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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213400, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254527

ABSTRACT

Aim: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the oral hygiene habits, oral health conditions, and the perception about the influence of oral health conditions on the physical performance of youth and professional volleyball and soccer athletes. Methods: A total of 96 male athletes participated: 48 volleyball players (25 youth and 23 professional players); and 48 soccer players, of whom 22 were youth, and 26 were professional players. We analyzed the oral hygiene and oral health condition (daily toothbrush, flossing, mouthwash, dental plaque, orthodontic treatment, dental/facial trauma, temporomandibular dysfunction, malocclusion, and the athletes' perception about the influence of oral health conditions on the physical performance (yes or no)). Comparisons were made between the youth and professional athletes for each sport (volleyball and soccer). According to each variable, we applied the Chi-square, Fisher's Exact, and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: For soccer athletes, we found significant differences between youth and professionals for: flossing (p=0.014), orthodontic treatment (p=0.028), dental/facial trauma (p=0.041), and the athletes' perception about oral health and physical performance (p<0.001). Considering the category (youth and professional) regardless of the type of sport, we found significant differences for dental plaque (p=0.024) and dental/facial trauma (p=0.005). According to the sport (volleyball and soccer), independent of the category, we found significant differences for daily brushing, dental/facial trauma (p=0.005), and the athletes' perception about oral health and physical performance (p=0.006). Conclusion: We concluded that the surveyed athletes had good oral health and believed that oral health can influence sports performance


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Oral Hygiene , Sports , Oral Health , Athletic Performance
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211701, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254532

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate how meta-analyses are conducted and reported in dentistry. Methods: We conducted a search to identify dentistry-related Systematic Reviews (SRs) indexed in PubMed in 2017 (from January 01 until December 31) and published in the English language. We included only SRs reporting at least one meta-analysis. The study selection followed the 4-phase flow set forth in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement (PRISMA), and it was independently conducted by two researchers. Data extraction was performed by one of three reviewers, and data related to conducting and reporting of the meta-analysis were collected. Descriptive data analysis was performed summarizing frequencies for categorical items or median and interquartile range for continuous data. Results: We included 214 SRs with meta-analyses. Most of the studies reported in the title that a meta-analysis was conducted. We identified three critical flaws in the included studies: Ninety (90) meta-analyses (43.1%) did not specify the primary outcome; most of the meta-analyses reported that a measure of statistical heterogeneity was used to justify the use of a fixed-effect or random-effects meta-analysis model (n=114, 58.5%); and a great part did not assess publication bias (n=106, 49.5%). Conclusion: We identified deficiencies in the reporting and conduct of meta-analysis in dentistry, suggesting that there is room for improvement. Educational approaches are necessary to improve the quality of such analyses and to avoid biased and imprecise results


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic
3.
Univ. salud ; 23(3): 291-300, sep.-dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341776

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: A pesar de la implementación de diversas estrategias para atender la problemática en salud bucal, aun esta adolece de una visión de integralidad del ser humano y la práctica sanitaria. Objetivo: Analizar desde una perspectiva interpretativa y crítica la salud bucal, con énfasis en el caso colombiano, como práctica sanitaria y profesional, siguiendo la lógica de su relación con la salud sistémica y la salud pública. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una revisión narrativa de tipo documental, mediante la búsqueda en las bases de datos Pubmed y Google escolarship (GS) en los últimos 5 años con los términos booleanos (periodontitis or oral pahology) and (systemic diseases), para la pregunta guía: ¿Cómo la patología bucal influye en las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles? Resultados: Se identificaron asociaciones de la patología bucal con la salud sistémica, con las ECNT (diabetes, enfermedades cardiovasculares, embarazo y eclampsia, enfermedad perinatal, Alzheimer), entre otras. Conclusiones: Es consistente en la literatura la relación biunívoca de la enfermedad periodontal con las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, aunque no se concluye sobre relaciones de causalidad. Se proponen algunas estrategias de salud pública y articulación de la práctica sanitaria interprofesional.


Abstract Introduction: Despite the implementation of diverse strategies to address oral health problems, they still lack an integral vision of both the human being and health practice. Objective: To analyze oral health as a medical and professional practice from an interpretative and critical perspective. The Colombian context was highlighted as well as the association of oral health with systemic and public health. Materials and methods: A documentary narrative review was conducted, searching the Boolean terms: (periodontitis or oral pathology) and (systematic diseases). The guiding question used was, "How does oral pathology affect chronic non-communicable diseases?" and the search included the last five years. Results: Associations of oral health with systemic health, CNCDs (diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, eclampsia, perinatal disease, and Alzheimer's), among others, were identified. Conclusions: A biunivocal relationship between periodontal disease and chronic non-communicable diseases is consistent in the literature, but causal relationships are difficult to conclude. Both public health strategies and an articulation of the interprofessional health practice are proposed.


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Public Health , Global Health , Colombia , Health Promotion
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211359, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252506

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the effects of an intervention for the prevention of obesity on the prevalence of dental caries disease in Spanish children. Methods: Two cities participated intervention study nested in a cohort IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary and lifestyle induced health effects in children and infants): Huesca, where there was a 2-year intervention, which encouraged less sugar consumption; and Zaragoza (control). The prevalence of caries was evaluated by examining the 1st permanent molars in the 7-11 age range, using the ICDAS (International Caries Detection and Assessment System). These teeth erupt at 6 years of age and at the baseline (2007-2008) were free of caries because they were not present in the oral cavity. As outcomes, white spots were selected, combining the ICDAS criteria 1 and 2, and untreated caries, combining criteria 4, 5 and 6. Their association with socioeconomic variables, BMI (Body Mass Index), frequency of sugar intake, sex and parents' perceptions of their children, was investigated. To do so, the chi-square test was applied (p<0.05). Results: The sample consisted of 281 children. The prevalence of white spots and untreated caries was higher in Huesca, despite the intervention. There was no association between the outcomes and the variables studied (p>0.05). Conclusion: The intervention for the prevention of obesity did not exert any association with the prevalence of caries in Spanish children


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Health , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Obesity
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211606, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253158

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present study sought to investigate dental caries experience and its association with sociodemographic, postnatal and breastfeeding variables in children in the agerange from 6 to 71 months of age, in the Xingu Indigenous Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that used secondary data pertaining to 402 indigenous children of the Low, Middle and Eastern Xingu regions, who participated in the Oral Health Epidemiological Survey in 2013. The dependent variable was dental caries, dichotomized by the median (dmf-t≤1 and dmf-t>1). The data of independent variables were obtained by means of instruments of the Local Health Information System of the Xingu Indigenous Special Sanitary District (DSEI). Raw analyses were performed to test the association of the independent variables with the dependent variable. The variables were tested in the multiple logistic regression model. Results: The mean value of the dmf-t index was 2.60 and the prevalence of affected children was 51%. In the multiple analysis, only children older than 36 months (OR: 6.64; CI95%: 4.11 to 10.73) and those that were breastfed for a longer period of time (OR: 1.88; CI95%: 1.16 to 3.02) showed significant association with the dmf-t>1 index. Conclusion: Childhood dental caries among indigenous children was associated with age and breastfeeding prolonged for over 26 months, therefore, pointing out the need to offer dental follow-up care at earlier ages


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Breast Feeding , Indians, South American , Oral Health , Dental Caries
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211883, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253946

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate perceived family cohesion and adaptability and its association with trauma, malocclusion and anthropometry in school adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 921 adolescents from 13 to 19 years old of both sexes, enrolled in state public schools of a northeastern Brazilian municipality. A questionnaire with sociodemographic questions, the FACES III scale was applied and a clinical oral examination (dental trauma and malocclusion) and anthropometric (BMI by age) were performed. For statistical analysis, was evaluated by the Chi-square test. The variables that presented significance in the bivariate analysis of up to 25% were taken to the multivariate analysis (multinomial logistic regression), variables that presented significance in bivariate analysis of up to 25% were taken to multivariate analysis and all conclusions were drawn considering the significance level of 5%. Results: As a result, it was identified that displaced families were associated with low maternal education, agglutinated families associated with the absence of caries. Rigid families were associated with marked overjet and caries. The prevalence of dental trauma (37.5%) was considered high. Conclusion: It was concluded that family cohesion and adaptability were associated with oral health and socioeconomic factors


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Anthropometry , Oral Health , Adolescent , Tooth Injuries/epidemiology , Holistic Health , Malocclusion/epidemiology
7.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 237-244, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348220

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um relato de experiência, que descreve, sob estratégia narrativo-argumentativa, as significâncias político-pedagógicas atreladas ao planejamento estratégico de ações de educação em saúde bucal vivenciadas em um ambiente escolar e experimentadas por acadêmicos estagiários de um curso de Odontologia. Após análise detalhada, algumas inferências se destacaram: o reconhecimento do ambiente escolar como território fértil para o desenvolvimento de ações promotoras de saúde; a efetividade do instrumento "TPC" (Teorizar-Praticar-Criticar) no direcionamento dos acadêmicos estagiários no planejamento estratégico de atividades de educação em saúde bucal; a importância de se disseminar, em espaços científicos, os aprendizados advindos de experimentações práticas de estágios.


This is a report on an experience that describes, under a narrative-argumentative strategy, the political-pedagogical significance linked to the strategic planning of oral health education actions experienced in a school environment and experienced by university trainees from a Dentistry course. After a detailed analysis, some inferences were observed: the recognition of the school environment as a fertile territory for the development of health-promoting actions; the effectiveness of the "TPC" (Theorize-Practice-Criticize) instrument in directing university trainees in the strategic planning of oral health education activities; the importance of disseminating, in scientific spaces, the learning from practical experimentation during internships.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Play and Playthings , Strategic Planning/standards , Health Education, Dental/methods , Oral Hygiene/education , Students, Dental , Training Support/methods , Health Policy, Planning and Management/organization & administration , Oral Health/education , Scientific and Technical Activities , Health Promotion/methods , Learning
8.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Especial 2): 234-245, 20211010.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342851

ABSTRACT

Este relato apresenta a experiência da elaboração e desenvolvimento da primeira etapa (turmas 1 a 5) do Curso de Biossegurança para Equipes de Saúde Bucal em tempos de Covid-19, por docentes da Escola de Saúde Pública do Estado da Bahia Professor Jorge Novis (ESPBA), instituição pertencente à Superintendência de Recursos Humanos da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado da Bahia (Sesab). A experiência decorre do enfrentamento da pandemia da Covid-19 no estado da Bahia, considerando as formas de transmissão da doença pelo contato direto entre pessoas, pela fala, tosse, espirro e aerossóis. As glândulas salivares são reservatórios do SARS-CoV-2, vírus responsável pela doença, e o ambiente odontológico possui grande risco de propagação desse microrganismo. Trata-se de um curso autoinstrucional, que utiliza a plataforma Moodle EAD-SUS da ESPBA, composto por cinco videoaulas, contemplando a parte operativa e a prática clínica sobre biossegurança em tempos de Covid-19. O curso foi ofertado por regiões de saúde, priorizando as turmas iniciais de acordo com os indicadores epidemiológicos do número de casos. Foi contabilizado o número de inscritos por região de saúde, o número de acessos e o número de avaliações de conteúdo e do curso. Notou-se interesse dos profissionais da área na temática de biossegurança, mas questões estruturais e de sobrecarga de trabalho podem ter comprometido a realização de todas as etapas do curso. Ainda assim, o curso obteve ótima avaliação pelos discentes, revelando sucesso da ação educativa.


This report shows the experience of report of the elaboration and development of the first stage (classes 1 to 5) of the "Biosafety Course for Oral Health Teams in times of Covid-19", by professors from the School of Public Health of the State of Bahia Professor Jorge Novis (ESPBA), an institution belonging to Superintendence of Human Resources of the Health Department of the State of Bahia. The experience stems from coping with the Covid-19 pandemic in the State of Bahia, Brazil, considering the forms of transmission of the disease through direct contact with people, through speech, coughing, sneezing and aerosols. Salivary glands are reservoirs of SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the disease, and the dental environment has a high risk of spreading this microorganism. It was a self-instructional course using ESPBA's Moodle EAD-SUS platform, consisting of five video classes, covering the operational part and clinical practice on Biosafety in Covid-19 times. The course was offered by health regions, prioritizing the initial classes according to the epidemiological indicators of the number of cases. The number of enrolled students by health regions, the number of accesses and the number of content and course evaluations were estimated. The interest of professionals in the area in the theme of Biosafety was noted; however, structural and work overload issues may have compromised the performance of all stages of the course. The course obtained excellent evaluation by the students, showing the success of the educational action.


Este informe presenta la experiencia de la elaboración y desarrollo de la primera etapa (clases 1 a 5) del Curso de Bioseguridad para Equipos de Salud Bucal en tiempos de Covid-19 por profesores de la Escuela de Salud Pública del Estado de Bahía Profesor Jorge Novis (ESPBA), institución perteneciente a Superintendencia de Recursos Humanos de la Secretaría de Salud del Estado de Bahía (Sesab). La experiencia surge del afrontamiento de la pandemia de covid-19 en el estado de Bahía, considerando las formas de transmisión de la enfermedad mediante el contacto directo entre personas, habla, tos, estornudos y aerosoles. Las glándulas salivales son reservorios del Sars-CoV-2, el virus responsable de la enfermedad, y el entorno dental tiene un alto riesgo de propagar este microorganismo. Este curso de autoaprendizaje utiliza la plataforma Moodle EAD-SUS de ESPBA y consta de cinco videoclases, cubriendo la parte operativa y práctica clínica sobre bioseguridad en tiempos de covid-19. El curso fue impartido en regiones sanitarias, priorizando las clases iniciales según los indicadores epidemiológicos del número de casos. Se contabilizó el número de inscritos por regiones sanitarias, el número de accesos y el número de evaluaciones de contenido y cursos. Se observó que los profesionales del área se interesaban en el tema de bioseguridad, pero los problemas estructurales y de sobrecarga de trabajo pueden haber comprometido el desempeño de todas las etapas del curso. El programa obtuvo una excelente evaluación por parte de los estudiantes, revelando el éxito de la acción educativa.


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Coronavirus , Containment of Biohazards , Pandemics , COVID-19
9.
Rev. Rede cuid. saúde ; 15(1): [28-46], 15/07/2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282340

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever conhecimentos e práticas dos ACS, no tocante ao cuidado em saúde bucal (SB) na gestação. Métodos: Estudo transversal, com 157 ACS, vinculados às Unidades de Saúde da Atenção Básica (AB) em Vitória da Conquista-Bahia. Utilizou-se formulário com três blocos: perfil sociodemográfico; formação profissional; conhecimentos e atitudes referentes à SB na gestação. Resultados: Verificaram-se incertezas quanto aos cuidados odontológicos seguros na gestação: 52,9% apontaram apenas tratamento não-cirúrgico; 34% julgam anestesia necessária; 54,8% excluem radiografia). No tocante aos determinantes de SB da criança: 65,6% acreditam que antibiótico aumenta risco de cárie; 48,7% acreditam que cárie é causada por produtos açucarados. Observou-se ausência de abordagem na visita domiciliar (38,2%); busca ativa para pré-natal odontológico (30,6%); participação no planejamento de atividades educativas (43,9%). Conclusão: Existem fragilidades no tocante aos conhecimentos/práticas do ACS sobre a SB do binômio mãe-bebê. Evidencia-se necessidade da educação permanente como dispositivo de instrumentalização do processo de trabalho ACS.


Objective: To describe ACS knowledge and practices regarding oral health (OH) care during pregnancy. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 157 ACS, from Basic Health Care Units (AB) in Vitória da Conquista-Bahia. It was used a form with three parts: sociodemographic profile; professional qualification; knowledge and attitudes about OH during pregnancy. Results: There were uncertainties regarding safe dental care during pregnancy: 52.9% reported only non-surgical treatment; 34% consider anesthesia necessary; 54.8% excluded radiography). Regarding the OH determinants of the child: 65.6% believe that antibiotic increases risk of caries; 48.7% believe that sugary products cause caries. There was no approach at home visit (38.2%); active search for prenatal dentistry (30.6%); participation in the planning of educational activities (43.9%). Conclusion: There are weaknesses regarding ACS knowledge/practices about OH of the mother-baby binomial. Permanent education is necessary as an instrument to improve ACS practices in oral health care during pregnancy and childhood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Oral Health , Community Health Workers , Pregnant Women
11.
Medisan ; 25(3)2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1287300

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El envejecimiento constituye la transformación demográfica más importante del mundo actual. La mayor proporción de personas de edad avanzada en la comunidad supone un reto de extraordinaria trascendencia en cuanto a la satisfacción de sus demandas sociales, sanitarias, económicas y culturales. Objetivo: Determinar los factores biopsíquicos relacionados con la rehabilitación protésica dental en ancianos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 60 ancianos pertenecientes a la Casa de Abuelos "Corazones contentos" del reparto Sueño -categorizados en adaptados y resistentes según factores psicológicos-, quienes acudieron al Departamento de Prótesis de la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente Mártires del Moncada de Santiago de Cuba, desde marzo del 2018 hasta enero de 2020. Resultados: En la serie primaron los pacientes de 80 y más años de edad y del sexo femenino. Como característica biológica relevante figuró el desdentamiento total y como enfermedad crónica no trasmisible fue más frecuente la diabetes mellitus. De igual modo, el mayor número de ancianos correspondió a la categoría psicológica de resistente. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los ancianos se caracterizaron por un perfil psicológico resistente, determinado por un estilo de afrontamiento pasivo, expresión emocional negativa e inexistencia de autonomía, lo que condicionaba una actitud dañina hacia su salud bucal.


Introduction: Aging constitutes the most important demographic transformation nowadays. The higher proportion of elderly in the community supposes a challenge of extraordinary transcendence as for the satisfaction of their social, sanitary, economic and cultural demands. Objective: To determine the biopsychic factors related to the dental prosthetics rehabilitation in elderly. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 60 elderly was carried out in "Corazones contentos" Home for the elderly at Sueño neighborhood -categorized in adapted and resistant according to psychological factors- who went to the Prosthesis Department of Mártires del Moncada Teaching Provincial Stomatological Clinic in Santiago de Cuba, from March, 2018 to January, 2020. Results: In the series there was prevalence of 80 years and over patients from the female sex. As outstanding biological characteristic there is the total dental loss and as chronic non transmissible disease the diabetes mellitus was more frequent. In a same way, the higher number of elderly corresponded to the psychological category of resistant. Conclusions: Most of the elderly are characterized by a resistant psychological profile, determined by a style of passive confrontation, negative emotional expression and lack of autonomy, what conditioned a harmful attitude toward their oral health.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Mouth, Edentulous , Dental Prosthesis/psychology , Oral Health , Homes for the Aged , Mouth Rehabilitation
12.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3175, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289396

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La identificación de políticas públicas y estrategias en salud bucal, así como lo relacionado con sus propósitos, acciones y limitaciones, es un paso importante en la acción intersectorial en salud para alcanzar equidad. Objetivo: Describir las características principales de los documentos relacionados con planes, políticas y estrategias en salud bucal en Latinoamérica y el Caribe. Métodos: Estudio exploratorio mediante el análisis documental de fuentes secundarias de información disponibles en las páginas web de los ministerios de salud de 23 países, y rastreo sistemático en el buscador Google, sin restricción espacio-temporal. Se realizó análisis de contenido cuantitativo y cualitativo. Resultados: Se analizaron 85 documentos. Los países con mayor número de documentos relacionados con el tema propuesto fueron Colombia (n = 14), México (n = 8) y Panamá (n = 7). Una buena parte centran su atención en poblaciones específicas; por ejemplo: gestantes, comunidades vulnerables, escolares, maestros, entre otras. Tienen como propósito la disminución de factores de riesgo para las principales enfermedades bucales, desde enfoques relacionados con los determinantes sociales. El enfoque de género es más tímido y centra su atención en necesidades especiales de las mujeres en embarazo, parto y posparto. Los objetivos de la mayoría de los documentos analizados consistían en una atención integral sobre el estado de salud bucodental, mediante acciones de educación, promoción y actividades clínicas a la población, según sus necesidades. Conclusiones: Se encontró una representación importante de países que tienen documentos relacionados con programas y planes nacionales o locales y con indicadores que reflejan su cumplimiento. También existen guías prácticas de actuación. Aunque en el diseño y construcción de los documentos intervienen profesionales, sobre todo de la estomatología, falta la participación de otras áreas del conocimiento que ayudarían a lograr una visión más amplia hacia la determinación social de la salud(AU)


Introduction: The identification of public policies and strategies in oral health, as well as its purposes, actions and limitations is an important step in intersectoral action in health to achieve equity. Objective: To describe the main characteristics of the documents related to oral health plans, policies and strategies in Latin America en the Caribbean. Methods: An exploratory study was conducted by means of documentary analysis of secondary sources of information available on the websites of the ministries of health of 23 countries, and systematic search in the Google, without spatio-temporal restriction. Quantitative and qualitative content analysis was performed. Results: 85 documents were analyzed. The countries with the highest number of documents related to the research topic were Colombia (n = 14), Mexico (n = 8) and Panama (n = 7). A good part is focused on specific populations, such as pregnant women, socially vulnerable communities, school children, teachers, among others. Their purpose is to reduce risk factors for the main oral diseases, making important advances in approaches related to social determinants. However, the gender approach is more timid by focusing attention on the oral health special needs of women in pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum. The main objectives of most of the documents analyzed consisted of an integral attention on the state of oral health, applying education, promotion and clinical activities to the population, according to their needs. Conclusions: An important representation of countries with documents related to national or local programs and plans were found and they have indicators that reflect their compliance. Also practical action guides were described. Although many professionals, especially in dentistry, intervene in the design and construction of documents, the participation of other areas of knowledge is lacking, what will help to achieve a broader vision towards the social determination of health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Public Policy , Health Programs and Plans , Oral Health/trends , Health Strategies , Public Health Dentistry/methods , Search Engine/methods , Latin America
13.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 272-286, maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284577

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A terapia de bochecho com óleos vegetais é uma cultura tradicional na Índia com intuito de prevenir afecções bucais, como cárie e doença periodontal. Atualmente, com as mudanças nos padrões alimentares da sociedade, tem-se empregado com maior valor o uso de óleos naturais, já que estudos demonstram sua importância para saúde.Objetivo:Esta revisão integrativa teve como objetivo selecionar evidências que mostrassem a utilização de óleos vegetais, com ação antimicrobiana, no controle do biofilme dental. Metodologia:O levantamento bibliográfico foi realizado nos meses de julho e agosto de 2020, por meio de pesquisa por via eletrônica, consultando-se o banco de dados Pubmed e SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online). Foram utilizados os descritores: Óleos vegetais, agentes antimicrobianos, Placa dental, Odontologia preventiva e Odontologia, os descritores foram usados separadamente e em cruzamento com o operador boleano AND. Utilizou-se os seguintes critérios de inclusão: Estudos clínicos, artigos completos e disponíveis gratuitamente, publicados no período de 2010 a 2020 em português e/ou inglês, e indexados nas bases de dados já citadas. Foram excluídos os trabalhos de conclusão de curso, dissertações, teses, livros e capítulos de livros, além de artigos duplicados e que não abordaram o tema do estudo.Resultados:Atenderam os critérios da pesquisa 04 estudos do tipo clínico randomizado, os quais mostraram eficiência dos óleos vegetais utilizados no controle do biofilme dental. A realização de pesquisas envolvendo e motivando a industrialização de produtos naturaiscontribui para a Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares.Conclusões:Os artigos analisados mostraram eficácia na utilização de óleos vegetais no controle do biofilme dental, sendo esses aplicados clinicamente,não mostrando prejuízo aos participantes e indicados como coadjuvante na manutenção da saúde bucal (AU).


Introduction:Mouthwash therapy with vegetable oils is a traditional culture in India with the aim of preventing oral diseases, such as caries and periodontal disease. Currently, with the changes in the dietary patterns of society, the use of natural oils has been used with greater value, since studies demonstrate its importance for health.Objective:This integrative review aimed to select evidence that showed the use of vegetable oils, with antimicrobial action, in the control of dental biofilm. Methodology:Thebibliographic survey was carried out in July and August 2020, through electronic research, consulting the Pubmed and SciELO database (Scientific Electronic Library Online). The descriptors were used: Vegetable oils, antimicrobial agents, dental plaque, preventive dentistry and dentistry, the descriptors were used separately and in cross-section with the Boolean operator AND. The following inclusion criteria were used: Clinical studies, complete and freely available articles, published between 2010 and 2020in Portuguese and / or English, and indexed in the databases already cited. Course completion papers, dissertations, theses, books and book chapters were excluded, as well as duplicate articles that did not address the subject of the study. Results:Four studies of randomized clinical type met the research criteria, which showed efficiency of vegetable oils used in the control of dental biofilm. Conducting research involving and motivating the industrialization of natural products contributes to the National Policy on Integrative and Complementary Practices.Conclusions:The analyzed articles showed efficacy in the use of vegetable oils in the control of dental biofilm, which were applied clinically without showing any harm to the participants and indicatedas an adjunct in maintaining oral health (AU).


Introducción: La terapia de enjuague bucal con aceites vegetales es una cultura tradicional en India con el objetivo de prevenir enfermedades bucales, como caries y enfermedad periodontal. Actualmente, con los cambios en los patrones dietéticos de la sociedad, se ha utilizado con mayor valor el uso de aceites naturales, ya que los estudios demuestran su importancia para la salud. Objetivo: Esta revisión integradora tuvo como objetivo seleccionar evidencias que mostraran el uso de aceites vegetales, con acción antimicrobiana, en el control del biofilm dental.Metodología: El relevamiento bibliográfico se realizó en julio y agosto de 2020, mediante investigación electrónica, consultando la base de datos Pubmed y SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online). Se utilizaron los descriptores: Aceites vegetales, agentes antimicrobianos, placa dental, odontología preventiva y odontología, los descriptores se utilizaron por separado y en corte transversal con el operador booleano AND. Se utilizaron los siguientes criterios de inclusión: Estudios clínicos, artículos completos y de libre acceso, publicados entre 2010 y 2020 en portugués y / o inglés, e indexados en las bases de datos ya citadas. Se excluyeron trabajos de finalización de curso, disertaciones, tesis, libros y capítulosde libros, así como artículos duplicados que no abordaran el tema de estudio. Resultados: Cuatro estudios de tipo clínico aleatorizado cumplieron con los criterios de investigación, los cuales mostraron la eficiencia de los aceites vegetales utilizados enel control del biofilm dental. Realizar investigaciones que involucren y motiven la industrialización de productos naturales contribuye a la Política Nacional de Prácticas Integrativas y Complementarias.Conclusiones: Los artículos analizados mostraron eficacia en el uso de aceites vegetales en el control del biofilm dental, los cuales fueron aplicados clínicamente sin mostrar daño a los participantes e indicados como coadyuvante en el mantenimiento de la salud bucal (AU).


Subject(s)
Plant Oils , Oral Health , Dental Plaque/pathology , Anti-Infective Agents/immunology , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Biofilms
14.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 239-252, maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284554

ABSTRACT

Introdução:O consumo de drogas pode promover consequências para o organismo, sobretudo a cavidade bucal. Objetivo:Verificar quais são as substâncias psicoativas mais utilizadas e suasmanifestações na cavidade bucal. Metodologia:Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa, realizadana base de dados Medical Publications (PubMed) com os descritores "Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias (Substance-Related Disor-ders)" e "Odontologia (Dentistry)" com o operador booleano "And".Foram seleciona-dos artigos primeiramente por meio de leituras exploratórias dos seus títulos e resumos, seguida da leitura dos artigos na íntegra, levando em consideração os critérios de inclusão, que consistiam em textos completos, publicados nos idiomas Português e Inglês, do tipo estudo transversal indexados na base de dados referida, no período de 2015 a 2020 e que associassem o uso das substâncias psicoativas com as manifestaçõesna cavidade bucal, e os critérios de exclusão, que foram artigos de opinião, relatos de caso, revisões de literatura e os estudos que não abordassem sobre a temática da pesquisa. Resultados:A amostra foi composta por 5 artigos seleciona-dos, em que 4 deles realizaram a pesquisa com homens e mulheres e apenas 1 com homens, em ambos os trabalhos a idade dos participantes foram superiores a 18 anos e as substâncias psicoativas analisadasvariaram entre ópio, crack, cocaína, heroína, maconha, álcool e tabaco. Como consequência ao uso dessas substânciasa perda den-tária, presença de cárie dentária e doença periodontal foram as principais manifesta-çõesbucais. Conclusões:O consumo de substâncias psicoativas aumenta o limiar de dor, podendo mascarar a sintomatologia dolorosa das manifestações bucais e postergar a busca por tratamento odontológico, agravando, por vezes, a condição bucal do indivíduo. Sendo portanto, de extrema importância o conhecimento e atuação do cirurgião dentista frente ao usuário de drogas, desde a prevenção, diagnóstico etratamento do caso (AU).


Introduction:Drug use can have consequences for the body, especially the oral cavity.Objective:To investigate the most used psychoactive substances and their manifesta-tions in the oral cavity. Methodology:This is an integrative review, carried out in the Medical Publications database (PubMed) with the descriptors "Substance-Related Dis-orders (Substance-Related Disorders)" and "Dentistry (Dentistry)" with the Boolean operator "And". Articles were selected first through exploratory readings of their titles and abstracts, followed by reading the articles in full, taking into account the inclusion criteria, which consisted of full texts, published in Portuguese and English, of the cross-sectional type indexed in the referred database, in the period from 2015 to 2020 and that associated the use of psychoactive substances with the manifestations in the oral cavity, and the exclusion criteria, which were opinion articles, case reports, litera-ture reviews and studies that did not address the research theme.Results:The sample consisted of 5 selected articles, of which 4 of them researched with men and women and only 1 with men. In both studies, the participants' age was over 18 years, and the psychoactive substances analyzed varied between opium, crack, cocaine, heroin, ma-rijuana, alcohol, and tobacco. As a consequence of using these substances, tooth loss, dental caries, and periodontaldisease were the main oral manifestations.Conclusions:The consumption of psychoactive substances increases the pain threshold, masks the painful symptoms of oral manifestations and postpones the search for dental treat-ment, sometimes worsening the individual's oral condition. Therefore, the knowledge and performance of the dental surgeon concerning the drug user is essential, from pre-vention, diagnosis, and treatment of the case (AU).


Introducción:El consumo de drogas puede tener consecuencias en el organismo, es-pecialmente en la cavidad oral.Objetivo:Investigar las sustancias psicoactivas más utilizadas y sus manifestaciones en la cavidad oral.Metodología: Revisión integra-dora, realizada en la base de datos de publicaciones médicas (PubMed) con los des-criptores "Substance-Related Disorders (Trastornos relacionados con sustancias)" y "Dentistry (Odontología)" con el operador booleano "And". Los artículos fueron selec-cionados primero a través de la lectura exploratoria de sus títulos y resúmenes, se-guida de la lectura de los artículos en su totalidad, teniendo en cuenta los criterios de inclusión, que consistieron en textos completos, publicados en portugués e inglés, de tipo transversal indexados en la referida base de datos, en el período de 2015 a 2020 y que asociaran el uso de sustancias psicoactivas con las manifestaciones en la cavidad oral, y los criterios de exclusión, que fueron los artículos de opinión, los informes de casos, las revisiones bibliográficas y los estudios que no abordaron el tema de investi-gación. Resultados:Consistió en 5 artículos seleccionados, de los cuales 4 investigaron con hombres y mujeres y sólo 1 con hombres. En ambos estudios, la edad de los parti-cipantes era superior a 18 años y las sustancias psicoactivas analizadas variaban entre opio, crack, cocaína, heroína, marihuana, alcohol y tabaco. Como consecuencia del consumo de estas sustancias, la pérdida de dientes, la caries dental y la enfermedad periodontal fueron las principales manifestaciones orales.Conclusiones: El consumo de sustancias psicoactivas aumenta el umbral del dolor, enmascara los síntomas dolo-rosos de las manifestaciones orales y pospone la búsqueda de tratamiento odontoló-gico, empeorando en ocasiones la condición oral del individuo. Por lo tanto, el conoci-miento y la actuación del cirujano dentista en relación con el consumidor de drogas es esencial, desde la prevención, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento del caso (AU).


Subject(s)
Oral Manifestations , Periodontal Diseases , Oral Health/education , Substance-Related Disorders/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Qualitative Research , Dentistry
15.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(1): e3360, ene.-mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156422

ABSTRACT

La salud bucal y la felicidad requieren acción social. El buen estado de salud es uno de los principales determinantes de la felicidad, pues produce alegría y se expresa habitualmente a través de la sonrisa o risa que pudieran resultar inhibidas por afecciones bucales. La campaña "Unidos por la salud bucal", impulsada por la Federación Dental Internacional a nivel mundial, hace un llamado a decisores, profesionales y a la población para que asuman compromisos orientados a reducir la carga global de las enfermedades bucales. El establecimiento de compromisos y las acciones consecuentes pueden contribuir a mejoras en la salud bucal, aunque para ello es necesario establecer acciones sistemáticas. En el contexto cubano, es una fortaleza que la estrategia de la estomatología sea nacional y tenga un enfoque de salud pública, si bien se hace necesario reforzar el seguimiento y evaluación del impacto de las acciones, estimular la creatividad, la comunicación dialogada y revisar cuáles compromisos deben ser consolidados para contribuir a la salud bucal y, por consiguiente, a la felicidad(AU)


Oral health and happiness require social action. The good health is one of the main determinants of happiness, since it produces joy and is usually expressed through a smile or laughter that could be inhibited by oral conditions. The International Dental Federation's "United for Oral Health" Campaign in 2020 aims to make commitments for decision-makers, professionals and the population to reduce the global burden of oral diseases. Establishing commitments and consequent actions can contribute to improvements in oral health, making it necessary to establish systematic actions. In the Cuban context, it is a strength that the stomatology strategy is national and has a public health focus, although it is necessary to reinforce the monitoring and evaluation of the impact of the actions, stimulate creativity, dialogue communication, and review which commitments they must be consolidated to contribute to oral health and therefore to happiness."(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Health/trends , Happiness , Health Promotion/methods , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control , Smiling , Health Status
16.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(1): 227-238, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250677

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: investigate the association between breastfeeding duration and the incidence of severe caries in preschoolers. Methods: a cohort study was conducted with 132 pairs of mothers and children in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. Data collection was performed in 2 moments: when the children were between two and three years of age (baseline- 2013/2014) and after three years (T1-2016/2017). In both moments, children were evaluated for dental caries (International Caries Detection and Assessment System - ICDAS) and a questionnaire was administered to the mothers addressing socioeconomic aspects and thee habits of children. The outcome evaluated was the incidence of severe caries (Dentin caries - ICDAS Codes 5 and 6). Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, chi-squared test and Poisson hierarchical regression with robust variance. Results: children who breastfed for more than 24 months (RR = 2.24 CI95%= 1.23-4.08), those whose parents were separated (RR = 1.73 CI95%= 1.11-2.69), and those with estab-lished/severe caries (RR = 2.74 CI95%= 1.37-5.49) at baseline were at greater risk of incidence of severe caries after three years. Conclusion: breastfeeding for more than 24 months is a risk factor for incidence of severe caries. In addition, family structure and established or severe baseline caries were associated.


Resumo Objetivos: investigar a associação entre a duração da amamentação e a incidência de cárie grave em pré-escolares. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo de coorte com 132 pares de mães e crianças de Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brasil. As crianças foram avaliadas em dois momentos: dois e três anos de idade (baseline-2013/2014) e após três anos (T1- 2016/2017). Dados socioeconómicos e relativos aos hábitos das criançasforam obtidos por meio de entrevistas com as mães e a presença de cárie dentária foi diagnosticada segundo o protocolo "International Caries Detection and Assessment System - ICDAS". O desfecho foi a incidência de cárie grave (cárie em dentina - códigos ICDAS 5 e 6). Para análise dos dados empregou-se regressão hierárquica de Poisson com variância robusta. Resultados: crianças que amamentaram por mais de 24 meses (RR = 2,24 IC95%= 1,234,08), cujos pais viviam separados no baseline (RR = 1,73 IC95%= 1,11-2,69) e aquelas com cárie estabelecida ou grave no baseline (RR = 2, 74 IC950%= 1,37-5,49) estavam em maior risco de incidência de cárie grave após 3 anos. Conclusão: a amamentação por mais de 24 meses foi um fator de risco para a incidência de cárie dentária grave em pré-escolares. Além disso, estrutura familiar e cárie estabelecida ou grave no baseline estiveram associados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Socioeconomic Factors , Breast Feeding , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dentin , Brazil/epidemiology , Oral Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cohort Studies
17.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 34(1): 1-10, 17/02/2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291261

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar o grau de extensão dos atributos da Atenção Primária à Saúde e fatores associados na perspectiva de cirurgiões-dentistas. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com cirurgiões-dentistas de Sobral, Ceará, Brasil, de abril a agosto de 2019, utilizando o Instrumento de Avaliação da Atenção Primária à Saúde (Primary Care Assessment Tool - versão profissional), validado para serviços de saúde bucal. Dados sociodemográficos e profissionais também foram coletados. Foi realizada análise de associação e regressão logística binária utilizando variáveis profissionais e o valor da extensão dos atributos. Resultados: A partir da amostra, constituída por 50 cirurgiões-dentistas vinculados à Atenção Primária à Saúde, os resultados indicaram: os serviços de saúde bucal têm forte orientação para a Atenção Primária à Saúde (7,22), com o menor escore para o atributo acesso (3,48) e o maior para o atributo integralidade - serviços prestados (9,70). O maior valor dos atributos esteve associado a um aumento do valor do salário bruto e a não possuir outra atividade remunerada. Ser do sexo feminino, não possuir outra atividade remunerada e estar satisfeito profissionalmente com o trabalho em Atenção Primária à Saúde foram fatores preditivos para o aumento do valor dos atributos. Conclusão: A Atenção Primária à Saúde foi bem avaliada pelos cirurgiões-dentistas, porém com baixo valor do acesso e aumento da satisfação profissional como valor preditivo para melhoria do desempenho com base nos atributos.


Objective: To analyze the degree of extension of Primary Health Care attributes and associated factors from the perspective of dental surgeons. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out with dental surgeons from Sobral, Ceará, from April to August 2019 using the Primary Care Assessment Tool - Professional Version validated for oral health services. Sociodemographic and professional data were also collected. Association analysis and binary logistic regression were performed using professional variables and the value of the extension of the attributes. Results: The results obtained from a sample consisting of 50 dental surgeons linked to Primary Health Care showed that: oral health services have a strong orientation to Primary Health Care (7.22), with the lowest score found for the attribute access (3.48) and the highest for the comprehensiveness attribute - services provided (9.70). The highest value of the attributes was associated with an increase in the value of the gross salary and having no other paid job. Being a woman, not having any other paid job and being professionally satisfied with work in Primary Health Care were predictive factors for the increase in the value of the attributes. Conclusion: Primary Health Care was well evaluated by dental surgeons, but with low values for access and increased job satisfaction as a predictive value for improving performance based on attributes.


Objetivo: Analizar el grado de extensión de los atributos de la Atención Primaria de Salud y los factores asociados en la perspectiva de cirujanos dentistas. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal realizado con cirujanos dentistas de Sobral, Ceará, Brasil, entre abril y agosto de 2019, utilizándose el Instrumento de Evaluación de la Atención Primaria de Salud (Primary Care Assessment Tool ­ versión profesional), validado para los servicios de salud bucal. También se ha recogido los datos sociodemográficos y profesionales. Se ha realizado el análisis de asociación y regresión logística binaria utilizándose las variables profesionales y el valor de la extensión de los atributos. Resultados: A partir de la muestra de 50 cirujanos dentistas vinculados a la Atención Primaria de Salud, los resultados indicaron que los servicios de salud bucal tienen fuerte orientación para la Atención Primaria de Salud (7,22) con la más baja puntuación para el atributo acceso (3,48) y la mayor para el atributo integralidad ­ servicios ofrecidos (9,70). El mayor valor de los atributos se asoció con el aumento del valor del sueldo bruto y con el hecho de no tener outra actividad de pago. El hecho de ser del sexo femenino, no tener otra actividad de pago y estar satisfecha profesionalmente con el trabajo de la Atención Primaria de Salud han sido factores predictivos para el aumento del valor de los atributos. Conclusión: La Atención Primaria de Salud ha sido bien evaluada por los cirujanos dentistas, aunque con pequeño valor de acceso y el aumento de la satisfacción profesional como valor predictivo para la mejoría del desempeño basado en los atributos.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Health Services Research , Oral Health
19.
Rev. ADM ; 78(1): 42-47, ene.-feb- 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177761

ABSTRACT

La pandemia por COVID-19 no sólo ha generado un impacto negativo en la salud, sino que la economía global también se ha visto mermada, afectando más a los países subdesarrollados. Con relación a estos daños en las finanzas de los profesionales de la salud, existen algunos efectos que derivan de la pandemia COVID-19, los cuales tienen una fuerte repercusión en la economía de todos los trabajadores a nivel mundial y el ámbito odontológico no es la excepción. Esta revisión se obtuvo mediante la búsqueda de la información en una exploración electrónica en las bases de datos PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS, SciELO y Latindex. El impacto económico derivado de esta pandemia, sin lugar a dudas, ha afectado la economía de los odontólogos de práctica pública y privada, por lo que la toma de decisiones en la odontología debe contemplar un uso equilibrado de los recursos financieros (AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic has not only generated a negative impact on health, but the global economy has also been reduced, being the underdeveloped countries the most affected ones. In relation to these damages in the finances of health professionals, there are some effects that derive from the COVID-19 pandemic, having a strong impact on the economy of all workers worldwide and the dental field is no exception. This review was obtained by searching the information through an electronic examination in databases like PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS, SciELO and Latindex databases. The economic impact derived from this pandemic has undoubtedly affected the economy of dentists in public and private practice, so that decision-making in dentistry must consider a balanced use of financial resources (AU)


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Economics, Dental , Pandemics , General Practice, Dental , Oral Health , Databases, Bibliographic , Decision Making , Developing Countries , Financial Resources in Health , Health Impact Assessment
20.
Rev. ADM ; 78(1): 48-50, ene.-feb- 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178199

ABSTRACT

La homeostasis oral está regida por varias condiciones en la cavidad bucal, como la saliva, que está compuesta por diversas sustancias benéficas, y por la microbiota, que es un reservorio de microorganismos, y cuando estos se modifican se altera la homeostasis oral y se genera una disbiosis que puede conducir a enfermedades bucales como gingivitis, periodontitis y/o caries; también puede favorecer el desarrollo de enfermedades sistémicas ocasionadas por hongos, bacterias y virus como el SARS-CoV-2 (AU)


Oral homeostasis is governed by various conditions in the oral cavity such as saliva, which is composed of various beneficial substances, and by the microbiota, which is a reservoir of microorganisms, and when these are modified, homeostasis of the oral cavity is altered and dysbiosis is generated that They can lead to oral diseases such as gingivitis, periodontitis and/or caries and can also favor the development of systematic diseases caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses, like SARS-CoV-2 (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Homeostasis , Mouth Diseases/microbiology , Saliva , Oral Health , Chronic Disease , Dysbiosis , Betacoronavirus
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