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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0017, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365731

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To develop and examine the usability of a mobile application aimed at improving knowledge about ocular surface tumors among medical students, general practitioners and ophthalmologists. Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative study was carried out by a multidisciplinary team and developed in three stages: administration of a specific questionnaire to medical students, assessing the demand for the application, creation and development of the application in collaboration with the Technological Innovation Laboratory of Centro Universitário Christus and usability assessment. General practitioners and ophthalmologists were selected to answer the System Usability Scale questionnaire. Data were exported into the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 20.0 Windows, for quantitative analysis. Results: The OncoEye application was developed for the iOS and the Android platforms and included four main menus: Glossary, Patients, Referrals and Queries. Most students (89.9%) considered the development of the application important for wider access to information about the topic. Most students (39.9%) were able to recognize ocular lesions and 26.1% could distinguish between benign and malignant conditions. System Usability Scale questionnaire responses revealed good usability, with an average score of 92.65. Users (100%) described the application as user-friendly and well- integrated. Conclusion: An innovative application for ocular surface tumors was created and developed. The application achieved good levels of acceptance and was described as user-friendly by users.


RESUMO Objetivo: Desenvolver e avaliar a usabilidade de um aplicativo para dispositivos móveis que aprimore o conhecimento de estudantes de medicina e de médicos sobre tumores da superfície ocular. Métodos: Foi realizado estudo transversal e quantitativo por uma equipe multiprofissional, consistindo em três etapas: realização de um questionário específico com estudantes de medicina, avaliando a necessidade de elaboração do aplicativo; criação e desenvolvimento do aplicativo pelo Laboratório de Inovação Tecnológica do Centro Universitário Christus e avaliação de usabilidade. Médicos generalistas e oftalmologistas foram selecionados para responder ao questionário System Usability Scale. Os dados foram exportados para o programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, versão 20.0, para Windows para análise quantitativa. Resultados: O aplicativo OncoEye foi desenvolvido com quatro menus principais: Glossário, Pacientes, Encaminhamento e Perguntas. Dentre os estudantes, 89,9% consideraram o desenvolvimento do aplicativo importante para orientação sobre o tema, 39,9% souberam reconhecer lesão ocular, e 26,1% puderam diferenciar lesão ocular maligna ou benigna. As respostas dos usuários à ferramenta System Usability Scale demonstraram boa usabilidade, com pontuação média de 92,65 (87,74 a 97,55). Todos os usuários consideraram o aplicativo de fácil manuseio e bem integrado. Conclusão: Um aplicativo inovador para tumores da superfície ocular foi criado e desenvolvido, apresentando boa aceitação e fácil manuseio pelos usuários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmology/education , Telemedicine/methods , Computers, Handheld , Eye Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Mobile Applications , Physicians , Students, Medical , Teaching Materials , Medical Informatics , Photography , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education, Medical/methods , Ophthalmologists
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0022, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365730

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: It is estimated that 23% of the Brazilian population does not have access to an ophthalmologist, mainly because of the irregular geographical distribution of experts. It may be expensive to train ophthalmologists in Brazil. Objective: To estimate the cost of training an ophthalmologist and the labor market conditions so that the provider recovers the investment. Methods: Epidemiological study in databases from governmental sources and institutions related to the eye health system regulation. Results: The cost for training an ophthalmologist would be equal to R$ 592.272,00. After specialization, if the provider pledged all his/her income to recover the amount spent on training, it would take 5.2 years to reach the point of equilibrium. Conclusion: Young doctors from families unable to afford the cost of their education and support for at least 14 years after the beginning of the undergraduate course will hardly be able to specialize in Ophthalmology if they are unable to carry out their studies in public educational institutions. And those who can specialize are likely to choose to practice their profession in large urban centers, where most of the job opportunities are available, to at least recover the financial investment in training in the medium term.


RESUMO Introdução: Estima-se que 23% da população brasileira não tenha acesso ao oftalmologista, devido, principalmente, à falta de recursos do Sistema Público de Saúde e à distribuição geográfica irregular dos especialistas. É possível que seja caro formar oftalmologistas no Brasil. Assim, é compreensível que a maioria dos profissionais optem para ficar próximos dos grandes centros consumidores, onde estão as melhores remunerações. Objetivo: Estimar o custo para a formação de um oftalmologista e as condições do mercado de trabalho para que ele recupere o investimento. Métodos: estudo epidemiológico em bases de dados de fontes governamentais e de instituições relacionadas à regulamentação do sistema de saúde ocular. Resultados: Estimou-se que o custo para formação de um oftalmologista seja de R$ 592.272,00. Após a especialização, caso ele empenhe todo seu rendimento para reaver o valor gasto em sua formação, precisaria de 5,2 anos para atingir o ponto de equilíbrio. Conclusão: Jovens médicos oriundos de famílias incapazes de arcar com o custo de sua formação e de seu sustento, por pelo menos 14 anos após o início da graduação, dificilmente conseguirão se especializar em Oftalmologia, se não conseguirem realizar seus estudos em instituições públicas de ensino. E aqueles que conseguem se especializar, provavelmente optem por exercer a profissão em grandes centros urbanos, onde está a maior parte das oportunidades de trabalho, a fim de, a médio prazo, conseguir, pelo menos, recuperar o investimento financeiro na formação.


Subject(s)
Ophthalmology/education , Education, Medical/economics , Ophthalmologists/education , Students, Medical , Brazil , Costs and Cost Analysis , Education, Medical, Graduate/economics , Inservice Training/economics , Internship and Residency/economics
3.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223189, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365383

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The XXXIV Brazilian Congress of Surgery included Global Surgery for the first time in its scientific program. Global Surgery is any action in research, clinical practice, and policy-making that aims to improve access and quality of care in surgical specialties. In 2015, The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery highlighted that five billion people lack safe, timely, and affordable surgical care. Even more critical, nine of ten people cannot access essential surgical care in low and middle-income countries, where a third of the worldwide population resides, and only 6% of global surgical procedures are performed. Although Brazilian researchers and institutions have been contributing to lay the movement's foundations since 2014, Global Surgery remains a barely debated subject in the country. It is urgent to expand the field and break paradigms regarding the surgeons' role in public health in Brazil. Accomplishing these standards requires a joint effort to strategically allocate resources and identify collaboration opportunities, including those from medical societies and regulatory bodies. As members of the International Student Surgical Network of Brazil - a nonprofit organization by and for students, residents, and young physicians focused on Global Surgery - we review why investing in surgery is cost-effective to strengthen health systems, reduce morbimortality, and lead to economic development. Additionally, we highlight and propose key recommendations to foster the field at the national level.


RESUMO O 34° Congresso Brasileiro de Cirurgia incluiu Cirurgia Global pela primeira vez em seu programa científico. Cirurgia Global é qualquer ação em pesquisa, prática clínica e políticas em saúde que visa melhorar o acesso e a qualidade do atendimento em especialidades cirúrgicas. Em 2015, a Comissão da The Lancet em Cirurgia Global destacou que cinco bilhões de pessoas carecem de assistência cirúrgica segura, oportuna e acessível. Ainda mais crítico, nove em cada dez pessoas não têm acesso a cuidados cirúrgicos essenciais em países de baixa e média renda, onde um terço da população mundial reside e apenas 6% dos procedimentos cirúrgicos globais são realizados. Embora pesquisadores e instituições brasileiras tenham contribuído para lançar as bases internacionais e nacionais do movimento desde 2014, a Cirurgia Global ainda é um assunto pouco debatido no país. Assim, faz-se urgente expandir essa área de conhecimento e quebrar paradigmas quanto ao papel do cirurgião na saúde pública no Brasil. Isso requer um esforço conjunto para alocar recursos de forma estratégica bem como para identificar oportunidades de colaboração, incluindo as sociedades médicas e os órgãos reguladores. Como membros da International Student Surgical Network of Brazil - organização sem fins lucrativos feita por e para estudantes, residentes e jovens médicos com foco na Cirurgia Global - revisamos por que investir em Cirurgia é uma medida custo-efetiva para fortalecer os sistemas de saúde, reduzir a morbimortalidade e promover o desenvolvimento econômico. Além disso, destacamos e propomos recomendações-chave para fomentar a Cirurgia Global a nível nacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmology , Specialties, Surgical , Surgeons , Brazil , Public Health
4.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31115, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372322

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o nível de conhecimento oftalmológico dos estudantes de medicina sobre achados do fundo de olho e alterações da retinopatia diabética, assim como o interesse destes alunos por um maior aprendizado sobre o assunto. Materiais e Métodos: A amostra foi constituída por alunos do curso de medicina do Centro Universitário Christus (Unichristus), na cidade de Fortaleza ­ Ceará ­ Brasil, durante os meses de novembro e dezembro de 2018. Eles responderam a um questionário composto por 20 questões de múltipla escolha, com quatro itens cada, contendo apenas um único item correto, com assuntos relacionados à fundoscopia e à retinopatia diabética. Foram escolhidos o quinto semestre (s5), por ter finalizado recentemente o módulo de oftalmologia, e o sétimo semestre (s7), para avaliação da retenção de conteúdo após um ano do término da disciplina. O questionário também abordou o interesse dos alunos em obter maior aprendizado sobre o assunto. Resultados: o questionário foi aplicado em 120 alunos (62 alunos do s5 e 58 alunos do s7). Houve um maior número de acertos no s5, com média de 57,2% de acertos, em relação ao s7, cuja média de acertos foi de 49,9%. Conclusão: Diante de uma média de acertos abaixo do desejável, e do interesse da maioria dos alunos em obter maior aprendizado, fica clara a demanda por uma maior inserção da disciplina de oftalmologia na graduação médica, por meio das instituições de ensino, dando a devida relevância ao tema, oferecendo aos seus alunos suporte para um aprendizado concreto e contínuo.


Objective: to evaluate the level of ophthalmological knowledge of medical students about fundus findings and changes in diabetic retinopathy, as well as the interest of these students in greater learning on the subject. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of medical students from the Centro Universitário Christus (Unichristus), in the city of Fortaleza - Ceará - Brazil, during the months of November 2018 and December 2018. They answered a questionnaire composed of 20 multiple-choice questions, with four items each, containing only one correct item, with subjects related to fundus findings and changes in diabetic retinopathy. The fifth semester (s5) was chosen, for having recently completed the ophthalmology module, and the seventh semester (s7), to assess content retention one year after the end of the course. The questionnaire also addressed the students' interest in obtaining greater learning on the subject. Results: the questionnaire was applied to 120 students (62 students from s5 and 58 students from s7). There was a greater number of correct answers in s5, with an average of 57.2% of correct answers, compared to s7, whose average of correct answers was 49.9%. Conclusion: Given an average of hits below the desirable, and the interest of most students to obtain greater learning, it is clear the demand for a greater insertion of the discipline of ophthalmology in medical graduation, through educational institutions, giving due importance to the theme, offering its students support for learning concrete and continuous.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ophthalmology , Education, Medical , Ophthalmoscopy , Ophthalmoscopes , Diabetic Retinopathy
6.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 4(3): 97-92, jul. 29, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1282064

ABSTRACT

Paciente masculino con antecedente de trauma craneoencefálico severo recibido en la unidad de emergencia con una puntuación en la escala de Glasgow de 3 puntos; se describió en la tomografía computarizada un hematoma frontal epidural y una hemorragia subdural aguda; fue intervenido quirúrgicamente por neurocirugía en la Unidad de Emergencias y posteriormente fue llevado a la unidad de cuidados intensivos donde durante la recuperación (2 meses) refirió disminución de la agudeza visual en ojo izquierdo; fue evaluado en el servicio de Oftalmología donde la agudeza visual del ojo derecho fue de 20/40 y en ojo izquierdo no percibe la luz, en la evaluación oftalmológica se evidencia la presión intraocular en ojo izquierdo de 44mmHg, abundante celularidad en cámara anterior y a la evaluación ultrasonografía de cámara vítrea se describe una imagen que se correlaciona con una aparente hemorragia vítrea. Se diagnostica con Glaucoma de células fantasmas y síndrome de Terson; se inicia tratamiento médico con antiglaucomatoso para el glaucoma de células fantasmas y expectante para el síndrome de Terson, a la semana debido a la pobre respuesta se realizó trabeculectomia y vitrectomía vía Pars plana, posterior al tratamiento oftalmológico, se describió una visión de ojo izquierdo de 20/200


Male patient with a history of severe head trauma received in the emergency unit with a Glasgow coma score of 3; radiologically, an epidural frontal hematoma and an acute subdural hemorrhage are described in the computed tomography; the patient underwent surgery in the Emergency Unit and was later admitted to the intensive care unit where during recovery (2 months) he reported decreased visual acuity in the left eye; is evaluated in the ophthalmology service where is found a visual acuity of the right eye with correction of 20/40 and the left eye does not perceive light, the ophthalmology evaluation shows an intraocular pressure of the left eye of 44mmHg, abundant cellularity in the anterior chamber and in the ultrasound evaluation of the vitreous chamber describes an image that correlates with an apparent vitreous hemorrhage. He is diagnosed with Ghost Cell Glaucoma and Terson Syndrome; Medical treatment with antiglaucoma treatment for Ghost cell glaucoma and expectant for Terson syndrome is started. After a week due to the poor response, a trabeculectomy and vitrectomy via pars plana was performed, after ophthalmological treatment, a vision of the left eye of 20/200 was described


Subject(s)
Ophthalmology , Patients , Vitrectomy , Glaucoma , Eye , Craniocerebral Trauma
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 795-799, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346929

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: First care providers working in the Brazilian Unified Health System are often physicians from the Family Health Program. Their knowledge on ophthalmology could indicate whether there is a need for training to decrease ophthalmological demands to secondary or tertiary health levels. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study based on an electronic questionnaire was conducted to evaluate the ophthalmological knowledge of Family Health Program physicians working at the VI Regional Health Department, Sao Paulo, Brazil. All Family Health Program physicians from this regional health department were invited, and the study included those who responded to the full questionnaire (115 physicians). The data were evaluated using descriptive analysis. RESULTS: There was no difference in the ophthalmological knowledge between sexes or in relation to undergraduate schools. Only 20% of the interviewees were specialized in Family and Community Medicine, which did not influence the number of correct answers. Only 22 (19.1%) physicians reported having enough knowledge about the main eye disorders, and 82 (71.3%) physicians considered themselves capable of treating ophthalmological emergencies. However, acute glaucoma was recognized by only 51 (44.3%) physicians, and eye perforations could only be handled by 65 (56.5%) of them. In addition, only 47 (40.9%) participants correctly answered that congenital cataracts should be operated right after diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Family Health Program physicians working as first care providers in the Health System in Brazil presented poor ophthalmological knowledge. Providing training on ophthalmology may improve the ophthalmological care at the primary level within SUS and reduce the case demands at other healthcare levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmology , Physicians , Brazil , Family Health , Cross-Sectional Studies
8.
Educ. med. super ; 35(2): e2122, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1286221

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En el contexto cubano, todavía existen deficiencias en la implementación de la estrategia curricular de Medicina Tradicional y Natural en especialidades de área clínica y quirúrgica como Oftalmología. Estas deficiencias pueden solucionarse en cierta medida a partir del uso de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones en los procesos formativos universitarios. Objetivo: Confeccionar una multimedia educativa sobre la Medicina Tradicional y Natural y su uso en las afecciones oftalmológicas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de desarrollo tecnológico en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Santiago de Cuba desde febrero hasta mayo de 2018. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos y empíricos. La multimedia se confeccionó a través del programa Matchware Mediator 9.0. Se validó el producto mediante el método Delphi y se comprobó su efectividad en una muestra de 210 estudiantes escogidos de forma no probabilística intencional mediante un cuestionario aplicado antes y después de utilizarlo. Resultados: Se creó NaturOft, una multimedia conformada por módulos de contenido temático, glosario de términos y galerías de imágenes y videos. Los expertos y usuarios emitieron valoraciones positivas sobre la multimedia diseñada. Antes de usar NaturOft, el 59 por ciento de los estudiantes reflejaron un bajo nivel de conocimientos, relación que se invierte tras su aplicación donde el 75,7 por ciento alcanzó un nivel elevado. Conclusiones: La multimedia confeccionada constituye una herramienta muy útil en el proceso docente-educativo de la Medicina Tradicional y Natural y su relación con la Oftalmología, logrando potenciar el conocimiento que poseen los estudiantes sobre el tema(AU)


Introduction: In the Cuban context, there are still deficiencies regarding the implementation of a curricular strategy for Traditional and Natural Medicine in clinical and surgical specialties such as Ophthalmology. These deficiencies can be solved, to a certain extent, through the use of information and communication technologies in university training processes. Objective: To create an educational multimedia for Traditional and Natural Medicine and its use in conditions of ophthalmological training. Methods: A technological development study was carried out, from February to May 2018, at Santiago de Cuba University of Medical Sciences. Theoretical and empirical methods were used. The multimedia was created using the Matchware Mediator 9.0 software. The product was validated using the Delphi method, and its effectiveness was verified with a sample of 210 students chosen in an intentional nonprobabilistic way by means of a questionnaire applied before and after using it. Results: NaturOft was created, a multimedia made up of modules with thematic content, a glossary of terms, as well as image and video galleries. Both experts and users gave positive evaluations about the designed multimedia. Before using NaturOft, 59 percent of the students reflected a low level of knowledge, a relationship that was changed after its application, a moment when 75.7 percent reached a high level. Conclusions: The multimedia created is a very useful tool in the teaching-educational process of Traditional and Natural Medicine and its relationship with Ophthalmology, managing to enhance the knowledge that students have about the subject(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmology/education , Learning , Medicine, Traditional/methods , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Multimedia , Education, Medical
9.
Medisan ; 25(3)2021. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1287307

ABSTRACT

En la especialidad de oftalmología, la profesionalización constituye una exigencia, atendiendo al principio humanista de la atención al paciente, sustentada en el perfeccionamiento continuo de saberes y habilidades que garanticen su calidad de vida y bienestar social, así como en el análisis del proceso de capacitación profesional en promoción de salud y prevención de las enfermedades que causan discapacidad visual. En tal sentido, en este artículo se argumenta la pertinencia de la implementación de una estrategia de profesionalización sobre discapacidad visual para los especialistas en oftalmología, la cual resulta coherente con la educación permanente y continuada, pues contribuye al mejoramiento del desempeño profesional en la atención integral a los pacientes aquejados por este problema de salud.


In the ophthalmology specialty, professionalization constitutes a demand, taking into account the humanist principle of the patient care, sustained in the continuous improvement of knowledge and abilities that guarantee his life quality and social well-being, as well as in the analysis of the process of professional training in health promotion and prevention of the diseases that cause visual disability. In such a sense, the relevancy of a professionalization strategy implementation on visual disability for the specialists in ophthalmology is argued in this work, which is coherent with the permanent and continuous education, because it contributes to the improvement of the professional performance in the comprehensive care to the patients that are suffering due to this health problem.


Subject(s)
Ophthalmology , Professional Training , Professional Competence , Vision Disorders , Education, Continuing/methods
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(5): 535-542, May 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290267

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The new coronavirus of 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread globally and has repercussions within ophthalmological care. It has caused ocular manifestations in some patients, which can spread through eye secretions. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review was to summarize the currently available evidence on COVID-19 with regard to its implications for ophthalmology. DESIGN AND SETTING: Narrative review developed by a research group at Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo (SP), Brazil, and at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany. METHODS: We searched the literature on the repercussions of COVID-19 within ophthalmological care, using the MEDLINE and LILACS databases, with the keywords "COVID-19", "ophthalmology" and "coronavirus", from January 1, 2020, to March 27, 2021. Clinical trials, meta-analysis, randomized controlled trials, reviews and systematic reviews were identified. RESULTS: We retrieved 884 references, of which 42 were considered eligible for intensive review and critical analysis. Most of the studies selected reported the evidence regarding COVID-19 and its implications for ophthalmology. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of eye symptoms and ocular transmission of the virus remains incomplete. New clinical trials with larger numbers of patients may answer these questions in the future. Moreover, positively, implementation of innovative changes in medicine such as telemedicine and artificial intelligence may assist in diagnosing eye diseases and in training and education for students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmology , COVID-19 , Brazil , Artificial Intelligence , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 100-106, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280105

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: A scientometric analysis produced in ophthalmic genetics and gene therapy research is lacking. The purpose of this study is to present a holistic analysis of ophthalmic genetics literature. Methods: The data used in this study were obtained from the Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection. All published documents between 1975-2019 were included. The data exported from WoS enabled the extensive details of ophthalmic genetics related literature including countries, institutions, authors, citations and keywords. Scientometric network maps of keywords and also country and institution co-authorships were created with free software. Global contributions of the countries to the ophthalmic genetics literature were shown by a graphic. Results: The search query revealed a total of 2322 documents. Most of the documents were original articles (75.75%). USA was the leading country by producing 45.39% of all documents in ophthalmic genetics research followed by UK, Germany, China and France. Pennsylvania University was the most contributing institution in the literature (5.25%) followed by University College London and Moorfields Eye Hospital. The average citations per item was 29.4. The most used keywords over a 40-year period were 'family', 'cell', 'photoreceptor' and 'expression'. Conclusions: USA and UK dominated the ophthalmic genetics research. A substantial increase in the number of published documents in this field were observed after 2010.


RESUMO Objetivo: A literatura carece de análise cienciométrica produzida em genética oftálmica e de pesquisa em terapia genética. O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar uma análise holística da literatura genética oftálmica. Métodos: Os dados utilizados neste estudo foram obtidos na base de dados Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection. Todos os documentos publicados entre 1975 e 2019 foram incluídos na análise. Os dados exportados da WoS viabilizaram acesso a amplos detalhes da literatura relacionada à genética oftálmica, incluindo países, instituições, autores, citações e palavras-chave. Mapas de rede cienciométrica foram criados por meio de software gratuito, com base em palavras-chave e em coautorias de países e instituições. As contribuições globais dos países para a literatura sobre genética oftálmica foram apresentadas em gráfico. Resultados: a busca por pesquisas revelou um total de 2.322 documentos cuja maioria eram artigos originais (75,75%). Os EUA foram o país que mais produziu artigos sobre o tema, com 45,39% de todos os documentos em pesquisa genética oftálmica; ele foi seguido pelo Reino Unido, Alemanha, China e França. A Universidade da Pensilvânia foi a instituição que mais contribuiu para a literatura (5,25%), e foi seguida pela University College London e pelo Moorfields Eye Hospital. A média de citações por item foi de 29,4. As palavras-chave mais usadas em um período de 40 anos foram 'família', 'célula', 'fotorreceptor' e 'expressão'. Conclusões: Os EUA e o Reino Unido dominaram a pesquisa em genética oftálmica. Após 2010, observou-se um aumento substancial no número de documentos publicados nessa área.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Therapy , Bibliometrics , Eye Diseases, Hereditary , Eye Diseases/genetics , Eye Diseases/therapy , Ophthalmology/trends , Periodicals as Topic/trends , Periodicals as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Publications , Publishing/statistics & numerical data , Databases, Factual , Genomics/trends , Genetic Research
15.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154863

ABSTRACT

En Cuba, el proceso de superación en oftalmología comienza en el período colonial y republicano, con un carácter elitista, lo cual se modifica al triunfar la revolución. En esa época la actividad social más importante fue extender los servicios oftalmológicos hasta los lugares recónditos para facilitar la atención a la población. Considerando lo anterior se realizó el presente estudio con el objetivo de caracterizar las diferentes etapas del proceso de superación de los oftalmólogos cubanos. Se presentan algunos fundamentos teóricos que justifican la necesidad de la superación permanente y continuada de los oftalmólogos, tomando en cuenta sus peculiaridades formativas. Se concluye que en la oftalmología cubana la superación profesional constituye una vía importante para brindar servicios de excelencia en todos los niveles de atención de salud.


In Cuba, the training process in ophthalmology begins in the colonial and republican period, with an elitist character, that is modified after the triumph of the revolution. In that time the most important social activity was to extend the ophthalmological services up to the most isolated places to facilitate population care. Considering the above-mentioned the present study, aimed at characterizing the different stages of the Cuban ophthalmologists training process, was carried out. Some theoretical foundations that justify the necessity of the permanent and continuous training of the ophthalmologists are presented, taking into account their training peculiarities. It is concluded that in Cuban ophthalmology the professional training constitutes an important way to offer excellence services in all health care levels.


Subject(s)
Ophthalmology/education , Health Postgraduate Programs , Professional Training , History of Medicine
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877731

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Teleophthalmology may assist the healthcare sector in adapting to limitations imposed on clinical practice by a viral pandemic. A scoping review is performed in this study to assess the current applications of teleophthalmology for its suitability to diagnose, monitor or manage ophthalmological conditions with accuracy.@*METHODS@#A search of PubMed was conducted for teleophthalmology-related articles published from 1 January 2018 to 4 May 2020. Only articles that focused on the use of teleophthalmology in terms of diagnosis and management, as well as its benefits and detriments, were included. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) was used to assess the quality of the included articles.@*RESULTS@#A total of 38 articles were assessed at the full-text level. There were 2 qualitative studies and 1 quantitative randomised controlled trial, while the majority were either quantitative descriptive studies (19, 50.0%) or quantitative non-randomised studies (16, 42.1%). Overall, 8 studies described reducing manpower requirements, 4 described reducing direct patient-doctor contact, 17 described storage of medical imaging and clinical data, and 9 described real-time teleconferencing. The MMAT analysis revealed limitations in appropriate sampling strategy in both quantitative non-randomised studies (9 of 16, 56.3%) and quantitative descriptive studies (9 of 19, 47.4%). Cost-effectiveness of teleophthalmology was not performed in any included study.@*CONCLUSION@#This current review of the various aspects of teleophthalmology describes how it may potentially assist the healthcare sector to cope with the limitations imposed by a viral pandemic through technology. Further research is required to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the various strategies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/transmission , Humans , Ophthalmology/organization & administration , Telemedicine/organization & administration
17.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 16-22, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877068

ABSTRACT

@#Objective. To determine operating room efficiency for elective ophthalmologic surgeries requiring general anesthesia in a public tertiary institution based on standard efficiency parameters. Methods. Prospective observational cross-sectional study of randomly selected elective cases requiring general anesthesia from April 2019 to June 2019 in the Department of Ophthalmology of the Philippine General Hospital. A single third-party observer recorded operating room milestones from which efficiency parameters were determined and compared with local and international guidelines and efficiency benchmarks. Results. A total of fifty cases from the Retina, Plastic, Orbit, Glaucoma, and Motility services were observed. None started on the specified start time of 6:30 a.m., with surgeries starting an average of 52 ± 11.90 minutes after. Across subspecialties, median surgical preparation time was statistically significant (χ2: 12.01, p: 0.02), with the Retina and Orbit services having the most extended duration. Across age groups, pediatric cases had lower mean anesthesia preparation times (t: 2.15, df: 48, p: 0.04) and median trans-out lag times (χ2: 4.56, p: 0.03) than adults. Overall, more than 60% of cases reached targets for induction and surgical lag time. Turnaround for adult and pediatric patients was 75 ± 22.77 minutes and 71 ± 14.91 minutes, respectively. Benchmarking analysis showed that the first case on time, entry lag, and exit lag were below the 50th percentile while the room turnover time was above the 95th percentile. Conclusion. Ensuring efficiency requires a multidisciplinary team approach. This research can guide administrators in determining interventions to increase operating room efficiency.


Subject(s)
Operating Rooms , Efficiency , Ophthalmology
18.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-7, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369603

ABSTRACT

Objective: Technological development has promoted several advances in society, including the creation of smartphones, which have been increasingly used in medicine, especially in ophthalmology. This study aimed to review the use of smartphones in ophthalmology. Methods: In January of 2020, the MEDLINE and LILACS databases were selected to provide articles containing the terms "Ophthalmology" and "Smartphone", filtering the results between the years of 2015 and 2019. The evaluated outcomes were finally included into the following categories in the discussion: "Visual acuity", "Amblyopia and strabismus", "Anterior segment", "Posterior segment", "Glaucoma", "Community patient education and assistance" and "Neurophthalmology". Results: Smartphones can be useful in several different areas of ophthalmology and can provide the patients better understating and adhesion to their treatment. Conclusion: Applications can be used as tools to facilitate the work of several professionals and improve the understanding of patients about their clinical conditions.


Objetivo: O desenvolvimento tecnológico tem promovido diversos avanços na sociedade, incluindo a criação de smartphones, que têm sido cada vez mais utilizados na medicina, principalmente na oftalmologia. O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar o uso de smartphones na oftalmologia. Métodos: Durante o mês de janeiro de 2020, as bases de dados MEDLINE e LILACS foram selecionadas para buscar artigos contendo os termos "Oftalmologia" e "Smartphone", filtrando os resultados entre os anos de 2015 e 2019. Os dados avaliados foram, finalmente, incluídos nas seguintes categorias na discussão: "Acuidade visual", "Ambliopia e estrabismo", "Segmento anterior", "Segmento posterior", "Glaucoma", "Assistência e educação ao paciente da comunidade" e "Neuroftalmologia". Resultados: Os smartphones podem ser úteis em diversas áreas da oftalmologia e fornecem melhor compreensão e adesão dos pacientes ao tratamento. Conclusão: O uso de aplicativos pode ser utilizado como ferramenta para facilitar o trabalho de diversos profissionais e melhorar o entendimento dos pacientes sobre suas condições clínicas.


Subject(s)
Ophthalmology , Smartphone , Therapeutics , Visual Acuity , Technological Development , Glaucoma
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