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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 309-313, nov.-dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354275

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El SARS-CoV-2 afecta el sistema respiratorio en diferentes grados. La cavidad oral es el lugar más colonizado por bacterias, por lo tanto, al no tener una adecuada higiene pueden presentarse diferentes enfermedades secundarias, lo que ha causado alerta en el gremio odontológico, ya que puede contribuir a complicaciones posteriores en los pacientes. Material y métodos: El estudio fue conformado por 47 pacientes voluntarios recuperados de SARS-CoV-2, residentes de Montemorelos, Nuevo León, México, donde fueron atendidos en Bucalia Dent, consultorio dental. Después del consentimiento informado de cada paciente, se realizó una historia clínica para conocer los síntomas, enfermedades sistémicas, ausencia de dientes y nivel de inflamación gingival de acuerdo al índice de Loe y Silness. A continuación, se tomó una muestra de biofilm microbiano (placa dentobacteriana), la cual se suspendió en una solución buffer de fosfato, posteriormente fue llevada al Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Ciencias de la Salud (CIDICS), Monterrey, N.L, México. Se extrajo DNA y se purificó, después se realizó PCR para detectar los patógenos orales; la PCR se visualizó en gel de agarosa (1.5%) por tinción de bromuro de etidio. Resultados: Se detectó 80.85% Porphyromona gingivalis y 68.09% Fusobacterium nucleatum en pacientes recuperados de SARS-CoV-2; 23.4% presentaron inflamación leve de acuerdo al índice de Loe y Silness, 54.5% fueron masculinos y 45.5% femeninos. Por otro lado, 36.4% de los pacientes con inflamación leve tenían de cuatro a seis dientes ausentes. En estos pacientes se detectó 18.18% únicamente con Fusobacterium nucleatum y 27.27% sólo con Porphyromona gingivalis; el sexo masculino tuvo predisposición en 66.6% y el femenino en 33.33%. Se observó infección con los dos patógenos presentes en 45.45%; y 60% de estos pacientes fueron masculinos. Conclusiones: Los pacientes recuperados de SARSCoV- 2 analizados en esta investigación mostraron mala higiene oral y alta prevalencia de los patógenos mencionados altamente relacionados a inflamación gingival o enfermedad periodontal, lo que nos indica que es indispensable la intervención del odontólogo al finalizar el periodo de infección de cada paciente (AU)


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 affects the respiratory system to different degrees. The oral cavity is a colonized place by bacterias, therefore, by not having good hygiene, different secondary diseases can occur; this has caused an alert in the dental industry, since it can contribute to later complications in patients. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 47 SARS-CoV-2 recovered volunteers from the Montemorelos city of the Nuevo León state, Mexico, who were attended at the Bucalia Dent dental clinic. An informed consent was obtained from each of the patients, then their clinical history was documented in order to know the symptoms, previous systemic diseases, absence of teeth and degree of gingival inflammation, as suggested by Loe and Silness. Subsequently, a dental plaque sample was taken from all patients, which was suspended in a phosphate buffered solution and shipped to The Center for Research and Development in Health Sciences (CIDICS), Monterrey, NL, Mexico for storage. DNA extraction and purification was performed and PCR was carried out for the oral pathogens detection. All PCR products were visualized on 1.5% agarose gel by ethidium bromide staining. Results: Porphyromona gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum were detected in 80.85% and 68.09% of SARS-CoV-2 recovered patients, respectively. 23.4% showed mild inflammation based on the Loe and Silness criteria, 54.5% were male and 45.5% female. On the other hand, 36.4% of patients with mild inflammation had between 4 to 6 missing teeth. A single infection by Fusobacterium nucleatum was detected in 18.18% and by Porphyromona gingivalis in 27.27%; the male sex had a predisposition with 66.66% and 33.33% female; coinfection of both pathogens was observed in 45.45% where 60% were male. Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 recovered patients show poor oral hygiene and a high prevalence of oral pathogens related to the development of inflammatory gingival or periodontal disease, this suggests the need for an odontological clinical intervention at the end of the course of infection or disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Oral Hygiene , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Porphyromonas gingivalis , SARS-CoV-2 , DNA , Oral Hygiene Index , Periodontal Index , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Age and Sex Distribution , Gingivitis/epidemiology , Mexico
2.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210045, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352135

ABSTRACT

Introduction Gingivitis is a gingival inflammation which can often be treated with oral hygiene such as brushing, flossing, and an antiseptic mouthwash. Objective The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to clinically evaluate the effectiveness of 0.12% chlorhexidine (CHX) solution as an anti-inflammatory agent and for reducing the presence of plaque and inflammation in young adults. Material and method Thirty patients with gingivitis aged 18 to 30 years with a probing depth ≤ 3 mm and a minimum of 20 teeth in the whole mouth were selected and evaluated at baseline and 30 days after treatment. Periodontal clinical parameters were verified: plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S), Simplified Debris Index (DI-S), and Simplified Calculus Index (CI-S) Patients were then randomly allocated into two groups: CHX Group, received chlorhexidine 0.12% labeled as solution 1, and Placebo Group, received saline solution labeled as solution 2. Both groups were included in a hygiene program and received mouthwash. Result Statistically significant differences between CHX and Placebo groups were observed for the variables PI, GI, DI-S, CI-S, and OHI-S (p<0.05 - Paired T Test) after 30 days. The CHX group presented improved GI compared to Placebo at 30 days. Chlorhexidine 0.12% was efficient in the control of periodontium inflammation. Conclusion It can be concluded that chlorhexidine as a mouthwash is efficient in improving periodontal indices in young adults, but it is still controversial whether age can influence GI and OHI-S.


Introdução A gengivite é uma inflamação gengival que geralmente pode ser tratada com higiene oral, como escovação, uso do fio dental e um anti-séptico bucal. Objetivo O objetivo deste ensaio clínico randomizado foi avaliar clinicamente a eficácia da solução de clorexidina 0,12% (CHX) como um agente antiinflamatório e na redução da presença de placa e inflamação em adultos jovens. Material e método Trinta pacientes com gengivite com idade entre 18 e 30 anos com profundidade de sondagem ≤ 3 mm com mínimo de 20 dentes em toda a boca foram selecionados e avaliados no início do estudo e 30 dias após o tratamento. Foram verificados os parâmetros clínicos periodontais: índice de placa (IP), índice gengival (GI), Índice de Higiene Oral Simplificado (IHO-S), Índice de Debris Simplificado (DI-S) e Índice de Cálculo Simplificado (IC-S). A seguir, os pacientes foram alocados aleatoriamente em dois grupos: Grupo CHX, recebeu clorexidina 0,12% previamente identificada como solução 1 e grupo placebo, recebeu solução salina identificada como solução 2. Ambos os grupos foram incluídos em programa de higiene e receberam enxaguatório bucal. Resultado Diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos CHX e Placebo foi observada para as variáveis ​​PI, GI, DI-S, CI-S e OHI-S (p <0,05 - Teste T Pareado) após 30 dias. O grupo CHX melhorou a resposta ao GI em comparação ao placebo em 30 dias. Clorexidina 0,12% foi eficiente no controle da inflamação do periodonto. Conclusão Pode-se concluir que a eficácia da clorexidina como enxaguatório bucal na melhora dos índices periodontais foi confirmada em adultos jovens, mas ainda é controverso que a idade pode influenciar o IG e IHO-S.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Oral Hygiene , Periodontitis , Placebos , Chlorhexidine , Oral Hygiene Index , Periodontal Index , Gingivitis , Mouthwashes , Adolescent , Adult
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154994

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare prevalence of dental caries, oral hygiene status and associated risk factors of children in suburban and rural communities in the Southwest region of Nigeria. Material and Methods: Secondary data was extracted from cross-sectional researches conducted in two study locations involving 8 to 12 year olds. Data retrieved included age, gender, family structure, socioeconomic status, oral hygiene and dental caries. Caries assessment was done using WHO Oral Health Survey methods. Oral hygiene data was collected using Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) by Greene and Vermillion. Statistical significance was established at p<0.05. Results: The prevalence of dental caries in Group A and Group B study participants were 13.4% and 22.2% respectively. Children from rural community had significant higher caries prevalence (p=0.00) and poorer oral hygiene (P=0.00) compare with their counterparts in the suburban community. There was a significant association between oral hygiene, age and dental caries in suburban participants (p=0.02) while among the rural participants there was significant association between gender and dental caries (p=0.04). Children with poor oral hygiene have increased odds of having dental caries compared to children with good oral hygiene in the two study communities. Conclusion: Dental caries was more prevalent among the rural dwellers than the sub-urban dwellers. There is a need to make oral health care services/products available, accessible and affordable for the rural community.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Hygiene , Rural Population , Social Class , Suburban Population , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Nigeria/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Chi-Square Distribution , Oral Hygiene Index , Oral Health/education , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Risk Factors
4.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143403

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence and risk indicators of caries among nursing mothers in a tertiary hospital. Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 408 nursing mothers aged 15 to 52 years who brought their children for immunization in a tertiary hospital in Enugu, Nigeria. Data on socio-demographic profile, parity, dental visits were collected. The presence of dental caries was recorded using the World Health Organization criteria. Results: The prevalence of dental caries was 11.0%, and the mean DMFT was 0.18. There was a statistically significant association between level of education (p<0.001), past dental visit (p<0.001) and the occurrence of dental caries. Caries was more prevalent in the mandibular teeth than the maxillary teeth. The left mandibular first and second permanent molars had the highest occurrence of dental caries. Missing (M) component of the DMFT index was highest and the care index was low. The significant predictors of caries among nursing mothers were fair oral hygiene and having below tertiary education. Conclusion: The prevalence of caries and the care index were both low in this study population. The significant predictors of dental caries were a tertiary level of education and poor oral hygiene. Incorporating oral health education during postnatal care can help reduce dental caries' occurrence and complications among nursing mothers in the study population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Socioeconomic Factors , Oral Hygiene Index , Health Education, Dental/methods , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Nigeria/epidemiology , Breast Feeding , Logistic Models , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Data Interpretation, Statistical
5.
San Salvador; Guillermo Alfonso Aguirre Escobar; Primera Edición; 08.10.2020. 67 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1122047

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Considerando la revisión bibliográfica realizada y los datos oficiales disponibles, se podría afirmar que El Salvador sufre un analfabetismo epidemiológico en lo referente a las principales afecciones del Sistema Estomatognático, debido entre otras múltiples causas a la carencia o limitado número de estudios con rigor científico-metodológico, que reflejen la situación global de las principales afecciones del Sistema Estomatognático en diferentes grupos etarios. Ante ello, se realiza la primera encuesta de salud bucal a nivel nacional, apegada a lo establecido metodológicamente por la OMS, criterios actualizados y considerando muestras representativas de diferentes edades, zonas geográficas del país y condiciones sociodemográficas. Objetivos: Determinar la condición de salud bucal y las necesidades de tratamiento de la población salvadoreña a través de la aplicación de diferentes indicadores epidemiológicos, caracterizar la población según condición sociodemográfica, identificar sus conocimientos y prácticas en salud bucal. Metodología: El diseño corresponde a un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, característico de una encuesta de salud oral y metodología Pathfinder según OMS. El trabajo de campo se efectuó en 24 municipios de El Salvador, entre 2016 y 2017. La muestra total fue de 3881 salvadoreños, de ambos sexos, distribuidos en seis grupos etarios (2-5, 5-6, 6-12, 13-17,18-30, 31-45 y 60 a más), siguiendo la técnica de muestreo estratificado por conglomerados sugerida por el Manual de Encuestas de Salud Bucodental de la OMS, 2013. Los datos fueron analizados en SPSS V25, donde fueron calculadas las medias, desviaciones estándar y porcentajes de las variables analizadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health , Health Surveys , Oral Hygiene Index , Periodontal Index , Dental Caries , Fluorosis, Dental
6.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(5): e3079, sept.-oct. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144687

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: los agrandamientos gingivales suelen tratarse a través de terapias quirúrgicas de gingivectomías; su tratamiento no quirúrgico mecánico también es una opción sobre todo en los casos de gingivitis asociada a la pubertad como consecuencia de los cambios hormonales. Objetivo: describir el tratamiento no quirúrgico de una paciente de 12 años con agrandamiento gingival asociado a la pubertad y lesiones gingivales inducidas por biofilm dental. Presentación del caso: el caso presentó un agrandamiento gingival leve localizado que remitió al cabo de un mes a la primera fase de tratamiento, después de tres sesiones de fisioterapias con la remoción de biofilm calcificado se obtuvo una reducción del porcentaje del índice de higiene oral sin requerir intervención quirúrgica. A los cuatro años de seguimiento se observó reducción completa del agrandamiento gingival y bolsas periodontales. Conclusiones: la terapia periodontal mecánica es una alternativa eficaz en la reducción de la inflamación gingival inducida por hormonas durante la pubertad sin la necesidad de requerir intervenciones quirúrgicas para el tratamiento del agrandamiento gingival. Otras alternativas como las gingivectomías son aplicables; sin embargo requieren procedimientos más complejos, costosos y aumento de la morbilidad del paciente; en ese sentido el tratamiento mecánico no quirúrgico se muestra como una opción viable(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Gingival enlargement is usually treated with gingivectomy as an alternative to surgery; however, non-surgical mechanical treatment is another option especially in cases of gingivitis associated with puberty as a result of hormonal changes. Objective: To describe the non-surgical treatment of a 12-year-old patient with gingival enlargement associated with puberty and gingival lesions induced by dental biofilm. Case presentation: The patient presented a localized mild gingival enlargement that relapsed to the first phase of treatment after one month. Three months after physiotherapy sessions with removal of calcified biofilm, a reduction in the percentage of oral hygiene index to "good" was obtained; therefore, surgical treatment was not required. Four years later, there was a complete reduction in gingival enlargement and periodontal pockets. Conclusions: Mechanical periodontal therapy is an effective alternative to reduce gingival inflammation induced by hormones during puberty not requiring surgical intervention to treat gingival enlargement. Other alternatives such as gingivectomies are performed; however, they require more complex, expensive procedures and they can also increase patient morbidity. In that sense, the uniqueness of the non-surgical mechanical treatment is chosen as a feasible option(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Oral Hygiene Index , Puberty , Dental Plaque/therapy , Periodontal Debridement/methods , Gingival Hypertrophy/therapy
7.
Rev. ADM ; 77(5): 247-251, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146814

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se ha documentado que, para tener mejores resultados en el control del biofilm oral, es necesario el uso de controles químicos, antes o después del cepillado dental. Entre éstos, encontramos los enjuagues de aceites esenciales. Objetivo: Determinar la actividad del enjuague con aceites esenciales antes o después del cepillado, en el control del biofilm dental. Material y métodos: El estudio se realizó con 27 voluntarios. Los participantes fueron seleccionados y agrupados. El grupo 1 fue el control, que empleó su técnica de cepillado habitual y dos grupos experimentales que, además del cepillado con dentífrico, usaron un enjuague de aceites esenciales durante ocho días, ya sea antes (grupo 2) o después del cepillado dental (grupo 3). La cuantificación del número de superficies teñidas en los tres grupos, tanto el estado inicial como posterior al uso de los enjuagues, se hizo con el índice de O'Leary y un revelador de placa tritonal, el cual permitió la observación del biofilm de forma clínica, así como su grado de patogenicidad. Resultados y conclusión: El análisis estadístico estableció que no existe diferencia significativa entre no usar y usar el enjuague con aceites esenciales antes o después del cepillado (AU)


Introduction: It has been documented that, to have better results in the control of oral biofilm, it is necessary to use chemical control, before or after tooth brushing. Among these, we find the essential oil rinses. Objective: To determine the activity of the rinse with essential oils before or after brushing, in the control of the dental biofilm. Material and methods: The study was conducted with 27 volunteers. The participants were selected and grouped. Group 1 was the control, which used its usual brushing technique and two experimental groups that, in addition to brushing with toothpaste, used a mouthwash of essential oils, for eight days, either before (group 2) or after tooth brushing (group number 3). For the quantification of the number of stained surfaces in the three groups, to record both the initial and subsequent state of the use of the rinses, it was done with the O'Leary index and a tritonal developer, which allowed the observation of the biofilm of clinical form, as well as its degree of pathogenicity. Results and conclusion: The statistical analysis established that there is no significant difference between not using and using the rinse with essential oils before or after brushing (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Oils, Volatile , Biofilms , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use , Toothbrushing , Oral Hygiene Index , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Longitudinal Studies , Dental Plaque , Mexico
8.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(1): e002, ene.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1095469

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de enfermedades bucodentales en niños de 6, 12 y 15 años en Islay, Arequipa. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. La muestra estuvo conformada por 360 estudiantes de 6, 12 y 15 años, de ambos sexos, que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. El nivel de confianza se determinó en un 95% y el margen de error en un 5%. Para evaluar las patologías orales, se utilizó los índices de IHO-S, IHOS-M, IPC-M, CPOD, ceod, el de la OMS y el de Dean. Los estudiantes fueron examinados visual y clínicamente. Resultados: Con referencia al IHO-S: buena higiene,72,5% en deciduos, 63,3% en permanentes; regular higiene, 27,5% en deciduos, 35,0% en permanentes; mala higiene, 1,7% en permanentes, existe diferencia significativa en cuanto a la edad. El CPOD fue de 6,71 cariados, 0,14 perdidos, 1,44 obturados y un promedio de 8,29; existe diferencia significativa según la edad. De acuerdo con el IPC-M, el 81,4% padece de gingivitis; el 57,5%, periodontitis; el 4,2%, periodontitis severa, y hay diferencias significativas según la edad. Las maloclusiones: oclusión normal, 38,9%; maloclusión leve, 38,6%, y moderada o severa, 22,5%; el 61,1% padece de maloclusiones. Respecto de la fluorosis, el 34,7% no presentó lesión; fluorosis cuestionable, 15%; fluorosis muy leve, 30,3%; fluorosis leve, 11,7%; fluorosis moderada, 1,1%; la prevalencia fue del 58,1%. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de enfermedades bucodentales es elevada y el riesgo de caries dental es alto. Se observa una regular y mala higiene en la dentición permanente. El porcentaje de gingivitis es alto. Las maloclusiones están en el rango de leve a moderado. La fluorosis dental está en un rango de muy leve. (AU)


Objective: To determine the prevalence of oral diseases in children 6, 12 and 15 years old in Islay, Arequipa. Materials and methods: Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 360 students of 6, 12 and 15 years of age of both sexes who met the inclusion criteria. The level of confidence was determined at 95% and the margin of error at 5%. To evaluate oral pathologies, the OHI-S, OHI-M, mPI/PI, DMFT, DMFS, the WHO and the Dean index were used. The students were examined visually and clinically. Results: Regarding IHO-S: good hygiene was observed in 72.5% in deciduous and 63.3% in permanent teeth; regular hygiene was found in 27.5% in deciduous and 35.0% in permanent teeth with poor hygiene in 1.7% in permanent teeth and significant differences in age. The CPOD showed 6.71 carious, 0.14 lost, 1.44 blocked and an average of 8.29 with significant differences in relation toage. According to the IPC-M, 81.4% had gingivitis, 57.5% periodontitis, 4.2 % severe periodontitis, with significant differences for age. Malocclusions included: normal occlusion 38.9%, mild malocclusion 38.6% and moderate or severe 22.5%; 61.1 % had malocclusions. In relation to fluorosis, 34.7% had no lesion, 15% questionable fluorosis, 30.3% very mild fluorosis, 11.7% mild fluorosis, and 1.1% moderate fluorosis with a prevalence of 58.1%. Conclusions: The prevalence of oral diseases and the risk of dental caries are high in children, with regular and poor hygiene being observed in permanent dentition. The percentage of gingivitis is high. The prevalence of malocclusions ranges from mild to moderate while the prevalence of dental fluorosisis is low. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Oral Hygiene Index , Periodontal Index , DMF Index , Dental Caries , Malocclusion , Mouth Diseases , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
9.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2063, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126485

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La salud bucal en el adulto joven es un derecho humano básico, y su contribución es fundamental para el goce de buena calidad de vida. Objetivo: Determinar la salud bucal en una escuela de formación profesional policial peruana en el período de julio a agosto del 2017. Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. La muestra estuvo conformada por 276 adultos jóvenes seleccionados aleatoriamente, cumpliendo criterios de inclusión y exclusión, según las normas éticas en investigación científica. Se evaluó la salud bucal mediante una ficha epidemiológica con los indicadores: índice CPOD, índice de significancia de caries dental (SIC), índice de higiene oral simplificado (IHO-S) y el índice de necesidad y situación de prótesis dental de la OMS. La evaluación se realizó con luz natural por un observador calibrado. Los datos se analizaron en el programa STATA v 14 mediante tablas de distribución de frecuencias y figuras. Resultados: La prevalencia de caries dental fue de 63,76 por ciento (CPOD= 3,86; SIC= 9,64), IHO-S: 2,02 (DS= 0,41). La prótesis parcial fija fue la que más se usó y se necesitó en ambos maxilares. Conclusiones: La experiencia de caries dental fue moderada, la condición de higiene oral fue regular, y la prótesis parcial fija fue la que más se necesitó y se uso en ambos maxilares. Aunque los indicadores son alentadores, aún urge la necesidad de implementar políticas sanitarias en salud bucal en la comunidad policial(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The oral health of young adults is a basic human right, and its contribution is fundamental for the enjoyment of a good quality of life. Objective: Determine oral health at a Peruvian police academy from July to August 2017. Methods: An observational descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. The sample was 276 young adults randomly selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and in compliance with the ethical standards of scientific research. Oral health was evaluated with the aid of an epidemiological card containing the following indicators: CPOD index, dental caries significance (DCS) index, simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), and WHO dental prosthesis need and situation. The evaluation was conducted by a qualified observer under natural light. Data were processed with the software STATA v 14, using frequency distribution tables and figures. Results: Dental caries prevalence was 63.76 percent (CPOD= 3.86; DCS= 9.64), OHI-S: 2.02 (SD= 0.41). Fixed partial dentures were the most commonly used, and they were required in both jaws. Conclusions: Dental caries experience was moderate, oral hygiene status was fair, and fixed partial dentures were the most commonly required for both jaws. Although the indicators are heartening, there is still an urgent need to implement oral health policies in the police community(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Schools/ethics , Oral Health/education , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Denture, Partial, Fixed/adverse effects , Peru , Quality of Life , Oral Hygiene Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
10.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135559

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the status of oral hygiene and dentition in patients with congenital hemorrhagic disorders with their age-matched healthy counterparts. Also, the prevalence of fear of dentists/ dental treatment among these patients was assessed. Material and Methods: This study was performed on children and adults with von Willebrand disease (vWD), hemophilia (A or B), and healthy subjects. Oral health and dentition status was assessed using the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), plaque index, and the decayed, missing, filled teeth (dmft/DMFT) index. One-way ANOVA test was employed to compare the oral hygiene and dentition status of subjects in the three groups. A p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The DMFT score did not vary significantly between the groups (p>0.05). Higher OHI-S scores and a poor oral hygiene status was observed more in the hemophilia group than the vWD group and healthy controls. A total of 27.3% of the subjects in the vWD group, 18.2% of subjects in the hemophilia group, and no subjects in the healthy group had a fear of dentists or dental treatment. Conclusion: Subjects with vWD had a higher number of carious teeth when compared to the other groups. Poor oral hygiene status was observed in subjects with hemophilia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Oral Hygiene , von Willebrand Diseases , Oral Health , Dentition , Hemophilia A , Oral Hygiene Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , Dentists , India
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135557

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of oral health knowledge in adolescents' oral hygiene pattern. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 291 participants aged between 14 and 19 years old enrolled in a public school in Curitiba, Brazil. A self-administered questionnaire containing five affirmations about periodontal diseases and their forms of prevention was arranged on a three-point Likert scale. Correct answers were given a weight=1 and incorrect ones, weight=0. The knowledge score (KS) was determined by the sum. Socioeconomic and demographic data were obtained by a questionnaire sent to those responsible. The oral hygiene pattern was evaluated through the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) by a calibrated researcher (K=0.89). Mann-Whitney U test and univariate and multivariate Poisson regression with robust variance were used for data analysis (α=0.05). Results: There was an inversely proportional association between KS and OHI-S (p=0.018). The multiple model showed that adolescents with a lower KS (PR = 0.93, CI95%: 0.88-0.99), male gender (PR = 1.17, CI95%: 1.01-1.37) and whose caregivers presented a lower level of education (PR=1.30, CI95%: 1.03-1.64) showed a higher index of dental plaque. Conclusion: The level of oral health knowledge, the gender and the caregivers' level of education influences the adolescents' oral hygiene pattern.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Oral Hygiene/education , Periodontal Diseases/prevention & control , Brazil/epidemiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Oral Hygiene Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Adolescent , Statistics, Nonparametric
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135518

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the oral hygiene and dental caries status on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients, also it's with SLE disease activity. Material and Methods: This is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach. The study was conducted on 93 SLE patients from 2017 to 2019 on Saiful Anwar Hospital Indonesia. All SLE patients had clinical examination using DMF-T, Personal Hygiene Performance-Modified (PHP-M), Calculus Index (CI), Debris Index (DI), Plaque Index (PI) and Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S). Clinical examination and laboratory tests are conducted to assess the activity of SLE measured using. The data were analyzed by One Way ANOVA test. Results: A total of 74% of subjects with SLE had dental caries. PHP-M with SLE severity was found significant (p<0.001) and a strong positive correlation (r=0.982). Plaque with SLE severity was found significant (p=0.001) and a strong positive correlation (r=0.938). OHI-S with SLE severity was found significant (p<0.001) and a strong positive correlation (r=0.953). DMF-T levels with SLE severity was found significant (p=0.001) and a strong positive correlation (r=0.974). It showed that the severity of disease activity was related to poor oral hygiene and a high incidence of dental caries. Conclusion: There is a correlation between oral hygiene, dental caries and SLE severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene/education , Autoimmune Diseases , Dental Health Surveys/methods , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Oral Hygiene Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Indonesia/epidemiology
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135478

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the oral health status of 12-year-old schoolchildren in Kosovo. Material and Methods: The study involved 1204 schoolchildren aged 12 years from urban and rural areas, from different cities of Kosovo. The questionnaire included demographic data, gender, residence, dental status, oral hygiene, and daily brushing habits. The feasibility of the questionnaire was verified replicating it on 10% of the sample. Daily brushing habits were reported to frequency: as once per day, twice a day and rarely. Caries status was recorded in permanent dentition as DMFT and Oral Hygiene Index - Simplified (OHI-S) was used to assess oral hygiene status. The analysis included occurrences and means. The differences among means were tested using the student t-test (p<0.05). Results: The highest mean and standard deviation of DMFT and OHI-S index was found among rural schoolboys 3.67 ± 1.98 and OHI-S 1.75. In total sample, 54.1% of them brush their teeth only once a day, 39.7 % brush their teeth twice a day and only 6.2 % rarely brush their teeth. Conclusion: Preventive measures are needed to improve dental health in 12 years old schoolchildren.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Hygiene , Oral Hygiene Index , Oral Health/education , Preventive Dentistry , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Kosovo/epidemiology , Students , Rural Areas , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Demographic Data
14.
San Salvador; s.n; 2020. 40 p. Tab, Ilus, Graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1178653

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar el perfil epidemiológico de los donadores de dientes humanos en establecimientos de salud pública ubicados en Cuscatlán, La Paz y San Salvador durante el 2019. Metodología: Investigación observacional, descriptiva y transversal en 250 sujetos usuarios de cinco establecimientos de salud pública. Los instrumentos utilizados para la evaluación de las variables en estudio fueron cédula de entrevista para el registro de datos sociodemográficos e historia médica; para evaluar la condición bucal y características del diente extraído, una guía de observación. La información obtenida fue analizada en el programa SPSS, versión 25.0. Resultados: La población se concentró en los rangos de edades desde 21 a 50 años (58.8%), prevaleciendo el sexo femenino (64.0%), provenientes del área rural (56.80%). En la condición bucal, prevaleció la higiene bucal regular(35.60%); entre las entidades patológicas, las lesiones cariosas (78.0%),gingivitis/enfermedad periodontal (84.40%), abscesos (4.40%) y bruxismo(18.40%). Con respecto al motivo de extracción, el 48.40% fue por caries dental; 28.80%, enfermedad periodontal; 14.0%, razones ortodónticas. Los dientes extraídos con mayor frecuencia fueron con un 8.80% la 2-8, seguido del 8.0% por la 1-6 y con el 6.40% la 4-6. Conclusiones: La mayor cantidad de donadores de órganos dentales se encuentra en el grupo etario de 31 a 40 años, la mayoría pertenecientes al sexo femenino, provenientes del área rural. La principal causa de extracción de los órganos dentales recolectados fue caries dental y la tercera molar superior izquierda donada con mayor frecuencia.


To determine the epidemiological profile of human tooth donors in public health facilities located in Cuscatlán, La Paz and San Salvador during 2019. Methodology: Observational, descriptive and cross-cutting research in 250 subjects using five public health facilities. The instruments used for the evaluation of the variables under study were the interview cards for the recording sociodemographic data and medical history; To evaluate the oral condition and characteristics of the extracted tooth, an observation guide. The information obtained was analyzed in the SPSS program, version 25.0. Results: The population was concentrated on age ranges from 21 to 50 years (58.8%), prevailing the female gender (64.0%), coming from the rural area (56.80%). In the oral condition, regular oral hygiene prevailed (35.60%); Among the pathological entities, caries lesions (78.0%), gingivitis / periodontal disease (84.40%), abscesses (4.40%) bruxism (18.40%). With regard to the extraction site, 48.40% was tooth decay; 28.80%, periodontal disease; 14.0%, orthodontic reasons. The most frequently extracted teeth were with 8.80% 2-8, followed by 8.0% by 1-6 and 6.40% 4-6. Conclusions: The largest number of dental organ donors is found in the age group of 31 to 40 years, most of them female, from the rural area. The main cause of removal of the collected dental organs was tooth decay and the third most commonly donated upper left molar.


Subject(s)
Health Profile , Tissue Donors , Comorbidity , Oral Hygiene Index , Dental Caries
15.
Odontoestomatol ; 21(34): 27-32, Jul-Dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024967

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar el Índice de Higiene Oral en escolares de 12 años, de la Parroquia Checa del Cantón Cuenca, Provincia del Azuay ­ Ecuador, 2016. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal; la técnica empleada para determinar el estado del perfil epidemiológico fue observacional. Los indicadores se lograron obtener por una encuesta estructurada. Resultados: De los 109 escolares de 12 años encuestados se observó un ligero predominio del sexo femenino (58%) sobre el sexo masculino (42%). Además, se determinó que el 47,7% presenta una buena higiene oral, el 36,7% una higiene oral excelente, el 14,7% una higiene oral regular y el 0,9% una mala higiene oral, dando como resultado que más de la mitad de los escolares presentan un IHO bueno y excelente. Conclusión: Existe un mayor número de escolares con higiene oral buena sin encontrar variación significativa en cuanto al sexo masculino con el femenino.


Objective: To determine the Oral Hygiene Index in schoolchildren aged 12,from the Checa parish of Canton Cuenca, Province of Azuay, Ecuador, 2016. Materials and methods: Descriptive crosssectional study; the observational technique was applied to determinethe state of the epidemiological profile. The indicators were obtained through astructured survey. Results: In the 109 schoolchildren surveyed, there was as light predominance of females (58%) over males (42%). In addition, 47.7% presented good oral hygiene, 36.7% excellent oral hygiene, 14.7% regular oralhygiene and 0.9% poor oral hygiene, therefore, over half the students presenta good or excellent OHI. Conclusion: Most schoolchildren have good oral hygiene, and there are no significant variations in terms of sex.


Objetivo: Determinar o Índice de Higiene Oral em escolares de 12 anos, da Vila Checa do cidade de Cuenca, Estado de Azuay- Equador, 2016. Materiais e métodos: Estudo descritivo transversal; A técnica utilizada para determinar o status do perfil epidemiológico foi observacional. Os indicadores foram obtidos por meio de uma pesquisa estruturada. Resultados: Dos 109 escolares de 12 anos pesquisados, observouse discreto predomínio do sexo feminino (58%) em relação ao sexo masculino (42%). Além disso, determinou-se que 47,7% apresentavam boa higiene bucal, 36,7% excelente higiene bucal, 14,7% higiene bucal regular e 0,9% má higiene bucal, resultando em mais da metade dos estudantes apresentam um bom e excelente IHO.Conclusão: Existe um número maior de escolares com boa higiene bucal sem encontrar variação significativa no sexo masculino com o feminino.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene Index , Child , Ecuador
16.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Univ. Antioq ; 30(2): 181-191, Jan.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092021

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: nearly 15% of the world's population lives with some kind of disability. Colombia has no official reports on indigenous people with disabilities. Being an indigenous person with a disability increases health vulnerabilities and the risk for oral diseases. The objective of this study was to describe the habits and oral hygiene status of people with disabilities living in the Misak (Guambiano) indigenous reserve in Silvia, Department of Cauca (Colombia), in 2016. Methods: a descriptive observational cross-sectional study was conducted. The entire population with some degree of disability in the Misak indigenous community was included, assessing their oral hygiene through Community Plaque Index (CPI) and collecting socio-demographic and oral health habits variables using descriptive analysis to correlate disability type with health habits and plaque index. Results: 46 people with some degree of disability were identified. Of these, 45.7% were women and aged 22.6 years in average. Cognitive disability was the most common, (54.3%). The study showed that 43.4% of people with disabilities brush their teeth at least once a day, with 44% needing help to do so. A bacterial plaque index of 91.8% was found. Conclusion: people with disabilities in the Misak indigenous community have a high community plaque index, which is considered a poor level, with inadequate oral hygiene habits.


RESUMEN Introducción: alrededor del 15% de la población mundial vive con algún tipo de discapacidad. En Colombia no existen reportes oficiales de indígenas con discapacidad. Ser una persona indígena y con discapacidad aumenta la vulnerabilidad en el ámbito de la salud y el riesgo de padecer enfermedades bucodentales. El objetivo del presente estudio consistió en describir los hábitos y el estado de higiene bucal de las personas con discapacidad que residen en la comunidad Misak (Guambiano), resguardo indígena en Silvia-Cauca, Colombia, en el año 2016. Métodos: estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. Se incluyó toda la población con algún grado de discapacidad de la comunidad indígena Misak, a la cual se les evaluó el estado de higiene bucal mediante el Índice de Placa Comunitario (IPC); se recogieron variables sociales, demográficas y de hábitos en salud bucal, con análisis descriptivo, estableciendo relaciones con el tipo de discapacidad, el comportamiento de hábitos de salud y el índice de placa. Resultados: se identificaron 46 personas con algún grado de discapacidad, de las cuales 54,3% eran hombres y 45.6% mujeres, con un promedio de edad de 22,6 años. La mayor discapacidad que se presentó fue la cognitiva con 54.3%. Se puede observar que 43,4% de las personas con discapacidad realiza cepillado al menos una vez al día y 44% necesitan ayuda para hacerlo. Se obtuvo un índice de placa bacteriana de 91.8%. Conclusión: las personas con discapacidad de la comunidad indígena Misak presentan un índice de placa comunitario alto, categorizado como malo, con hábitos de higiene bucal inadecuados.


Subject(s)
Oral Hygiene , Oral Hygiene Index , Colombia , Continental Population Groups
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4304, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997986

ABSTRACT

Objective: To find out the effectiveness of specially made brushes with special grips for use by groups of ischemic stroke sufferers for oral hygiene. Material and Methods: A sample of 30 stroke patients were taken at the Makassar Stroke Center, Indonesia, with criteria for extreme hemisphere ischemic stroke patients and willing to participate in the study and fill out informed consent. Brush making with a special grip design (modified brush) with Clay mixed material. The oral hygiene assessment procedure of the sample using a modified toothbrush was done in 3 stages before the brush, after brush and on the seventh day. Oral and oral hygiene was measured using the index of Oral Hygiene Index Simplified (OHI-S). The oral hygiene assessment procedure was done in 3 stages before the brush, after brush and on the seventh day. To find out the difference in effectiveness before and after the intervention was analyzed using the paired t test. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results: The highest percentage of stroke patients were female (53.3%), aged 40-60 years (66.7%) with an education level below junior high school (56.7%). There is a difference in the average OHIS score before and after using a special grip toothbrush (p<0.01). Conclusion: A special grip toothbrush that is used for Stroke sufferers can help to clean his teeth and mouth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Hygiene , Toothbrushing/methods , Efficacy/methods , Stroke/pathology , Indonesia , Oral Hygiene Index , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Home Nursing/history
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e022, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011661

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral hygiene, which is measured by the status of plaque-free tooth surfaces, is essential for the promotion of oral health. This study aimed to determine the social predictors of good oral hygiene for children in a suburban population in Nigeria. This was a secondary analysis of data. The study participants were 8- to 16-year-old children who were residents in Ile-Ife, which is a suburban population in Nigeria. Information on the age, gender, socioeconomic status, family structure, number of siblings and birth rank of each study participant was retrieved from the an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Oral hygiene status was determined through a simplified-oral hygiene index (OHI-S) and categorized as good, fair and poor. The association between oral hygiene status and sociodemographic variables was determined. The predictors of good oral hygiene were determined using a binomial regression analysis. Data on 2,107 individuals were retrieved, of which 44.8% had good oral hygiene and 17.1% had poor oral hygiene. The odds of having good oral hygiene were reduced for children who were 13 to 16 years old (p = 0.02) or male (P=0.002) and children with low socioeconomic status (p ≤ 0.001). The odds of having good oral hygiene increased for children who were last-born compared with those who were first-born (p = 0.02). Age, gender, socioeconomic status and birth-rank were significant social predictive factors of oral hygiene status among the study population. Based on these findings, targeted interventions can be conducted to improve the oral hygiene status of children and adolescents with these social profiles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Oral Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Social Class , Oral Hygiene Index , Sex Factors , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Age Factors , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Nigeria/epidemiology
19.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056833

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze the differences in periodontal severity between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study with 63 subjects, comprising 27 perimenopausal and 36 postmenopausal women, aged 45-59 years, was conducted in East Jakarta. The women were interviewed regarding their perimenopausal and postmenopausal status; they underwent a periodontal examination for periodontal pockets, attachment loss, gingival recession, plaque index, debris index, calculus index, oral hygiene index, papilla bleeding index, and tooth mobility. Independent T-test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for bivariate analysis Results: There were significant differences (p<0.05) in age between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women (p=0.01); however, no significant differences (p>0.05) in gingival recession (p=0.33) or tooth mobility (p=0.84) were observed. Independent t-test revealed no significant differences in pocket depth (p=0.95), attachment loss (p=0.71), plaque index (p=0.89), debris index (p=0.52), calculus index (p=0.46), oral hygiene index (p=0.48), or papilla bleeding index (p=0.63) between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women Conclusion: There was no difference in periodontal severity between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women; however, the current study obtained valuable information regarding periodontal severity in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Oral Hygiene Index , Postmenopause , Perimenopause , Chronic Periodontitis , Periodontal Pocket , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interview , Statistics, Nonparametric , Gingival Recession , Indonesia/epidemiology
20.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056851

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of gargling the solution of ant nest extract against plaque formation in children who experience Early Childhood Caries (ECC) when used as a mouthwash. Material and Methods: This study uses a pretest-posttest design with a control group. Thirty children with ECC, which were divided into three groups, namely the treatment group which was given a solution of extracts of ant nests concentrations of 5% and 10% and the control group gargling Aquades. Plaque scores were measured using the Greene and Vermillon method before and after the intervention. The paired t-test was used, with a significance level of 0.05 Results: Significant differences were found before and after the treatment of ant nest extract (r<0.05). The increase in OHI-S mean in the control group before treatment was 2.41 ± 0.72 and after treatment 2.53 ± 0.69 while in the treatment group there was a decrease in the OHI-S average in the group of 5% before treatment 2.66 ± 0.90 and after treatment 2.29 ± 0.95 and group concentration of 10% before treatment 2.51 ± 0.89 and after treatment 1.82 ± 0.75 Conclusion: The distribution of ant nest extract solution extract with the concentration of 5% and 10% would be more effective with ant nest concentration of 10% where it can inhibit dental plaque formation, and there is a significant difference in mean plaque scores between the control group and the treatment groups.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Plants, Medicinal , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Child , Oral Hygiene Index , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Epidemiology, Experimental , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Indonesia/epidemiology , Phytotherapy
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