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1.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(1): e303, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248720

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas metafisarias de radio distal son las fracturas más frecuentes en la edad pediátrica, siendo 30% del total de las mismas. Mantener la reducción de las fracturas desplazadas no siempre es posible: el re-desplazamiento es la principal complicación de estas lesiones. Clásicamente se realizó tratamiento con maniobra y yeso, aunque en los últimos años se asoció fijación con Kirschner wire (Kw) en búsqueda de disminuir el re-desplazamiento. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo es identificar factores de riesgo en búsqueda de realizar el mejor tratamiento siendo lo menos agresivo posible. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada a través del buscador electrónico PubMed. La misma alcanzó un total de 4594 artículos, que de acuerdo con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión se seleccionaron 15 trabajos para realizar nuestra revisión bibliográfica. Resultados: Se destaca que la mayoría de los artículos encontrados son de nivel de evidencia III y IV. Nuestra búsqueda refleja un índice de re-desplazamiento entre 20-39% mediante yeso a las 2 semanas; asi como un índice de re-manipulación entre el 5-10 % del total de las fracturas desplazadas. La mayoría de los estudios analizados intentan identificar los factores de riesgo más importantes para el re-desplazamiento de las fracturas, de lo que se destacan el grado de desplazamiento inicial de la fractura y la reducción lograda de la misma. A su vez, otros artículos valoran los resultados del tratamiento mediante estabilización con yeso o fijación mediante Kirschner wire. Conclusión: el desplazamiento inicial de la fractura y la reducción lograda en block quirúrgico (BQ) son los factores de riesgo más importantes para el re-desplazamiento. Si bien la técnica de enyesado no es considerado una variable estadísticamente significativa, es considerada una variable importante en cuanto al pronóstico de la lesión, destacando al moldeado de 3 puntos como principal índice a considerar. Se considera aconsejable asociar un Kw en aquellas fracturas cabalgadas en las que no se logra una reducción anatómica en block quirúrgico.


Introduction: Distal radius metaphyseal fractures are the most frequent fractures in pediatric age, accounting for 30% of the total. Maintaining the reduction of displaced fractures is not always possible: re-displacement is the main complication of these injuries. Classically, treatment was performed with a maneuver and a cast, although in recent years fixation with Kirschner wire (Kw) has been associated in search of reducing re-displacement. The objective of our work is to identify risk factors in search of the best treatment while being the least aggressive possible. Materials and methods: A systematic search was carried out using the PubMed electronic search engine. It reached a total of 4594 articles, which according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 15 papers were selected for our bibliographic review. Results: It should be noted that most of the articles found are level of evidence III and IV. Our search reflects a re-displacement rate between 20-39% using a cast at 2 weeks; as well as a re-manipulation index between 5-10% of all displaced fractures. Most of the studies analyzed attempt to identify the most important risk factors for the re-displacement of fractures, of which the degree of initial displacement of the fracture and the reduction achieved are highlighted. In turn, other articles assess the results of treatment by stabilization with plaster or fixation with Kirschner wire. Conclusion: the initial displacement of the fracture and the reduction achieved in the surgical block (BQ) are the most important risk factors for re-displacement. Although the casting technique is not considered a statistically significant variable, it is considered an important variable in terms of the prognosis of the injury, highlighting the 3-point casting as the main index to be considered. It is considered advisable to associate a Kw in those mounted fractures in which an anatomical reduction in surgical block is not achieved.


Introdução: As fraturas metafisárias do rádio distal são as mais frequentes na idade pediátrica, correspondendo a 30% do total. Manter a redução das fraturas desviadas nem sempre é possível: o deslocamento é a principal complicação dessas lesões. Classicamente, o tratamento era realizado com manobra e gesso, embora nos últimos anos a fixação com fio de Kirschner (Kw) tenha sido associada na busca pela redução do deslocamento. O objetivo do nosso trabalho é identificar os fatores de risco em busca do melhor tratamento sendo o menos agressivo possível. Materiais e métodos: uma busca sistemática foi realizada usando o mecanismo de busca eletrônico PubMed. Chegou-se a um total de 4.594 artigos, que de acordo com os critérios de inclusão e exclusão, foram selecionados 15 artigos para nossa revisão bibliográfica. Resultados: Ressalta-se que a maioria dos artigos encontrados são de nível de evidência III e IV. Nossa pesquisa reflete uma taxa de re-deslocamento entre 20-39% usando um gesso em 2 semanas; bem como um índice de remanipulação entre 5-10% de todas as fraturas deslocadas. A maioria dos estudos analisados ​​busca identificar os fatores de risco mais importantes para o deslocamento das fraturas, que incluem o grau de deslocamento inicial da fratura e a redução alcançada. Por sua vez, outros artigos avaliam os resultados do tratamento com estabilização gessada ou fixação com fio de Kirschner. Conclusão: o deslocamento inicial da fratura e a redução alcançada no bloqueio cirúrgico (QB) são os fatores de risco mais importantes para o deslocamento. Embora a técnica de gesso não seja considerada uma variável estatisticamente significativa, é considerada uma variável importante em termos de prognóstico da lesão, destacando-se o gesso em 3 pontos como o principal índice a ser considerado. Considera-se aconselhável associar um Kw nas fraturas montadas em que não se consegue redução anatômica no bloqueio cirúrgico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radius Fractures/surgery , Radius Fractures/complications , Wrist Injuries/surgery , Wrist Injuries/complications , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Skeleton/growth & development , Risk Factors
2.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2021. 81 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367745

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O descarte do resíduo produzido é um dos grandes problemas mundiais; mensurar o quanto afeta a nossa saúde, a comunidade, o meio ambiente e o ecossistema é um desafio e diversas legislações tentam minimizar os danos causados pelo descarte inadequado e incorreto. O resíduo dos hospitais é denominado Resíduo de serviço de saúde (RSS) e deve ser tratado de acordo com a sua classificação, o explante ortopédico é um desses RSS e tem uma legislação própria para o seu manuseio e descarte desde 2012. Sempre que aparecem novas normatizações faz-se necessário a adequação do serviço de saúde e da equipe, as tecnologias podem ser utilizadas para auxiliar nesse processo. Refletindo sobre essas questões surgiu a questão que norteou o estudo: Seria possível desenvolver uma ferramenta eletrônica, do tipo aplicativo, para auxiliar no gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos? Objetivos: Criar uma ferramenta eletrônica do tipo aplicativo para auxiliar no gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos; criar protocolos que visem a institucionalização do fluxo de descarte dos explantes ortopédicos com base nas legislações e boas práticas vigentes e estabelecer um fluxo de acompanhamento de explantes ortopédicos a partir da necessidade da realização de uma cirurgia para a retirada de um implante ortopédico até a sua disposição final ambientalmente adequada. Metodologia: trata-se de uma pesquisa aplicada que visa o desenvolvimento de um software, do tipo aplicativo para smartphone, de cunho multiprofissional, para o gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos. Para a elaboração do aplicativo foi seguido os conceitos de Pressman e suas definições quanto a fase de prototipação: comunicação, projeto rápido, modelagem do projeto rápido, construção do protótipo e emprego, entrega e alinhamento. Essas fases foram abordadas como etapas da pesquisa. O cenário do estudo foi um hospital-escola público integrante da rede de hospitais do Ministério da Educação. O público-alvo do estudo foi aquele a qual se destina a utilização da tecnologia, os gerentes, a equipe de enfermagem, os instrumentadores cirúrgicos do bloco cirúrgico do hospital-escola e os usuários do sistema de saúde submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos para retirada de explantes cirúrgicos. Resultados: Foram elaborados 8 (oito) produtos; dois em formato de artigo, o primeiro intitulado: "Gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos e a realidade brasileira: uma revisão integrativa" e o segundo "A criação de aplicativo para auxílio no gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos: uma realidade", 2 fluxogramas, 3 protocolos e um aplicativo intitulado "Explantes ortopédicos". O desenvolvimento do aplicativo foi realizado de forma interativa incremental, na linguagem de programação disponível no site da "Fábrica de aplicativos". Na fase de comunicação foram elaborados cinco documentos sendo eles dois formulários e três protocolos, além de dois fluxogramas que nos guiaram nas demais fases de criação do aplicativo. Conclusão: É possível criar uma ferramenta eletrônica do tipo aplicativo para auxiliar no gerenciamento de explantes ortopédicos assim como criar protocolos que visem a institucionalização do fluxo de descarte e acompanhamento desses para que tenham uma disposição final ambientalmente adequada


Introduction: Disposal of waste produced is one of the world's major problems; measuring how much it affects our health, community, environment and ecosystem is a challenge and various laws try to minimize the damage caused by improper and incorrect disposal. The waste of hospitals is called Health Service Residue (RSS) and should be treated according to their classification, the orthopedic explant is one of these RSS and has its own legislation for its handling and disposal since 2012. Whenever new norms appear, it is necessary to adapt the health service and the team, the technologies can be used to assist in this process. Reflecting on these questions, the question that guided the study arose: Would it be possible to develop an electronic tool, of the application type, to assist in the management of orthopedic explants? Objectives: Create an electronic tool of the type application to assist in the management of orthopedic explants; create protocols aimed at the institutionalization of the disposal flow of orthopedic explants based on the laws and good practices current and establish a follow-up flow of orthopedic explants from the need for surgery for the removal of an orthopedic implant until its final disposal is environmentally appropriate. Methodology: this is an applied research that aims at the development of a software, type smartphone application, of a multiprofessional nature, for the management of orthopedic explants. For the elaboration of the application was followed the concepts of Pressman and its definitions regarding the prototyping phase: communication, fast design, rapid design modeling, prototype construction and employment, delivery and alignment. These phases were addressed as stages of the research. The study scenario was a public teaching hospital that is part of the hospital network of the Ministry of Education. The target audience of the study was the one that was intended to use the technology, managers, the nursing team, surgical instruments of the surgical block of the teaching hospital and users of the health system submitted to surgical procedures for removal of surgical explants. Results: Eight (8) products were elaborated; two in article format, the first entitled: "Management of orthopedic explants and the Brazilian reality: an integrative review" and the second "The creation of an application to assist in the management of orthopedic explants: a reality", 2 flowcharts, 3 protocols and an application entitled "Orthopedic Explants". The development of the application was carried out interactively incrementally, in the programming language available on the "Application Factory" website. In the communication phase, five documents were elaborated, two forms and three protocols, in addition to two flowcharts that guided us in the other phases of application creation. Conclusions: It is possible to create an electronic tool of the application type to assist in the management of orthopedic explants as well as to create protocols that aim at the institutionalization of the disposal flow and monitoring of these so that they have an environmentally appropriate final disposition


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prostheses and Implants , Medical Waste Disposal/methods , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Mobile Applications/trends , Environmentally Suitable Disposal , Waste Management/methods
3.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(6): 2487-2498, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150032

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el control de daños en Ortopedia es aplazar la reparación definitiva de lesiones traumáticas, con el objetivo de la recuperación fisiológica deteriorada por lesiones y/o complicaciones que pueden poner en peligro la vida, realizando entonces procedimientos quirúrgicos sencillos, como una estabilización quirúrgica externa de las fracturas. Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento del control de daños ortopédicos en politraumatizados pediátricos. Materiales y método: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, prospectivo, de corte transversal, de enero del 2015 a diciembre del 2018. El universo estuvo constituido por 22 pacientes menores de 19 años de edad, politraumatizados en el período; la muestra por 15 pacientes, a los que se les aplicó control de daños ortopédicos, según criterios de selección. Resultados: se aplicó control de daños ortopédicos a 15 infantes. El más afectado fue el sexo masculino con el 73,3 %. Prevalecieron los traumatismos de los miembros inferiores con el 58,3 % y las fracturas cerradas con un 53,8 %. La osteomielitis crónica fue la complicación que predominó, en el 20 % de la muestra. En el 73,3 % de los casos se evaluó como satisfactoria la aplicación del control de daños ortopédicos en los politraumatizados. Conclusiones: a la totalidad de los traumatizados se le aplicó control de daños ortopédicos. Predominó el sexo masculino y el grupo de edad de 9 -14 años. Los miembros inferiores aportan la mayor cantidad con el fémur y la tibia. El control de daños ortopédicos se evaluó satisfactoriamente en la mayoría de los pacientes estudiados (AU).


ABSTRAC Introduction: the control of damages in Orthopedics is to postpone the definitive repair of traumatic lesions, with the objective of the physiologic recovery deteriorated by lesions and/or complications that can put in danger the life, carrying out simple surgical procedures, like an external surgical stabilization of the fractures at that time. . Objective: to determine the behavior of the orthopedic damage control in pediatric politraumatized patients. Material and method: a cross-sectional, prospective, descriptive, observational study was carried out from January 2015 to December 2018. The universe was formed by 22 patients younger than 19 years politraumatized in the period and the sample formed 15 patients; they underwent orthopedic damage control, according to the selection criteria. Results: the orthopedic damage control, was applied to 15 children. Male sex was the most affected one. Trauma in the lower limbs with 58.3 % and closed fractures with 53.8 prevailed. The predominating complication was chronic poliomyelitis in 20 % of the sample. The orthopedic damage control in politraumatized patients was assessed as successful in 73.3 % of the cases. Conclusions: the orthopedic damage control was applied to the total of traumatized patients. The male sex and the 9-14 years-old age group predominated. Lower limbs contributed with the biggest quantity of trauma, in femur and tibia. The orthopedic damage control was assessed as successful in most of studied patients (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Multiple Trauma/prevention & control , Child , Patient Harm/prevention & control , Orthopedics/methods , Minor Surgical Procedures/methods , Wounds and Injuries/prevention & control , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Fractures, Closed/diagnosis , Fractures, Open/diagnosis
4.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 35(1): 60-71, oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366696

ABSTRACT

The Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) triggered a global health emergency, and as a response, institutions and medical services have implemented different measures regarding the management of these patients in order to maintain medical care, and reduce the spread of the virus in patients and medical staff. The following review aims to present the current recommendations made by international, national and local societies regarding medical action from Traumatology and Orthopaedics. A literature review was done on Medline / Pubmed platforms, The Journal Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS), Journal of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (JAAOS), Sociedad Chilena de Ortopedia y Traumatología (SCHOT). The literature was in Spanish and English, comparing it with reality on a local level. The current COVID-19 pandemic led to the complete reform of the trauma care units, starting with the development of subspecialty teams that rotate periodically, which are in charge of the emergency area, treating patients with all personal protection elements (PPE) and categorizing those patients who require emergency trauma surgery, from those that can be managed in a delayed manner. Regarding patients who are hospitalized, a COVID-19 PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) test is taken as screening, except for emergency surgeries where all intraoperative protection measures are taken. In addition, for greater safety, all elective surgery was suspended, which reduces the flow of patients in the ward and in the inpatient unit. Outpatient care was optimized in order to protect patients in their periodic check-ups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Traumatology/standards , Traumatology/organization & administration , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Orthopedic Procedures/standards , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Emergency Medicine , Hospital Administration/methods , Hospitals/standards , Hospitals, General/organization & administration
5.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 311-317, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137208

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Tranexamic acid was studied in four different dosage regimens and their efficacy was compared for perioperative blood loss reduction, blood transfusion requirements and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) complication. Methods: Two hundred patients undergoing major orthopedic procedures were divided into five groups containing 40 patients each: Placebo, low dose (bolus 10 mg kg-1), low dose + maintenance (bolus 10 mg kg-1 + maintenance 1 mg kg-1 hr-1), high dose (bolus 30 mg kg-1) and high dose + maintenance (bolus 30 mg kg-1 + maintenance 3 mg kg-1 hr-1). Surgical blood loss was measured intraoperatively and drains collection in the first 24 hours postoperatively. Blood transfusion was done when hematocrit falls less than 25%. DVT screening was done in the postoperative period. Results: The intraoperative blood loss was 440 ± 207.54 mL in the placebo group, 412.5 ± 208.21 mL in the low dose group, 290 ± 149.6 ml in the low dose plus maintenance group, 332.5 ± 162.33 mL in the high dose group and 240.7 ± 88.15 mL in the high dose maintenance group (p < 0.001). The reduction in postoperative blood loss in the drain for first 24 hours was 80 ± 44.44 mL in the placebo group, 89.88 ± 44.87 mL in the low dose group, 56.7 ± 29.12 mL in the low dose plus maintenance group, 77.9 ± 35.74 mL in the high dose group and 46.7 ± 19.9 mL in the high dose maintenance group (p < 0.001). DVT was not encountered in any patient. Conclusion: Tranexamic acid was most effective in reducing surgical blood loss and blood transfusion requirements in a low dose + maintenance group.


Resumo Justificativa: O ácido tranexâmico foi avaliado em quatro esquemas com diferentes posologias, comparando-se a eficácia de cada esquema quanto a redução na perda sanguínea perioperatória, necessidade de transfusão sanguínea e ocorrência de Trombose Venosa Profunda (TVP). Método: Duzentos pacientes submetidos a procedimentos ortopédicos de grande porte foram divididos em cinco grupos de 40 pacientes de acordo com o esquema de administração de ácido tranexâmico: grupo placebo, grupo baixa dose (bolus de 10 mg.kg-1, grupo baixa dose e manutenção (bolus de 10 mg.kg-1 + manutenção de 1 mg.kg-1.h-1), grupo alta dose (bolus de 30 mg.kg-1), e grupo alta dose e manutenção (bolus de 30 mg.kg-1 + manutenção de 3 mg.kg-1.h-1). A perda sanguínea cirúrgica foi medida no intraoperatório. Além disso, nas primeiras 24 horas pós-operatórias, foi medido o volume de sangue coletado no dreno. Era realizada transfusão de sangue se o valor do hematócrito fosse inferior a 25%. Foi realizada avaliação quanto à ocorrência de TVP no pós-operatório. Resultados: A perda sanguínea intraoperatória foi de 440 ± 207,54 mL no grupo placebo, 412,5 ± 208,21 mL no grupo baixa dose, 290 ± 149,6 mL no grupo baixa dose e manutenção, 332,5 ± 162,33 mL no grupo alta dose, e 240,7 ± 88,15 mL no grupo alta dose e manutenção (p < 0,001). A redução na perda sanguínea pós-operatória pelo dreno nas primeiras 24 horas foi de 80 ± 44,44 mL no grupo placebo; 89,88 ± 44,87 mL no grupo baixa dose, 56,7 ± 29,12 mL no grupo baixa dose e dose de manutenção, 77,9 ± 35,74 mL no grupo alta dose e 46,7 ± 19,9 mL no grupo alta dose e manutenção (p < 0,001). TVP não foi observada em nenhum paciente. Conclusão: O ácido tranexâmico administrado em baixa dose combinado à manutenção foi mais eficaz em reduzir a perda sanguínea cirúrgica e a necessidade de transfusão de sangue.


Subject(s)
Tranexamic Acid/administration & dosage , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Antifibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage , Blood Transfusion/statistics & numerical data , Drug Administration Schedule , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Postoperative Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 440-442, July-Aug. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137191

ABSTRACT

Abstract The erector spinae plane block is a safe and effective regional anesthesia technique, which has earned new indications perioperatively since its description. We introduce two pediatric anesthesia cases in which we performed the erector spinae plane block during intermediate/major orthopedic surgeries. The first patient is a 2 year-old girl submitted to surgical treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip. The second patient is a 14 year-old boy submitted to surgical treatment of bilateral clubfoot. This last patient is potentially the first published case in which the erector spinae plane block was performed for ankle and foot surgery. Both cases experienced excellent analgesia, avoiding opiate requirement completely.


Resumo O bloqueio do plano eretor da espinha guiado por ultrassonografia é uma técnica segura e eficaz de anestesia regional, que apresenta novas indicações no perioperatório. Apresentamos dois casos de bloqueio do plano eretor da espinha realizados para analgesia de cirurgia ortopédica pediátrica de médio/grande porte. O primeiro: menina de 2 anos submetida a tratamento cirúrgico de displasia do desenvolvimento do quadril. O segundo: menino de 14 anos submetido a correção de pé valgo bilateral. Este último, no melhor do nosso conhecimento, é o primeiro caso de bloqueio do plano eretor da espinha em cirurgia de tornozelo/pé descrito na literatura. Os casos tiveram analgesia pós-operatória adequada, sem necessidade de opioides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Clubfoot/surgery , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip/surgery , Nerve Block/methods , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Paraspinal Muscles
7.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(1): 28-35, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291848

ABSTRACT

La corrección de deformidades en extremidades inferiores del adulto sigue siendo un capítulo desafiante en ortopedia y traumatología. El conocimiento del alineamiento normal de las extremidades inferiores y su comportamiento son fundamentales para una adecuada planificación quirúrgica y éxito del tratamiento, especialmente en tobillo y retropié. El objetivo de esta revisión, es conocer los principios fundamentales de la corrección de deformidades, orientar en que factores fijarse al momento de corregir y poder dar una guía de cómo planificar la cirugía, particularmente en deformidades de tobillo y retropié. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: Nivel V.


Adult lower limb deformity corrections remain a challenging chapter in orthopedic surgery. The knowledge of the normal lower limb alignment and their behavior is essential for a proper surgical planning and treatment success, especially on foot and ankle surgery. The objective of this review is to show the main principles of deformity correction, to guide the factors to consider when correcting and to provide a surgical planning guide, particularly in the ankle and hind foot deformities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Foot Deformities/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Lower Extremity/surgery
8.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 17-21, feb. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092885

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo Comunicar la experiencia en el tratamiento de pectus excavatum en el Instituto Nacional del Tórax. Material y Método: Estudio descriptivo con seguimiento. Se recolectaron datos de las variables de interés, mediante la revisión de fichas clínicas. Se incluyeron pacientes operados entre marzo de 2007 y abril de 2018. Resultados Se incluyeron 86 pacientes operados con técnica mínimamente invasiva en el período descrito. De ellos, 74 pacientes de sexo masculino. El promedio de edad al momento de la cirugía fue de 17,8 años. El principal motivo de consulta fue por desmedro estético que correspondió al 41,8% de los pacientes. Salvo en 1 paciente, en todo el resto se ocupó una sola barra. En nuestra serie hubo 12 pacientes que presentaron alguna complicación operatoria y 1 paciente fallecido. Hasta el cierre del seguimiento se retiraron 61 barras, 2 de ellas previo al período estipulado de tratamiento, por morbilidad. Hay 20 barras in situ y 4 pacientes de los cuales no se tiene registro por abandono de controles. Discusión El pectus excavatum es la más frecuente de las deformidades de la pared torácica, es 4 a 6 veces más frecuente en hombres que en mujeres. En general los pacientes son asintomáticos, aunque algunos pueden presentar síntomas cardiopulmonares. La reparación con cirugía mínimamente invasiva con técnica de Nuss aparece hoy en día como el gold standard de manejo. Conclusión El manejo de los pacientes con pectus excavatum en nuestra Institución se asemeja a lo reportado en la literatura internacional. Nuestros esfuerzos deben apuntar a disminuir la morbimortalidad asociada.


Aim To communicate the experience in the treatment of pectus excavatum in the National Institute of Thorax. Materials and Method: Descriptive study with follow-up. Data of variables of interest were collected through the review of clinical records. Patients operated between March 2007 and April 2018 were included. Results 86 patients operated with the Nuss technique were included in the period described. Of them, 74 male patients. The average age at the time of surgery was 17.8 years. The main reason for consultation was due to cosmetic detriment that corresponded to 41.8% of the patients. Except in 1 patient, in all the rest a single bar was occupied. In our series, there were 12 patients who presented some operative complication and 1 patient died. Up to the end of the follow-up, 61 bars were removed, 2 of them in non-scheduled surgery. There are 20 bars in situ and 4 patients of which there is no registration due to abandonment of controls. Discussion Pectus excavatum is the most frequent of the deformities of the chest wall, it is 4 to 6 times more frequent in men than in women. In general, patients are asymptomatic, although some may have cardiopulmonary symptoms. The repair with minimally invasive surgery with Nuss technique appears today as the goldstandard of management. Conclusion The management of patients with pectus excavatum in our Institution is similar to that reported in the international literature. Our efforts should aim to reduce the associated morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Prostheses and Implants , Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Funnel Chest/surgery , Funnel Chest/therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Funnel Chest/diagnostic imaging
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(6): 739-745, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057946

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tarsal navicular fractures, as well as other midfoot injuries, are rare, and can result in severe impairment if not properly treated. Parkour, a modern sport, is gaining popularity among young individuals in urban areas, and is prone to result in high-energy trauma, which is scarcely described in the literature. The following is a report of a rare case of tarsal navicular fracture in a 17-year-old male, sustained during parkour practice, which was treated successfully with open reduction and internal fixation. The description of the case emphasizes the challenges of its approach; the discussion highlights the treatment options and goals. The case should also raise awareness about the increasing occurrence of these uncommon lesions.


Resumo As fraturas do escafoide társico, bem como outras lesões do médiopé, são raras e podem resultar em incapacidade grave se não forem tratadas adequadamente. Parkour, um esporte moderno, está ganhando popularidade entre os jovens em áreas urbanas, e é propenso a traumatismos de alta energia, sendo estes escassamente descritos na literatura. O presente relato trata de um caso de fratura rara do escafoide társico em um paciente do sexo masculino de 17 anos, ocorrida durante a prática de parkour, que foi tratada com sucesso, com redução aberta e fixação interna. A descrição do caso enfatiza os desafios na sua abordagem; a discussão destaca as opções de tratamento e seus objetivos. O caso também deve alertar sobre a ocorrência crescente dessas lesões incomuns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sports , Tarsal Joints , Tarsal Bones , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Fractures, Bone , Open Fracture Reduction
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 413-416, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives Ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein catheterization is a common and generally safe procedure in the operating room. However, inadvertent puncture of a noncompressible artery such as the subclavian artery, though rare, may be associated with life-threatening sequelae, including hemomediastinum, hemothorax, and pseudoaneurysm. Case report We describe a case of the successful endovascular repair of right subclavian artery injury in a 75-year-old woman. Subclavian artery was injured secondary to ultrasound-guided right internal jugular vein catheterization under general anesthesia for orthopedic surgery. Conclusion Under general anesthesia several factors such as hypotension can mask the signs of subclavian artery injury. This case report indicates that clinicians should be aware of the complications of central venous catheterization and take prompt action.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos A cateterização da veia jugular interna guiada por ultrassom é um procedimento comum e geralmente seguro em sala cirúrgica. No entanto, a punção inadvertida de uma artéria não compressível, como a artéria subclávia, embora rara, pode estar associada a sequelas e risco para vida, incluindo hemomediastino, hemotórax e pseudoaneurisma. Relato de caso Descrevemos um caso bem-sucedido da correção endovascular de lesão da artéria subclávia direita em uma paciente de 75 anos. A artéria subclávia foi lesionada após cateterização guiada por ultrassom da veia jugular interna direita sob anestesia geral para cirurgia ortopédica. Conclusão Sob anestesia geral, vários fatores, como a hipotensão, podem mascarar os sinais de lesão da artéria subclávia. Este relato de caso indica que os médicos devem estar cientes das complicações da cateterização venosa central e tomar medidas imediatas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Subclavian Artery/injuries , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Vascular System Injuries/etiology , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Jugular Veins/diagnostic imaging
11.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(4): 261-264, jul.-ago. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284951

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La esclerodermia localizada es la forma de presentación de esclerosis más frecuente en niños; tiene una incidencia de 2.7 por cada 100,000 habitantes, con predilección por la raza caucásica y el sexo femenino con relación de 2.4 a 4.1 por cada varón. El común denominador es la afección a nivel de tejido conectivo, genera una variedad de presentación clínica que va desde placas escleróticas localizadas circunscritas que afectan la piel hasta afecciones más profundas que atacan al tejido muscular y óseo, dejando secuelas estéticas y/o deformidades incapacitantes en el paciente. Objetivo: Presentación de caso y su manejo quirúrgico. Los datos expuestos se obtuvieron del expediente clínico físico y electrónico, entrevista directa con paciente y familiares y seguimiento y valoración de estudios radiográficos, desde Enero de 2012 hasta Noviembre de 2017. Discusión: El tratamiento quirúrgico está indicado cuando las deformidades y contracturas condicionan incapacidad en el paciente. Los mejores resultados se obtendrán una vez que la enfermedad haya dejado de progresar.


Abstract: Introduction: Localized scleroderma is the most common form of sclerosis in children; it has an incidence of 2.7 per 100,000 inhabitants, with a predilection for the Caucasian and female races of 2.4 to 4.1 per male. The common denominator is the connective tissue-level condition, causing a variety of clinical presentation ranging from localized sclerotic circumscribed plaques affecting the skin, to deeper conditions that attack muscle and bone tissue, leaving aesthetic consequences and/or disabling deformities in the patient. Objective: Case presentation and surgical management. The data presented were obtained from the physical and electronic clinical record, direct interview with patients and family members and monitoring and evaluation of radiographic studies, from January 2012 to November 2017. Discussion: Surgical treatment is indicated when deformities and contractures condition incapacity in the patient. The best results will be obtained once the disease has stopped progressing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Scleroderma, Localized/surgery , Scleroderma, Localized/diagnosis , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Physical Examination , Disease Progression
12.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(1): 16-20, mar. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146575

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular torticollis is the postural deformity of the head and of the neck. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the results of bipolar sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle tenotomy in children. METHODS: The present prospective study was conducted at the Department of Orthopedic Surgery from December 2010 to December 2014. A total of 34 children with congenital muscular torticollis and a mean age of 4.8 years (range: 1­14 years) were recruited from the Outpatient Department. They were treated with bipolar SCM muscle release under general anesthesia. The functional and cosmetic results were rated on a scoring system modified from Lim et al (2014). All of the children were followed-up for 2 years. RESULTS: At the final follow-up, the neck range of movement and head tilt improved and their appearance were cosmetically improved despite the long-standing nature of the deformity. The results were excellent in 30 patients (88.23%) and good in 4 patients (11.76%). No postoperative complications were found in any of the 34 patients. CONCLUSION: Bipolar tenotomy of the SCM muscle is a good method for correcting difficult cases of congenital muscular torticollis. It is a safe, effective and complicationfree method for these patients.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La tortícolis muscular congénita es la deformidad postural de la cabeza y del cuello. El propósito de este estudio es evaluar los resultados de la tenotomía del músculo esternocleidomastoideo bipolar en niños. MÉTODOS: Este estudio prospectivo, se realizó en el departamento de Cirugía Ortopédica a partir de diciembre de 2010 a diciembre de 2014. Treinta y cuatro niños con tortícolis muscular congénita con una edad media de 4,8 años (rango: 1 a 14 años) fueron reclutados del ambulatorio. Fueron tratados con liberación de músculo esternocleidomustoide bipolar bajo anestesia general. Los resultados funcionales y cosméticos se evaluaron en un sistema de puntuación modificado de Lim y col (2014). Todos los niños recibieron acompañamiento durante dos años. RESULTADOS: En el acompañamiento final, el rango del cuello del movimiento, la inclinación y su apariencia fueron cosméticamente mejorados a pesar de la permanente naturaleza de la deformidad. Los resultados fueron excelentes en treinta pacientes (88,23%) y bueno en cuatro pacientes (11,76%).. No se encontraron complicaciones en el post-operatorio de esos 34 pacientes. CONCLUSIÓN: La tenotomía bipolar de los esternocleidomastoideos es un buen método para corregir los casos de tortícolis muscular congénita.. Para los pacientes, es un método seguro, efectivo y sin complicaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Torticollis/surgery , Torticollis/congenital , Tenotomy/methods , Torticollis/physiopathology , Torticollis/rehabilitation , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Orthopedic Procedures/methods
13.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(1): 73-78, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-994548

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A amiloidose é caracterizada pela deposição de proteínas nos órgãos e tecidos, e tem sido associada à síndrome do túnel do carpo (STC) quando ocorre no punho. O objetivo é descrever uma série de casos de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia para STC associado à amiloidose. Métodos: O estudo incluiu 12 pacientes que se submeteram à cirurgia para tratar a STC cuja biópsia identificou amiloidose; o seguimento foi de cinco anos. Os pacientes foram avaliados por testes clínicos, eletroneuromiografia, imagens radiológicas e biópsia. Resultados: Todos os pacientes apresentaram queixas musculoesqueléticas, sintomas severos de compressão do nervo mediano, alterações nos testes neurofisiológicos. Realizou-se a cirurgia, sinovectomia e biópsia. No pós-operatório, cinco pacientes (41%) desenvolveram dor crônica e distrofia simpático-reflexa. Conclusão: Observou-se maior frequência de dor pós-operatória na amostra, o que revela a necessidade de atenção na abordagem e tratamento dessa associação.


Introduction: Amyloidosis features protein deposition in the organs and tissues and has been associated with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) when it occurs in the wrist. The objective is to describe a case series of patients undergoing surgery for CTS associated with amyloidosis. Methods: The study included 12 patients who underwent surgery to treat CTS in whom amyloidosis was proven by biopsy; the follow-up period was 5 years. The patients were evaluated by clinical tests, electroneuromyography, radiological images, and biopsy. Results: All patients presented with musculoskeletal complaints, severe symptoms of median nerve compression, and changes on neurophysiological tests. Surgery, synovectomy, and biopsy were performed. In the postoperative period, five patients (41%) developed chronic pain and reflex sympathetic dystrophy. Conclusion: A higher frequency of postoperative pain was observed in the patients, demonstrating the need for caution in the approach and treatment of this association.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications/rehabilitation , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/therapy , Comprehensive Health Care/methods , Comprehensive Health Care/organization & administration , Orthopedic Procedures/adverse effects , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation , Amyloidogenic Proteins/analysis , Amyloidogenic Proteins/adverse effects
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 53(6): 687-695, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977918

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the results of the surgical treatment of patients with congenital arthrogryposis with wrist deformity through biplanar carpal wedge osteotomy. Method: This study analyzed nine patients through a retrospective evaluation with severe deformity in flexion and ulnar deviation of the wrist in the period between January 2004 and December 2009. They were submitted to carpal osteotomy with a biplanar dorsal resection wedge, with a minimum evaluation of 48 months of postoperative evolution. In three patients the osteotomy was bilateral, totalling 12 cuffs analyzed. The indication for the technique described was deformity and stiffness for over six months, without improvement with the conservative treatment. Results: The mean age of the patients on the day of surgery was five years and eight months. The initial mean wrist mobility was 35°, and the joints presented a mean flexion of 72.5° in a resting position. Osteotomy union occurred in all patients at an average period of 5.7 weeks. The final position of the resting wrist was 12° of flexion and the mean mobility was 26.6°, slightly lower than preoperatively but in a much better position. No serious complications arising from surgery or in the immediate postoperative period were observed. Conclusions: Carpal osteotomy with biplanar dorsal resection wedge was useful and effective in helping to correct the deformities in flexion and ulnar deviation of the wrist, maintaining a reasonable mobility. It is a preservation surgery, which has low morbidity and avoids the progression of deformity and future degenerative changes.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico de pacientes portadores de artrogripose congênita com deformidade do punho através da osteotomia intracárpica biplanar. Método: Por meio de uma avaliação retrospectiva, entre janeiro de 2004 e dezembro de 2009, o estudo avaliou nove pacientes com grave deformidade em flexão e desvio ulnar do punho por artrogripose submetidos a osteotomia intracárpica com cunha de ressecção dorsal biplanar, com avaliação mínima de 48 meses de evolução pós-operatória. Em três pacientes, a osteotomia foi bilateral, perfez 12 punhos analisados. A indicação da técnica descrita foi deformidade e rigidez havia mais de seis meses, sem melhoria com tratamento conservador. Resultados: A média de idade dos pacientes no dia da cirurgia foi de cinco anos e oito meses. A média de mobilidade inicial do punho foi de 35° e as articulações apresentavam 72,5° de flexão média em posição de repouso. Todas osteotomias consolidaram em um período médio de 5,7 semanas. A média da posição final do punho em repouso foi de 12° de flexão e a mobilidade média foi de 26,6°, ligeiramente inferior ao pré-operatório, porém mais bem posicionado. Não foram observadas complicações graves decorrentes da cirurgia ou no pós-operatório imediato. Conclusões: A osteotomia intracárpica com cunha de ressecção dorsal biplanar se mostrou útil e eficaz no auxílio da correção da deformidade em flexão e desvio ulnar do punho, com manutenção de uma mobilidade razoável. É uma cirurgia preservadora, com baixa morbidade e que evita a progressão da deformidade e alterações degenerativas futuras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Osteotomy/statistics & numerical data , Arthrogryposis/surgery , Arthrogryposis/therapy , Orthopedic Procedures/methods
15.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 59(3): 110-116, dic. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095714

ABSTRACT

La rotura del tendón del pectoral mayor es considerada una lesión infrecuente en lo descrito en la literatura, pero esa lesión ha tenido un aumento exponencial en sus reportes a partir de los años 90. A continuación, presentamos la resolución quirúrgica de una rotura completa del tendón del pectoral mayor mediante una técnica simple y reproducible en un hombre de 34 años, sometido a una alta demanda física diaria. Tenemos ya publicado diferentes técnicas de reparación en periodo agudo como reconstrucción en lesiones crónicas. Nosotros presentamos una técnica de reparación para rotura aguda que consiste en la reinserción mediante anclas de titanio en su huella insercional mediante una configuración de suturas que forma un constructo estable y resistente, que permita al paciente rehabilitarse en forma precoz y satisfactoria para intentar volver al mismo nivel de actividad pre lesional. Con eso, aportamos al especialista una manera sencilla de enfrentarse y planificar la reparación de ese tipo de lesiones infrecuentes que no siempre estamos acostumbrados a resolver.


Pectoralis major tendon rupture is an infrequent injury in what has been described in the literature so far. Lately, an exponential increase in reported cases of this injury has been observed. We present a simple and reproducible surgical technique in a 34 years old male subject to a high daily physical demand. Different techniques have been published for tendon repair during the acute period as well as reconstruction in chronic lesions. We present a technique for acute rupture that consists of the reinsertion by means of titanium anchors in its insertional footprint through a suture configuration that forms a stable and resistant construct, that allows the patient to be rehabilitated in an early and satisfactory manner with the objective to return to the same Level of pre-injury activity. With this we provide the specialist with a simple way to manage the repair of these infrequent injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pectoralis Muscles/surgery , Pectoralis Muscles/injuries , Rupture/surgery , Orthopedic Procedures/methods
16.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 59(3): 117-126, dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095715

ABSTRACT

El abordaje de Smith Petersen modificado (SPM), permite la reducción de fracturas del cuello femoral desde anterior, manteniendo la fijación a través de un abordaje lateral. Realizar la reducción bajo visión directa mejoraría la calidad de la reducción y los resultados en fracturas complejas de cuello femoral. MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo de ocho pacientes con fracturas de cuello femoral Pauwels III/Garden IV secundarias a un accidente de alta energía operadas con abordaje SPM. Registramos el tiempo de evolución desde el accidente hasta la cirugía. Se realizó radiografía y tomografía axial computada postoperatoria. Seguimos los pacientes con radiografías mensuales hasta evidenciar consolidación de la fractura y casos de necrosis avascular. RESULTADOS: En promedio, los pacientes fueron operados 2,1 días tras el accidente y fueron seguidos con una mediana de 24,5 meses tras su cirugía. Siete de los ocho pacientes consolidaron. Sólo un caso presentó una no-unión que requirió de una prótesis total de cadera. No hubo casos de necrosis avascular. CONCLUSIÓN: Las fracturas de cuello femoral de alta energía en pacientes jóvenes son lesiones poco frecuentes. Aunque esta serie es pequeña, llama la atención que tratándose de lesiones desplazadas y con rasgos verticales no observamos casos de necrosis avascular, a pesar de algunos casos con prolongado tiempo de evolución desde el accidente hasta la cirugía. Creemos que esas fracturas deben operarse lo antes posible, pero que es más importante lograr una reducción anatómica en vez de retrasar algunas horas la cirugía. En nuestra experiencia, el abordaje de SPM facilita la reducción adecuada en fracturas complejas de cuello femoral.


Modified Smith Petersen Approach (MSP) allows an anterior reduction for femoral neck fractures, keeping the fixation through a lateral approach to the hip. Performing the reduction under direct visualization would improve the quality of the reduction and the outcomes in complex fractures of femoral neck. METHODS: Retrospective study including eight patients with femoral neck fracture classified as Pauwels III / Garden IV, in which MSP was performed. We kept record of the time from the accident until the final surgery. Post-operative studies included plain radiograph and CT scan. Monthly radiographic controls were obtained until fracture healing was achieved or radiological signs of avascular necrosis were found. RESULTS: Surgery was performed in an average of 2.1 days after the accident. Postoperative follow-up was an average of 24.5 month. Consolidation was achieved in seven of the eight patients, only one patient evolved into a nonunion of femoral neck which required a total hip arthroplasty. CONCLUSION: High energy femoral neck fractures in young patients are infrequent injuries. Even though this is a small series of patients it comes to our attention that being displaced fractures with vertical fracture lines we didn't find any case of avascular necrosis despite some of the cases the prolonged timing since the accident to surgery. We believe that this type of fracture should be treated as soon as possible but is more important to achieve an anatomical reduction than pass over the 12 hours threshold. In our experience MSP approach facilitates the achievement of an adequate reduction and complex femoral neck fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation/methods , Clinical Evolution , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Healing/physiology , Orthopedic Procedures/methods
17.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 5(4): 160-163, dic. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254230

ABSTRACT

Before the advent of anaesthesia in surgical practice, surgeons battled with patient's maximal co-operation during surgical procedures, management of pain intra-operatively and post-operatively. Anaesthesia has greatly aided in overcoming these challenges, but a sizable proportion of reduction in these challenges but approximately 30-80% of patients complain of moderate to severe pain post-operatively indicating that post-operative pain remains a problem. Controlled epidural anaesthesia and controlled peripheral nerve block which are types of regional anaesthesia provide superior pain relief during and after surgery, making regional anaesthesia of particular relevance in orthopaedic surgery. More so, general anaesthesia has some adverse effects on the outcome of operation and the patient. These adverse effects are rare but may be disastrous and life-threatening necessitating close supervision during and after general anaesthesia. Hence, the preference should be towards regional anaesthesia with regards to the choice of anaesthesia in orthopaedic surgery. This review aims to highlight some concepts and techniques on regional anaesthesia in orthopaedic surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Anesthesia, Conduction/methods , Pain, Postoperative , Pain, Procedural
18.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 5(4): 164-170, dic. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254237

ABSTRACT

The relevance of regional anaesthesia in orthopaedic surgery cannot be overemphasized because it has aided reduction in intra-operative and post-operative pain which has always been a challenge in surgical practice. It also reduces the risk of haemorrhage and infection. Though there are complications associated with regional anaesthesia, these complications are rare and can be anticipated; thus prompt intervention measures can be instituted. The outcome of every surgical procedure takes into consideration the risks and benefit of the method, and hence, since the benefits of regional anaesthesia in orthopaedic surgery outweighs the risks, it is highly recommended. Regional anaesthesia is of great importance in orthopaedic surgery because it offers continuous but controlled analgesia. It induces hypotension which leads to a reduction in blood loss during operation. It allows early recovery and ambulation of patients, thus reducing the risks associated with prolonged bed stay, which may, in turn, affect the overall outcome of surgery. This review aims to highlight the advantages and challenges of regional anaesthesia in orthopaedic surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Anesthesia, Conduction/adverse effects , Anesthesia, Conduction/methods
19.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 32(2): 0-0, jul.-dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093704

ABSTRACT

En 1921 se describió la formación de un solo hueso del antebrazo como un proceder de rescate para una pseudoartrosis en el radio distal. Se presentan dos casos con un defecto óseo significativo en el antebrazo, secundario a procesos sépticos, a los que se les realizó la técnica de "un solo hueso". A un paciente se le transfirió la diáfisis del cúbito proximal a la metáfisis distal del radio con fijación de la articulación radiocubital distal para garantizarle estabilidad a la muñeca. Al segundo caso se le fijó la metáfisis proximal del cubito con la diáfisis distal del radio. Ambos presentaron una evolución posoperatoria favorable, con recuperación funcional y estética de la extremidad(AU)


In 1921, the formation of a single forearm bone was described as a rescue procedure for a pseudoarthrosis in the distal radius. We present two cases with significant bone defect in the forearm, secondary to septic processes, to which the "single bone" technique was performed. A patient was transferred the diaphysis of the proximal ulna to the distal metaphysis of the radius with fixation of the distal radioulnar joint to ensure stability to the wrist. In the second case, the proximal metaphysis of the ulna was fixed with the distal diaphysis of the radius. Both patients had favorable postsurgical evolution, with functional and aesthetic recovery of their limb(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Radius/surgery , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Closed Fracture Reduction/adverse effects , Osteomyelitis/etiology
20.
Dolor ; 28(69): 10-14, jul. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117320

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la anestesia espinal unilateral (AEU) es una alternativa para el desarrollo de la cirugía ortopédica ambulatoria (COA). el OBJETIVO de este ensayo clínico fue el evaluar una dosis baja de bupivacaína hiperbara (BHB), asociada a fentanilo intratecal (FI) para obtención de AEU en COA. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: ensayo clínico, prospectivo, controlado en pacientes ASA I a II. la AEU se efectuó con el paciente en decúbito lateral (DL), con el lado operatorio hacia abajo, a nivel de L3-L4. se inyectó 5 mg de BHB 0,75% asociado a 20 µg de FI. se evaluó el bloqueo sensitivo (BS) y motor (BM) cada 3 minutos, los primeros 20 minutos y luego cada 15 minutos. Se midió el nivel máximo alcanzado, el tiempo de regresión a T12 y el tiempo de regresión de dos segmentos. se registró la incidencia de complicaciones. RESULTADOS: 50 pacientes fueron incluidos, 66% de sexo masculino. Se obtuvo anestesia unilateral en el 84% y BM total unilateral en el 86%. La altura del BS osciló entre T9 y T11. la duración del BS fue 116 min. (SD± 23). la regresión a T12 fue de 47 min (SD±19). No se encontró correlación entre talla, dosis y duración de bloqueo. ningún paciente necesitó anestesia general. 1 paciente presentó bradicardia. DISCUSIÓN: la AEU con dosis bajas de BHB asociado a FI es eficiente en COA. se obtuvo adecuados BS y BM en la mayoría de los pacientes. la AEU mostró ser confiable, permitiendo una alta precoz y segura.


INTRODUCTION: The unilateral spinal anesthesia (USA) is an alternative for orthopedic ambulatory surgery (OAS). The AIM of this study was to evaluate a low dose of hyperbaric bupivacaine (HB) associated with intrathecal fentanyl (ITF) to produce USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective, controlled clinical trial in ASA I ­II patients. The USA was developed in lateral position with the operating side downwards between L3-L4 space with 5 mg of HB + 20 µg ITF. We evaluated sensitive level block (SB), motor level block (MB), maximum level obtained, discharge time (DT) and collateral effects incidence. RESULTS: 50 patients were included, 66% male. The USA was obtained in 84% and total BM was present in 86% of cases. The level obtained of SB was between T9-T11 and the duration was 116 min (SD± 23). No correlation was obtained between patients height, BH dose and block duration. 1 patient presented bradycardia. No general anesthesia was necessary. DISCUSSION: The USA with a low dose of HB and ITF it's safe to developed OAS. Only 11 min were necessary to obtain a good SB and MB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/methods , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods , Fentanyl/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Anesthesia, Local
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