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1.
Revagog ; 3(3): 88-103, Jul-Sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1344264

ABSTRACT

Describe los planteamientos sobre el beneficio de la terapia de reemplazo hormonal en las mujeres en la menopausia y el riesgo de contraer cáncer de mama con el uso prolongado del mismo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Menopause/drug effects , Hormone Replacement Therapy/adverse effects , Estradiol/adverse effects , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/prevention & control , Hormone Replacement Therapy/classification
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921722

ABSTRACT

The editorial group of the clinical practice guideline for postmenopausal osteoporosis(PMOP) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)(hereinafter referred to as "guideline") is composed of experts specialized in TCM orthopedics, TCM gynecology, clinical epidemiology, etc. The guideline was formulated through registration, collection and selection of clinical issues/outcome indicators, evidence retrieval and screening, preparation of systematic reviews, evaluation of evidence quality, formation of recommendations, drafting, and peer review. The syndromes and treatment of PMOP are elaborated in detail. Specifically, Liuwei Dihuang Pills and Zuogui Pills are recommended for PMOP with Yin deficiency in the liver and kidney, Qing'e Pills for PMOP with kidney deficiency and blood stasis, Yougui Pills and Jingui Shenqi Pills for PMOP with Yang deficiency in the spleen and kidney, and Er'xian Decoction for PMOP with Yin and Yang deficiency in the kidney. In addition, Duhuo Jisheng Decoction can be used to relieve pain. The commonly used Chinese patent medicines include Xianling Gubao Capsules, Qianggu Capsules, Jintiange Capsules, Gushukang Capsules, Hugu Capsules, Jinwu Gutong Capsules, and Guyuling Capsules. Acupuncture and moxibustion are also effective approaches for PMOP. The rehabilitation and daily management were carried out by exercise therapies such as Baduanjin(eight-section brocade), Wuqinxi(five-animal exercises), and Taijiquan(Tai Chi), Chinese medicine diet, health education, and fall prevention. The promotion and application of this guideline will facilitate the implementation of TCM prevention and treatment of PMOP, ensure the quality of life of PMOP patients, provide effective and safe TCM treatment measures for PMOP, and reduce the risk of fracture complications.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Yin Deficiency
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888090

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the outcome indicators of the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis(PMOP) to provide a reference for the related research. Four Chinese databa-ses(CNKI, VIP, Wanfang and CBM) and three English databases(Cochrane Library, EMbase and PubMed) were searched syste-matically to screen RCTs of TCM in the treatment of PMOP according to the pre-set criteria, and the quality of the included trials was evaluated by the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. A total of 29 627 articles were initially retrieved, and finally, 43 articles were included, including 34 in Chinese and 9 in English. As revealed by the results, the outcome indicators of 43 RCTs were mainly divided into six categories, with biochemical indicators accounting for 54.59%, bone mineral density(BMD) for 26.57%, quality of life for 6.28%, fracture for 1.94%, safety for 5.31%(including adverse reactions or events) and others for 5.31%. Biochemical indicators showed the maximum occurrence, followed by BMD. Many problems were found in the selection of outcome indicators of the TCM RCTs in the treatment of PMOP, such as the confusion of primary and secondary outcome indicators, the lack of endpoint criteria and vital clinical outcome indicators substituted by intermediate indicators, inconsistent evaluation standard of syndrome curative efficacy and neglected blinding in the measurement of subjective outcome indicators. The problems also included importance given to the efficacy indicators instead of the adverse outcome indicators, unnormalized indicator name, large quantitative range of the indicators, unconventional application of TCM efficacy criteria, seldom used confidence interval, relative effect indicator and absolute effect indicator.


Subject(s)
Bone Density , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
5.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(4): 331-336, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131117

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by reduced bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue microarchitecture leading to an increased risk of fractures. Fragility fractures, especially hip fractures, are associated with a significant reduction in the physical function and quality of life of affected patients, as well as increased mortality, leading to a major financial impact on health care. Many drugs have been registered for the treatment of osteoporosis and very recently, a new anabolic agent, romosozumab, has been approved in some countries. Despite the expansion of efficacious antiresorptive and anabolic therapies in recent years, a concomitant increase in concerns have been raised by physicians, patients and the lay press about the potential for adverse events, especially atypical femoral fractures (AFF) following prolonged use of bisphosphonates. Whatever the mechanism(s) may be, direct or indirect, linking prolonged bisphosphonate use to atypical femoral fractures, this adverse event is very rare in comparison to the magnitude of risk reduction of typical osteoporotic fractures. An estimated 162 osteoporosis-related fractures are prevented for each atypical femoral fracture associated with an anti-resorptive medication. Until a risk calculator for predicting risk of atypical fractures, becomes available in clinical practice, and we view this as an unlikely scenario, it is up to the physician to consider continuing or discontinuing bisphosphonate use after the critical 3-5 year period of treatment with zoledronic acid or alendronate, but close monitoring for the residual bone effects overtime should be planned. For other bisphosphonates, in which no residual effects are expected, drug holiday is usually not applied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Alendronate , Bone Density Conservation Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Actual. osteol ; 16(2): 140-153, mayo.-ago. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129814

ABSTRACT

La osteoporosis y las enfermedades cardiovasculares son patologías prevalentes en mujeres posmenopáusicas. La calcificación vascular es un proceso en el que se produce una distorsión de la arquitectura natural del tejido arterial con una transformación símil osteogénica. La fisiología vascular y la osteogénesis (formación y remodelación ósea) comparten una complejidad metabólica y funcional crítica, que ha sido poco explorada en forma conjunta, lo que ha impulsado la concepción del Eje Óseo-Vascular como nueva área de investigación, con una visión de estudio integradora con la finalidad de identificar vínculos entre ambos sistemas. En virtud de la controversia planteada sobre los riesgos/beneficios de la terapia de reemplazo hormonal para prevenir enfermedades asociadas a la menopausia, se ha incentivado la búsqueda de nuevas opciones de tratamiento. Los fitoestrógenos, como compuestos nutracéuticos, surgen como una potencial alternativa terapéutica. En particular, las isoflavonas presentan gran analogía estructural con el estrógeno humano 17ß-estradiol, lo que les permite unirse al receptor de estrógenos e inducir acciones estrogénicas tanto en células animales como humanas. Basado en la experiencia propia como en lo reportado en la bibliografía, este artículo analiza la información disponible sobre las acciones vasculares y óseas de los fitoestrógenos (específicamente la isoflavona genisteína), con una visión de ciencia traslacional. Es de esperar que los avances en el conocimiento derivado de la ciencia básica, en un futuro cercano, pueda contribuir a decisiones clínicas a favor de promover terapias naturales de potencial acción dual, para la prevención de enfermedades de alta prevalencia y significativo costo social y económico para la población. (AU)


Osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases are prevalent diseases in postmenopausal women. Vascular calcification is a cellmediated process that leads to the loss of the natural architecture of the arterial vessels due to osteogenic transdifferentiation of smooth muscle cells, and matrix mineralization. Vascular physiology and osteogenesis (bone formation and remodeling) share a critical metabolic and functional complexity. Given the emerging integrative nature of the bonevascular axis, links between both systems are a matter of ongoing interest. In view of the controversy stated about the risks/benefits of hormone replacement therapy to prevent diseases associated with menopause, phytoestrogens arise as a potential natural therapeutic alternative. In particular, isoflavones have a strong structural analogy with the human estrogen 17ß-estradiol, that allows them to bind to the estrogen receptor and induce estrogenic actions in animal and human cells. Based in on our own experience and the information available in the literature, in this paper we provide an overview of the role of phytoestrogens on vascular and bone tissues, with focus on Genistein actions. We wish that the basic knowledge acquired may contribute to guide clinical decisions for the promotion of natural therapies for the treatment of diseases that conspire against human health. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Phytoestrogens/therapeutic use , Atherosclerosis/drug therapy , Vascular Calcification/drug therapy , Osteogenesis/physiology , Menopause , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Bone Remodeling , Genistein/therapeutic use , Phytoestrogens/classification , Phytoestrogens/pharmacology , Atherosclerosis/physiopathology , Estrogens/biosynthesis , Vascular Calcification/physiopathology , Vascular Calcification/metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore compounds, targets and mechanism of @*METHODS@#The known effective Chinese herbal compound of YG pill was searched from traditional Chinese medicine integrated database(TCMID). Bioinformatics analysis tool for molecular mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine (BATMAN-TCM) was used to predict target of components;DisGeNET and artificial literature reading were used to obtain targets of osteoporosis and bone remodeling;Cytoscape 3.7.1 software and its plug-ins BiN-GO and ClueGO were used to enrich the GO annotation and pathwaysof the related targets, and validation of the predicted target of YG pill were validated by 87 differentially expressed proteins in postmenopausal osteoporosis and postmenopausal osteoporosis disease models in postmenopausal patients with normal bone mass from the previous serum proteomics data.@*RESULTS@#Totally 392 compounds were retrieved from YG pill, including 83 sovereign drugs (monkshood, cinnamon, deerhorn gelatin), 127 ministerial drugs (prepared rehmannia root, dogwood, wolfberry fruit and Chinese yam) and 182 supplementary drugs (cuscuta chinensis, eucommia ulmoides and Chinese angelica). Among them, there were 4 same compounds between sovereign drug and ministerial drug, 1 same compound between sovereign drug and supplementary drug, and 14 same compounds between ministerial drug and supplementary drug. Totally 2 112 trusted targets were identified, included 775 sovereign drugs, 1 483 ministerial drugs and 1 491 supplementary drugs;227 targets were selected from YG pill for treating osteoporosis, which participate in nearly 20 process of metabolic process, cell differentiation and biology, and data mining revealed that the process involved bone remodeling and bone mineralization. Acting site of cell mainly inclded 9 kinds of cell which had 13 molecular function. Results of KEGG metabolic pathway enrichment analysis showed 137 signal passages were obviously enriched. Among them, classical osteoclast differentiation signal passages and relative estrogen regulates signaling pathways of menopause were widely distributed in 27 signal passages. Sixtargets were screened by target validation, such as AGT, FGA, APOE, DKK3, P4HB and RAB7A.@*CONCLUSION@#The characteristics of multi-targets and multi-pathways of YG pill for the treatment of osteoporosis were clarified, which provided a clear direction for the in-depth research. The pharmacodynamic components of YG pill include 36 compounds, and their main action targets include FGA, AGT, APOE, DKK3, P4HB and RAB7A.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal
8.
Clinics ; 75: e1768, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133466

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Menopause marks the end of women's reproductive period and can lead to sarcopenia and osteoporosis (OP), increasing the risk of falls and fractures. The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of normal and low bone mineral density (BMD) on muscular activity, observed through inflammatory edema when mapping using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on the quadriceps muscle of postmenopausal women. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 16 older women, who were divided into two groups: osteoporosis group (OG), older women with OP, and control group (CG), older women without OP. The groups were evaluated in terms of nuclear MRI exam before and after carrying out fatigue protocol exercises using an isokinetic dynamometer and squatting exercises. RESULTS: The results of the present study showed that in intragroup comparisons, for both groups, there was a significant increase (p<0.05) in the T2 signal of the nuclear MRI in the quadriceps muscle after carrying out exercises using both thighs. In the intergroup comparison, no statistically significant difference was observed between the OG and CG, pre- (p=0.343) and postexercise (p=0.874). CONCLUSION: The acute muscular activation of the quadriceps evaluated by T2 mapping on nuclear MRI equipment is equal in women with and without OP in the postmenopausal phase. BMD did not interfere with muscle response to exercise when muscle fatigue was reached.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Postmenopause , Quadriceps Muscle/diagnostic imaging , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Cross-Sectional Studies , Quadriceps Muscle/physiopathology
9.
Clinics ; 75: e1486, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have not shown any correlation between bile acid metabolism and bone mineral density (BMD) in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Thus, the current study evaluated the association between bile acid levels as well as BMD and bone turnover marker levels in this group of women. METHODS: This single-center cross-sectional study included 150 postmenopausal Chinese women. According to BMD, the participants were divided into three groups: osteoporosis group, osteopenia group, and healthy control group. Serum bile acid, fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), and bone turnover biomarker levels were assessed. Moreover, the concentrations of parathyroid hormone, 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D], procollagen type I N-peptide (P1NP), and beta-CrossLaps of type I collagen containing cross-linked C-terminal telopeptide (β-CTX) were evaluated. The BMD of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were examined via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: The serum total bile acid levels in the osteoporosis and osteopenia groups (5.28±1.56 and 5.31±1.56 umol/L, respectively) were significantly lower than that in the healthy control group (6.33±2.04 umol/L; p=0.002 and 0.018, respectively). Serum bile acid level was positively associated with the BMD of the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total hip. However, it negatively correlated with β-CTX concentration. Moreover, no correlation was observed between bile acid and P1NP levels, and the levels of the other biomarkers that were measured did not differ between the groups. CONCLUSION: Serum bile acid was positively correlated with BMD and negatively correlated with bone turnover biomarkers reflecting bone absorption in postmenopausal women. Thus, bile acid may play an important role in bone metabolism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Density , Bile , Biomarkers , Absorptiometry, Photon , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Cross-Sectional Studies , Bone Remodeling , Postmenopause , Collagen Type I
10.
s.l; RedARETS; ago. 2019. tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-1095359

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTO: La osteoporosis es un trastorno esquelético caracterizado por resistencia óssea comprometida, predisposición pacientes a un mayor riesgo de fractura. La prevalência aumenta del 6% de las mujeres de edad 50 a 59 años a más del 40% de las mujeres de edad 80 años y mayores.1 Consecuencias de mantener una fractura puede ser grave e incluir un aumento riesgo de fracturas posteriores, hospitalización o institucionalización, disminución de la calidad de vida, y mortalidad prematura, con una carga relacionada com el sistema de salud. DESCRIPCIÓN DE LA TECNOLOGÍA: El denosumab es un anticuerpo monoclonal que inhibe la resorción ósea producida por los osteoclastos. Fue comercializado en 2010 para el tratamiento de la osteoporosis. En estos años se han identificado varios efectos adversos potencialmente graves: predisposición a infecciones, cáncer, reacciones de hipersensibilidad, transtornos autoinmunes, e incremento de la incidencia de múltiples fracturas vertebrales espontáneas al suspender el tratamiento. En este número revisamos estas novedades. TECNOLOGÍAS ALTERNATIVAS: Los agentes antirresortivos como los bifosfonatos orales son el estándar tratamiento para la osteoporosis posmenopáusica, en conjunto con medidas no farmacológicas y sobre todo el énfasis en la prevención de las caídas. Otras opciones de tratamiento incluyen un bisfosfonatos intravenoso (ácido zoledrónico), un agente formador de hueso (teriparatida) y un modulador selectivo del receptor de estrógeno (raloxifeno). MÉTODOS: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica utilizando las siguientes bases de datos bibliográficas: MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, y PubMed. Aplicaron filtros metodológicos para evaluaciones de tecnología sanitaria, estudios económicos, revisiones sistemáticas, metanálisis, y ensayos controlados aleatorios (ECA). La búsqueda también se limitó a Idioma en Inglés y humanos. Se excluyeron los resúmenes de congresos en los resultados de búsqueda. Se identificó la literatura gris (literatura que no se publica comercialmente) fue identificado mediante la búsqueda de secciones relevantes de la Lista de verificación de Grey Matters (http://www.cadth.ca/en/resources/grey-matters). Google y otros motores de búsqueda de internet fueron se utiliza para buscar en la web adicional materiales Estas búsquedas se complementaron con revisar las bibliografías de documentos clave y a través de contactos con expertos apropiados. ESTRATEGIA DE BÚSQUEDA: Se realizó una búsqueda con última fecha 26/08/2019 en diversas bases de datos, incluidas PubMed y Embase, así como la biblioteca Cochrane, ClinicalTrials.gov y bases de datos de revisiones sistematicas Epistemonikos. La búsqueda sólo incluyó documentos escrito en ingles y espanol. RESULTADOS: Denosumab comparado con placebo para pacientes con osteoporosis. El riesgo en el grupo de intervención (y su intervalo de confianza del 95%) se basa en el riesgo asumido en el grupo de comparación y en el efecto relativo de la intervención (y su intervalo de confianza del 95%). Eficacia frente a bifosfonatos: comparaciones directas. Se evalúa el perfil de evidencia GRADE donde se evidencia el metaanálisis entre cuatro ECA 5-8 que comprendieron 2071 participantes con un rango de seguimiento de 12 a 24 meses y compararon el uso de Denosumab con bifosfonatos orales (Alendronato,Etidronato). Existe incertidumbre en el efecto de denosumab sobre el riesgo de fracturas en comparación con bifosfonatos. La certeza em la evidencia va desde BAJA A MUY BAJA considerando la presencia de imprecisión muy seria y el potencial riesgo de sesgo de publicación. Eficacia frente a bifosfonatos: comparaciones indirectas. No se han encontrado en la literatura comparaciones directas entre Denosumab y otros fármacos distintos. Esta recomendación de cobertura otorga más peso a la incertidumbre en la eficacia comparada con bifosfonatos, al potencial impacto presupuestario de su uso y la potencial reducción de la equidad; que a la preferencia de los pacientes respecto de la forma de administración de las drogas para osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/drug therapy , Teriparatide/therapeutic use , Raloxifene Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Osteoporotic Fractures/drug therapy , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Zoledronic Acid/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Cost-Benefit Analysis/economics
11.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(1): 118-136, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093629

ABSTRACT

Estudios recientes han sugerido que los estímulos mecánicos (vibraciones) de alta frecuencia y baja magnitud pueden ejercer un efecto positivo sobre la morfología ósea y beneficiar su cantidad y calidad. La plataforma vibratoria es una máquina popular que se introdujo en la última década como una nueva promesa contra el tratamiento de la osteoporosis. Actualmente, en el mundo hay más de 200 millones de mujeres posmenopáusicas que sufren osteoporosis. Esta enfermedad es una de las más comunes y costosas de la salud pública. El ejercicio físico complementado con el tratamiento vibratorio puede que sea considerado como una estrategia efectiva para la prevención y tratamiento de la osteoporosis posmenopáusica. Esta revisión ofrece una visión general de cuestiones significativas relacionadas con la terapia con la plataforma vibratoria para la prevención y tratamiento de la osteoporosis en mujeres postmenopáusicas. El objetivo de esta revisión ha sido conocer los últimos avances de entrenamiento con plataformas vibratorias para la mejoría de la masa ósea en mujeres posmenopáusicas. Existe una gran discrepancia respecto al uso de estas como tratamiento osteoporósico, uso de diferentes tipos de plataformas, distintas frecuencias, amplitud, aceleración o duración del tratamiento. La escasa literatura estableció que la plataforma vibratoria Galileo es la que más se utiliza en dicha población, pero se necesitan más intervenciones para concretar los beneficios y daños de este tratamiento en mujeres postmenopáusicas(AU)


Recent studies have suggested that mechanical stimuli (vibrations) of high frequency and low magnitude can exert a positive effect on bone morphology and benefit quantity and quality. The vibrating platform is a popular machine introduced in the last decade as a new promise against the treatment of osteoporosis. Currently, there are more than 200 million postmenopausal women in the world suffering from osteoporosis. This disease is one of the most common and expensive in public health. Physical exercise supplemented with vibrational treatment may be considered an effective strategy for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. This review offers an overview of significant issues related to therapy with the vibration platform for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. The objective of this review is to know the latest advances in vibratory platforms training for the improvement of bone mass in postmenopausal women. There is a great discrepancy regarding the use of vibratory platforms as osteoporosis treatment, the use of different types of platforms, different frequencies, amplitude, acceleration or duration of treatment. The limited literature established that Galileo vibration platform is the most used in this population, but more interventions are needed to grasp the benefits and harms of this treatment in postmenopausal women(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vibration/therapeutic use , Bone Density/physiology , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/prevention & control , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/therapy
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771499

ABSTRACT

To systemically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Jintiange Capsules in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis(PMOP).Seven literature databases were retrieved systematically,and two reviewers independently searched and screened studies,extracted data,and included all the randomized controlled trials on Jintiange Capsules in the treatment of PMOP.Interventions included comparison of Jintiange Capsules with placebo and routine treatment,and the studies on Jintiange Capsules combined with routine treatment versus conventional treatment were also included.The evaluation indicators of the study included at least one of the followings:fracture,quality of life,daily living ability,clinical symptoms,death,adverse events/adverse reactions,bone density,and bone metabolism indexes.The original study quality evaluation was conducted by following the Cochrane Handbook standard and statistical analysis was performed by using Rev Man 5.2.A total of 7 randomized controlled trials were included and the study quality was low.Meta-analysis showed that as compared with conventional treatment alone,Jintiange Capsules combined with conventional treatment showed more obvious effects in pain relief(MD=-0.98,95% CI[-1.55,-0.41],P=0.000 8),increasing blood calcium levels(MD=0.05,95% CI[0.02,0.09],P=0.003) and lowering serum alkaline phosphatase levels(MD=-12.92,95% CI[-24.09,-1.75],P=0.02).In addition,the Chinese patent medicine alone or in combination with conventional treatment was relatively safe.In conclusion,Jintiange Capsules has a certain effect in treating PMOP,but the quality of evidence is low.It is necessary to conduct well designed randomized controlled trials and select recognized evaluation indicators,especially the end outcomes in order to further improve the clinical evidence.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Bone Density , Calcium , Blood , Capsules , Female , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Male , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Drug Therapy , Quality of Life
13.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 161-167, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762881

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the effect of parity and breastfeeding duration and the occurrence of lumbar vertebral and femoral neck osteoporosis in Korean postmenopausal women. METHODS: This study analyzed the data of 1,770 women based on the 2010e2011 results of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Extracted data concerning bone density included variables known to be associated with osteoporosis. Complex sample multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine whether parity and breastfeeding duration were associated with osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. RESULTS: Parity was not associated with postmenopausal osteoporosis in the femoral neck or lumbar vertebrae; however, the risk of femoral neck osteopenia was significantly higher in women with a history of 12e24 months of breastfeeding than in women who breastfed for less than 12 months (odds ratio = 2.12, 95% confidence interval = 1.07–4.21). In women who breastfed for 24 months or longer, the risk of lumbar vertebral osteoporosis was significantly higher than in those who breastfed for less than 12 months (odds ratio = 2.73, 95% confidence interval = 1.18–6.32). CONCLUSION: Breastfeeding duration may affect the occurrence of lumbar vertebral or femoral neck osteopenia or osteoporosis. Therefore, women who breastfeed for one year or more require education on the risk of bone loss and the need for preventive measures such as adequate calcium intake and physical exercise.


Subject(s)
Bone Density , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Breast Feeding , Calcium , Education , Exercise , Female , Femur Neck , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Lumbar Vertebrae , Nutrition Surveys , Osteoporosis , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Parity , Postmenopause
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 751-759, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762110

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the effects and mechanisms of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) anti-differentiation non-coding RNA (ANCR) on the osteogenesis of osteoblast cells in postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice models of PMOP were established. ANCR expression and intracellular calcium ions were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and laser confocal microscopy, respectively. ANCR was silenced in osteoblast cells from PMOP mice by the transfection of siRNA-ANCR (si-ANCR). The proliferation and apoptosis of osteoblast cells was analyzed by MTT and flow cytometry, respectively. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and calcium nodules were examined by ALP and alizarin red staining assay, respectively. The expression of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), runt related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), and OSTERIX was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Furthermore, an osteogenesis model was constructed in mice, and osteoid formation was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The interaction between lncRNA-ANCR and EZH2 was further identified by RNA pull-down assay. RESULTS: ANCR expression and intracellular calcium ions were increased in PMOP mice. Si-ANCR significantly increased the proliferation, ALP activity, calcium deposition of osteoblast cells and decreased apoptosis. ANCR and EZH2 were down-regulated by si-ANCR, while RUNX2 and OSTERIX were upregulated. Si-ANCR also promoted osteoid formation in mice treated with hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate. In addition, ANCR specifically bound to EZH2. CONCLUSION: Silencing ANCR promotes the osteogenesis of PMOP osteoblast cells. The specific binding of ANCR with EZH2 suppressed RUNX2, thereby inhibiting osteogenesis.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Animals , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Calcium , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Ions , Mice , Microscopy, Confocal , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA , RNA, Long Noncoding , RNA, Small Interfering , RNA, Untranslated , Transcription Factors , Transfection
15.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 213-224, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785910

ABSTRACT

Current evidences continue to support the clinical application of bone turnover markers (BTMs) in the management of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The limitations of bone mineral density measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiomet especially emphasize the beneficial roles of BTMs, such as serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen and serum procollagen type I N-propeptide, as monitoring tools to assess the responses to treatment. Therefore, the proper application and assessment of BTM in clinical practice is very important. However, their use in Korea is still insufficient. Therefore, the BTM committee has set up by the Korean Society for Bone and Mineral Research have been constituted and provided a position statement which will suggest on the clinical application of BTM for the management of postmenopausal osteoporosis in Korea.


Subject(s)
Bone Density , Bone Remodeling , Collagen Type I , Female , Humans , Korea , Miners , Osteoporosis , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Republic of Korea
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728026

ABSTRACT

Estrogen withdrawal in post-menopausal women leads to overactivation of osteoclasts, which contributes to the development of osteoporosis. Inflammatory cytokines are known as one of mechanisms of osteoclast activation after estrogen deficiency. SPA0355 is a thiourea derivative that has been investigated for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, its efficacy in bone resorption has not been previously investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of SPA0355 on the development of osteoporosis and to explore its mode of action. In vitro experiments showed that SPA0355 inhibited receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis in primary bone marrow-derived macrophages. This effect appears to be independent of estrogen receptor activation as ICI 180,782 failed to abrogate its effects on osteoclasts. Further signaling studies revealed that SPA0355 suppressed activation of the MAPKs, Akt, and NF-κB pathways. SPA0355 also increased osteoblastic differentiation, as evidenced by its effects on alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralization nodule formation. Intraperitoneal administration of SPA0355 to ovariectomized mice prevented bone loss, as verified by three-dimensional images and bone morphometric parameters derived from µCT analysis. Noticeably, SPA0355 did not show hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity and also had little effect on hematological parameters. Taken together, the results indicate that SPA0355 may protect against bone loss in ovariectomized mice by stimulation of osteoblast differentiation and by inhibition of osteoclast resorption. Therefore, SPA0355 is a safe and potential candidate for management of postmenopausal osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Animals , Bone Resorption , Cytokines , Estrogens , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , In Vitro Techniques , Macrophages , Mice , Miners , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Osteoporosis , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Ovariectomy , Thiourea
17.
Clinics ; 74: e739, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In this study, the relationship between osteoporotic vertebral fractures and 9041 Guanine/Adenine and 3673 Guanine/Adenine polymorphisms related to the vitamin K epoxide reductase complex subunit-1 (VKORC1) gene in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis was investigated. METHOD: DNA was isolated from blood samples collected from 150 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Genotyping of the two polymorphic regions (9041 Guanine/Adenine and 3673 Guanine/Adenine) in VKORC1 was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The presence of radiographic fractures among the 150 patients was ascertained by using the Genant method. RESULT: At least one fracture was detected in 98 patients, and no fracture was observed in 52 patients on radiological images. We found no association between the 9041 Guanine/Adenine (p=0.283) and 3673 Guanine/Adenine (p=0.232) polymorphisms of the VKORC1 gene and the development of secondary postosteoporotic fractures in our study. CONCLUSION: There was no relationship between osteoporotic vertebral fracture and VKORC1 gene polymorphism in a postmenopausal Turkish population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/genetics , Spinal Fractures/genetics , Osteoporotic Fractures/genetics , Vitamin K Epoxide Reductases/genetics , Turkey , Bone Density , Pilot Projects , Retrospective Studies , Genetic Association Studies , Gene Frequency/genetics
18.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 25(3): 184-210, jul.-set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990948

ABSTRACT

Resumen La Asociación Colombiana de Osteoporosis y Metabolismo Mineral se reunió a principios de 2017 para actualizar el Consenso Colombiano de Osteoporosis, elaborado por primera vez en 2005, un paso que se consideró necesario en vista del subdiagnóstico de esta enfermedad, el impacto esperado del envejecimiento poblacional y los cambios en el tratamiento farmacológico que ha habido desde entonces. Se seleccionó un equipo técnico con especialistas de múltiples áreas y amplia trayectoria, repartidos en 4 grupos de trabajo: definición y epidemiología, diagnóstico, tratamiento farmacológico y medidas no farmacológicas. Luego de una revisión de la literatura científica, en reuniones de trabajo se generaron las definiciones y recomendaciones que se resumen en este documento.


Abstract The Colombian Osteoporosis and Mineral Metabolism Association met in early 2017 to update the Colombian Consensus on Osteoporosis. This was first issued in 2005, and is seen as a necessary step in view of the underdiagnosed status of this disease, and the expected impact of population ageing. A technical team was formed with specialists with long experience across multiple disciplines, who were assigned to four working groups: definitions and epidemiology, diagnosis, pharmacological treatment, and non-pharmacological treatment. After a scientific literature review and a series of meetings, the definitions and recommendations are summarised in this article.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Bone Density , Practice Guideline , Osteoporotic Fractures
19.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(4): 438-445, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950087

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study evaluated the effects of combination therapy of curcumin and alendronate on BMD and bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Subjects and methods: In a randomized, double-blind trial study, 60 postmenopausal women were divided into three groups: control, alendronate, and alendronate + curcumin. Each group included 20 patients. Total body, total hip, lumbar spine and femoral neck BMDs were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at baseline and after 12 months of therapy. Bone turnover markers such as bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP), osteocalcin and C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen (CTx) were measured at the outset and 6 months later. Results: Patients in the control group suffered a significant decrease in BMD and increased bone turnover markers at the end of study. The group treated with only alendronate showed significantly decreased levels of BALP and CTx and increased levels of osteocalcin compared to the control group. The alendronate group also showed significant increases in the total body, total hip, lumbar spine and femoral neck BMDs at the end of study compared to the control group. In the curcumin + alendronate group, BALP and CTx levels decreased and osteocalcin levels increased significantly at the end of study compared to the control and alendronate groups. BMD indexes also increased in four areas significantly at the end of study compared to the control and alendronate groups. Conclusion: The combination of curcumin and alendronate has beneficial effects on BMD and bone turnover markers among postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2018;62(4):438-45


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Bone Density/drug effects , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/metabolism , Alendronate/pharmacology , Curcumin/pharmacology , Bone Density Conservation Agents/pharmacology , Peptide Fragments/drug effects , Peptide Fragments/urine , Osteocalcin/analysis , Osteocalcin/drug effects , Double-Blind Method , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Collagen Type II/drug effects , Collagen Type II/urine , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/drug effects
20.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(4): 431-437, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950078

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify which component of body composition (BC) has greater influence on postmenopausal women bone mineral density (BMD). Subjects and methods: Four hundred and thirty women undergoing treatment for osteoporosis and 513 untreated women, except for calcium and vitamin D. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed in order to correlated BMD at lumbar spine (LS), total femur (FT), femoral neck (FN) with body mass (BM), total lean mass (LM) and total fat mass (FM), all determined by DXA. Results: BM significantly correlated with all bone sites in untreated and treated women (r = 0.420 vs 0.277 at LS; r = 0.490 vs 0.418 at FN, r = 0.496 vs 0.414 at FT, respectively). In untreated women, the LM correlated better than FM with all sites, explaining 179% of LS; 32.3% of FN and 30.2% of FT; whereas FM explained 13.2% of LS; 277% of FN, 23.4% of FT In treated women, correlations with BC were less relevant, with the LM explaining 6.7% of BMD at LS; 15.2% of FN, 16% of FT, whereas the FM explained 8.1% of LS; 179% of FN and 176% of FT. Conclusion: LM in untreated women was better predictor of BMD than FM, especialy for distal femur, where it explained more than 30% of the BMD, suggesting that maintaining a healthy muscle mass may contribute to decrease osteoporosis risk. Treatment with anti-osteoporotic drugs seems to mask these relationships. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2018;62(4):431-7


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Thinness/physiopathology , Body Composition/physiology , Bone Density/physiology , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/physiopathology , Femur/diagnostic imaging , Body Weight/physiology , Absorptiometry, Photon , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/drug therapy , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/diagnostic imaging , Adipose Tissue/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Lumbar Vertebrae/physiology , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging
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