Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 85
Filter
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921525

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of miR-145-5p on the proliferation and apoptosis of human ovarian cancer cells and the possible molecular mechanisms involved.Methods Real-time quantitative PCR was performed to detect the expression of miR-145-5p in ovarian epithelial cells and ovarian cancer cells.CCK-8 and flow cytometry were used to detect the effects of miR-145-5p overexpression on the proliferation and apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells.TargetScan was employed to predict the target genes of miR-145-5p.Western blotting,dual luciferase reporter assay and rescue experiment were employed to predict and verify the underlying molecular mechanism of miR-145-5p function.Results The expression of miR-145-5p in ovarian cancer cells was significantly lower than that in normal ovarian epithelial cells(


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/genetics , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism by which ginsenoside 20(S)-Rg3 upregulates the expression of tumor suppressor von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene in ovarian cancer cells.@*METHODS@#Ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3 treated with 20(S)-Rg3 were examined for mRNA and protein levels of VHL, DNMT1, DNMT3A and DNMT3B by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. The changes in VHL mRNA expression in SKOV3 cells in response to treatment with 5-Aza-CdR, a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, were detected using real-time PCR. VHL gene promoter methylation was examined with methylation-specific PCR and VHL expression levels were determined with real-time PCR and Western blotting in non-treated or 20(S)-Rg3-treated SKOV3 cells and in 20(S)-Rg3-treated DNMT3A-overexpressing SKOV3 cells. VHL and DNMT3A protein levels were detected by immunohistochemistry in subcutaneous SKOV3 cell xenografts in nude mice.@*RESULTS@#Treatment of SKOV3 cells with 20(S)-Rg3 significantly upregulated VHL and downregulated DNMT3A expressions at both the mRNA and protein levels (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ginsenoside 20(S)-Rg3 upregulates VHL expression in ovarian cancer cells by suppressing DNMT3A-mediated DNA methylation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Methylation , Female , Gene Expression , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Humans , Mice , Mice, Nude , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878928

ABSTRACT

Based on the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, this study aimed to observe the proliferation and apoptosis of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells at different concentrations of icaritin, in order to explore the possible molecular mechanisms. The research object was ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells. The cells were divided into the control group and icaritin groups(5, 10, 20 μmol·L~(-1)), and administrated with drugs for 48 hours. The cell counting kit-8(CCK-8)assay was used to detect the inhibitory effect of icaritin on the proliferation of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells. The proliferation ability of the SKOV3 cells was detected by EdU assay. Hoechst 33342 fluorescence staining was used to observe the apoptotic morphology of SKOV3 cells in each group. The distribution of cell cycle and the apoptosis rate of each group were detected by flow cytometry. Quantitative Real-time PCR was used to detect mRNA expressions of PTEN, PI3K, Akt in each group of cells. Protein expressions of PTEN, PI3K, Akt and p-Akt were measured by Western blot. The results showed that the cell inhibition rates of icaritin groups were significantly increased compared with the control group(P<0.05). The rates of EdU-positive cells of icaritin groups were significantly decreased(P<0.05). SKOV3 cells in icaritin groups showed morphological changes of apoptosis. Apoptosis rates of icaritin groups were significantly increased(P<0.05). The proportions of cells in G_0/G_1 phase of icaritin groups were decreased(P<0.05), while the proportions of S phase cells were increased(P<0.05). The gene and protein expressions of PTEN in icaritin groups were elevated(P<0.05). The gene expressions of PI3K and Akt in icaritin groups were down-regulated(P<0.05). The protein expression of PI3K and p-Akt in icaritin groups were reduced(P<0.05). These results indicated that icarin may inhibit the proliferation of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells in vitro, induce cell apoptosis and affect the cycle distribution of cells by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , Flavonoids , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(8): 616-621, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351761

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study evaluated the risk of the hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome in patients with breast cancer by using the Family History Screening 7 (FHS-7) tool, a validated low-cost questionnaire with high sensitivity able to screen the HBOC risk in the population. Methods Women diagnosed with breast cancer (n=101) assisted by the Unified Health System at the 8th Regional Health Municipal Office of the state of Paraná answered the FHS-7, and the results were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 25.0. software (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Results The risk of HBOC was 19.80% (n=20). Patients at risk exhibited aggressive tumor characteristics, such as high-grade tumors (30%), presence of angiolymphatic emboli (35%), and premenopausal at diagnosis (50%). Significant associations between the prevalence of high-grade tumors were observed inwomen younger than 50 years at diagnosis with HBOC (p=0.003). Conclusion Our findings suggest a possible family inheritance associated with worse clinical features in women with breast cancer in this population, indicating that HBOC investigation can be initially performed with low-cost instruments such as FHS-7.


Resumo Objetivo Este estudo avaliou o risco da síndrome hereditária de câncer de mama e ovário (HBOC, na sigla em inglês) em pacientes com câncer de mama utilizando a ferramenta Familial History Screening 7 (FHS-7), um questionário validado de baixo custo e com alta sensibilidade capaz de rastrear o risco de HBOC na população. Métodos Mulheres diagnosticadas com câncer de mama (n=101) assistidas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde da 8ª Regional de Saúde do estado do Paraná responderam ao questionário FHS-7, e os resultados foram analisados pelo software IBM SPSS for Windows, Version 25.0. (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, EUA). Resultados A ocorrência do risco de HBOC foi de 19,80% (n=20). Pacientes em risco exibiram características agressivas do tumor como tumores de alto grau (30%), presença de êmbolos angiolinfáticos (35%) e pré-menopausa ao diagnóstico (50%). Associações significantes foram observadas entre a prevalência de tumores de alto grau e diagnóstico abaixo de 50 anos no grupo HBOC (p=0.003). Conclusão Nossos achados sugerem uma possível herança familiar associada a piores características clínicas em mulheres com câncer de mama nessa população, indicando que a investigação de HBOC pode ser realizada, inicialmente, com instrumentos de baixo custo, como o FHS-7.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome , Mass Screening , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Early Detection of Cancer
6.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 948-953, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136305

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play a critical role in tumor progression. Abnormal expression of LncRNA PTPRG antisense RNA 1 (PTPRG-AS1) has been reported in several tumors. Hence, we aimed to determine the expression and clinical significance of PTPRG-AS1 in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. METHODS The expressions of PTPRG-AS1 were assessed in 184 pairs of EOC tumor specimens and adjacent normal tissues. The levels of target lncRNAs and GAPDH were examined using standard SYBR-Green methods. The relationships between the expressions of PTPRG-AS1 and the clinicopathological features were analyzed using the chi-square test. Multivariate analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model was performed to assess the prognostic value of PTPRG-AS1 in EOC patients. RESULTS We confirmed that the expressions of PTPRG-AS1 were distinctly higher in the EOC tissue compared with the adjacent non-tumor specimens (p < 0.01). Higher levels of PTPRG-AS1 in EOC patients were associated with advanced FIGO stage (p = 0.005), grade (p = 0.006), and distant metastasis (p = 0.005). Survival analyses revealed that patients with high expressions of PTPRG-AS1 had a distinctly decreased overall survival (p = 0.0029) and disease-free survival (p = 0.0009) compared with those with low expressions of PTPRG-AS1. Multivariate assays indicated that PTPRG-AS1 expression was an independent prognostic factor for both overall survival and disease-free survival in EOC (Both p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS Our study suggests that PTPRG-AS1 may serve as a novel prognostic biomarker for EOC patients.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Sabe-se que RNAs longos não codificantes (lncRNAs) desempenham um papel crítico na progressão tumoral. A expressão anormal do RNA 1 anti-senso LncRNA PTPRG (PTPRG-AS1) já foi relatada em diversos tumores. Assim, buscamos determinar a expressão e significância clínica do PTPRG-AS1 em pacientes com câncer de ovário epitelial (COE). METODOLOGIA As expressões do PTPRG-AS1 foram avaliadas em 184 pares de amostras tumorais de COE e tecidos normais adjacentes. Os níveis de lncRNAs e GAPDH alvo foram examinados usando o método padrão de SYBR Green. As relações entre as expressões do PTPRG-AS1 e as características clínico-patológicas foram analisadas através do teste qui-quadrado. Uma análise multivariada utilizando o modelo de riscos proporcionais de Cox foi realizada para avaliar o valor prognóstico do PTPRG-AS1 em pacientes com COE. RESULTADOS Constatou-se que as expressões do PTPRG-AS1 foram nitidamente maiores nos tecidos de COE em relação aos espécimes adjacentes não tumorosos (p<0,01). Níveis mais elevados do PTPRG-AS1 em pacientes com COE foram associados a um estágio avançado de FIGO (p = 0,005), grau (p = 0,006) e metástases à distância (p = 0,005). As análises de sobrevida revelaram que pacientes com expressões elevadas do PTPRG-AS1 tiveram uma diminuição significativa da sobrevida global (p = 0,0029) e da sobrevida livre de doença (p = 0,0009) em relação àqueles com baixas expressões do PTPRG-AS1. As análises multivariadas indicaram que a expressão do PTPRG-AS1 foi um fator de prognóstico independente tanto para a sobrevida global quanto para a sobrevida livre de doença em pacientes com EOC (p < 0,05). CONCLUSÃO Nosso estudo sugere que o PTPRG-AS1 pode ser um novo biomarcador prognóstico para pacientes com COE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Receptor-Like Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Class 5/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/genetics , Prognosis , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
7.
Biol. Res ; 53: 10, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100916

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect role and mechanism of miR-30b-3p on ovarian cancer cells biological function. METHODS: The expression of miR-30b-3p was detected in ovarian cancer cell lines and normal ovarian epithelial cell line by qRT-PCR. Mir-30b-3p mimic was transfected into OVCAR3 cells. Cell-counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was conducted to explore the effect of mir-30b-3p on the OVCAR3 cells' proliferation. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by Flow cytometry. Cell invasion ability was detected by Transwell test. The regulation of putative target of miR-30b-3p was verified by double luciferase reporter assays and Western blot. RESULT: We found that miR-30b-3p was downregulated in OVCAR3 cells. Overexpression of miR-30b-3p suppressed proliferation, promoted apoptosis, slowed cell cycle and inhibited migration and invasion of OVCAR3 cells. Bioinformatics analysis identified 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of Collagen triple helix repeat-containing 1 (CTHRC1) as the presumed binding site for miR-30b-3p. Detection of double luciferase reporter and Western-Blot result confirmed that CTHRC1 was the target gene of miR-30b-3p. Furthermore, E-cadherin, ß-cadherin and Vimentin protein expression level were changed after transfection of miR-30b-3p. CONCLUSION: miR-30b-3p function as an anti-cancer gene. Overexpression of miR-30b-3p can inhibit the biological function of ovarian cancer cells. MiR-30b-3p targets CTHRC1 gene plays an important role in epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT), and supports miR-30b-3p as a potential biological indicator for ovarian cancer in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Cell Movement , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/metabolism , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness
8.
Biol. Res ; 53: 18, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124204

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cisplatin resistance (DDP-resistance) remains one of the major causes of poor prognosis in females with ovarian cancer. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to participate in the regulation of cellular processes, including chemoresistance. The aim of this study was to explore the role of HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) in DDP-resistant ovarian cancer cells. METHODS: DDP-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines (SKOV3/DDP and A2780/DDP) were established. Real-time PCR, western blot, dual-luciferase reporter assay, and flow cytometry were then used to evaluate the effect of HOTAIR/miR-138-5p axis on chemoresistance of DDP-resistant ovarian cancer cells to DDP. RESULTS: We found that HOTAIR was upregulated in DDP-resistant cells, while miR-138-5p was downregulated. Knockdown of HOTAIR increased the expression of miR-138-5p in DDP-resistant cells and miR-138-5p is directly bound to HOTAIR. Upregulation of miR-138-5p induced by HOTAIR siRNA or by its mimics enhanced the chemosensitivity of DDP-resistant cells and decreased the expression of EZH2 (enhancer of zeste 2 polycomb repressive complex 2 subunit) and SIRT1 (sirtuin 1). Furthermore, the HOTAIR silencing-induced chemosensitivity of DDP-resistant cells was weakened by miR-138-5p inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that HOTAIR acts as a sponge of miR-138-5p to prevent its binding to EZH2 and SIRT1, thereby promoting DDP-resistance of ovarian cancer cells. Our work will shed light on the development of therapeutic strategies for ovarian cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects , Up-Regulation , Apoptosis/drug effects , MicroRNAs/antagonists & inhibitors , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Knockout Techniques/methods , Sirtuin 1/antagonists & inhibitors , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein/antagonists & inhibitors
9.
Biol. Res ; 53: 49, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142416

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although OIP5-AS1 has been characterized as an oncogenic lncRNA in many types of cancer, its role and underlying mechanism in ovarian carcinoma (OC) remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the role of OIP5-AS1 in OC. METHODS: OC tissues and non-tumor tissues (ovary tissues within 3 cm around tumors) were collected from 58 OC patients (age range 36 to 67 years old, mean age 51.4 ± 5.9 years old). The expression of OIP5-AS1 and snail in paired tissues were determined by RT-qPCR. The interaction between OIP5-AS1 and miR-34a was predicted by IntaRNA2.0 and confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. The effects of overexpression of OIP5-AS1 and miR-34a on the expression of snail were analyzed by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. Cell invasion and migration were analyzed by Transwell assay. RESULTS: We observed that the expression of OIP5-AS1 and snail was upregulated and positively correlated with each other in OC. RNA-RNA interaction analysis showed that OIP5-AS1 might sponge miR-34a. In OC cells, overexpression of OIP5-AS1 resulted in the upregulated expression of snail, while overexpression of miR-34a downregulated the expression of snail. In addition, overexpression of miR-34a reduced the effects of overexpression of OIP5-AS1 on the expression of snail. In cell invasion and migration assay, overexpression of OIP5-AS1 and snail resulted in increased OC cell invasion and migration, while overexpression of miR-34a decreased OC cell invasion and migration. Moreover, overexpression of miR-34a attenuated the effects of OIP5-AS1 overexpression on OC cell invasion and migration. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, OIP5-AS1 may upregulate snail expression in OC by sponging miR-34a to promote OC cell invasion and migration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/physiology , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness
11.
Biol. Res ; 52: 13, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011415

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is a significant cancer-related cause of death in women worldwide. The most used chemotherapeutic regimen is based on carboplatin (CBDCA). However, CBDCA resistance is the main obstacle to a better prognosis. An in vitro drug-resistant cell model would help in the understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying this drug-resistance phenomenon. The aim of this study was to characterize cellular and molecular changes of induced CBDCA-resistant ovarian cancer cell line A2780. METHODS: The cell selection strategy used in this study was a dose-per-pulse method using a concentration of 100 µM for 2 h. Once 20 cycles of exposure to the drug were completed, the cell cultures showed a resistant phenotype. Then, the ovarian cancer cell line A2780 was grown with 100 µM of CBDCA (CBDCA-resistant cells) or without CBDCA (parental cells). After, a drug sensitivity assay, morphological analyses, cell death assays and a RNA-seq analysis were performed in CBDCA-resistant A2780 cells. RESULTS: Microscopy on both parental and CBDCA-resistant A2780 cells showed similar characteristics in morphology and F-actin distribution within cells. In cell-death assays, parental A2780 cells showed a significant increase in phosphatidylserine translocation and caspase-3/7 cleavage compared to CBDCA-resistant A2780 cells (P < 0.05 and P < 0.005, respectively). Cell viability in parental A2780 cells was significantly decreased compared to CBDCA-resistant A2780 cells (P < 0.0005). The RNA-seq analysis showed 156 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated mainly to molecular functions. CONCLUSION: CBDCA-resistant A2780 ovarian cancer cells is a reliable model of CBDCA resistance that shows several DEGs involved in molecular functions such as transmembrane activity, protein binding to cell surface receptor and catalytic activity. Also, we found that the Wnt/3-catenin and integrin signaling pathway are the main metabolic pathway dysregulated in CBDCA-resistant A2780 cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects , Carboplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Transcriptome/drug effects , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Phenotype , Signal Transduction , Cell Death/drug effects , Cell Death/genetics , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Cell Line, Tumor , Transcriptome/genetics
13.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(2): 182-193, abr. 2018. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959502

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El cáncer epitelial de ovario representa uno de los tumores ginecológicos más letales ya que más del 75% de las pacientes son diagnosticadas en estadío avanzado. Aún no se ha demostrado que la realización de pruebas y exámenes pélvicos rutinarios haya reducido la mortalidad, no existiendo actualmente, un cribado eficaz para su diagnóstico precoz. Aunque la sintomatología metastásica extraperitoneal más común es el derrame pleural, las linfadenopatías neoplásicas a nivel supraclavicular aparecen hasta en el 4% de casos, generalmente asociándose a un mal pronóstico. La identificación de una adenopatía supraclavicular se relaciona hasta en un 58-83% de los casos, con el hallazgo de una tumoración maligna. Por otro lado, la dermatomiositis del adulto puede tener un origen paraneoplásico en un 15-25% de las ocasiones, siendo el cáncer de mama y de ovario la etiología más frecuente en la población femenina. Las pacientes portadoras de mutaciones en los genes BRCA 1 y 2 tienen un aumento del riesgo de padecer neoplasias de mama y ovario. En aquellas afectas de un cáncer de ovario y portadoras de una mutación en los genes BRCA, no se debería plantear una cirugía profiláctica de rutina sobre la mama, al menos en los primeros 5 años tras el diagnóstico de la neoplasia ovárica. Presentamos el caso de una paciente portadora de una mutación germinal del gen BRCA 1, que debuta con un cáncer de ovario, tras el estudio de una adenopatía neoplásica de cuello, biopsiada en el contexto de un síndrome paraneoplásico cutáneo.


ABSTRACT Epithelial ovarian cancer represents one of the most lethal gynecological tumors, since more than 75% of affected women are diagnosed at an advanced stage. However, studies have not demonstrated yet that performing routine pelvic exams and tests had reduced mortality in ovarian cancer, and currently there is no effective screening for early diagnosis. The most common extraperitoneal metastatic symptomatology of ovarian cancer is pleural effusion, but there are other, like neoplastic lymphadenopathies at supraclavicular level, described in up to 4% of cases and generally related to a poor prognosis. The identification of a supraclavicular adenopathy is associated with the finding of a malignant tumor in 58-83% of the cases. On the other hand, adult dermatomyositis can have a paraneoplastic origin in 15-25% of patients, being breast and ovarian cancer the most frequent etiology in the female population. Patients with BRCA 1 and 2 genes mutations have an increased risk of breast and ovarian malignancies. In those affected by an ovarian cancer and carriers of a mutation in the BRCA genes, routine prophylactic surgery should not be considered on the breast, at least in the first 5 years after the diagnosis of ovarian neoplasia. We present the case of a patient with a germinal mutation of the BRCA 1 gene, who debuts with an ovarian cancer, after the study of a neoplastic adenopathy of neck, biopsied in the context of a cutaneous paraneoplastic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , BRCA1 Protein/genetics , Dermatomyositis/complications , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/diagnostic imaging , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Risk Factors , Prophylactic Mastectomy , Mutation
14.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 52: 94, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-979019

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To analyze the cost effectiveness of the diagnostic program for the germline mutation in BRCA1/2 genes and of preventative strategies for the relatives of patients diagnosed with ovarian cancer associated with this mutation. METHODS: The study analyzed the cost effectiveness by developing an analysis of the Markov decision process from the perspective of the National Health System. The strategies compared reflect upon the adoption of genetic testing and preventative strategies for relatives or the usual care currently proposed. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was expressed in terms of cost per case avoided. The sensitivity analysis was performed in a univariate and deterministic manner. RESULTS: The study showed increments for effectiveness and for costs when performing genetic testing and adopting prophylactic measures for family members. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was estimated at R$908.58 per case of cancer avoided, a figure considered lower than the study's cost-effectiveness threshold (R$7,543.50). CONCLUSIONS: The program analyzed should be considered a cost-effective strategy for the national situation. Studies in various other countries have reached similar conclusions. One possible ramification of this research might the need to perform a budgetary-impact analysis of making the program one of the country's health policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/prevention & control , Program Evaluation/economics , Germ-Line Mutation/genetics , Genes, BRCA1 , Genes, BRCA2 , Ovarian Neoplasms/economics , Reference Values , Brazil , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Genetic Testing/economics , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Markov Chains , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Middle Aged
15.
Biol. Res ; 51: 50, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011394

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Accumulating studies have demonstrated that high-mobility group A2 (HMGA2), an oncofetal protein, plays a role in tumor development and progression. However, the molecular role of HMGA2 in ovarian carcinoma is yet to be established. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a group of small noncoding RNAs, negatively regulate gene expression and their dysregulation has been implicated in tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential involvement of a specific miRNA, miR-219-5p, in HMGA2-induced ovarian cancer. METHODS: The ovarian cancer cell line, SKOV3, was employed, and miR-219-5p and HMGA2 overexpression vectors constructed. The CCK-8 kit was used to determine cell proliferation and the Transwell® assay used to measure cell invasion and migration. RT-PCR and western blot analyses were applied to analyze the expression of miR-219-5p and HMGA2, and the luciferase reporter assay used to examine the interactions between miR-219-5p and HMGA2. Nude mice were employed to characterize in vivo tumor growth regulation. RESULTS: Expression of miR-219-5p led to suppression of proliferation, invasion and migration of the ovarian cancer cell line, SKOV3, by targeting HMGA2. The inhibitory effects of miR-219-5p were reversed upon overexpression of HMGA2. Data from the luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-219-5p downregulates HMGA2 via direct integration with its 3'-UTR. Consistent with in vitro findings, expression of miR-219-5p led to significant inhibition of tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Our results collectively suggest that miR-219-5p inhibits tumor growth and metastasis by targeting HMGA2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Mice , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , HMGA2 Protein/metabolism , MicroRNAs/physiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , HMGA2 Protein/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis
16.
Clinics ; 73(supl.1): e450s, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952825

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer patients with homologous recombination deficiencies exhibit specific clinical behaviors, and improved responses to treatments, such as platinum-based chemotherapy and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors, have been observed. Germline mutations in the BRCA 1/2 genes are the most well-known mechanisms of homologous recombination deficiency. However, other mechanisms, such as germline and somatic mutations in other homologous recombination genes and epigenetic modifications, have also been implicated in homologous recombination deficiency. The epidemiology and implications of these other mechanisms need to be better understood to improve the treatment strategies for these patients. Furthermore, an evaluation of various diagnostic tests to investigate homologous recombination deficiency is essential. Comprehension of the role of homologous recombination deficiency in ovarian cancer also allows the development of therapeutic combinations that can improve the efficacy of treatment. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology and management of homologous recombination deficiency in ovarian cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Germ-Line Mutation , Homologous Recombination/genetics , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/epidemiology , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases/therapeutic use , Sequence Analysis , Loss of Heterozygosity , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors , Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/epidemiology
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 27-34, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65066

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most fatal of gynecological malignancies with a high rate of recurrence. We aimed to evaluate the expression of solute carrier family 6, member 12 (SLC6A12) and methylation of its promoter CpG sites in a xenograft mouse model of metastatic OC, and to investigate the regulatory mechanisms that promote aggressive properties during OC progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression of SLC6A12 mRNA was determined by reverse-transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and DNA methylation status of its promoter CpGs was detected by quantitative methylation-specific PCR. The metastatic potential of SLC6A12 was evaluated by in vitro migration/invasion transwell assays. Gene expression and DNA methylation of SLC6A12 and clinical outcomes were further investigated from publicly available databases from curatedOvarianData and The Cancer Genome Atlas. RESULTS: SLC6A12 expression was 8.1–14.0-fold upregulated and its DNA methylation of promoter CpG sites was 41–62% decreased in tumor metastases. After treatment with DNA methyltransferase inhibitor and/or histone deacetylase inhibitor, the expression of SLC6A12 was profoundly enhanced (~8.0-fold), strongly supporting DNA methylation-dependent epigenetic regulation of SLC6A12. Overexpression of SLC6A12 led to increased migration and invasion of ovarian carcinoma cells in vitro, approximately 2.0-fold and 3.3-fold, respectively. The meta-analysis showed that high expression of SLC6A12 was significantly associated with poor overall survival [hazard ratio (HR)=1.07, p value=0.016] and that low DNA methylation levels of SLC6A12 at specific promoter CpG site negatively affected patient survival. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide novel evidence for the biological and clinical significance of SLC6A12 as a metastasis-promoting gene.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Migration Assays , CpG Islands , DNA Methylation , Disease Progression , Epigenesis, Genetic , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Mice , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Transplantation , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis , Promoter Regions, Genetic , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Up-Regulation
18.
Appl. cancer res ; 37: 1-6, 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-915185

ABSTRACT

Background: Current methods for follow-up of Ovarian Cancer (OC) are widespread, especially with CA125, which, however, is not a perfect biomarker and thus further investigation for new methods of evaluation are warranted. The feasibility of Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) in advanced OC was investigated in this case report. Case presentation: A 19-year-old woman with advanced low-grade serous papillary adenocarcinoma and relapsed disease did not have a CA125 correspondent with disease relapse. CTCs were evaluated, compared with CA125 and with image exams. Relapses were not correspondent to elevations of CA125. CTCs demonstrated usefulness, being proportional to major disease relapse, especially in the peritoneum. CTCs may be used as a complementary diagnosis tool when marginal/small increases in CA-125 levels are observed. Conclusions: In OC, CTCs can be an important tool to predict recurrence, response to treatment and improve the quality of decision-making, in order to offer the best treatment to a determined group of patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Adenocarcinoma , Biomarkers, Tumor , Clinical Protocols , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating
19.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-883250

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: O câncer de ovário (CO) apresenta grande impacto na taxa de mortalidade por neoplasias ginecológicas no mundo. No Brasil, apresenta incidência estimada de 5,95 casos para cada 100.000 mulheres. Esta revisão tem por objetivo reunir as principais informações sobre a neoplasia maligna ovariana, abordando pontos de interesse na prática médica e trazendo atualizações sobre o tema. Métodos: Foi realizada uma revisão do CO utilizando bases de dados PubMed, MedLine, Lilacs e o Portal de Periódico Capes, das quais foram selecionados artigos dos últimos 5 anos, com foco em atualizações sobre diagnóstico, tratamento e aspectos gerais da doença. Resultados: Foram reunidas as últimas evidências sobre epidemiologia, investigação, diagnóstico, fatores de risco incluindo rastreamento genético, tratamento pré e pós operatório e seguimento após o tratamento do CO. Conclusões: Esta revisão esclarece os pontos base da doença, auxilia no manejo e no acompanhamento das pacientes afetadas por esta patologia.


Aims: Ovarian cancer (CO) has a great impact on the mortality rate due to gynecological neoplasias in the world. In Brazil, it has an estimated incidence of 5.95 cases per 100,000 women. This review aims to gather the main information about ovarian malignancy, addressing points of interest in medical practice and bringing updates on the subject. Methods: A review of the CO was made using the data base PubMed, MedLine, Lilacs and Capes Periodical Portals, of which articles of the last 5 years were selected, focusing on updates on diagnosis, treatment and general aspects of the disease. Results: The latest evidence on epidemiology, research, diagnosis, risk factors including genetic screening, pre and postoperative treatment and follow-up after CO treatment were collected. Conclusions: This review clarifies the basics of the disease, helps in the management and follow-up of the patients affected by this pathology.


Subject(s)
Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/epidemiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(6): e6104, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839305

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is one of the most malignant genital cancers, with a high mortality rate. Many researchers have suggested that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have remarkably high expression in ovarian cancer tissues. MMPs are considered to be related to the occurrence, development, invasion and metastasis of ovarian cancer. Moreover, some studies have discovered that the unbalance between MMPs and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are associated with the malignant phenotype of tumors. This review summarizes the latest research progress of MMPs in ovarian cancer. The investigation of MMP mechanism in ovarian cancer will facilitate the development of effective anti-tumor drugs, and thereby improve the survival rate of patients with ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/enzymology , Gene Expression/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinases/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/secondary , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases/metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL