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1.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154856

ABSTRACT

Los implantes dentales son una opción de restauración estética, funcional y armónica, cuya tasa de éxito es superior a 95 %. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente de 24 años de edad, atendida en la consulta de Ortodoncia de la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente Mártires del Moncada de Santiago de Cuba, quien fue remitida desde el Servicio de Prótesis Estomatológica, con el fin de lograr el espacio adecuado para colocarle un implante, pues desde los 12 años de edad aproximadamente había perdido un diente a causa de caries. La restauración protésica mediante el implante dental proporcionó un excelente resultado.


Dental implants are an option of cosmetic, functional and harmonic repairs whose rate of success is higher than 95 %. The case report of a 24 years patient is presented. She was assisted in the Orthodontics Service of Mártires del Moncada Teaching Provincial Stomatological Clinic in Santiago de Cuba and was referred from the Stomatological Prosthesis Service, with the purpose of achieving the appropriate space to place an implant, because she had lost a tooth due to dental decay since she was approximately 12 years. The prosthetic repair by means of dental implant provided an excellent result.


Subject(s)
Osseointegration , Dental Implantation/methods , Orthodontics , Prostheses and Implants , Dentistry
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200647, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286912

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the effect of different protocols of low-level intensity laser therapy (LLLT) irradiation on the osseointegration of implants placed in grafted areas. Methodology 84 rats were randomly allocated into six groups: DBB: defect filled with deproteinized bovine bone; HA/TCP: defect filled with biphasic ceramic of hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate ; DBB-LI: defect filled with DBB and treated with LLLT after implant placement; HA/TCP-LI: defect filled with HA/TCP and treated with LLLT after implant placement; DBB-LIB: defect filled with DBB and treated with LLLT after graft procedure and implant placement; and HA/TCP-LIB: defect filled HA/TCP and treated with LLLT after graft procedure and implant placement. The bone defects were made in the tibia and they were grafted. After 60 days, the implants were placed. The rats were subsequently subjected to euthanasia 15 and 45 days after implant placement. The pattern of osseointegration and bone repair in the grafted area was evaluated by biomechanical, microtomographic, and histometric analyses. Furthermore, the expression of bone biomarker proteins was assessed. Results The LLLT groups presented higher removal torque, mineralized tissue volume, and a greater degree of osseointegration, especially when LLLT was performed only after implant placement, and these findings were associated with higher expression of BMP2 and alkaline phosphatase. Conclusion LLLT performed on implants placed in grafted areas enhances the osseointegration process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Rats , Dental Implants , Osseointegration , Low-Level Light Therapy , Tibia/surgery , Ceramics
3.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 475-482, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353948

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El diseño del implante femoral es imprescindible para su adaptación a los distintos tipos de canales. El objetivo del estudio fue comparar la adaptabilidad del implante y el tipo de contacto de los tallos femorales planos de segunda generación. Materiales y Métodos: Se analizó a los pacientes sometidos a un reemplazo total de cadera bilateral en nuestra institución, entre 2007 y 2020, a quienes se les colocó un tallo de primera generación (Accolade TMZF) en una cadera y de segunda generación (Accolade II) en la contralateral. Se estudiaron las variables demográficas, la adaptación y el llenado del canal. Se analizó el Harris Hip Score modificado y el índice WOMAC. Resultados:Se incluyó a 42 pacientes (84 casos).En el grupo 1 (Accolade TMZF), la ocupación del canal fue del 81% y, en el grupo 2 (Accolade II), del 84%. En el grupo 1, el contacto fue tipo 1 (60%), tipo 2 (16%) y tipo 3 (24%). En el grupo 2, fue tipo 1 (88%), tipo 2 (7%) y tipo 3 (5%). El Harris Hip Score modificado para el grupo 1 fue 88 y, para el grupo 2, 87,5. El puntaje WOMAC para el grupo 1 fue 2,5 y, para el grupo 2, de 3. Conclusión: La adaptabilidad del implante es fundamental para la estabilidad primaria y su osteointegración/fijación biológica. En nuestra muestra, es más precisa con tallos de segunda generación debido a las modificaciones del diseño. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The design of the femoral implant is essential for its adaptation to the different types of femoral canals. The objective of this study is to describe the adaptability of the implant and the type of fixation (fill and fit) of second-generation flat femoral stems compared to first-generation femoral stems. Materials and Methods: We described the radiological characteristics of patients who had undergone bilateral total hip replacement between 2007 and 2020 in our institution with both a first-generation Accolade TMZF (Stryker Orthopedics) and a second-generation Accolade II (Stryker Orthopedics) flat cementless femoral implant. Demographic variables, adaptation, and canal filling were studied. The modified Harris Hip Score and the WOMAC index were analyzed. Results: Forty-two patients (84 cases) were included in the sample. In group 1 (Accolade TMZF) we obtained an average canal fill of 81% and in group 2 (Accolade II), we obtained an average of 84%. In group 1, the type of fixation (fit) was type 1 (60%), type 2 (16%) and type 3 (24%). In group 2, it was type 1 (88%), type 2 (7%) and type 3 (5%). The modified Harris Hip Score for group 1 was 88 and, for group 2, 87.5. The WOMAC score for group 1 was 2.5 and for group 2 it was 3. Conclusion: The adaptability of the implant is essential for primary stability and its osseointegration/biological fixation. This adaptability is more precise with second-generation flat femoral stems. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Osseointegration , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femur
4.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 483-492, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353949

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alternativas reconstructivas para defectos óseos severos en la cirugía de revisión de prótesis son las camisas metafisarias, los conos de metal trabecular y el injerto óseo impactado o estructural. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la tasa de osteointegración de los conos de metal trabecular en pacientes con cirugía de revisión de prótesis total de rodilla. El objetivo secundario fue analizar los resultados funcionales, las tasas de complicaciones y reoperaciones. Materiales y Métodos: Cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con conos de metal trabecular colocados en la cirugía de revisión de prótesis y un seguimiento mínimo de 2 años. Se evaluaron las causas de la revisión, cirugías previas, tipo de defecto óseo, cantidad y tipo de conos utilizados, y los diseños de las prótesis. Se realizó una evaluación clínico-radiográfica, se registraron las complicaciones y las revisiones ulteriores. Resultados: Se evaluó a 35 pacientes (49 conos de metal trabecular) en forma retrospectiva, con un seguimiento promedio de 32.1 meses. La mayoría de los defectos eran tibiales AORI 3, seguidos de los femorales tipo 3. La tasa de osteointegración de los conos fue del 94%; la de complicaciones, del 20% y la de reoperaciones, del 8,5%. El KSS objetivo promedio aumentó de 39 en el preoperatorio a 71 en el último control y el puntaje de la EAV promedio fue 8 y 2,5, respectivamente. Conclusión: La excelente tasa de osteointegración (94%) y los buenos resultados clínicos posicionan a los conos de metal trabecular como una alternativa para los defectos óseos severos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Major bone defects represent a challenge during revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and there is still considerable debate about the best therapeutic option. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the osseointegration rate of trabecular metal cones in revision TKA with severe bone defects. The secondary purpose was to evaluate the functional outcomes and complication and reoperation rates. Materials and Methods: A single-center, retrospective cohort including all consecutive cases of revision TKA using trabecular metal cones. All patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up were included in the study. Reasons for revision, number of previous surgeries, type of bone defect, and number and type of trabecular cones used were evaluated. Clinical and radiological outcomes were also analyzed as well as complications rates. Results: 35 patients (49 cones) were evaluated with a mean follow-up of 32.1 months (24-62). Most defects were localized in the tibia and were classified as AORI type 3. The rate of osseointegration of the cones was 94%; the complication rate, 20%; and the reoperation rate, 8.5%. The mean KSS increased from 39 preoperatively to 71 at the last follow-up, and the mean VAS from 8 to 2.5. Conclusion: The excellent osseointegration rate (94%), added to the good clinical outcomes, position the trabecular metal cones as an alternative to treat severe bone defects. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Reoperation , Tantalum , Bone Resorption , Follow-Up Studies , Osseointegration , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to fabricate a bionic coating with titanium (Ti) phosphate to promote the osseointegration of Ti substrate implants.@*METHODS@#Phosphorylated micro/nanocoating was prepared on the surface of pure titanium (i.e., TiP-Ti) by hydrothermal process under special pressure, and the untreated smooth pure titanium (cp-Ti) was selected as the control. To evaluate the characteristics of the coating surface, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, and contact-angle measurement were performed. In addition, the effects of TiP-Ti on the proliferation, adhesion, and differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were investigated by using @*RESULTS@#The TiP-Ti surface presented a bionic structure with coexisting nanoscale 3D spatial structure and microscale pores. @*CONCLUSIONS@#A bionic structure with TiP-Ti micro/nanoscale coating was successfully fabricated, indicating a promising method for modifying the surface of implants.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dental Implants , Osseointegration , Osteogenesis , Oxides , Phosphates , Rats , Surface Properties , Titanium
6.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 321-328, nov.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151475

ABSTRACT

La periimplantitis se define como la patología inflamatoria e irreversible que afecta al hueso periimplantario y le hace perder soporte y función al implante según la definición del European Workshop on Periodontology (EWOP). La prevalencia estimada de la periimplantitis es de 28 a 77%. Los diferentes protocolos de abordaje de la periimplantitis nos ofrecen diversas posibilidades: destoxificación de la superficie y regeneración, limpieza mecánica y resección del tejido inflamado, extracción del implante, entre otros. El principal problema de los tratamientos regenerativos es limpiar y desintoxicar correctamente la superficie del implante expuesto, ya que al tratarse de superficies generalmente muy rugosas, las bacterias del medio bucal las colonizan con mucha facilidad y es prácticamente imposible eliminar por completo el biofilm. El protocolo de tratamiento para la periimplantitis se basa en un algoritmo de tratamiento, en el que se retiran los implantes gravemente afectados por periimplantitis de forma atraumática, lo cual garantiza la conservación del lecho al 100% al no retirarse volumen óseo, y cuándo deben utilizarse las trefinas, pues las que se utilizan en el protocolo únicamente rompen la unión ósea de los primeros milímetros sin retirarlo. En el siguiente caso clínico mostramos el retratamiento de un caso de periimplantitis en el que se ha realizado una nueva rehabilitación implantosoportada (AU)


Periimplantitis is defined as the inflammatory and irreversible pathology that affects the peri-implantary bone and causes it to lose support and function to the implant as defined by the European Workshop on Periodontology (EWOP). The estimated prevalence of periimplantitis figures ranging from 28 to 77%. The different protocols for approaching periimplantitis offer different possibilities: detoxification of the surface and re-generation, mechanical cleaning and resection of inflamed tissue and extraction of the implant mainly. The main problem with regenerative treatments is to correctly clean and detoxify the surface of the exposed implant, since as these are generally highly rough surfaces, bacteria in the oral environment colonise them very easily and it is practically impossible to completely eliminate the biofilm. This treatment algorithm, in which implants severely affected by periimplantitis are removed atraumatically, guarantees the conservation of the bed at 100% since no bone volume is removed and trephines must be used, since those used in the protocol only break the bone union of the first few millimetres, without removing it. In the following clinical case, we show the re-treatment of a case of peri-implantitis where a new implant-supported rehabilitation has been performed (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Osseointegration , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Peri-Implantitis/therapy , Bone Regeneration , Algorithms , Clinical Protocols , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Retreatment , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
7.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(3): 97-103, dic. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147414

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar el porcentaje de implantes oseointegrados colocados en pacientes edéntulos para la confección de sobredentaduras inferiores, en el marco de la formación de recursos humanos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron las historias clínicas de los pacientes que recibieron dos implantes dentales inferiores para la confección de sobredentaduras en el servicio de residentes de la carrera de Especialización en Cirugía y Traumatología Bucomaxilofacial de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, entre agosto de 2012 y diciembre de 2018. Se consideraron para el análisis el porcentaje de implantes oseointegrados y su relación con el tipo de operador (docente o residente), la situación del reborde óseo y el hábito de fumar. Resultados: De los 176 implantes colocados en 88 pacientes (edad promedio = 67 años), a los 3-4 meses el 98% (IC95: 94-99%) se hallaba oseointegrado. No se encontró una relación estadísticamente significativa entre el tipo de operador y el fracaso (P>0,99) Conclusión: En un servicio de formación, la tasa de éxito, evaluada en la segunda cirugía, de dos implantes dentales colocados en el maxilar inferior para sobredentaduras fue de 98%. No se hallaron diferencias entre los resultados logrados por residentes y docentes del servicio (AU)


Aim: To evaluate the percentage of osseointegrated im- plants placed in edentulous patients to restore with mandib- ular overdentures, within the post graduate dental training framework. Materials and methods: Medical records of patients who received two dental implants in the mandible for the placement of overdentures in the resident clinic of the special- ization career in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Trauma- tology from the Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, between August 2012 and December 2018. The percentage of osseointegrated implants was analysed, and the association with the variables: operator (teacher or resident), mediate or immediate placement, and smoking. Results: 176 implants were placed in 88 patients with an average age of 67 years old. 98% (IC95: 94-99%) of the implants were osseointegrated at 3-4 months. No statistically significant association was detected between the type of oper- ator and implant failure (P>0.99). Conclusion: In the teaching dental training clinic, the success rate, evaluated at the second implant stage surgery, of two dental implants placed in the mandibule for overden- tures was 98%. No differences were found between the results achieved by residents and teachers (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Mouth, Edentulous , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Denture, Overlay , Education, Dental, Graduate , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Osseointegration , Treatment Outcome
8.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(3): e651, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138937

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se han realizado muchas investigaciones sobre los implantes dentales, sin embargo, el área oseointegrable aún es un tema poco tratado en la literatura científica. Objetivo: Diseñar un método para el cálculo del área oseointegrable en la colocación de implantes dentales. Métodos: Las áreas de los implantes se calcularon sobre la base de modelos de implantes de tamaño cuatro veces el real, utilizando las fórmulas conocidas para mantos de cilindro, troncos de cono, círculo (entre otras) y aplicando relaciones lineales para las alturas y para los diámetros al cuadrado (asimilación a teoría de modelos). Se emplearon un calibrador de metales, una lupa y un escalímetro. Los implantes fueron divididos en sectores según su diferente configuración geométrica, la suma de superficies permitió obtener el área total del implante. Las superficies se compararon con el área teórica total de los mismos implantes. Luego se extrapolaron los datos para todos los modelos según sus dimensiones particulares. Resultados: Las áreas obtenidas para implantes tipo tornillo y tipo cónico (diámetro/largo en mm) fueron respectivamente: 3,75/7 = 129 mm2; 3,75/13 = 234 mm2; 3,75/15 = 270 mm2; 4/15 = 306 mm2; 5/7 = 224 mm2 y 3,5/13 = 143 mm2; 4,3/10 = 166 mm2; 4,3/13 = 215 mm2; 4,3/16 = 265 mm2. Conclusiones: La metodología usada en este estudio pareciera ser una buena alternativa para calcular el área final de oseointegración(AU)


Introduction: Many studies have been conducted about dental implants. However, the osseointegration area is a topic not commonly dealt with in the scientific literature. Objective: Design a method to estimate the osseointegration area in the placement of dental implants. Methods: The implant areas were estimated with implant models four times as large as real size, using known formulas for cylinder mantles, cone trunks and circles (among others). Linear relationships were applied for heights and square diameters (assimilation to model theory). Use was made of a metal calibrator, a magnifying glass and a scalimeter. The implants were divided into sectors according to their different geometric configuration. The sum of the surfaces made it possible to obtain the total implant area. The surfaces were compared with the total theoretical area of the same implants. The data were then extrapolated for all the models in keeping with their particular dimensions. Results: The areas obtained for screw and cone implants (diameter / length in mm) were, respectively: 3.75/7 = 129 mm2; 3.75/13 = 234 mm2; 3.75/15 = 270 mm2; 4/15 = 306 mm2; 5/7 = 224 mm2 and 3.5/13 = 143 mm2; 4.3/10 = 166 mm2; 4.3/13 = 215 mm2; 4.3/16 = 265 mm2. Conclusions: The methodology used in the study seems to be a good alternative to estimate the final osseointegration area(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants/ethics , Osseointegration/physiology
9.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(3): e2083, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126528

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The placement of dental implants is based on the creation of optimal conditions in the remnant bone. In some cases, it is indispensable to perform bone regeneration procedures and use barrier membranes to create such optimal conditions capable of favorably supporting the dental implant. Objective: Describe alternatives of barrier membranes in cases of guided bone regeneration. Case report: A female 53-year-old patient presents with a gingival fistula attached to tooth 14. Root fracture is diagnosed and extraction is conducted. Next, alveolar biomodification is performed to carry out guided bone regeneration and placement of a fibrin-rich plasma membrane. When healing is complete dental implants will be placed. Conclusions: The use of barrier membrane alternatives has shown to be effective in cases of guided bone regeneration(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: Para la colocación de implantes dentales se deben establecer condiciones óptimas de hueso remanente, por lo cual existen casos en los que se hace indispensable realizar procesos de regeneración ósea y la utilización de membranas de barrera para generar esas condiciones óptimas que puedan soportar favorablemente el implante dental. Objetivo: Describir alternativas de membranas de barrera en casos de regeneración ósea guiada. Reporte de caso: Paciente femenino de 53 años de edad que acude a consulta por presentar fístula en encía adherida de órgano dentario 14, se diagnostica como fractura radicular y se procede a la extracción, posteriormente se realiza una biomodificación del alveolo para realizar regeneración ósea guiada y colocación de membrana de plasma rica en fibrina, se espera cicatrización para la colocación de implantes dentales. Conclusiones: El uso de alternativas de membranas de barrera muestra resultados efectivos en casos de regeneración ósea guiada(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Osseointegration/physiology
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 909-913, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124875

ABSTRACT

Porous titanium alloy scaffold was widely used in treating bone defect caused by traumatic injury and osteomyelitis, which was incapable of self-healing. The implantation of scaffold produced stress shielding thereby forming osteolysis. The objective of this study was to analysis trabecular morphological features of osseointegrated bone. 14 New Zealand rabbits were divided into two groups, surgery group and healthy control group. 7 rabbits in surgery group were selected to perform 3D printed porous titanium alloy scaffold implantation surgery with preload at the defect of femoral condyle for osseointegration. The other 7 rabbits in control group were feed free. After 90 days healing, femoral condyles were extracted to perform micro-CT scanning with hydroxyapatite calibration phantom. Mean bone mineral density (BMD), bone volume fraction (BV/TV), BS/TV (bone surface area ratio), Tb.Th (thickness of trabeculae), Tb.N (number of trabeculae), Tb.Sp (trabecular separation) and DA (degree of anisotropy) were calculated from micro-CT images. The results revealed that osseointegration inside and at the surface of scaffolds worked well from grey values of micro-CT images. After 12 weeks healing, mean bone mineral densities (BMD) in surgery group and healthy control group were calculated as 800±20mg/cm3 and 980±90mg/cm3, respectively. This revealed that the strength of trabeculae in surgery group might lower than that in the healthy group. Trabecular morphological parameters test showed that trabecular morphological parameters at the surface of scaffolds in the surgery group deteriorated significantly. It was found from micro-CT images that ingrowth bone was filled with pores of scaffold. Overall, the effect of osseointegration was promoted through the change of mechanical micro-environment in the scaffold region. Overall, preload could improve osseointegration effect in the long-term after surgery. However, the trabecular morphology in the surgery group was deteriorated, which might bring secondary fracture risk again.


La malla de aleación de titanio poroso se usó ampliamente en el tratamiento de defectos óseos causados por lesiones traumáticas y osteomielitis. El implante de la malla generó una protección contra el estrés, formando así osteolisis. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las características morfológicas trabeculares del hueso osteointegrado. Se dividieron 14 conejos (Neozelandeses) en dos grupos, grupo cirugía y grupo control saludable. Se seleccionaron 7 conejos en el grupo de cirugía para realizar una implantación de mallas de aleación de titanio poroso, impresas en 3D con precarga en el defecto del cóndilo femoral para la osteointegración. Los 7 conejos restantes del grupo control se mantuvieron sin alimentación. Después de 90 días de curación, se extrajeron los cóndilos femorales para realizar una exploración por micro-CT con un espectro de calibración de hidroxiapatita. Se calcularon a partir de imágenes de micro-CTDensidad mineral ósea media (DMO), fracción de volumen óseo (BV / TV), BS / TV (relación de área de superficie ósea), Tb.Th (espesor de trabéculas), Tb.N (número de trabéculas), Tb.Sp (trabecular separación) y DA (grado de anisotropía). Los resultados revelaron que la osteointegración dentro y en la superficie de los andamios funcionó bien a partir de los valores grises de las imágenes de micro-CT. Después de 12 semanas de curación, las densidades medias de minerales óseos (DMO) en el grupo cirugía y en el grupo control sano se calcularon como 800 ± 20 mg/cm3 y 980 ± 90 mg/cm3, respectivamente. Esto reveló que la fuerza de las trabéculas en el grupo de cirugía podría ser menor que la del grupo sano. La prueba de parámetros morfológicos trabeculares mostró que en el grupo de cirugía, la superficie de las mallas, se deterioraron significativamente. Se descubrió a partir de imágenes de microCT que el hueso en crecimiento estaba lleno de poros de andamio. En general, el efecto de la osteointegración se promovió mediante el cambio del microambiente mecánico en la región de la malla. En general, la precarga podría mejorar el efecto de osteointegración a largo plazo después de la cirugía. Sin embargo, la morfología trabecular en el grupo de cirugía se deterioró, lo que podría traer un nuevo riesgo de fractura secundaria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Bone Diseases/surgery , Osseointegration/physiology , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Prostheses and Implants , Titanium/chemistry , Porosity , Alloys , X-Ray Microtomography , Femur/surgery
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 368-373, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132318

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to clinically and radiographically compare extra short and standards implants. Forty-two implants were installed in 10 selected patients. They received prosthetic loading only after the conventional waiting time for osseointegration and the prostheses were made ferulized. Radiographic shots were performed to evaluate vertical and horizontal bone losses at times T1 (prosthetic installation), T2 (6 months follow-up) and T3 (12 months follow-up). Biological parameters such as bone level around the implants (CBL) were evaluated, CBL alteration (CBLC), total crown length (TCL) and implant/crown ratio (ICR) were digitally calculated. All implants included in the study were submitted to the analysis of the implant stability quotient (ISQ) at the time of implant installation (T0) and at 12 months of prosthetic function (T3). Data were statistically tested. The ICR was higher in the test group than in the control group (p<0.0001). The CBL measurements at the beginning of the study were 0.21±0.19 mm and 0.32±0.38 mm and at 12 months 0.65±0.24 mm and 0.87±0.34 mm, respectively in the test and control groups. CBLCs and CBL were similar at all times (p>0.05). No correlation was found between CBLC and ICR parameters, as well as between ISQ and implant length. We may conclude that standards and extra short implants can provide similar clinical results in prosthetic rehabilitation of the atrophic jaw over 12 months of follow-up.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar clínica e radiograficamente implantes extra curtos e padrões. Quarenta e dois implantes foram instalados em 10 pacientes selecionados. Eles receberam carga protética somente após o tempo de espera convencional para a osseointegração e as próteses foram feitas ferulizadas. As imagens radiográficas foram realizadas para avaliar as perdas ósseas verticais e horizontais nos tempos T1 (instalação protética), T2 (6 meses de acompanhamento) e T3 (12 meses de acompanhamento). Parâmetros biológicos como nível ósseo ao redor dos implantes (CBL) foram avaliados, alteração CBL (CBLC), comprimento total da coroa (TCL) e relação implante / coroa (ICR) foram calculados digitalmente. Todos os implantes incluídos no estudo foram submetidos à análise do quociente de estabilidade do implante (ISQ) no momento da instalação do implante (T0) e aos 12 meses de função protética (T3). Os dados foram testados estatisticamente. A ICR foi maior no grupo teste do que no grupo controle (p<0,0001). As medidas de CBL no início do estudo foram de 0,21±0,19 mm e 0,32±0,38 mm e em 12 meses 0,65±0,24 mm e 0,87±0,34 mm, respectivamente nos grupos teste e controle. CBLCs e CBL foram semelhantes em todos os momentos (p>0,05). Não foi encontrada correlação entre os parâmetros CBLC e ICR, bem como entre o ISQ e o comprimento do implante. Podemos concluir que padrões e implantes extra curtos podem fornecer resultados clínicos semelhantes na reabilitação protética da mandíbula atrófica ao longo de 12 meses de acompanhamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Osseointegration , Dental Prosthesis Design , Crowns
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 230-235, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090679

ABSTRACT

La estabilidad primaria es un requisito importante para la supervivencia y éxito de los implantes durante la osteointegración. En los últimos años, los implantes inmediatos postextracción han demostrado ser una opción de tratamiento exitosa y predecible para la reposición de dientes con mal pronóstico, pero surge la duda de si dichos implantes alcanzan valores de estabilidad primaria comparables a aquellos colocados en hueso maduro. Comparar la estabilidad primaria de implantes inmediatos colocados en alveolos postextracción con la de implantes colocados en hueso maduro. Se llevó a cabo un estudio clínico retrospectivo, con los datos recogidos sobre 175 implantes, colocados en 175 pacientes. Todos los implantes colocados pertenecían al modelo Essential Cone (Klockner Implant System) y se dividieron en dos grupos: implantes inmediatos (Grupo A, n=31) e implantes colocados en hueso maduro (Grupo B, n=144). La estabilidad primaria de todos los implantes se midió mediante torque de inserción y análisis de frecuencia de resonancia con Osstell ISQ. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas respecto a la estabilidad medida a través del torque de inserción (26,29+10,07 Vs 25,76+9,72 N/cm) pero sí que se encontraron diferencias significativas en la medida de la estabilidad primaria mediante AFR, siendo inferiores los valores correspondientes a los implantes colocados en los alveolos post exodoncia (60,74 ± 6,17 en sentido VL y 62,19 ± 7.64 en sentido MD frente a 68,34 ± 6.26 en sentido VL y 69,29 ± 7.98 en sentido MD obtenidos en los implantes colocados en hueso maduro). El torque de inserción de los implantes inmediatos es similar al de los implantes colocados en hueso maduro, pero sus valores ISQ son significativamente inferiores, lo que demuestra un mayor grado de micromovimiento, y por consiguiente, un mayor riesgo de fracaso durante el período de osteointegración.


Primary stability is an important requirement for the survival and success of implants during osseointegration. In recent years, immediate post-extraction implants have proven to be a successful and predictable treatment option for the replacement of teeth with a poor prognosis, but the question arises as to whether these implants reach primary stability values comparable to those placed in mature bone. The objective of the study was to compare the primary stability of immediate implants placed in post-extraction alveoli with that of implants placed in mature bone. A retrospective clinical study was carried out, with data collected on 175 implants, placed in 175 patients. All implants placed belonged to the Essential Cone model (Klockner Implant System) and were divided into two groups: immediate implants (Group A, n = 31) and implants placed in mature bone (Group B, n = 144). The primary stability of all implants was measured by insertion torque and resonance frequency analysis with Osstell ISQ. No statistically significant differences were found regarding the stability measured through the insertion torque (26.29 + 10.07 Vs 25.76 + 9.72 N / cm) but significant differences were found in the measurement of primary stability by means of AFR, the values corresponding to implants placed in the post-exodontic alveoli being lower (60.74 ± 6.17 in the VL direction and 62.19 ± 7.64 in the MD direction versus 68.34 ± 6.26 in the VL direction and 69.29 ± 7.98 in the MD direction obtained in implants placed in mature bone). The insertion torque of immediate implants is similar to that of implants placed in mature bone, but their ISQ values are significantly lower, which demonstrates a higher degree of micromotion, and therefore, a greater risk of failure during the period of osseointegration.


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis Retention , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Tooth Extraction , Vibration , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Osseointegration , Torque , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Resonance Frequency Analysis
13.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(2): e2946, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126513

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The volumetric preservation of bone and soft tissue after a tooth extraction has special relevance in the esthetic zone when it will be rehabilitated by a dental implant. Objective: Describe the prosthodontics treatment in a socket with advanced buccal bone resorption, with a flapless technique for guided bone regeneration and with a dental implant and implant-supported single fixed prosthesis. Case presentation: A case is presented of a male 62-year-old partially dentate patient. Radiographic examination showed the presence of advanced buccal bone resorption in relation to the maxillary left lateral incisor. It was a result of the root displacement secondary to root fracture. In a first surgical phase the lateral incisor was extracted using an atraumatic periotome technique. Particulate cortical bone allograft was compacted into the site to fill the space that was previously occupied by the root of the tooth. Temporary restoration was performed using the extracted natural tooth, which was adhesively bonded to the adjacent teeth. Four months after grafting the extraction site showed an adequate height and width of the bone. In a second surgical phase, an implant was placed. Six months after implant placement, osseointegration was clinically confirmed and a provisional crown was screwed on the implant performed. The final restoration with a zirconium dioxide abutment and a full ceramic crown was obtained and cemented. Conclusions: Regeneration of the buccal plate was possible through the use of particulate cortical bone allograft and a resorbable collagen membrane adapted to the bone defect and placed in a position to recreate the buccal plate. This allowed the installation of an implant 4 months later, the procedure allowing esthetic and functional results using a single fixed prosthesis(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: La preservación volumétrica de los huesos y tejidos blandos después de una extracción dental tiene especial relevancia en la zona estética cuando será rehabilitada por un implante dental. Objetivo: Describir el tratamiento de prótesis en una cavidad con reabsorción ósea bucal avanzada, con una técnica sin colgajo para la regeneración ósea guiada y con un implante dental y una prótesis fija única con soporte de implante. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 62 años, edente parcial. El examen radiográfico mostró la presencia de reabsorción ósea bucal avanzada en relación con el incisivo lateral superior izquierdo. Fue el resultado del desplazamiento de la raíz secundario a la fractura de esta. En una primera fase quirúrgica, el incisivo lateral se extrajo utilizando una técnica de periotoma atraumático. El aloinjerto de hueso cortical particulado se compactó en el sitio para llenar el espacio que anteriormente ocupaba la raíz del diente. La restauración temporal se realizó utilizando el diente natural extraído, que se unió adhesivamente a los dientes adyacentes. Cuatro meses después del injerto, el sitio de extracción mostró una altura y anchura adecuadas del hueso. En una segunda fase quirúrgica, se colocó un implante. Seis meses después de la colocación del implante, se confirmó clínicamente la osteointegración y se realizó una corona provisional atornillada al implante. La restauración final con un pilar de dióxido de circonio y una corona de cerámica completa se obtuvo y se cementó. Conclusiones: La regeneración de la placa bucal fue posible mediante el uso de aloinjerto de hueso cortical particulado y una membrana de colágeno reabsorbible adaptada al defecto óseo y colocada en una posición para recrear la placa bucal. Esto permitió la instalación de un implante 4 meses después. El procedimiento permitió la estética y los resultados funcionales utilizando una única prótesis fija(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Osseointegration/physiology , Guided Tissue Regeneration/methods , Allografts/transplantation
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200191, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134799

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study analyzed the effect of ionizing radiation on bone microarchitecture and biomechanical properties in the bone tissue surrounding a dental implant. Methodology: Twenty rabbits received three dental morse taper junction implants: one in the left tibia and two in the right tibia. The animals were randomized into two groups: the nonirradiated group (control group) and the irradiated group, which received 30 Gy in a single dose 2 weeks after the implant procedure. Four weeks after the implant procedure, the animals were sacrificed, and the implant/bone specimens were used for each experiment. The specimens (n=10) of the right tibia were examined by microcomputed tomography to measure the cortical volume (CtV, mm3), cortical thickness (CtTh, mm) and porosity (CtPo, %). The other specimens (n=10) were examined by dynamic indentation to measure the elastic modulus (E, GPa) and Vickers hardness (VHN, N/mm2) in the bone. The specimens of the left tibia (n=10) were subjected to pull-out tests to calculate the failure load (N), displacement (mm) up to the failure point and interface stiffness (N/mm). In the irradiated group, two measurements were performed: close, at 1 mm surrounding the implant surface, and distant, at 2.5 mm from the external limit of the first measurement. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, Tukey's test and Student's t-test (α=0.05). Results: The irradiated bone closer to the implant surface had lower elastic modulus (E), Vickers hardness (VHN), Ct.Th, and Ct.V values and a higher Ct.Po value than the bone distant to the implant (P<0.04). The irradiated bone that was distant from the implant surface had lower E, VHN, and Ct.Th values and a higher Ct.Po value than the nonirradiated bone (P<0.04). The nonirradiated bone had higher failure loads, displacements and stiffness values than the irradiated bone (P<0.02). Conclusion: Ionizing radiation in dental implants resulted in negative effects on the microarchitecture and biomechanical properties of bone tissue, mainly near the surface of the implant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Radiation, Ionizing , Bone and Bones/radiation effects , Dental Implants , Rabbits , Biomechanical Phenomena , Osseointegration , X-Ray Microtomography
16.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2020. 70 p. il., graf., tab..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1150925

ABSTRACT

A utilização de estimulação biofísica através da modalidade de campo eletromagnético pulsado (CEMP) para o tratamento de diversas condições no tecido ósseo tem despertado o interesse científico há décadas. Entretanto, a grande variedade nos parâmetros e protocolos utilizados e a divergência de resultados na literatura dificultam o estabelecimento de uma metodologia que seja eficaz no contexto da terapia com implantes osseointegrados. Dessa forma, torna-se importante avaliar o efeito de diferentes tempos de aplicação do CEMP padronizado em diferentes momentos no processo de osseointegração de implantes de titânio inseridos em tíbias de ratos. Para isso, foram utilizados 60 animais (Rattus norvegicus, variação albinus, Wistar), randomizados em três grupos experimentais: controle, teste A (GTA) submetidos por 3 horas de CEMP, e teste B (GTB) com 1 hora de CEMP, sendo que, a exposição ocorreu em 5 dias semanalmente durante o período experimental. Todos os animais receberam implantes em ambas as tíbias, e a aplicação do CEMP ocorreu apenas nos grupos teste com parâmetros fixos de ± 1 mT, 15 Hz, com 25 ciclos repetidos por 200 microssegundos. Após a eutanásia as peças foram separadas e preparadas para o teste mecânico, análises histomorfométricas, microtomografia computadorizada (µCT) e ensaios biológicos in vitro. Os dados foram tabulados e a análise de variância ANOVA foi aplicada, com nível de significância de 5%. Os resultados obtidos revelaram que, GTB apresentou melhores resultados em comparação ao GTA nos testes de torque de remoção em 07 dias; no volume ósseo e densidade mineral óssea, ambos em 07, 21 e 45 dias; na proliferação celular em 21 dias, na viabilidade celular em 07 e 45 dias, no conteúdo de proteína total em 07 dias e nódulos de mineralização em 03 e 07 dias. O GTA apresentou melhor desempenho na avaliação da espessura do osso trabecular em 03 dias e na proliferação celular em 03 e 45 dias comparado ao GTB. Os grupos teste apresentaram resultados superiores ao controle nas avaliações de contato osso-implante, espessura do osso trabecular, na viabilidade celular, conteúdo de proteína total e fosfatase alcalina. Na análise histomorfométrica e no número de trabéculas não houve diferenças entre os grupos teste. Com os resultados pode-se concluir que, a aplicação do campo eletromagnético pulsado como um bioestimulador foi efetivo na otimização dos eventos no tecido ósseo que acarretam na osseointegração, especialmente quando aplicado por menor tempo e nos períodos iniciais do reparo ósseo(AU)


The use of biophysical stimulation through the pulsed electromagnetic field modality (PEMF) for the treatment of various conditions in bone tissue has aroused scientific interest for decades. However, the wide variety of parameters and protocols used and the divergence of results in the literature make it difficult to establish a methodology that is effective in the context of therapy with osseointegrated implants. Thus, it is important to evaluate the effect of different application times of the standardized PEMF at different times in the osseointegration process of titanium implants inserted in tibiae of rats. For this, 60 animals (Rattus norvegicus, variation albinus, Wistar) were used, randomized in three experimental groups: control, test A (GTA) submitted for 3 hours of CEMP, and test B (GTB) with 1 hour of PEMF, and the exposure occurred in 5 days weekly during the trial period. All animals received implants in both tibiae, and the application of PEMF only occurred in the test groups with fixed parameters ± 1 mT, 15 Hz, with 25 cycles repeated for 200 microseconds. After euthanasia, the pieces were separated and prepared for mechanical testing, histomorphometric analysis, computed microtomography (µCT) and in vitro biological tests. Data were tabulated and ANOVA analysis of variance was applied, with a significance level of 5%. The results obtained revealed that, GTB presented better results in comparison to GTA in the removal torque tests in 07 days; in bone volume and bone mineral density, both at 07, 21 and 45 days; cell proliferation in 21 days, cell viability in 07 and 45 days, total protein content in 07 days and mineralization nodules in 03 and 07 days. GTA performed better in assessing trabecular bone thickness in 03 days and in cell proliferation in 03 and 45 days compared to GTB. The test groups showed results superior to the control in assessments of boneimplant contact, trabecular bone thickness , in cell viability, total protein content and alkaline phosphatase. In the histomorphometric analysis and in the number of trabeculae, there were no differences between the test groups. With the results it can be concluded that the application of the pulsed electromagnetic field as a biostimulator was effective in the optimization of the events in the bone tissue that result in osseointegration, especially when applied for a shorter time and in the initial periods of bone repair(AU)


Subject(s)
Osseointegration , Electromagnetic Fields , Bone-Anchored Prosthesis/adverse effects
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e008, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089382

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the effects of chronic restraint stress (RS) and a high-fat diet (HFD) on the osseointegration of titanium implants in a rat model. After the surgical insertion of titanium implants into the metaphysis of the tibial bone, the rats were randomly divided into four equal groups (n = 8 each): control (CNT), restraint stress (RS), high-fat diet (HFD), and restraint stress plus high fat diet (RS-HFD). CNT: Rats received no further treatment during the 92-day experimental period. RS: Stress was applied to the rats beginning from two days after the implant surgery for one hour per day for the first 30 days, two hours per day for the next 30 days, and three hours per day for the last 30 days. HFD: Rats were fed a HFD for the following 90 days starting two days after surgery. RS-HFD: Rats were fed a HFD and RS was applied to rats for the following 90 days, starting two days after surgery. At the end of the experimental period, the rats were euthanized, and the implants and surrounding bone tissues were removed for histological analysis. Statistical analysis was performed by one way ANOVA and Bonferrroni tests. There were no significant differences in the bone-implant connection levels between the groups (p > 0.05), but in the HFD and RS-HFD groups, the bone filling ratios were found to be lower compared with the controls (p < 0.05) The data analyzed in this study suggest that an HFD with or without chronic RS adversely affected bone tissue in the rats during the 90-day osseointegration period.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Stress, Psychological/physiopathology , Tibia/physiopathology , Titanium , Osseointegration/physiology , Diet, High-Fat/psychology , Bone-Anchored Prosthesis , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/pathology , Time Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Random Allocation , Cholesterol/blood , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Alanine Transaminase/blood
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e008, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055524

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the effects of chronic restraint stress (RS) and a high-fat diet (HFD) on the osseointegration of titanium implants in a rat model. After the surgical insertion of titanium implants into the metaphysis of the tibial bone, the rats were randomly divided into four equal groups (n = 8 each): control (CNT), restraint stress (RS), high-fat diet (HFD), and restraint stress plus high fat diet (RS-HFD). CNT: Rats received no further treatment during the 92-day experimental period. RS: Stress was applied to the rats beginning from two days after the implant surgery for one hour per day for the first 30 days, two hours per day for the next 30 days, and three hours per day for the last 30 days. HFD: Rats were fed a HFD for the following 90 days starting two days after surgery. RS-HFD: Rats were fed a HFD and RS was applied to rats for the following 90 days, starting two days after surgery. At the end of the experimental period, the rats were euthanized, and the implants and surrounding bone tissues were removed for histological analysis. Statistical analysis was performed by one way ANOVA and Bonferrroni tests. There were no significant differences in the bone-implant connection levels between the groups (p > 0.05), but in the HFD and RS-HFD groups, the bone filling ratios were found to be lower compared with the controls (p < 0.05) The data analyzed in this study suggest that an HFD with or without chronic RS adversely affected bone tissue in the rats during the 90-day osseointegration period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Stress, Psychological/physiopathology , Tibia/physiopathology , Titanium , Osseointegration/physiology , Diet, High-Fat/psychology , Bone-Anchored Prosthesis , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/pathology , Time Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Random Allocation , Cholesterol/blood , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Alanine Transaminase/blood
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190156, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090765

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to investigate the participation of focal adhesion kinases (FAK) in interactions between osteoblastic cells and titanium (Ti) surfaces with three different topographies, namely, untreated (US), microstructured (MS), and nanostructured (NS). Methodology Osteoblasts harvested from the calvarial bones of 3-day-old rats were cultured on US, MS and NS discs in the presence of PF-573228 (FAK inhibitor) to evaluate osteoblastic differentiation. After 24 h, we evaluated osteoblast morphology and vinculin expression, and on day 10, the following parameters: gene expression of osteoblastic markers and integrin signaling components, FAK protein expression and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. A smooth surface, porosities at the microscale level, and nanocavities were observed in US, MS, and NS, respectively. Results FAK inhibition decreased the number of filopodia in cells grown on US and MS compared with that in NS. FAK inhibition decreased the gene expression of Alp, bone sialoprotein, osteocalcin, and ALP activity in cells grown on all evaluated surfaces. FAK inhibition did not affect the gene expression of Fak, integrin alpha 1 ( Itga1 ) and integrin beta 1 ( Itgb1 ) in cells grown on MS, increased the gene expression of Fak in cells grown on NS, and increased the gene expression of Itga1 and Itgb1 in cells grown on US and NS. Moreover, FAK protein expression decreased in cells cultured on US but increased in cells cultured on MS and NS after FAK inhibition; no difference in the expression of vinculin was observed among cells grown on all surfaces. Conclusions Our data demonstrate the relevance of FAK in the interactions between osteoblastic cells and Ti surfaces regardless of surface topography. Nanotopography positively regulated FAK expression and integrin signaling pathway components during osteoblast differentiation. In this context, the development of Ti surfaces with the ability to upregulate FAK activity could positively impact the process of implant osseointegration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Sulfones/pharmacology , Titanium/chemistry , Quinolones/pharmacology , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors , Osteoblasts/physiology , Sulfones/chemistry , Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Signal Transduction , Gene Expression , Integrins/analysis , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Osseointegration/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Quinolones/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/analysis , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/chemistry , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811257

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A stability-measuring device that utilizes damping capacity analysis (DCA) has recently been introduced in the field of dental implantology. This study aimed to evaluate the sensitivity and reliability of this device by measuring the implant stability of ex vivo samples in comparison with a resonance frequency analysis (RFA) device.METHODS: Six implant beds were prepared in porcine ribs using 3 different drilling protocols to simulate various implant stability conditions. Thirty-six pork ribs and 216 bone-level implants measuring 10 mm in height were used. The implant beds were prepared using 1 of the following 3 drilling protocols: 10-mm drilling depth with a 3.5-mm-diameter twist drill, 5-mm drilling depth with a 4.0-mm-diameter twist drill, and 10-mm drilling depth with a 4.0-mm-diameter twist drill. The first 108 implants were external-connection implants 4.0 mm in diameter, while the other 108 implants were internal-connection implants 4.3 mm in diameter. The peak insertion torque (PIT) during implant placement, the stability values obtained with DCA and RFA devices after implant placement, and the peak removal torque (PRT) during implant removal were measured.RESULTS: The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) of the implant stability quotient (ISQ) results obtained using the RFA device at the medial, distal, ventral, and dorsal points were 0.997, 0.994, 0.994, and 0.998, respectively. The ICCs of the implant stability test (IST) results obtained using the DCA device at the corresponding locations were 0.972, 0.975, 0.974, and 0.976, respectively. Logarithmic relationships between PIT and IST, PIT and ISQ, PRT and IST, and PRT and ISQ were observed. The mean absolute difference between the ISQ and IST values on a Bland-Altman plot was −6.76 (−25.05 to 11.53, P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Within the limits of ex vivo studies, measurements made using the RFA and DCA devices were found to be correlated under a variety of stability conditions.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , In Vitro Techniques , Osseointegration , Red Meat , Ribs , Torque
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