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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 361-364, nov.-dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357715

ABSTRACT

El lipoma es un tumor benigno derivado de tejido adiposo maduro que se presenta con poca frecuencia en la cavidad oral, pero de interés para el clínico estomatológico por su distintiva presentación en esta región. A continuación se reportan dos casos clínicos de lipoma simple localizados en la mucosa vestibular y piso de boca que fueron tratados mediante eliminación quirúrgica (AU)


Lipoma is a benign neoplasm derived of mature adipose tissue that occurs infrequently in the oral cavity, but of interest to the stomatologic clinician for its distinctive presentation in this region. Next, two cases of simple lipoma located in the vestibular mucosa and floor of the mouth that were treated by surgical excision are presented (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Surgical Procedures , Lipoma , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Schools, Dental , Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue , Age and Sex Distribution , Mexico
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 16-20, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283908

ABSTRACT

As fraturas faciais em crianças são raras, já que os ossos faciais pediátricos têm maior elasticidade, menos pneumatização, tecido adiposo circundante mais espesso e mais estabilização da mandíbula e maxila pelos dentes não irrompidos. Em geral, lesões nos tecidos moles são mais comuns em crianças do que fraturas esqueléticas. Entre as fraturas faciais pediátricas, as fraturas da mandíbula são as mais comuns, sendo o côndilo a área mais acometida em pacientes pediátricos. O côndilo é considerado o principal centro de crescimento da mandíbula em crianças, assim é de suma importância a definição do tratamento adequado, pautado em diversos critérios de avaliação, com o intuito de erradicar possíveis complicações advindas da fratura condilar. Assim o objetivo deste estudo é relatar um caso de fratura de côndilo unilateral em uma criança, na qual realizou-se abordagem cirúrgica com fixação interna, afim de elucidar e discutir as possíveis condutas terapêuticas acerca de tratamentos a serem aplicados, visto que esses ainda são bastante controversos na literatura e os resultados das diversas condutas são os mais diversos, apresentando variados aspectos que interferem na evolução dos pacientes(AU)


Facial fractures in children are rare, since pediatric facial bones have greater elasticity, less pneumatization,thicker surrounding adipose tissue and more stabilization of the jaw and jaw by unerupted teeth.In general, soft tissue injuries are more common in children than skeletal fractures.Among pediatric facial fractures, mandible fractures are the most common, with condyl being the most affected area in pediatric patients.The condyl is considered the main center of mandible growth in children, so it is of Paramount importance to define the appropriate treatment, based on several evaluationcriteria, in order to eradicate possible complications resulting from the condilar fracture.Thus, the aim of this study is to report a case of unilateral condyl fracture in a child, in which a surgical approach with internal fixation was performedin order to elucidate and discuss the possible therapeutic approaches about treatments to be applied, since these are still quite controversial in the literature and the results of the various behaviors are the most diverse,presenting several aspects that interfere in the evolution of patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Jaw Fractures , Mandibular Condyle/surgery , Mandibular Condyle/injuries , Oral Surgical Procedures , Fractures, Bone , Facial Bones , Facial Injuries , Mandibular Condyle
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211443, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253787

ABSTRACT

Aim: The mandible is regarded as a frequently fractured bone in patients who present with maxillofacial trauma accounting for almost 15.5% to 59% of all facial fractures. Managing condylar trauma has remained to be a point of contention amongst experts, regardless of the advances in surgical modalities and methodologies, and the treatment plan is often determined by the preference and the experience of the surgeon. There exist various approaches in the literature, each with its own specific benefits and drawbacks. With this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of post-operative complications in patients who experienced ORIF by means of the retromandibular approach, by comparing the outcomes of one group having undergone transparotid surgery, with another that underwent retroparotid surgery. Methods: An experimental trial was undertaken. Convenience sampling was done from among the cases of condylar neck and base fracture visiting the department of OMFS, Dow University of Health Sciences from January 2017 to December 2019. An overall 26 patients were divided into 2 groups of 13 members each; one was managed using Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) by means of a retromandibular transparotid approach while the other group was treated with ORIF by means of a retromandibular retroparotid approach. A 6 month follow-up was done to assess range of active motion, occlusion, and complications such as deviation/deflection, neural injury, infections, sialocele, salivary fistulae and Frey's syndrome in both groups. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of inter-incisal opening, right and left lateral movements, or protrusion. One patient in the retroparotid group had deviation on mouth opening (7.69%), while one in the transparotid group reported with infection (7.69%), and 2 developed post operative seromas (15.38%). None had persisting facial nerve palsy at 6 months. Conclusion: We find no significant disparity between the 2 approaches at a follow-up of 6 months; therefore, the primary determining factor for selection of either technique is surgeon preference and appropriate case selection


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oral Surgical Procedures , Mandibular Condyle , Mandibular Fractures
4.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 235-239, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1337563

ABSTRACT

El mixoma odontogénico es una neoplasia de origen mesenquimal, con crecimiento lento pero localmente invasivo y agresivo, que cuenta con un aspecto histológico característico. Radiográficamente, la mayoría de las lesiones tienen un aspecto radiolúcido multilocular, descrito en la literatura como «panal de abejas¼ o «burbujas de jabón¼, que ocasionan desplazamiento dental y expansión corticales. En el ámbito histopatológico, se caracteriza por células estelares o fusiformes con prolongaciones citoplasmáticas, en una sustancia mucoide o mixoide con presencia o no de colágena, cuando contiene grandes cantidades de tejido fibroso celular maduro se le llama mixofibroma. Se presenta un caso clínico de hombre de 38 años, que acude al Hospital General de Uruapan, Michoacán con aumento de volumen en región maxilar derecha; se toma biopsia incisional y se emite el diagnóstico histopatológico de mixofibroma odontogénico, 33.6% de los casos se presenta en el maxilar, con una distribución uniforme por todas las áreas llegando a erosionar el seno maxilar. Tiene una tasa de recurrencia de 10 a 33%, y el tratamiento ideal es la resección en bloque con márgenes de seguridad (AU)


Odontogenic myxoma is a slow-growing locally invasive intraosseous lesion with defined microscopic appearance. Radiographic appearance, is described as multilocular radiolucent lesion, which is reported in scientific literature as «honeycomb¼ or «soap bubbles¼ appearance most of the time; it exhibits dental displacement and cortical expansion. Histopathologically, stellate and spindle cells with cytoplasmic processes are observed in a mucoid or myxoid substance, with or without collagen; when it contains large amounts of mature cellular fibrous tissue, it is called myxofibroma. The present article presents the case of a 38 year old male, who attended the General Hospital in Uruapan, Michoacán due to an increased volume in the right maxillary region. Incisional biopsy was performed and the histopathological diagnosis of odontogenic myxofibroma was emitted. 33.6% of cases occur in the maxilla with a uniform distribution throughout the areas, and can erode the maxillary sinus. It has a recurrence rate of 10 to 33%, therefore ideal treatment is bloc resection leaving safety margins (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Fibroma , Myxoma , Biopsy/methods , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dental Service, Hospital , Mexico
5.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 119-123, ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348424

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar el caso de una patología poco común como es el fibro-odontoma ameloblástico (FOA), su manejo interdisciplinario y su resolución quirúrgica. Caso clínico: En este reporte de caso describimos un FOA en una paciente de 10 años, ubicado en el cuerpo mandibular derecho, asociado a las raíces de molares temporales que generó la retención de premolares. Se realizó la enucleación completa de la lesión, exodoncia de los temporales asociados y se decidió mantener los dientes definitivos y esperar su erupción espontánea. Es importante considerar la posibilidad de mantener el diente retenido si este no dificulta la exéresis de la lesión, ya sea para su erupción espontánea o rescate ortodóntico, lo cual es posible observar en este caso en el que se aprecia una evolución intraósea favorable. Con respecto al seguimiento, se recomienda el control a largo plazo con el fin de controlar la erupción del órgano dentario o la aparición de posibles recidivas (AU)


Aim: To present a clinical case of a rare pathology, the ameloblastic fibro odontoma (AFO), its interdisciplinary management and its surgical resolution. Clinical case: In this case report we describe an AFO in a 10-years-old patient, localized in the right hand side of the body of the mandible, associated with the roots of temporary molars that generated the retention of the premolars. Complete enucleation of the lesion and the extraction of the associated temporary molars were performed. It was decided to keep the permanent teeth and to wait for their spontaneous eruption. It is important to consider the possibility of keeping the retained teeth if it does not hinder the excision of the lesion, either for its spontaneous eruption or orthodontic rescue, which is possible to see in this case, in which a favorable intraosseous evolution is appreciated. With regard to follow-up, long-term monitoring is recommended in order to control the eruption of the dental organ or the appearance of possible recurrences (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Odontogenic Tumors , Odontoma/surgery , Schools, Dental , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Bicuspid , Biopsy , Chile , Histological Techniques , Oral Surgical Procedures , Molar
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 909-915, Jul.-Aug. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285276

ABSTRACT

In the last decades in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul - Brazil, the reduction in the preservation of areas due to the degradation of the biome and destruction of the natural environment has caused animals, mainly in the order of non-human primates, to come closer to towns and highways, increasing the number of accidents and in some cases, deaths. New surgical techniques have been developed that favor these species as explained in this report. The howler monkey patient was traumatized in the facial region damaging important vital structures such as facial muscle groups responsible for swallowing food, chewing, breathing, defense, and communication (vocalization and mimicry), in addition to the cartilaginous nasal structures. However, reconstructive facial surgical techniques, used on humans, showed satisfactory results from an anatomical, functional, and aesthetic point of view in howler monkey, with acceptance of the animal with a safe postoperative period for a full recovery of the primate patient.(AU)


Nas últimas décadas, no estado do Mato Grosso do Sul - Brasil, a redução de áreas preservadas pela degradação de biomas e pela destruição de habitat naturais tem favorecido a aproximação de animais - muitos desses, primatas não humanos - em cidades e rodovias, aumentando o número de acidentes e, em alguns casos, de mortes. Novas técnicas cirúrgicas têm sido desenvolvidas, favorecendo essas espécies, como reportado neste trabalho. O paciente macaco bugio foi traumatizado em região facial, envolvendo importantes estruturas vitais, como grupos musculares faciais responsáveis pela apreensão alimentar, mastigação, respiração, defesa e comunicação (vocalização e mímicas), além das estruturas cartilaginosas nasais. No entanto, técnicas cirúrgicas reconstrutivas em face aplicadas e descritas em humanos apresentaram resultados satisfatórios dos pontos de vista anatômico, fisiológico e visual nos macacos bugio, com aceitação deles diante do estresse, com pós-operatório seguro, resultando na reabilitação do paciente primata.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Deglutition , Alouatta caraya/surgery , Mastication , Primates/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/veterinary , Accidents , Oral Surgical Procedures/veterinary , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/veterinary
7.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 31(60): 23-26, jul. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284468

ABSTRACT

Las neoplasias malignas de la cavidad oral en gran medida (90%) consisten en carcinoma de células escamosas que surgen de la mucosa de revestimiento. El 10% restantes de neoplasias malignas orales de un grupo heterogéneo de tumores de diferente etiología. Presentamos dos casos de patología oncohematológica: Mieloma Múltiple (AU)


Malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity largely (90%) consist of squamous cell carcinoma arising from the lining mucosa. e remaining 10% of oral malignancies from a heterogeneous group of tumors of different etiology. We present two cases of oncohematological pathology: Multiple Myeloma (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Plasmacytoma/diagnosis , Plasmacytoma/pathology , Plasmacytoma/diagnostic imaging , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Radiotherapy , Biopsy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Multiple Myeloma
8.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(229): 18-20, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253699

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio es describir y presentar el tratamiento para los granulomas gigantocelulares centrales con múltiples recidivas. Caso clínico: paciente femenina de 14 años que presenta granuloma gigantocelular central en maxilar inferior izquierdo, con múltiples recidivas luego del curetaje del mismo. Clínicamente se observa aumento de tamaño, desplazamiento dentario y, radiográficamente, una gran zona radiolúcida compatible con pérdida ósea. Se realizó la resección de la lesión en bloque con margen de seguridad, conservando la basal mandibular con colocación de placa de osteosíntesis de carga soportada. Conclusiones: el granuloma gigantocelular central es una lesión osteolítica, generalmente de crecimiento lento, asintomático y no agresivo. El tratamiento quirúrgico de resección con márgenes de seguridad es fundamental debido a su gran potencial de recidiva (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Granuloma, Giant Cell , Oral Surgical Procedures , Argentina , Recurrence , Biopsy , Histological Techniques , Dental Service, Hospital , Fracture Fixation, Internal
9.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(84): 33-38, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366750

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente trabajo es describir la técnica de mandibulotomía para resección de una lesión oncológica. Se describe el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 79 años con una formación vegetante que se extiende desde el polo inferior amigdalino izquierdo hasta surco glosoepiglótico homolateral y pared lateral de hipofaringe, con diagnóstico de carcinoma epidermoide poco diferenciado invasor. Se realizó la resección del tumor bajo anestesia general en el Hospital Sirio Libanés en mayo de 2019. La técnica de mandibulotomía utilizada en este caso clínico permitió acceder a la cavidad oral y orofaringe para la resección de un tumor no accesible a través de la boca abierta (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Mandibular Osteotomy , Hypopharynx , Argentina , Biopsy/methods , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dental Service, Hospital , Head and Neck Neoplasms
10.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 28-35, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252444

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de conductos salivales (CCS) es una neoplasia maligna primaria clínica y patológicamente distinta de las glándulas salivales. Debido a su rareza existe una falta de documentación exhaustiva en la literatura con respecto a sus características, manejo y resultados clínicos. En la presente publicación se presenta un caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 74 años, que acudió al servicio de odontología del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos Presidente Perón de Avellaneda. El resultado ecográfico arrojó a nivel submaxilar derecho una imagen nodular de aspecto solido que mide 25 x 24 mm Se le realizó la intervención quirúrgica y el resultado anatomopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de carcinoma de conductos salivales, una de las neoplasias salivales más agresivas. En la actualidad, la muerte ocurre en 60 a 80% de los pacientes, por lo general dentro de los 5 años; alrededor del 33% desarrolla recidiva local y más del 50% metástasis a distancia, en sitios que incluyen pulmones, huesos, hígado, cerebro y piel (AU)


Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a clinically and pathologically distinct primary malignant neoplasm of the salivary glands. Due to its rarity, there is a lack of exhaustive documentation in the literature regarding its characteristics, management, and clinical results. This publication presents a case of a 74-year-old male patient who attended the dentistry service of the Interzonal General Acute Hospital President Perón by Avellaneda. The ultrasound result revealed a nodular image at the right submaxillary level solid aspect measuring 25 x 24 mm. Surgical intervention was performed, and the pathological result confirmed the diagnosis of salivary duct carcinoma, one of the most aggressive salivary neoplasms. Currently, death occurs in 60% to 80% of patients, usually within 5 years; about 33% develop local recurrence and more than 50% distant metastases, at sites including the lungs, bones, liver, brain, and skin (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma/classification , Argentina , Postoperative Care , Recurrence , Biopsy , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/mortality , Immunohistochemistry , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Dental Service, Hospital , Age and Sex Distribution , Neoplasm Metastasis
11.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 32-39, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223346

ABSTRACT

Los quistes odontogénicos se dividen en dos grupos principales de acuerdo a la patogénesis de la entidad. Uno de esos grupos incluye a los quistes radiculares de origen inflamatorio. Nuestra situación es una paciente de sexo femenino que a causa de un molar superior con tratamiento endodóntico la patología quística invadió la cavidad sinusal comprometiendo las estructuras vecinas y al realizar la exodoncia se generó una comunicación bucosinusal con infección de esa entidad patológica. El diagnostico de certeza se confirmó a través de la biopsia previa, y se la intervino bajo anestesia general para la extirpación total de la patología quística (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Odontogenic Cysts/surgery , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Oroantral Fistula/etiology , Argentina , Surgical Flaps , Tooth Extraction , Biopsy/methods , Diagnostic Imaging , Decompression, Surgical , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dental Service, Hospital
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 602-609, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134546

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Comparar mediante una revisión sistemática los resultados clínicos de los procedimientos de cirugía plástica periodontal/periimplantar (CP) con injerto de tejido blando autógeno (ITB) obtenido del área lateral del paladar (ALP) versus del área de la tuberosidad (AT). Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica de ensayos clínicos en la base de datos Medline/Pubmed, Cochrane y las revistas de Periodoncia e Implantes de mayor impacto según la Web of Science, para hallar artículos publicados hasta abril del 2020. Se valoró el riesgo de sesgo de los artículos añadidos según el manual Cochrane Versión 5.1.0 para ensayos clínicos aleatorizados y la escala Newcastle-Ottawa para ensayos clínicos controlados. De una muestra inicial de 930 artículos, cuatro ensayos clínicos (tres aleatorizados) fueron incluidos en el presente estudio, donde se realizaron un total de 87 CP alrededor de piezas e implantes dentales, de las cuales 42 cirugías fueron realizadas con ITB del ALP y 45 cirugías con ITB del AT, se evaluó los resultados desde las 8 semanas hasta los 12 meses. No se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los resultados clínicos entre ambos grupos, se mejoró el fenotipo gingival en la zona receptora para el grupo que obtuvo el ITB del AT y el nivel del dolor del sitio donador del AT fue menor en las dos primeras semanas que el sitio donante del ALP. Los estudios incluidos manifestaron un bajo riesgo de sesgo en promedio. Ambas áreas donantes de injerto de tejido blando proporcionan resultados clínicos similares, el injerto del área de la tuberosidad mejora el fenotipo gingival de la zona receptora y reduce el dolor post operatorio en las primeras semanas del sitio donador.


ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to compare, through a systematic review, the clinical results of periodontal / peri-implant plastic surgery (CP) procedures with autogenous soft tissue graft (ITB) obtained from the lateral palate area (ALP) versus the tuberosity area (AT). We conducted an electronic search of clinical trials in the Medline/Pubmed, Cochrane database and the journals of Periodontics and Implants with the greatest impact according to the Web of Science, to find articles published until April 2020. The risk of bias of the articles added was assessed according to the Cochrane Manual Version 5.1.0 for randomized clinical trials and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for controlled clinical trials. From the initial sample of 930 articles, four clinical trials were included (three randomized) in the present study, where a total of 87 PC were performed around dental pieces and implants, of which 42 surgeries were performed with ITB of the ALP and 45 surgeries with ITB of the AT, the results were evaluated from the 8 weeks to 12 months. No statistically significant differences were found in the clinical results between the two groups, the gingival phenotype in the receiving area was improved for the group that obtained the ITB of the AT and the level of pain at the donor site was lower in the first two weeks than the ALP donor site. The studies showed a lowrisk of bias on average. Both soft tissue graft donor areas provide similar clinical results, grafting the tuberosity area improves the gingival phenotype of the recipient area and reduces post-operative pain of the donor site in the first few weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants/statistics & numerical data , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Palate , Transplantation, Autologous , Selection Bias , Tissue Transplantation , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Gingival Recession
13.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 1-20, dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151709

ABSTRACT

El propósito de este artículo es mejorar nuestro conocimiento sobre las estructuras y función de los diferentes elementos presentes en la boca del recién nacido, ya que en ocasiones los odontólogos no recuerdan la importancia de la boca en el desarrollo general del lactante y la necesidad de una intervención temprana con láseres para ayudarles a obtener un buen estado de su sistema oral. Realizamos una exploración clínica integral del paciente con el fin de realizar un diagnóstico más preciso. Cuando la cirugía sea necesaria, recomendamos utilizar láseres de Erbio siempre que sea posible (láser de 2780nm Er, Cr: YSGG o un Er: YAG de 2940nm), ya que es una opción rápida y eficaz para tratar estas lesiones orales, especialmente los frenillos labiales o linguales que pueden poner en riesgo el acto de amamantar; Asimismo podemos utilizar láseres de diodo (810nm, 940nm, 980 nm o un láser Nd: YAG de 1064nm o de CO2 10.600- 9600 nm) con sus gafas de seguridad específicas. Estos sistemas láser utilizados por un profesional certificado, en colaboración con un personal debidamente entrenado, son un factor muy importante durante la cirugía. Al tener un conocimiento adecuado de las estructuras orales y sus patologías, podemos diagnosticar si esos trastornos deben tratarse quirúrgicamente y, de ser así, cómo proceder con los sistemas láser, ya que son procedimientos mínimamente invasivos; o si debiésemos recomendar a los padres que visiten a un terapeuta miofuncional para ayudar a recuperar la función normal. La comprensión de las estructuras orales de los recién nacidos es muy importante para promover el desarrollo del crecimiento craneofacial y para brindar un servicio importante a las madres, dándoles a sus bebés un buen comienzo en la vida desde una etapa muy temprana. Necesitamos mejorar la colaboración entre profesionales de diferentes disciplinas con el fin de mejorar nuestro conocimiento.


The purpose of this article is to improve our knowledge about the structures and function of the different elements present in the mouth of newborns since dentists sometimes do not remember the importance of the mouth in the general development of infants and the need for an early intervention with lasers to help them obtain a good state of their Oral System. We performed a comprehensive clinical exploration of the patient in order to make a more accurate diagnosis. When surgery is necessary, we recommend to use erbium lasers when possible (2780nm Er, Cr: YSGG laser or a 2940nm Er: YAG), as they are a quick and effective option to treat these oral lesions, especially lip or tongue ties which can risk the act of breastfeeding; moreover, we can also use diode lasers (810nm, 940nm, 980nm or a 1064nm Nd:YAG laser or CO2 10.600-9600 nm.) al lof them with their specifical safety goggles. These laser systems used by a certified professional, in collaboration with a properly trained staff, are a very important factor during the surgery.By having proper knowledge of the oral structures and their pathologies, we are able to diagnose whether those disorders should be surgically treated and if so, how to proceed with laser systems as they are minimally invasive procedures; or if we should recommend parents to visit a myofunctional therapist in order to help recover the normal function.The understanding of oral structures of newborns is very important in order to improve the development of craniofacial growth and provide an important service to mothers by giving their babies a right start in life from a very early stage. We need to improve collaboration between professionals from different disciplines in order to enhance our knowledge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Mouth/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures , Ankyloglossia/surgery , Labial Frenum/surgery
14.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(3): 48-54, set./dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1121747

ABSTRACT

A Disostose Cleidocraniana (DC), também conhecida como Displasia Cleidocraniana (DCC), é uma doença autossômica de caráter dominante, relatada pela primeira vez no século XVIII, sendo descrita em 1897 por Pierre Marie e Paul Sainton, relacionando-a a fatores genéticos. Suas manifestações clínicas apresentam-se através do desenvolvimento tardio de estruturas e defeitos ósseos, anormalidades estomatognáticas e craniofaciais. O diagnóstico baseia-se nas características clínicas e imaginológicas e o tratamento odontológico geralmente é cirúrgico, envolvendo a exodontia de unidades supranumerárias e decíduas, em associação com a abordagem ortodôntica. Este trabalho possui como objetivo, relatar o caso clínico sobre as principais manifestações bucais evidenciadas em uma paciente jovem diagnosticado com Displasia Cleidocraniana, bem como demonstrar a importância do diagnóstico preciso para auxílio no sucesso do tratamento e qualidade de vida do paciente(AU)


Cleidocranial Dysostosis (CD), also known as Cleidocranial Dysplasia (DCC), is an autosomal dominant disease, first reported in the 18th century, being described in 1897 by Pierre Marie and Paul Sainton, relating it to genetic factors. Its clinical manifestations appear through the late development of bone structures and defects, stomatognathic and craniofacial abnormalities. The diagnosis is based on clinical and imaging characteristics and dental treatment is usually surgical, involving the extraction of supernumerary and deciduous units, in association with the orthodontic approach. This work aims to report the clinical case about the main oral manifestations evidenced in a young patient diagnosed with Cleidocranial Dysplasia, as well as to demonstrate the importance of accurate diagnosis to aid in the success of the treatment and quality of life of the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Care , Cleidocranial Dysplasia , Craniofacial Abnormalities , Oral Surgical Procedures
15.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 24(3): 203-208, set-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129431

ABSTRACT

A Ozonioterapia, método que utiliza a mistura gasosa de ozônio e oxigênio, é uma das Práticas Integrativas aprovadas pelo Ministério da Saúde. Atualmente é utilizada na Odontologia devido, principalmente, às suas características estruturais que permitem vastas aplicações. Essa Prática tem como principal objetivo os fins terapêuticos, por meio de propostas cada vez mais efetivas, que corroboram para técnicas e métodos capazes de propiciar tratamentos complementares a fim de curar e prevenir patologias inerentes à cavidade oral, contribuindo para a potencialização de resultados das técnicas já existentes. Em virtude da busca por técnicas complementares, a Ozonioterapia ganhou destaque e tem se mostrado efetiva e segura em diversas práticas odontológicas. O presente trabalho tem por objetivo, por meio de uma revisão de literatura, ressaltar as aplicabilidades do Ozônio (O3) na área odontológica, explicitando meios de utilização e suas respectivas ações, bem como, as contraindicações frente às ocorrências que acometem a cavidade oral.


Ozone therapy, a method that uses a gaseous mixture of ozone and oxygen, is one of the Integrative Practices approved by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. It is currently used in dentistry mainly due to its structural characteristics that allow a wide range of applications. This Practice focuses on therapeutic purposes through increasingly effective proposals that corroborate techniques and methods capable of providing complementary treatments in order to cure and prevent pathologies inherent to the oral cavity, contributing to the potentiation of results from existing techniques. Due to the search for complementary techniques, ozone therapy has gained prominence and has proven to be both effective and safe in several dental practices. This work aims at highlighting the applicability of Ozone (O3) in the dental area through a literature review, explaining means of use and their respective actions, as well as the contraindications to occurrences that affect the oral cavity.


Subject(s)
Ozone/analysis , Therapeutics , Dentistry , Oxygen/analysis , Bacteria , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dentists , Endodontics
16.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 9-12, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148400

ABSTRACT

El quiste bucal mandibular infectado (QBMI), también conocido como quiste de bifurcación, es un quiste odontogénico inflamatorio poco frecuente y descripto por primera vez por Stoneman y Worth. Ha sido incluido en la clasificación de la OMS de quistes y tumores odontogénicos en 1992. Este quiste suele darse, específicamente, en pacientes entre 6 y 13 años, y su localización más frecuente son el primer y segundo molar permanente y, eventualmente, segundo premolar. Su fisiopatología sigue sin estar clara y se han propuesto múltiples teorías. Este quiste se observa como una inflamación en el vestíbulo del molar afectado. Los síntomas frecuentes son dolor en el área afectada y supuración, pero también muchos casos permanecen asintomáticos. Radiográficamente se describe como un área radiolúcida circunferencial. El quiste está revestido con un epitelio escamoso no queratinizado con infiltrado inflamatorio de células en el tejido conectivo. La mayoría de las características clínicas e histológicas son similares a las reportadas para los quistes paradentales, de ahí la importancia de un buen diagnóstico radiográfico complementario en base a tomografía computada de haz cónico. Los enfoques conservadores suelen ser el tratamiento de elección, con la enucleación del quiste y el seguimiento del diente afectado (AU)


Mandibular infected buccal cyst (MIBC), also known as bifurcation cyst; it is a rare inflammatory odontogenic cyst first described by Stoneman and Worth. It was included in the WHO classification of cysts and odontogenic tumours in 1992. It usually occurs, specifically, in patients between 6 and 10 years of age and its most frequent location is the first and second permanent molars, and eventually the second premolar. Its pathophysiology remains unclear and multiple theories have been proposed. This cyst is seen as an inflammation in the vestibule of the affected molar. Frequent symptoms are pain in the affected area and suppuration, but many cases remain asymptomatic. Radiographically it is described as a circumferential radiolucent area. The cyst is lined with a nonkeratinized squamous epithelium with an inflammatory cell infiltrate in the connective tissue. Most of clinical and histological characteristics are like those reported for paradental cysts, hence the importance of a good complementary radiographic diagnosis based on cone beam computed tomography. Conservative approaches are usually the treatment of choice, with enucleation of the cyst and monitoring of the affected tooth (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Jaw Cysts/classification , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , World Health Organization , Odontogenic Cysts/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures , Molar/injuries
17.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 39-54, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150748

ABSTRACT

La búsqueda por encontrar métodos para acortar la duración de los tratamientos de ortodoncia tiene un pasado reciente, un presente y un futuro. Las fuerzas ortodóncicas que se ejercen sobre la membrana periodontal producen movimientos dentarios por modificaciones histológicas y biomoleculares. El conocimiento de los procesos biológicos da lugar a implementar cambios para favorecer la aceleración de los procesos resortivos y neoformativos. El objetivo de esta publicación es hacer una breve síntesis de lo acontecido con este tema y exponer el procedimiento de las micro-osteoperforaciones (MOPs) como una opción complementaria al tratamiento de ortodoncia convencional. Aún no existe suficiente apoyo de ensayos clínicos en humanos para aseverar su éxito. Más aún, distintos autores publican conclusiones contradictorias. Es de esperar que, en breve, nuevas investigaciones contribuyan a respaldarlo o desestimarlo (AU)


The quest to find methods to shorten the duration of orthodontic treatments has a recent past, a present, and a future. Orthodontic forces exerted on the periodontal membrane produce tooth movements by histological and biomolecular modifications. Knowledge of biological processes results in changes to promote the acceleration of spring and neoformative processes. The objective of this publication is to make a brief synthesis of what happened with this topic and expose the micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) procedure as a complementary option to conventional orthodontic treatment. There is not yet enough support from human clinical trials to assert its success. Moreover, different authors publish conflicting conclusions. It is to be expected that, shortly, further investigations will help to support or dismiss it (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Biological Phenomena , Oral Surgical Procedures , Microsurgery , Osteotomy/methods , Bone Resorption/physiopathology , Low-Level Light Therapy , RANK Ligand , Duration of Therapy
18.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355150

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Introduction: The maxillofacial procedures for skeletal deformities are characterized by structural-morphological changes derived from unfavorable genetics with diagnosis performed during craniofacial growth. Orthognathic surgery requires a total restriction on chewing for 60 days, leading to loss of body weight in overweight and obese individuals, as well as in well-nourished patients. Objective: Evaluating the pre- and post-operative nutritional status of patients undergoing orthognathic surgery. Material and methods: This is an interventional study. The study group received supplementation with whey protein, L-arginine, L-glutamine, and fatty acid Omega-3, and both groups were assessed in terms of anthropometric and biochemical measurements. The evaluation of soft tissue healing was conducted after surgery. Results: It is possible to infer that the percentage of skeletal muscle mass tends to increase in the intervention group, however, the weight loss was greater (-4.88%). Uric acid increased post-operative in the control group (+37.64%). Conclusion: Oral nutritional supplementation used in the study seems promising for reducing the loss of skeletal muscle mass, but further studies involving a larger number of patients are needed to confirm the results. (AU)


RESUMO: Introdução: Os procedimentos maxilofaciais para deformidades esqueléticas são caracterizados por intervenções morfológicas estruturais, necessários por conta de genética desfavorável com diagnóstico feito durante o cresci-mento craniofacial. A cirurgia ortognática requer uma restrição total na mastigação por 60 dias, levando à perda de peso corporal em indivíduos com sobrepeso e obesos, bem como em pacientes bem nutridos. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional pré e pós-operatório dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia ortognática. Material e métodos: Trata-se de um estudo de intervenção. O grupo de estudo recebeu suplementação com proteína de soro de leite, L-arginina, L-glutamina e ácido graxo ômega-3 e ambos os grupos foram avaliados em termos de medidas antropo-métricas e bioquímicas. A avaliação da cicatrização de tecidos moles foi realizada após a cirurgia. Resultados: É possível inferir que o percentual de massa muscular esquelética tendeu a aumentar no grupo de intervenção, porém a perda de peso foi maior (-4,88%). O ácido úrico aumentou no pós-operatório no grupo controle (+37,64%). Conclusão: A suplementação nutricional oral utilizada no estudo parece promissora para reduzir a perda de massa muscular esquelética, mas estudos adicionais envolvendo um número maior de pacientes são necessários para confirmar os resultados. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Period , Weight Loss , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Dietary Supplements , Oral Surgical Procedures , Preoperative Period , Orthognathic Surgery , Mastication
19.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(3): e676, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138938

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La profilaxis antibiótica es controvertida, además que su uso inapropiado expone a los pacientes en riesgo de reacciones adversas y desarrollo de resistencia bacteriana. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión sistemática de ensayos clínicos aleatorizados que evaluaron le eficacia de la profilaxis antibiótica en la reducción de infecciones posoperatorias luego de la extracción de terceros molares impactados. Métodos: Fueron utilizadas las bases de datos ScienceDirect, Clinical trials.gov y Scopus para ubicar ensayos clínicos. Las variables primarias incluyeron: presencia de infecciones posoperatorias (de la herida y/o alveolitis), reacciones adversas, trismo y dolor. Se realizó un metaanálisis con los estudios homogéneos a través del análisis de efectos aleatorios. El riesgo de sesgo de los ensayos incluidos fue evaluado a través de la guía Cochrane. El riesgo relativo global fue calculado utilizando el enfoque del inverso de la varianza con el método de efectos aleatorios. Resultados: Fueron analizados cualitativamente 14 ensayos clínicos y 9 cuantitativamente. De un total de 874 pacientes, 49 (5,6 por ciento) presentaron infecciones posoperatorias (16/446 para el grupo experimental y 33/428 para el grupo placebo). El metaanálisis arrojó un riesgo relativo global de 0,5 (IC 95 por ciento: 0,27-0,94). El riesgo de sesgo para los estudios que utilizaron solo amoxicilina como medida profiláctica fue de 0,53 (IC 95 por ciento: 0,27-1,03). Las principales reacciones adversas incluyeron: diarreas, reacciones gastrointestinales, fiebre y dolor gástrico. Conclusiones: Los antibióticos sistémicos administrados antes de la cirugía fueron eficaces para reducir las frecuencias de aparición de infecciones posoperatorias luego de la extracción de terceros molares impactados(AU)


Introduction: Antibiotic prophylaxis is controversial, and its inappropriate use exposes patients to the risk of adverse reactions and the development of bacterial resistance. Objective: Carry out a systematic review of randomized clinical trials evaluating the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for the reduction of postoperative infections after extraction of impacted third molars. Methods: The search for clinical trials was conducted in the databases ScienceDirect, Clinicaltrials.gov and Scopus. The primary variables considered were presence of postoperative infections (of the wound and/or alveolitis), adverse reactions, trismus and pain. A meta-analysis was made of homogeneous studies applying the random effects model. The risk of bias in the trials included was evaluated using the Cochrane guide. The inverse variance approach and the random effects method were used for estimation of the global relative risk. Results: Fourteen clinical trials were analyzed qualitatively and 9 quantitatively. Of the total 874 patients, 49 (5.6 percent:) developed postoperative infections (16 / 446 for the experimental group and 33 / 428 for the placebo group). The meta-analysis found a global relative risk of 0,5 (CI 95 percent: 0,27-0,94). Bias risk for studies using only amoxicillin as a prophylactic measure was 0,53 (CI 95 percent:: 0,27-1,03). The main adverse reactions were diarrhea, gastrointestinal reactions, fever and abdominal pain. Conclusions: The systemic antibiotics administered before the surgery were effective to reduce the frequency of appearance of postoperative infections after extraction of impacted third molars(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/methods , Molar, Third/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods
20.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 68-74, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121446

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar la respuesta clínica a largo plazo del tratamiento de un granuloma periférico de células gigantes en un implante oseointegrado en el maxilar inferior. Caso clínico: Un paciente de 60 años, de sexo masculino, sin antecedentes sistémicos, concurrió por una lesión con márgenes definidos, de color rojizo morado y consistencia blanda sobre los tejidos blandos en la cara vestibular de un implante colocado en zona de 46. Se realizó la escisión quirúrgica de la lesión, se procesó el tejido extirpado y se envió al laboratorio. El estudio anatomopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de granuloma periférico de células gigantes. La lesión recidivó dos veces. En la tercera extirpación se realizó la implantoplastía de la superficie del implante. La cicatrización no presentó inconvenientes. Hasta el último control, a los 5 años, no volvió a haber recidiva. Conclusión: En este caso clínico, se logró mantener la salud periimplantaria durante 5 años luego de la eliminación de un granuloma periférico de células gigantes. No obstante, este tuvo que ser removido en tres oportunidades debido a la alta recidiva (AU)


Aim: To evaluate the long-term clinical response to the treatment of a peripheral giant cell granuloma in an osseointegrated implant in the lower jaw. Clinical case: A 60-year-old male patient, with no systemic medical problems, presented a soft tissue lesion located at the buccal aspect of an implant placed in the 46 area. The lesion had defined reddish-purple margins and soft consistency. Surgical excision of the lesion was performed, processed and sent to the laboratory. The histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of peripheral giant cell granuloma. The lesion recurred twice. During the third surgical removal an mplantoplasty of the implant surface was performed. The healing was uneventful and there was no recurrence until the last control at 5 years. Conclusion: In this clinical case, perimplantar gingival health was maintained for 5 years after the surgical removal of a giant cell peripheral granuloma. However, it had to be removed three times, demonstrating a high recurrence (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Granuloma, Giant Cell/surgery , Granuloma, Giant Cell/etiology , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Argentina , Recurrence , Schools, Dental , Wound Healing/physiology , Biopsy , Follow-Up Studies , Oral Surgical Procedures
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