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Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58558, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367771


Cardiovascular disease(CVD) remains the major cause of mortality in the world, typically claiming a third of all deaths. The primary cause of CVD is atherosclerosis. Therefore, timely prevention and therapy of atherosclerosis are able to reduce the risk of the development of its clinical manifestations. Anti-atherosclerotic activity of medicinal plants mainly appears in their multiple effects.This study was carried out to evaluate the hypolipidemic activity of virgin olive oil in experimentally induced hyperlipemic Wistar. A total of 24 rats were randomly allocated to 4 equal groups and treated as follows for 50 days: (1) Normal control (NC); that were fed with a standart diet; (2) High Cholesterol Diet Control (HCD); which received high cholesterol diet for 50 days; (3) Animals receiving high cholesterol diet for 50 days, after this period the animals are fed for eight days by the standard foodand receiving by gavage virgin olive oil (HCD+VOO) and(4) Animals fed for eight days with the standard food and receiving by gavage olive oil (VOO). High Cholesterol Diet containing yolk egg and coconut oil. Results showed that olive oil caused a significant (p < 0.01) reduction in serum levels of Total Cholesterol (TC), Triglycerides (TG), Low­Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL) and Atherogenic Index Serum (AIS). The results also demonstrated a significant (p < 0.01) increase in High­Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL). Moreover, virgin olive oil induced a significant reduction in liver lipid content. On the other hand, a High cholesterol diet induced oxidative stress was measured by estimating reduced glutathione level and amount of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) formed as an index of lipid peroxidation in a liver and a heart. Virgin olive oil supplementation attenuated all these variations. Our observations of the study indicate that the virgin olive oil has a significant antihyperlipidemic potential.

Animals , Rats , Oxidative Stress/immunology , Atherosclerosis/diet therapy , Diet, High-Fat/methods , Olive Oil/pharmacology , Triglycerides/pharmacology , Lipid Peroxidation/immunology , Cholesterol/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar/immunology , Diet, Atherogenic/methods , Glutathione/pharmacology , Hypercholesterolemia/immunology , Lipoproteins/immunology
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(2): 238-241, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887175


Abstract: Background: Topical agents used in combination with phototherapy or photochemotherapy may have both blocking or enhancing effects in ultraviolet rays. Objective: In this in vivo study, the effects of topical petrolatum, basis cream, glycerine, and olive oil on the transmission of ultraviolet A radiation were investigated. Methods: A test was performed to determine the minimal phototoxic dose on 29 volunteers with only psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) and then the same test was repeated with white petrolatum, basis cream, glycerine, olive oil, and sunscreen (0.3cc/25cm2). The effects of each agent on the minimal phototoxic dose were determined after 72 h. Results: When compared to pure PUVA, there was a statistically significant increase in the mean minimal phototoxic dose values by the application of white petrolatum (P = 0.011), but there was no significant increase or decrease in the mean minimal phototoxic dose values after the application of basis cream (P = 0.326), glycerine (P = 0.611) or olive oil (P = 0.799). Study limitations: Low number of patients Conclusion: The application of white petrolatum, which has a blocking effect, and also of basis cream immediately before PUVA therapy should not be recommended. Although we specify that glycerine and maybe olive oil can be used before photochemotherapy, there is a need for further research in larger series.

Humans , Petrolatum/pharmacology , Photochemotherapy/methods , PUVA Therapy/methods , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Ultraviolet Rays , Photosensitizing Agents/pharmacology , Emollients/pharmacology , Sunscreening Agents/pharmacology , Time Factors , Skin Tests , Single-Blind Method , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Dermatitis, Phototoxic/prevention & control , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Olive Oil/pharmacology , Glycerol/pharmacology
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 8(4): 154-161, oct. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-831329


Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is directly associated with insulin resistance and oxidative stress. In NAFLD is established a reduction in n-3 LCPUFA (EPA + DHA) levels and hepatic activity of transcription factor PPAR-alpha. EPA and DHA inhibit lipogenesis and stimulate fatty acid oxidation in the liver. Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) has important antioxidant properties. This study evaluated the prevention of insulin resistance and prevention of depletion of hepatic antioxidant defense inC57BL/6J mice fed high-fat diet (HFD), supplemented with n-3 LCPUFA plus EVOO. HFD generated insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis, together with significant reduction in i) n-3 LCPUFA hepatic levels, ii) DNA binding activity of PPAR-alpha, iii) activity of antioxidant enzymes (catalase and superoxide dismutase), respect to control group (fed with control diet). Supplementation with n-3 LCPUFA plus EVOO prevent development insulin resistance and attenuate increased of fat in liver (p < 0.05), together with a normalization of i) DNA binding activity of PPAR-á, ii) activity of antioxidant enzymes (catalase and superoxide dismutase) and iii) reducing depletion of n-3 LCPUFA levels in liver tissue, compared to the control group (p < 0.05). Supplementation with n-3 LCPUFA plus EVOO reduced hepatic steatosis and prevent development of insulin resistance, along with preserving the antioxidant defense in liver. Projecting the use of this mixture of AGPICL n-3 plus EVOO as a potential treatment of NAFLD.

Male , Animals , Mice , Olive Oil/therapeutic use , /therapeutic use , Diet, High-Fat , Dietary Supplements , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diet therapy , Olive Oil/pharmacology , /pharmacology , Catalase , Catalase/physiology , Liver , Oxidative Stress , Superoxide Dismutase