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1.
Brasília; s.n; 15 jul.2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117674

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 6 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Renin-Angiotensin System , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/instrumentation , Cohort Effect , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Esomeprazole/therapeutic use , Darunavir/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Pantoprazole/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(10): 823-829, Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1056905

ABSTRACT

According to experimental studies with healthy dogs, omeprazole might decrease the CSF production by about 26%; therefore, book texts have been suggested the usage of omeprazole in medical protocols for hydrocephalus treatment. However, to the best knowledge of the authors, the usage and medical response of the omeprazole with substantial group of illness dogs, such as hydrocephalic animals, was lacking. This report describes clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic findings in 12 dogs with hydrocephalus in which omeprazole were used for medical treatment. The diagnosis of hydrocephalus was accomplished by transcranial sonography (TCS) and/or computed tomography. The ventricular measurement was assessed periodically by TCS during medical treatment. Six dogs were diagnosed with non-obstrutive hydrocephalus and in the other 6 cases hydrocephalus occurred with other concomitant anomalous encephalic disease often related with obstructive hysdrocephalus, such as quadrigeminal cist, arachnoid cyst, chiary-like malformation, and syringomyelia. All of them had medical improvement after the use of omeprazole and the most of the cases had ventricular size reduction. In 10 dogs, the omeprazole was used as single drug, and in 2 dogs medical treatment with steroids and/or diuretics was previously being performed, and omeprazole was added because conventional treatment was resulting in mild to unsatisfactory medical control of the neurological status. The results of this paper shown that omeprazole may be used to ameliorate the neurological status in symptomatic hydrocephalic dogs. This work may represent the first description about the use of omeprazole in order to treat a substantial group of affected dogs with suspected increased intracranial pressure by hydrocephalus, probably due to limitation of CSF production.(AU)


O omeprazol diminui a produção do fluido cerebrospinal (FCE) por cerca de 26% de acordo com estudos experimentais em cães saudáveis. Segundo o conhecimento dos autores, embora utilizado na prática clínica e recomendado em livros textos, não há até o momento estudos clínicos em um grupo substancial de animais avaliando a resposta terapêutica ao uso do omeprazol em pacientes enfermos, tais como cães hidrocefálicos sintomáticos. Este trabalho descreve os achados clínicos, diagnósticos e terapêuticos em 12 cães com hidrocefalia que foram submetidos ao tratamento com omeprazol para o manejo médico de hidrocefalia. O diagnóstico de hidrocefalia e doenças neurológicas concomitantes foi realizado por ultrassonografia transcraniana (USTC) e/ou tomografia computadorizada. A mensuração do tamanho ventricular foi realizada pela USTC durante o tratamento médico. Seis cães foram diagnosticados com hidrocefalia não obstrutiva e os outros 6 casos apresentaram hidrofalia concomitante com outras afecções encefálicas anômalas comumente associada à hidrocefalia obstrutiva, tal como cisto quadrigêmio, cisto aracnóide, síndrome de chiari-like e seringomegalia. Em 10 cães o omeprazol foi utilizado como droga única e em 2 cães a terapia inicial foi a convencional utilizando esteroides e diuréticos, e o omeprazol foi adicionado, pois a resposta clínica a terapia convencional foi insatisfatória. Todos os animais obtiveram melhora dos parâmetros neurológicos e a maioria teve uma redução do tamanho ventricular após o uso do omeprazol. Os resultados deste estudo demonstram que o omeprazol pode ser utilizado para melhorar o estado neurológico em cães com hidrocefalia. Este estudo representa a primeira descrição clínica usando o omeprazol para tratar uma série de cães com suspeita de aumento da pressão intracraniana devido à hidrocefalia, provavelmente pela capacidade do fármaco em limitar a produção do FCE.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Hydrocephalus/drug therapy , Hydrocephalus/veterinary , Intracranial Pressure , Hydrocephalus/diagnostic imaging
3.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 900-907, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1005715

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil sociodemográfico e clínico de idosos usuários crônicos de omeprazol. Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com usuários com idade superior a 60 anos, que retiraram o omeprazol na Farmácia Pública de Panambi/RS. Resultados: Participaram da pesquisa sessenta idosos, com idade média de 67,90 ±5,6 anos. Duas interações graves foram identificadas envolvendo citalopram e clopidogrel. Observou-se a presença nas prescrições de medicamentos que tem a sua absorção alterada pelo uso concomitante com o omeprazol como captopril (25%) e enalapril (16,7%). Conclusão: Dessa forma, evidenciou-se uma população suscetível a riscos que necessita de acompanhamento farmacêutico


Objective: To describe the sociodemographic and clinical profile of elderly chronic omeprazole users. Method: This is a cross-sectional study. Patients aged 60, from the Public Pharmacy of the city of Panambi / RS. Results: A total of 60 elderly chronic omeprazole users participated in the study with an average of 67.90 ± 5.6 years of age. Two serious interactions were identified involving citalopram and clopidogrel. There was the presence in the prescription of drugs that have their absorption altered by concomitant use of omeprazole as captopril (25%) and enalapril (16.7%). Conclusion: Thus, we highlight that there is a population susceptible to risks that needs pharmaceutical monitoring


Objetivo: Describir el perfil sociodemográfico y clínico de los ancianos usuarios crónicos de omeprazol. Método: Es un estudio transversal descriptivo cuantitativo. Participaron en el estudio pacientes con edad igual o mayor de 60 años, usuarios crónicos de omeprazol, y que acudieron al medicamento en la Farmacia Publica de la cuidad de Panambi/RS. Resultados: Participaron de la investigación 60 ancianos 51,7% del sexo femenino, con edad media de 67,90 ±5,6 años, 81,7% relataran alguna comorbilidad, siendo la más prevalente la hipertensión arterial sistémica (61,7%). Los medicamentos que actúan en el tracto alimentar y metabólico fueron los más frecuentes. Se identificaron dos graves interacciones relacionado al citalopram (8,4%) y clopidogrel (1,7%). Se observó en las prescripciones la presencia de medicamentos cuya absorción es alterada por el uso concomitante con el omeprazol, como el captopril (25%) y enalapril (16,7%). Conclusión: De esta forma, se ha evidenciado una populación susceptible a los riesgos y que necesita de acompañamiento farmacéutico


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Omeprazole/adverse effects , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Health of the Elderly , Drug Interactions , Professional-Patient Relations , Anti-Ulcer Agents
4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(2): 110-117, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-987748

ABSTRACT

Background: Warfarin is an oral anticoagulant involved in important interactions with foods and other drugs. Objectives: To evaluate the occurrence of adverse events reported by warfarin users and their relationship with drug interactions. Methods: This was an open cohort, prospective study conducted in an 18-month period with warfarin users attending public health clinics of the city of Ijuí, Brazil. Data were collected by means of interviews administered at patients' home every month. Patients' responses were confirmed by review of medical records when patients sought medical care. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Potential drug interactions were evaluated in a database and vitamin K consumption was quantified using a validated method. Results: A total of 68 patients were followed-up; 63 completed the study and 5 died in the study period. Mean number of medications taken by the patients was 9.6 ± 4.5, and mean number of interactions involving warfarin was 2.91 ± 1.52. Most potential interactions increased the risk of bleeding, 61 of them severe interactions and 116 moderate interactions. Eighty-seven episodes of bleeding and 4 episodes of thrombosis were reported by a total of 37 and 4 patients, respectively. At the occurrence of these events, 56.5% of warfarin users were also taking omeprazole, 35.9% were taking simvastatin and 25.0% paracetamol. Most patients had a low vitamin K intake. Conclusions: A high frequency of potential interactions between warfarin and other drugs was detected, but a low intake of foods that could possibly affect the effects of warfarin was observed. Based on our results, it seems prudent to follow patients on warfarin therapy for drug-drug interactions, aiming to control adverse effects and to promote a safe and effective therapy


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Warfarin/adverse effects , Community Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Drug Interactions , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Vitamin K , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Statistics as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Drug Monitoring , Simvastatin/therapeutic use , Drug Incompatibility , Pharmacovigilance , Acetaminophen
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 23(3): e20180326, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1001974

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify the factors associated to Potential Drug Interactions with High Alert Medications in the Intensive Care Unit of a Sentinel Hospital. Methods: a cross-sectional, retrospective study using a quantitative approach carried out at a Sentinel Hospital in Rio de Janeiro. The research was based on the analysis of the prescriptions of patients hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit of the Hospital, in a period of one year, in order to identify the drug interactions related to high alert medications in these prescriptions. Results: Of the 60 prescriptions analyzed, 244 were selected. In these prescriptions, 846 potential drug interactions related to high alert medications and 33 high alert medications were identified. Of the 112 types of potential drug interactions identified, some were more recurrent: tramadol e ondansetron, midazolam and omeprazole, regular insulin and hydrocortisone, fentanyl and midazolam, and regular insulin and noradrenaline. The variables polypharmacy, length of hospital stay, and some specific medications were associated with drug interactions with high alert medications. Conclusion and Implications for practice: It is important to strengthen strategies to reduce adverse drug events. Therefore, the relevance of studies that investigate the origin of these events is highlighted. Drug interactions can represent medication errors. It's indispensable to work with strategies to better manage the medication system.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar los puntos asociados a las Interacciones Medicamentos Potenciales con Medicamentos de alta vigilancia en un Centro de Cuidados Intensivos de un Hospital de Guardia. Métodos: estudio transversal, retrospectivo, de abordaje cuantitativo, realizado en un hospital de guardia en Rio de Janeiro. Esta investigación se basó en el análisis de las prescripciones medicamentosas de pacientes internados en un Centro de Cuidados Intensivos de un hospital, en un período de 1 año, con el objetivo de identificar las interacciones medicamentosas relacionadas con Medicamentos de alta Vigilancia recurrentes en las mismas. Resultados: de los informes analizados, se seleccionaron 244 prescripciones medicamentosas. En las 244 prescripciones de medicamentos, se pudieron identificar 846 Interacciones de Medicamentos Potenciales (IMP) relacionados a Medicamentos de Alta Vigilancia y 33 Medicamentos de Alta Vigilancia. De los 112 tipos de interacciones de medicamentos potenciales identificados, algunos han sido más recurrentes; a saber: tramadol y ondansetrón, midazolam y omeprazol, insulina regular e hidrocortisona, fentanilo y midazolam, insulina regular y noradrenalina. Las variables polifarmacia, tiempo de internación y algunos medicamentos específicos se asociaron a las interacciones medicamentosas potenciales con Medicamentos de Alta Vigilancia. Conclusión e Implicaciones para la práctica: es importante fortalecer las estrategias para reducir los eventos adversos relacionados con medicamentos. Por lo tanto, se destaca la relevancia de los estudios que plantean la naturaleza de estos eventos. Las interacciones medicamentosas pueden provocar errores de medicación. Es imprescindible trabajar con estrategias para administrar mejor el sistema de medicación.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar os fatores associados às Interações Medicamentosas Potenciais com Medicamentos de alta vigilância em Centro de Terapia Intensiva de um Hospital Sentinela. Métodos: Estudo transversal, retrospectivo, de abordagem quantitativa, realizado em um hospital sentinela no Rio de Janeiro. A pesquisa apoiou-se na análise das prescrições de pacientes internados no setor, com recorte temporal de 1 ano, a fim de identificar as interações medicamentosas relacionadas a medicamentos de alta vigilância recorrentes nas mesmas. Resultados: Dos 60 prontuários analisados, selecionaram-se 244 prescrições. Nelas identificaram-se 846 interações medicamentosas potenciais, relacionadas aos medicamentos de alta vigilância e 33 medicamentos de alta vigilância. Dos 112 pares de interações identificadas, foram mais recorrentes: tramadol e ondansetrona, midazolam e omeprazol, insulina regular e hidrocortisona, fentanil e midazolam, e insulina regular e noradrenalina. As variáveis polifarmácia, tempo de internação e alguns medicamentos específicos foram associadas às interações com medicamentos de alta vigilância. Conclusão e Implicações para a prática: É importante fortalecer as estratégias para reduzir os eventos adversos relacionados a medicamentos. Portanto, destaca-se a relevância de estudos que levantem a natureza desses eventos. As interações medicamentosas podem configurar erros de medicação. Portanto, é indispensável que se trabalhe com estratégias para melhor manejar o sistema de medicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data , Drug Interactions , Pharmacovigilance , Tramadol/therapeutic use , Health Profile , Midazolam/therapeutic use , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Hydrocortisone/therapeutic use , Norepinephrine/therapeutic use , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Ondansetron/therapeutic use , Polypharmacy , Insulin, Regular, Human/therapeutic use , Patient Safety , Amiodarone/therapeutic use , Inpatients , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
6.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 22(4): 311-316, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974231

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim To analyze the influence of the -31 C/T polymorphism of the interleukin-1β gene on Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy success in patients with functional dyspepsia. Methods Functional dyspepsia was diagnosed according to the Rome III criteria. All patients underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and gastric biopsies were obtained at screening and 12 months after randomization (last follow-up visit). Urease test and histological examination were performed to define the H. pylori status. Patients received twice-daily amoxicillin, clarithromycin and omeprazole for 10 days. Genotyping of the interleukin-1beta -31 C/T polymorphism (rs1143627) was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Results One hundred forty-nine patients received treatment with triple therapy for H. pylori eradication. Only one patient was lost to follow-up, and adherence to study medication was 94.6%. A total of 148 patients (mean age 46.08 ± 12.24 years; 81.8% women) were evaluated for the influence of the interleukin-1beta -31 C/T polymorphism on the outcome of H. pylori eradication therapy. After treatment, bacteria were eradicated in 87% of patients (129/148). Genotype frequencies of the polymorphism were as follows: CC, 38/148 (25.7%); CT, 71/148 (47.9%); and TT, 39/148 (26.4%). Successful eradication rate was 78.9%, 94.4% and 82.1% for the CC, CT and TT genotypes, respectively. The CT genotype was significantly associated with successful H. pylori eradication (p= 0.039). Conclusion This study suggests that the CT genotype of the interleukin-1beta -31 C/T polymorphism plays a role in the successful eradication of H. pylori among patients with functional dyspepsia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Dyspepsia/drug therapy , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Treatment Outcome , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Dyspepsia/diagnosis , Genotype , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Anti-Ulcer Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(2): 140-149, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951530

ABSTRACT

Abstract In view of the gastrointestinal problems generated by the ketoprofen use, the ketoprofen association with omeprazole is available on the market. However, this association efficacy in acute pain control has not been established. Bilateral extraction of lower third molars in similar positions is currently the most used model for the evaluation and investigation of the efficacy and pharmacological effects of new compounds for the treatment of acute postoperative pain. The randomized and crossover study consisted in evaluating the clinical efficacy of therapy performed by ketoprofen 100 mg (twice daily-b.i.d.) versus ketoprofen 200 mg + omeprazole 20 mg (once daily-q.d.) to pain, swelling and trismus control in the bilateral extraction model of lower third molars in similar positions in two different appointments, in 50 volunteers. Volunteers reported significantly less postoperative pain at various post-operative periods and consumed less rescue analgesic medication (acetaminophen 750 mg) throughout the study when they took the combination of ketoprofen 200 mg + omeprazole 20 mg (q.d.). Following administration of both study drugs, no gastrointestinal adverse reactions were reported by volunteers. Furthermore, the evaluations of the drugs in pain control by the volunteers were significantly favorable to ketoprofen 200 mg + omeprazole 20 mg (q.d.). For swelling and trismus control, the treatments presented similar results. In conclusion, when volunteers took ketoprofen 200 mg + omeprazole 20 mg (q.d.), they reported significantly less postoperative pain at various post-surgical periods and consumed less rescue analgesic medication throughout the study compared with ketoprofen 100 mg (b.i.d).


Resumo Em vista dos problemas gastrointestinais gerados pelo uso do cetoprofeno, a associação do cetoprofeno com o omeprazol está disponível no mercado. No entanto, esta eficácia de associação no controle da dor aguda não foi estabelecida. A extração bilateral de terceiros molares inferiores em posições semelhantes é atualmente o modelo mais utilizado para a avaliação e investigação da eficácia e efeitos farmacológicos de novos compostos para o tratamento da dor aguda pós-operatória. O estudo randomizado e cruzado consistiu na avaliação da eficácia clínica da terapia com cetoprofeno 100 mg (duas vezes ao dia-b.i.d.) versus cetoprofeno 200 mg + omeprazol 20 mg (uma vez ao dia-q.d.) para o controle da dor, do edema e do trismo no modelo bilateral de terceiros molares inferiores em posições semelhantes em duas consultas diferentes, em 50 voluntários. Os voluntários relataram significativamente menos dor pós-operatória em vários períodos pós-operatórios e consumiram menos medicação analgésica de socorro (acetaminofeno 750 mg) durante todo o estudo quando tomaram a combinação de 200 mg de cetoprofeno + 20 mg de omeprazol (q.d.). Após a administração de ambas as drogas do estudo, nenhuma reação adversa gastrointestinal foi relatada pelos voluntários. Além disso, as avaliações das drogas no controle da dor pelos voluntários foram significativamente favoráveis ​​ao cetoprofeno 200 mg + omeprazol 20 mg (q.d.). Para o controle do edema e do trismo, os tratamentos apresentaram resultados semelhantes. Em conclusão, quando os voluntários tomaram 200 mg de cetoprofeno + 20 mg de omeprazol (q.d.), eles relataram significativamente menos dor pós-operatória em vários períodos pós-cirúrgicos e consumiram menos medicação analgésica de socorro durante o estudo comparado com 100 mg de cetoprofeno (b.i.d).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Ketoprofen/therapeutic use , Pain Management/methods , Inflammation/prevention & control , Molar, Third/surgery , Trismus/prevention & control , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacokinetics , Ketoprofen/administration & dosage , Ketoprofen/pharmacokinetics , Cross-Over Studies , Drug Therapy, Combination
9.
Santiago; Chile. Ministerio de Salud; 2017. graf, ilus, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-882587

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La colitis ulcerosa es una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica que afecta la mucosa del colon en forma continua, comprometiendo el recto y una porción variable de la extensión del resto del colon, sin la presencia de granulomas en la biopsia. En esta enfermedad, el sistema inmune reconoce esta porción del colon como ajena al cuerpo y lo ataca generando úlceras que caracterizan a esta enfermedad. TECNOLOGÍAS SANITARIAS ANALIZADAS: Adalimumab, azatioprina, golimumab, infliximab, mesalazina, lansoprazol, omeprazol, sulfasalazina y colestiramina. EFICACIA DE LOS TRATAMIENTOS: Se extrajeron 31 revisiones sistemáticas que incluyen 11 ensayos controlados aleatorizados que evaluaban la eficacia de adalimumab, golimumab e infliximab en pacientes con colitis ulcerosa moderada a grave. El tratamiento con adalimumab aumenta ligeramente el número de pacientes que cicatrizan su mucosa e incrementan su score IBDQ (calidad de vida) en más de 12 puntos, a las 8 semanas. El tratamiento con golimumab probablemente aumenta el número de pacientes que responden clínicamente a las 6 semanas, mientras que probablemente aumenta ligeramente el número de pacientes que remite y cicatrizan su mucosa a las 6 semanas. Además, golimumab probablemente no genera diferencias en cuanto a la calidad de vida (cuestionario IBDQ) de pacientes con colitis ulcerosa. El tratamiento con infliximab aumenta el número de pacientes que presentan respuesta clínica a las 8 semanas, mientras que reduce ligeramente el número de pacientes que reciben colectomía a las 54 semanas. No se encontró evidencia de eficacia de los tratamientos sobre una menor hospitalización o una menor estadía hospitalaria, ni estudios que evaluaran la eficacia en niños con colitis ulcerosa. ANÁLISIS ECONÓMICO: Infliximab resultó ser la alternativa que presentó mayor efectividad. Sin embargo, la efectividad incremental en relación a adalimumab es sólo de 0,66 QALYs, superándolo en costes en aproximadamente un 45%. Infliximab y golimumab fueron los tratamientos que presentaron mayor costo en relación a adalimumab. En esto se incluyen los costos de efectos adversos serios, porcentaje de pacientes que se sometían a colectomía mientras estaban en terapia con algún biológico y los costos de administración de infliximab. Para este último se consideró un costo mayor, ya que como su administración es intravenosa se deben considerar las horas en que el paciente debe estar en una sala de observaciones para que se le administre el biológico. En cuanto a las agencias internacionales, Inglaterra recomienda el uso de adalimumab, infliximab o golimumab en pacientes con colitis ulcerosa moderada a grave, siempre y cuando la terapia convencional no funcione o no sea la adecuada. El impacto presupuestario calculado para el primer año de tratamiento fue de MM$1.810 para adalimumab, $MM2.424 para infliximab, y MM$353.378 para golimumab. CONCLUSIÓN: Para dar cumplimiento al artículo 28° del Reglamento que establece el proceso destinado a determinar los diagnósticos y tratamientos de alto costo con Sistema de Protección Financiera, según lo establecido en los artículos 7°y 8° de la ley N°20.850, aprobado por el decreto N°13 del Ministerio de Salud, se concluye que el presente informe de evaluación se considera favorable, de acuerdo a lo establecido en el Título III. de las Evaluaciones Favorables de la Norma Técnica N° 0192 de este mismo ministerio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Cholestyramine Resin/therapeutic use , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Lansoprazole/therapeutic use , Mesalamine/therapeutic use , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Sulfasalazine/therapeutic use , Health Evaluation/economics , Technology Assessment, Biomedical/economics
10.
Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. 2017; 18 (2): 62-67
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189166

ABSTRACT

Background and study aims: The success rate of Helicobacter pylori [H. pylori] eradication with the classical triple therapy is gradually declining. In this study, we aimed to compare and assess the efficacies of six different eradication regimens including sequential protocols


Patients and methods: Endoscopically confirmed nonulcer dyspepsia patients were enrolled. H. pylori presence was determined either histologically or by a rapid urease test. Treatment-naive patients were randomly assigned to an either one of three 10-day [OAC, OTMB, and OACB] or one of three sequential protocols [OA + OCM, OA + OCMB, and OA + OMDB] [O = omeprazole, A = amoxicillin, C = clarithromycin, T = tetracycline, M = metronidazole, B = bismuth, D = doxycycline]. The eradication was assessed 6-8 weeks after the completion of the treatment by a 14C-urea breath test


Results: In total, 301 patients were included. Fifty-two percent of the participants [n = 157] were female, and the mean age was 44.9 years [range = 18-70]. The intention to treat [ITT] and per protocol [PP] eradication rate for each regimen is as follows: OAC [ITT = 61.2%, PP = 75%], OTMB [83.3%, 87%], OACB [76.5%, 79.6%], OA + OCM [72.3%, 73.9%], OA + OCMB [82.7%, 89.6%], and OA + OMDB [59.3%, 65.3%]. Smoking significantly affected the eradication rate [P = 0.04]


Conclusion: In this study, OTMB and OA + OCMB were significantly superior to the triple therapy and succeeded to reach the eradication rate proposed by the Maastricht consensus [over 80%]. These two bismuth-containing regimens could be considered for first-line therapy in the regions with high clarithromycin resistance


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Helicobacter pylori , Disease Eradication , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Metronidazole/therapeutic use , Bismuth/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 42(5): 299-304, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-767842

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the late results of advanced Chagasic megaesophagus treatment by esophagectomy associated with the use of proton pump inhibitor (omeprazole) as for the incidence of esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus in the remaining stump. Methods : We studied patients with advanced megaesophagus undergoing esophagectomy and transmediastinal esophagogastroplasty. Patients were divided into three groups: A (20) with esophageal replacement by full stomach, without the use of omeprazole; B (20) with esophageal replacement by full stomach, with omeprazole 40 mg/day introduced after the first postoperative endoscopy and maintained for six years; and C (30) with esophageal replacement by gastric tube with use of omeprazole. Dysphagia, weight loss and BMI were clinical parameters we analyzed. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed in all patients, and determined the height of the anastomosis, the aspect of the mucosa, with special attention to possible injuries arising from gastroesophageal reflux, and the patency of the esophagogastric anastomosis. Results : We studied 50 patients, 28 males (56%) and 22 (44%) females. All underwent endoscopy every year. In the first endoscopy, erosive esophagitis was present in nine patients (18%) and Barrett's esophagus, in four (8%); in the last endoscopy, erosive esophagitis was present in five patients (8%) and Barrett's esophagus in one (2%). When comparing groups B and C, there was no evidence that the manufacturing of a gastric tube reduced esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus. However, when comparing groups A and C, omeprazole use was correlated with reduction of reflux complications such as esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus (p <0.005). Conclusion : The use of omeprazole (40 mg/day) reduced the onset of erosive esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus during the late postoperative period.


Objetivo : analisar os resultados tardios do tratamento do megaesôfago chagásico avançado através da esofagectomia associada ao IBP (omeprazol), com vistas à incidência de esofagite e esôfago de Barrett do coto esofagiano remanescente. Métodos : foram estudados pacientes com megaesôfago avançado submetidos à esofagectomia e à esofagogastroplastia transmediastinal posterior. Os pacientes foram distribuídos em três grupos: A (20) com substituição esofagiana por meio do estômago total, sem o uso do omeprazol; B (20) com substituição esofagiana por meio do estômago total, sem o uso do omeprazol durante este período; após a primeira endoscopia, realizada no pós-operatório, foi introduzido IBP (omeprazol 40mg/dia) e mantido por seis anos; e C (30) com substituição esofagiana por meio do tubo gástrico com uso do omeprazol. A disfagia, a perda ponderal e o IMC foram os parâmetros clínicos analisados. A endoscopia digestiva alta foi realizada em todos os pacientes. Foi determinada a altura da anastomose, a aparência do aspecto da mucosa, com especial atenção para possíveis lesões oriundas de refluxo gastresofágico, a patência da anastomose esofagogástrica. Resultados : na primeira endoscopia, a esofagite erosiva esteve presente em nove pacientes (18%) e o esôfago Barrett, em quatro (8%); na última endoscopia, a esofagite erosiva esteve presente em quatro pacientes (8%) e o esôfago de Barrett em um (2%). Comparando-se os grupos B e C, não houve redução da esofagite e do esôfago de Barrett. Porém, comparando-se os grupos A e C, houve redução de complicações do refluxo, como esofagite e o esôfago de Barrett (p<0,005). Conclusão : os resultados obtidos permitem concluir que o uso de omeprazol (40mg/dia) reduziu o aparecimento de esofagite erosiva e esôfago de Barrett no decorrer do pós-operatório tardio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Gastroplasty/adverse effects , Gastroplasty/methods , Esophageal Achalasia/surgery , Esophagectomy/adverse effects , Esophagectomy/methods , Barrett Esophagus , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use
12.
Anon.
Rev. cuba. farm ; 49(3)jul.-set. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-779737

ABSTRACT

Es un benzimidazol sustituido que inhibe, a través de un nuevo mecanismo de acción, la secreción ácida en el estómago mediante su efecto específico sobre la bomba de ácido en las células parietales. Mecanismo de acción: es una base débil que se convierte a su forma activa únicamente en el medio ácido de la célula parietal, donde inhibe la enzima H+, K+‒ATPasa, es decir, el último paso de la producción del ácido gástrico. La inhibición es dosis dependiente y afecta tanto la secreción basal como la estimulada, independiente al tipo de estímulo. No actúa sobre los receptores histaminérgicos. El tratamiento provoca, al igual que los antagonistas H2, reducción en la acidez del estómago, que implica incremento en la secreción de gastrina proporcional a la reducción de la acidez. Este aumento de la gastrina es reversible(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Pharmaceutical Trade
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(2): 266-275, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748945

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare protective effects of ischemic and potential protective effects of pharmacological preconditioning with omeprazole on isolated rat heart subjected to ischemia/reperfusion. Methods: The hearts of male Wistar albino rats were excised and perfused on a Langendorff apparatus. In control group (CG) after stabilization period, hearts were subjected to global ischemia (perfusion was totally stopped) for 20 minutes and 30 minutes of reperfusion. Hearts of group II (IPC) were submitted to ischemic preconditioning lasting 5 minutes before 20 minutes of ischemia and 30 minutes of reperfusion. In third group (OPC) hearts first underwent preconditioning lasting 5 minutes with 100μM omeprazole, and then submitted 20 minutes of ischemia and 30 minutes of reperfusion. Results: Administration of omeprazole before ischemia induction had protective effect on myocardium function recovery especially regarding to values of systolic left ventricular pressure and dp/dt max. Also our findings are that values of coronary flow did not change between OPC and IPC groups in last point of reperfusion. Conclusion: Based on our results it seems that ischemic preconditioning could be used as first window of protection after ischemic injury especially because all investigated parameters showed continuous trend of recovery of myocardial function. On the other hand, preconditioning with omeprazole induced sudden trend of recovery with positive myocardium protection, although less effective than results obtained with ischemic preconditioning not withstand, we must consider that omeprazole may be used in many clinical circumstances where direct coronary clamping for ischemic preconditioning is not possible. .


Resumo Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os efeitos protetores de efeitos protetores isquêmicos e potenciais de précondicionamento farmacológico com omeprazol no coração isolado de rato submetido à isquemia/reperfusão. Métodos: Os corações de ratos albinos Wistar machos foram excisados e perfundidos em um aparelho de Langendorff. No grupo controle (grupo I), após o período de estabilização, os corações foram submetidos à isquemia global (a perfusão foi totalmente interrompida) por 20 minutos e 30 minutos de reperfusão. Corações do grupo II (IPC) foram submetidos a précondicionamento isquêmico com duração de 5 minutos antes de 20 minutos de isquemia e 30 minutos de reperfusão. No terceiro grupo (OPC), corações foram submetidos a pré-condicionamento com duração de 5 minutos com 100 μM de omeprazol, e, então, submetidos a 20 minutos de isquemia e 30 minutos de reperfusão. Resultados: A administração de omeprazol antes da indução da isquemia teve efeito protetor sobre a recuperação funcional do miocárdio especialmente em relação aos valores de pressão sistólica ventricular esquerda e dp/dt max. Também os nossos achados são de que os valores de fluxo coronário não se alteraram entre os grupos OPC e IPC no último ponto de reperfusão. Conclusão: Com base nos nossos resultados, o pré-condicionamento isquêmico poderia ser usado como primeira janela de proteção após a lesão isquêmica, especialmente porque todos os parâmetros analisados apresentam tendência contínua de recuperação da função do miocárdio. Por outro lado, o pré-condicionamento induzido com omeprazol apresenta tendência repentina de recuperação com proteção miocárdio positiva, embora menos efetiva da obtida com o pré-condicionamento isquêmico. Devemos considerar que o omeprazol pode ser usado em muitas circunstâncias clínicas em que o pinçamento coronariano direto para pré-condicionamento isquêmico não é possível. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Heart/drug effects , Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial/methods , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Omeprazole/pharmacology , Proton Pump Inhibitors/pharmacology , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Coronary Circulation/drug effects , Heart Rate/drug effects , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Recovery of Function/drug effects , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(1): 59-64, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-746479

ABSTRACT

Background Proton-pump inhibitors have been used for at least two decades. They are among the most commonly sold drugs in the world. However, some controversy remains about the indications for their use and the consequences of their prolonged use. Objectives To evaluate and compare the endoscopic and histopathologic gastric changes in chronic users of proton-pump inhibitors to changes in non-users. Methods A prospective study performed at a tertiary Public Hospital involving 105 patients undergoing upper-gastrointestinal endoscopy. Subjects included 81 proton-pump inhibitor users and 24 non-users (control group). Biopsies of the antral-type mucosa, the antral-fundic transition, and the fundus were evaluated by the Sydney System. The presence of erosion or ulceration, lymphatic follicles, reactive gastropathy, and polypoid or epithelial hyperplasia was also determined. Serum levels of gastrin were measured. Results We found two polyps, one in each group, both of which were negative for Helicobacter pylori. There were two cases of parietal cell hyperplasia in users of proton-pump inhibitors. Gastrin was elevated in 28 users of proton-pump inhibitors and in four members of the control group. We did not find statistically significant differences in the endoscopic or histopathologic findings between the two groups. Conclusions Chronic use of proton-pump inhibitors for the duration examined was not associated with significant gastric changes. An interesting finding was that the 4 chronic users of proton-pump inhibitors who had serum gastrin levels above 500 pg/mL also had positive serology for Chagas disease. .


Contexto Os inibidores da bomba de prótons são usados há pelo menos duas décadas e estão entre as drogas mais vendidas no mundo. Ainda existem controvérsias sobre as indicações e as consequências de seu uso a longo prazo. Objetivos Avaliar as alterações endoscópicas e histopatológicas gástricas em usuários crônicos de inibidores da bomba de prótons e comparar com controles. Métodos Estudo prospectivo reali­zado em Hospital Público terciário com 105 pacientes, 81 usuários de bomba de prótons e 24 controles, submetidos a endoscopia digestiva alta. As biópsias das mucosas do tipo antral, da transição antro fúndica e fúndica foram avaliadas segundo a Classificação de Sidney e verificando também erosão ou úlcera, folículo linfático, gastropatia reativa, hiperplasia epitelial e pólipo. Realizada também a dosagem sérica da gastrina. Resultados Encontramos dois pólipos, um em cada grupo, ambos negativos para Helicobacter pylori e dois casos de hiperplasia de células parietais nos usuários de inibidores da bomba de prótons. A gastrina estava aumentada em 28 usuários de inibidor da bomba de protóns e em 4 do grupo controle. Não encontramos diferenças estatisticamente significantes nos achados endoscópicos e histopatológicos dos dois grupos. Conclusões O uso crônico de inibidores da bomba de prótons no período examinado não se associou com alterações gástricas significantes. O achado mais importante foi a positividade das sorologias para doença de Chagas nos quatro pacientes do grupo de usuários crônicos de inibidores que apresentavam níveis de gastrina sérica superiores a 500 pg/ mL .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Stomach Diseases/drug therapy , Stomach Diseases/pathology , Biopsy , Chagas Disease/blood , Gastroscopy , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Prospective Studies , Stomach Diseases/microbiology
15.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 132(4): 219-223, 07/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-714872

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Preoperative fasting guidelines do not recommend H2 receptor antagonists or proton pump inhibitors. This study investigated prophylactic use of gastric protection and the incidence of dyspeptic symptoms in the immediate postoperative period. DESIGN AND SETTING: Non-randomized observational investigation in a post-anesthesia care unit. METHODS: American Society of Anesthesiologists risk classification ASAP1 and ASAP2 patients over 18 years of age were evaluated to identify dyspeptic symptoms during post-anesthesia care for up to 48 hours, after receiving or not receiving prophylactic gastric protection during anesthesia. History of dyspeptic symptoms and previous use of such medications were exclusion criteria. The odds ratio for incidence of dyspeptic symptoms with use of these medications was obtained. RESULTS: This investigation studied 188 patients: 71% women; 50.5% ASAP1 patients. Most patients received general anesthesia (68%). Gastric protection was widely used (n = 164; 87.2%), comprising omeprazole (n = 126; 76.8%) or ranitidine (n = 38; 23.2%). Only a few patients did not receive any prophylaxis (n = 24; 12.8%). During the observation, 24 patients (12.8%) reported some dyspeptic symptoms but without any relationship with prophylaxis (relative risk, RR = 0.56; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.23-1.35; P = 0.17; number needed to treat, NNT = 11). Omeprazole, compared with ranitidine, did not reduce the chance of having symptoms (RR = 0.65; 95% CI: 0.27-1.60; P = 0.26; NNT = 19). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that prophylactic use of proton pump inhibitors or H2 receptor antagonists was routine for asymptomatic patients and was not associated with postoperative protection against dyspeptic symptoms. .


CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Diretrizes para jejum pré-operatório não recomendam antagonistas dos receptores H2 ou inibidores da bomba de prótons. Este estudo investigou o uso profilático de proteção gástrica e a incidência de sintomas dispépticos no período pós-operatório imediato. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo observacional não aleatorizado em unidade de recuperação pós-anestésica. MÉTODOS: Pacientes ASAP1 e ASAP2, classificação de risco da American Society of Anesthesiologists, com mais de 18 anos de idade, foram avaliados para identificar sintomas dispépticos durante a recuperação pós-anestésica em até 48 horas, tendo ou não recebido proteção gástrica profilática durante a anestesia. História de sintomas dispépticos e uso prévio de tais medicamentos foram critérios de exclusão. A razão de chances para incidência de sintomas dispépticos com uso desses medicamentos foi obtida. RESULTADOS: Foram estudados 188 pacientes, 71% mulheres, 50,5% dos pacientes ASAP1. A maioria dos pacientes recebeu anestesia geral (68%). Proteção gástrica foi amplamente usada (n = 164; 87,2%), consistindo de omeprazol (n = 126; 76,8%) ou ranitidina (n = 38; 23,2%). Poucos pacientes não receberam qualquer profilaxia (n = 24; 12,8%). Durante a observação, 24 pacientes (12,8%) relataram alguns sintomas dispépticos, porém sem relação com profilaxia (risco relativo, RR = 0,56; intervalo de confiança, IC 95% 0,23-1,35, P = 0,17; número necessário para tratar, NNT = 11). Omeprazol, comparado à ranitidina, não reduziu a chance de ter sintomas (RR = 0,65; IC 95% 0,27-1,60; P = 0,26; NNT = 19). CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo sugere que o uso profilático de inibidores da bomba de prótons ...


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Dyspepsia/prevention & control , /therapeutic use , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Ranitidine/therapeutic use , Anesthesia, General , Dyspepsia/drug therapy , Dyspepsia/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/drug therapy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Treatment Outcome
16.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 34(2): 139-140, abr. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-717370

ABSTRACT

Double pylorus and gastroduodenal fistula are rare conditions and can be either congenital or acquired. We report a case of a 58-year-old man with epigastric pain and dyspepsia in which the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an acquired double pylorus, probably caused by a gastric ulcer.


El doble píloro y la fístula gastroduodenal son condiciones raras y pueden ser congénitas o adquiridas. Se reporta un caso de un varón de 58 años con dolor epigástrico y dispepsia en quien la endoscopía digestiva alta mostró un doble píloro adquirido, probablemente causado por una úlcera gástrica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastric Fistula/drug therapy , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Pylorus/abnormalities
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62198

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The eradication rates of Helicobacter pylori infection have been reported to have decreased over the years due to antibiotics resistance. The aim of this study is to investigate the trend of eradication rates of first-line triple therapy for H. pylori over the past 13 year period, and to evaluate factors affecting H. pylori eradication in Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea. METHODS: A total of 2,982 patients with H. pylori infection who were treated with either 1 week or 2 weeks first-line therapy (proton pump inhibitor [PPI], amoxicillin, and clarithromycin) from January 1999 through December 2011 were included in this study. Data were collected by retrospectively reviewing the medical records. RESULTS: The overall H. pylori eradication rate was 87.2%. The eradication rates from 1999 to 2011 fluctuated between 78.0% and 95.7%, but no definite evidence of a decreasing tendency was seen over the 13 year period (p=0.113). Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the eradication rate according to the duration of therapy (p=0.592). However, there was a significant difference in the eradication rate among various PPIs (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: There was no decreasing trend in the H. pylori eradication rate over the past 13 years in Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea. There also was no difference in the eradication rates depending on duration of therapy. However, a significant difference was noted among various PPIs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Disease Eradication/trends , Drug Administration Schedule , Drug Therapy, Combination , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Esomeprazole/therapeutic use , Female , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Rabeprazole/therapeutic use , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 50(3): 202-207, July-Sept/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-687245

ABSTRACT

Context Functional dyspepsia represents a frequent gastrointestinal disorder in clinical practice. According to the Roma III criteria, functional dyspepsia can be classified into two types as the predominant sympton: epigastric pain and postprandial discomfort. Even though the pathophysiology is still uncertain, the functional dyspepsia seems to be related to multiple mechanisms, among them visceral hypersensitivity, changes in the gastroduodenal motility and gastric accommodation and psychological factors. Objective Evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture as a complementary to conventional treatment in functional dyspepsia patients. Methods Randomized clinical trial in which were enrolled patients with functional dyspepsia patients in according with Rome III criteria. One group was submitted to drug therapy and specific acupuncture (GI) and the other to drug therapy and non-specific acupuncture (GII). The gastrointestinal symptoms, presence of psychiatric disorders and quality of life were evaluated, at the end and three months after treatment. Results After 4 weeks of treatment there was improvement of gastrointestinal symptoms in Group I (55 ± 12 vs 29 ± 8.8; P = 0.001) and Group II (50.5 ± 10.2 vs 46 ± 10.5; P = 0.001). Quality of life was significantly better in Group I than group II (93.4 ± 7.3 vs 102.4 ± 5.1; P = 0.001). Anxiety (93.3% vs 0%; P = 0.001) and depression (46.7% vs 0%; P = 0.004) were significantly lower in Group I than group II. When comparing the two groups after 4 weeks of treatment, gastrointestinal symptoms (29 ± 8.8 vs 46 ± 10.5; P<0.001) and quality of life (102.4 ± 5.1 vs 96 ± 6.1; P = 0.021) were significantly better in Group I than group II. Three months after the treatment, gastrointestinal symptoms remained better only in Group I, when compared to the pre-treatment values (38 ± ...


Contexto A dispepsia funcional representa uma frequente desordem gástrica da prática clínica. Segundo os critérios de Roma III, pode ser subdividida em dois tipos: do tipo dor epigástrica e tipo desconforto pós prandial, de acordo com o sintoma predominante. Embora de fisiopatologia incerta, a dispepsia funcional parece estar relacionada a múltiplos mecanismos, entre eles: a hipersensibilidade visceral, alterações da motilidade gastroduodenal e acomodação gástrica e participação de fatores psíquicos. Objetivos Avaliar a eficácia da acupuntura como forma complementar ao tratamento medicamentoso em pacientes com dispepsia funcional. Método Ensaio clínico randomizado, com portadores de dispepsia funcional, segundo os critérios de Roma III. Dois grupos foram formados: Grupo I (terapia medicamentosa e acupuntura específica) e; II (terapia medicamentosa e acupuntura não específica). Foram avaliados o índice de sintomas gastrointestinais, a presença de transtornos psíquicos e a qualidade de vida no início, no fim e 3 meses após o tratamento. Resultados Após 4 semanas de tratamento houve melhora dos sintomas gastrointestinais no Grupo I (55 ± 12 vs 29 ± 8,8; P = 0,001) e no Grupo II (50 ± 10 vs 46 ± 10,5; P = 0,001). Na comparação intergrupos, os sintomas gastrintestinais (29 ± 8,8 vs 46 ± 10,5; P<0,001) e os sintomas de ansiedade (0% vs 41,7%; P = 0,003) foram significativamente menores no Grupo I e a qualidade de vida (102,4 ± 5,1 vs 96,4 ± 6,1; P = 0,021) também foi significativamente melhor neste grupo. Três meses após o tratamento, os sintomas gastrointestinais permaneceram melhores no Grupo I, quando comparados aos valores pré-tratamento (38 ± 11,3 vs 55 ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acupuncture Therapy , Dyspepsia/therapy , Anxiety/etiology , Depression/etiology , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Dyspepsia/drug therapy , Dyspepsia/psychology , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Single-Blind Method , Socioeconomic Factors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Ces med. vet. zootec ; 7(1): 50-61, ene.-jun. 2012. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-657183

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine the omeprazol treatment effect on equine gastric fluid pH with food andwithout food administering for the duration of the experiment. To carry this project out, 7 animals were chosenbetween the ages of 3 and 10 (2 males and 5 females) from the Centro de Veterinaria y Zootecnia - CES. In thecontrolled treatment they received 200 ml of physiological saline and were treated using omeprazol pellets whichwere administered in a single dose of 4 mg/kg via a nasogastric insertion, and in two groups with or without foodduring the treatment. Gastric pHs were measured at 0 hour (fasting before treatment) and then at hours 3, 5, 7, 9,11 and 24 after treatment. In animals consuming food, both treatments showed post treatment gastric pH increases,which can be explained by the ad libitumn food management in both treatments, which may increasing post prandialpH. In fasting animals, we observed that in the controlled treatment the pH was maintained at very low levels atall measurement times, while in the omeprazol treatment the pH increased significantly. These results show thattreatment with omeprazol pellets at a dose of 4 mg/kg via nasogastric insertion increased gastric pH in healthyanimals that are not eating food and that this effect was similar to them being administered food.


El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el efecto del tratamiento con omeprazol sobre el pH del fluido gástrico en equinos, con la administración del alimento y sin ella. Para llevar a cabo este proyecto se eligieron siete animalesentre los 3 y 10 años de edad (2 machos y 5 hembras) del Centro de Veterinaria y Zootecnia – CES. El tratamientocon omeprazol se administró en pellets a una dosis única de 4 mg/kg, por vía nasogástrica, para los grupos cono sin alimento. Para el tratamiento control, se administraron 200 ml de solución salina fisiológica. En todos lostratamientos se midieron los pHs gástricos a la hora 0 (ayunas antes del tratamiento) y luego a las horas 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 y 24, postratamiento. Los animales que consumieron alimento con y sin omeprazol presentaron aumentos de pHgástrico postratamiento, lo que se puede explicar por el sumistro de heno ad libitum en ambos tratamientos. En losanimales en ayuno se observó que en el tratamiento control, el pH se mantuvo en niveles muy bajos en todas las horasde medición, mientras que en el tratamiento con omeprazol, el pH aumentó notablemente. Los resultados muestran que el tratamiento con pellets de omeprazol a una dosis de 4 mg/kg vía nasogástrica aumentó el pH gástrico en animales sanos que no están consumiendo alimento y que este efecto fue similar que cuando se administró el mismo.


A resistência é o mecanismo pelo qual a bactéria pode diminuir a ação dos agentes antimicrobianos de formanatural ou adquirida; dentro das causas mais frequentes está a utilização indiscriminada destes agentes em pacienteshumanos e produções pecuárias. Desde 1990 tem identificado novas cepas resistentes de bactérias que originaramdoenças zoonóticas emergentes. Dentro destas a zoonose, a salmonelose é considerada a doença mais difundida anível mundial, a ampla distribuição na natureza entre animais silvestres, domésticos e o meio ambiente, produz umarápida propagação de seus mais de 2500 sorotipos no homem. Contudo, a grande preocupação pela infecção com esteinteiro patógeno é devido aos cada vez mais elevados fracassos nos tratamentos com antimicrobianos convencionais,ocasionados pela alta resistência bacteriana a estes fármacos. O presente artigo é uma revisão sobre a problemáticaque gerou a resistência de Salmonella no homem e os animais, contem também estratégias de prevenção e controledeste fenômeno, que está distante de terminar e permitem o fortalecimento da saúde pública.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Food-Drug Interactions , Gastritis/veterinary , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Animal Diseases/prevention & control , Animal Diseases/therapy , Food , Omeprazole/administration & dosage , Omeprazole/pharmacology
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