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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190156, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090765

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to investigate the participation of focal adhesion kinases (FAK) in interactions between osteoblastic cells and titanium (Ti) surfaces with three different topographies, namely, untreated (US), microstructured (MS), and nanostructured (NS). Methodology Osteoblasts harvested from the calvarial bones of 3-day-old rats were cultured on US, MS and NS discs in the presence of PF-573228 (FAK inhibitor) to evaluate osteoblastic differentiation. After 24 h, we evaluated osteoblast morphology and vinculin expression, and on day 10, the following parameters: gene expression of osteoblastic markers and integrin signaling components, FAK protein expression and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. A smooth surface, porosities at the microscale level, and nanocavities were observed in US, MS, and NS, respectively. Results FAK inhibition decreased the number of filopodia in cells grown on US and MS compared with that in NS. FAK inhibition decreased the gene expression of Alp, bone sialoprotein, osteocalcin, and ALP activity in cells grown on all evaluated surfaces. FAK inhibition did not affect the gene expression of Fak, integrin alpha 1 ( Itga1 ) and integrin beta 1 ( Itgb1 ) in cells grown on MS, increased the gene expression of Fak in cells grown on NS, and increased the gene expression of Itga1 and Itgb1 in cells grown on US and NS. Moreover, FAK protein expression decreased in cells cultured on US but increased in cells cultured on MS and NS after FAK inhibition; no difference in the expression of vinculin was observed among cells grown on all surfaces. Conclusions Our data demonstrate the relevance of FAK in the interactions between osteoblastic cells and Ti surfaces regardless of surface topography. Nanotopography positively regulated FAK expression and integrin signaling pathway components during osteoblast differentiation. In this context, the development of Ti surfaces with the ability to upregulate FAK activity could positively impact the process of implant osseointegration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Sulfones/pharmacology , Titanium/chemistry , Quinolones/pharmacology , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors , Osteoblasts/physiology , Sulfones/chemistry , Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Signal Transduction , Gene Expression , Integrins/analysis , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Osseointegration/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Quinolones/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/analysis , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/chemistry , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900704, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038112

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: The effects of resveratrol administration on calvarial bone defects with alloplastic graft material was investigated for osteoinductive reaction and bone development in rats. Methods: Healthy male rats were randomly divided into 3 groups consisting of 10 rats. Groups were as follows: control (defect) group, defect + graft group, and defect + graft + resveratrol group. A calvarial bone defect was created in all groups, alloplastic bone grafts were applied to the defect in the 2nd and 3rd group, resveratrol (5 mg/kg/day) was added to the drinking water of the animals following graft application for 28 days in the 3rd group. Results: Increase in osteoclasts and necrotic changes were observed histopathologically in the control group. In the 2nd group, reduction of inflammation, congestion of blood vessels, increased osteblastic activity, osteoinductive effect, progression of osteocyte development and increased collagen fibers in connective tissue were observed. In the 3rd group, osteoblasts seemed to secrete bone matrix and accelerate osteoinductive effect with increased osteopregenitor activity and positive osteopontin and osteonectin expressions. Conclusion: Resveratrol treatment was thought to be an alternative and supportive drug for implant application by inducing new bone formation in the calvaral defect region as a result of short-term treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Skull/surgery , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Transplantation/methods , Bone Substitutes/administration & dosage , Resveratrol/administration & dosage , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Skull/drug effects , Drug Administration Schedule , Osteonectin/administration & dosage , Osseointegration/drug effects , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Osteopontin/administration & dosage
3.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(9): e201900904, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054694

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: Ganoderma lucidum, a kind of mushroom used for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory activities, was investigated in the present study for its possible healing effect on calvarial defects with bone grafts. Methods: Wistar male rats (n = 30) were divided into 3 groups: 1) the control (defect) group (n = 10), 2) defect and graft group (n = 10), and 3) defect, graft, and G. lucidum treated group (n = 10). The G. lucidum was administered to the rats at 20 mL/kg per day via gastric lavage. Results: In the defect and graft group, osteonectin positive expression was observed in osteoblast and osteocyte cells at the periphery of the small bone trabeculae within the graft area. In the defect, graft, and G. lucidum treated group, osteonectin expression was positive in the osteoblast and osteocyte cells and positive osteonectin expression in new bone trabeculae. The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) was positive in the inflammatory cells, fibroblast cells, and degenerated collagen fibril areas within the defect area. Conclusion: This study shows that, with its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, G. Lucidum is an important factor in the treatment of calvarial bone defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Skull/surgery , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Transplantation , Reishi/chemistry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Skull/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Osseointegration/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(1): 31-39, Jan. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886250

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the influence of subcutaneous injection nicotine in osseointegration process on different implant surfaces. Methods: Twenty-two male rabbits were distributed into two groups according to the subcutaneous injections: (1) nicotine 3 mg/day/kg and (2) 0.9 % NaCI 3 mL/day/kg, three times a day; subgroups were then designated-machined and anodized implants were placed in the right and left tibia bones, respectively. The animals were submitted euthanasia after periods of eight weeks to determine nicotine and cotinine levels, alkaline phosphatase and biomechanical analysis. Results: The plasmatic levels of nicotine and cotinine were 0.5 ± 0.28 ng/mL and 9.5 ± 6.51 ng/mL, respectively. The alkaline phosphatase analyses in blood levels in control group were observed 40.8 ± 11.88 UI/L and 40.75 ± 12.46 UI/L, for the surfaces machined and anodized, respectively. In the test group was observed levels 37.9 ± 4.84 UI/L, for both implant surfaces. No significant differences were observed between control and test groups and between the implant surfaces regarding alkaline phosphatase blood levels. For biomechanics, no significant differences were observed in control group between the machined (25±8.46 Ncm) or anodized (31.2 ± 6.76 Ncm) implants. However, the treatment with nicotine induced higher torque than control in both machined (38.3 ± 13.52 Ncm) and anodized (35.5 ± 14.17 Ncm) implants, with p = 0.0024 and p = 0.0121, respectively. Conclusion: Subcutaneous injection of nicotine following implant insertion didn't have effect on osseointegration, independently from the implant surface.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dental Implants , Osseointegration/drug effects , Bone-Implant Interface , Nicotine/adverse effects , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Biomechanical Phenomena , Smoking/adverse effects , Random Allocation , Torque , Cotinine/blood , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Injections, Subcutaneous , Nicotine/administration & dosage , Nicotine/blood
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170470, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954503

ABSTRACT

Abstract The hypothesis of this study was that the peri-implant bone healing of the group of pinealectomized rats would differ from the control group. The samples were subjected to immunohistochemical, microtomographic (total porosity and connectivity density), and fluorochrome (mineralized surface) analyses. Objectives The goal of this study was to investigate the cellular changes and bone remodeling dynamics along the bone/implant interface in pinealectomized rats. Material and Methods The total of 18 adult male rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus, Wistar) was divided into three groups (n=6): control (CO), pinealectomized without melatonin (PNX) and pinealectomized with melatonin (PNXm). All animals were submitted to the first surgery (pinealectomy), except the CO group. Thirty days after the pinealectomy without melatonin, the second surgery was conducted, in which all animals received an implant in each tibia (36 titanium implants with surface treatment were installed - Implalife® São Paulo, SP, Brazil). By gavage, the rats of the PNX group received the vehicle solution, and the procedure. Results Immunohistochemical analysis for runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteopontin (OP) and osteocalcin (OC) showed that the bone repair process in the PNXm group was similar to that of the CO group, whereas the PNX group showed a delay. The microtomographic parameters of total porosity [Po(tot)] and bone surface (BS) showed no statistically significant differences, whereas for the connective density (Conn.Dn) a statistical difference was found between the CO and PNXm groups. Fluorochrome analysis of the active mineralized surface showed statistically significant difference between the CO and PNX and between the CO and PNXm groups. Conclusion The absence of the pineal gland impaired the bone repair process during osseointegration, however the daily melatonin replacement was able to restore this response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Pineal Gland/surgery , Osseointegration/drug effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents/pharmacology , Bone-Implant Interface , Melatonin/pharmacology , Tibia/drug effects , Tibia/injuries , Tibia/pathology , Titanium , Immunohistochemistry , Osteocalcin/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Implants, Experimental , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/analysis , Osteopontin/analysis , X-Ray Microtomography , Fluorescent Dyes
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(5): 498-505, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893658

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of continual intermittent administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on implant stability in the presence of osteoporosis, using rabbit models. Material and Methods: Fifteen female New Zealand white rabbits underwent ovariectomy and were administered glucocorticoids to induce osteoporosis, following which they were divided into three groups. The first group received intermittent subcutaneous PTH for 4 weeks until implant placement (PTH1), while the second and third groups received PTH (PTH2) and saline (control), respectively, for 4 weeks before and after implant placement. After intermittent administration of PTH or saline, titanium implants were inserted into the left femoral epiphyses of all animals, and the implant stability quotient (ISQ) was measured immediately after placement to assess the primary stability and at 2 and 4 weeks after implant placement to assess osseointegration. At 4 weeks after implant placement, histological and histomorphometric evaluations were conducted and the bone area around the implant socket was measured as a ratio of the total bone area to the total tissue area. Results: Regarding primary stability, the ISQ values for the PTH1 and PTH2 groups were significantly higher than those for the control group (p<0.05). Concerning osseointegration, the ISQ values at 2 and 4 weeks were significantly higher for the PTH2 group than for the PTH1 and control (p<0.05) groups. Histological assessments showed a thicker and more trabecular bone around the implant sockets in the PTH2 specimens than in the PTH1 and control specimens. The bone area around the implant socket was significantly greater in the PTH2 group than in the PTH1 and control groups (p<0.05). Conclusions: Our results suggest that continual intermittent PTH administration before and after dental implant placement is effective for the achievement of favorable stability and osseointegration in the presence of osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rabbits , Osteoporosis/physiopathology , Parathyroid Hormone/administration & dosage , Dental Implants , Osseointegration/drug effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents/administration & dosage , Osteoporosis/pathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Ovariectomy , Reproducibility of Results , Osseointegration/physiology , Treatment Outcome , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Disease Models, Animal , Femur/drug effects , Femur/pathology , Bone-Implant Interface/physiopathology , Resonance Frequency Analysis , Glucocorticoids , Injections, Subcutaneous
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(1): 42-52, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841161

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sodium alendronate is a bisphosphonate drug that exerts antiresorptive action and is used to treat osteoporosis. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the bone repair process at the bone/implant interface of osteoporotic rats treated with sodium alendronate through the analysis of microtomography, real time polymerase chain reactions and immunohistochemistry (RUNX2 protein, bone sialoprotein (BSP), alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin and osteocalcin). Material and Methods A total of 42 rats were used and divided in to the following experimental groups: CTL: control group (rats submitted to fictitious surgery and fed with a balanced diet), OST: osteoporosis group (rats submitted to a bilateral ovariectomy and fed with a low calcium diet) and ALE: alendronate group (rats submitted to a bilateral ovariectomy, fed with a low calcium diet and treated with sodium alendronate). A surface treated implant was installed in both tibial metaphyses of each rat. Euthanasia of the animals was conducted at 14 (immunhostochemistry) and 42 days (immunohistochemistry, micro CT and PCR). Data were subjected to statistical analysis with a 5% significance level. Results Bone volume (BV) and total pore volume were higher for ALE group (P<0.05). Molecular data for RUNX2 and BSP proteins were significantly expressed in the ALE group (P<0.05), in comparison with the other groups. ALP expression was higher in the CTL group (P<0.05). The immunostaining for RUNX2 and osteopontin was positive in the osteoblastic lineage cells of neoformed bone for the CTL and ALE groups in both periods (14 and 42 days). Alkaline phosphatase presented a lower staining area in the OST group compared to the CTL in both periods and the ALE at 42 days. Conclusion There was a decrease of osteocalcin precipitation at 42 days for the ALE and OST groups. Therefore, treatment with short-term sodium alendronate improved bone repair around the implants installed in the tibia of osteoporotic rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Dental Implants , Osseointegration/drug effects , Alendronate/pharmacology , Bone Density Conservation Agents/pharmacology , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Osteoporosis/physiopathology , Tibia/surgery , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Ovariectomy , Bone Density/drug effects , Osteocalcin/analysis , Osteocalcin/drug effects , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Implants, Experimental , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/drug effects , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/analysis , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/drug effects , Osteopontin/analysis , Osteopontin/drug effects , X-Ray Microtomography , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(4): 325-331, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-792600

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Artificial bone has been employed to reconstruct bone defects. However, only few reports on implant placement after block bone grafting exist. Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the osseointegration of dental implant in bone reconstructions with interconnected porous calcium hydroxyapatite (IP-CHA). Material and Methods The IP-CHA cylinders (D; 4.3 mm, H; 10.0 mm) were placed into bone sockets in each side of the femurs of four male dogs. The IP-CHA on the right side was a 24-week sample. Twelve weeks after placement, a titanium implant was placed into a socket that was prepared in half of the placed IP-CHA cylinder on the right side. On the left side, another IP-CHA cylinder was placed as a 12-week sample. After another 12 weeks, the samples were harvested, and the bone regeneration and bone-implant contact (BIC) ratios were measured. Results New bone formation area was superior in the 24-week IP-CHA compared with the 12-week IP-CHA. BIC was not significantly different between IP-CHA and the parent sites. Osseointegration was detected around the implant in IP-CHA-reconstructed bone. Conclusion Our preliminary results suggest that IP-CHA may be a suitable bone graft material for reconstructing bones that require implant placement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Osseointegration/drug effects , Bone Transplantation/methods , Durapatite/pharmacology , Bone Substitutes/pharmacology , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Titanium/chemistry , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Prosthesis Design , Implants, Experimental , Femur/surgery
9.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 1(4): 675-679, mai.-jun. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-847030

ABSTRACT

O crescente aumento de instalações de implantes dentais com carga imediata e de suas fixações em tecido ósseo de baixa densidade tem gerado a necessidade real de aceleração e aprimoramento do processo de osseointegração, e muitos métodos e técnicas têm sido propostos para solucionar este problema. Neste contexto, a presente revisão teve por objetivo discutir os principais aspectos do papel da sinvastatina como intervenção para a melhoria no processo de osseointegração. Os resultados indicaram que a sinvastatina apresentou efeitos positivos em estudos experimentais, sendo necessários ensaios clínicos randomizados.


With increasing applications of dental implants with immediate loading and their installation in low quality bone, there is a real need to speed up and improve the osseointegration process. This review aimed to discuss the use of simvastatin in improving the osseointegration. The results indicate that simvastatin showed positive results in experimental studies, although randomized clinical trials are necessary.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Dental Implants , Osseointegration/drug effects , Simvastatin/therapeutic use
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(3): 279-287, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-752437

ABSTRACT

Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of two different commercially available dental implants on osseointegration. The surfaces were sandblasting and acid etching (Group 1) and sandblasting and acid etching, then maintained in an isotonic solution of 0.9% sodium chloride (Group 2). Material and Methods X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was employed for surface chemistry analysis. Surface morphology and topography was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal microscopy (CM), respectively. Contact angle analysis (CAA) was employed for wetting evaluation. Bone-implant-contact (BIC) and bone area fraction occupied (BAFO) analysis were performed on thin sections (30 μm) 14 and 28 days after the installation of 10 implants from each group (n=20) in rabbits' tibias. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA at the 95% level of significance considering implantation time and implant surface as independent variables. Results Group 2 showed 3-fold less carbon on the surface and a markedly enhanced hydrophilicity compared to Group 1 but a similar surface roughness (p>0.05). BIC and BAFO levels in Group 2 at 14 days were similar to those in Group 1 at 28 days. After 28 days of installation, BIC and BAFO measurements of Group 2 were approximately 1.5-fold greater than in Group 1 (p<0.05). Conclusion The surface chemistry and wettability implants of Group 2 accelerate osseointegration and increase the area of the bone-to-implant interface when compared to those of Group 1. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Dental Implants , Osseointegration/drug effects , Osseointegration/physiology , Titanium/chemistry , Acid Etching, Dental , Biocompatible Materials , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Confocal , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Photoelectron Spectroscopy , Reference Values , Surface Properties/drug effects , Tibia/drug effects , Time Factors , Wettability
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(4): 255-263, 04/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744282

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the biocompatibility and osteogenesis of castor oil polymer doped with SiO2 or BaTiO3 nanoparticles. METHODS: Twenty four male rats Wistar were submitted to bone defect filled with castor oil polymer. The animals were distributed in two experimental groups had been formed with 12 animals each: Group 1 - Castor oil polymer doped with 0.30 grams of SiO2 replacing 0.30 grams of CaCO3. Group 2 - Castor oil polymer doped with 0.30 grams of BaTiO3 replacing 0.30 grams of CaCO3. Euthanasia occurred 30 and 60 days after surgery and the femurs were sent to histological analysis and MEV. RESULTS: The implants were biocompatible and allowed for progressive osteogenesis through osteoconduction in both observation periods. There was significant bone neoformation at 30 and 60 days in both groups within the histomorphometric evaluation, but group 1's osteogenesis was lesser in the 30 and 60-day periods observed when compared to the animals of group 2. The MEV morphometric evaluation evidenced a lesser percentage of osseous tissue filling within the BaTiO2-doped polymer. CONCLUSION: The castor oil polymer doped with SiO2 or BaTiO3 remained biocompatible and allowed for progressive osteogenesis in both observation periods. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Barium Compounds/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Biopolymers/pharmacology , Castor Oil/pharmacology , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Silicon Dioxide/pharmacology , Titanium/pharmacology , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Femur/drug effects , Femur/pathology , Implants, Experimental , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Osseointegration/drug effects , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(1): 9-13, Jan-Feb/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-741585

ABSTRACT

A current goal of dental implant research is the development of titanium (Ti) surfaces to improve osseointegration. Plasma nitriding treatments generate surfaces that favor osteoblast differentiation, a key event to the process of osteogenesis. Based on this, it is possible to hypothesize that plasma-nitrided Ti implants may positively impact osseointegration. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo bone response to Ti surfaces modified by plasma-nitriding treatments. Material and Methods Surface treatments consisted of 20% N2 and 80% H2, 450°C and 1.5 mbar during 1 h for planar and 3 h for hollow cathode. Untreated surface was used as control. Ten implants of each surface were placed into rabbit tibiae and 6 weeks post-implantation they were harvested for histological and histomorphometric analyses. Results Bone formation was observed in contact with all implants without statistically significant differences among the evaluated surfaces in terms of bone-to-implant contact, bone area between threads, and bone area within the mirror area. Conclusion Our results indicate that plasma nitriding treatments generate Ti implants that induce similar bone response to the untreated ones. Thus, as these treatments improve the physico-chemical properties of Ti without affecting its biocompatibility, they could be combined with modifications that favor bone formation in order to develop new implant surfaces. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Osseointegration/drug effects , Plasma Gases/therapeutic use , Tibia/drug effects , Tibia/surgery , Titanium/therapeutic use , Biocompatible Materials , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Plasma Gases/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Titanium/chemistry , Treatment Outcome
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(6): 376-382, 06/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-711594

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the early bone response to a nanotextured dental implant treated with sodium sulfate (Na2SO4), using a rabbit model. METHODS: Twelve animals were randomly divided into group 1 (Control) - machined implants and group 2 (Test) - nanotextured implants. Extra-oral incision was performed to provide access to intended surgical site where the dental implant was inserted immediately after the extraction of the mandibular first premolar. Implant surface characterization was performed by scanning electron microscopy attached to energy dispersive spectroscopy and interferometry. Three weeks after surgery, the animals were induced to death and undecalcified sections of the samples were prepared for histological and histomorphometrical analysis. RESULTS: Surface characterization of the implant demonstrated enhanced surface area of anodized group compared to Control group with 19.2% ± 6.2 versus 1.6 ± 0.7, respectively. Histological evaluation demonstrated new bone formation starting from the buccal and lingual cortical walls on both groups. After three weeks, significant higher bone contact of 27% (p<0.05) was observed to nanotextured compared to machined implants (Control group). CONCLUSION: The anodization with sodium sulfate nanostructures to the implant surface that resulted in faster osseointegration. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Bone Screws , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Mandible/drug effects , Sulfates/pharmacology , Titanium , Interferometry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Models, Animal , Mandible/pathology , Osseointegration/drug effects , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Sulfates/chemistry , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Titanium/chemistry , Wound Healing/drug effects
14.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-140031

ABSTRACT

Aims: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the clinical outcome of infrabony defects following reconstructive surgery with the use of tricalcium phosphate (TCP) alone; TCP and citric acid (CA) root conditioning; and TCP, CA, and oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) membrane. Materials and Methods: Thirty-nine systemically healthy subjects with vertical infrabony defect were initially selected based on intraoral periapical radiographs and clinical examination to record probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL). Only 21 defects revealed two-walled configuration on surgical debridement. These defects were selected and randomly allotted to the study groups. Group 1 defects were treated with TCP, group 2 with TCP+CA, and group 3 with TCP+CA+ORC. PPD, CAL, defect depth (DD), and level of alveolar crest (AC) were evaluated at the time of initial surgery and after 6 months at surgical re-entry. These measurements were utilized to calculate PPD reduction, CAL gain, defect fill (DF), %defect fill (%DF), and crestal resorption (CR). Statistical Analysis: A paired t-test was used for assessing changes in each group. Unpaired t-test was used for intergroup comparisons. Results: All three groups showed statistically significant PPD reduction, CAL gain, DF, and %DF, but insignificant CR at the end of 6 months. On intergroup comparison, no statistically significant differences were noted between the groups for all the parameters. Conclusion: Efficacy of combination techniques using TCP+CA; TCP+CA+ORC in treatment of periodontal infrabony defects is at least equal to that of TCP alone.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alveolar Bone Loss/therapy , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Calcium Phosphates/therapeutic use , Cellulose, Oxidized/therapeutic use , Citric Acid/therapeutic use , Combined Modality Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal/methods , Humans , Membranes, Artificial , Middle Aged , Osseointegration/drug effects , Periodontal Index , Tissue Conditioning, Dental/methods , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
Braz. j. biol ; 71(1): 115-119, Feb. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-578406

ABSTRACT

Alcohol consumption compromises bone tissue, and thus may either impair or stop the fixation and maintenance of osseointegrated implants. To evaluate the effects of 5 percent and 15 percent ethanol on bone neoformation around porous hydroxiapatite implants. Fifteen rats were separated into 3 groups of 5 animals each: control (CT); 5 percent alcohol (A); and 15 percent alcohol (AA). After four weeks of ethanol consumption, the rats received porous hydroxiapatite implants into surgically made cavities in the femur. After surgery, the animals continued to consume ethanol until day 90 of the experiment, when they were euthanised and their femurs removed for histological processing. Bone tissue was found around the ceramic specimens of all the animals. The largest volume of neoformed bone around ceramic specimens occurred in the CT group, and the smallest in the AA group, followed by the A group. It was concluded that ethanol consumption produced a negative effect on osteogenesis around hydroxyapatite implants. Even small doses, such as the 5 percent ethanol dilution can interfere with bone repair.


O consumo de álcool é prejudicial à integridade do tecido ósseo; consequentemente, pode dificultar ou até mesmo impedir a fixação e manutenção dos implantes osseointegráveis. Avaliar os efeitos do etanol (5 por cento e 15 por cento) sobre a neoformação óssea ao redor de implantes de hidroxiapatita porosa. Foram utilizados 15 ratos divididos em três grupos de 5: controle (CT); álcool 5 por cento (A); e álcool 15 por cento (AA). Após quatro semanas de consumo de etanol, a hidroxiapatita porosa foi implantada em cavidades produzidas cirurgicamente nos fêmures dos animais. Após as cirurgias, os animais continuaram a consumir etanol até completar 90 dias de experimento, quando foram sacrificados e os fêmures isolados para o processamento histológico. Em todos os animais foi encontrado tecido ósseo junto aos corpos cerâmicos. O volume de osso formado ao redor dos corpos cerâmicos foi maior no grupo CT em relação aos demais grupos. Os animais do grupo AA foram aqueles que apresentaram menor volume de osso neoformado, seguidos dos animais do grupo A. Conclui-se que o consumo de etanol produziu efeito negativo sobre a osteogênese ao redor dos implantes de HAP, e que mesmo doses pequenas, como a diluição de etanol 5 por cento, podem interferir na reparação óssea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Substitutes , Durapatite , Ethanol/pharmacology , Femur/surgery , Osseointegration/drug effects , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Femur/pathology , Porosity , Prostheses and Implants , Rats, Wistar
16.
Clinics ; 66(6): 1055-1059, 2011. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-594378

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of low dose methotrexate alone or in combination with glucocorticoid treatment on titanium implant osseointegration. METHODS: Groups of 6-8 adult New Zealand White rabbits were treated for 18 weeks with saline (control), methotrexate, glucocorticoid, or methotrexate plus glucocorticoid. The animals received a titanium implant in the tibia at week 6. Lumbar spine and tibia bone mineral densities were analyzed before and after treatment. Histomorphometric analysis of bone cortical thickness, total bone area around the implant, and percent of bone to implant contact was performed. RESULTS: After 18 weeks, the change in the bone mineral density in the lumbar spines and tibias in the methotrexate group was comparable to the control group (0.035 vs. 0.055 g/cm² and 0.021 vs. 0.041 g/cm², respectively). In contrast, both the glucocorticoid group and glucocorticoid plus methotrexate group had significant reductions at both sites. Histomorphometric analysis of the tibia in the control and methotrexate groups revealed no significant changes in cortical thickness (133 vs. 126 μm), total bone area around the implant (33 vs. 30 percent), or bone to implant contact (40 vs. 38 percent). In contrast, glucocorticoid group had significant reductions compared to controls in tibia cortical thickness (99 vs. 133 μm), total bone area around the implant (24 vs. 33 percent), and bone to implant contact (27 vs. 40 percent). Similar reductions were observed in the glucocorticoid plus methotrexate group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that low dose methotrexate treatment does not affect titanium implant osseointegration, suggesting that this therapy is safe for surgical procedures requiring a titanium implant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Antirheumatic Agents/administration & dosage , Methotrexate/administration & dosage , Osseointegration/drug effects , Tibia , Titanium , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Materials Testing , Models, Animal , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 23(2): 140-148, Mar.-Apr. 2008. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-478750

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To study the repair of bone defect filled with autograft or bovine bone devitalized matrix in rats under anti-inflammatory action. METHODS: Two hundred and forty Wistar rats were distributed to two groups of 120 animals each. A 2mm-diameter defect was created in the femoral diaphysis. Animals of Group I had the bone defect filled with autograft and those of Group II, with bovine bone devitalized matrix. Animals of each group were redistributed to four subgroups according to the intramuscular administration of anti-inflammatory drug or saline solution: A - diclofenac sodium; B - dexamethasone; C - meloxicam; D - saline solution. Evaluation periods were 7, 14 and 30 days. Histological evaluation consisted of quantifying the inflammatory process, the bone neoformation, the collagen formation and the presence of macrophages. RESULTS: Animals of Group I did not show significant difference considering inflammatory reaction. Significant and progressive increase of bone neoformation was observed in both groups. The animals that received meloxicam and autograft showed less collagen formation at 14 and 30 days. The number of macrophages was higher in Group II than in Group I. The animals treated with dexamethasone and saline solution did not show statistically significant difference. CONCLUSIONS: Diclofenac sodium and meloxicam delayed bone graft repair and dexamethasone did not interfere in it.


OBJETIVO: Estudar o reparo do defeito ósseo preenchido com enxerto ósseo autógeno ou matriz óssea bovina desvitalizada sob ação de antiinflamatórios em ratos. MÉTODOS: 240 ratos Wistar, distribuídos em dois grupos de 120 animais. Confeccionou-se defeito de 2 mm de diâmetro na diáfise femoral. Os animais do Grupo I tiveram o defeito ósseo preenchido com enxerto ósseo autógeno e os do Grupo II com matriz óssea bovina desvitalizada. Cada grupo foi redistribuído em quatro subgrupos segundo a administração intramuscular de antiinflamatório ou solução salina: A - diclofenaco de sódio; B - dexametasona; C - meloxicam; D - solução salina. Os períodos de avaliação foram de 7, 14 e 30 dias. A avaliação histológica constou da quantificação do processo inflamatório, osso neoformado, formação de colágeno e macrófagos. RESULTADOS: Os animais do Grupo I não mostraram diferença significante em relação à reação inflamatória. Observou-se aumento significante e progressivo da neoformação óssea nos Grupos I e II. Os animais que receberam meloxicam e enxerto autógeno mostraram menor aporte de colágeno aos 14 e 30 dias de observação. Os macrófagos apresentaram-se em maior quantidade no Grupo II que no Grupo I. Os animais tratados com dexametasona e solução salina não demonstraram diferença estatisticamente significante entre os Grupos I e II. CONCLUSÕES: O diclofenaco de sódio e o meloxicam retardam a reparação do enxerto ósseo. A dexametasona não interfere na reparação do enxerto ósseo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Male , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Bone Transplantation , Dexamethasone/pharmacology , Diclofenac/pharmacology , Osseointegration/drug effects , Thiazines/pharmacology , Thiazoles/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
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