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Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(1): 48-55, abr. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391345


El objetivo de la presente revisión fue analizar y compa- rar las publicaciones sobre la prevalencia de manifestaciones bucales de pacientes infectados por el Virus de la Inmuno- deficiencia Humana, Virus del Papiloma Humano y sífilis. Se seleccionaron los artículos más relevantes y se abordó la incidencia según sexo, edad, distribución geográfica y locali- zaciones anatómicas frecuentes. Se encontró que las lesiones orales más prevalentes producidas por el Virus de la Inmu- nodeficiencia Humana son la candidiasis oral, la leucoplasia vellosa y enfermedades periodontales, entre otras. La sífilis presentó una frecuencia de 7,5% de manifestaciones orales en la etapa primaria, 92,5% en la secundaria y rara vez lesio- nes en la terciaria. Las formas más prevalentes fueron parches mucosos, pápulas y úlceras. Las lesiones orales benignas rela- cionadas con el Virus del Papiloma Humano halladas fueron la verruga vulgar, el papiloma plano, el condiloma acuminado y la hiperplasia epitelial focal. La prevalencia de carcinomas orofaríngeos y orales fue del 33,6% y del 22,2% respectiva- mente. Se encontraron similitudes en el comportamiento se- xual y las vías de transmisión de las enfermedades analizadas, y se observó que son más prevalentes en adultos jóvenes de sexo masculino y en países en vías de desarrollo (AU)

The aim of this review was to analyze and compare pub- lications on the prevalence of oral manifestations in patients infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Human Pap- illoma Virus and syphilis. The most reliable studies were se- lected, and incidence was evaluated according to gender, age, geographic location and frequent anatomic sites. It was found that the most prevalent Human Immunodeficiency Virus oral lesions were oral candidiasis, hairy leukoplakia and perio- dontal diseases, among others. Syphilis had a 7.5% preva- lence of oral manifestations in the primary stage, 92.5% in the secondary, and rarely lesions in the tertiary. The most prevalent forms were mucous patches, papules and ulcers. The benign oral lesions related to the Human Papilloma Vi- rus were verruca vulgaris, squamous papilloma, condyloma acuminatum and multifocal epithelial hyperplasia. The preva- lence of oropharyngeal and oral carcinomas were 33.6% and 22.2%, respectively. Similarities were found in sexual behavior and transmis- sion routes of the diseases analyzed, which were more preva- lent among young adult males, and in developing countries (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Oral Manifestations , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Periodontal Diseases , Candidiasis, Oral , Syphilis , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , HIV Infections , Papillomavirus Infections , Age and Sex Distribution
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 168-173, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374715


Abstract Introduction: Head and neck cancer has an impact on the global burden of diseases, representing an important cause of morbidity and mortality in Brazil, as well as worldwide. Objective: To learn and describe the clinical, epidemiological and care configuration provided to patients with cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx recorded in Brazil, diagnosed from 2007 to 2016. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out using secondary hospital-based data, using the indirect documentation technique. Results: There were 52,799 hospital records of oral cavity cancer and 34,516 cases of oropharyngeal cancer in the assessed period. There was a predominance of male patients, aged 50-59 years, mostly Caucasians, and with a low level of schooling. Throughout the period there was a significant reduction in the positive history of alcohol and tobacco consumption, except for alcoholic beverages in oral cavity cancer. Most patients were diagnosed at an advanced stage of the disease (III or IV). Most patients with oral cavity cancer had no evidence of the disease on follow-up, while most patients with oropharyngeal cancer died. The first most frequent treatment offered to patients with oral cavity cancer was surgery, while for patients with oropharyngeal cancer it chemoradiotherapy predominated. Conclusion: Despite the fact that, in general, there was a reduction in the records of patient alcohol and tobacco consumption, the increase in the number of medical consultations, the predominantly late diagnosis and the patients' low level of schooling indicate the need for health education, primary prevention and early diagnosis of cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx.

Resumo Introdução: O câncer de cabeça e pescoço impacta a carga global de doenças, representa importante causa de morbimortalidade no Brasil e no mundo. Objetivo: Conhecer e descrever a compleição clínica, epidemiológica e assistencial dos atendimentos a pacientes com câncer de cavidade oral e orofaringe registrados no Brasil, diagnosticados de 2007 a 2016. Método: Estudo transversal, feito a partir de dados secundários de base hospitalar, por meio de técnica de documentação indireta. Resultados: Houve 52.799 registros hospitalares de câncer de cavidade oral e 34.516 casos de câncer de orofaringe no período considerado. Predominaram pacientes do sexo masculino, da faixa etária de 50-59 anos, predominantemente branca, e de baixo nível de escolaridade. Ao longo do período houve redução expressiva do histórico positivo de consumo de bebida alcoólica e tabaco, exceto para bebida alcoólica no câncer de cavidade oral. A maioria dos pacientes foi diagnosticada em estágio avançado da doença (III ou IV). A maior parte dos pacientes de câncer de cavidade oral apresentava-se sem evidência da doença, enquanto que grande parte dos pacientes com câncer de orofaringe evoluiu a óbito. O primeiro tratamento mais frequente oferecido aos pacientes com câncer de cavidade oral foi cirurgia, enquanto para os pacientes com câncer de orofaringe foi a quimioradioterapia. Conclusão: Apesar de se observar, de maneira geral, redução dos registros do consumo de bebida e tabaco, o aumento do número de atendimentos, o diagnóstico tardio predominante e o baixo nível de escolaridade dos pacientes apontam para a necessidade da educação em saúde, de prevenção primária e do diagnóstico precoce do câncer de cavidade oral e orofaringe.

Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/therapy , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Hospital Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936256


Objective: To investigate the oncological and functional efficacy and safety of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in the treatment of oropharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: Twenty-six patients with oropharyngeal cancer were enrolled who underwent TORS at Beijing United Hospital from June 1, 2017 to December 31, 2020. Among them, 22 patients were males and 4 were females, aged 39 to 76 years old. T1-2 patients accounted for 88.5% (23/26). Clinicopathological data including the time of removal of gastric and endotracheal tube were collected. The SPSS software package was used for survival analysis, and the overall survival rate and disease-free survival rate were calculated. Results: All the 26 patients with oropharyngeal cancer received TORS without conversion to open surgery, and 20 of them underwent simultaneous cervical lymph node dissection. TORS operation time ranged from 65 to 360 minutes with an average of 215 minutes. Intraoperative blood loss ranged from 5 to 600 ml with an average of 70 ml. Four patients (15.4%) underwent tracheotomy, of whom 3 patients had the removals of tracheal tubes within 1 month after surgery and 1 case remained to wear a tube by the end of follow-up. Twelve patients (46.2%) underwent gastric tube implantation, among them, 11 patients had removals of gastric tubes within 1 month after surgery and 1 patient died of oropharyngeal hemorrhage 13 days after operation. One patient (3.8%) had a positive surgical margin and others had pathologically negative surgical margins. Sixteen patients (61.5%) received postoperative radiotherapy, of whom 11 patients (42.3%) received platinum-based concurrent chemotherapy. The median follow-up time was 21.5 months (0.4 to 45 months). The overall survival and the disease-free survival rates were 83.0% and 75.8%, respectively. Conclusion: The application of TORS in treatment of oropharyngeal cancer can achieve good oncological and functional outcomes in selected patients.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma/surgery , Margins of Excision , Neck Dissection , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936254


Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic and prognostic outcomes of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methods: A retrospective study of 99 OSCC patients treated with TORS in Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between April 2017 and May 2021 was conducted. There were 84 males and 15 females, with an age range of 35-85 years. Patients' clinical characteristics, including clinical staging, HPV infection status, perioperative management and postoperative adjuvant treatment, were recorded. The overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed. The survival outcomes were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test. Results: The hospital stay of OSCC patients with TORS was (5.3±2.9) days and the average time of postoperative nasal feeding tube indwelling was (15.2±10.8) days. Among the 99 patients, 21 (21.2%) received tracheotomy and the average time of tracheotomy tube indwelling was (11.9±11.4) days. The two-year OS and PFS in patients with follow-up over two years were 94.0% and 87.7%, respectively and the three-year OS and PFS of patients with follow-up over three years were 94.0% and 78.9%, respectively. The two-year OS and PFS were respectively 97.4% and 88.9%, for patients with stages I-II and 86.8% and 88.9% for patients with stages III-IV. HPV-negative and HPV-positive patients had respectively two-year OS (100.0% vs. 91.5%) and PFS (88.9% vs. 87.2%). There was no significantly statistical difference in survival between patients with and without adjuvant radiotherapy after TORS (82.6% vs. 90.5%, HR=0.52, 95%CI: 0.12-2.23, P=0.400). Conclusions: TORS is more suitable for the treatment of patients with early (Ⅰ-Ⅱ) or HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and the recovery after TORS treatment is good.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Papillomavirus Infections/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 702-708, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935447


Objective: We aim to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of cancer attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in China in 2016. Methods: Based on the cancer incidence and mortality rates, national population data, and population attributable fraction (PAF) in China, we calculated the number of incidence and death cases attributed to HPV infection in different areas, age groups, and gender in China in 2016. The standardized incidence and mortality rates for cancer attributed to HPV infection were calculated by using Segi's population. Results: In 2016, a total of 124 772 new cancer cases (6.32 per 100 000) were attributed to HPV infection in China, including 117 118 cases in women and 7 654 cases in men. Of these cancers, cervical cancer was the most common one, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, vaginal cancer, laryngeal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. A total of 41 282 (2.03 per 100 000) deaths were attributed to HPV infection, of which 37 417 occurred in women and 3 865 in men. Most deaths were caused by cervical cancer, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, laryngeal cancer, vaginal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. The incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer increased rapidly with age, peaked in age group 50-54 years, then decreased obviously. The morbidity and mortality rates of non-cervical cancer increased with age. The cancer case and death numbers in rural areas (57 089 cases and 19 485 deaths) were lower than those in urban areas (67 683 cases and 21 797 deaths). However, the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) of cervical cancer were higher in rural areas than in urban areas. There were no significant differences in ASIR and ASMR of non-cervical cancers between urban areas and rural areas. Conclusions: The incidence of cancers attributed to HPV infection in China was lower than the global average, but the number of incidences accounted largely, furthermore there is an increasing trend of morbidity and mortality. The preventions and controls of cervical cancer and male anal cancer are essential to contain the increases in cancer cases and deaths attributed to HPV infection.

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Incidence , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Mouth Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Penile Neoplasms/epidemiology , Registries , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Vaginal Neoplasms , Vulvar Neoplasms
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 570-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940924


Objective: To explore the therapeutic effects of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and traditional surgical modes in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). Methods: The clinicopathological data of patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from 2010 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. 135 cases were treated with traditional surgery (non-TORS group), while 52 cases were treated with TORS (TORS group). The prognosis of the two groups of patients were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test, the influencing factors were analyzed by Cox regression model. Results: The 2-year overall survival (OS, 94.2%) and 2-year progression-free survival (PFS, 93.8%) of patients in the TORS group were better than those in the non-TORS group (71.4% and 71.4%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (93.3%) and 2-year PFS (92.8%) of TORS group patients in T1-2 stage were better than those of non-TORS group (73.1% and 72.8%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (95.8%) and 2-year PFS (95.2%) of patients with stage Ⅰ to Ⅱ in the TORS group were not significantly different from those in the non-TORS group (84.1% and 83.9%, respectively, P>0.05). The 2-year OS (92.9%) and 2-year PFS rate (92.7%) of patients with stage Ⅲ to Ⅳ in the TORS group were better than those in the non-TORS group (64.7% and 63.9%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (94.4%) of HPV-positive patients in the TORS group was not significantly different from that in the non-TORS group (83.3%, P=0.222). The 2-year OS of HPV-negative patients in the TORS group (94.1%) was significantly different from that in the non-TORS group (43.7%, P<0.001). HPV status was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.008). Conclusions: TORS has a better prognosis in the treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma compared with the traditional treatment methods. The patients with T1-T2 can achieve better survival benefits after TORS treatment. The HPV-positive OPSCC patients has a better prognosis than that of HPV-negative OPSCC patients, and regardless of HPV status, OPSCC patients in the TORS group could obtain a better survival prognosis.

Humans , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/surgery
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(1): e24820, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348511


Introdução:O carcinoma de células escamosas de cavidade oral e orofaringe é uma neoplasia epitelial maligna comum, respondendo pela maioria dos casos de tumores de cabeça e pescoço. Ele está relacionado a hábitos comportamentais, como tabagismo e etilismo de longa duração, e à infecção pelo Papilomavírus humano. Objetivos:Esse estudo objetivou descrever o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes diagnosticados com essa neoplasia na Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer. Metodologia: Foi realizado um estudo observacional com delineamento transversal a partir de dados presentes nos prontuários clínicos e laudos anatomopatológicos e no Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade no período entre 2006 a 2018. Os dados foram analisados a partir do Software R, utilizandoo teste de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney para as análises inferenciais e o método de Kaplan-Meier para análise da sobrevida. Resultados:225 prontuários foram analisados, sendo 70,22% de homens, 65,33% na faixa etária entre 46-70 anos e cor branca (51,57%). Destes, 25,78% eram tabagistas e 39,11% tabagistas e etilistas. O principal tratamento identificado foi a associação de cirurgia, quimioterapia e radioterapia. Observou-se que 49,10% dos óbitos foram em decorrência dessa neoplasia. O principal estádio patológico encontrado foi o quatro A (34,22%). Foi identificada maior sobrevida nos pacientes acima de 70 anos, cujo tratamento foi exclusivamente cirúrgico. Menor sobrevida foi identificada em indivíduos que tinham associação de hábitos (etilismo e tabagismo). Conclusões:Nossos resultados sugerem que a evolução à óbito foi o principal desfecho clínico e, isso pode estar relacionado aos hábitos comportamentais que influenciam diretamente o curso e prognóstico da doença. Ademais, destaca-se a importância do diagnóstico precoce a fim de reduzir óbitos e melhorar a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos, assim como a necessidade de implementar políticas educativas sobre os principais fatores de risco associados ao desenvolvimento dessa neoplasia (AU).

Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx is a common malignant epithelial neoplasm, accounting for most cases of head and neck tumors. It is related to behavioral habits, such as long-standing smoking and alcoholism, as well as to the human Papillomavirus infection. Objectives: This study aimed at describing the epidemiological profile of the patients diagnosed with this neoplasm in the Mossoró League for Studying and Combating Cancer. Methodology:An observational study with a cross-sectional design was carried out based on data present in the medical records and anatomopathological reports and in the Mortality Information System during the 2006-2018 period. The data were analyzed using the R Software, resorting to the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitneytest for the inferential analyses and to the Kaplan-Meier method for survival analysis. Results: 225 medical records were analyzed: 70.22% belonging to men, 65.33% aged between 46 and 70 years old and white-skinned (51.57%). Of these, 25.78% were smokers and 39.11% were smokers and alcoholics. The main treatment identified was the association of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It was observed that 49.10% of the deaths were due to this neoplasm. The main pathological stage found wasfour A(34.22%).Longer survival was identified in patients over 70 years of age, whose treatment was exclusively surgical. Shorter survival was identified in individuals who had associated habits (alcoholism and smoking). Conclusions:Our results suggest that evolution to death was the main clinical outcome; this can be related to the behavioral habits that exert a direct influence on the course and prognosis of the disease. Furthermore, the importance of early diagnosis is highlighted in order to reduce the number of deaths and improve the individuals' quality of life, as well as the need to implement educational policies on the main risk factors associated with the development of this neoplasm (AU).

Introducción: El carcinoma de células escamosas de la cavidad oral y la orofaringe es una neoplasia epitelial maligna común, que representa la mayoría de los casos de tumores de cabeza y cuello. Se relaciona con hábitos de comportamiento, como el tabaquismo y el alcoholismo, y la infección por el virus papiloma humano. Objetivos:Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir el perfil epidemiológico de los pacientes diagnosticados con esta neoplasiaen la Liga Mossoroense de Estudios y Combate al Cáncer. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal a partir de los datos presentes en las historias clínicas e informes patológicos y en el Sistema de Información de Mortalidad en el período 2006-2018. Los datos se analizaron mediante el Software R, con utilización de la Prueba de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney para análisis inferencial y el método de Kaplan-Meier para análisis de supervivencia. Resultados:Se analizaron 225 historias clínicas, 70,22% en hombres, 65,33% con edades entre 46-70 años y blancos (51,57%). De estos, 25,78% eran fumadores y 39,11% eran fumadores y alcohólicos. El principal tratamiento identificado fue la asociación de cirugía, quimioterapia y radioterapia. 49,10% de las muertes se debieron a esta neoplasia. El principal estadio patológico encontrado fue cuatro A (34,22%). Se identificó mayor sobrevida en pacientes mayores de 70 años, cuyo tratamiento fue exclusivamente quirúrgico. Se identificó una menor sobrevida en personas que tenían hábitos asociados. Conclusiones:Nuestros resultados sugieren que la evolución hacia la muerte fue el principal resultado clínico y esto puede estar relacionado con hábitos de comportamiento que influyen directamente en el curso y pronóstico de la enfermedad. Además, se destaca la importancia del diagnóstico precoz para reducir las muertes y mejorar la calidad de vida, así como la necesidad de implementar políticas educativas sobre los principales factores de riesgo asociados al desarrollo de esta neoplasia (AU).

Humans , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Tobacco Use Disorder , Survival Analysis , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Papillomavirus Infections , Research Report , Smokers
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(1): e24554, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348513


Introdução:O câncer de cabeça e pescoço é um conjunto de neoplasias que atingem o trato aero digestivo superior. Essas neoplasias apresentam sintomatologia variada, que depende da localização do tumor, gravidade e tempo de ocorrência. Objetivo:Avaliar o nível de conhecimento da população, usuária da atenção básica, acerca da prevenção e tratamento dos Cânceres de Cabeça e Pescoço.Metodologia:Trata-se de um estudo de campo transversal descritivo, em que se coletou informações acerca do conhecimento sobre cânceres de cabeça e pescoço, informações sociodemográficas, histórico familiar, características clínicas e de tratamentos. A coleta foi realizada em julho de 2019, em três Estratégias de Saúde da Família da cidade de Piripiri,Piauí. A pesquisa foi submetida e aprovadapelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa com o Parecer nº 3.221.522.Resultadose discussão:A maioria dos entrevistados foram mulheres solteiras com idade média de 44,4 anos e de baixa renda. Dentre os questionamentos realizados, grande parte não soube responderquestões sobre conhecimentos gerais a respeito dessas enfermidades. Outro fator importante é a baixa procura por serviços de saúde. Conclusões:Observou-se que os entrevistados apresentam desinformação a respeito da prevenção e tratamento desse grupo de cânceres, sendo necessário o fortalecimento de ações de educação popular em saúde (AU).

Introduction:Head and neck cancer is a group of neoplasms that affect the upper aerodigestive tract. These neoplasms have varied symptoms, depending on the location of the tumor, severity and time of occurrence.Objective:To assess the level of knowledge of the population, users of primary care, about the prevention and treatment of Head and Neck Cancer. Methodology:This is a descriptive cross-sectional study, in which information about knowledge about head and neck cancers, sociodemographic information, family history, clinical and treatment characteristics was collected. The collection was carried out in July 2019, in three Family Health Strategies in the city of Piripiri, Piauí. The research was submitted and approved by theResearch Ethics Committee with Opinion No. 3,221,522. Resultsand discussion:Most of the interviewees were single women with an average age of 44.4 years and low income. Among the questions asked, most of them did not know how to answer questions about general knowledge about these diseases. Another important factor is the low demand for health services. Conclusions:It was observed that the interviewees have misinformation regarding the prevention and treatment of this group of cancers, and it is necessary to strengthen popular health education actions (AU).

Introducción:El cáncer de cabeza y cuello es un grupo de neoplasias que afectan el tracto aerodigestivo superior. Estas neoplasias tienen síntomas variados, que dependen de la ubicación del tumor, la gravedad y el momento de aparición. Objetivo:Evaluar el nivel de conocimiento de la población, usuarios de la atención primaria de salud, sobre la prevención y el tratamiento del Cáncer de Cabeza y Cuello. Metodología:Se trata de un estudio descriptivo transversal, en el que se recopiló información sobre conocimientos sobre cánceres de cabeza y cuello, información sociodemográfica, antecedentes familiares, características clínicas y de tratamiento. La recolección se realizó en julio de 2019, en tres Estrategias de Salud de la Familia en la ciudad de Piripiri, Piauí. La investigación fue sometida y aprobada por el Comité de Ética en Investigación con Opinión No. 3.221.522. Resultados y discusión:La mayoría de los encuestados eran mujeres solteras con una edad promedio de 44,4 años y bajos ingresos. Entre las preguntas formuladas, la mayoría de ellos no sabía cómo responder preguntas sobre conocimientos generales sobre estas enfermedades. Otro factor importante es la baja demanda de servicios de salud. Conclusiones:Se observó que los entrevistados tienen desinformación sobre la prevención y tratamiento de este grupo de cánceres, y es necesario fortalecer las acciones de educación popular en salud (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Primary Health Care , Primary Prevention , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Health Education , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Disease Prevention
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2583, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374476


RESUMO Objetivo investigar o impacto da dor orofacial na qualidade de vida de portadores de câncer de boca e orofaringe. Métodos trata-se de um estudo de corte transversal, observacional, descritivo, com amostra de conveniência. Participaram da pesquisa 30 pacientes de ambos os sexos, na faixa etária de 35 a 75 anos. Para a coleta de dados, foi utilizado questionário sociodemográfico elaborado pelos pesquisadores e o Questionário de Dor McGill. Resultados Os achados experimentais apresentaram resultados relevantes em diversos níveis classificatórios para dor orofacial. As maiores repercussões foram encontradas nos aspectos sociais, como em relação ao sono (40%), apetite/alimentação (78%), higiene pessoal (55%) e lazer (40%), que foram os subitens que tiveram maior impacto da dor na qualidade de vida dos portadores de câncer de boca e orofaringe. Conclusão Portadores de câncer de boca e orofaringe apresentam variados níveis de dor orofacial e sofrem impactos em suas vidas, principalmente nos quesitos relacionados a atividades simples do cotidiano.

ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the impact of orofacial pain on the quality of life of patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer. Methods This is a cross-sectional, observational, descriptive study with a convenience sample. Thirty patients of both sexes participated in the research, aged between 35 and 75 years. For data collection, a sociodemographic questionnaire prepared by the researchers, the McGuill pain protocol, was used. Results The experimental findings show us relevant results at different classification levels for orofacial pain. The greatest repercussions were found in social aspects, such as sleep (40%), appetite/food (78%), personal hygiene (55%) and leisure (40%), which were the sub-items that had the greatest impact on pain (or which were the sub-items mostly affected by pain), affecting the the quality of life of patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer. Conclusion Under these experimental conditions, it is concluded that patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer present different levels of orofacial pain, and suffer impacts on their lives, especially in matters related to simple daily activities.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pain Measurement/methods , Facial Pain/etiology , Mouth Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Sickness Impact Profile , Cross-Sectional Studies
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(3)Jul-Set. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1412018


Introdução: O câncer de cavidade oral e faringe é um problema de saúde pública, apresentando elevadas taxas de incidência e mortalidade. Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil clínico-epidemiológico e os atrasos no diagnóstico e tratamento de casos atendidos nas unidades de referência da Região Norte do Brasil. Método: Estudo descritivo dos casos de câncer de cavidade oral e faringe registrados nas bases de dados dos Registros Hospitalares de Câncer (RHC) de 2012 a 2015. Foram analisados os intervalos entre a primeira consulta e o diagnóstico, e o diagnóstico e o tratamento. As variáveis contínuas foram avaliadas por meio de medidas de tendência central e de dispersão. As diferenças entre proporções nas variáveis categóricas foram avaliadas pelo teste qui-quadrado, considerando-se o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Entre os homens, os casos de orofaringe foram mais incidentes (19,2%) e nas mulheres os mais incidentes (16,3%) de outras partes e partes não especificadas da língua. A maior parte dos casos era de homens, cor parda, >60 anos, sem cônjuge, com escolaridade até o nível fundamental. O carcinoma de células escamosas foi o mais comum. Com relação ao tempo, 69,6% dos casos que chegaram ao hospital sem diagnóstico e sem tratamento foram diagnosticados até 30 dias após a primeira consulta, e 67,8% dos casos receberam o primeiro tratamento em até 60 dias. Conclusão: A maioria dos casos analisados apresentou tempo de diagnóstico dentro do prazo recomendado, porém foi observado que os casos com diagnóstico e sem tratamento demoraram mais de 60 dias

Introduction: Oral cavity and pharyngeal cancer is a public health problem with high incidence and mortality rates. Objective: To characterize the clinical-epidemiological profile and delays in diagnosis and treatment of cases of oral cavity and pharyngeal cancer treated in reference units in Brazil's North Region. Method: Descriptive study of oral cavity and pharyngeal cancer registered in the Hospital-based Cancer Registry (HBCR) in the North Region from 2012 to 2015. The intervals between the 1st consultation and diagnosis and diagnosis and treatment were analyzed. Continuous variables were evaluated using measures of central tendency and dispersion. Differences between proportions in categorical variables were assessed using the chi square test, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: Among men, cases of oropharynx were more incidents (19.2%) and in women, the most incidents (16.3%) were from other parts and unspecified parts of the tongue. Most of the cases were males, brown, >60 years old, without spouse and elementary education. Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common. 69.6% of cases that arrived at the hospital without diagnosis and without treatment were diagnosed within 30 days after the 1st consultation and 67.8% of cases received the 1st treatment within 60 days. Conclusion: Most of the cases analyzed were diagnosed within the recommended timeframe. However, cases with diagnosis and without treatment took more than 60 days

Introducción: El cáncer de cavidad oral y faringe es un problema de salud pública, con altas tasas de incidencia y mortalidad. Objetivo: Caracterizar el perfil clínico-epidemiológico y las demoras en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de los casos de cáncer de cavidad oral y faringe atendidos en unidades de referencia del Norte de Brasil. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de los casos analíticos de cáncer de cavidad oral y faringe registrados en las bases de datos del Registros Hospitalarios de Cáncer (RHC) en la Región Norte de 2012 a 2015. Se analizaron los intervalos entre la primera consulta y el diagnóstico y diagnóstico y tratamiento. Las variables continuas se evaluaron mediante medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Las diferencias entre proporciones en variables categóricas se evaluaron mediante la prueba chi cuadrado, considerando un nivel de significancia del 5%. Resultados: Entre los hombres, los casos de orofaringe fueron más incidentes (19,2%) y entre las mujeres los de otras partes y partes no especificadas del idioma fueron los más incidentes (16,3%). La mayoría de los casos fueron del sexo masculino, moreno, >60 años, sin pareja, con educación hasta el nivel elemental. El carcinoma de células escamosas fue el más común. En cuanto al tiempo, el 69,6% de los casos que llegaron al hospital sin diagnóstico y sin tratamiento fueron dentro de los 30 días posteriores a la primera consulta y el 67,8% de los casos recibieron el 1er tratamiento dentro de los 60 días. Conclusión: La mayoría de los casos analizados presentaron tiempo de diagnóstico dentro del período recomendado. Sin embargo, se observó que los casos con diagnóstico y sin tratamiento demoran más de 60 días

Humans , Male , Female , Mouth Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Hospital Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Time-to-Treatment
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219638, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1254752


Diagnosis of oral and oropharyngeal cancer in advanced stages may be associated with social nature factors, access to health care, education, occupation, and behavioral/ cultural factors. Aim: To determine the factors related to high clinical-staging in patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma in the oral and oropharyngeal region in a Cancer Center in Brazil between 2009 and 2015. Methods: It is an epidemiological, retrospective, and exploratory study. Patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma had their medical records analyzed. The variables considered were sociodemographic, lifestyle, and disease characteristics. Descriptive and exploratory tests (Pearson's, chi-square test and, Student's t-test) were realized. Results: We analyzed 365 patient records, among which 289 (79.17%) were male, and 73 (20.0%) were female. Age ranged from 16 to 101 years, with a mean of 61.13. Regarding education, 157 (43.01%) studied < 8 years, 103 (28.21%) were illiterate and 102 (27.94%) studied > 8 years. 305 (83.56%) patients live in urban areas. There was an association between high clinical-staging and low educational level. For high clinical-staging, symptomatology, tobacco, and alcohol intake as well. Conclusion: Patients with low educational levels tend to report the disease later, and their diagnostics occurred in advanced stages. Thus, specific public health policies for this population, including access to dental care to recognize the clinical signs and early diagnosis, are necessary

Socioeconomic Factors , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Medical Records
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 107-118, maio 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282976


Introdução:Os tumores de cabeça e pescoço têm expressiva incidência e mortalidade, assim comoalta letalidade, e constituem um relevante problema de saúde pública, particularmente nos países em desenvolvimento. Dentre as neoplasias malignas diagnosticadas no mundo, aproximadamente 10% estão localizadas na boca, sendo esse o sexto tipo de câncer mais incidente. Objetivo:Avaliar o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes diagnosticados com câncer de boca e faringe da Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer do município de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte,Brasil,entre janeiro 2013 e junho de 2018.Metodologia:Estudo transversal, fundamentado na análise retrospectiva e descritiva de prontuários médicos.Resultados:Dos221 prontuáriosanalisados, a cor branca (56,6%) e o gênero masculino (70,6%) foram os mais prevalentes, com média de idade entre 55 e65 anos. A maioria (61,9%) apresentava ensino fundamental incompleto, sendo residentes de área urbana (59,6%) com histórico de uso de tabaco (64,6%) e/ou bebidas alcoólicas (53,9%). Osítio mais prevalente de câncer em boca foi a base da língua (12,7%).Conclusões:Conhecer o perfil dos pacientes com câncer de boca e orofaringe é um importante passo para melhor traçar e direcionar ações de saúde pública visando tanto àprevenção quanto o diagnóstico precoce (AU).

Introduction:Head and neck tumors have a significant incidence and mortality, as well as high lethality, and are a relevant public health problem, particularly in developing countries. Among the malignant neoplasms diagnosed in the world, approximately 10% are located in the mouth, this being the sixth most frequent type of cancer. Objective:To evaluate the epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed with oral and pharyngeal cancer of the Mossoroense League of Studies and Cancer Fighting in the municipality of Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil,between January 2013 and June 2018.Methodology:Cross-sectional study, based on retrospective and descriptive analysis of medical records.Results:Of the 221 records analyzed, white (56.6%) and male (70.6%) were the most prevalent, with a mean age between 55 and 65 years. Most (61.9%) had incomplete primary education, being residents of an urban area (59.6%) with a history of tobacco use (64.6%) and / or alcoholic beverages (53.9%).The most prevalent site of cancer in the mouth was the base of the tongue (12.7%). Conclusions:Knowing the profile of patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer is an important step to better outline and direct public health actions aimed at both prevention and early diagnosis (AU).

Introducción: Los tumores de cabeza y cuello tienen una expresiva incidencia y mortalidad, así como alta letalidad, y constituyen un relevante problema de salud pública, especialmente en los países en desarrollo. Entre las neoplasias malignas diagnosticadas en el mundo,aproximadamente el 10% están localizadas en la boca, siendo este el sexto tipo de cáncer más común.Objetivo: Evaluar el perfil epidemiológico de pacientes diagnosticados con cáncer de boca y faringe de la Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer del municipio de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil,entre enero de 2013 y junio de 2018.Metodologia: Estudio transversal, basado en el análisis retrospectivo y descriptivo de los registros médicos.Resultados: De los 221 registros analizados, blancos (56,6%) y varones (70,6%) han sido los más prevalentes, con una media de edad entre 55 y 65 años. La mayoría (61,9%) presentaba educación primaria incompleta, siendo residentes de área urbana (59,6%) con antecedentes de uso de tabaco (64,6%) y/o bebidas alcohólicas (53,9%). El sitio más prevalente de cáncer en boca fuelabase de la lengua (12,7%). Conclusiones: Conocer el perfil de los pacientes con cáncer de boca y orofaringe es un importante paso para mejor delinear y dirigir acciones de salud pública objetivando tanto la prevención como el diagnóstico precoz (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Early Diagnosis , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Qualitative Research
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942592


Objective: To compare the recovery and quality of life of patients with oral and oropharyngeal tumors treated with three kinds of free soft tissue flaps. Methods: The clinical data of 103 patients, including 66 males and 37 females, aged 26-74 years, who underwent primary repair of defects after resection of oral and oropharyngeal tumors in Sichuan Tumor Hospital from July 2014 to August 2020 were analyzed. Anterolateral thigh flap (ALTF) was used in 43 patients, radial forearm free flap (RFFF) in 45 patients, and lateral arm free flap (LAFF) in 15 patients. Postoperative qualities of life of patients were evaluated by the university of Washington quality of life questionnaire and oral health impact scale (HIP-14 Chinese edition). SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The T staging of RFFF or LAFF group was significantly lower than that of ALTF group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mean flap areas between ALTF group ((55.87±27.38) cm2) and LAFF group ((49.93±19.44) cm2), while RFFF group had smaller mean flap area ((33.18±6.05) cm2) than ALTF group (t=5.311, P<0.001) and LAFF group (t=3.284, P=0.005). In terms of oral functions including swallowing, mastication, taste and spitmouth, there were no significant differences between LAFF group and RFFF group (P>0.05), but both groups had better oral functions than ALTF group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in appearance scores between LAFF group (75(75, 75)) and ALTF group (75(75,75) vs.75(75,75),Z=-1.532, P=0.126), and both groups had higher scores than RFFF group (50(50, 75),Z values were -3.447 and -3.005 respectively, P<0.05). RFFF group had higher speech score (100(67, 100)) than LAFF group (67(50, 76),Z=-2.480, P<0.05) and ALTF group (67(33, 67),Z=-5.414, P<0.05). ALTF group had lower mean score of quality of life than RFFF group [72(56,77) vs.79(69, 89),Z=-3.070, P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in the mean scores of qualities of life between ALTF group and LAFF group (Z=1.754, P=0.079). According to the evaluation of oral health impact scale (HIP-14 Chinese version) 1 year after surgery, individual item scores and the average score of all items in ALTF group were lower than those in RFFF and LAFF groups (P<0.05), with no significant difference between RFFF group and LAFF group (P>0.05). Conclusions: RFFF has unique advantages for small tissue defects, while ALTF is suitable for large tissue defects, such as buccal penetrating defect, whole tongue and near whole tongue defect, and LAFF is a compromise choice between ALTF and RFFF. ALTF is inferior to RFFF and LAFF in oral functional reconstruction, including swallowing, chewing, taste and spittle. ALTF and LAFF are superior to RFFF in postoperative appearance.

Female , Humans , Male , Forearm/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Thigh/surgery
Rev. bras. enferm ; 74(1): e20200080, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1155935


ABSTRACT Objectives: to identify the evidence available in the literature on the knowledge of dentists regarding risk factors and early diagnosis of oral and oropharyngeal cancer. Methods: it is an integrative review of the literature. Boolean descriptors and operators were searched in the PubMed and LILACS databases, using gray literature, in English, Spanish and Portuguese. Results: of the 79 PubMed and 152 LILACS articles, 24 were selected. Of these, eight showed good knowledge of dentists, while most showed low or little knowledge of risk factors and early diagnosis in dentists. All studies, however, highlight the need for continuing education to improve and maintain knowledge about risk factors and early diagnosis. Conclusions: most dental surgeons have insufficient knowledge of oral/oropharyngeal cancer. Continued education is suggested, aiming at improving knowledge and early diagnosis.

RESUMEN Objetivos: identificar evidencias disponibles en la literatura sobre el conocimiento de los quirúrgicos dentistas cuanto a los factores de riesgo y diagnóstico precoz del cáncer de boca/ orofaríngeo. Métodos: revisión integrativa de la literatura. Se realizaron búsquedas mediante los descriptores y operadores booleanos en base de datos PubMed y LILACS, con uso de literatura gris, en los idiomas inglés, español y portugués. Resultados: de los 79 artículos del PubMed y 152 del LILACS, 24 seleccionados. De estos, ocho mostraron bueno conocimiento de los dentistas, mientras la mayoría mostró bajo o poco conocimiento sobre factores de riesgo y diagnóstico precoz en dentistas. Todos los estudios, aunque, destacan la necesidad de educación continuada para mejorar y mantener el conocimiento sobre factores de riesgo y diagnóstico precoz. Conclusiones: gran parte de los quirúrgicos dentistas presenta un conocimiento insuficiente sobre cáncer de boca/orofaríngeo. Sugerida educación continuada, objetivando mejorar el conocimiento y el diagnóstico precoz.

RESUMO Objetivos: identificar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre o conhecimento dos cirurgiõesdentistas quanto aos fatores de risco e diagnóstico precoce do câncer de boca e orofaringe. Métodos: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Foram realizadas buscas mediante os descritores e operadores booleanos na base de dados PubMed e LILACS, com uso de literatura cinza, nos idiomas inglês, espanhol e portugês. Resultados: dos 79 artigos do PubMed e 152 do LILACS, 24 foram selecionados. Destes, oito mostraram bom conhecimento dos dentistas, enquanto a maioria mostrou baixo ou pouco conhecimento sobre fatores de risco e diagnóstico precoce em dentistas. Todos os estudos, no entanto, destacam a necessidade de educação continuada para melhorar e manter o conhecimento sobre fatores de risco e diagnóstico precoce. Conclusões: grande parte dos cirurgiões-dentistas apresenta um conhecimento insuficiente sobre câncer de boca/orofaringe. É sugerida a educação continuada, visando melhorar o conhecimento e o diagnóstico precoce.

Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Surgeons , Mouth Neoplasms/etiology , Risk Factors , Knowledge
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 55: 1-13, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1347820


ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE Estimate the effect of age, period, and birth cohort on mortality from oral and oropharyngeal cancer in Brazil and its macro-regions. METHODS Deaths from oral and oropharyngeal cancer from 1983 to 2017 were analyzed. The Poisson regression model was applied, using estimable functions proposed by Holford. RESULTS From 1983 to 2017, 142,634 deaths from oral and oropharyngeal cancer were registered in Brazil, 81% among men, and the South and Southeast regions had the highest rates. The most significant period effects were observed in male mortality in the Southeast and Central-West regions for the 2003-2007 reference period. In the North, Northeast, and Central-West regions, an increased risk of mortality was observed in the most recent male cohorts. In the North region, the most significant risk identified was for men born during 1973-1977 (RR = 1.47; 95%CI 1.05-2.08); in the Northeast, for men born during 1988-1992 (RR = 2.77; 95%CI 1.66-4.63); and in the Central-West, for women born during 1973-1977 (RR = 2.01; 95%CI 1.19-3.39). In the Southeast and South regions, the most recent cohorts had lower mortality rates. The lowest risk in the Southeast region was observed in the male cohort born during 1978-1982 (RR = 0.53; 95%CI 0.45-0.62) and 1983-1987 in the South region (RR = 0.25; 95%CI 0.12-0.54). CONCLUSIONS Age had a significant effect on mortality from oral and oropharyngeal cancer in all regions. In the North, Northeast, and Central-West regions, an increase in risk was observed in the most recent cohorts, while in the South and Southeast regions, these cohorts presented a lower risk when compared to the older cohorts.

RESUMO OBJETIVO Estimar o efeito da idade, período e coorte de nascimento na mortalidade por câncer de boca e orofaringe no Brasil e suas macrorregiões. MÉTODO Foram analisados os óbitos por câncer de boca e orofaringe de 1983 a 2017. Aplicou-se o modelo de regressão de Poisson, utilizando funções estimáveis propostas por Holford. RESULTADOS No período de 1983 a 2017, foram registrados no Brasil 142.634 óbitos por câncer de boca e orofaringe, 81% entre o sexo masculino, e as regiões Sul e Sudeste apresentaram as taxas mais altas. Os maiores efeitos de período foram observados na mortalidade masculina das regiões Sudeste e Centro-Oeste para o período de referência 2003-2007. Nas regiões Norte, Nordeste e Centro-Oeste foi observado aumento do risco de mortalidade nas coortes masculinas mais recentes. Na região Norte o maior risco identificado foi para homens nascidos entre 1973 e 1977 (RR = 1,47; IC95% 1,05-2,08); no Nordeste, para homens nascidos entre 1988 e 1992 (RR = 2,77; IC95% 1,66-4,63); e no Centro-Oeste, para mulheres nascidas entre 1973 e 1977 (RR = 2,01; IC95% 1,19-3,39). Nas regiões Sudeste e Sul, as coortes mais recentes apresentaram taxas de mortalidade mais baixas. O menor risco na região Sudeste foi observado na coorte masculina nascida entre 1978 e 1982 (RR = 0,53; IC95% = 0,45-0,62), e entre 1983 e 1987 na região Sul (RR = 0,25; IC95% 0,12-0,54). CONCLUSÕES A idade teve efeito significativo na mortalidade por câncer de boca e orofaringe em todas as regiões. Nas regiões Norte, Nordeste e Centro-Oeste, foi observado aumento do risco nas coortes mais recentes, enquanto nas regiões Sul e Sudeste essas coortes apresentaram risco menor quando comparadas às coortes mais antigas.

Humans , Male , Female , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Brazil/epidemiology , Cohort Effect , Cohort Studies , Mortality , Age Factors
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354816


OBJECTIVE: Describe differences in pretreatment symptoms and the composition of symptom clusters in older patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, quality of life (QoL) assessments for cancer patients (EORCT QLQ-C30 and QLQ-H & N35) were applied to 161 cases of oral and oropharyngeal cancer at the time of enrollment in an outpatient clinic. They were used to evaluate QoL-related symptoms reported by patients, according to their occurrence. To identify symptom clusters, an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed, and the relationships between these clusters and independent variables were assessed with linear regression models. RESULTS: The most prevalent symptoms were pain (52%), worry (48%), and weight loss (44%). Five factors were extracted from the EFA, of which 3 were noteworthy. The dysphagia cluster was common to both cancer sites, although more frequent in oropharyngeal cancer patients, and included symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, pain, and weight loss. The psychological cluster included symptoms related to feeling worried, nervous, and depressed. The asthenia cluster, in addition to being age-related, may represent the advanced stage or progression of the disease. CONCLUSION: The dysphagia cluster loaded the most symptoms and was common to both cancers. In addition to pain (one of the main symptoms of the dysphagia cluster), psychological symptoms were also important in both groups of patients. Adequate and early control of these symptom clusters at diagnosis could favor better management of symptoms during treatment.

OBJETIVO: Descrever diferenças nos sintomas pré-tratamento e na composição de clusters de sintomas em pacientes idosos com câncer oral e orofaríngeo. METODOLOGIA: Neste estudo seccional, avaliações de qualidade de vida (QV) para pacientes com câncer (EORCT QLQ-C30 e QLQ-H & N35) foram aplicadas a 161 casos incidentes de câncer oral e orofaríngeo no momento da inscrição no ambulatório. Essas avaliações foram utilizadas para analisar os sintomas relatados pelos pacientes quanto à QV, de acordo com a ocorrência. Para identificar agrupamentos de sintomas, uma análise fatorial exploratória (AFE) foi realizada, e a relação entre esses agrupamentos de sintomas e variáveis independentes foi avaliada com modelos de regressão linear. RESULTADOS: Os sintomas mais prevalentes foram dor (52%), preocupação (48%) e perda de peso (44%). Cinco fatores foram extraídos do AFE, três dignos de nota. Embora mais relatado por pacientes orofaríngeos, o agrupamento de disfagia foi comum a ambos os locais de câncer e incluiu sintomas como dificuldade para engolir, dor e perda de peso. O agrupamento psicológico incluiu sintomas relacionados a sentir-se preocupado, nervoso e deprimido. O agrupamento da astenia, além de relacionado à idade, pode representar o estágio avançado ou progressão da doença. CONCLUSÕES: O cluster de disfagia carregou a maioria dos sintomas e foi comum a ambos os tipos de câncer. Além da dor, que era um dos principais sintomas desse cluster, os sintomas psicológicos também foram importantes em ambos os grupos de pacientes. O controle adequado e precoce desses grupos de sintomas no diagnóstico pode favorecer o melhor manejo dos sintomas durante o tratamento.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Cluster Analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Sociodemographic Factors
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 67 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1147577


Introdução - Os cânceres orais são componentes do grupo de câncer de cabeça e pescoço que representa o sexto tipo de neoplasia maligna de maior incidência no mundo e com tendência de incremento das taxas de mortalidade para os próximos anos. Sua incidência está relacionada a fatores socioeconômicos e sua evolução está associada com a provisão de serviços de saúde. Apesar do esforço dispensado pelos sistemas de saúde, o câncer de cavidade bucal e de orofaringe ainda exerce grande impacto na morbimortalidade, sendo necessário manter a vigilância e prevenção constante. Objetivos - 1) Descrever a magnitude e a tendência das taxas de mortalidade por câncer de cavidade bucal e de orofaringe nos Estados do Brasil e Distrito Federal, entre os anos de 1996 e 2016. 2) Analisar a associação destas taxas com o desenvolvimento humano nos Estados do Brasil e Distrito Federal, 3) Comparar a tendência da mortalidade por câncer de orofaringe, que a literatura indica como sendo relacionada ao HPV, com a tendência da mortalidade por câncer de cavidade bucal, que a literatura indica como não sendo relacionada ao HPV, nos Estados do Brasil e Distrito Federal, entre os anos de 1996 e 2016. Métodos - Este é um estudo ecológico que avaliou dados oficiais georreferenciados sobre população, mortalidade e desenvolvimento humano. O Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano foi obtido através do Programa das Nações Unidas no Brasil. As taxas de mortalidade foram padronizadas por sexo e faixa etária utilizando como padrão a população mundial. Foi utilizada a regressão linear generalizada pelo método de Prais-Winsten. A classificação das taxas de mortalidade foi ascendente (p<0,05 e coeficiente de regressão positivo), declinante (p<0,05 e coeficiente de regressão negativo) ou estacionária (p>0,05). Resultados - A magnitude e as taxas de mortalidade do câncer de cavidade bucal e de orofaringe foram mais elevadas nos estados das regiões sul e sudeste. A tendência para ambos os tipos de câncer teve crescimento mais elevado da mortalidade nos estados das regiões norte e nordeste. A correlação entre os dois tipos de câncer foi positiva. Conclusão - As taxas de variação anual da mortalidade para os dois tipos de cânceres se mostraram análogas. No período inicial e final da série histórica a magnitude das taxas de mortalidade foi mais elevada nos estados das regiões Sul e Sudeste tanto para o câncer de cavidade bucal quanto para o câncer de orofaringe. Porém quando observada a tendência, aos estados das regiões Norte e Nordeste mostraram valores mais elevados.

Introduction - Oral cancers are components of the group of head and neck cancer that represent the sixth type of malignant neoplasia with the highest incidence in the world and with an increase on the trend of mortality rates for the next years. Its incidence is related to socioeconomic factors and its evolution is associated with the provision of health services. Despite the efforts made by health systems, cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx still has a great impact on morbidity and mortality, and it is necessary to maintain constant surveillance and prevention. Objectives - 1) To describe the trend of mortality rates due to oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer in the States of Brazil and the Federal District, between the years 1996 and 2016. 2) To analyze the association of these rates with human development in the States of Brazil and the Federal District. 3) Compare the trend of mortality from oropharyngeal cancer, which the literature indicates as being related to HPV, with the trend of mortality from oral cavity cancer, which the literature indicates as not being related to HPV, in the States of Brazil and the Federal District, between 1996 and 2016. Methods - This is an ecological study that evaluated official georeferenced data on population, mortality and human development. The Human Development Index was obtained through the United Nations Program in Brazil. Mortality rates were standardized by sex and age group using the world population as standard. Generalized linear regression by the Prais- Winsten method was used. The classification of mortality rates was ascending (p <0.05 and positive regression coefficient), declining (p <0.05 and negative regression coefficient) or stationary (p> 0.05). Results - The magnitude and mortality rates of cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx were higher in the states of the South and Southeast regions. The trend for both types of cancer had a higher increase in mortality in the states of the North and Northeast regions. The correlation between the two types of cancer was positive. Conclusion - The annual percent rates in mortality for both types of cancers were analogous. In the initial and final period of the historical series, the magnitude of mortality rates was higher in the states of the South and Southeast regions for both oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer. However, when the trend was observed, the states of the North and Northeast regions showed higher values.

Papillomaviridae , Mouth Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Mortality
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(5): 545-551, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132633


Abstract Introduction: Cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx presents aggressive behavior and its diagnosis is, in most cases, performed in advanced stages. Total glossectomy is a therapeutic option in locally advanced cancer, and the only one in the recurrent or residual disease, after chemoradiotherapy. Objective: To evaluate the clinical-epidemiological profile, postoperative complications, survival rates and functional aspects of patients with oral cavity and oropharynx cancer after total glossectomy. Methods: It was a retrospective study where 22 patients were included with oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer after total glossectomy at the Hospital Regional do Vale do Paraíba, em Taubaté, São Paulo. Results: All patients were male, with a median age of 57 years, most of tumors are located in the tongue and floor of the mouth and classified as stage IVa. Total glossectomy as initial treatment was performed in 18 and as salvage in four patients. The major pectoralis myocutaneous flap was used for reconstruction in all cases. The main postoperative complication was wound infection and salivary fistula. Conclusion: Overall survival was 19% and cancer-specific survival was 30.8% in five years. Eight patients were rehabilitated for exclusive oral feeding without the dependence tracheostomy and enteral tube, all with an overall survival greater than 15 months.

Resumo Introdução: O câncer da cavidade oral e da orofaringe apresenta comportamento agressivo e seu diagnóstico é, na maioria dos casos, realizado em fases avançadas. A glossectomia total é uma opção terapêutica no câncer localmente avançado e a única no resgate de pacientes com doença residual ou recorrente, após a quimiorradioterapia. Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil clínico-epidemiológico, as complicações pós-operatórias, as taxas de sobrevida e os aspectos funcionais de pacientes com câncer da cavidade oral e da orofaringe submetidos à glossectomia total. Método: Estudo retrospectivo em que foram incluídos 22 pacientes com câncer de cavidade oral e orofaringe submetidos à glossectomia total no Hospital Regional do Vale do Paraíba, em Taubaté, São Paulo. Resultados: Todos os pacientes eram do gênero masculino, com mediana de 57 anos, com tumores principalmente na língua e no assoalho da boca e classificados, em sua maioria, como estádio clínico IVa. A glossectomia total como tratamento inicial foi realizada em 18 e como resgate em quatro pacientes. O retalho miocutâneo peitoral maior foi utilizado para a reconstrução em todos os casos. A principal complicação pós-operatória foi a infecção da ferida operatória e a fístula salivar. Conclusão: A sobrevida global foi de 19% e a específica por câncer de 30,8% em cinco anos. Oito pacientes foram reabilitados para alimentação oral exclusiva sem a dependência de traqueostomia e ou de dieta enteral, todos com sobrevida global maior do que 15 meses.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Pectoralis Muscles , Tongue Neoplasms , Tracheostomy , Retrospective Studies , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Glossectomy
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(7): 413-418, 20200000. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1366937


Antecedentes: Hasta la década del 80 los pacientes con esta patología eran intervenidos quirúrgicamente. A partir de 1997 la Cleveland Clinic publica un estudio basado en la quimioradioterapia en el cáncer avanzado de orofaringe con resultados similares a los de la época anterior, pero con preservación del órgano. En nuestro medio no existe bibliografía que analice estadísticamente los resultados y los factores que lo condicionaron. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados con quimioradioterapia secuencial en el cáncer avanzado de la región orofaríngea. Lugar de aplicación: Hospital de atención terciaria Diseño: Prospectivo no randomizado Material y metodo: Desde Enero del 2002 al 30 de diciembre del 2004 se estudiaron 60 pacientes, 55 pertenecían al sexo masculino, con edad media de 60 años, el 76.7% eran T III y los restantes T IV con tumores malignos de la región orofaríngea mediante quimioradioterapia secuencial. Resultados: La supervivencia a 152 meses fue del 30.1%. El análisis univariado, demostró que el estadío, con p<0,001, la reducción con p=0,010 y la cirugía de rescate con p=0,028 fueron las únicas variables estadísticamente significativas, mientras la edad, el sexo y la localización no tuvieron los mismos resultados. En el análisis multivariado, el estadío con una p< 0.001, el sexo con una p=0.016 y la reducción con una p=0.024 resultaron ser estadisticamente significativos. Conclusiones: El tratamiento de los tumores de la región orofaríngea, en estadíos III y IV, mediante quimioradioterapia secuencial alcanzaron resultados similares a los tratados con cirugía seguida de radioterapia, pero con preservación del órgano

Background: Until the 80th decade, patients with advanced oropharyngeal cancer were surgically treated. In 1997 the Cleveland Clinic published similar results with chemoradiotherapy but preserving the organ. In our country there are not papers analyzing those results and conditional factors. Objective: Evaluation of sequential chemoradiation results in advanced oropharyngeal cancer Setting: Public tertiary care Hospital of tumours Design: Prospective not randomized. Population and methods: From January 2002 to December 2008, 60 patients were analysed, 55 of them were male with a mean age of 60, 76.7% TIII/IV oropharyngeal carcinomas treated with sequential chemoradiation. Results: The overall 152 months of survival was 30.1%. Univariate analize showed stage p<001, reduce of lesion p:0.010 and rescue surgery p:0.028 were statiscally significative. Age, gender and subsite had not similar results. In multivariate analize only stage p:0.001, gender p: 0.016 and reduce of lesion p:0.024 resulted statiscally significative. Conclusions: Sequential chemoradiation of III and IV stage tumours of oropharyngeal area have similar long terms results than those treated with surgery plus radiation but with organ preservation

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Organ Preservation , Radiotherapy , Toxicology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/therapy , Risk Factors , Drug Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Multivariate Analysis