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1.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22 (2), 2023;22(2): 900, 16 octubre 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524723

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La necrosis esofágica aguda es un síndrome raro que se caracteriza endoscópicamente por una apariencia negra circunferencial irregular o difusa de la mucosa esofágica intratorácica, la afectación es generalmente del esófago distal y la transición abrupta de mucosa normal en la unión gastroesofágica, con extensión proximal variable. CASOS. Se presentan dos casos con diferentes comorbiliades, presentación de signos y síntomas, antecedentes y tratamiento, teniendo en común el diagnóstico a través de endoscopía digestiva alta. RESULTADOS. Caso clínico 1: tratamiento clínico basado en hidratación, suspensión de vía oral, omeprazol intravenoso y sucralfato; mala evolución clínica caracterizada por: disfagia, intolerancia oral y recurrencia del sangrado digestivo alto, se realiza colocación de gastrostomía endoscópica. Caso clínico 2: esófago con mucosa con fibrina y parches de necrosis extensa, se realiza compensación tanto de foco infeccioso pulmonar como hidratación y nutrición, en estudios complementarios se observa masa colónica, con estudio histopatológico confirmatorio de adenocarcinoma de colon en estado avanzado. DISCUSIÓN. La esofagitis necrotizante aguda es una entidad inusual, de baja prevalencia e incidencia, asociada con estados de hipoperfusión sistémica y múltiples comorbilidades que favorezcan un sustrato isquémico. Al revisar los reportes de casos que hay en la literatura médica, los casos que reportamos se correlaciona con las características clínicas, epidemiológicas, endoscópicas y factores de riesgo causales de la enfermedad. La presentación clínica más frecuente es el sangrado digestivo alto, que se debe correlacionar con el hallazgo endoscópico clásico. Nuestro primer caso reportado termina con la colocación de una gastrostomía para poder alimentarse. CONCLUSIÓN. El pronóstico de la necrosis esofágica aguda es malo y se requiere un alto índice de sospecha clínica y conocimiento de esta infrecuente patología para un diagnóstico temprano y un manejo oportuno. Se requiere una evaluación por endoscopia digestiva alta. Es una causa de sangrado gastrointestinal que conlleva tasas altas de mortalidad, principalmente en adultos mayores frágiles. El reconocimiento temprano y la reanimación agresiva son los principios fundamentales para un mejor resultado de la enfermedad.


INTRODUCTION. Acute esophageal necrosis is a rare syndrome that is characterized endoscopically by an irregular or diffuse circumferential black appearance of the intrathoracic esophageal mucosa, the involvement is generally of the distal esophagus and the abrupt transition of normal mucosa at the gastroesophageal junction, with variable proximal extension. CASES. Two cases are presented with different comorbidities, presentation of signs and symptoms, history and treatment, having in common the diagnosis through upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. RESULTS. Clinical case 1: clinical treatment based on hydration, oral suspension, intravenous omeprazole and sucralfate; poor clinical evolution characterized by: dysphagia, oral intolerance and recurrence of upper digestive bleeding, endoscopic gastrostomy placement was performed. Clinical case 2: esophagus with mucosa with fibrin and patches of extensive necrosis, compensation of both the pulmonary infectious focus and hydration and nutrition is performed, in complementary studies a colonic mass is observed, with a confirmatory histopathological study of colon adenocarcinoma in an advanced state. DISCUSSION. Acute necrotizing esophagitis is an unusual entity, with low prevalence and incidence, associated with states of systemic hypoperfusion and multiple comorbidities that favor an ischemic substrate. When reviewing the case reports in the medical literature, the cases we report correlate with the clinical, epidemiological, endoscopic characteristics and causal risk factors of the disease. The most common clinical presentation is upper gastrointestinal bleeding, which must be correlated with the classic endoscopic finding. Our first reported case ends with the placement of a gastrostomy to be able to feed. CONCLUSION. The prognosis of acute esophageal necrosis is poor and a high index of clinical suspicion and knowledge of this rare pathology is required for early diagnosis and timely management. Evaluation by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is required. It is a cause of gastrointestinal bleeding that carries high mortality rates, mainly in frail older adults. Early recognition and aggressive resuscitation are the fundamental principles for a better outcome of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Gastrostomy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophageal Diseases , Gastroenterology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Necrosis , Pathology , Omeprazole , Sucralfate , Deglutition Disorders , Mortality , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Ecuador , Esophageal Mucosa
2.
Acta méd. costarric ; 65(1): 21-25, ene.-mar. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1527609

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Este estudio tiene como objetivo principal determinar la respuesta al esquema de tratamiento de primera línea con triple terapia estándar (amoxicilina, claritromicina, omeprazol), para erradicación de Helicobacter pylori en una determinada población, para determinar si este esquema propuesto en guías internacionales es aún una opción adecuada para pacientes en una determinada región de Costa Rica. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en el servicio de gastroenterología del Hospital San Francisco de Asís, Grecia, Alajuela, Costa Rica; de todos los pacientes con infección por Helicobacter pylori y que recibieron tratamiento de primera línea con triple terapia (amoxicilina, claritromicina y omeprazol) por 14 días, en el periodo comprendido entre febrero 2017 a febrero 2019, incluyendo para el análisis solamente en los que se contaba con una prueba confirmatoria posterior a tratamiento, ya fuera por antígeno fecal de H. pylori o biopsia convencional. Resultados: Se identificaron un total de 369 casos. El diagnóstico se realizó con biopsia en el 96,4% de los pacientes. La respuesta al tratamiento de primera línea se alcanzó en un 90.5% corroborada por antígeno fecal en el 92.1% de los casos. Conclusiones: Este estudio muestra que la terapia triple con amoxicilina, claritromicina e Inhibidor de bomba de protones por 14 días mantiene un adecuado nivel de eficacia. Sin embargo, hay que tomar en cuenta que estos datos son únicamente de un área de atracción determinada y puede que no reflejen la realidad de todo el país.


Abstract Aim: The main objective of this study is to determine the response to the firstline treatment regimen with triple standard therapy (amoxicillin, clarithromycin, omeprazole), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori in a certain population. The goal is to determine if the proposed regimen in international guidelines services is still a suitable option for patients in a certain region of Costa Rica. Methods: The study took place in San Francisco de Asís Hospital, Grecia, Alajuela, Costa Rica. All patients with a Helicobacter pylori infection that were given first- line treatment with triple therapy (amoxicillin, clarithromycin and omeprazole) for its eradication for 14 days, in the period between February of 2017 and February of 2019, were included in the study. Results: A total of 369 cases were identified. The diagnosis was made with biopsy in 96.4% of patients. Response to first-line treatment was achieved in 90.5% corroborated by fecal antigen in 92.1% of all cases. Conclusions: This study shows that triple therapy with amoxicillin, clarithromycin and omeprazole for 14 days maintains an adequate level of efficacy. However, it must be considered that these results are from a specific area and may not reflect the reality of the entire country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Costa Rica , Drug Resistance, Bacterial
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1426235

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Esomeprazol e lansoprazol. Indicação: Tratamento de doença do refluxo gastroesofágico em adultos. Pergunta: Esomeprazol e lansoprazol são mais eficazes e toleráveis que o omeprazol já incorporado ao SUS para o tratamento de Doença do Refluxo Gastroesofágico (DRGE) em adultos? Métodos: Uma revisão rápida de evidências, uma revisão de revisões sistemáticas, com levantamento bibliográfico realizado na base de dados PUBMED, utilizando estratégia estruturada de busca. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Resultados: Foram selecionadas três revisões sistemáticas com meta-análise, que atendiam aos critérios de inclusão. Conclusão: O esomeprazol era mais eficaz para cicatrização da lesão nos casos de esofagite erosiva, prevenção da mucosa do esôfago, maior controle de ácido no tratamento de curto prazo (4 e 8 semanas) de esomeprazol 40mg e tratamento de longo prazo (6 meses) de esomeprazol 20mg. A taxa de resposta no alívio dos sintomas, o esomeprazol 20mg e 40mg apresentou ser mais eficaz, especialmente, na azia e dor epigástrica. Quanto ao perfil de segurança, não houve diferença significativa entre as taxas de eventos adversos, todos medicamentos eram parecidos entre si


Technology: Esomeprazole and Lansoprazole. Indication: Treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease in adults. Question: Are Esomeprazole and Lansoprazole more effective and tolerable than omeprazole already incorporated into SUS for the treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in adults? Methods: A rapid review of evidence, an overview of systematic reviews, with bibliographic survey carried out in the PUBMED database, using a structured search strategy. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed using AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Results: Three systematic reviews with meta-analysis were selected, which met the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: Esomeprazole was more effective in achieving wound healing in cases of erosive esophagitis, prevention of esophageal mucosa, greater acid control in short-term treatment (4 and 8 weeks) of esomeprazole 40mg and long-term treatment (6 months) of esomeprazole 20mg. the response rate in symptom relief, esomeprazole 20mg and 40mg proved to be more effective, especially in heartburn and epigastric pain. As for the safety profile, there was no significant difference between the rates of adverse events, all drugs were similar to each other


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Gastroesophageal Reflux/drug therapy , Esomeprazole/therapeutic use , Lansoprazole/therapeutic use , Esophagitis/drug therapy , Comparative Effectiveness Research
4.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 34(1): 22-30, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524575

ABSTRACT

Heartburn occurs in 75% of patients with digestive discomfort of any origin and is one of the main symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Treatment focuses on lifestyle modification and symptomatology management with various drugs; when heartburn is moderate to severe, a proton pump inhibitor is more suitable. Omeprazole (OMZ) combined with sodium bicarbonate (BC) has demonstrated significant and sustained suppression of acid secretion. The objective was to compare the effect of sequential OMZ/BC therapy compared to OMZ monotherapy for the improvement of heartburn in Mexican individuals. The study was a double-blind, randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical study including 277 subjects with moderate to severe heartburn. Patients received 7 days of OMZ/BC and 7 days of OMZ (OMZ/BC7) or 14 days of OMZ (OMZ14). The primary endpoint was defined as the change in the number of days a week that the patient has heartburn, it was evaluated at 14 days. Both treatments reduced time (days) with heartburn by less than 4 days (OMZ14 3.9 vs. 4.2 days OMZ/BC7), as well as duration, number of events and intensity of heartburn. The treatments improved the quality of life, and the control of the symptoms. The proportion of adverse events was lower with OMZ/BC. The non-inferiority of OMZ/BC7 with respect to OMZ14 was verified.


La pirosis se presenta en el 75% de los pacientes con molestias digestivas de cualquier origen y es uno de los principales síntomas de la enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico. El tratamiento se enfoca en la modificación del estilo de vida y el manejo de la sintomatología con diversos fármacos; cuando la pirosis es moderada a severa, un inhibidor de la bomba de protones es más adecuado. El omeprazol (OMZ) combinado con bicarbonato de sodio (BC) ha demostrado supresión significativa y sostenida de la secreción ácida. El objetivo fue comparar el efecto de la terapia secuencial de OMZ/BC en comparación con el tratamiento continuo de OMZ para la mejoría de la pirosis en individuos mexicanos. Estudio clínico multicéntrico, doble ciego, controlado, aleatorizado que incluyó 277 sujetos con pirosis moderada a severa. Los pacientes recibieron 7 días de OMZ/BC y 7 días de OMZ (OMZ/BC7) o 14 días de OMZ (OMZ14). La variable primaria fue definida como el cambio del número de días a la semana que el paciente presenta pirosis, se evaluó a los 14 días. Ambos tratamientos redujeron los días con pirosis en menos 4 días (OMZ14 3,9 vs. 4,2 días OMZ/BC7), así como la duración, el número de eventos e intensidad de la pirosis. Los tratamientos mejoraron los indicadores de calidad de vida, y el control del padecimiento. La proporción de eventos adversos fue menor con OMZ/BC. Se comprobó la no-inferioridad de OMZ/BC7 respecto OMZ14.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Omeprazole/administration & dosage , Sodium Bicarbonate/administration & dosage , Heartburn/drug therapy , Omeprazole/adverse effects , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Sodium Bicarbonate/adverse effects , Sodium Bicarbonate/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations
5.
Univ. salud ; 24(3): 273-278, sep.-dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1410295

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los medicamentos antiulcerosos son utilizados frecuentemente en pacientes hospitalizados, sin embargo, a menudo este uso no está indicado. Objetivo: Describir la frecuencia de prescripción e indicación de medicamentos para prevenir el sangrado gastrointestinal en pacientes hospitalizados. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de corte trasversal, descriptivo, prospectivo del servicio de Medicina Interna de la Sociedad de Cirugía de Bogotá- Hospital de San José de Bogotá, Colombia. Se excluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico de sangrado gastrointestinal o antecedente de alergia a los medicamentos antiulcerosos. Se recolectaron datos demográficos, así como fármacos prescritos. Se determinó si la indicación del fármaco era adecuada y se identificó el tipo de error de prescripción. Resultados: Se incluyeron 179 pacientes, 102 (57%) mujeres. Promedio de edad de 61,3 años (±20,2). El principal diagnóstico de ingreso fue enfermedad infecciosa 76 (42,4%). Del total de pacientes, 165 (92,17%) recibieron medicamento para prevención del sangrado gastrointestinal. La indicación fue adecuada en 75 pacientes (41,89%). El error más frecuente fue el uso en pacientes de bajo riesgo de sangrado, 101 (97,1%). Conclusión: Un alto porcentaje de los pacientes recibió medicación para la prevención del sangrado gastrointestinal. En aproximadamente la mitad de estos no estaba indicada.


Introduction: Anti-ulcer medications are frequently used in hospitalized patients, yet their use is not usually indicated. Objective: To describe the frequency of prescription and indication of medications to prevent gastrointestinal bleeding in hospitalized patients. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive, prospective study was carried out in the Internal Medicine service of the Surgery Society of Bogota-San Jose Hospital of Bogota (Colombia). Excluded patients were those with either a gastrointestinal bleeding diagnosis or a history of allergy to anti-ulcer medications. Demographic data and information regarding prescribed medications were collected. It was determined whether the medicine indication was adequate and the type of prescription error was identified. Results: 179 patients were included in the study, 57% (102) of which were women. The average age was 61.3 (±20.2) years old. Infectious disease was the main admission diagnosis (76; 42.4%). A 92.17% (165) of the total number of patients received medications to prevent gastrointestinal bleeding. This indication was adequate for 75 (41.89%) patients. The most frequent error was their use in bleeding low-risk patients (101; 97.1%). Conclusion: A high percentage of patients received medication to prevent gastrointestinal bleeding. However, in about half of these patients it was not indicated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Public Health , Disease , Ranitidine , Omeprazole , Guideline , Disease Prevention , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408663

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los inhibidores de la bomba de protones son fármacos usados en múltiples gastropatías. El omeprazol pertenece a este grupo de medicamentos y es aprobado y catalogado como indispensable por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Esto ha causado que su uso se vuelva constante y hasta cierto punto equívoco. Pese a ser medicamentos seguros muestran efectos secundarios, dentro de los cuales uno ocasional es el trastorno hidroelectrolítico. Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico en el cual se constató la presencia de efectos secundarios tras el uso de un fármaco de uso constante por la comunidad médica: el omeprazol. Caso clínico: Se presenta a continuación el caso clínico de un paciente masculino con antecedente de hipertensión arterial y gastropatía crónica que muestra uso por 8 años consecutivos de inhibidores de la bomba de protones, al cual se le diagnostica hipomagnesemia e hipocalcemia. Se obtuvieron resultados de laboratorio normales tras administración de suplementos orales y uso de ranitidina con supresión de terapéutica con omeprazol. Conclusiones: Un control constante de los fármacos que usan los pacientes crónicos es fundamental en atención primaria de salud. El uso de inhibidores de la bomba de protones se ha convertido en rutinario y es necesario corroborar siempre la dosis y el tiempo de uso de los fármacos además de la relación con otros medicamentos que use el paciente(AU)


Introduction: Proton-pump inhibitors are drugs used in multiple gastropathies. Omeprazole belongs to this group of medicines; it is approved and classified as essential by the World Health Organization. This has permitted for its use to become constant and, to some extent, misleading. Despite being safe drugs, they show side effects, among which an occasional one is fluid and electrolyte disorders. Objective: To present a clinical case in which the occurrence of side effects was verified after the administration of a drug constantly used by the medical community. Clinical case: The following is a clinical case of a male patient with a history of arterial hypertension and chronic gastropathy, characterized by the usage of proton-pump inhibitors for eight consecutive years, diagnosed with hypomagnesemia and hypocalcemia. Normal laboratory results were obtained after oral supplementation and usage of ranitidine with suppression of omeprazole therapy. Conclusions: Constant control of the drugs used by chronic patients is essential in primary health care. The usage of proton-pump inhibitors has become a routine. It is always necessary to check the dose and time for using the drugs as well as the relationship with other drugs used by the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Primary Health Care , Ranitidine/therapeutic use , Stomach Diseases/epidemiology , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Hypocalcemia/diagnosis
7.
Dermatol. argent ; 27(2): 75-77, abr-jun 2021. il
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367369

ABSTRACT

La ulceración esofágica por ingestión de doxiciclina es una de las causas más frecuentes de lesión esofágica. Ha sido subdiagnosticada y escasamente reconocida en dermatología. El dolor retroesternal, la odinofagia de aparición brusca y el antecedente de ingesta de doxiciclina u otros fármacos son características que facilitan su diagnóstico. Puede presentar complicaciones serias, como hemorragias, estenosis y mediastinitis.


Esophageal ulceration due to ingestion of doxycycline is one of the most frequent causes of esophageal injury. It has been underdiagnosed and scarcely recognized in dermatology. Retrosternal pain, sudden odynophagia and a history of doxycycline or other drugs intake are some of the characteristics that lead to diagnosis. It may cause severe complications such as bleeding, stenosis and mediastinitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Ulcer/chemically induced , Doxycycline/adverse effects , Esophageal Diseases/chemically induced , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Ulcer/diagnosis , Ulcer/drug therapy , Omeprazole/administration & dosage , Esophageal Diseases/diagnosis , Esophageal Diseases/drug therapy , Capsule Endoscopy , Anti-Ulcer Agents/administration & dosage
8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 32-38, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248997

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Intravenous (IV) use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is advised only in cases of suspected upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) or impossibility of receiving oral medication, although there has been a persistent practice of their inappropriate use in health institutions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to measure the inappropriate use of IV PPIs in a high complexity hospital in Brazil and to estimate its costs. METHODS: Retrospective study of 333 patients who received IV omeprazole between July and December of 2018 in a high complexity hospital in Brazil. RESULTS: IV omeprazole was found to be appropriately prescribed in only 23.4% patient reports. This medication was administered mainly in cases of suspected UGIB (19.1%) and stress ulcer prophylaxis in patients with high risk of UGIB unable to receive medication orally (18.7%). It was observed a statistically significant association between adequate prescription and stress ulcer prophylaxis in patients with high risk of UGIB unable to receive medication orally; patient nil per os with valid indication for PPIs usage; prescription by intensive care unit doctors; prescription by emergency room doctors; intensive care unit admission; evolution to death; sepsis; and traumatic brain injury (P<0.05). On the other hand, inadequate prescription had a statistically significant association with surgical ward prescription and non-evolution to death (P<0.05). The estimated cost of the vials prescribed inadequately was US$1696. CONCLUSION: There was a high number of inappropriate IV omeprazole prescriptions in the studied hospital, entailing greater costs to the institution and unnecessary risks.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Atualmente, o uso intravenoso (IV) dos inibidores de bomba de prótons (IBPs) é indicado em poucas situações, como em casos de hemorragia digestiva alta ou impossibilidade de recebê-los via oral. Há diversos estudos mostrando o uso excessivo desse fármaco, na forma intravenosa, desnecessariamente e acarretando altos custos aos hospitais. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as indicações, posologias, duração do tratamento e custos das prescrições de omeprazol intravenoso. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de 333 pacientes que receberam omeprazol intravenoso entre julho a dezembro de 2018 em um hospital de alta complexidade no Brasil. RESULTADOS: A prescrição de omeprazol intravenoso foi considerada totalmente adequada em apenas 23,4% das prescrições analisadas. O medicamento foi administrado principalmente em casos de suspeita de hemorragia digestiva alta (HDA) (19,1%) e profilaxia de úlcera de estresse em paciente com alto risco de HDA impossibilitado de receber via oral (18,7%). Foi observada associação estatisticamente significativa entre prescrição adequada e profilaxia de úlcera de estresse em paciente com alto risco de HDA impossibilitado de receber medicamento via oral; paciente em nil per os com indicação válida de IBPs; prescrição por médico da UTI; prescrição por médico do pronto atendimento; admissão na UTI; evolução a óbito; sepse; e traumatismo cranioencefálico (P<0,05). Já a prescrição inadequada teve associação estatisticamente significativa com prescrição por setor cirúrgico e a não evolução a óbito (P<0,05). O custo estimado do total de ampolas prescritas inadequadamente foi de US$1696,00. CONCLUSÃO: Houve um elevado número de prescrições de omeprazol intravenoso inadequadas no hospital estudado, acarretando um custo elevado para a instituição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Omeprazole , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals
9.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate omeprazole prescriptions for older adults based on the Beers Criteria, with an analysis of indications and duration of use longer than eight weeks. METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, data were collected from the electronic medical records of older adults with an omeprazole prescription seen at two health care units in Curitiba, Brazil, between June and August 2019. Data were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis, Student t and χ2 tests. RESULTS: Medical records of 386 patients were analyzed, and 69.95% were female. The mean age was 71 (SD, 8.15) years. Most patients had incomplete primary education (50.52%) and income level ranging from one to two Brazilian minimum monthly wages (39.90%). No indication for omeprazole prescription was found in 23.83% of medical records. Use longer than eight weeks was predominant for all indications in 96.60% of medical records. Duration of use more extended than the Beers Criteria recommendation was independent of sex (p = 0.327), education (p = 0.805), and income level (p = 0.629). A relationship between polypharmacy and long-term drug use was demonstrated (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest the need for periodic review of omeprazole prescriptions considering deprescribing when they appropriate.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar as prescrições de omeprazol para idosos de acordo com os Critérios de Beers, por meio das indicações e do tempo de uso do medicamento por período superior a oito semanas. METODOLOGIA: Estudo transversal, retrospectivo, no qual foram coletados dados dos prontuários eletrônicos de idosos com prescrição de omeprazol atendidos entre junho e agosto de 2019 em duas unidades de saúde em Curitiba. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e aos testes t de Student e do χ2 . RESULTADOS: Foram analisados prontuários de 386 usuários, sendo 69,95% do sexo feminino. A média de idade foi de 71 anos (DP, 8,15). A maioria dos usuários tem ensino fundamental incompleto (50,52%) e faixa de renda de um a dois salários mínimos (39,90%). Não foi encontrada a indicação para a prescrição de omeprazol em 23,83% dos prontuários. O uso por período superior a oito semanas foi predominante, para todas as indicações, em 96,60% dos prontuários. Demonstrou-se que o tempo de uso superior ao recomendado nos Critérios de Beers independe do sexo (p = 0,327), da escolaridade (p = 0,805) e da faixa de renda (p = 0,629). Evidenciou-se a relação entre polifarmácia e uso do medicamento por períodos prolongados (p < 0,001). CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo apontam para a necessidade de revisão periódica das prescrições de omeprazol, considerando-se a desprescrição quando apropriado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data , Omeprazole/administration & dosage , Health Centers , Proton Pump Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Anti-Ulcer Agents/administration & dosage , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
10.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 53(3): 17-24, 20201201.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177364

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las causas de hipomagnesemia son diversas: disminución de la ingesta, redistribución o translocación de Mg extracelular al intracelular, pérdida gastrointestinal y pérdida renal. El objetivo fue determinar las características clínicas de la hipomagnesemia en pacientes internados en el Departamento de Medicina Interna del Hospital Nacional (Itauguá, Paraguay) en el periodo 2018 - 2019. Materiales y métodos: Se aplicó un diseño observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes adultos con Mg sérico ≤ 1,5 mg/dL. Se midieron variables demográficas, manifestaciones clínicas neuromusculares, metabólicas y electrocardiográficas. La investigación fue aprobada por el Comité de Ética de la Universidad Nacional de Itapúa (Paraguay). Resultados: Se detectó hipomagnesemia en 8,2% de los pacientes. La edad media de los mismos fue 55 años y 53% eran del sexo masculino. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes fueron hipertensión arterial (63%), diabetes mellitus (30%) y enfermedad renal crónica (16%). La hipomagnesemia se presentó con vómitos (34%), diarreas (13%), uso de omeprazol (97%), furosemida (31%) y corticoides (24%). Los síntomas predominantes fueron ansiedad (9%) y espasmos musculares (8%). Las alteraciones electrocardiográficas comunes fueron fibrilación auricular (11%), trastornos de la repolarización (18%) y prolongación del complejo QRS (9%). Conclusión: La hipomagnesemia se detectó en 8,2% de los pacientes y se presentó con vómitos (34%), diarreas (13%), uso de omeprazol (97%), furosemida (31%) y corticoides (24%).


Introduction: The causes of hypomagnesemia are diverse: decreased intake, redistribution or translocation of extracellular to intracellular magnesium, gastrointestinal loss and kidney loss. The objective was to determine the clinical characteristics of hypomagnesemia in patients admitted to the Internal Medicine Department of the National Hospital (Itauguá, Paraguay) in the period 2018 - 2019. Materials and methods: We conducted an observational, descriptive, retrospective design. We included adult patients with serum Mg ≤ 1.5 mg / dL. We measured demographic variables, neuromuscular, metabolic and electrocardiographic clinical manifestations. The research was approved by the Ethics Committee of the National University of Itapúa (Paraguay). Results: Hypomagnesemia was detected in 8.2% of the patients. Their mean age was 55 years and 53% were male. The most frequent comorbidities were hypertension (63%), diabetes mellitus (30%) and chronic kidney disease (16%). Hypomagnesemia was presented with vomiting (34%), diarrhea (13%), and use of omeprazole (97%), furosemide (31%) and corticosteroids (24%). The predominant symptoms were anxiety (9%) and muscle spasms (8%). Common electrocardiographic abnormalities were atrial fibrillation (11%), repolarization disorders (18%) and prolongation of the QRS complex (9%). Conclusion: We detected hypomagnesemia in 8.2% of patients and was presented with vomiting (34%), diarrhea (13%), use of omeprazole (97%), furosemide (31%) and corticosteroids (24%).


Subject(s)
Omeprazole , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Diabetes Mellitus , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Kidney , Magnesium
11.
Brasília; s.n; 15 jul.2020. 29 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117674

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 6 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Renin-Angiotensin System , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/instrumentation , Cohort Effect , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Esomeprazole/therapeutic use , Darunavir/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Pantoprazole/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
12.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 77(1): 38-41, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153228

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Drug-induced esophagitis is an uncommon diagnosis in the pediatric population. The following is a report of six adolescents with L-arginine-induced esophagitis. Case reports: All patients were under treatment with L-arginine for short stature. After using the prescribed medication for 1-3 months, all cases started with severe retrosternal pain, odynophagia, and dysphagia. The upper gastrointestinal endoscopies showed ulcers located in the mid esophageal mucosa. Conclusions: In the presence of acute severe odynophagia, dysphagia, and retrosternal pain, drug-induced esophagitis should be considered as a possible diagnosis. Treatment includes liquid diet, pain control, sucralfate, omeprazole, and interruption of L-arginine. In addition, the physician should explain preventive measures focused on patient and family education on the drug side effects and precise instructions on how to take medications, as well as a careful balance of risk and benefits of any medication. At present, there are no clinical trials that support the use of L-arginine in treatment of short stature.


Resumen Introducción: La esofagitis inducida por medicamentos es un diagnóstico poco frecuente en pacientes pediátricos. A continuación, se describe una serie de seis casos de pacientes menores de 15 años con esofagitis inducida por L-arginina. Casos clínicos: Los seis casos se encontraban en tratamiento con L-arginina por talla baja e iniciaron con dolor retroesternal, odinofagia y disfagia de rápida instalación. Cuatro de ellos acudieron al servicio de urgencias por la intensidad de los síntomas. Los hallazgos en la endoscopia del tubo digestivo alto fueron úlceras en la mucosa del esófago a la altura del tercio medio, zona de estrechez natural por la compresión del bronquio izquierdo. Conclusiones: En presencia de odinofagia, disfagia, dolor retroesternal y el antecedente de la ingesta de L-arginina, la esofagitis inducida por fármacos debe considerarse como una posibilidad diagnóstica. El tratamiento está basado en el manejo del dolor, sucralfato, omeprazol, así como la suspensión del medicamento y medidas preventivas centradas en la educación del paciente y los familiares sobre los riesgos y beneficios de un medicamento y la forma correcta de administrarlo.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Arginine/adverse effects , Esophagitis/chemically induced , Esophageal Mucosa/drug effects , Arginine/administration & dosage , Ulcer/etiology , Chest Pain/etiology , Omeprazole/administration & dosage , Sucralfate/administration & dosage , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Esophagitis/diagnosis , Esophagitis/therapy , Esophageal Mucosa/pathology
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 488-492, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826707

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect on gastroesophageal reflux asthma between the needling technique of acupuncture (acupuncture for promoting the circulation of the governor vessel and reducing the reversed ) and omeprazole enteric capsules (OME).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with gastroesophageal reflux asthma were randomized into an acupuncture group and a western medication group, 30 cases in each one. The basic treatment for anti-bronchial asthma was provided in both of the groups. Additionally, OME was prescribed for oral administration in the western medication group, twice a day, 20 mg each time, for 8 weeks. In the acupuncture group, the needling technique of acupuncture was added. The needles were inserted at the sites inferior to the spinous processes of T to T. Acupuncture was given once in the morning on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday respectively, totally for 8 weeks. Separately, before and after treatment, the score of reflux disease diagnostic questionnaire (RDQ), the score of asthma control test (ACT) and the tenderness threshold at the sites inferior to the spinous processes of T to T were observed and the clinical effect was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#①The remarkably effective and curative rate was 46.7% (14/30) in the acupuncture group, higher than 3.3% (1/30) in the western medication group (<0.01). The asthma control rate was 66.7% (20/30) in the acupuncture group, higher than 13.3% (4/30) in the western medication group (<0.01). ②RDQ score after treatment was lower than that before treatment in either group (<0.05). The decrease range of RDQ score in the acupuncture group was larger than that of the western medication group (<0.05). After treatment, ACT score was increased as compared with that before treatment in either group (<0.05) and the increase range of ACT score in the acupuncture group was larger than that of the western medication group (<0.05). ③The tenderness thresholds at the sites inferior to the spinous processes of T to T and T to T were all increased after treatment as compared with those before treatment in the acupuncture group separately (<0.05). In the western medication group, the thresholds were only increased at the sites inferior to the spinous processes of T, T and T after treatment as compared with those before treatment separately (<0.05). After treatment, the tenderness thresholds at T to T in the acupuncture group were all higher than the western medication group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The needling technique of acupuncture effectively relieves the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux asthma and improves the quality of life in the patients and its effect is better than omeprazole enteric capsules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Asthma , Therapeutics , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Therapeutics , Omeprazole , Therapeutic Uses , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(9): e202000904, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130677

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the role of omeprazole and nitrites on the gastric mucosa of rats submitted to specific techniques to induce duodenogastric reflux. Methods: One hundred and twenty Wistar rats were divided into three groups: Group I (n=40) -gastrotomy; Group II (n=40) - duodenogastric reflux after gastrojejunoanastomosis latero-lateral (DGR); Group III (n=40) - retrograde duodenogastric reflux through the pylorus (DGR-P). The groups were divided into 4 subgroups of 10 animals, respectively treated for 16 weeks with water, omeprazole 1.6 mg / rat / day, nitrite 600 mg / kg / day and omeprazole plus nitrite simultaneously. Results: The proliferative lesions found were: squamous hyperplasia - 69.1%, adenomatous hyperplasia in the anastomosis - 29.1% and prepyloric adenomatous hyperplasia - 42.5%. Adenocarcinomas were registered in 7 animals (5.8%): one in Group I (omeprazole plus nitrite), two in Group II (omeprazole and nitrite plus omeprazole) and four in Group III (water, nitrite, omeprazole and omeprazole plus nitrite). Conclusions: The occurrence of squamous hyperplasia, adenomatous hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma increased after gastrojejunal anastomoses, which cause duodenogastric reflux. The association of omeprazole did not protect the development of proliferative lesions and cancer induced by duodenogastric reflux in rats.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Omeprazole/pharmacology , Adenocarcinoma/etiology , Adenocarcinoma/prevention & control , Duodenogastric Reflux/complications , Proton Pump Inhibitors/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Gastric Mucosa
15.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4433, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056078

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the pharmaceutical interventions of a vertical clinical pharmacy service to promote the rational use of intravenous omeprazole. Methods: A prospective and descriptive study carried out at a university hospital in the Midwestern Region of Brazil, from November 2014 to May 2015. The service consisted of the analysis of adequacy of the route of administration of omeprazole in relation to the clinical conditions of the patient, as well as the use of the appropriate diluent. Interventions were recorded in medical records and subsequently evaluated for acceptance. Results: A total of 770 prescriptions were evaluated. Interventions related to diluent replacement were more accepted (p<0.001), and surgeons were the specialty that used the intravenous route inappropriately (p<0.001). Conclusion: Although partially accepted, pharmaceutical interventions could contribute to improve patient safety, since they allowed the use of a safer route of administration.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever as intervenções farmacêuticas de um serviço farmacêutico clínico vertical, para a promoção do uso racional do omeprazol intravenoso. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo e descritivo realizado em um hospital universitário da região Centro-Oeste do Brasil, no período de novembro de 2014 a maio de 2015. O serviço consistia na análise da adequabilidade da via de administração do omeprazol em relação às condições clínicas do paciente, bem como a utilização do diluente adequado. As intervenções eram registradas em prontuário e, posteriormente, avaliadas quanto à aceitação. Resultados: Foram avaliadas 770 prescrições. As intervenções relacionadas à substituição do diluente foram mais aceitas (p<0,001), e os cirurgiões foram a especialidade que utilizou a via intravenosa de maneira inadequada (p<0,001). Conclusão: Embora parcialmente aceitas, as intervenções farmacêuticas puderam contribuir com a melhoria da segurança dos pacientes, uma vez que permitiram a utilização de uma via de administração mais segura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Pharmacy Service, Hospital/standards , Omeprazole/administration & dosage , Proton Pump Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Administration, Intravenous/methods , Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Prospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Patient Safety , Hospitals, University , Medication Errors/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
16.
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 108 p
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, SES-SP, SESSP-ISPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-ISACERVO | ID: biblio-1437245

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os inibidores da bomba de prótons são fármacos indicados para a supressão ácida gástrica. O uso sem justificativa apoiada em evidências científicas pode contribuir com a polifarmácia, interações medicamentosas e, em longo prazo, causar reações adversas graves. Estudos orientam os médicos à desprescrição dos IBP a fim de interromper, reduzir doses ou promover o uso sob demanda. Nos últimos cinco anos o omeprazol esteve entre os quatro medicamentos mais dispensado na rede municipal de saúde de São Paulo. Foram, em média, 148 milhões de DDD. Objetivos: Identificar evidências científicas sobre desprescrição dos inibidores da bomba de prótons, analisar aspectos relacionados à prescrição e promoção do uso racional de omeprazol em Unidades Básicas de Saúde da Coordenadoria Regional de Saúde Sudeste do município de São Paulo. Métodos: Realização de uma revisão rápida sistemática sobre desprescrição dos inibidores da bomba de prótons e de um estudo transversal mediante inquéritos semiestruturados com médicos e farmacêuticos. Resultados: Quatro revisões sistemáticas foram selecionadas, mostrando que a desprescrição abrupta foi associada a um risco aumentado de retorno dos sintomas e que intervenções educativas dirigidas aos prescritores, farmacêuticos e pacientes são estratégias efetivas na desprescrição dos inibidores da bomba de prótons. De 157 médicos respondentes, 73,3% referiram prescrever omeprazol para doença de refluxo gastroesofágico; 65,1% para tratamento de úlcera gástrica decorrente de infecção por Helicobacter pylori; 62,3% para síndrome dispéptica; 46,6% para esofagite erosiva; 43,2% para úlcera gástrica e duodenal; 20,5% para úlcera gástrica secundária a anti-inflamatórios não esteroides; 16,4% para condições específicas e 15,8% para "outras indicações". Entre os 45 farmacêuticos respondentes, 100% referiram realizar orientação farmacêutica, 97,8% consulta farmacêutica, 73,3% reunião de equipe, 68,9% grupos educativos, 66,7% atendimento domiciliar, 53,3% a educação permanente e 48,9% abordagem voltada ao omeprazol. Conclusões: A maioria dos médicos referiu prescrever omeprazol para as indicações baseadas em evidências científicas. A maioria dos farmacêuticos têm desenvolvido serviços clínicos para o uso racional de medicamentos e, parte deles, também ações voltadas ao omeprazol. No entanto, um baixo percentual de farmacêuticos referiu realizar atividades educativas voltadas para a equipe de saúde. Potencial de Aplicabilidade: Sensibilizar gestores e subsidiar profissionais da saúde quanto ao processo de desprescrição, bem como reforçar ações relativas ao Cuidado Farmacêutico para a promoção do uso racional do omeprazol.


Subject(s)
Omeprazole , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Deprescriptions , Pharmaceutical Services , Drug Utilization
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(4): 180-182, dez 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284242

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência da polifarmácia e da prescrição de medicações inapropriadas, bem como suas associações com a capacidade cognitiva e funcional do idoso. Métodos: Estudo observacional transversal, no qual foram analisadas as medicações prescritas em 141 prontuários para pacientes acima de 50 anos, em associação com testes que quantificaram a capacidade funcional e cognitiva deles. Resultados: Observou-se média de 4,41 medicamentos por paciente, sendo que 0,41 deles foram considerados inapropriado, segundo o critério de Beers. Verificou-se também relação estatisticamente significativa quanto ao número de medicações e testes que mediam a capacidade funcional e cognitiva dos idosos. Conclusão: O aumento da polifarmácia e da prescrição de medicações potencialmente inadequadas acarretou significativa piora da capacidade cognitiva e funcional do idoso


Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of polypharmacy and of the prescription of inappropriate medications, as well as their associations with the cognitive and functional capacity of the elderly. Methods: Cross-sectional observational study which analyzed the drugs prescribed in 141 medical records for patients over 50 years of age, associated with tests that quantified their functional and cognitive capacity. Results: An average of 4.41 medications per patient was observed, and 0.41 were considered inappropriate according to the Beers criteria. There was also a statistically significant relation regarding the number of medications and tests that measure the functional and cognitive capacity of the elderly. Conclusion: The increase in polypharmacy and in the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications led to a significant impairment of the cognitive and functional capacity of the elderly


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health Profile , Aged , Cognition/drug effects , Polypharmacy , Middle Aged , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Enalapril/therapeutic use , Comorbidity , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Clonazepam/adverse effects , Age Distribution , Losartan/therapeutic use , Simvastatin/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Diazepam/adverse effects , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Thiazides/therapeutic use , Inappropriate Prescribing/statistics & numerical data , Zolpidem/adverse effects , Amitriptyline/adverse effects , Hypertension/epidemiology , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(10): 823-829, Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1056905

ABSTRACT

According to experimental studies with healthy dogs, omeprazole might decrease the CSF production by about 26%; therefore, book texts have been suggested the usage of omeprazole in medical protocols for hydrocephalus treatment. However, to the best knowledge of the authors, the usage and medical response of the omeprazole with substantial group of illness dogs, such as hydrocephalic animals, was lacking. This report describes clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic findings in 12 dogs with hydrocephalus in which omeprazole were used for medical treatment. The diagnosis of hydrocephalus was accomplished by transcranial sonography (TCS) and/or computed tomography. The ventricular measurement was assessed periodically by TCS during medical treatment. Six dogs were diagnosed with non-obstrutive hydrocephalus and in the other 6 cases hydrocephalus occurred with other concomitant anomalous encephalic disease often related with obstructive hysdrocephalus, such as quadrigeminal cist, arachnoid cyst, chiary-like malformation, and syringomyelia. All of them had medical improvement after the use of omeprazole and the most of the cases had ventricular size reduction. In 10 dogs, the omeprazole was used as single drug, and in 2 dogs medical treatment with steroids and/or diuretics was previously being performed, and omeprazole was added because conventional treatment was resulting in mild to unsatisfactory medical control of the neurological status. The results of this paper shown that omeprazole may be used to ameliorate the neurological status in symptomatic hydrocephalic dogs. This work may represent the first description about the use of omeprazole in order to treat a substantial group of affected dogs with suspected increased intracranial pressure by hydrocephalus, probably due to limitation of CSF production.(AU)


O omeprazol diminui a produção do fluido cerebrospinal (FCE) por cerca de 26% de acordo com estudos experimentais em cães saudáveis. Segundo o conhecimento dos autores, embora utilizado na prática clínica e recomendado em livros textos, não há até o momento estudos clínicos em um grupo substancial de animais avaliando a resposta terapêutica ao uso do omeprazol em pacientes enfermos, tais como cães hidrocefálicos sintomáticos. Este trabalho descreve os achados clínicos, diagnósticos e terapêuticos em 12 cães com hidrocefalia que foram submetidos ao tratamento com omeprazol para o manejo médico de hidrocefalia. O diagnóstico de hidrocefalia e doenças neurológicas concomitantes foi realizado por ultrassonografia transcraniana (USTC) e/ou tomografia computadorizada. A mensuração do tamanho ventricular foi realizada pela USTC durante o tratamento médico. Seis cães foram diagnosticados com hidrocefalia não obstrutiva e os outros 6 casos apresentaram hidrofalia concomitante com outras afecções encefálicas anômalas comumente associada à hidrocefalia obstrutiva, tal como cisto quadrigêmio, cisto aracnóide, síndrome de chiari-like e seringomegalia. Em 10 cães o omeprazol foi utilizado como droga única e em 2 cães a terapia inicial foi a convencional utilizando esteroides e diuréticos, e o omeprazol foi adicionado, pois a resposta clínica a terapia convencional foi insatisfatória. Todos os animais obtiveram melhora dos parâmetros neurológicos e a maioria teve uma redução do tamanho ventricular após o uso do omeprazol. Os resultados deste estudo demonstram que o omeprazol pode ser utilizado para melhorar o estado neurológico em cães com hidrocefalia. Este estudo representa a primeira descrição clínica usando o omeprazol para tratar uma série de cães com suspeita de aumento da pressão intracraniana devido à hidrocefalia, provavelmente pela capacidade do fármaco em limitar a produção do FCE.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Hydrocephalus/drug therapy , Hydrocephalus/veterinary , Intracranial Pressure , Hydrocephalus/diagnostic imaging
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1137-1142, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1038628

ABSTRACT

O hipoparatireoidismo, quer seja primário ou secundário, é uma doença rara em cães, causada pela diminuição da secreção de paratormônio pelas paratireoides, que leva a sinais clínicos resultantes da hipocalcemia. O omeprazol vem sendo cada vez mais utilizado na medicina veterinária visando à diminuição na produção de líquor, mas existem poucos estudos sobre os efeitos colaterais relacionados ao uso crônico dessa medicação. Relata-se o caso de um cão macho da raça Yorkshire Terrier, com quatro anos de idade, com sinais clínicos de dor, sendo verificada calcificação em pelve e divertículo renal. Segundo o proprietário, o cão fazia uso de omeprazol há mais de dois anos devido ao histórico de hidrocefalia. Os exames laboratoriais evidenciaram anemia microcítica hipocrômica, hipocalemia, hiperfosfatemia, hipocalcemia, hipomagnesemia e hipercalciúria. A dosagem do paratormônio sérico confirmou o hipoparatireoidismo. Após a suspensão do omeprazol, as alterações encontradas nos exames se normalizaram, confirmando que a causa do hipoparatireoidismo era o uso crônico da medicação.(AU)


Primary or secondary hypoparathyroidism is a rare disease in dogs caused by the decreased secretion of parathormone from the parathyroid glands, leading to clinical signs of hypocalcemia. Omeprazole has been increasingly used in veterinary medicine in order to reduce the production of cerebrospinal fluid, but there are few reports of side effects related to its chronic use. We report a case of a four-year-old male Yorkshire terrier with clinical signs of pain, calcification in the pelvis and renal diverticulum. According to the owner, the dog had been receiving omeprazole for over 2 years because of the history of hydrocephalus. Hematological exams revealed hypochromic microcytic anemia, hypokalemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia besides hypercalciuria. The determination of serum parathyroid hormone concentrations confirmed hypoparathyroidism. After interrupting omeprazole, the altered features on the exams returned to normal values, confirming that the cause of hypoparathyroidism was the chronic use of the drug.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Omeprazole/adverse effects , Hypoparathyroidism/chemically induced , Hypoparathyroidism/veterinary , Hypocalcemia/veterinary , Hypokalemia/veterinary
20.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(4): 900-907, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1005715

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil sociodemográfico e clínico de idosos usuários crônicos de omeprazol. Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com usuários com idade superior a 60 anos, que retiraram o omeprazol na Farmácia Pública de Panambi/RS. Resultados: Participaram da pesquisa sessenta idosos, com idade média de 67,90 ±5,6 anos. Duas interações graves foram identificadas envolvendo citalopram e clopidogrel. Observou-se a presença nas prescrições de medicamentos que tem a sua absorção alterada pelo uso concomitante com o omeprazol como captopril (25%) e enalapril (16,7%). Conclusão: Dessa forma, evidenciou-se uma população suscetível a riscos que necessita de acompanhamento farmacêutico


Objective: To describe the sociodemographic and clinical profile of elderly chronic omeprazole users. Method: This is a cross-sectional study. Patients aged 60, from the Public Pharmacy of the city of Panambi / RS. Results: A total of 60 elderly chronic omeprazole users participated in the study with an average of 67.90 ± 5.6 years of age. Two serious interactions were identified involving citalopram and clopidogrel. There was the presence in the prescription of drugs that have their absorption altered by concomitant use of omeprazole as captopril (25%) and enalapril (16.7%). Conclusion: Thus, we highlight that there is a population susceptible to risks that needs pharmaceutical monitoring


Objetivo: Describir el perfil sociodemográfico y clínico de los ancianos usuarios crónicos de omeprazol. Método: Es un estudio transversal descriptivo cuantitativo. Participaron en el estudio pacientes con edad igual o mayor de 60 años, usuarios crónicos de omeprazol, y que acudieron al medicamento en la Farmacia Publica de la cuidad de Panambi/RS. Resultados: Participaron de la investigación 60 ancianos 51,7% del sexo femenino, con edad media de 67,90 ±5,6 años, 81,7% relataran alguna comorbilidad, siendo la más prevalente la hipertensión arterial sistémica (61,7%). Los medicamentos que actúan en el tracto alimentar y metabólico fueron los más frecuentes. Se identificaron dos graves interacciones relacionado al citalopram (8,4%) y clopidogrel (1,7%). Se observó en las prescripciones la presencia de medicamentos cuya absorción es alterada por el uso concomitante con el omeprazol, como el captopril (25%) y enalapril (16,7%). Conclusión: De esta forma, se ha evidenciado una populación susceptible a los riesgos y que necesita de acompañamiento farmacéutico


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Omeprazole/adverse effects , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Health of the Elderly , Drug Interactions , Professional-Patient Relations , Anti-Ulcer Agents
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