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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 559-564, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981732

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognostic value and mechanism of long non-coding RNA DLEU1(LncRNA DLEU1) in osteosarcoma.@*METHODS@#The tissue samples and clinical data of 86 patients with osteosarcoma treated by orthopaedic surgery in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2014 were retrospectively collected. The expression of LncRNA DLEU1 in pathological tissues was detected by qRT-PCR, then the patients were divided into high and low expression of LncRNA DLEU1 groups. Osteosarcoma cell line HOS was divided into two groups, down-regulated expression group (si-DLEU1 group) and negative control group (si-NC group). LncRNA DLEU1 siRNA and negative control sequence were transfected by Lipofectamine 3000. Chi-square test was used to analyze the relationship between the expression of LncRNA DLEU1 and the clinicopathological factors of osteosarcoma. Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the difference of the overall survival rate of osteosarcoma patients between the high and low expression groups of LncRNA DLEU1. The risk factors affecting the overall survival rate of osteosarcoma were analyzed by single factor and multifactor analysis. The number of invasive cells in the two groups was determined and compared by Transwell assay.@*RESULTS@#The expression of LncRNA DLEU1 in osteosarcoma tissue was higher than that in adjacent tissues (P<0.001). The expression of LncRNA DLEU1 in human osteosarcoma cell lines (MG-63, U-2 OS, and HOS) was significantly higher than that in human osteoblast line hFOB 1.19 (P<0.001). The expression of LncRNA DLEU1 was significantly correlated with Enneking stage (P<0.001), distant metastasis (P=0.016), and histological grade (P=0.028). The 1-year overall survival rate of the LncRNA DLEU1 high expression group was significantly higher than that of the low expression group (90.7% vs 60.5%, P<0.001). The 5-year overall survival rate of the LncRNA DLEU1 high expression group was significantly higher than that of the low expression group (32.6% vs 11.6%, P<0.001). Univariate analysis showed that Enneking stage (P<0.001), tumor size (P=0.043), distant metastasis (P<0.001), histological grade (P<0.001), and expression of LncRNA DLEU1 (P<0.001) were risk factors for overall survival of osteosarcoma patients. Multivariate analysis showed that high expression of LncRNA DLEU1 [HR=1.948, 95% CI(1.141, 3.641), P=0.012] and distant metastasis[HR=4.108, 95% CI(2.169, 7.780), P<0.001] were independent risk factors for overall survival of osteosarcoma patients. The number of invasive cells in si-DLEU1 group was significantly lesser than that in si-NC group(139±13 vs 357±31, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#High expression of LncRNA DLEU1 is a molecular marker affecting the prognosis of osteosarcoma patients. Downregulation of LncRNA DLEU1 can inhibit the invasion of osteosarcoma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Bone Neoplasms/pathology
2.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 68-75, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971496

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of miR-125b-5p on proliferation and migration of osteosarcoma and the role of RAB3D in mediating this effect.@*METHODS@#The expression level of miR-125b-5p was detected by qRT-PCR in a normal bone cell line (hFOB1.19) and in two osteosarcoma OS cell lines (MG63 and HOS). A miR-125b-5p mimic or inhibitor was transfected in the osteosarcoma cell lines via liposome and the changes in cell proliferation and migration were detected with EDU and Transwell experiments. Bioinformatic analysis was conducted for predicting the target gene of miR-125b-5p, and the expression level of RAB3D in hFOB1.19, MG63, and HOS cells was detected by Western blotting. In the two osteosarcoma cell lines transfected with miR-125b-5p mimic or inhibitor, the expression levels of RAB3D mRNA and protein in osteosarcoma cells were examined with qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The effects of RAB3D overexpression, RAB3D knockdown, or overexpression of both miR-125b-5p and RAB3D on the proliferation and migration of cells were assessed using EDU and Transwell experiments.@*RESULTS@#The two osteosarcoma cell lines had significantly lower expression levels of miR-125b-5p (P < 0.05). Bioinformatic analysis predicted that RAB3D was a possible target gene regulated by miR-125b-5p. In osteosarcoma cells, overexpression of miR-125b-5p significantly lowered the expression of RAB3D protein (P < 0.05); inhibiting miR-125b-5p expression significantly decreased RAB3D expression only at the protein level (P < 0.05) without obviously affecting its mRNA level. Modulation of miR-125b-5p and RAB3D levels produced opposite effects on proliferation and migration of osteosarcoma cells, and in cells with overexpression of both miR-125b-5p and RAB3D, the effect of RAB3D on cell proliferation and migration was blocked by miR-125b-5p overexpression (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Overexpression of miR-125b-5p inhibits the proliferation and migration of osteosarcoma cells by regulating the expression of RAB3D at the post-transcriptional level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics , rab3 GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics , RNA, Messenger
3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 276-280, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928308

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Osteosarcoma(OS) and Ewing's sarcoma (EWS) are the two most common primary malignant bone tumors in children. The aim of the study was to identify key genes in OS and EWS and investigate their potential pathways.@*METHODS@#Expression profiling (GSE16088 and GSE45544) were obtained from GEO DataSets. Differentially expressed genes were identified using GEO2R and key genes involved in the occurrence of both OS and EWS were selected using venn diagram. Gene ontology and pathway enrichment analyses were performed for the ensembl. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were established by STRING. Further, UCSC was used to predict the transcription factors of the cell division cycke 5-like(CDC5L) gene, and GEPIA was used to analyze the correlation between the transcription factors and the CDC5L gene.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that CDC5L gene was the key gene involved in the pathogenesis of OS and EWS. The gene is mainly involved in mitosis, and is related to RNA metabolism, processing of capped intron-containing pre-mRNA, mRNA and pre-mRNA splicing.@*CONCLUSION@#CDC5L, as a key gene, plays a role in development of OS and EWS, which may be reliable targets for diagnosis and treatment of these primary malignant tumors.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Osteosarcoma/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Sarcoma, Ewing/genetics
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9161, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153511

ABSTRACT

Patients with osteosarcoma (OS) usually have poor overall survival because of frequent metastasis. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be associated with tumorigenesis and metastasis. In this study, we investigated the expression and roles of lncRNA human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex P5 (HCP5) in OS, aiming to provide a novel molecular mechanism for OS. HCP5 was up-regulated both in OS tissues and cell lines and high expression of HCP5 was associated to low survival in OS patients. Down-regulation of HCP5 inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, suggesting its carcinogenic role in OS. miR-101 was targeted by HCP5 and its expression was decreased in OS. The inhibitor of miR-101 reversed the impact of HCP5 down-regulation on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and metastasis in OS. Ephrin receptor 7 (EPHA7) was proved to be a target of miR-101 and had ability to recover the effects of miR-101 inhibitor in OS. In conclusion, lncRNA HCP5 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and induced apoptosis through depleting the expression of EPHA7 by binding to miR-101, providing a potential therapeutic strategy of HCP5 in OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Osteosarcoma/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Receptor, EphA7/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(6): e10474, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285667

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma is a highly malignant tumor that occurs in the bone. Previous studies have shown that multiple microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate the development of osteosarcoma. This study aimed to explore the role of miR-629-5p and its target gene, caveolin 1 (CAV1), in osteosarcoma development. To analyze the expression of miR-629-5p and CAV1 mRNA in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines, qRT-PCR analysis was performed. Dual-luciferase reporter experiments were subsequently performed to validate the relationship between CAV1 and miR-629-5p. CCK8 assay was used to measure osteosarcoma cell proliferation, and wound-healing assay was performed to study their migratory phenotype. Our findings revealed that miR-629-5p was overexpressed in osteosarcoma tissues and cells, and thereby enhanced cell proliferation and migration. Further, we validated that miR-629-5p targets CAV1 mRNA directly. CAV1 expression, which was negatively correlated with miR-629-5p expression, was found to be downregulated in osteosarcoma tissue samples. Moreover, our data showed that an increase in CAV1 level led to a decline in osteosarcoma cell proliferation and migration, which could be rescued by miR-629-5p upregulation. Overall, our study confirmed that miR-629-5p promoted osteosarcoma proliferation and migration by directly inhibiting CAV1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Caveolin 1/genetics
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 564-572, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878081

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The pathogenesis of osteosarcoma (OS) is still unclear, and it is still necessary to find new targets and drugs for anti-OS. This study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of the anti-OS effects of miR-296-5p.@*METHODS@#We measured the expression of miR-296-5p in human OS cell lines and tissues. The effect of miR-296-5p and its target gene staphylococcal nuclease and tudor domain containing 1 on proliferation, migration, and invasion of human OS lines was examined. The Student's t test was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#We found that microRNA (miR)-296-5p was significantly downregulated in OS cell lines and tissues (control vs. OS, 1.802 ± 0.313 vs. 0.618 ± 0.235, t = 6.402, P < 0.01). Overexpression of miR-296-5p suppressed proliferation, migration, and invasion of OA cells. SND1 was identified as a target of miR-296-5p by bioinformatic analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assay. Overexpression of SND1 abrogated the effects induced by miR-296-5p upregulation (miRNA-296-5p vs. miRNA-296-5p + SND1, 0.294 ± 0.159 vs. 2.300 ± 0.277, t = 12.68, P = 0.003).@*CONCLUSION@#Our study indicates that miR-296-5p may function as a tumor suppressor by targeting SND1 in OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Endonucleases/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 226-235, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713099

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Long non-coding RNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) is reported to be a vital regulator of the progression of various cancers. This study aimed to explore the exact roles and molecular mechanisms of TUG1 in osteosarcoma (OS) development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR was applied to detect the expressions of TUG1 and microRNA-132-3p (miR-132-3p) in OS tissues and cells. Western blot was performed to measure protein levels of sex determining region Y-box 4 (SOX4). Cell viability was assessed using XTT assay. Cell apoptosis was evaluated using flow cytometry and caspase-3 activity detection assays. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter experiments were employed to confirm relationships among TUG1, miR-132-3p, and SOX4. RESULTS: TUG1 was highly expressed in human OS tissues, OS cell lines, and primary OS cells. TUG1 knockdown hindered proliferation and induced apoptosis in human OS cell lines and primary OS cells. Moreover, TUG1 inhibited miR-132-3p expression by direct interaction, and introduction of miR-132-3p inhibitor partly abrogated the effect of TUG1 knockdown on the proliferation and apoptosis of OS cells. Furthermore, SOX4 was validated as a target of miR-132-3p. Further functional analyses revealed that miR-132-3p inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of OS cells, while this effect was greatly abated following SOX4 overexpression. Moreover, TUG1 knockdown suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis by upregulating miR-132-3p and downregulating SOX4 in primary OS cells. CONCLUSION: TUG1 facilitated proliferation and suppressed apoptosis by regulating the miR-132-3p/SOX4 axis in human OS cell lines and primary OS cells. This finding provides a potential target for OS therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Gene Knockdown Techniques , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , SOXC Transcription Factors/genetics , Transcriptional Activation , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Up-Regulation
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(2): e5793, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839251

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone malignancy, but current therapies are far from effective for all patients. A better understanding of the pathological mechanism of OS may help to achieve new treatments for this tumor. Hence, the objective of this study was to investigate ego modules and pathways in OS utilizing EgoNet algorithm and pathway-related analysis, and reveal pathological mechanisms underlying OS. The EgoNet algorithm comprises four steps: constructing background protein-protein interaction (PPI) network (PPIN) based on gene expression data and PPI data; extracting differential expression network (DEN) from the background PPIN; identifying ego genes according to topological features of genes in reweighted DEN; and collecting ego modules using module search by ego gene expansion. Consequently, we obtained 5 ego modules (Modules 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6) in total. After applying the permutation test, all presented statistical significance between OS and normal controls. Finally, pathway enrichment analysis combined with Reactome pathway database was performed to investigate pathways, and Fisher's exact test was conducted to capture ego pathways for OS. The ego pathway for Module 2 was CLEC7A/inflammasome pathway, while for Module 3 a tetrasaccharide linker sequence was required for glycosaminoglycan (GAG) synthesis, and for Module 6 was the Rho GTPase cycle. Interestingly, genes in Modules 4 and 5 were enriched in the same pathway, the 2-LTR circle formation. In conclusion, the ego modules and pathways might be potential biomarkers for OS therapeutic index, and give great insight of the molecular mechanism underlying this tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling
9.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-51368

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most frequent malignant bone tumor occurring in young patients in the first two decades of life. Metastases are the cause of 90% of cancer deaths for patients with OS. OS of the jaw is rare and aggressive malignancy constitutes approximately 5-13% of all cases of skeletal OS. Chemotherapy plus surgery are the first choice for treatment. AIMS: Because OS cell lines (OCLs) should share a common pathway with primary OS and new drugs are screened in in vitro systems, new insight about the genetic profiling of OCLs is of paramount importance to a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of this rare tumor and detecting a potential target for specific therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SAOS2 and TE85 cell lines were analysed using DNA microarrays containing 19,000 genes. Several genes in which expression was significantly differentially expressed in OCLs vs. normal osteoblast (NO) were detected. RESULTS: The differentially expressed genes cover a broad range of functional activities: (a) cell cycle regulation, (b) cell differentiation, (c) apoptosis, and (d) immunity. CONCLUSION: The reported data can be relevant to a better understanding of the biology of OS and as a model for comparing the effect of drugs used in OS treatment.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/genetics , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, cdc , Humans , Immunity, Cellular/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Osteoblasts/cytology , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Osteosarcoma/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics
10.
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 2006; 10 (1): 39-45
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-76712

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma is a relatively uncommon malignancy; however, it is the most common form of primary malignant bone tumors in human. Diagnosis and prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma is limited to clinico-radiopathological parameters, whereas molecular markers of tumor aggression have been poorly identified. Survivin, an inhibitor of apoptosis [IAP], is unique for its expression in human tumors and fetal tissues but not in non-dividing normal adult cells. It mediates suppression of apoptosis in many cancers including bone tumors, and plays a role in tumor progression and chemotherapy resistance. In the present study, the expression of survivin was evaluated by hemi-nested RT-PCR for amplifiable mRNA extracted from 23 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded [FFPE] specimens of high-grade osteosarcoma as well as 8 non-tumoral bone tissues. Beta2-microglobulin [Beta2m] gene expression was also evaluated, and used as an internal control. Survivin gene expression was detected in 82.6% [19/23] of high-grade osteosarcomas. In contrast, there was no gene expression in non-tumoral bone samples as well as the normal tissues obtained from the margin of some osteosarcoma samples. In conclusion, our data revealed that the expression of survivin is limited to osteosarcoma cells and associated with high-grade malignancies. Therefore, evaluating surviving gene expression might have a potential usefulness in diagnosis and prognosis of bone tumors


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms , Osteosarcoma/pathology , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor , Neoplasm Proteins/isolation & purification , Paraffin Embedding , Formaldehyde , Prognosis
11.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : 255-260, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201935

ABSTRACT

Sec13p has been known as an endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi transport protein. Recently, it has also been shown to be required for the formation of septation in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. In the present study, we focused on the role of a human homolog of Saccharomyces cerevisiae SEC13, Sec13 protein during mitosis in U2OS cells. We found that the expression of Sec13 was constant throughout the cell cycle, and localized to the kinetochores at metaphase during mitosis. By using green fluorescent protein technology, we observed that Sec13 is required for evasion of mitotic arrest in response to spindle damage, leading to G1-like phase and apoptotic cell death. In addition, cells expressing exogenous Sec13 showed giant nuclei compared to endogenous ones in the absence of nocodazole. These results demonstrate that Sec13 is involved in the regulation of the metaphase/anaphase transition and may be functionally associated with mitotic machinery to maintain genomic stability during mitosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anaphase , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , G1 Phase , Genomic Instability , Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism , Kinetochores/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Metaphase , Mitosis/physiology , Spindle Apparatus , Nocodazole/pharmacology , Osteosarcoma/genetics
13.
Arch. med. res ; 28(3): 383-6, sept. 1997. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-225243

ABSTRACT

Family history of cancer and features of the Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) were investigated in 42 patients with soft tissue sarcoma or osteosarcoma in a pediatric hospital in Mexico City, and compared with 42 non-cancer children. Six subjects with cancer were found among 204 first-degree relatives of cancer patients while there were none among 183 first-degree relatives of non-cancer children. In three families, the proband had two affected relatives, and the type of neoplasia as well as the age of onset suggested the clinical diagnosis of LFS. Our results show that 7.1 percent of our pediatric patients with soft tissue sarcoma or osteosarcoma may belong to LFS families. The authors encourage pediatric and adult oncologist to pay more attention to the history of cancer in nuclear families for eventual hereditary cancer syndrome identification and cancer prevention


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Sarcoma/genetics , Li-Fraumeni Syndrome/genetics , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/genetics
14.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 144-148, 1996.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-214273

ABSTRACT

Cathepsin L is a kind of cystein proteases which are known to facilitate the invasion and metastasis of tumor cells by degrading the components of basement membrane and extracellular matrix. This study was undertaken to investigate the expression of cathepsin L by Northern blot analysis with radiolabeled cDNA specific for cathepsin L in six normal tissues, two osteosarcoma cell lines, MG-63 and Saos-2, six primary bone tumors and six metastatic bone tumors. In six normal tissues, the highest level of cathepsin L was expressed in liver with the descending order of liver > lung > thymus > ovary > kidney > esophagus. One of the two osteosarcoma cell lines established from the primary sites expressed a high level of cathepsin L mRNA. Out of six primary bone tumors, three (50%) expressed cathepsin L mRNA, while all (100%) of six metastatic bone tumors expressed the mRNA. These results demonstrating the higher frequency of expression of cathepsin L in metastatic bone tumors suggest that cathepsin L may participate in tumor invasion and metastasis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Cathepsins/metabolism , Cysteine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Neoplasm Metastasis/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 29(11/12): 823-6, nov.-dez. 1994. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-197082

ABSTRACT

O retinoblastoma é o tumor ocular mais freqüente na infância, geralmente diagnosticado nos primeiros três anos de vida, podendo ser uni ou bilateral. Acredita-se que seja de etiologia gênica e atualmente, com o aumento na sobrevida destes pacientes, tem-se observado outros tumores primários associados, mais freqëntemente o osteossarcoma osteoblástico. Os autores relatam dois casos de osteossarcoma osteoblástico em crianças que foram submetidas anteriormente a enucleaçäo de olho bilateral e unilateral, respectivamente, por retinoblastoma, O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar dois novos casos na literatura médica e descrever consideraçöes sobre a correlaçäo entre as duas entidades.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Eye Neoplasms/therapy , Bone Neoplasms/diagnosis , Osteosarcoma/diagnosis , Retinoblastoma/therapy , Neoplasms, Second Primary/diagnosis , Eye Neoplasms/genetics , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Retinoblastoma/genetics
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 195-206, 1991.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151501

ABSTRACT

The immortalization and transformation of cultured human cells has far-reaching implications for both cell and cancer biology. Human cell transformation studies will increase our understanding of the mechanisms underlying carcinogenesis and differentiation. The neoplastic process can now be studied in a model human cell culture system. The accompanying biochemical and genetic changes, once identified, will help define the relationship between malignancy and differentiation. The present studies indeed demonstrate that the neoplastic process can now be studied in a human cell model system. Primary human cells treated with various carcinogens became immortalized in culture but were not tumorigenic. Additional exposure to either retroviruses, chemical carcinogenes or X-ray irradiation to these cells induced morphological alterations associated with the acquisition of neoplastic properties. These findings demonstrate the malignant transformation of human primary cells in culture by the combined action of either a DNA transforming virus and a retrovirus or a DNA virus and a chemical or X-ray irradiation, and support an multistep process for neoplastic conversion. It has been known that normal human cells in culture are remarkably resistant to experimentally induced tumorigenicity. However, as shown above, normal human cells could now be transformed into tumorigenic cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/genetics , Cells, Cultured , DNA, Viral , Fibroblasts/pathology , Keratinocytes/cytology , Osteosarcoma/genetics
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