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Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 24(6): 324-333, 06/2021. graf., tab., foto
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344059


Class III malocclusion is a relevant public health problem. The management of severe skeletal class III malocclusion in non-growing patients requires properly planned and well-executed orthognathic surgery by a team of at least an orthodontist and a maxillofacial surgeon. For these cases, there are two approaches to the surgery. One of them is the conventional three-stage method, which includes preoperative orthodontic treatment, orthognathic surgery, and postoperative orthodontic treatment. The other is the surgery-first orthognathic approach, which is performed without pre-surgical orthodontic treatment and should present some advantages compared to the conventional technique. However, at present, evidence on the management of class III malocclusion still needs to be expanded. In this paper, we present the management of a case of severe skeletal class III malocclusion by surgery-first orthodontic approach, based on the experience of the Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India.

La maloclusión clase III es un problema de salud pública importante. El tratamiento de la maloclusión clase III esquelética grave en pacientes que no están en crecimiento, requiere una cirugía ortognática planificada de forma apropiada y bien ejecutada, por un equipo de al menos un ortodoncista y un cirujano maxilofacial. Para estos casos, existen dos enfoques para la cirugía: el método convencional de tres etapas, que incluye tratamiento de ortodoncia preoperatorio, cirugía ortognática y tratamiento de ortodoncia posoperatorio; y el abordaje primario de cirugía ortognática, que se realiza sin tratamiento de ortodoncia prequirúrgico y debe presentar algunas ventajas en comparación con la técnica convencional. Sin embargo, en la actualidad, las pruebas sobre el abordaje de la maloclusión clase III aún deben ampliarse. En este artículo, presentamos el abordaje de un caso de maloclusión clase III esquelética grave mediante el abordaje inicial con cirugía ortognática, basado en la experiencia del Hospital y Colegio Odontológico del Gobierno de Tamil Nadu, Chennai, India.

Orthognathic Surgery , Malocclusion , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Research Report , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons , Orthodontists
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e091, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285726


Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate if individuals with dentofacial deformities (DFD) who require orthognathic surgery are affected more by depression and pain. A case-control study was performed with 195 individuals. In the DFD group, 145 individuals with Class II and III malocclusion requiring orthognathic surgery were selected. The control group was composed of 50 individuals with no DFD. All patients were diagnosed according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD). Data were analyzed with a significance level of 0.05. The DFD group more often presented severe depression (p = 0.020) and chronic pain (p = 0.017). They also presented higher prevalence of Nonspecific Physical Symptoms Including Pain (P = 0.002) and Nonspecific Physical Symptoms Excluding Pain (p = 0.002). Concerning TMD symptoms, the DFD group had more myofascial (p = 0.002) and articular pain (p = 0.041). Therefore, the results of this study suggest that depression and pain are more common in individuals with DFD requiring orthognathic surgery compared with individuals without DFD.

Humans , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/surgery , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology , Orthognathic Surgery , Case-Control Studies , Arthralgia , Depression/epidemiology
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e87, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285722


Abstract A randomized, blind and prospective clinical trial was conducted to compare two clinical rehabilitation protocols in patients submitted to orthognathic surgery, during the first 60 days after surgery. Pain, edema, mandibular movement, masticatory efficiency and quality of life were evaluated. Nineteen (19) patients were separated into control and experimental groups. The control group consisted of 10 patients followed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons and submitted to a rehabilitation protocol that involved active and passive mouth opening exercises. The experimental group had 9 patients and followed the surgeons' protocol, in addition to an Early Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol performed by speech therapists, and involving specific motricity exercises and lymphatic drainage. The Student's t-test was applied to compare the results, and the Fisher's exact test of independence, to analyze the quality of life and the masticatory efficiency variables. The statistical significance was set at 5% (p < 0.05) for all the tests. The results showed that the ERAS protocol made a positive difference in pain perception in the first 14 days. However, it did not improve the other variables. Although many variables showed no significant difference, it was concluded that the surgeons can delegate patient rehabilitation to qualified professionals, so that they can optimize their postoperative clinical time.

Humans , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Orthognathic Surgery , Postoperative Period , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878440


The maxillofacial skeleton is the basis of the contour of the face. Orthognathic surgery and facial contouring surgery change jaw tissue and affect facial appearance in different manners. Orthognathic surgery is the main method to correct dental and maxillofacial deformities. It changes the shape of the jaw and improves the occlusal relationship by changing the three-dimensional position of the jaw. Facial contouring surgery mainly adopts the method of "bone reduction", which changes the "amount"of the jawbone by cutting a part of the bone tissue to improve the facial appearance, generally without changing oral function. The combined use of orthognathic surgery and facial contouring surgery is becoming increasingly common in clinical practice. This also requires oral and maxillofacial surgeons to have a holistic consideration of the comprehensive correction of maxillofacial bone deformity, and to perform comprehensive analysis of jaw deformities and jaw plastic surgery to achieve the most ideal results. The author's team has been engaged in the clinical work of orthognathic surgery and facial contouring surgery and accumulated rich clinical experience in the comprehensive correction of maxillofacial bone deformity. In this article, the indications, treatment goals, treatment modes, treatment methods, and key points in the surgical operations of comprehensive maxillofacial bone surgery were summarized.

Face/surgery , Facial Bones , Humans , Maxillofacial Abnormalities , Orthognathic Surgery , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 423-429, oct. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179034


Introduction: Orthognathic surgery is a routine procedure carried out by maxillofacial surgeons in patients with dento-skeletal deformations (DSD) with the objective of achieving functional and esthetical satisfactory results. However, some in cases, due to the decision of the patient or the orthodontic team, the occlusion is tried to be compensated with the intention of avoiding surgery, without optimal results. As a consequence, some extra procedures are required in the surgery to correct and obtain better results. Objective: The aim of this case is to propose the anterior segmental osteotomy (ASO) as alternative of treatment in patients with dento-skeletal deformity class III with maxillary and para-nasal deficiency which have been orthodontically compensated. Material and methods: A 18 years old female with DED Class III due anterior-posterior (AP) maxillary and paranasal deficiency and AP mandibular excess. The surgery was carried out through Le Fort I osteotomy in combination with a segmentary osteotomy at the expense of first premolars and bilateral setback sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO). Clinical and imageology post operatory controls were made during the first 6 months and at two years. Results: Through the realization of the anterior segmental osteotomy the correction of occlusal and transversal alterations of the patient maxilla were performed and additionally favorable facial changes were obtained. Conclusion: The initial orthodontic management of patients with DSD will influence the surgical procedures and the achievement of a balance between esthetics and function. This illustrates why the treatment of these patients must be multidisciplinary; the treatment that was chosen in this case was innovative and could be an alternative for the treatments of patients with DED Class III.

Introducción: La cirugía ortognática es un procedimiento de rutina que realizan los cirujanos bucomaxilofaciales en pacientes con deformidades dento esqueletales (DDE) con la finalidad de lograr un resultado funcional y estético satisfactorio. Sin embargo, hay casos en los cuales, ya sea por decisión del paciente o por el ortodoncista, se intenta compensar la oclusión con el fin de evitar la fase quirúrgica no obteniendo los resultados más óptimos; y como consecuencia, se requiere de procedimientos adicionales a los convencionales en la cirugía para corregir y lograr el mejor resultado. Objetivo: El propósito de este caso es proponer la osteotomía segmentaria anterior (OSA) como alternativa de tratamiento en pacientes con Deformidad Dento Esqueletal clase III con deficiencia maxilar y paranasal los cuales han sido compensados ortodonticamente. Material y Métodos: Paciente femenina de 18 años de edad con Deformidad Dento Esqueletal Clase III por deficiencia AP maxilar y paranasal y exceso AP mandibular. Se realiza cirugía mediante osteotomía Le Fort I en combinación con osteotomía segmentaria a expensas de primeros premolares, osteotomía sagital de rama bilateral de retroposición. Se realizan controles post-operatorios clínico e imagenológicos durante los primeros 6 meses. Resultados: Por medio de la realización de la osteotomía segmentaria anterior se pudo realizar la corrección de las alteraciones oclusales y transversales del maxilar de la paciente, además de producir cambios faciales favorables. Conclusión: El manejo inicial de los pacientes con deformidades dento-esqueletales por parte del ortodoncista va influir en los procedimientos quirúrgicos y en lograr un balance entre lo estético y lo funcional, por lo que el tratamiento en estos pacientes es multidisciplinario; el tratamiento realizado en este caso en una solución innovadora y puede llegar a tomarse como alternativa en los tratamientos de las clases III.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Orthognathic Surgery , Dentofacial Deformities/surgery , Malocclusion/surgery , Maxilla/surgery , Osteotomy, Le Fort , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(3): 25-28, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253233


Introdução: Os casos de assimetria facial são um desafio para tratamento no âmbito da cirurgia Bucomaxilofacial, devido a alteração craniofaciais nos três planos do espaço (Pitch,Yaw e Roll). Estes termos são utilizados para o planejamento da cirurgia ortognática e são essenciais para o planejamento virtual, A utilização da tecnologia neste sentido vem sendo cada vez mais empregada devido a sua previsibilidade de resultado tanto nos casos convencionais como nos mais desafiadores como os das assimetrias faciais. Este artigo visa relatar o planejamento virtual para a correção de um caso de assimetria através da cirurgia ortognática. Relato de caso: Paciente pediátrico leucoderma, do sexo masculino com 5 anos, possui limitação na abertura de boca, desvio da mandíbula para o lado direito com tempo de evolução de 5 meses. O procedimento consistiu na remoção da massa fibrótica através do acesso de Al Kayat. Após o procedimento cirúrgico o paciente foi submetido a uma série de sessões de fisioterapia agressiva. Considerações finais: A associação da remoção da massa fibrótica ou do bloco anquilótico e a fisioterapia intensa no pósoperatório propiciaram um resultado satisfatório, devolvendo a função mandibular do paciente... (AU)

Introduction: The temporomandibular ankylosis consists in mandibular movements limitation and is characterized as complete fusion of mandibular condyle to articular fossa or as a formation of a fibrotic mass in the region. Case Report: Pediatric male patient, white, 5 year-old, had a mouth opening limitation, mandibular deviation to the right side with 5 mouths of evolution. The procedure consisted in the removal of the fibrotic mass through the Al-Kayat approach. After the surgical procedure the patient was submitted to a series of aggressive physiotherapy sessions. Final considerations: The association of the removal of the fibrotic mass or the ankylotic bloc to intense physiotherapy in the post operatory provides a satisfactory result, restoring patient´s mandibular function... (AU)

Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Facial Asymmetry , Orthognathic Surgery , Ankylosis , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Mandibular Condyle , Mouth
Rev. ADM ; 77(4): 216-221, jul.-ago. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130113


Los pacientes con problemas esqueléticos clase II que han terminado su crecimiento, generalmente, se tratan con cirugía ortognática o extracciones de piezas dentarias. Un objetivo del tratamiento es obtener estabilidad a largo plazo. El presente caso clínico es de un paciente masculino de 15 años de edad con clase II esquelética sagital que se realizó desprogramación neuromuscular con un plano de acrílico, que permitió determinar la verdadera discrepancia intermaxilar y obtener que la articulación temporomandibular estuviera en una posición estable en relación céntrica del paciente previo a su tratamiento ortodóncico prequirúrgico (AU)

In patients with class II skeletal problems who have finished their growth; they are treated with orthognathic surgery or dental extractions usually. One treatment goal is to obtain long-term stability. The present case report is of a 15 years old male patient with skeletal sagittal class II who underwent neuromuscular deprogramming with an acrylic plane, which allowed to determine the true skeletal discrepancy and achieve a stable position of the temporomandibular joint in centric relation before the orthodontic treatment (AU)

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Centric Relation , Occlusal Splints , Orthognathic Surgery , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Patient Care Planning , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Cephalometry , Neuromuscular Manifestations , Mexico
Ortodoncia ; 84(168-169): 56-67, jul. 2020 -jun.2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1292485


La cirugía ortognática no siempre estuvo relacionada con la ortodoncia. Sin embargo, hoy en día, es fundamental la interrelación de estas dos especialidades odontológicas. Es importante que el ortodoncista se interiorice y se capacite en las nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas para poder llevar a cabo con éxito el tratamiento. La tecnología que, actualmente, está al alcance de nuestras manos, hace más accesibles y seguros los tratamientos. La comunicación y el trabajo en equipo entre ortodoncista y cirujanos, es clave para lograr los objetivos planteados. La actualización profesional constante nos da la llave para hacer esto posible. Por eso, ¡cambiemos de paradigma!(AU)

Orthognatic Surgery was not always related to Orthodontics. Yet today, interrelation of these two specialties is fundamental. It is important that orthodontists become internalized and trained in the new surgical techniques in order to successfully carry out the treatment. The technology that is currently at our fingertips makes treatments more accessible and safe. Communication and teamwork between orthodontist and surgeons are key to achieve the proposed objectives. The continuing professional updating brings us the key for making this possible.That is why let's change the paradigm!(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Orthodontics , Orthognathic Surgery , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Orthodontic Brackets , Osteotomy, Le Fort , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(2): 12-14, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253404


O tratamento das deformidades faciais está também associada a correção da posição do mento. O emprego de diferentes formatos de mentoplastia tem por objetivo agregar um melhor contorno, preenchimento e simetria a região anterior da mandibula e adjacente ao mento, além de permitir alinhamento da sinfise nas três dimensões. Nessa nota técnica temos por objetivo apresentar uma modificação ao procedimento convencional, mentoplastia em forma de asa, bem como sua aplicabilidade e execução... (AU)

The treatment of facial deformities is also associated with correction of the chin position. The use of different genioplasty formats aims to add a better contour, filling and symmetry to the anterior region of the mandible and adjacent to the chin, in addition to allowing alignment of the symphysis in the three dimensions. In this technical note, we aim to present a modification to the conventional procedure, chin wing osteotomy, as well as its applicability and execution... (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Osteotomy , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Orthognathic Surgery , Genioplasty , Congenital Abnormalities , Therapeutics , Chin , Mandible
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(2): 21-24, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253477


Introdução: Os casos de assimetria facial são um desafio para a cirurgia Bucomaxilofacial, devido a alterações craniofaciais nos três planos do espaço (Pitch, Yaw e Roll). Estes termos são utilizados para o planejamento da cirurgia ortognática e são essenciais para o planejamento virtual. A utilização da tecnologia neste sentido vem sendo cada vez mais empregada devido a sua previsibilidade de resultado tanto nos casos convencionais como nos mais desafiadores como os das assimetrias faciais. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 30 anos, leucoderma possuía como queixa principal assimetria na face. O procedimento consistiu em planejamento virtual através da cirurgia ortognática para correção de assimetria facial, propiciando maior previsibilidade e estabilidade ao tratamento. Considerações finais: Atualmente a correção das assimetrias possui como padrão ouro o planejamento virtual, pois através dele é possível fazer uma correlação importante entre os achados clínicos com as impressões do planejamento virtual, para alcançar uma boa previsibilidade... (AU)

Introduction: The facial asymmetry cases are a challenge for the oral maxillofacial treatment due craniomaxillofacial alterations in the three spatial plans (Pitch, Yaw e Roll). These terms are used for orthognathic surgical plan and are essentials for the virtual planning. The application of this technology in this situation has been increasingly employed due to its predictability of outcome in both conventional and challenging cases such as facial asymmetries. Case report: Male, white patient, 30 years-old had a main complaining of facial asymmetry. The procedure consisted in virtual planning trough the orthognathic surgery for facial asymmetry correction, providing higher predictability and stability to the treatment. Final considerations: Currently the correction of asymmetries has as golden pattern the virtual planning, because trough he it is possible to do an important correlation between the clinical findings with the virtual planning impressions, with the objective to achieve a good predictability... (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Face , Facial Asymmetry , Orthognathic Surgery , Dentofacial Deformities
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(2): 25-29, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253480


Introdução:O tratamento da assimetria facial causada pela hiperplasia hemimandibularvemsendodebatidohádécadase, ainda assim,existem algumas controvérsias quanto aomelhor manejo dessacondição. Relato de caso:Revisão de literatura acerca das abordagens cirúrgicas descritas, e, apresentação de caso clínico de uma pacientecomassimetriafacial. Foram realizadas a cirurgiadepredictibil idadenoarticuladorsemi-ajustáveleprototipagem dos maxilares feita a partir de tomografia computadorizada. A paciente foi submetida a cirurgia ortognática com nivelamento da basilar mandibular e condilectomia no mesmo tempo cirúrgico. Considerações finais:Após acompanhamento por 48 meses, a paciente não apresenta recidiva e segue com a oclusão estável. Segue, também, sem dor nas articulações temporomandibulares. Dessaforma, foi alcançado um aspecto mais harmonioso da face, uma vez que a paciente se queixava de que a assimetria causava transtornos sociais a ela... (AU)

Introduction: The treatment of facial asymmetry caused by hemimandibular hyperplasia has been debated for decades and, even so, there are some controversies regarding the best management of this condition. Case report: Literature review about the surgical approaches described, and presentation of a clinical case of a patient with facial asymmetry. Predictability surgery was performed on the semi-adjustable articulator and prototyping of the jaws using computed tomography. The patient underwent orthognathic surgery with leveling of the mandibular basilar and condylectomy at the same surgical time. Final considerations: After 48 months of follow-up, the patient has no recurrence and continues with stable occlusion. There is also no pain in the temporomandibular joints. In this way, a more harmonious aspect of the face was achieved, since the patient complained that the asymmetry caused social disorders to her... (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Pain , Facial Asymmetry , Orthognathic Surgery , Hyperplasia , Jaw , Joints , Mandibular Condyle , Temporomandibular Joint , Tomography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dental Articulators
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e1644, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126488


RESUMEN Introducción: El síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño provoca somnolencia diurna; incide negativamente sobre el sistema cardiovascular y disminuye la calidad de vida. La cirugía ortognática provoca cambios en el espacio aéreo faríngeo, por lo que ha sido empleada en el tratamiento de dicho síndrome. Objetivo: Caracterizar las técnicas en cirugía ortognática más empleadas en el tratamiento del síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño, sus influencias sobre la vía aérea faríngea y efectividad terapéutica. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura científica desde diciembre del 2016 a junio del 2017 a través de los buscadores de información y plataformas SciELO, Medline, Pubmed y Hinari. Los descriptores empleados para la búsqueda fueron cirugía ortognática, síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño, vía aérea faríngea, avance máxilo mandibular y sus combinaciones. Se obtuvieron 127 artículos de los que se seleccionaron 28 por su contenido, actualidad y objetividad. Análisis e integración de la información: El adelanto quirúrgico del maxilar, mandíbula, mentón o sus combinaciones minimiza los efectos del síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño. Es recomendable la cirugía bimaxilar en la corrección de las clases III esqueletales para atenuar posibles efectos perjudiciales sobre la vía aérea por la retroposición mandibular aislada. Conclusiones: La cirugía ortognática de avance, incrementa el espacio faríngeo y mejora la calidad del sueño. Los movimientos de retroposición pueden tener efecto inverso, aspecto importante en la corrección de las clases III esqueletales(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome causes daytime sleepiness, affects the cardiovascular system and reduces the quality of life. Since orthognathic surgery brings about changes in the pharyngeal airway space, it has been used to treat this syndrome. Objective: Characterize the orthognathic surgery techniques most commonly used to treat obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, their impact on the pharyngeal airway and their therapeutic effectiveness. Methods: A bibliographic review was conducted from December 2016 to June 2017 using the search engines and platforms SciELO, Medline, Pubmed and Hinari. The search words used were orthognathic surgery, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, pharyngeal airway, maxillomandibular advancement, and combinations thereof. Of the 127 papers obtained, 28 were selected based on their content, topicality and objectivity. Data analysis and integration: Surgical advancement of the maxilla, mandible, chin or combinations thereof minimizes the effects of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Bimaxillary surgery is recommended to correct skeletal class III malocclusion so as to lessen potential damaging effects on the airway caused by isolated mandibular retroposition. Conclusions: Advancement orthognathic surgery broadens the pharyngeal airway space and improves the quality of sleep. The fact that retroposition movements may have an opposite effect is an important aspect to be considered in the correction of skeletal class III malocclusions(AU)

Humans , Retrognathia/etiology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Orthognathic Surgery/methods , Quality of Life , Review Literature as Topic
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2898, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126494


RESUMEN Introducción: Las anomalías dentofaciales son trastornos del crecimiento dental y facial que afectan tanto a niños como a adultos. Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico, en que en la búsqueda de armonía, por una anomalía dentofacial, se aplicaron principios del manejo multidisciplinario de cirugía ortognática y de otoplastia. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 18 años de edad que refiere inconformidad estética y en el que, mediante el análisis de modelos de estudio, mediciones de las telerradiografías indicadas y los hallazgos del examen físico, se llegó al diagnóstico de prognatismo mandibular con exceso vertical del mentón. Se ejecuta tratamiento ortodóncico-quirúrgico, realizándose osteotomía sagital mandibular y mentonoplastia de reducción de altura. Se emplearon como medios de fijación interna los tornillos bicorticales en la zona de ángulo mandibular y miniplacas en la región del mentón. Tres meses después se realizó otoplastia, para corregir la presencia de orejas prominentes, con el logro de un resultado funcional y estético satisfactorio. Conclusiones: Con la aplicación de los principios del manejo multidisciplinario de cirugía ortognática, combinada con la realización de una otoplastia, los resultados fueron positivos. Se alcanzó el objetivo de brindar armonía facial, con mejoría funcional y estética, y una alta satisfacción del paciente(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: Dentofacial anomalies are dental and facial growth disorders affecting children and adults alike. Objective: Present a clinical case of dentofacial anomaly in which principles of the multidisciplinary management of orthognathic surgery and otoplasty were applied to achieve harmony. Case report: A male 18-year-old patient reports esthetic dissatisfaction. Analysis of study models, measurements taken by teleradiography and findings of the physical examination led to the diagnosis of mandibular prognathism with a vertically extended chin. Orthodontic-surgical treatment was performed, consisting in sagittal mandibular osteotomy and height reduction mentoplasty. Bicortical screws were used for internal fixation in the mandibular angle area and miniplates in the chin region. Otoplasty was performed three months later to correct the presence of protruding ears, achieving satisfactory functional and esthetic results. Conclusions: Application of the principles of the multidisciplinary management of orthognathic surgery, combined with the conduct of otoplasty, led to positive results. The objective of achieving facial harmony was fulfilled, alongside functional and esthetic improvement and high patient satisfaction(AU)

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Prognathism/etiology , Esthetics , Orthognathic Surgery/methods , Dentofacial Deformities/diagnosis , Mandibular Osteotomy/methods , Patient Satisfaction
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135519


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) for those patients with dentofacial deformities, who underwent orthognathic surgery, and the control group. It also identified whether orthognathic surgery had a positive or negative impact on TMD symptoms by comparing TMD patients, who underwent orthognathic surgery, and people did not experience this surgery. Finally, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of orthognathic surgery on the pre-existing TMDs in malocclusion patients. Material and Methods: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, ISI, google scholar have been utilized as the electronic databases for systematically reviewing the literature between 2001 and February 2019. Inclusion criteria were undergoing orthognathic surgery, patients with/without pre-existing TMDs, and physical disabilities. Results: A total of 669 abstracts and titles with potential relevance have been identified in the course of the manual and electronic searches. It has been found that five studies met our inclusion criteria for a systematic review. Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) before orthognathic surgery in comparison to the controls (RR=0.02; 95% CI -0.08-0.13) and heterogeneity among the papers has been I2 = 42.86% (p=0.64). Conclusion: Malocclusion by orthognathic and orthodontics surgeries had a considerable rate of TMD compared to the controls.

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Orthognathic Surgery/instrumentation , Dentofacial Deformities/diagnosis , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Malocclusion/diagnosis , Effectiveness , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Iran/epidemiology
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135534


Abstract Objective: To use virtual computer-assisted planning in orthognathic surgeries through meta-analysis and systematic review. Material and Methods: This search took place between 2010 and 2019. The databases searched in this domain included MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, ISI, and Google scholar. Accordingly, the abstracts of the articles were initially reviewed and the ones that had the most coordination with the study objectives were selected. Then, the full texts of the articles were examined; and finally, five studies were selected. In addition to reviewing the related literature, the results were extracted and entered into the meta-analyzer Stata V.14 to summarize the final results. Results: The sample size in this study was at a range from 6 to 28 patients and a total number of 85 patients had participated in the given investigations. As well, CT and CBCT were selected as imaging methods. Clinical imaging and analysis were also employed in computer-assisted planning in all five studies. Subsequently, surgical planning was performed and the virtual splint was designed while the planning time was 225 minutes and 145 minutes in two studies. Conclusion: The present results supported computer-assisted planning and the quality of scientific evidence.

Humans , Male , Female , Diagnostic Imaging , Computer-Aided Design/instrumentation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/instrumentation , Orthognathic Surgery , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Patient Care Planning , China
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 10(1): 9-23, 2020. tab, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, tab, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1123489


Objetivo: evaluar, a través de medidas cefalométricas de los planos sagital y vertical, la estabilidad de pacientes con maloclusión clase III sometidos a cirugía ortognática bimaxilar. Métodos: se aplicó estudio longitudinal en 20 pacientes (11 mujeres), en un promedio de edad de 22.5 años y con diagnóstico de hipoplasia del tercio medio facial y prognatismo mandibular, tratados con ortodoncia y cirugía ortognática bimaxilar. Se realizaron tres radiografías cefálicas laterales por cada paciente: la primera, previa al procedimiento quirúrgico (T1), otra a los 8 meses posquirúrgicos (T2) y la tercera, a los 18 meses posquirúrgicos (T3). Posteriormente, se evaluaron los cambios en el plano X y Y en los tres tiempos realizando las pruebas estadísticas pertinentes con el fin de observar diferencias. Resultados: se encontraron medidas más estables en el maxilar superior en sentido vertical y sagital, y se observó que la mandíbula es menos estable a los movimientos quirúrgicos, principalmente en sentido vertical (diferencias estadís-ticamente significativas p<0.05). Conclusión: la cirugía ortognática bimaxilar en casos de clase III es muy estable (especialmente en el maxilar); dicha estabilidad fue definida solamente con medidas cefalométricas, sin tener en cuenta variables como la función o las características clínicas de los pacientes.

Objective: To evaluate cephalometric stability in the sagittal and vertical planes of class III malocclusion patients undergoing bimaxillary orthognathic surgery Class III skeletal malocclusion is reported as the most frequently dentofacial alteration treated in combination with orthodontics and orthognathic surgery. It is important to evaluate the stability or relapse of the surgical treatment performed on these patients. Methods: A longitudinal study were conducted in 20 patients (11 women), with an average of 22.5 years old, diagnosis of hypoplasia of the facial middle third and mandibular prognathism, treated with orthodontics and bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. Three lateral cephalic radiographs were taken for each patient: one prior to the surgical procedure (T1), another at 8 post-surgical months (T2) and finally at 18 post-surgical months (T3). The changes on the X and Y planes were evaluated the same three times, performing the relevant statistical tests in order to observe differences. Results: More stable measurements were found in the upper jaw in the vertical and sagittal direction, while the mandible is less stable to surgical movements, mainly in the vertical direction (statistically significant differences p<0.05). Conclusion: bimaxillary orthognathic surgery in class III malocclusion is very stable (especially in the maxilla). It is important to keep in mind the maxillary biomechanics in order to offer an accurate treatment to these patients. Further studies are required in order to investigate possible associated predictor factors.

Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Orthognathic Surgery , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Orthodontics , Prognathism , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Cephalometry
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811266


Osteogenesis imperfecta is a heterogeneous group of connective tissue diseases that is predominantly characterized by bone fragility and skeletal deformity. Two siblings with undiagnosed type I osteogenesis imperfecta underwent orthognathic surgery for the treatment of facial asymmetry and mandibular prognathism. The authors report two cases of combined orthodontics and orthognathic surgery in patients with type I osteogenesis imperfecta, mandibular prognathism, and facial asymmetry.

Congenital Abnormalities , Connective Tissue Diseases , Facial Asymmetry , Humans , Orthodontics , Orthognathic Surgery , Osteogenesis Imperfecta , Osteogenesis , Prognathism , Siblings
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781354


Treating dentofacial deformities secondary to condylar resorption is a remarkable clinical challenge. Combined orthodontic treatment and orthognathic surgery is currently the main treatment scheme and is often integrated with temporomandibular joint surgery or conservative treatment according to the severity of condylar resorption. This paper discussed the etiology, clinical features, imaging features, treatment options, and prophylaxis of condylar resorption.

Bone Resorption , Dentofacial Deformities , Humans , Mandibular Condyle , Orthognathic Surgery , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Temporomandibular Joint
Ortodoncia ; 83(166): 8-13, jul.-dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102094


La indicación de extracciones en aquellos casos en preparación para cirugía ortognática representa un compromiso, ya que la mayoría de las veces dichas extracciones sirven para exponer las desarmonías del contenido dental en relación con el continente óseo, lo que causa un empeoramiento estético que solo se reparará en ocasión de la cirugía. Es por eso que las opciones de "cirugía primero" se solicitan con mayor frecuencia en los últimos años.(AU)

Prescription of extractions in those cases in preparation for orthognathic surgery represents a compromise, since most times those extractions serve to show disharmonies of dental content in relation to the bone continent, which causes an aesthetical worsening that will only be repaired on occasion of surgery. That is why the 'surgery first' options are most frequently requested in recent years.(AU)

Orthodontics , Orthognathic Surgery , Tooth Extraction , Preparedness , Prescriptions , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Malocclusion, Angle Class III
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 504-510, dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056492


ABSTRACT: Many orthodontic treatments alone cannot reestablish an ideal occlusion, requiring correction through orthognathic surgery. An adequate surgical planning, execution and case follow-up can provide surgical stability between the maxilla and the mandible. Soft tissue conservation and proper correction during a healing phase are important to achieving this goal. Patient C.L.B.S, 38 years old, female, presented with Angle Class I occlusion, facial profile class II, maxilla with mobility, chin surgically advanced and anterior open bite. She was submitted to orthognathic surgery 10 years ago. In the panoramic radiography the absence of bone formation in the maxilla was observed, causing an open bite. For the surgery conventional radiographs were used, as well as the dental cast in articulator for model surgery and preparation of surgical guide. With the surgery an improvement in the patient's aesthetics profile and an ideal occlusion, static and functional were expected. The treatment was orthodontic-surgical, with correction of the dento-facial deformity with counter-clockwise rotation of the maxilla, lowering repositioning in 3 mm of its posterior portion through Le Fort I osteotomy, advancement of the 4 mm mandible with bilateral sagittal osteotomy, and genioplasty for posterior repositioning with a Z-osteotomy, to improve mentual harmony. There was an improvement in the profile and aesthetics of the patient, which developed an Angle Class I profile, a decrease in the mentual projection, and an aesthetic and functional improvement. The orthognathic surgery allowed the advancement of the mandible, the repositioning of the maxilla and the mentual posterior repositioning, obtaining the correction of the Angle class II profile and the anterior open bite, resulting in an important improvement of facial profile and esthetics, presence of skeletal stability, restoration of function, self-esteem and quality of life.

RESUMEN: En muchos casos, el tratamiento ortodóntico por si solo no puede restablecer una oclusión ideal, siendo necesaria una cirúrgia ortognática. Una buena planificación quirúrgica, ejecución y seguimiento del caso, pueden proporcionar estabilidad entre los maxilares. La preservación de los tejidos blandos y una fijación adecuada son esenciales para ese objetivo. La paciente CLBS, 38 años, se presentó con oclusión Clase I de Angle, teniendo perfil clase II, maxilar con movilidad, mentón quirúrgicamente avanzado y mordida abierta anterior. La paciente fue sometida a cirugía ortognática 10 años antes. En radiografía panorámica, se nota la ausencia de formación ósea debido a una fijación maxilar realizada erróneamente, lo que causó la mordida abierta. Durante la planificación, fueron utilizadas radiografías convencionales, modelos de yeso en articulador para cirugía de modelo y confección de guía quirúrgica. Con el procedimento quirúrgico se esperaba obtener una mejora en el perfil de la paciente y una oclusión ideal, estática y funcional. El tratamiento fue ortodóntico-quirúrgico, con corrección de la deformidad dento-facial con giro antihorario de la mandíbula, con reposicionamiento inferior de 3 mm de su parte posterior, por medio de osteotomía Le Fort I, avance de la mandíbula de 4 mm con osteotomía sagital bilateral, y retroceso del mentón en su posición original con osteotomía en Z, mejorando la armonía del mentón. Hubo una mejora en perfil y en la estética de la paciente, como también una mejora en el perfil, estética y funcionalidade, con diminución del mentón. La cirúrgia ortognática permitió el movimiento de la mandíbula, reposicionamiento maxilar y además fue posible retroceder el mentón, obteniendo la corrección del perfil Clase II y de la mordida abierta anterior. El resultado representa una mejora del perfil y de la estética facial, además se nota una estabilidad esquelética, con restablecimiento de la función, autoestima y calidad de vida.

Humans , Female , Adult , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Orthognathic Surgery , Mandible/surgery , Maxilla/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Brazil , Radiography, Panoramic/methods , Cephalometry , Open Bite/epidemiology , Dental Occlusion, Traumatic , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Malocclusion, Angle Class I , Mandible/diagnostic imaging