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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 177-180, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928469

ABSTRACT

Proximal tibiofibular instability is a rare condition for which treatment is poorly codified. A 21-year-old patient, a leisure sportswoman, presented a post-traumatic anterolateral instability of the proximal tibiofibular articulation without cartilage lesion. We propose an original surgical technique based on a review of the literature that combines an anatomical ligamentoplasty of the proximal tibiofibular joint and a proximal fibular diaphyseal osteotomy to reduce the distal tibiofibular mechanical stresses. This original technique allows a favorable evolution with recovery of professional and sports activities at 6 months.


Subject(s)
Adult , Fibula , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Tibia/surgery , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of using lengthened trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From December 2010 to December 2018, 18 patients underwent revision of total hip arthroplasty with extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation and autogenous bone graft, including 8 males and 10 females with an average age of (78.89±3.32) years old ranging from 68 to 82 years. The time from the initial replacement to the revision was 9 to 22 (16.33±2.93) years. The patients were followed up regularly after operation. The healing time of osteotomy, the time of full weight-bearing activity, Harris score of hip joint and complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up for 16 to 38 months with an average of (25.78±6.65) months. The incision length was 16 to 21 cm with an average of (18.89±1.32) cm; the operation time was 105 to 128 min with an average of (115.44±6.59) min, the bleeding volume was 240 to 285 ml with an average of (267.44±13.77) ml. The healing time of osteotomy was 12 to 18 weeks with an average of (15.61±1.75) weeks. Harris score of hip joint was (47.11±5.04) before operation, (76.39±3.85) during full weight-bearing activities, and (82.22±2.76) at the final follow-up(P<0.05). During the follow-up period, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor incision healing, prosthesis loosening and sinking, and periprosthetic fracture.@*CONCLUSION@#In revision total hip arthroplasty, the use of extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but the surgeon needs to make a systematic plan for the pre-revision, intraoperative and postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Bone Transplantation , Bone Wires , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Male , Osteotomy/methods
3.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 95-99, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247757

ABSTRACT

Los dientes supernumerarios y la fusión dental son anomalías del desarrollo dental cuyas causas aún no se han dilucidado con certeza. El cuarto molar inferior, también denominado distomolar, es uno de los dientes supernumerarios con menor frecuencia de aparición clínica y su fusión con el tercer molar es una condición todavía menos común. A continuación, se reportan los casos clínicos de tres pacientes masculinos que presentaron fusión del tercer molar inferior derecho con un distomolar tratados mediante odontectomía (AU)


Supernumerary teeth and dental fusion are abnormalities of dental development whose causes have not yet been elucidated with certainty. The lower fourth molar, also called distomolar, is one of the supernumerary teeth with the least frequency of clinical appearance and its fusion with the third molar is an even less common condition. Next, the clinical cases of three male patients who presented fusion of the right lower third molar with a distomolar treated by odontectomy are reported (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Tooth, Supernumerary/epidemiology , Fused Teeth/epidemiology , Molar, Third , Osteotomy/methods , Dens in Dente/epidemiology , Fused Teeth/surgery , Fused Teeth/diagnostic imaging , Mexico
4.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 46-56, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342673

ABSTRACT

El manejo de la inestabilidad patelofemoral se basa en una adecuada evaluación de alteraciones anatómicas predisponentes. Patela alta es una de las causas más importantes de inestabilidad objetiva. La alteración biomecánica que ésta produce puede conducir a luxación patelar recurrente, dolor y cambios degenerativos focales. El examen físico es fundamental en la toma de decisiones. La evaluación imagenológica ha evolucionado desde métodos basados en radiografía hacia mediciones en resonancia magnética, que permiten una orientación más acabada de la relación existente entre la rótula y la tróclea femoral. El tratamiento se fundamenta en la corrección selectiva de los factores causales, donde la osteotomía de descenso de la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia y la reconstrucción del ligamento patelofemoral medial son herramientas que deben considerarse racionalmente. Este artículo realiza una revisión de la literatura, otorgando los fundamentos quirúrgicos que explican la importancia del tratamiento específico de patela alta en inestabilidad rotuliana.


Patellofemoral instability management is based on a thorough evaluation of predisposing anatomical factors. Patella alta is one of the utmost causes of objective instability. As a result, biomechanical disturbance can lead to recurrent patellar instability, pain, and focal degenerative changes. Physical examination is paramount in decision making. Imaging evaluation has evolved from X-rays based methods to magnetic resonance measurements, which allows a more accurate assessment of the patellotrochlear relationship. Treatment is based on a selective risk factors correction, where tibial tubercle distalization osteotomy and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction must be considered altogether. This article reviews the surgical rationale of patella alta treatment in patellofemoral instability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Patellar Dislocation/surgery , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Osteotomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Care , Biomechanical Phenomena , Patellar Ligament/surgery , Knee Dislocation/diagnostic imaging , Patellofemoral Joint/diagnostic imaging , Joint Instability/diagnostic imaging
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353997

ABSTRACT

El desarrollo de teléfonos inteligentes ha creado nuevas oportunidades para incorporar la tecnología médica en la práctica clínica diaria. La medición intraoperatoria exacta de los grados necesarios de corrección es un desafío frecuente para el cirujano cuando realiza osteotomías desrotadoras. Por lo general, se utilizan clavijas divergentes colocadas proximal y distal a la osteotomía que, luego de la desrotación, deben quedar paralelas. Sin embargo, la medición de estos grados, en general, se hace por estimación visual, lo que suele ser poco preciso. El objetivo de este estudio es describir un detalle técnico que combina la aplicación de clavijas divergentes con la medición intraoperatoria mediante telefonía móvil para mejorar la precisión de las osteotomías desrotadoras. Nivel de Evidencia: V


Smartphone technology has created new opportunities to incorporate medical technology into daily clinical practice. Accurate intraoperative measurement of the desired derotation angle is a frequent challenge for the surgeon when performing derotational osteotomies. Divergent pins are commonly used proximal and distal to the osteotomy, which after derotation should remain parallel. However, the measurement of the derotation angle is usually performed by visual estimation, which could be unreliable. The aim of this study is to describe a technical detail that combines the application of divergent pins with intraoperative measurement by mobile phone to improve the accuracy of derotational osteotomies. Level of Evidence: V


Subject(s)
Orthopedics , Osteotomy/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Mobile Applications , Smartphone , Intraoperative Period
6.
Medwave ; 20(11): e8082, dic. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146066

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE To describe patient-reported outcomes, radiological results, and revision to total hip replacement in patients with hip dysplasia that underwent periacetabular osteotomy as isolated treatment or concomitant with hip arthroscopy. METHODS Case series study. Between 2014 and 2017, patients were included if they complained of hip pain and had a lateral center-edge angle ≤ of 20°. Exclusion criteria included an in-maturate skeleton, age of 40 or older, previous hip surgery, concomitant connective tissue related disease, and Tönnis osteoarthritis grade ≥ 1. All patients were studied before surgery with an anteroposterior pelvis radiograph, false-profile radiograph, and magnetic resonance imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess intraarticular lesions, and if a labral or chondral injury was found, concomitant hip arthroscopy was performed. The non-parametric median test for paired data was used to compare radiological measures (anterior and lateral center-edge angle, Tönnis angle, and extrusion index) after and before surgery. Survival analysis was performed using revision to total hip arthroplasty as a failure. Kaplan Meier curve was estimated. The data were processed using Stata. RESULTS A total of 15 consecutive patients were included; 14 (93%) were female patients. The median follow-up was 3.5 years (range, 2 to 8 years). The median age was 20 (range 13 to 32). Lateral center-edge angle, Tönnis angle, and extrusion index correction achieved statistical significance. Seven patients (47%) underwent concomitant hip arthroscopy; three of them (47%) were bilateral (10 hips). The labrum was repaired in six cases (60%). Three patients (15%) required revision with hip arthroplasty, and no hip arthroscopy-related complications are reported in this series. CONCLUSION To perform a hip arthroscopy concomitant with periacetabular osteotomy did not affect the acetabular correction. Nowadays, due to a lack of conclusive evidence, a case by case decision seems more appropriate to design a comprehensive treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Osteotomy/methods , Arthroscopy/methods , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/surgery , Acetabulum/surgery , Osteotomy/adverse effects , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 39-54, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150748

ABSTRACT

La búsqueda por encontrar métodos para acortar la duración de los tratamientos de ortodoncia tiene un pasado reciente, un presente y un futuro. Las fuerzas ortodóncicas que se ejercen sobre la membrana periodontal producen movimientos dentarios por modificaciones histológicas y biomoleculares. El conocimiento de los procesos biológicos da lugar a implementar cambios para favorecer la aceleración de los procesos resortivos y neoformativos. El objetivo de esta publicación es hacer una breve síntesis de lo acontecido con este tema y exponer el procedimiento de las micro-osteoperforaciones (MOPs) como una opción complementaria al tratamiento de ortodoncia convencional. Aún no existe suficiente apoyo de ensayos clínicos en humanos para aseverar su éxito. Más aún, distintos autores publican conclusiones contradictorias. Es de esperar que, en breve, nuevas investigaciones contribuyan a respaldarlo o desestimarlo (AU)


The quest to find methods to shorten the duration of orthodontic treatments has a recent past, a present, and a future. Orthodontic forces exerted on the periodontal membrane produce tooth movements by histological and biomolecular modifications. Knowledge of biological processes results in changes to promote the acceleration of spring and neoformative processes. The objective of this publication is to make a brief synthesis of what happened with this topic and expose the micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) procedure as a complementary option to conventional orthodontic treatment. There is not yet enough support from human clinical trials to assert its success. Moreover, different authors publish conflicting conclusions. It is to be expected that, shortly, further investigations will help to support or dismiss it (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Biological Phenomena , Oral Surgical Procedures , Microsurgery , Osteotomy/methods , Bone Resorption/physiopathology , Low-Level Light Therapy , RANK Ligand , Duration of Therapy
8.
Rev. ADM ; 77(5): 252-256, sept.-oct. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146848

ABSTRACT

Una de las causas de la evolución de la periodontitis es la formación de defectos óseos y pérdida de inserción clínica. Una manera de eliminar el defecto intraóseo y su bolsa periodontal es eliminar las paredes de hueso que componen el defecto para colocar el complejo dentogingival en una posición más apical. La cirugía ósea es un procedimiento periodontal resectivo que involucra la modificación del tejido óseo del soporte dental, la cual es una modalidad del tratamiento periodontal quirúrgico que puede utilizarse para eliminar eficazmente los defectos óseos periodontales para estabilizar la inserción periodontal. El objetivo del presente estudio es realizar una revisión de la literatura sobre las consideraciones actuales, técnicas y principios de la cirugía ósea resectiva en el paciente periodontalmente comprometido (AU)


One of the causes of the evolution of periodontitis is the formation of bone defects and loss of clinical attachment, where one way to eliminate the intraosseous defect and its periodontal pocket is to eliminate the bone walls that make up the defect to place the dentogingival complex in a more apical position. Bone surgery is periodontal surgery that involves the modification of the supporting bone tissue of the teeth, which is a modality of surgical treatment that can be used to effectively eliminate periodontal defects and stabilize the periodontal insertion. The aim of the present study is to conduct a literature review about the considerations, techniques and principles of resective bone surgery in the periodontally compromised patient (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/surgery , Alveolar Bone Loss/surgery , Alveolar Process/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Periodontal Pocket/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Crown Lengthening/methods
9.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 109-116, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056509

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Paredes sin instrumentar y con material obturador endodóntico residual pueden elevar la posibilidad de la falla adhesiva de postes de fibroresina. Las fresas de desobturación y conformación del espacio protésico poseen una sección circular, lo que dificulta una adecuada preparación y limpieza de las paredes de los conductos ovales. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la capacidad de limpieza ultrasónica del espacio protésico y cómo ésta influyó en la resistencia a la tracción de postes de fibroresina en conductos ovales. Se utilizaron 30 premolares con conducto ovalado divididos aleatoriamente en 3 grupos de estudio (n=10), siendo: grupo A: preparación rotatoria con complemento ultrasónico, grupo B: preparación rotatoria y grupo C: grupo control. Postes de fibra de vidrio fueron cementados y luego de 7 días se realizaron cortes de un milímetro de grosor del tercio cervical y medio de cada muestra y se evaluó microscópicamente el área de gutapercha remanente y área efectiva de adhesión. Estos fueron sometidos a una prueba de push out evaluando la resistencia adhesiva de los postes. Finalmente fueron observados microscópicamente para analizar tipo de falla. Los resultados se analizaron mediante el test de ANOVA, Bonferroni, Kruskal-Wallis y Mann Whitney (p < 0.05), registrando diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la resistencia a tracción, área de gutapercha remanente y área disponible para la adhesión; además de una relación directa entre gutapercha remanente y menor resistencia a la tracción. Conclusiones: La preparación ultrasónica del espacio protésico aumenta la resistencia a la tracción de postes de fibroresinas cementados en conductos ovalados.


ABSTRACT: Untouched canal walls with residual filling materials can increase the probability of adhesive failure of fiber posts. The drills used for desobturation and conformation of the prosthetic space, has a circular cross section, which does not allow a proper preparation and cleaning of oval-shaped canal walls. The objective of the study was to evaluate the ultrasonic cleaning of the prosthetic space and how this influences the adhesive strength of fiber posts in oval-shaped canals. Thirty (30) oval-shaped canal premolars were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 10): Group A: rotary desobturation with ultrasonic complement, group B: rotary desobturation without ultrasonic complement and group C: control group. Fiberglass posts were cemented; after 7 days, one-millimeter slices were performed, one of the cervical and another from the middle third of the root. The slices were analyzed under an optical microscope to evaluate remaining gutta percha and effective adhesion area. Samples were subjected to a push-out test to evaluate bond strength of the fiber resin posts. Finally, samples were evaluated microscopically to analyze the type of failure. The results were analyzed using ANOVA, Bonferroni, KruskalWallis and Mann Whitney test (p < 0.05), recording statistically significant differences in bond strength, remaining gutta-percha area and clean walls for adhesion; In addition, to a direct relationship between remaining gutta percha and lower adhesive strength, the ultrasonic preparation of the prosthetic space increases bond strength of fiber posts in oval canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Ultrasonics , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Specimen Handling , In Vitro Techniques , Intervention Studies , Analysis of Variance , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Root Canal Preparation/methods
10.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(1): 28-35, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291848

ABSTRACT

La corrección de deformidades en extremidades inferiores del adulto sigue siendo un capítulo desafiante en ortopedia y traumatología. El conocimiento del alineamiento normal de las extremidades inferiores y su comportamiento son fundamentales para una adecuada planificación quirúrgica y éxito del tratamiento, especialmente en tobillo y retropié. El objetivo de esta revisión, es conocer los principios fundamentales de la corrección de deformidades, orientar en que factores fijarse al momento de corregir y poder dar una guía de cómo planificar la cirugía, particularmente en deformidades de tobillo y retropié. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: Nivel V.


Adult lower limb deformity corrections remain a challenging chapter in orthopedic surgery. The knowledge of the normal lower limb alignment and their behavior is essential for a proper surgical planning and treatment success, especially on foot and ankle surgery. The objective of this review is to show the main principles of deformity correction, to guide the factors to consider when correcting and to provide a surgical planning guide, particularly in the ankle and hind foot deformities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Foot Deformities/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Lower Extremity/surgery
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 180-183, jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002302

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Un desafío común en la ortodoncia es la realización de cierres de espacio en brechas largas con pérdida ósea significativa producto de extracciones tempranas, sitio de extracciones traumáticas o expansiones en adultos con tabla vestibular delgada. El propósito de este artículo es difundir una teoría del movimiento dental desarrollada a partir de una serie de investigaciones que intentan probarla en animales como seres humanos. Las dos fases de remodelación de hueso son la "activación - reabsorción" (proceso catabólico) y "activación-formación" (proceso anabólico) de las superficies del hueso, resultando en los cambios de tamaño, forma y posición del hueso. La inflamación es necesaria para el movimiento dentario. Se puede estimular ambas fases mediante pequeñas perforaciones del hueso que pueden ser realizadas de forma segura en la superficie vestibular o lingual de las tablas corticales pudiendo ser superficiales o profundas. Se muestran ejemplos clínicos de pacientes tratados con el enfoque de la Teoría bifásica mediante estimulación ósea transgingival. Se concluye que esta teoría bifásica permite explicar la favorable respuesta que se observa en situaciones clínicas complejas cuando se estimula el movimiento con micro-osteoperforaciones.


ABSTRACT: A common challenge in orthodontics is the task of space closures in long gaps with significant bone loss due to early extractions, site of traumatic extractions or expansions in adults with thin vestibular table. The purpose of this article is to disseminate a theory of dental movement developed from a series of investigations that try to test it in animals as human beings. The two phases of bone remodeling are the "activation - resorption" (catabolic process) and "activation-formation" (anabolic process) of bone surfaces, resulting in changes in bone size, shape and position. Inflammation is necessary for tooth movement. Both phases can be stimulated by small perforations of the bone that can be performed safely on the vestibular or lingual surface of the cortical boards, which may be superficial or deep. Clinical examples of patients treated with the biphasic theory approach by transgingival bone stimulation are shown. It is concluded that this biphasic theory allows to explain the favorable response observed in complex clinical situations when the movement is stimulated with micro-osteoperforations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Sutureless Surgical Procedures/methods , Mandible/surgery , Microsurgery/methods , Orthodontics , Bone Screws
12.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 26(3): 74-82, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1048242

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de pinzamiento cubito carpiano es una de las causas más frecuentes de dolor cubital de la muñeca. Es una patología de tipo degenerativa y progresiva. El objetivo del tratamiento quirúrgico se basa en la descompresión articular del cubito con el carpo proximal. Con los avances tecnológicos es posible realizar la osteotomía del cubito por via artroscópica y así tratar también lesiones asociadas. Material y Métodos: Evaluamos 13 pacientes con síndrome de impactación cubital desde el 01/01/2018 hasta el 01/03/19, utilizando la clasificación de Palmer para evaluar las lesiones. Evaluamos 7 mujeres y 6 hombres. La edad de los pacientes fue desde los 47-82 años (62 años promedio). El 69,2% en edad laboral (9 pacientes) y el 30,7% jubilados (4 pacientes) con un seguimiento de 3 a 12 meses (8,9 meses de promedio). Todos los pacientes fueron tratados por artroscopia. Se evaluó el Rango de Movilidad (ROM), fuerza de agarre, escala de Mayo de Muñeca y escala de DASH. Resultados: Hemos tenido mejoras en test del dolor y la fuerza, el ROM promedio fue de 80° extensión, 80° de flexión, 30° para la desviación radial y 25° de desviación cubital. El Score de muñeca de mayo fue: excelente 8 pacientes (61,5%), bueno en 5 pacientes (38,4%) y un mal resultado (7,69). La fuerza comparativa final fue del 82%. El Dash Score preoperatorio fue de 87 puntos y en el Post operatorio de 5 puntos. Conclusión: La osteotomía de cubito tipo wafer o en oblea artroscópica da resultados satisfactorios mejorando los ROM, recuperando la fuerza de forma total o parcial y disminuyendo el dolor siempre y cuando está bien indicada la cirugía. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos. Nivel de evidencia: IV


Introduction: The ulnar carpal impingement syndrome is one of the most frequent causes of ulnar pain in the wrist. It is a pathology of degenerative and progressive type. The objective of surgical treatment is based on the joint decompression of the ulna with the proximal carpus. With technological advances, it is possible to perform the osteotomy of the ulna by arthroscopic route and thus also treat associated injuries. Material and Methods: We evaluated 13 patients with ulnar impaction syndrome from 01/01/2018 to 03/01/19 using the Palmer classification to evaluate the lesions. We evaluated seven women and six men. The age of the patients was from 47-82 years (62 years average). 69.2% of working age (9 patients) and 30.7% retired (4 patients) with a follow-up of 3 to 12 months (8.9 months on average). All patients were treated by arthroscopy. The Mobility Range (ROM), grip strength, Wrist May scale and DASH scale were evaluated. Results: We have had improvements in pain and strength tests, the average ROM was 80° extension, 80° flexion, 30° for radial deviation and 25° ulnar deviation. The Wrist Score of May was excellent 8 patients (61.5%), Good in 5 patients (38.4%) and a poor result (7.69). The final comparative strength was 82%. The preoperative Dash Score was 87 points and in the post-operative of 5 points. Conclusion: The osteotomy of ulnar type wafer or arthroscopic wafer gives satisfactory results improving the ROM, recovering the strength totally or partially and decreasing the pain as long as surgery is well indicated. Type of study: Case series. Level of evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Osteotomy/methods , Arthroscopy/methods , Ulna/surgery , Ulna/pathology , Wrist Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
13.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 26(4): 118-122, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118210

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La osteotomía de la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia es un procedimiento efectivo y seguro para el tratamiento de la inestabilidad patelofemoral. El objetivo del presente trabajo es desarrollar las indicaciones y evaluar las complicaciones de dicho procedimiento realizado en un grupo de pacientes intervenidos por nuestro equipo. Material y método: Se analizaron en forma retrospectiva las historias clínicas de 77 pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por inestabilidad patelofemoral a quienes se les realizó una osteotomía de la TAT, y en quienes se utilizó la misma técnica quirúrgica. Se registró edad, sexo, actividad deportiva y número de intervenciones, y se analizaron las indicaciones quirúrgicas de cada caso. Por último, se cuantifico el número de complicaciones (menores y mayores) y se evaluó el grado de satisfacción postquirúrgica de los pacientes con el score de kujala. Resultados: En la mayoría de los casos los pacientes presentaban un aumento de la distancia ST-TAT de más de 20 mm con un ángulo Q aumentado, asociado a episodios de luxación recidivante de rotula y dolor anterior de rodilla. La complicación más frecuente fue la recidiva del dolor (de menor intensidad y frecuencia que el presentado previo a la cirugía). Registramos dos casos de aflojamiento de material que requirió una segunda cirugía y un caso de secreción persistente de herida quirúrgica que no requirió re intervención. Conclusión: La osteotomía de la TAT es una procedimiento eficaz y con bajo índice de complicaciones postoperatorias para tratar la luxación recidivante de rotula, permitiendo al paciente retornar a sus actividades deportivas con un bajo porcentaje de morbilidad postoperatoria. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos. Nivel de evidencia: IV


Introduction: Tibial anterior tuberosity osteotomy is an effective and safe procedure for the treatment of patello-femoral instability. The objective of the present paper is to talk about the indications and to evaluate the complications of the mentioned procedure performed in a group of patients who underwent surgery with our team. Material and method: The clinical histories of 77 patients operated due to patello-femoral instability, who underwent TT osteotomy and in whom the same surgical technique was performed, were analyzed retrospectively. Age, gender, sports activity and number of surgeries were registered and surgery indications in each case were analyzed. Lastly, the number of (minor and major) complications was quantified and patients postop satisfaction was evaluated with the Kujala score. Results: In most of cases patients presented a ST-TT distance increase of over 20 mm with an augmented Q angle associated to patellar recurrent luxation episodes and to anterior knee pain. The most frequent complication was pain recurrence (of lower intensity and frequency than that presented prior to surgery). Two cases of loosening material which required a second surgery and one case of persistent secretion from the surgical wound which did not require a new surgery were registered. Conclusion: The TT osteotomy is an effective procedure and with a low postop complications rate to treat patellar recurrent luxation, which allows the patient to resume sports activities with a low rate of postop morbidity. Type study: Case series. Level of evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Osteotomy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Patellofemoral Joint/injuries , Joint Instability/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003005

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La osteotomía de la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia (O-TAT) es una técnica quirúrgica que permite restablecer la alineación distal de la rótula en pacientes esqueléticamente maduros. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron evaluar los resultados funcionales y analizar factores que influyeron en el desarrollo de complicaciones. Materiales y Métodos: Se analizaron retrospectivamente pacientes con O-TAT tratados entre 2008 y 2016. Se documentaron datos demográficos y clínicos. Los resultados fueron evaluados según las escalas de Kujala y Tegner-Lysholm, y las complicaciones, con una adaptación de la clasificación de Clavien- Dindo. Resultados: Se analizaron 33 O-TAT en 29 pacientes (17 mujeres). Mediana de la edad: 18 años (RIC 2, mín.-máx. 14-39). Mediana de seguimiento: 49 meses (RIC 2, mín.-máx. 12-115). Mejoría en las escalas de Kujala y Tegner-Lysholm de 61 y 61,5 a 94 y 92,3, respectivamente (p = 0,001). La mediana de tiempo de consolidación fue de 8 semanas. Hubo 9 complicaciones (27%): 1 grado II (infección superficial) y 8 grado III (artrofibrosis, fracturas de tibia y fracturas de TAT, n = 2). La tasa de complicaciones fue más alta en los pacientes sometidos a desinserción de la TAT (51,5% vs. 11,1%, p = 0,029). Conclusiones: La O-TAT representa una técnica eficaz para tratar diversas patologías de la articulación patelofemoral en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Hubo complicaciones en un alto porcentaje de los procedimientos, sin que esto afectara el resultado final. El riesgo de complicaciones fue mayor en las osteotomías que requirieron desinserción de la TAT y la reconstrucción ligamentaria. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) is a surgical approach that allows for the restoration of distal patellar alignment in skeletally mature patients. The objectives of this study were to evaluate functional results and to analyze the risk factors associated with complications. Methods: We carried out a retrospective analysis of patients subjected to a TTO between 2008 and 2016 and documented demographic and clinical data. Results were evaluated according to Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale and Tegner-Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale. Complications were evaluated with a modified Clavien-Dindo classification of Surgical Complications. Results: We evaluated 33 TTOs in 29 patients (17 women) with a median age of 18 years (IQR 2, range 14-39) and a median follow-up time of 49 months (IQR 2, range 12-115). The Kujala and the Tegner-Lysholm scoring improved from 61 and 61.5 to 94 and 92.3, respectively (p=0.001). Union was achieved at a median of 8 weeks. There were 9 complications (27%): a grade II complication (superficial infection) and 8 grade III complications (arthrofibrosis, tibial fractures, and anterior tibial tubercle fractures). Osteotomies in which tibial tubercle was completely detached had a significantly higher rate of complications (51.5% vs. 11.1%, p=0.029). Conclusions: TTO represents an effective approach for the treatment of several conditions of the patellofemoral joint in adolescents and young adults. In our series, a high percentage of the procedures presented complications, although they did not affect the final result. Osteotomies that involve complete detachment of the tubercle and those associated with ligament reconstruction have an increased risk of complications. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Osteotomy/methods , Tibia/surgery , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome
15.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(6): 80-89, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975031

ABSTRACT

Abstract Facial asymmetry is a condition that compromises function and social interactions and, consequently, the quality of life. Orthodontic-surgical treatment may be indicated to achieve a stable occlusion and significant improvement in facial aesthetics. The virtual planning of the maxillary, mandibular and chin movements can be done prior to surgery. These movements can be successfully performed with the use of prototyped guides obtained from virtual planning. The aim of this article is to show the state of the art of treatments of facial asymmetries, and emphasize how important is the multi-disciplinary approach to achieve predictable aesthetic and functionally stable results in a patient with facial asymmetry and chin protrusion.


Resumo A assimetria facial é uma condição capaz de comprometer a função oclusal e as interações sociais e, consequentemente, a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos. Nessas condições, para se obter oclusão estável e melhora significativa na estética facial, o tratamento ortodôntico-cirúrgico pode estar indicado. A simulação virtual da cirurgia permite planejar de forma adequada, e antecipada, os movimentos cirúrgicos a serem efetuados na maxila, mandíbula e mento. Esses movimentos são, então, realizados com sucesso graças ao uso de guias prototipados obtidos a partir do planejamento virtual. Assim, os objetivos do presente artigo consistem em relatar o estado da arte no planejamento virtual do tratamento de um paciente com assimetria facial e protrusão do mento, e enfatizar a importância da abordagem multidisciplinar para se atingir resultados estéticos previsíveis e funcionalmente estáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Esthetics , Facial Asymmetry/surgery , Facial Asymmetry/therapy , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures/methods , Orthognathic Surgery/methods , Orthodontics, Corrective , Osteotomy/methods , Patient Care Planning , Cephalometry , Chin/surgery , Osteotomy, Le Fort/methods , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Dental Occlusion , Facial Asymmetry/diagnostic imaging , Dentofacial Deformities/surgery , Dentofacial Deformities/therapy , Malocclusion/surgery , Malocclusion/therapy , Malocclusion/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/surgery , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/surgery , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(5): 540-544, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974350

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Lateral osteotomy is mainly performed either endonasally or percutaneously in rhinoplasty which is a frequently performed operation for the correction of nasal deformities. Both techniques have both advantages and disadvantages relative to each other. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the histopathological effects of endonasal and percutaneous osteotomy techniques performed in rhinoplasty on bone healing and nasal stability in an experimental animal model. Methods: Eight one year-old New Zealand white rabbits were included. Xylazine hydrocloride and intramuscular ketamine anesthesia were administered to the rabbits. Endonasal osteotomy (8 bones) was performed in Group 1 (n = 4), and percutaneous osteotomy (8 bones) in Group 2 (n = 4). One month later the rabbits were sacrificed. Bone healing of the rabbits was staged according to the bone healing score of Huddleston et al. In both groups, nasal bone integrity was assessed subjectively. Results: In the percutaneous osteotomy group, Grade 1 bone healing was observed in two samples (25%), Grade 2 bone healing in two samples (25%), Grade 3 bone healing in four samples (50%). In the endonasal osteotomy group, Grade 1 bone healing was observed in 6 samples (75%) and Grade 2 bone healing was observed in 2 samples (25%). In the percutaneous group, fibrous tissue was observed in 2, predominantly fibrous tissue and a lesser amount of cartilage was observed in 2 and an equal amount of fibrous tissue and cartilage was observed in 4 samples. In the endonasal group, fibrous tissue was observed in 6 samples, and predominantly fibrous tissue with a lesser amount of cartilage was observed in 2 samples. In both groups, when manual force was applied to the nasal bones, subjectively the same resistance was observed. Conclusion: Percutaneous lateral osteotomy technique was found to result in less bone and periost trauma and better bone healing compared to the endonasal osteotomy technique.


Resumo Introdução: Nas rinoplastias, a osteotomia lateral é realizada principalmente por via endonasal ou percutânea para correção de deformidades nasais. Ambas as técnicas apresentam vantagens e desvantagens. Objetivo: Comparar os efeitos histopatológicos sobre a cicatrização óssea e estabilidade nasal entre as técnicas de osteotomia endonasal e percutânea em rinoplastia em um modelo animal experimental. Método: Foram incluídos oito coelhos brancos da Nova Zelândia de um ano de idade. Hidrocloreto de xilazina e cetamina intramuscular foram administrados aos coelhos como agentes anestésicos. Osteotomia endonasal (8 ossos) foi realizada no Grupo 1 (n = 4) e osteotomia percutânea (8 ossos) no Grupo 2 (n = 4). Um mês depois, os coelhos foram sacrificados. A cicatrização óssea dos coelhos foi avaliada de acordo com o escore de cicatrização óssea de Huddleston et al. Em ambos os grupos, a integridade do osso nasal foi avaliada subjetivamente. Resultados: No grupo da osteotomia percutânea, observou-se cicatrização óssea de grau 1 em duas amostras (25%), cicatrização óssea de grau 2 em duas amostras (25%), e cicatrização óssea de grau 3 em quatro amostras (50%). No grupo da osteotomia endonasal, observou-se cicatrização óssea de grau 1 em 6 amostras (75%) e a cicatrização óssea de grau 2 foi observada em 2 amostras (25%). No grupo percutâneo, o tecido fibroso foi observado em 2 amostras, enquanto tecido predominantemente fibroso e uma menor quantidade de cartilagem foi observada em 2 e uma quantidade igual de tecido fibroso e cartilagem foi observada em 4 amostras. No grupo endonasal, observou-se tecido fibroso em 6 amostras e tecido predominantemente fibroso com uma menor quantidade de cartilagem em 2 amostras. Em ambos os grupos, quando força manual foi aplicada aos ossos nasais, a mesma resistência foi observada subjetivamente. Conclusão: A técnica de osteotomia lateral percutânea resultou em menor traumatismo ósseo e periosteal e melhor cicatrização óssea em comparação com a técnica de osteotomia endonasal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Osteotomy/methods , Rhinoplasty/methods , Wound Healing , Nasal Bone/surgery , Disease Models, Animal , Nasal Bone/anatomy & histology
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(8): 684-689, Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949373

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate clinically dogs that underwent tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) six months previously. Methods: Dogs of various breeds, gender, weight, and age that had CCL rupture and underwent TTA for treatment were included in this study. Parapatellar arthrotomy was performed in all patients to assess the joint for a ruptured ligament and meniscal injury before the TTA. The appropriate cage for the TTA was chosen with planning surgery. The surgical procedure was performed according to the literature, using a modified Maquet technique. Six months after surgery, lameness during walking; muscular atrophy; crepitation, cranial drawer and tibial compression tests and quality of life based on owner's evaluation were assessed. Results: Postoperative complications were observed in only one knee (4.76%), with a surgical site seroma. The mean lameness score at walking was 0.29 (± 0.64). The mean score regarding muscular atrophy was 0.95 (± 1.56). The mean score of the cranial drawer test, in a range from 0 to 5, was 1.52 (± 1.54). The owners rated the dog's quality of life as excellent in 44%, good in 30%, and moderate in 17%. Conclusion: This clinical study supports the affirmation that patients who undergo TTA for treatment of CCL rupture have an acceptable response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Dogs , Osteotomy/veterinary , Tibia/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Dog Diseases/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/veterinary , Osteotomy/methods , Quality of Life , Rupture/surgery , Rupture/veterinary , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery
19.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(2): 211-216, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-909407

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O objetivo é avaliar a presença de equimose com 7 e 15 dias após osteotomia nasal lateral interna e externa na rinoplastia aberta. Métodos: Análise prospectiva, dos pacientes submetidos à rinoplastia aberta, com osteotomia nasal lateral com total de 15 pacientes. Os pacientes foram alocados em dois grupos. Aqueles submetidos à osteotomia nasal lateral externa formaram o grupo A (n = 6) e os submetidos à osteotomia interna, o grupo B (n = 9). Foram avaliados com 7 e 15 dias de pós-operatório e registrada a presença ou ausência de equimose. Resultados: Dentro do grupo A evidenciamos no 7º dia de pós-operatório 3 (50%) pacientes com equimose e 3 (50%) sem alteração na tonalidade da pele. Com 15 dias de pós-operatório, o mesmo grupo apresentava 2 (25%) pacientes com equimose e 4 (75%) sem alteração. Já no grupo B foram identificados no 7º dia após o procedimento 3 (33,4%) pacientes com presença de equimose e 6 (66,6%) sem alteração. O mesmo grupo após 15 dias do procedimento apresentou 1 (11,1%) paciente com equimose e 8 (88,9%) sem alteração. Conclusão: Apesar da fratura interna apresentar menor incidência de equimose no sétimo e décimo quinto dias de pós-operatório, não houve relevância estatística na comparação entre as técnicas.


Introduction: The objective is to evaluate the presence of ecchymosis 7 and 15 days after internal and external lateral nasal osteotomy in open rhinoplasty. Methods: A prospective evaluation of 15 patients who underwent open rhinoplasty with lateral nasal osteotomy was conducted. The patients were allocated into two groups. Those who underwent external lateral nasal osteotomy were included in group A (n = 6), while those who underwent internal osteotomy were included in group B (n = 9). The patients were evaluated on postoperative days 7 and 15, and the presence or absence of ecchymosis was recorded. Results: In group A, we observed that on postoperative day 7, 3 patients (50%) had ecchymosis and 3 (50%) showed no changes in skin color. On postoperative day 15, the same group had 2 patients (25%) with ecchymosis and 4 (75%) without changes. On the other hand, in group B, 3 patients (33.4%) had ecchymosis and 6 (66.6%) showed no changes on postoperative day 7. In the same group, 1 patient (11.1%) had ecchymosis and 8 (88.9%) showed no changes 15 days after surgery. Conclusion: Despite the lower incidence of ecchymosis in internal fractures on postoperative days 7 and 15, no statistical significance was observed between the two techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Osteotomy , Postoperative Complications , Rhinoplasty , Nose , Prospective Studies , Ecchymosis , Osteotomy/adverse effects , Osteotomy/methods , Osteotomy/rehabilitation , Postoperative Complications/drug therapy , Rhinoplasty/adverse effects , Rhinoplasty/methods , Rhinoplasty/rehabilitation , Nose/surgery , Ecchymosis/surgery , Ecchymosis/rehabilitation
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(6): e1969, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-976936

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O pé plano flexível é condição frequente na criança pequena e apresenta forte tendência para correção espontânea, ou tornar-se moderado ou leve no adulto, o que não causará problemas futuros. Entretanto, em uma pequena proporção de casos a deformidade é mais grave, não melhora, o que pode levar ao comprometimento do desempenho mecânico, deformidade e, eventualmente, dor. Nestes casos o tratamento cirúrgico deve ser considerado. O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi avaliar os resultados da literatura no tratamento do pé plano flexível sintomático da criança ou adolescente por um procedimento bastante frequente que é a osteotomia de alongamento da coluna lateral do calcâneo. Foi realizada busca sistemática eletrônica nas bases de dados PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, CINAHL, SciELO, SCOPUS e LILACS por artigos publicados entre março de 1975 e setembro de 2016. Após aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade, os artigos selecionados foram avaliados quanto aos resultados clínicos, radiográficos e complicações. Dos 341 artigos encontrados nas bases de dados, apenas oito estudos foram selecionados, segundo os critérios de inclusão e exclusão, com um total de 105 pacientes e 167 pés tratados. Somente três autores realizaram estudo prospectivo, mas sem caso controle ou aleatorização. A maioria das publicações no período avaliado é composta por estudos descritivos ou série de casos (nível de evidência III ou IV), com grandes variações metodológicas, mas com alto índice de satisfação dos pacientes e cirurgiões, em relação aos resultados. Entretanto, são necessárias pesquisas com desenho prospectivo, aleatorizado, grupo controle adequado e critérios de avaliação validados.


ABSTRACT Flexible flatfoot is a common condition in small children, which shows a strong tendency to spontaneously correct with their growth or to become moderate or mild in adults, which will not cause future problems. However, in a small number of cases, this condition is more severe, does not improve spontaneously, which may cause mechanical impairment, deformity, and, eventually, pain. In such cases, surgical treatment should be considered. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the literature results on the treatment of the symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children or adolescents through a very frequent procedure: calcaneal lateral column lengthening osteotomy, A systematic electronic search in PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, CINAHL, SciELO, SCOPUS and LILACS databases was performed. We searched articles published between March 1975 and September 2016. After applying the eligibility criteria, the selected publications were evaluated in relation to their clinical and radiographic results and complications. We found 341 articles in the mentioned databases, but selected only eight studies, according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. These studies included a total of 105 patients and 167 treated feet. Only three authors performed prospective studies, but without case-control or randomization. The majority of publications were descriptive studies or case series (level of evidence III or IV), with great methodological variations, but with a high satisfaction rate on the part of both patients and surgeons in relation to the results. However, more prospective and randomized studies are required, with adequate control groups and validated evaluation criteria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Osteotomy/methods , Bone Lengthening/methods , Calcaneus/surgery , Flatfoot/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Calcaneus/diagnostic imaging , Flatfoot/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
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