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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 565-573, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346508

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer de ovario ocupa el tercer lugar en frecuencia entre los cánceres ginecológicos en Argentina. Existe un déficit de información de esta enfermedad en nuestro país respecto al tratamiento y evolución oncológica de las pacientes. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue evaluar los resultados perioperatorios y oncológicos, en pacientes con tumor epitelial de ovario con estadios avanzados. Presentamos una cohorte retrospectiva en la que se evaluó la supervivencia libre de enfermedad y la supervivencia global en pacientes con tumores epiteliales de ovario tratadas en el Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires entre junio del 2009 a junio del 2017. De 170 pacientes incluidas en el estudio, 72 (42.4%) fueron tratadas con una cirugía de citorreducción primaria (CCP), mientras que 98 (57.6%) recibieron neoadyuvancia y luego cirugía del intervalo (CI). La tasa de citorreducción óptima fue de 75% y de 79% respectivamente. No se encontraron diferencias en los resultados perioperatorios, ni en las complicaciones graves entre ambos grupos. La mediana de SLE en el grupo de CCP fue de 2.5 años (IC 95% 1.6-3.1) mientras que en el grupo de CI fue de 1.4 (IC 95% 1.2-1.7) p < 0.001. La mediana de supervivencia global fue de 5.8 años en CCP, y de 3.5 años en CI. En pacientes adecuadamente seleccionadas la CCP presenta mejores resultados oncológicos a la neoadyuvancia y CI. La selección correcta de las pacientes para tratamiento primario es fundamental para definir la conducta terapéutica.


Abstract Ovarian cancer represents the third gynecological cancer in frequency in Argentina. There is a lack of information on this pathology in our country regarding the treatment and evolution of patients who suffer it. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perioperative and oncological results in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian tumor. We present a retrospective cohort in which we evaluated disease-free survival and overall survival in patients with epithelial ovarian tumor treated at the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires between June 2009 and June 2017. Of 170 patients included in the study, 72 (42.4%) received primary debulking surgery (CCP), while 98 (57.6%) received neoadjuvant therapy and interval surgery (CI). The optimal cyto-reduction rate was 75% and 79% respectively. No differences were found in perioperative outcomes, or in severe complications between the two groups. The median disease-free survival in the CCP group was 2.5 years (95% CI 1.6-3.1) while in the CI group it was 1.4 (95% CI 1.2-1.7) p < 0.001. The median overall survival was 5.8 years in CPP, and 3.5 years in CI. Faced with a meticulous selection by a group of experts, patients with advanced ovarian cancer treated with CCP present better oncological results than those who received neoadjuvant therapy and CI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/pathology , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/therapy , Hospitals , Neoplasm Staging
2.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021248, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153175

ABSTRACT

Metastatic gallbladder carcinoma to the ovaries is occasional but a recognized entity. It can mimic, clinical and morphologically, a primary ovarian tumor, challenging the diagnosis. We present the case of a patient with a lump in the hypogastrium extending into the right iliac fossa and was found to have abdominopelvic cystic lesion with enhancing solid components and multiple sub-centimetric and ill-defined abdominal lymph nodes. Also, subpleural and parenchymal nodules in the lungs were present. She subsequently underwent a laparotomy. Cholecystectomy was also done due to pre-existing symptomatic biliary lithiasis. The histologic report described the ovarian involvement as metastases from a gallbladder carcinoma. The presentation of ovarian metastases can challenge the diagnosis. Hence, careful evaluation of the digestive tract and judicious use of immunohistochemistry should be considered in patients presenting with ovarian masses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma , Gallbladder/abnormalities , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Metastasis
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878331

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The underlying mechanism of Ezrin in ovarian cancer (OVCA) is far from being understood. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the role of Ezrin in OVCA cells (SKOV3 and CaOV3) and investigate the associated molecular mechanisms.@*Methods@#We performed Western blotting, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, MTT, cell colony, cell wound healing, transwell migration and invasion, RhoA and Rac active pull down assays, and confocal immunofluorescence experiments to evaluate the functions and molecular mechanisms of Ezrin overexpression or knockdown in the proliferation and metastasis of OVCA cells.@*Results@#The ectopic expression of Ezrin significantly increased cell proliferation, invasiveness, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in OVCA cells. By contrast, the knockdown of endogenous Ezrin prevented OVCA cell proliferation, invasiveness, and EMT. Lastly, we observed that Ezrin can positively regulate the active forms of RhoA rather than Rac-1 in OVCA cells, thereby promoting robust stress fiber formation.@*Conclusion@#Our results indicated that Ezrin regulates OVCA cell proliferation and invasiveness by modulating EMT and induces actin stress fiber formation by regulating Rho-GTPase activity, which provides novel insights into the treatment of the OVCA.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Stress Fibers/metabolism , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism
4.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(3): 263-269, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126161

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES: existe una asociación demostrada entre endometriosis y algunas histologías del carcinoma epitelial de ovario. Por otra parte, se ha observado que hasta un 30% de las neoplasias de ovario se presentan de forma concomitante a neoplasias del endometrio. Para considerar la sincronicidad entre estos tumores, estos deben cumplir criterios anatomopatológicos estrictos como los descritos por scully. OBJETIVO: presentar un caso clínico de carcinoma endometrioide sincrónico de ovario y endometrio sobre focos de endometriosis, así como su diagnóstico y manejo. CASO CLÍNICO: paciente de 27 años que consulta por spotting intermenstrual. En la ecografía endocavitaria se observa un pólipo endometrial. Además, se describe un tumor anexial izquierdo de 42mm, trilobulado, con un polo sólido de 17×15mm. Se somete a una polipectomía histeroscópica y quistectomía ovárica laparoscópica. Asimismo, se reseca implante sospechoso en el fondo de saco posterior. El resultado anatomopatológico de las piezas quirúrgicas fue: pólipo endometrial con hiperplasia compleja con atipias y focos de adenocarcinoma endometrioide grado I; el tumor quístico ovárico izquierdo consistente con quiste endometriósico con focos de adenocarcinoma endometrioide. La lesión peritoneal corresponde a un implante de adenocarcinoma endometrioide grado I. El estudio de las características anatomopatológicas y la presencia del implante peritoneal sugieren el diagnóstico de un carcinoma endometrioide ovárico con origen en una lesión endometriósica sincrónico con un carcinoma endometrioide endometrial. CONCLUSIÓN: el diagnóstico diferencial entre la sincronicidad o diseminación de los tumores de ovario y endometrio de estirpe endometrioide supone un reto para el clínico y es fundamental para el correcto manejo de estas neoplasias.


BACKGROUND: there is a demonstrated association between endometriosis and some epithelial ovarian carcinoma histologies. On the other hand, it has been observed that up to 30% of ovarian neoplasms present concomitantly with endometrial neoplasms. To consider synchronicity between these neoplasms, they must meet strict pathological criteria such as those described by scully. OBJECTIVE: to introduce a case of an ovarian and endometrial synchronous endometrioid carcinoma implanted on endometriosis sites, as well as its diagnosis and management. CLINICAL CASE: a 27-year-old patient who consulted because of an intermenstrual spotting. The ultrasound image showed an endometrial polyp. Furthermore, a 42 mm left adnexal trilobal tumor with a 17×15mm solid pole was described. She underwent a hysteroscopic polypectomy and laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy. Likewise, resection of a suspicious implant in the posterior vaginal fornix was done. The pathological result of the surgical pieces was: endometrial polyp with complex hyperplasia with atypia and focal points of grade I endometrioid adenocarcinoma; the left ovarian cystectomy: endometriotic cyst with focal points of endometrioid adenocarcinoma. The peritoneal lesion corresponded to a grade I endometrioid adenocarcinoma implant. The study of the pathological characteristics and the presence of the peritoneal implant suggest the diagnosis of endometrioid ovarian carcinoma originated in a synchronous endometriotic lesion with endometrial endometrioid carcinoma. CONCLUSION: differential diagnosis between the synchronicity or spread of ovarian and endometrial endometrioid cell line carcinomas, is a great challenge and it is essential for the correct management of these neoplasms


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Endometrial Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/surgery , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/pathology
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(1): 61-66, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091900

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To relate disease-free survival and overall survival with type I and type II ovarian cancer and preoperative laboratory parameters biomarkers. METHODS A retrospective study was carried out based on the collection of data from medical records of patients with ovarian tumors. Kaplan-Mayer curves were drawn based on the statistical analysis of the data and were compared using the Log-rank test. RESULTS Disease-free survival in type I ovarian cancer was significantly higher than in type II (p=0.0013), as well as in those with normal levels of CA-125 (p=0.0243) and with a platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) lower than 200 (p=0.0038). The overall survival of patients with type I ovarian cancer was significantly higher than in patients with type II, as well as in patients with normal CA-125 serum levels (p=0.0039) and those with a preoperative fasting glucose of less than 100 mg/dL. CONCLUSION CA-125 levels may predict greater overall and disease-free survival. PLR < 200 may suggest greater disease-free survival, whereas normal fasting glucose may suggest greater overall survival.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Relacionar a sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global com câncer de ovário tipos I e II, assim como com parâmetros laboratoriais pré-operatórios biomarcadores. MÉTODOS Estudo retrospectivo realizado com base na coleta de dados de prontuários de pacientes com tumor ovariano. As curvas de Kaplan-Mayer foram realizadas em relação à análise estatística dos dados, sendo comparadas pelo teste de Log-rank. RESULTADOS A sobrevida livre de doença nas pacientes com câncer de ovário tipo I foi significativamente maior do que nas pacientes com câncer de ovário tipo II (p = 0,0013), bem como maior naquelas com níveis normais de CA-125 (p = 0,0243) e com relação plaquetas-linfócitos (RPL) inferior a 200 (p = 0,0038). A sobrevida global de pacientes com câncer de ovário tipo I foi significativamente maior do que em pacientes com tipo II, maior em pacientes com níveis séricos normais de CA-125 (p = 0,0039) e naquelas com glicemia de jejum pré-operatória menor que 100 mg / dL. CONCLUSÃO Os níveis de CA-125 podem predizer uma sobrevida global e livre de doença. A RPL < 200 pode sugerir uma maior sobrevida livre de doença, enquanto uma glicemia normal de jejum, uma maior sobrevida global.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/mortality , Ovarian Neoplasms/blood , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Platelet Count , Reference Values , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Disease-Free Survival , CA-125 Antigen/blood , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Preoperative Period , Middle Aged , Neutrophils
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(6): e8885, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132519

ABSTRACT

In this study, we aimed to analyze the anti-cancer effects of β-elemene combined with paclitaxel for ovarian cancer. RT-qPCR, MTT assay, western blot, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemistry were used to analyze in vitro and in vivo anti-cancer effects of combined treatment of β-elemene and paclitaxel. The in vitro results showed that β-elemene+paclitaxel treatment markedly inhibited ovarian cancer cell growth, migration, and invasion compared to either paclitaxel or β-elemene treatment alone. Results demonstrated that β-elemene+paclitaxel induced apoptosis of SKOV3 cells, down-regulated anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl gene expression and up-regulated pro-apoptotic P53 and Apaf1 gene expression in SKOV3 cells. Administration of β-elemene+paclitaxel arrested SKOV3 cell cycle at S phase and down-regulated CDK1, cyclin-B1, and P27 gene expression and apoptotic-related resistant gene expression of MDR1, LRP, and TS in SKOV3 cells. In vivo experiments showed that treatment with β-elemene+paclitaxel significantly inhibited ovarian tumor growth and prolonged the overall survival of SKOV3-bearing mice. In addition, the treatment inhibited phosphorylated STAT3 and NF-κB expression in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, it inhibited migration and invasion through down-regulation of the STAT-NF-κB signaling pathway in SKOV3 cells. In conclusion, the data suggested that β-elemene+paclitaxel can inhibit ovarian cancer growth via down-regulation of the STAT3-NF-κB signaling pathway, which may be a potential therapeutic strategy for ovarian cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Sesquiterpenes/administration & dosage , Cell Movement/drug effects , NF-kappa B/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Transfection , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mice, Inbred BALB C
7.
Biol. Res ; 53: 49, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142416

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although OIP5-AS1 has been characterized as an oncogenic lncRNA in many types of cancer, its role and underlying mechanism in ovarian carcinoma (OC) remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the role of OIP5-AS1 in OC. METHODS: OC tissues and non-tumor tissues (ovary tissues within 3 cm around tumors) were collected from 58 OC patients (age range 36 to 67 years old, mean age 51.4 ± 5.9 years old). The expression of OIP5-AS1 and snail in paired tissues were determined by RT-qPCR. The interaction between OIP5-AS1 and miR-34a was predicted by IntaRNA2.0 and confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. The effects of overexpression of OIP5-AS1 and miR-34a on the expression of snail were analyzed by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. Cell invasion and migration were analyzed by Transwell assay. RESULTS: We observed that the expression of OIP5-AS1 and snail was upregulated and positively correlated with each other in OC. RNA-RNA interaction analysis showed that OIP5-AS1 might sponge miR-34a. In OC cells, overexpression of OIP5-AS1 resulted in the upregulated expression of snail, while overexpression of miR-34a downregulated the expression of snail. In addition, overexpression of miR-34a reduced the effects of overexpression of OIP5-AS1 on the expression of snail. In cell invasion and migration assay, overexpression of OIP5-AS1 and snail resulted in increased OC cell invasion and migration, while overexpression of miR-34a decreased OC cell invasion and migration. Moreover, overexpression of miR-34a attenuated the effects of OIP5-AS1 overexpression on OC cell invasion and migration. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, OIP5-AS1 may upregulate snail expression in OC by sponging miR-34a to promote OC cell invasion and migration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/physiology , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(7): 959-964, July 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013021

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the combination of gynecologic imaging reporting and data system (GI-RADS) ultrasonographic stratification and three-dimensional contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (3D-CEUS) in order to distinguish malignant from benign ovarian masses. METHODS In this study, 102 patients with ovarian masses were examined by both two-dimensional ultrasound(2D-US) and 3D-CEUS. Sonographic features of ovarian masses obtained from 3D-CEUS were analyzed and compared with 2D-US. All patients with ovarian masses were confirmed by operational pathology or long-term follow-up results. RESULTS (1)The Chi-square test and multiple Logistic regression analysis confirmed that there were only eight independent predictors of malignant masses, including thick septa (≥3mm), thick papillary projections(≥7mm), solid areas, presence of ascites, central vascularization, contrast enhancement, distribution of contrast agent, and vascular characteristics of the solid part and their odds ratios which were 5.52, 5.39, 4.94, 4.34, 5.92, 7.44, 6.09, and 7.67, respectively (P<0.05). (2)These eight signs were used to combine the GI-RADS with 3D-CEUS scoring system in which the corresponding value of the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.969, which was superior to using GI-RADS lonely (Z-value=1.64, P<0.025). Using 4 points as the cut-off, the scoring system showed the performance was clearly better than using GI-RADS alone (P<0.05). (3) The Kappa value was 0.872 for two different clinicians with equal experience. CONCLUSIONS The combination of GI-RADS and 3D-CEUS scoring system would be a more effective method to distinguish malignant from benign ovarian masses.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a eficácia da combinação da estratificação por ultrassonografia usando o Sistema de Relatórios e Dados de Imagem Ginecológica (GI-RADS) e ultrassonografia 3D com contraste (3D-CEUS) para diferenciar massas ovarianas benignas de malignas. METODOLOGIA Neste estudo, 102 pacientes com massas ovarianas foram examinadas usando ultrassonografia bidimensional (2D-US) e 3D-CEUS. As características ultrassonográficas das massas ovarianas obtidas com 3D-CEUS foram analisadas e comparadas com de 2D-US. Todos os pacientes com massas ovarianas tiveram o diagnóstico confirmado pelos resultados de patologia cirúrgica ou acompanhamento de longo prazo. RESULTADOS (1) O teste qui-quadrado e a regressão logística múltipla confirmaram a existência de apenas oito preditores independentes de massas malignas, incluindo septos espessos (≥3mm), projeções papilares espessas (≥7mm), áreas sólidas, presença de ascite, vascularização central, aumento de contraste, distribuição do agente de contraste e características vasculares da parte sólida e suas razões de possibilidades (OR), que foram 5,52, 5,39, 4,94, 4,34, 5,92, 7,44, 6,09 e 7.67, respectivamente (P< 0,05). (2) Esses oito preditores foram utilizados para combinar o GI-RADS com o sistema de escores da 3D-CEUS, para o qual o valor correspondente da área sob a curva (AUC) foi de 0,969, superior ao uso exclusivo do GI-RADS (valor de Z = 1,64, P < 0,025). Usando 4 pontos como corte, o sistema de escores mostrou que o desempenho foi muito melhor do que com o uso exclusivo do GI-RADS (P < 0,05). (3) O valor de Kappa foi 0,872, obtido por dois médicos diferentes com igual experiência. CONCLUSÃO A combinação do GI-RADS e do sistema de pontuação da 3D-CEUS é um método mais eficaz para distinguir massas ovarianas benignas de malignas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Ovarian Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ovarian Diseases/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Reference Values , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Logistic Models , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Ultrasonography/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Diagnosis, Differential , Middle Aged
9.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(1): e2018061, Jan.-Mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-987016

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is one of the major complications in oncologic patients. The incidence of PTE in these cases is 4 to 7 times higher than in non-oncologic patients. Ovarian tumors, specifically those of large sizes, may impair the blood flow through the pelvic veins as tumor pressure over the pelvic vessels increases the incidence of thrombosis. The authors report the case of the unexpected death of a 74-year-old female due to massive pulmonary thromboembolism, associated with an ovarian tumor almost of 15 kg of weight that filled the abdominal and pelvic cavities. The compressive effect on the walls of the pudendal and periuterine veins somehow facilitated the local thrombosis. According to the histological characterization on post-mortem samples, the mass was identified as an "atypical proliferative (borderline) mucinous tumor." The case emphasizes the important association between pulmonary thromboembolism and ovarian tumors


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Pulmonary Embolism/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Autopsy , Fatal Outcome , Death, Sudden
10.
Biol. Res ; 52: 13, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011415

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is a significant cancer-related cause of death in women worldwide. The most used chemotherapeutic regimen is based on carboplatin (CBDCA). However, CBDCA resistance is the main obstacle to a better prognosis. An in vitro drug-resistant cell model would help in the understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying this drug-resistance phenomenon. The aim of this study was to characterize cellular and molecular changes of induced CBDCA-resistant ovarian cancer cell line A2780. METHODS: The cell selection strategy used in this study was a dose-per-pulse method using a concentration of 100 µM for 2 h. Once 20 cycles of exposure to the drug were completed, the cell cultures showed a resistant phenotype. Then, the ovarian cancer cell line A2780 was grown with 100 µM of CBDCA (CBDCA-resistant cells) or without CBDCA (parental cells). After, a drug sensitivity assay, morphological analyses, cell death assays and a RNA-seq analysis were performed in CBDCA-resistant A2780 cells. RESULTS: Microscopy on both parental and CBDCA-resistant A2780 cells showed similar characteristics in morphology and F-actin distribution within cells. In cell-death assays, parental A2780 cells showed a significant increase in phosphatidylserine translocation and caspase-3/7 cleavage compared to CBDCA-resistant A2780 cells (P < 0.05 and P < 0.005, respectively). Cell viability in parental A2780 cells was significantly decreased compared to CBDCA-resistant A2780 cells (P < 0.0005). The RNA-seq analysis showed 156 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated mainly to molecular functions. CONCLUSION: CBDCA-resistant A2780 ovarian cancer cells is a reliable model of CBDCA resistance that shows several DEGs involved in molecular functions such as transmembrane activity, protein binding to cell surface receptor and catalytic activity. Also, we found that the Wnt/3-catenin and integrin signaling pathway are the main metabolic pathway dysregulated in CBDCA-resistant A2780 cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects , Carboplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Transcriptome/drug effects , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Phenotype , Signal Transduction , Cell Death/drug effects , Cell Death/genetics , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Cell Line, Tumor , Transcriptome/genetics
11.
Medwave ; 19(7): e7674, 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015274

ABSTRACT

La afectación ovárica como debut de un linfoma de Burkitt sin enfermedad extraovárica detectable es anecdótica, por lo que habitualmente no se incluye como hipótesis diagnóstica tras el hallazgo de una tumoración ovárica. Su desconocimiento lleva a realizar un tratamiento equivocado que puede llegar a comprometer el deseo reproductivo de la paciente. Presentamos el caso de una paciente que presenta un linfoma de Burkitt con afectación ovárica como manifestación inicial. La paciente desarrolló una progresión sistemática excepcionalmente rápida. A propósito de este caso y de su inusual evolución, revisamos la literatura existente.


Ovarian involvement as the initial manifestation of a Burkitt lymphoma without detectable extra-ovarian disease is rare, which is why it is usually not included in the differential diagnosis when an ovarian tumor is detected. A missed diagnosis will lead to the wrong treatment being given, and this can compromise any future reproductive wishes of the patient. In this article, a patient presents a Burkitt lymphoma with ovarian involvement as an initial manifestation and an unusually rapid systemic progression of the disease. Prompted by this case and its unusual course, we reviewed the existing literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Burkitt Lymphoma/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Burkitt Lymphoma/pathology , Disease Progression , Diagnosis, Differential
12.
Biol. Res ; 52: 18, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011420

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as the critical modulators of the tumorigenesis and tumor progression. METHODS: The levels of miR-663 in ovarian cancer cell lines and clinical tissues were detected using qRT-PCR assays. The Transwell invasion and wound healing assay were conducted to assess the roles of miR-663 in the migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cell in vitro. Rescue assays were carried out to confirm the contribution of tumor suppressor candidate 2 (TUSC2) in the aggressiveness of cancer cell which was regulated by miR-663. RESULTS: The levels of miR-663 were up-regulated in ovarian cancer tissues in comparison with the corresponding normal tissues. Up-regulation of miR-663 increased the proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cell. Additional, over-expression of miR-663 increased the tumor growth of SKOV3 in xenograft model. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay identified that miR-663 decreased the level of TUSC2 via binding to the 3'-UTR of TUSC2 gene. Finally, the expression of TUSC2 was inversely associated with the level of miR-663 in ovarian carcinoma tissue and over-expression of TUSC2 inhibited the migration and invasion abilities of SKOV3 that was promoted by miR-663. CONCLUSION: Altogether, these results indicate that miR-663 acts as a potential tumor-promoting miRNA through targeting TUSC2 in ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism , MicroRNAs/genetics , Transfection , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics
13.
Autops. Case Rep ; 8(4): e2018060, Oct.-Dec. 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-986611

ABSTRACT

The finding of a sebaceous carcinoma in a mature teratoma is rare in human pathology, with fewer than 10 cases currently reported in the literature. In this article, we report a case of sebaceous carcinoma in a mature teratoma of the ovary in a 59-year-old patient and discuss its histological findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous/pathology , Teratoma/pathology
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 641-650, July 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949369

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the place of the transcription factor nuclear kappa B (NF-kB), which is a marker of chronic inflammation, in the etiology of the ovarian carcinoma. Methods: NFkB analysis with the immunohistochemical method has been performed. To evaluate immunohistochemical NF-kB expression in the ovarian tissue, the H-score method. H-score = ∑ Pi (i+1), where ''Pi'' is the percentage of stained cells in each intensity category (0-100%) and ''i'' is the intensity indicating weak (i=1), moderate (i=2) or strong staining (i=3). Results: It has been seen that, the mean H score is statistically significantly higher in the patient group with serous and musinous adenocarcinoma diagnosis than the two other patient groups (p<0.005). Conclusions: Factor nuclear kappa B is an important mediator that acts in the chronic inflammation. The highest expression rates are determined by the immunohistochemical method in the ovarian cancer group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ovarian Neoplasms/etiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , NF-kappa B/analysis , Cystadenoma, Serous/etiology , Cystadenoma, Serous/pathology , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous/etiology , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Ovary/pathology , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Analysis of Variance , Cystadenoma, Serous/diagnosis , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous/diagnosis , Statistics, Nonparametric
15.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(2): 182-193, abr. 2018. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959502

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El cáncer epitelial de ovario representa uno de los tumores ginecológicos más letales ya que más del 75% de las pacientes son diagnosticadas en estadío avanzado. Aún no se ha demostrado que la realización de pruebas y exámenes pélvicos rutinarios haya reducido la mortalidad, no existiendo actualmente, un cribado eficaz para su diagnóstico precoz. Aunque la sintomatología metastásica extraperitoneal más común es el derrame pleural, las linfadenopatías neoplásicas a nivel supraclavicular aparecen hasta en el 4% de casos, generalmente asociándose a un mal pronóstico. La identificación de una adenopatía supraclavicular se relaciona hasta en un 58-83% de los casos, con el hallazgo de una tumoración maligna. Por otro lado, la dermatomiositis del adulto puede tener un origen paraneoplásico en un 15-25% de las ocasiones, siendo el cáncer de mama y de ovario la etiología más frecuente en la población femenina. Las pacientes portadoras de mutaciones en los genes BRCA 1 y 2 tienen un aumento del riesgo de padecer neoplasias de mama y ovario. En aquellas afectas de un cáncer de ovario y portadoras de una mutación en los genes BRCA, no se debería plantear una cirugía profiláctica de rutina sobre la mama, al menos en los primeros 5 años tras el diagnóstico de la neoplasia ovárica. Presentamos el caso de una paciente portadora de una mutación germinal del gen BRCA 1, que debuta con un cáncer de ovario, tras el estudio de una adenopatía neoplásica de cuello, biopsiada en el contexto de un síndrome paraneoplásico cutáneo.


ABSTRACT Epithelial ovarian cancer represents one of the most lethal gynecological tumors, since more than 75% of affected women are diagnosed at an advanced stage. However, studies have not demonstrated yet that performing routine pelvic exams and tests had reduced mortality in ovarian cancer, and currently there is no effective screening for early diagnosis. The most common extraperitoneal metastatic symptomatology of ovarian cancer is pleural effusion, but there are other, like neoplastic lymphadenopathies at supraclavicular level, described in up to 4% of cases and generally related to a poor prognosis. The identification of a supraclavicular adenopathy is associated with the finding of a malignant tumor in 58-83% of the cases. On the other hand, adult dermatomyositis can have a paraneoplastic origin in 15-25% of patients, being breast and ovarian cancer the most frequent etiology in the female population. Patients with BRCA 1 and 2 genes mutations have an increased risk of breast and ovarian malignancies. In those affected by an ovarian cancer and carriers of a mutation in the BRCA genes, routine prophylactic surgery should not be considered on the breast, at least in the first 5 years after the diagnosis of ovarian neoplasia. We present the case of a patient with a germinal mutation of the BRCA 1 gene, who debuts with an ovarian cancer, after the study of a neoplastic adenopathy of neck, biopsied in the context of a cutaneous paraneoplastic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , BRCA1 Protein/genetics , Dermatomyositis/complications , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/diagnostic imaging , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Risk Factors , Prophylactic Mastectomy , Mutation
16.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(2): 199-202, abr. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959504

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La endometriosis corresponde a la presencia de glándulas endometriales o estroma en sitios distintos a la cavidad uterina. Afecta del 5 al 15% de las mujeres en edad reproductiva y se asocia a importante sintomatología. La teoría de la menstruación retrógrada propuesta por Sampson es la más aceptada para explicar su etiología. Varios estudios han asociado esta enfermedad a un riesgo aumentado de neoplasia, ésta entidad, denominada endometriosis asociada a malignidad, se localiza en sitios extra gonadales en un 20% de los casos, donde la pared abdominal no alcanza más de 30 casos reportados. Si bien no existe un tratamiento estándar, la mayoría de los autores han adaptado el protocolo de tratamiento para el cáncer de ovario asociado a endometriosis.


ABSTRACT Endometriosis corresponds to the presence of endometrial glands or stroma at sites other than the uterine cavity. It affects 5 to 15% of women of reproductive age and is associated with a significant symptomatology. The theory of retrograde menstruation proposed by Sampson is the most accepted to explain its etiology. Several studies have associated this disease with an increase in neoplasia, the entity, called endometriosis associated with malignancy, is located in extra gonadal sites in 20% of cases, where the abdominal wall does not reach more than 30 reported cases. Although there is no standard treatment, most authors have adapted the treatment for ovarian cancer associated with endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Middle Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell/diagnosis , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/epidemiology , Palliative Care , Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Therapy
17.
Biol. Res ; 51: 58, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011402

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-ß1) exhibits oncogenic activity in different types of cancer, including ovarian cancer (OC). However, its regulatory mechanism in OC and whether TGF-ß1 is involved in chemosensitivity regulation remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of TGF-ß1 in OC. METHODS: The OC cell line SKOV3 was employed, and TGF-ß1 overexpression or knockdown vectors were constructed. The cell proliferation of SKOV3 was evaluated with the cell counting kit (CCK8) kit after treatment with different concentrations of cis-platinum. Western blot and protein immunoprecipitation were employed to detect changes in BRCA1 and Smad3 expression and their interactions. Tumor growth in nude mice was evaluated. RESULTS: The results showed that TGF-ß1 knockdown increased chemosensitivity by promoting BRCA1 expression and Smad3 phosphorylation. In vivo studies showed that TGF-ß1 knockdown significantly inhibited the growth of tumors, also by upregulating BRCA1 expression and Smad3 phosphorylation. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our results suggest that TGF-ß1 knockdown inhibits tumor growth and increases chemosensitivity by promotion of BRCA1/Smad3 signaling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Down-Regulation/physiology , Genes, BRCA1/physiology , Smad3 Protein/physiology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/physiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Immunohistochemistry , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/physiology , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Smad3 Protein/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mice, Inbred BALB C
18.
Biol. Res ; 51: 50, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011394

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Accumulating studies have demonstrated that high-mobility group A2 (HMGA2), an oncofetal protein, plays a role in tumor development and progression. However, the molecular role of HMGA2 in ovarian carcinoma is yet to be established. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a group of small noncoding RNAs, negatively regulate gene expression and their dysregulation has been implicated in tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential involvement of a specific miRNA, miR-219-5p, in HMGA2-induced ovarian cancer. METHODS: The ovarian cancer cell line, SKOV3, was employed, and miR-219-5p and HMGA2 overexpression vectors constructed. The CCK-8 kit was used to determine cell proliferation and the Transwell® assay used to measure cell invasion and migration. RT-PCR and western blot analyses were applied to analyze the expression of miR-219-5p and HMGA2, and the luciferase reporter assay used to examine the interactions between miR-219-5p and HMGA2. Nude mice were employed to characterize in vivo tumor growth regulation. RESULTS: Expression of miR-219-5p led to suppression of proliferation, invasion and migration of the ovarian cancer cell line, SKOV3, by targeting HMGA2. The inhibitory effects of miR-219-5p were reversed upon overexpression of HMGA2. Data from the luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-219-5p downregulates HMGA2 via direct integration with its 3'-UTR. Consistent with in vitro findings, expression of miR-219-5p led to significant inhibition of tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Our results collectively suggest that miR-219-5p inhibits tumor growth and metastasis by targeting HMGA2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Mice , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , HMGA2 Protein/metabolism , MicroRNAs/physiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , HMGA2 Protein/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 51-56, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742505

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: 14-3-3ζ regulates cell signaling, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis, and its overexpression is associated with disease recurrence and poor clinical outcomes in some solid tumors. However, its clinicopathological role in ovarian cancer is unknown. Our goal was to investigate whether 14-3-3ζ is associated with ovarian cancer prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 14-3-3ζ expression by immunohistochemistry in ovarian cancer tissues obtained from 88 ovarian cancer patients. The examined tissues were of various histologies and stages. 14-3-3ζ expression was also analyzed by western blot in seven ovarian cancer cell lines and a primary ovary epithelial cell line. Cell viability was measured using an MTS-based assay following cisplatin treatment. RESULTS: Among the ovarian cancer samples, 53.4% (47/88) showed high 14-3-3ζ expression, and 14-3-3ζ overexpression was positively correlated with more advanced pathologic stages and grades. 14-3-3ζ overexpression was also significantly associated with poor disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of ovarian cancer patients. Median DFS and OS were 1088 and 3905 days, respectively, in the high 14-3-3ζ expression group, but not reached in the low 14-3-3ζ expression group (p=0.004 and p=0.033, log-rank test, respectively). Downregulating 14-3-3ζ by RNA interference in ovarian cancer cells led to enhanced sensitivity to cisplatin-induced cell death. CONCLUSION: 14-3-3ζ overexpression might be a potential prognostic biomarker for ovarian cancer, and the inhibition of 14-3-3ζ could be a therapeutic option that enhances the antitumor activity of cisplatin.


Subject(s)
14-3-3 Proteins/metabolism , Adult , Aged , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Down-Regulation , Female , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Gene Silencing , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Middle Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Young Adult
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(3): e179-e182, jun. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887332

ABSTRACT

El tumor de los cordones sexuales con túbulos anulares es una neoplasia del estroma gonadal muy infrecuente. Representa el 0,05-0,6% de todos los tumores ováricos, según series. Se presenta un caso especialmente inusual, en una niña de 6 años, detectado a raíz de una pubertad precoz periférica isosexual. Su interés radica en que no se halló ninguna masa anexa al ovario, sino únicamente una asimetría gonadal, sin signos radiológicos de malignidad. Se realizó una salpingo-ooforectomía unilateral con linfadenectomía pélvica y paraaórtica ipsilateral, por vía laparoscópica, tras confirmarse la presencia de células tumorales en la biopsia intraoperatoria. La evolución posterior de la paciente fue favorable.


Sex cord tumor with annular tubules is an extremely uncommon gonadal stromal neoplasm. It represents 0.05-0.6% of all ovarian tumors, according to series. An unusual case is presented in a 6-year-old girl, detected as a result of an isosexual peripheral precocious puberty. The highlight of this case is that no mass attached to the ovary was found, but only a gonadal asymmetry without radiological signs of malignancy. After confirming the presence of tumoral cells by intraoperative biopsy, unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with ipsilateral para-aortic and pelvic lymphadenectomy was performed. Afterwards, the evolution of the patient was favorable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Ovarian Neoplasms/complications , Puberty, Precocious/etiology , Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors/complications , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors/pathology
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