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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 258-262, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251341

ABSTRACT

Abstract Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are a common type of fracture and affect a significant number of subjects with osteoporosis. Despite the high fracture risk, the concomitant occurrence of vertebral fractures at non-contiguous levels is very rare. We report the case of a patient with three burst dorsolumbar spine fractures at non-contiguous levels who was treated with percutaneous kyphoplasty and transpedicular posterior fixation. Six months after the surgery, the patient walks autonomously and without pain; in addition, there is no radiological evidence of fracture reduction loss.


Resumo As fraturas vertebrais osteoporóticas são um tipo comum de fratura e afetam um número significativo da população com osteoporose. Apesar do elevado risco de fratura, a ocorrência concomitante de fraturas vertebrais em níveis não contíguos é muito rara. Reportamos o caso de uma paciente com três fraturas explosivas da coluna dorsolombar em níveis não contíguos, tratada com cifoplastia e fixação posterior transpedicular por via percutânea. Seis meses após a cirurgia, a paciente tem marcha autônoma, sem dor, e, radiologicamente, não existem evidências de perda de redução das fraturas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/surgery , Spinal Fractures , Fractures, Bone , Osteoporotic Fractures , Kyphoplasty , Fracture Fixation
2.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e300, Jan.-Mar. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149794

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hip fracture is one of the major public healthcare problems in elderly patients around the world, mainly because of the risk of falls and osteoporosis which are typical during this stage of life, and may be the cause for up to 36% of deaths among those affected. Its management in principle is surgical and the best results are achieved with patients undergoing surgery during the first 24 to 72 hours after the fracture. Any delays in surgery are mostly associated with decompensated personal pathological factors, delays in perioperative assessment, or in presurgical complementary tests; sometimes, the delays are the result of administrative formalities of the healthcare providers. These determining factors may affect both morbidity and mortality, and contribute to functional decline, disability, and reduced quality of life of these patients. A third party intervention is then necessary to improve the preventable factors that delay the osteosynthesis in these types of fractures, in addition to ensuring education, infrastructure, inputs, skilled human resources, and prompt referral of patients from the first level of care. Investigating this scenario and assessing the quality of life impact on these patients should be a priority.


Resumen La fractura de cadera representa uno de los problemas de salud pública más grandes en los pacientes ancianos en todo el mundo, principalmente, por el riesgo de caídas y la osteoporosis típicos en esta etapa de la vida, que puede causar la muerte de hasta el 36 % de los afectados; su manejo es en principio quirúrgico y los mejores resultados se presentan cuando se interviene en las primeras 24 a 72 horas después de la fractura. El retraso en la corrección quirúrgica está asociado principalmente a factores patológicos personales no compensados, demora en la valoración perioperatoria o en los estudios complementarios prequirúrgicos, o por trámites administrativos de las empresas prestadoras de servicios de salud. Estos determinantes pueden afectar la morbimortalidad y contribuir a un deterioro funcional, incapacidad y pérdida de la calidad de vida de estos pacientes. Se hace necesaria una intervención por parte de terceros para mejorar los factores prevenibles que retrasan la osteosíntesis de este tipo de fracturas; además, asegurar educación, infraestructura, insumos, talento humano capacitado y remisión rápida de pacientes desde el primer nivel de atención. Investigar en este escenario y evaluar los efectos en la calidad de vida de estos pacientes debería ser una prioridad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Time-to-Treatment , Hip Fractures , Quality of Life , Mortality , Fractures, Bone , Osteoporotic Fractures , Intraoperative Complications
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a three-dimensional finite element model of osteoporosis and to study the stiffness recovery of injured vertebrae and stress analysis of adjacent vertebrae after percutaneous vertebroplasty under different perfusion and distribution conditions by simulating fluid flow into the vertebral body.@*METHODS@#A male healthy volunteer was selected. CT scans were performed from T@*RESULTS@#(1) The VonMises stress of T@*CONCLUSION@#Reliable biomechanical model of lumbar vertebral fracture can be established by using CT scanning data through software simulation. Vertebral fracture and vertebroplasty will cause biomechanical changes of adjacent vertebral bodies. With the increase of bone cement injection, the influence of biomechanical changes will increase significantly. Neighbouring vertebral fractures are more likely. For this experiment, percutaneous vertebroplasty has a suitable amount of cement injection of 4 ml.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
4.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1151190

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Teriparatida, comparada a bifosfonados orais ou Raloxifeno. Indicação: prevenção de fraturas em pessoas com osteoporose. Pergunta: A Teriparatida é mais eficaz e segura que os bifosfonados orais ou o Raloxifeno para tratamento da osteoporose e prevenção de fraturas secundárias à osteoporose? Métodos: Levantamento bibliográfico foi realizado na base de dados PUBMED, seguindo estratégias de buscas predefinidas. Foi feita avaliação da qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas com a ferramenta Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews version 2 (AMSTAR-2). Resultados: Foram selecionadas 2 revisões sistemáticas, que atendiam aos critérios de inclusão. Conclusão: Para a população em geral com osteoporose, a Teriparatida evita mais fraturas vertebrais que o Alendronato de sódio ou Risedronato de sódio, mas efeito similar para fraturas não vertebrais. Teriparatida previne mais fraturas vertebrais e não vertebrais que Raloxifeno. Teriparatida tem maior efeito sobre a massa óssea corporal que o Risedronato de sódio e o Raloxifeno, mas tem efeito similar ao Alendronato de sódio. Na população masculina com osteoporose, a terapia com bifosfonados orais é mais eficaz que suplementação nutricional ou placebo para prevenir fraturas. Já o tratamento com Teriparatida não é mais eficaz que a suplementação nutricional ou placebo


Teriparatide compared to oral bisphosphonates or Raloxifene. Indication: prevention of fractures in people with osteoporosis. Question: Is Teriparatide more effective and safer than oral bisphosphonates or Raloxifene for treating osteoporosis and preventing fractures secondary to osteoporosis? Methods: Bibliographic survey was carried out in the PUBMED database, following predefined search strategies. Evaluation of the methodological quality of systematic reviews was carried out using the tool Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews version 2 (AMSTAR-2). Results: Two systematic reviews were selected, which met the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: For the general population with osteoporosis, Teriparatide prevents more vertebral fractures than Alendronate or Risedronate sodium, but has similar effect for non-vertebral fractures. Teriparatide prevents more vertebral and non-vertebral fractures than Raloxifene. Teriparatide has a greater effect on body bone mass than Risedronate sodium and Raloxifene, but it has a similar effect to Alendronate sodium. In the male population with osteoporosis, oral bisphosphonates is more effective than nutritional supplementation or placebo to prevent fractures. Treatment with teriparatide is no more effective than nutritional supplementation or placebo


Subject(s)
Humans , Teriparatide/therapeutic use , Raloxifene Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Osteoporotic Fractures/drug therapy , Efficacy , Spinal Fractures/drug therapy , Alendronate/therapeutic use , Evidence-Based Medicine , Risedronic Acid/therapeutic use , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Hip Fractures/drug therapy
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2564-2572, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921186

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although there are few studies mentioned there may be some relationship between psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and osteoporosis, clinical data in real world still need to be clarified in China. The aim of this study was to assess the areal and volumetric bone mineral density (BMD), frequency of fracture, and risk factors in patients with PsA.@*METHODS@#A total of one hundred PsA patients who visited Peking University First Hospital and one hundred age- and sex-matched healthy controls with DXA data were enrolled in the study. Patients with clinical fractures confirmed by X-ray during follow-up were also recorded. Clinical characteristics of the patients were recorded and compared between the abnormal BMD group and the normal BMD group, as well as between the fracture and non-fracture groups. Risk factors for fracture and low BMD were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Mean BMD at the total hip and femoral neck was significantly lower in PsA patients than that in healthy controls (0.809 ± 0.193 vs. 0.901 ± 0.152 g/cm2, P  = 0.041; 0.780 ± 0.146 vs. 0.865 ± 0.166 g/cm2, P  = 0.037, respectively). Moreover, lumbar spine BMD was negatively correlated with psoriasis duration, swollen joint count and DAS28-CRP (r = -0.503, -0.580, -0.438; P < 0.05). Total hip BMD and femoral neck BMD were negatively correlated with HAQ (r = -0.521, -0.335; P < 0.05). Fractures occurred in 29 patients during the follow-up period. Logistic regression analysis showed that older age (OR 1.132 [95%CI: 1.026-1.248), P < 0.05], higher HAQ score (OR 1.493, 95%CI: 1.214-1.836, P < 0.01), higher disease activity index for psoriatic arthritis (OR 1.033, 95% CI: 1.002-1.679, P < 0.05) and hip joint involvement (OR 6.401, 95% CI: 4.012-44.180, P < 0.05) were risk factors for fracture in the multivariate model.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased risks of osteoporosis and fracture were found in PsA patients compared to healthy controls. Besides age, high disease activity and hip joint involvement were risk factors for decreased BMD and fracture.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Aged , Arthritis, Psoriatic/complications , Bone Density , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporotic Fractures , Risk Factors
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the methods and efficacy of unilateral extra-pedicle precision puncture percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP) by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 68 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures treated from August 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 20 males and 48 females, aged 56 to 90(73.5±8.0) years, 40 cases of double segments, 28 cases of three segments, a total of 168 vertebrae. All the patients were performed PVP orPKP through unilateral extra pedicle precision puncture under the guidance of DSA. The vertebrae were distributed in T@*RESULTS@#All the punctures were successful in 68 patients. All the puncture needles reached the midline of vertebral body, and the bone cement was well dispersed in the vertebral body with symmetrical distribution. The operation time was 35 to 60 (41.6±3.2) minutes, and there was no puncture complications. The injection volume of bone cement was 3 to 5 (3.6±0.5) ml in each vertebra. There were 8 cases of bone cement leakage, with a leakage rate of 11.76%. All 68 patients were followed up from 12 to 27 (14.3±3.5) months in the study. VAS score and ODI at 3 days after surgery and at final follow-up time were significantly improved (@*CONCLUSION@#PVP or PKP under the guidance of DSA via a unilateral extrapedicular approach with precision puncture can effectively relieve pain, restore vertebral body height and spinal function, which is a safe, fast and effective method in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors of vertebral refracture after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for osteoprotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), and to provide reference for clinical prevention.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 228 OVCFs patients who met the inclusion criteria admitted from November 6, 2013 to December 14, 2018. There were 35 males and 193 females, with a male-to-female ratio of 3∶20, and aged 58 to 91 years with an average of (69.70±7.03) years. All patients were treated with PKP and had complete clinical data. According to whether refracture occurred after operation, they were divided into refracture group (24 cases) and non refracture group (204 cases). Factors that may be related to refracture (including gender, age, surgical segment, number of vertebral bodies in the surgical segment, whether combined with degenerative scoliosis, whether anti-osteoporosis treatment) were included in the univariate analyses, and the single factor analysis of statistically significant risk factors was carried out with multiple Logistic regression analysis to further clarify the independent risk factors for vertebral body refracture after PKP. Survival analysis was performed using the time of vertebral refracture after PKP as the end time of follow up, the occurrence of refracture after PKP as the endpoint event, and the presence or absence of degenerative lateral curvature as a variable factor.@*RESULTS@#All 228 patients were followed up for 1.8 to 63.6 months with an average of (28.8±15.6) months, and the refracture rate was 10.5%(24/228). There were statistically significant differences between two groups in age, number of operative vertebral bodies, whether combinedwith degenerative scoliosis and whether anti osteoporosis treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Combined scoliosis is an independent risk factor for refracture after OVCFs vertebroplasty, and it is also a possible high-risk factor for refracture after surgery.


Subject(s)
Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebral Body
8.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 308-314, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886404

ABSTRACT

@#OBJECTIVES: This study is a retrospective cohort that aims to describe the profile of orthopedic geriatric patients aged 60 years old and above with acute hip fractures occurring within one month of admission in the Philippine General Hospital managed by a multidisciplinary team approach. METHODS: Data collection from the database was done to gather information regarding the patient profile, time to surgery, causes for delay in consultation, length of hospital stay, and follow-up rate, since this model was implemented. RESULTS: Overall, we saw a decrease in the time from admission to surgery and a decrease in the length of hospital stay, when compared to previous data. Follow-up rates and compliance to maintenance medication are at 96% and 72% respectively. CONCLUSION: The implementation of a multidisciplinary approach and fracture liaison service presents us with favorable results in addressing hip fractures and osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Orthopedics , Osteoporotic Fractures , Geriatrics , Interdisciplinary Research , Osteoporosis , Orthopedic Procedures
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878713

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of sarcopenia on the efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)in the treatment of osteoporotic spinal compression fracture(OSCF)in elderly patients. Methods From February 2017 to June 2018,a total of 77 elderly patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this study.Grip strength of dominant hand was measured by an electronic grip dynamometer with cut-off values of 27 kg for males and 16 kg for females.The cross-sectional area of the pedicle level muscle of the 12th thoracic vertebra(T12)was measured by chest CT.The skeletal muscle index(SMI)was calculated by dividing the T12 pedicle level muscle cross-sectional area by the square of body height.The SMI cut-off value used to diagnose sarcopenia was 42.6 cm


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia/complications , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880369

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Fujiwara-kyo Osteoporosis Risk in Men (FORMEN) study was launched to investigate risk factors for osteoporotic fractures, interactions of osteoporosis with other non-communicable chronic diseases, and effects of fracture on QOL and mortality.@*METHODS@#FORMEN baseline study participants (in 2007 and 2008) included 2012 community-dwelling men (aged 65-93 years) in Nara prefecture, Japan. Clinical follow-up surveys were conducted 5 and 10 years after the baseline survey, and 1539 and 906 men completed them, respectively. Supplemental mail, telephone, and visit surveys were conducted with non-participants to obtain outcome information. Survival and fracture outcomes were determined for 2006 men, with 566 deaths identified and 1233 men remaining in the cohort at 10-year follow-up.@*COMMENTS@#The baseline survey covered a wide range of bone health-related indices including bone mineral density, trabecular microarchitecture assessment, vertebral imaging for detecting vertebral fractures, and biochemical markers of bone turnover, as well as comprehensive geriatric assessment items. Follow-up surveys were conducted to obtain outcomes including osteoporotic fracture, cardiovascular diseases, initiation of long-term care, and mortality. A complete list of publications relating to the FORMEN study can be found at https://www.med.kindai.ac.jp/pubheal/FORMEN/Publications.html .


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Density , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cohort Studies , Geriatric Assessment , Humans , Independent Living , Japan/epidemiology , Long-Term Care/statistics & numerical data , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporotic Fractures/etiology , Risk Factors
11.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(5/6): 430-440, sept.-dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224135

ABSTRACT

La fractura osteoporótica es una entidad clínica que afecta seriamente la calidad y expectativa de vida del paciente, agregándose un impacto socioeconómico elevado, superando incluso a los gastos de patologías como el infarto agudo de miocardio, accidente cerebrovascular y cáncer de mama, y cuya incidencia y prevalencia va en aumento a medida que la población mundial envejece. La gran mayoría de los casos cursan inadvertidos y sub diagnosticados, dejando a tres de cuatro pacientes, sin tratamiento y expuestos a nuevos eventos. El foco mundial en los países desarrollados como estrategia de enfrentamiento de esta patología endémica ha sido el de la prevención, vale decir medicina primaria. Sin embargo, una vez diagnosticada la fractura osteoporótica, no existe consenso en el tipo de tratamiento óptimo, así como sus plazos en estos pacientes. La mayoría de las guías internacionales y los trabajos publicados, presentan diferencias en el manejo de esta lesión.


The osteoporotic fracture is a clinical entity that seriously affects the quality and life expectancy of the patient, adding a high socioeconomic impact, even exceeding the expenses of pathologies such as acute myocardial stroke, vascular cerebral stroke and breast cancer, and whose incidence and prevalence is increasing as the world population ages. The vast majority of cases are non-diagnosed, leaving three of four patients with non treatment at all. The target in developed countries as a strategy to confront this endemic pathology has been prevention, or, primary medicine. However, once the osteoporotic fracture is diagnosed, there is no consensus on the type of optimal treatment, as well as its deadlines in these patients. The majority of international guidelines and published articles show differences in the management and treatment of this fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Spinal Fractures/diagnosis , Spinal Fractures/therapy , Osteoporotic Fractures/diagnosis , Osteoporotic Fractures/therapy , Spinal Fractures/classification , Osteoporotic Fractures/classification
12.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 31(3): 57-67, set. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1149677

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas vertebrales son una de las fracturas más comunes relacionadas a la fragilidad ósea y son causa de morbilidad importante. Sin embargo la epidemiología de las fracturas vertebrales difiere de las fracturas osteoporóticas en otros sitios esqueléticos, ya que solo una tercera parte de las fracturas vertebrales son reconocidas clínicamente y detectadas al realizar una metodología de imagen apropiada, ya que un alto porcentaje presenta FV asintomáticas, las cuales no son detectadas hasta realizar una radiografía simple de columna dorso-lumbar. Por otro lado la identificación de una fractura vertebral como aguda o crónica, benigna o maligna, hace que el médico tratante presente diferentes estrategias terapéuticas. El objetivo de este artículo de revisión es dar al lector información sobre la epidemiología, los costos, los tipos de fracturas vertebrales, que ocurre con las fracturas vertebrales en las enfermedades reumatológicas, como realizar una evaluación radiográfica de las fracturas vertebrales, la identificación acorde a las diferentes metodologías por imagen, y como es el tratamiento adecuado de las mismas.


Vertebral fractures are one of the most common fractures associated with skeletal fragility and can cause as much morbidity. However, the epidemiology of vertebral fractures differs from that of osteoporotic fractures at other skeletal sites in important ways, largely because only one-third of vertebral fractures are recognized clinically at the time of their occurrence and they require lateral spine imaging to be recognized. In otherwise the identification of vertebral fractures as acute or chronic, benign or malignant, is important for the physician to apply the more appropriate treatment. The objective of this paper is review points as epidemiology, cost, types of vertebral fractures, what happens in rheumatological diseases, the importance of different imaging technique, and review the more appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fractures , Spine , Therapeutics , Diagnosis , Fractures, Bone , Osteoporotic Fractures
13.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(3): 155-160, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251653

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La herramienta FRAX ha sido validada y adaptada a diferentes países, cubriendo a casi el 80% de la población mundial, incluido Ecuador, donde fue adaptada en 2009. El objetivo de este estudio fue elaborar curvas de evaluación e intervención basadas en FRAX Ecuador. Métodos: Utilizando el modelo FRAX Ecuador, calculamos la probabilidad de fractura osteoporótica mayor y fractura de cadera femenina sin ningún factor de riesgo y sin la inclusión de DMO. Las probabilidades se calcularon en intervalos de 5 años de 40 a 90 años. Las probabilidades de fractura mayor y de cadera se calcularon en 3 escenarios diferentes: 1. Historia de fractura previa sin la inclusión de DMO, 2. T-Score de -2,5 SD sin otros factores de riesgo clínico, 3. T-Score -1,5 SD sin otros factores de riesgo clínico. Resultados: En mujeres sin factores de riesgo, la probabilidad de fractura osteoporótica mayor aumentó con la edad del 0,4% a los 40 años al 7,3% a los 90 años. La probabilidad de fractura de cadera aumentó con la edad de 0% a los 40 años a 3,6% a los 90 anos. La probabilidad de fractura osteoporótica mayor aumentó en mujeres con un puntaje T de -2,5 SD de 0,9% a los 40 años a 5,5% a los 90 años; con puntaje T de -1,5 DE, de 0,6% a los 40 años a 3,9% a los 90 anos. Conclusión: Los datos muestran la importancia de aplicar herramientas como FRAX, específicas para cada país y también la creación de curvas de evaluación e intervención que permitan discernir según cada paciente la necesidad de utilizar recursos como DXA y tratamientos específicos.


ABSTRACT Introduction: FRAX has been validated and adapted to different countries, covering almost 80% of the world's population, including Ecuador where it was adapted in 2009. The purpose of this study is to elaborate evaluation and intervention curves based on FRAX Ecuador. Methods: Using the FRAX Ecuador model, we calculated the probability of a major osteoporotic fracture and a female hip fracture without any risk factor and without the inclusion of BMD. The probabilities were calculated in 5-year intervals from 40 to 90 years. The probabilities of major fractures and hip fractures were calculated in 3 different scenarios: 1. History of previous fracture without the inclusion of BMD, 2. T score -2.5 SD without other clinical risk factors, 3. T score -1.5 SD without other clinical risk factors. Results: In women without risk factors, the probability of a major osteoporotic fracture increased with age from 0.4% at 40 years to 7.3% at 90 years. The probability of hip fracture increased with age from 0% at 40 years to 3.6% at 90 years. The probability of a major osteoporotic fracture increased in women with a T score of -2.5 SD from 0.9% at 40 years to 5.5% at 90 years; with a T-score of -1.5 SD, from 0.6% at 40 years to 3.9% at 90 years. Conclusion: Data shows the importance of applying tools such as FRAX, specific for each country and also the creation of evaluation and intervention curves that allow discerning according to each patient the need for the use of resources such as DXA and specific treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Hip Fractures , Osteoporosis , Risk Factors , Fractures, Bone
14.
Actual. osteol ; 16(2): [104]-[115], mayo.-ago. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129698

ABSTRACT

La fosfatasa alcalina baja o hipofosfatasemia, ya sea debida a causas genéticas (hipofosfatasia) o secundarias, presenta correlato clínico. Nuestro objetivo es estimar la prevalencia de hipofosfatasemia crónica persistente y describir sus hallazgos osteometabólicos. Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica de afiliados adultos al Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, entre 2013 y 2017, con al menos 2 determinaciones de fosfatasa alcalina igual a 30 UI/l o menor y ninguna mayor de 30 UI/l (rango de referencia 30-100 UI/l). Se excluyeron aquellos con causas secundarias diagnosticadas y se analizaron los correlatos clínico y bioquímico. Se detectó hipofosfatasemia crónica persistente en 78 de 105.925, 0,07% (0,06-0,09) de los afiliados. Solo uno fue excluido por tener causa secundaria. Eran 61,1% mujeres de 44 (34-56) años, fosfatasa alcalina 24 (20-27) UI/L, fosfatemia 4,1 (3,8-4,6) mg/dl. Se observaron osteoartritis, calcificaciones vasculares y fracturas, menos frecuentemente litiasis renal, calcificación del ligamento longitudinal común anterior, pérdida dental y convulsiones. El 63,6% tenían al menos una de las características clínico-radiológicas evaluadas, pero en solo 5,2% fue mencionado el diagnóstico de hipofosfatasemia en la historia clínica. La densitometría evidenció algún grado de afección (osteopenia u osteoporosis) en 76,2%. Se constataron 19 fracturas, con predominio en radio. La prevalencia de hipofosfatasemia fue similar a lo previamente reportado. El reconocimiento fue bajo; sin embargo, se observaron variadas manifestaciones músculo-esqueléticas, similares a las descriptas en la hipofosfatasia del adulto, por lo cual ­ante una hipofosfatasemia sin causa secundaria­ se sugiere considerar este diagnóstico. (AU)


Low alkaline phosphatase (ALP) or hypophosphatasemia either due to genetic (hypophosphatasia) or secondary causes, presents a clinical correlate. Our objectives are to estimate the prevalence of persistent hypophosphatasemia and to describe the clinical findings. We performed a search using the electronic medical records of the members of the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires health care system, between 2013 and 2017. Adult members with ≥ 2 ALP ≤ 30 IU/l, no ALP >30 IU/l (normal range 30-100 UI/l) and without diagnosed secondary causes were analyzed. Persistent hypophosphatasemia was detected in 78 of 105.925, 0.07% (0.06-0.09) of members. Only one was excluded due to a secondary cause, 61.1% were women, 44 (34-56) year-old, ALP 24 (20-27) IU/l and phosphatemia 4.1 (3.8-4.6) mg/dl. Osteoarthritis, vascular calcifications and fractures were detected, and nephrolithiasis, DISH (Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis), tooth loss, and seizures were less frequently observed. At least one of the mentioned characteristics were present in 63.6 %, but only 5.2% had hypophosphatasemia registered in their clinical record. Densitometry showed osteopenia or osteoporosis in 76.2%. There were 19 fractures, most of them in radius. The prevalence of hypophosphatasemia was similar to what has been previously reported. Hypophosphatasemia finding in medical records was low, but far from being asymptomatic, clinical manifestations were observed. In the presence of hypophosphatasemia without a secondary cause, adult hypophosphatasia should be uspected. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Hypophosphatasia/etiology , Osteoporosis/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Density , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypophosphatemia/diagnosis , Hypophosphatemia/etiology , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Alkaline Phosphatase/deficiency , Alkaline Phosphatase/physiology , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Osteoporotic Fractures/etiology , Hypophosphatasia/diagnosis , Hypophosphatasia/genetics
15.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): e265, ene.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139104

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La osteoporosis es la enfermedad ósea más común de los adultos mayores y constituye un importante problema de salud pública en todo el mundo. Objetivo: Actualizar algunos conceptos sobre osteoporosis y su tratamiento. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de publicaciones entre 2010-2020 en inglés, con los términos: "osteoporosis", "tratamiento de la osteoporosis", "fracturas por osteoporosis". Resultados: La osteoporosis tiene gran impacto no solamente desde el ámbito clínico, sino también económico y social. Su tratamiento incluye medidas generales y el empleo de diversos grupos de fármacos. La posibilidad de fracturas por fragilidad en muñeca, columna y cadera es considerable lo que determina morbilidad y mortalidad elevadas(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease in aged adults and it constitutes a major public health problem throughout the world. Objective: To update concepts on osteoporosis and treatment. Methods: A review of publications from 2010 to 2020 in English was carried out, using the terms "osteoporosis", "treatment of osteoporosis", "osteoporosis fractures". Results: Osteoporosis has great impact not only clinically, but economically and socially as well. Its treatment includes general measures and the use of various groups of drugs. The possibility of fragility fractures in the wrist, spine and hip is significant, which determines high morbidity and mortality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis/therapy , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Osteoporotic Fractures/prevention & control
16.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 36(1): e1089, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1099073

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La medición del Fracture Risk Assessment Tool - FRAX® es útil en Atención Primaria de Salud para evaluar el riesgo de fractura. Objetivo: Determinar el riesgo de fractura osteoporótica en adultos mayores. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, con una muestra de 54 adultos pertenecientes al grupo Club Nueva Vida de la Ciudad de Tunja, primer semestre de 2018, seleccionados por medio de un muestreo no probabilístico a conveniencia. Se empleó la herramienta FRAX®, propuesta por la Organización Mundial de la Salud y se realizó un análisis estadístico con el Chi2 de Pearson y la Razón de Prevalencia. Resultados: El factor de riesgo con mayor presencia fue la osteoporosis secundaria en 51,9 por ciento, donde 13 por ciento reporta FRAX®+ para probabilidad a 10 años de fractura mayor osteoporótica y 14,8 por ciento obtuvo FRAX®+ para probabilidad a 10 años de fractura de cadera sin densitometría ósea. Conclusiones: El FRAX®, es una herramienta útil en la prevención de problemas de salud resultado de fracturas que conllevan a alteraciones en la capacidad funcional y el movimiento(AU)


Introduction: The measurement of the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool - FRAX® is useful in primary healthcare for assessing the risk of fracture. Objective: To determine the risk of osteoporotic fracture in older adults. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out, with a sample of 54 adults belonging to the Club Nueva Vida group of the City of Tunja, first semester of 2018, selected by means of a nonprobabilistic sampling at convenience. The FRAX® tool, proposed by the World Health Organization, was used, and statistical analysis was performed with Pearson's Chi2 and the prevalence ratio. Results: The risk factor with the highest presence was secondary osteoporosis in 51.9 percent, where 13 percent reported FRAX® + for a 10-year probability of major osteoporotic fracture and 14.8 percent obtained FRAX®+ for a 10-year probability of hip fracture without bone densitometry. Conclusions: FRAX® is a useful tool in the prevention of health problems resulting from fractures that lead to alterations in functional capacity and movement(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Body Mass Index , Health of the Elderly , Risk Factors , Densitometry/methods , Osteoporotic Fractures/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
17.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 39(1): 53-65, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119458

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar mulheres do interior do Piauí sobre os fatores de risco para a osteoporose. Método: Estudo transversal, descritivo, de abordagem quantitativa realizado com 90 mulheres, entre junho de 2018 a junho de 2019, com dados coletados através de formulário adaptado da ferramenta Fracture Risk Assessement Tool e análise descritiva dos dados. Resultados: O intervalo etário variou de 40 e prevalecendo pessoas com ensino fundamental incompleto (27,8%), com renda entre 1 a 2 salários Mínimos (41,1%). Dentre os fatores de risco para osteoporose destacou-se histórico familiar (37,8%), menopausa precoce (38,9%), frequência de fraturas após quedas (33,3%), sedentarismo (47,8%), uso de corticoides (62,2%), dentre outros. Conclusão: O estudo corrobora com conhecimentos sobre a doença que acomete sobretudo mulheres idosas e na idade adulta, vinculando conhecimento a esse público. Aos profissionais de saúde corrobora com informações que ocasionam melhorias de suas práticas assistenciais.


Objective: To characterize women from the interior of Piauí about risk factors for osteoporosis. Method: Cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative approach study conducted with 90 women, from June 2018 to June 2019, with data collected through a form adapted from the Fracture Risk Assessement Tool and descriptive data analysis. Results: The age range ranged from 40 to 79 years, prevailing people with incomplete elementary school (27.8%), with income between 1 and 2 minimum wages (41.1%). Among the risk factors for osteoporosis were family history (37.8%), early menopause (38.9%), fracture frequency after falls (33.3%), sedentary lifestyle (47.8%), use of corticosteroids (62.2%), among others. Conclusion: The study corroborates with knowledge about the disease that affects mainly elderly and adult women, linking knowledge to this public. Health professionals corroborate information that causes improvements in their care practices


Subject(s)
Osteoporotic Fractures , Osteoporosis , Women's Health
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827251

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation(PPSF) combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of Genant Ⅲ degree osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The hospitalized 83 patients with Genant Ⅲ degree OVCFs treated by PPSF combined with PVP from June 2015 to June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and 83 patients treated by PVP alone from January 2013 to June 2016 were randomly selected as the control group. There were 19 males and 64 females with an average age of (73.6±11.0) years in combined group with treatment of PPSF and PVP. There were 15 malesand 68 females with an average age of (75.5±10.6) years in control group. The anterior edge height of the vertebral body and Cobb angle before operation, 1 day, and 6, 12, 24 months after operation were compared between two groups. Visual analogue scale(VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to assess the pain level and daily lumbar dysfunction for patients, respectively. The complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#The follow-up time of all patients was more than 2 years. The combined group and control group were (24.3±10.2) months and (27.5±14.8) months, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in the anterior edge height of the vertebral body and Cobb angle at 1 day after surgery between two groups (>0.05), and there were statistically significant differences at 6, 12, 24 months after surgery between two groups (<0.01). The difference in ODI and VAS scores at 6 and 12 months after operation between two groups was statistically significant (<0.05). Postoperative complications incontrol group were higher than those in the combined group.@*CONCLUSION@#PPSF combined with PVP for the treatment of Genant Ⅲ degree OVCFs is superior to PVP alone in terms of vertebral height loss, patient satisfaction, and complications.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827250

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 regimen in percutaneous vertebroplasty for multi-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures(OVCFs).@*METHODS@#This study was a retrospective control study. A total of 364 patients with OVCFs who were admitted to our spinal surgery department from January 2014 to January 2017 were selected as the study subjects. According to whether zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 was used to treat osteoporosis after surgery, the patients were divided into control group and experimental group. Among them, 257 patients in the control group were treated with calcium carbonate and vitamin D regimen, while 107 patients in the experimental group were treated with zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 regimen on the basis of the control group. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to evaluate the clinical effect. Pre- and post-operative bone mineral density of lumbar spine and proximal femur, vertebral height ratio of responsible vertebral body and Cobb angle of vertebral body were observed by image data. Serological indicators related to bone metabolism were detected by laboratory. The complications such as fever, dizziness, osteoarthritis, muscular and soft tissue pain and adjacent vertebral re-fracture were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in general data between the two groups (0.05);VAS score in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group 1 month, 3 months and 1 year after operation(0.05), and at the 24 hours, 3 months, 1 year after operation, the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group (0.05). The vertebral height ratio of the responsible vertebral body in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group and Cobb angle in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group at 3 months and 1 year after operation (0.05), but at 3 months and 1 year after operation, the bone mineral density of lumbar spine and proximal femur in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group (0.05). At 1 year after operation the total type I collagen amino-terminal elongation peptide and β-collagen degradation products in experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group (<0.05), but the 25-hydroxyvitamin D operation in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group(<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications such as fever, dizziness, osteoarthritis, muscle and soft tissue pain and adjacent vertebral re-fracture in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Zoledronic acid injection combined with vitamin K2 regimen can be used for anti-osteoporosis treatment of OVCFs vertebroplasty. It has a definite curative effect and a high safety factor. It is worth popularizing.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty , Vitamin K 2 , Zoledronic Acid
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of vertebral body stent (VBS) system and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) combined with zoledronic acid for the treatment of severely osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 48 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures treated from December 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 13 males and 35 females, aged 55 to 92 years old with an average (71.2±10.5) years. All patients were treated with VBS system PKP surgery, and zoledronic acid injection was used for anti-osteoporosis treatment after operation. The VAS scores ODI, the height of diseasedvertebral lost were compared before operation, 3 d and half a year after operation, and whether there was re-fracture of diseased or adjacent vertevrae after operation was observed.@*RESULTS@#Before operation, 3 d and half a year after operation, VAS scores were 7.60±0.12, 3.00±0.46, 1.20±0.23, ODI were(82.00±0.32)%, (30.00±1.50) %, (18.00±0.16) %, the height of diseased vertebral lost were (12.00±0.43) mm, (3.00± 0.15) mm, (3.60±0.51) mm respectively. Postoperative VAS score, ODI, the height of diseased vertebral lost were obviously improved (0.05). All the 48 patients were followed up with an average time of (6.6±0.5) months. All the incisions healed at grade A after operation, and no re-fracture of diseased vertebrae or adjacent vertebrae was found at the final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#VBS system and PKP combined with zoledronic acid in the treatment of OVCFs not only may effectively relieve the pain in the thoracolumbar back, improve the mobility of the thoracolumbar, but also can restore the height of the vertebral body to the maximum extent, and prevent the re-fracture of the affected vertebrae and adjacent vertebrae, which is worthy to spread in clinic.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Zoledronic Acid
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