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1.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1297-1309, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352112

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la situación de salud bucal de la población es factible de conocerse a partir del análisis de la situación de salud. Objetivo: caracterizar la situación de salud bucal de 30 familias pertenecientes a un consultorio médico. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo transversal en el Consultorio Médico de la Familia No. 3 del área Centro del municipio Sancti Spíritus, entre diciembre de 2019 y febrero de 2020. El universo estuvo constituido por toda la población del consultorio (n = 937) y la muestra por 98 pacientes pertenecientes a 30 familias, seleccionados por un muestreo aleatorio simple. Se estudiaron las variables edad, sexo, clasificación epidemiológica, factores de riesgo, enfermedades bucales y nivel de conocimientos. Se emplearon métodos empíricos y estadísticos. Resultados: existió predominio del sexo femenino (56,1 %) y del grupo de 20 a 59 años (48 %). Respecto a la clasificación epidemiológica, el 49 % de los pacientes eran sanos con riesgo y el 46,9 % enfermos. La higiene bucal deficiente se identificó en 52 % de la muestra estudiada. La enfermedad bucal de mayor prevalencia fue la caries dental (41,8 %) y el nivel de conocimientos sobre salud bucodental resultó ser regular (61,7 %) en la mayoría de la población. Conclusiones: el sexo femenino y el grupo etario de 20 a 59 años fueron los más representativos. Predominaron los pacientes sanos con riesgo, siendo la higiene bucal deficiente el factor más prevalente. La caries dental representó la enfermedad con mayor aparición y se evaluó de regular el nivel de conocimientos sobre salud bucodental (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: it is feasible to know the oral health situation of the population from the analysis of the health situation. Objective: to characterize the oral health situation of 30 families belonging to a medical office. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out in the Family Medical Office No. 3 of the Central area of Sancti Spiritus municipality, from December 2019 to February 2020. The universe was formed by the entire office population (n = 937) and the sample by 98 patients from 30 families, chosen by simple random sampling. The variables that were studied were age, sex, epidemiological classification, risk factors, oral diseases and level of knowledge. Empirical and statistical methods were used. Results: female sex (56.1 %) and 20-59 years age-group (48 %) predominated. Regarding epidemiological classification, 49 % of patients were healthy at risk and 46.9 % were sick. Poor oral hygiene was identified in 52 % of the sample studied. The most prevalent oral disease was dental caries (41.8 %) and the level of knowledge about oral health proved to be regular (61.7 %) in most of the population. Conclusions: female sex and the 20-59 years age-group were the most representative. Healthy patients at risk predominated, being poor oral health the most prevalent factor. Tooth decay represented the most common disease and the level of knowledge about oral health was evaluated as regular (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physicians' Offices , Oral Health/education , Oral Hygiene/education , Diagnosis of Health Situation , Risk Factors , Dentistry , General Practitioners
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 237-244, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348220

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um relato de experiência, que descreve, sob estratégia narrativo-argumentativa, as significâncias político-pedagógicas atreladas ao planejamento estratégico de ações de educação em saúde bucal vivenciadas em um ambiente escolar e experimentadas por acadêmicos estagiários de um curso de Odontologia. Após análise detalhada, algumas inferências se destacaram: o reconhecimento do ambiente escolar como território fértil para o desenvolvimento de ações promotoras de saúde; a efetividade do instrumento "TPC" (Teorizar-Praticar-Criticar) no direcionamento dos acadêmicos estagiários no planejamento estratégico de atividades de educação em saúde bucal; a importância de se disseminar, em espaços científicos, os aprendizados advindos de experimentações práticas de estágios.


This is a report on an experience that describes, under a narrative-argumentative strategy, the political-pedagogical significance linked to the strategic planning of oral health education actions experienced in a school environment and experienced by university trainees from a Dentistry course. After a detailed analysis, some inferences were observed: the recognition of the school environment as a fertile territory for the development of health-promoting actions; the effectiveness of the "TPC" (Theorize-Practice-Criticize) instrument in directing university trainees in the strategic planning of oral health education activities; the importance of disseminating, in scientific spaces, the learning from practical experimentation during internships.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Play and Playthings , Strategic Planning/standards , Health Education, Dental/methods , Oral Hygiene/education , Students, Dental , Training Support/methods , Health Policy, Planning and Management/organization & administration , Oral Health/education , Scientific and Technical Activities , Health Promotion/methods , Learning
3.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-7, feb. 24, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178777

ABSTRACT

Oral hygiene is an important step in the control of the biofilm, a factor related to diseases such as gingivitis and tooth decay. The systematization of oral hygiene in children is a set of measures that seeks to achieve sequential learning, thus guaranteeing a better elimination of the biofilm. Objetive: To show a sequence of systematized steps in oral hygiene in a pediatric patient with a definitely positive behavior. Case Report: Six year old female patient, without relevant medical history. On clinical intraoral examination presented biofilm accumulation and swollen gums. The presumptive diagnosis was marginal gingivitis associated with biofilm, the treatment included a preventive phase with motivation and education. The control of the disease evolution was carried out with a card of Systematization Technique of Oral Hygiene, the methodology included the recording of the educational sessions using videos and photographs. Results: the adequate use of the amount of toothpaste was achieved, the integrity was improved to 100%, the brushing time increased from 24 to 120 seconds and it was possible to add tongue brushing and not rinsing after brushing within the oral hygiene routine. Conclusion: The patient was able to clean all dental surfaces, using homogeneous times for each surface, following an orderly sequence in toothbrushing, as well as to acquire knowledge regarding the amount of toothpaste to use, tongue brushing and not rinsing after toothbrushing. The systematization of oral hygiene allowed us to achieve these achievements in six sessions.


La higiene oral es un paso importante para el control de la biopelícula, la cual es un factor relacionado con enfermedades como gingivitis y caries dental. La sistematización de la higiene oral en niños es un conjunto de medidas que buscan lograr un aprendizaje secuencial, garantizando así una mejor eliminación del biofilm. Objetivo: Mostrar una secuencia de pasos sistematizados en la higiene oral en un paciente pediátrico con comportamiento definitivamente positivo. Reporte de un Caso: Paciente femenino de 6 años, sin antecedentes médicos relevantes. Al examen clínico intraoral presentó acumulación de biofilm y encías inflamadas. El diagnóstico presuntivo fue gingivitis marginal asociada a biofilm, el tratamiento incluyó una fase preventiva con motivación y educación. El control de la evolución se realizó con una ficha sobre la Técnica de Sistematización de Higiene oral, la metodología incluye el registro de las sesiones educativas usando vídeos y fotografías. Resultados: se logró el uso adecuado de la cantidad de dentífrico, se mejoró la integridad al 100%, el tiempo de cepillado pasó de 24 a 120 segundos y se consiguió integrar el cepillado de la lengua y el no enjuague post cepillado dentro de su higiene oral. Conclusión: La paciente consiguió realizar la limpieza de todas las superficies dentales, tiempos homogéneos para cada superficie, una secuencia ordenada en su cepillado dental, así como adquirir conocimientos en la cantidad de dentífrico utilizado, el cepillado de la lengua y el no enjuagarse después del cepillado dental. La sistematización de la higiene oral permitió conseguir estos logros en 6 sesiones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Oral Hygiene/education , Toothbrushing/methods , Pediatric Dentistry/education , Periodontal Diseases , Toothpastes/therapeutic use , Dental Plaque
4.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346672

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the perception of mothers of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) on the diagnosis moment and the child's health. Material and Methods: Research with a qualitative approach, carried out with 19 mothers of children with CP, in a public higher education institution, in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. For data collection, the interview was used and for data interpretation, content analysis. Results: Mothers reported that the diagnosis of a child with CP resulted in major changes in the family's daily life, increasing their responsibility and demands. After the diagnosis, mothers revealed oscillating feelings, with progressively replaced by her motherly ability to take care, reestablishing the psychic balance. The health associated with the absence of disease and curative practices was frequently observed. Mothers reported a great concern with oral hygiene habits and frequent visits to the dentist. Conclusion: The diagnosis of a child with CP led to changes in the family's priorities and routine. After the moment of anguish, uncertainty and fear, the mothers accepted the reality. The biomedical principle significantly influenced the mother´s perception of health, being health perceived as the absence of disease and curative practices. In relation to oral health, practices widely spread and recommended by the media and health services, such as correct tooth brushing, showed an orientation of patients to maintain oral health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Oral Hygiene/education , Cerebral Palsy/diagnosis , Oral Health/education , Health Services for Persons with Disabilities , Mothers , Brazil/epidemiology , Child , Qualitative Research
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154997

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the potential effect of poly-vitamins and probiotics use among preschool children permanently living within iodine deficiency territory on caries prevention. Material and Methods: 80 children aged 2-3 years old were randomly distributed among the study group (21 male and 19 females) and control group (20 males and 20 females). Oral fluid samples were formed from each study subject during primary examination and after 1 year of monitoring, which further were analyzed by parameters associated with mineralization potential of oral fluid. Both groups were provided with oral hygiene educational training, while the study group was also prescribed with poly-vitamin-mineral drug complex and probiotics. Results: After 1 year of monitoring, no significant changes considering caries prevalence (p>0.05) or intensity (p>0.05) values were registered among study and control groups. Difference of free calcium level, phosphate ion level and alkaline phosphatase activity was statistically approved (p<0.05) while comparing between study and control group after 12 months of monitoring. Conclusion: Caries preventive approach consisted of oral hygiene educational training and course of properly prescribed poly-vitamins and probiotics intake demonstrates positive results related to the changes within mineralization potential of oral fluid among preschool children with long-term residence over geographically associated iodine-deficient territory.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Oral Hygiene/education , Vitamins , Child , Probiotics , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Ukraine/epidemiology , Iodine Deficiency , Case-Control Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351212

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the oral health knowledge, attitude, behaviour, and its association with sociodemographic and habitual factors among South Indian Population. Material and Methods: A total of 288 adults living in a residential community situated in Chennai were selected by systematic random sampling method participated in this cross-sectional study. Data collection was carried out using a validated questionnaire. Results: About 97.9% of the participants in our study had good knowledge, 33.3% had a positive attitude and 48.2% had adequate oral health behaviour. Sociodemographic and habitual factors like diet (p=0.006), education (p=0.009), and employment (p=0.003) were significantly associated with knowledge. On the other hand, diet (p=0.012) was the only factor significantly associated with attitude. Ownership of house (p= 0.030) was significantly associated with behaviour and no factor was associated with all three KAB profiles. Absence of correlation were identified between Knowledge-Attitude (r=0.11, p=0.23), Knowledge-Behaviour (r= -0.037, p= 0.68) and Attitude-Behaviour (r =0.01, p=0.94). Conclusion: It has been found a massive number of participants possessed a high knowledge level towards oral health. On the other hand, less than half of the participants had a positive attitude and adequate behaviour towards oral health. No positive linear correlation was seen among knowledge, attitude, and behaviour towards oral health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Oral Hygiene/education , Health Behavior , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health , India/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Health Promotion
7.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 575-580, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134541

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La higiene oral en pacientes con ortodoncia fija se encuentra comprometida y las nuevas tecnologías de información podrían convertirse en una herramienta valiosa de educación en salud oral. El objetivo fue determinar el efecto de una intervención educativa vía whatsapp en la higiene oral de pacientes con aparatología de ortodoncia fija. La muestra del estudio estuvo conformada por 46 pacientes (18.65 ± 3.21 años de edad) que iniciaron tratamiento de ortodoncia fija. Se realizó el índice de placa de O´Leary y se aplicó un cuestionario para medir el nivel de conocimiento en higiene oral. Los participantes se dividieron en un grupo experimental y control, mediante asignación aleatoria. Al grupo experimental se le envió una intervención educativa elaborada mediante la herramienta Play Ground Versión 2.0, vía la aplicación para mensajería instantánea WhatsApp Messenger Versión 2.19.153 y al grupo control se brindó las instrucciones de rutina sobre higiene oral. Después de 6 semanas, se evaluó el índice y cuestionario. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó el Coeficiente de Correlación de Concordancia, la prueba de Shapiro Wilk y la prueba T de Student para muestras relacionadas e independientes. Los pacientes del grupo experimental tuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el control de placa (p = 0.001) y nivel de conocimiento después de la intervención educativa (p = 0.016), a comparación del grupo control. La intervención educativa vía WhatsApp tuvo un efecto positivo en la higiene oral, con respecto al control de placa y al nivel de conocimientos de pacientes con ortodoncia fija.


ABSTRACT: Oral hygiene in patients with fixed orthodontics is compromised and new information technologies could become a valuable tool for oral health education. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of an educational intervention via WhatsApp on the oral hygiene of patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. The study sample consisted of 46 patients (18.65 ± 3.21 years old) who started fixed orthodontic treatment. The O'Leary plaque index was performed and a questionnaire was applied to measure the level of knowledge in oral hygiene. Participants were divided into an experimental and control group, by randomization. The experimental group was sent an educational intervention prepared using the Play Ground Version 2.0 tool, via the WhatsApp Messenger versión 2.19.153 instant messaging application, and the control group was given routine instructions on oral hygiene. After 6 weeks, the index and questionnaire were evaluated. For data analysis, the concordance correlation coefficient, the Shapiro Wilk test and the Student's T test for related and independent samples were used. The patients in the experimental group had statistically significant differences in plaque control (p = 0.001) and level of knowledge after the educational intervention (p = 0.016), compared to the control group. The educational intervention via WhatsApp had a positive effect on oral hygiene, with respect to plaque control and the level of knowledge of patients with fixed orthodontics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Oral Hygiene/education , Orthodontics , Mobile Applications/trends , Peru , Statistical Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Sampling Studies , Ethics Committees , Education/methods , Smartphone/trends
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 617-622, dic. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134548

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: This study examined the salivary pH, salivary lactate, and salivary IL-1 β responses from a high-intensity intermittent running test, and the influence of hygiene oral status on these biomarkers in elite adolescent basketball players. Forty-six adolescent players participated. Saliva sampling was taken before and 3 min after a high-intensity exercise (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1; Yo-Yo IR1). In order to quantify and classify the oral hygiene level, the athletes were submitted to a dental examination, and an adapted Simplified Oral Hygiene Index was applied. After the dental examination, the whole group was divided into good oral hygiene group (GHG) and poor oral hygiene group (PHG). The results of a two- way analysis of variance showed a significant interaction effect (P = 0.0003), group effect (P < 0.0001), and time effect (pre to post Yo-yo IR1; P < 0.0001) for salivary pH and for salivary lactate (interaction effect, P = 0.008; group effect, P < 0.000 1; time effect, P < 0.0001) with a lower salivary pH and a higher salivary lactate at pre and post-Yo-Yo IR1 for PHG, but no difference was observed for IL-1β. The data demonstrated that the high-intensity exercise led to a significant change in salivary pH and salivary lactate concentration of the basketball players, and that the oral hygiene status influenced these responses, with a greater change for those players showing a poor oral hygiene.


RESUMEN: Este estudio examinó las respuestas de pH salival, lactato salival e IL-1β salival de una prueba de carrera intermitente de alta intensidad, y la influencia del estado de higiene oral en los biomarcadores en jugadores adolescentes de baloncesto de élite. En el análisis participaron 46 jugadores adolescentes. Se tomó una muestra de saliva antes y 3 minutos después de un ejercicio de alta intensidad (Prueba de recuperación intermitente Yo-Yo Nivel 1; Yo-Yo IR1). Para cuantificar y clasificar el nivel de higiene oral, los atletas fueron sometidos a un examen dental y se aplicó un índice adaptado de higiene oral simplificado. Después del examen dental, el grupo se dividió en un grupo de buena higiene oral (GHG) y un grupo de mala higiene oral (PHG). Los resultados de un análisis de varianza mostraron un efecto de interacción significativo (P = 0.0003), efecto de grupo (P<0.0001) y efecto de tiempo (antes y después de Yo-yo IR1; P <0.0001) para el pH salival y para lactato salival (efecto de interacción, P = 0.008; efecto de grupo, P <0.0001; efecto de tiempo, P <0.0001) con pH salival más bajo y lactato salival más alto en IR1 pre y post YoY para PHG, pero no se observó una diferencia para IL-1β. Los datos demostraron que el ejercicio de alta intensidad genera un cambio significativo en el pH salival y el lactato de los jugadores de baloncesto, y que el estado de higiene oral influyó en estas respuestas, con un cambio mayor para aquellos jugadores que mostraron una mala higiene oral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Adolescent , Oral Hygiene/education , Basketball , Oral Health/education , Oral Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , Saliva , Brazil , Statistical Analysis , Lactic Acid , Cytosine , Exercise Test , Athletes , Microbiota , Mouth/microbiology
9.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2248-2261, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144731

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la salud bucal juega un papel importante para mantener la calidad de vida en la tercera edad. Objetivo: determinar el nivel de conocimientos sobre salud bucal de los adultos mayores. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva, de corte transversal. Se estudió un universo constituido por 209 adultos mayores. Pertenecientes al Consultorio 10 del Policlínico "Tomas Romay", durante el año 2017 al 2018. La recolección de los datos se realizó mediante una encuesta. Resultados: el 41,6 % fueron evaluados de mal, seguidos de los de regular. El 41,1 % fueron de 60 a 69 años, el 39,2 % pertenecían al sexo masculino y el 60,8 % al femenino. El 46,8 % tienen un nivel medio de escolaridad. Resultaron jubilados el 51,4 % de los evaluados de regular. Las familias extensas representaron el 45,5 % y el 67,9 % eran disfuncionales. Conclusiones: prevalecieron los adultos mayores evaluados de mal, las féminas y las edades comprendidas entre los 60 y 69 años. Sobresalieron los adultos con nivel medio de escolaridad. En los evaluados de regular predominaron los jubilados. Imperaron las familias extensas y disfuncionales (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: oral health plays an important role to keep life quality in elder people. Objective: to determine the knowledge level of elder people on oral health. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional descriptive research was carried out. The authors studied a universe of 209 elder people belonging to Family Physician's Office 10 of the "Tomas Romay" Polyclinic during the period 2017 - 2019. Data were collected in an inquiry. Results: 41.6 % got bad qualifications, followed by fair. 41.1. % of patients was in the 60-69 age group, 39.2 % were male and 60.8 % ere female. 46.8 % has a high school scholarship. 51.4 % of those who got fair qualification were retired. Extensive families represented 45.5 % and 67.9 % of them were dysfunctional. Conclusions: elder people with bad qualifications, women, and the 60-69-age-group prevailed. Elders with high school scholarship stood out. Among those who got fair qualification predominated retired people. Extensive, dysfunctional families were the most commonly found (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged/physiology , Oral Health/education , Oral Hygiene/education , Physicians' Offices , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge
10.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(7): 457-463, 20200000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1366985

ABSTRACT

Objective: The biggest problems of oral and dental health in Indonesia are the ignorance on the dental and oral hygiene leading to tooth loss, so can highly affect the nutritional status and dietary intake. To discover the relationship between the tooth loss and the hypertension case at Padongko health center of Barru regency. Methods: The research is analytic observation using cross-sectional method. The population of the research is the respondents suffering from the hypertension and tooth loss to determine their nutritional status and dietary intake. The population was the patients with primary hypertension, a purposive sampling technique was applied through path analysis test. Results: Based on the path analysis results, the relationship between nutritional status and hypertension revealed p value=0,562>α=0,05; dietary intake and hypertension showed p value=0,377>α=0,05; therefore, the Ha obtained indicated the existing relationship but not significant. The relationship between nutritional status and tooth loss obtained p value=0,065>α=0,05; dietary intake and tooth loss obtained p value=0,499, in which the Ha obtained had a relationship but not significant. Meanwhile, the relationship between hypertension and tooth loss was indicated by p value=0,001<α=0,05 showing a significant relationship. Conclusion: There is a relationship between nutritional status and dietary intake with tooth loss on hypertension patients, but insignificantly shown


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene/education , Oral Health , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mouth, Edentulous/complications , Eating , Hypertension/diet therapy
11.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 22(2): 51-60, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124835

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: Los escasos conocimientos y la baja percepción de riesgo de los estudiantes son causas de que la caries dental constituya un problema de salud bucal. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de una intervención educativa sobre percepción del riesgo a la caries dental en estudiantes de 7.mo grado. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio cuasi-experimental, con diseño de antes y después en el período de septiembre 2018 a febrero del 2019, la población estuvo constituida por 196, no fue necesario aplicar técnica de muestreo, pues las características de extensión y ubicación de la población, posibilitaron la interacción del investigador con todos los sujetos. Las variables utilizadas: conocimiento sobre prevención de caries dental, percepción de riesgo e higiene bucal, los métodos: del nivel teórico, empírico (encuesta) y de la estadística descriptiva. Resultados: Los conocimientos antes de la intervención eran insuficientes en el 40.8 %, el 78 % no tenía percepción del riesgo y el 40.8 % mala higiene bucal. Después el 74 % tenía conocimientos suficientes, el 89.8 % percepción de riesgo y 79.1 % buena higiene bucal. Conclusiones: La intervención fue efectiva porque logró elevar el nivel de conocimientos y la percepción de riesgo, en los estudiantes, así como una buena higiene bucal.


ABSTRACT Background: The poor knowledge and the low risk perception of the students are causes for dental caries constitute an oral health problem. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention on dental caries risk perception in 7th grade students. Methodology: A quasi-experimental study was carried out, with a previous and further design from September 2018 to February 2019, the population consisted of 196, it was not necessary to apply a sampling technique, since the characteristics of extension and location of the population, made possible the interaction of the researcher with all the subjects. The variables used: knowledge about dental caries prevention, risk perception and oral hygiene, the methods: theoretical, empirical (survey) and descriptive statistics. Results: The knowledge before the intervention was insufficient in 40.8 %, 78 % had no risk perception and 40.8 % poor oral hygiene. After the intervention 74 % had sufficient knowledge, 89.8 % risk perception and 79.1 % good oral hygiene. Conclusions: The intervention was effective because it managed to raise the level of knowledge and risk perception in students, as well as good oral hygiene.


Subject(s)
Oral Hygiene/education , Oral Health/education , Dental Caries/prevention & control
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135569

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the knowledge and behaviour of mothers in maintaining their oral health during pregnancy. Material and Methods: This study included 167 women in five community primary health centres in Central Jakarta whose last child ranged between 0-59 months. The participants were asked to fill the questionnaire "Knowledge and Behaviour Towards Oral Health during Pregnancy" (KBOHP). This questionnaire assessed the knowledge and behaviour in maintaining oral health during pregnancy. Results: Almost 80% of participants reported that they had government dental health coverage. Only about 16% of participants reported that they visit dentist before pregnancy and only about 32% of the participants reported to have oral health problems during pregnancy. Although they have oral health problems, only 18% of them visited the dentists during pregnancy. Only 33% of the participants knew that the periodontal problems can affect pregnancy outcome, and 54.5% of participants had never heard of a possible connection between oral health and pregnancy. About 74% of participants reported that they never had specific oral health care instruction during pregnancy. Participants who received oral health instruction from their health providers also tend to have dental visit during pregnancy. Conclusion: Knowledge and behaviour towards oral health during pregnancy in this population was still low. A program that is developed to improve knowledge and behaviour in maintaining oral health during pregnancy is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pregnancy , Attitude of Health Personnel , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health , Mothers , Oral Hygiene/education , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Indonesia/epidemiology
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135557

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of oral health knowledge in adolescents' oral hygiene pattern. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 291 participants aged between 14 and 19 years old enrolled in a public school in Curitiba, Brazil. A self-administered questionnaire containing five affirmations about periodontal diseases and their forms of prevention was arranged on a three-point Likert scale. Correct answers were given a weight=1 and incorrect ones, weight=0. The knowledge score (KS) was determined by the sum. Socioeconomic and demographic data were obtained by a questionnaire sent to those responsible. The oral hygiene pattern was evaluated through the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) by a calibrated researcher (K=0.89). Mann-Whitney U test and univariate and multivariate Poisson regression with robust variance were used for data analysis (α=0.05). Results: There was an inversely proportional association between KS and OHI-S (p=0.018). The multiple model showed that adolescents with a lower KS (PR = 0.93, CI95%: 0.88-0.99), male gender (PR = 1.17, CI95%: 1.01-1.37) and whose caregivers presented a lower level of education (PR=1.30, CI95%: 1.03-1.64) showed a higher index of dental plaque. Conclusion: The level of oral health knowledge, the gender and the caregivers' level of education influences the adolescents' oral hygiene pattern.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Oral Hygiene/education , Periodontal Diseases/prevention & control , Brazil/epidemiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Oral Hygiene Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Adolescent , Statistics, Nonparametric
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135518

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the oral hygiene and dental caries status on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients, also it's with SLE disease activity. Material and Methods: This is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach. The study was conducted on 93 SLE patients from 2017 to 2019 on Saiful Anwar Hospital Indonesia. All SLE patients had clinical examination using DMF-T, Personal Hygiene Performance-Modified (PHP-M), Calculus Index (CI), Debris Index (DI), Plaque Index (PI) and Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S). Clinical examination and laboratory tests are conducted to assess the activity of SLE measured using. The data were analyzed by One Way ANOVA test. Results: A total of 74% of subjects with SLE had dental caries. PHP-M with SLE severity was found significant (p<0.001) and a strong positive correlation (r=0.982). Plaque with SLE severity was found significant (p=0.001) and a strong positive correlation (r=0.938). OHI-S with SLE severity was found significant (p<0.001) and a strong positive correlation (r=0.953). DMF-T levels with SLE severity was found significant (p=0.001) and a strong positive correlation (r=0.974). It showed that the severity of disease activity was related to poor oral hygiene and a high incidence of dental caries. Conclusion: There is a correlation between oral hygiene, dental caries and SLE severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene/education , Autoimmune Diseases , Dental Health Surveys/methods , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Oral Hygiene Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Indonesia/epidemiology
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135489

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare colony forming unit (CFU) of oral bacterial from buccal mucosa and lingual buccal tongue among patients with a dental implant and normal oral hygiene individuals without a dental implant. Material and Methods: Twenty-six individuals with a dental implant and twenty-six individuals without dental implants were included in this study. The samples were sent to the laboratory to culture with Brain Heart Infusion Broth (BHI), prepared serial dilution and then spread to the blood agar. CFU was counted when a single layer of bacteria is formed on the blood agar at any dilution level. An independent-T test was used to compare the means different of CFU oral bacterial between control and test groups from buccal mucosa and lingual buccal mucosa, respectively. Results: Buccal mucosa control group (186.19 ± 5.61) and test group (186.65 ± 6.24) (p>0.05). The result from the lingual buccal tongue control group (198.38 ± 6.12) and test group (197.96 ± 6.50) (p>0.05). There was no significant difference between the control group and test group CFU bacterial load. Conclusion: The presence of implants in the oral cavity do not interfere or worsen the oral condition; nevertheless, the effect of implants surrounding oral flora is similar to natural teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene/education , Bacteria , Dental Implants , Dental Materials , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Tongue , Control Groups , Statistics, Nonparametric , Agar , Bacterial Load , Malaysia/epidemiology
16.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101282

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of early childhood caries and its association with Child's Programmatic Action dental visits in a Primary Care Service. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out at the Health Centers of the Grupo HospitalarConceição Community Health Service in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Mothers answered a questionnaire containing socioeconomic data, eating habits and oral care of their children. Caries examination was performed by two examiners calibrated using WHO criteria. Results: Eighty-one children with mean age of 58.8 (SD=4.8) months were evaluated, 58% were male. Caries prevalence was 43%, with mean dmft = 1.7 and mean dmfs = 3.09. In the multivariate analysis, there was a statistically significant association of caries with maternal schooling (PR=1.31, 95%CI=1.06-1.62, p=0.012), family income (PR=0.93, 95% CI=0.90-0.97, p<0.001), adequacy of the number of childcare visits (PR=0.68, 95%CI=0.54-0.86, p=0.001) and number of visits to the dentist (PR=1.04, 95%CI=1.01-1.06, p=0.001). Conclusion: Ensuring access to childcare and early dental consultation, while the family context is disregarded, does not seem to be enough to reduce caries. It is necessary to think of non-conventional oral health promotion strategies in Primary Health Care taking into account the territory and social determinants since changes to eating and oral hygiene habits and behaviors are still a challenge to the control of childhood caries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Primary Health Care , Oral Health/education , Community Health Services , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Health Services Accessibility , Oral Hygiene/education , Brazil/epidemiology , Health Centers , Chi-Square Distribution , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Feeding Behavior
17.
Salud pública Méx ; 61(2): 193-201, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058972

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Objective: To compare peer-led dental education (PLDE) versus conventional dental instruction (CDI) in modifying children's oral self-care. Materials and methods: The intervention group (two schools) received PLDE and the control group (two schools) received CDI. The quality of oral self-care practice (OSC-P) and oral self-care skills (OSC-S) were indicated by dental plaque levels (%) and compared before and after dental education. Results: There were no baseline OSC-P differences between the control (55.8 ± 12.8%) and intervention (55.5 ± 14.6%) groups or OSC-S differences between the intervention (38.5 ± 13.2%) and control (38.1 ± 12.5%) groups. At the three-month follow-up we observed OSC-P deterioration in the control group (63.2 ± 15.0%) and OSC-P improvement in the intervention group (52.2 ± 15.6%). The OSC-P/OSC-S regression models found these predictors: baseline oral self-care, group affiliation, and mother's education (p<0.05). Conclusion: The hypothesis was confirmed and significant predictors were baseline oral self-care levels, group affiliation, and mother's education.


Resumen: Objetivo: Comparar un programa educativo guiado por pares (PEGP) versus un programa basado en educación convencional (EC) dirigido al autocuidado bucal en niños. Material y métodos: El grupo de intervención recibió un PEGP y el grupo control recibió EC. La calidad de prácticas de autocuidado (OSC-P) y habilidades de autocuidado (OSC-S) fueron indicadas por los niveles de placa dental (5) y comparadas antes y después de la intervención. Resultados: No se observaron diferencias en los datos de línea base del OSC-P entre el grupo control (55.8 ± 12.8%) y el de intervención (55.5 ± 14.6%) o en el OSC-S entre el grupo de intervención (38.5± 13.2%) y el control (38.1 ± 12.5%). En el seguimiento a tres meses, se observó un deterioro en las OSC-P en el grupo control (63.2 ± 15.0%) y un mejoramiento en las OSC-P en el grupo de intervención (52.2 ± 15.6%). Los modelos de regresión lineal para las OSC-P/OSC-S encontraron como significativos los siguientes predictores: autocuidado bucal de línea base, el grupo de afiliación y la educación materna (p<0.05). Conclusión: La hipótesis fue confirmada y los predictores significativos fueron los niveles de autocuidado bucal de línea base, el grupo de afiliación y la educación materna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Hygiene/education , Peer Group , Self Care , Program Evaluation , Dental Plaque Index , Case-Control Studies , Education, Dental , Health Promotion , Mexico
18.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(2): 122-130, abr. 30, 2019. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145310

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The process to evaluate the effectiveness of preventive programs involves follow-up and monitoring activities, assessing if these programs really contribute to the improvement of oral health conditions of the target population. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of oral health programs, according to their levels of prevention, applied to schoolchildren at educational institutions in Chiclayo and Pimentel, in the district of Lambayeque, Peru. Materials and Methods: A retrospective, longitudinal and descriptive study was carried out on 237 schoolchildren between 6 and 7 years of age, from four educational institutions located in Chiclayo and Pimentel. A record of the oral hygiene index and caries' incidence was carried out in four stages, including a baseline diagnosis and three follow-up evaluations every six months between 2016 and 2017, with a previously verified calibration process for the oral hygiene index (k=0.86) and for caries registration (k=0.79). Results: A greater effectiveness was observed in programs with level 2 prevention, achieving a progressive decrease in the oral hygiene index from a baseline mean of 2.04 to 1.98 at 6 months, 1.77 at 12 months and 1.64 at 18 months, with significant differences between them. Regarding the incidence of caries in permanent first molars, no significant differences were found in the effectiveness of programs with levels 1 and 2 of prevention, according to mixed factorial ANOVA (p<0.05). Conclusion: Programs with level 2 prevention have a greater effectiveness in terms of improving oral hygiene conditions, with significant differences in comparison to programs with level 1 prevention. No significant differences were found between the effectiveness of Level 1 and 2 programs regarding the incidence of dental caries.


Introducción: La efectividad como proceso de evaluación de los programas preventivos implica acompañamiento y seguimiento, permitiendo determinar si realmente contribuyen a mejorar las condiciones de salud bucal de una población. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de programas de salud bucal según sus niveles de prevención aplicados a escolares de instituciones educativas de Chiclayo y Pimentel, Lambayeque­Perú. Material y Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y longitudinal, con 237 escolares entre 6 y 7 años de cuatro instituciones educativas de Chiclayo y Pimentel. El registro del índice de higiene oral y de incidencia de caries fue realizado en cuatro momentos, incluyendo un diagnóstico basal y tres evaluaciones de seguimiento cada seis meses entre los años 2016 y 2017, habiendo verificado un proceso previo de calibración para el índice de higiene oral (k=0.86) y para el registro de caries (k=0.79). Resultados: Se determinó una mayor efectividad en los programas con nivel 2 de prevención, logrando disminuir progresivamente el índice de higiene oral de una media basal de 2,04 a 1,98 a los 6 meses, 1,77 a los 12 meses y 1,64 a los 18 meses, encontrando diferencias significativas. En cuanto a incidencia de caries en primeras molares permanentes, no se encontraron diferencias significativas en la efectividad de los programas con niveles 1 y 2 de prevención, ANOVA factorial mixto (p<0,05). Conclusiones: Los programas con nivel 2 de prevención alcanzan mayor efectividad en cuanto a mejorar las condiciones de higiene oral, encontrando diferencias significativas en comparación a los programas con nivel 1. En cuanto a incidencia de caries, no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre la efectividad de los programas de nivel 1 y 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , School Health Services , Oral Health/education , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Oral Hygiene/education , Peru , Program Evaluation , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Dental Caries/prevention & control
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4423, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the oral health conditions of hospitalized children, as well as describe the knowledge and practices of oral health care adopted by their parents/guardians. Material and Methods:The sample was composed of 46 children who had been hospitalized for at least five days, who had erupted teeth in the oral cavity and were accompanied by their parents/guardians. Information was collected in relation to: theoral health status of children (DMFT/DEF), the socioeconomic profile and access to information on health and oral hygiene of the parents/guardians anddata regarding the hospitalization of the children. The data were analyzed using the Fisher, Pearson's and Mann Whitney's Chi-squared tests, with a confidence level of 95%.Results:47.8% of the hospitalized children had experienced caries, and the most relevant component for the determination of the experience of caries was the presence of decayed teeth (0.50 to 1.94). A total of 97.8% of parents/guardians said they had not received information on oral health and hygiene, 100.0% had not received guidance on the sugar contained in medicines or the salivary decrease caused by the medications. 34.8% of the children did not perform oral hygiene during hospitalization. According to medical records, 58.7% took liquid medication orally. Conclusion:The hospitalized children had precarious oral health conditions, with the occurrence of carious lesions of the teeth. The presence of risk factors for dental caries in hospitalized children was observed (poor oral hygiene, low schooling and income of parents/guardians, limited knowledge of parents/guardians regarding health care and oral hygiene, consumption of medicines with cariogenic potential) (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Primary Health Care , Socioeconomic Factors , Tooth Eruption , Brazil , Child , Child, Hospitalized , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Oral Hygiene/education , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
20.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(2): e1437, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019244

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The bariatric surgery may have negative repercussions on oral conditions. Aim: To evaluate the impact of oral health educational/preventive program developed with patients submitted to gastroplasties. Method: The sample consisted of 109 patients randomly allocated to two groups: intervention group (IG), where they participated in the oral health promotion program that include multiple educational-preventive approaches; control group (CG), where they received usual care from the bariatric clinic staff, without participation in the program. The oral conditions investigated in the pre-operative and postoperative periods of one month (1M) and six months (6M) were: dental caries, periodontal disease, tooth wear, dental plaque and salivary flow. Results: After bariatric surgery, patients in IG presented: fewer changes in enamel (6M: p=0.004), dentin (6M: p=0.005) and gingival bleeding (6M: p<0.0001), reduction in plaque index (1M, 6M: p<0.0001) and increased salivary flow (6M: p=0.039), when compared with CG. Incipient tooth wear was recorded in both groups (6M: p=0.713). Conclusion: There was a positive impact of the implemented program in the prevention of the main oral health problems in patients who underwent gastroplasties, contributing to their quality of life.


RESUMO Racional: A cirurgia bariátrica pode repercutir negativamente nas condições bucais. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto de um programa educativo/preventivo em saúde bucal desenvolvido em pacientes submetidos à gastroplastia. Método: A amostra foi constituída por 109 pacientes aleatoriamente alocados em dois grupos: grupo de intervenção (GI), onde participaram do programa de promoção de saúde bucal com abordagens educativo-preventivas; grupo controle (GC), onde receberam cuidado da equipe da clínica, sem participação no programa. As condições bucais investigadas nos períodos pré e pós-operatório de um mês (1M) e seis meses (6M) foram: cárie dentária, doença periodontal, desgaste dentário, placa dentária e fluxo salivar. Resultados: Após a gastroplastia, pacientes do GI apresentaram: menor alteração em esmalte (6M: p=0,004), dentina (6M: p=0,005) e sangramento gengival (6M: p<0,0001); redução no índice de placa (1M, 6M: p<0,0001) e aumento do fluxo salivar (6M: p=0,039), quando comparados aos do GC. Desgaste dentário incipiente foi registrado em ambos os grupos (6M: p=0,713). Conclusão: Houve impacto positivo do programa implementado na prevenção dos principais problemas de saúde bucal em pacientes submetidos à gastroplastia, contribuindo para sua qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Oral Hygiene/education , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Oral Health/education , Health Education/methods , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Socioeconomic Factors , Gastroplasty , Periodontal Index
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