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2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887944

ABSTRACT

Drynariae Rhizoma is warm in nature and bitter in taste, mainly acting on liver and kidney systems. It is a common Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of fracture and bone injury. The chemical compositions of Drynariae Rhizoma mainly include flavonoids, triterpenoids, phenylpropanoids and lignans. At present, modern pharmacological and clinical studies have shown that Drynariae Rhizoma has the effects of anti osteoporosis, promoting fracture healing, kidney protection, anti-inflammatory, promoting tooth growth, preventing and treating aminoglycoside ototoxicity and lowering blood lipid. In addition, the toxicity evaluation experiment of Drynariae Rhizoma has also shown that it has no obvious toxic and side effects. Naringin is a kind of dihydroflavone in Drynariae Rhizoma. Many studies have shown that naringin and other total flavonoids play an important role in anti-osteoporosis, promoting fracture healing, anti-inflammation, promoting tooth growth and lowering blood lipid. In this study, the research progresses on chemical consti-tuents and pharmacological activities of Drynariae Rhizoma in recent years were reviewed, and some mechanisms of action were summarized, to provide references for the further research and development of Drynariae Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Flavonoids , Humans , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Polypodiaceae , Rhizome
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 622-628, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887466

ABSTRACT

Bone-modifying agents currently include bisphosphonates and desumumab, which are the main drugs for the treatment of malignant tumor bone metastasis, hypercalcemia and osteoporosis. Due to its wide clinical application, the adverse events of this kind of drugs are gradually increasing and affecting the quality of life of patients. Therefore, it needs to arouse the attention of the majority of medical personnel. Based on the substantial evidence, the expert committee has thoroughly discussed the management of adverse reactions of bone modifying agents and put forward reasonable suggestions, to guide clinicians in the safety management of such drugs.


Subject(s)
Bone Density Conservation Agents/adverse effects , Consensus , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Humans , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Safety Management
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877562

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect between heat-sensitive moxibustion combined with western medication and simple western medication for low back pain of osteoporosis with kidney-@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with osteoporosis were randomized into an observation group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (32 cases, 3 cases dropped off). In the control group, alendronate sodium tablet and calcium carbonate and vitamin D@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores, ODI scores and TCM clinical symptom scores after treatment were reduced in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Heat-sensitive moxibustion combined with western medication could relieve low back pain, improve BMD in patients of osteoporosis with kidney-


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Hot Temperature , Humans , Kidney , Low Back Pain , Moxibustion , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy
5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 138(4): 326-335, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1139704

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is still the most prevalent type of osteonecrosis with clinical relevance. In Brazil, bisphosphonate use is high but there is a lack of epidemiological studies on BRONJ. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical profile of BRONJ in a Brazilian population through an integrative review. DESIGN AND SETTING: Integrative review of BRONJ in a Brazilian population. METHODS: Cases and clinical research on Brazilians with BRONJ between 2010 and 2019, indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science and LILACS were reviewed. Age, sex, type and time of bisphosphonate intake, administration route, related diseases, region of the BRONJ, diagnostic criteria, staging, triggering factor and type of treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: Fifteen articles on 128 subjects were included. Most patients were women (82.03%); the mean age was 63 years. Intravenous zoledronic acid was mostly used (62.50%), for breast cancer treatment (46.87%). The main localization of BRONJ was the mandible (54.68%), associated mainly with tooth extractions (45.98%). The diagnostic criteria were clinical (100%) and radiographic (89.06%), mostly in stage II (68.08%). The surgical treatments were sequestrectomy (37.50%) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) (36.71%). Microbial control was done using chlorhexidine (93.75%) and infection control using clindamycin (53.90%). CONCLUSIONS: BRONJ had higher prevalence in Brazilian women receiving treatment for breast cancer and osteoporosis. The mandible was the region most affected with a moderate stage of BRONJ, particularly when there were histories of tooth extraction and peri-implant surgery. Sequestrectomy with additional drugs and surgical therapy was the treatment most accomplished.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tooth Extraction , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/surgery , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Brazil , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Dental Care , Treatment Outcome , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage , Bone Density Conservation Agents/administration & dosage , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/etiology , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/diagnostic imaging
6.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(4): 327-328, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131106
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(7): 983-991, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139400

ABSTRACT

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is a disease where there is necrotic bone exposed or that can be explored by means of a fistula in the maxillofacial region. It has been associated with the use Biphosphonates and denosumab for osteoporosis. Although its etiology is unclear, it may be related to a decrease in bone turnover produced by these drugs, rendering the bone more prone to generate cell necrosis during invasive dental procedures, especially in the posterior region of the jaw. There is no consensus about the prevention and treatment of this condition. The aim of this paper is to present a review of the literature with the main characteristics of osteonecrosis of the jaws associated with drugs, together with a proposal for prevention and treatment for these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteonecrosis/chemically induced , Osteonecrosis/prevention & control , Jaw Diseases/chemically induced , Jaw Diseases/prevention & control , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/prevention & control , Denosumab/adverse effects
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 683-688, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098307

ABSTRACT

The aim was to evaluate bone repair and gingival tissue repair in osteopenic rats. Fifteen female wistar rats were included; in all of them ovariectomy was realized to induce osteopenia; after 45 days, the animals were submitted to 2 surgical techinques 1) dental extraction of the upper central incisor with no socket preservation and 2) 5 mm cranial defect in the calvarium; 5 rats were included in the control group (G1) withput alendronate application; in the group 2 (G2) was used subcutenous alendronate (0.5 mg/kg) once for three weeks and then was realizd the both surgical techniques. In group 3 (G3), after ovariectomy was realized the both dental extraction and the calvarium defect and after that was realized the alendronate protocol. In each group, after six week was realized euthanasia and descriptive histological analysis of the surgical areas involved. In bone formation of the 5 mm cranial defect was observed with good progression in the 3 experimental models and no modification in quality of bone repair was observed. For the gingival tissue in the extraction socket, no differences were observed between G1 and G3. On other hand, in G2 a thinner and reduced gingival epithelium was found. Our results showed that alendronate was not an obstacle for bone repair; deficiencies in re-epithelialization of oral mucosa show the impact of alendronate before dental extraction.


El objetivo fue evaluar la reparación ósea y gingival en ratas con osteopenia. Quince ratas wistar hembras fueron incluidas; en todas ellas se realizo ovarectomia y fue realizada la inducción de osteopenia; después de 45 días, los animales fueron sometidos a dos técnicas quirúrgicas 1) extracciones dentales del incisivo central superior sin preservación alveolar y 2) creación de un defecto craneano de 5 mm en la calota; 5 animales fueron incluidos como grupo control (G1) sin la aplicación de alendronato; en el grupo 2 (G2) se utilizó alendronato subcutáneo (0,5 mg/kg) una vez a la semana durante 3 semanas. En el grupo 3 (G3), después de la ovarectomia se realizó la exodoncia y el defecto en el cráneo y después de ello se inicio el protocolo con alendronato. En cada grupo, después de seis semanas se realizó la eutanasia con descripción histológica de los hallazgos. En el hueso formado en el defecto craneano de 5 mm se observó una adecuada progresión de reparación en los 3 modelos experimentales y no se observó cambios importantes en el modelo de reparación. Para el tejido gingival en el sitio de extracción, no se observaron diferencias entre el grupo G1 y G3. Por otra parte, el G2 presentó un tejido mas delgado con reducción del epitelio gingival; nuestros resultados demuestran que el alendronato no fue un obstáculo en la reparación ósea; deficiencias en la re epitelización de la mucosa oral muestran el impacto del alendronato después de la exodoncia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/drug therapy , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Alendronate/administration & dosage , Gingiva/drug effects , Osteonecrosis/drug therapy , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/complications , Ovariectomy , Rats, Wistar , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore compounds, targets and mechanism of @*METHODS@#The known effective Chinese herbal compound of YG pill was searched from traditional Chinese medicine integrated database(TCMID). Bioinformatics analysis tool for molecular mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine (BATMAN-TCM) was used to predict target of components;DisGeNET and artificial literature reading were used to obtain targets of osteoporosis and bone remodeling;Cytoscape 3.7.1 software and its plug-ins BiN-GO and ClueGO were used to enrich the GO annotation and pathwaysof the related targets, and validation of the predicted target of YG pill were validated by 87 differentially expressed proteins in postmenopausal osteoporosis and postmenopausal osteoporosis disease models in postmenopausal patients with normal bone mass from the previous serum proteomics data.@*RESULTS@#Totally 392 compounds were retrieved from YG pill, including 83 sovereign drugs (monkshood, cinnamon, deerhorn gelatin), 127 ministerial drugs (prepared rehmannia root, dogwood, wolfberry fruit and Chinese yam) and 182 supplementary drugs (cuscuta chinensis, eucommia ulmoides and Chinese angelica). Among them, there were 4 same compounds between sovereign drug and ministerial drug, 1 same compound between sovereign drug and supplementary drug, and 14 same compounds between ministerial drug and supplementary drug. Totally 2 112 trusted targets were identified, included 775 sovereign drugs, 1 483 ministerial drugs and 1 491 supplementary drugs;227 targets were selected from YG pill for treating osteoporosis, which participate in nearly 20 process of metabolic process, cell differentiation and biology, and data mining revealed that the process involved bone remodeling and bone mineralization. Acting site of cell mainly inclded 9 kinds of cell which had 13 molecular function. Results of KEGG metabolic pathway enrichment analysis showed 137 signal passages were obviously enriched. Among them, classical osteoclast differentiation signal passages and relative estrogen regulates signaling pathways of menopause were widely distributed in 27 signal passages. Sixtargets were screened by target validation, such as AGT, FGA, APOE, DKK3, P4HB and RAB7A.@*CONCLUSION@#The characteristics of multi-targets and multi-pathways of YG pill for the treatment of osteoporosis were clarified, which provided a clear direction for the in-depth research. The pharmacodynamic components of YG pill include 36 compounds, and their main action targets include FGA, AGT, APOE, DKK3, P4HB and RAB7A.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878792

ABSTRACT

Based on GC-MS metabolomics and biochemical index analysis, the mechanism of bone mass loss in osteoporosis and the evaluation of anti-osteoporosis in Eucommiae Cortex were studied. The OVX rats model was established by bilateral ovariectomized. The routine indexes such as BMC, BMD, BGP and TRAP5 b were determined. The GC-MS technique was used to analyze the metabolism profile of serum samples between the control group, model group and medicine group, and multiple statistical analysis methods including principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares-linear discriminant analysis(PLS-LDA) and subwindow rearrangement analysis(SPA) were used to screen and identify biomarkers. Five metabolites were selected as potential biomarkers, glycine, lysine, tryptophan, docosahexaenoic acid and glucose. Except for the significant increase of tryptophan in serum of OVX rats, the other four metabolites were significantly decreased. Moreover, the five biomarkers of the medicine group had a trend of returning to rats in control group. The significantly altered metabolite levels indicated that Eucommiae Cortex may relieve the symptoms of osteoporosis by regulating amino acid metabolism and oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Bone Density , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Rats
11.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1118551

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Denosumabe e bifosfonados. Indicação: tratamento de osteoporose para prevenção de fraturas. Pergunta: O denosumabe é mais eficaz e seguro que os bifosfonados orais para tratamento da osteoporose e prevenção de fraturas secundárias à osteoporose? Métodos: Levantamento bibliográfico realizado na PUBMED seguindo estratégia de busca predefinida. Avaliação da qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas com a ferramenta AMSTAR (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Resultados: Foram selecionadas e incluídas 3 revisões sistemáticas, com pontuação de 9 a 11 no AMSTAR. Conclusão: Denosumabe tem menor risco relativo que alendronato e risedronato de sódio para fraturas vertebrais e maior efeito sobre densidade óssea mineral femoral, com risco similar de outros tipos de fratura e eventos adversos (infecções, transtornos cardiovasculares, óbito por infecção, morte cardiovascular ou por qualquer causa). Denosumabe evita 0,00154 fraturas, previne 0,00025 institucionalizações (ou cuidados permanentes de enfermagem no domicílio) e promove um ganho de 0,0018 anos de vida a mais que o alendronato de sódio por paciente tratado. Denosumabe é um pouco mais eficaz e tão seguro quanto os bifosfonados, mas a diferença de eficácia é mínima


Technology: Denosumab and bisphosphonates. Indication: osteoporosis treatment for fracture prevention. Question: Denosumab is more effective and safer than oral bisphosphonates for treating osteoporosis and preventing fractures related to osteoporosis? Methods: Bibliographic search was performed on PUBMED, following predefined search strategies. Evaluation of the methodological quality of systematic reviews was carried out using the AMSTAR (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews) tool. Results: We selected and included 3 systematic reviews. Their scores ranged from 9 to 11 on AMSTAR. Conclusion: Denosumab has a lower relative risk than sodium alendronate and risedronate for vertebral fractures and greater effect on femoral mineral bone density, with a similar risk for non-vertebral fractures and adverse events (infections, cardiovascular disorders, death caused by infection, cardiovascular death or any cause mortality). Denosumab avoids 0.00154 fractures, prevents 0.00025 nursing home/ residential care admissions and get 0.0018 years of life gained per treated patient more than sodium alendronate. Denosumab is slightly more effective and as safe as bisphosphonates, but the effectiveness difference is minimal


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Alendronate/therapeutic use , Bone Density Conservation Agents/therapeutic use , Osteoporotic Fractures/prevention & control , Risedronic Acid/therapeutic use , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Alendronate/adverse effects , Evidence-Based Medicine , Risedronic Acid/adverse effects , Denosumab/adverse effects
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1325-1330, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040132

ABSTRACT

Impairing osteoporosis progression is a challenge, and recently the role of antioxidants has been associated to bone metabolism. Green tea extract is rich in catechins, especially epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which may help control osteoporosis damage in bone tissue. This investigation evaluated the efficacy of green tea ingestion containing different concentrations of EGCG in calvaria bone repair of ovariectomized rats. Wistar rats (n=15) were ovariectomized and divided into 3 groups: ovariectomized (OVX), ovariectomized + GTE 15 % EGCG (OVX/GTE15), and ovariectomized + GTE 94 % EGCG (OVX/GTE94). Green tea extract was administered by gavage in the concentration of 50 mg/kg and sham group (n=5) received water. Bone defects were performed in the calvaria 60 days after ovariectomy followed by 4 weeks until euthanasia. Bone samples were collected to perform qualitative and quantitative histological analysis of bone formation. Data obtained were submitted to normality and ANOVA statistical test for p<0.05. The mean values of neoformed bone for Sham, OVX, OVX/GTE15 and OVX/GTE94 were respectively: 21.11 ± 3.91; 19.92 ± 2.20; 33.05 ± 1.26 e 34.75 ± 0.54 (p<0.05). Results show that continuous ingestion of green tea extract immediately after ovariectomy shows positive effects in the prevention of bone loss in osteoporosis, even with low concentrations of EGCG.


La disminución en la progresión de la osteoporosis es un desafío, y recientemente el papel de los antioxidantes se ha asociado al metabolismo óseo. El extracto de té verde es rico en catequinas, especialmente el galato de epigalocatequina (EGCG), lo que puede ayudar a controlar el daño de la osteoporosis en el tejido óseo. Esta investigación evaluó la eficacia de la ingesta de té verde con diferentes concentraciones de EGCG en la reparación ósea de calvaria de ratas ovariectomizadas. Las ratas Wistar (n = 15) fueron ovariectomizadas y divididas en 3 grupos: ovariectomizadas (OVX), ovariectomizadas + GTE 15 % EGCG (OVX / GTE15), y ovariectomizadas + GTE 94 % EGCG (OVX / GTE94). El extracto de té verde se administró por sonda en una concentración de 50 mg/kg y el grupo simulado (n = 5) recibió agua. Los defectos óseos se realizaron en la calvaria 60 días después de la ovariectomía, seguido de 4 semanas hasta la eutanasia. Se obtuvieron muestras de hueso para realizar un análisis histológico cualitativo y cuantitativo de la formación ósea. Los datos obtenidos se sometieron a normalidad y prueba estadística ANOVA (p<0,05). Los valores medios de hueso neoformado para Sham, OVX, OVX / GTE15 y OVX / GTE94 fueron: 21,11 ± 3,91; 19,92 ± 2,20; 33,05 ± 1,26 y 34,75 ± 0,54 (p <0,05), respectivamente. Los resultados muestran que la ingesta continua de extracto de té verde, inmediatamente después de la ovariectomía, muestra efectos positivos en la prevención de la pérdida ósea ocurrida en la osteoporosis, incluso con concentraciones bajas de EGCG.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Tea/chemistry , Bone Regeneration , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Catechin/analogs & derivatives , Catechin/metabolism , Osteoporosis/pathology , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Ovariectomy , Rats, Wistar
14.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 22(2): e001112, sept. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046678

ABSTRACT

La osteopenia, una disminución de la densidad mineral ósea de menor severidad que la osteoporosis, definida por valores de T-score entre -1,0 y -2,5 en la densitometría ósea , podría asociarse con un mayor riesgo de fracturas. Motivado por el pedido de una paciente con osteopenia que solicita a su médico algún medicamento que le ayude a disminuir su riesgo de fracturas, el autor se pregunta si los bifosfonatos podrían ser beneficiosos para las pacientes con este factor de riesgo. Luego de realizar una búsqueda bibliográfica y seleccionar la evidencia más reciente y de mejor calidad, se concluye que estos fármacos podrían ser útiles para prevenir fracturas en mujeres mayores de 65 años con elevado riesgo de fractura,independientemente del resultado de la densitometría. (AU)


Osteopenia, a minor decrease in bone mineral density, defined by T-score values between -1.0 and -2.5 in a bone densitometry, is associated with an increased risk of fractures. Moved by the request of a patient with osteopenia who asks her doctor for any medication that may help her reduce his risk of fractures, the author wonders if bisphosphonates could be beneficial for patients with this condition. After conducting a bibliographic search and selecting the most recent and best quality evidence, he concluded that these drugs could be useful to prevent fractures in women older than 65 years with ahigh risk of fracture, regardless of densitometry results. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/drug therapy , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Osteoporotic Fractures/prevention & control , Osteoporosis/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/complications , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors , Osteoporotic Fractures/physiopathology , Osteoporotic Fractures/drug therapy
16.
Actual. osteol ; 15(1): 57-64, ene. abr. 2019. ilus., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049428

ABSTRACT

Los tratamientos para osteoporosis se indican por tiempo variable dependiendo del tipo de droga, anabólica o anticatabólica, y de la gravedad de la enfermedad. Denosumab es un anticuerpo monoclonal totalmente humano que inhibe a RANK-L evitando de esa manera la interacción entre RANKL-RANK, con la consiguiente inhibición de la formación de los osteoclastos, su activación y sobrevida. Disminuye la resorción ósea cortical y trabecular. Su administración subcutánea de 60 mg cada 6 meses al cabo de 3 años ha demostrado reducción de la resorción ósea, incremento de la densidad mineral ósea y disminución de las fracturas vertebrales, no vertebrales y de cadera. Está indicado para el tratamiento de la osteoporosis con alto riesgo de fractura. Su mecanismo de acción es reversible. Se han descripto pérdida de la DMO y elevación de los marcadores de remodelado óseo postsuspensión. Una situación clínica grave son las fracturas vertebrales múltiples postsuspensión. Este evento es infrecuente y se lo atribuye a un rebote del remodelado óseo, postulándose se postula una predisposición especial, probablemente relacionada con microRNA. Se escriben dos mujeres con osteoporosis que presentaron este cuadro. Las fracturas ocurrieron entre 7 y 10 meses posteriores a la última dosis de denosumab. Registraron elevación de C-telopéptidos y disminución de la DMO conjuntamente con las fracturas vertebrales agudas en cascada. (AU)


The duration of osteoporosis treatments depends on the drug type, anabolic or anticatabolic, and the severity of the disease. Denosumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that inactivates RANK-L, inhibiting the RANKL-RANK interaction . This inhibits osteoclast formation, activation, and survival. It also reduces cortical and trabecular bone resorption. Subcutaneous administration of 60 mg every 6 months for 3 years has reduced bone resorption, increased bone mineral density (BMD) and decreased vertebral, non-vertebral and hip fractures. It is indicated for the treatment of osteoporosis with high risk of fracture. Denosumab mechanism of action is reversible. After discontinuation, loss of BMD and elevation of bone turnover markers have been observed. In addition, multiple vertebral fractures after the suspension of the drug have been reported. These rebound-associated vertebral fractures are rare. A special genetic predisposition related to miRNA has been proposed. Two women with this clinical presentation are described. Fractures occurred between 7 and 10 months respectively after the last dose of denosumab. They presented with an increase in circulating C-telopeptid levels and a decrease inBMD with acute multiple vertebral fractures. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Spinal Fractures/drug therapy , Denosumab/adverse effects , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Menopause , Biomarkers , Bone Density/drug effects , Calcium/administration & dosage , Spinal Fractures/prevention & control , Charybdotoxin/analysis , Calcium Citrate/administration & dosage , Alendronate/administration & dosage , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , RANK Ligand/drug effects , Denosumab/administration & dosage , Tobacco Smoking , Zoledronic Acid/administration & dosage , Ibandronic Acid/administration & dosage , Indapamide/administration & dosage
17.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(1): 39-41, ene.-feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248631

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: Bisphosphonates have been the gold standard in the management of osteoporosis. Its antiresorptive effect has reduced the incidence of fractures due to bone fragility, as well as its impact on public health. We present the clinical case of a patient in prolonged treatment with bisphosphonates and atypical bilateral femur fracture. Case report: A 65-year-old female who presented a fall from her own height, on treatment with risedronate for seven years, and a history of systemic arterial hypertension and hypercholesterolemia, both with medical treatment. Diagnosed with bilateral atypical femoral fracture, treated with closed reduction internal fixation (CRIF) with intramedullary nailing, application of calcium citrate and teriparatide. Discussion: Multiple studies indicate that the benefit of using bisphosphonates for osteoporosis is higher than the risk of presenting atypical fractures.


Resumen: Introducción: Los bifosfonatos han sido de gran utilidad en el manejo de la osteoporosis. Su efecto antirresortivo ha disminuido la incidencia de fracturas por fragilidad ósea, así como, su impacto en salud pública. Presentamos el caso clínico de una usuaria en tratamiento prolongado con bifosfonatos y fractura atípica de fémur bilateral. Caso clínico: Femenino de 65 años, presenta caía de su plano de sustentación, en tratamiento con risedronato desde hace siete años y antecedente de hipertensión arterial sistémica e hipercolesterolemia, ambas con manejo médico. Diagnosticada con fractura bilateral de fémur, tratada con enclavado centro-medular, citrato de calcio y teriparatida. Discusión: Múltiples estudios refieren que el beneficio del uso de bifosfonatos en la prevención del riesgo de fracturas es mayor, aunque exista la posibilidad de presentar fracturas atípicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Bone Density Conservation Agents/adverse effects , Femoral Fractures/etiology , Teriparatide , Diphosphonates
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(5): e201900502, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010874

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate inhibitory effect of Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) on osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats by regulating FoxO3a/Wnt2 signaling pathway. Methods: Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) animal model was developed by excising the bilateral ovaries of rats. The model rats were administered with APS (200 mg/kg, 400 mg/kg, 800 mg/kg) by intragastric administration once daily for 12 weeks. Bone density, bone metabolism index and oxidative stress index were measured in all groups. Furthermore, the regulation of APS of FoxO3a / Wnt2 signaling pathway was observed. Results: APS has an estrogen-like effect, which can increase bone mass, lower serum ALP and BGP values, increase blood calcium content, and increase bone density of the femur and vertebrae in rats. At the same time, APS can increase the bone mineral content of the femur, increase the maximum stress, maximum load and elastic modulus of the ovariectomized rats, improve oxidative stress in rats by increasing the gene expression of β-catenin and Wnt2 mRNA and inhibiting the gene expression of FoxO3a mRNA. Conclusion: Astragalus polysaccharide can effectively alleviate oxidative stress-mediated osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats, which may be related to its regulation of FoxO3a/Wnt2/β-catenin pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Astragalus Plant/chemistry , Wnt Signaling Pathway/drug effects , Forkhead Box Protein O3/drug effects , Osteoporosis/metabolism , Reference Values , Ovariectomy , Random Allocation , Bone Density/drug effects , Gene Expression/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Wnt2 Protein/analysis , Wnt2 Protein/drug effects , beta Catenin/analysis , beta Catenin/drug effects , Femur/drug effects , Femur/metabolism , Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5/analysis , Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5/drug effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Wnt Signaling Pathway/physiology , Forkhead Box Protein O3/analysis
19.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2019. 55 p. il., tab., graf..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1016892

ABSTRACT

A doença periodontal (DP) resulta de uma infecção polimicrobiana complexa, levando à destruição dos tecidos periodontais, como consequência da perturbação da homeostase entre a microbiota subgengival e os mecanismos de defesas do hospedeiro em indivíduos suscetíveis. A deficiência estrogênica (DE) é a causa mais comum de osteoporose. A osteoporose é definida como uma doença crônica, multifatorial, provenientes de uma desordem esquelética que promove fragilidade óssea pela redução de sua massa. Vários estudos experimentais têm demonstrado que a estimulação com Campo Eletromagnético Pulsátil (CEMP) pode promover a osteogênese e potencialmente aumentar a mineralização óssea e também, reduzir a inflamação aguda e crônica em tecidos moles e duros. Frente a isso, este estudo teve como objetivo, avaliar por meio da histomorfometria, imunoistoquímica e microtomografia computadorizada (MicroCT), a influência do CEMP na DP induzida em ratas ovariectomizadas e Sham. Para a pesquisa, foram utilizadas 60 ratas adultas (Rattus norvegicus, variação albinus, Wistar) com 3 meses de idade, pesando em torno de 300 gramas e em todos os animais a DP foi induzida. As ratas foram randomizadas em dois grupos experimentais, contendo 30 animais cada, classificados em ovariectomia simulada (Sham) e Ovariectomizada (Ovz), respectivamente. Os grupos foram divididos em dois subgrupos com 15 animais cada: Sham-S (n=15): não receberam terapia com CEMP e este foi nosso grupo controle. Sham-CEMP (n=15): receberam terapia com CEMP. Ovz­O (n=15): não receberam terapia com CEMP. Ovz­CEMP (n=15): receberam terapia com CEMP. As análises histomorfométrica, e MicroCT foram realizadas e os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise de variância (ANOVA) e teste de Tukey, ambos com nível de significância convencional de 95% e não apresentaram nenhuma diferença estatisticamente significante. Na análise semiquantitativa para os biomarcadores RANKL e OPG, o subgrupo Ovz-O apresentou maior expressão do biomarcador RANKL e menor expressão do biomarcador OPG em relação aos outros subgrupos. Na análise quantitativa da expressão do biomarcador TRAP não foi encontrado nenhuma diferença estatisticamente significante. Apesar de não encontramos evidências significativas da terapia com CEMP na DP em ratas ovariectomizadas, o presente estudo nos sugere que o CEMP pode apresentar um efeito benéfico na remodelação óssea(AU)


Periodontal disease (PD) results from a complex polymicrobial infection, leading to the destruction of periodontal tissues as a consequence of the disturbance of homeostasis between the subgingival microbiota and the host defense mechanisms in susceptible individuals. Estrogen deficiency is the most common cause of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is defined as a chronic, multifactorial disease from a skeletal disorder that promotes bone fragility by reducing its mass. Several experimental studies have shown that Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) stimulation can promote osteogenesis and potentially increase bone mineralization and also reduce acute and chronic inflammation in soft and hard tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate, through histomorphometry, immunohistochemistry and computerized microtomography (MicroCT), the influence of PEMF on PD induced in ovariectomized and Sham rats. For the research, 60 adult rats (Rattus norvegicus, albinus variant, Wistar) at 3 months of age, weighing around 300 grams were used and in all animals PD was induced. The rats were randomized into two experimental groups, containing 30 animals each, classified as simulated ovariectomy (Sham) and Ovariectomized (Ovz), respectively. The groups were divided into two subgroups with 15 animals each: Sham-S (n = 15): did not receive PEMF therapy and this was our control group. Sham-PEMF (n = 15): received PEMF therapy. Ovz-O (n = 15): did not receive PEMF therapy. Ovz-PEMF (n = 15): received PEMF therapy. The histomorphometric and MicroCT analyzes were performed and the data were submitted to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test, both with a 95% significance level and did not present any statistically significant difference. In the semiquantitative analysis for RANKL and OPG biomarkers, the Ovz-O subgroup showed higher expression of the RANKL biomarker and lower expression of the OPG biomarker in relation to the other subgroups. In the quantitative analysis of TRAP biomarker expression no statistically significant difference was found. Although we did not find significant evidence of PEMF therapy in PD in ovariectomized rats, the present study suggests that PEMF may have a beneficial effect on bone remodeling(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/complications , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Bone Remodeling/physiology , Electromagnetic Fields/adverse effects
20.
Rev. med. Rosario ; 84(3): 138-138, sept.-dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051387

ABSTRACT

La osteoporosis afecta al 6-7% de la poblaciónmasculina. Es alta la proporción de pacientes confractura osteoporótica sin diagnóstico previo de estaenfermedad. La mortalidad luego de una fracturaes mayor en hombres que en población femenina;a pesar de esto, la mayoría de los pacientes no reciben tratamiento. Los fármacos aprobados, en nuestro medio, para tratar la osteoporosis masculina son:bifosfonatos, teriparatida y ranelato de estroncio. Elobjetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto del ranelato de estroncio sobre la densidad mineral ósea enhombres después de 1 año de tratamiento. Se incluyeron los registros de 20 hombres de 67.8±3.0 años,tratados con ranelato de estroncio (2 g/día) durante 1año. Todos los pacientes presentaban un T-score inferior a -2.5 en cadera o columna vertebral o un T-scoreinferior a -2.0 y factores de riesgo de fractura. Nohubo modificación de parámetros de laboratorio luego del tratamiento (calcemia, calciuria, fósforo sérico,parathormona, 25(OH)vitamina D, fosfatasa alcalinay desoxipiridinolina). Luego de 1 año de tratamiento con ranelato de estroncio se observó incrementode la densidad mineral ósea en columna lumbar:0.953±0.029 versus 0.997±0.030 g/cm2 (p=0.0068),cuello femoral: 0.734±0.013 versus 0.764±0.016 g/cm2 (p=0.0084) y cadera total: 0.821±0.02 versus0.834±0.02 g/cm2 (p=0.0419). Conclusión: luego de1 año de tratamiento el ranelato de estroncio produjoun incremento significativo de la densidad mineralósea en columna lumbar y fémur proximal en hombres con osteoporosis (AU)


Osteoporosis affects 6-7% of the male population. The proportion of patients with fragility fractures but without diagnosis of the disease is high. Mortality after hip fracture is higherin men than in women; in spite of this, mostpatients are left without treatment for osteoporosis. Drugs approved, for the treatment ofosteoporosis in our country are bisphosphonates, teriparatide, and strontium ranelate (SrR).The objective of this study was to evaluate theeffect of SrR on axial BMD in men after one yearof treatment. We obtained pertinent data frommedical registries of 20 men aged 67,8±3,0 years,treated with oral SrR (2 g/day) for 12 months. All patients had a T-score below -2,5 at the hipor the lumbar spine, or a T-score below -2,0and one or more risk factors for fracture. Thelevels of serum calcium, phosphate, alkalinephosphatase, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, or PTH,or urinary calcium and desoxipyridinoline remained unchanged following SrR administration. After treatment with SrR there weresignificant increases in BMD at the lumbarspine: 0,953±0,029 versus 0,997±0,030 g/cm2(p=0,0068), femoral neck: 0,734±0,013 versus 0,764±0,016 g/cm2 (p=0.0084), and total hip: 0,821±0,02 versus 0,834±0,02 g/cm2(p=0,0419). Conclusion: in osteoporotic men,treatment with SrR significantly increases BMDin the lumbar spine and the proximal femur (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Osteoporosis/therapy , Spine/drug effects , Spine/pathology , Bone Density , Men's Health , Femur/drug effects , Femur/pathology
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