4 dpf embryos.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We obtained three mRNA probes successfully. Compared with DMSO control group, a low concentration (1 x 10(-7) mol x L(-1)) of RA could up-regulate the expression of mRNA (barx1, dlx2a) in neural crest. Obvious migration trend was observed toward the pharyngeal arch in which teeth adhered. Transgenic fish had spreading fluorescence tendency in pharyngeal arch. However, a high concentration (4 x 10(-7) mol x L(-1)) of RA malformed the embryos and killed them after treatment. One third of the embryos of middle concentration (3 x 10(-7) mo x L(-1)) exhibited delayed development. DEAB resulted in neural crest dysplasia. The expression of barxl and dlx2a were suppressed, and the appearance of dlx2b in tooth was delayed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RA signal pathway can regulate the progenitors of tooth by controlling the growth of the neural crest and manipulating tooth development</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Branchial Region , Cell Differentiation , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Embryology , Metabolism , In Situ Hybridization , Neural Crest , Odontogenesis , Signal Transduction , Tooth , Embryology , Metabolism , Tretinoin , Pharmacology , Zebrafish , Embryology , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e168, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951995

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to perform a microcomputed tomographic evaluation of the radioprotective effect of resveratrol on the volume of mandibular incisors of irradiated rats. A second aim was to make a quantitative assessment of the effect of x-ray exposure on these dental tissues. Twenty adult male rats were divided into four groups: control, irradiated control, resveratrol, and irradiated resveratrol. The resveratrol groups received 100 mg/kg of resveratrol, whereas the irradiated groups were exposed to 15 Gy of irradiation. The animals were sacrificed 30 days after the irradiation procedure, and their mandibles were removed and scanned in a microcomputed tomography unit. The images were loaded into Mimics software to allow segmentation of the mandibular incisor and assessment of its volume. The results were compared by One-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test, considering a 5% significance level. The irradiated groups showed significantly diminished volumes of the evaluated teeth, as compared with the control group (p < 0.05). The resveratrol group presented higher values than those of the irradiated groups, and volumes similar to those of the control group. High radiation doses significantly affected tooth formation, resulting in alterations in the dental structure, and thus lower volumes. Moreover, resveratrol showed no effective radioprotective impact on dental tissues. Future studies are needed to evaluate different concentrations of this substance, in an endeavor to verify its potential as a radioprotector for these dental tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/prevention & control , Radiation-Protective Agents/pharmacology , Stilbenes/pharmacology , X-Ray Microtomography/methods , Incisor/radiation effects , Odontogenesis/radiation effects , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Rats, Wistar , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Resveratrol , Incisor/drug effects , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/drug effects , Mandible/radiation effects , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e20, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951968

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate whether medium modification improves the odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) in vitro and in vivo. DPSC isolated from human impacted third molar teeth were analysed for clusters of differentiation with flow cytometry. Odontogenic differentiation was stimulated by medium modification with the addition of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2). The expression of dentin sialophosphoprotein, dentin matrix protein 1, enamelysin/matrix metalloproteinase 20 and the phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on the X chromosome of the cells were analysed with RT-PCR at 7, 14 and 21 days. Then, DPSC were transplanted on the back of immunocompromised mice via a hydroxyapatite tricalcium phosphate scaffold, and the structure of the formed tissue was investigated. The cells were identified as mesenchymal stem cells with a 98.3% CD73 and CD90 double-positive cell rate. The increase in mineralization capacity and expression of human enamel-dentin specific transcripts proportional to the culture period were determined after differentiation. Six weeks after transplantation, an osteo-dentin matrix was formed in the group in which odontogenic differentiation was stimulated, and the odontogenic characteristics of the matrix were confirmed by histological examination and RT-PCR analysis. Odontogenic differentiation of the isolated and characterized human DPSC was improved with medium modification by the addition of BMP2 in vitro and in vivo. The defined medium and applied technique have a potential use for forming reparative dentin in the future, but the effects of the method should be investigated in long-term studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Adult , Mice , Young Adult , Stem Cells/cytology , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Culture Media/chemistry , Dental Pulp/cytology , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/pharmacology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Time Factors , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Actins/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 20/analysis , PHEX Phosphate Regulating Neutral Endopeptidase/analysis , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/chemistry , Flow Cytometry , Odontogenesis/drug effects , Odontogenesis/physiology
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