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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366891

ABSTRACT

Aim: to evaluate the internet searches for Invisalign® in Brazil and worldwide between 2018 and 2021, using the Google Trends tool. Methods: An infodemiological study was carried out. The relative search volume (RSV) for the term "invisalign" in Google platform was retrieved for each year of study, both in Brazil and worldwide, using a standard procedure. Results and Conclusion: Both in Brazil and worldwide, there was a statistically significant increase in RSV between 2018 and 2021 (all p <0.05), indicating progressively more interest in Invisalign® clear aligner on the internet.


Objetivo: avaliar as buscas na internet por Invisalign® no Brasil e no mundo entre 2018 e 2021, utilizando a ferramenta Google Trends. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo infodemiológico. O volume relativo de busca (RSV) para o termo "invisalign" na plataforma Google foi recuperado para cada ano de estudo, tanto no Brasil quanto no mundo, utilizando um procedimento padrão. Resultados e Conclusão: Tanto no Brasil quanto no mundo, houve um aumento estatisticamente significativo do RSV entre 2018 e 2021 (todos p <0.05), indicando progressivamente mais interesse pelo alinhador transparente Invisalign® na internet.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontics , Epidemiology
2.
Ortodoncia ; 85(170): 40-45, jul.-dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1366141

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años, el tratamiento de ortodoncia con alineadores ha ido ganando la atención del paciente adulto, que acude a la consulta en busca de tratamientos no solo estéticos sino, también, confortables. Esta situación favorece, a su vez, al odontólogo rehabilitador, quien frecuentemente plantea a sus pacientes la necesidad de realizar un tratamiento de ortodoncia previo a la rehabilitación integral. En estos pacientes, un tratamiento de ortodoncia con alineadores es, generalmente, mejor aceptado que un tratamiento con aparatología fija(AU)


In recent years, the orthodontic treatment with aligners has been gaining attention of adult patients, who go to our office in search of treatments that are not only aesthetic but also comfortable. This situation in turn favors the rehabilitation dentist, who frequently raises the need for his patients to undergo an orthodontic treatment prior to comprehensive rehabilitation. In these patients, an orthodontic treatment with aligners is generally better accepted than a treatment with fixed appliances(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Dentistry, Operative , Esthetics, Dental , Malocclusion, Angle Class I
3.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 15-20, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290838

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento ortodóncico permite rehabilitar la función como también la estética facial y de la sonrisa. En muchos casos, esto puede realizarse sin la utilización de brackets. Las placas alineadoras realizan movimientos en las arcadas dentarias y las posibilidades y los resultados obtenidos cada vez son mejores. La utilización del sistema de alineación con placas permite que muchos pacientes, que no están dispuestos a utilizar brackets, encuentren una respuesta a sus problemas de oclusión (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Esthetics, Dental , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods , Advance Care Planning
4.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(4): e2119360, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339804

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Orthodontists have been using clear aligners to treat malocclusions, and one potential effect of treatment with orthodontic aligners is the intrusion and/or resists extrusion of the posterior teeth. This "bite-block effect" is primarily anecdotal due to the frequent occurrence of posterior open bites in patients after clear aligner therapy. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare changes promoted by clear aligners and traditional fixed appliances in cephalometric measurements of the vertical dimension and molar position in adult patients with Class I malocclusion treated with non-extraction. Methods: Pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalometric radiographs of adult patients treated with either clear aligners (n=44) or traditional fixed appliances (n=22) were selected for retrospective analysis. Eight interval measurements and one nominal measurement were evaluated: anterior overbite (OB), mandibular plane angle related to cranial base (SN_MP) and related to Frankfort (FMA), lower molar height (L6H) and upper molar height (U6H), palatal plane to mandibular plane angle (PP_MP), lower facial height (LFH), total facial height (TFH), and posterior open bite (Posterior_OB). A single evaluator traced all cephalographs, and changes in select measures of the vertical dimension were compared within and between groups. Results: OB decreased (1.15 mm) and L6H increased (0.63 mm) in the traditional fixed appliance group. Mandibular plane angles (related to cranial base and to Frankfort) increased (0.43° and 0.53°, respectively) in the clear aligner group, but just FMA showed significant difference between groups (difference of 0.53°). LFH and TFH increased (ranging from 0.52 mm to 0.80 mm) in both groups, with no differences between treatment modality. Presence of visible posterior open bite significantly increased over the course of treatment. OB, FMA and L6H exhibited an interaction between treatment stage (pre- and post-treatment) and modality (clear aligner therapy and traditional fixed appliances), but no interaction among these three variables was found. Conclusions: The evidence does not support the theory that clear aligner therapy produces better vertical dimension control than traditional fixed appliances. Traditional fixed appliance therapy slightly extruded the lower molar, and clear aligner therapy produced a slightly mandibular backward rotation.


RESUMO Introdução: Ortodontistas têm usado os alinhadores transparentes para tratar más oclusões, e um potencial efeito desse tratamento é a intrusão e/ou resistência à extrusão dos dentes posteriores. Esse efeito de "bloco de mordida" é principalmente empírico, devido à ocorrência frequente de mordidas abertas posteriores em pacientes após a terapia com alinhadores transparentes. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar as mudanças promovidas pelos alinhadores transparentes e aparelho fixo convencional nas medidas cefalométricas de dimensão vertical e posição do molar em pacientes adultos com má oclusão de Classe I tratados sem exodontias. Métodos: Radiografias cefalométricas laterais pré- e pós-tratamento de pacientes adultos tratados com alinhadores transparentes (n=44) ou com aparelho fixo tradicional (n=22) foram selecionadas para uma análise retrospectiva. Oito medidas de intervalo e uma medida nominal foram avaliadas: trespasse vertical anterior (OB), ângulo do plano mandibular em relação à base do crânio (SN_MP) e em relação ao Plano de Frankfurt (FMA), altura do molar inferior (L6H) e altura do molar superior (U6H), ângulo do plano palatal ao plano mandibular (PP_MP), altura facial inferior (LFH), altura facial total (TFH) e mordida aberta posterior (Posterior_OB). Um único avaliador fez todos os traçados cefalométricos, e as mudanças nas medidas da dimensão vertical foram comparadas intra e intergrupos. Resultados: OB reduziu (1,15 mm) e L6H aumentou (0,63 mm) no grupo de aparelho fixo tradicional. Os ângulos do plano mandibular (em relação à base do crânio e ao plano de Frankfurt) aumentaram (0,43° e 0,53°, respectivamente). No grupo dos alinhadores invisíveis, apenas o FMA apresentou diferença significativa entre os grupos (diferença de 0,53º). LFH e TFH aumentaram (variando de 0,52 mm a 0,80 mm) em ambos os grupos, sem diferenças entre as modalidades de tratamento. A presença de uma mordida aberta posterior visível aumentou significativamente durante o curso do tratamento. OB, FMA e L6H exibiram interação entre o estágio do tratamento (pré- e pós-tratamento) e a modalidade (terapia com alinhadores invisíveis ou aparelho fixo tradicional), porém não foi encontrada interação entre essas três variáveis. Conclusões: A evidência não suporta a teoria de que a terapia com alinhadores invisíveis produz melhor controle da dimensão vertical do que o aparelho fixo. O tratamento com aparelhagem fixa extruiu ligeiramente o molar inferior, e o tratamento com alinhadores invisíveis produziu uma ligeira rotação posterior da mandíbula.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Vertical Dimension , Cephalometry , Retrospective Studies , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Mandible , Molar/diagnostic imaging
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e081, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278597

ABSTRACT

Abstract The object of this study was to compare the clinical complications of 4 different appliances used in the early treatment of anterior open bite (AOB), and to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference in the number of complications among the appliances. Records from 99 Class I malocclusion patients with AOB treated using bonded spurs, BS, n = 25; chin cup, CC, n = 25; fixed palatal crib, FPC, n = 25; and removable palatal crib, RPC, n = 24) were examined. The total number and frequency of clinical complications that occurred over 12 months were described and compared by using chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests (Dunn's post-test) (α = 5%, CI = 95%). The incidence of clinical complications was 66.7%, comprising: breakage, bond failure, maladjustment, allergy, soft-tissue lesion, loss of removable appliance and abandonment. Eighteen patients gave up treatment; this occurred more frequently in the groups with removable appliances. Regarding the total number of complications per patient, Group BS exhibited a significantly higher number than the other groups (p < 0.0001). A low frequency of complications (1 to 3) was found in the groups, except for Group BS, in which 8% of the patients presented moderate frequency (4 to 6). In terms of appliance types (fixed or removable), there was no difference in the incidence of complications (p > 0.094). The null hypothesis was rejected, since the BS group exhibited the highest total number and frequency of complications. There was no difference between fixed and removable appliances in terms of incidence of clinical complications, although more patients using removable appliances abandoned their treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Open Bite/etiology , Open Bite/therapy , Open Bite/epidemiology , Palate
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155013

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the types of dental emergencies that occurred during the lockdown period in Italy (12th March-4th May) and to investigate future therapeutic preferences related to the use of different types of appliances. Material and Methods: A questionnaire dedicated to assessing dental emergencies during the lockdown period and surveying the resumption of orthodontic practice was submitted to clinicians in digital form. The first part of the questionnaire, focused on the orthodontic emergencies that were encountered in relation to the different types of orthodontic appliances and how these were resolved. The second part of the questionnaire was devoted to the resumption of clinical practice; in particular, it was designed to assess whether and what percentage of clinicians are willing to change the duration of appointments in relation to the different types of appliance used, asking them whether their approach to orthodontic treatment would change in the coming months as compared to the pre-COVID-19 era. Results: Results show that in most cases (82%), the percentage of patients who experienced a dental emergency was less than 5% and that far fewer emergencies were attributable to removable (5.7%) than to fixed appliances (94.3%). Looking ahead, clinicians expressed a greater preference for using removable (60.8%) rather than fixed appliances (39.2%). Conclusion: During the lockdown, there relatively few orthodontic emergencies, many of which were handled by telephone consultation. However, a far lower percentage of emergencies were generated by removable (e.g., clear aligners) as opposed to fixed appliances (e.g., multibracket equipment), likely influencing the decision of the majority of clinicians to opt for removable appliances in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Appliances , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable/microbiology , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , COVID-19/virology , Italy/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Emergencies/epidemiology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#At present, the research on clear aligner of molar distalization mainly focuses on the upper jaw, while the research on mandibular molars is few.This study aims to evaluate the therapeutic effect of mandibular molars distalization with clear aligner via cone beam CT (CBCT) and Dolphin software.@*METHODS@#Twenty cases of mandibular molars with clear aligner were included according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. CBCT was taken before treatment (T0) and when the first molar was moved in place (T1). Dolphin software was used to measure the effectiveness of molar distalization. Three-dimensional changes in direction and the impact on the incisors and facial soft and hard tissues were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The effective rates of crown and root distalization of the second and first mandibular molars were 74%, 49%, and 71%, 47%, respectively. The second and first molars were both the distal buccal cusp with the largest distalization [(2.15 ± 0.91) mm and (1.85±1.09) mm], respectively, with significant difference between the T0 and T1 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Clear aligner can effectively move mandibular molars farther, the crown is more effective than the root, and it is tilted. The second mandibular molar is more effective than the first mandibular molar in its distant displacement and three-dimensional changes. Molar distalization causes minor changes in mandibular incisors and facial soft and hard tissues.


Subject(s)
Cephalometry , Maxilla , Molar , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Tooth Movement Techniques
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 983-988, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921888

ABSTRACT

The content of the guidelines is based on monographs and literatures on the clear aligner orthodontic treatment in the past five years, and the clinical consensus of all the members of Expert Group for Writing Project of Clear Aligner Technology. This guidelines provide guidance and reference for orthodontists who want carry out clear aligner orthodontic treatment in three parts: overview, diagnosis and design, and common treatment strategies. In the part of the overview, the instructions for the preparation of this guide were described. The requirements for practitioners providing clear aligner orthodontic treatment were put forward, and the risks associated with clear aligner orthodontic treatment were suggested. In the part of diagnosis and design, the indications and selection of clear aligner orthodontic treatment were defined. The requirements of collecting data in orthodontic cases and the design process of clear aligner orthodontic treatment were also explained. The present common treatment strategies for clear aligner orthodontic treatment were summarized in the third part of the guidelines. The elaboration of the treatment methods such as distalization of molar, interproximal enamel reduction and stepwise tooth movement were explained.


Subject(s)
Dental Care , Humans , Molar , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Tooth Movement Techniques
9.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(4): 85-100, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133676

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Due to the search for more aesthetic and comfortable alternatives to perform orthodontic treatments and to the great technological development, orthodontic aligners have assumed great importance. More and more complex treatments have been carried out with these appliances without, however, having all aspects involved in their use being studied in depth. Its biomechanical planning requires different approaches than those used in fixed orthodontics, as the force systems involved in movements, responses and side effects are distinct, and the professional must be prepared when opting for the technique. Objective: The objective of this article is to perform an evaluation of the force systems created on the space closure with aligners, its characteristics, and problems, as well as make some suggestions to overcome the difficulties inherent to its use. Conclusion: Space closure with aligners is possible, but depends on the correct selection of the patient, in addition to requiring the proper planning of the applied forces. The use of auxiliary resources and overcorrections to address the deficiencies of the aligner systems should always be considered. Digital planning should be used as a map of the force systems that will be applied, and not just as a marketing tool, keeping in mind that determining the objectives and the way to achieve them is the responsibility of the orthodontist, and that treatment plans must be individualized for each situation, following appropriate biomechanical precepts.


RESUMO Introdução: Devido à busca por alternativas mais estéticas e confortáveis para realizar tratamentos ortodônticos e ao grande desenvolvimento tecnológico, os alinhadores ortodônticos assumiram uma grande importância. Tratamentos cada vez mais complexos vêm sendo realizados com esses dispositivos sem que, no entanto, sejam estudados em profundidade todos os aspectos envolvidos na sua utilização. Seu planejamento biomecânico requer abordagens diferentes da Ortodontia fixa, pois os sistemas de forças envolvidos nas movimentações, respostas e efeitos colaterais são distintos, e o profissional deve estar preparado ao optar por essa técnica. Objetivo: O objetivo deste artigo é fazer uma avaliação dos sistemas de forças envolvidos no fechamento de espaços com alinhadores, suas características e problemas, bem como apresentar algumas sugestões para contornar as dificuldades decorrentes de seu uso. Conclusão: O fechamento de espaços com alinhadores é possível, mas depende da correta seleção do paciente, além de exigir o adequado planejamento das forças aplicadas. O uso de recursos auxiliares e sobrecorreções para suprir as deficiências dos sistemas de alinhadores deve ser sempre considerado. O planejamento digital deve ser usado como um mapa dos sistemas de forças que serão aplicados, e não apenas como ferramenta de marketing, tendo em mente que a determinação dos objetivos e da maneira de atingi-los é de responsabilidade do ortodontista e que os planejamentos devem ser individualizados para cada situação, seguindo preceitos biomecânicos adequados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Tooth Movement Techniques , Esthetics, Dental , Orthodontists
10.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(4): 33-43, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133675

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Anterior crossbite (AC) is defined as a reverse sagittal relationship between maxillary and mandibular incisors. According to an evidence-based orthodontic triage, the treatment need of AC is indicated if any occlusal interference is forcing the mandible towards a Class III growth pattern. Removable and fixed appliances have been suggested to correct AC. Objective: The present report aims at presenting the benefits of an alternative therapy for the early treatment of anterior crossbite using clear aligners. Methods: Two cases of anterior crossbite corrected using clear aligners in 8-years-old children are presented. Results: In both cases, AC was successfully corrected within 5 months. At the end of the treatment, overjet and overbite were corrected. No major discomfort or speech impairment was noticed by the parents. Conclusions: Due to the perceived shortcomings of alternative approaches, the use of clear aligners for correcting AC in mixed dentition should be considered as a comfortable and well tolerated appliance for young patients.


RESUMO Introdução: A mordida cruzada anterior (MCA) é definida como uma relação sagital reversa entre os incisivos superiores e inferiores. De acordo com a evidência científica, o tratamento da MCA é indicado em casos em que a interferência oclusal favorece o crescimento mandibular em direção a um padrão de Classe III. A literatura descreve diversos aparelhos removíveis e fixos para a correção dessa má oclusão. Objetivo: A presente série de casos tem como objetivo apresentar os benefícios de uma terapia alternativa para o tratamento precoce da MCA por meio do uso de alinhadores transparentes. Métodos: Apresentação de dois casos de MCA tratados com alinhadores transparentes em crianças de 8 anos de idade. Resultados: Em ambos os casos, a MCA foi corrigida com sucesso em um período de 5 meses. Ao fim do tratamento, obteve-se sobressaliência e sobremordida ideais. Segundo o relato dos pais, nenhum grande desconforto ou comprometimento na fala foi observado. Conclusões: Tendo em vista os problemas associados a algumas abordagens alternativas, o uso de alinhadores transparentes para correção da MCA durante a dentição mista pode ser considerado confortável e bem tolerado por pacientes jovens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Overbite , Malocclusion/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Dentition, Mixed
11.
Ortodoncia ; 84(168-169): 24-36, jul. 2020 -jun.2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1292314

ABSTRACT

Se presentan casos clínicos tratados con aparatología, definida en forma genérica como alineadores, demostrando que se producen cambios en todos los sentidos del espacio y permiten llevar a cabo tratamientos completos sin recurrir a otros recursos que las placas termoformadas secuenciadas. Estas mismas se realizan siguiendo set ups progresivos desarrollados en el flujo digital. Se analizan los pros y contras en el manejo de la nueva mecánica de tratamiento haciendo hincapié en el cumplimiento del siguiente protocolo: diagnóstico, pronóstico, lista de problemas, enunciación de objetivos, elaboración del plan de tratamiento, diagramación de las etapas, visualización de los renders para asegurarse de los movimientos necesarios, su secuencia según un nuevo paradigma de movimiento individual y tridimensionalmente controlado, comunicación y logro de la máxima colaboración del paciente, seguimiento correcto de las acciones previstas, colocación de aditamentos, desgastes programados, control de cambios clínicos según el número de alineador/número de render, obtención de los objetivos planteados, realización de controles oclusales, cumplimiento de una estrategia de contención y rehabilitación posterior si fuese necesario(AU)


Clinical cases treated with appliances commonly known as aligners are presented, proving that changes take place in all spatial directions and make it possible to carry out complete treatment without resorting to other resources than sequenced thermoformed plates. These ones are made following progressive setups developed in the digital flow. Pros and cons of the management of the new treatment mechanics are analyzed, emphasizing the adherence to the following protocol: diagnosis, prognosis, list of issues, objectives stating, treatment plan making, stages diagramming, renders visualization to make sure of the necessary movements, their sequence according to a new paradigm of individual and controlled threedimensionally movement, communication with and achievement of patient's maximum cooperation, accurate follow-up of expected actions, application of attachments, programmed wear, clinical change control according to the number of aligner/render number, achievement of the stated objectives, occlusal controls performance, fulfilment of a retention strategy and subsequent rehabilitation if necessary(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Esthetics, Dental , Adolescent , Adult
12.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(3): 1911-1919, mayo.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127051

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El tratamiento de Ortodoncia en pacientes con síndrome de Down, ha sido un tema debatido durante muchos años por los especialistas debido a las deficiencias físicas, mentales y a la dificultad de estos en la cooperación con el tratamiento. El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar resultados adecuados de tratamiento ortodóncico en una paciente femenina de 12 años de edad con síndrome de Down. La niña acudió a consulta acompañada de su mamá y de su abuela solicitando tratamiento por presentar los dientes virados. En el examen clínico se observó rotación marcada de 11 y 21 mayor de 900 que afecta su estética facial. Se explicó a la familia lo difícil que podía resultar el tratamiento a esta adolescente con necesidades especiales, a la que habría que aplicar una fuerza ortodóncica que genera marcada molestia y pudiera presentarse una escasa tolerancia al dolor. La familia aseguró su cooperación. Se decidió emprender la terapia para lo cual se diseñó un plan de tratamiento en dos etapas. En una primera etapa se empleó aparatología ortodóncica removible y en una segunda etapa aparatología fija. Al concluir el tratamiento se logró resolver de manera satisfactoria el motivo de consulta con buena cooperación por parte de la paciente y su familia. El éxito del tratamiento se debió a la satisfactoria cooperación de la paciente y al establecimiento de una relación favorable ortodoncista-paciente-familia (AU).


ABSTRACT The Orthodontics treatment in patients with Down syndrome has being a theme debated by specialist during many years, due to the physical and mental deficiencies of this kind of patients and their difficulty in cooperating with the treatment. The aim of this article is showing the adequate results of the orthodontic treatment in a female patient aged 12 years with Down syndrome. The girl assisted to consultation with her mother and grandmother asking treatment for having crooked teeth. At the physical examination it was observed a remarked rotation of 11 and 21 of more than 900, affecting her facial esthetics. Doctors explained to relatives that the treatment could result very difficult to this teenager with special requirements due to the application of an orthodontic force generating great discomfort in this girl, possibly having a scarce tolerance to pain. The relatives agreed to cooperate. They decided to start the therapy, and a two-stage plan was designed. In the first stage, removable orthodontic braces were used, and fixed ones were used in the second stage. At the end of the treatment the cause of the consultation was successfully solved with a good cooperation of the patient and her relatives. The success of the treatment was achieved due to the satisfactory cooperation of the patient and the establishment of a favorable relationship orthodontist-patient-family (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Down Syndrome , Dentist-Patient Relations , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Malocclusion/diagnosis , Orthodontics , Quality of Life , Life Expectancy , Orthodontic Retainers , Malocclusion/therapy
13.
Ortodoncia ; 84(167): 110-119, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147831

ABSTRACT

Este artículo describe el tratamiento de primera fase con placas alineadoras, realizado en un paciente de 7 años de edad, con mordida invertida anterior por torque negativo de pieza 2.1 y falta de espacio para la erupción de incisivos laterales superiores. Entendiendo la importancia de destrabar en forma precoz la oclusión, se planificó su tratamiento con alineadores para realizar una expansión tranversal, corregir el torque del incisivo central y recuperar la forma de la arcada superior, a los fines de restablecer la armonía necesaria para el correcto desarrollo de sus maxilares. Luego de seis meses de tratamiento, se lograron los objetivos propuestos. El caso se acompaña de fotos, radiografías y renders iniciales y finales(AU)


This article describes the first phase treatment with dental alignment plates, performed on a 7 years old patient with an anterior crossbite due to a negative torque of tooth 2.1 and lack of space for the upper lateral incisors eruption. Aware of the importance of early unlocking occlusion, his treatment with aligners was planned to perform a transversal expansion, to correct the torque of the central incisor and recover upper arch shape in order to restore the necessary harmony for the correct development of his jaws. After 6 months of treatment, proposed objectives were achieved. This case is accompanied by photos, x-rays and initial and final renderings(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontics, Interceptive , Dentition, Mixed , Malocclusion
14.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 21(3): 119-126, Sep.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091498

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Space maintainers play an important role in orthodontic treatments involving premolar extractions, especially in cases with bad occlusion and marked crowding. The orthodontist must know several options of anchoring and choose the best method that would fulfill the treatment objectives for that patient. Objective: To compare the effects of maximum anchors like the double transpalatal arch (double ATP) and the transpalatal arch and Nance button combination (transpalanance) as space maintainers during cuspids retraction in patients undergoing upper bicuspid extractions. Methods: A universe of 100 patients, aged 14-25 years, was selected from among the patients presenting to the Orthodontics Specialty Clinic of the posgraduate School Dr. José Apolo Pineda, Pilot School of Dentistry, University of Guayaquil during the years of 2017 and 2018. Totally, 26 patients were recruited, of whom 13 were placed on transpalanance and the other 13 on double ATP, prior to the extraction of their first upper bicuspid. Post-extraction spaces were measured and compared with post-retraction spaces of upper cuspids. Results: With an average of 4-5 mm, transpalanance maintained the greatest amount of space at the end of canine retraction. It is expected that the results obtained in this study will be useful to orthodontists, providing them with information regarding the most effective space maintainers for treatments with extractions. Conclusion: The maximum anchor that showed the greatest efficacy was transpalanance since it maintained a greater amount of space during its time of use.


RESUMEN Los mantenedores de espacio desempeñan un papel importante en los tratamientos de ortodoncia que incluyen extracciones premolares, especialmente en casos de oclusión grave y aglomeración marcada. El ortodoncista debe conocer varias opciones de anclaje y elegir el mejor método que cumpla con los objetivos de tratamiento para ese paciente. Objetivo: comparar los efectos de los anclajes máximos como el arco transpalatino doble (ATP doble) y el arco transpalatino y la combinación del botón de Nance (transpalanance) como mantenedores de espacio durante la retracción de los cúspides en pacientes sometidos a extracciones de premolares superiores. Métodos: Se seleccionó un universo de 100 pacientes, de 14 a 25 años, entre los pacientes que acudieron a la Clínica de Ortodoncia de la Escuela de Posgrado de la Facultad Piloto de Odontología, Universidad de Guayaquil durante los años de 2017 y 2018. En total, se reclutaron 26 pacientes, de los cuales 13 fueron colocados en transpalanance y los otros 13 en doble ATP, antes de la extracción de su primer premolar superior. Los espacios posteriores a la extracción se midieron y compararon con los espacios posteriores a la retracción de los caninos superiores. Resultados: Con un promedio de 4 a 5 mm, el transpalanance mantuvo la mayor cantidad de espacio al final de la retracción de caninos. Se espera que los resultados obtenidos en este estudio sean útiles para los ortodoncistas, proporcionándoles información sobre los mantenedores de espacio más efectivos para los tratamientos con extracciones. Conclusión: el ancla máxima que mostró la mayor eficacia fue la transpalanidad, ya que mantuvo una mayor cantidad de espacio durante su tiempo de uso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Activator Appliances/trends , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Colombia
16.
Ortodoncia ; 83(166): 48-49, jul.-dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102100

ABSTRACT

En pacientes con discapacidad, la ortodoncia tiene como objetivo mejorar la calidad de vida. Con una correcta oclusión dentaria, se favorece la higiene y se mejora la estética. El uso de placas alineadoras permite lograr los objetivos y evita las complicaciones existentes en la aparatología fija y las minuciosas técnicas de higiene que requiere.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Oral Hygiene , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome
19.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(5): 41-46, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975013

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The search for more aesthetic and comfortable orthodontic devices has led to an increase in the use of clear aligners. Objective: To increase knowledge on biological mechanisms of orthodontic tooth movement using Invisalign aligners. Methods: This study included 11 patients with a mean age of 23.6 ± 4.8 years. Cases planning included alignment and leveling of lower incisors using Invisalign aligners. Gingival crevicular fluid samples were collected from the lower incisors on the day of delivery of aligner number 1 (T0) and after 1 (T24h), 7 (T7d), and 21 (T21d) days. During the observation period of the study, the patients used only the aligner number 1. Levels of nine cytokines were quantified using Luminex's multi-analysis technology. Non-parametric tests were used for comparisons between cytokine expression levels over time. Results: Cytokine expression levels remained constant after 21 days of orthodontic activation, except those of MIP-1β, which presented a statistical difference between T24h and T21d with a decrease in the concentration levels. IL-8, GM-CSF, IL-1β, MIP-1β, and TNF-α showed the highest concentrations over time. Conclusions: The different behavior in the levels of the investigated cytokines indicates a role of these biomarkers in the tissue remodeling induced by Invisalign.


RESUMO Introdução: a busca por dispositivos ortodônticos mais estéticos e confortáveis gerou um aumento no uso de alinhadores transparentes. Objetivo: ampliar o conhecimento sobre os mecanismos biológicos associados ao movimento dentário ortodôntico promovido por alinhadores Invisalign®. Métodos: a amostra foi constituída por 11 pacientes, com idade média de 23,6 ± 4,8 anos. O planejamento dos casos incluiu alinhamento e nivelamento de incisivos inferiores usando os alinhadores. O fluido gengival crevicular foi coletado na superfície vestibular de incisivos inferiores no dia da entrega do alinhador número 1 (T0) e após 1 (T24h), 7 (T7d) e 21 (T21d) dias. Durante o período de observação do estudo, os pacientes utilizaram apenas o alinhador número 1. Os níveis de nove citocinas foram quantificados por meio do sistema Luminex de multianálise. Testes não paramétricos foram realizados para comparações entre os níveis de expressão de citocinas ao longo do tempo. Resultados: a concentração das citocinas manteve-se constante após 21 dias de ativação ortodôntica, exceto a MIP-1β, que apresentou uma redução estatisticamente significativa entre os tempos T24h e T21d. As IL-8, GM-CSF, IL-1β, MIP-1β e TNF-α apresentaram as maiores concentrações ao longo do tempo. Conclusão: a constância na expressão dos níveis das citocinas parece estar compatível com o estímulo mecânico induzido por alinhadores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Tooth Movement Techniques , Cytokines/analysis , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Cytokines/metabolism , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/analysis , Interleukin-8/analysis , Colony-Stimulating Factors/analysis , Interleukin-7/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Chemokine CCL2/analysis , Interleukin-17/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Chemokine CCL4/analysis , Incisor
20.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(2): 87-109, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953019

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Considering the large number of fixed functional appliances, choosing the best device for your patient is not an easy task. Objective: To describe the development of fixed functional appliances as well as our 20-year experience working with them. Methods: Fixed functional appliances are grouped into flexible, rigid and hybrid. They are different appliances, whose action is described here. Four clinical cases will be reported with a view to illustrating the different appliances. Conclusions: Rigid fixed functional appliances provide better skeletal results than flexible and hybrid ones. Flexible and hybrid appliances have similar effects to those produced by Class II elastics. They ultimately correct Class II with dentoalveolar changes. From a biomechanical standpoint, fixed functional appliances are more recommended to treat Class II in dolichofacial patients, in comparison to Class II elastics.


RESUMO Introdução: considerando-se o grande número de aparelhos propulsores mandibulares, não é uma tarefa fácil escolher o melhor deles para o seu paciente. Objetivo: descrever o desenvolvimento desses aparelhos e a experiência clínica de vinte anos dos autores na sua utilização. Métodos: os aparelhos funcionais fixos aqui apresentados foram classificados em flexíveis, rígidos e híbridos, e o modo de ação de cada um deles foi descrito e ilustrado por meio de quatro casos clínicos. Conclusões: os aparelhos propulsores rígidos fornecem mais resultados esqueléticos do que os flexíveis e os híbridos. Esses últimos têm efeito semelhante ao uso de elásticos com direção de Classe II e, basicamente, corrigem a má oclusão de Classe II com alterações dentoalveolares. Do ponto de vista biomecânico, os propulsores fixos estão mais indicados para tratar a Classe II em pacientes dolicofaciais do que os elásticos de Classe II.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Orthodontic Appliances , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontic Wires , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cephalometry , Treatment Outcome , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Orthodontic Appliances, Functional , Photography, Dental , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/diagnostic imaging
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