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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e243678, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1555452

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate how different study designs influences the presence and characteristics of diagnosis of oral manifestations in patients with COVID-19. Methods: This study is a meta-search conducted with studies evaluating the relationship between patients with oral manifestations and COVID-19. A search was conducted in three databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus), using terms specific to COVID-19 and oral lesions, including only primary studies. Study selection was undertaken by two reviewers independently. A descriptive analysis was performed. Results: The results included 55 studies in the data synthesis analysis. Most of the studies were case reports and case series. Some of the studies did not relate a biological test to confirm COVID-19. The ulcer lesion and that clinical examination by specialists were the most reported lesion in case reports and case series studies, while taste alterations and patient self-report were more reported in observational studies. Conclusions: This review concluded that the oral lesions in patients with COVID-19 differ according to the study design. The lack of high-quality scientific evidence in the dental literature on COVID-19 makes the findings inconsistent by the lack of sample selection criteria, diagnostic criteria and classification of oral lesions


Subject(s)
Oral Manifestations , Diagnosis, Oral , COVID-19/epidemiology
2.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(3): 1111232, sept.-dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554692

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: La sífilis es una enfermedad de transmisión sexual con una incidencia creciente a nivel mundial. En la sí- filis secundaria, las lesiones orales son frecuentes, siendo a veces la única manifestación. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una serie de casos clínicos de sífilis con localización predominante o exclusivamente gingival, destacando las ca- racterísticas clínicas más relevantes para su diagnóstico. Casos clínicos: Esta serie de casos clínicos incluyó nueve casos de sífilis secundaria con manifestaciones gingi- vales. El diagnóstico se realizó mediante pruebas serológicas (VDRL, TPPA, FTA-ABS y MHA-TP), y se describieron le- siones tanto gingivales como extragingivales. En la encía se observó sífilis secundaria afectando principalmente la región anterior ­tanto superior como inferior­, presentándose pla- cas rojas o blancas. Algunos casos también presentaban le- siones en otros sitios intraorales, tenían síntomas como dolor o sensación de ardor, o presentaban enfermedad periodontal dependiente de placa. El diagnóstico diferencial de sífilis se- cundaria gingival con condiciones periodontales inespecíficas es fundamental para un diagnóstico adecuado. Por lo tanto, se debe considerar el diagnóstico de sífilis secundaria cuando se enfrentan casos gíngivo-periodontales atípicos en la práctica diaria (AU)


Aim: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease with growing incidence worldwide. In secondary syphilis, oral le- sions are common, sometimes being the only manifestation. Gingival features of syphilis are rare and usually present mul- tiple oral lesions. The aim of this article is to present a series of clinical cases of syphilis with predominantly or exclusively gingival localization, highlighting the most relevant clinical characteristics for its diagnosis. Clinical cases: This clinical case series included nine cases of secondary syphilis with gingival manifestations. The diagnosis was made using serological tests (VDRL, TPPA, FTA-ABS, and MHA-TP), and both gingival and extragingi- val lesions were described. Secondary syphilis was observed in the gum, mainly affecting the anterior region ­both up- per and lower­, depicting red or white plaques. Some cases also presented lesions in other intraoral sites, had symptoms such as pain or burning sensation, or showed plaque induced periodontal disease. The differential diagnosis of second- ary syphilis considering non-specific periodontal conditions with gingival involvement is essential for a proper diagnosis. Thus, the diagnosis of secondary syphilis should be consid- ered when dealing with atypical gingivo-periodontal cases in everyday practice (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Manifestations , Syphilis/complications , Gingival Diseases/etiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Schools, Dental , Dental Service, Hospital , Diagnosis, Differential
3.
Rev. ADM ; 80(5): 274-279, sept.-oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531559

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Cornelia de Lange (SCdL) es un trastorno genético poco frecuente y se atribuye principalmente a mutaciones en los genes NIPBL, SMC3 y SMC1A. Sus principales características clínicas son múltiples anomalías congénitas, dimorfismo facial, hirsutismo, hipertricosis, retraso psicomotor, discapacidad intelectual, restricción del crecimiento prenatal y postnatal, anomalías de manos y pies, así como malformaciones congénitas que afectan a distintos órganos. En pacientes con SCdL es necesario hacer hincapié en la higiene oral debido a la discapacidad intelectual que puede presentarse y asegurarse de que se realiza una adecuada valoración y saneamiento dental de forma periódica con el fin de prevenir enfermedades bucodentales. El objetivo de este reporte de caso es describir el manejo odontológico de un paciente de 10 años con SCdL y revisar las características clínicas y hallazgos radiológicos presentes en la cavidad oral (AU)


Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare genetic disorder and is principally attributed to mutations in the NIPBL, SMC3 and SMC1A genes. The main clinical characteristics are multiple congenital anomalies, facial dimorphism, hirsutism, hypertrichosis, psychomotor retardation, intellectual disability, prenatal and postnatal growth restriction, hand and foot anomalies, as well as congenital malformations affecting different organs. In patients with CDLS, it is necessary to focus on oral hygiene due to the intellectual disability that may be present and to ensure that adequate dental valuation and hygiene is routinely performed in order to prevent oral diseases. The aim of this case report is to describe the dental management of a 10-year-old patient with CDLS and review the clinical characteristics and radiological findings that are present in the oral cavity (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Oral Manifestations , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , De Lange Syndrome/therapy , De Lange Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Schools, Dental , Tooth Abnormalities , Dental Care for Children/methods , Maxillofacial Abnormalities , De Lange Syndrome/pathology , Mexico
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(2): 1110851, mayo-ago. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533086

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos es una enfermedad heredita- ria, producida por mutaciones cromosómicas que pueden llegar a tener un comportamiento autosómico dominante, recesivo o ligado al cromosoma X. Se caracteriza por defectos en las enzi- mas encargadas de la estructura y síntesis de colágeno. En vista de los 20 tipos de colágeno que existen, este síndrome es extre- madamente heterogéneo tanto en su presentación clínica como en su progresión y evolución. Dentro de los signos y síntomas habituales encontramos la hiperlaxitud articular, hiperelastici- dad de la piel e hiperequimosis de los vasos sanguíneos. Con relación a las complicaciones que pueden presentar es- tos pacientes, encontramos dislocaciones articulares, fragilidad en la piel, dolor articular, ruptura de grandes vasos sanguíneos, dificultad en la cicatrización y, en consecuencia, mayor inci- dencia de procesos infecciosos y de cicatrices poco estéticas. Presenta una incidencia de 1 caso cada 2.500-5.000 na- cidos vivos. Por ello, es fundamental que el odontólogo se encuentre familiarizado con el manejo médico-dental de estos pacientes, a fin de estar preparado para brindarles un trata- miento adecuado y responder ante las posibles complicacio- nes que se pueden presentar. En esta revisión se emplearon resultados extraídos manual- mente de artículos, indexados en las bases de datos PUBMED y EBSCO, que respondían a la búsqueda de los términos Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, dental management y oral surgery. El objetivo fue describir el manejo médico-odontológico del paciente con síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos hasta la fecha (AU)


Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a hereditary disease, produced by chromosomal mutations that can have an autosomal behavior, which can be dominant, recessive or X-linked. It is characterized by defects in the enzymes responsible for the structure and syn- thesis of collagen. In view of the 20 existent types of collagen, this syndrome is extremely heterogeneous in its clinical presentation, as well as in its progression and evolution. Within the usual signs and symptoms, we find joint hyperlaxity, skin hyperelasticity and hyper-ecchymosis of the blood vessels. Regarding the complications that these patients can pres- ent, we find joint dislocations, skin fragility, joint pain, rupture of large blood vessels, difficulty in healing and, consequently, a higher incidence of infectious processes and unsightly scars. It presents an incidence of 1 case every 2.500-5.000 live births. Therefore, it is essential that the dentist is familiar with the medical-dental management of these patients, in order to be prepared to provide them with adequate treatment and re- spond to possible complications that may arise. In this review, results were manually extracted from ar- ticles, indexed in the PUBMED and EBSCO databases, that respond to the search for the terms Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, dental management and oral surgery. The aim was describing the medical-dental management of patients with Ehlers-Dan- los syndrome to date (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Manifestations , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/surgery , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/drug therapy , Patient Care Team , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/methods , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/classification
5.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(1): 68-75, jun 22, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443059

ABSTRACT

Introdução: durante a permanência em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTIs), os pacientes internados apresentam maior vulnerabilidade a alterações na cavidade oral decorrentes do uso de equipamentos de respiração artificial e do estado imunocomprometido em que se encontram. Objetivo: identificar as principais manifestações bucais em pacientes internados em uma UTI bem como verificar o conhecimento dos profissionais responsáveis pela higienização bucal. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo descritivo com delineamento transversal. Os dados foram obtidos nos prontuários médicos dos pacientes e através de um exame clínico intraoral. Para os profissionais responsáveis pela higiene bucal, foi utilizado um questionário. As análises foram realizadas no programa SPSS versão 21.0 de forma descritiva. Resultados: as manifestações bucais com maior incidência foram saburra lingual, biofilme dentário, candidíase, devido a qualidade da higiene bucal prestada e a baixa imunidade. Os achados bucais e sistêmicos relacionados aos pacientes com maior tempo de internação foram ressecamento labial, queilite angular, língua despapilada, candidíase e pneumonia. Todos os profissionais responsáveis pela higienização bucal dos pacientes tinham formação técnica em enfermagem e desconheciam alterações importantes como biofilme dentário e pneumonia nosocomial. Conclusão: os dados deste estudo permitem concluir que apesar da constância com que é realizada a higienização bucal, verifica-se alta frequência de lesões bucais nos pacientes críticos da UTI. Evidenciando o papel da assistência da higienização bucal de qualidade, destacando a importância da atuação do cirurgião dentista em equipes multiprofissionais, visto que o risco de focos infecciosos bucais pode contribuir para o agravo e piora do quadro clínico dos pacientes.


Introduction: during the stay in Intensive Care Units (ICUs), hospitalized patients are more vulnerable to changes in the oral cavity resulting from the use of artificial respiration equipment and the immunocompromised state in which they are found. Objective: to identify the main oral manifestations in patients admitted to an ICU, as well as to verify the knowledge of professionals responsible for oral hygiene. Methodology: this is a descriptive quantitative study with cross-sectional design. Data were obtained from the patient's medical records and through an intraoral clinical examination. For professionals responsible for oral hygiene, a questionnaire was used. The analyses were performed in the SPSS version 21.0 program in a descriptive way. Results: the oral manifestations with the highest incidence were tongue coating, dental biofilm, candidiasis, due to the quality of oral hygiene provided and low immunity. Oral and systemic findings related to patients with longer hospital stays were lip dryness, angular cheilitis, depapilated tongue, candidiasis and pneumonia. All professionals responsible for oral hygiene of patients had technical training in nursing and were unaware of important alterations such as dental biofilm and nosocomial pneumonia. Conclusion: the data from this study allow us to conclude that despite the constancy with which oral hygiene is performed, there is a high frequency of oral lesions in critical ICU patients. Evidencing the role of quality oral hygiene assistance, highlighting the importance of the dentist's role in multidisciplinary teams, since the risk of oral infectious foci can contribute to the aggravation and worsening of the clinical condition of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Hygiene , Oral Manifestations , Dental Staff, Hospital , Intensive Care Units , Mouth Mucosa , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Evaluation Studies as Topic
6.
Rev. ADM ; 80(3): 145-150, mayo-jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517954

ABSTRACT

Los trastornos del desarrollo son aquellos padecimientos que se manifiestan por defectos en la embriogénesis de la región afectada. La cara del ser humano comienza su formación alrededor de la cuarta semana de vida intrauterina y se manifiesta gracias a la fusión de cinco prominencias: dos pares conocidas como maxilar y mandibular, y una impar conocida como frontonasal. Cuando esta fusión no se lleva a cabo de una forma óptima, aparecen numerosas alteraciones del desarrollo como el labio y paladar hendido, y la displasia frontonasal. La displasia frontonasal produce frecuentemente afecciones oculares, nasales y orales. Dentro de las manifestaciones orales destacan una forma atípica de hendidura labial o palatina, afecciones dentales y alteraciones en el crecimiento de la cara. Dada la gran relación que este padecimiento tiene con la cavidad oral resulta importante que el odontólogo conozca la etiología y las características clínicas de este trastorno (AU)


Developmental disorders are those conditions that are manifested by defects in the embryogenesis of the affected region. The human face begins its formation around the fourth week of intrauterine life and is manifested thanks to the fusion of five prominences: two pairs known as maxillary and mandibular and odd one known as frontonasal. When this fusion is not carried out in an optimal way, numerous developmental alterations appear, such as cleft lip and palate and frontonasal dysplasia. Frontonasal dysplasia frequently produces ocular, nasal and oral affections. Among the oral manifestations, and atypical form of clef lip and/or palate, dental affections and alterations in the growth of the face stand out. Given the great relationship that this condition has with the oral cavity, it is important for the dentist to know the etiology and clinical characteristics of this disorder (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Craniofacial Abnormalities/genetics , Craniofacial Dysostosis , Facial Bones/abnormalities , Nasal Bone/abnormalities , Oral Manifestations , Eye Abnormalities/genetics , Cleft Lip/etiology , Cleft Palate/etiology
7.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 75-85, abr. 4, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443192

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The SARS CoV 2 infection has resulted in several health, economic, and social crises in all areas. The disease shows a substantial biological diversity in humans causing a series of sequels in the trans- or post-infection period in the entire organism. Case Report: The manifestations that occur in the oral cavity and pharynx have not been evaluated. In this study, two clinical cases are reported. The first patient, a 67-year-old male, presents erosive lesions on the dorsal surface of his tongue after SARS CoV 2 infection. Results: Therapy consisting of reinforcing oral cleaning, use of antifungal solutions, mouthwashes containing superoxidation solution and B complex was given to the patient. The reported lesions improved satisfactorily. The second case, a 47-year-old male patient, presented vesiculobullous lesions on the lingual and labial mucosa accompanied by severe painful symptoms after SARS CoV 2 infection. An incisional biopsy was performed. The histopathological result was compatible with pemphigus vulgaris, and the treatment protocol was started with 0.1% topical mometasone and 2g miconazole gel, observing adequate involution of the lesions after 20 days. Conclusions: The aim of this study is to report on the lesions affecting the oral cavity and pharynx in post-COVID patients with the aim of carrying out a thorough intraoral examination, establishing a clinical or histopathological diagnosis to implement a specific treatment plan in each case to improve the health and quality of life of the patients. Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; Oral manifestations; Oral ulcer; Pemphigus; Mouth; Mucous membrane.


Introducción: La infección por virus de SARS CoV 2 ha dejado a su paso una estela de crisis en materia de salud, económica, social y en todos los ámbitos a la fecha seguimos realizando la observación del comportamiento de la enfermedad en los seres humanos con una diversidad biológica importante y que ha traído como consecuencia una serie de secuelas que se presentan en el periodo trans o posterior a la infección en toda la economía corporal. Reporte de Caso: Se ha evaluado poco las manifestaciones que se presentan en la cavidad bucal y faringe; se presentan dos casos clínicos el primero paciente masculino de 67 años de edad posterior a la infección por SARS CoV 2 presenta diluciones de continuidad en bordes laterales de la lengua se indica terapia y refuerza limpieza bucal, antimicótico, colutorios con solución de superoxidación y complejo B, las úlceras involucionan de manera satisfactoria. Resultados: El segundo caso masculino de 47 años posterior a la infección por SARS CoV 2 debuta con lesiones vesículo-ampollosas en mucosa lingual, labial con sintomatología dolorosa severa, se realiza biopsia incisional donde el resultado histopatológico es compatible con pénfigo vulgar, se inicia protocolo de tratamiento con mometasona tópica al 0.1% y miconazol gel 2g observándose una adecuada involución de las lesiones a los 20 días. Conclusiones: El objetivo de este trabajo es poner en contexto de la comunidad médica y científica las lesiones concernientes a la cavidad bucal y faringe que están presentando los pacientes postcovid con el objetivo de realizar una exhaustiva exploración intraoral, establecer un diagnóstico clínico o histopatológico y con base en esto instaurar un plan de tratamiento específico en cada caso en particular con el fin fundamental de mejorar la salud y calidad de vida del paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Ulcer/etiology , Oral Ulcer/drug therapy , COVID-19/complications , Oral Manifestations , Pemphigus , Mouth/injuries
8.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(3): 392-401, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405001

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The oral cavity can present the first clinical manifestations of leukemia, therefore; it is important to recognize their principal characteristics. Objective: To identify oral manifestations as the first clinical signs of leukemia. Methods: This is an integrative review, that gathered data from articles with oral manifestations of leukemia as part of its first clinical features. The were included case reports, case series, clinical research, or reviews with case reports. The variables that were considered relevant: age, sex, sites of the oral lesions, characteristics of the oral lesions, medical history and physical examination, time of evolution, radiographic examination, blood test results, initial diagnosis, differential diagnosis and final diagnosis. Results: A total of 31 studies were included, with a total of 33 individuals identified. There were 19 (57.57%) males and 14 (42.42%) females. The age range was from 1.6 to 74 years. Acute myeloid leukemia (72.72%) and acute lymphoid leukemia (18.18%) presented more oral manifestations as the first clinical signs of the disease. All individuals with leukemia presented lesions, such as ulcer, erosion, bleeding, ecchymosis, color change of the bluish or pale mucous membranes and areas of tissue necrosis. Hard tissue lesions were less frequent, being 6 (18.18%). Conclusion: The first clinical manifestations of leukemia can be present in the oral cavity, mainly in acute myeloid leukemia. The principal oral tissues affected were gingival tissue, buccal mucosa and hard and/or soft palate. When hard tissues, such as the maxilla bone or mandible bone were affected, dental mobility was the principal clinical sign.


Subject(s)
Oral Manifestations , Leukemia/diagnosis , Mouth
9.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud, Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública, Dirección de Salud Bucal; 1 ed; Ago. 2022. 28 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1399833

ABSTRACT

La publicación describe los criterios para el registro de datos de las características, anomalías patológicas de las piezas dentarias, así como el registro de procedimientos estomatológicos realizados para el uso y manejo del odontograma en las diferentes UPS, pudiendo ser utilizados en aspectos clínicos, legales, forenses, estadísticos, de investigación o docencia. Asimismo las pautas para estandarizar el gráfico y la nomenclatura básica para el registro de hallazgos clínicos en el odontograma, permitiendo a la comunidad de cirujanos dentistas manejar la misma información


Subject(s)
Oral Manifestations , Dental Implants , Clinical Record , Oral Health , Medical Records Systems, Computerized , Dental Care , Dental Amalgam , Dentists
10.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(2): 1100833, may.-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419063

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir tres situaciones clínicas en las que se presentan distintas manifestaciones bucales para una misma entidad patológica. En los tres casos la sospe- cha diagnóstica de sífilis primaria se basó en la presencia de una adenopatía. Los estudios de laboratorio permitieron confirmar el diagnóstico de sífilis. Por su polimorfismo y variabilidad clínica en sus diferentes etapas evolutivas, la sífilis es descripta clásicamente como "la gran simuladora". Este artículo propone que la presencia de adenomegalias características puede ser una clave para orientar el diagnós- tico de la patología, lo cual no ha sido aún reportado en la literatura. Casos clínicos: Se presentan tres casos clínicos de pa- cientes que acudieron a una consulta estomatológica privada y al Servicio de Estomatología del Hospital Alemán de Bue- nos Aires. Los tres acuden con signos y síntomas diferentes, pero compartiendo la presencia de adenopatías múltiples, en las que se destaca un elemento ganglionar más voluminoso (AU)


Aim: To describe three clinical cases that present dif- ferent oral manifestations for the same pathological entity. In all three cases, the suspected diagnosis of primary syph- ilis was based on the presence of an adenopathy. Labora- tory studies confirmed the diagnosis of syphilis. Due to its polymorphism and clinical variability in the different evo- lutionary stages, syphilis is classically described as "the great simulator". This article proposes that the presence of characteristic adenomegalies can be a key to guide the di- agnosis, which has not yet been reported in the literature. Clinical reports: Three clinical cases of patients who attended a private stomatology consultation and the Stoma- tology Service of the Hospital Alemán de Buenos Aires are presented. The three patients showed different signs and symptoms but shared the presence of multiple adenopathies with a more voluminous ganglial element (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Manifestations , Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial , Lymphadenopathy , Argentina , Signs and Symptoms , Treponema pallidum/pathogenicity , Dental Service, Hospital , Diagnosis, Differential
11.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 12(2): 52-60, Jul-Dec. 2022. tab, tab, graf, tab, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397170

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar las manifestaciones bucales en pacientes con medicación anti- hipertensiva que acuden al servicio estomatológico sur del municipio Morón, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, en el período enero 2019 a enero 2020. Se trabajó con la totalidad del universo, constituido por 162 pacientes. La información se recopiló de las historias clínicas estomatológicas individuales y de una ficha de recolección de datos creada por los autores de la investigación. Se estudiaron las variables grupo de edad, sexo, grupo de medicamentos antihipertensivos, dosis del medicamento, signos y síntomas clínicos, así como enfermedades bucales. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva (frecuencias absolutas y relativas porcentuales). Resultados: el 42,6 % representó el grupo de edad 35 a 59 años y el 53,7% al sexo femenino. Se observó que 88 pacientes (54,3 %) se encontraban medicados con inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina; de ellos, 38 en su dosis mínima. La xerostomía estuvo presente en el 59,9 % de los casos. El 63,6 % presentó caries dental como enfermedad estomatológica. Conclusiones: existió predominio de la xerostomía y la caries dental en la mayoría de los pacientes.


Objective: To characterize the oral manifestations in patients with antihypertensive medication who attend the southern dental service of the Moron municipality, Ciego de Avila, Cuba. Method: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in the period from January 2019 to January 2020. We worked with the entire universe which was made up of 162 patients. The information was collected from individual dental medical records and from a data collection form created by the authors of the research. The variables age group, sex, antihypertensive drug group, dose of antihypertensive drug, clinical signs and symptoms, and oral diseases were studied. Descriptive statistics were used (absolute and relative percentage frequencies). Results: 42,6 % represented the age group 35 to 59 years and 53,7 % the female sex. It was observed that 88 (54,3 %) patients were medicated with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, 38 of them at their minimum dose. Xerostomia was present in 59,9% of the cases. 63,6 % presented dental caries as a dental disease. Conclusions: There was a predominance of xerostomia and dental caries in most of the patients.


Subject(s)
Oral Manifestations , Antihypertensive Agents , Hypertension
12.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(1): 48-55, abr. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391345

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de la presente revisión fue analizar y compa- rar las publicaciones sobre la prevalencia de manifestaciones bucales de pacientes infectados por el Virus de la Inmuno- deficiencia Humana, Virus del Papiloma Humano y sífilis. Se seleccionaron los artículos más relevantes y se abordó la incidencia según sexo, edad, distribución geográfica y locali- zaciones anatómicas frecuentes. Se encontró que las lesiones orales más prevalentes producidas por el Virus de la Inmu- nodeficiencia Humana son la candidiasis oral, la leucoplasia vellosa y enfermedades periodontales, entre otras. La sífilis presentó una frecuencia de 7,5% de manifestaciones orales en la etapa primaria, 92,5% en la secundaria y rara vez lesio- nes en la terciaria. Las formas más prevalentes fueron parches mucosos, pápulas y úlceras. Las lesiones orales benignas rela- cionadas con el Virus del Papiloma Humano halladas fueron la verruga vulgar, el papiloma plano, el condiloma acuminado y la hiperplasia epitelial focal. La prevalencia de carcinomas orofaríngeos y orales fue del 33,6% y del 22,2% respectiva- mente. Se encontraron similitudes en el comportamiento se- xual y las vías de transmisión de las enfermedades analizadas, y se observó que son más prevalentes en adultos jóvenes de sexo masculino y en países en vías de desarrollo (AU)


The aim of this review was to analyze and compare pub- lications on the prevalence of oral manifestations in patients infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Human Pap- illoma Virus and syphilis. The most reliable studies were se- lected, and incidence was evaluated according to gender, age, geographic location and frequent anatomic sites. It was found that the most prevalent Human Immunodeficiency Virus oral lesions were oral candidiasis, hairy leukoplakia and perio- dontal diseases, among others. Syphilis had a 7.5% preva- lence of oral manifestations in the primary stage, 92.5% in the secondary, and rarely lesions in the tertiary. The most prevalent forms were mucous patches, papules and ulcers. The benign oral lesions related to the Human Papilloma Vi- rus were verruca vulgaris, squamous papilloma, condyloma acuminatum and multifocal epithelial hyperplasia. The preva- lence of oropharyngeal and oral carcinomas were 33.6% and 22.2%, respectively. Similarities were found in sexual behavior and transmis- sion routes of the diseases analyzed, which were more preva- lent among young adult males, and in developing countries (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oral Manifestations , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Periodontal Diseases , Candidiasis, Oral , Syphilis , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , HIV Infections , Papillomavirus Infections , Age and Sex Distribution
13.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 15(1): 84-86, abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385255

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El eritema multiforme es una enfermedad autoinmune vesicular-ampollosa y autolimitada, se presenta de forma aguda afectando la piel y mucosa. En 2015, Lee E. y Freer J., incluyeron esta enfermedad dentro de los síndromes dermatológicos paraneoplásicos, pero actualmente no existen muchas publicaciones de esta entidad como manifestación a una neoplasia subyacente. El objetivo de esta investigación es presentar el eritema multiforme como una manifestación paraneoplásica inusual. En este caso una paciente de 64 años de edad que cursaba con adenocarcinoma de colon exhibió el eritema multiforme oral; cuyas manifestaciones bucales involucionaron gracias a la farmacoterapia local y sistémica en conjunto con la excéresis de la lesión cancerosa en el colon. Es importante reconocer la presencia de eritema multiforme como una manifestación paraneoplásica cuando no se exhiben los factores etiológicos frecuentes de esta patología y, por lo tanto, centrarse en la búsqueda subyacente de neoplasias malignas que no son muy evidentes.


ABSTRACT: Erythema multiforme is a self-limiting, blistering, autoimmune disease that presents acutely, affecting the skin and mucosa. In 2015, Lee E. and Freer J. included this disease in paraneoplastic dermatological syndromes, but there are currently not many publications about this entity as a manifestation of an underlying malignancy. The objective of this research is to present the erythema multiforme as an unusual paraneoplastic manifestation. In this case, a female 64-year-old patient with colon adenocarcinoma exhibited oral multiform erythema; whose oral manifestations regressed thanks to local and systemic pharmacotherapy in conjunction with the exeresis of the cancerous lesion in the colon. It is important to recognize the presence of erythema multiforme as a paraneoplastic manifestation when the frequent etiological factors of this pathology are not exhibited and, therefore, to focus on the underlying search for malignant neoplasms that are not very evident.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Oral Manifestations , Autoimmune Diseases , Erythema Multiforme , Colonic Neoplasms
14.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 637-642, fev 11, 2022. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359524

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a Epidermólise Bolhosa hereditária (EB) é uma doença rara, caracterizada por formações de bolhas na pele e nas mucosas que sofrem mínimos traumas ou aparecem espontaneamente. As principais divisões de EB são Epidermólise Bolhosa Simples, Epidermólise Bolhosa Juncional, Epidermólise Bolhosa Distrófica e a Síndrome de Kindler. As manifestações bucais geralmente encontradas nos pacientes com EB são as bolhas no epitélio oral, microstomia, anquiloglossia, doença periondontal, hipoplasia do esmalte, cárie dentária, atrofia da maxila e prognatismo mandibular, variando para cada tipo da doença. Objetivo: relatar as manifestações bucais dos portadores de Epidermólise Bolhosa residentes no município de Barra da Estiva. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo transversal, quantitativo e descritivo que foi desenvolvido no município de Barra da Estiva ­ BA com a população de portadores de Epidermólise Bolhosa, através da realização de anamnese e exame clínico. Estatística descritiva foi utilizada para tabular os dados coletados. Resultados: foram analisados 5 portadores de Epidermólise Bolhosa, a maioria do sexo masculino (60%), com média de idade de 5,6 anos. As manifestações bucais encontradas foram bolhas orais (100%), anquiloglossia (100%), língua despapilada (100%), hipoplasia de esmalte (80%), cárie (40%) e abertura de boca limitada em média de 28,6 mm. Conclusão: os portadores de Epidermólise Bolhosa apresentaram manifestações orais características da doença, tendo como consequências maiores dificuldades para realizar higienização bucal e tratamento odontológico, sendo necessário conhecimento prévio dos cirurgiões-dentistas para o atendimento desses pacientes.


Introduction: inherited Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a rare disease, characterized by blistering of the skin and mucous membranes that suffer minimal trauma or appear spontaneously. The main divisions of EB are Simple Epidermolysis Bullosa, Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa, Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa and Kindler Syndrome. The oral manifestations usually found in patients with EB are blisters in the oral epithelium, microstomy, ankyloglossia, periodontal disease, enamel hypoplasia, dental caries, atrophy of the jaw and mandibular prognathism, varying for each type of disease. Objective: to report the oral manifestations of Epidermolysis Bullosa patients living in the municipality of Barra da Estiva. Methods: cross-sectional study, quantitative and descriptive that was developed in the municipality of Barra da Estiva-BA with the population of people with Epidermolysis Bullosa, through anamnesis and clinical examination. Descriptive statistics was used to tabulate the data collected. Results: 5 children with Epidermolysis Bullosa were analyzed, most male (60%), with an average age of 5,6 years. Oral manifestations found were oral blisters (100%), anquiloglossia (100%), loss of papillae of the tongue (100%), enamel hypoplasia (80%), tooth decay (40%) and mouth opening limited to the average of 28.6 mm. Conclusion: epidermolysis Bullosa children presented oral manifestations common to the disease, leading to difficulties in performing oral hygiene and dental treatment, requiring prior knowledge of dental surgeons for the care of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Oral Manifestations , Blister , Epidermolysis Bullosa , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia , Microstomia , Demography , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Evaluation Studies as Topic
15.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58157, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366147

ABSTRACT

Some mycoses are endemic. They develop through hematogenous spread, causing a generalized infection, usually with secondary mucosal involvement.The aim of this observational and retrospective study was to report the prevalence and characteristics of oral lesions in patients diagnosed with systemic fungal infections (SFI) over a 25-year period in southern Brazil. Demographic (age, sex, ethnicity, occupation) and clinical (anatomical location, symptoms,histopathological diagnosis and management) data from the medical records of patients with SFI were collected from 1995 to 2019. 34 cases of SFI were found, of which 31 (91.18%) were diagnosed as paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) and 3 (8.82%) as histoplasmosis. Men were much more affected (n = 31; 91.18%), with an average age of 46.9 years. Most patients (n = 18; 58.06%) were Caucasian; 48% (n = 15) were farm/rural workers and the most affected region was the jugal mucosa (n = 13; 25.49%) followed by the alveolar ridge (n = 12; 23.52%). All patients with histoplasmosis were immunocompetent men (mean age: 52.67 years), and the palate was the most affected. All patients underwent incisional biopsy and were referred to an infectologist. The dentist has an essential role in the recognition of SFI, whose oral manifestations may be the first sign. SFI should be included in differential diagnosis in patients from endemic areas. In addition, the inevitable human mobility and globalization make knowledge of these mycosesnecessary worldwide, especially since advanced cases in immunocompromised patients can be fatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Manifestations , Endemic Diseases/prevention & control , Mycoses , Palate/pathology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Tongue/pathology , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Dentists/education , Alveolar Process/pathology , Health Services Research/statistics & numerical data , Histoplasmosis/pathology , Mucous Membrane/pathology
16.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(86): 1-7, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414436

ABSTRACT

El molusco contagioso es una patología viral benigna muy frecuente, exclusiva del ser humano, y causada por un virus no clasificado del grupo de los Poxvirus. Las manifestaciones clínicas de la enfermedad inclu-yen lesiones en la piel, que pueden variar desde una pequeña pápula a un nódulo de mayor tamaño, pre-sentándose en forma solitaria o múltiple, dependien-do del estado inmunitario del paciente y del tiempo de evolución del proceso morboso. El estudio histo-patológico es importante para el diagnóstico, aunque en numerosas ocasiones éste se define clínicamen-te. Además del patrón histológico tradicional, y más frecuente, que exhibe hiperplasia e hipertrofia de la epidermis, se han descripto variantes poco usuales, cuyas características dependen, entre otros factores, de la sobreinfección y de la respuesta inmunitaria del paciente. En este trabajo se describen los rasgos ge-nerales del molusco contagioso y luego se presentan varios casos clínicos, uno de los cuales exhibe ma-nifestación inusual en la semimucosa del labio. Por último, se realizan comentarios referentes a la im-portancia que tiene para el odontólogo conocer esta patología y estar capacitado para detectarla, de modo de evitar sus complicaciones y su diseminación (AU)


Molluscum contagiosum is a very common benign viral pathologythat affects exclusively humans and is caused by an unclassified virus of the Poxvirus family. Clinical manifestations include skin lesions such as papule or nodule, which may range from a small papule to a larger nodule, presenting either solitary or multiple, depending on the immune status of the patient and the time of evolution of the morbid process. Histopathological study is important for the diagnosis, although in numerous occasions it is defined clinically. Classical and more frequent histology pattern exhibits hyperplasia and hypertrophy of the epidermis; however, distinct characteristics may occur depending on factors like superinfection and immune response of patients. This article describes general aspects of molluscum contagiosum and exposes several clinical cases, one of which exhibits an unusual manifestation in the semimucosa of the lip. Finally, comments are made regarding the importance for dentists to learn about the existence of this pathology and be able to recognize it in order to avoid its complications and spread (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Skin Diseases/classification , Poxviridae Infections/pathology , Lip/pathology , Molluscum Contagiosum/diagnosis , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Oral Manifestations , Histological Techniques/methods , Molluscum Contagiosum/drug therapy
17.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(2)Abr.-Jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373448

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer é uma doença grave cujo protocolo de tratamento pode produzir severos efeitos colaterais de ordem psicossocial e física. Os principais efeitos do tratamento antineoplásico podem acometer a cavidade oral, especialmente em crianças, comprometendo a sua qualidade de vida e a do núcleo familiar. Objetivo: Identificar e descrever as lesões bucais relacionadas aos efeitos colaterais produzidos pelo tratamento antineoplásico e avaliar seu impacto sobre a qualidade de vida da criança e da sua família. Método: Estudo qualitativo e transversal, com a participação de 117 crianças pré-escolares atendidas em hospital de referência (Paraíba), por meio do questionário B-ECOHIS, de exames clínicos odontológicos e de prontuários médicos. O tratamento estatístico fundamentou-se na análise descritiva e regressão de Poisson com variância robusta no método (p<0,05). Resultados: As manifestações mais observadas foram mucosite e xerostomia (66,7% e 54,7%, respectivamente). Relativo ao impacto na qualidade de vida da criança, o domínio de maior média foi limitação funcional 3,0 (±1,8) e, na família, função familiar 1,0 (±1,0). Conclusão: O impacto na qualidade de vida das crianças se revelou fraco e, no núcleo familiar, não foi significativo


Introduction: Cancer is a burdensome disease whose treatment protocol can produce severe psychosocial and physical side effects. The main effects of antineoplastic treatment may affect the oral cavity, especially in children, compromising theirs and their family quality-of-life. Objective: To identify and describe side effects-related antineoplastic treatment and to assess its impact on the children's and their families' quality-of-life. Method: Qualitative and cross-sectional study, with the participation of 117 children, preschoolers, consulted at a referral hospital in the State of Paraíba, through the B-Ecohis questionnaire, dental clinical exams and medical records. The statistical treatment was based on descriptive analysis and Poisson Regression with robust variance in the Stepwise method (p<0.05). Results: The most common manifestations were mucositis and xerostomia (66.7% and 54.7% respectively). The impact on the children's quality-of-life affected mostly the domain of functional limitation with mean of 3.0 (±1.8) and 1.0 (±1.0) for the family function in the family. Conclusion: The impact on the quality-of life in children was weak and not significant in the family


Introducción: El cáncer es una enfermedad grave cuyo protocolo de tratamiento puede producir efectos secundarios psicosociales y físicos graves. Entre los principales efectos del tratamiento antineoplásico, algunos afectan la cavidad bucal, especialmente en los niños, comprometiendo su calidad de vida y el núcleo familiar. Objetivo: Identificar los efectos secundarios producidos por el tratamiento antineoplásico y evaluar su impacto en la calidad de vida del niño y su familia. Método: Estudio cualitativo y transversal, con la participación de 117 niños, preescolares, atendidos en un hospital de referencia (Paraíba), mediante el cuestionario B-Ecohis, exámenes clínicos dentales y registros médicos. El tratamiento estadístico se basó en análisis descriptivo y Regresión de Poisson con varianza robusta en el método Stepwise (p<0,05). Resultados: Las manifestaciones más observadas fueron mucositis y xerostomía (66,7% y 54,7% respectivamente). En cuanto al impacto en la calidad de vida del niño, el dominio con mayor promedio fue la limitación funcional 3,0 (±1,8) y la función familiar 1,0 (±1,0) en la familia. Conclusión: El impacto en la calidad de vida de los niños fue débil y en la familia no significativo


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Manifestations , Quality of Life , Neoplasms , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Child
18.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386817

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe systemic manifestations, the characteristics related to tooth eruption, and the occurrence of enamel defects in children with Congenital Zika Virus Syndrome (CZS). Material and Methods: Prospective case series based on nine children with confirmed CZS diagnosis assisted at a reference center in a municipality in the Northeast Region of Brazil. Through a structured interview directed to mothers, information related to prenatal, delivery, and postpartum periods was collected. Tooth eruption was monitored through clinical examinations for 36 months. The modified developmental defect of enamel index (DDE) was used to identify opacities and hypoplasia. Data were presented using descriptive statistics. Results: A high proportion (77.8%) had microcephaly, and 55.5% had low birth weight. Musculoskeletal disorders, swallowing difficulty, and self-injury practices were present in all children. Among the systemic findings, visual impairment (77.8%) and seizures (77.8%) were widely reported. Concerning disorders related to the stomatognathic system, bruxism (66.7%) and difficulty in sucking (33.3%) were present. For most children (77.8%), the deciduous right lower central incisor was the first tooth to erupt (minimum 8 months and maximum 17 months). Enamel defects were diagnosed in only two children (22.2%). Conclusion: A wide range of systemic manifestations was observed in children with CZS, including visual impairment and musculoskeletal disorders. Delayed eruption of the first deciduous tooth was also observed. Enamel defects were present in a small proportion of children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Oral Manifestations , Tooth Eruption , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/complications , Zika Virus Infection/complications , Microcephaly/pathology , Prospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Mothers
19.
Rev. odontopediatr. latinoam ; 12(1): 214376, 2022. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1426450

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Desde diciembre de 2019, la nueva cepa del coronavirus 2, causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SARS-CoV-2), ha provocado una pandemia mundial. Los niños y los adolescentes infectados generalmente son asintomáticos y solo experimentan síntomas respiratorios leves. Sin embargo, se ha reportado, una nueva tendencia alarmante en las infecciones pediátricas por COVID-19, en las cuales los pacientes han llegado a presentar manifestaciones agravantes que han requerido de hospitalización, dejando secuelas importantes. Objetivo: Dar a conocer las manifestaciones orales asociadas al caso clínico de un paciente pediátrico contagiado por SARS-CoV-2, así como la rehabilitación estomatológica de mínima invasión. Presentación de caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 5 años, con antecedente de COVID-19, quien, en su estancia hospitalaria en el Instituto Nacional de Pediatría de México, presentó choque séptico refractario secundario SARS-COV-2 y falla orgánica múltiple. Se observaron lesiones en dorso lingual secundarias a la infección por COVID-19 las cuales eran asintomáticas. El paciente presentaba caries, y fue rehabilitado exitosamente cumpliendo medidas de bioseguridad, con materiales bioactivos y convencionales, estableciendo un excelenterapport. Conclusiones: El odontólogo pediatra debe diagnosticar las manifestaciones bucales del COVID-19, estableciendo protocolos adecuados de atención. El presente caso fue tratado exitosamente con una estrategia de rehabilitación oral efectiva y parámetros de prevención. Es importante reportar las manifestaciones orales por lo que se sugiere realizar seguimiento de estos hallazgos.


Introdução: Desde dezembro de 2019, a nova cepa do Coronavírus 2, que causa a síndrome respiratória aguda grave (SARS-CoV-2), causou uma pandemia global. Crianças e adolescentes infectados são geralmente assintomáticos ou apresentam apenas sintomas respiratórios leves. Entretanto, uma nova tendência de alarme tem sido relatada nas infecções pediátricas por COVID-19, nas quais os pacientes passaram a apresentar manifestações agravantes que precisaram de hospitalização, deixando sequelas significativas. Objetivos: Apresentar as manifestações orais associadas ao caso clínico de um paciente pediátrico infectado pela SRA-CoV-2, bem como a reabilitação estomatológica minimamente invasiva. Apresentação do caso clínico: Paciente do sexo masculino com 5 anos, com história de COVID-19, que durante sua internação hospitalar no Instituto Nacional de Pediatria do México, apresentou choque séptico refratário secundário ao SARS-COV2 e falha orgânica múltipla. Foram observadas lesões no dorso da língua secundárias à infecção por COVID-19, assintomáticas. Foi reabilitado com materiais bioativos e convencionais, estabelecendo um excelente relacionamento com o paciente. Conclusões: O estomatologista pediátrica deve diagnosticar as manifestações orais da COVID-19, estabelecendo protocolos de cuidados apropriados. O presente caso foi tratado com sucesso com uma estratégia eficaz de reabilitação oral e parâmetros de prevenção. É relevante mencionar as manifestações orais, por isso sugere-se o acompanhamento desses achados.


Introduction: Since December 2019, the new strain of coronavirus 2, which causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2), has caused a global pandemic. Infected children and adolescents are generally asymptomatic and experience only mild respiratory symptoms. However, an alarming new trend has been reported in pediatric COVID-19 infections, in which patients have even presented aggravating manifestations that have required hospitalization, leaving significant sequelae. Objectives: To present the various oral manifestations associated with this case of a pediatric patient infected by SARS-CoV-2, as well as minimally invasive stomatological rehabilitation. Case presentation: A 5-year-old male patient, with a history of COVID-19, who during his hospital stay at the National Institute of Pediatrics of Mexico, presented refractory septic shock secondary to SARS-COV-2 and multiple organ failure. Lesions on the dorsum of the tongue were observed secondary to COVID-19 infection, which were asymptomatic. The patient presented caries, and was rehabilitated following biosafety measures, with bioactive and conventional materials, establishing an excellent rapport. Conclusions: The pediatric stomatologist's should diagnose the oral manifestations of COVID-19, establishing adequate care protocols. The present case was successfully treated with an effective oral rehabilitation strategy and prevention parameters. It is important to report oral manifestations, so it is suggested to follow up on these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Oral Manifestations , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complications , Multiple Organ Failure
20.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2573, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374483

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Identificar a ocorrência de disfunções orofaciais em pacientes infantojuvenis com leucemia aguda, submetidos à quimioterapia de remissão. Métodos Em um período de 16 meses, 40 pacientes com leucemias agudas, entre 3 e 18 anos de idade, foram admitidos em um hemocentro no estado do Amazonas. Destes, 23 foram incluídos neste estudo transversal e submetidos à avaliação das funções orofaciais, por meio do Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S), entre o trigésimo (D30) e o trigésimo terceiro dia (D33) da fase de indução da remissão. A presença de manifestações orais também foi avaliada por meio de exame clínico. Resultados Disfunção orofacial foi observada em, aproximadamente, metade dos casos avaliados (n=11). Destes pacientes, todos tiveram o domínio Secura de Boca (VI) alterado e 81,8% (n=9) apresentaram alteração no domínio Mastigação e Deglutição (IV). Mucosites em lábios, língua, soalho e orofaringe foram as lesões orais mais encontradas após a fase de indução. Houve associação entre a ocorrência de lesões orais nos pacientes avaliados e a presença de disfunção orofacial, segundo o NOT-S (IC 95%, p-valor = 0,027). Conclusão Sugere-se que a disfunção orofacial seja frequente na fase de indução da remissão em pacientes infantojuvenis com leucemias agudas. Estudos sobre as disfunções orofaciais nessa população, bem como sua relação com as lesões orais são necessários para melhor esclarecimento e compreensão dos impactos funcionais.


ABSTRACT Purpose To Identify the occurrence of orofacial dysfunctions in young children and adolescents with acute leukemia who are undergoing remission chemotherapy. Methods Over a period of 16 months, 40 three to eighteen year -old patients with acute leukemia were admitted to the Amazonas State Hemocenter. Of these, 23 were included in the cross-sectional study and submitted to the evaluation of orofacial functions using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening, between D30 and D33 of the remission induction phase. The presence of oral manifestations was also evaluated via clinical examination. Results Orofacial dysfunction was observed in approximately half of the evaluated cases (n=11). Of these patients, all had alterations in the Dryness of the Mouth (VI) domain and 81.8% (n=9) showed alterations in the Chewing and Swallowing (IV) domain. Mucosites on lips, tongue, floor of the mouth and the oropharynx were the most commonly found oral lesions after the remission induction phase. According to the NOT-S, there was an association between the occurrence of oral lesions in the evaluated patients and the presence of orofacial dysfunction (95% CI, p-value = 0.027). Conclusion It is suggested that orofacial dysfunction is frequent in the remission induction phase in children and adolescents with acute leukemia. Studies regarding these orofacial dysfunctions in this population, as well as their relationship with oral lesions, are needed in order to fully understand their functional impact.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Oral Manifestations , Stomatognathic System/drug effects , Leukemia/drug therapy , Leukemia/therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Brazil
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