Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 40
Filter
1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358109

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La lesión de la arteria vertebral es un evento grave. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el grado de conocimiento de los cirujanos de columna en la Argentina sobre las medidas diagnósticas y terapéuticas de la lesión de la arteria vertebral. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo observacional mediante una encuesta difundida a través de la AANC y la SAPCV. Resultados: Se recibieron 157 respuestas. El 47,4% considera relevante evaluar la anatomía de la arteria vertebral en todo tipo de patología mediante métodos angiográficos. La mitad de los encuestados diagnosticó una variante anatómica de la arteria. El 29,2% manifestó haber tenido en su práctica una lesión de la arteria. Solo el 35% tiene un protocolo de acción para el manejo de este evento adverso. El 77% adopta como primera medida el taponamiento. En el seguimiento posquirúrgico, la mayoría estudia el estado final mediante métodos angiográficos. Alrededor del 10% procuraría instaurar alguna medida de profilaxis antitrombótica. El 76,6% dispone de Servicio de Hemodinamia con cirujano endovascular. Conclusión: Esta complicación está subestimada. Menos de la mitad de los cirujanos utiliza, como rutina, herramientas de diagnóstico de posibles alteraciones anatómicas. No se han observado protocolos de manejo ni seguimiento de estas lesiones. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Vertebral artery injury is a serious event. The objective of this work is to evaluate the degree of knowledge of spinal surgeons in Argentina regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic measures of vertebral artery injury. Materials and methods: An observational descriptive study was carried out through a survey transmitted through AANC and SAPCV. Results: Of 157 responses, 47.4% consider it relevant to evaluate the anatomy of the vertebral artery in all types of pathology by angiographic methods. Half of those surveyed diagnosed an anatomical variant of the artery, 29.2% reported having encountered an artery injury during their practice and only 35% had an action protocol for the management of this adverse event. 77% adopted tamponade as their first measure. In the postoperative follow-up, the majority of surgeons studied the final state of the situation using angiographic methods. Around 10% would try to establish some measure of antithrombotic prophylaxis. 76.6% have an hemodynamics service with an endovascular surgeon. Conclusion: We found an underestimation of this complication. Less than half of surgeons routinely use diagnostic tools for possible anatomical changes. Management or monitoring protocols for these injuries have not been observed. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Argentina , Spinal Diseases , Vertebral Artery/injuries , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge , Orthopedic Surgeons
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 697-704, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357135

ABSTRACT

Abstract Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is among the most feared complications by orthopedists both for due to its potentially lethal outcome and the uncertainties related to its prevention. Despite the vast literature on VTE prevention in major orthopedic surgeries, little is known about it in ankle and foot procedures. In orthopedics, adequate thromboprophylaxis requires a careful assessment of the thrombotic and hemorrhagic risks based on the procedure to be performed, as well as and knowledge on anticoagulant agents. The presentis review has the goal of assessing the risk of developingdiscusses VTE risk assessment, the modalities of thromboprophylaxis modalities, and the drugs used, with an emphasis on foot and ankle surgeries.


Resumo O tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) é uma das complicações mais temidas pelos ortopedistas, tanto pelo seu desfecho potencialmente letal quanto pelas incertezas relacionadas à sua prevenção. Apesar da vasta literatura existente sobre a prevenção de TEV nas grandes cirurgias ortopédicas, pouco se sabe sobre sua prevenção nas cirurgias do tornozelo e do pé. Uma adequada prescrição da tromboprofilaxia em ortopedia exige criteriosa avaliação dos riscos trombóticos e hemorrágicos com base no tipo de cirurgia a ser realizada, além do conhecimento sobre os anticoagulantes. Esta revisão tem como objetivos abordar a avaliação do risco de desenvolver TEV, as modalidades de tromboprofilaxia, e os fármacos utilizados, tendo como ênfase as cirurgias do pé e do tornozelo.


Subject(s)
Risk Assessment , Orthopedic Procedures , Disease Prevention , Venous Thromboembolism , Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis , Foot , Orthopedic Surgeons , Anticoagulants
3.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 181-184, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339752

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To estimate the amount of radiation received and accumulated in the bodies of two surgeons, one being the responsible surgeon and the other the assistant, performing spine surgery procedures over a period of 25 years. Methods Seventy-two spinal surgeries were performed during a seven-month period and the radiation loads were measured in both surgeons. The measurement of radiation was captured in fluoroscopy in anteroposterior and lateral incidences. The surgeon and the assistant used two dosimeters, one in the cervical region protecting the thyroid and the other on the lead apron in the genital region. The radioactive loads were measured in millisieverts and the accumulated charges were recorded monthly in both regions of the body in the two surgeons for seven months and the means for the work periods (1, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 years) were estimated. Results It was observed that in the surgeon the average accumulated radiation loads were 131.9% and 176.92% higher than those of the assistant in the cervical and genital regions, respectively. Conclusion While the use of X-rays is indispensable in routine orthopedic surgery, we have to consider the development of techniques of protection, rigor and discipline in the use of safety materials for surgeons. Preventive exposure reduction measures such as using thyroid protection equipment and turning the head away from the patient during fluoroscopy, among others, should be mandatory to promote less radiation exposure. Level of evidence II; Comparative prospective study.


RESUMO Objetivo Estimar a quantidade de radiação recebida e acumulada no corpo de dois cirurgiões, durante período de 25 anos de trabalho, sendo um o cirurgião responsável e outro, assistente, nos procedimentos de cirurgia da coluna vertebral. Métodos Foram realizadas 72 cirurgias de coluna vertebral em um período de sete meses, e as cargas de radiação foram medidas nos dois cirurgiões. A medição da radiação foi captada em fluoroscópio nas incidências anteroposterior e de perfil. O cirurgião e o auxiliar utilizaram dois dosímetros, sendo um na região cervical protegendo a tireoide e outro sobre o avental de chumbo, na região genital. As cargas radioativas foram medidas em milisievert e as cargas acumuladas foram registradas mensalmente em ambas as regiões do corpo nos dois cirurgiões, durante sete meses, foram estimadas as médias no período (1, 5, 10, 15, 20 e 25 anos) de trabalho. Resultados Observou-se que no cirurgião as médias das cargas de radiação acumulada foram 131,9% e 176,92% superiores às do assistente nas regiões cervical e genital, respectivamente. Conclusão Enquanto o uso dos raios X for indispensável na rotina da cirurgia ortopédica, há de se considerar o desenvolvimento de técnicas de proteção, rigor e disciplina no uso materiais de segurança para os cirurgiões. Medidas preventivas de redução da exposição, como uso de equipamento para proteção da tireoide e girar a cabeça para se afastar do paciente durante a fluoroscopia, entre outras, devem ser obrigatórias para promover menor exposição à radiação. Nível de evidência II; Estudo prospectivo comparativo.


RESUMEN Objetivo Estimar la cantidad de radiación recibida y acumulada en el cuerpo de dos cirujanos, durante 25 años de trabajo, siendo uno el cirujano responsable y el otro, asistente, en los procedimientos de cirugía de columna vertebral. Métodos Se realizaron 72 cirugías de columna vertebral en un período de siete meses, y las cargas de radiación fueron medidas en los dos cirujanos. La medición de la radiación fue captada en fluoroscopio en las incidencias anteroposterior y de perfil. El cirujano y el auxiliar usaron dos dosímetros, siendo uno en la región cervical protegiendo la tiroides y otro sobre el delantal de plomo, en la región genital. Las cargas radiactivas se midieron en milisievert, y las cargas acumuladas se registraron mensualmente en ambas regiones del cuerpo, en los dos cirujanos, durante siete meses, y se estimaron los promedios durante el período (1, 5, 10, 15, 20 y 25 años) de trabajo. Resultados Se observó que en el cirujano los promedios de las cargas de radiación acumulada fueron de 131,9% y 176,92% superiores a las del asistente en las regiones cervical y genital, respectivamente. Conclusión Mientras el uso de rayos X sea indispensable en la rutina de la cirugía ortopédica, hay que considerar el desarrollo de técnicas de protección, rigor y disciplina en el uso de materiales de seguridad para los cirujanos. Las medidas preventivas de reducción de la exposición, como uso de equipamiento para protección de la tiroides y girar la cabeza para alejarse del paciente durante la fluoroscopia, entre otras, deben ser obligatorias para promover menor exposición a la radiación. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio prospectivo comparativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine , Radiation Exposure , Personal Protective Equipment , Orthopedic Surgeons
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 379-383, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288684

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The possibility of perforation of gloves during orthopedic surgeries can reach 56.8%, and it mainly related to the manipulation of blunt instruments. Surgeries for the treatment of fractures and trauma present additional risk due to contact with bone spires. Objective Analysis of the prevalence of loss of integrity of surgical gloves in orthopedic trauma procedures, especially fractures, and evaluation of the surgeon's exposure and contact with secretions from the patient. Methods Macroscopic inspection of the gloves of two surgeons specialized in trauma, over a period of 4 months. Both used two gloves for all procedures and, at the end of the surgery, analyzed the presence or absence of blood stains on the internal gloves and/or fingers. The procedures were categorized according to the time and type of surgery. The intercurrence investigated was the perforation of one or two gloves; if the tear was perceived immediately or only at the end of the surgery, and the location of and reason for the tear, if identified. Results A total of 210 surgeries were included, 87 of which presented perforations, with 17 cases occurring in both gloves and 70 only in the outer glove. Finally, there was a more significant relationship with open focus surgeries and duration > 60 minutes. Conclusion Our results suggest that greater care and inspection of gloves to look for damage are needed in prolonged surgeries with an open focus.


Resumo Introdução Cirurgias ortopédicas apresentam a possibilidade de perfuração das luvas, que pode chegar a 56,8%, relacionada principalmente à manipulação de instrumentos cortantes. O tratamento de fraturas e cirurgias de trauma apresenta risco adicional pelo contato com espiculas ósseas. Objetivo Análise da prevalência de perda de integridade das luvas cirÚrgicas em procedimentos ortopédicos de trauma, principalmente fraturas, avaliando a exposição do cirurgião e o contato com secreções provenientes do paciente. Métodos Inspeção macroscópica das luvas de dois cirurgiões especializados em trauma, durante um período de 4 meses. Ambos usaram duas luvas para todos os procedimentos e, ao término da cirurgia, analisaram a presença ou ausência de manchas de sangue nas luvas internas e/ou nos dedos. Os procedimentos foram categorizados quanto ao tempo e tipo de cirurgia. A intercorrência investigada foi a perfuração de uma ou duas luvas; se a perfuração foi percebida imediatamente ou apenas ao final da cirurgia, e qual o local e o motivo do rasgo, se identificado. Resultados Foram incluídas 210 cirurgias, das quais 87 apresentaram perfurações, sendo 17 casos em ambas as luvas e 70 apenas na luva externa. Um total de 27,5% dos danos foram descobertos apenas no final da cirurgia; os rasgos se concentraram no indicador esquerdo em 62,5% dos casos. Por Último, houve uma relação mais significativa com cirurgias de foco aberto e com duração superior a 60 minutos. Conclusão O nosso resultado sugere que em cirurgias prolongadas e com foco aberto, é necessário maior cuidado e inspeção à procura de danos nas luvas.


Subject(s)
Traumatology , Protection , Orthopedic Surgeons , Gloves, Surgical
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 372-378, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288677

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to analyze the intra- and interobserver reproducibility of the Lauge-Hansen, Danis-Weber, and Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) classifications for ankle fractures, and the influence of evaluators training stage in these assessments. Methods Anteroposterior (AP), lateral and true AP radiographs from 30 patients with ankle fractures were selected. All images were evaluated by 11 evaluators at different stages of professional training (5 residents and 6 orthopedic surgeons), at 2 different times. Intra- and interobserver agreement was analyzed using the weighted Kappa coefficient. Student t-tests for paired samples were applied to detect significant differences in the degree of interobserver agreement between instruments. Results Intraobserver analysis alone had a significant agreement in all classifications. Moderate to excellent interobserver agreement was highly significant (p ≤ 0.0001) for the Danis-Weber classification. The Danis-Weber classification showed, on average, a significantly higher degree of agreement than the remaining classification systems (p ≤ 0.0001). Conclusion The Danis-Weber classification presented the highest reproducibility among instruments and the evaluator's little experience had no negative influence on the reproducibility of ankle fracture classifications. Level of Evidence II, Diagnostic Studies - Investigating a Diagnostic Test.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a reprodutibilidade intra- e interobservador das classificações de Lauge-Hansen, Danis-Weber e Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) para as fraturas de tornozelo, e a influência do estágio de formação dos participantes na avaliação. Métodos Foram selecionadas radiografias de 30 pacientes com fratura de tornozelo nas incidências anteroposterior (AP), perfil e AP verdadeiro. Todas as imagens foram avaliadas por 11 participantes em diferentes estágios de formação profissional (cinco residentes e seis cirurgiões ortopédicos), em dois momentos distintos. Analisou-se a concordância inter- e intraobservador por meio do coeficiente Kappa ponderado. O teste t de Student para amostras pareadas foi aplicado para verificar se havia diferença significativa no grau de concordância interobservador entre os instrumentos. Resultado Observou-se que existe concordância significativa em todas as classificações quando da análise intraobservador isolada. Existe concordância interobservador altamente significativa de grau moderado a ótimo na classificação de Danis-Weber (p ≤ 0,0001). A classificação de Danis-Weber apresentou, em média, grau de concordância significativamente maior que as outras classificações (p ≤ 0,0001). Conclusão A classificação de Danis-Weber se mostrou a mais reprodutiva entre os instrumentos avaliados, e a pouca experiência do avaliador não influencia negativamente a reprodutibilidade das classificações das fraturas do tornozelo. Nível de Evidência II, Estudos Diagnósticos - Investigação de um Exame para Diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Fractures, Bone , Ankle Fractures/classification , Orthopedic Surgeons
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 340-345, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288673

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic failure rate in detecting perilunate fractures and dislocations using plain wrist radiographs by orthopedists and orthopedic residents. A secondary objective was to identify possible groups with a greater or lesser chance of establishing a correct diagnosis. Methods An online questionnaire was sent to several orthopedists through e-mail, social networks, and smartphone-based communication applications to assess the rate of diagnostic failure in detecting perilunate fractures and dislocations using plain radiographs. Results A total of 511 responses was obtained, with a diagnostic error rate of 8.81% for simple dislocations and 1.76% for trans-scaphoid perilunate fractures. Group stratification showed that residents presented the highest error rates in simple perilunate dislocations (23.91%), whereas hand surgeons presented the lowest error rates (1.74%). Conclusion Compared with the literature, the failure rates found were lower, suggesting that plain radiography is effective and that the error rate may not be as high as reported.


Resumo Objetivos O presente estude teve como objetivo avaliar o índice de falha diagnóstica na detecção de fraturas e luxações perilunares do carpo utilizando radiografias simples do punho por ortopedistas e residentes de ortopedia. Secundariamente, identificar possíveis grupos que apresentem maior ou menor chance de acerto diagnóstico. Métodos Foi aplicado um questionário online a diversos ortopedistas através de e-mail, redes sociais e aplicativos de comunicação via smartphone, para avaliar o índice de falha diagnóstica na detecção de fraturas e luxações perilunares utilizando radiografias simples. Resultados Foram obtidas 511 respostas e observado um índice de erro diagnóstico de 8,81% para as luxações simples e 1,76% para fratura transescafoperilunar. Ao estratificar por grupos, os médicos residentes obtiveram os maiores índices de erro nas luxações perilunares simples (23,91%), já os cirurgiões de mão obtiveram os índices mais baixos (1,74%). Conclusão Ao comparar com a literatura, os índices de falha encontrados foram menores, sugerindo que a radiografia simples é eficaz e que o índice de erro pode não ser tão elevado quanto o relatado na literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wrist Injuries , Carpal Bones/injuries , Joint Dislocations , Fractures, Bone , Orthopedic Surgeons
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 256-257, Apr.-June 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251335

ABSTRACT

Abstract The arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament is a common surgery performed by the orthopedic surgeons willing to restore the knee stability of physically active patients. Despite the fact that it is usually an uneventful procedure, surgeons must always look for better post-operative results; in this scenario, the arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament without a tourniquet is a promising alternative. The aim of the present paper is to share with other orthopedic surgeons around the world our experience with this procedure and some technical tips that may be helpful.


Resumo A reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento cruzado anterior é uma cirurgia comum realizada pelos cirurgiões ortopédicos dispostos a restaurar a estabilidade do joelho de pacientes fisicamente ativos. Apesar de ser geralmente um procedimento sem intercorrências, os cirurgiões devem sempre procurar melhores resultados pós-operatórios; neste cenário, a reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento anterior sem torniquete é uma alternativa promissora. O objetivo deste artigo é compartilhar com outros cirurgiões ortopédicos ao redor do mundo nossa experiência com este procedimento e algumas dicas técnicas que podem ser úteis.


Subject(s)
Tourniquets , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Orthopedic Surgeons , Knee/surgery
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 181-191, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251346

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present paper aims to evaluate the therapeutic planning for trigger finger by Brazilian orthopedists. Methods This is a cross-sectional study with a population composed of participants from the 2018 Brazilian Congress on Orthopedics and Traumatology (CBOT-2018, in the Portuguese acronym), who answered a questionnaire about the conduct adopted for trigger finger diagnosis and treatment. Results A total of 243 participants were analyzed, with an average age of 37.46 years old; most participants were male (88%), with at least 1 year of experience (55.6%) and from Southeast Brazil (68.3%). Questionnaire analysis revealed a consensus on the following issues: diagnosis based on physical examination alone (73.3%), use of the Quinnell classification modified by Green (58.4%), initial nonsurgical treatment (91.4%), infiltration of steroids combined with an anesthetic agent (61.7%), nonsurgical treatment time ranging from 1 to 3 months (52.3%), surgical treatment using the open approach (84.4%), mainly the transverse open approach (51%), triggering recurrence as the main nonsurgical complication (58%), and open surgery success in > 90% of the cases (63%), with healing intercurrences (54%) as the main complication. There was no consensus on the remaining variables. Orthopedists with different practicing times disagree on treatment duration (p = 0.013) and on the complication rate of open surgery (p = 0.010). Conclusions Brazilian orthopedists prefer to diagnose trigger finger with physical examination alone, to classify it according to the Quinnell method modified by Green, to institute an initial nonsurgical treatment, to perform infiltrations with steroids and local anesthetic agents, to sustain the nonsurgical treatment for 1 to 3 months, and to perform the surgical treatment using a transverse open approach; in addition, they state that the main nonsurgical complication was triggering recurrence, and report open surgery success in > 90% of the cases, with healing intercurrences as the main complication.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o planejamento terapêutico para o dedo em gatilho por ortopedistas brasileiros. Métodos Estudo transversal, cuja população foi composta por participantes do Congresso Brasileiro de Ortopedia e Traumatologia 2018 (CBOT-2018). Foi aplicado um questionário sobre a conduta adotada no diagnóstico e tratamento do dedo em gatilho. Resultados Foram analisados 243 participantes com média de idade de 37.46 anos, na maioria homens (88%), tempo de experiência de pelo menos 1 ano (55,6%), e da região Sudeste (68.3%). A análise dos questionários evidenciou que há consenso nos seguintes quesitos: diagnóstico somente com exame físico (73,3%), classificação de Quinnell modificada por Green (58,4%), tratamento inicial não cirúrgico (91,4%), infiltração de corticoide com anestésico (61,7%) tempo de tratamento não cirúrgico de 1 a 3 meses (52,3%), tratamento cirúrgico pela via aberta (84,4%), principalmente via aberta transversa (51%), recidiva do engatilhamento como principal complicação não cirúrgica (58%), e o sucesso da cirurgia aberta em > 90% (63%), sendo a sua principal complicação as complicações cicatriciais (54%). Sem consenso nas demais variáveis. De acordo com a experiência, foram observadas diferenças referentes ao tempo de tratamento (p = 0.013) e a taxa de complicação da cirurgia aberta (p = 0.010). Conclusões O ortopedista brasileiro tem preferência pelo diagnóstico do dedo em gatilho apenas com exame físico, classifica segundo Quinnell modificado por Green, tratamento inicial não cirúrgico, infiltrações com corticoide e anestésico local, tempo de tratamento não cirúrgico de 1 a 3 meses, tratamento cirúrgico por via aberta transversa, principal complicação não cirúrgica a recidiva do engatilhamento, e considera o sucesso da cirurgia aberta em > 90% dos casos, tendo como principal complicação as complicações cicatriciais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Physical Examination , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tendon Entrapment , Trigger Finger Disorder/surgery , Trigger Finger Disorder/diagnosis , Trigger Finger Disorder/therapy , Orthopedic Surgeons
9.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3103-3119, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251929

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las fracturas de pilón tibial son un desafío para el cirujano y actualmente existe controversia en cuanto a su tratamiento. Objetivo: evaluar los resultados del tratamiento aplicado. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal, con el universo de estudio de todos los pacientes que fueron atendidos y tratados con fractura de pilón tibial desde el 1 de enero de 2015 al 31 de diciembre de 2016. Se seleccionó una muestra de 27 pacientes. Resultados: hubo un predominio del sexo masculino (78 %), y del grupo de edades de 40 a 49 años para ambos sexos (37 %). Prevalecieron las fracturas producidas por accidentes de tránsito, con 59 %. Las fracturas cerradas fueron las más representadas, con 78 %. El 67 % de los pacientes no presentaron lesiones asociadas y predominaron las fracturas tipo II en el 55 % del total. Se aplicó tratamiento quirúrgico a un 74 % y se logró la consolidación en un 78 % de los casos antes de las 16 semanas. Antes de las 20 semanas se le indicó el apoyo al 78 % de los casos. Se complicaron 13 pacientes, para un 48 % del total. A pesar de ello, como resultado final, fueron evaluados de excelente y bien el 63 % de los pacientes. Conclusiones: la fractura de pilón tibial constituye una lesión de muy difícil manejo para el cirujano traumatólogo de hoy (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: tibial pylon fractures are a challenge for the surgeon surgery and currently there is a controversy regarding their treatment. Objective: to assess the outcomes of the applied treatment. Materials and methods: an observational, descriptive, longitudinal study was carried out with the study universe of all the patients who were attended and treated with tibial pylon fracture from January 1st, 2015 to December 31st, 2016. A sample composed by 27 patients was chosen. Results: male sex (78 %) and both-sexes 40-49 age group (37 %) predominated. There was a predominance of fractures caused by traffic accidents with 59 %, being closed fractures the most represented ones, with 78 %. 67 % of the patients did not present associated injuries, being type II fractures predominant in 55 % of the total. 74 % of the cases underwent surgery, achieving consolidation in 78 % of the cases before 16 weeks. Before 20 weeks, 78 % of the cases were indicated to set on their foot, and 13 patients had complications, representing 48 % of the total. In spite of this, 63 % of the patients were evaluated as excellent and well as final outcome. Conclusions: the tibial pylon fracture is an injury of very difficult handling for the today's orthopedic surgeon (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Tibial Fractures/therapy , Therapeutics/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Orthopedic Surgeons/standards , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
10.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(4): 265-271, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1352931

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Si bien la acromioplastia es uno de los procedimientos más realizados por los cirujanos de hombro, numerosas publicaciones recientes han cuestionado su eficacia. El objetivo del siguiente estudio fue investigar las tendencias actuales en la utilización de la acromioplastia entre cirujanos de hombro de Latinoamérica.Materiales y métodos: se diseñó un cuestionario mediante Google Forms, con quince preguntas para recolectar información sobre la utilización de la acromioplastia en la práctica cotidiana. En total se convocaron sesenta y cinco cirujanos de dieciséis países de Latinoamérica. La modalidad de las respuestas fue de opción múltiple y anónimas.Resultados: la tasa de respuestas fue del 100% (65/65). La edad promedio de los encuestados fue de cuarenta y siete años (rango 32-68). El 84% de los cirujanos respondió que utiliza la acromioplastia asociada a las reparaciones del manguito rotador (MR) y de estos el 91% la realiza en forma artroscópica. Las ventajas de la acromioplastia referidas con mayor frecuencia fueron que mejora el campo operatorio (55%) y que descomprime el MR (48%) y la desventaja más citada fue la inestabilidad anterosuperior de hombro (46%). La forma más frecuente para determinar la cantidad de acromion a resecar fue la experiencia personal del cirujano (42%). El 67% de los cirujanos libera el ligamento coracoacromial cuando realiza la acromioplastia y el 57% expresó realizar la resección de la clavícula distal asociada a la descompresión. El 56.5% de los cirujanos no efectúa nunca coracoplastia al reparar el subescapular. En cuanto a la etiopatogenia de las rupturas del manguito rotador, el 55% dijo que las causas de las rupturas son intrínsecas (degenerativas).Conclusión: existe una alta variabilidad en la indicación y en la técnica quirúrgica utilizada para realizar la acromioplastia entre los cirujanos de hombro de Latinoamérica. No hay acuerdo entre las ventajas y desventajas ni en las contraindicaciones del procedimiento. A cincuenta años de la teoría de Neer, solo el 1.5% de los encuestados considera como principal productor de patología del MR la compresión extrínseca de los tendones. Finalmente, algunos de los argumentos referidos por los participantes para justificar la utilización de la acromioplastia no se ajustan a los preceptos propuestos por Neer sino a causas tales como liberar factores de crecimiento o mejorar la visión en el campo operatorio.Identificar los aspectos de mayor controversia y desacuerdo sirven de base para investigaciones futuras que permitan consensos que guíen la práctica diaria según el mejor nivel de evidencia disponible.


Introduction: Although acromioplasty is one of the procedures most performed by shoulder surgeons, numerous recent publications have questioned its efficacy. The objective of the following study was to investigate current trends in the use of acromioplasty among shoulder surgeons in Latin America. Materials and methods: a questionnaire was designed with the Google Forms methodology, with fifteen questions to collect information on the use of acromioplasty in daily practice. In total, sixty-five surgeons from sixteen Latin American countries were summoned. The modality of the answers was multiple choice and anonymous. Results: the response rate was 100% (65/65). The average age of the respondents was forty-seven years (range 32-68 years). Eighty four percent of surgeons responded that they use acromioplasty associated with rotator cuff (RC) repairs and of these 91% perform it arthroscopically. The most frequently reported advantages of acromioplasty were that it improves the operative field (55%) and that it decompresses the RC (48%), and the disadvantage most often referred was anterosuperior shoulder instability (46%). The most frequent way to determine the amount of acromion to resect was the personal experience of the surgeon (42%). Sixty seven percent of surgeons release the coracoacromial ligament when performing acromioplasty and 57% referred to perform decompression associated with the distal clavicle resection. Fifty six percent of surgeons never perform coracoplasty when repairing the subscapularis. Regarding the etiopathogenesis of rotator cuff tears, 55% reported that the causes of the tears are intrinsic (degenerative).Conclusion: there is a high variability in the indication and in the surgical technique used to perform acromioplasty among shoulder surgeons in Latin America. There is no agreement between the advantages and disadvantages or the contraindications of the procedure. Fifty years after Neer's theory, only 1.5% of those surveyed consider extrinsic tendon compression as the main etiology of RC pathology. Finally, some of the arguments referred to by the participants to justify the use of acromioplasty do not conform to the precepts proposed by Neer, but rather to causes such as releasing growth factors or improving visibility in the operative field.Identifying the aspects of greatest controversy and disagreement serve as the basis for future research that allows consensus to guide daily practice according to the best level of available evidence.


Subject(s)
Shoulder , Acromion , Surveys and Questionnaires , Rotator Cuff , Orthopedic Surgeons/statistics & numerical data
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 665-672, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156191

ABSTRACT

Abstract The increasing incidence of calcaneal tendon ruptures has substantially impacted orthopedic care and costs related to its treatment and prevention. Primarily motivated by the increasing of life expectancy, the growing use of tenotoxic drugs and erratic access to physical activity, this injury accounts for considerable morbidity regardless of its outcome. In recent years, the evolution of surgical and rehabilitation techniques gave orthopedists better conditions to decide the most appropriate conduct in acute tendon rupture. Although still frequent due to their high neglect rate, Achilles chronic ruptures currently find simpler and more biological surgical options, being supported by a new specialty-focused paradigm.


Resumo A crescente incidência de rupturas do tendão calcâneo tem impactado substancialmente o cuidado ortopédico e os custos relacionados ao seu tratamento e prevenção. Motivada principalmente pelo aumento da expectativa de vida, o crescimento do uso de drogas tenotóxicas e o acesso errático à atividade física, essa lesão gera morbidade considerável aos pacientes qualquer seja o desfecho a ser considerado. A evolução das técnicas cirúrgicas e de reabilitação permitiu que ortopedistas, nos últimos anos, tivessem melhores condições para decidir a conduta mais apropriada nas roturas agudas do tendão calcâneo. Por mais que ainda frequentes pela sua alta taxa de negligência, as rupturas crônicas do Aquiles hoje encontram opções operatórias biológicas mais simples e são amparadas por um novo paradigma que se debruça sobre a especialidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Achilles Tendon , Calcaneus , Exercise , Acute Disease , Incidence , Disease Prevention , Orthopedic Surgeons , Motor Activity
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 620-624, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144222

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To verify the applicability and agreement of the Ottawa ankle rules applied by medical students and orthopedic residents in a tertiary trauma service thus validating the Ottawa protocol for use on Brazilian soil. Prospective This was a prospective study, conducted in a tertiary hospital, including all patients with acute torsial trauma of the tibiotarsal joint. The patients underwent ankle and/or foot radiographs, and the questionnaire with the Ottawa ankle rules was applied by academics and, subsequently, by residents. The radiographs were evaluated by on-call orthopedists and specialist in foot and ankle, and the expert opinion was considered the gold standard for analysis. Results Two hundred and sixty-three patients were evaluated, and, after application of the established inclusion criteria, 226 cases remained for evaluation. The sensitivity to detect lesions and negative predictive value (NPV) was 100%. The most sensitive test with higher NPV for both academics and residents was palpation of the lateral malleolus. The study presented potential for a reduction of 30% in the total number of tests requested. Conclusion The data showed applicability and agreement between academics and residents, which allows for the validation of the Ottawa protocol in emergency care in Brazil.


Resumo Objetivo Verificar a aplicabilidade e a concordância das regras do tornozelo de Ottawa aplicadas por estudantes de medicina e residentes de ortopedia em um serviço de trauma terciário, validando assim as regras de Ottawa para utilização em solo brasileiro. Método Estudo prospectivo, realizado em um hospital terciário, incluindo todos os pacientes com trauma torcional agudo da articulação tibiotársica. Os pacientes realizaram radiografias de tornozelo e/ou pé, tendo sido aplicado o questionário com as regras do tornozelo de Ottawa por acadêmicos e, na sequência, por residentes. As radiografias foram avaliadas por ortopedistas plantonistas e especialista em pé e tornozelo, sendo a opinião do especialista considerada padrão-ouro da análise. Resultados Foram avaliados 263 pacientes e, após aplicados os critérios de inclusão estabelecidos, restaram para a avaliação 226 casos. A sensibilidade para detectar lesões e o valor preditivo negativo (VPN) foi de 100%. O teste mais sensível e com maior VPN para ambos, acadêmicos e residentes, foi a palpação do maléolo lateral. O estudo apresentou potencial de redução de 30% no total de exames solicitados. Conclusão Os dados demostraram aplicabilidade e concordância entre acadêmicos e residentes, o que permite a validação do protocolo de Ottawa nos atendimentos de urgência e emergência no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Wounds and Injuries , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Ankle Injuries , Emergency Medical Services , Tertiary Care Centers , Fractures, Avulsion , Foot , Orthopedic Surgeons , Ankle
13.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2345-2354, sept.-oct. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144738

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El Doctor y profesor Rodrigo Álvarez Cambras, constituye una de las figuras que despuntó desde los mismos inicios del triunfo de la Revolución Cubana en las ciencias ortopédicas con repercusión en las ciencias pedagógicas y en las ciencias de la cultura física y el deporte. Objetivo: Con estas premisas decidimos hacer un Plegable o Volante de fácil manejo para el personal de las ciencias médicas, paramédicas y muy especialmente para el personal que se relaciona con la especialidad de Ortopedia y Traumatología plasmándose los aportes a las ciencias. Materiales y método: Se realiza este trabajo de corte histórico mediante sus datos biográficos y teniendo en cuenta sus principales aportes como médico, pedagogo, científico, como directivo entre otros, creando un instrumento como material complementario avalados por sus más de cinco décadas dedicadas por entero a las ciencias médicas y pedagógicas. Resultados: Se creó un instrumento que estimula al estudio de esta figura con el propósito de valorar su trabajo en beneficio de la sociedad cubana y su contribución y aportes al desarrollo de la pedagogía, el deporte y la medicina, muy específicamente de la Ortopedia y Traumatología universal (AU).


Abstract Introduction: The Doctor and professor Rodrigo Álvarez Cambras, constitutes one of the figures that stood out from the same beginnings of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in the orthopedic sciences with repercussions in the pedagogic sciences and in the sciences of the physical culture and the sport. Objective: With these premises we decided to make a Foldable or Flyer of easy handling for the personnel of the medical and paramedical sciences and very especially for the personnel that is related to the specialty of Orthopedics and Traumatology being shaped the contributions to the sciences. Materials and method: This historical work is carried out by means of its biographical data and taking into account its main contributions as a doctor, pedagogue, scientist, as a manager among others, creating an instrument as a complementary material guaranteed by its more than five decades dedicated entirely to the medical and pedagogical sciences. Results: An instrument was created that stimulates the study of this figure with the purpose of valuing his work for the benefit of Cuban society and his contribution and contributions to the development of pedagogy, sports and medicine, very specifically of Orthopedics and Universal Traumatology (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Biographies as Topic , Faculty, Medical/education , Physicians/history , Health Sciences , Orthopedic Surgeons/education , Orthopedic Surgeons/history
14.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 34(3): 187-193, sept. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1120890

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto psicosocial de la pandemia por COVID-19 en los cirujanos de columna de Argentina. Material y métodos: Se envió un cuestionario diseñado específicamente a los cirujanos de columna de Argentina entre el 4-6 de abril del 2020. Las preguntas incluyeron variables demográficas, económicas, laborales y la escala de depresión PHQ-9. Las variables fueron comparadas y analizadas y las diferencias estadísticamente significativas remarcadas. Resultados: Respondieron en forma completa la encuesta 122 cirujanos de columna de Argentina, la mayoría hombres (97%), la edad promedio fue de 44 años; la mitad (n: 61) eran traumatólogos y la otra mitad neurocirujanos. La mayoría respondieron estar solo haciendo cirugías de emergencia (84%, n: 102). La preocupación promedio respecto a la situación financiera fue de 7.8 en una escala de 1 al 10. El 20% (n: 24) tenía un score superior a 10 en la escala de PHQ-9. Los cirujanos más jóvenes y los neurocirujanos tenían estadísticamente scores de PHQ-9 más altos. Conclusión: Se evaluó el impacto durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en la situación laboral y financiera de los cirujanos de columna encuestados. El impacto psicológico en el largo plazo debe ser considerado, para evitar secuelas en este grupo de profesionales de la salud.


Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the psycho-social impact of the COVID-19 outbreak in spine surgeons in Argentina. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to Argentina spine surgeons from April 4-6th, 2020. Questions regarding demographics, economic, working status and the PHQ-9 score were included. All variables were compared, analyzed and statistically significant differences were recorded. Results: 122 surgeons from Argentina answered the complete survey, most of them were male (97 %), the average age was 44 years; half (n: 61) of them were orthopedic surgeons and half neurosurgeons. Most of the surgeons reported performing emergency procedures only during the pandemic (84 %, n: 102). The average concern about the financial situation due to the pandemic was 7.8 in a scale of 1 to 10. Twenty percent (n: 24) of the surgeons had a score over 10 in the PHQ-9. Young age and neurosurgery as a specialty were statistically related with higher PHQ-9 scores. Conclusions: COVID-19 impact ́s in working practice and financial situation of Argentina ́s spine surgeons that answered this survey was evaluated. The long-term psychological impact should be taken into consideration to avoid a heavier burden for health care providers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections , Social Change , Spine , Psychosocial Impact , Depression , Pandemics , Surgeons , Orthopedic Surgeons , Patient Health Questionnaire
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(4): 397-403, Jul.-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138044

ABSTRACT

Abstract Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) is an unfortunate and common complication of patients with diabetes, most likely resulting from a lack of proper understanding of the disease, which leads to late diagnosis. It is commonly misdiagnosed as infection and treated with antibiotics and a frustrated attempt of surgical drainage, which will reveal only debris of the osteoarticular destruction. Proper education of diabetic patients and of the health care professionals involved in their treatment is essential for the recognition of the initial signs of CN. The general orthopedic surgeon is usually the first to treat these patients in the early stages of the disease and must be aware of the signs of CN in order to establish an accurate diagnosis and ensure proper treatment. In theory, this would make it possible to decrease the morbidity of this condition, as long as proper treatment is instituted early.


Resumo A neuropatia de Charcot (NC) é uma complicação lamentável e comum de pacientes com diabetes, provavelmente resutlante de uma falta de entendimento adequado dessa condição, que leva ao diagnóstico tardio.A confusão diagnóstica com quadro infeccioso contribui para que o tratamento inicialmente indicado seja equivocado ao prescrever medicação antibiótica ou, eventualmente, drenagem cirúrgica. Não é infrequente que a drenagem inadvertida do suposto abcesso revele que na verdade seu conteúdo é formado apenas de partículas provenientes da destruição osteoarticular. A educação adequada, tanto dos pacientes diabéticos quanto dos médicos responsáveis por prestar atendimento primário a estes pacientes, é fundamental para a correta compreensão das principais características relacionadas ao desenvolvimento da NC. O ortopedista geral é quem, na maioria das vezes, recebe no pronto atendimento os pacientes que se encontram na fase aguda inicial da doença. Por esta razão, esses profissionais devem estar extremamente alertas e serem capazes de identificar os primeiros sinais que permitem diagnosticar precocemente a NC. Em tese, isto possibilitaria reduzir a morbidade desta afecção na medida em que o tratamento adequado venha a ser precocemente instituído.


Subject(s)
Arthropathy, Neurogenic/complications , Diabetic Foot , Growth and Development , Diabetes Mellitus , Delayed Diagnosis , Foot , Orthopedic Surgeons , Amputation
16.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 95-96, jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125544
17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(2): 198-202, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138012

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The objective of the present study is to evaluate the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of the Albertoni classification for mallet finger. Evaluation of goniometer device application is also an objective. Methods A total of 10 lateral radiographs of patients with mallet finger were selected and measured by 60 orthopedic surgeons with and without the use of goniometer. Results The intra- and interobserver reliability coefficients found were high. With the use of a goniometer, the interobserver reliability coefficient was even higher, but without statistical relevance. Conclusion The Albertoni classification showed high intraobserver and interobserver reliability in assessing mallet finger lesions, and the goniometer is dispensable for this purpose.


Resumo Objetivos Quantificar o grau de concordância intra- e interobservador da classificação Albertoni e avaliar a importância do uso do goniômetro na diferenciação do grau da lesão. Métodos Foram selecionados 10 casos de dedo em martelo, os quais foram avaliados por 60 examinadores. Resultados A concordância interobservador sem o uso do goniômetro foi elevada. Com o uso do goniômetro, obteve-se um "kappa" ainda maior, porém sem relevância estatística. Conclusão A Classificação de Albertoni possui elevada concordância intra- e interobservador, e o uso do goniômetro se mostrou dispensável para classificar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rupture , Hand Deformities, Acquired/classification , Reproducibility of Results , Hammer Toe Syndrome , Finger Injuries , Orthopedic Surgeons
18.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(2): 103-106, mar.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345096

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La toma de decisiones terapéuticas es un proceso complejo en la cual deben considerarse múltiples variables. Existe una tendencia cada vez mayor hacia la indicación quirúrgica, aunque no siempre la evidencia científica sea contundente. Entender cómo los cirujanos toman decisiones puede mejorar nuestra comprensión de la variabilidad de los tratamientos. Objetivos: exponer la situación demográfica de las lesiones osteoarticulares en los cirujanos ortopédicos de Uruguay y cómo afrontan su propia lesión e identificar aquellas variables que influyen en la toma de decisiones terapéuticas en el ortopedista. Material y métodos: Utilizando la base de datos de la Sociedad de Ortopedia y Traumatología del Uruguay se identificaron residentes y cirujanos que presentaron al menos una lesión osteoarticular. Se entrevistó telefónicamente a cada uno de los seleccionados, obteniendo las variables de interés. Resultados: En un total de 274 residentes y traumatólogos, incluimos 56 profesionales y 69 lesiones osteoarticulares. Destacamos la existencia de múltiples lesiones de tratamiento controvertido, según la evidencia científica actual. El cirujano no siempre indicó el mismo tratamiento a sí mismo respecto al que indicaría a un paciente con la misma lesión. Miedo a las complicaciones, rápida reintegración laboral, opinión de un colega experto, entre otras, fueron algunas de las variables halladas en la decisión terapéutica. Conclusiones: Cuando la lesión asienta en el propio cirujano, se observó un accionar distinto con respecto a un paciente con igual lesión.


Abstract: Introduction: Therapeutic decision-making is a complex process in which multiple variables must be considered. There is a growing trend towards surgical indication, although scientific evidence is not always blunt. Understanding how surgeons make decisions can improve our understanding of treatment variability; Objectives: To expose the demographic situation of osteoarticular injuries in orthopedic surgeons in Uruguay and how they deal with their own injury and identify those variables that influence therapeutic decision-making in the orthopedist. Material and methods: Using the Uruguayan Society of Orthopedics and Traumatology database, residents and surgeons who had at least one osteoarticular injury were identified. Each of the selected ones was interviewed by telephone, obtaining the variables of interest. Results: In a total of 274 residents and Orthopedic surgeons, we include 56 professionals and 69 osteoarticular injuries. We highlight the existence of multiple injuries of controversial treatment, according to current scientific evidence. The surgeon did not always indicate the same treatment to himself, in respect of the one that would indicate a patient with the same injury. Fear of complications, rapid job reimbursement, opinion of an expert colleague, among others were some of the variables found in the therapeutic decision. Conclusions: When the lesion settles on the surgeon itself, a different action was observed with respect to a patient with equal injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthopedics , Traumatology , Orthopedic Procedures , Surgeons , Orthopedic Surgeons
19.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(1): 11-22, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125533

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Aún se discuten ampliamente las indicaciones terapéuticas (tratamiento quirúrgico y no quirúrgico) para las lesiones del manguito rotador. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la variabilidad entre cirujanos ortopédicos argentinos respecto de las indicaciones de tratamiento para diferentes lesiones del manguito rotador. Materiales y Métodos: Se diseñó un cuestionario basado en el estudio de Dunn y cols. para recopilar las opiniones de cirujanos ortopedistas sobre la decisión del tratamiento para lesiones del manguito rotador. El cuestionario se distribuyó a 2 grupos, cirujanos traumatólogos y especialistas en hombro, tomando las indicaciones dadas durante 2017, tanto de tratamiento quirúrgico como de no quirúrgico. El cuestionario constaba de 2 secciones: 4 casos clínicos hipotéticos y 11 preguntas sobre factores que pueden influir en la toma de decisiones por parte del cirujano. Resultados: Se enviaron 556 cuestionarios, 117 traumatólogos y 45 especialistas lo respondieron. Los especialistas comunicaron realizar, en su mayoría, reparaciones artroscópicas (60%) y los traumatólogos, reparaciones por técnica abierta con pequeños abordajes (49%) y método abierto convencional (22%). El porcentaje de fracaso estimado en pacientes sometidos a reparación del manguito rotador es del 20%, sin diferencias entre los profesionales (p = 0,42). Ambos grupos reportaron opiniones semejantes (p = 0,74) en relación con la contraindicación del uso de corticoides en posibles candidatos quirúrgicos. Conclusión: Se observó una variabilidad considerable en las indicaciones de tratamiento y manejo de estos pacientes en gran parte de los casos presentados de lesiones potencialmente controvertidas, esto dificulta establecer protocolos o consensuar guías que ayuden a estandarizar tratamientos de elección para estas lesiones. Nivel de Evidencia: IIb


Introduction: Indications in the operative and nonoperative treatment of rotator cuff tears are widely discussed and not standardized. The aim of this study is to evaluate the variability among Argentinean orthopedic surgeons regarding the indications of treatment for different rotator cuff injuries. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire was developed based on the study carried out by Dunn et al. Our aim was to gather the opinions of Argentinean orthopedic surgeons on decision-making concerning the treatment of different rotator cuff lesions. The questionnaire was sent to 2 groups: general orthopedic surgeons and shoulder specialist surgeons, included according to the number of shoulders treated surgically and non-surgically in 2017. The questionnaire has two sections: 4 hypothetical clinical cases and 11 questions on factors that could influence treatment selection. Results: Out of 556 questionnaires sent, 162 were completed, 117 by general orthopedic surgeons and 45 by shoulder specialists. The specialists reported mostly arthroscopic repairs (60%), general orthopedic surgeons reported repairing these injuries mainly by mini-open or by standard open technique (49% and 22% respectively). The failure rate was considered to be 20%, not evidencing differences between professionals (P=0.42). There was also agreement in the contraindication of the use of corticosteroids before surgery (P=0.74). Conclusion: This study evidences significant variability in the management of these patients (for which we selected potentially controversial injuries), making it difficult to establish protocols or consensus guidelines to help standardize treatments for these injuries. Level of Evidence: IIb


Subject(s)
Surveys and Questionnaires , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Orthopedic Surgeons
20.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(1): 11-17, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291844

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Describir las tendencias en reconstrucción de LCA (R-LCA) entre los traumatólogos ejerciendo en Chile, delineando sus preferencias en cuanto a la técnica quirúrgica. MÉTODO: encuesta online de selección múltiple y recolección anónima de datos, dirigida a todos aquellos cirujanos que realizan R-LCA en Chile. Fue enviada por correo electrónico desde la Sociedad Chilena de Ortopedia y Traumatología a todos sus afiliados. RESULTADOS: 103 cirujanos completaron la encuesta, realizando su práctica quirúrgica en Santiago (53%) y regiones (47%). En el 53% de los encuestados la cirugía de rodilla representaba más del 75% de su práctica, mientras que sólo en 9 ellas eran menos del 25%. El autoinjerto de isquiotibiales es utilizado en el 70% de R-LCA, seguido por el autoinjerto de tendón patelar (27%). En cuanto a la preparación de túneles, 33% utiliza técnica transtibial y 67% túneles independientes (13% fresado retrógrado, 54% portal medial). Para la fijación de injerto isquiotibiales, botones corticales es lo más utilizado en el fémur (73%), y tornillos interferenciales en la tibia (82%). Para la fijación femoral y tibial de injerto de tendón patelar, los tornillos metálicos son los más utilizados (75%). Un 41% realiza un pretensado del injerto, un 59% lo ciclan una vez fijo, y sólo 8 aplican una solución antibiótica sobre el injerto. La mayoría (89%) realiza la fijación en 10°-20° de flexión, ya sea con rotación externa (36%) o neutra (53%). En un 7% de las R-LCA primarias y en un 27% de las revisiones agregan una reconstrucción anterolateral. CONCLUSIÓN: la tendencia en R-LCA en Chile es el uso de autoinjerto de isquiotibiales, con fresado independiente del túnel femoral y fijación en flexión con botones corticales y tornillos interferenciales.


OBJECTIVE: To describe the trends in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) among Orthopaedic surgeons working in Chile, outlining their preferences regarding surgical technique. METHOD: An online, multiple choice, anonymous survey was sent via email from the Chilean Orthopaedic and Trauma Society to all its members, with instructions to be completed by surgeons who perform ACL-R. RESULTS: 103 surgeons completed the survey from Santiago (53%) and other regions (47%). For 53% of the surgeons, knee surgeries represented more than 75% of their practice, and in only 9 cases it was less than 25% of it. The autologous hamstring tendon graft was in 70% of the ACL-R, while patellar tendon graft in 27%. For tunnel drilling, 33% of surgeons use transtibial technique, and 67% prefer independent tunnel drilling (13% retrodrill, 54% medial portal). Fixation method for hamstring tendon graft is mostly with cortical buttons on femur (73%), and interference screws for the tibia (82%). Patellar graft was fixed with metal screws (75%) in both femur and tibia. 41% of surgeons pretensed the graft, 59% cycle it once, and only 8 coated the graft with antibiotic solutions. Most (89%) fixate de graft in 10°-20° of knee flexion, with either external rotation (36%) or neutral (53%). Antero-lateral reconstruction is used in 7% of primary ACL-R and in 27% of revision surgeries. CONCLUSION: the chilean tendency for ACL-R is to use an autologous hamstring tendon graft, with independent drilling technique, and fixation with cortical buttons and interference screws for femur and tibia respectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/trends , Orthopedic Surgeons/psychology , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL