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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 268-270, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251343

ABSTRACT

Abstract Septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis is a rare condition. Risk factors include trauma, low-grade infection, urological or gynecological procedures, malignant tumors of the pelvis, sports, and intravenous drug abuse. This report describes a case of septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis in a 23-year-old male patient with no history of pelvic surgery, previous infections, or intense physical activity. Arthritis was diagnosed by blood culture positive for Enterococcus spp. and yeasts, and the patient was treated with antibiotics. This case emphasizes the importance of complementary exams to aid the treatment of septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis and shows that an invasive procedure, such as pubic symphysis puncture biopsy, may not be required.


Resumo A artrite séptica da sínfise púbica é uma condição rara. Os fatores de risco são trauma, infecção de baixo grau, procedimentos urológicos ou ginecológicos, tumores malignos da pelve, prática de esportes e uso de drogas intravenosas. O presente relato descreve um caso de artrite séptica da sínfise púbica em um paciente do sexo masculino, de 23 anos, sem história de cirurgias pélvicas, infecções prévias ou atividade física intensa. A artrite foi diagnosticada pela hemocultura que revelou crescimento de Enterococcus sp + leveduras, e o paciente foi tratado com antibioticoterapia. Este caso enfatiza a importância de exames complementares no auxílio do tratamento da artrite séptica da sínfise púbica, e demonstra que procedimentos invasivos, tais como a punção da sínfise púbica, podem não ser necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteitis , Pubic Symphysis , Arthritis, Infectious , Enterococcus , Anti-Bacterial Agents
2.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 157-166, jun. 2020. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125554

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La vacuna BCG (bacilo de Calmette-Guérin) para prevenir las formas graves de tuberculosis, es la vacuna más difundida en el mundo. Los efectos adversos asociados a la vacunación son poco frecuentes, y la mayoría de ellos ocurren en el sitio de inoculación. Presentamos un caso de osteomielitis de tibia secundaria a la vacuna BCG en un paciente pediátrico inmunocompetente. Conclusiones: El compromiso óseo secundario a la vacuna BCG en pacientes previamente sanos es muy raro. Es importante sospecharlo, para diagnosticarlo y administrar el tratamiento adecuado. Se obtuvieron buenos resultados administrando fármacos antituberculosos, sin necesidad de limpieza quirúrgica. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine, used to prevent severe forms of tuberculosis (TB), is the most extensively used vaccine worldwide. Adverse events associated with BCG vaccination are rare, and most of them occur at the inoculation site. We present a tibia Osteomyelitis case secondary to BCG vaccination in an immunocompetent infant. Conclusions: Bone involvement secondary to BCG vaccination in previously healthy patients is extremely rare. Healthcare providers must consider such settings in order to make the diagnosis and institute the appropriate treatment. Antituberculous drugs produced good therapeutic results with no need for surgical toilette. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Infant , Osteitis , Osteomyelitis , Tibia , Tuberculosis/therapy , BCG Vaccine/adverse effects
3.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(1): e003, ene.-abr. 2020. ilus., tab.
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1095490

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de la osteoesclerosis idiopática (OI) y la osteítis condensante (OC) en radiografías panorámicas. Metodología: Se estudiaron 1500 radiografías panorámicas de pacientes de ambos sexos, con edades cronológicas entre 20 y 88 años. Se identificó la presencia de condensaciones óseas (CO); la distribución de acuerdo con la edad, el sexo, la localización y la relación con los dientes; y si eran solitarias o múltiples. Resultados: Se observaron 183 CO, con una prevalencia del 12,4%. Del total de casos, 113 correspondieron al sexo femenino (61,7%) y 70 al masculino (38,2%). La OI fue verificada en 127 sujetos (8,5% del total de la muestra), mientras que 56 presentaron OC (3,7%). La OI fue más frecuente entre la tercera y cuarta décadas de vida, mientras que se verificó un mayor número de OC por encima de los 40 años (p = 0,002). Respecto del sexo, ambos tipos de CO fueron más frecuentes en las mujeres, lo que fue estadísticamente significativo (p = 0,005). Las CO se localizaron con mayor frecuencia en la zona molar derecha, molar izquierda y premolar derecha; en cuanto a la relación con los dientes, fueron observadas en un número más alto en apical, separadas y en la zona apical e interradicular. La presentación única de las CO fue más prevalente según el sexo o el grupo etario. Conclusiones: Las características radiográficas de las CO estudiadas permiten distinguirlas de otras patologías. Su alta prevalencia indica que deben ser consideradas en el manejo clínico del paciente para orientar un plan de tratamiento adecuado. (AU)


Objective:To determine the frequency of idiopathic osteoesclerosis (IO) and condensing osteitis (CO) in panoramic radiographs. Methodology: 1500 panoramic radiographs of patients of both sexes, with chronological ages between 20 and 88 years, were studied. The presence of bone condensations (BC), distribution according to age, sex, location, relationship with the teeth, and whether they were solitary or multiple were evaluated. Results: 183 BC (12.4%) were observed with 113 in women (61.7%) and 70 in men (38.2%). IO was verified in 127 subjects (8.5% of the total sample), while 56 presented CO (3.7%). IO was more frequent between the third and fourth decade of life, while a greater number of CO was found over 40 years of age (p = 0.002); regarding sex, both types of BC were significantly more frequent in women (p = 0.005). BC were more frequently located in the right molar, left molar, and right premolar zone; Regarding the relationship with the teeth, a higher number of BC were observed in the apical, separated and in the apical and interradicular areas. The single presentation of BC was more prevalent considering sex or age. Conclusions: BC can be differentiated from other pathologies based on the radiographic characteristics. Taking into account, the high prevalence of BC, they should be considered in the clinical management of patients in order to guide adequate treatment planning. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteitis , Osteosclerosis , Radiography, Panoramic , Mandible , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(1): 75-81, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092674

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the management of tibial fractures resulting in bone loss (traumatic or infection-related) and the complications occurring during treatment with external fixator and immediately after apparatus removal. Methods Forty patients were selected from 2010 to 2017. The mean age of the patients was 33.02 years; 34 subjects were male and 6 were female. All patients had tibial bone regeneration, suffered trauma (mainly related to motorcycle accident) and were followed-up at an outpatient facility. Results Proximal tibial bones of up to 17 cm in length and distal tibial bones of up to 14 cm in length were obtained. The largest trifocal transport had the same length as the regenerated bone tissues, which was 14.5 cm. Regarding complications, 29 (72.5%) patients had infections in the pin and wire paths. There were 9 (22.5%) cases of de novo fracture, 6 of which were managed with the implantation of a new circular fixator, and 2 cases of infection of the regenerated bone. On average, patients were subjected to 4.72 procedures (ranging from 2-12), had the fixator for 20.75 months (ranging from 7-55 months), and stayed at the hospital for 53.7 days (ranging from 5-183 days), mainly because of soft-tissue complications, intravenous antibacterial therapy, and even social issues. Two (5%) patients presented symptomatic gonarthrosis, and two other patients had symptomatic ankle arthritis. Three of the patients showed lower limb discrepancy of 3.0, 3.7, and 5.0 cm. Conclusion Despite not being widely available, the Ilizarov method is useful for solving the majority of tibial bone losses, regardless of their etiology.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o tratamento das fraturas de tíbia que evoluíram com perda óssea (traumática ou secundária a infecção) e as complicações ocorridas durante o tratamento com fixador externo e no período imediatamente após sua retirada. Métodos Foram selecionados 40 pacientes tratados entre 2010 e 2017, com a idade média de 33,02 anos, sendo 34 do sexo masculino e 6 do sexo feminino. Todos os pacientes portavam regenerado ósseo da tíbia, foram vítimas de trauma (sobretudo motociclístico), e estavam em seguimento ambulatorial. Resultados Foram obtidos regenerados ósseos da tíbia proximal de até 17 cm e da tíbia distal de 14 cm. O maior transporte trifocal teve a soma do tamanho dos tecidos dos ossos regenerados, medindo 14,5 cm. Como complicações, 29 (72,5%) pacientes tiveram infecção no trajeto dos pinos e fios. Houve 9 (22,5%) casos de refratura, sendo 6 deles tratadas com novo fixador circular, e 2 infecções no osso regenerado. Os pacientes foram submetidos a uma média de 4,72 procedimentos cirúrgicos (2-12), portaram fixador por 20,75 meses (7-55 m.) e permaneceram internados por 53,7 dias (5-183) devido principalmente a complicações de partes moles, a antibioticoterapia intravenosa ou até mesmo a questões sociais. Dois (5%) pacientes apresentaram gonartrose sintomática e outros 2 artrite sintomática do tornozelo. Três apresentaram discrepância de membros inferiores de 3,0; 3,7; e 5,0 cm. Conclusão Apesar de não ser um método de tratamento amplamente disponível, o método de Ilizarov é útil para solucionar a maioria das falhas ósseas da tíbia, independente da sua etiologia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Osteitis , Osteogenesis , Tibia , Bone and Bones , Bone Regeneration , External Fixators , Ilizarov Technique , Fractures, Bone
5.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1258378

ABSTRACT

Dans le cadre d'une exploration radiographique de routine au niveau des maxillaires ou lors d'un bilan orthodontique, il est fort probable de découvrir fortuitement chez l'adolescent des zones d'ostéosclérose asymptomatiques, qui se situent le plus souvent à proximité des apex des dents avoisinantes. Ces zones d'ostéosclérose se présentent sous la forme de foyers radio-opaques localisés et clairement délimités, à croissance non expansive et de forme elliptique ou irrégulière. Parmi ces lésions radio-opaques, on note l'ostéite condensante focale qui est associée à des processus pathologiques inflammatoires ou infectieux, souvent en regard des apex des molaires permanentes mandibulaires. L'objectif de notre travail est de mettre le point sur cette entité pathologique afin d'aider le praticien à l'identifier et à la différencier des autres lésions radio-opaques des maxillaires, ainsi que de pouvoir réaliser une prise en charge précoce et correcte de cette lésion


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Osteitis , Sclerosis
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785339

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Osteitis refers to the development of new bone formation and remodeling of bone in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients; it is typically associated with eosinophilia, nasal polyps (NPs), and recalcitrant CRS. However, the roles of ossification in CRS with or without NPs remain unclear due to the lack of appropriate animal models. Thus, it is necessary to have a suitable animal model for greater advances in the understanding of CRS pathogenesis.METHODS: BALB/c mice were administered ovalbumin (OVA) and staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB). The numbers of osteoclasts and osteoblasts and bony changes were assessed. Micro computed tomography (micro-CT) scans were conducted to measure bone thickness. Immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction were performed to evaluate runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteonectin, interleukin (IL)-13, and RUNX2 downstream gene expression. Gene set enrichment analysis was performed in mucosal tissues from control and CRS patients. The effect of resveratrol was evaluated in terms of osteogenesis in a murine eosinophilic CRS NP model.RESULTS: The histopathologic changes showed markedly thickened bones with significant increase in osteoblast numbers in OVA/SEB-treated mice compared to the phosphate-buffered saline-treated mice. The structural changes in bone on micro-CT were consistent with the histopathological features. The expression of RUNX2 and IL-13 was increased by the administration of OVA/SEB and showed a positive correlation. RUNX2 expression mainly co-localized with osteoblasts. Bioinformatic analysis using human CRS transcriptome revealed that IL-13-induced bony changes via RUNX2. Treatment with resveratrol, a candidate drug against osteitis, diminished the expression of IL-13 and RUNX2, and the number of osteoblasts in OVA/SEB-treated mice.CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, we found the histopathological and radiographic evidence of osteogenesis using a previously established murine eosinophilic CRS NP model. This animal model could provide new insights into the pathophysiology of neo-osteogenesis and provide a basis for developing new therapeutics.


Subject(s)
Animals , Computational Biology , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Enterotoxins , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Gene Expression , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Interleukin-13 , Interleukins , Mice , Models, Animal , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Polyps , Nose , Osteitis , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis , Osteonectin , Ovalbumin , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sinusitis , Transcription Factors , Transcriptome
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 314-318, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879643

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we review the results of previous studies and summarize the effects of various factors on the regulation of bone metabolism in traumatic bone infections. Infection-related bone destruction incorporates pathogens and iatrogenic factors in the process of bone resorption dominated by the skeletal and immune systems. The development of bone immunology has established a bridge of communication between the skeletal system and the immune system. Exploring the effects of pathogens, skeletal systems, immune systems, and antibacterials on bone repair in infectious conditions can help improve the treatment of these diseases.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Cellular Microenvironment , Humans , Immune System/immunology , Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Osteitis/microbiology , Osteoblasts/physiology , Osteoclasts/physiology , Staphylococcal Infections
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 578-584, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762076

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the Japanese Epidemiological Survey of Refractory Eosinophilic Chronic Rhinosinusitis (JESREC) classification, a clinical scoring system, for predicting disease control status in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and to investigate prognostic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 134 CRSwNP patients who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery after maximal medical treatment were enrolled. These patients were categorized into four groups according to JESREC classification: 1) non-eosinophilic CRSwNP (non-ECRSwNP), 2) mild eosinophilic CRSwNP (ECRSwNP), 3) moderate ECRSwNP, and 4) severe ECRSwNP. Disease control status among the patients was evaluated at 1 year after surgery, and the patients were divided into two groups (disease-controlled and disease-uncontrolled groups) for the investigation of prognostic factors. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in disease control status between non-ECRSwNP and ECRSwNP groups (p=0.970). Age, Lund-Mackay CT scores, global osteitis scores, tissue neutrophil count, and tissue eosinophil count were associated with disease control status. In subgroup analysis of the non-ECRSwNP group, only high tissue neutrophil count was related with disease control status, whereas for the ECRSwNP group, young age, high Lund-Mackay CT scores, high global osteitis scores, and high tissue and blood eosinophil counts were associated with disease control status. CONCLUSION: No difference in disease control status was identified between non-ECRSwNP and ECRSwNP cases. Tissue neutrophilia, however, appeared to be associated with disease control status in non-ECRSwNP cases, whereas tissue and blood eosinophilia was associated with ECRSwNP cases.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Classification , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Humans , Nasal Polyps , Neutrophils , Osteitis , Prognosis , Sinusitis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719497

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) osteitis, a rare complication of BCG vaccination, has not been well investigated in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of BCG osteitis during the recent 10 years in Korea. METHODS: Children diagnosed with BCG osteitis at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital from January 2007 to March 2018 were included. M. bovis BCG was confirmed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the affected bone. BCG immunization status and clinical information were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients were diagnosed with BCG osteitis and their median symptom onset from BCG vaccination was 13.8 months (range, 6.0–32.5). Sixteen children (76.2%) received Tokyo-172 vaccine by percutaneous multiple puncture method, while four (19.0%) and one (4.8%) received intradermal Tokyo-172 and Danish strain, respectively. Common presenting symptoms were swelling (76.2%), limited movement of the affected site (63.2%), and pain (61.9%) while fever was only accompanied in 19.0%. Femur (33.3%) and the tarsal bones (23.8%) were the most frequently involved sites; and demarcated osteolytic lesions (63.1%) and cortical breakages (42.1%) were observed on plain radiographs. Surgical drainage was performed in 90.5%, and 33.3% of them required repeated surgical interventions due to persistent symptoms. Antituberculosis medications were administered for a median duration of 12 months (range, 12–31). Most patients recovered without evident sequelae. CONCLUSION: Highly suspecting BCG osteitis based on clinical manifestations is important for prompt management. A comprehensive national surveillance system is needed to understand the exact incidence of serious adverse reactions following BCG vaccination and establish safe vaccination policy in Korea.


Subject(s)
Child , Drainage , Femur , Fever , Humans , Immunization , Incidence , Korea , Methods , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mycobacterium bovis , Mycobacterium , Osteitis , Punctures , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Tarsal Bones , Vaccination
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759768

ABSTRACT

Pustulotic arthro-osteitis (PAO) is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by inflammatory osteitis of the sternoclavicular joint and palmoplantar pustulosis. Here, we report a case of PAO that was successfully treated with a TNF-α inhibitor. A 45-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of pustular eruption on the palms and soles. Physical examination showed multiple erythematous papulopustules on the palms, back, and left shin, accompanied by sternoclavicular joint swelling and tenderness. Skin biopsy showed intraepidermal pustules filled with neutrophils on the palm. Bone scintigraphy revealed increased uptake in the bilateral sternoclavicular and other axial joints. Based on these findings, we made the diagnosis of PAO. Even after 6-month treatment of oral steroids and cyclosporine, skin manifestations insufficiently improved, so etanercept therapy was started. Complete clearance of skin lesions and joint pain were achieved after 3 months of etanercept therapy.


Subject(s)
Arthralgia , Biopsy , Cyclosporine , Diagnosis , Etanercept , Humans , Joints , Middle Aged , Neutrophils , Osteitis , Physical Examination , Radionuclide Imaging , Skin , Skin Manifestations , Sternoclavicular Joint , Steroids
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759692

ABSTRACT

SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis) syndrome includes a variety of inflammatory bone disorders associated with dermatologic pathology. A 57-year-old female presented with pustulosis on both hands that had persisted for several months. She also had lower back pain without trauma history. On physical examination, tenderness on her lower back and left anterior chest wall pain were found, and claudication was observed. Radiological studies including computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET)-CT showed endplate lytic changes in her spine, a focal hypermetabolic lesion in a left rib, and costochondral junction. These findings raised doubt on the presence of metastatic bone lesions, and there was no indication for primary cancer after a complete medical checkup. Palmoplantar pustulosis was well controlled by treatment with acitretin. The osteitis associated with SAPHO syndrome usually presents as osteosclerosis, while reports on osteolytic lesions are rare. We report herein a rare case of SAPHO syndrome associated with bone lesions resembling bone metastasis.


Subject(s)
Acitretin , Acne Vulgaris , Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome , Female , Hand , Humans , Hyperostosis , Low Back Pain , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Osteitis , Osteosclerosis , Pathology , Physical Examination , Positron-Emission Tomography , Ribs , Spine , Thoracic Wall
12.
Bauru; s.n; 2018. 131 p. graf, ilus, tab.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-906506

ABSTRACT

The process of alveolar bone healing can be influenced by several local and systemic factors, which include the immune system and healing related genes. However, the exact role of host inflammatory responsiveness and genetic background in bone healing process remains unclear. In this context, we evaluated the influence inflammation in alveolar bone healing taking advantage of mice strains genetically selected for maximum (AIRmax) or minimum (AIRmin) acute inflammatory response, as well AIR strains homozygous for RR/SS Slc11a1 genotypes. Experimental groups (N=5/time/group) comprised 8-week-old male or female AIRmax and AIRmin; and substrains AIRminRR, AIRminSS and AIRmaxRR and AIRmaxSS; submitted to extraction of upper right incisor and evaluated at 0, 3, 7, 14 and 21 days after upper incision extraction by micro-computed tomography (CT), histomorphometry, birefringence, immunohistochemistry and molecular (PCRArray) analysis. Initially, our results demonstrated that AIRmin mice presented an early increase (p<0.05) in bone volume, hyperdense regions, density of bone matrix and osteoblasts, increased (p<0.05) expressed of BMP4, BMP7 and RUNX2 when compared to AIRmax strain. AIRmin mice also presented lower counts of GR1+ and CD80+ cells, and higher counts of F4/80+ and CD206+ cells, in parallel with higher mRNA expression of CX3CL1, CCL5, CCR5 and ARG when compared to AIRmax animals. In late repair stages, the AIRmin strain presented a decreased (p<0.05) density of osteoclast and blood vessels than AIRmax, along lower RANKL and Catepk and higher PHEX and SOST mRNA expression, but the healing outcome at the endpoint was similar in AIRmin and AIRmax strains. When analyzed the effect of RR/SS Slc11a1 genotypes was evaluated in parallel with the influence AIRmin/AIRmax background, we initially observed that the AIRmax strain, associated with both RR and SS Slc11a1 genotypes, presented a more effective bone healing, characterized by increased (p<0.05) of bone volume and predominance of red fiber in analysis in contrast to AIRmin strains. AIRmaxRR presented increased (p<0.05) F4/80+ and decreased CD80+ e CD206+ cells count, while AIRmaxSS presented increased (p<0.05) GR1+, F4/80+ and CD80+ and decreased CD206+ cells. When the analysis was performed in order to address the influence Slc11a1 variants, AIRmaxSS strain presented a bone healing delay when compared to AIRmaxRR; characterized by decreased (p<0.05) of bone volume, trabecular number and red collagen fibers, increased (p<0.05) GR1+ and CD80+ and decreased F4/80+ and CD206+. Conversely, AIRminSS presented a more effective healing when compared with AIRminRR mice; characterized by increased (p<0.05) of bone volume, trabecular number/separation and red birefringence, increased GR1+ and decreased CD206+ cells count. In conclusion, while AIRmin and AIRmax strains presents a similar healing outcome at the endpoint, the early repair in AIRmin strain was associated with decreased presence of neutrophils and M1 macrophages, and increased M2 macrophages. Additionally, our while results showed that AIRmax inflammatory background was associated to a more effective bone healing process irrespective of the presence of RR/SS Slc11a1 genotypes, RR genotype favors the healing in AIRmax background and SS genotype was found to favor the healing in the AIRmin background.(AU)


O processo de reparo ósseo alveolar pode ser influenciado por vários fatores locais e sistêmicos, que incluem o sistema imunológico e os genes relacionados ao reparo. No entanto, o exato papel da resposta inflamatória do hospedeiro e genético background no processo de reparo ósseo ainda não está claro. Neste contexto, avaliamos a influência da inflamação no reparo óssea alveolar, em camundongos selecionadas geneticamente para uma resposta inflamatória aguda máxima (AIRmax) ou mínima (AIRmin), como também em camundongos AIR homozigoto para os alelos RR/SS do gene Slc11a1.Neste estudo foram utilizados camundongos machos e fêmeas (N=5/tempo/grupo), das linhagens selecionados para máxima e mínima (AIRmax e AIRmin) reação inflamatória, e também as sublinhagens AIRminRR, AIRminSS, AIRmaxRR e AIRmaxSS com idade aproximada de 8 semanas. Todos foram submetidos à extração do incisivo superior direito e avaliados nos períodos de 0, 3, 7, 14 e 21 dias pós extração, seguido pela análise tomografia computadorizada (CT), análise histomorfometria, análise de birrefringência, análise imuno-histoquímica e análise molecular (PCRArray). Inicialmente, nossos resultados demonstraram que a linhagem AIRmin, no período inicial, apresentou um aumento (p<0.05) no volume ósseo, nas regiões hiperdensas, na densidade de matriz óssea e osteoblastos, seguido pelo aumento (p<0.05) na expressão de BMP4, BMP7 e RUNX2 quando comparado a linhagem AIRmax. Camundongos AIRmin também apresentou uma menor contagem de células GR1+ e CD80+ e aumento da contagem de células F4/80+ e CD206+, em paralelo com aumento da expressão de mRNA de CX3CL1, CCL5, CCR5 e ARG quando comparado aos camundongos AIRmax. Nos períodos tardios, a linhagem AIRmin apresentou uma diminuição (p<0.05) na densidade de osteoclastos e vasos sanguíneos em comparação AIRmax, seguido por uma diminuição na expressão de mRNA de RANKL e Catepk e aumento de PHEX e SOST, mas o processo de reparo ósseo alveolar, no período final foi semelhante entres as linhagens AIRmin e AIRmax. Quando analisamos o efeito dos alelos RR/SS do gene Slc11a1 em paralelo com a influência do background AIRmin/AIRmax, nós inicialmente observamos que a linhagem AIRmax associada com ambos os alelos RR/SS do gene Slc11a1 apresentaram um processo de reparo mais efetivo, caracterizado pelo aumento (p<0.05) volume ósseo e predominância de fibras vermelhas em comparação com a linhagem AIRmin. Camundongos AIRmaxRR apresentaram aumento (p<0.05) na contagem de células F4/80+ e diminuição na contagem de células CD80+ e CD206+, enquanto, camundongos AIRmaxSS apresentou um aumento (p<0.05) na contagem de células GR1+, F4/80+, CD80+ e diminuição na contagem de células CD206+. Quando analisamos a influência dos alelos do gene Slc11a1, a linhagem AIRmaxSS apresentaram um atraso no reparo óssea quando comparado ao AIRmaxRR; caracterizado pela diminuição (p<0.05) do volume ósseo, número trabecular e fibras colágenas vermelhas, seguido pelo aumento (p<0.05) da contagem de células GR1+ e CD80+ e diminuição de células F4/80+ e CD206+. Por outro lado, camundongos AIRminSS apresentaram um reparo ósseo mais efetivo quando comparada com AIRminRR; caracterizada pelo aumento (p<0.05) do volume ósseo, número / separação trabecular e birrefringência das fibras colágenas no espectro vermelho, seguido pelo aumento da contagem de células GR1+ e diminuição das células CD206+. Diante disso, os nossos resultados demonstraram que as linhagens AIRmin e AIRmax apresentaram um processo de reparo ósseo alveolar semelhantes no período final do reparo, enquanto no reparo inicial a linhagem AIRmin estava associada com a diminuição de neutrófilos e macrófagos M1 e aumento dos macrófagos M2. Além disso, nossos resultados demonstraram que background AIRmax estava associado a um processo de reparo mais efetivo, independentemente da presença de genótipos RR/SS Slc11a1, o genótipo RR favorece o reparo no background AIRmax e o genótipo SS favoreceu a reparo no background AIRmin.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Bone Regeneration/genetics , Cation Transport Proteins/physiology , Tooth Socket/physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Osteitis/pathology , Osteitis/physiopathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Time Factors , X-Ray Microtomography
13.
Rev. argent. reumatol ; 29(1): 29-32, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-913015

ABSTRACT

SAPHO es un acrónimo en el que se incluye sinovitis, acné, pustulosis, hiperostosis y osteítis, corresponde a una entidad clínica que abarca varias manifestaciones osteoarticulares y dermatológicas que pueden aparecer en el mismo paciente de forma simultánea o sucesiva a lo largo de su vida; tiene características radiológicas importantes al momento de establecer el diagnóstico y su origen es multifactorial interviniendo factores genéticos, sobre todo en los genes LPNI2 y NOD2 ubicados en el cromosoma 18, infecciosos e inmunológicos. Dentro de los aspectos clínicos relevantes destaca la afectación de la pared anterior del tórax que puede ser tan notable como para llegar a producir compresión de las venas subclavia y cava superiores, lo cual puede conducir a trombosis vascular debido a la hiperostosis y a la compresión extrínseca por una masa de partes blandas en el mediastino. Desde su identificación, la primera línea de tratamiento ha sido el uso de AINE; sin embargo, muchos medicamentos inmunosupresores se han desarrollado para su tratamiento, el uso de anti-TNF ha mostrado eficacia para reducir las manifestaciones articulares, óseas y de piel y, por tanto, se ha convertido en una excelente opción para el tratamiento


Subject(s)
Acne Vulgaris , Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome , Hyperostosis , Osteitis , Synovitis
14.
Health sci. dis ; 19(1): 8-11, 2018. ilus
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1262781

ABSTRACT

Objectif. Décrire les caractéristiques épidémiologiques et microbiologiques des pieds diabétiques compliqués d'ostéite à Abidjan. Méthodes. Il s'agit d'une étude transversale, rétrospective ayant concerné 71 prélèvements bactériologiques (écouvillonnage) suivis d'une culture en présence d'un pied diabétique avec ostéite, colligés dans le service d'endocrinologie ­ Diabétologie du CHU de Yopougon (Abidjan) de 2002 à 2012. Résultats. La population d'étude était constituée de 71 patients dont 92,2% diabétiques de type 2, d'âge moyen 56,6± 12,6 ans, de durée moyenne d'évolution du diabète 10,4±8 avec une moyenne glycémique à 3,33±1,54 g/l et au stade de multiples complications du diabète. Le facteur déclenchant de la plaie était souvent un traumatisme (21,1%), une phlyctène spontanée (21,1%) ou un pied d'athlète (12,2%). Parmi les 71 patients avec pieds diabétiques compliqués d'ostéite ayant bénéficié d'un prélèvement, 51 cultures ont été positives soit 71,83 % des cas. Elles ont été le plus souvent monomicrobiennes 42 soit 82,3% des cas. A l'issue des examens microbiologiques 61 germes ont été isolés repartis selon les familles, les espèces et sous espèces. Parmi ces germes 60,65% étaient des bacilles Gram négatif, dont 86,5 % d'Entérobactéries, et 39,35% des Cocci Gram positif. La recherche de germes anaérobies n'a pas êté réalisée. En fonction des espèces, Escherichia coli a été isolé dans 35,13% des cas et les staphylocoques aureus ont été isolés dans 18% des cas. Au total 52,7% dessouches d'entérobactéries étaient résistantes aux quinolones et 22,7 des souches de Staphylocoque étaient méticillino-résistants. Conclusion. L'écologie bactérienne des pieds diabétiques compliqués d'ostéite est dominée par des souches d'entérobactéries résistantes aux antibiotiques usuels


Subject(s)
Cote d'Ivoire , Diabetic Foot , Enterobacteriaceae Infections , Osteitis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714259

ABSTRACT

Dry socket, also termed fibrinolytic osteitis or alveolar osteitis, is a complication of tooth exodontia. A dry socket lesion is a post-extraction socket that exhibits exposed bone that is not covered by a blood clot or healing epithelium and exists inside or around the perimeter of the socket or alveolus for days after the extraction procedure. This article describes dry socket lesions; reviews the basic clinical techniques of treating different manifestations of dry socket lesions; and shows how microscope level loupe magnification of 6× to 8× or greater, combined with co-axial illumination or a dental operating microscope, facilitate more precise treatment of dry socket lesions. The author examines the scientific validity of the proposed causes of dry socket lesions (such as bacteria, inflammation, fibrinolysis, or traumatic extractions) and the scientific validity of different terminologies used to describe dry socket lesions. This article also presents an alternative model of what causes dry socket lesions, based on evidence from dental literature. Although the clinical techniques for treating dry socket lesions seem empirically correct, more evidence is required to determine the causes of dry socket lesions.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Diagnosis , Dry Socket , Epithelium , Fibrinolysis , Inflammation , Lighting , Osteitis , Tooth
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170535, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954504

ABSTRACT

Abstract Giant Osteosclerotic Lesions (GOLs) are a group of rarely reported intraosseous lesions. Their precise diagnosis is important since they can be confused with malignant neoplasms. Objective This retrospective study aimed to record and analyze the clinical and radiographic Giant Osteosclerotic Lesions (GOLs) detected in the maxillomandibular area of patients attending to our institution. Materials and Methods: Informed consent from the patients was obtained and those cases of 2.5 cm or larger lesions with radiopaque or mixed (radiolucid-radiopaque) appearance located in the maxillofacial bones were selected. Assessed parameters were: age, gender, radiographic aspect, shape, borders, size, location and relations to roots. Lesions were classified as radicular, apical, interradicular, interradicular-apical, radicular-apical or located in a previous teeth extraction area. Additionally, several osseous and dental developmental alterations (DDAs) were assessed. Results Seventeen radiopacities in 14 patients were found and were located almost exclusively in mandible and were two types: idiopathic osteosclerosis and condensing osteitis. GOLs were more frequent in females, and in the anterior and premolar zones. 94.2% of GOLs were qualified as idiopathic osteosclerosis and one case was condensing osteitis. All studied cases showed different osseous and dental developmental alterations (DDAs). The most common were: Microdontia, hypodontia, pulp stones, macrodontia and variations in the mental foramina. Conclusions GOLs must be differentiated from other radiopaque benign and malignant tumors. Condensing osteitis, was considered an anomalous osseous response induced by a chronic low-grade inflammatory stimulus. For development of idiopathic osteosclerosis, two possible mechanisms could be related. The first is modification of the normal turnover with excessive osseous deposition. The second mechanism will prevent the normal bone resorption, arresting the osseous breakdown process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Osteosclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Mandibular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Maxillary Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Osteitis/pathology , Osteitis/diagnostic imaging , Osteosclerosis/pathology , Radiography, Panoramic , Mandibular Diseases/pathology , Maxillary Diseases/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Diagnosis, Differential , Middle Aged
17.
Claves odontol ; 23(75): 65-73, 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-972619

ABSTRACT

En la actualidad, la principal causa por la que acuden los pacientes al odontólogo es el dolor dental, endonde la mayoría presenta un padecimiento pulpar o periapical irreversibles, que pueden estar asociados a factores traumáticos e irritativos. Sin embargo, pocosde ellos son asintomáticos, como la osteítis condensante que es escasamente mencionada en elámbito de la Endodoncia; por lo tanto, el objetivo de este caso clínico es el de proporcionar información acerca de la osteítis condensante siguiendo los lineamientos internacionales de Case Report (CARE). La osteítis condensante tiene una incidencia muy baja en pacientes y se debe diagnosticar correctamente al momento de tratar este tipo de lesiones con las diferentes herramientas de diagnóstico que se conocen. En este caso, se presenta un paciente del sexo femenino de 58 años de edad con un estado prediabético, que refiere un fractura del segundo molar inferior derecho, al cual radiográficamente se le encontróuna lesión periapical radiopaca en la raíz distal. Se muestra la secuencia del tratamiento, el manejo clínico y la rehabilitación.


At present, the main reason for patients to visit adentist is dental pain, where most of them presenta pulp or periapical irreversible condition, whichmay be associated with traumatic and irritative factors. However, few of them are asymptomatic as osteitiscondensing that is barely mentioned in thefield of endodontics. The aim of this case report isto provide information about the condensing osteitisfollowing international Case Report (CARE)guidelines. Condensing osteitis has a very low incidence in patients and should be correctly diagnosed with the different available diagnostic tools. In thiscase a 58-years-old female patient, with prediabeticstate, referred of a right lower second molar fracturewhich radiographically showed a radiopaque periapicallesion in the distal root of the molar. The sequence of treatment, clinical management and rehabilitation is presented.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Osteitis/diagnosis , Osteitis/pathology , Osteitis/therapy , Periapical Diseases/classification , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Osteosclerosis/diagnosis , Osteomyelitis/diagnosis , Osteitis/diagnostic imaging , Crowns , Diagnosis, Differential , Mexico
19.
Infectio ; 20(4): 269-271, jul.-dic. 2016. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-953972

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Se presenta un caso de osteitis del pubis por Staphylococcus aureus, en un varón de 30 años y tratado exitosamente con linezolid y levofloxacina.


Abstract: We describe a case o infectious osteitis pubis in one male patient of 30 years. The patient had favorable clinical course after treament with linezolid and levofloxacin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteitis , Pubic Bone , Staphylococcus aureus , Levofloxacin , Linezolid
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(5): 308-313, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783798

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE : To evaluate a modified experimental model for medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) through the upper right central incisor extraction followed by intravenous bisphosphonate administration. METHODS: Forty five rats underwent the upper right central incisor tooth extraction were divided in 2 groups: Group I - experimental group, 30 rats received an intravenous administration protocol of zoledronic acid 35μg/kg into the tail vein every two weeks, totalizing four administrations, during eight weeks of administration, previously the extraction, and Group II - control group, 15 rats didn't received any medication before extraction. The groups were subdivided in postoperative periods: 14/28/42 days. Clinical analysis and microtomography were performed to verify the presence of osteonecrosis. In addition, descritive histological analysis of hematoxylin-eosin stained sections was performed to evaluate the presence of osteonecrosis or necrotic foci. RESULTS: Twelve (40%) rats, from experimental group, showed clinical signs of MRONJ (p=0.005), however, all samples showed imaginologic findings like osteolysis and loss of integrity of the cellular walls (p≤0.001). Microscopic evaluation revealed osteonecrosis areas with microbial colonies and inflammatory infiltrate (p≤0.001). In the control group, all animals presented the chronology of a normal wound healing. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw after maxillary central incisor extraction in rats. This new experimental model may be considered an option for the study of MRONJ.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Models, Animal , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/pathology , Imidazoles/administration & dosage , Osteitis/pathology , Osteolysis/chemically induced , Osteolysis/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Tooth Extraction/methods , Maxillary Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging , Rats, Wistar , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , X-Ray Microtomography/instrumentation , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/diagnostic imaging , Administration, Intravenous/methods , Imidazoles/adverse effects , Incisor/surgery
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