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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 585-590, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144216

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Coracoid osteolysis has been described as a possible complication after the Latarjet procedure. The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence and risk factors associated to coracoid graft osteolysis and to correlate them with clinical results. Methods A retrospective review of 38 Latarjet procedures was conducted. Computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained from all of the patients before and at least 1 year after the surgery. Coracoid osteolysis was evaluated and correlated to preoperative factors, namely: age, smoking status, and preoperative glenoid bone loss. The patients were divided into 2 groups: A (no or minor bone resorption) and B (major or total bone resorption). The functional outcome was determined by the Rowe score. Results Coracoid graft osteolysis occurred in 22 cases (57.8%). The mean preoperative glenoid defect was 22.8% in group A, and 13.4% in group B (p= 0.0075). The mean ages of the subjects in both groups were not significantly different. Smoking did not seem to affect the main outcome either, and no correlation was found between graft osteolysis and postoperative range of motion, pain, or Rowe score. There were no cases of recurrent dislocations in our sample, although four patients presented with a positive anterior apprehension sign. Conclusion Bone resorption of the coracoid graft is present in at least 50% of the patients submitted to the Latarjet procedure, and the absence of significant preoperative glenoid bone loss showed to be the only risk factor associated with severe graft osteolysis, even though this did not influence significantly the clinical outcome.


Resumo Objetivo Osteólise do processo coracoide é descrita como uma possível complicação da cirurgia de Latarjet. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a incidência e fatores de risco associados à osteólise do enxerto do coracoide e correlacioná-los com resultados clínicos. Métodos Foi realizada uma revisão retrospectiva incluindo 38 casos submetidos ao procedimento de Latarjet. Em todos os casos, foi realizada uma tomografia computadorizada antes e pelo menos 1 ano após a cirurgia. A presença de osteólise do coracoide foi avaliada e correlacionada com os seguintes fatores de risco: idade, tabagismo, e perda óssea pré-operatória da glenóide. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: A (ausência ou menor reabsorção óssea) e B (maior reabsorção óssea ou total). A avaliação funcional foi determinada através do escore de Rowe. Resultado Osteólise do processo coracoide ocorreu em 22 casos (57,8%). O defeito ósseo médio pré-operatório da glenóide foi de 22,8% no grupo A e de 13,4% no grupo B (p= 0.0075). A média de idade dos casos em ambos os grupos não apresentou diferença estatística. Tabagismo também não esteve relacionado com diferenças no resultado. Não houve correlação entre a presença de osteólise e o arco de movimento, dor ou ao escore de Rowe. Não houve casos de reluxação; entretanto, quatro pacientes apresentaram apreensão anterior no exame físico. Conclusão A reabsorção do processo coracoide ocorreu em pelo menos 50% dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de Latarjet, e a ausência pré-operatória de perda óssea significativa da glenóide foi o único fator de risco associado a osteólise mais severa do enxerto, porém sem influência no resultado clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteolysis , Pain , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint , Tobacco Use Disorder , Bone and Bones , Bone Resorption , Smoking , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Range of Motion, Articular , Coracoid Process , Joint Instability
2.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(2): e2020141, Apr.-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131817

ABSTRACT

Primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the bone (PLB) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) that affects the skeletal system with or without regional lymph node involvement. We present the case of a 74-year-old female patient with pain due to multifocal osteolytic lesions. The diagnosis of diffuse large B-cells (non-GCB) phenotype was made by clinical, laboratory, histopathological examination accompanied by an extensive immunohistochemical profile of one of the skeletal lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteolysis/pathology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/pathology , B-Lymphocytes
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1952-1956, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the relationship between CTGF in the bone marrow of MM patients and osteolytic lesion of myeloma, moreover, to investigate the clinical significance of CTGF in MM.@*METHODS@#Fifity-four MM patients treated in our hospital from March 2019 to April 2020 were enrolled, and 28 healthy volunteers were selected as the control group. The plasma in bone marrow of the patients was collected, and the ELISA was used to detect the level of CTGF in bone marrow plasma and the relationship between its and clinical characteristics were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The CTGF level of MM patients was significantly higher than those in the healthy control group (P<0.001); the CTGF level in male patients was higher than that in female patients (P=0.007); the CTGF level in MM patients with osteolytic lesions was significantly higher than patients without osteolytic lesions and controls (P=0.007, P=0.001). The CTGF level in MM patients was positively correlated with the number of bone lesions (P<0.001, r=0.52). CTGF levels in patients with ≥3 bone lesions were significantly higher than those with <3 bone lesions and without bone lesions (P=0.014, P=0.002). ROC curve result showed that CTGF expression level shows a significant diagnostic value for MM bone disease (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormally high expression of CTGF level in MM patients is related to the degree of myelomas osteolytic lesions and can reflect the progress of MM.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Female , Humans , Male , Multiple Myeloma , Osteolysis , Patients , ROC Curve
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the role of endoplasmic reticulum stress response in the development of osteoblast apoptosis and osteolysis in osteolytic bone tissue, and to explore the causes of artificial joint loosening, so as to provide new ideas and theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of artificial joint loosening.@*METHODS@#The animal model of osteolysis induced by wear particles was established by mouse skull, and randomly divided into 4 groups, 7 rats in each group:group 1, blank control group;group 2, wear particles tial6v4 nano alloy powder (TiNPs) group;group 3, endoplasmic reticulum stress response positive control (TiNPs+Tg) group; group 4, endoplasmic reticulum stress response inhibitor (TiNPs+4-PBA) group. The pathological changes of osteolysis were observed by toluidine blue staining, HE staining and ALP staining;the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress response marker protein was detected by Western Blotting;the apoptosis of osteoblasts in osteolytic skull tissue was detected by TUNEL and Caspase-3 immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Wear particles TiNPs can induce osteolysis in vitro, aggravate the infiltration of inflammatory cells and inhibit the differentiation and maturation of osteoblasts. At the same time, wear particles can also up regulate the markers of endoplasmic reticulum stress response and promote the apoptosis of osteoblasts in osteolytic bone tissue. After adding 4-PBA, an inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum stress (4-PBA), on the basis of wear particles TiNPs, the symptoms of osteolysis were significantly relieved, bone erosion and inflammatory infiltration were significantly reduced, the differentiation and maturation of osteoblasts were improved, the number of apoptotic osteoblasts decreased sharply, and the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress marker protein gradually decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#Endoplasmic reticulum stress is involved in the formation of osteolysis and plays an important role in the occurrence and development of osteolysis. At the same time, endoplasmic reticulum stress can be used as a new therapeutic target to provide new ideas and methods for clinical reversal or treatment of osteolysis and aseptic loosening.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Differentiation , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Mice , Osteoblasts , Osteolysis/chemically induced , Rats
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects of procyanidin on periprosthetic osteolysis caused by tricalcium phosphate (TCP) wear particles in the mouse calvaria and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight male ICR mice were randomly divided into sham group, TCP group, and procyanidin (0.2 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg)-treated group (n=12). A periprosthetic osteolysis model in the mouse calvaria was established by implanting 30 mg of TCP wear particles onto the surface of bilateral parietal bones following removal of the periosteum. On the 2 day post-operation, procyanidin (1 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg) was locally injected to the calvaria under the periosteum every other day. After 2 weeks, all the mice were sacrificed to collect the blood samples and the calvaria. Periprosthetic osteolysis and osteoclastogenesis in the mouse calvaria were observed by tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and HE staining. mRNA levels of TRAP, capthesin K, c-Fos and NFATc1 in the periprosthestic bone tissue were examined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Serum contents of total anti-oxidation capacity (T-AOC) and MDA, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were determined by chemical colorimetry. Protein expressions of autophagic biomarkers such as Beclin-1 and LC-3 in periprosthetic bone tissue of the calvaria were examined by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with sham group, periprosthetic osteolysis, osteoclastogenesis, mRNA levels of TRAP, capthesin K, c-Fos and NFATc1, and serum MDA content were increased significantly in the TCP group (P<0.05), whereas serum T-AOC level and SOD activity were decreased. The protein expressions of Beclin-1 and LC-3, and the conversion of LC3-II from LC3-I were both up-regulated markedly in the mouse calvaria of TCP group (P<0.05). Compared with TCP group, osteolysis, osteoclastogenesis, mRNA levels of TRAP, capthesin K, c-Fos and NFATc1 and serum MDA content were decreased obviously in the procyanidine group (P<0.05), serum T-AOC level and SOD activity were increased, the expressions of Beclin-1 and LC-3, and the conversion of LC3-II from LC3-I were down-regulated obviously in the mouse calvaria of procyanidin group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Procyanidin has a protective effect of periprosthetic osteolysis caused by TCP wear particles in the mouse calvaia, its mechanism may be mediated by inhibition of oxidative stress and autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Biflavonoids , Pharmacology , Calcium Phosphates , Catechin , Pharmacology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Osteolysis , Oxidative Stress , Proanthocyanidins , Pharmacology , Prostheses and Implants , Random Allocation , Skull
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761904

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Wear debris-induced osteolysis leads to periprosthetic loosening and subsequent prosthetic failure. Since excessive osteoclast formation is closely implicated in periprosthetic osteolysis, identification of agents to suppress osteoclast formation and/or function is crucial for the treatment and prevention of wear particle-induced bone destruction. In this study, we examined the potential effect of pentamidine treatment on titanium (Ti) particle-induced osteolysis, and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis. METHODS: The effect of pentamidine treatment on bone destruction was examined in Ti particle-induced osteolysis mouse model. Ti particles were implanted onto mouse calvaria, and vehicle or pentamidine was administered for 10 days. Then, calvarial bone tissue was analyzed using micro-computed tomography and histology. We performed in vitro osteoclastogenesis assay using bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) to determine the effect of pentamidine on osteoclast formation. BMMs were treated with 20 ng/mL RANKL and 10 ng/mL macrophage colony-stimulating factor in the presence or absence of pentamidine. Osteoclast differentiation was determined by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Pentamidine administration decreased Ti particle-induced osteoclast formation significantly and prevented bone destruction compared to the Ti particle group in vivo. Pentamidine also suppressed RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation and actin ring formation markedly, and inhibited the expression of nuclear factor of activated T cell c1 and osteoclast-specific genes in vitro. Additionally, pentamidine also attenuated RANKL-mediated phosphorylation of IκBα in BMMs. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that pentamidine is effective in inhibiting osteoclast formation and significantly attenuates wear debris-induced bone loss in mice.


Subject(s)
Acid Phosphatase , Actins , Animals , Bone and Bones , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , In Vitro Techniques , Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Macrophages , Mice , Osteoclasts , Osteolysis , Pentamidine , Phosphorylation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Skull , Titanium
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770026

ABSTRACT

Tophi is one of the clinical manifestations of gout. On the other hand, it does not draw the patient's attention when it is asymptomatic, which leads to delayed management. The current case is a typical example of delayed diagnosis and management. The authors' preferred management of tophi was medical not surgical, even though the hitherto therapeutic issue has been conservative versus surgical. The authors chose conservative treatment in the osteolytic lesion resulting from huge tophi in the patella, and the report the results of 6 years follow-up.


Subject(s)
Delayed Diagnosis , Febuxostat , Follow-Up Studies , Gout , Hand , Osteolysis , Patella
9.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 65(4)20191216.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048480

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) é a neoplasia maligna mais comum em crianças e a principal causa de morte por câncer nessa faixa etária. A hipercalcemia associada a lesões osteolíticas francas é uma rara apresentação da LLA. Relato do Caso: Paciente de 9 anos, sexo masculino, 37kg, apresentava cefaleia, dor e impotência funcional em membro inferior direito há 15 dias. Exames laboratoriais evidenciaram elevação de velocidade de hemossedimentação e proteína C reativa com hipercalcemia. Nos exames de imagem, apresentava desmineralização óssea e lesões osteolíticas difusas. Aspirado de medula óssea (MO) evidenciou 10% de blastos, o que não caracterizou leucemia. Pela melhora do quadro clínico, o paciente seguiu com investigação diagnóstica ambulatorialmente. Biópsia de lesão lítica em quadril e novo aspirado de MO detectaram maior número de blastos e confirmaram o diagnóstico de LLA. Iniciou tratamento com protocolo do Grupo Brasileiro de Tratamento de Leucemias na Infância, 2009. Após dois anos, estava bem e sem doença. Conclusão:A hipercalcemia está associada a apenas 0,6% a 4,8% dos casos de LLA. O paciente em questão apresentava apenas dores ósseas difusas e hipercalcemia, sem a sintomatologia habitual, o que torna seu quadro clínico ainda mais raro, sendo tal apresentação muito escassa na literatura. Apesar de incomuns, hipercalcemia e lesões osteolíticas difusas podem ser as primeiras e únicas manifestações de LLA na faixa pediátrica. O presente relato torna-se importante ao auxiliar a formulação de diagnósticos precoces da leucemia infantil, mesmo na vigência de um quadro clínico atípico.


Introduction: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignant neoplasm in children and the leading cause of cancer death in this age group. Hypercalcemia associated with frank osteolytic lesions is a rare presentation of ALL. Case Report: 9-year-old male, 37 kg, presented with headache, pain and functional impotence in the lower right leg for 15 days. Laboratory tests showed elevation of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein with hypercalcemia. Imaging studies revealed bone demineralization and diffuse osteolytic lesions. Bone marrow aspiration showed 10% of blasts, which did not characterize leukemia. Due to the improvement of his clinical condition, the patient continued the clinical investigation as an outpatient. Biopsy of lytic lesion in the hip and new bone marrow aspirations detected higher number of blasts and confirmed the diagnosis of ALL. Treatment was initiated, following the protocol of the Brazilian Group of Treatment of Leukemia in Childhood, 2009. After two years, he was well and without disease. Conclusion: Hypercalcemia is associated with only 0.6% to 4.8% of all ALL cases. The patient presented only diffuse bone pain and hypercalcemia, without the usual symptoms, which makes his clinical condition even rarer, with such presentation being very scarce in the literature. Although uncommon, hypercalcemia and diffuse osteolytic lesions may be the first and only manifestations of ALL in the pediatric range. The present report is important in helping to formulate early diagnosis of childhood leukemia, even in the presence of an atypical clinical condition.


Introducción: La leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) es la neoplasia maligna más común en los niños y principal causa de muerte por cáncer en ese grupo de edad. La hipercalcemia asociada a lesiones osteolíticas francas es una rara presentación de LLA. Relato del Caso: Paciente de 9 años, masculino, 37kg, presentaba cefalea, dolor e impotencia funcional en miembro inferior derecho hace 15 días. Los exámenes de laboratorio evidenciaron elevación de velocidad de sedimentación globular y proteína C reactiva con hipercalcemia. En los exámenes de imagen, presentaba esmineralización ósea y lesiones osteolíticas difusas. Aspirado de médula ósea (MO) evidenció el 10% de blastos, lo que no caracterizó la leucemia. Debido a la mejora del cuadro clínico, el paciente siguió la investigación diagnóstica ambulatoriamente. La biopsia de lesión lítica en cadera y nuevo aspirado de MO detectaron mayor número de blastos y confirmaron el diagnóstico de LLA. Se inició tratamiento con protocolo del Grupo Brasileño de Tratamiento de Leucemias en la Infancia, 2009. Conclusión: La hipercalcemia está asociada a sólo 0,6% a 4,8% de los casos de LLA. El paciente en cuestión presentaba sólo dolores óseos difusas e hipercalcemia, sin la sintomatología habitual, lo que hace el cuadro clínico del paciente aún más raro, siendo tal presentación muy escasa en la literatura. A pesar de inusual, hipercalcemia y lesiones osteolíticas difusas pueden ser las primeras y únicas manifestaciones de LLA en niños. El presente relato se vuelve importante al ayudar a la formulación de diagnósticos precoces de la leucemia infantil, incluso en la vigencia de un cuadro clínico atípico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/diagnosis , Osteolysis/diagnostic imaging , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/complications , Early Detection of Cancer , Hypercalcemia/etiology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785812

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was performed to analyze the clinical and imaging features of contemporary osteomyelitis (OM) and to investigate differences in these features on panoramic radiography according to patients' history of use of medication affecting bone metabolism.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 364 patients (241 female and 123 male, average age 66.8±14.9 years) with OM were retrospectively reviewed. Panoramic imaging features were analyzed and compared between patients with medication-related OM (m-OM) and those with conventional, medication-unrelated OM (c-OM).RESULTS: The age of onset of OM tended to be high, with the largest number of patients experiencing onset in their 70s. The 2 most frequent presumed causes were antiresorptive medication use (44.2%) and odontogenic origin (34.6%). On panoramic radiographs, a mix of osteolysis and sclerosis was the most common lesion pattern observed (68.6%). Sequestrum, extraction socket, and periosteal new bone formation were found in 143 (42.1%), 79 (23.2%), and 24 (7.1%) cases, respectively. The m-OM group exhibited sequestrum and extraction socket more frequently and displayed significantly higher mandibular cortical index values than the c-OM group.CONCLUSION: We observed some differences in imaging features as shown on panoramic radiography according to the history of antiresorptive medication use. This study may help elucidate the predictive imaging features of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw.


Subject(s)
Age of Onset , Female , Humans , Jaw , Male , Metabolism , Osteogenesis , Osteolysis , Osteomyelitis , Osteonecrosis , Radiography, Panoramic , Retrospective Studies , Sclerosis
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763590

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The isolated liner and head exchange procedure has been an established treatment method for polyethylene wear and osteolysis when the acetabular component remains well fixed. In this study, the mid-term results of this procedure were evaluated retrospectively. METHODS: Among the consecutive patients operated on from September 1995, two patients (three hips) were excluded because of inadequate follow-up, and the results of remaining 34 patients (34 hips) were evaluated. There were 20 men and 14 women with a mean age of 49 years. A conventional polyethylene liner was used in 26 cases and a highly cross-linked polyethylene liner was used in eight cases. In three cases, the liner was cemented in a metal shell because a compatible liner could not be used. RESULTS: After a follow-up of 5 to 20.2 years, re-revision surgery was necessary in 10 cases (29.4%): in eight for wear and osteolysis at 55 to 101 months after liner exchange and in two for acetabular loosening at 1 and 1.5 years after liner exchange. Re-revision surgery included all component revision (four cases), cup revision (four cases), and liner exchange (two cases). In all re-revision cases, a conventional polyethylene liner was used initially. There was no failure in the cases in which a highly cross-linked polyethylene liner was used. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that isolated acetabular liner exchange is a reasonable option for wear and osteolysis when the metal shell is well fixed. More promising long-term results are expected with the use of highly cross-linked polyethylene liners.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Bone Screws , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation , Head , Humans , Humerus , Male , Methods , Osteolysis , Polyethylene , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763578

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Giant-cell tumor of bone (GCTB) is a locally aggressive primary benign tumor presenting as an expansile osteolytic lesion affecting the epiphysis of long bones. Denosumab halts the osteolysis by giant cells thereby downstaging the tumor, helping in performing less morbid procedures to remove the tumor. Our aim was to report the incidence of local recurrence (LR) in patients operated following neoadjuvant denosumab, to investigate factors associated with LR following extended curettage for GCTB, and to compare the postoperative functional and oncological outcome of patients operated with and without neoadjuvant denosumab. METHODS: A total of 123 patients with a mean age of 29.6 years undergoing extended curettage for GCTB were retrospectively divided into group 1 receiving neoadjuvant denosumab and group 2 operated without denosumab. The mean follow-up period was 35 months. The perioperative characteristics and outcome were compared between the two groups and the factors for LR of GCTB were analyzed. RESULTS: The incidence of LR among patients operated after neoadjuvant denosumab therapy was 42.8% and was significantly high compared to that in patients without denosumab (p < 0.001). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, use of denosumab as a neoadjuvant was the only factor independently associated with LR following surgery (p = 0.002). Patients treated with denosumab had a lower LR-free survival rate (log-rank, p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: Denosumab was independently associated with increased LR following surgery for GCTB. Denosumab has to be used cautiously in patients in whom the burden of downstaging the disease outweighs the possible chance of LR.


Subject(s)
Curettage , Denosumab , Epiphyses , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cell Tumors , Giant Cells , Humans , Incidence , Logistic Models , Osteolysis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
13.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 11-17, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740452

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Short stems have recently become widely used; however, concerns about the initial secure fixation of a short stem in osteoporotic bone remain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term clinical and radiological results of using a short cementless metaphyseal stabilizing tapered stem for senile osteoporotic femoral neck fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight arthroplasties (31 bipolar hemiarthroplasties and 7 total hip arthroplasties) were performed for osteoporotic femoral neck fractures in patients older than 65 years (10 males and 28 females). The mean age was 76.1 years and the mean follow-up was 2.9 years. We retrospectively evaluated clinical results, focusing on walking performance, thigh pain, and radiologic results, with special regard to signs of stem stability and osteointegration. RESULTS: Mean Harris hip score was 84.3 points and 68.4% of patients regained their preoperative walking performance. No patients complained about thigh pain. No osteolysis or loosening was observed during the follow-up, and all but 1 stem showed signs of stable bone ingrowth. CONCLUSION: Short, metaphyseal stabilizing tapered stems could be a reliable treatment option for osteoporotic femoral neck fractures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty , Femoral Neck Fractures , Femur Neck , Follow-Up Studies , Hemiarthroplasty , Hip , Humans , Male , Osteolysis , Osteoporosis , Retrospective Studies , Thigh , Walking
14.
Immune Network ; : e2-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740212

ABSTRACT

The enhanced differentiation and activation of osteoclasts (OCs) in the inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and gout causes not only local bone erosion, but also systemic osteoporosis, leading to functional disabilities and morbidity. The induction and amplification of NFATc1, a master regulator of OC differentiation, is mainly regulated by receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) ligand-RANK and calcium signaling which are amplified in the inflammatory milieu, as well as by inflammatory cytokines such as TNFα, IL-1β and IL-6. Moreover, the predominance of CD4+ T cell subsets, which varies depending on the condition of inflammatory diseases, can determine the fate of OC differentiation. Anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies which are critical in the pathogenesis of RA can bind to the citrullinated vimentin on the surface of OC precursors, and in turn promote OC differentiation and function via IL-8. In addition to adaptive immunity, the activation of innate immune system including the nucleotide oligomerization domain leucine rich repeat with a pyrin domain 3 inflammasome and TLRs can regulate OC maturation. The emerging perspectives about the diverse and close interactions between the immune cells and OCs in inflammatory milieu can have a significant impact on the future direction of drug development.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Antibodies , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Calcium Signaling , Cytokines , Gout , Immune System , Inflammasomes , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Leucine , Osteoclasts , Osteolysis , Osteoporosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Vimentin
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766409

ABSTRACT

Periprosthetic acetabular fracture (PAF) is an uncommon complication following hip arthroplasty. However, as the number of people needing hip prostheses continues to rise, the absolute number of PAF is expected to increase as well. These fractures may occur either intraoperatively or postoperatively. Postoperative fractures can be caused by traumatic events or by pathologic conditions related to periacetabular osteolysis. The management of PAF usually depends on the degree of displacement and the stability of the acetabular component. While most of non-displaced fractures can be managed nonoperatively by protected weight bearing, displaced fractures with unstable implants require surgical intervention, which is often technically challenging. This review summarized the latest findings on the epidemiology, the diagnosis, the classification, and the treatment of PAF.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Arthroplasty , Classification , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Hip Prosthesis , Hip , Osteolysis , Periprosthetic Fractures , Weight-Bearing
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718972

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes, and the complications of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) using a fixed bearing prosthesis after 5-year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six knees (25 patients) that underwent fixed bearing UKA between May 2003 and August 2011 were included. The subjects were 3 males (3 knees) and 22 females (23 knees), and the average age was 63.5 years. The preoperative diagnosis was osteoarthritis (23 knees) and osteonecrosis (3 knees). The mean follow-up duration was 67 months (from 60 to 149 months). The clinical evaluation included pre- and postoperative American knee society knee and function score, and range of motion. The radiology evaluation included standing antero-posterior, lateral view, and fluoroscopic film to analyze the postoperative alignment and osteolysis. RESULTS: The mean American Knee Society knee score and function score were improved from 42.0 and 57.5 to 87.9 and 85.0, respectively (p < 0.001). The mean preoperative and postoperative range of motion was 132.9° and 132.5°, respectively. The mean femorotibial angle were varus 0.5° preoperatively and valgus 2.2° postoperatively. A radiolucent line was observed in 2 knees; one knee had a stable implant, while in the other knee, patellofemoral arthritis was identified during UKA. Diffuse pain of the knee joint with tenderness of the medial joint line was identified at the follow-up, so conversion to total knee arthroplasty was recommended. No other complications, such as osteolysis, infections, postoperative stiffness, and dislocation, were encountered. CONCLUSION: The midterm results of fixed bearing UKA were clinically and radiologically satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Arthritis , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Diagnosis , Joint Dislocations , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Joints , Knee , Knee Joint , Male , Osteoarthritis , Osteolysis , Osteonecrosis , Prostheses and Implants , Range of Motion, Articular
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716472

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The number of patients with medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is increasing, but treatment remains controversial. Published papers and systematic reviews have suggested that surgical treatment is effective in patients with MRONJ. The purpose of this study was to determine whether preoperative University of Connecticut Osteonecrosis Numerical Scale (UCONNS), other serologic biomarkers, and size of necrosis are prognostic factors for outcome of surgical treatment in MRONJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2016, 65 patients diagnosed with MRONJ at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in College of Dentistry, Dankook University who required hospitalization and surgical treatment were investigated. Patient information, systemic factors, and UCONNS were investigated. In addition, several serologic values were examined through blood tests one week before surgery. The size of osteolysis was measured by panoramic view and cone-beam computed tomography in all patients. With this information, multivariate logistic regression analysis with backward elimination was used to examine factors affecting postoperative outcome. RESULTS: In multivariate logistic analysis, higher UCONNS, higher C-reactive protein (CRP), larger size of osteolysis, and lower serum alkaline phosphate were associated with higher incidence of incomplete recovery after operation. This shows that UCONNS, CRP, serum alkaline phosphate, and size of osteolysis were statistically significant as factors for predicting postoperative prognosis. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that CRP, UCONNS, serum alkaline phosphate, and size of osteolysis were statistically significant factors in predicting the prognosis of surgical outcome of MRONJ. Among these factors, UCONNS can predict the prognosis of MRONJ surgery as a scale that includes various influencing factors, and UCONNS should be used first as a predictor. More aggressive surgical treatment and more definite surgical margins are needed when the prognosis is poor.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , C-Reactive Protein , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Connecticut , Dentistry , Hematologic Tests , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Jaw , Logistic Models , Necrosis , Osteolysis , Osteonecrosis , Prognosis , Surgery, Oral
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739741

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the radiologic results of patients who underwent surgery with a hook plate and a locking plate in distal clavicle fractures. METHODS: Sixty patients underwent surgical treatment for Neer type IIa, IIb, III, and V distal clavicle fracture. Twenty-eight patients underwent fracture fixation with a hook plate and 32 with a locking plate. Coracoclavicular distance was measured on standard anteroposterior radiographs before and after the surgery, and union was confirmed by radiograph or computed tomography taken at 6 months postoperatively. Other radiologic complications like osteolysis was also checked. RESULTS: Bony union was confirmed in 59 patients out of 60 patients, and 1 patient in the hook plate group showed delayed union. Coracoclavicular distance was decreased more in the hook plate group after surgery (p < 0.01). After 6 weeks of the hook plate removal, the coracoclavicular distance was increased a little compared to before metal removal, but there was no difference compared to the contralateral shoulder. Eleven out of 28 patients (39.3%) showed osteolysis on the acromial undersurface in the hook plate group. CONCLUSIONS: Both the hook plate group and the locking plate group showed satisfactory radiologic results in distal clavicle fractures. Both hook plate and locking plate could be a good treatment option if it is used in proper indication in distal clavicle fracture with acromioclavicular subluxation or dislocation.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Clavicle , Joint Dislocations , Fracture Fixation , Humans , Osteolysis , Shoulder
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773797

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study whether tricalcium phosphate(TCP) wear particles cause injuries of periprosthetic osteocytes in the mouse calvaria, and to explain its molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty six-week(ICR)male mice were randomly divided into sham group, model (TCP) group and 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group. A murine calvarial model of osteolysis was established by 30 mg of TCP wear particles implantation over the periosteum around the middle suture of calvaria in mice. On the second postoperative day, the autophagy specific inhibitor 3-MA (1.0 mg/kg) was subcutaneously injected to the calvaria in the 3-MA-treated mice every other day. After 2 weeks, blood and the calvaria were obtained. Micro-CT was used to detect bone mineral density(BMD), bone volume fraction (BVF) and porosity number. HE staining and flow cytometry were performed to analyze the viability and apoptosis of periprosthetic osteocytes. The serum levels of dentin matrix protein 1(DMP-1) and sclerostin (SOST) were determined by ELISA. The proteins expressions of DMP-1, SOST, Beclin-1 and microtuble-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC-3) were detected by Western blot in the calvaria osteocytes.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham group, the mice in the TCP group showed that a significant decrease in the viability of periprosthetic osteocytes, but obvious increases in number of osteocytes death and osteocytes apoptosis (<0.05), and in serum level and protein expression of SOST; significant decreases in serum level and protein expression of DMP-1 (<0.05), and remarkable up-regulation of autophagy-related factors beclin-1 and the conversion of LC3-Ⅱ from LC3-I in the calvaria osteocytes. Compared with TCP group, the mice in the 3-MA group showed that injuries of calvaria osteocytes were obviously aggravated, and osteocytes apoptosis was significantly increased (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TCP wear particles can cause injuries of periprosthetic osteocytes via activation of apoptosis and autophagy, which promotes osteolysis around the prosthesis osteolysis and joint aseptic loosening.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Beclin-1 , Metabolism , Bone Density , Calcium Phosphates , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Metabolism , Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Osteocytes , Pathology , Osteolysis , Prostheses and Implants , Skull
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773745

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of oxidative stress on periprosthetic osteolysis induced by TCP wear particles in mouse calvaria and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six male ICR mice were randomly divided into three groups (=12):sham group, TCP wear particles (TCP) group and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) group. Aperiprosthetic osteolysis model in mouse was established by implanting 30 mg of TCP wear particles onto the surface of bilateral parietal bones following removal of the periosteum. On the 2nd day post-operation, NAC (1.0 mg/kg) was locally injected to the calvarium under the periosteum every other day for 2 weeks. Then, all the mice were sacrificed to obtain blood and the calvaria. Periprosthetic osteolysis in the mouse calvaria was observed by tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining; serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6); total anti-oxidation capacity (T-AOC) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were examined by ELISA and chemical colorimetry, respectively; protein levels of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), protein kinase R-like ER kinase (PERK), phospho-PERK (p-PERK), eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α) and phospho-eIF2α (p-eIF2α) in periprosthetic bone tissue were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with sham group, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, and osteolysis area were increased obviously in TCP group (<0.05), and serum level of T-AOC and SOD activity were decreased significantly in TCP group (<0.05), GRP78 expression, the ratio of p-PERK and PERK, p-eIF2α and eIF2α in the mouse calvaria of TCP group were up-regulated markedly. Compared with TCP group, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, and osteolysis area were decreased markedly in NAC group (<0.05), serum level of T-AOC and SOD activity were increased obviously in NAC group (<0.05), and GRP78 expression, the ratio of p-PERK/PERK and p-eIF2α/eIF2α were obviously down-regulated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Inhibition of oxidative stress can prevent periprosthetic osteolysis induced by TCP wear particles, which may be mediated by inactivation of PERK/eIF2α signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Osteolysis , Oxidative Stress , Skull , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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