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Med. lab ; 27(3): 223-228, 2023. ilus, Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444231


El struma ovarii es un tumor bastante inusual, hallado en el 2,7 % de los teratomas de ovario. Su variedad quística es bastante rara, siendo su diagnóstico diferencial un cistoadenoma de ovario. Se caracteriza por presentar zona sólida con folículos tiroideos con coloide en su interior, y una zona quística tapizada por un epitelio plano a cuboidal, ambos con marcación para TTF1. Presentamos el caso clínico de una paciente que fue remitida a nuestro hospital por presentar una masa a la palpación vaginal. En imágenes se observa la presencia de una masa anexial derecha quística, por lo cual se le realizó una histerectomía radical con salpingooferectomía bilateral. Luego de estudios de patología y de inmunohistoquímica, se llegó a la conclusión que correspondía a un struma ovarii quístico

Struma ovarii is a rather unusual tumor, found in 2.7% of ovarian teratomas. Its cystic variety is quite rare, with its differential diagnosis being an ovarian cystadenoma. It is characterized by the presence of a solid area with thyroid follicles with colloid inside, and a cystic area lined by a flat to cuboidal epithelium, both with TTF1 marking. We describe the case report of a patient referred to our hospital for presenting a mass on vaginal examination. Imaging studies revealed the presence of a right adnexal cystic mass, for which she underwent a radical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. After pathology and immunohistochemistry studies, it was concluded that it corresponded to a cystic struma ovarii

Humans , Struma Ovarii , Ovary , Teratoma , Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e381523, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439109


Purpose: It was aimed to investigate the biochemical and immunohistochemical effects of ephedrine (EPH) in bilateral ovariectomized rats. Methods: Twenty-four Sprague Dawley female rats were divided into three groups: control group: The abdomen was opened and closed without any treatment; ischemia-reperfusion (IR) group: 2 h of ischemia followed by 2 h of reperfusion were allowed to cause IR injury; IR+EPH group: oral EPH solution (5 mg/kg) was administered for 28 days. Results: Biochemical parameters were statistically significant in group comparisons. Increased interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression, degenerative preantral and antral follicle cells and inflammatory cells around blood vessels were seen in IR group. Negative IL-6 expression was observed in seminal epithelial cells, preantral and antral follicle cells in IR+EPH group. While caspase-3 activity increased in granulosa cells and stromal cells in IR group, caspase-3 expression was negative in preantral and antral follicle cells in the germinal epithelium and cortex in IR+EPH group. Conclusion: The effect of apoptosis, which occurs with the signaling that starts in the cell nucleus, caused the cessation of the stimulating effect at the nuclear level after EPH administration, and a decrease in the antioxidative effect in IR damage and inflammation in the apoptotic process.

Animals , Female , Rats , Ovary/cytology , Interleukin-6/physiology , Ephedrine/analysis , Caspase 3/physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Apoptosis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981459


This study aims to investigate the efficacy and possible mechanism of Liuwei Dihuang Pills in the treatment of diminished ovarian reserve(DOR) by using proteomic techniques. Firstly, cyclophosphamide(60 mg·kg~(-1)) combined with busulfan(6 mg·kg~(-1)) was injected intraperitoneally to establish the mouse model of DOR. After drug injection, the mice were continuously observed and the success of modeling was evaluated by the disturbance of the estrous cycle. After successful modeling, the mice were administrated with the suspension of Liuwei Dihuang Pills by gavage for 28 days. At the end of the gavage, four female mice were selected and caged together with males at a ratio of 2∶1 for the determination of the pregnancy rate. Blood and ovary samples were collected from the remaining mice on the next day after the end of gavage. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and transmission electron microscopy(TEM) were then employed to observe the morphological and ultrastructural changes in the ovaries. The serum levels of hormones and oxidation indicators were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Quantitative proteomics techniques were used to compare the ovarian protein expression before and after modeling and before and after the intervention with Liuwei Dihuang Pills. The results showed that Liuwei Dihuang Pills regulated the estrous cycle of DOR mice, elevated the serum levels of hormones and anti-oxidation indicators, promoted follicle development, protected the mitochondrial morphology of ovarian granulosa cells, and increased the litter size and survival of DOR mice. Furthermore, Liuwei Dihuang Pills negatively regulated the expression of 12 differentially expressed proteins associated with DOR, which were mainly involved in lipid catabolism, inflammatory response, immune regulation, and coenzyme biosynthesis. These differentially expressed proteins were significantly enriched in sphingolipid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, ribosomes, ferroptosis, and cGMP-PKG signaling pathway. In summary, the occurrence of DOR and the treatment of DOR with Liuwei Dihuang Pills are associated with multiple biological pathways, mainly including oxidative stress response, inflammatory response, and immune regulation. "Mitochondria-oxidative stress-apoptosis" is the key to the treatment of DOR by Liuwei Dihuang Pills. YY1 and CYP4F3 may be the key upstream targets that trigger mitochondrial dysfunction and ROS accumulation, and the metabolism of arachidonic acid is the main signaling pathway of drug action.

Female , Male , Pregnancy , Animals , Mice , Arachidonic Acid , Ovarian Reserve , Proteomics , Ovary , Lipid Metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981458


This study aimed to investigate the relationship between coagulating cold and blood stasis syndrome and glycolysis, and observe the intervention effect of Liangfang Wenjing Decoction(LFWJD) on the expression of key glycolytic enzymes in the uterus and ovaries of rats with coagulating cold and blood stasis. The rat model of coagulating cold and blood stasis syndrome was established by ice-water bath. After modeling, the quantitative scoring of symptoms were performed, and according to the scoring results, the rats were randomly divided into a model group and LFWJD low-, medium-and high-dose groups(4.7, 9.4, 18.8 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), with 10 in each group. Another 10 rats were selected as the blank group. After 4 weeks of continuous administration by gavage, the quantitative scoring of symptoms was repeated. Laser speckle flowgraphy was used to detect the changes of microcirculation in the ears and uterus of rats in each group. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological morphology of uterus and ovaries of rats in each group. The mRNA and protein expressions of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1(PDK1), hexokinase 2(HK2) and lactate dehydrogenase A(LDHA) in the uterus and ovaries of rats were examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) and Western blot, respectively. The rats in the model group showed signs of coagulating cold and blood stasis syndrome, such as curl-up, less movement, thickened veins under the tongue, and reduced blood perfusion in the microcirculation of the ears and uterus, and HE staining revealed a thinning of the endometrium with disorganized arrangement of epithelial cells and a decrease in the number of ovarian follicles. Compared with the model group, the treatment groups had alleviated coagulating cold and blood stasis, which was manifested as red tongue, reduced nail swelling, no blood stasis at the tail end as well as increased blood perfusion of the microcirculation in the ears and uterus(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Among the groups, the LFWJD medium-and high-dose groups had the most significant improvement in coagulating cold and blood stasis, with neatly arranged columnar epithelial cells in uterus, and the number of ovarian follicles was higher than that in the model group, especially mature follicles. The mRNA and protein expressions of PDK1, HK2, LDHA in uterus and ovaries were up-regulated in the model group(P<0.05 or P<0.01), while down-regulated in LFWJD medium-and high-dose groups(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The LFWJD low-dose group presented a decrease in the mRNA expressions of PDK1, HK2 and LDHA in uterus and ovaries as well as in the protein expressions of HK2 and LDHA in uterus and HK2 and PDK1 in ovaries(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The therapeutic mechanism of LFWJD against coagulating cold and blood stasis syndrome is related to the down-regulation of key glycolytic enzymes PDK1, HK2 and LDHA, and the inhibition of glycolytic activities in uterus and ovaries.

Female , Animals , Rats , Ovary , Uterus , Ovarian Follicle , Lactate Dehydrogenase 5 , Glycolysis
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249158, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339346


Abstract The knowledge of the testicular and ovarian morphology of a particular fish species is of paramount importance. Such analyze enables the development of studies and techniques aiming the improvement of their reproduction, management, commercialization and even their conservation. This study performed the ovarian and testicular characterization of the ornamental Amazon fish Serrapinnus kriegi. A total of three males and three females had their gonads analyzed by optical microscopy. Females present ovaries filled with oocytes in asynchronous development, indicating partial spawning in the species. Moreover, the micropyle and micropilar cell formation was observed in primary growing oocytes, representing a precocious oocyte development; and the zona radiata in the final vitellogenic oocytes is thicker than other related species, evidencing the development of a better protection to the embryos in function of the waters' turbulence that characterize it spawning sites in the Amazonian streams. The male specimens' present anastomosed tubular testes with unrestricted spermatogonia spread along the entire seminiferous tubules. The present data elucidate the dynamic of spermatogenesis and oogenesis of an ornamental Amazonian species, through the description of the male and female germ cells development.

Resumo O conhecimento da morfologia testicular e ovariana de uma determinada espécie de peixe é de suma importância, pois através destas análises é possível o desenvolvimento de estudos e técnicas visando o melhoramento de sua reprodução, manejo e comercialização e até mesmo auxiliar em sua conservação. Este estudo realizou a caracterização ovariana e testicular do peixe Amazônico ornamental Serrapinnus kriegi. Um total de três machos e três fêmeas tiveram suas gônadas analisadas através de microscopia óptica. As fêmeas apresentam ovários preenchidos por oócitos em desenvolvimento assincrônico, indicando desova parcelada da espécie. Além disso, observou-se a formação de micrópila e célula micropilar em oócitos em crescimento primário, representando o desenvolvimento precoce do oócito; a zona radiata nos oócitos vitelogênicos finais é mais espessa em comparação a outras espécies relacionadas, evidenciando o desenvolvimento de uma melhor proteção aos embriões, em função das águas turbulentas que caracterizam seu local de desova nos córregos amazônicos. Os machos apresentam testículos do tipo tubular anastomosado com espermatogônias irrestritas, espalhadas por todo o túbulo seminífero. Os dados apresentados elucidam a dinâmica da espermatogênese e oogênese de uma espécie de peixe ornamental amazônica, por meio da descrição das células germinativas masculinas e femininas.

Animals , Male , Female , Characidae , Oocytes , Oogenesis , Ovary , Testis , Gonads
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980795


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy and safety of acupuncture combined with auricular point sticking for girls aged 3-8 years with incomplete precocious puberty (IPP).@*METHODS@#Sixty girls with IPP were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 2 cases were eliminated). The girls in the control group were treated with healthy diet and proper exercise for 12 weeks. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, the girls in the observation group were treated with acupuncture combined with auricular point sticking. The acupuncture was applied at Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Guilai (ST 29), etc., the needles were retained for 20 min, acupuncture was given twice a week (once every 3 days). The auricular point sticking was applied at Luanchao (TF2), Neishengzhiqi (TF2), Neifenmi (CO18), Yuanzhong (AT2,3,4i), etc., twice a week. The treatment was given for 12 weeks. Before treatment, after treatment and in follow-up after 12 weeks of treatment completion, the Tanner stage of breast, serum contents of sex hormone (luteinizing hormone [LH], follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH], estradiol [E2]) were observed. The ovarian volume, the number of follicles with diameter>4 mm, and the uterine volume were measured by abdominal color Doppler ultrasound. In addition, the safety of the observation group was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before treatment, the Tanner stage of breast in the observation group was improved after treatment and in follow-up (P<0.05); after treatment and in follow-up, the Tanner stage of breast in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, the serum levels of LH and E2 in the observation group were increased (P<0.05), and the volume of bilateral ovaries was larger (P<0.05) in follow-up. Compared with before treatment, the serum contents of LH, FSH and E2 in the control group were increased (P<0.05), the volume of bilateral ovaries was larger (P<0.05), and the number of follicles was increased (P<0.05) after treatment and in follow-up. The serum levels of LH, FSH and E2 in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05), the volume of bilateral ovaries was smaller than that in the control group (P<0.05), and the number of follicles was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, the uterine volume in the two groups was larger in follow-up (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups after treatment and in follow-up (P>0.05). During the treatment, 3 cases in the observation group had slight abdominal pain and subcutaneous blood stasis, without serious adverse reactions.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with auricular point sticking could improve the Tanner stage of breast, reduce the level of sex hormone, slow down the development and maturation of ovary and follicle, and control the degree and speed of sexual development in girls aged 3-8 years with IPP.

Female , Humans , Puberty, Precocious/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Estradiol , Luteinizing Hormone , Ovary
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 91-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970109


The ovary is the reproductive organ of female mammals, which is responsible for producing mature eggs and secreting sex hormones. The regulation of ovarian function involves the ordered activation and repression of genes related to cell growth and differentiation. In recent years, it has been found that histone posttranslational modification can affect DNA replication, damage repair and gene transcriptional activity. Some regulatory enzymes mediating histone modification are co-activators or co-inhibitors associated with transcription factors, which play important roles in the regulation of ovarian function and the development of ovary-related diseases. Therefore, this review outlines the dynamic patterns of common histone modifications (mainly acetylation and methylation) during the reproductive cycle and their regulation of gene expression for important molecular events, focusing on the mechanisms of follicle development and sex hormone secretion and function. For example, the specific dynamics of histone acetylation are important for the arrest and resumption of meiosis in oocytes, while histone (especially H3K4) methylation affects the maturation of oocytes by regulating their chromatin transcriptional activity and meiotic progression. Besides, histone acetylation or methylation can also promote the synthesis and secretion of steroid hormones before ovulation. Finally, the abnormal histone posttranslational modifications in the development of two common ovarian diseases (premature ovarian insufficiency and polycystic ovary syndrome) are briefly described. It will provide a reference basis for understanding the complex regulation mechanism of ovarian function and further exploring the potential therapeutic targets of related diseases.

Female , Animals , Histone Code , Histones , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Ovary , Oocytes , Mammals
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 32(2)2 de Agosto del 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392103


Introducción: El leiomiosarcoma de ovario, es una neoplasia extremadamente rara, forma parte del subgrupo de tumores de músculo liso que constituye menos del 1% en cuanto a tumores de ovario; dentro del mismo se encuentran clasificados el carcinosarcoma, angiosarcoma, fibrosarcoma y leiomiosarcoma, de acuerdo con la literatura revisada se han reportado 63 casos de leiomiosarcoma hasta la actualidad. Caso clínico: Presentamos el caso de una paciente mujer de 53 años; ingresó al área de emergencia por dolor abdominal de gran intensidad, acompañado de distensión abdominal y ortopnea; a la exploración física se palpó una masa poco móvil. La tomografía evidenció la presencia de una masa abdomino-pélvica que se extendió entre el asa intestinal y la raíz del mesenterio; comprimía vejiga, útero y ovarios. Se le realizó una histerectomía, con salpingo ooforectomía derecha, ooforectomía izquierda por medio de laparotomía exploratoria. Los estudios histopatológicos determinaron el diagnóstico de leiomiosarcoma. Fue tratado con cirugía y quimioterapia adyuvante.

Introduction: Ovarian leiomyosarcomas is an extremely rare neoplasm and are part of the subgroup of smooth muscle tumors that constitutes less than 1% in terms of ovarian tumors; within it are classified: carcinosarcoma, angiosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma, according to the reviewed literature, 63 cases of leiomyosarcoma have been reported to date. Clinical Case: We present the case of a 53-year-old female patient; she was admitted to the emergency area due to severe abdominal pain, accompanied by abdominal distension and orthopnea; Physical examination revealed a large, slightly mobile mass. The tomography showed the presence of an abdominopelvic mass that extended between the intestinal loop and the root of the mesentery; compressed bladder, uterus, and ovaries. She underwent exeresis hysterectomy with right salpingo-oophorectomy and left oophorectomy through exploratory laparotomy. Histopathological studies yielded results of a malignant neoplasm compatible with leiomyosarcoma. She was treated with surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy.

Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms , Leiomyosarcoma , Ovary , Case Reports
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 6-11, ene. 28, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1354292


El quiste paraovárico se desarrolla en el ligamento ancho, entre la trompa de Falopio y el ovario. Son estructuras redondeadas de pared lisa, llenas de líquido seroso, que se ubican en el mesosálpinx, el ligamento ancho o sobre la propia trompa uterina. Tienen una incidencia aproximada de 1 en 1 500 0002 son frecuentes en la tercera y cuarta década de la vida; raramente se presentan en la edad pediátrica. Generalmente, son benignos y tiene un crecimiento lento y progresivo, suelen ser asintomáticos por lo que el diagnóstico suele ser incidental. En casos de quistes de gran volumen, los síntomas son dolor pélvico o la tumoración ab-dominal. Usualmente son diagnosticados clínicamente y se confirman por imágenes ultrasonográficas. La importancia de este caso es la poca frecuencia de estos tumores en la edad pediátrica y su identificación oportuna por parte de los profesionales de la salud

The paraovarian cyst develops in the broad ligament, between the fallopian tube and the ovary. They are rounded structures with a smooth wall, filled with serous fluid, which are located in the mesosalpinx, the broad ligament or on the uterine tube itself. They have an approximate incidence of 1 in 1,500,0002 and are common in the third and fourth decades of life; they rarely occur in childhood. Generally, they are benign and have a slow and progressive growth, they are usually asymptomatic, so the diagnosis is usually incidental. In cases of large volume cysts, the symptoms are pelvic pain or abdominal mass. They are usually diagnosed clinically and confirmed by ultrasonographic images. The importance of this case is the infrequency of these tumors in the pediatric age and their timely identification by health professionals

Parovarian Cyst , Pediatrics , Diagnosis , Ovary , Broad Ligament , Pelvic Pain
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 1094-1099, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405263


RESUMEN: El objetivo del presente artículo fue revisar la etimología de los términos Corpus rubrum, Corpus luteum y Corpus albicans, identificar si la forma de nombrarlos en las diferentes nóminas y terminologías internacionales están acorde a las sugerencias de la FIPAT y, analizar y reflexionar respecto de la pertinencia de estos términos en la Terminologia Anatomica. Se buscó en primer lugar el significado de las raíces latinas de los términos: Corpus rubrum, Corpus luteum y Corpus albicans, en el Diccionario de la Real Academia de la Lengua, última actualización; en el Diccionario Términos Médicos de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina en España y en el Diccionario Vox, Español Latín. Indagamos en la historia para conocer desde cuando se utilizan estos términos, así como la revisión de las diferentes nomenclaturas, nóminas y terminologías anatómicas, histológicas y embriológicas, desde 1955 hasta la fecha. La búsqueda reportó que estos adjetivos latinos deberían traducirse al español de la siguiente manera: rubrum como rojo; luteum como amarillo y albicans como albicante que significa blanquear, por lo que la traducción correcta debiera ser: Cuerpo rojo, Cuerpo amarillo y Cuerpo albicante o blanco del ovario, estructuras transitorias y funcionales. Los términos Corpus rubrum, Corpus luteum y Corpus albicans que identifican estructuras del ovario en Terminologia Anatomica y Terminologia Histologica deberían ser revisados, puesto que son estructuras transitorias y su nombre sólo indica el color que adquieren en el momento funcional y es referente a los cambios que presenta la misma estructura.

SUMMARY: The aim of this article was to review the etymology of the terms Corpus rubrum, Corpus luteum and Corpus albicans, to identify if the way of naming them in the different lists and international terminologies are in accordance with the FIPAT suggestions and to analyze and reflect on the relevance of these terms in the Terminologia Anatomica. Firstly, the meaning of the Latin roots of the terms: Corpus rubrum, Corpus luteum and Corpus albicans were searched in the dictionaries: of the Royal Academy of Language, latest update; of the Medical Terms of the Royal National Academy of Medicine in Spain; in the Vox dictionary, Spanish Latin. Then we investigate the history to know since when these terms are used, as well as the review of the different anatomical, histological and embryological lists and terminologies from 1955 to date. The search reported that these Latin adjectives should be translated as follows: rubrum as red; luteum as yellow and albicans as albicante which means to whiten, therefore, the correct translation should be: Red body, Yellow body and Albicans or white body of the ovary, they are also transitory and functional structures. The terms Corpus rubrum, Corpus luteum and Corpus albicans that identify ovarian structures in the Terminologia Anatomica and Terminologia Histologica should be reviewed since they are transitory structures and their name only indicates the color they acquire at the functional moment and refers to the changes that the same structure presents.

Humans , Female , Ovary/anatomy & histology , Terminology as Topic , Corpus Luteum/anatomy & histology
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2022. 102 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1416616


A preservação da fertilidade em pacientes com câncer objetiva assegurar a saúde reprodutiva. A criopreservação de tecido ovariano é a única técnica disponível para meninas pré-púberes e para casos em que o tratamento não pode ser adiado. A técnica de vitrificação está associada a uma melhor preservação de fragmentos do córtex ovariano quando comparada ao congelamento lento. Estudos preliminares demonstraram que a combinação de polímeros sintéticos na vitrificação preservou melhor o tecido e os folículos secundários no córtex de ovários de macacos, por serem miméticos às proteínas naturais responsáveis pela proteção conferida a alguns organismos durante o inverno. A técnica de vitrificação associada a polímeros sintéticos é uma alternativa promissora, mas ainda não está disponível um protocolo padrão que demonstre resultados consistentes. Assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a aplicabilidade de polímeros sintéticos na criopreservação por vitrificação de tecido ovariano bovino. Ovários bovinos foram obtidos a partir de animais abatidos para consumo em um abatedouro local. O córtex foi extraído e cortado em fragmentos. Os fragmentos foram divididos em três grupos (controle fresco, vitrificação com (CP) e sem (SP) adição de polímeros sintéticos). Os fragmentos de tecido de todos os grupos antes e após aquecimento foram fixados em paraformaldeído a 4%, corados com hematoxilina e eosina para avaliação de morfologia, contagem e observação do estágio folicular. Parte dos fragmentos tiveram seus folículos secundários isolados mecanicamente e cultivados em matriz de alginato até atingirem o estágio antral. Durante o cultivo, para análise de viabilidade, foram avaliados a sobrevida, crescimento e formação de antro folicular. Para avaliação da funcionalidade folicular, o meio de cultivo foi coletado para posterior dosagem de esteróides ovarianos. Então, os três grupos foram comparados estatisticamente. Os tecidos ovarianos vitrificados apresentaram uma morfologia com sinais de injúria, com espaços vazios e menos densos, além de exibirem uma menor porcentagem de folículos normais quando comparados ao tecido fresco (Fresco x CP p<0,0001; Fresco x SP p=0,0004). Contudo, não foi observada diferença entre os grupos vitrificados com e sem polímeros (CP x SP p = 0,7173). Os folículos que passaram pela vitrificação apresentaram uma sobrevida similar entre si e menor que o controle fresco (χ²(2) = 19,87; p< 0,0001). Todos os grupos avaliados foram semelhantes na taxa de formação de antro (χ²(1) = 0,6569; p< 0,4176). Em todos os grupos houve crescimento folicular durante o cultivo. No entanto, os folículos frescos e com adição de polímeros aumentaram de diâmetro durante todo o cultivo, ao passo que os folículos sem adição de polímeros cresceram apenas na primeira semana. No fim do cultivo, os folículos que passaram pelo processo de vitrificação produzem menos hormônios que os frescos (p < 0,05), mas sem diferença entre SP e CP. A partir desses resultados, é possível concluir que a combinação do uso de polímeros sintéticos na vitrificação de tecido ovariano é uma técnica promissora, que poderá proteger o desenvolvimento folicular, mas são necessários mais estudos que possam aperfeiçoar esse protocolo.

The preservation of fertility in cancer patients aims to ensure reproductive health. Ovarian tissue cryopreservation is the only technique available for prepubescent girls and for cases where treatment cannot be delayed. The vitrification technique is associated with better preservation of ovarian cortex fragments when compared to slow freezing. Preliminary studies in the cortex of monkeys' ovaries have shown that the combination of synthetic polymers in vitrification is better to preserve the tissue and secondary follicles, as they are mimetic to the natural proteins responsible for the protection during the winter in some organisms. The vitrification technique associated with synthetic polymers is a promising alternative, but a standard protocol that demonstrates consistent results is not yet available. Thus, this work aimed to evaluate the applicability of synthetic polymers in cryopreservation by vitrification of bovine ovarian tissue. Bovine ovaries were obtained at a local abattoir. The cortex was extracted and cut into fragments. The fragments were divided into three groups (fresh control, vitrification with (CP) and without (SP) addition of synthetic polymers). Tissue fragments from all groups before and after heating were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde, stained with hematoxylin and eosin for morphology assessment, counting and observation of the follicular stage. Part of the fragments had their secondary follicles mechanically isolated and cultivated in alginate matrix until they reached the antral stage. During cultivation, for viability analysis, survival, growth and follicular antrum formation were evaluated. To evaluate the follicular functionality, the culture medium was collected for later measurement of ovarian steroids. The vitrified ovarian tissues presented a morphology with signs of injury, with empty and less dense spaces, in addition to showing a lower percentage of normal follicles when compared to fresh tissue (Fresh control x CP p< 0.0001). All groups evaluated were similar in the rate of antrum formation (χ²(1) = 0.6569; p< 0.4176). In all groups there was follicular growth during cultivation. However, fresh and polymer-added follicles increased in diameter throughout the cultivation, whereas follicles without polymer additions grew only in the first week. At the end of cultivation, the follicles that underwent the vitrification process produced less hormones than the fresh ones (p < 0.05), but there was no difference between SP and CP. From these results, it is possible to conclude that the combination of the use of synthetic polymers in the vitrification of ovarian tissue is a promising technique, which may protect follicular development, but further studies are needed to improve this protocol.

Polymers , Cryopreservation , Fertility Preservation , Ovary , Cattle , Cryoprotective Agents , Reproductive Health
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965068


@#Primary ovarian leiomyosarcoma (POLMS) is an exceedingly rare neoplasm accounting for only 0.1% of all ovarian malignancies and most commonly occurring in postmenopausal women. Prognosis is poor with only a 20% 5-year survival rate. Surgery remains to be its mainstay treatment. Discussed here is a 72-year-old nulligravid with hypogastric pain. Transrectal ultrasound showed a right ovarian new growth, probably malignant on International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) simple rules, with a 79.2% risk of malignancy by IOTA ADNEX and an unremarkable uterus. Other workups were normal. She underwent primary cytoreductive surgery. Histopathologic diagnosis was ovarian leiomyosarcoma with positive immunohistochemical staining for desmin, S-100 protein, smooth muscle actin, and epithelial membrane antigen. She refused adjuvant chemotherapy postoperatively. The latest published literature on POLMS was also reviewed to develop the provisional criteria for its prompt diagnosis, thereby decreasing the heterogeneity of the diagnostic approach as well as supporting future researches on manifestations, clinical courses, and therapeutic plans.

Ovary , Prognosis , General Surgery
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(10): e20210675, 2022. ilus
Article in English | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1375119


Teratomas rarely occur in domestic species, especially in cattle. These tumors originate in fetal life and are characterized by rapid growth, which justifies their frequent detection in young animals. This study reported a case of ovarian teratoma in a heifer. On physical examination, the main signs identified were apathy, abdominal distention and tension, empty rumen, and mushy diarrhea. During rectal palpation, a mass was identified in the pelvic region, which was suggestive of cysts on ultrasound examination. The animal underwent laparotomy, followed by euthanasia due to a poor prognosis. At necropsy, a 54 x 43 x 52 cm (length x width x thickness) tumor was observed in the right ovary with multiple cystic areas, in addition to masses associated with multiple adhesions of the intestinal loops and peritonitis. On histopathology, muscle, cartilage, bone, nervous and epithelial tissue, glands, hair with follicles, were identified in the affected ovary. There was mixed inflammation and foci of necrosis observed with a complete absence of ovarian architecture in both the ovaries. Infiltrations were identified in the lymph nodes and mesenteric vessels. Glandular ducts were seen from the serosa to the intestinal mucosa. A locally infiltrative and expansile ovarian teratoma was diagnosed accordingly. It is considered that this kind of tumor can induce abdominal distension and absence of estrus in previously healthy, non-pregnant heifers.

Os teratomas são tumores raros nas espécies domésticas, sobretudo em bovinos. Esses tumores são caracterizados por crescimento rápido e origem durante a vida fetal, o que justifica seu diagnóstico frequente em animais jovens. O presente trabalho relata um caso de teratoma ovariano em uma novilha. No exame físico, os principais sinais identificados foram apatia, distensão e tensão abdominal, rúmen vazio e diarreia pastosa. Durante a palpação retal, uma massa foi identificada na região pélvica. Ao exame ultrassonográfico, a massa era sugestiva de cistos. O animal foi submetido a laparotomia, seguido de eutanásia devido ao mau prognóstico. Na necropsia foi observado um tumor de 54 x 43 x 52 cm (comprimento x largura x espessura) no ovário direito com múltiplas áreas císticas, além de massas associadas à múltiplas aderências das alças intestinais e peritonite. Na histopatologia foram identificados no ovário acometido a presença de tecidos muscular, cartilaginoso, ósseo, nervoso e epitelial, com glândulas, pelos e folículos. Havia inflamação mista e focos de necrose com ausência completa de arquitetura ovariana em ambos os ovários. Infiltrações foram identificadas em linfonodos e vasos mesentéricos. Ductos glandulares foram vistos desde a serosa até mucosa intestinal. Diagnosticou-se um teratoma ovariano localmente infiltrativo e expansivo. Considera-se que este tumor pode induzir distensão abdominal e ausência de estro em novilhas previamente sadias e não gestantes.

Animals , Female , Cattle , Ovarian Neoplasms/veterinary , Ovary/pathology , Teratoma/veterinary , Sprains and Strains/veterinary , Estrus/physiology
Acta toxicol. argent ; 29(2): 1-10, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364280


Resumen El consumo crónico de alcohol es un problema de salud mundial que afecta particularmente a la población femenina. Sin embargo, los efectos de la ingesta semicrónica en cantidades moderadas a bajas en el ovario y el oocito son poco conocidos. En un modelo murino, se administró etanol al 10% en agua de bebida (hembras tratadas) o agua (hembras control) por 15 días, y luego de la superovulación o no (ovulación espontánea), se analizó el ciclo estral y la calidad ovárico-gamética. En las hembras tratadas, la frecuencia y duración del diestro aumentó, y las frecuencias de folículos y cuerpos lúteos disminuyeron vs hembras controles, valores que se restauraron luego de la superovulación. Sin embargo, en las hembras tratadas, la tasa de proliferación celular folicular y el desbalance de la expresión ovárica de VEGF (factor de crecimiento endotelial) persistieron luego de la superovulación. El número de ovocitos ovulados con metafase II anormal, fragmentados y activados partenogenéticamente fue mayor en las hembras tratadas respecto las controles. En conclusión, el consumo semicrónico moderado de alcohol produce anestro, ciclo estral irregular, foliculogénesis deficiente y anomalías núcleo-citoplasmáticas en los oocitos ovulados. Estas alteraciones podrían constituirse en un factor etiológico de pérdida gestacional temprana y desarrollo embrionario anormal luego del consumo de alcohol.

Abstract Chronic alcohol consumption is a global health problem that particularly affects the female population. However, the ef-fects of semi-chronic ethanol intake in low-moderate amounts on the ovary and oocyte are poorly understood. In a mouse model, 10% ethanol was administered in drinking water (treated females) or water (control females) for 15 days, and after superovulation or not (spontaneous ovulation), the estrous cycle and ovarian-gametic quality were analyzed. In treated females, the frequency and duration of the diestrus increased, and the frequencies of follicles and corpus luteum decreased vs control females, values that restored after superovulation. However, in treated females, the follicular cell proliferation rate and the imbalance in ovarian expression of VEGF (endothelial growth factor) persisted after superovulation. The number of ovulated oocytes with abnormal metaphase II, fragmented and parthenogenetically activated was higher in treated females than in control ones. In conclusion, moderate semi-chronic alcohol consumption produces anestrum, irregular estrous cycle, poor folliculogenesis, and nuclear-cytoplasmic abnormalities in ovulated oocytes. These alterations could constitute an etiological factor of early gestational loss and abnormal embryonic development after alcohol consumption.

Humans , Animals , Female , Mice , Oocytes/drug effects , Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects , Ethanol/adverse effects , Ovarian Follicle/drug effects , Ovary/cytology , Ovary/drug effects , Oviducts/cytology , Oviducts/drug effects , Ovulation/drug effects , Models, Animal , Estrous Cycle/drug effects , Cell Proliferation , Germ Cells/cytology , Germ Cells/drug effects , Ovarian Follicle/cytology
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(10): 1415-1420, Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351432


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effects of a ketogenic diet on morphology and follicle reserve. METHOD: Sixteen Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into two groups: standard diet group (n=8) and ketogenic diet group (n=8). Rats were time mated. Dams were permitted to deliver spontaneously. The animals were monitored for the onset of puberty. All the rats were weighed and anesthetized, serum anti-Müllerian hormone level was measured, and the oviducts were removed. The morphological characteristics of follicles were determined and total ovarian volumes were calculated. RESULTS: The mean ovarian volume was statistically significantly lower in the ketogenic diet group compared to the standard diet group (14.41±0.99 mm3 versus 18.89±1.28 mm3) (p=0.000). The mean number of antral follicles was 13.63±1.80 in the standard diet group and 4.462±0.760 in the ketogenic diet group. The mean ovarian weight of the ketogenic diet group was significantly lower than that of the standard diet group (0.42±0.06 g versus 0.815±107 g). The mean anti-Müllerian hormone levels were significantly higher in the standard diet group compared to the ketogenic diet group (1.023±4.75 ng/mL versus 0.69±0.07 ng/mL) (p=0.000). The mean percentage of staining of Ki-67 was 35.28±4.75 in the standard diet group and 16.98±3.33 in the ketogenic diet group (p=0.000). CONCLUSION: Maternal ketogenic diet reduces ovarian follicular reserve in female offspring and has important implications for maintaining reproductive potential at a population level.

Humans , Animals , Female , Rats , Diet, Ketogenic/adverse effects , Ovarian Reserve , Ovary , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Anti-Mullerian Hormone
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 24(2, cont.): e2403, jul-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1348228


O procedimento cirúrgico eletivo realizado com maior frequência na rotina veterinária é a ovário-histerectomia (OVH), com isso há uma alta casuística de complicações pós-operatórias. Entre elas, pode-se citar piometra de coto, ligadura acidental de ureter, síndrome do ovário remanescente, formação de granulomas inflamatórios e aderências a órgãos. Os granulomas de coto ovariano são formados, geralmente por um fio de sutura utilizado inadequadamente, ou a um sítio de infecção. Tais granulomas podem levar à aderências, inclusive a órgãos próximos ao sítio cirúrgico. O presente relato refere-se a uma cadela, que apresentou granulomas ovarianos com aderências no pâncreas e em diversos órgãos após a ovário-histerectomia. Para a solução do caso, foi realizado uma celiotomia exploratória para avaliação da cavidade abdominal, retirada das aderências das estruturas e das formações granulomatosas, sendo necessária a realização de uma pancreatectomia parcial para a retirada completa do granuloma. Após a cirurgia, o paciente desenvolveu quadro de pancreatite, uma complicação muito comum em cirurgias pancreáticas. Ainda assim, o resultado foi considerado satisfatório, pois a pancreatite foi solucionada e os granulomas removidos, e até a última revisão pós-operatória, o paciente encontrava-se bem clinicamente. A OVH é uma das cirurgias mais realizadas na rotina médico veterinária, ainda assim é negligenciada em diversos quesitos. Portanto, há a necessidade dessa técnica cirúrgica e suas possíveis complicações serem realizadas de maneira correta e efetiva.(AU)

The most frequently elective surgical procedure performed in the veterinary routine is the ovary hysterectomy (OVH). As such, there is a high number of post-operative complications, which include stump pyometra, accidental ligation of the ureter, remnant ovary syndrome, formation of inflammatory granulomas, and organ adhesions. Ovarian stump granulomas are usually formed by suture which has been improperly used, or to infection. Such granulomas can lead to adhesions, also affecting organs close to the surgical site. This report refers to a female dog that presented ovarian granulomas with adhesions to the pancreas and to several organs after ovary-hysterectomy. In order to solve the case, an exploratory celiotomy was performed to assess the abdominal cavity, removing the adhesions of the structures and granulomatous formations, which required the performance of a partial pancreatectomy for the thorough removal of the granuloma. After surgery, the patient developed pancreatitis, a very common complication in pancreatic surgery. Even so, the result was considered satisfactory, as the pancreatitis was resolved and the granulomas removed and until the last post-operative review, the patient was clinically well. OVH is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the veterinary medical routine, yet it is neglected in several aspects. Therefore, there is a need for the surgical technique and its possible complications to be performed correctly and effectively.(AU)

El procedimiento quirúrgico electivo que se realiza con mayor frecuencia en la rutina veterinaria es la ovario-histerectomía (OVH), con que existe un elevado número de complicaciones postoperatorias. Estos incluyen piometra del muñón, ligadura accidental del uréter, síndrome de ovario remanente, formación de granulomas inflamatorios y adherencias a órganos. Los granulomas del muñón ovárico se forman por lo general por una sutura mal utilizada o en un sitio de infección. Dichos granulomas pueden provocar adherencias, incluso a órganos cercanos al sitio quirúrgico. El presente informe se refiere a una perra, quien presentó granulomas ováricos con adherencias en el páncreas y en varios órganos tras ovario histerectomía. Para la solución del caso se realizó una celiotomía exploratoria para acceder la cavidad abdominal, removiendo las adherencias de las estructuras y formaciones granulomatosas, requiriendo la realización de una pancreatectomía parcial para la extirpación completa del granuloma. Después de la cirugía, la paciente desarrolló pancreatitis, una complicación muy común en la cirugía pancreática. Aun así, el resultado se consideró satisfactorio, ya que se resolvió la pancreatitis y se retiraron los granulomas, y hasta la última revisión postoperatoria la paciente se encontraba clínicamente bien. La OVH es una de las cirugías que se realizan con mayor frecuencia en la rutina médica veterinaria, pero se descuida en varios aspectos. Por tanto, existe la necesidad de que esta técnica quirúrgica y sus posibles complicaciones se realicen de forma correcta y eficaz.(AU)

Animals , Female , Dogs , Ovary , Pancreatectomy , Postoperative Complications , Elective Surgical Procedures , Dogs/surgery , Granuloma , Hysterectomy
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 24(2, cont.): e2405, jul-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1352310


A castração em fêmeas pode ser feita pela ovariectomia (retirada dos ovários), ou ovariohisterectomia (retirada dos ovários e do útero). Essa última técnica é a mais recomendada em cães e gatos, devido à prevenção de afecções que podem ocorrer posteriormente no útero. Dentre essas complicações pode-se encontrar sangramento por ligadura mal feita em coto, hidroureter, hidronefrose, piometra de coto, formação de tratos sinusais, aderência, obstrução crônica, incontinência urinária, retenção abdominal de compressas cirúrgicas, transcecção de parte do ureter e ovário remanescente. Em cadelas castradas, a causa mais comum da formação de tratos sinusais é a presença de reação tecidual ao redor do fio de sutura. O presente estudo teve como objetivo relatar um caso de uma cadela sem raça definida, 8,7 kg, seis anos, que deu entrada no Hospital Veterinário de Uberaba, MG com queixa principal a presença de ferida no flanco direito sendo tratada há nove meses, porém sem sucesso. Já haviam feito uso de vários antibióticos sistêmicos e antinflamatorios esteroidais e não esteroidais. Diante do caso observado, foram realizados exames laboratoriais e de imagem. Perante o resultado do exame de imagem, a principal suspeita foi a formação de trato sinusal com comunicação com a cavidade abdominal devido a uma reação ao fio de algodão utilizado na ovariohisterectomia.(AU)

Female animals can be castrated by ovariectomy (removal of the ovaries), or ovariohysterectomy (removal of the ovaries and uterus). The latter is the most recommended in dogs and cats due to the prevention of conditions that may subsequently occur in the uterus. Among these complications, one can find bleeding by poor ligation in the stump, hydroureter, hydronephrosis, stump pyometra, formation of sinus tracts, adherence, chronic obstruction, urinary incontinence, abdominal retention of surgical compresses, transection of part of the ureter and remaining ovary. In castrated bitches, the most common cause of the formation of sinus tracts is the presence of tissue reaction around the suture thread. This study aimed at reporting a case of a mixed breed, six-year-old dog, 8.7 kg that was admitted to the Veterinary Hospital of Uberaba with the main complaint of the presence of a wound on the right flank being unsuccessfully treated for nine months. Several systemic antibiotics and steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs had already been used. In view of the observed case, laboratory and imaging exams were performed. In view of the result of the imaging examination, the main suspicion was the formation of a sinus tract with communication to the abdominal cavity due to a reaction to the cotton thread used in the ovariohysterectomy.(AU)

La castración en hembras se puede realizar mediante ovariectomía (extirpación de los ovarios) u ovario histerectomía (extirpación de los ovarios y del útero). Esa última técnica es la más recomendada en perros y gatos, debido a la prevención de afecciones que pueden presentarse posteriormente en el útero. Entre estas complicaciones se puede encontrar hemorragias por ligadura mal realizada en muñón, hidruréter, hidronefrosis, piometra de muñón, formación de tractos sinusales, adherencia, obstrucción crónica, incontinencia urinaria, retención abdominal de compresas quirúrgicas, transección de parte del uréter y ovario remanente. En las perras castradas, la causa más común de formación de trayectos sinusales es la presencia de reacción tisular alrededor del hilo de sutura. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo reportar el caso de una perra sin raza definida, de 8,7 kg, de seis años de edad, que ingresó en el Hospital Veterinario de Uberaba, MG con el principal síntoma de presencia de una herida en el flanco derecho siendo tratada durante nueve meses, pero sin éxito. Ya habían usado varios antibióticos sistémicos y medicamentos antiinflamatorios esteroides y no esteroides. A la vista del caso observado, se realizaron exámenes de laboratorio y de imagen. A la vista del resultado del examen de imagen, la principal sospecha fue la formación de un tracto sinusal con comunicación con la cavidad abdominal debido a una reacción al hilo de algodón utilizado en el ovario histerectomía.(AU)

Animals , Female , Dogs , Ovary , Sutures , Ovariectomy , Castration , Dogs/surgery , Pyometra , Anti-Bacterial Agents
Int. j. morphol ; 39(4): 1074-1080, ago. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385465


SUMMARY: Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and Inhibin B (INHB) in the glycoprotein structure are members of the transforming growth factor β family and expressed by granulosa cells from puberty. AMH is a factor that increases the life span of small developing follicles. For this reason, it is widely used to determine the ovarian reserve and age. Inhibin-B secreted from granulosa cells plays a role in regulation of the Follicle Stimulating Factor (FSH) and determination of the follicle diameter. There are few studies on the effect of these two age-related hormones on ovarian histology in rats. In this study, AMH and INHB expression in ovarian tissues of female rats of different age groups, their relationship with ovarian structure and folliculogenesis were examined histologically and biochemically. Wistar Albino rats were used in the study and a total of 3 groups were formed. The ovaries of rats in the pre-oestrous period were collected, and follicle count was performed on tissue sections in batches. Expression of AMH in the follicles was identified immunohistochemically. In serum, AMH and INHB levels were assessed by ELISA method and their significance was evaluated statistically. Results from light microscopic examination determined that AMH was expressed from the granulosa cells of developing follicles. INHB expression during the prepubertal period and AMH had a protective effect on the ovarian reserve and the number of developing follicles, respectively.

RESUMEN: La hormona antimülleriana (AMH) y la inhibina B (INHB) en la estructura de la glicoproteína son miembros de la familia del factor de crecimiento transformante β y se expresan en las células de la granulosa desde la pubertad. La AMH es un factor que aumenta la vida útil de los pequeños folículos en desarrollo. Por este motivo, se utiliza frecuentemente para determinar la reserva ovárica y la edad. La inhibina B secretada por las células de la granulosa tiene un rol en la regulación del factor estimulante de (FSH) y en la determinación del diámetro del folículo. Hay pocos estudios sobre el efecto de estas dos hormonas relacionadas con la edad en la histología ovárica en ratas. Se examinaron histológica y bioquímicamente la expresión de AMH e INHB en tejidos ováricos de ratas hembras de diferentes grupos de edad, su relación con la estructura ovárica y la foliculogénesis. Se utilizaron ratas Wistar Albino en el estudio y se formaron 3 grupos. En los ovarios de ratas en el período preestro se realizó el recuento de folículos en secciones de tejido. La expresión de AMH en los folículos se identificó inmunohistoquímicamente. En suero, los niveles de AMH e INHB se evaluaron mediante el método ELISA y su importancia se evaluó estadísticamente. Los resultados del examen con microscopio óptico determinaron que la AMH se expresaba a partir de las células de la granulosa de los folículos en desarrollo. La expresión de INHB durante el período prepuberal y AMH tuvo un efecto protector sobre la reserva ovárica y el número de folículos en desarrollo, respectivamente.

Animals , Female , Rats , Ovary/metabolism , Ovary/chemistry , Anti-Mullerian Hormone/metabolism , Inhibins/metabolism , Ovary/anatomy & histology , Immunohistochemistry , Age Factors , Rats, Wistar
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 653-657, May-June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278359


Squamous metaplasia of the rete ovarii is an ovarian pathologic change characterized by replacement of the normal single layered cuboidal epithelium of the rete ovarii by a stratified squamous keratinized epithelium. Uterus and ovaries from a local slaughterhouse pregnant crossbreed cow were evaluated through ultrasound, macroscopically and histologically. Grossly, there were multiple cysts in both ovaries, which were histologically characterized as rete ovarii cysts with squamous metaplasia and intraluminal accumulation of keratinized material. Squamous metaplasia of the rete ovarii has been previously reported in cows, however this is the first report of this condition in a pregnant animal, demonstrating that this ovarian change is compatible with pregnancy.(AU)

A metaplasia escamosa da rete ovarii é uma patologia ovariana caracterizada pela substituição do epitélio simples cuboidal normal da rete ovarii por um epitélio estratificado escamoso queratinizado. Útero e ovários de uma vaca mestiça gestante, proveniente de abatedouro, foram avaliados por ultrassonografia, macroscopia e histologia. Verificaram-se vários cistos em ambos os ovários, histologicamente caracterizados como cistos de rete ovarii com metaplasia escamosa, com acúmulo intraluminal de material queratinizado. Metaplasia escamosa da rete ovarii foi relatada anteriormente em vacas, porém este é o primeiro relato em que essa alteração ovariana é compatível com manutenção da ciclicidde ovariana e gestação na vaca.(AU)

Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Cattle , Ovary/pathology , Teratoma/veterinary , Pregnancy, Animal/physiology , Estrous Cycle/physiology , Epidermal Cyst/veterinary , Epithelium/pathology , Metaplasia/veterinary
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(1): 100-102, feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388775


Resumen Introducción: La hernia de pared abdominal es una patología habitual; la presentación más frecuente es de tipo inguinal, cercano a un 70% del total. La incidencia de un saco herniario inguinal conteniendo ovarios y trompas de Falopio, es un hecho reportado en 2,9% de los casos. Caso clínico: Se presenta una paciente, sexo femenino, de 42 años de edad, con historia de hernia inguinal derecha de larga data, ingresa por aumento de volumen doloroso e irreductible, en región inguinal derecha, no impresiona estrangulada; ingresa a pabellón de urgencia. Dentro de los hallazgos quirúrgicos destacan saco herniario que contiene útero y ambos ovarios, sin compromiso vascular. Paciente evoluciona de forma favorable egresando 2 días posterior a la cirugía.

Introduction: Abdominal wall hernia is a frequent pathology, the most frequent hernia are the inguinal type, closed to 70% of all. Although the incidence of inguinal hernial sac containing ovary and Fallopian tubes are reported on a 2.9% of the cases. Case Report: Female patient 42 years old, with a long-term history of right inguinal hernia, with sudden pain and irreducible increase of volume in the correspondent inguinal zone that doesn't look strangled; she was admitted to the emergency operating room. Among surgical findings hernia's sac content was uterus and both ovaries with no signs of vascular compromise. The patient's favorable evolved let her to be discharged from the hospital after 2 days from post operative care

Humans , Female , Adult , Ovary/abnormalities , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnosis , Uterus/abnormalities , Fallopian Tubes/abnormalities