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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 75-81, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365741

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe the profile of the patients and the results obtained with the use of an external fixator for metatarsal lengthening in brachymetatarsia. Methods A retrospective analysis of the medical records of patients with brachymetatarsia treated between January 2018 and April 2020 was performed. During this period, eight feet of six patients were operated on. Frequencies were estimated according to demographic and surgical aspects. Results All patients (100%; n= 6) were female, with a mean age of 28 years old, ranging from 15 to 48 years old, and were motivated to seek the orthopedic service due to aesthetic deformity. The deformity was bilateral in two patients and unilateral in four patients. The average lengthening time was 22 days ( ± 7.15, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 19.04-26.81). The lengthening speed was 0.5 mm/day, and the average total length of the lengthening was 11.46 mm ( ± 3.57; 95%CI: 9.52-13.40). Half of the patients (50%; n= 3) had local infection of the pins and were treated with antibiotics, and the others did not report any postsurgical complications. All patients denied pain or calluses after the surgical procedure and reported satisfaction with the results. Conclusion All patients were female and sought surgery for brachymetatarsia for aesthetic reasons. Osteogenic distraction at a rate of 0.5 mm/day resulted in successful lengthening of the metatarsal, with a low frequency of complications, good clinical outcomes, and high patient satisfaction.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever o perfil dos pacientes e os resultados obtidos com o uso de fixador externo para alongamento de metatarso em braquimetatarsia. Métodos Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos prontuários de pacientes com braquimetatarsia tratados entre janeiro de 2018 e abril de 2020. Durante este período, foram operados oito pés de seis pacientes. Foram coletadas e estimadas as frequências em relação a aspectos demográficos e cirúrgicos. Resultados Todas as pacientes (100%; n= 6) eram do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 28 anos, variando de 15 a 48 anos, e motivadas a buscar o serviço de ortopedia em função da deformidade estética. O acometimento era bilateral em duas pacientes e unilateral em quatro pacientes. O tempo médio de alongamento foi de 22 dias ( ± 7,15; intervalo de confiança [IC] 95%: 19,04-26,81). A velocidade de alongamento foi de 0,5 mm/dia e o comprimento médio total do alongamento foi de 11,46 mm ( ± 3,57; IC95%: 9,52-13,40). Metade das pacientes (50%; n= 3) teve infecção local dos pinos e foi tratada com antibióticos; as demais não relataram nenhuma complicação pós-cirúrgica. As pacientes negaram dor ou calosidade após o procedimento cirúrgico e relataram satisfação com os resultados. Conclusão Todas as pacientes eram do sexo feminino e buscaram a cirurgia para braquimetatarsia por motivos estéticos. A distração osteogênica a uma taxa de 0,5 mm/dia resultou em alongamento bem-sucedido do metatarso, com uma baixa frequência de complicações, bons resultados clínicos e alta satisfação das pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Congenital Abnormalities , Foot Deformities , Metatarsal Bones , Patient Satisfaction , Orthopedic Procedures , Osteogenesis, Distraction
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): e45-e48, feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147260

ABSTRACT

Cuando los recién nacidos presentan obstrucción de la vía aérea, requieren un manejo urgente y experto para evitar la mortalidad y la morbilidad. La definición de vía aérea difícil se relaciona con problemas en la intubación endotraqueal o en la ventilación a presión positiva con bolsa y máscara o reanimador de pieza en T. El manejo debe basarse en la comprensión del mecanismo fisiopatológico responsable de la vía aérea difícil. Las causas en el recién nacido pueden ser congénitas y/o adquiridas.Se presenta el caso de una recién nacida con síndrome de Treacher-Collins tipo 1 [OMIM #154500] con una disostosis mandibulofacial, micrognatia, hipoplasia malar, paladar hendido, sin cardiopatía congénita, asociado con intubación extremadamente difícil


f newborns have an airway obstruction, they require urgent and expert management to avoid mortality and morbidity. The definition of difficult airway includes problems in endotracheal intubation or positive pressure ventilation with bag and mask or T-piece resuscitator. Management should be based on an understanding of the pathophysiological mechanism responsible for difficult airway. The causes of difficult airway in the newborn can be congenital or acquired.We present the case of a newborn with Treacher-Collins syndrome Type 1 [OMIM # 154500] with a mandibulofacial dysostosis, micrognathia, malar hypoplasia, cleft palate, without congenital heart disease, associated with extremely difficult intubation


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Airway Management , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Congenital Abnormalities , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Airway Obstruction , Intubation, Intratracheal
3.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(2): 60-68, oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342413

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: Mostrar resultados, complicaciones y lecciones aprendidas utilizando el clavo intramedular magnético (IML, Intramedullary Magnetic Lengthener) en un grupo de pacientes sometidos a alargamiento óseo. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Entre enero 2017 y diciembre 2019, 9 pacientes (15 segmentos), edad entre 15 y 39 años, fueron sometidos a alargamiento óseo con IML: 5 pacientes tuvieron alargamiento femoral bilateral por talla baja, 1 paciente se sometió a alargamiento de Piernas bilateral por Tibia vara y acortamiento mesomélico y 3 recibieron alargamientos femorales unilaterales por discrepancia de longitud de extremidades. Todos fueron operados por el mismo cirujano, con técnica standard. Se indicó kinesiterapia al menos 5 veces por semana durante la fase de distracción. RESULTADOS: En todos se logró el objetivo de alargamiento planteado. No hubo complicaciones intra ni postoperatorias graves (TVP, TEP, Embolia grasa), ni fallas del sistema distractor. Un paciente desarrolló contracturas articulares de ambas rodillas por no adhesión a Kinesiterapia. Ninguno requirió aporte de injerto óseo, sin embargo en 2 pacientes de alargamiento de Fémur bilateral, se presentó deformidad en varo, que hizo necesario recambio a clavo convencional y un paciente desarrolló una parálisis transitoria del Nervio Peroneo común. CONCLUSIONES: El advenimiento de los IML significó un gran avance en el campo de la osteogénesis por distracción, sin embargo, aún se trata de un procedimiento complejo, que debe ser planificado cuidadosamente para minimizar los riesgos y complicaciones. Una selección meticulosa del paciente y la evaluación física y psicológica previa, son fundamentales para el éxito del procedimiento. Los casos bilaterales requieren de un seguimiento cercano, por el riesgo de falla del implante.


objective: We show our results, complications and lessons learned using the Intramedullary Magnetic Lengthener (IML) in a group of patients who were subjected to bone lengthening. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2017 and December 2019, 9 patients (15 segments), aged between 15 and 39 years, underwent bone lengthening with IML: 5 patients had bilateral femoral lengthening due to short stature, 1 patient had bilateral leg lengthening due to Tibia vara and mesomelic shortening and 3 had unilateral femoral lengthening for limb length discrepancy. All were operated by the same surgeon, with standard technique. Physical therapy was indicated at least 5 times per week during the distraction phase. RESULTS: In every case, the proposed lengthening amount was achieved. There were no serious intraoperative or postoperative complications (DVT, Pulmonary Embolism, Fat Embolism), nor failures of the distractor system. One patient developed knee joint contracture due to non-adherence to Physical therapy. None required bone grafting, however, in 2 patients with bilateral Femur, a varus deformity appeared, which required nail exchange with a conventional trauma nail. One case developed a transit common Peroneal Nerve palsy. CONCLUSIONS: IMLs represent a great advance in the bone lengthening realm, however, it is still a complex procedure, which must be carefully planned to minimize risks and complications. Meticulous patient selection and prior physical and psychological evaluation are essential to the success of the procedure. Bilateral cases need a closer follow up, because implant failure is a potential risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bone Lengthening/methods , Bone Nails , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Postoperative Complications , Bone Lengthening/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome , Osteogenesis, Distraction/instrumentation , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/instrumentation , Leg Length Inequality
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 947-955, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124881

ABSTRACT

Trans-sutural distraction is a biological process that induces the formation of new bone and changes the position of bone by pulling on growing suture under the action of external forces. Currently, therapy to midfacial hypoplasia treated by trans-sutural distraction has been applied. In this study, Beagle dogs were selected as experimental animals, and a traction device designed by ourselves was applied to Beagle dogs to simulate the treatment process of trans-sutural distraction in human face, so as to provide a basis for the subsequent research on the related mechanism of trans-sutural distraction. The objective is that the animal model can provide the basis for the follow-up study of transsutural distraction. 45 month beagle dogs were randomly divided into two groups 3 in experiment group and 3 in control group. Implant nails were implanted as the bone marker in the bilateral zygomatic temporal suture, zygomandibular maxillary suture and palatine transverse suture in experimental group. The traction of the maxilla was carried out by the external cranial traction frame with canine fossa as bearing point, 800g force each side, elastic traction for 15 days. The control group only implanted the implant nail as the bone marker on both sides of the bone suture. The distance between two implant nails was measured by vernier calipers and X-ray examination, compared with preoperative and postoperative changes. X-ray and cephalometric measurements were used to measure change in the cranial basal angle. HE staining was used to observe the width of the bone seams, the morphology and structure of the cells and the tissue of the new bone under the phase contrast microscope. Then descriptive statistical analysis and t-test between two independent samples are carried out for the measurement data. The experimental group had a good retention of the beagle traction frame. In the experimental group, the maxillaries of dogs were protrudent in the process of traction gradually and the occlusal relationship changed to type II malocclusion. When the traction is 15 days, the coverage distance is about 8~9 mm. Before and after the traction, the distance between landmark points indicated that the spacing between the transverse palatine suture was the largest (experimental group: 5.52±0.19 mm control group 1.31±0.06 mm P<0.05), and zygomaticotemporal suture was the second (experimental group: 3.12±0.15 mm, control group 0.73±0.04 mm, P<0.05), and zygomaticomaxillary suture was less (experimental group: 2.60±0.34 mm, control group 0.53±0.05 mm, P<0.05). The cranial basal angle was no change before and after operation (controlgroup: 32.3±1.3°, experimental group: 33.2±1.1° P>0.05. Histology showed that the collagenous fibers in the suture of the control group were denser and the osteoblasts were visible on the edge of the suture, showing osteogenic activity. The experimental group significantly widened suture (experimental group: 1209.388±42.714 µm, control group 248.276±22.864 µm, P<0.05), the number of fibroblasts increased significantly with loose collagen fiber. The direction of cell and fiber arrangement were parallel to the traction force. There were many small blood vessels and marrow cavities, and the bone trabecula around the bone suture was thin (experimental group: 23.684±3.774 mm, control group: 86.810±9.219 mm, P < 0.05), showing active osteogenic activity. The growing beagle dog can be used to establish a suture traction animal model for experimental study. In the experiment, Kirschner wire was used to penetrate the bottom plane of the piriform hole of the maxilla (about the position of the canine fossa at the back) and the traction direction was basically the same as the growth direction, and the maxilla was basically parallel and moved forward.


La distracción trans-sutural es un proceso biológico que induce la formación de hueso nuevo y cambia la posición del éste al tirar de la sutura en crecimiento bajo la acción de fuerzas externas. Actualmente, se ha aplicado la terapia para la hipoplasia de la cara media tratada por distracción trans-sutural. En este estudio, fueron seleccionados perros Beagle como animales experimentales, y un dispositivo de tracción fue instalado a los perros para simular el proceso de tratamiento de la distracción trans-sutural en el rostro humano. El objetivo fue proporcionar una base para la investigación posterior sobre mecanismos relacionados con la distracción trans-sutural. El modelo animal puede proporcionar la base para este tipo de estudio de seguimiento de la distracción trans-sutural. Perros Beagle de 45 meses de edad se dividieron aleatoriamente en dos grupos: 3 en el grupo experimental y 3 en el grupo control. Los clavos de implante se usaron como marcadores óseos en la sutura temporal cigomática bilateral, la sutura maxilar cigomandibular y en la sutura transversal palatina en el grupo experimental. La tracción del maxilar se realizó mediante el marco de tracción craneal externo con fosa canina como punto de apoyo, 800 g de fuerza a cada lado, tracción elástica durante 15 días. En el grupo control solo se implantó el clavo del implante como marcador óseo en ambos lados de la sutura. La distancia entre dos clavos de implante se midió mediante calibradores de vernier y examen de rayos X, en comparación con los cambios preoperatorios y postoperatorios. Se utilizaron mediciones cefalométricas y de rayos X para medir el cambio en el ángulo basal craneal. La tinción con HE se usó para observar el ancho de las suturas óseas, la morfología y la estructura de las células y el tejido del hueso nuevo bajo el microscopio de contraste de fase. Luego se realizó un análisis estadístico descriptivo y una prueba t entre dos muestras independientes para los datos de medición. El grupo experimental tuvo una buena retención del cuadro de tracción del Beagle. En el grupo experimental, los maxilares de los perros sobresalieron gradualmente en el proceso de tracción y la relación oclusal cambió a maloclusión tipo II. Cuando la tracción era de 15 días, la distancia de cobertura fue de aproximadamente 8 ~ 9 mm. Antes y después de la tracción, la distancia entre los puntos de referencia indicaba que el espacio entre la sutura palatina transversal era más grande (grupo experimental: 5,52 ± 0,19 mm, grupo de control 1,31 ± 0,06 mm, P <0,05), y la sutura cigomáticotemporal fue la segunda. (Grupo experimental: 3,12 ± 0,15 mm, grupo control 0,73 ± 0,04 mm, P <0,05), y la sutura cigomaticomaxilar fue menor (grupo experimental, 2,60 ± 0,34 mm, grupo control 0,53 ± 0,05 mm, P <0,05). El ángulo basal craneal no cambió antes ni después de la operación (grupo control 32,3 ± 1,3, grupo experimental, 33,2 ± 1,1 ° , P> 0,05). La histología mostró que las fibras colágenas en la sutura del grupo control eran más densas y los osteoblastos se observaron en el margen de la sutura, mostrando actividad osteogénica. En el grupo experimental se amplió significativamente la sutura (1209,388 ± 42,714 µm, grupo control 248,276 ± 22,864 µm, P <0,05), el número de fibroblastos aumentó significativamente con fibras colágenas dispersas. La dirección de la disposición de la celda y las fibras era paralela a la fuerza de tracción. Se observó gran cantidad de vasos sanguíneos pequeños, cavidades medulares, y trabéculas óseas alrededor de la sutura ósea (grupo experimental: 23,684 ± 3,774 mm, grupo control: 86,810 ± 9,219 mm, P <0,05), que mostró actividad osteogénica activa. El perro Beagle en crecimiento se puede utilizar para estudios experimentales y así establecer un modelo animal de tracción de sutura. En el proceso, se usó alambre de Kirschner para penetrar en el plano inferior del foramen piriforme del maxilar (aproximadamente en la posición de la fosa canina en la parte posterior) y la dirección de tracción fue básicamente la misma que en el crecimiento.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Craniofacial Abnormalities/surgery , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Facial Bones/surgery , Sutures , Traction , Disease Models, Animal , Malocclusion/surgery
5.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(1): 36-40, ene-mar 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120504

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes. La secuencia de Pierre Robin es una patología poco frecuente y entendida en la literatura latinoamericana . La incidencia en el mundo es variable y en Latinoamerica no existen cifras exactas. La etiopatogenia es poco clara y aminorar y manejar las complicaciones respiratorias constituyen un objetivo primordial en el tratamiento de estos pacientes. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar el manejo del Pierre Robin en nuestro Servicio desde un punto de vista íntegro presentando un caso ejemplo. Presentación de caso. Masculino de 9 meses con diagnóstico de Pierre Robin, quien fue tratado con distractores mandibulares y retiro de los mismos tres meses después, con una excelente evolución posoperatoria. Posterior a esto, se realizó una palatoplastia sin complicaciones, con excelentes resultados respiratorios a los 6 meses de seguimiento. Conclusiones. El manejo del síndrome de Pierre Robin es un desafío para el cirujano plástico, con muchas opciones quirúrgicas disponibles, pero la distracción mandibular es actualmente la técnica que tiene mejores resultados confirmados para los parámetros respiratorios a largo plazo.


Background. Pierre Robin's sequence is a rare pathology. The incidence in the world is variable and in Latin America is unknown. The etiopathogenesis is unclear and respiratory complications are a challenge for surgical treatment. The objective of this article is to present the management of Pierre Robin from an integrative point of view through a case presentation. Case presentation. 9 month old male with Pierre Robin diagnosis who was treated with mandibular distractors with subsequent removal 3 months later with excellent postoperative evolution. Later on, a la palatoplasty was performed with no complications, with good respiratory injuries function at 6 month follow up. Conclusions. The management of Pierre Robin syndrome is a challenge for the plastic surgeon, with many surgical options available, with mandíbular distraction currently being the technique of choice because of its confi rmed favorable long term respiratory results


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Pierre Robin Syndrome/surgery , Surgery, Plastic , Cleft Palate/surgery , Osteogenesis, Distraction
6.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(supl.1): 11-14, ago. 9, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141329

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical effect of mandibular corpus distraction osteogenesis with different orientations and rates. Materials and Methods: A three-dimensional model of the mandible was created. The vertical surgical cut was made, the force was applied horizontally in a bidirectional manner within two orientations: parallel to the occlusal plane and parallel to the inferior border of the mandible with three rates (0.5mm, 1mm and 1.5mm). Results: The maximum values for von Mises stress when the force was applied parallel to the inferior border of the mandible with all three rates were smaller than those with force direction parallel to the occlusal plane. The displacement in all three directions x, y, and z were not parallel and prominent in the anterior part of the mandible, while the movement at the posterior part is negligible, x and z displacement were bigger when force was applied parallel to the inferior border of the mandible, z displacement was more prominent than x and y displacement, both directions produced upward rotation of the mandible, this rotation was more noticeable when the force was applied parallel to the inferior border of the mandible. Conclusions: A vertical cut can be used in the patient with a long anterior face. This site of distraction achieves more lengthening of mandible than expansion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis, Distraction/instrumentation , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Mandible , Tooth Migration , Printing, Three-Dimensional
7.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(3): 244-248, jul. 31, 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145342

ABSTRACT

Pierre Robin sequence is a set of congenital conditions characterized by the presence of micrognathia, glossoptosis, cleft palate and obstruction of the airways. The latter can lead to many other complications such as respiratory difficulties, apnea, weight loss and even death. Currently, mandibular distraction, or the lengthening of the mandibular bone, is the most common surgical procedure used to correct a retracted tongue and the airway obstruction it produces in patients with mandibular hypoplasia. The present paper reports the case of a 26-day-old male patient, who presented obstruction on the upper respiratory tract, mandibular retromicrognathia, and retracted tongue and cleft palate, all conditions characteristic to Pierre Robin sequence. The patient also had a medical record of orotracheal intubation due to respiratory difficulties. The subject underwent mandibular distraction surgery with a horizontal vector, which resulted in a satisfactorily cleared airway.


La secuencia de Pierre Robin es una afección congénita caracterizada por la presencia de micrognatia, glosoptosis, paladar hendido y obstrucción de la vía aérea, siendo ésta una de las principales características de la cual derivan varias complicaciones, entre ellas, dificultad respiratoria, apnea, pérdida de peso y hasta la muerte. En la actualidad la distracción ósea mandibular es la técnica quirúrgica de elección, que tiene como finalidad el alargamiento mandibular corrigiendo la posición posterior de la lengua, con la consecuente desobstrucción de la vía aérea en pacientes con hipoplasia mandibular. Se reporta caso clínico de paciente masculino con 26 días de nacido, que presentó obstrucción de la vía aérea superior, retromicrognatismo mandibular, retracción de la lengua y hendidura palatina, relacionado con la secuencia de Pierre Robin, con antecedentes de intubación orotraqueal por dificultad respiratoria, al cual se le realizó distracción ósea mandibular con vector horizontal, destacando resultados satisfactorios en la resolución de la obstrucción de la vía aérea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Pierre Robin Syndrome/surgery , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Mandible/surgery , Palatal Obturators , Cleft Palate/therapy , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Mandibular Osteotomy/methods , Intubation, Intratracheal , Micrognathism
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 123-131, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002294

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Las fisuras labiopalatinas corresponden a las malformaciones de cabeza y cuello de mayor prevalencia a nivel mundial; dentro de las cuales, aquellas que no están asociadas a síndrome son las más frecuentes. Los pacientes que sufren estas malformaciones presentan en muchos casos hipoplasia maxilar. La distracción osteogénica maxilar mediante distractor externo rígido constituye una alternativa de tratamiento para la corrección de esta deficiencia esqueletal. Describir los cambios faciales y su estabilidad en el tiempo, en pacientes con fisura labio palatina no sindrómica sometidos a distracción osteogénica maxilar con distractor externo rígido. Se realizó una búsqueda estratégica en las bases de datos PubMed, Epistemonikos, EBSCO, BEIC y The Cochrane Library a través de las palabras clave cleft palate; cleft lip and palate; distraction osteogenesis; osteodistraction; callotasis; callotases; callus distraction, maxillary hypoplasia; midface hypoplasia; hypoplastic maxilla; maxillary deficiency; retromaxilla y maxillary retrognatism; con los términos booleanos AND y OR. Se seleccionaron 20 artículos: 2 revisiones sistemáticas, 3 ensayos clínicos, 14 estudios observacionales descriptivos y 1 estudio observacional analítico. La distracción osteogénica maxilar con distractor externo rígido corresponde a una alternativa efectiva en el tratamiento de la retrusión del tercio medio en pacientes con fisura labiopalatina no sindrómica. Esta técnica, sin embargo, no consigue cambios completamente estables, existiendo múltiples factores relacionados con su recidiva.


ABSTRACT: Cleft lip and palate is the world's most prevalent head and neck malformation, within which, nonsyndromic is the most frequent. Patients with this malformation in many cases present maxillary hypoplasia. Maxillary distraction osteogenesis through a rigid external distractor constitutes an alternative to correct this skeletal deficiency. The objective of this study was to describe facial changes and their stability over time in non-syndromic cleft lip and palate patients undergoing distraction osteogenesis through rigid external distractor. An electronic search was carried out in PubMed database, Epistemonikos, EBSCO, BEIC and The Cochrane Library through the keywords cleft palate; cleft lip and palate; distraction osteogenesis; osteodistraction; callotasis; callotases; callus distraction, maxillary hypoplasia; midface hypoplasia; hypoplastic maxilla; maxillary deficiency; retromaxilla and maxillary retrognatism, related to each other with the Boolean terms AND and OR. For this analysis 20 articles were selected: 2 systematic reviews, 3 clinical trials, 14 descriptive observational studies and 1 analytic observational study. Maxillary distraction osteogenesis through rigid external distractor is an effective alternative in the treatment of midface retrusion in non-syndromic cleft lip and palate patients. However, this technique does not completely achieve stable changes, due to multiple factors related to its recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Osteotomy, Le Fort/methods , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Orthognathic Surgery , Maxilla/abnormalities , Maxilla/surgery
9.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(2): 228-236, apr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015972

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Muitos pacientes portadores de sequência de Pierre Robin (micrognatia, glossoptose e obstrução de via aérea) apresentam o músculo genioglosso alterado, encurtado e retrátil, que impede a protração lingual, mantendo a parte anterior da língua verticalizada e seu volume deslocado em direção posterior. Isso pode corroborar para obstrução supraglótica, dificuldade alimentar e inversão das forças de estímulo do crescimento do corpo mandibular. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes com Pierre Robin tratados entre 2012 e 2017 pela equipe, com descrição da "ortoglossopelveplastia", que propõe uma modificação na glossopexia, soltando o genioglosso anômalo da sua inserção, liberando a língua para elevar seu terço anterior e avançar o volume de sua base, sendo auxiliada por ponto de tração da base lingual à sínfise mandibular. Apresentamos um algoritmo de tratamento proposto que prioriza a necessidade desta cirurgia, associada ou não à distração mandibular, de acordo com a gravidade da dificuldade respiratória e/ou alimentar. Resultados: São apresentados 12 casos de obstrução da orofaringe atendidos de 2012 a 2017, discutem-se suas prioridades, a ortoglossopelveplastia e se aplica o algoritmo proposto. Conclusão: A reorganização anatômica da musculatura em uma posição anteriorizada correta proporciona protração e funcionalidade à língua, com desobstrução da via aérea na orofaringe, melhora da função alimentar e do desenvolvimento mandibular, com baixa morbidade cirúrgica e poucas complicações.


Introduction: Several patients with the Pierre Robin sequence (micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction) have an altered, shortened, and retractable genioglossus muscle that prevents protraction of the tongue and keeps the anterior part of the tongue vertical and its volume posteriorly displaced. This can contribute to supraglottic obstruction, feeding difficulty, and inversion of the growth stimulation forces of the mandibular body. Methods: A retrospective study of patients with the Pierre Robin sequence treated between 2012 and 2017 with "orthoglossopelveplasty," which includes modification of glossopexy, releasing the anomalous genioglossus of its insertion and releasing the tongue to raise its anterior third and advance the volume of its base using a traction suture of the tongue base to the mandible symphysis. We present a treatment algorithm that prioritizes the need for surgery associated, or not, with mandibular distraction in accordance with respiratory and/or feeding difficulty severity. Results: Twelve cases of oropharyngeal obstruction treated from 2012 to 2017 are presented, their priorities and orthoglossopleoplasty are discussed, and the proposed algorithm is applied. Conclusion: Anatomical reorganization of the musculature in a correct anterior position provides protraction and functionality to the tongue, clears the airway in the oropharynx, and improves the feeding function and mandibular development, with low surgical morbidity rates and few complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pierre Robin Syndrome/surgery , Pierre Robin Syndrome/complications , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Glossopharyngeal Nerve Diseases/surgery , Glossopharyngeal Nerve Diseases/complications , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Airway Obstruction/complications , Airway Obstruction/diagnosis , Glossoptosis/surgery , Glossoptosis/pathology , Micrognathism/surgery , Micrognathism/complications , Mouth Floor/abnormalities , Mouth Floor/surgery
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719291

ABSTRACT

In this report, we describe a case involving a 34-year-old woman who showed good treatment outcomes with long-term stability after multidisciplinary treatment for unilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP), maxillary hypoplasia, severe maxillary arch constriction, severe occlusal collapse, and gingival recession. A comprehensive treatment approach was developed with maximum consideration of strong scar constriction and gingival recession; it included minimum maxillary arch expansion, maxillary advancement by distraction osteogenesis using an internal distraction device, and mandibular setback using sagittal split ramus osteotomy. Her post-treatment records demonstrated a balanced facial profile and occlusion with improved facial symmetry. The patient's profile was dramatically improved, with reduced upper lip retrusion and lower lip protrusion as a result of the maxillary advancement and mandibular setback, respectively. Although gingival recession showed a slight increase, tooth mobility was within the normal physiological range. No tooth hyperesthesia was observed after treatment. There was negligible osseous relapse, and the occlusion remained stable after 5 years of post-treatment retention. Our findings suggest that such multidisciplinary approaches for the treatment of CLP with gingival recession and occlusal collapse help in improving occlusion and facial esthetics without the need for prostheses such as dental implants or bridges; in addition, the results show long-term post-treatment stability.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cicatrix , Cleft Lip , Constriction , Dental Implants , Esthetics , Female , Gingival Recession , Humans , Hyperesthesia , Lip , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Osteotomy, Sagittal Split Ramus , Palatal Expansion Technique , Palate , Prostheses and Implants , Recurrence , Tooth , Tooth Mobility
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770079

ABSTRACT

The treatment of a brachymetacarpia using conventional distraction osteogenesis requires holding an external fixator following distraction for stability, which causes prolonged discomfort that adversely affects the patient's daily activities. This paper reports a case of a 20-year-old male of brachymetacarpia treated with distraction osteogenesis combined with a plate reducing the period of an external fixator, allowing rapid return to the daily activities, and presenting good clinical results.


Subject(s)
External Fixators , Humans , Male , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Young Adult
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739483

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Results of limb lengthening in patients with achondroplasia were previously reported in many studies. However, the reports of comparison among the three long bones (femur, tibia, and humerus) are rare, especially for the results of crossed lengthening (lengthening of one femur and contralateral tibia followed by that of the opposite side) for the lower limbs. The purpose of this study was to report the surgical results of a series of limb lengthening in achondroplastic or hypochondroplasia patients at our institution. METHODS: Fifteen patients (14 with achondroplasia and 1 with hypochondroplasia) underwent lower limb lengthening of the femur (n = 32) and tibia (n = 28), and 12 of them underwent crossed lengthening. Humeral lengthening was performed in 14 patients (n = 28). The mean age at the first operation was 11.7 years, and the mean follow-up duration was 66.7 months. The healing index, consolidation period index (duration of consolidation period/gained length), and other radiographic indices were analyzed. Limb length discrepancy and hip-knee-ankle alignment in lower limbs, and the occurrence of difficulties were assessed. RESULTS: The average gain in length for the femur, tibia, and humerus was 8.3 cm, 8.5 cm, and 7.4 cm, respectively. The mean healing index was 29.6 days/cm for the femur, 29.0 days/cm for the tibia, and 27.2 days/cm for the humerus. The mean consolidation period index was 14.7 days/cm for the humerus, which was significantly lower than that in the lower limb (17.3 days/cm for the femur and 17.8 days/cm for the tibia). Of the 12 who underwent crossed lengthening, five showed limb length discrepancy ≥ 1.0 cm. Among their 24 lower limbs, three showed valgus alignment ≥ 5° and one showed varus alignment ≥ 5°. Thirty-two pin site infections and three fractures were conservatively managed. Three femoral fractures, eight equinus deformities, and four cases with premature consolidation of the fibula were surgically treated. Obstacle and true complication related to humeral lengthening were not observed. CONCLUSIONS: Humeral lengthening was relatively effective and safe. Careful attention will be needed to avoid the occurrence of limb length discrepancy or malalignment in crossed lengthening.


Subject(s)
Achondroplasia , Equinus Deformity , Extremities , Femoral Fractures , Femur , Fibula , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Humerus , Lower Extremity , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Tibia
13.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 5(2): 130-140, dic. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088686

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La transportación ósea se refiere al traslado de un fragmento de hueso a través de un defecto óseo, por distracción osteogénica. Objetivo: Describir la técnica quirúrgica con fijador externo AO, y evaluar los resultados de este tratamiento en defectos óseos diafisarios de tibia mayores de 4 cm, secundarios a fracturas expuestas graves o pseudoartrosis infectadas. Material y método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de tipo serie de casos, retrospectivo, de los 14 pacientes tratados entre abril del 2011 y abril del 2015, con las lesiones o secuelas mencionadas en diferentes centro de Montevideo. Resultados: Todos los pacientes tenían secuelas a fracturas expuestas graves con defecto segmentario de tibia mayor a 4 cm. El seguimiento promedio fue de 13 meses (entre 6 y 27). La media de edad fue de 32 años (entre 15 y 53), la perdida ósea promedio 6,7 cm (entre 4 y 11), la velocidad de distracción de 0,58 mm/día, el período de distracción promedio fue de 92 días (entre 35 y 172), y el tiempo medio de fijadores externos desde el inicio fue de 194 días. Todos los pacientes requirieron algún procedimiento quirúrgico en el sitio de acoplamiento. Se logró la consolidación en 9 pacientes, hubo 2 pseudoartrosis, 2 pacientes abandonaron el tratamiento y uno decidió la amputación. No hubo ninguna recidiva de infección. Conclusión: La técnica de transportación ósea mediante el uso de fijadores externos AO, es una alternativa válida para el tratamiento de las perdidas óseas diafisarias de tibia con o sin infección.


Introduction: Bone transport is the slow transportation of the bone fragment along a bone defect, providing distraction osteogenesis. Objective: To describe the surgical technique of bone transport using the AO external fixator and to present the result of this procedure in tibial diafisis defects of more than 4 cm long, which were the result of severe open fractures or infected no unions. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective, descriptive study of 14 patients treated in several centers in Montevideo from April 2011 to April 2015. Results: The average age of the patients was 32 years (15-32), the average bone loss 6,7 cm (4-11), the distraction speed 0,58 mm/day, the mean distraction period 92 days (35-172) and the mean time external fixation was 194 days. The mean follow up was 13 months (6-27). All patients needed an additional surgical procedure in the docking site. Bone healing was accomplished in 9 patients and there were 2 no unions. There were 2 further patients who abandoned the treatment and another patient who requested amputation. At the latest follow up there was no recurrence of infection. Conclusion: Bone transport using AO external fixator, is a valid alternative for the treatment of segmental bone loss of the diafisis of the tibia with or without infection.


Introdução: O transporte ósseo é o transporte lento do fragmento ósseo ao longo de um defeito ósseo, que proporciona distração osteogênica. Objetivo: Descrever a técnica cirúrgica de transporte de osso, utilizando o fixador externo AO e apresentar o resultado deste procedimento nos defeitos da diáfise da tíbia de mais de 4 cm de comprimento, que foram um resultado de fracturas expostas graves ou ausência de juntas infectados. Material e métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo e retrospectivo de 14 pacientes atendidos em diversos centros de Montevidéu no período de abril de 2011 a abril de 2015. Resultados: A idade média dos pacientes era de 32 anos (15-32), a 6,7 cm perda óssea média (4-11), a taxa de distracção 0,58 milímetros/dia, período médio de 92 dias distracção (35-172) e o tempo médio de fixação externa foi de 194 dias. O seguimento médio foi de 13 meses (6-27). Todos os pacientes precisaram de um procedimento cirúrgico adicional no local de encaixe. A cicatrização óssea foi realizada em 9 pacientes e não houve 2 articulações. Houve mais 2 pacientes que abandonaram o tratamento e outro paciente que solicitou a amputação. No último seguimento, não houve recidiva da infecção. Conclusão: O transporte ósseo utilizando o fixador externo AO é uma alternativa válida para o tratamento da perda óssea segmentar da diáfise da tíbia com ou sem infecção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Bone Lengthening/methods , External Fixators , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Fracture Fixation/methods , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Bone Diseases, Infectious , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(1): 267-272, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-893221

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Osteoartritis (OA) es una de las enfermedades reumáticas más frecuentes y la más común enfermedad articular, afecta principalmente al cartílago articular y el hueso subcondral de una articulación sinovial resultando en la incapacidad articular. La OA es reconocida como una causa substancial de discapacidad, con significativos costos sociales y financieros debidos a las frecuentes intervenciones médicas y quirúrgicas además del ausentismo laboral. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar si la distracción tibiofemoral adicionada al tratamiento convencional en pacientes con osteoartritis de rodilla grado 3, presenta mejoras en el dolor, rango de movimiento y funcionalidad de la extremidad inferior, en comparación al tratamiento convencional propuesto por el MINSAL por sí solo. Esta investigación corresponde a un estudio piloto, con diseño experimental del tipo ensayo clínico aleatorizado (ECA), controlado, ciego simple y con una muestra equilibrada. La muestra corresponde a pacientes reclutados del Hospital San Borja Arriarán (Santiago, Chile) con diagnóstico médico de OA de rodilla grado 3. Se realizaron dos mediciones, una al inicio de las diez sesiones y otra al final del tratamiento, donde se midió el dolor con la escala visual análoga (EVA), el rango de movimiento articular pasivo con goniometría y la capacidad funcional con el test de marcha de 6 minutos y el cuestionario de WOMAC. Al comparar ambos grupos muestran diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la funcionalidad, el dolor y distancia de marcha durante 6 minutos. La distracción tibiofemoral adicionada al tratamiento convencional presentó mejoras clínicas significativas cuando comparada con la aplicación del tratamiento convencional de OA de rodilla.


SUMMARY: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most frequent rheumatic diseases and the most common joint disease, primarily affecting joint cartilage and the subchondral bone of a synovial joint resulting in the y articular dysfunction. OA is recognized as a cause of disability, with significant social and financial costs due to medical, surgical interventions in addition to frequent absenteeism at work. The objective was to determine if tibiofemoral distraction, in conjunction with conventional therapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis grade 3, improved performance of the lower extremity in comparison to the conventional treatment alone, as proposed by the Ministry of Health (MINSAL). This research is a pilot, prospective randomized clinical trial (RCT), controlled, single-blind and with a balanced sample. The sample was recruited from patients of the Hospital San Borja Arriarán (Santiago, Chile) with medical diagnosis of knee OA grade 3. Two measurements were performed, one at the beginning of the 10 sessions and at the end of treatment, which was measured with the functionality questionnaire of OA of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC), the pain visual analog scale (VAS), the passive joint range of motion with goniometry, and distance to the Test 6-minute walk. When comparing the two groups showed statistically significant differences in functionality, pain, distance walked and joint range, except in knee grade extension. The tibiofemoral distraction added to conventional treatment functional improvement in patients with knee OA grade 3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/physiopathology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Disability Evaluation , Pain Measurement , Pilot Projects , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Single-Blind Method , Traction , Treatment Outcome
15.
Rev. ADM ; 75(1): 55-60, ene.-feb. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-906501

ABSTRACT

La anquilosis de la articulación temporomandibular en niños continúa siendo una patología presente a pesar de los avances médicos y sociales. El tratamiento de esta patología en niños tiene como objetivos restablecer la apertura bucal y mejorar la estética facial, cuando se presentan hipoplasias o micrognatias asociadas. El objetivo del uso de materiales aloplásticos para el tratamiento de esta patología en niños es evitar la morbilidad y los gastos que ocasiona la toma y aplicación de injertos, para esto, durante 15 años, en la Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Torreón, Coahuila, México, Departamento de Cirugía Maxilofacial, se ha establecido el protocolo de tratar esta patología en niños con el uso de prótesis metálicas de cavidad glenoidea, en lugar de injertos costales o de otro tipo, además de tratar las hipoplasias o micrognatias en un mismo tiempo quirúrgico con el uso de aparatos distractores óseos, teniendo excelentes resultados a mediano plazo, sin daño a estructuras anatómicas ni a los procesos de crecimiento y desarrollo de los pacientes. Se utilizan prótesis prediseñadas de cromo, cobalto, molibdeno, que se adaptan adecuadamente a las estructuras óseas, siendo un material utilizado ya en otras áreas de la ortopedia en niños, concluyendo que se trata de una buena opción de tratamiento que disminuye el riesgo, frecuencia y costos de cirugías de mayor complejidad y que puede llevarse a cabo de manera segura y predecible. En este artículo se reportan tres casos de niños con anquilosis temporomandibular tratados con este método con buenos resultados (AU)


Temporomandibular joint ankylosis in children is actually a pathology still present despite the medical and social advances. The treatment of this pathology in children has restored the buccal opening and improve the facial aesthetics when hypoplasia and micrognathia are present. The purpose of using alloplastic material for treatment of this disease in children is to prevent morbidity and expenses related to making and implementing grafts, for this, for 15 years in the Medical Unit of High Specialty the Mexican Institute of Social Security, Torreon, Coahuila, Mexico, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, has been established protocol to treatment this pathology in children with the use of metal glenoid prosthesis instead of rib grafts or otherwise in addition to treating hypoplasias or micrognatias in the same surgical time with the use of distracting devices bone, having excellent results in the medium term without damage to anatomical structures or processes of growth and development of patients. The prosthesis used predesigned chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, which are suitably adapted to the bone structures, with a material already used in other areas of orthopedics in children, concluding that this is a good treatment option that reduces the risk, and surgeries often cost more complex and can be performed safely and predictably. In this paper, three cases of children with temporomandibular ankylosis treated with this method with good results are reported (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Ankylosis , Biocompatible Materials , Maxillofacial Prosthesis , Micrognathism , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Chromium Alloys , Dental Prosthesis Design , Mexico , Molybdenum , Osteogenesis, Distraction
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741549

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The free vascularized fibula flap presents many advantages such as sufficient length of the bony segment, good vascularization, better quality of the bone, and a long vascular pedicle, but it is also associated with some disadvantages with regard to prosthetic rehabilitation because of its limited height. Improvement in bone height is necessary for ideal dental implant treatment of reconstructed mandibles. CASE PRESENTATION: For two squamous cell carcinoma patients, mandibular bone reconstruction was performed secondarily with the peroneal flap after tumor resection. Since the bone height was insufficient at the time of implant treatment, occlusion reconstruction by dental implant was performed after vertical distraction osteogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Vertical distraction osteogenesis is a suitable treatment option for alveolar ridge deficiency resulting from fibula transplantation for mandibular reconstruction following tumor surgery.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Process , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Dental Implants , Fibula , Humans , Mandible , Mandibular Reconstruction , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Rehabilitation
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713382

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this case report was to introduce the concept of orthodontic and orthopedic treatment for a growing patient with Tessier number 0 cleft. A 5-year-old boy patient with Tessier number 0 cleft presented congenitally missing maxillary central incisors (MXCI), a bony defect at the premaxilla, a constricted maxillary arch, an anterior openbite, and maxillary hypoplasia. His treatment was divided into three stages: management of the bony defect at the premaxilla and the congenitally missing MXCIs using a fan-type expansion plate, iliac bone grafting, and eruption guidance of the maxillary lateral incisors into the graft area for substitution of MXCIs; management of the maxillary hypoplasia using sequential facemask therapy with conventional and skeletal anchorage; and management of the remaining occlusal problems using fixed orthodontic treatment. The total treatment duration was 15 years and 10 months. Class I canine and Class II molar relationships and normal overbite and overjet were achieved at the end of treatment. Although the long-term use of facemask therapy resulted in significant protraction of the retrusive maxilla, the patient exhibited Class III profile because of continued mandibular growth. However, the treatment result was well maintained after 2 years of retention. The findings from this case suggest that interdisciplinary and customized approaches are mandatory for successful management of maxillary hypoplasia, bony defect, and dental problems in Tessier number 0 cleft. Moreover, considering the potential of orthognathic surgery or distraction osteogenesis, meticulous monitoring of mandibular growth until growth completion is important.


Subject(s)
Bone Transplantation , Child, Preschool , Humans , Incisor , Male , Maxilla , Molar , Open Bite , Orthognathic Surgery , Orthopedics , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Overbite , Transplants
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e83, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974444

ABSTRACT

Abstract Distraction osteogenesis (DO) relies on the recruitment and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to the target site, where they differentiate into osteoblasts to promote bone formation. Nevertheless, MSC recruitment appears to be slow and limits bone formation in DO defects. Thus, this systematic review aims to evaluate the ability of locally applied MSC to enhance bone formation in DO preclinical models. Databases were searched for quantitative pre-clinical controlled studies that evaluated the effect of local administration of MSC on DO bone formation. Eligible studies were identified and data regarding study characteristics, outcome measures and quality were extracted. Nine studies met the inclusion criteria. Autogenous and xenogenous MSC were used to promote DO bone formation. These included bone marrow-derived MSC, adipose tissue-derived MSC and MSC derived from human exfoliated deciduous teeth. Meta-analysis was not possible due to heterogeneities in study designs. Local MSC implantation was not associated with adverse effects. In 4 out of the 5 studies, locally delivered undifferentiated bone-marrow MSC had a positive effect on DO bone formation. Few studies evaluated the therapeutic effects of MSC from other sources. The adjunct use of biologically active molecules or forced expression of key genes involved in osteogenesis further boosted the ability of bone-marrow MSC to promote DO bone formation. While risk of bias and heterogeneity limited the strength of this systematic review, our results suggest that the use of MSC is safe and may provide beneficial effects on DO bone formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteogenesis/physiology , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Models, Animal , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Bias , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e85, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952161

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the effects of different doses of systemic melatonin application on new bone formation during mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) in rats. Mandibular DO was performed on 30 adult female Sprague-Dawley rats, which were randomly divided into three groups: control group (CNT), melatonin dose 1 (MLT-D1), and melatonin dose 2 (MLT-D2). A five-day latent waiting period and a ten-day distraction phase followed the surgery. After the surgery, rats from the MLT-D1 and MLT-D2 groups received 25 and 50 mg/kg melatonin, respectively, at 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 days. The animals were euthanised 28 days after distraction, i.e. at 43 days after surgery. Histological and histomorphometric analyses revealed that the distracted bone area was completely filled with new bone formation in all three groups. The MLT-D2 group exhibited the most new bone formation, followed by MLT-D1 and CNT. The melatonin groups had more osteoclasts than the CNT (p < 0.05). The number of osteoblasts was higher in the melatonin groups than in the CNT group, and the MLT-D2 had more osteoclasts than the MLT-D1 group (p < 0.05). Finally, the osteopontin (OPN) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels were higher in the melatonin groups than in the CNT group, and the MLT-D2 had higher OPN and VEGF levels than the MLT-D1 (p < 0.05). This study suggests that systemic melatonin application could increase new bone formation in DO.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Melatonin/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Osteoblasts/physiology , Osteoclasts/physiology , Osteogenesis/physiology , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Osteopontin/analysis , Mandible/surgery , Mandible/drug effects , Mandible/physiology , Mandible/pathology
20.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 17(4): 46-51, out.-dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1255226

ABSTRACT

Introdução: determinadas patologias ósseas provocam ressecções que interferem nas funções maxilo-mandibulares. Alguns procedimentos são importantes para a reabilitação desses pacientes, como enxerto ósseo autógeno e distração osteogênica. Métodos: o presente trabalho relata o caso da paciente E.S.S., 26 anos, que, após constatação de lesão óssea na região anterior da mandíbula, foi encaminhada ao Hospital Universitário João de Barros Barreto, onde se diagnosticou fibroma ossificante. O tratamento foi realizado com ressecção parcial de mandíbula e posteriores cirurgias de reconstrução óssea da região, com enxerto autógeno e distração osteogênica. Resultado: após intervenções, conseguiu-se qualidade e volume ósseos suficientes para receber implantes, possibilitando-se a reabilitação oral com prótese. Conclusão: é importante a inter-relação entre as especialidades de cirurgia buco-maxilo-facial, implantodontia e prótese em pacientes que necessitam de reabilitação oral... (AU)


Introduction: Specifics bones pathologies lead to resections that interfere in the maxillo-mandibular functions. Some procedures such as autogenous bone grafting and distraction-osteogenesis technique are of importance to the rehabilitation of these patients. Method: This paper reports the 26 years old patient E.S.S.'s case, who had been referred to the caring of the João de Barros Barreto University Hospital after observation of a bone injury in the anterior mandibular. It was verified in the diagnosis an ossifying fibroma. The injury had been treated undertaking a partial jawbone resection followed by bone reconstruction surgeries with autogenesis graft and distraction osteogenesis in the region. Results: After these interventions, it was achieved enough bone volume and quality that allowed receiving implants, moreover, the oral rehabilitation with prosthesis. Conclusion: It is necessary an interrelationship between the expertises in Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Implantology and Prosthesis in cases of patients that need oral rehabilitation... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Bone Transplantation , Fibroma, Ossifying , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Fibroma
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