Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 3.154
Filter
1.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 77-81, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1411351

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Les cancers gynécologiques constituent un problème majeur de santé publique dans le monde. L'objectif de cette étude était de déterminer la fréquence des cancers gynécologiques en pratique oncologique à Lomé et d'en étudier les aspects épidémiologiques et histo-cliniques. Méthodes. Il s'agitd'une étude rétrospective et descriptive portant sur tous les cancers gynécologiques reçus en oncologie entre le 1erJanvier 2016 et le 31 Décembre 2021. Résultats. Au total 202 cas de cancers gynécologiques ont été enregistrés. L'âge moyen des patientes était de 54 ans avec des extrêmes de 20 et 88 ans. Les cancers les plus fréquents étaient le cancer du col utérin (n=88; 43,6%), du corps utérin (n= 57; 28,3%) et de l'ovaire (n= 35; 17,4%). Le carcinome épidermoïde était le type histologique le plus fréquent dans le cancer du col (n= 86; 97,7%) tandis que les cancers du corps de l'utérus étaient majoritairement des adénocarcinomes (n=46 ; 80,7 %). Tous les cancers de la vulve et du vagin étaient des carcinomes épidermoïdes et la majorité des cancers de l'ovaire était des tumeurs épithéliales (n=29 ; 82,9%). Les deux-tiers des patients o été diagnostiqué à un stade avancé (stade III et IV) (n=134 ; 66,3%). Conclusion. Les cancers gynécologiques sont fréquents dans notre pratique et majoritairement diagnostiqués à un stade tardif. Cette étude souligne la nécessité d'une détection précoce de ces affections afin d'améliorer le pronostic des patientes.


Introduction. Gynecological cancers are an important public health problem worldwide. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and histopathological features of gynecological cancer in clinical oncology practice in Lomé. Methods. This was a retrospective study of histopathological confirmed gynecological malignancies conducted in the department of oncology from January 2016 to December 2021. Results. A total of 202 cases were identified. The mean age of patients was 54years [range20-88years]. The most common gynecological malignancy was cervical cancer (n=88 ; 43.6%), followed by uterine corpus cancer (n= 57 ; 28.3%) and ovarian cancer (n= 35 ; 17.4%). The most common histopathological diagnosis of cervical cancer was squamous cell carcinoma (n= 86 ; 97.7%) while most corpus uterine cancers were endometrioid adenocarcinoma (n= 46 ; 80.7 %). Vulval and vagina cancers were squamous cell carcinoma and the majority of ovarian cancers were epithelial tumours (n= 29 ; 82.9%). Two-thirds of patients were diagnosed at the advanced stage (stage III et IV) (n= 134 ; 66.3%). Conclusion. Gynecologic cancers are common in our practice. This study emphasizes the necessity of early detection of these diseases to improve prognostic and patient survival


Subject(s)
Ovarian Neoplasms , Uterine Neoplasms , Vaginal Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Vulvar Neoplasms
2.
Oncología (Ecuador) ; 32(3): 359-365, 2 de diciembre del 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411157

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los tumores de las células germinales son la neoplasia maligna del ovario más pre-valente en adolescentes y niñas, son detectados generalmente en estadios iniciales. No se conoce la asociación con el síndrome de Down, motivo de presentación del presente caso. Caso Clínico: Se presenta el caso de una niña de 13 años de edad con síndrome de Down, referida por una masa supra púbica dolorosa de dos meses de evolución. Taller diagnóstico: Los estudios de extensión detectaron un tumor a nivel pélvico dependiente de ovario izquierdo, por lo que se planificó una tumorectomía. El estudio histopatológico determinó la presencia de un tumor germinal con componente de disgerminoma y trofoblástico. Evolución: La paciente fue prescrita con tratamiento quimioterápico, con una evolución favorable a los 16 meses de seguimiento. Conclusión: la clínica clásica de tumores de células germinales en el síndrome de Down es poco indicativa; en la mayoría de los casos se trata de preservar la fertilidad, inclusive siendo niñas porta-doras de Síndrome de Down. El seguimiento en el presente caso ha sido favorable a 16 meses.


Introduction: Germ cell tumors are the most prevalent ovarian malignancy in adolescents and girls; they are generally detected in early stages. The association with Down syndrome, the reason for presenting this case, is unknown. Clinical Case: We present the case of a 13-year-old girl with Down syndrome, referred by a painful suprapubic mass with two months of evolution. Diagnostic workshop: The extension studies detected a tumor at the pelvic level dependent on the left ovary, for which a lumpectomy was planned. The histopathological examination determined the presence of a germ cell tumor with a dysgerminoma and trophoblastic component. Evolution: The patient was prescribed chemotherapy treatment, with favorable development at 16 months of follow-up. Conclusion: The classic symptoms of germ cell tumors in Down syndrome are not very indicative; In most cases, it is about preserving fertility, even when girls are carriers of Down Syndrome. Follow-up, in this case, has been favorable for 16 months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Down Syndrome , Dysgerminoma , Ovarian Neoplasms , Adolescent
3.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 73(3): 317-329, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1408054

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos: Reportar un caso de Tumor de Ovario de los Cordones Sexuales con Túbulos Anulares (TCSTA), hacer una revisión de la literatura acerca del diagnóstico, tratamiento y pronóstico de esta condición. Materiales y métodos: Se informa el caso de una mujer que consultó al Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Bogotá (Colombia), con diagnóstico final de TCSTA avanzado, quien recibió tratamiento quirúrgico y quimioterapia con evolución satisfactoria a los 6 meses. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las bases de datos Medline vía PubMed, LILACS y Scielo, que incluía reportes y series de caso de mujeres con diagnóstico de TCSTA, publicados desde 1990, sin incluir rango de edad. Se extrajo información sobre el diagnóstico, tratamiento y pronóstico reportado. Se realizó resumen narrativo de los hallazgos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 14 publicaciones que incluían 26 pacientes. La edad media al diagnóstico fue de 22,5 años. Los síntomas principales fueron alteraciones de la menstruación y dolor pélvico. La tomografía computarizada fue la tecnología de imágenes más frecuentemente utilizada. El tratamiento fue quirúrgico, siempre usado, acompañado de quimioterapia (29 %); 2 casos recibieron radioterapia. Hubo recaída en el 20 % de los casos. La mortalidad fue del 12,5 %, toda en el primer año. Conclusiones: La información sobre la utilidad diagnóstica de las imágenes, marcadores tumorales y estudios de histoquímica es escasa, como también los datos sobre el pronóstico de la entidad. El tratamiento quirúrgico es el de elección, teniendo en cuenta el deseo de fertilidad de la paciente y el estadio tumoral. Se requieren más estudios que documenten de manera más detallada el manejo de esta condición.


ABSTRACT Objectives: To report a case of ovarian sex cord tumor with annular tubules (SCTAT) and conduct a literature review on diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this condition. Material and methods: Case report of a woman with a final diagnosis of advanced SCTAT seen at the National Cancer Institute in Bogota (Colombia) who received surgical treatment and chemotherapy with a satisfactory course after 6 months. A literature search was conducted in the Medline via PubMed, LILACS and Scielo databases, including case reports and series of women diagnosed with SCTAT published since 1990, not using age ranges. Information about diagnosis, treatment and reported prognosis was retrieved. A narrative summary of the findings was prepared. Results: Fourteen publications with 26 patients were included. Mean age at diagnosis was 22.5 years. The main symptoms were menstruation abnormalities and pelvic pain. Computed tomography (CT) was the imaging technology most frequently used. Surgical treatment was used in all cases, together with chemotherapy in 29 %; 2 patients received radiotherapy. Recurrence occurred in 20 % of cases. Mortality was 12.5 %, with all deaths occurring within the first year. Conclusions: There is a paucity of information about the diagnostic utility of imaging, tumor markers and histochemical studies, as well as prognosis of this disease condition. Surgery is the treatment of choice, taking into consideration the patient's wishes regarding fertility, as well as the stage of the tumor. Further studies are needed to provide more detailed information about this condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms , Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors , Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome , Neoplasms
4.
Oncología (Ecuador) ; 32(2)2 de Agosto del 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392103

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El leiomiosarcoma de ovario, es una neoplasia extremadamente rara, forma parte del subgrupo de tumores de músculo liso que constituye menos del 1% en cuanto a tumores de ovario; dentro del mismo se encuentran clasificados el carcinosarcoma, angiosarcoma, fibrosarcoma y leiomiosarcoma, de acuerdo con la literatura revisada se han reportado 63 casos de leiomiosarcoma hasta la actualidad. Caso clínico: Presentamos el caso de una paciente mujer de 53 años; ingresó al área de emergencia por dolor abdominal de gran intensidad, acompañado de distensión abdominal y ortopnea; a la exploración física se palpó una masa poco móvil. La tomografía evidenció la presencia de una masa abdomino-pélvica que se extendió entre el asa intestinal y la raíz del mesenterio; comprimía vejiga, útero y ovarios. Se le realizó una histerectomía, con salpingo ooforectomía derecha, ooforectomía izquierda por medio de laparotomía exploratoria. Los estudios histopatológicos determinaron el diagnóstico de leiomiosarcoma. Fue tratado con cirugía y quimioterapia adyuvante.


Introduction: Ovarian leiomyosarcomas is an extremely rare neoplasm and are part of the subgroup of smooth muscle tumors that constitutes less than 1% in terms of ovarian tumors; within it are classified: carcinosarcoma, angiosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma, according to the reviewed literature, 63 cases of leiomyosarcoma have been reported to date. Clinical Case: We present the case of a 53-year-old female patient; she was admitted to the emergency area due to severe abdominal pain, accompanied by abdominal distension and orthopnea; Physical examination revealed a large, slightly mobile mass. The tomography showed the presence of an abdominopelvic mass that extended between the intestinal loop and the root of the mesentery; compressed bladder, uterus, and ovaries. She underwent exeresis hysterectomy with right salpingo-oophorectomy and left oophorectomy through exploratory laparotomy. Histopathological studies yielded results of a malignant neoplasm compatible with leiomyosarcoma. She was treated with surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms , Leiomyosarcoma , Ovary , Case Reports
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(6): 320-326, 20220000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1397206

ABSTRACT

Los tumores de ovario son los trastornos ginecológicos más comunes. Los tumores de ovario son el tercer tumor más común en las mujeres. Los tumores de ovario a veces son asintomáticos y tienen síntomas no específicos, lo que hace que la mayoría de los casos sean difíciles de detectar temprano. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar las características genitourinarias del tumor ovárico en un estudio hospitalario. Se realizó un estudio observacional en Bagdad, Iraq, entre septiembre de 2018 y febrero de 2021. Las mujeres diagnosticadas con tumores ovarios a los 18 años de edad o más. Un total de cincuenta mujeres que se inscribieron en nuestro hospital. Datos clínicos y patológicos recopilados y analizados. Los datos sobre comorbilidades y resultados fueron aprobados y diagnosticados por un equipo completo de médicos ginecológicos y urológicos multidisciplinarios. La incidencia general de tumores ováricos fue 70% maligna y 30% benigna. El estudio mostró que la mayor parte del grupo de edad de tumores ováricos era superior a 55 años (62%). La mitad de los pacientes eran nuliparidades. El nivel educativo era principalmente de bajo nivel en analfabeto (20%), primario (24%), secundario (36%) en comparación con el alto nivel. Las mujeres usaron anticoncepción en 52%. La historia familiar informó en el 18% de las mujeres. El tipo histopatológico más común era el carcinoma seroso ovárico 15 (30%). Las etapas regionales eran comunes en el 50% de los pacientes. Tumores de bajo grado en 32%, intermedio en 36%y alto en 32%. Casi, el 80% de las mujeres se sometieron a TAH. Alrededor del 60% de los pacientes recibieron quimioterapia. Los resultados de salud genitourinaria adversos a largo plazo incluyeron nefritis (6%), insuficiencia renal aguda (16%), enfermedad renal crónica (18%), infección urinaria (38%), cálculo (16%), hidronefrosis (20%), Obstrucción de la vejiga (2%), estenosis ureteral (12%), retención de orina (8%), incontinencia de orina (12%), hematuria (22%), PID (14%), adhesión de órganos (8%), cervicitis (2 %), Endometriosis (2%), quiste (6%), trastornos menstruales (24%), infertilidad (2%) y dolor menopáusica (32%). En conclusión, el cáncer de ovario representa el tercer tipo de cáncer ginecológico más común. Era más común en mujeres mayores de cinco décadas. El tipo histopatológico más común es el carcinoma seroso ovárico. Observamos que los sobrevivientes de cáncer de ovario experimentaron mayores riesgos de varias enfermedades genitourinarias. Comprender los escenarios de la morbilidad múltiple para los tumores ováricos es de vital importancia para mejorar la atención clínica después del diagnóstico.


Ovarian tumors are the most common gynecological disorders. Ovarian tumors are the third most common tumor in women. Ovarian tumors are sometimes asymptomatic and have non-specific symptoms, making most cases difficult to detect early. The aim of this study was to investigate genitourinary features of ovarian tumor in a hospital-based study. An observational study was conducted in Baghdad, Iraq, between September 2018 and February 2021. Women diagnosed with ovarian tumors at 18 years of age or older. A total of Fifty women who enrolled in our hospital. Clinical and pathological data collected and analyzed. Data about comorbidities and outcomes were approved and diagnosed by full team of multidisciplinary gynecological and urological doctors were recorded. Overall incidence of ovarian tumors was 70% malignant and 30% benign. The study showed that the most age group of ovarian tumors was above 55 years (62%). Half of patients were nulliparities. Educational level was mostly of low level in illiterate (20%), primary (24%), secondary (36%) compared to high level. Women used contraception in 52%. The family history reported in 18% of women. The most common histopathological type was ovarian serous carcinoma 15(30%). Regional stages were common in 50% of patients. Low grade tumors in 32%, intermediate in 36% and high in 32%. Almost, 80% of women underwent TAH. About 60% of patients received chemotherapy. The long-term adverse genitourinary health outcomes correlated included Nephritis (6%), Acute renal failure (16%), Chronic kidney disease (18%), UTI (38%), Calculus (16%), Hydronephrosis (20%), Bladder obstruction (2%), Ureteric stenosis (12%), Urine retention (8%), Urine incontinence (12%), Hematuria (22%), PID (14%), Organ adhesion (8%), Cervicitis (2%), Endometriosis (2%), Cyst (6%), Menstrual disorders (24%), Infertility (2%), and Menopausal pain (32%). In conclusion, ovarian cancer represents the third most common gynecologic cancer type. It was more common in women aged above five decades. The most common histopathological type is ovarian serous carcinoma. We observed that ovarian cancer survivors experienced increased risks of various genitourinary diseases. Understanding the multi-morbidity scenarios for ovarian tumors is of vital importance to improve clinical care after diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Morbidity , Female Urogenital Diseases/pathology
6.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(3): 203-209, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388727

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Los tumores de ovario borderline (BOT) son un grupo de lesiones neoplásicas de origen epitelial del ovario que presentan características de tumores malignos, pero sin invasión del estroma, y se caracterizan por tener un buen pronóstico. El objetivo del estudio es determinar la concordancia diagnóstica entre biopsia contemporánea y definitiva de los BOT en nuestro centro hospitalario. MÉTODO: Se realizó un estudio analítico retrospectivo de corte transversal de las biopsias contemporáneas y definitivas de BOT en la base de datos de anatomía patológica del Hospital Padre Hurtado, entre los años 2010 y 2019. El análisis estadístico de concordancia se realizó mediante test de kappa. RESULTADOS: Se revisaron 4546 informes de biopsias entre los años 2010 y 2019. Se pesquisaron 163 tumores malignos de ovario, de los cuales 69 (42,33%) correspondieron a BOT. De estos, 39 fueron serosos (56,2%), 28 mucinosos (40,57%) y 2 (2,8%) de tipo endometrioide. El resultado de concordancia diagnóstica de BOT seroso es moderada, del 75,71% con un índice de kappa de 0,5143 (p = 0,000), y el de BOT mucinoso es débil, del 65,71% con un índice de kappa de 0,2398 (p = 0,0222). CONCLUSIONES: Los BOT corresponden a un gran porcentaje dentro de los tumores malignos del ovario, siendo el subtipo seroso el más común. La concordancia entre biopsia contemporánea y definitiva es de débil a moderada.


OBJECTIVE: Borderline ovarian tumors (BOT) are a group of neoplastic lesions of epithelial origin of the ovary that present characteristics of malignant tumors but without stromal invasion and are characterized by having a good prognosis. The objective of the study is to determine the concordance between frozen section and definitive biopsy of BOT in our hospital center. METHOD: A retrospective, cross-sectional analytical study of the frozen section and definitive BOT biopsies was performed in the pathological anatomy database of the Padre Hurtado Hospital during the years 2010 and 2019. The statistical and concordance analysis was performed using kappa tests. RESULTS: 4546 biopsy reports were reviewed during 2010 and 2018. A total of 163 malignant ovarian tumors were investigated, of which 69 (42%) corresponded to BOT. Of these, the most common subtypes were 39 (56.2%) serous, 28 (40.57%) mucinous and 2 (2.8%) endometroid. The concordance results of serous BOT is moderate, 75.71% with a kappa index of 0.5143 (p = 0.000), and mucinous BOT have fair concordance, 65.71% with a kappa index of 0.2398 (p = 0.0222). CONCLUSIONS: BOT correspond to a large percentage of malignant tumors of the ovary, with the serous subtype being the most common. The concordance between contemporary and definitive biopsy is between fair and moderate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biopsy/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(1): 81-86, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388714

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Aproximadamente un 4% de mujeres embarazadas presentan tumoraciones anexiales en el primer trimestre de gestación, siendo la mayoría quistes anexiales simples. Solo el 1,5% persisten tras el primer trimestre y en torno al 0,9% son malignos. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de 31 años que consultó en urgencias por sangrado y amenorrea de 5 semanas. La ecografía transvaginal evidenció un saco gestacional intraútero y una tumoración anexial izquierda compleja de 68 mm, multilocular, sólida, de ecogenicidad mixta, con septos gruesos y un área sólida vascularizada de 40 mm, sospechosa de neoplasia de ovario. Se realizó manejo quirúrgico conservador mediante anexectomía bilateral laparoscópica en la octava semana de gestación. El diagnóstico fue de adenocarcinoma mucinoso infiltrante bien diferenciado en ovario derecho, coexistente con tumor mucinoso borderline en ovario izquierdo (etapa IC FIGO). El embarazo cursó con normalidad, a excepción de feto pequeño para la edad gestacional en la semana 39. Se finalizó la gestación en la semana 40 mediante parto vaginal. Debido al deseo de la paciente, la cirugía se realizó en el primer trimestre de embarazo en lugar de en el segundo como se recomienda. La cirugía se completó meses después del parto, con histerectomía y apendicectomía laparoscópica. DISCUSIÓN: El cáncer de ovario es el segundo tumor ginecológico más diagnosticado durante el embarazo. Suele diagnosticarse en el primer trimestre debido al cribado ecográfico gestacional. Ocurre en mujeres con baja paridad y en sus últimos años de edad reproductiva. Esto podría verse reflejado en un aumento de su incidencia debido al retraso de la edad materna al primer embarazo. Normalmente se diagnostica en etapa I, siendo entonces la supervivencia superior al 90% a los 5 años. En etapas iniciales en mujeres embarazadas, la laparoscopia es tan válida como la laparotomía.


INTRODUCTION: Approximately 4% of pregnant women present adnexal tumors in the first trimester of gestation, the majority being simple adnexal cysts. Only 1.5% persist after the first trimester and around 0.9% are malignant. CASE REPORT: 31-year-old patient who came to the emergency room because of spotting and 5-week amenorrhea. A transvaginal ultrasound revealed an intrauterine gestational sac and a 69 mm complex multiocular-solid left adnexal tumor, with thick septa and a solid vascularized area of 40 mm, with suspicion of ovarian neoplasia. Conservative surgical management was performed through laparoscopic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in eighth week of gestation. The diagnosis was a well-differentiated infiltrating mucinous adenocarcinoma in the right ovary, and a coexisting borderline mucinous tumor in the left ovary (FIGO stage IC). The pregnancy proceeded normally except for a small for gestational age fetus at week 39 and pregnancy was completed at week 40 by vaginal delivery. Due to the patients wishes, the surgery was performed in the 1st trimester of pregnancy instead in the 2nd as is recommended. Final surgery was completed after giving birth, with laparoscopic hysterectomy and appendectomy. DISCUSSION: Ovarian cancer is the second most diagnosed gynecological tumor during pregnancy. It is usually diagnosed during the first trimester with gestational ultrasound screening. It occurs in women with low parity and in their later years of reproductive age. This could be reflected in an increase in its incidence due to the delay in the age of first pregnancy. Normally it is diagnosed in stage I, when the survival rate is superior to 90% after 5 years. In early stages, laparoscopic surgery in pregnant women is as valid as laparotomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/surgery , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Laparoscopy , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/pathology , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnostic imaging , Hysterectomy/methods , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/pathology
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): e43-e48, feb 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353825

ABSTRACT

La encefalitis por anticuerpos contra el receptor N-metilD-aspartato es un proceso inmunomediado en el que autoanticuerpos se dirigen contra la subunidad GluN1 del receptor de glutamato del sistema nervioso central. Se caracteriza por la aparición aguda o subaguda de síntomas psiquiátricos, como confusión, pérdida de la memoria a corto plazo, cambios de conducta, catatonía, seguidos por manifestaciones neurológicas, tales como convulsiones, alteraciones del movimiento, disfunciones autonómicas, coma y depresión respiratoria. Es grave y potencialmente mortal. Su asociación con teratoma de ovario como síndrome paraneoplásico fue descrita en mujeres jóvenes. En la población pediátrica, es mucho menos frecuente y se reporta en comunicaciones de 1 o 2 pacientes y en series de pocos casos. Se presenta una paciente de 13 años con encefalitis paraneoplásica por anticuerpos contra el receptor N-metil-Daspartato, secundaria a un teratoma ovárico maduro.


The encephalitis due to antibodies against the N-methylD-aspartate receptor is a process immune-mediated in which antibodies are directed against the GluN1 subunit of the glutamate receptor in the central nervous system. It is characterized by an acute or subacute onset of psychiatric symptoms such as confusion, short-term memory loss, behavioral changes, catatonia followed by neurological manifestations such as seizures, movement disturbances, autonomic dysfunctions, coma, and respiratory depression. It is serious and life threatening. Its association with ovarian teratoma as a paraneoplastic syndrome was described in youngwomen. In the pediatric population it is much less frequent and is reported in publications of one or two patients and in series of few cases. We present a 13-year-old patient with encephalitis paraneoplastic due to antibodies against the N-methyl-Daspartate receptor, secondary to a mature ovarian teratoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Ovarian Neoplasms/complications , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Teratoma/complications , Teratoma/diagnosis , Encephalitis , Autoantibodies , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression of immunoglobulin mucin molecule 3 (TIM-3) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and the effects of TIM-3 knockdown and overexpression on proliferation and migration of ovarian cancer cells.@*METHODS@#We analyzed TIM-3 expression in EOC and normal ovarian tissues using GEPIA database. We also detected TIM-3 expression levels in 82 surgical specimens of EOC and 18 specimens of normal ovarian tissues using immunohistochemistry, and analyzed the correlation of TIM-3 expression with clinicopathological parameters and survival outcomes of the patients. The expression of TIM-3 and Wnt1 mRNA in the tissues were detected using qRT-PCR. We constructed SKOV3 cell models of TIM-3 knockdown and overexpression and examined the changes in proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of the cells using MTT assay, Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, scratch test and Transwell assay. The activity of Wnt/β-catenin pathway in the transfected was detected using dual luciferase reporter assay, and the mRNA levels of TCF-7, TCCFL-2 and CD44 were detected using qPCR. The protein expressions of MMP-9, CD44, Wnt1, β-catenin and E-cad in the transfected cells were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression rate of TIM-3 was significantly higher in EOC tissues than in normal ovarian tissues (P < 0.05). The expression of TIM-3 was significantly correlated with FIGO stage, histological differentiation and lymph node metastasis, and was positively correlated with Wnt1 level (P < 0.05). In SKOV3 cells, TIM-3 knockdown significantly lowered the activity of Wnt/ β-catenin pathway, inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and promoted cell apoptosis. TIM-3 knockdown significantly down-regulated the mRNA levels of TCF-7, TCFL-2 and CD44 and the protein levels of MMP-9, CD44, Wnt1 and β-catenin, and significantly up-regulated the expression level of E-cad (P < 0.05). Overexpression of TIM-3 caused opposite effects in SKOV3 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#TIM-3 is highly expressed in EOC tissue to promote malignant behaviors of the tumor cells possibly by activating the Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2/metabolism , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929048

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is the third-most-common malignant reproductive tumor in women. According to the American Cancer Society, it has the highest mortality rate of gynecological tumors. The five-year survival rate was only 29% during the period from 1975 to 2008 (Reid et al., 2017). In recent decades, the five-year survival rate of ovarian cancer has remained around 30% despite continuous improvements in surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and other therapeutic methods. However, because of the particularity of the volume and location of ovarian tissue, the early symptoms of ovarian cancer are hidden, and there is a lack of highly sensitive and specific screening methods. Most patients have advanced metastasis, including abdominal metastasis, when they are diagnosed (Reid et al., 2017). Therefore, exploring the mechanism of ovarian cancer metastasis and finding early preventive measures are key to improving the survival rate and reducing mortality caused by ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen/biosynthesis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Chemokines/biosynthesis , Female , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Survival Rate , Up-Regulation
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 139-146, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935193

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of down-regulation of retinol binding protein 2 (RBP2) expression on the biological characteristics of ovarian cancer cells and its mechanism. Methods: Knockdown of RBP2 and cisplatin (DDP)-resistant ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i was established, the negative control group and blank control group were also set. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) was used to detect the cell proliferation ability, flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis, scratch test and Transwell invasion test were used to detect cell migration and invasion ability, real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot were used to detect the expressions of molecular markers related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The effect of RBP2 on the growth of ovarian cancer was verified through experiment of transplanted tumors in nude mice, and the relationships between RBP2 expression and tumor metastasis and patient prognosis were analyzed using the clinical data of ovarian cancer in TCGA database. Results: After down-regulating the expression of RBP2, the proliferation ability of SKOV3/DDP cell was significantly reduced. On the fifth day, the proliferation activities of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group, negative control group and blank control group were (56.67±4.16)%, (84.67±3.51) and (87.00±4.00)% respectively, with statistically significant difference (P<0.001). The apoptosis rate of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was (14.19±1.50)%, higher than (8.77±0.75)% of the negative control group and (7.48±0.52)% of the blank control group (P<0.001). The number of invasive cells of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was (55.20±2.39), lower than (82.60±5.18) and (80.80±7.26) of the negative control group and the blank control group, respectively (P<0.001). The scratch healing rate of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was (28.47±2.72)%, lower than (50.58±4.06)% and (48.92±4.63)% of the negative control group and the blank control group, respectively (P<0.001). The mRNA and protein expressions of E-cadherin in the SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group were higher than those in the negative control group (P=0.015, P<0.001) and the blank control group (P=0.006, P<0.001). The mRNA and protein expression of N-cadherin in SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group were lower than those in the negative control group (P=0.012, P<0.001) and the blank control group (P=0.005, P<0.001). The mRNA and protein expressions of vimentin in SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group were also lower than those in the negative control group (P=0.016, P=0.001) and the blank control group (P=0.011, P=0.001). Five weeks after the cells inoculated into the nude mice, the tumor volume of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group, negative control group and blank control group were statistically significant different. The tumor volume of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was smaller than those of negative control group and blank control group (P=0.001). Bioinformatics analysis showed that the expression of RBP2 in patients with metastatic ovarian cancer was higher than that without metastasis (P=0.043), and the median overall survival of ovarian cancer patients with high RBP2 expression was 41 months, shorter than 69 months of low RBP2 expression patients (P<0.001). Conclusion: Downregulation of the expression of RBP2 in SKOV3/DDP cells can inhibit cell migration and invasion, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of EMT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Female , Gene Silencing , Humans , Mice , Mice, Nude , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Retinol-Binding Proteins, Cellular/metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 104-111, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935189

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA LOC101927476 (LncRNA LOC101927476) in ovarian cancer and its effect on the biological characteristics of ovarian cancer. Methods: Patients with ovarian cancer who underwent surgery in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2018 to 2019 were selected. The expressions of LOC101927476 in ovarian cancer cells 3AO, OVCA429, TOV21G, A2780, SKOV3, as well as 22 primary tumor tissues and their matched metastatic tumor tissues were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Ovarian cancer transcriptome sequencing data from the TCGA database was used to verify the expressions of LOC101927476 and GATA4. 3AO and OVCA429 cells were infected with lentivirus plasmid containing OE-LOC101927476 and single guide RNA (sg-RNA) targeting LOC101927476, respectively. The effects of LOC101927476 on migration and invasion were detected by Transwell and wound healing assay. The effect of LOC101927476 on cell proliferation was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Results: RT-PCR assay showed that 20 out of 22 patients had significantly lower expression of LOC101927476 in their metastatic tumors compared with primary tumors. Transwell assay showed that overexpression of LOC101927476 significantly inhibited the invasion and migration capacities of 3AO cells. The numbers of invading and migrating 3AO cells infected with OE-LOC101927476 lentivirus were (357±63) and (699±65), respectively, lower than (661±95) and (1 024±76) in OE-EV group (P<0.050). In contrast, the numbers of invading and migrating OVCA429 cells with LOC101927476 knockdown were (512±72) and (472±40), respectively, higher than (309±13) and (363±27) in sg-Control group (P<0.050). Wound healing assay results showed that after 48 hours, the percentage of scratch healing of 3AO cells in OE-LOC101927476 group was (10.86±0.63)%, significantly lower than (57.38±4.42)% of OE-EV group (P=0.009). After 24 hours, the percentage of scratch healing of OCVA429 cells in sg-LOC101927476 group was (59.98±1.34)%, significantly higher than (23.15±2.03)% of sg-Control group (P=0.004). CCK-8 assays showed that the OD value of 3AO cells in OE-LOC101927476 group was (2.07±0.08), significantly lower than (2.29±0.04) of OE-EV group (P=0.009). The OD value of OVCA429 cells in sg-LOC101927476 group was (2.13±0.03), significantly higher than (1.93±0.03) of sg-Control group (P=0.001). The relative expression of GATA4 in OE-LOC101927476 group was (1.86±0.25), significantly higher than 1.00 of OE-EV group (P=0.001). In patients with high expression of LncRNA LOC101927476, the expression level of GATA4 was (2.93±0.35), which was higher than (0.29±0.06) of LOC101927476 low expression group (P=0.001). Conclusion: LncRNA LOC101927476 can inhibit the invasion, migration and proliferation of ovarian cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Female , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 737-742, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940934

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of exosome secreted by ovarian cancer (OC) cell on the differentiation and metastasis of normal fibroblasts (NFs). Methods: NFs were collected from patients who underwent hysteromyoma resection in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from May to December 2019. Exosome was extracted from the culture supernatant of SKOV3 cells by using ultra-high-speed centrifugation. The NFs were co-cultured with condition medium (CM), exosome of SKOV3 (SKOV3-exo) and control medium. The expression levels of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot. The metastatic ability of NFs was detected by Transwell array. Results: Under the transmission electron microscope, the extracellular vesicles extracted from the culture supernatant of SKOV3 were 30-100 nm in diameter with cup holder-like bilayer membrane structure, and the protein expression levels of TSG101 and HSP27 in exosomes (1.00±0.05 and 1.12±0.13) were higher than those of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells (0.22±0.21 and 0.36±0.14, respectively, P<0.05). PKH67 fluorescently labeled exosomes could be taken up by NFs. The expression levels of α-SMA and FAP mRNA in CM group(2.91±0.15 and 3.21±0.33)and SKOV3-exo group (3.50±0.21 and 4.63±0.24, respectively) were higher than that in blank group (1.00±0.06 and 1.00±0.13, P<0.05). The protein expression levels of α-SMA and FAP in CM group and SKOV3-exo group (0.89±0.11 and 1.25±0.09, 0.81±0.09 and 1.20±0.12) were higher than those in the blank group (0.12±0.31 and 0.11±0.19, respectively, P<0.05). The migrated numbers of cells in the CM group and SKOV3-exo group [(215.01±14.80) and (389.72±19.43), respectively] were higher than that in the blank group [(113.73±4.70), P<0.05]. Conclusion: The exosome secreted by SKOV3 cells can be taken up by NFs, which makes it to differentiate into cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and significantly enhances its metastatic ability, indicating that OC cells may promote the transformation of normal ovarian mesenchymal fibroblasts to CAFs through exosome pathways, and then promote the development of ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Coculture Techniques , Exosomes , Female , Fibroblasts , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 452-459, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939731

ABSTRACT

Mucin16 (MUC16), also known as carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), is a glycoprotein antigen that can be recognized by the monoclonal antibody OC125 detected from epithelial ovarian carcinoma antigen by Bast et al in 1981. CA125 is not present in normal ovarian tissue but is usually elevated in the serum of epithelial ovarian carcinoma patients. CA125 is the most commonly used serologic biomarker for the diagnosis and recurrence monitoring of epithelial ovarian carcinoma. MUC16 is highly expressed in varieties of tumors. MUC16 can interact with galectin-1/3, mesothelin, sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-type lectins-9 (Siglec-9), and other ligands. MUC16 plays an important role in tumor genesis, proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumor immunity through various signaling pathways. Besides, therapies targeting MUC16 have some significant achievements. Related preclinical studies and clinical trials are in progress. MUC16 may be a potential novel target for tumor therapy. This article will review the mechanism of MUC16 in tumor genesis and progression, and focus on the research actuality of MUC16 in tumor therapy. This article also provides references for subsequent tumor therapy studies targeting MUC16.
.


Subject(s)
CA-125 Antigen/metabolism , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 370-380, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939572

ABSTRACT

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common disease caused by complex endocrine and metabolic abnormalities in women of childbearing age. Metformin is the most widely used oral hypoglycemic drug in clinic. In recent years, metformin has been used in the treatment of PCOS, but its mechanism is not clear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of metformin on PCOS and its mechanism through PCOS mouse model. Female C57BL/6J mice aged 4-5 weeks were intragastrically given letrozole (1 mg/kg daily) combined with a high-fat diet (HFD) for 21 days to establish the PCOS model. After modeling, metformin (200 mg/kg daily) was intragastrically administered. One month later, the body weight and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were measured. Hematoxylin eosin (H&E) staining was used to detect the pathological changes of ovary. The serum levels of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), E2 and testosterone (T) were measured by ELISA. The expression of DDX4/MVH was detected by immunohistochemistry. DDX4/MVH and PCNA were co-labeled by immunofluorescence. The protein levels of DDX4/MVH, PCNA, cyclin D2, AMPK and mTOR were detected by Western blot. The results showed that after metformin treatment, the body weights of PCOS mice were gradually returned to normal, glucose tolerance was significantly improved, serum E2 levels were increased, while AMH, LH, T levels and LH/FSH ratio were decreased. Ovarian polycystic lesions were reduced with reduced atresia follicles. Furthermore, the number of proliferative female germline stem cells (FGSCs) and levels of proliferation related proteins (PCNA, cyclin D2) were significantly increased, and the p-mTOR and p-AMPK levels were markedly up-regulated. These results suggest that metformin treatment not only improves hyperandrogenemia, glucose intolerance and polycystic ovarian lesions in PCOS, but also activates the function of FGSCs. The underlying mechanism may be related to the phosphorylation of AMPK and mTOR. These findings provide new evidence to use metformin in the treatment of PCOS and follicular development disorder.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Animals , Cyclin D2 , Female , Follicle Stimulating Hormone/therapeutic use , Humans , Luteinizing Hormone/therapeutic use , Metformin/pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oogonial Stem Cells/metabolism , Ovarian Cysts/drug therapy , Ovarian Neoplasms , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/drug therapy , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/therapeutic use , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927962

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the main active ingredients and the underlying mechanism of Spatholobi Caulisin the treatment of ovarian cancer(OC) by network pharmacology, molecular docking, and in vitro cell experiments. The active ingredients and their predicted targets(AITs) were first acquired online with the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). Theoretical disease targets(DTs) were obtained through professional databases including GeneCards, OMIM, PharmGkb, TTD, and DrugBank. The common targets in the intersection of AITs and DTs were used for the construction of a "drug-ingredient-disease-target" network by Cytoscape 3.7.1. STRING database was used to construct a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network. R 4.0.5 was used for GO and KEGG functional enrichment analyses. Schr9 dinger Maestro was used to perform and optimize the molecular docking and virtual screening.Twenty-three active ingredients of Spatholobi Caulis were screened out, involving 75 OC targets and 178 signaling pathways.Network analysis revealed that Spatholobi Caulis presumedly exerted an anti-OC effect by acting on key protein targets such as GSK-3β, Bcl-2, and Bax. Molecular docking showed that GSK-3β possessed goodbinding activity to prunetin. In vitro cell experiments preliminarily verified the core targets and pathways of prunetin, the active ingredient of Spatholobi Caulis against human OC SKOV3 cells.CCK-8 assay was used to detect the cell proliferation, and flow cytometry was used to detect the effect of prunetin on apoptosis of human OC SKOV3 cells.The expression of prunetin targets and related regulatory proteins was detected by Western blot.In vitro cell experiments demonstrated that prunetindisplayed significant inhibitory effects on the proliferation of OC cells and could induce apoptosis of SKOV3 cells. Western blot showed that prunetin could induce SKOV3 cell apoptosis by inhibiting GSK-3β phosphorylation and regulating the expression of downstream Bcl-2 and Bax proteins. This study reveals the scientific nature of network pharmacology in the prediction and guidance of experimental design, confirming that prunetin can treat OC by blocking the GSK-3β/Bcl-2/Bax cell signal transduction pathway. The findings are expected to provide a basis for the investigation of the mechanism of Spatholobi Caulis in the treatment of OC.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/genetics , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927841

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of preadolescent and adolescent female patients with ovarian mass combined with dysplasia of secondary sexual characteristics. Methods This study retrospectively analyzed 18 cases of ovarian mass combined with dysplasia of secondary sexual characteristics aged 0-19 years admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2012 to November 2019.By analyzing the clinical manifestations,surgical methods,postoperative pathology,therapies and prognosis of the cases,we summarized the diagnosis and treatment ideas. Results Among the 18 cases,7(7/18,38.9%)developed secondary sex signs before puberty,including 5 cases showing precocity(including 2 cases of juvenile granulosa cell tumor,1 case of gonadoblastoma,1 case of ovarian follicular cyst,and 1 case of 46,XY simple gonadal dysplasia combined with dysgerminoma)and 2 cases presenting masculine manifestations(1 case of steroid cell tumor and 1 case of sclerosing stromal tumor).The rest 11(11/18,61.1%)cases showed abnormal development of secondary sexual characteristics during puberty,including 8 cases with masculine manifestations or abnormal menstruation after menarche(7 cases with sex cord stromal cell tumor and 1 case with cystic granulosa cell tumor),2 cases with primary amenorrhea(1 case with androgen insensitivity syndrome combined with testicular sertoli cell tumor and 1 case with endometriosis cyst combined with reproductive tract malformation),and 1 case diagnosed as 46,XX gonadal dysplasia with serous cystadenoma and no secondary sexual development during puberty. Conclusions Sex hormone levels should be actively tested in the case of prepubertal secondary sexual characteristics appearing early,pubertal secondary sexual characteristics being abnormal(underdevelopment),and/or menstrual abnormalities.Imaging examination should be performed to exclude ovarian organic lesions,and chromosome karyotype analysis should be performed if necessary.The diagnosis of ovarian mass in preadolescent and adolescent females with related symptoms should first be alerted to cord stromal cell tumor.It is recommended to rule out the possibility of combined reproductive tract malformation in the adolescent patients with primary amenorrhea.Chromosome examination should be conducted to rule out the possibility of gonadal dysplasia in the adolescent patients with primary amenorrhea and/or no development of secondary sexual characteristics.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Hyperplasia/complications , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
18.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(10): e20210675, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1375119

ABSTRACT

Teratomas rarely occur in domestic species, especially in cattle. These tumors originate in fetal life and are characterized by rapid growth, which justifies their frequent detection in young animals. This study reported a case of ovarian teratoma in a heifer. On physical examination, the main signs identified were apathy, abdominal distention and tension, empty rumen, and mushy diarrhea. During rectal palpation, a mass was identified in the pelvic region, which was suggestive of cysts on ultrasound examination. The animal underwent laparotomy, followed by euthanasia due to a poor prognosis. At necropsy, a 54 x 43 x 52 cm (length x width x thickness) tumor was observed in the right ovary with multiple cystic areas, in addition to masses associated with multiple adhesions of the intestinal loops and peritonitis. On histopathology, muscle, cartilage, bone, nervous and epithelial tissue, glands, hair with follicles, were identified in the affected ovary. There was mixed inflammation and foci of necrosis observed with a complete absence of ovarian architecture in both the ovaries. Infiltrations were identified in the lymph nodes and mesenteric vessels. Glandular ducts were seen from the serosa to the intestinal mucosa. A locally infiltrative and expansile ovarian teratoma was diagnosed accordingly. It is considered that this kind of tumor can induce abdominal distension and absence of estrus in previously healthy, non-pregnant heifers.


Os teratomas são tumores raros nas espécies domésticas, sobretudo em bovinos. Esses tumores são caracterizados por crescimento rápido e origem durante a vida fetal, o que justifica seu diagnóstico frequente em animais jovens. O presente trabalho relata um caso de teratoma ovariano em uma novilha. No exame físico, os principais sinais identificados foram apatia, distensão e tensão abdominal, rúmen vazio e diarreia pastosa. Durante a palpação retal, uma massa foi identificada na região pélvica. Ao exame ultrassonográfico, a massa era sugestiva de cistos. O animal foi submetido a laparotomia, seguido de eutanásia devido ao mau prognóstico. Na necropsia foi observado um tumor de 54 x 43 x 52 cm (comprimento x largura x espessura) no ovário direito com múltiplas áreas císticas, além de massas associadas à múltiplas aderências das alças intestinais e peritonite. Na histopatologia foram identificados no ovário acometido a presença de tecidos muscular, cartilaginoso, ósseo, nervoso e epitelial, com glândulas, pelos e folículos. Havia inflamação mista e focos de necrose com ausência completa de arquitetura ovariana em ambos os ovários. Infiltrações foram identificadas em linfonodos e vasos mesentéricos. Ductos glandulares foram vistos desde a serosa até mucosa intestinal. Diagnosticou-se um teratoma ovariano localmente infiltrativo e expansivo. Considera-se que este tumor pode induzir distensão abdominal e ausência de estro em novilhas previamente sadias e não gestantes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Ovarian Neoplasms/veterinary , Ovary/pathology , Teratoma/veterinary , Sprains and Strains/veterinary , Estrus/physiology
19.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223135, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365387

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to report the final analysis of a phase 2 trial assessing the efficacy and safety of short-course hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Methods: this was an open-label, multicenter, single-arm trial of HIPEC in patients with advanced EOC who underwent interval cytoreductive surgery (iCRS) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). HIPEC was performed as a concentration-based regimen of platinum-based chemotherapy for 30 minutes. Primary endpoint was the rate of disease progression occurring at nine months following iCRS plus HIPEC (PD9). Secondary endpoints were postoperative complications, time to start adjuvant chemotherapy, length of hospital and ICU stay, quality of life (QoL) over treatment, and ultimately 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Analysis was by intention-to-treat with final database lock for survival outcomes on February 23, 2021. Results: fifteen patients with stage III EOC were enrolled between February 2015 and July 2019, in four centers. The intention to treat PD9 was 6.7%. With a median follow-up of 33 months (IQR, 24.3-46.5), the median PFS was 18.1 months and corresponding 2-year rates of PFS and OS was 33.3% and 93.3%, respectively. Three patients (20%) experienced graded III complications. Median length of hospital and ICU stay was 5 (IQR, 4-6.5) and 1 (IQR, 1-1) days, respectively. Time to restart systemic chemotherapy was 39 (IQR, 35-49.3) days and no significant difference over time in QoL was observed. Conclusions: we demonstrate preliminary efficacy and safety of short-course HIPEC in patient with advanced EOC.


RESUMO Objetivo: apresentar a análise final de ensaio clínico de fase 2 que avaliou a eficácia e a segurança da quimioterapia intraperitoneal hipertérmica (HIPEC) de curta duração em pacientes com câncer epitelial de ovário avançado (EOC). Métodos: estudo aberto, multicêntrico, de braço único avaliando a HIPEC em pacientes com EOC avançado submetidos a cirurgia citorredutora de intervalo (iCRS) após quimioterapia neoadjuvante (NACT). A HIPEC foi realizada como regime baseado na concentração de cisplatina, perfundida por 30 minutos. O desfecho primário foi a taxa de progressão da doença 9 meses após a iCRS com HIPEC (PD9). Os desfechos secundários foram complicações pós-operatórias, tempo para iniciar a quimioterapia adjuvante, tempo de internação e permanência em UTI, qualidade de vida (QoL) ao longo do tratamento e, finalmente, sobrevida cumulativa livre de progressão (PSF) e global (OS) em 2 anos. As análises foram em intenção de tratar (ITT) com fechamento dos dados para análise da sobrevida em 23 de fevereiro de 2021. Resultados: quinze pacientes com EOC em estágio III foram incluídos no estudo entre fevereiro de 2015 e julho de 2019 em quatro centros recrutadores. A PD9 por ITT foi de 6,7%. Com acompanhamento mediano de 33 meses (IQR, 24,3-46,5), a PFS mediana foi de 18,1 meses e as taxas correspondentes de PFS e OS em 2 anos foram 33,3% e 93,3%, respectivamente. Três pacientes (20%) apresentaram complicações grau III. O tempo mediano de internamento hospitalar e em UTI foi de 5 (IQR, 4-6,5) e 1 (IQR, 1-1) dias, respectivamente. O tempo para reinício da quimioterapia sistêmica foi de 39 dias (IQR, 35-49,3) e não foi observada diferença significativa na QoL ao longo do tratamento. Conclusões: demonstrou-se eficácia e segurança preliminares da HIPEC de curta duração em pacientes com EOC avançado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Quality of Life , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/drug therapy , Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy
20.
Clin. biomed. res ; 42(2): 194-197, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391751

ABSTRACT

Massas anexiais representam grande desafio diagnóstico, devido a seu caráter geralmente assintomático¹. Traz-se caso peculiar de paciente que evoluiu com sintomas exuberantes de rápida evolução, situação característica de cistoadenomas, tumores benignos de origem epitelial²,³. Realizada laparotomia, com achados macroscópicos que revelaram conteúdo mucinoso e presença de pelos e neovascularização em seu interior. O anatomopatológico confirmou o diagnóstico de cistoadenoma associado a teratoma ovariano, sendo assim considerado um tumor de colisão ovariana.


Adnexal masses represent a major diagnostic challenge due to its usually asymptomatic characteritcs¹. We present a peculiar case of a patient who evolved with exuberant symptoms of rapid evolution, characteristic of cystadenomas, benign tumors of epithelial origin²,³. Laparotomy was performed, with macroscopic findings that revealed mucinous content and the presence of hairs and neovascularization inside. Pathology confirmed the diagnosis of cystadenoma associated with ovarian teratoma, thus being considered an ovarian collision tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Teratoma/diagnosis , Pseudomyxoma Peritonei , Cystadenoma, Mucinous/diagnosis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL