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Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 55: e17105, 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019532


The efficacy of conventional ocular formulations is limited by poor corneal retention and permeation, resulting in low ocular bioavailability. Mucoadhesive chitosan (CS)/ tripolyphosphatesodium (TPP) and chitosan (CS)/ tripolyphosphatesodium (TPP)-alginate (ALG) nanoparticles were investigated for the prolonged topical ophthalmic delivery of ofloxacin. A modified ionotropic gelation method was used to produce ofloxacin-loaded nanoreservoir systems. The ofloxacin-loaded CS/TPP and CS/TPP-ALG nanoparticles were characterized for particle size, morphology, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency, subsequent release and corneal penetration study. The designed nanoparticles have a particle size from 113.8 nm to 509 nm and zeta potential from 16.2 mV to 40.3 mV and encapsulation efficiency values ranging from 19.7% to 33.1%. Nanoparticles revealed a release during the first hours, followed by a more gradual drug release. The ofloxacin-loading CS/TPP or CS/TPP-ALG NPs developed are pronounced penetration enhancing effect as compared to OFX solution (5-6.5 times). Thus, these nanoparticles have a strong potential for ocular drug delivery.

Ofloxacin/analysis , Chitosan/analysis , Nanoparticles/analysis , Administration, Ophthalmic , Ocular Physiological Phenomena , Eye Infections/classification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Cornea
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-163293


Aims: Sustained release floating drug delivery systems or gastro retentive drug delivery systems enables prolonged and continuous input of drug to the upper part of gastrointestinal tract and improves the bioavailability of medication. A new strategy is proposed for the development of floating drug delivery systems of Fluoroquinolone antibiotic, Ofloxacin, a potent moiety for treating UTI’s. Methodology: Various rate retarding polymers like HPMC K4M, HPMC 5 cps and swelling agent as Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose in different proportions were tried and optimized to achieve the drug release for 8 hr. All the formulations were evaluated for floating properties, swelling characteristics and in vitro drug release studies. The in vitro drug release was found to be matrix diffusion controlled. Optimized formulation was subjected to intermediate stability studies at various combinations of temperature and humidity according to ICH guidelines. Results: Lower hardness and higher thickness decreased the floating lag time and increased floating duration. Based on drug release studies, formulation F5 was optimized as the best formulation because it released about 89.27 ±2.6% of the drug at the end of 8 hr while other formulations released not more than 80 ±2.2%. This may be due to high NaCMC content which might have caused excessive channeling, thereby giving a burst release. Optimized formulation F5 was found to follow zero order kinetics with r2 value of 0.993. Conclusion: In conclusion we have been proved that HPMC K4M has retarded the drug release, while HPMC 5cps has facilitated high buoyancy time for the tablets. NaCMC has influenced as channeling agent. Formulation F5 was optimized for its long buoyancy time, prolonged duration of drug release, zero order and diffusion controlled drug release kinetics which can assure 100% bioavailability.

Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium/pharmacokinetics , Delayed-Action Preparations/chemistry , Drug Delivery Systems , Hypromellose Derivatives/pharmacokinetics , Ofloxacin/analysis , Ofloxacin/chemistry , Ofloxacin/metabolism , Polymers/pharmacokinetics , Solubility , Tablets , Water
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 48(2): 217-225, Apr.-June 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-643014


Bitter taste of ofloxacin, a broad spectrum bactericidal agent, is masked and orally disintegrating tablets were formulated. The bitter taste is masked by forming complex between drug and weak cation exchange resins, Tulsion 335 and Indion 204. Effect of pH and drug:resin ratio on the drug loading was studied. Maximum drug loading was observed at pH 6. Ratio of 1:2 of drug:resin masked almost complete bitterness of ofloxacin. Formation of complexes was confirmed by IR spectroscopy. Physical characterization of taste masked complexes was carried out. Present work envisages the taste masking of ofloxacin and development of orally disintegrating tablets. The effect of pH and resin quantities on drug loading were studied to find the optimum conditions of drug loading for complete taste masking. Effect of superdisintegrants like sodium starch glycolate, croscarmellose sodium and polyplasdone XL at varying level on physical parameters of compressed tablets was also assessed. The formulations containing 5 % w/w polyplasdone XL showed about 90 % of drug release within 5 minutes. No significant differences were observed in the physical parameters of resinates as well as tablets prepared from Tulsion 335 and Indion 204.

O gosto amargo de ofloxacina, agente bactericida de largo espectro, é mascarado e formularam-se comprimidos dispersíveis. O sabor amargo é mascarado pela formação de complexo entre o fármaco e resinas de troca catiônica fraca, Tulsion 335 e Indion 204. Efeito do pH e da proporção fármaco: resina sobre a carga de fármaco foi estudada. Carga de fármaco máxima foi observada em pH 6. Proporção 1:2 do fármaco: resina mascarou quase completamente o gosto amargo de ofloxacina. A formação de complexos foi confirmada por espectroscopia no IV. Caracterização física dos complexos de sabor mascarado foi realizada. O presente trabalho preconiza o mascaramento do gosto de ofloxacina e desenvolvimento decomprimidos por via oral, se desintegrando. O efeito do pH e da resina quantidades de carga de fármaco foram estudadas paraencontrar as condições óptimas de carga de fármaco para dissimulação do saborcompleto. Efeito da superdisintegrants como amido glicolato de sódio, croscarmelose sódica e Polyplasdone XL em diferentes níveis de parâmetros físicos de comprimidos também avaliados foi avaliada. As formulações contendo 5 %w/w Polyplasdone XL mostraram cerca de 90% de libertação do fármaco no prazo de 5 minutos. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos parâmetros físicos de resinatosbem como comprimidos preparados a partir de Tulsion 335 e Indion 204.

Ion Exchange Resins/pharmacokinetics , Ofloxacin/analysis , Tablets/pharmacokinetics , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/classification