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1.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 53-59, 30 junio 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292851

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La fosa pterigopalatina es una zona anatómica de difícil acceso, que al presentar masas tumorales genera un alto riesgo de morbimortalidad en población juvenil y adulta, que precisa determinar las complicaciones asociadas a cirugía. OBJETIVO. Evaluar los tipos de abordaje quirúrgico, complicaciones e identificar la estirpe histológica de los tumores de fosa pte-rigopalatina. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio transversal retrospectivo. Población y muestra conocida de 29 Historias Clínicas de pacientes con hallazgos de imagen e histopatológico de tumores con invasión a fosa pterigopalatina divididos en dos grupos: A) resección de masa tumoral y B) biopsia de masa tumoral, operados en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en el período de enero 2017 a diciembre de 2020. RESULTADOS. El 82,76% (24; 29) fueron hombres, con promedio de edad de 30,6 años. El 82,76% (24; 29) de las masas tumorales se originaron en nasofaringe; no se reportaron casos primarios. El tumor más frecuente fue el Angio-fibroma Nasofaringeo Juvenil 68,97% (20; 29), seguido por los tumores malignos con el 20,69% (6; 29), siendo usual el carcinoma adenoideo quístico. En el 62,07% (18; 29) el tumor invadió Fosa Infratemporal y en el 44,83% (13; 29) hacia esfenoides. En el grupo A, el abordaje quirúrgico empleado en el 20,83% (5; 24) fue mediante técnica abierta y en el 79,17% (19; 24) con técnica endoscópica, tanto uni 31,58% (6; 19) como multiportal 68,42% (13; 19). La complicación fue la hiposensibilidad facial en el 12,5% (3; 24), todos en abordajes abiertos. CONCLUSIÓN. Se evaluó los tipos abordaje quirúrgico y se identificó la estirpe histológica de los tumores de fosa pterigopalatina


INTRODUCTION. The pterygopalatine fossa is an anatomical area of difficult access, which when presenting tumor masses generates a high risk of morbimortality in the juvenile and adult popula-tion, which needs to determine the complications associated with surgery. OBJECTIVE. To eva-luate the types of surgical approach, complications and identify the histologic type of pterygopala-tine fossa tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective cross-sectional study. Population and known sample of 29 Clinical Histories of patients with imaging and histopathological findings of tumors with invasion to pterygopalatine fossa divided into two groups: A) resection of tumor mass and B) biopsy of tumor mass, operated at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialty Hospital in the period from january 2017 to december 2020. RESULTS. The 82,76% (24; 29) were men, with an average age of 30,6 years. 82,76% (24; 29) of the tumor masses originated in nasopharynx; no primary cases were reported. The most frequent tumor was juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma 68,97% (20; 29), followed by malignant tumors with 20,69% (6; 29), being usual the adenoid cystic carcinoma. In 62,07% (18; 29) the tumor invaded the Infratemporal Fossa and in 44,83% (13; 29) into the sphenoid. In group A, the surgical approach used in 20,83% (5; 24) was by open technique and in 79,17% (19; 24) by endoscopic technique, both uni 31,58% (6; 19) and multiportal 68,42% (13; 19). The complication was facial hyposensitivity in 12,5% (3; 24), all in open approaches. CONCLUSION. The types of surgical approach were evaluated and the histologic type of pterygo-palatine fossa tumors was identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Nasal Obstruction , Nose Neoplasms , Angiofibroma , Pterygopalatine Fossa , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Nasal Surgical Procedures , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Biopsy , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Surgical Wound
3.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 184-192, jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115834

ABSTRACT

La recurrencia de carcinoma de células escamosas orofaríngeo (CCEOF) se asocia a mal pronóstico, particularmente en recurrencias en etapa avanzada. La cirugía en el contexto de rescate es más complicada por el tratamiento oncológico del tumor primario, por lo tanto, tiene un mayor riesgo de complicaciones y estadía hospitalaria. Sin embargo, la cirugía de rescate es la mejor oportunidad del paciente como tratamiento curativo y para supervivencia a largo plazo. La población de pacientes que reciben tratamiento para CCEOF ha cambiado en la última década, se ha reconocido que la incidencia de virus papiloma humano (VPH) asociado a CCEOF ha generado el gran aumento de CCEOF y el cambio asociado en las características de la población de pacientes, ahora los pacientes son más jóvenes y tienen menos comorbilidades. Con el aumento exponencial en la incidencia de CCEOF, la necesidad de cirugía de rescate en CCEOF podría verse en aumento. En vista del aumento de la incidencia de casos con carcinoma escamoso de orofaringe y su importante relación con el VPH, esta revisión se enfoca en la supervivencia tras cirugía de rescate con intención curativa y evaluar si con los avances en su tratamiento ha mejorado su pronóstico.


Recurrence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is associated with poor prognosis, particularly in advanced stage recurrences. Salvage surgery is complicated by previous oncological treatment of the primary tumor, therefore, it has a higher risk of complications and hospital stay. However, salvage surgery is the patient's best opportunity as a curative treatment and for long-term survival. The population of patients receiving treatment for OPSCC has changed in the last decade, it has been recognized that the incidence of human papilloma virus (HPV) associated OPSCC has generated an increase of OPSCC and changes in the epidemiology of the patient population, with younger patients and with less comorbidities. With the exponential increase in the incidence of OPSCC, the need for salvage surgery in OPSCC could increase in the future. In view of the increase in the incidence of cases with squamous oropharyngeal carcinoma and its relationship with HPV, this review focuses on survival after salvage surgery with curative intent and assessing whether the progress in its treatment has improved its prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Papillomaviridae , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/virology , Survival Rate , Salvage Therapy , Patient Selection , Medical Futility , Head and Neck Neoplasms/mortality , Head and Neck Neoplasms/virology
4.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 218-225, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115838

ABSTRACT

La obstrucción nasal es un motivo de consulta habitual en otorrinolaringología, siendo una de las causas más frecuentes la hipertrofia de cornete inferior, la que se puede manejar con cirugía cuando falla el tratamiento médico. En las últimas décadas se han desarrollado múltiples técnicas quirúrgicas y tecnología asociada, sin embargo, no hay un consenso establecido sobre cuál es la mejor opción para el manejo de esta patología. Se realizó revisión bibliográfica, se enuncian los métodos quirúrgicos disponibles, teniendo en cuenta beneficios, complicaciones probables y resultados de cada uno. La cirugía de cornete inferior tiene resultados favorables en pacientes con cornetes hipertróficos que no responden a manejo médico. Hasta la fecha la turbinoplastía con microdebridador ha mostrado superioridad en cuanto a resultados a largo plazo y menor tasa de complicaciones. La evidencia disponible hasta la fecha carece de homogeneidad en cuanto a métodos de selección de pacientes, medición de resultados y tiempo de seguimiento, por lo que se necesitan a futuro estudios prospectivos controlados para reevaluar los métodos descritos.


Nasal obstruction is a common complaint, one of the most frequent causes being inferior turbinate hypertrophy, which can be managed with surgery when medical treatment fails. In the last decades, multiple surgical techniques and associated technology have been developed, however, there is no established consensus on what is the best option for the management of this pathology. Literature review, the available surgical methods are stated, taking into account benefits, probable complications and results of each technique. The surgery of inferior turbinate has favorable results in patients with hypertrophic turbinates that do not respond to medical management. To date, microdebrider turbinoplasty has shown superiority in terms of long-term results and lower complication rates. The evidence available to date lacks homogeneity in terms of patient selection methods, measurement of results and follow-up time, so prospective controlled studies are needed in the future to reassess the described methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Turbinates/surgery , Turbinates/pathology , Hypertrophy/surgery
6.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(2): 157-164, March-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132570

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Since development of pediatric intensive care units, children have increasingly and appropriately been treated for complex surgical conditions such as laryngotracheal stenosis. Building coordinated airway teams to achieve acceptable results is still a challenge. Objective To describe patient demographics and surgical outcomes during the first 8 years of a pediatric airway reconstruction team. Methods Retrospective chart review of children submitted to open airway reconstruction in a tertiary university healthcare facility during the first eight years of an airway team formation. Results In the past 8 years 43 children underwent 52 open airway reconstructions. The median age at surgery was 4.1 years of age. Over half of the children (55.8%) had at least one comorbidity and over 80% presented Grade III and Grade IV subglottic stenosis. Other airway anomalies occurred in 34.8% of the cases. Surgeries performed were: partial and extended cricotracheal resections in 50% and laryngotracheoplasty with anterior and/or posterior grafts in 50%. Postoperative dilatation was needed in 34.15% of the patients. Total decannulation rate in this population during the 8-year period was 86% with 72% being decannulated after the first procedure. Average follow-up was 13.6 months. Initial grade of stenosis was predictive of success for the first surgery (p = 0.0085), 7 children were submitted to salvage surgeries. Children with comorbidities had 2.5 greater odds (95% CI 1.2-4.9, p = 0.0067) of unsuccessful surgery. Age at first surgery and presence of other airway anomalies were not significantly associated with success. Conclusions The overall success rate was 86%. Failures were associated with higher grades of stenosis and presence of comorbidities, but not with patient age or concomitant airway anomalies.


Resumo Introdução: Com o desenvolvimento de unidades de terapia intensiva pediátrica, o tratamento de crianças para situações cirúrgicas complexas, como a estenose laringotraqueal, tem sido cada vez mais adequado. Montar equipes coordenadas de via aérea para alcançar resultados aceitáveis ainda é um desafio. Objetivo: Descrever os dados demográficos e os resultados cirúrgicos dos pacientes durante os primeiros oito anos de uma equipe de reconstrução de via aérea pediátrica. Método: Revisão retrospectiva de prontuários de crianças submetidas à reconstrução aberta de via aérea em uma unidade de saúde universitária de nível terciário durante os primeiros oito anos de desenvolvimento de uma equipe de vias aéreas. Resultados: Nos últimos 8 anos, 43 crianças foram submetidas a 52 reconstruções abertas de vias aéreas. A mediana de idade na cirurgia foi de 4,1 anos. Mais da metade das crianças (55,8%) apresentavam pelo menos uma comorbidade e mais de 80% apresentavam estenose subglótica Grau III e Grau IV. Outras anomalias das vias aéreas ocorreram em 34,8% dos casos. As cirurgias feitas foram: ressecções cricotraqueais parciais e estendidas em 50% e laringotraqueoplastia com enxertos anterior e/ou posterior em 50%. A dilatação pós-operatória foi necessária em 34,15% dos pacientes. A taxa de decanulação total nesta população durante o período de 8 anos foi de 86%, com 72% dos pacientes decanulados após o primeiro procedimento. O seguimento médio foi de 13,6 meses. O grau inicial de estenose foi preditivo de sucesso para a primeira cirurgia (p = 0,0085), 7 crianças foram submetidas a cirurgias de resgate. Crianças com comorbidades apresentaram uma probabilidade 2,5 vezes maior (IC95% 1,2-4,9, p = 0,0067) de cirurgias sem sucesso. A idade na primeira cirurgia e a presença de outras anomalias das vias aéreas não foram significantemente associadas ao sucesso. Conclusões: A taxa global de sucesso foi de 86%. As falhas foram associadas a graus maiores de estenose e a presença de comorbidades, mas não com a idade do paciente ou anomalias concomitantes das vias aéreas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Tracheal Stenosis/surgery , Laryngostenosis/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Tracheostomy , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laryngoplasty
7.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 107-111, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090552

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a multifactorial disease characterized by episodes of partial or complete collapse during sleep of different regions of the upper airway. Surgery for OSAS evolved with the introduction of different techniques, considering new surgical concept of reconstruction of the upper airway. Objective To retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness of a new approach aimed at reducing pharyngeal collapse by combining two surgical techniques: lateral and expansion pharyngoplasty. Methods We reviewed the medical records of 38 patients with OSAS undergoing lateral/expansion pharyngoplasty from January 2012 to December 2016. The following data were collected: patient age, gender, and pre- and postoperative body mass index (BMI), Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) scores, snoring visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, and polysomnography (PSG) results. Results The PSG results showed a significant reduction in the apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) from 22.4 ± 27.3 events/h preoperatively to 13.6 ± 17.9 events/h postoperatively (p = 0.009), with postoperative AHI reduction greater than 50% in 63.2% of the patients. There was also a significant reduction in the microarousal index (19.5 ± 22.6 vs 11.0 ± 13.4 events/h; p = 0.001) and in the minimum oxygen saturation (82.6 ± 10.3 vs 86.9 ± 11.1; p = 0.007). Conclusions Lateral-expansion pharyngoplasty represents a new surgical strategy for the treatment of OSAS in patients with palatal collapse by combining two different techniques: lateral and expansion pharyngoplasty. The two techniques, performed as a one-stage procedure, led to improvements in excessive daytime sleepiness, snoring, and PSG respiratory parameters by acting on lateral and retropalatal collapse, produc- ing favorable results with good applicability in otolaryngology clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pharynx/surgery , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Pharyngeal Muscles/surgery , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 56-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089365

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Chronic rhinosinusitis is a broad clinical syndrome characterized by mucosal inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses. In order for the paranasal sinuses to maintain their physiological functions; the ostiomeatal complex drainage pathways must be open. Surgical procedures are an important treatment option in patients who do not respond adequately to medical treatment. Although the methods and instruments used in functional endoscopic sinus surgery have continued to improve in recent years, the scar tissue formed during operation disrupts the drainage of the sinuses and reduces postoperative success. The natural ostiodilatation method, which is performed by balloon sinoplasty method, has become more and more popular in recent years. Objectives To compare the technique of balloon sinoplasty with the classical functional endoscopic sinus surgery method by considering the severity of chronic sinusitis on the same patient. Methods Total of 61 chronic sinusitis patients was included in the study. Paranasal sinus tomography of the patients was taken and according to the Lund-Mackay scoring, chronic sinusitis levels were determined. Cases were divided into two groups: Group 1 (severe chronic sinusitis group) and Group 2 (mild chronic sinusitis). Results There was no statistically significant difference in the results of comparison of sinuses which underwent balloon sinoplasty and classical functional endoscopic sinus surgery in Group 2 after Lund-Mackay scores. However in Group 1, the results of the comparison of postoperative Lund-Mackay scores of the balloon sinoplasty and the classical endoscopic operation were statistically significantly lower than those of the face half operated with the classical functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Conclusion The success of balloon sinoplasty in patients with mild sinusitis is the same as in classic functional endoscopic sinus surgery. However, as the severity of sinusitis increases, the efficacy of balloon sinoplasty decreases.


Resumo Introdução A rinossinusite crônica é uma síndrome clínica ampla, caracterizada por inflamação da mucosa nasal e seios paranasais. Para que os seios paranasais mantenham suas funções fisiológicas, as vias de drenagem do complexo ostiomeatal devem estar abertas. Os procedimentos cirúrgicos são uma importante opção de tratamento em pacientes que não respondem adequadamente ao tratamento clínico. Embora os métodos e instrumentos utilizados na cirurgia endoscópica funcional dos seios paranasais tenham melhorado continuamente, o tecido cicatricial formado durante a cirurgia interrompe a drenagem dos seios nasais e reduz o sucesso pós-operatório. O método natural de dilatação ostial, que é aplicado por meio da técnica de sinuplastia com balão, tem se tornado cada vez mais popular nos últimos anos. Objetivos Comparar a técnica de sinuplastia com balão com o método convencional de cirurgia endoscópica, no mesmo paciente, considerando a gravidade da rinossinusite crônica. Método Foram incluídos no estudo 61 pacientes com rinossinusite crônica. Por meio de tomografia dos seios paranasais e de acordo a escala de Lund-Mackay foram determinados os graus da rinossinusite crônica. Os casos foram divididos em dois grupos: Grupo 1 (grupo com rinossinusite crônica grave) e Grupo 2 (rinossinusite crônica leve). Resultados No Grupo 2 não houve diferença estatisticamente significante, segundo a escala de Lund-Mackay, no resultado da comparação dos seios paranasais nos quais foram realizadas a sinuplastia com balão e por cirurgia endoscópica convencional. No entanto, no Grupo 1, os resultados da comparação dos escores pós-operatórios de Lund-Mackay mostraram-se estatística e significativamente melhores naqueles submetidos à cirurgia endoscópica funcional dos seios paranasais. Conclusão O sucesso da sinuplastia com balão em pacientes com rinossinusite leve é o mesmo da cirurgia endoscópica funcional dos seios da face tradicional. No entanto, à medida que a gravidade da rinossinusite aumenta, a eficácia da sinuplastia com balão diminui.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Sinusitis/surgery , Rhinitis/surgery , Dilatation/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Nasal Surgical Procedures/methods , Postoperative Period , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Severity of Illness Index , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome
9.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(1): 14-18, jan./mar. 2020. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1379231

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse trabalho foi descrever um caso de pólipo inflamatório em ouvido médio de um felino e sua resolução cirúrgica através da avulsão e tração da massa após abordagem lateral. Um felino, fêmea, de 2 anos de idade, foi atendido no Hospital Veterinário Professor Sylvio Barbosa Cardoso, apresentando prurido intenso, dor e secreção fétida em região auricular. Pelo exame físico foi possível observar um nódulo em região de ouvido médio esquerdo. Associado a isso, o animal apresentava "headtilt" (inclinação da cabeça para o lado afetado). Foram solicitados exames hematológicos, radiografia de crânio e citologia da massa. O animal foi encaminhado para cirurgia de extirpação da massa. Foi feita uma incisão na pele sob o canal auditivo vertical palpável. A cartilagem foi liberada até o nível da junção entre as cartilagens auricular e anular. Com o auxílio de um fórceps, o pólipo foi agarrado e delicadamente girado até ser completamente extirpado de sua origem. A cartilagem e o subcutâneo foram fechados com material de sutura monofilamentar 4-0 e a pele foi fechada em um padrão de sutura subdérmica usando o mesmo material. A peça foi encaminhada para exame histopatológico, pelo qual confirmou-se a suspeita de pólipo inflamatório, através da observação de epitélio colunar ciliado. Utilizando a técnica cirúrgica TALA (avulsão e tração após abordagem lateral) foi possível obter melhora do quadro clínico do animal referido, rápida recuperação pós-cirúrgica e sem nenhuma complicação decorrente da técnica. Essa técnica, portanto, se mostrou satisfatória, melhorando significativamente a qualidade de vida do animal.


The aim of this study was to describe a case of inflammatory polyp in the middle ear of a cat and its surgical resolution through avulsion and mass traction after lateral approach. A female feline, two year old, was admitted at the Hospital Veterinário Professor Sylvio Barbosa Cardoso, presenting intense itching, pain and fetid discharge in the ear region. Physical examination revealed a nodule in the left middle ear region. Associated with this, the animal presented head tilt (inclination of the head to the affected side). Hematological examinations, skull radiography and mass cytology were requested. The animal was referred for polyp removal surgery. A skin incision was made under the palpable vertical ear canal. The cartilage was released to the level of the junction between the auricular and annular cartilages. With the help of a forceps, the polyp was grasped and gently rotated until completely removed from its origin. The cartilage and subcutaneous tissue were closed with 4-0 monofilament suture material and the skin was closed in a subdermal suture pattern using the same material. The piece was referred for histopathological examination, which confirmed the suspicion of inflammatory polyp by observing ciliated columnar epithelium. Using the TALA surgical technique (avulsion and traction after lateral approach) it was possible to obtain improvement of the clinical 3 picture of the referred animal, rapid postoperative recovery and without any complications resulting from the technique. This technique therefore proves satisfying, significantly improving the quality of life of the animal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Polyps/veterinary , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/veterinary , Cats/surgery , Ear Canal/surgery , Ear, Middle/surgery , Surgery, Veterinary/methods , Traction/veterinary
10.
S. Afr. med. j. (Online) ; 110(7): 601-604, 2020.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1271267

ABSTRACT

Cancelling elective clinical consultations and surgical procedures was instrumental in assisting hospitals prepare for the COVID-19 crisis. Essential bed space was made available, and it allowed mobilisation of health workers and enforced social distancing. A shift in patient-centred ethics to public health ethics was required to provide a utilitarian approach to the crisis. However, at some point, clinicians need to start becoming patient centred again, and this needs to happen within the utilitarian framework. Children only account for 1 - 5% of confirmed COVID-19 cases, and they present with a much milder disease spectrum than adults. Consequently, paediatric units may be at the forefront of implementing reintroduction of patient-centred elective clinical and surgical procedures. The following recommendations provide a framework to do this in a way that minimises risk to patients and clinicians. They are the first paediatric guidelines in the literature to propose a strategy to reintroduce elective surgical procedures


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Elective Surgical Procedures , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Pandemics , South Africa
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877691

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact in healthcare systems across the world, with many hospitals having to come up with protocols and measures to contain the spread of the virus. This affects various specialties' clinical practices in many ways. Since early 2020 in Singapore, the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at Tan Tock Seng Hospital had to rapidly adapt to this pandemic as we provided services to the main healthcare facility combating the virus in our country. We had to design new workflows and also remain flexible in view of the ever-changing situation. There are 6 important domains for an otolaryngology department or any clinical department in general to consider when making adjustments to their practices in an outbreak: (1) clinical work, (2) education, (3) research, (4) safety of patients and staff, (5) morale of medical staff and (6) pandemic frontline work. We hope that the sharing of our experiences and the lessons learnt will be useful for both our local and international colleagues.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care , Biomedical Research , COVID-19/prevention & control , Delivery of Health Care/methods , Education, Medical , Elective Surgical Procedures , Health Workforce , Humans , Morale , Otolaryngology/methods , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Personal Protective Equipment , Personnel Staffing and Scheduling , SARS-CoV-2 , Singapore/epidemiology , Workflow
13.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(2): 167-172, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014433

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La uvulopalatofaringoplastía (UPPP) es un procedimiento ampliamente difundido en el tratamiento del ronquido y el síndrome de apnea e hipopnea obstructiva del sueño (SAHOS), ya que permite aumentar el área de sección transversal de la vía aérea superior y eliminar tejidos obstructivos. Conocer el grado de satisfacción de los pacientes con la cirugía es importante para nuestro desempeño. Objetivo: Evaluar la satisfacción de los pacientes con el procedimiento UPPP con cirugía nasal con datos subjetivos mediante la aplicación de una encuesta para ser respondida de forma anónima. Material y método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo. Se envió vía email una encuesta de 4 preguntas cerradas creada en la plataforma online MonkeySurvey a los pacientes que fueron sometidos a UPPP (faringoplastía de relocalización) con cirugía nasal entre 2015 y 2016. Resultados: 27 pacientes respondieron la encuesta. Sesenta y seis coma seis por ciento tenían ronquido primario y/o SAHOS leve, 33,3% SAHOS severo. La edad media al momento de la cirugía fue 41 años. El tiempo de seguimiento medio fue 10 meses (324 meses). Noventa y dos coma cinco por ciento de los pacientes están satisfechos con la cirugía UPPP; 81,4% refieren que recomendarían la cirugía a otra persona. Noventa y dos coma cinco por ciento refieren mejoría en los ronquidos. Noventa y cinco coma seis por ciento de los pacientes con somnolencia diurna refiere mejoría. Conclusión: La cirugía UPPP con técnica faringoplastía de relocalización combinada con cirugía nasal en pacientes con ronquido primario y SAHOS ha demostrado una alta tasa de satisfacción según la percepción de los pacientes en el seguimiento desde los 3 meses hasta los 2 años posoperatorios.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) is a widely used surgical procedure for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), since it allows to increase of the cross-sectional area of the upper airway and elimination of obstructive tissues. Knowing the degree of satisfaction of patients with surgery is important for our performance. Aim: To evaluate patient satisfaction with UPPP procedure (relocation pharyngoplasty) with nasal surgery with subjective data through the application of a survey to be answered anonymously. Material and method: Observational, descriptive study. A survey of 4 closed questions created in the MonkeySurvey online platform was sent to patients who underwent UPPP with nasal surgery between 2015 and 2016 via email. Results: 27 patients answered the survey. 66.6% had primary snoring and/or mild OSAS, 33.3% severe OSAS. The average age at the time of surgery was 41 years. The mean follow-up time was 10 months (3-24 months). 92.5% of patients are satisfied with UPPP surgery; 81.4% reported that they would recommend surgery to another person. 92.5% reported improvement in snoring. 95.6% of patients with daytime somnolence reported improvement. Conclusion: UPPP surgery with relocation pharyngoplasty technique combined with nasal surgery in patients with primary snoring and OSAS has shown a high satisfaction rate according to the perception of patients at follow-up from 3 months to 2 years postoperative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Snoring/surgery , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/psychology , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Oropharynx/surgery , Respiration , Uvula/surgery , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Satisfaction
14.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(1): 25-32, mar. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004380

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La cirugía endoscópica nasosinusal (CENS) es una técnica ampliamente usada actualmente en otorrinolaringología. Se deben considerar las diferencias en la población pediátrica en comparación a los adultos. Objetivo: Describir y analizar las características clínicas, epidemiológicas, y resultados del tratamiento con CENS en pediatría. Material y método: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, incluyendo los pacientes pediátricos con patología otorrinolaringológica que haya requerido CENS entre los años 2012 y 2017. Se analizaron variables epidemiológicas, clínicas, complicaciones quirúrgicas y recurrencia. Resultados: La serie está constituida por 19 pacientes, con una edad promedio de intervención de 10 años; 9 hombres y 10 mujeres. El diagnóstico fue en su mayoría pólipo antrocoanal (PAC) (52%), seguida de rinosinusitis crónica (27%). En el periodo de seguimiento, se observó recurrencia en 4 pacientes, los cuales tenían diagnóstico de PAC y atresia de coanas, en un periodo promedio de seguimiento de 36 meses. No hubo complicaciones quirúrgicas. Conclusión: El estudio de los pacientes pediátricos, mediante anamnesis, examen físico e imágenes, es fundamental para definir la indicación de CENS en pediatría. En aquellos casos adecuadamente seleccionados, la CENS es un procedimiento seguro y efectivo.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is a technique widely used in otorhinolaryngology. The differences in pediatric population should be considered, compared to adults. Aim: To describe and analyze the clinical characteristics, epidemiology and surgical results of ESS in pediatric population. Material and method: Retrospective and descriptive study of all pediatric patients who underwent ESS for the treatment of any otorhinolaryngological pathology, between 2012 and 2017. Variables analyzed include demographics, signs and symptoms, surgical complications and recurrence rate. Results: The series includes 19 patients, with a mean age of 10 years at the moment of surgery; 10 men and 9 women. Antrochoanal polyp (AP) was the main diagnosis, followed by chronic rhinosinusitis. On follow-up, 4 patients presented with a recurrence at a mean period of 36 months. No surgical complications were observed. Conclusion: The study of pediatric patients includes anamnesis, physical examination and images in order to define the indication of SES. In those cases, properly selected, CENS results a safe and effective procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Polyps/diagnostic imaging , Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Polyps/surgery , Sinusitis/surgery , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
15.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 83-87, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002182

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction chronic parotitis (CP) is a hindering, recurring inflammatory ailment that eventually leads to the destruction of the parotid gland. When conservative measures and sialendoscopy fail, parotidectomy can be indicated. Objective to evaluate the efficacy and safety of parotidectomy as a treatment for CP unresponsive to conservative therapy, and to compare superficial and near-total parotidectomy (SP and NTP). Methods retrospective consecutive case series of patients who underwent parotidectomy for CP between January 1999 and May 2012. The primary outcome variables were recurrence, patient contentment, transient and permanent facial nerve palsy and Frey syndrome. The categorical variables were analyzed using the two-sided Fisher exact test. Alongside, an elaborate review of the current literature was conducted. Results a total of 46 parotidectomies were performed on 37 patients with CP. Neartotal parotidectomy was performed in 41 and SP in 5 cases. Eighty-four percent of patients was available for the telephone questionnaire (31 patients, 40 parotidectomies) with a mean follow-up period of 6,2 years. Treatment was successful in 40/46 parotidectomies (87%) and 95% of the patients were content with the result. The incidence of permanent and transient facial nerve palsy was 0 (0%) and 12 (26.1%), respectively. Frey syndrome manifested in 20 (43.5%) patients. Neither this study nor careful review of the current literature resulted in evident difference between SP and NTP regarding the primary outcome variables. Conclusion parotidectomy is a safe and effective treatment for CP in case conservative therapy fails. There is no evidence of a distinct difference between SP and NTP regarding efficiency, facial nerve palsy or Frey syndrome. (AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Parotitis/surgery , Parotid Gland/surgery , Parotid Gland/physiopathology , Parotitis/physiopathology , Sialadenitis/surgery , Sialadenitis/physiopathology , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome
16.
Med. U.P.B ; 38(1): 11-16, 13 de febrero de 2019. tab, Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-980291

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: el síndrome de apnea e hipoapnea obstructiva del sueño (SAHOS) y las roncopatías contribuyen al desarrollo de comorbilidades. La primera línea de tratamiento del SAHOS es el CPAP. En pacientes sin adhesión al tratamiento, se propone la opción quirúrgica. Se han descrito múltiples intervenciones adaptadas a cada paciente de acuerdo al grado de obstrucción. Este estudio describe las características epidemiológicas de los pacientes intervenidos por faringoplastias en el periodo comprendido entre 2011 y 2016 en el Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires. Metodología: estudio retrospectivo de pacientes intervenidos por faringoplastias. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 18 con diagnóstico de SAHOS por polisomnografía y/o roncopatía. Se excluyeron pacientes menores de 18 años y con obesidad mórbida. Resultados: se incluyeron 51 pacientes con una edad media de 44.8±1.7 años, de los cuales el 84.3% fueron hombres. 35.3% (n=18) de los pacientes presentaron alguna comorbilidad, siendo la más frecuente hipertensión arterial. 85% (n=43) de los pacientes presentaban SAHOS, siendo un 29,4% severo y el 35,3% de grado moderado. 15% de los pacientes que optaron por el tratamiento quirúrgico presentaban roncopatía. Conclusiones: en este estudio se encontró que los pacientes fueron en su mayoría hombres con una edad media de 44.8±1.7, sintomáticos (Epworth > 9), con obesidad (IMC 28.9±0.4) y con baja adherencia al CPAP. La comorbilidad más frecuente fue hipertensión arterial. El grado de SAHOS prevalente fue el moderado (35,5%). 15% de los pacientes que optaron por el tratamiento quirúrgico presentaban roncopatía.


Objective: Obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and snoring contribute to the development of comorbidities. The first line of treatment in OSAHS is CPAP. In patients without treatment adherence, the surgical option is proposed. Multiple interventions adapted to each patient have been described according to degree of obstruction. This study describes the epidemiological characteristics of patients who underwent pharyngoplasty between 2011 and 2016 at the Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires. Methodology: Retrospective study of patients who underwent pharyngoplasty. Patients over 18 with OSAHS diagnosed by polysomnography and/or chronic snoring were included. We excluded patients under 18 as well as those with morbid obesity. Results: 51 patients were included with an average age of 44.8 ± 1.7, of whom 84.3% were men. 35.3% (n = 18) of the patients presented some comorbidity, where arterial hypertension was the most frequent. 85% (n = 43) of the patients had OSAHS, of which 29.4% involved a severe degree and 35.3% a moderate one. 15% of patients who underwent surgical treatment presented snoring. Conclusions: In this study, it was found that the patients were mostly men with a mean age of 44.8 ± 1.7; they were also symptomatic (Epworth> 9), suffered from obesity (BMI 28.9 ± 0.4), and presented poor adherence to CPAP. The most frequent comorbidity was arterial hypertension. The prevalent degree of OSAHS was moderate (35.5%). 15% of patients who underwent surgical treatment suffered from chronic snoring.


Objetivo: o síndrome de apneia e hipoapneia obstrutiva do sono (SAHOS) e as roncopatias contribuem ao desenvolvimento de comorbilidades. A primeira linha de tratamento do SAHOS é o CPAP. Em pacientes sem adesão ao tratamento, se propõe a opção cirúrgica. Se há descrito múltiplas intervenções adaptadas a cada paciente de acordo ao grau de obstrução. Este estudo descreve as características epidemiológicas dos pacientes intervindos por faringoplastias no período compreendido entre 2011 e 2016 no Hospital Britânico de Buenos Aires. Metodologia: estudo retrospectivo de pacientes intervindos por faringoplastias. Se incluíram pacientes maiores de 18 com diagnóstico de SAHOS por polisomnografia e/ou roncopatia. Se excluíram pacientes menores de 18 anos e com obesidade mórbida. Resultados: se incluíram 51 pacientes com uma idade média de 44.8±1.7 anos, dos quais 84.3% foram homens. 35.3% (n=18) dos pacientes apresentaram alguma comorbilidad, sendo a mais frequente hipertensão arterial. 85% (n=43) dos pacientes apresentavam SAHOS, sendo um 29,4% severo e 35,3% de grau moderado. 15% dos pacientes que optaram pelo tratamento cirúrgico apresentavam roncopatia. Conclusões: neste estudo se encontrou que os pacientes foram na sua maioria homens com uma idade média de 44.8±1.7, sintomáticos (Epworth > 9), com obesidade (IMC 28.9±0.4) e com baixa aderência ao CPAP. A comorbilidade mais frequente foi hipertensão arterial. O grau de SAHOS prevalente foi o moderado (35,5%). 15% dos pacientes que optaram pelo tratamento cirúrgico apresentavam roncopatia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Snoring , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Polysomnography , Hypertension , Men , Obesity
17.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(4): 404-407, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975617

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Otorhinolaryngology has always been considered a gender-neutral specialty, whereas in several other specialties, such as obstetrics, gynecology and urology, gender preference has been consistently shown by patients when choosing their treating surgeon. To date, no study has been performed to analyze whether this practice of gender preference is prevalent in otorhinolaryngology patients too. Objectives To identify if gender preference exists in the field of otorhinolaryngology, specifically in its four subspecialties, namely otology, pediatric otolaryngology, laryngology and head and neck surgery. Methods Patients attending our outpatient department were asked to complete a preformed proforma. The pro forma consisted of two parts, demographic details of the subjects and gender preference in the following subspecialties: otology, pediatric otolaryngology, laryngology and head and neck oncosurgery. Results A total of 1,112 subjects took part in the study, out of which 1,089 subjects were included in the final analysis. Female gender preference was highest in the field of pediatric otolaryngology, while male preference was highest for head and neck oncosurgery. Conclusion Though otorhinolaryngology and head and neck surgery has been considered a gender-neutral field, subspecialties of this field show considerable gender preference.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Patient Preference/statistics & numerical data , Sexism , Otolaryngology , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/surgery , Patient-Centered Care , Surgeons , India
18.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(4): 432-436, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975612

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a sleep disorder caused by an excessive narrowing of the pharyngeal airway that also collapses during inspiration, with an important role played by the lateral pharyngeal wall in the development of the obstruction. Objective To describe our surgical experience with modified expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty (MESP) in the management of lateral collapse in upper airway multilevel surgery. Methods A total of 20 patients with moderate to severe OSAS were recruited in the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department of the University of Palermo, Italy. All of the enrolled patients refused the ventilatory therapy. The subjects were evaluated for snoring, and daytime sleepiness had a clinical evaluation including collection of anthropometric data and ENT examination and rhinofibroscopy with Müller maneuver. The patients undergoing upper airway multilevel surgery and we selected for MESP the patients with an oropharyngeal transverse pattern of collapse at Müller maneuver. Results In the postoperative assessment, all of the patients reported a reduction in snoring scores and daytime sleepiness. We observed a reduction in the mean apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 57.5% of the sample, which decreased from a mean value of 41.7 ( ± 21.5) to 17.4 ( ± 8.9) (p< 0.05), with a success rate, according to the Sher criteria, of 65%. We observed very few postoperative complications. Conclusion Modified expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty in multilevel surgical therapy preceded by a careful selection of patients has proven to be effective in treating patients with moderate to severe syndromes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Pharyngeal Muscles/surgery , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Palate, Soft/surgery , Snoring/diagnosis , Endoscopy , Medical History Taking
19.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(6): 543-548, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977392

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: ENT patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome have a tendency of collapsing the upper airways in addition to anatomical obstacles. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is related to the increased risk of difficult airway and also increased perioperative complications. In order to identify these patients in the preoperative period, the STOP Bang questionnaire has been highlighted because it is summarized and easy to apply. Objectives: Evaluate through the STOP Bang questionnaire whether patients undergoing ENT surgery with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome have a higher risk of complications, particularly the occurrence of difficult airway. Casuistry and methods: Measurements of anatomical parameters for difficult airway and questionnaire application for clinical prediction of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome were performed in 48 patients with a previous polysomnographic study. Results: The sample detected difficult airway in about 18.7% of patients, all of them with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. This group had older age, cervical circumference > 40 cm, ASA II and Cormack III/IV. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome had higher body mass index, cervical circumference, and frequent apnea. In subgroup analysis, the group with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome showed a significantly higher SB score compared to patients without this syndrome or with a mild/moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Conclusions: The STOP Bang questionnaire was not able to predict difficult airway and mild obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, but it identified marked obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. All patients with difficult airway had moderate and marked obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, although this syndrome did not involve difficult airway. The variables Cormack III/IV and BMI greater than 35 kg.m−2 were able to predict difficult airway and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, respectively.


Resumo Introdução: Os pacientes cirúrgicos otorrinolaringológicos portadores da síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono apresentam, além de obstáculos anatômicos, tendência ao colapso das vias aéreas superiores. Síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono está relacionada ao maior risco de via aérea difícil e também aumento de complicações perioperatórias. A fim de se identificar esses pacientes no período pré-operatório, tem se destacado o questionário STOP Bang, por ser resumido e de fácil aplicação. Objetivos: Avaliar se pacientes submetidos à cirurgia otorrinolaringológica com diagnóstico de síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono pelo questionário STOP Bang apresentariam maior risco de complicações, particularmente ocorrência de via aérea difícil. Casuística e métodos: Feitas medidas de parâmetros anatômicos para via aérea difícil e administrado questionário para predição clínica de síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono em 48 pacientes com estudo polissonográfico prévio. Resultados: A amostra detectou via aérea difícil em 18,7% dos pacientes, todos portadores de síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono. Esse grupo apresentava maior idade, circunferência cervical > 40 cm, ASA II e Cormack III/IV. Os pacientes com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono apresentaram maior índice de massa corpórea, circunferência cervical e frequência de apneia observada. Na análise de subgrupos, o grupo com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono acentuada mostrou significantemente maior pontuação no SB quando comparado com pacientes sem síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono ou com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono leve/moderada. Conclusões: O questionário STOP Bang não foi capaz de predizer via aérea difícil e nem síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono leve e moderada, mas identificou síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono acentuada. Todos pacientes com via aérea difícil apresentaram síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono moderada e acentuada, apesar desta síndrome não implicar em via aérea difícil. As variáveis Cormack III/IV e IMC maior do que 35 Kg.m-2 foram capazes de predizer via aérea difícil e síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono respectivamente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Airway Obstruction/complications , Airway Obstruction/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Correlation of Data , Middle Aged
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