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1.
Cogitare enferm ; 24: e66775, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1055971

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a cobertura do tratamento diretamente observado segundo o risco de coinfecção tuberculose/vírus da imunodeficiência humana e desfechos desfavoráveis. Método: estudo ecológico com dados secundários relacionados aos 10.389 casos novos de coinfecção notificados no estado de São Paulo de 2010 a 2015. Dados analisados pelo Índice Local de Moran, estatística de varredura espacial e Modelos Bayesianos Hierárquicos. Resultados: região metropolitana de São Paulo e Baixada Santista concentraram maior incidência de coinfecção e abandono ao tratamento. Baixa cobertura de tratamento diretamente observado esteve associada aos territórios em risco para a coinfecção e maior risco de abandono. Município de São Paulo, região litorânea e região de Ribeirão Preto apresentaram maior incidência de óbito, o qual não apresentou relação com a cobertura do tratamento diretamente observado. Conclusão: baixa cobertura de tratamento diretamente observado apresentou associação com maior risco de coinfecção e abandono do tratamento.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar la cobertura del tratamiento directamente observado según el riesgo de coinfección tuberculosis/virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana y desenlaces desfavorables. Método: Estudio ecológico con datos secundarios relacionados con los 10.389 nuevos casos de coinfección informados en el estado de São Paulo de 2010 a 2015. Datos analizados mediante Índice Local de Moran, estadística de muestreo espacial y Modelos Bayesianos Jerárquicos. Resultados: La región metropolitana de São Paulo y Baixada Santista concentraron mayor incidencia de coinfección y abandono del tratamiento. La baja cobertura de tratamiento directamente observado estuvo asociada a las áreas con riesgo de coinfección y mayor grado de abandono. El Municipio de São Paulo, la región litoral y el área de Ribeirão Preto expresaron mayor incidencia de decesos, no relacionándose ello con la cobertura del tratamiento directamente observado. Conclusión: La baja cobertura de tratamiento directamente observado mostró asociación com mayor riesgo de coinfección y abandono del tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the coverage of directly observed treatment according to the risk of tuberculosis/human immunodeficiency virus coinfection and unfavorable outcomes. Methods: Ecological study with secondary data related to 10,389 new cases of coinfection notified in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2010 to 2015. They were analyzed by applying local Moran's index, spatial scan statistics, and hierarchical Bayesian models. Results: The São Paulo metropolitan area and Baixada Santista concentrate the highest incidence of coinfection and treatment default. Low coverage of directly observed treatment was associated with areas at risk for the coinfection and higher withdrawal risk. The city of São Paulo, the coastal region, and the Ribeirão Preto area showed a higher incidence of deaths, which did not show an association with the coverage of directly observed treatment. Conclusion: Low coverage of directly observed treatment was associated with a higher risk of coinfection and treatment default.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tuberculosis , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Coinfection , Operations Research , Health Services Research
2.
Medical Principles and Practice. 2017; 26 (3): 235-244
in English | IMEMR (Eastern Mediterranean) | ID: emr-188529

ABSTRACT

Objective: We designed a questionnaire to collect data on surgeons' views and experiences of operating on friends or relatives


Subjects and Methods: A link to a 38-item online survey was sent to all 16,849 members of the Professional Board of German Surgeons [Bund Deutscher Chirurgen, BDC] several times. Standard interview software was used


The questionnaire collected a wide variety of information concerning how surgeons have experienced, think about and deal with the situation when they operate on friends or relatives


Results: Of the 16,849 BDC members notified of the survey, 1,643 completed the questionnaires [9.8%]


Of these, 1,275 [77.6%] had previously performed surgery on friends or relatives. Overall, the surgeons willingly accepted doing so without experiencing any difficulties. However, the sur-geons frequently used different techniques when operating on friends and relatives [123 [10%] when self-assessed compared to 527 [35%] when observed by others]. Out of the whole sample, 506 [30.8%] would appreciate having a guideline or ethical code and 370 [41.2%] of those who have not yet operated on friends and relatives would like to have such an ethical code


Conclusion: Most of the surgeons who responded accepted the task of operating on friends or relatives. Performing surgery on friends or relatives was a complex matter because objectivity was not guaranteed. Negative implications on personal relationships were rare. We recommend that this matter should be well considered and discussed with the patient and an ethical guideline or code Should be Created


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Friends , Physicians, Family/ethics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Self-Assessment , Ethics, Professional , Operations Research
3.
Vis. enferm. actual ; 13(46): 50-55, 2016. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-793056

ABSTRACT

La simulación de casos es una herramienta educativa de gran poder constructivo que contribuye a la actualización de los profesionales y a la mejora de los procesos asistenciales...


Subject(s)
Humans , Operations Research , Simulation Technique/methods , Education, Continuing/trends , Group Processes , Nursing Process
4.
Buenos Aires; Dunken; 2015; 2015. 269 p. ilus, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-983304

ABSTRACT

La mayoría de los resultados de la investigación cientifica nunca ve la luz de la realidad en la que habita. Paradojicamente, la brecha entre estos hallazagos y sus implicancias sociales en salud no deja ampliarse frente a cada nuevo descubrimiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomedical Research , Translational Medical Research , Empirical Research , Operations Research
5.
Article in English | IMSEAR (South-East Asia), GHL | ID: sea-157523

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine proportion of patients requiring hospitalization under RNCTP. Methodology:All area-patients registered for treatment under RNTCP at LRS Institute, New Delhi through 16 DOTS centre during the reference period (1st April 2006 to 31st Dec 2006) were listed and those patients requiring hospitalization (upto 31st Dec 2007) at LRS Institute were identified and interviewed by a single investigator using semi-structured proforma with certain inclusion and exclusion criteria’s. The data was entered into master sheet and analysis carried out using software statistical package by computing proportion (%) and chi-square test. Results: It was observed that there were 2,345 patients registered for treatment under RNTCP during the reference period, out of which, 4.22% (99) required hospitalization. The males outnumbered females in absolute numbers, however, gender related hospitalization was similar, 4.08% for males to 4.47% for females (p=0.647). Maximum case load (75.75%) was seen in economically productive age group (15-49 years). The proportion of hospitalization amongst 1- 14, 15-49, 50-60 and 61 years & above age group was 2.36%, 4.10%, 5.11% and 8.60% respectively (p=0.08); category II (7.61%) patient admissions was twice than category I (3.65%) patients (p<0.001). The proportion of hospitalization was 2.37% and 5.4% amongst patients with negative and positive sputum status respectively. Conclusion: The study was undertaken at a respiratory tertiary care centre in a metro city and within the study constraints it highlights disease severity, late presentation and minimum need for TB beds under prevailing socio-economic circumstances in the country.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , India , Male , Middle Aged , National Health Programs , Operations Research , Sputum/analysis , Sputum/diagnosis , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Tuberculosis/therapy
6.
Acta méd. peru ; 29(4): 213-215, oct.-dic. 2012. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIPECS | ID: lil-673490

ABSTRACT

Considerando que las evidencias científicas en nuestro país, son un tema a ser abordado tanto por entidades del Estado como del sector privado y aún cuando se han incorporado en la currícula de pre grado cursos de metodología de la Investigación y reforzado en post grado de las Universidades, sin embargo, todavía tenemos una brecha y una agenda pendiente por realizar sobre este tema. Hay pocos estudios sobre la producción científica en nuestro país, son pocos los que se indexan y son publicados por revistas científicas; por tanto, todavía no cubren las expectativas. Aunado a ello, existe escaso financiamiento y motivación para su realización, que hacen más difícil esta tarea. Deben hacerse denodados esfuerzos para converger líneas de investigación entre las entidades formadoras y prestadoras de servicios de salud, además de seguir capacitándose y continuar en el denodado esfuerzo en investigar y así crear evidencias científicas.


Considering that scientific evidence in our country is a topic to be addressed by state entities and private institutions; and taking into account that this area has been incorporated in the study programs in undergraduate courses in research methodology, and also having been reinforced in postgraduate courses in universities, we have a gap and a pending agenda for incorporating scientific evidence into our daily teaching and research activities. There are very few studies on scientific production in our country, very scarce indexed magazines and the local scientific production does not satisfy our expectations. Another factor is lack of financial support and motivation for doing research activities, and this makes things more difficult. Plenty of effort has to be undertaken in order to put together research connections between academic centers and healthcare institutions. Also, there is a great need for specialized training for doing research and create our own scientific evidence.


Subject(s)
Operations Research , Evidence-Based Medicine
8.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 18(1): 16-21, jun. 2012.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-649068

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Existe una brecha muy estrecha entre el conocimiento y el comportamiento, no necesariamente conocer las consecuencias de un hábito implica tomar medidas con respecto a este o modificar comportamientos. Hacer referencia al término salud no es lo mismo que referirse a enfermedad. La comunicación en salud constituye una estrategia vital en el intento de modificación de comportamientos comunitarios y su mantenimiento en pro de la salud. Objetivo: Identificar comportamientos saludables a través de la intervención comunitaria denominada CUMIS, llevada a cabo en la población de Caimalito corregimiento de Pereira. Métodos: Se realizaron intervenciones de un día de duración en los tres principales sectores del corregimiento, dividiendo el personal en un equipo móvil, que se desplazaba casa a casa, y uno fijo, que atendía consulta médica. Resultados: Se identificó logros adecuados en el comportamiento, como el hecho de solicitar una consulta por motivo de “control”; para el caso de la consulta por “diarrea sin deshidratación” se encuentra el paciente en la fase de acción, contrasta estos comportamientos con otros que evidencian que la población se encuentra en fase precontemplativa como ocurre con los criaderos entomológicos, donde la población no ha considerado un cambio. Conclusiones: La inmersión en la comunidad como estrategia de atención en salud y de trabajo comunitario, constituye una herramienta efectiva observando la importante acogida que se puede lograr entre los habitantes de las comunidades impactando positivamente los comportamientos comunitarios.


Introduction: A very narrow gap between knowledge and behavior exit; not necessarily understand the consequences of a habit involve taking action on this or changing behavior. Making reference to the term health is not the same as referring to illness. Health communication is a vital strategy in the attempt to change community behavior and retention for health. Objective: To identify healthy behaviors through community intervention called CUMIS, held in the town of Caimalito village of Pereira. Methods: We interventions one day in the three main sectors of the township, dividing the staff on a mobile device, which moved from house to hose, and a fixed, attending medical consultation. Results: We identified adequate progress in behavior, as the act of requesting a consultation because of “control” in the case of the query for “diarrhea without dehydration” is the patient in the action phase, contrast these behaviors with others show that the population is under precontemplators as with entomological farms, where the population has not seen a change. Conclusions: Immersion in the community health care strategy and community work is an effective tool for observing the important reception can be achieved between the inhabitants of the communities to positively impact community behaviors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Attention , Behavior , Colombia , Public Health , Operations Research , Research , Students
9.
Rev. adm. saúde ; 14(54): 3-10, jan.-mar. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-674866

ABSTRACT

O adequado dimensionamento de recursos humanos em instituições hospitalares tem se mostrado essencial para o alcance de resultados nestas organizações. No entanto, ainda que inúmeros estudos sejam publicados abordando o tema, poucos trabalhos referem-se ao dimensionamento do corpo clínico, apesar da expressiva participação dos médicos no contingente de trabalhadores, da importância deles no cuidado e da relevãncia em relação ao dispêndio financeiro em folha de pagamento. Neste contexto, o presente estudo descreve uma metodologia para dimensionar a necessidade de médicos e estimar custos, a partir de dados de produção e capacidade operacional. Também foi demonstrada a aplicação desta metodologia a seis especialidades médicas selecionadas, a fim de se comparar necessidade com quantidades existentes, em termos de carga horária, número de médicos, e custos. É interessante observar que o estudo procurou considerar as características de ensino do hospital. Isto foi possível em virtude da observação local e da aferição de tempos emsituação real, as quais incorporaram intrinsecamente o tempo destinado à orientação e discussão de casos e não apenas o período de atendimento classicamente mencionado na literatura. O estudo concluiu que, no hospital estudado, a simples readequação de carga horária, com melhor distribuição do tempo entre especialidades e tipos de atendimento, permitiria corrigir distorções de disponibilidade e resultaria em economias financeiras, as quais poderiam representar aumento salarial ou realocação de recursos para outros setores hospitalares.


Subject(s)
Hospital Administration , Hospitals , Hospitals, Teaching , Medical Staff, Hospital , Personnel Administration, Hospital , Personnel Downsizing , Cost Allocation , Operations Research
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 139(9): 1150-1156, set. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-612238

ABSTRACT

Background: The blood supply chain is a complex system that considers different interconnected elements that have to be synchronized correctly to satisfy in quality and quantity the final patient requirements. Aim: To determine the blood center maximum production capacity, as well as the determination of the necessary changes for a future production capacity expansion. Material and Methods: This work was developed in the Blood Center of Concepción, Chile, operations management tools were applied to model it and to propose improvement alternatives for the production process. The use of simulation is highlighted, which permitted the replication of the center behavior and the evaluation of expansion alternatives. Results: It is possible to absorb a 100 percent increment in blood demand, without making major changes or investments in the production process. Also it was possible to determine the subsequent steps in terms of investments in equipment and human resources for a future expansion of the center coverage. Conclusions: The techniques used to model the production process of the blood center of Concepción, Chile, allowed us to analyze how it operates, to detect "bottle necks", and to support the decision making process for a future expansion of its capacity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Banks/organization & administration , Models, Theoretical , Operations Research , Chile , Software Design
13.
14.
Rev. psicol. (Fortaleza, Online) ; 2(1): [18-34], jan.-jun. 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-875820

ABSTRACT

Trata-se da descrição de características de sucesso de projetos desenvolvidos em perspectivas internacionais tomando como exemplo o projeto intitulado iGOES ­ Generalização Internacional de Fatores de Sucesso entre Expatriados. A colocação internacional de pessoal no trabalho vem aumentando e desempenhando papel importante para o desenvolvimento das organizações no futuro. Melhorar a performance dessas pessoas e aumentar a sua chance de sucesso nas novas situações de trabalho depende do conhecimento obtido por meio de pesquisas seguras e com instrumentos equivalentes em perspectiva internacional. O levantamento de dados em diferentes culturas sobre o tema da expatriação, a exemplo de critérios para a transferência de empregados contratados por empresas internacionais, sua adaptação aos novos ambientes culturais e o desempenho nessas novas situações, tem sido feito apenas parcialmente e de forma não sistemática. Ao mesmo tempo, pessoas com atuação gerencial e trabalhista internacional acreditam, em sua maioria, que o sucesso de empregados que se encontram nessa situação tem as mesmas características, independentemente de seu país de origem ou de destino. No presente estudo se utilizaram instrumentos como entrevista, questionário e testes psicológicos para levantar conhecimento sobre a adaptação e o desempenho dos pesquisados. Com a utilização de instrumentos de pesquisa adequados, a colaboração institucional internacional e o levantamento de uma amostra que permite a generalização de seus resultados sobre empregados expatriados, o projeto iGOES se apresentou como o maior projeto no âmbito da pesquisa diagnóstica sobre expatriação, uma vez que todos os clusters culturais do mundo são levados em conta.


This is the description of characteristics of successful projects developed in international perspective taking as an example the project entitled iGOES, international Generalization of Expatriate Success Factors. The placement of international staff at work is growing and playing an important role in the development of organizations in the future. Improve their performance and increase their chance of success in new work situations depend on the knowledge gained through secure research with equivalent instruments in international perspective. Survey data in different cultures on the subject of expatriation, the example of criteria for the transfer of employees hired by international companies, their adaptability to new cultural environments and performance in these new situations have been studied only partially and unsystematically. At the same time, managers with international reach believe, in most cases, the success of employees who are in this situation have the same characteristics regardless of their country of origin or destination. For the treatment of questions related to cultural adequacy of projects it was used different instruments such as interviews, questionnaires and psychological tests. With these resources it was possible to raise and increase the knowledge on adaptation and performance of respondents. With the help of appropriate research tools, with the collaboration among different research teams and with no international institutional support it was possible to survey a sample that allows generalization of results on expatriate employees. Therefore, the project iGOES presented itself as the largest project in the field of diagnostic research on expatriation, in which all cultural clusters in the world are taken into account.


Subject(s)
Work , Operations Research , Organizational Culture , Project Formulation , Work Performance
15.
La Habana; Editorial Ciencias Médicas;Palcograf, Palacio de Convenciones; 2011. 220 p. ilus, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-688340

ABSTRACT

El Programa Ramal de Investigación en Sistemas y Servicios de Salud (ISSS) fue aprobado en 1996, por el Ministerio de Salud Pública, con el propósito de organizar las actividades investigación-desarrollo e innovación tecnológica en el Sistema Nacional de Salud. Se designó como centro coordinador la Escuela de Salud Pública (ENSAP) y en el año 2006, un colectivo de investigadores elaboró un documento base del Programa de ISSS, sustentado en las políticas del estado cubano en materia de salud, las tendencias internacionales en ciencia e innovación tecnológica y la proyección estratégica del Ministerio. El documento debía servir como guía y herramienta de trabajo para todos los profesionales que en el país, realizan este tipo de investigación: equipos de atención de salud en los distintos niveles y unidades del sistema, directivos y salubristas en general. En el 2010, un análisis de las estadísticas del programa, demostró que se habían registrado 201 proyectos en ejecución, indicador sin precedentes en el sector y dr constató que las investigaciones cerradas hallaron respuestas a problemas del ambiente, las enfermedades transmisibles y no transmisibles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Research Policy , Health Services Research , Operations Research
16.
ACIMED ; 21(1)ene.-mar. 2010. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-575525

ABSTRACT

Se profundiza sobre los elementos teóricos asociados al proceso de toma de decisiones en las organizaciones, dígase su origen y evolución, así como su marcada importancia en los contextos organizacionales. De igual forma se abordan las principales características de este proceso, enfatizando en sus componentes: situación problémica, decidor, información y contexto. Se examina la racionalidad limitada como uno de sus elementos distintivos y se valora el carácter informacional de la toma de decisiones, validando posibles espacios de actuación, funciones y roles para los especialistas de información en el desarrollo del proceso de decisión.


Theoretical elements related to the origin, evolution and significance of decision-making as organizational process are examined. It is emphasized the essential characteristics of the problem situation, information and context components. Also, the bounded rationality is examined as one of its distinctive elements. The informational nature of the decision-making process is explained. Some considerations about information professional role and his contribution to this organizational process are exposed.


Subject(s)
Decision Making, Organizational , Workforce , Information , Operations Research
17.
Trab. educ. saúde ; 7(2): 355-371, jul.-out. 2009.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-522663

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste artigo é discutir sobre odesenvolvimento do direito à saúde no Brasil.Parte-se do processo de construção dos direitos sociais,passando pela assunção destes direitos naCarta Magna Brasileira até chegar às compreensões atuais de certos segmentos sociais sobre o direito à saúde. A análise baseia-se na pesquisa realizada emPorto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, a respeito da atuaçãoconjunta entre conselhos de saúde e MinistérioPúblico. Pode-se observar que o direito à saúdetem sido associado à ideia de acesso a serviços de saúde. Isto, no entanto, tem se mostrado ser um aspecto limitador na luta pela garantia e ampliaçãodeste direito. Por este motivo, determinados segmentosda sociedade vêm adotando uma posturamais ativa em relação à compreensão sobre este direito.Tal compreensão tem rendido ganhos substanciais na luta pela ampliação do direito à saúde no Brasil. Assim, explicitar as diferentes concepçõessobre o direito à saúde de um conselho desaúde que tem se demonstrado atuante no cenárionacional pode dar indícios sobre as formas de atuaçãopossíveis e as estratégias desenvolvidas nestasinstituições para a garantia deste direito.


The objective of this paper is to discuss the development of the right to healthcare in Brazil. It begins with the process of creating social rights, going from the rise of these rights in the Brazilian Constitution until reaching the current understandings of certain social groups concerning the right to healthcare. The analysis is based on research conducted in Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, in regards to the joint action between health councils and the Public Ministry. It can be observed that the right to healthcare has been associated with the idea of access to healthcare services. This, however, has been shown to be a limiting aspect in the fight for the security and expansion of this right. For this reason, certain groups of society have taken on a more active attituderegarding the understanding of this right. This understanding has yielded substantial gains in the struggle for the expansion of the right to healthcare in Brazil. Furthermore, detailing the different concepts aboutthe right to healthcare of a healthcare council that has proven to be active in the national scenario, may give indications of the possible forms of action and strategies developed in these institutions to guarantee this right.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Councils , Human Rights , Operations Research , Right to Health , User-Computer Interface
18.
Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal. 2009; 3 (3): 37-43
in Fa | IMEMR (Eastern Mediterranean) | ID: emr-111989

ABSTRACT

The examination of the research attractions in developed counties, and deficiencies and constraints in conducting researches can reveal invaluable implications. The researches carried out in recent decades are indicative of the fact that there have always been major constraints during the research conduction. Those countries which aspire to compete in the world should remove all the constraints and barriers, and attract the necessary attention on researches. Thus, the current study was intended to find the problems and limitations, and offer the needed interventions so as to overcome those problems. This study was a quasi-experimental [pre and post] one. The participants of the study included those faculty members and researchers who had conducted at least a project as an administrator or a major contributor before and after intervention. In order to gather data, a self-designed questionnaire was filled in two phases; before and after the interventions. The questionnaire included demographics and information about research problems in the four areas of Research Project Preparation [RPP], Research Project Conduct [RPC], Administrative-Management and Personal Problems. Descriptive statistics and various statistical procedures tests were utilized to analyze the data. The findings revealed that the mean of the magnitude of the research problems in RPP, RPC, administrative management and personal problems was a significant difference [P<0.001] before and after intervention. In RPP, lack of beneficial database bank in university, in RPC lack of budget, in Administrative-Management lack of knowledge accountant about corresponding activity and in Personal Problems lack of enough motivation for research were all having the highest intensity. Thus, after intervention the magnitude of the problem was reduced. In conclusion, it seems that bureaucratic rules, shortage of research budget, heavy work load, lack of motivation, and personal skills are the reasons which hinder doing research activities. But the findings of this current study reveal that through reforming the administrative-management procedures and appropriate planning with regard to the current problems we can overcome the barriers and ameliorate the magnitude of the problems


Subject(s)
Humans , Research , Faculty , Universities , Schools, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Operations Research
19.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-290355

ABSTRACT

Operations research (OR) focuses on the application of analytical methods to facilitate better decision-making. Despite its usefulness and proliferation of papers in the academic literature, there are still major issues around getting OR models widely accepted and used as part of mainstream decision-making by clinicians, health managers and policy-makers. This article aims to raise the awareness of healthcare managers with regard to practical OR applications.


Subject(s)
Decision Making , Health Facility Administrators , Humans , Models, Theoretical , Operations Research
20.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-290343

ABSTRACT

Operations Research (OR), also called Operational Research in the United Kingdom (UK), uses various computational tools for solutions to complex problems within a system. It deals with challenges in planning, scheduling, forecasting, process analysis and decision analysis. It also addresses individual components of the system. The methodology used for decisions based upon stochastic (random) processes can also be adapted for the common general medical ward round. Operational Research techniques add speed, efficiency, quality and consistency to the documentation in the case notes, and reduces the time taken for ward rounds. There is obvious benefit to the individual patient. It also acts as a learning tool which can be audited, and lends itself to research questions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medical Audit , Operations Research , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Methods
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