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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 12(1): 1-4, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554330

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a região orbitária é bastante suscetível a fraturas, devido a sua posição exposta e a ossos frágeis. As fraturas do tipo blow-out caracterizam-se pela fratura do assoalho orbitário com ou sem herniação de conteúdo para o seio maxilar, gerando consequências funcionais e estéticas. Relato do caso: paciente do sexo feminino, 48 anos de idade, vítima de queda da própria altura, compareceu ao Hospital Geral do Estado da Bahia com queixa de diplopia, apresentando fratura de assoalho de órbita direita. Foi programada uma abordagem transconjuntival e instalação de tela de titânio para reconstrução. Na alta hospitalar, a paciente negou diplopia, não apresentando prejuízos funcionais ou estéticos. Conclusão: o acesso transconjuntival possibilita uma adequada exposição do assoalho de órbita, para colocação de telas, deixando uma cicatriz imperceptível na conjuntiva. Apesar das vantagens, este acesso cirúrgico apresenta maior complexidade técnica, sendo pouco realizado pelos cirurgiões


Introduction: the orbital region is very susceptible to fractures due to its exposed position and fragile bones. Blow-out fractures are characterized by fractures of the orbital floor with or without herniation of contents to the maxillary sinus, generating functional and aesthetic consequences. Case report: a 48-year-old female patient, victim of a fall from her height, presented to the General Hospital of the State of Bahia complaining of diplopia, presenting with a fracture of the floor of the right orbit. A transconjunctival approach and installation of titanium mesh for reconstruction were scheduled. At hospital discharge, the patient denied diplopia, with no functional or aesthetic impairments. Conclusion: the transconjunctival approach allows adequate exposure of the orbital floor for mesh placement, leaving an imperceptible scar on the conjunctiva. Despite the advantages, this surgical approach presents greater technical complexity and is rarely performed by surgeons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Orbital Fractures , Orbit
2.
Odontol. vital ; (39): 27-39, jul.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550585

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los tratamientos para fracturas de órbita se basan en la corrección del defecto de las lesiones orbitarias de tipo blow in y blow out (o de estallido), mediante diversas placas y mallas biocompatibles con el organismo, dándose una cicatrización de primera generación evitando un callo óseo y una fijación más rígida. Para el diagnóstico de este tipo de lesiones tenemos inflamación periorbitaria, enoftalmos, diplopía, equimosis, hemorragia subconjuntival. Existen diversos materiales reconstructivos siendo estos compuestos por distintas materias primas, como son los aloplásticos y autógenos; donde encontramos varios tipos como placas de titanio y las placas reabsorbibles siendo estas las más comunes y usadas actualmente, por su bajo estímulo a reabsorciones óseas y evitando efectos secundarios a largo plazo. Estas placas presentan diversos grados de ductilidad y resistencia. Se informó sobre varias complicaciones según el tipo de placas como es la cicatrización, las cirugías postquirúrgicas en caso de placas de titanio, etc. El objetivo de esta revisión es la evaluación de la eficacia las placas reabsorbibles versus placas de titanio en fracturas de órbita. Materiales y métodos: La investigación es de carácter documental, descriptivo y no experimental. En el cual se emplea una metodología de identificación e inclusión de artículos científicos tipo prisma. Resultados y conclusiones: Se verificaron las ventajas y desventajas tanto de las placas reabsorbibles como las de titanio siendo estas similares en la biocompatibilidad con el organismo humano, así como también varias diferencias como el soporte, fuerzas, resistencia de estas, concluyendo que es debatible el material ideal para tratar fracturas de órbita. Se seleccionaron artículos tomando en cuenta el título y objetivos; considerando estudios comparativos, revisiones sistemáticas, revisiones de literatura, los cuales comprendían criterios con respecto a fracturas de órbita y tratamientos quirúrgicos. La búsqueda arrojó 55 artículos en PubMed, 65 en Google, 4 en Scielo y 29 en Science direct, de los cuales se excluyeron libros, monografías, estudios experimentales, dando como resultado 21 artículos para el desarrollo de esta revisión bibliográfica. Y que fueron leídos y analizados en su totalidad, estudiando los objetivos, metodología y conclusión de cada uno de ellos para la posterior comparación.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Treatments for orbit fractures are based on the correction of the defect of blow in and blow out orbital injuries, by means of various plates and meshes biocompatible with the organism, giving a first-generation healing avoiding a bony callus and a more rigid fixation. For the diagnosis of this type of lesions we have periorbital inflammation, enophthalmos, diplopia, ecchymosis, subconjunctival hemorrhage. There are several reconstructive materials being these composed of different raw materials, such as alloplastic and autogenous, where we find several types such as titanium plates and resorbable plates being these the most common and currently used, for its low stimulus to bone resorption and avoiding long-term side effects. These plates have different degrees of ductility and resistance. Several complications have been reported depending on the type of plates, such as scarring, post-surgical surgeries in the case of titanium plates, etc. The objective of this review is to evaluate the efficacy of resorbable versus titanium plates in orbital fractures. Materials and methods: This research are a documentary, descriptive and non-experimental nature. A prism-type methodology of identification and inclusion of scientific articles was used. Results and conclusions: The advantages and disadvantages of both resorbable and titanium plates were verified, being these similar in biocompatibility with the human organism, as well as several differences such as support, forces, resistance of the same, concluding that it is debatable. The ideal material to treat orbital fractures. Articles were selected considering the title and objectives; considering comparative studies, systematic reviews, literature reviews, which included criteria regarding orbital fractures and surgical treatments. The search yielded 55 articles in PubMed, 65 in Google, 4 in Scielo and 29 in Science direct, from which books, monographs, experimental studies were excluded, resulting in 21 articles for the development of this bibliographic review. The 21 articles were read and analyzed in their entirety, studying the objectives, methodology and conclusion of each one of them for subsequent comparison.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orbit/injuries , Bone Plates , Titanium , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Fractures, Bone/surgery
3.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(2): 53-57, abr./jun 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1538222

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Discutir o tratamento cirúrgico secundário de uma fratura de órbita tipo Blow-Out, explorando os desafios e limitações relacionados a este padrão de fratura. Relato de Caso: Paciente sexo masculino, 50 anos, ASA I relatando histórico de agressão física e quatro cirurgias prévias em região orbitária direita. Clinicamente foram observados sinais como enoftalmo, hipoftalmo, encurtamento da pálpebra inferior, dificuldade de oclusão palpebral, entrópio, hiperemia em conjuntiva, além de presença de secreção purulenta, todos em região orbitária à direita. Diante do exposto, uma nova intervenção cirúrgica foi proposta pela Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial, na tentativa corrigir alguns problemas listados, além de encaminhamento a outras especialidades. Encontra-se em acompanhamento de um ano, com boa evolução. Conclusão: O tratamento de fraturas orbitárias é um dos mais desafiadores, especialmente quando se trata sequelas. A definição pelo melhor momento para realização destes procedimentos não é um consenso, sendo necessário uma avaliação clínica criteriosa. Apesar da utilização dos enxertos autógenos ser amplamente recomendada, os materiais aloplásticos vem se tornando a primeira escolha para tratamento das correções secundárias pelas diversas vantagens oferecidas.


Aim: To discuss the secondary surgical treatment of a Blow-Out orbit fracture, exploring the challenges and limitations related to this fracture pattern. Case report: Male patient, 50 years old, ASA I reporting a history of physical aggression and four previous surgeries in the right orbital region. Clinically, enophthalmos, hypophthalmos, shortening of the lower eyelid, difficulty in eyelid occlusion, entropion, hyperemia in the conjunctiva were observed, in addition to the presence of purulent secretion, all in the right orbit. In view of the above, a new surgical intervention was proposed by Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology, in an attempt to correct some listed problems, in addition to referral to other specialties. He is being followed up for one year, with good progress. Conclusion: The treatment of orbital fractures is one of the most challenging, especially when dealing with sequelae. The definition of the best time to perform these procedures is not a consensus, requiring a careful clinical evaluation. Although the use of autogenous grafts is widely recommended, alloplastic materials are becoming the first choice for treating secondary corrections due to the several advantages offered.


Objetivo: Discutir el tratamiento quirúrgico secundario de una fractura orbitaria Blow-Out, explorando los desafíos y las limitaciones relacionadas con este patrón de fractura. Caso Clínico: Paciente masculino, 50 años, ASA I, que refi ere antecedentes de agresión física y cuatro cirugías previas en región orbitaria derecha. Clínicamente se observaron signos como enoftalmos, hipoftalmos, acortamiento del párpado inferior, difi cultad en la oclusión palpebral, entropión, hiperemia en la conjuntiva, además de la presencia de secreción purulenta, todos en la región orbitaria derecha. Ante lo anterior, se propuso una nueva intervención quirúrgica desde Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial y Traumatología, en un intento de corregir algunos de los problemas enumerados, además de la derivación a otras especialidades. Está en seguimiento desde hace un año, con buena evolución. Conclusión: El tratamiento de las fracturas de órbita es uno de los más desafi antes, especialmente cuando se trata de secuelas. La defi nición del mejor momento para realizar estos procedimientos no es un consenso, lo que requiere una evaluación clínica cuidadosa. A pesar de que se recomienda ampliamente el uso de injertos autógenos, los materiales aloplásticos se han convertido en la primera opción para el tratamiento de correcciones secundarias debido a las múltiples ventajas que ofrecen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Orbit , Biocompatible Materials , Violence
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 445-450, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440316

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The foramen magnum (FM) is the key component of the craniovertebral junction, which connects the brain stem and medulla spinalis and is closely related to vital structures. FM dimensions are of great clinical importance. Considering the similarity in shape between FM and orbita, we thought that there might be a relationship between the lengths (sagittal diameter) and widths (transverse diameter) of these structures. Since it is not possible to reach FM directly, we set up our hypothesis as can we calculate the foramen magnum dimensions from orbital measurements before proceeding to costly tests. We also investigated this harmony in the skulls we used in the study. In the study, 21 dried skull bones from the Turkish population were used. FM and right Orbital length and width measurements were made. Precision digital caliper was used for measurements. Statistical validity and reliability analyzes were performed to prove the agreement between the measurements. We found that the length of the orbit and FM in the sagittal plane is close to each other, with 34.74±2.11 mm and 34.99±3.0 mm, and the width of the orbit in the coronal plane is approximately 1.40 times the width of the FM. We proved that the estimation of FM dimensions based on orbital measurements is also statistically valid and safe. Using orbital measurements, it is possible to estimate FM dimensions which are difficult to reach directly in living humans.


El foramen magno (FM) es el componente clave de la unión craneovertebral, que conecta el tronco encefálico y el bulbo raquídeo y está estrechamente relacionado con las estructuras vitales. Las dimensiones FM son de gran importancia clínica. Teniendo en cuenta la similitud de forma entre FM y órbitas, consideramos que podría haber una relación entre las longitudes (diámetro sagital) y las anchuras (diámetro transversal) de estas estructuras. Dado que no es posible llegar al FM directamente, establecimos nuestra hipótesis y calculamos las dimensiones del foramen magno a partir de mediciones orbitales antes de proceder a costosas pruebas. También investigamos esta armonía en los cráneos que usamos en el estudio. En el estudio, se utilizaron 21 huesos de cráneo secos de la población turca. Se realizaron mediciones FM y de longitud y anchura orbitales. Para las mediciones se utilizó un calibrador digital de precisión. Se realizaron análisis estadísticos de validez y confiabilidad para probar la concordancia entre las mediciones. Encontramos que la longitud de la órbita y FM en el plano sagital es cercana entre sí, con 34,74±2,11 mm y 34,99±3,0 mm, y el ancho de la órbita en el plano coronal es aproximadamente 1,40 veces el ancho de la FM. Demostramos que la estimación de las dimensiones FM basadas en mediciones orbitales también es estadísticamente válida y segura. Empleando mediciones orbitales, es posible estimar dimensiones FM que son difíciles de alcanzar directamente en humanos vivos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Orbit/anatomy & histology , Foramen Magnum/anatomy & histology
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(2): e202202692, abr. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1418619

ABSTRACT

Las anomalías vasculares de la órbita (AVO) son un grupo heterogéneo de patologías que pueden presentarse con frecuencia en el cono orbitario, la región periorbitaria o dentro de la órbita misma. Las AVO se dividen en tumores y malformaciones. Su presentación clínica más frecuente es el exoftalmos, asociado o no a alteración del eje visual. Además, pueden presentar complicaciones agudas, como hemorragia intralesional o celulitis entre las más frecuentes, y complicaciones crónicas, como ambliopía y afectación de la agudeza visual a largo plazo. La evolución de las técnicas de imágenes, el uso de nuevos fármacos y la utilización de innovadores procedimientos en radiología intervencionista han posibilitado obtener una mejora significativa en los procesos diagnósticos y terapéuticos de estos pacientes, permitiendo un diagnóstico y tratamiento preciso.


Orbital vascular anomalies (OVAs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders frequently found in the orbital cone, the periorbital region, or within the orbit itself. OVAs are divided into tumors and malformations. The most frequent clinical presentation is exophthalmos, associated or not with an alteration of the visual axis. They may also cause acute complications, being intralesional bleeding or cellulitis the most frequent, and chronic complications, such as amblyopia and long-term visual acuity impairment. The development of imaging techniques, the use of new drugs, and the implementation of innovative procedures in interventional radiology have resulted in a significant improvement in the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to these patients, essential to an accurate diagnosis and management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Exophthalmos , Vascular Malformations/therapy , Vascular Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Orbit/blood supply , Orbit/pathology , Visual Acuity , Hemorrhage/pathology
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 134-145, feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430518

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Understanding species intraocular parameters using computed tomography (CT) scanning is initial and crucial step in ophthalmology. There is a lack of studies that have specialized in estimating the cattle and pig eyes using CT scans. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the anatomical and computed tomography features of cattle and pig eyes and its internal structures. Animal heads that not suffer from any diseases related to the eye were disarticulated. CT scan was performed. Moreover, 10 % fixed buffered formalin Specimens were used for the anatomical description of the eye and the optic nerve in particular. The values of length, width of the lens and globe, radio density of the optic nerve, lens, the anterior chamber, the vitreous chamber, and orbital dimensions were measured. Statistically, all parameters of cattle optic nerve increased significantly than that of the pig except for radiodensity, and angle of the optic nerve. Furthermore, all intraocular parameters of cattle increased significantly than that of the pig except the radiodensity of aqueous and vitreous humor. There was no significant difference between species in the opening angle of the orbit. This study's findings represent a first step toward developing CT reference values for cattle and pigs intraocular structural assessments.


Comprender los parámetros intraoculares de especies mediante la tomografía computarizada es un paso inicial y crítico en oftalmología. Faltan estudios enfocados en la estimación de ojos de bovinos y porcinos mediante tomografías computarizadas. Por tanto, este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir las características anatómicas y de tomografía computarizada de los bulbos oculares de bovinos y porcinos y sus estructuras internas. Se desarticularon cabezas de animales que no padecieran alguna enfermedad relacionada con el ojo. Se realizó una tomografía computarizada. Se fijaron las muestras en formalina tamponada al 10 % para la descripción anatómica del bulbo ocular y del nervio óptico en particular. Se midieron los valores de longitud del bulbo ocular, ancho del lente y la radio densidad del nervio óptico, lente, cámara anterior, cámara vítrea y dimensiones orbitarias. Estadísticamente, todos los parámetros del nervio óptico del ganado aumentaron significativamente con respecto al del cerdo, excepto la radio densidad y el ángulo del nervio óptico. Además, todos los parámetros intraoculares del ganado bovino aumentaron significativamente respecto a los del cerdo, excepto la radio densidad del humor acuoso y cuerpo vítreo. No hubo diferencia significativa entre especies en el ángulo de apertura de la órbita. Los hallazgos de este estudio representan un primer paso hacia el desarrollo de valores de referencia de tomografía computarizada para evaluaciones estructurales intraoculares de ganado vacuno y porcino.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Orbit/diagnostic imaging , Swine/anatomy & histology , Cattle/anatomy & histology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Philippine Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 78-81, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003660

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We report a case of orbitofrontal cholesterol granuloma as a rare differential diagnosis of orbital erosion in the diploe of the frontal bone. @*Methods@#This is a case report. @*Results@#A 50-year-old man presented with right eye proptosis. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the orbit showed a fairly delineated homogeneous mass centered in the diploe of the right frontal bone with calcification and rugged erosion of the frontal bone and with expansion into the right superotemporal orbit. The patient was initially diagnosed with malignant lacrimal gland tumor on the right. He underwent orbitotomy with excision of the mass. Histopathologic studies of the excised mass revealed a cholesterol granuloma.@*Conclusion@#Cholesterol granulomas of the frontal bone in the superotemporal orbit are rare benign lesions that present with bone destruction and can be mistaken for lacrimal gland malignancies. Surgical excision has a high success rate with low incidence of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Orbit , Diagnosis, Differential
8.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 221-228, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389843

ABSTRACT

La reconstrucción posterior a una cirugía oncológica resectiva maxilar es todo un desafío. Debido a esto, existen diversas técnicas quirúrgicas cuyo objetivo apunta a mantener no solo la funcionalidad, sino también la estética facial, especialmente en el área del reborde infraorbitario. El injerto de hueso calvarial es una opción segura y versátil para realizar una reconstrucción primaria en el reborde infraorbitario. Esta técnica está indicada en aquellos pacientes en los cuales la resección cutánea y exenteración orbitaria no son necesarias. Por este motivo, a continuación, analizaremos este tipo de injerto a propósito de un caso clínico en el que se usó asociado a un colgajo pediculado de fascia temporoparietal.


Reconstruction after maxillary resective oncological surgery is a challenge. Because of this, there are many surgical techniques whose objective is to maintain not only function but also facial aesthetics, especially in the infraorbital rim area. The calvarial bone graft is a safe and versatile option to perform a primary infraorbital rim reconstruction. This technique is indicated in those patients in whom skin resection and orbital exenteration are not necessary. For this reason, we will now analyze this type of graft in relation to a case in which it was used associated with a temporo-parietal fascia flap.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Orbit/surgery , Maxillary Neoplasms/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Maxilla/surgery , Orbit/diagnostic imaging , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
9.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(1): 26-29, jan.-mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391750

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: O carcinoma adenoide cístico é uma lesão rara e agressiva. O presente trabalho visa relatar o caso de uma ressecção de carcinoma adenoide cístico e manutenção do arcabouço ósseo realizado por meio de sonda de Foley insuflada com soro fisiológico. Relato do caso: Um paciente submetido a ressecação de um carcinoma adenoide cístico em maxilla com destruição de soalho de órbita foi relatado. O caso foi realizado no Hospital Josina Machel em Luanda, Angola. A região apresenta uma considerável escassez de materiais de fixação e outros mais, o que impossibilita reconstruções maxilofaciais com a excelência necessária. A realização de enxertos microvascularizados ou implantes customizados torna-se inviável devido aos custos e tecnologia dispendida para tal. Conclusão: A sonda de Foley mostra-se como uma alternativa viável nos casos de reconstrução de terço médio de face com envolvimento de seio maxilar e soalho de órbita em locais de mais difícil acesso... (AU)


Objectives: Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare and aggressive lesion. The present work aims to report the case of a resection of adenoid cystic carcinoma and maintenance of the bone framework performed using a Foley catheter insufflated with saline solution. Case report: A patient who underwent resection of an adenoid cystic carcinoma in the maxilla with destruction of the orbital floor was reported. The case was carried out at Hospital Josina Machel in Luanda, Angola. The region has a considerable shortage of fixation materials and others, which makes maxillofacial reconstructions with the necessary excellence impossible. The realization of microvascularized grafts or customized implants becomes unfeasible due to the costs and technology used for this purpose. Conclusion: The Foley catheter is a viable alternative in cases of reconstruction of the middle third of the face with involvement of the maxillary sinus and orbital floor in areas that are more difficult to access... (AU)


Objetivos: El carcinoma adenoide quístico es una lesión rara y agresiva. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo reportar el caso de una resección de carcinoma quístico adenoide y mantenimiento de la estructura ósea realizada mediante sonda de Foley insuflada con suero fisiológico. Caso clínico: Se reporta un paciente que fue sometido a resección de un carcinoma adenoide quístico en el maxilar con destrucción del piso orbitario. El caso se llevó a cabo en el Hospital Josina Machel de Luanda, Angola. La región tiene una escasez considerable de materiales de fijación y otros, lo que imposibilita las reconstrucciones maxilofaciales con la excelencia necesaria. La realización de injertos microvascularizados o implantes personalizados se vuelve inviable por los costes y la tecnología utilizada para tal fin. Conclusión: La sonda de Foley es una alternativa viable en los casos de reconstrucción del tercio medio de la cara con afectación del seno maxilar y suelo orbitario en zonas de más difícil acceso... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Orbit/surgery , Orbit/pathology , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms , Jaw Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Maxillary Sinus , Wounds and Injuries
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(1): 18-23, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385567

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA) and the infra-orbital artery (IOA) present intraosseous and extraosseous rami which form an anastomosis in the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus. This anastomosis is always present, however it has not yet been included in anatomical terminology (AT), and different terms are used in scientific communication to refer to it. The aim of this study was to carry out a review of the different terms used to name this vascular structure. A literature review was carried out on the terms used to name the anastomosis between the PSAA and IOA in imaging studies and human cadavers that assessed the presence/frequency of this anatomical structure. The search was carried out in the Medline, EMBASE and LILACS databases, in Portuguese, Spanish and English, with no date restrictions. Qualitative analysis was applied to the studies selected, analysing the terminology used to refer to the anastomosis between the PSAA and IOA. Of the 2108 original articles found, 60 were selected as potentially relevant and 54 studies were finally included for qualitative analysis. Sixteen terms were found to refer to the anastomosis between the PSAA and IOA, the most frequent being Posterior Superior Alveolar Artery (PSAA), followed by Alveolar Antral Artery (AAA). Many terms are used in the medical literature to designate the anastomosis between the PSAA and IOA, the most frequent being PSAA and AAA. There is a need to unify the terms used to designate this vascular structure, and to incorporate the selected term into anatomical terminology, in order to avoid confusion in scientific communication.


RESUMEN: La arteria alveolar superior posterior (AASP) y la arteria infra-orbital (AIO) tienen ramas intra y extra óseas que forman una anastomosis en la pared lateral del seno maxilar. Esta anastomosis está siempre presente, sin embargo, aún no ha sido incluida en la terminología anatómica (TA), por lo que en la comunicación científica se utilizan diferentes términos para referirse a ella. El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión sobre los diferentes términos utilizados para nombrar esta estructura vascular. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura sobre los términos utilizados para nombrar la anastomosis entre AASP y AIO en estudios imagenológicos y en cadáveres humanos que evaluaron la presencia/frecuencia de esta estructura anatómica. La búsqueda fue realizada en las bases de datosMedline, EMBASE y LILACS, en los idiomas portugués, español e inglés, sin restricción de fecha. Los estudios seleccionados fueron evaluados de forma cualitativa, analizando la terminología empleada para referirse a la anastomosis entre AASP y AIO. Fueron encontrados 2108 artículos originales, siendo seleccionados 60 artículos potencialmente relevantes y finalmente fueron incluidos 54 estudios para análisis cualitativo. Fueron encontrados 16 términos para referirse a la anastomosis entre AASP y AIO, siendo AASP el más frecuente seguido de arteria alveolo-antral (AAA). Son muchos los términos utilizados en la literatura médica para designar la anastomosis entre AASP y AIO, siendo AASP y AAA los más usados. La unificación de los términos utilizados para designar esta estructura vascular y su incorporación en la Terminología Anatómica contribuiría a evitar equívocos en la comunicación científica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orbit/blood supply , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Alveolar Process/blood supply , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Arteriovenous Anastomosis , Cadaver , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Terminology as Topic
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(1): 181-187, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385594

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to study the anatomical landmarks and variations of supraorbital, infraorbital, and mental foramina. One hundred and sixty Thai dry skulls were randomly selected from the Forensic Osteology Research Center. The distances of the parameters were measured by using Vernier caliper. The supraorbital foramen could be found in a notch form 13.8 %, single supraorbital foramen accounted for 82.5 %, and supraorbital foramen with an accessory foramen represented 3.8 %. Single infraorbital foramen was found 90.0 %, and infraorbital foramen with an accessory foramen represented 10.0 %. Single mental foramen was observed 96.6 %, and the frequency of mental foramen with an accessory foramen was determined 3.4%. The majority of infraorbital foramina (48.0 %) was detected above the second premolar area. 19.0 % of the infraorbital foramina was seen in the region between the first premolar and the second premolar, and 22.8 % of the infraorbital foramina was located between the second premolar and the first molar. The infraorbital foramen is anatomically positioned above the first molar (10.2 %). The majority of mental foramina (53.5 %) can be identified below second premolar area. The region between the first premolar and the second premolar is the site for the mental foramen 26.0 % of the total variations. The region between the second premolar and the first molar is the site for the mental foramen 16.9 % of the total variations. The mental foramen is approximately situated below the first molar (3.6 %). The present study of anatomical variations of various foramina demonstrates a useful application in cosmetic and ophthalmic plastic surgery. The findings could improve the efficacy of the surgeons and accuracy for the indicated localization of these foramina during maxillofacial operations and local anesthetic procedures.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue estudiar los puntos de referencia anatómicos y las variaciones de los forámenes supraorbitario, infraorbitario y mental. Ciento sesenta cráneos secos tailandeses fueron seleccionados al azar del Centro de Investigación de Osteología Forense. Las distancias de los parámetros se midieron utilizando un calibre Vernier. El foramen supraorbitario se pudo encontrar en forma de muesca el 13,8 %, el foramen supraorbitario único representó el 82,5 % y el foramen supraorbitario con un foramen accesorio representó el 3,8 %. El foramen infraorbitario único se encontró en un 90,0 % y el foramen infraorbitario con un foramen accesorio representó el 10,0 %. Se observó foramen mental único 96,6 % y se determinó la frecuencia de foramen mental con foramen accesorio 3,4 %. La mayoría de los forámenes infraorbitarios (48,0 %) se detectaron por encima del área del segundo premolar. El 19,0 % de los forámenes infraorbitarios se observó en la región entre el primer premolar y el segundo premolar, y el 22,8 % de los forámenes infraorbitarios se ubicó entre el segundo premolar y el primer molar. El foramen infraorbitario se ubica anatómicamente por encima del primer molar (10,2 %). La mayoría de los forámenes mentales (53,5 %) se pudieron identificar inferior al área del segundo premolar. La región entre el primer premolar y el segundo premolar es el sitio del foramen mental 26,0 % de las variaciones totales. La región entre el segundo premolar y el primer molar es el sitio del foramen mental 16,9 % del total de variaciones. El foramen mental se sitúa aproximadamente por debajo del primer molar (3,6 %). El presente estudio de variaciones anatómicas de estos forámenes demuestra una aplicación útil en la cirugía plástica y oftálmica. Los hallazgos podrían mejorar la eficacia de los cirujanos y la precisión para la localización de estos forámenes durante las operaciones maxilofaciales y los procedimientos anestésicos locales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Orbit/anatomy & histology , Anatomic Variation , Mental Foramen/anatomy & histology
12.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 46-51, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974037

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe our reconstruction of an orbital roof and lateral wall defect using a split- thickness calvarial bone graft with titanium mesh complex after resection of a meningioma of the left greater wing of the sphenoid with extension to the left frontotemporal bone and left orbital roof and lateral wall. @*Methods@#Study Design: Surgical Innovation. Setting: Tertiary Private University Hospital. Patient: One. @*Results@#A 44-year-old woman with a left frontotemporal mass associated with left eye proptosis and epiphora underwent reconstruction of the left orbital roof and lateral wall defect using split-thickness calvarial bone graft with titanium mesh and screws after a left frontotemporal craniectomy, superior and lateral orbital wall resection of a mass of the sphenoid wing with orbital and frontotemporal extension. Final histopathology was consistent with meningioma. Surveillance of the mass and orbital reconstruction showed evidence of bone growth and osteointegration of the titanium mesh into the bone grafts.@*Conclusion@#The initial good outcome of orbital roof and lateral wall reconstruction using split-thickness calvarial bone graft with titanium mesh is evidenced by osteointegration of the titanium mesh and revascularization leading to new bone growth. This autogenous-alloplastic complex may provide a more stable option for orbital reconstruction, but long term follow-up is needed for surveillance of recurrence and monitoring the status of orbital reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Orbit , Meningioma , Skull , Bone Transplantation
13.
Autops. Case Rep ; 12: e2021345, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355723

ABSTRACT

Mucormycosis is a rare, sometimes severe fungal infection that has emerged as a possible complication of COVID-19. We report a case of a non-diabetic, apparently immunocompetent patient diagnosed with rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis shortly after COVID-19 treatment with dexamethasone. The patient received optimized systemic antifungal therapy and extensive surgical treatment. So far, four months after the last hospital discharge, the patient has been in good general condition. This case is a dramatic reminder that beneficial corticosteroid therapy in general inevitably carries a risk of opportunistic infection, and corticosteroid therapy for COVID-19 risks orbital-rhinocerebral mucormycosis that clinicians should watch for with vigilance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orbit/pathology , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , SARS-CoV-2 , Mucormycosis/complications , Opportunistic Infections , Immunocompetence
14.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0026, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376786

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe an innovative animal model of eye transplantation used in rabbits. Methods: six Dutch-belted male rabbits were submitted to lateral orbitotomy in the right eye, wide retrobulbar anatomy exposure, dissection of the structures, identification and distal section of the optic nerve followed by anastomosis either by vicryl (group 1) or fibrin glue (group 2). Electroretinography recording was performed before the section of the optic nerve and every 30 seconds after, to monitor the function of retina. Left eye was used as control group. Results: After optic nerve resection and anastomosis, stable ERG amplitude of the right eye was lost after 302 seconds in group 1 and after 296 seconds on group 2. Left eye kept longer stable ERG amplitude curves. Conclusions: The animal model of whole eye transplantation was effective in describing a novel technique to be used in rabbits, with success of the anatomic procedure. Further studies will clarify the best anastomosis methods and maintenance of function of the receptor organ. Translational relevance: this animal model of whole eye transplantation provides a novel perspective for blind patients and the research models, since we describe a novel mammal animal model. This model can be used as basis of a human model of whole eye transplantation in future studies.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever uma técnica cirúrgica inovadora para transplante de olho em um modelo animal em coelhos. Métodos: Seis coelhos machos com Dutch Belted foram submetidos à orbitotomia lateral do olho direito, com ampla exposição da anatomia retrobulbar, dissecção do cone muscular, exposição e secção distal do nervo óptico seguida de anastomose por vicryl (Grupo 1) ou cola de fibrina (Grupo 2). O registro da eletrorretinografia foi realizado antes da secção do nervo óptico e a cada 30 segundos após, para monitorar a função da retina. O olho esquerdo foi usado como grupo controle. Resultados: Após a ressecção do nervo óptico, a estabilidade da amplitude da eletrorretinografia foi perdida no olho direito após 302 segundos no Grupo 1 e após 296 segundos no Grupo 2. O olho esquerdo manteve eletrorretinografia estável por períodos mais longos. Conclusão: O modelo animal de transplante total de olho foi eficaz em descrever uma nova técnica cirúrgica para ser utilizada em laboratório com coelhos, com sucesso do procedimento anatômico. Novos estudos esclarecerão os melhores métodos de anastomose e manutenção da função do órgão receptor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Optic Nerve/surgery , Retina/physiology , Electroretinography , Eye/transplantation , Orbit/surgery , Rabbits , Retinal Ganglion Cells/physiology , Anastomosis, Surgical , Eye Enucleation , Models, Animal , Slit Lamp Microscopy
15.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0042, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387970

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The use of tridimensional (3D) printing in healthcare has contributed to the development of instruments and implants. The 3D printing has also been used for teaching future professionals. In order to have a good 3D printed piece, it is necessary to have high quality images, such as the ones from Computerized Tomography (CT scan) exam, which shows the anatomy from different cuts and allows for a good image reconstruction. Purpose: To propose a protocol for creating digital files from computerized tomography images to be printed in 3D and used as didactic material in the ophthalmology field, using open-source software, InVesalius®, Blender® and Repetier-Host©. Methods: Two orbit CT scan exam images in the DICOM format were used to create the virtual file to be printed in 3D. To edit the images, the software InVesalius® (Version 3.1.1) was used to delimit and clean the structure of interest, and also to convert to STL format. The software Blender® (Version 2.80) was used to refine the image. The STL image was then sent to the Repetier-Host© (Version 2.1.3) software, which splits the image in layers and generates the instructions to print the piece in the 3D printer using the polymer polylactic acid (PLA). Results: The printed anatomical pieces printed reproduced most structures, both bone and soft structures, satisfactorily. However, there were some problems during printing, such as the loss of small bone structures, that are naturally surrounded by muscles due to the lack of support. Conclusion: Despite the difficulties faced during the production of the pieces, it was also possible to reproduce the anatomical structures adequately, which indicates that this protocol of 3D printing from medical images is viable.


RESUMO Introdução: O uso de impressão em 3-D na área da saúde tem contribuído para o desenvolvimento de instrumentos e próteses. A impressão 3-D tem sido usada para o ensino de futuros profissionais. Para se alcançar uma boa peça em 3-D, é necessário ter imagens de alta qualidade, como aquelas geradas pelo exame de Tomografia Computadorizada (TC), que mostra a anatomia sob diferentes cortes e permite uma boa reconstrução de imagem. Objetivo: Propor um protocolo para a criação de arquivos digitais a partir de imagens de tomografia computadorizada a serem impressas em 3-D e usadas como modelo de material didático oftalmológico usando software de código aberto, InVesalius®, Bender® e Repetier-Host©. Métodos: Foram utilizadas imagens em formato DICOM provenientes de dois exames de tomografia computadorizada de órbitas para a impressão tridimensional. Para manuseio das imagens, foram utilizados o InVesalius®, versão 3.1.1, para delimitar e limpar a estrutura de interesse e também para converter em formato STL. O Blender®, versão 2.80 foi usado para refinamento. A imagem em STL foi então enviada para o programa Repetier-Host, versão 2.1.3, que divide a imagem em camadas e gera as instruções para impressão da peça em ácido polilático na impressora tridimensional. Resultados: As peças anatômicas impressas reproduziram de forma satisfatória a maioria das estruturas ósseas e musculares. No entanto, houve dificuldade durante a impressão das estruturas ósseas menores, como perda de estrutura óssea pequena, que não possuíam sustentação, por serem envoltas pelo músculo. Conclusão: Apesar das dificuldades encontradas na produção dessas peças de estudo, foi possível reproduzir estruturas com fidelidade, indicando que o protocolo proposto viabiliza a impressão de imagens oriundas da tomografia computadorizada para impressão tridimensional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmology/education , Orbit/anatomy & histology , Orbit/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Printing, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Students, Medical , Teaching , Software , Education, Medical/methods , Anatomy/education , Models, Anatomic
16.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 173-178, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352991

ABSTRACT

El colgajo de fascia temporal superficial es muy versátil para la reconstrucción de defectos tisulares localizados en los tercios superior y medio de la cara, en la región orbito-palpebral, en la cavidad oral, en la base del cráneo y a nivel mandibular. En nuestra experiencia, constituye una opción segura para reconstrucciones complejas de cavidades. En el presente artículo los autores exponen el caso de una paciente en quien se reconstruyó un defecto de órbita con un colgajo de fascia temporal superficial prelaminado


The superficial temporal fascia flap is versatile for the reconstruction of tissue defects located in the upper and middle thirds of the face, in the orbital-palpebral region, in the oral cavity, at the base of the skull and at the mandibular level. In our experience, it is a safe option for complex cavity reconstructions. In this article the authors present the case of a patient in whom an orbit defect was reconstructed with a pre-laminated superficial temporal fascia flap


Subject(s)
Transplants , Orbit , Fascia
17.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 94-102, 30 Diciembre 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368417

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La enfermedad relacionada con IgG4 es una patología fibroinflamatoria multiorgánica, de origen desconocido, que simula trastornos malignos, infecciosos e inflamatorios. Los criterios del American College of Rheumatology y la European League against Rheumatism 2019, son útiles para el diagnóstico diferencial de ésta enfermedad cuando se no se cuenta con evidencia de inmunoglobulina G4 en sangre. CASO CLÍNICO. Paciente hombre de 45 años de edad, nacido en Ambato-Ecuador, con ingreso en noviembre del 2017, en emergencias del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, con presencia de tos con hemoptisis leve, febrícula, astenia, pérdida de peso e hiporexia de dos semanas de evolución. Se realizó múltiples exámenes, tras observar infiltrados pulmonares intersticiales, con elevación de inmunoglobulina G en suero, negativas para malignidad; se sospechó de enfermedad relacionada a inmunoglobulina G4. Se ampliaron los estudios para descartar otras patologías más prevalentes y cuyo diferencial es primordial. Se inició tratamiento con prednisona y micofenolato con buena respuesta clínica; durante dos años. DISCUSIÓN. La evidencia científica registró que el hallazgo más importante en la enfermedad relacionada con inmunoglobulina G4 fue un aumento de sus niveles séricos. La recurrencia de la enfermedad en un órgano afectado o la aparición de un nuevo órgano involucrado pudo conducir al diagnóstico en el caso presentado. CONCLUSIÓN. La enfermedad relacionada con inmunoglobulina G4 al ser una patología heterogénea, inmunomediada, al simular otras afecciones puede retrasar el diagnóstico; se debe tener una alta sospecha clínica, si al excluir otros procesos infecciosos, autoinmunes y/o eoplásicos, hay evidencia de patología fibroesclerosante multiorgánica sin causa establecida.


INTRODUCTION. IgG4-related disease is a multiorgan fibroinflammatory pathology of unknown origin that mimics malignant, infectious, and inflammatory disorders. The criteria of the American College of Rheumatology and the European League against Rheumatism 2019 are useful for the differential diagnosis of this disease when there is no evidence of immunoglobulin G4 in blood. CLINICAL CASE. 45-year-old male patient, born in Ambato-Ecuador, with admission in November 2017, in the emergency room of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, with the presence of cough with mild hemoptysis, fever, asthenia, weight loss and hyporexia of two weeks of evolution. Multiple tests were performed, after observing interstitial pulmonary infiltrates, with elevated serum immunoglobulin G, negative for malignancy; immunoglobulin G4-related disease was suspected. Studies were extended to rule out other more prevalent pathologies whose differential is paramount. Treatment with prednisone and mycophenolate was started with good clinical response; for two years. DISCUSSION. The scientific evidence recorded that the most important finding in immunoglobulin G4-related disease was an increase in its serum levels. Recurrence of the disease in an affected organ or the appearance of a new involved organ could have led to the diagnosis in the presented case. CONCLUSION. Immunoglobulin G4-related disease, being a heterogeneous, immune-mediated pathology, by simulating other conditions may delay diagnosis; a high clinical suspicion should be maintained if, when other infectious, autoimmune and/or neoplastic processes are excluded, there is evidence of multiorgan fibrosclerosing pathology without established cause.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/blood , Orbit/pathology , Parotid Gland/pathology , Bronchi/pathology , Biomarkers/blood , Diagnosis, Differential , Edema , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/pathology , Hypertrophy , Lung/pathology
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(6): 1683-1687, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385553

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Late orbital reconstruction is a complex and challenge for surgeons. The aim of this article is to present complex orbital reconstruction using patient specific implant (PSI) strategy and polyetheretherketone (PEEK). A literature review and a cases series of sequelae after complex orbital trauma are presented; cases with great middle third deformities showing defect in the maxilla, nasal area, body of the zygoma and zygomatic arch were included; in both cases the sequelae was for more than 10 years. Virtual planning and PEEK implants were manufacture using a puzzle (two or three parts) by 3D print or injection. Patients were treated and their surgeries carried out without complications, using a minimal surgical approach. No infections were observed, and after 12 months follow-up they were stable showing normal function. PSI based-PEEK for orbital reconstruction are safe, efficient, effective and to obtain orbital morphology with low complications.


RESUMEN: La reconstrucción tardía de la órbita es un desafío complejo para cirujanos. El objetivo de este artículo fue presentar la reconstrucción orbitaria compleja utilizando implante paciente específico (PSI) y polietereterketona (PEEK). Son presentados una revisión de literatura y una serie de casos con secuelas posteriores a un trauma orbitario complejo; además, son presentados casos con gran deformidad del tercio medio del rostro mostrando defectos en maxila, área nasal, cuerpo del hueso cigomático y arco cigomático; ambos casos de secuela fueron por más de 10 años. Planificación virtual e implantes en PEEK fueron creados usando una estrategia de puzzle (dos o tres partes) por inyección o impresión 3D. Los pacientes fueron tratados y sus cirugías realizadas sin complicaciones usando accesos quirúrgicos reducidos. No se observaron infecciones y después de 12 meses de seguimiento permanecieron estables mostrando función normal. Los PSI para reconstrucción orbitaria son seguros, eficientes, efectivos y recuperan morfología de órbita con bajas complicaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Orbital Diseases/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Orbit/injuries , Orbital Diseases/complications , Polymers/chemistry , Benzophenones/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Treatment Outcome , Orbital Implants
19.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(5): 1289-1295, oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385510

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to examine the localization of the landmarks in the maxillofacial region and their relations with each other and to evaluate them morphologically and clinically. Our study included 41 dry adult human skulls of unknown age and sex of Anatolian population. Statistical analysis of the data obtained in our study was performed with SPSS v.20.0 software (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Statistical significance was accepted as P ? 0.05. Whereas the mean right supraorbital depth (SOD) value was significantly greater than the mean left SOD value (p 0.05). Correlation values in our study varied between -0.156 and 0.612. The highest correlation value was obtained in the positive direction between the orbital height (OH) and supraorbital foramen-infraorbital foramen (SOF-IOF) measurements (r = 0.612, p < 0.001). We believe that measurements of the orbit, SOF, and IOF and our data on their localizations, along with the relationships that we observed in our study will allow surgeons to avoid damaging the neurovascular bundles during surgical interventions and local anesthesia procedures in the frontal, periorbital, and maxillofacial regions.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar la localización de los hitos en la región maxilofacial y sus relaciones entre sí y evaluarlos morfológica y clínicamente. Nuestro estudio incluyó 41 cráneos humanos adultos secos de edad y sexo desconocidos de la población de Anatolia. El análisis estadístico de los datos obtenidos en nuestro estudio se realizó con el software SPSS v.20.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, EE. UU.). La significación estadística se aceptó como P ? 0,05. Mientras que el valor medio de la profundidad supraorbitaria derecha (SOD) fue significativamente mayor que el valor medio de la SOD izquierda (p 0,05). Los valores de correlación en nuestro estudio variaron entre -0,156 y 0,612. El mayor valor de correlación se obtuvo en la dirección positiva entre las medidas de altura orbitaria (OH) y foramen supraorbitario-foramen infraorbitario (SOF-IOF) (r = 0,612, p <0,001). Creemos que las mediciones de la órbita, SOF e IOF y nuestros datos sobre sus localizaciones, junto con las relaciones que observamos en nuestro estudio, permitirán a los cirujanos evitar dañar los haces neurovasculares durante las intervenciones quirúrgicas y los procedimientos de anestesia local en la zona frontal, periorbitaria. y regiones maxilofaciales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Orbit/anatomy & histology , Face/anatomy & histology , Anatomic Landmarks , Jaw/anatomy & histology
20.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 52-55, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283891

ABSTRACT

Pacientes com históricos de defeitos ósseos provocados por infecções, malformação congênita, neoplasias, deformação por iatrogenia, radioterapia e trauma buscam contornos faciais mais harmônicos através da reabilitação cirúrgica. Para facilitar a reconstrução maxilofacial dois grupos de materiais podem ser utilizados, os enxertos ósseos e os materiais aloplásticos. O objetivo é relatar um caso incomum de infecção e exposição de material utilizado para enxertia a base de polimetilmetacrilato, bem como a sua posterior reabordagem cirúrgica. Embora o Polimetilmetacrilato aparente ser seguro, ele exibe complicações diversas em função da imunologia do hospedeiro, que poderá reagir de diferentes formas. Desse modo, faz-se necessário ressaltar a importância da prevenção e proservação de cada caso de forma individualizada(AU)


Patients with a history of bone defects caused by infections, congenital malformation, neoplasms, iatrogenic deformation, radiotherapy and trauma seek more harmonious facial contours through surgical rehabilitation. To facilitate maxillofacial reconstruction, two groups of materials can be used, bone grafts and alloplastic materials. The objective is to report an unusual case of infection and exposure of material used for grafting with polymethylmethacrylate, as well as its subsequent surgical approach. Although Polymethylmethacrylate appears to be safe, it exhibits different complications depending on the host's immunology, which may react in different ways. Thus, it is necessary to emphasize the importance of preventing and preserving each case individually(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Transplantation , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Maxillofacial Injuries , Orbit , Surgery, Oral , Zygoma , Biocompatible Materials , Iatrogenic Disease , Maxilla
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