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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 463-469, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341171

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present paper aims to (1) verify the incidence and volume of blood transfusion among patients undergoing unilateral cemented total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a single Brazilian reference center; (2) identify pre and perioperative variables to determine subjects with higher risk (i.e., predictive factors) for blood transfusion within 48 hours following surgery; (3) estimate the risk of blood transfusion during the first 48 hours after the procedure. Methods The initial sample consisted of all patients undergoing TKA from August 2010 to August 2013. After applying the exclusion criteria, 234 patients aged 30 to 83 years old and diagnosed with primary or secondary osteoarthritis due to rheumatoid arthritis remained in the study. Results Preoperative hemoglobin levels ≤12.3 g/dL and ischemia time ≥87 minutes were independent predictors for post-TKA blood transfusion, with a relative risk of 2.48 and 1.78, respectively. Approximately half of the TKA patients (51.3%) presenting these two variables required a blood transfusion. Conclusion The incidence of post-TKA blood transfusion was 33.7%. On average, each transfused patient received 480 mL of packed red blood cells. Preoperative hemoglobin levels ≤12.3 g/dL (p < 0.001) and ischemia time ≥87 minutes (p < 0.047) were independent predictors for blood transfusion in TKA using a pneumatic cuff, with a relative risk of 2.48 and 1.78, respectively. Age, gender, diagnosis, or body mass index were not considered independent predictors for the need for blood transfusion upto 48 hours after the procedure.


Resumo Objetivos O presente estudo tem como objetivos (1) verificar a incidência e o volume de transfusão sanguínea entre os pacientes submetidos à artroplastia total do joelho (ATJ) unilateral cimentada em um único centro de referência nacional; (2) identificar variáveis pré e perioperatórias que nos permitam identificar os indivíduos sob maior risco (fatores preditores) quanto à necessidade de transfusão sanguínea nas 48 horas subsequentes à realização da cirurgia; (3) estimar o risco de transfusão sanguínea durante as primeiras 48 horas após o procedimento. Métodos A amostra inicial foi constituída por todos os pacientes submetidos à ATJ entre agosto de 2010 e agosto de 2013. Após aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, permaneceram no estudo 234 pacientes com idade entre 30 e 83 anos, portadores de osteaoartrose primária ou secundária a artrite reumatoide. Resultados A análise dos resultados mostrou que valores de hemoglobina préoperatória ≤12,3 g/dL e tempo de isquemia ≥87 minutos são preditores independentes para hemotransfusão após ATJ, com risco relativo de 2,48 e 1,78, respectivamente. Aproximadamente metade dos pacientes (51,3%) submetidos a ATJ com essas duas variáveis necessitaram de hemotransfusão. Conclusão A incidência de transfusão sanguínea após ATJ foi de 33,7%. Em média, cada paciente foi transfundido com 480 mL de concentrado de hemácias. Concentração de hemoglobina pré-operatória ≤12,3 g/dL (p < 0,001) e tempo de isquemia ≥87 minutos (p < 0,047) foram preditores independentes para hemotransfusão em ATJ sob uso de manguito pneumático, com risco relativo de 2,48 e 1,78, respectivamente. A idade, o gênero, diagnóstico ou índice de massa corporal não foram considerados preditores independentes para a necessidade de hemotransfusão até 48 horas após o procedimento de artroplastia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Transfusion , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 53-60, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288656

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the function and quality of life of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with fixed tibial platform and mobile tibial platform. Methods We evaluated 240 patients with knee osteoarthritis, randomized into two groups - Group A consisted of 120 patients who underwent TKA with fixed tibial platform, and the B group, consisting of 120 patients who underwent mobile platform arthroplasty. Patients were accessed according to the function and quality of life by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and pain scores by visual analog scale (VAS) of pain, preoperatively and at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, 4 years and 8 years of surgery. Results Regarding the various domains of the SF-36, we observed that the average behavior of functional capacity scores, physical aspects, pain and emotional aspects in the patient groups were statistically different during follow-up. The other domains of quality of life showed no mean differences. Regarding the pain assessed by VAS and WOMAC pain scores, we can see that it showed a mean change in follow-up in both patient groups. However, at 2 years of follow-up, they were statistically worse in group A, equaling group B in the other moments. Conclusion After 2 years of follow-up, we observed that pain scores and VAS were lower in the fixed platform group. However, these differences did not remain in the mid-term, suggesting that the mobile tibial platform arthroplasty has a short-term advantage, and may help in the rehabilitation process.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a função e qualidade de vida dos pacientes submetidos a artroplastia total de joelho (ATJ) com plataforma tibial fixa e plataforma tibial móvel. Métodos Foram avaliados 240 pacientes com diagnóstico de osteoartrose de joelho, em um ensaio clínico, randomizados em dois grupos: grupo A, composto por 120 pacientes submetidos a ATJ com plataforma tibial fixa, e grupo B, formado por 120 pacientes com plataforma móvel. Todos foram avaliados de acordo com a função e qualidade de vida pelos questionários de Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) e Short Form Health Survey(SF-36), e escores de dor, por meio da escala visual analógica (EVA) de dor, no pré-operatório e com 6meses, 1ano, 2anos, 4anos e 8anos de cirurgia. Resultados Com relação aos diversos domínios do SF-36, o comportamento médio dos escores de capacidade funcional, aspectos físicos, dor e aspectos emocionais foram estatisticamente diferentes ao longo do seguimento, em ambos os grupos. Os demais domínios de qualidade de vida não apresentaram diferenças. Assim como na EVA de dor, o escore médio do WOMAC de dor apresentou melhora ao longo do seguimento em ambos os grupos. Entretanto, com dois anos de seguimento, foram estaticamente piores no grupo A, se igualando ao grupo B nos outros momentos de acompanhamento. Conclusão Com 2anos de pós-operatório, os escores de dor do WOMAC e daEVA foram piores no grupo submetido aATJ com plataforma tibial fixa. Porém, as diferenças não permaneceram no médioprazo, sugerindo que a artroplastia com plataforma tibial móvel tem uma vantagem no curto prazo, podendo auxiliar no processo de reabilitação.


Subject(s)
Osteoarthritis , Pain , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879456

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effects of compound betamethasone and compound betamethasone with hyaluronic acid in treating moderate-severe knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in 116 patients with unilateral moderate-severe KOA patients from February 2017 to November 2017 and divided into observation group and control group, 58 patients in each group. In observation group, there were 15 males and 43 females aged from 45 to 80 years old with an average of (66.45±6.31) years old;according to Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) classification, 42 patients were type Ⅲ and 16 patients were type Ⅳ;the courses of disease ranged from 4 to 8 years with an average of (5.25±2.21) years;the patients were treated by injecting 1 ml compound betamethasone into knee joint. In control group, there were 13 males and 45 females aged from 45 to 80 years old with an average of (64.89±6.41) years old;according to K-L classification, 43 patients were type Ⅲ and 15 patients were type Ⅳ;the courses of disease ranged from 4 to 10 years with an average of (5.41±2.35) years;the patients were treated by knee joint injection of 4 ml hyaluronic acid and 1 ml compound betamethasone. Visual analog scale (VAS), Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) were used to evaluate clinical effects before treatment and 1 week, 1, month, 3 and 6 months after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Totally 55 patients in observation group were followed up for 6 months, and 3 patients were quit at 3 months after treatment for poor efficacy. Totally 56 patients in control group were followed up for 6 months, and 2 patients were withdrew from the follow-up on the first and third month respectively for poor efficacy. There were no statistical difference in VAS and WOMAC between two groups before treatment and different time points after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with moderate-severe KOA, there is no significant difference in therapeutic effect between compound betamethasone injection and compound betamethasone combined with hyaluronic acid injection, and long-term effect of two methods is not good.


Subject(s)
Betamethasone , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Injections, Intra-Articular , Male , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878964

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis(KOA) with network Meta-analysis, and provide evidence-based medicine evidences for clinical practice. PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and CBM were used to search for clinical randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on Chinese patent medicines for treatment of knee osteoarthritis, with a time limit from the establishment of each database to March 2020. The bias risk assessment tool recommended by Cochrane was used to evaluate the quality of the included RCTs. The network Meta-analysis was performed by Stata 14.0 software. A total of 5 788 patients in 58 RCTs were included, involving 9 kinds of Chinese patent medicines. The results of the network Meta-analysis indicated that in terms of total effective rate, the top three optimal medication regimens were Jinwu Gutong Capsules + Amino Acid Glucose(AAG), Xianling Gubao + AAG and Biqi Capsules; the top three interventions to reduce the VAS score were Panlongqi Tablets > Xianling Gubao + AAG > Xianling Gubao + non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs); the top three interventions to reduce the total score of WOMAC were Jintiange Capsules+NSAIDs> Jinwu Gutong Capsules + AAG > Biqi Capsules + NSAIDs; the top three medication schemes with better curative effect to reduce Lequesnse index were Xianling Gubao + NSAIDs > Biqi Capsules + NSAIDs > Jintiange Capsules + NSAIDs; the top three interventions to reduce TNF-α level Xianling Gubao + AAG > Jintiange Capsules > Jintiange Capsules + AAG=Jinwu Gutong Capsules + AAG. In terms of safety, the top five interventions with the least adverse reactions were Biqi Capsules > Jinwu Gutong Capsules > Biqi Capsules + NSAIDs > Xianling Gubao + NSAIDs > Jintiange Capsules. The combined application of Chinese patent medicine and NSADIs or AAG can improve the clinical treatment effect and reduce adverse reactions in KOA patients.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of fire needling and filiform needling for mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and observe the influence on related serum inflammatory sytokines.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with mild to moderate KOA were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Both groups were given basic health management, and the acupoints of the two groups were Liangqiu (ST 34), Xuehai (SP 10), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35), Yanglingquan (GB 34) and @*RESULTS@#At each time point of treatment and follow-up, the pain, stiffness, difficulty of daily activities scores and WOMAC total scores of the two groups were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling can improve the pain, stiffness and joint dysfunction of patients with mild to moderate KOA, and increase serum MMP-3 and IL-1α levels. Its short and long term clinical effects are better than filiform needling.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cytokines , Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the imaging features of focus of knee joint tendon in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) technique.@*METHODS@#One hundred KOA patients and 100 healthy subjects were included. All the KOA patients were palpated by the sequence of foot @*RESULTS@#The top-5 focus of knee tendon of KOA patients were located in medial inferior patella, medial tibial condyle, inferior patella, Zusanlici and Hedingci. The thickness of ligaments and tendons in extension and flexion positions in KOA patients were thicker than that in healthy subjects (@*CONCLUSION@#The focus of knee joint tendon in KOA patients shows significantly thickened musculoskeletal imaging features.


Subject(s)
Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Tendons/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify the clinical effect of acupuncture on knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#Forty-two patients with KOA were randomly divided into an acupuncture group (21 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a sham acupuncture group (21 cases, 1 case dropped off). The patients in the acupuncture group were treated with routine acupuncture at 5-6 local acupoints [Dubi (ST 35), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Heding (EX-LE 2), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Xuehai (SP 10), Zusanli (ST 36), etc.] and 3-4 distal acupoints [Fengshi (GB 31), Waiqiu (GB 36), Xuanzhong (GB 39), Zulinqi (GB 41), etc.]. The patients in the sham acupuncture group were treated with shallow needling technique at non-acupoint. The needles were retained for 30 min in both groups. All the treatment was given three times a week for 8 weeks. Knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS) were recorded before and after treatment and 18-week follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the scores of 5 dimensions of KOOS [pain, symptoms (except pain), daily activities, sports and entertainment, and quality of life] were increased after treatment and during follow-up in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can reduce the pain symptoms and improve daily activities in patients with KOA.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Knee Injuries , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
9.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 7, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152749

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of a new formulation of a fixed dose combination of glucosamine sulfate (GS; 1500 mg) and bovine chondroitin sulfate (CS; 1200 mg) versus the reference product (RP) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: In this multicenter, randomized, single-blind trial, 627 patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)—Kellgren-Lawrence grades 2 or 3 and mean score ≥ 40 mm in the WOMAC pain subscale—were randomized to receive GS/ CS or the RP for 24 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was the absolute change in WOMAC pain subscale score. The secondary endpoints included the following: WOMAC total and subscale scores, overall assessment of the disease by the patient and the investigator, SF-12 score, OMERACT-OARSI response rate to the treatment, and rescue medication use. Results: Mean reductions of WOMAC pain score were - 35.1 (sd = 23.2) mm in the GS/CS group and - 36.5 (sd = 24.9) mm in the RP group. The difference between the adjusted means of both treatments confirmed the noninferiority of GS/CS versus the RP. Improvement was observed in pain, stiffness, physical function and total WOMAC score, as well as in overall OA assessment by the patient and the investigator for both groups. No improvement was observed in SF-12. The rate of OMERACT-OARSI responders was 89.4% in GS/CS group and 87.9% in the RP group. Headache and changes in glucose tolerance were the most frequent treatment-related adverse events. Conclusions: The new formulation of a fixed-dose combination of glucosamine sulfate and bovine chondroitin sulfate was non-inferior to the RP in symptomatic treatment of knee OA, with a high responder rate and good tolerability profile. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov; Registration number NCT02830919; Date of registration: July 13, 2016; First randomization date: December 05, 2016).(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Chondroitin/therapeutic use , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Drug Combinations , Glucosamine/therapeutic use , Single-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome
10.
Rev. patol. trop ; 50(4)2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353224

ABSTRACT

okenella regensburgei belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae and is an opportunistic agent rarely associated with infections in humans. We report a case of osteoarticular knee infection caused by Y. regensburgei in a patient under treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, using corticosteroids, with complication in primary total arthroplasty of the knee. Y. regensburgei was identified using the VITEK2 system. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using the disk-diffusion method, according to the guidelines from the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. The patient presented favorable clinical evolution after the second debridement, with complete removal of the prosthesis and antibiotic therapy with sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim. This is the first case of Y. regensburgei infection described d in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Sulfamethoxazole , Trimethoprim , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Enterobacteriaceae , Knee
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10366, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142575

ABSTRACT

Recent publications have investigated the potential role of the protein level of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) in the susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). However, no unanimous conclusion was obtained. Therefore, we carried out a meta-analysis to explore the association between MMP-1 expression and these two clinical disorders. After database searching and screening, we enrolled a total of eighteen articles for the pooled analysis. We observed a significant association between RA cases and controls in the whole population [SMD (standard mean difference)=1.01, P=0.017]. There were similar positive results in the subgroup analysis of "population-based control" (SMD=1.50, P=0.032) and "synovial fluid" (SMD=1.32, P=0.049). In addition, we observed an increased risk in OA cases, compared with controls, in the overall analysis (SMD=0.47, P=0.004) and subsequent subgroup analysis of "knee OA" (SMD=0.86, P<0.001), "Asian/China" (SMD=0.76, P=0.003), "cartilage-Asian/China" (SMD=1.21, P<0.001), and "synovial fluid-Asian/China" (SMD=0.73, P=0.004). In summary, a high protein level of MMP-1 in synovial fluid may be associated with the susceptibility to RA, and the high MMP-1 level in the cartilage tissue or synovial fluid may be related to the pathogenesis of knee OA in the Chinese population. This should be confirmed by larger sample sizes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Osteoarthritis, Knee/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Synovial Fluid
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of high tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release in the treatment of knee varus osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From October 2017 to April 2019, a retrospective analysis was performed on 43 patients with knee varus osteoarthritis and lateral patellar compression syndrome treated by high tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release. There were 15 males and 28 females, aged 53 to 72(62.05±5.17) years. The visual analogue scale(VAS), Lysholm, and the knee range of motion were used to evaluate knee pain and functional recovery before operation, 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation. And the congruence angle (CA), patellar tilt angle (PTA), and femala-tibial angle (FTA) were measured respectively before and 12 months after operation to evaluate the congruence of patellar joint, and the improvement of line of gravity of lower limb.@*RESULTS@#All 43 patients were followed up for more than 12 months, with a follow-up time of 14 to 28 (19.60±4.50) months. The VAS scores decreased from 6.65±0.65 before operation to 2.16±0.95, 0.51±0.77 and 0.33±0.64 at 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#High tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release can relieve weight-bearing pain in frontal axis and improve the function of knee in sagittal axis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteotomy , Patella , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879395

ABSTRACT

Femorotibial mechanical axis (FTMA) is one of important factors influencing clinical effect after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It is generally believed that the range of lower limb alignment after TKA is controlled within neutral FTMA ± 3 °, which has more advantages in improving joint function, prolonging prosthesis survival rate and reducing revision rate, and obtain better clinical results. Therefore, neutral FTMA is also considered to be the gold standard for TKA. However, with the application of computer-assisted surgery and other technologies, the alignment of FTMA is more accurate than before, but the clinical effect after surgery has not significantly improved. Some scholars have begun to question the necessity of neutral alignment of FTMA, and proposed alignment methods such as kinematics and retained residual deformity, which could achieve better clinical effects. In recent years, it has been reported that FTMA might not be the most important factor influencing postoperative clinical effects, and it is suggested that the arrangement and measurement of lower limbs and the effects on adjacent joint functions could affect clinical effect after TKA. The paper reviews neutral FTMA alignment is still an important factor for success of TKA. After a thorough evaluation according to the patient's condition, it should be appropriately applied in the case of neutral FTMA alignment; the operator should explore other factors which affect clinical outcome after TKA, and improve it to achieve the best therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Biomechanical Phenomena , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Lower Extremity , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Prosthesis Failure , Surgery, Computer-Assisted
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate relationship between cold pain of knee joint and subchondral bone marrow edema (BME).@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to August 2019, 92 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) associated with cold pain of knee were admitted, all patients were underwent MRI examination. The patients were divided into observation group (47 patients with BME) and control group(45 patients without BME). In observation group, there were 6 males and 41 females aged from 36 to 87 years old with an average of (63.2±12.3) years old. In control group, there were 10 males and 35 females, aged from 48 to 84 years old with an average of (62.7±8.3) years old. All patientswere treated with drugs. The degree of joint degeneration was evaluated by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading. Degree of cold pain of knee was evaluated by knee cold pain score, and degree of BME was evaluated according to WORMS. The correlation between cold pain of knee and K-L grading and BME was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Score of cold pain in observation group (15.55±7.68) was higher than that of control group (9.42± 5.50), which had significant difference (@*CONCLUSION@#The cold pain of KOA patients is not related to K-L grading, but corelate with BME grading. The Cold pain of knee was more pronounced in KOA patients with BME, and the severity of BME is often related to degree of cold pain. It seemed to be a tendency:the more serious BME, the heavier coldpain.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Edema , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 783-786, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156203

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess the preoperative and postoperative outcomes of patients diagnosed with severe knee osteoarthritis who underwent a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a mobile-bearing implant with a rotating platform and removing the posterior cruciate ligament. The present study focused on the outcomes relative to depression, pain, functional limitations, and fall episodes. Methods The Lequesne questionnaire was used to assess pain and functional limitations before and after TKA. In addition, the geriatric depression scale (GDS) was also used. Episodes of falls before and after the surgery were estimated. Results The mean Lequesne score before the surgery was 15.95, and that after surgery was 6.5. This finding was statistically significant (p < 0.001). The mean GDS score before the surgery was 7.43, and that after TKA was 2.22 (p < 0.001). The mean number of fall occurrences before the procedure, over a 1-year period, was 1.22, and that after TKA was 0.27 (p = 0.004). A direct relationship was found between the Lequesne scores before the surgery and the GDS scores (p = 0.004). Conclusions Total knee arthroplasty resulted in the improvement of pain and functional limitation, decrease or disappearance of the depressive condition, and decrease of fall rates in the evaluated patients.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados pré e pós-operatórios em relação à depressão, dor, limitações funcionais e episódios de queda em pacientes diagnosticados com osteoartrite (OA) grave do joelho submetidos a uma artroplastia total do joelho (ATJ), usando um implante móvel com uma plataforma rotativa e removendo o ligamento cruzado posterior. Métodos O questionário de Lequesne foi utilizado para avaliar a dor e as limitações funcionais antes e após a ATJ. Além disso, a escala de depressão geriátrica (EDG) também foi utilizada. Os episódios de quedas antes e após a cirurgia foram estimados. Resultados O escore médio de Lequesne antes da cirurgia foi de 15,95 e após a cirurgia foi de 6,5. Esse resultado foi estatisticamente significativo (p < 0,001). O escore médio da EDG antes da cirurgia foi de 7,43 e após a ATJ foi de 2,22 (p < 0,001). O número médio de ocorrências de queda antes do procedimento, em um período de 1 ano, foi de 1,22 e após a ATJ foi de 0,27 (p = 0,004). Foi encontrada uma relação direta entre os escores de Lequesne antes da cirurgia e os escores da EDG (p = 0,004). Conclusões A ATJ resultou em melhora da dor e limitação funcional, diminuição ou desaparecimento da condição depressiva e diminuição das taxas de queda nos pacientes avaliados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Osteoarthritis , Pain , Powders , Accidental Falls , Surveys and Questionnaires , Posterior Cruciate Ligament , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Depression
16.
Medwave ; 20(11): e8089, 31-12-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146021

ABSTRACT

Introducción El propósito de este estudio es determinar si los pacientes con artrosis severa intervenidos con artroplastia de rodilla o cadera ponen en riesgo su expectativa de vida. Método Se diseñó un estudio de sobrevida el cual fue aprobado por el comité de ética de nuestra institución. Los pacientes fueron incluidos si fueron intervenidos de artroplastia de rodilla y cadera por artrosis severa y tenían más de 50 años. Los pacientes fueron excluidos si la artroplastia se realizó por fractura, hemofilia o un tumor. Una regresión multiparamétrica de Weibull fue estimada, siendo reportado el hazard ratio. Un bootstrap de 200 repeticiones fue realizada para validación interna. Resultados Un total de 4094 artroplastias fueron incluidos. La curva de Kaplan-Meier estima una mayor sobrevida que la población general hasta los 12 años, luego de lo cual la mediana de sobrevida es menor que la de la población general. La regresión multiparamétrica de Weibull estimó hazard ratios de 1,53 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 1,27 a 1,84) en mujeres, de 1,09 (1,08 a 1,10) por cada año de edad y de 1,29 (1,07 a 1,53) en artroplastia de cadera. Conclusión La mortalidad después de una intervención de artroplastia de rodilla o cadera sigue un comportamiento bimodal respecto a la población general similar a series reportadas en Estados Unidos y Suecia. Inicialmente la sobrevida es mayor que la población general, pero es menor luego de 12 a 15 años.


Background The purpose of this study is to determine if patients with osteoarthritis that undergo hip or knee arthroplasty jeopardize their life expectancy in Chile. Methods A survival analysis study was designed and approved by our institutional ethics review board. Patients were included if they underwent surgery for hip or knee osteoarthritis and were 50 years or older at the time of surgery. Patients were excluded if arthroplasty was performed for fracture, hemophilia arthropathy, or tumor. A multiparametric Weibull regression was estimated, and the hazard ratio was reported. For internal validity, a bootstrap of 200 repetitions was performed. Results A total of 4 094 arthroplasties were included. The Kaplan-Meier curve estimates a higher survival than the general population up to 12 years, after which the median survival is less than the general population. The bootstrap multiparametric Weibull regression estimated a hazard ratio of 1.53 (95% confidence interval: 1.27 to 1.84) for women, 1.09 (1.08 to 1.10) for every year older, and 1.29 (1.07 to 1.53) for hip arthroplasty patients. Conclusion Mortality after hip and knee arthroplasty in Chile follows a bimodal behavior similar to reports from the United States and Europe. At first, mortality is lower than the general population but worsens after 12 to 15 years of surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoarthritis, Hip/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/mortality , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/mortality , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Postoperative Complications , United States , Osteoarthritis, Hip/mortality , Survival Analysis , Chile/epidemiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
17.
Medwave ; 20(11): e8086, 31-12-2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146057

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes La osteoartritis destaca por su alta prevalencia y deterioro funcional, siendo la causa más común de incapacidad en mayores de 65 años. El régimen de Garantías Explícitas en Salud chileno otorga cobertura a tratamiento médico a las presentaciones leves y moderadas, excluyendo el manejo quirúrgico en la presentación severa. Objetivos Evaluar el costo-utilidad de incorporar el reemplazo total de rodilla al régimen de Garantías Explícitas en Salud para asegurados del seguro público sobre 65 años en Chile, versus la mantención con manejo farmacológico. Métodos Revisión sistemática explortaria para identificar los parámetros del modelo y evaluaciones económicas basadas en un modelo de Markov de seis estados de salud, desde la perspectiva del pagador público y horizonte lifetime. Se calculó la razón de costo-utilidad incremental que condujo al análisis de incertidumbre determinístico y probabilístico. Resultados Se seleccionaron 22 artículos como fuentes de referencia. Incorporar el procedimiento al alero del régimen, implicaría beneficiarse de 9,8 años de vida ajustados por calidad versus 2,4 en el escenario sin acceso a cirugía. La razón de costo-utilidad incremental es menos $445 689 pesos chilenos por años de vida ajustados por calidad (menos 633,8 dólares americanos por años de vida ajustados por calidad), siendo la incorporación de cirugía de reemplazo al régimen una alternativa dominante, versus el escenario de acceso insuficiente en otros regímenes de cobertura. Cada año de vida ajustado por calidad gracias a la cirugía ahorrará $445 689 pesos chilenos. A una voluntad de pago de $502 596 pesos chilenos por años de vida ajustados por calidad (714,7 dólares americanos por años de vida ajustados por calidad), la alternativa de acceso a reemplazo es costo-útil con 99,9% de certeza. Conclusión El reemplazo total de rodilla en mayores de 65 años es una alternativa dominante. El acceso a cirugía en el régimen de Garantías Explícitas en Salud para el sistema público es costo-útil a un umbral de un producto interno bruto per cápita.


Background Osteoarthritis is an important health condition due to its prevalence and functional deterioration, being the most common cause of disability in people over 65 years of age. The Chilean Explicit Health-Guarantees regime provides coverage for medical treatment in mild and moderate presentations, excluding surgical treatment in end-stage knee osteoarthritis. Objectives To evaluate the cost-utility of incorporating total knee replacement to the Explicit Health-Guarantees regime for over-65-years beneficiaries of the public insurance system, versus maintenance with medical treatment. Methods A Scoping review was coducted to identify model parameters and economic evaluation based in a 6 health states Markov Model, from the perspective of the public payer and lifetime horizon. The Incremental Cost-Utility Ratio (ICUR) was calculated, and deterministic and probabilistic uncertainty analysis were performed. Results Twenty-two articles were selected as reference sources. If the regime were to adopt the procedure, the implication would be a benefit of 9.8 Years of Life Adjusted by Quality (QALY) versus 2.4 QALY in the scenario without access to total knee replacement. The ICUR was $ -445 689 CLP/QALY (U$D -633.8/QALY), wherein the inclusion of total knee replacement to the regime becomes a dominant alternative versus the current scenario. Each quality-adjusted life-year gained by the surgery will save CLP 445 689. At a willingness to pay of CLP 502,596/QALY (U$D 714.7/QALY), access to surgery is cost-useful with a 99.9% certainty. Conclusion Total knee replacement in patients older than 65 years is a dominant alternative. Access to this procedure in the Chilean Explicit Health-Guarantees regime in the public system is cost-useful at a threshold of 1 GDP per capita.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/economics , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Chile , Markov Chains , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Osteoarthritis, Knee/economics
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 551-556, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144208

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives This study aimed to analyze the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma obtained from the peripheral, autologous blood of the patients in pain complaints reduction and functional improvement of knee osteoarthritis compared with the standard treatment with injectable corticosteroid, such as triamcinolone. Methods The patients were followed-up clinically at the preinfiltrative visit, with quantitative evaluation using the Knee Society Score (KSS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score, and the Kellgren and Lawrence scales. In addition, they were reevaluated with the same scales after 1 month and 6 months of intervention with 2.5 mL of triamcinolone acetate or 5 mL of platelet-rich plasma. The study was performed on 50 patients with knee osteoarthritis treated at the Medical Specialty Center and randomly divided into equivalent samples for each therapy. Results The present study verified the reduction of pain scores, such as the WOMAC score, and elevations of functional scales, such as the KSS, evidenced in 180 days when using platelet-rich plasma, a therapy that uses the autologous blood of the patient and has fewer side effects. Conclusion Although both platelet-rich plasma and corticosteroid therapies have been shown to be effective in the reduction pain complaints and functional recovery, there was a statistically significant difference between them at 180 days. According to the results obtained, platelet-rich plasma presented longer-lasting effects within 180 days in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar a eficácia do uso de plasma rico em plaquetas, obtido do sangue periférico e autólogo dos pacientes, na redução das queixas álgicas e melhoria funcional dos pacientes portadores de osteoartrite de joelhos, em comparação com o tratamento padrão com injeção de corticosteroides de depósito, como a triancilonola. Métodos Os pacientes foram acompanhados clinicamente na consulta pré-infiltrativa, com avaliação quantitativa através das escalas Knee Society Score (KSS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), e Kellgren and Lawrence. Além disso, os pacientes foram reavaliados com as mesmas escalas após 1 mês e 6 meses de intervenção com 2,5 mL de acetato de triancinolona ou 5 mL de plasma rico em plaquetas. O estudo foi feito em 50 pacientes portadores de osteoartrite de joelhos atendidos no Centro de Especialidades Médicas, divididos em amostras equivalentes randomizadas para cada terapia. Resultados No presente estudo, verificaram-se redução dos valores em escalas álgicas, como a WOMAC, e elevação das pontuações em escalas funcionais, como a KSS, evidenciadas em 180 dias após o uso de plasma rico em plaquetas, uma terapia feita a partir do sangue autólogo do paciente e com menos efeitos colaterais. Conclusão Embora ambas as terapias com plasma rico em plaquetas e corticosteroides tenham se mostrado eficazes na redução das queixas álgicas e na recuperação funcional, houve diferença significativa entre as terapias aos 180 dias. De acordo com os resultados obtidos, no tratamento da osteoartrite do joelho, o plasma rico em plaquetas demonstrou efeitos mais duradouros em 180 dias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis , Blood , Triamcinolone , Efficacy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Recycling , Injections
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 509-517, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144221

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study verified, through a systematic review with meta-analysis, the effects of a rehabilitation, physical training program for the treatment of pain and muscle strength in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods We analyzed studies published between 2008 and 2018 referenced at the Medline (National Library of Medicine) database, selecting 7 randomized controlled clinical trials about exercise programs to improve pain and muscle strength in patients with knee OA with Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PeDro) score higher than 8. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) systematization was used to prepare this review, and a meta-analysis was carried out to obtain mathematical evidence the outcomes of physical exercise on pain. Results The studies included in the analysis contained a total of 934 participants aged 40 to 73 years-old, with 34.90% males. Most of the exercise sets offered in OA treatment had a significantly positive outcome result in both criteria, but mainly for pain relief (statistically significant difference, p< 0.003). Conclusion We infer that there was an improvement of pain in all articles that performed muscle strengthening, but there is still an obstacle to the protocols used.


Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo verificou por meio de uma revisão sistemática com metanálise os efeitos de um programa de reabilitação, através de um programa de treinamento físico, para o tratamento da dor e força muscular na osteoartrose (OA) de joelho. Métodos Foram analisados os estudos publicados entre 2008 e 2018, tendo como referência a base de dados Medline (National Library of Medicine), da qual foram selecionados 7 ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados que pontuaram acima de 8 na escala Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PeDro, na sigla em inglês), sobre programas de exercícios na melhora da dor e força muscular em paciente com OA de joelho. Foi usada a sistematização Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA, na sigla em inglês) para a elaboração desta revisão e a realização de uma metanálise com o objetivo de evidenciar matematicamente os resultados do exercício físico sobre a dor. Resultados Os estudos incluídos na análise continham um total de 934 participantes com idade entre 40 a 73 anos, sendo que 34,90% desses eram do sexo masculino. A maioria dos conjuntos de exercícios oferecidos no tratamento da OA tiveram resultado significativamente positivo em ambos os quesitos, mas principalmente para o alívio da dor (estatisticamente significativo p< 0, 003). Conclusão Inferimos que houve uma melhora da dor em todos os artigos que realizaram fortalecimento muscular, porém ainda há um óbice sobre os protocolos utilizados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise , Osteoarthritis, Knee/rehabilitation , Muscle Strength , Pain Management/methods
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