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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 43-47, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553294

ABSTRACT

Sabe-se que para uma restauração ser considerada um sucesso clínico é preciso que haja uma concomitância saudável entre a estrutura dentária, o material restaurador e as estruturas biológicas periodontais. As restaurações transcirúrgicas caracterizam-se como procedimentos alternativos para possibilitar a restauração de dentes com cárie dentária extensa, restaurações subgengivais desadaptadas e fraturas. O presente estudo teve como objetivo realizar um relato de caso de um procedimento cirúrgico-restaurador, através de uma técnica de restauração transcirúrgica. Este estudo tem como justificativa relatar um caso clínico, colaborando com maiores informações sobre a escolha da técnica a ser empregada, mostrando em quais situações devemos escolher uma restauração transcirúrgica e quais seus benefícios. Também, salientar se devemos fazer a recuperação do espaço biológico do periodonto ou não(AU)


It is known that for a restoration to be considered a clinical success, there must be a healthy concomitance between the tooth structure, the restorative material and the periodontal biological structures. Transsurgical restorations are characterized as alternative procedures to enable the restoration of teeth with extensive dental caries, maladapted subgingival restorations and fractures. The present study aims to carry out a case report of a surgical-restorative procedure, using a transsurgical restoration technique. This study is justified by reporting a clinical case, providing more information on the choice of technique to be used, showing in which situations we should choose a transsurgical restoration and what its benefits are. Also, highlight whether we should recover the biological space of the periodontium or not(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dental Restoration, Permanent
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 34-42, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553293

ABSTRACT

O sorriso gengival possui inúmeras causas, podendo acontecer por motivos esqueléticos, musculares ou por alteração no desenvolvimento dos tecidos de suporte. No entanto, na atualidade, a estética vermelha e a branca têm se apresentado completamente passíveis de transformações e com uma gama de procedimentos cirúrgicos ou não cirúrgicos para sanar as queixas dos pacientes. O objetivo geral deste trabalho é mostrar o poder que a odontologia tem frente às questões estéticas, como, por exemplo, a vergonha de sorrir por não se sentir confortável com os dentes curtos e com uma grande faixa de gengiva sendo exposta. O método utilizado foi um relato de caso. Que descreve todos os passos clínicos do tratamento de um paciente de 40 anos, que estava insatisfeita com o seu sorriso por apresentar erupção passiva alterada juntamente com hiperatividade do lábio superior. O plano de tratamento escolhido foi de realizar a cirurgia de aumento de coroa clínica estético, seguido de clareamento dentário e posteriormente um reposicionamento labial, com ajuda da toxina botulínica. Finalizando, para ajudar na cicatrização, o uso de laserterapia. O resultado de todo o processo cirúrgico envolvido neste trabalho, é satisfação do paciente, materializando o sonho deste, devolvendo segurança e espontaneidade ao sorrir. Pôde-se observar que através da combinação de técnicas cirúrgicas periodontais para tratar o sorriso gengival, obtém-se êxito tanto no sentido científico quanto no biológico, alcançando um sorriso esteticamente mais atrativo(AU)


Gummy smile has numerous causes, which can occur for skeletal or muscular reasons or due to changes in the development of supporting tissues. However, nowadays, the red and white aesthetics have been completely capable of transformation and with a range of surgical or non-surgical procedures to resolve patients' complaints. The general objective of this work is to show the power that dentistry has in the face of aesthetic issues, such as, for example, the shame of smiling due to not feeling comfortable with short teeth and a large strip of gum being exposed. The method used was a case report. Which describes all the clinical steps of the treatment of a 40-year-old patient, who was dissatisfied with her smile due to an altered passive eruption together with hyperactivity of the upper lip. The chosen treatment plan was to perform aesthetic clinical crown augmentation surgery, followed by tooth whitening and later lip repositioning, with the help of botulinum toxin. Finally, to help with healing, the use of laser therapy. The result of the entire surgical process involved in this work is patient satisfaction, materializing the patient's dream, restoring security and spontaneity when smiling. It was observed that through the combination of periodontal surgical techniques to treat gummy smile, success is achieved both in the scientific and biological sense, achieving a more aesthetically attractive smile(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Crown Lengthening , Oral Surgical Procedures , Esthetics, Dental , Gingivoplasty
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(1): 59-64, jan.-abr. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553266

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O tratamento de tumores malignos ou benignos, podem resultar em procedimentos cirúrgicos, como a maxilectomia parcial ou total, gerando comunicação bucosinusal nos pacientes. Uma forma de resolver estas alterações maxilofaciais é através do tratamento reabilitador com próteses obturadoras a fim de restabelecer a função mastigatória, estética, fonética e psicológica. Objetivo: o objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar o caso clínico de um paciente oncológico que foi reabilitado com prótese obturadora devido à maxilectomia por neoplasia maligna de seio maxilar. Relato de caso: Paciente de 62 anos, sexo masculino, procurou atendimento odontológico no Centro de Oncologia Bucal da Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP) de Araçatuba ­ SP após a realização de uma maxilectomia parcial com comunicação bucosinusal e foi encaminhado para o Curso de Especialização em Prótese Dentária da Faculdade de Odontologia ­ Unesp/Araçatuba-SP para a reabilitação. Foi proposto, primeiramente a realização da prótese obturadora para fechar a comunicação bucosinusal e uma prótese total inferior para o arco antagonista e, posteriormente, a realização de uma prótese facial. Conclusão: O tratamento reabilitador com próteses obturadoras possui um bom resultado estético e funcional, favorecendo uma melhor função mastigatória e fonética, e melhorando consideravelmente a condição psicológica que é muito afetada nos pacientes submetidos a maxilectomia total ou parcial, sendo necessário uma boa interação com toda a equipe multiprofissional envolvida para que haja um melhor tratamento integrado para a reabilitação e melhora da qualidade de vida(AU)


Introduction: The treatment of malignant or benign tumors can result in surgical procedures, such as partial or total maxillectomy, generating oral communication in patients. One way to resolve these maxillofacial changes is through rehabilitative treatment with obturator prostheses in order to reestablish masticatory, aesthetic, phonetic and psychological function. Objective: the objective of this work was to report the clinical case of a cancer patient who was rehabilitated with an obturator prosthesis due to maxillectomy for malignant neoplasia of the maxillary sinus. Case report: A 62-year-old male patient sought dental care at the Oral Oncology Center of the Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP) in Araçatuba ­ SP after undergoing a partial maxillectomy with oral cavity and was referred for the Specialization Course in Dental Prosthesis at the Faculty of Dentistry ­ Unesp/Araçatuba-SP for rehabilitation. It was proposed, firstly, to create an obturator prosthesis to close the bucosinusal communication and a total lower prosthesis for the antagonistic arch and, later, to create a facial prosthesis. Conclusion: Rehabilitative treatment with obturator prostheses has a good aesthetic and functional result, favoring better chewing and phonetic function, and considerably improving the psychological condition that is greatly affected in patients undergoing total or partial maxillectomy, requiring good interaction with the entire the multidisciplinary team involved so that there is better integrated treatment for rehabilitation and improved quality of life


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Palatal Obturators , Mouth Neoplasms , Maxillofacial Prosthesis , Mouth Rehabilitation , Oral Surgical Procedures , Maxilla/surgery
4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(1): 38-42, jan.-abr. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553263

ABSTRACT

A busca por um sorriso considerado perfeito tem sido cada vez maior e isso tem se tornado um desafio para o Cirurgião-Dentista, visto que um sorriso harmônico não envolve somente dentes, mas também gengiva. A exposição excessiva da gengiva ao sorrir ou falar é considerada uma característica antiestética, pois gera uma desarmonia entre dentes, gengiva e lábios. Quando o paciente expõe 3 milímetros ou mais de gengiva ao sorrir, chamamos essa exposição de Sorriso Gengival. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo relatar o tratamento de um caso de sorriso gengival, onde foi realizada cirurgia periodontal ressectiva a fim de diminuir a exposição de tecido gengival ao sorrir. Descrição do caso: Paciente adulto 21 anos, sexo masculino, procurou atendimento no curso de graduação em Odontologia do Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha ­ FSG, com queixa de insatisfação estética devido ao tamanho de seus dentes e mostrar muito tecido Gengival ao sorrir. Após anamnese, exame clínico e radiográfico, o paciente foi diagnosticado com Sorriso gengival. O plano de tratamento proposto foi de cirurgia periodontal ressectiva. Conclusão: A partir do exposto, podemos concluir que o tratamento do sorriso gengival depende de sua etiologia. Um correto diagnóstico é de extrema importância, pois dependendo do fator etiológico do sorriso gengival, o plano de tratamento pode ser elaborado de acordo com a necessidade do paciente. No caso apresentado, o procedimento escolhido, cirurgia periodontal ressectiva, se mostrou efetivo no tratamento do sorriso gengival, devolvendo estética e satisfação ao paciente(AU)


The search for a smile that is considered perfect has been increasing and this has become a challenge for the Dental Surgeon, since a harmonious smile does not only involve teeth, but also gums. Excessive exposure of the gums when smiling or talking is considered an unsightly feature, as it creates disharmony between teeth, gums and lips. When the patient exposes 3 millimeters or more of gum when smiling, we call this exposure Gummy Smile. The present work aims to report the treatment of a case of gummy smile, where resective periodontal surgery was performed in order to reduce the exposure of gingival tissue when smiling. Case description: A 21-year-old adult patient, male, sought care at the undergraduate course in dentistry at the Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha ­ FSG, complaining of aesthetic dissatisfaction due to the size of his teeth and showing a lot of gingival tissue when smiling. After anamnesis, clinical and radiographic examination, the patient was diagnosed with gummy smile. The proposed treatment plan was resective periodontal surgery. Conclusion: From the above, we can conclude that the treatment of gummy smile depends on its etiology. A correct diagnosis is extremely important, because depending on the etiological factor of the gummy smile, the treatment plan can be elaborated according to the patient's needs. In the case presented, the chosen procedure, resective periodontal surgery, proved to be effective in the treatment of gummy smile, restoring aesthetics and patient satisfaction(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Crown Lengthening , Gingivoplasty , Periodontium , Oral Surgical Procedures , Esthetics, Dental
5.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 30(1): 2000-2020, 20240000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551381

ABSTRACT

La región orbitaria representa una unidad estética funcional muy importante en la región facial. Se presenta un trabajo retrospectivo de un período de 20 años (2000-2020) de actividad pública-privada en el tratamiento de patología tumoral y traumática de la región orbitaria. Analizamos en 580 casos operados, 184 oncológicos y 396 traumáticos, diferentes aspectos comunes que intervienen en el tratamiento reconstructivo de la región: abordajes, técnicas quirúrgicas, consideraciones anatomofuncionales, principios básicos en cirugía maxilofacial orbitaria y complicaciones, resaltando la importancia del manejo correcto de los tejidos regionales en su reconstrucción. La mejor posibilidad para el paciente de lograr un buen resultado es con una operación primaria correcta. Sus complicaciones son de difícil tratamiento


The orbital region represents a very important functional aesthetic unit in the facial region. A retrospective study of a 20-year period (2000- 2020) of public-private activity in the treatment of tumor and traumatic pathology of the orbital region is presented. We analyzed in 580 operated cases, 184 oncological and 396 traumatic, different common aspects involved in the reconstructive treatment of the region: approaches, surgical techniques, anatomofunctional considerations, basic principles in orbital maxillofacial surgery and complications, highlighting the importance of the correct management of regional tissues in their reconstruction. The best possibility for the patient to achieve a good result is with a correct primary operation. Its complications are difficult to treat


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Orbital Fractures/surgery , Orbital Neoplasms/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e242741, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1561755

ABSTRACT

Music therapy has been used with promising results to reduce pain and anxiety in surgical specialties. It is suggested to reduce anxiety and pain perception during dental surgeries and thereby improving clinical outcomes. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine whether listening to music during trans-alveolar mandibular third molar extraction reduces pain perception and anxiety. Methods: One hundred and forty-six adult participants were randomized into music and non-music groups, with each group comprising seventy-three participants. Each participant had trans-alveolar third molar extraction with or without music intervention depending on the group randomly assigned. Pain scores of participants were measured at one minute after consent, during and after administration of local anaesthetic, during osteotomy, after tooth delivery, and one minute after flap closure. Postoperative pain scores were recorded at one-hour, 3-hour, 6-hour, 24-hour and 48-hour after the last stitch. Pre- and post-operative anxiety scores were also recorded. Descriptive statistics was used to describe sociodemographic data. Student t-test was used to compare the mean of quantitative variables between the groups while chi-square test was used to compare proportions and to investigate association between categorical variables. The statistical significance was defined at p<0.05. Results: The study showed similar sociodemographic characteristics, baseline clinical features and duration of surgery between groups. Pain score peaked during local anaesthetic administration (p = 0.254) and at 3 hours after surgery (p = 0.170) but no statistically significant difference was observed in the mean pain score. The mean anxiety scores also revealed no statistically significant differences. Conclusion: Music was found to add no significant anxiolytic and adjunctive analgesic benefit to participants who underwent third molar surgeries in this study


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety , Pain , Tooth Extraction , Oral Surgical Procedures , Molar, Third , Music Therapy
7.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(3): 74-80, set.-dez. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553234

ABSTRACT

A extração do elemento dentário promove uma série de eventos biológicos que resultam no colapso da estrutura alveolar, ocasionando a perda óssea volumétrica na região de extração. Preservar esse alvéolo dentário é imprescindível para uma boa reabilitação dentária do paciente. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão de literatura abordando os objetivos, opções técnicas, vantagens e desvantagens da preservação óssea alveolar pós extração. Materiais e métodos: Foi feita uma revisão de literatura utilizando as bases de dados Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed e Google acadêmico, usando os descritores "extração dentária", "perda do osso alveolar", "regeneração óssea". Foram incluídos 34 artigos. Resultados: A preservação alveolar pós extração começa desde a realização de uma técnica cirúrgica menos invasiva até a colocação de enxertos do tipo autógenos, alógenos, xenógenos, aloplásticos e biomateriais promotores de cicatrização e reparação tecidual. Conclusão: Existe na literatura atual uma vasta gama de textos científicos que abordam técnicas de preservação alveolar pós exodontia, com distintas respostas teciduais. Todavia, nenhum biomaterial listado nesta revisão contém todas as características que proporcionam regeneração completa do osso alveolar após exodontia(AU)


The extraction of the dental element promotes a series of biological events that results in the collapse of the alveolar structure, causing volumetric bone loss in the region of extraction. Preserving this dental alveolus is essential for a good dental rehabilitation of the patient. Objective: To conduct a literature review addressing the objectives, technical options, advantages and disadvantages of post-extraction alveolar bone preservation. Materials and methods: A literature review was carried out using the Virtual Health Library (VHL), PubMed and academic Google databases, using the descriptors "tooth extraction", "alveolar bone loss", "bone regeneration". 34 articles were included. Results: Post-extraction alveolar preservation starts from the performance of a less invasive surgical technique to the placement of autogenous, allogeneic, xenogeneic, alloplastic and biomaterials that promote healing and tissue repair. Conclusion: There´s is a wide range of scientific texts in the current literature that address post-extraction alveolar preservation techniques with different tissue responses. However, none of the biomaterials listed in this review contain all the characteristics that provide complete regeneration of alveolar bone after extraction(AU)


Subject(s)
Oral Surgical Procedures , Tooth Socket
8.
Salud mil ; 42(2): e501, 20230929. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1531720

ABSTRACT

En la actualidad es cada vez más frecuente la consulta de pacientes que siendo sometidos en edades tempranas a cirugías de extirpación tumoral y posterior reconstrucción con injertos presentan problemas tanto funcionales como estéticos, el uso de prótesis implantosoportadas mejora la calidad de vida, pero al mismo tiempo representan un desafío por la baja disponibilidad ósea. Se presenta un caso clínico de rehabilitación protésica implantosoportada en una paciente con gran déficit óseo mandibular como consecuencia de le extirpación de una neoplasia y posterior injerto de costilla. Se colocaron 2 implantes osteointegrados en hueso remanente y rehabilitación con prótesis removible sostenida a una barra colada. Por ser un tratamiento poco invasivo y conservador fue aceptado fácilmente por la paciente y la mejora tanto en la estética como en la función fue notoria.


Nowadays, it is becoming more and more frequent to see patients who underwent surgery for tumor removal and subsequent reconstruction with grafts at an early age, presenting both functional and esthetic problems. The use of implant-supported prostheses improves the quality of life, but at the same time represents a challenge due to the low availability of bone. A clinical case of implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitation is presented in a patient with a great mandibular bone deficit as a consequence of the removal of a neoplasm and subsequent rib graft. Two osseointegrated implants were placed in the remaining bone and rehabilitation with a removable prosthesis supported by a cast bar. Being a minimally invasive and conservative treatment, it was easily accepted by the patient and the improvement in both esthetics and function was notorious.


Atualmente, são cada vez mais frequentes os pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de remoção de tumores e posterior reconstrução com enxertos em idade precoce que apresentam problemas funcionais e estéticos. O uso de próteses implanto-suportadas melhora a qualidade de vida, mas, ao mesmo tempo, representa um desafio devido à baixa disponibilidade de osso. Apresentamos um caso clínico de reabilitação protética implanto-suportada em um paciente com grande déficit ósseo mandibular em consequência da remoção de uma neoplasia e posterior enxerto de costela. Dois implantes osseointegrados foram colocados no osso remanescente e a reabilitação foi feita com uma prótese removível suportada por uma barra de gesso. Por se tratar de um tratamento minimamente invasivo e conservador, foi facilmente aceito pelo paciente e a melhora na estética e na função foi perceptível.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Ribs , Transplantation, Autologous , Bone Transplantation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Denture, Partial, Removable , Oral Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Mandibular Reconstruction/rehabilitation
9.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(3): 268-273, sept. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514382

ABSTRACT

La cirugía maxilofacial es una especialidad médico quirúrgica que se encarga tanto del diagnóstico como del tratamiento de enfermedades que afecta al territorio craneofacial. En Chile existen pocos estudios epidemiológicos en cirugía maxilofacial que describan con detalle el tipo de intervenciones realizadas más allá del trauma maxilofacial, y que además involucren el período por pandemia COVID-19. El objetivo del estudio fue actualizar la epidemiología de resolución quirúrgica bajo anestesia general en el Hospital San José de Santiago de Chile entre los años 2018 y 2021 y compararlo con el estudio realizado en mismo recinto entre los años 2007 y 2013. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo con 607 pacientes. Se recopiló información de acuerdo a edad, género del paciente y tipo de intervención. Del total de intervenciones realizadas, 176 (29%) correspondieron a trauma maxilofacial y 431 (71%) a cirugías de etiología no traumática. Edad promedio de 38,7 años. Proporción entre el sexo masculino y femenino de 1,28:1. La fractura más frecuente fue la mandibular (59,66%), seguida de la orbito cigomática (23,86%) y la panfacial (4,55%). En las cirugías de etiología no traumática predominaron las intervenciones por dismorfosis dentofaciales (23,2%), seguido tumores de los maxilares (20,41%), lesiones orales (18,56%), defocaciones dentarias (16,24%), infecciones (8,81%), patologías de articulación temporomandibular (8,35%) y finalmente retiro de material de osteosíntesis (4.41%). Las intervenciones de etiología no traumática y la resolución de fracturas mandibulares fueron los procedimientos más realizados por la unidad. El conocimiento de estos datos y la comparación con el estudio anterior permite observar el cambio en la epidemiologia, que puede explicarse por la pandemia por COVID-19. Considerando lo anterior, ambos tipos de intervenciones deben ser abordadas de manera integral y con las condiciones adecuadas. Para ello es importante enfocar los recursos en esas áreas y desarrollar mayor entrenamiento en las mismas.


Maxillofacial surgery is a medical- surgical specialty that deals with both diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the craniofacial territory. In Chile there are few epidemiological studies in maxillofacial surgery that describe in detail the type of interventions performed beyond maxillofacial trauma, and that also involve the COVID-19 pandemic period. The aim of the study was to update the epidemiology of surgical resolution under general anesthesia at the Hospital San José in Santiago de Chile between 2018 and 2021 and to compare it with the study performed at the same hospital between 2007 and 2013. A retrospective study was performed with 607 patients. Information was collected according to age, patient gender and type of intervention. Of the total number of interventions performed, 176 (29%) corresponded to maxillofacial trauma and 431 (71%) to surgeries of non-traumatic etiology. Average age of 38.7 years. Male to female sex ratio of 1.28:1. The most frequent fracture was mandibular (59.66%), followed by orbito-zygomatic (23.86%) and panfacial (4.55%). In surgeries of non-traumatic etiology, interventions for dentofacial dysmorphosis predominated (23.2%), followed by tumors of the jaws (20.41%), oral lesions (18.56%), dental defocations (16.24%), infections (8.81%), temporomandibular joint pathologies (8.35%) and finally removal of osteosynthesis material (4.41%). Interventions of non-traumatic etiology and resolution of mandibular fractures were the procedures most performed by the unit. The knowledge of these data and the comparison with the previous study allows us to observe the change in epidemiology, which can be explained by the COVID-19 pandemic. Considering the above, both types of interventions should be approached in a comprehensive manner and with the appropriate conditions. To this end, it is important to focus resources in these areas and to develop more training in them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Surgical Procedures , Hospitals, Public , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
10.
Rev. ADM ; 80(4): 228-231, jul.-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527398

ABSTRACT

Los terceros molares heterotópicos son dientes que se encuentran incluidos en los maxilares y la mandíbula distantes a su sitio de erupción habitual. Su etiología no está bien definida y existen diversas teorías. Estos dientes pueden aparecer en diferentes zonas de las estructuras óseas, teniendo predilección por la mandíbula. Suelen aparecer entre la segunda y la séptima década de la vida, la mayoría de los casos son hallazgos imagenológicos en la consulta odontológica. El tercer molar mandibular es el diente que presenta heterotopía con mayor frecuencia, siendo su localización habitual en rama mandibular y en la región subcondílea. El quiste dentígero es la patología asociada más común. Presentamos un caso de tercer molar heterotópico en rama mandibular derecha de larga evolución, relacionado a un quiste dentígero, el cual se manejó bajo anestesia regional. Se describe la etiología, técnica quirúrgica y consideraciones especiales relacionados con los dientes heterotópicos (AU)


Heterotopic third molars are teeth that are embedded in the maxilla and mandible, remote from their usual eruption site. Its etiology is not well defined and there are various theories at the moment. These teeth can appear in different areas of the bone's structures, having a predilection for the jaw. They usually appear between the second and seventh decade of life, and in most cases are imaging findings. The mandibular third molar is the tooth with the most frequent heterotopia, being its usual location in the mandibular branch and in the subcondylar region. The dentigerous cyst is the most common associated pathology. We present a case of a long evolution heterotopic third molar in the right mandibular branch, related to a dentigerous cyst which was managed under local anesthesia. The etiology, surgical technique and special considerations related to heterotopic teeth are described (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic/surgery , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic/etiology , Dentigerous Cyst/complications , Molar, Third/abnormalities , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Mexico , Molar, Third/diagnostic imaging
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(2): 136-141, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440351

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to carry out an integrative review of the use of diode lasers in the treatment of oral fibrous hyperplasia in order to observe surgical efficacy, healing process, and main microscopic findings. The following databases-PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scopus, Web of Science, and gray literature-were searched without regard to the time of year or language. Diode laser treatment cases described in case reports and case series were included, but those who did not undergo microscopic analysis to confirm the diagnosis or who did not provide postoperative information were excluded. Twelve studies (64 patients) were included. Prevalence was observed for females (68.75 %, n=44). In view of the diagnosis, there was a prevalence of focal fibrous hyperplasia (79.68 %, n=51), followed by inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (20.31 %, n=13). For surgical removal, a diode laser was used with a wavelength ranging from 808 to 960 nm, in continuous mode, and an average power of 2830 mW. In general, there were no intercurrences in the trans and postoperative periods and wound healing occurred by second intention, with excellent evolution. High-powered diode lasers can be an excellent therapeutic option for oral hyperplastic lesions. Long-term clinical trials should be conducted to determine laser setting parameters in various oral lesions.


El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión integradora sobre el uso del láser de diodo en el tratamiento de la hiperplasia fibrosa oral, con el fin de visualizar la eficacia quirúrgica, el patrón de cicatrización y el análisis de los principales resultados microscópicos. Se realizó una búsqueda sin restricciones de año e idioma en PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scopus, Web of Science y literatura gris. Se incluyeron reportes de casos y series de casos que brindaron información sobre pacientes diagnosticados con lesiones hiperplásicas orales tratados con láser de diodo, excluyendo aquellos a los que no se les había realizado análisis microscópico para confirmar el diagnóstico, así como aquellos que no brindaron información postoperatoria. Se incluyeron doce estudios (64 pacientes). Se observó prevalencia en el sexo femenino (68,75 %, n=44). Ante el diagnóstico, predominó la hyperplasia fibrosa focal (79,68 %, n=51), seguida de la hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatoria (20,31 %, n=13). Para la remoción quirúrgica se utilizó un láser de diodo con una longitud de onda de 808 a 960 nm, en modo continuo, y una potencia promedio de 2830 mW. En general, no hubo intercurrencias en el trans y postoperatorio y la cicatrización de la herida ocurrió por segunda intención, con excelente evolución. El uso de láseres de diodo de alta potencia puede ser una excelente alternativa terapéutica para las lesiones hiperplásicas orales. Se deben realizar más estudios clínicos a largo plazo para determinar los parámetros de ajuste del láser en diferentes lesiones orales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Surgical Procedures , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Hyperplasia/surgery , Laser Therapy
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(2): 130-135, jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440350

ABSTRACT

El cuerpo adiposo de la boca (CAB) es un componente adiposo multilobulado bien delimitado, localizado de manera bilateral en la región facial íntimamente relacionado a estructuras nerviosas y vasculares. La remoción de CAB es un procedimiento ampliamente estudiado en el campo de la cirugía maxilofacial, utilizado principalmente para cubrir defectos. Su influencia en la estética facial ha iniciado una popularización de la remoción de la extensión bucal de CAB para obtener un rostro más estilizado, intervención difundida como poco invasiva y sin complicaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue recopilar y evaluar estudios que reporten y evalúen complicaciones asociadas a la remoción por razones estéticas de CAB. Se revisó la evidencia en las bases de datos Medline vía PubMed, Epistemonikos, Scopus y Google Scholar, utilizando términos predefinidos, seleccionando estudios primarios de reportes de casos. Se incluyeron 7 artículos con un total de 10 pacientes; de estos, ocho pacientes se realizaron este procedimiento en Brasil, uno en Estados Unidos y uno en Chile. La distribución de la población fue de 3:7 entre hombres y mujeres con edad promedio de 35 años y un rango entre los 23 a los 49 años. En relación a las complicaciones reportadas, 100 % de los pacientes presentaron asimetría facial, un 80 % presentó edema facial, 30 % manifestaron sialocele, Trismus 20 %, 40 % presentó hematoma, 20 % compromiso del estado general, 20 % presentaron disfagia, en los casos de hipoestesia, parestesia, absceso, seroma, parálisis facial, odinofagia, fiebre se expresaron en 10 % de la población estudiada. En todos los estudios se describió una reintervención quirúrgica posterior a la remoción estética del cuerpo adiposo de bichat. La escasa literatura y la baja calidad de esta, no permite estimar el porcentaje real de posibles complicaciones, tampoco es posible determinar sus resultados a largo plazo ya que no existe en la evidencia un seguimiento apropiado para estos pacientes.


The buccal adipose body (BAB) is a well- defined multilobulated adipose component, located bilaterally in the facial region, closely related to nervous and vascular structures. BAB removal is a widely studied procedure in the field of maxillofacial surgery, used mainly to cover defects. Its influence on facial aesthetics has started to popularize the removal of the BAB buccal extension to obtain a more stylized face, an intervention widely known as minimally invasive and without complications. The objective of this study was to collect and evaluate studies that report and evaluate complications associated with the removal of BAB for cosmetic reasons. The evidence was reviewed in the Medline databases via PubMed, Epistemonikos, Scopus, and Google Scholar, using predefined terms, selecting primary studies from case reports. 7 articles with a total of 10 patients were included; Of these, eight patients underwent this procedure in Brazil, one in the United States, and one in Chile. The distribution of the population was 3:7 between men and women with an average age of 35 years and a range between 23 to 49 years. In relation to the reported complications, 100 % of the patients presented facial asymmetry, 80 % presented facial edema, 30 % manifested sialocele, trismus 20 %, 40 % presented hematoma, 20 % compromised general state, 20 % presented dysphagia, in the cases of hypoesthesia, paresthesia, abscess, seroma, facial paralysis, odynophagia, fever were expressed in 10 % of the studied population. All the studies described a surgical reintervention after cosmetic removal of the bichat adipose body. The scarce literature and its low quality do not allow estimating the real percentage of possible complications, nor is it possible to determine their long-term results since there is no evidence of appropriate follow-up for these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Adipose Tissue/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Cheek/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures/adverse effects
13.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(1): 57-61, jan.-abr. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1427956

ABSTRACT

Nas cirurgias odontológicas é possível que ocorra alguns acidentes ou complicações que podem interferir no dia a dia do paciente. A lesão do nervo alveolar inferior é uma complicação decorrente de cirurgias orais que podem causar um distúrbio de sensibilidade transitória ou persistente, na região do lábio inferior e na região delimitada do forame mentoniano e hemi-arco da mucosa. O diagnóstico da parestesia pode ser feito através de testes mecanoceptivos e nocioceptivos em que o profissional escolherá para qual melhor se adapte no paciente. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi abordar por meio de uma revisão de literatura as formas de diagnóstico e tratamento da parestesia do nervo alveolar inferior decorrentes de cirurgias orais. As bases de dados utilizadas para confecção desta revisão são encontradas nas bibliotecas virtuais eletrônicas: BVS (Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde), LILACS (Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde) e Pubmed. Como critério de inclusão foram selecionados artigos publicados de 2012 a 2022 em língua inglesa, portuguesa e espanhola. Após a leitura do título e resumo dos resultados da pesquisa e aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão dentre eles foram excluídos 883, pois não se enquadravam no nosso critério de inclusão. No final, foram selecionados 13 estudos por meio de base de dados, que serviram de base para esta revisão. Concluímos que as formas de tratamento para a parestesia na literatura, são um pouco escassas e conflitantes, mas relata que o uso da laserterapia e acupuntura tem sido uma forma de tratamento com um bom índice de sucesso, e para os casos que não sejam suficientes tais tratamentos, pode-se optar por uma cirurgia(AU)


In dental surgeries it is possible to have some accidents or complications that can interfere with the patient's day. Injury to the inferior alveolar nerve is a complication resulting from oral surgeries that can cause a disturbance of sensitivity that can be transient or persistent in the region of the lower lip and in the delimited region of the mental foramen and hemiarch of the mucosa. The diagnosis of paresthesia can be made through mechanoceptive and nocioceptive tests that the professional will choose, which best suits the patient. The objective of the present work is to approach, through a literature review, the forms of diagnosis and treatment aimed at inferior alveolar nerve paresthesia resulting from oral surgeries. The databases used for this review are found in the virtual electronic libraries: VHL (Virtual Health Library), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences) and Pubmed. As inclusion criteria, articles published from 2012 to 2022 in English, Portuguese and Spanish were selected. After reading the title and summary of the research results and applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 883 were excluded, as they did not meet our inclusion criteria. In the end, 13 studies were selected from the database, which served as the basis for this review. We conclude that the forms of treatment for paresthesia in the literature are a little scarce and conflicting, but it reports that the use of laser therapy and acupuncture has been a form of treatment with a good success rate, and for cases that are not enough, such treatments, one can opt for surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Paresthesia , Oral Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Mandibular Nerve Injuries/diagnosis , Mandibular Nerve Injuries/therapy , Acupuncture , Laser Therapy , Trigeminal Nerve Injuries , Trigeminal Nerve Injuries/diagnosis , Trigeminal Nerve Injuries/therapy , Mandibular Nerve Injuries , Mandibular Nerve
14.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 365-368, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981136

ABSTRACT

Bipolar disorder is a major mental illness that is difficult to treat and has a high degree of recurrence. This article reports general anesthesia for oral surgery in a patient with bipolar disorder complicated with hypothyroidism. It also discusses the rational application of antipsychotic drugs and anesthetics with reference to the literature to improve the understanding of the disease and help patients with mental disorders complete the surgical treatment quietly and smoothly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bipolar Disorder/drug therapy , Antipsychotic Agents/therapeutic use , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Oral Surgical Procedures , Anesthesia
15.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 290-296, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to analyze the application value of a modified tragus edge incision and transmasseteric anteroparotid approach to condyle reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Condyle reconstruction was performed in 16 patients (9 females and 7 males) with modified tragus edge incision and transmasseteric anteroparotid approach. After regular follow-up, the function of condyle reconstruction was evaluated by clinical indicators, such as parotid salivary fistula, facial nerve function, mouth opening, occlusal relationship, and facial scar. The morphology of rib graft rib cartilage was evaluated by imaging indicators, such as panoramic radiography, CT, and three-dimensional CT image reconstruction.@*RESULTS@#At 6-36 months postoperative follow-up, all patients had good recovery of facial appearance, concealed incisional scar, no parotid salivary fistula, good mouth opening, and occlusion. One case had temporary facial paralysis and recovered after treatment. Radiographic evaluation further showed that costochondral graft survived in normal anatomic locations.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The modified tragus edge incision and transmasseteric anteroparotid approach can effectively reduce parotid salivary fistula and facial nerve injury in condylar reconstruction. The surgical field was clearly exposed, and the incision scar was concealed without increasing the incidence of other complications. Thus, this approach is worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Mandibular Condyle/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Treatment Outcome
16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 52-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the changes of periodontal phenotype (width of keratinized gingiva, thickness and height of alveolar bone) of lower anterior teeth in patients with skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion before and after the periodontal-orthodontic-orthognathic combined treatment.@*METHODS@#In the study, 20 patients with skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion (6 males and 14 females) completed the periodontal-orthodontic-orthognathic combined treatment were included from March 2017 to June 2022, with 39 central incisors, 40 lateral incisors and 40 canines. The mean age was (25.40±4.27) years (20-34 years). The mean follow-up time was (3.70±1.05) years from the beginning of periodontal corticotomy regenerative surgery (PCRS) to the end of the combined treatment. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) was used to measure the thickness, area and height of alveolar bone by the same researcher, taken before the PCRS (T0), 6 months after the PCRS (T1), 12 months after the PCRS (T2), before the orthognathic surgery (T3), and after the periodontal-orthodontic-orthognathic combined treatment (T4). The periodontal clinical parameters were used to evaluate changes in the soft tissue by another researcher, measured before the PCRS (T0) and after the combined treatment (T4). Changes of soft and hard tissue were evaluated by the periodontal phenotype.@*RESULTS@#The width of keratinized gingiva increased significantly (all P < 0.001) in lower anterior teeth, the central incisors, lateral incisors and canines increased by (1.82±1.57) mm, (2.03±1.48) mm and (2.05±1.27) mm, respectively. The proportion of thick periodontal biotype in the central and lateral incisors increased significantly (all P < 0.001), while the changes of periodontal biotypes in the lower canines were not obvious. The thickness of labial alveolar bone of lower anterior teeth all increased significantly after periodontal corticotomy regenerative surgery and the combined treatment (all P < 0.001). The area of labial alveolar bone of lower anterior teeth also increased significantly after the combined treatment (all P < 0.001). The whole area of labial and lingual alveolar bone of central and lateral incisors increased (P < 0.001), while the whole area of canines remained the same. All The height of the alveolar bone increased (all P < 0.001) on the labial side after the treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#The periodontal phenotypes of lower anterior teeth were significantly improved after the periodontal-orthodontic-orthognathic combined treatment in patients with skeletal Angle class Ⅲ malocclusion. The improvement was long-termly stable, and the periodontal risk was reduced.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures , Incisor , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods
17.
PAMJ One Health ; 10(4): 1-11, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1425386

ABSTRACT

Introduction: the practice of dentistry in contemporary times produces considerable waste that could be harmful to individuals and the environment at large. In Ghana and many other jurisdictions, there are guidelines that outline how these wastes should be managed. This study was conducted to explore practices concerning dental waste management among dental surgery staff in some public facilities in Accra, Ghana. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study involving dental surgery staff of four major facilities in Accra was done. Overall, 124 staff from the selected facilities participated in the study, and 51 different dental surgeries were assessed. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and an observation checklist. The questionnaire included questions on socio-demographics, as well as knowledge and practices regarding dental waste management. Results: there was unsatisfactory knowledge of waste disposal, while practices did not generally meet international recommendations and the Ministry of Health´s (MOH) guidelines. Though all respondents stored their sharp waste in puncture-proof containers, 98.4% did not label their clinical waste, while 62.9% would dispose of used X-ray fixers by pouring them down the drain. None of the 51 surgeries observed had more than one colour code available. Conclusion: there is a palpable need for education, monitoring, and empowerment concerning waste management in Ghana´s oral healthcare system.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Dentistry , Public Facilities , Hazardous Waste , Oral Health , Waste Management , Oral Surgical Procedures
18.
The Nigerian Health Journal ; 23(1): 473-477, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1425497

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study is to determine sexual dimorphism using anterior teeth measurements and its use as an ancillary tool for sexual determination. Methods:In this study, the measurements of the anterior teeth were carried out on one hundred and forty students (80M: 60F) of the University of Port-Harcourt ranging from 15-30 years. The mesiodistal diameter of the central and lateral incisors, right and left canines and their inter-canine distance were measured. These measurements were done with the aid ofa digital Vernier caliper. Also, the percentages of sexual dimorphism were calculated. The values were subjected to statistical analysis.Results:The mean mesiodistal central incisor (MDCI) value for males was 9.78 ± 0.47mm while that of the females was 9.29±0.46mm. The mean mesiodistal lateral incisor (MDLI) value for males was 7.80 ±0.54mm while that of the females was 7.40±0.54mm. The mean mesiodistal right canine (MDRC) value for males was 7.43±0.49mm while that of the females was 7.04±0.40mm. The mean mesiodistal left canine (MDLI) value for males was 7.39±0.51mm while that of the females was 7.03±0.55mm. The mean mandibular inter-canine distance (MICD) value for males was 33.73±1.15mm while that of the females was 32.23±0.98mm. They were all statistically significantat p<0.05.Conclusion:It can be concluded that the incisors and the canines are useful tools in sex determination. The data obtained can be useful in maxillofacial reconstructive surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth , Sex Characteristics , Oral Surgical Procedures , Anthropology, Medical
19.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(4): 6-12, out.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1414497

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A extração de terceiros molares é um dos procedimentos mais comuns realizados pelos cirurgiões bucomaxilofaciais e as potenciais complicações dessa intervenção estão bem documentadas. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo é encontrar as associações entre essas complicações e variáveis relacionadas aos dentes ou aos pacientes e, assim, ajudar os cirurgiões a predizê-las e preveni-las. Métodos: Nosso estudo avalia a prevalência de omplicações em exodontias de terceiros molares inferiores utilizando uma amostra populacional brasileira em um período de 10 anos para estabelecer a probabilidade dessas complicações e sua associação com variáveis como idade, sexo e posição do dente na arcada . As mesmas variáveis foram usadas em relação a pericoronarite prévia. Trata-se de um estudo observacional retrospectivo transversal, seguindo as diretrizes STROBE. Resultados e Conclusões: Mil e nove pacientes tiveram 1.822 terceiros molares extraídos, sem associação detectada entre condições sistêmicas e complicações, embora esses pacientes com complicações sistêmicas tenham 1,9 vezes mais chances de ter pericoronarite. A pericoronarite foi mais prevalente em pacientes saudáveis, com classificação A e III de Pell & Gregory e posição distoangular. Esses achados corroboram a literatura atual ao comparar a classificação de Pell e Gregory e a maior prevalência de complicações... (AU)


Introducción: La extracción de terceros molares es uno de los procedimientos más comunes realizados por los cirujanos orales y maxilofaciales y las posibles complicaciones de esta intervención están bien documentadas. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es encontrar las asociaciones entre estas complicaciones y variables relacionadas con dientes o pacientes y así ayudar a los cirujanos a predecirlas y prevenirlas. Métodos: Nuestro estudio evalúa la prevalencia de complicaciones en extracciones de terceros molares inferiores utilizando una muestra de población brasileña durante un período de 10 años para establecer la probabilidad de estas complicaciones y su asociación con variables como la edad, el sexo y la posición de los dientes en el arco. Las mismas variables se utilizaron para determinar pericoronitis previa. Se trata de un estudio observacional, transversal, retrospectivo, siguiendo las directrices STROBE. Resultados y Conclusiones: A mil nueve pacientes se les extrajeron 1.822 terceros molares, no detectándose asociación entre condiciones sistémicas y complicaciones, aunque estos pacientes tenían 1,9 veces más probabilidad de tener pericoronitis. La pericoronitis fue más prevalente en pacientes sanos, con clasificación A y III de Pell & Gregory y posición distoangular. Estos hallazgos corroboran la literatura actual al comparar la clasificación de Pell y Gregory y la mayor prevalencia de complicaciones... (AU)


Introduction: Extraction of third molars is one the most common procedures carried out by Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons and the potential complications of such intervention are well documented. Purpose: The objective of this study is to find the associations between these complications and variables related either to the teeth or the patients and thus help surgeons to predict and prevent them. Methods: Our study evaluate the prevalence of complications in extractions of the lower third molars using a Brazilian population sample over a period of 10 years to establish the probability of these complications and their association with variables such as age, sex and tooth position in the arch. The same variables were used to determine previous pericoronitis. This is a retrospective cross-sectional observational study, following the STROBE guidelines. Results and Conclusions: One thousand and nine patients had 1,822 third molars extracted, with no associations detected between systemic conditions and complications, although these patients are 1.9 times more likely to have pericoronitis. Pericoronitis was more prevalent in healthy patients, with Pell & Gregory classification A and III and distoangular position. These findings corroborate the current literature when comparing Pell and Gregory classification and the higher prevalence of complications... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications , Oral Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Molar, Third/surgery
20.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(4): 53-58, out.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1416257

ABSTRACT

O cisto radicular é uma lesão inflamatória associada à necrose pulpar que ocorre frequentemente em maxila. Objetivo: Descrever um caso cirúrgico detalhado de Cisto Periapical Abscedado. Relato de Caso: paciente gênero feminino, 40 anos, hipertensa, diabética Tipo II, compareceu à clínica queixando-se de dor ao ingerir alimentos frios e quentes na região da maxila, lado esquerdo. Ao exame físico, observou-se destruição coronária e presença de fístula na região do elemento dentário 23. Ao exame radiográfico, observou-se uma área radiolúcida ovalada bem circunscrita com halo radiopaco envolvendo a região apical do elemento dentário 23. Frente ao aspecto clínico e radiográfico, foram sugeridas as hipóteses diagnósticas de abscesso periapical crônico, granuloma periapical ou cisto apical abscedado. Foi realizada a exodontia do elemento 23 seguida de enucleação cística. O diagnóstico histopatológico final foi de cisto abscedado. Após 5 meses de evolução observa-se mucosa íntegra e reparo ósseo alveolar. Conclusão: É imprescindível um exame clínico cuidadoso associado ao exame radiográfico e histopatológico para analisar minuciosamente o caso a fim de oferecer ao paciente melhores condutas de tratamento. O diagnóstico de lesões intraósseas associado ao correto tratamento interrompe a evolução do processo patológico, evita danos maiores e restabelece a condição de saúde dos pacientes... (AU)


The radicular cyst is an inflammatory lesion associated with pulp necrosis that often occurs in the maxilla. Objective: To describe a detailed surgical case of Abscessed Periapical Cyst. Case Report: female patient, 40 years old, hypertensive, type II diabetic, came to the clinic complaining of pain when ingesting cold and hot foods in the left side of the maxilla. On physical examination, coronary destruction and the presence of a fistula in the region of the tooth 23 were observed. The radiographic examination showed a well-circumscribed oval radiolucent area with a radiopaque halo involving the apical region of the tooth 23. In view of the clinical and radiography, the diagnostic hypotheses of chronic periapical abscess, periapical granuloma or abscessed apical cyst were suggested. Element 23 extraction was performed followed by cystic enucleation. The final histopathological diagnosis was an abscessed cyst. After 5 months of evolution, intact mucosa and alveolar bone repair are observed. Conclusion: A careful clinical examination associated with radiographic and histopathological data is essential to systematically analyze the case in order to offer the patient better treatment. The diagnosis of intraosseous lesions associated with the correct treatment interrupts the evolution of the pathological process, avoids further damage and restores the patients' health condition... (AU)


El quiste radicular es una lesión inflamatoria asociada a necrosis pulpar que frecuentemente se presenta en el maxilar. Objetivo: Describir un caso quirúrgico detallado de Quiste Periapical Absceso. Caso Clínico: paciente femenina, de 40 años, hipertensa, diabética tipo II, acudió a la consulta quejándose de dolor al ingerir alimentos fríos y calientes en el lado izquierdo del maxilar. Al examen físico se observó destrucción coronaria y la presencia de una fístula en la región del diente 23. El examen radiográfico mostró un área radiolúcida oval bien delimitada con un halo radiopaco que involucraba la región apical del diente 23. En vista de la clínico y radiográfico, se sugirieron las hipótesis diagnósticas de absceso periapical crónico, granuloma periapical o quiste apical abscesificado. Se realizó la extracción del elemento 23 seguida de enucleación quística. El diagnóstico histopatológico final fue de quiste abscesificado. A los 5 meses de evolución se observa mucosa intacta y reparación del hueso alveolar. Conclusión: Un examen clínico cuidadoso asociado con el examen radiográfico e histopatológico es fundamental para analizar a fondo el caso con el fin de ofrecer al paciente mejores enfoques de tratamiento. El diagnóstico de lesiones intraóseas asociado al correcto tratamiento interrumpe la evolución del proceso patológico, previene mayores daños y restablece el estado de salud de los pacientes... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Radicular Cyst/surgery , Radicular Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Oral Surgical Procedures , Radicular Cyst/pathology , Treatment Outcome
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