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Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 119-129, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935986


Objective: To explore the effects of P311 on the angiogenesis ability of human microvascular endothelial cell 1 (HMEC-1) in vitro and the potential molecular mechanism. Methods: The experimental research method was used. HMEC-1 was collected and divided into P311 adenovirus group and empty adenovirus group according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), which were transfected correspondingly for 48 h. The cell proliferation activity was detected using the cell counting kit 8 on 1, 3, and 5 days of culture. The residual scratch area of cells at post scratch hour 6 and 11 was detected by scratch test, and the percentage of the residual scratch area was calculated. The blood vessel formation of cells at 8 h of culture was observed by angiogenesis experiment in vitro, and the number of nodes and total length of the tubular structure were measured. The protein expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), phosphorylated VEGFR2 (p-VEGFR2), extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and phosphorylated ERK1/2 (p-ERK1/2) in cells were detected by Western blotting. HMEC-1 was collected and divided into P311 adenovirus+small interfering RNA (siRNA) negative control group, empty adenovirus+siRNA negative control group, P311 adenovirus+siRNA-VEGFR2 group, and empty adenovirus+siRNA-VEGFG2 group, which were treated correspondingly. The protein expressions of VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, ERK1/2, and p-ERK1/2 in cells were detected by Western blotting at 24 h of transfection. The blood vessel formation of cells at 24 h of transfection was observed by angiogenesis experiment in vitro, and the number of nodes and total length of the tubular structure were measured. HMEC-1 was collected and divided into P311 adenovirus+dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) group, empty adenovirus+DMSO group, P311 adenovirus+ERK1/2 inhibitor group, and empty adenovirus+ERK1/2 inhibitor group, which were treated correspondingly. The protein expressions of ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 in cells were detected by Western blotting at 2 h of treatment. The blood vessel formation of cells at 2 h of treatment was observed by angiogenesis experiment in vitro, and the number of nodes and total length of the tubular structure were measured. The sample number at each time point in each group was 6. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and least significant difference test. Results: Compared with that of empty adenovirus group, the proliferation activity of cells in P311 adenovirus group did not show significant difference on 1, 3, and 5 days of culture (with t values of -0.23, -1.30, and -1.52, respectively, P>0.05). The residual scratch area percentages of cells in P311 adenovirus group were significantly reduced at post scratch hour 6 and 11 compared with those of empty adenovirus group (with t values of -2.47 and -2.62, respectively, P<0.05). At 8 h of culture, compared with those of empty adenovirus group, the number of nodes and total length of the tubular structure of cells in P311 adenovirus group were significantly increased (with t values of 4.49 and 4.78, respectively, P<0.01). At 48 h of transfection, compared with those of empty adenovirus group, the protein expressions of VEGFR2 and ERK1/2 of cells in P311 adenovirus group showed no obvious changes (P>0.05), and the protein expressions of p-VEGFR2 and p-ERK1/2 of cells in P311 adenovirus group were significantly increased (with t values of 17.27 and 16.08, P<0.01). At 24 h of transfection, the protein expressions of p-VEGFR2 and p-ERK1/2 of cells in P311 adenovirus+siRNA negative control group were significantly higher than those in empty adenovirus+siRNA negative control group (P<0.01). The protein expressions of VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, and p-ERK1/2 of cells in P311 adenovirus+siRNA negative control group were significantly higher than those in P311 adenovirus+siRNA-VEGFR2 group (P<0.01). The protein expressions of VEGFR2 and p-ERK1/2 of cells in empty adenovirus+siRNA negative control group were significantly higher than those in empty adenovirus+siRNA-VEGFR2 group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). At 24 h of transfection, the number of nodes of the tubular structure in cells of P311 adenovirus+siRNA negative control group was 720±62, which was significantly more than 428±38 in empty adenovirus+siRNA negative control group and 364±57 in P311 adenovirus+siRNA-VEGFR2 group (with P values both <0.01). The total length of the tubular structure of cells in P311 adenovirus+siRNA negative control group was (21 241±1 139) μm, which was significantly longer than (17 005±1 156) μm in empty adenovirus+siRNA negative control group and (13 494±2 465) μm in P311 adenovirus+siRNA-VEGFR2 group (with P values both <0.01). The number of nodes of the tubular structure in cells of empty adenovirus+siRNA negative control group was significantly more than 310±75 in empty adenovirus+siRNA-VEGFR2 group (P<0.01), and the total length of the tubular structure of cells in empty adenovirus+siRNA negative control group was significantly longer than (11 600±2 776) μm in empty adenovirus+siRNA-VEGFR2 group (P<0.01). At 2 h of treatment, the protein expression of p-ERK1/2 of cells in P311 adenovirus+DMSO group was significantly higher than that in empty adenovirus+DMSO group and P311 adenovirus+ERK1/2 inhibitor group (with P values both <0.01), and the protein expression of p-ERK1/2 of cells in empty adenovirus+DMSO group was significantly higher than that in empty adenovirus+ERK1/2 inhibitor group (P<0.05). At 2 h of treatment, the number of nodes of the tubular structure in cells of P311 adenovirus+DMSO group was 726±72, which was significantly more than 421±39 in empty adenovirus+DMSO group and 365±41 in P311 adenovirus+ERK1/2 inhibitor group (with P values both <0.01). The total length of the tubular structure of cells in P311 adenovirus+DMSO group was (20 318±1 433) μm, which was significantly longer than (16 846±1 464) μm in empty adenovirus+DMSO group and (15 114±1 950) μm in P311 adenovirus+ERK1/2 inhibitor group (with P values both <0.01). The number of nodes of the tubular structure in cells of empty adenovirus+DMSO group was significantly more than 317±67 in empty adenovirus+ERK1/2 inhibitor group (P<0.01), and the total length of the tubular structure of cells in empty adenovirus+DMSO group was significantly longer than (13 188±2 306) μm in empty adenovirus+ERK1/2 inhibitor group (P<0.01). Conclusions: P311 can enhance the angiogenesis ability of HMEC-1 by activating the VEGFR2/ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

Humans , Adenoviridae/genetics , Cell Line , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium, Vascular , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Oncogene Proteins , Signal Transduction , Transfection , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 407-412, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935554


Objective: To investigate immunohistochemical patterns of CXorf67 and H3K27me3 proteins in central nervous system germ cell tumors (GCTs) and to assess their values in both diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Methods: A total of 370 cases of central nervous system GCTs were collected from 2013 to 2020 at Huashan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. The expression of CXorf67, H3K27me3 and commonly-used GCT markers including OCT4, PLAP, CD117, D2-40, and CD30 by immunohistochemistry (EnVision method) was examined in different subtypes of central nervous system GCTs. The sensitivity and specificity of each marker were compared by contingency table and area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: Of the 370 cases there were 282 males and 88 females with a mean age of 19 years and a median age of 17 years (range, 2-57 years). Among the GCTs with germinoma, the proportions of male patients and the patients with GCT located in sellar region were both higher than those of GCTs without germinoma (P<0.05), respectively. CXorf67 was present in the nuclei of germinoma and normal germ cells, but not in other subtypes of GCT. H3K27me3 was negative in germinoma, but positive in the nuclei of surrounding normal cells and GCTs other than germinoma. In the 283 GCTs with germinoma components, the expression rate of CXorf67 was 90.5% (256/283), but no cases were positive for H3K27me3. There was also an inverse correlation between them (r2=-0.831, P<0.01). The expression rates of PLAP, OCT4, CD117 and D2-40 were 81.2% (231/283), 89.4% (253/283), 73.9% (209/283) and 88.3% (250/283), respectively. In 63 mixed GCTs with germinoma components, the expression rate of CXorf67 was 84.1% (53/63), while all cases were negative for H3K27me3. The expression rates of PLAP, OCT4, CD117 and D2-40 were 79.4% (50/63), 79.4% (50/63), 66.7% (42/63) and 87.3% (55/63), respectively. The 6 markers with largest area under ROC curve in ranking order were H3K27me3, CXorf67, D2-40, OCT4, PLAP and CD117 (P<0.05). Conclusions: CXorf67 and H3K27me3 have high sensitivity and high specificity in diagnosing germinoma. There is a significant inverse correlation between them. Therefore, they can both be used as new specific immunohistochemical markers for the diagnosis of GCTs.

Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Central Nervous System/pathology , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/metabolism , China , Germinoma/pathology , Histones , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/diagnosis , Oncogene Proteins , Transcription Factors/metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942241


OBJECTIVE@#LAPTM4B-35 protein is one of the isoforms that are encoded by a cancer driver gene, LAPTM4B. This gene was primarily found and identified in our lab of Peking University School of Basic Medical Sciences. The LAPTM4B-35 protein and its encoded mRNA are significantly over-expressed in a variety of cancers, such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), lung cancers (including non small-cell lung cancer and small-cell lung cancer), stomach cancer, colorectal carcinoma, pancreatic cancer, gallbladder cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, and so on. It has firmly demonstrated through lab experiments either in vivo or in vitro, as well as clinical studies that the over-expression of LAPTM4B-35 can promote cancer growth, metastasis, and multidrug resistance. Specially, the expressive level of LAPTM4B-35 is associa-ted with recurrence of HCC. The aim of this study is to identify the release of LAPTM4B-35 protein from hepatocellular carcinoma into blood of HCC patients and into the medium of cultured HCC cells, and to identify its possible form of LAPTM4B-35 protein existed in blood and cell culture medium, as well as to explore the possibility of LAPTM4B-35 protein as a novel HCC biomarker for diagnosis of HCC and prognosis of HCC patients.@*METHODS@#Immunobloting (Western blot) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used for identification of LAPTM4B-35 protein in the blood of HCC patients and normal individuals. Ultrafiltration and ultracentrifugation were used to isolate and purify exosomes from the culture medium of HCC cells.@*RESULTS@#LAPTM4B-35 protein existed in the blood from HCC patients and normal donors that were demonstrated through Western blot and ELISA. LAPTM4B-35 was also released into the culture medium of HCC cells in the form of exosomes. Preliminary experiments showed that the average and the median of LAPTM4B-35 protein level in the blood of HCC patients (n=43) were both significantly higher than that in the blood of normal donors (n=33) through sandwich ELISA.@*CONCLUSION@#It is promising that the LAPTM4B-35 protein which is released from HCC cells in the form of exosomes into their extraenvironment may be exploited as a novel cancer biomarker for HCC serological diagnosis.

Humans , Male , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Oncogene Proteins , Prognosis
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(11): e11363, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339445


Cervical cancer (CC) is the most common malignant tumor in females. Although persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a leading factor that causes CC, few women with HPV infection develop CC. Therefore, many mechanisms remain to be explored, such as aberrant expression of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. To identify promising prognostic factors and interpret the relevant mechanisms of CC, the RNA sequencing profile of CC was downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas and the Gene Expression Omnibus databases. The GSE63514 dataset was analyzed, and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained by weighted coexpression network analysis and the edgeR package in R. Fifty-three shared genes were mainly enriched in nuclear chromosome segregation and DNA replication signaling pathways. Through a protein-protein interaction network and prognosis analysis, the kinesin family member 14 (KIF14) hub gene was extracted from the set of 53 shared genes, which was overexpressed and associated with poor overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of CC patients. Mechanistically, gene set enrichment analysis showed that KIF14 was mainly enriched in the glycolysis/gluconeogenesis signaling pathway and DNA replication signaling pathway, especially in the cell cycle signaling pathway. RT-PCR and the Human Protein Atlas database confirmed that these genes were significantly increased in CC samples. Therefore, our findings indicated the biological function of KIF14 in cervical cancer and provided new ideas for CC diagnosis and therapies.

Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Cycle/genetics , Kinesins/genetics , Oncogene Proteins , Disease-Free Survival , Computational Biology , Protein Interaction Maps
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829041


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the gene mutation occurved in AML patients with 29 kinds of fusion genes and 51 kinds of tumor gene.@*METHODS@#Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to detected the 49 kinds of targeted gene. FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD), CALR, NPM1 and CEBPA mutation were detected by DNA-based PCR and Sanger sequencing. Twenty-nine kinds of fusion genes were dected by multiplex nested RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#The total gene mutation rate was 91% (109/121) in all the 121 patients. On average, 2.1 mutated genes per patient were identified, among these 121 patients, coexistence of ≥ 3 mutations was frequent (34.7%). The most commonly mutated genes were NRAS (23.96%, n=29), followed by NPM1 (14.04%, n=17), CEBPA double mutations (14.04%, n=17), KRAS (11.57%, n=14),FLT3-ITD (10.74%, n=13), CSF3R (10.74%, n=13), TET2 (9.92%, n=12) and IDH1 (9.1%, n=11). Overall, fusion genes were detected in 47 (37.3%) patients, including AML/ETO (n=12), CBFβ/MYH11 (n=11), PML/RARa (n=12), MLL rearranagement realated mutation MLL-X (n=10). TLS/ERG (n=1) and DEK/CAN (n=1) in an order of decreasing frequency. Patients with normal karyotype (NK)- AML exhibited more mutations in CEBPA, NPM1, TET2, RUNX1 and IDH1, comparing with abnormal karyotype patients. KRAS mutation in abnormal kayotype patients was significantly higher than that in normal kayotype patients (P=0.014). TP53 mutations were predominantly associated with complex cytogenetics (P=0.199). KRAS mutations were more frequent in core binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 11q23/MLL rearrangement leukemia, compared with NK-AML (P=0.006 and 0.003, respectively). KIT mutations predominated in CBF-AML (P=0.006). JAK2V617F mutations were detected in two patients and co-occurred with AML-ETO fusions.@*CONCLUSION@#At least one mutation is observed in more than 90% patients. On average, more than 2 mutated genes per patient are identified. Some gene mutations are associated with gene rearrangement.

Humans , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Genomics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Oncogene Proteins , Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins , Prognosis
Horiz. méd. (Impresa) ; 19(2): 84-92, Jun. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1007186


El desarrollo tecnológico de las últimas dos décadas aplicado a la investigación científica preclínica y clínica, ha permitido expandir significativamente los conocimientos acerca de la biología de las células neoplásicas. La caracterización de las alteraciones genéticas y epigenéticas que sustentan la carcinogénesis, la subclasificación molecular de los tumores, la comprensión de las interacciones que establecen las células neoplásicas con otras poblaciones celulares en el microambiente tumoral, así como la descripción de las bases moleculares que permiten explicar la influencia de factores como ejercicio, la dieta y la composición de la microbiota en la progresión tumoral, han contribuido a sustentar la relevancia del tratamiento de precisión en cáncer. Este trabajo revisa los llamados sellos del cáncer y sus cualidades habilitantes, o sea, aquellas propiedades inherentes a las células neoplásicas que le permiten evadir los mecanismos intrínsecos y extrínsecos que controlan la carcinogénesis. Con este trabajo damos continuidad a la serie sobre inmunología del cáncer que iniciamos con la presentación de las bases moleculares y celulares de la respuesta inmune antitumoral y que, finalmente, abordará la manipulación de la relación entre el sistema inmune y las neoplasias como estrategia de terapia para el cáncer.

Technological advances applied to preclinical and clinical scientific research have significantly enabled the broadening of knowledge regarding neoplastic cells biology in the last two decades. The characterization of genetic and epigenetic alterations which are involved in carcinogenesis; the molecular subclassification of tumors; the understanding of normal and neoplastic cells interactions in the tumor microenvironment; and the description of molecular bases that explain the influence of factors such as exercise, diet and microbiota composition on cancer progression have contributed to support the importance of precision medicine in cancer. The present research reviews the so-called "hallmarks of cancer" and their "enabling characteristics", i.e. those properties inherent to cancer cells that allow to evade intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of carcinogenesis control. This paper is a follow-up review of studies on cancer immunology that started with the presentation of the molecular and cellular bases of the anti-tumoral immune response, and will eventually focus on the manipulation of the relationship between the immune system and malignancies as a cancer treatment strategy.

Humans , Carcinogenesis , Oncogene Proteins , Tumor Microenvironment
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772079


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the transcriptome profile of genital tubercles (GTs) in male SD rats and explore the mechanism of hypospadias induced by Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP).@*METHODS@#Forty time-pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into 4 equal groups, namely GD16 group and GD19 group (in which the male GTs were collected on gestation day[GD]16 and GD19 for RNA-seq, respectively), control group and DEHP exposure group (with administration of oil and 750 mg/kg DEHP by gavage from GD12 to GD19, respectively).In the control and DEHP exposure groups, the GTs were collected from the male fetuses on GD19.5, and scanning electron microscopy and HE staining were used to observe the morphological changes.The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the GTs were screened using lllumina HiSeq 2000 followed by GO and KEGG enrichment analyses to characterize the transcriptome profile.Immunofluorescence assay was performed to verify the DEGs (Mafb) identified by RNA-seq results.Immunofluorescence assay and Western blotting were used to examine the expression levels of Mafb in the penile tissue.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1360 DEGs were detected in the GTs between GD16 group and GD19 group by RNA-seq.Among these genes, 797 were up-regulated and 563 were down-regulated.These DEGs were mainly enriched in the cell adhesion plaque signaling pathway, axon guidance signaling pathway, and extracellular matrix receptor signaling pathway.Compared with that in GD16 group, Mafb was significantly up-regulated in GD19 group, which was consistent with the sequencing results.Mafb and β-catenin were significantly down-regulated in DEHP-exposed group compared with the control group ( < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mafb expression increases progressively with the development of GTs in male SD rats.DEHP exposure causes significant down-regulation of Mafb and β-catenin, suggesting that β-catenin signaling pathway that affects Mafb is related to DEHP-induced hypospadias in SD rats.

Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Rats , Diethylhexyl Phthalate , Gene Expression Profiling , Hypospadias , MafB Transcription Factor , Oncogene Proteins , Phthalic Acids , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 221-229, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786400


Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) modulates a variety of genes involved in the regulation of critical functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastasis, and immunity. For many cancers, elevated levels of STAT3 signaling have been associated with a poor prognosis and the development of chemotherapy resistance. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of a novel small-molecule inhibitor of STAT3, STX-0119, on the cell viability and survival of human lung cancer cells. STX-0119 inhibited activated STAT3 and the expression of STAT3-regulated oncoproteins such as c-Myc, cyclin D1, and survivin in lung cancer cells. STX-0119 also decreased the amount of STAT3 in the nuclear fraction as well as induced apoptosis of these lung cancer cell lines as evidenced by increases in apoptotic cells (Annexin V positive) and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage. The efficacy of STX-0119 in a mouse xenograft model was confirmed. However, a hematological side effect, which had not been previously reported, was observed. The level of white blood cells was significantly lowered when treated at the dose at which STX-0119 alone showed a significant tumor-suppressive effect. In conclusion, we suggest that STX-0119 may be a potent therapeutic agent against lung cancer. Consideration of the side effect suggests, it is necessary to study whether low-dose STX-0119 is effective for lung treatment with a combination of classic lung cancer therapeutics.

Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Cyclin D1 , Drug Therapy , Heterografts , Leukocytes , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Neoplasm Metastasis , Oncogene Proteins , Prognosis , STAT3 Transcription Factor
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 271-279, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775632


BACKGROUND@#Cyclic RNA (circRNA) is a new type of non-coding RNA (ncRNA) which is different from traditional linear RNA. More and more studies suggest that circRNA can be used as a biological marker of many malignant tumors and becomes a potential target for treatment. Therefore, searching for new molecular targets of lung adenocarcinoma from the circRNA will help to reveal the new mechanism of the occurrence and development of lung adenocarcinoma, and provide new ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment. In this study, the biological function of circ_0007766, a highly expressed circRNA found in a screen of lung adenocarcinoma tissue, was verified and analyzed in vitro, so as to preliminarily explore the mechanism of circ_0007766 in promoting the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma.@*METHODS@#The expression level of circ_0007766 in lung adenocarcinoma cells was detected by qPCR. Then siRNA was used to knock down the expression of circ_0007766. The effects of knockdown of circ_0007766 on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma cells were detected by CCK8, scratch test, PI staining and Annexin V/PI double staining. In addition, the biological mechanism of circ_0007766 in lung adenocarcinoma was preliminarily studied by qPCR and Western blots.@*RESULTS@#The expression of circ_0007766 in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines was detected by qPCR. The expression of circ_0007766 was interfered in SPCA-1 cells. The proliferation and migration abilities of cells were inhibited. The cell cycle was arrested in G0/G1 phase, but the apoptosis was not affected. The deletion of circ_0007766 did not affect the expression of ERBB2, but influenced the mRNA and protein expression of Cyclin D1/Cyclin E1/CDK4.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In vitro functional studies have shown that circ_0007766 may promote the proliferation and migration of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Further molecular mechanism studies have found that circ_0007766 can up-regulate the expression of Cyclin D1/Cyclin E1/CDK4, which are the key proteins of cell cycle, and thus promote the malignant proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma. From the perspective of circRNA, this study will provide new clues for the pathogenesis, development and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma, and provide new target for clinical treatment.

Humans , Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Pathology , Apoptosis , Genetics , Cell Cycle , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Cell-Free Nucleic Acids , Genetics , Cyclin D1 , Genetics , Cyclin E , Genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 , Genetics , Oncogene Proteins , Genetics , Up-Regulation , Genetics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766043


BACKGROUND: The low prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA and mRNA in biopsy samples of Filipinos with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has been reported previously. Here, the HPV serologic profiles of HNSCC cases were analyzed and associated with lifestyle and sexual practices. METHODS: Serum samples were collected between May 2012 and September 2013 from HNSCC patients (n = 22) in the northwest region of the Philippines, and age- and sex-matched clinically healthy controls. Antibodies to capsid and early oncoproteins of HPV16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, 58, 6, and 11 were analyzed using multiplex serology. RESULTS: Most of the cases were males with tumors of the oral cavity or larynx. Two of the cases tested positive for at least one of the early oncoproteins (E6, E7, E1, and/or E2) of HPV16, and 11 did not display reactivity to any HPV early or late oncoproteins. Of the controls, four tested positive for at least one of the HPV16 early oncoproteins, and 10 were non-reactive to all HPV types. Titers to HPV16 E6 or E7 of the seropositive cases and controls were considerably lower than those typically observed in economically developed countries. CONCLUSIONS: The low HPV titers seen here are consistent with the results of molecular analyses for this population. Hence, the seropositivity of some of the HNSCC cases is likely an indication of prior exposure to the virus and not the presence of HPV-driven tumors.

Humans , Male , Antibodies , Biopsy , Capsid , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Developed Countries , DNA , Epithelial Cells , Head , Larynx , Life Style , Mouth , Neck , Oncogene Proteins , Philippines , Prevalence , RNA, Messenger
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813313


Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative movement disorder mainly due to degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Most PD cases are sporadic and only 5%-10% of patients carry mutations with inheritance. Among them, the mutation of DJ-1 is related to the autosomal recessive early-onset parkinsonism. DJ-1, the Parkinson's disease-related protein, plays important roles in different physiopathological processes, including oxidative stress, cell translocation and regulation of transcription and translation. DJ-1 is known to be widely expressed in different areas of brain, including hippocampus, amygdala, substantia nigra and cortical areas. Several researchers have tried to demonstrate the clinical and neuroimaging features of DJ-1 related parkinsonism. The DJ-1 knockout mouse model was established to further explore the mechanisms of different functions. Moreover, the search for different forms of DJ-1 as potential biomarkers of PD also provides guidance for its accurate diagnosis and treatment in the future.

Animals , Mice , Dopaminergic Neurons , Oncogene Proteins , Oxidative Stress , Parkinson Disease , Protein Deglycase DJ-1 , Substantia Nigra
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741212


BACKGROUND: Recent findings in molecular pathology suggest that genetic translocation and/or overexpression of oncoproteins is important in salivary gland tumorigenesis and diagnosis. We investigated PLAG1, SOX10, and Myb protein expression in various salivary gland neoplasm tissues. METHODS: A total of 113 cases of surgically resected salivary gland neoplasms at the National Cancer Center from January 2007 to March 2017 were identified. Immunohistochemical staining of PLAG1, SOX10, and Myb in tissue samples was performed using tissue microarrays. RESULTS: Among the 113 cases, 82 (72.6%) were benign and 31 (27.4%) were malignant. PLAG1 showed nuclear staining and normal parotid gland was not stained. Among 48 cases of pleomorphic adenoma, 29 (60.4%) were positive for PLAG1. All other benign and malignant salivary gland neoplasms were PLAG1-negative. SOX10 showed nuclear staining. In normal salivary gland tissues SOX10 was expressed in cells of acinus and intercalated ducts. In benign tumors, SOX10 expression was observed in all pleomorphic adenoma (48/48), and basal cell adenoma (3/3), but not in other benign tumors. SOX10 positivity was observed in nine of 31 (29.0%) malignant tumors. Myb showed nuclear staining but was not detected in normal parotid glands. Four of 31 (12.9%) malignant tumors showed Myb positivity: three adenoid cystic carcinomas (AdCC) and one myoepithelial carcinoma with focal AdCC-like histology. CONCLUSIONS: PLAG1 expression is specific to pleomorphic adenoma. SOX10 expression is helpful to rule out excretory duct origin tumor, but its diagnostic value is relatively low. Myb is useful for diagnosing AdCC when histology is unclear in the surgical specimen.

Adenoma , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity , Carcinogenesis , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Diagnosis , Immunohistochemistry , Oncogene Proteins , Oncogene Proteins v-myb , Parotid Gland , Pathology, Molecular , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Salivary Glands , SOX Transcription Factors , Translocation, Genetic
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2019. 88 p. graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015357


O câncer cervical é um dos tipos de câncer mais comuns entre as mulheres, e a infecção persistente pelos HPV-16 e HPV-18 é responsável por 70% dos casos. As vacinas profiláticas disponíveis possuem alta eficácia na prevenção da infecção pelos tipos mais prevalentes de HPV. No entanto, este tipo de abordagem não beneficia mulheres que já apresentam lesões precursoras ou tumores cervicais avançados, e a busca por abordagens terapêuticas para esse tipo de câncer é considerada uma necessidade. A qualidade do antígeno representa um aspecto fundamental para o sucesso de vacinas terapêuticas baseadas em proteínas recombinantes. Neste sentido, os sistemas de expressão em células eucarióticas, como leveduras e células de mamíferos são considerados adequados para a produção de proteínas com aplicação biotecnológica. O objetivo principal deste trabalho contemplou a expressão das proteínas de fusão gDE7E6 do HPV-16 e do HPV-18 e a oncoproteína E7 do HPV-16 em células da levedura Pichia pastoris e expressão da gDE7E6 do HPV-16 e do HPV-18 em células de mamífero HEK293T e CHODG-44 para obtenção de antígenos purificados com futura aplicação em vacinas terapêuticas contra tumores associados ao HPV-16 e HPV-18. Os genes que codificam as proteínas gDE7E6 dos HPV-16 e HPV-18 e da E7 do HPV-16 foram clonados no vetor pPIC9K, os quais foram linearizados por digestão enzimática e utilizados na transformação da P. pastoris. A expressão das proteínas foi analisada nos tempos de 24, 48, 72 e 96 horas, no entanto, não foi observada a produção das proteínas no sobrenadante e nem no lisado celular. Diante desta constatação, iniciamos a expressão das proteínas gDE7E6 do HPV-16 e gDE7E6 do HPV-18 em células de mamíferos HEK293T e CHODG-44. As sequências genéticas das proteínas gDE7E6 do HPV-16 e do HPV-18 foram clonadas no vetor de expressão pNU1 e analisadas por digestão enzimática. Análises de SDS-PAGE e western blot demonstraram a expressão das proteínas gDE7E6 do HPV-16 e do HPV-18 em até 96 horas em células HEK293T. Em paralelo, realizamos a transfecção estável dos plasmídeos contendo as sequencias da gDE7E6 do HPV-16 e gDE7E6 do HPV-18 em células CHO-DG44. Com o intuito de aumentar a expressão das proteínas de interesse na população mista de CHODG-44, realizamos amplificação genômica com metotrexato (MTX), sendo possível observar aumento da expressão das proteínas, conforme aumento gradativo nas concentrações de MTX. Posteriormente, foram feitas tentativas para isolar um clone produtor das proteínas gDE7E6 HPV-16 e HPV-18, através de clonagem por diluição limitante e sistema automatizado, sendo possível isolar um clone para cada construção através de matriz semisólida, confirmado por western blot e citometria de fluxo. Apesar de demonstrar a expressão das proteínas de interesse em sistema de expressão baseado em células de mamífero, o rendimento obtido após a purificação por afinidade ao níquel foi extremamente baixo, o que dificulta a obtenção dos antígenos para fins vacinais

Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women, and persistent infection with HPV-16 and HPV-18 accounts for 70% of the cases. Available prophylactic vaccines are highly effective in preventing infection by the most prevalent types of HPV. However, this type of approach does not benefit women who already have precursor lesions or advanced cervical tumors, and the search for therapeutic approaches to this type of cancer is considered a necessity. Antigen quality represents a key aspect for the success of therapeutic vaccines based on recombinant proteins. In this sense, expression systems based in eukaryotic cells such as yeast and mammalian cells are considered suitable for the production of proteins with biotechnological applications. The main objective of this work was to express the gDE7E6 fusion proteins HPV-16 and HPV-18 and the E7 oncoprotein HPV-16 in Pichia pastoris and expression of gDE7E6 HPV-16 and HPV-18 in mammalian cells HEK293T and CHODG-44 to obtain purified antigens with future applications in therapeutic vaccines against HPV-16 and HPV-18 associated tumors. The genes encoding the gDE7E6 proteins HPV-16 and HPV-18 and E7 HPV-16 were cloned into the pPIC9K vector, which were linearized by enzymatic digestion and used in the transformation of P. pastoris. Expression of the proteins was analyzed at 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours, however, the production of the proteins in the supernatant and in the cell lysate was not observed. In light of this finding, we initiated the expression of gDE7E6 proteins HPV-16 and HPV-18 in mammalian cells HEK293T and CHODG-44. The genetic sequences of gDE7E6 proteins HPV-16 and HPV-18 were cloned into the pNU1 expression vector and analyzed by enzymatic digestion. SDSPAGE and western blot analyzes demonstrated expression of gDE7E6 proteins HPV-16 and HPV-18 within 96 hours in HEK293T cells. In parallel, we performed stable transfection of plasmids containing gDE7E6 HPV-16 and HPV-18 sequences into CHODG44 cells. In order to increase the expression of the proteins in the mixed population of CHODG-44, we performed genomic amplification with methotrexate (MTX), and it was possible to observe an increase in protein expression, as a gradual increase in MTX concentrations. Therefore, attempts were made to isolate a clone producing gDE7E6 proteins HPV-16 and HPV-18 by limiting dilution and automated system, being possible to isolate one clone for each construct through a semisolid matrix, confirmed by western blot and flow cytometry. Despite observing protein expression in mammalian cell-based expression system, the yield obtained after nickel affinity purification was extremely low, which makes it difficult to obtain the antigens for vaccine purposes

Oncogene Proteins/classification , Human papillomavirus 16 , Human papillomavirus 18 , Pichia , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/physiopathology , Herpesvirus 1, Human , Eukaryota , Antigens/analysis
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 52(3): 361-372, set. 2018. ilus, graf, map, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973461


La infección de transmisión sexual por el Virus del Papiloma Humano (VPH) es una de las más comunes en el mundo. Los VPH se clasifican en bajo riesgo y alto riesgo. Los VPH de bajo riesgo son los causantes de lesiones benignas como verrugas genitales y condilomas acuminados, mientras que los VPH de alto riesgo pueden originar la transformación maligna de las células del epitelio cervical por la acción de las oncoproteínas E6 y E7, lo que puede dar origen al cáncer de cuello uterino. La detección de los niveles de ARN mensajero (ARNm) de E6 y E7 de VPH en las células del epitelio cervical está siendo evaluada como un marcador predictivo del cáncer de cuello uterino como alternativa a las técnicas de detección del ADN de VPH. En este artículo se realizó una revisión crítica acerca de la relación existente entre la detección de la expresión de ARNm de E6 y E7 del virus del papiloma humano y el cáncer de cuello uterino. Además, se revisaron las técnicas aprobadas actualmente por la FDA (Food and Drug Administration) para la detección de ARNm de las oncoproteínas E6 y E7 de VPH y el estado del arte del VPH en Colombia.

The sexually transmitted infection by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common in the world. Human papillomaviruses are classified as low risk and high risk. Low-risk HPVs are the cause of benign lesions such as genital warts and condylomata acuminata, while high-risk HPV types can cause malignant transformation of cervical epithelial cells by the action of oncoproteins E6 and E7, which could result in the development of cervical cancer. The detection of levels of HPV E6 and E7 mRNA (messenger RNA) in cervical epithelial cells is being evaluated as a predictive marker of cervical cancer as an alternative to HPV DNA detection techniques. In this article, a critical review was made about the relationship between the detection of E6 and E7 mRNA expression of human papillomavirus and cervical cancer. Furthermore, the techniques currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the detection of mRNA from the HPV E6 and E7 oncoproteins and the state of the art of HPV in Colombia were reviewed.

A infecção sexualmente transmissível pelo Vírus do Papiloma Humano (HPV) é uma das mais comuns no mundo. Os HPV são classificados em tipos de baixo e de alto risco. Os HPV de baixo risco são a causa de lesões benignas, tais como verrugas genitais e condilomas acuminados, enquanto que os HPV de alto risco podem causar a transformação maligna das células do epitélio cervical pela ação das oncoproteínas E6 e E7, o que pode dar origem ao câncer de colo de útero. A detecção dos níveis de RNA Mensageiro (RNAm) E6 e E7 de HPV nas células do epitélio cervical está sendo avaliada como marcador preditivo do câncer de colo de útero como alternativa às técnicas de detecção de DNA do HPV. Neste artigo, foi realizada uma revisão crítica sobre a relação entre a detecção da expressão de RNAm E6 e E7 do vírus do papiloma humano e o câncer do colo de útero. Do mesmo modo, foram revisadas as técnicas aprovadas pela FDA (Food and Drug Administration) para detecção de ARNm das oncoproteínas E6 e E7 de HPV e o estado da arte do HPV na Colômbia.

Humans , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Oncogene Proteins , Cell Biology , Alphapapillomavirus , Virology , DNA , RNA, Messenger , Condylomata Acuminata , Causality , Epithelial Cells , Neoplasms
Sci. med. (Porto Alegre, Online) ; 28(3): ID30555, jul-set 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-909860


AIMS: Despite the existence of effective preventive vaccines for human papillomavirus (HPV), therapeutic vaccines that trigger cell-mediated immune responses are required to treat established infections and malignancies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic potency of HPV-16 E7 deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) vaccine alone and with interleukin (IL)-18. METHODS: In vitro expressions of IL-18 were performed on human embryonic kidney 293 cells and confirmed it by Western blotting methods. DNA vaccine was available from a previous study. A total of 45 female C57BL/6 mice divided into five groups (DNA vaccine, DNA vaccine adjuvanted with IL-18, pcDNA3.1, and phosphate buffer saline) were inoculated with murine tissue culture-1 cell line of HPV related carcinoma, expressing HPV-16 E6/E7 antigens. They were then immunized subcutaneously twice at a seven-day interval. The antitumor and antigen specific-cellular immunity were assessed by lymphocyte proliferation (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide: MTT) assay, lactate dehydrogenase release assay, IL-4 assay and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) assay. Tumor size was followed for 62 days. RESULTS: MTT assay, which measures the lymphocyte proliferation in response to the specific antigen, increased in the co-administration and the DNA vaccine groups as compared to control and genetic adjuvant groups (p<0.001). The mice immunized with the co-administration generated significantly more IFN-γ and IL-4 than other immunized mice (p<0.001). Reduction of the tumor size in the co-administration and the DNA vaccine groups was significantly more pronounced than in the control and genetic adjuvant groups (p<0.001), but no statistically significant difference between DNA vaccine and co-administration groups (p=0.15) occurred. CONCLUSIONS: IL-18 as a genetic adjuvant and E7 DNA vaccine alone enhanced immune responses in mouse model systems against cervical cancer. However, using of IL-18 as a genetic adjuvant with E7 DNA vaccine had no significant synergistic effect on the immune responses in vivo.

OBJETIVOS: Apesar da existência de vacinas preventivas eficazes contra o papilomavírus humano (HPV), são necessárias vacinas terapêuticas que desencadeiem respostas imunes mediadas por células para tratar infecções e malignidades estabelecidas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a potência terapêutica da vacina de ácido desoxirribonucleico (DNA) HPV-16 E7 isolada e com interleucina (IL)-18. MÉTODOS: Expressões in vitro de IL-18 foram realizadas em células renais embrionárias humanas 293 e confirmadas por Western blotting. A vacina de DNA foi disponibilizada em um estudo anterior. Um total de 45 camundongos fêmeas C57BL/6 divididos em cinco grupos (vacina de DNA, vacina de DNA adjuvada com IL-18, pcDNA3.1 e solução salina tamponada com fosfato) e foram inoculados com linhagem murina-1 de carcinoma relacionado ao HPV, expressando antígenos E6 / E7 do HPV-16. Os animais foram então imunizados por via subcutânea duas vezes no intervalo de sete dias. A imunidade antitumoral e antígeno-celular específica foi avaliada pela proliferação de linfócitos (ensaio de brometo de 3- [4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-il] -2,5-difeniltetrazólio: MTT), ensaio de liberação de lactato desidrogenase, ensaio de IL-4 e ensaio de interferon-gama [IFN-γ]. O tamanho do tumor foi seguido por 62 dias. RESULTADOS: O ensaio MTT, que mede a proliferação de linfócitos em resposta ao antígeno específico, aumentou nos grupos de coadministração e de vacina de DNA em comparação aos grupos controle e adjuvante genético (p <0,001). Os camundongos imunizados com a coadministração geraram significativamente mais IFN-γ e IL-4 do que os outros camundongos imunizados (p<0,001). A redução do tamanho do tumor nos grupos de coadministração e de vacina de DNA foi significativamente mais acentuada do que nos grupos controle e adjuvante genético (p<0,001), mas não houve nenhuma diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos vacina de DNA e coadministração (p=0,15). CONCLUSÕES: A IL-18 como adjuvante genético e a vacina de DNA E7 aumentaram as respostas imunes em sistemas modelo de camundongos contra o câncer cervical. No entanto, o uso de IL-18 como adjuvante genético com a vacina de DNA E7 não teve efeito sinérgico significativo nas respostas imunes in vivo.

Immunity, Cellular , Immunotherapy , Papillomaviridae , Interleukin-18 , Oncogene Proteins , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(7): e7312, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951734


Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and related pathways are involved in the therapeutic effect of sleeve gastrectomy for overweight or obese patients with diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of FXR expression regulation during the surgical treatment of obese diabetes mellitus by sleeve gastrectomy. Diabetic rats were established by combined streptozotocin and high-fat diet induction. Data collection included body weight, chemical indexes of glucose and lipid metabolism, liver function, and the expression levels of musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene family B (MAFB), FXR, and related genes induced by sleeve gastrectomy. Chang liver cells overexpressing MAFB gene were established to confirm the expression of related genes. The binding and activation of FXR gene by MAFB were tested by Chip and luciferase reporter gene assays. Vertical sleeve gastrectomy induced significant weight loss and decreased blood glucose and lipids in diabetic rat livers, as well as decreased lipid deposition and recovered lipid function. The expression of MAFB, FXR, and FXR-regulated genes in diabetic rat livers were also restored by sleeve gastrectomy. Overexpression of MAFB in Chang liver cells led to FXR gene expression activation and the alteration of multiple FXR-regulated genes. Chip assay showed that MAFB could directly bind with FXR promoter, and the activation of FXR expression was confirmed by luciferase reporter gene analysis. The therapeutic effect of sleeve gastrectomy for overweight or obese patients with diabetes mellitus was mediated by activation of FXR expression through the binding of MAFB transcription factor.

Animals , Male , Rats , Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , MafB Transcription Factor/metabolism , Gastrectomy/methods , Obesity/surgery , Gene Expression Regulation , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , MafB Transcription Factor/genetics , Lipid Metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Obesity/metabolism
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160700


In spite of frequent usage of primary human foreskin keratinocytes (HFKs) in the study of skin biology, senescence-induced blockage of in vitro proliferation has been a big hurdle for their effective utilization. In order to overcome this passage limitation, we first isolated ten HFK lines from circumcision patients and successfully immortalized four of them via a retroviral transduction of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 and E7 oncogenes. We confirmed expression of a keratinocyte marker protein, keratin 14 and two viral oncoproteins in these immortalized HFKs. We also observed their robust responsiveness to various exogenous stimuli, which was evidenced by increased mRNA expression of epithelial differentiation markers and pro-inflammatory genes in response to three reactive chemicals. In addition, their applicability to cytotoxicity assessment turned out to be comparable to that of HaCaT cells. Finally, we confirmed their differentiation capacity by construction of well-stratified three dimensional skin cultures. These newly established immortalized HFKs will be valuable tools not only for generation of in vitro skin disease models but also for prediction of potential toxicities of various cosmetic chemicals.

Humans , Antigens, Differentiation , Biology , Foreskin , In Vitro Techniques , Keratin-14 , Keratinocytes , Oncogene Proteins , Oncogenes , RNA, Messenger , Skin Diseases , Skin , Zidovudine
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 36(supl.2): 14-24, ago. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794013


Introducción. Uno de los factores de riesgo del carcinoma de células escamosas en la cavidad oral es la infección por el virus del papiloma humano (HPV), cuyas prevalencias dependen de la región geográfica. Objetivo. Identificar los tipos del virus del papiloma humano más frecuentes en el cáncer de la cavidad bucal, sus niveles de expresión y el estado físico del genoma viral. Materiales y métodos. Se seleccionaron 46 pacientes que asistían a los servicios de cirugía de cabeza y cuello en Bogotá, Manizales y Bucaramanga. El examen histopatológico de las muestras incluidas en el estudio demostró la presencia de carcinoma de células escamosas en la cavidad oral en todas ellas. Se extrajo el ADN para genotipificar el virus y determinar el estado físico de su genoma, y el ARN para determinar los transcritos virales mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa en tiempo real. Resultados. La prevalencia del virus del papiloma humano en los tumores fue de 21,74% (n=10) y el tipo viral más frecuente fue el HPV-16 (nueve casos). La expresión viral del HPV-16 fue baja (una de 11 copias) y el estado físico predominante fue el mixto (ocho casos), con prevalencia de la disrupción en el sitio de unión de E1 y E2 (2525 a 3720 nucleótidos). Conclusión. En los pacientes con carcinoma de cavidad oral incluidos en este trabajo, la frecuencia del virus del papiloma humano fue relativamente baja (21,7 %) y el tipo viral más frecuente fue el HPV-16, el cual se encontró en forma mixta y con baja expresión de E7 , lo cual puede ser indicativo de un mal pronóstico para el paciente.

Introduction: One of the risk factors for squamous cell oropharyngeal carcinoma is infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV), with prevalences that vary depending on the geographical region. Objective: To identify the most frequent HPV viral types in oropharyngeal cancer, the levels of expression and the physical condition of the viral genome. Materials and methods: Forty-six patients were included in the study from among those attending head and neck surgical services in the cities of Bogotá, Manizales and Bucaramanga. In the histopathological report all study samples were characterized as oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. DNA extraction was subsequently performed for HPV genotyping and to determine the physical state of the viral genome, as well as RNA to determine viral transcripts using real-time PCR. Results: HPV prevalence in tumors was 21.74% (n=10) and the most common viral type was HPV-16 (nine cases). Viral expression for HPV-16 was low (one of 11 copies) and the predominant physical state of the virus was mixed (eight cases), with disruption observed at the E1 - E2 binding site (2525 - 3720 nucleotides). Conclusion: The prevalence of HPV associated with oropharyngeal carcinoma among the Colombian study population was 21.7%, which is relatively low. The most frequent viral type was HPV-16, found in a mixed form and with low expression of E7 , possibly indicating a poor prognosis for these patients.

Papilloma , Carcinoma , DNA Tumor Viruses , Oncogene Proteins , Oropharynx , Virus Integration
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 38(3): 154-159, Mar. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781452


Purpose To correlate the expression of high-risk HPV E6 mRNA with pap smear, colposcopy, and biopsy results in women with high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). Methods A cross-sectional study was performed on women referred for primary care services after cytological diagnosis of HSIL. We evaluated the expression of E6/E7 mRNA of HPV types 16,18,31,33, and 45 and correlated the results with those of Pap smear, colposcopy, and biopsy. For amplification/detection of mRNA E6 / E7 we used NucliSENSEasyQ kit to detect HPV mRNA by polymerase chain reaction with primers/ probes for HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, and 45. Results Out of 128 valid tests, the results of 30 (23.4%) tests were negative and 98 (70%) tests were positive. Only one type of HPV was detected in 87.7% of the E6/E7 mRNA positive cases. HPV16 was detected in 61.2% of the cases, followed by HPV33 (26.5%), HPV31 (17.3%), HPV18 (10%), and HPV45 (4.08%). Pap smear tests revealed that the E6/E7 test was positive in 107 (83.8%) women with atypical squamous cells - high grade (ASC-H), HSIL, or higher. The E6/E7 test was positive in 69 (57.5%) specimens presenting negative cytology results. When analyzing the association with colposcopy results, the frequency of positive E6/E7 results increased with the severity of the injury, ranging from 57.1% in women without colposcopy-detected injury to 86.5% in those with higher levels of colposcopy findings. Of the 111 women who underwent biopsy and E6/E7 testing, the E6/E7 test was positive in 84.7% of the women who presented with lesions of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2 or higher. Finally, 41.2% of women with a negative biopsy presented a positive E6/E7 test. Conclusions E6/E7mRNA expression was higher in women with HSIL and CIN grade 2 or higher.

Objetivo Correlacionar a expressão mRNAE6/E7 do HPV de alto risco com os exames de Papanicolau, colposcopia e biópsia em mulheres com lesão intraepitelial escamosa de alto grau (HSIL). Métodos Estudo transversal com mulheres encaminhadas aos serviços de atenção primária com diagnóstico citológico de HSIL. Foi avaliada a expressão do mRNAE6/E7 dos tipos de HPV 16,18,31,33 e 45, correlacionando-se a expressão com os exames de Papanicolau, colposcopia e biópsia. Para a amplificação/detecção demRNA de E6/E7 foi usado o kit NucliSENS EasyQ(r) HPV que detecta mRNA do HPV por meio da reação em cadeia da polimerase com primers/probes HPV dos tipos 16, 18, 31, 33 e 45. Resultados Foram obtidos 128 testes válidos. Destes: 30 (23,4%) foram negativos e 98 (70%) dos testes foram positivos. Foi encontrado apenas um tipo de HPV em 87,7% dos positivos. O HPV16 foi omais encontrado em61,2%, seguido pelos HPV33 (26,5%); HPV31 (17,34%); HPV 18 (10,0%) e HPV (45 4,0%). Quanto ao exame de Papanicolau, o teste E6/E7 foi positivo em 107 (83,8%) das mulheres com ASC-H, HSIL ou superior, enquanto em citologia negativa foi encontrado um resultado positivo em 69 (57,5%) colposcopia. A frequência de teste E6/E7 positivo aumentou com a gravidade da lesão, detectada na colposcopia variando de 57,1% em mulheres sem lesão identificada em colposcopia até 86,5% naqueles com achado de colposcopia de grau maior. Das 111 mulheres que se submeteram a biópsia e o teste E6/E7, o teste foi positivo em 84,7% das que apresentaramlesão igual ou superior a NIC 2 (neoplasia intraepitelial cervical) e 41,2% daqueles com biópsia negativa. Conclusões A expressão de E6, E7 RNAm ocorreu commaior frequência emlesões de alto grau citológica e em casos com biópsias de NIC2 ou maior.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Viral/genetics , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix/genetics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Oncogene Proteins , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Vaginal Smears