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1.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 3(59): 37-42, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380532

ABSTRACT

O osteoblastoma é um tumor frequentemente visto em ossos longos, com pouco envolvimento maxilofacial e raramente localizado em osso zigomático. Devido à sua semelhança clínica e histológica com outros tumores ósseos, o osteoblastoma representa um desafio de diagnóstico para o profissional. A ressecção cirúrgica total é recomendada, sendo que a ausência de recidiva se deve ao diagnóstico correto e tratamento adequado. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar o manejo de um paciente com osteoblastoma envolvendo o osso zigomático e realizar uma breve revisão da literatura.


Osteoblastoma is a tumor often seen in long bones, with little maxillofacial involvement and rarely located in zygomatic bone. Due to its clinical and histological similarity with other bone tumors, osteoblastoma represents a diagnostic challenge for the professional. Total surgical resection is recommended, and the absence of recurrence is due to correct diagnosis and adequate treatment. The aim of this article is to report the management of a patient with osteoblastoma involving the zygomatic bone and to carry out a brief review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Zygoma , Bone Neoplasms , Osteoblastoma/diagnosis
2.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(6): 422-425, nov.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383459

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: El osteoblastoma es un tumor osteoblástico benigno, agresivo y poco frecuente. Su localización más frecuente es en elementos posteriores de la columna vertebral y el sacro. La presentación en cuboides es excepcional. Caso clínico: Masculino de 50 años que inició padecimiento en 2005, con dolor y aumento de volumen en región dorsolateral del mediopié. En las radiografías se observa injerto óseo y una lesión en cuboides, radiotransparente, heterogénea, multilobulada, con bordes irregulares que sobrepasa la cortical lateral. Se realizó angiotomografía donde se observó la lesión hipervascularizada; en la gammagrafía se observó captación del tecnecio 99 y en la resonancia magnética se reporta una lesión con cambios postquirúrgicos, quística, multilobulada. Se tomó biopsia transquirúrgica con abundante tejido fibroconectivo, osteoblastos, nidos de tejido osteoide e hipervascularidad del estroma, aumento de celularidad sin atipias y escasas células gigantes multinucleadas. Se clasificó Enneking 2. Se inició tratamiento con resección y curetaje del tumor, crioterapia y colocación de injerto tricortical en el defecto óseo. Mostró buena evolución postquirúrgica. A los tres años del procedimiento quirúrgico se encuentra sin datos de actividad tumoral y asintomático. A pesar de que el osteoblastoma no se presenta de forma habitual en cuboides, debe tomarse en cuenta como diagnóstico diferencial. Conclusión: Los tumores óseos, a pesar de tener localizaciones habituales, pueden presentarse en zonas poco frecuentes y por lo tanto, el estudio completo clínico radiográfico e histopatológico en cada paciente es fundamental.


Abstract: Introduction: Osteoblastoma is a benign, aggressive and rare osteoblastic tumor. Its most common location is in later elements of the spine and sacrum. The cuboid presentation is exceptional. Case report: A 50-year-old male who began her condition in 2005, with pain and increased volume in the dorsolateral region of the middle foot. X-rays show bone grafting and a cuboid lesion, radiotransparent, heterogeneous, multilobed, with irregular edges that exceeds the lateral cortical. Angiotomography was performed where hypervascularized injury was observed; bone scan showed uptake of technetium 99, and MRI reported an injury with post-surgical, cystic and multilobed changes. Trans surgical biopsy was taken, increased atypia-free cellularity and few multinucleated giant cells were reported and Enneking 2 qualified. Treatment was initiated with resection of the tumor, cryotherapy, and placement of tricortical graft in the bone defect. He exhibited good post-surgical evolution. At three years of the surgical procedure, he`s without tumor and asymptomatic. Although osteoblastoma does not usually occur in cuboid, it should be taken into account as a differential diagnosis. Conclusion: Bone tumors, despite having common locations, can occur in rare areas and therefore the complete radiographic and histopathological clinical study in each patient is critical.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Neoplasms , Tarsal Bones , Osteoblastoma , Sacrum , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Bone Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Osteoblastoma/surgery , Osteoblastoma/diagnostic imaging
3.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(2): 149-154, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003024

ABSTRACT

El osteosarcoma "tipo osteoblastoma", una variante menos agresiva del osteosarcoma, es una enfermedad poco frecuente y representa un desafío diagnóstico tanto clínico como histopatológico. Se han publicado escasos reportes de casos de este tumor. Presentamos a un paciente de 16 años con un osteosarcoma "tipo osteoblastoma" localizado en la columna cervical. La biopsia ósea bajo tomografía reveló una lesión con un patrón de crecimiento permeativo, con sospecha de osteosarcoma "tipo osteoblastoma". Se realizó una espondilectomía total en bloque mediante un doble abordaje. Se describen el caso clínico, la secuencia diagnóstica, la técnica quirúrgica y el seguimiento a 10 años. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Osteoblastoma-like osteosarcoma, a less aggressive variant of osteosarcoma, is a rare tumor which presents a clinical and histopathological diagnostic challenge. We have found few reports of cases of this tumor in the literature. In this case, we describe an osteoblastoma-like osteosarcoma of the cervical spine in a 16-year-old patient. CT-guided bone biopsy showed a lesion with a permeated growth pattern, which led to the suspicion of an osteoblastoma-like osteosarcoma. A total en bloc spondylectomy was performed through a dual approach. We present the clinical case, the diagnostic sequence, the surgical technique and 10-year follow-up results. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Osteosarcoma/surgery , Osteosarcoma/diagnosis , Cervical Vertebrae/pathology , Osteoblastoma/surgery , Osteoblastoma/diagnosis
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(2): 219-222, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013705

ABSTRACT

Abstract Osteoblastoma is a rare benign primary bone tumor. It accounts for 3% of benign and 1% of all primary bone tumors. The treatment goal is complete surgical resection. This treatment limits the risk of recurrence. As osteoblastoma is a highly vascular tumor, complete resection is often difficult. This report describes the case of a 19-year-old male patient who presented severe right-sided neck and shoulder pain. The computed tomography scan revealed a mass lesion on C7 compatible with osteoblastoma. Preoperative embolization and tumor resection were performed. At the 3-year follow-up, the patient had no restrictions on daily activities, and, to date, there has been no evidence of recurrence.


Resumo Osteoblastoma é um tumor primário benigno raro. Constitui cerca de 3% dos tumores benignos e 1% de todos os tumores ósseos. O objetivo do tratamento é a ressecção completa, que limita o risco de recidiva. Por se tratar de um tumor vascularizado, a ressecção completa é, muitas vezes, difícil. Os autores descrevem um caso clínico de um paciente do sexomasculino de 19 anos que apresentava queixas de cervicalgia direita com irradiação para o ombro. O exame por tomografia computadorizada indicou uma lesão em C7 compatível com osteoblastoma. O paciente foi submetido a resseção cirúrgica após embolização pré-operatória e artrodese anterior. Aos 3 anos de seguimento, o paciente encontra-se assintomático e, até a data, sem evidência de recidiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Spinal Cord Neoplasms , Osteoblastoma , Neck Pain , Embolization, Therapeutic
5.
Coluna/Columna ; 17(4): 323-325, Oct.-Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975009

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To present the clinical case and update the bibliography. Methods: A male patient, 24 years of age, sought treatment for right lumbosciatalgia of 3 years of evolution with topography L5 and motor deficit (M4). The radiograph showed a radiopaque lesion between the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae, with right pedicle effacement of L4. The tomography identified a lytic lesion, partially surrounded by sclerosis with a central nest of 3 centimeters in diameter located in the right pedicle with involvement of the transverse apophysis and reaction of the intertransverse space (Enneking 3). It was complemented by magnetic resonance and bone scintigraphy. The percutaneous biopsy guided by tomography yielded a diagnosis of osteoblastoma and foci of necrosis. A radical block resection was performed with clear tumor margins and instrumented stabilization. Results: After the surgical treatment, the patient evolved favorably, reversing the motor deficit. The anatomopathological study of the specimen confirms the preoperative diagnosis. Discussion: Intralesional resection may be an option in Enneking stage 2. In Enneking stage 3, a percutaneous diagnostic biopsy may be useful, and block resection is the preferred definitive treatment. Conclusions: The management of spinal osteoblastoma requires an exhaustive clinical-imaging analysis. Block resection with clear margins is preferred in advanced cases for management and to decrease the risk of recurrence. Level of Evidence IV; Case seriesh.


RESUMO Objetivo: Apresentar caso clínico e atualizar bibliografia. Material e Método: Masculino, 24 anos de idade, consultado devido a lombociatalgia direita com três anos de evolução, com topografia L5 e déficit motor (M4). A radiografia mostra uma lesão radiopaca entre a quarta e a quinta vértebras lombares, com obliteração do pedículo direito de L4. A tomografia identifica uma lesão lítica parcialmente circundada por esclerose, com um ninho central de três centímetros de diâmetro localizado no pedículo direito com acometimento do processo transverso e reação do espaço intertransversário (Enneking 3). É complementado com ressonância magnética e cintilografia óssea, biópsia percutânea guiada por tomografia diagnóstica: osteoblastoma e focos de necrose. A ressecção radical foi realizada em bloco, com margens livres do tumor e estabilização instrumentada. Resultados: Após o tratamento cirúrgico o paciente evoluiu favoravelmente, revertendo o déficit motor. O estudo anatomopatológico da peça confirma o resultado pré-operatório. Discussão: A ressecção intralesional pode ser uma opção nos estágios de Enneking 2. Nos estágios de Enneking 3, uma biópsia diagnóstica percutânea pode ser útil e a ressecção em bloco é preferida como um tratamento definitivo. Conclusão: O manejo do osteoblastoma espinal requer uma análise clínica e imagética exaustiva. A ressecção de bloco com margens livres é preferida em casos avançados para o gerenciamento e para diminuir o risco de recorrência. Nível de Evidência IV; Série de casosh.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico y actualizar bibliografía. Métodos: Un paciente de sexo masculino, 24 años de edad, buscó tratamiento para lumbociatalgia derecha de 3 años de evolución, con topografía L5 y déficit motor (M4). La radiografía mostró lesión radiopaca entre la cuarta y quinta vértebra lumbar, con borramiento pedicular derecho de L4. La tomografía identificó lesión lítica rodeada parcialmente de esclerosis, con nido central de 3 centímetros de diámetro ubicada en el pedículo derecho con afectación de la apófisis transversa y reacción del espacio intertransversario (Enneking 3). La tomografía fue complementada con resonancia magnética y gammagrafía ósea. La biopsia percutánea guiada por tomografía produjo diagnóstico de osteoblastoma y focos de necrosis. Se llevó a cabo la resección radical en bloque con márgenes libres del tumor y estabilización instrumentada. Resultados: Luego del tratamiento quirúrgico, el paciente ha evolucionado favorablemente, revirtiendo el déficit motor. El estudio anatomopatológico de la pieza confirma el diagnóstico preoperatorio. Discusión: La resección intralesional puede ser una opción en los estadios Enneking 2. En los estadios Enneking 3, puede ser útil la realización de una biopsia percutánea diagnostica, y como tratamiento definitivo se prefiere la resección en bloque. Conclusiones: El manejo del osteoblastoma espinal requiere un exhaustivo análisis clínico-imagenológico. La resección en bloque con márgenes libres es preferida en los casos avanzados para el manejo y disminuir el riesgo de recidivas. Nivel de Evidencia IV; Serie de casosh.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteoblastoma , Spinal Injuries , Spine/surgery , Radionuclide Imaging
6.
Singapore medical journal ; : 79-84, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304083

ABSTRACT

A 25-year-old man presented with chronic low back pain and occasional radiation to the right lower limb. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography (CT) of the lumbar spine showed an osteolytic expansile lesion with a central sclerotic nidus in the right superior facet of the L5 vertebra and surrounding marrow oedema. The diagnosis of osteoblastoma was made based on imaging findings and confirmed after CT-guided biopsy. Radiofrequency ablation of the lesion was successfully performed. The patient tolerated the procedure well and showed symptomatic relief. The imaging features and management of osteoblastoma are discussed.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Catheter Ablation , Chronic Pain , Diagnostic Imaging , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Image-Guided Biopsy , Low Back Pain , Diagnostic Imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Osteoblastoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Osteolysis , Osteoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Radio Waves , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Oncol. clín ; 21(1): 19-21, mar. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-835111

ABSTRACT

El osteosarcoma es un tumor óseo que afecta comúnmente a niños, adolescentes y adultos jóvenes, con predilección por las metáfisis de huesos largos. Los pacientes se presentancon clínica de dolor en la zona afectada. El tiempo medio desde el inicio de los síntomas hasta el diagnósticoes de aproximadamente cuatro meses. Un 10 a 20 % puede presentarse con enfermedad metastásica. En la actualidad, el uso de nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas y agentes quimioterápicos,han mejorado el pronóstico de esta enfermedad. El osteosarcoma tipo osteoblastoma es una variante de bajogrado de osteosarcoma, extremadamente rara y de difícil diagnóstico histopatológico.


Osteosarcoma is a bone tumor that typically affects children,adolescents and young adults, with a predilection forthe metaphysis of long bones. Patients present with symptomsof pain in the affected area. The average time fromonset of symptoms to diagnosis is about 4 months. About10-20% may present with metastatic disease. Currently,the use of new surgical techniques and new therapies, haveimproved the prognosis of this disease.Osteosarcoma like osteoblastoma, an extremely rare tumor,is a low grade variant of osteosarcoma with a difficulthistopathological diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Osteoblastoma , Osteosarcoma , Bone and Bones , Femur , Humerus , Tibia
8.
Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism ; : 47-50, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34965

ABSTRACT

Adrenocorticotropin-independent adrenal hyperplasias are rare diseases, which are classified into macronodular (>1 cm) and micronodular (≤1 cm) hyperplasia. Micronodular adrenal hyperplasia is subdivided into primary pigmented adrenocortical disease and a limited or nonpigmented form 'micronodular adrenocortical disease (MAD)', although considerable morphological and genetic overlap is observed between the 2 groups. We present an unusual case of a 44-month-old girl who was diagnosed with Cushing syndrome due to MAD. She had presented with spotty pigmentation on her oral mucosa, lips and conjunctivae and was diagnosed with multiple bone tumors in her femur, pelvis and skull base at the age of 8 years. Her bone tumor biopsies were compatible with osteoblastoma. This case highlights the importance of verifying the clinicopathologic correlation in Cushing syndrome and careful follow-up and screening for associated diseases.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Biopsy , Conjunctiva , Cushing Syndrome , Femur , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperplasia , Lip , Mass Screening , Mouth Mucosa , Osteoblastoma , Pelvis , Pigmentation , Rare Diseases , Skull Base
9.
Imaging Science in Dentistry ; : 253-261, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198812

ABSTRACT

In this study, we formulate a new proposal that complements previous classifications in order to assist dental practitioners in performing a differential diagnosis based on patients' radiographs. We used general search engines and specialized databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, MedLine Plus, Science Direct, Scopus, and well-recognized textbooks to find relevant studies by using keywords such as "jaw disease," "jaw lesions," "radiolucent rim," "radiolucent border," and "radiolucent halo." More than 200 articles were found, of which 70 were broadly relevant to the topic. We ultimately included 50 articles that were closely related to the topic of interest. When the relevant data were compiled, the following eight lesions were identified as having a radiolucent rim: periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia, focal cemento-osseous dysplasia, florid cemento-osseous dysplasia, cemento-ossifying fibroma, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, odontoma, and cementoblastoma. We propose a novel subcategory, jaw lesions with a radiolucent rim, which includes eight entities. The implementation of this new category can help improve the diagnoses that dental practitioners make based on patients' radiographs.


Subject(s)
Classification , Complement System Proteins , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Fibroma , Jaw Diseases , Jaw , Odontoma , Osteoblastoma , Osteoma, Osteoid , Search Engine
11.
Acta odontol. venez ; 52(3)2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-778007

ABSTRACT

El Osteoblastoma (OB) es un tumor benigno formador de tejido óseo de aparición muy rara en los maxilares. Su diagnóstico puede ser un gran reto para el patólogo bucal, ya que las características histopatológicas se asemejan a otros tumores más frecuentes en el macizo maxilofacial; por lo que es importante conocer a profundidad sus características clínicas, radiográficas e histopatológicas que nos conduzcan al diagnóstico asertivo de OB. Hasta los actuales momentos la última recopilación de casos de OB maxilares publicados en la literatura fue hecha por Morelos et al hasta el año 2011, quien obtuvo 88 casos. El objetivo de esta investigación fue realizar una revisión bibliográfica exhaustiva de casos documentados hasta la fecha en revisiones sistemáticas previas, obteniéndose 119 casos de OB maxilares. Adicionalmente, se aporta un caso más de OB de maxilar superior a la literatura académica...


Osteoblastoma is a rare bone-forming tumor that very rarely involves the jaws. The diagnosis should be very difficult to oral pathology expert because their histopathologic features are resembled with other bony tumors of the maxillofacial region. Therefore, is very important have depth knowledge about the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of OB, to make the correct diagnosis. Before this report, the last collection of maxillary OB cases was made by Morelos et al until the year 2011; they obtained 88 cases in their study. The main aim of this research was provide a systematic review of previously published cases; the result was 119 cases of maxillary OB. In addition, this paper added one more case of this rare lesion to the academic literature...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Child , Young Adult , Fibroma, Ossifying/diagnosis , Fibroma, Ossifying/physiopathology , Bone and Bones/anatomy & histology , Bone and Bones/pathology , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms/physiopathology , Osteoblastoma/diagnosis , Osteoblastoma/pathology , Bone Neoplasms , Mouth Neoplasms , Osteogenesis , Pathology, Oral
12.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 689-694, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27057

ABSTRACT

Osteoblastomas are bone forming lesions arising mainly from posterior elements of the vertebra. They are commonly encountered in the cervical and lumbar regions. We present a case of a thoracic osteoblastoma which is extra osseous and is not communicating with any part of the vertebra present intraforaminally. This is a rare presentation of an osteoblastoma. Imaging studies do not accurately diagnose the osteiod lesion. The size of the lesion and cortical erosion seen on the computed tomography scan help in differentiating the osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma, but they are less sensitive and specific. Thus a histopathology is the investigation of choice to diagnose the osteoblastoma. Early and adequate removal of mass prevents malignant transformation, metastasis, and recurrence. In our case we excised the pars interarticularis unilaterally, removed the osteoid mass intact, and performed unilateral instrumented fusion. There was no recurrence and solid fusion was seen at 3 years follow up.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Lumbosacral Region , Neoplasm Metastasis , Osteoblastoma , Osteoma, Osteoid , Recurrence , Spine
14.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2012. 171 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-846852

ABSTRACT

As fraturas e perdas ósseas representam altos riscos para o Sistema público de Saúde (SUS), além de afetar a qualidade de vida do paciente, portanto é necessário o entendimento das bases moleculares que envolvem os mecanismos de reparo ósseo. Citocinas secretadas por células do sistema imune presentes no local da inflamação, como as IL-6, IL-10 e TNFα atuam como fatores quimiotáticos para células mesenquimais, que proliferam e se diferenciam em osteoblastos pela ação autócrina e parácrina de Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas (BMPs), principalmente a BMP2. Embora seja conhecido que a ação de BMP2 ocorra através de sua ligação nos receptores ActRI/BMPR, que ativam proteínas SMADS 1/5/8 efetoras, pouco se sabe sobre os mecanismos intracelulares que participam do processo de diferenciação osteoblástico. Neste estudo propôs-se analisar as diferenças no conteúdo de proteínas totais e de proteínas fosforiladas em células mesenquimais de pele induzidas à osteogênese pelo tratamento com BMP2 por diferentes períodos de tempo, utilizando-se de Isótopos Estáveis de Dimetila acoplado ao LC/MS. A partir de 150µg de material inicial, foi possível identificar 2.264 proteínas, as quais foram quantificadas nos diferentes pontos de indução, sendo que 235 são fosforiladas. Análise de motivos de quinases mostrou que diversos substratos possuem sítios fosforilados correspondentes àqueles dos motivos de fosforilação das quinases Casein Kinase, p38, CDK e JNK. A análise da ontologia gênica mostrou um aumento de processos biológicos relacionados com sinalização e diferenciação após a primeira hora de indução com rhBMP2. Além disso, proteínas envolvidas com o rearranjo do citoesqueleto e com vias de sinalização Wnt e Ras foram encontradas como tendo fosforilação diferencial durante todos os períodos estudados. Os dados revelaram novos substratos intracelulares que são fosforilados nos primeiros momentos do comprometimento com a diferenciação osteoblástica mediada pelo tratamento com rhBMP2 em células mesenquimais derivadas da pele. Além disso, clones celulares que superexpressam as proteínas recombinantes humanas BMP2 e BMP4 foram gerados, e sua atividade verificada in vitro. Paralelamente, a rhBMP7, obtida anteriormente, foi purificada por cromatografia de afinidade utilizando-se uma coluna de Heparina-Sepharose, que foi posteriormente utilizada para ensaios in vitro e in vivo, nos quais se mostrou capaz de gerar osteoblastos e tecido ósseo, respectivamente, o que abre novas possibilidades para o uso destas proteínas como biofármacos no Brasil


Bone fractures and loss represent significant costs for the public health system and often affect the patients quality of life, therefore, understanding the molecular basis for bone regeneration is essential. Cytokines, such as IL-6, IL-10 and TNFα, secreted by inflammatory cells at the lesion site, at the very beginning of the repair process, act as chemotactic factors for mesenchymal stem cells, which proliferate and differentiate into osteoblasts through the autocrine and paracrine action of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), mainly BMP-2. Although it is known that BMP-2 binds to ActRI/BMPR and activates the SMAD 1/5/8 downstream effectors, little is known about the intracellular mechanisms participating in osteoblastic differentiation. We assessed differences in the phosphorylation status of different cellular proteins upon BMP-2 osteogenic induction of isolated human skin mesenchymal stem cells using Triplex Stable Isotope Dimethyl Labeling coupled with LC/MS. From 150 µg of starting material, 2,264 proteins containing two or more peptides were identified and quantified at five different time points, 235 of which are differentially phosphorylated. Kinase motif analysis showed that several substrates display phosphorylation sites for Casein Kinase, p38, CDK and JNK. Gene ontology analysis showed an increase in biological processes related with signaling and differentiation at early time points after BMP2 induction. Moreover, proteins involved in cytoskeleton rearrangement, Wnt and Ras pathways were found to be differentially phosphorylated during all timepoints studied. Taken together, these data, allow new insights on the intracellular substrates which are phosphorylated early on during commitment to BMP2-driven osteoblastic differentiation of skin-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Cell clones overexpressing the human BMP 2 and 4 recombinant proteins were also generated, and their biological activity was confirmed in vitro. In parallel, chromatography-affinity purified rhBMP7, obtained using heparin-Sepharose columns, was used for in vivo and in vitro assays to evaluate the ability of this purified protein to generate osteoblasts and bone tissue, respectively, opening new avenues for the use of these proteins as biopharmaceuticals in Brazil


Subject(s)
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 1/pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteoblastoma/complications , Proteomics/methods , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , Electroporation/methods
15.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 305-310, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-646801

ABSTRACT

The Solid variant of the aneurysmal bone cyst is clinically important, because its solid composition is comparable to that observed in osteosarcoma or osteoblastoma, presenting difficulty for the correct diagnosis. The fluid-fluid level, which is a common sign of the conventional aneurismal bone cyst, is not apparent in radiographs of the solid type. These cysts were localized, equally within the whole spine as compared to most conventional aneurysmal bone cysts in which are localized to the posterior neural arch of the cervical spine. In this particular patient case, a young male aged 11.5 years presented with lower back pain and radiating pain which was misdiagnosed as a malignant bone tumor. Surgical intervention was considered and the incisional biopsy and laminectomy were conducted due to the low possibility of malignancy. We present this case and literature reviews with radiological and pathological findings as an example of the differential diagnosis of malignant tumors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Aneurysm , Biopsy , Bone Cysts , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Diagnosis, Differential , Laminectomy , Low Back Pain , Osteoblastoma , Osteosarcoma , Spine
16.
Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons ; : 29-37, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43416

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Fibrous-osseous lesions of the jaws are difficult to diagnose precisely until excised biopsy results are found, so they might be confused with malignant lesions. This clinical study focused on the diagnostic aids of lesions that demonstrate different clinical, radiologic, and histological findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 16 patients with benign fibrous-osseous lesions on the jaws (6 fibrous dysplasias, 6 ossifying fibromas, 3 cemental dysplasias, and one osteoblastoma) were reviewed. Nine patients with malignant fibrous-osseous lesions (8 osteosarcomas and one Ewing's sarcoma) were also retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Osteosarcoma patients complained of facial swelling and tooth mobility. The radiographic findings showed the irregular resorption of cortical bone and periosteal reactions. Histological features included cellular pleomorphism and atypical mitosis. An Ewing's sarcoma patient complained of tooth mobility and facial swelling. Onion-skin appearance and irregular expansile marginal bony radiolucency were seen in the radiography. Fibrous dysplasia patients complained of facial swelling and asymmetry. The radiographic features were mostly ground-glass radiopacity. Histological findings showed a bony trabeculae pattern surrounded by fibrous ground substances. Ossifying fibroma patients complained of buccal swelling and jaw pains, showing expanded cortical radiolucent lesions with a radiopaque margin. Histological findings were revealed as cellular fibrous stroma with immature woven bones. In cemental dysplasia, most of their lesions were found in a routine dental exam. Well-circumscribed radiopaque lesions were observed in the radiography, and cementum-like ossicles with fibrous stroma were seen in the microscopy. An osteoblastoma patient complained of jaw pain and facial swelling. Radiographic findings were mottled, dense radiopacity with osteolytic margin. Trabeculae of the osteoid with a vascular network and numerous osteoblasts with woven bone were predominantly found in the microscopy. CONCLUSION: Our study showed similar results as other studies. We suggest the clinical parameters of diagnosis and treatment for malignant and benign fibrous-osseous lesions of the jaws.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Fibroma, Ossifying , Jaw , Microscopy , Mitosis , Osteoblastoma , Osteoblasts , Osteosarcoma , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma, Ewing , Tooth Mobility
17.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 136-139, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-92977

ABSTRACT

Osteoblastomas are rare neoplasms of the spine. The majority of the spinal lesions arise from the posterior elements and involvement of the corpus is usually by extension through the pedicles. An extremely rare case of isolated C2 corpus osteoblastoma is presented herein. A 9-year-old boy who presented with neck pain and spasmodic torticollis was shown to have a lesion within the corpus of C2. He underwent surgery via an anterior cervical approach and the completely-resected mass was reported to be an osteoblastoma. The pain resolved immediately after surgery and he had radiologic assessments on a yearly basis. He was symptom-free 4 years post-operatively with benign radiologic findings. Although rare, an osteoblastoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of neck pain and torticollis, especially in patients during the first two decades of life. The standard treatment for osteoblastomas is radical surgical excision because the recurrence rate is high following incomplete resection.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Diagnosis, Differential , Follow-Up Studies , Neck Pain , Osteoblastoma , Osteoma, Osteoid , Recurrence , Spine , Torticollis
18.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 894-897, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246536

ABSTRACT

This paper is aimed to explore the effects of mechanical stimulation on proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts. Cultured MG-63 osteoblast-like cells were strained by the four-point bending cell mechanics loader. In the study, we observed the effects of different magnitudes and duration of mechanical strain on the markers of proliferation and differentiation in osteoblasts. The protein levels and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were determined by western blot and alpha-nitrophenyl phosphate assay respectively. The mineralization nodules were stained using Alizarin Red-S method. We found: (1) the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), ALP activity in strained group were significantly increased compared to those in the control group, but the role did not increase with the increase of the magnitude of the stimulation; and (2) under appropriate stimulation (2000 microstrain), the expression of PCNA, COL I protein and ALP activity increased gradually with the increase of loading time, and appropriate stimulation promoted the formation of mineralization nodules. It indicated that appropriate mechanical stimulation could promote proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Osteoblastoma , Pathology , Osteoblasts , Cell Biology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , Stress, Mechanical
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 110-114, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257545

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical manifestation and surgical outcome of spinal osteoblastoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2006 to July 2010, 11 patients with spinal osteoblastoma treated surgically were analyzed retrospectively. There were 7 males and 4 females with an average age of 23.5 years (range, 16 - 34 years). The tumors were located at C(5) in 3, C(6) in 4, C(7) in 2, C(6) ~ T(1) in 1 and T(11) in 1. Based on WBB classification, 9 were 1 - 3 or 10 - 12 and 2 were 4 - 9 and 1 - 3. All the operations had been performed with en-bloc resection. The posterior approach was used for 9 patients, and combined posterior and anterior approach was used for 2 patients. Reconstruction using instrumentation and fusion was performed using spinal instrumentation in 8 patients. To evaluate the change of pain before and after the operation by visual analogue scales (VAS), and to assess functional status of the spine by McCormick scale. Imaging test was used to review the stability and recurrence rate of spine cord, and the confluence of graft bones.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All cases were followed up for 12 - 64 months (average, 28.4 months). The average surgical time was 130.5 minutes (range, 90 - 210 minutes), with the average intraoperative blood loss of 560 ml (range, 300 - 1000 ml). During the follow-up period, the VAS grade reduced from 6.3 ± 1.1 to 2.5 ± 1.0 (t = 8.48, P < 0.05). There were 8 patients had neurological function improved and 3 remained no change which was evaluated by McCormick scale for spinal function status at final follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Spinal osteoblastoma has its own specific radiographic feature. There are some recurrence in simple curettage of tumor lesion. The thoroughly en-bloc resection of tumor or spondylectomy, bone fusion and strong in ter fixation are the key points for successful surgical treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Follow-Up Studies , Osteoblastoma , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Pain Measurement , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
20.
The Journal of the Korean Bone and Joint Tumor Society ; : 87-90, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24904

ABSTRACT

Osteoblastoma is rare, benign, bone-forming tumor that often occur in the spine. There are few reports of osteoblastomas resulting in pathologic fractures involving long bones. Authos report a unique case of a pathologic fracture due to an osteoblastoma of the humerus shaft. The tumor was treated successfully by curettage, intramedullary nailing and bone allograft.


Subject(s)
Curettage , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fractures, Spontaneous , Humerus , Osteoblastoma , Spine , Transplantation, Homologous
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