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1.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(1): 23-30, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1368353

ABSTRACT

La obesidad se define por un exceso de masa grasa, sin embargo, hay otros indicadores antropométricos que pueden ser útiles para el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad; Objetivo. Determinar la exactitud diagnóstica del índice de masa corporal (IMC), circunferencia de la cintura (CC) e índice de forma corporal (ABSI) para el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad en una población adulta del Ecuador. Materiales y métodos. Se desarrolló un estudio observacional de corte transversal en el que participaron 253 sujetos con edades entre 20 y 60 años. Se midió peso, estatura, circunferencia de la cintura y porcentaje de grasa corporal (PGC). Se correlacionó el PGC con IMC, CC y ABSI y se estableció la sensibilidad y especificidad de estos indicadores para el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad con curvas ROC. Resultados. El PGC fue menor en hombres que en mujeres (30,9 vs 41,87), ABSI y CC fue mayor en hombres que en mujeres (0,079 vs 0,075) y (99,76 vs 91,25) respectivamente. Se encontró una correlación positiva fuerte (≥0,75) entre el PGC e IMC y CC. En la curva ROC, el área bajo la curva más alta se observa para el IMC (0,949), mientras que el área más baja se observa para ABSI (0,395). Conclusión. El IMC es el indicador con mayor precisión diagnóstica de sobrepeso u obesidad. ABSI no sería un indicador útil en el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad(AU)


Obesity is defined by an excess of fat mass, however, there are other anthropometric indicators that can be useful for the diagnosis of overweight or obesity; Objetive. To determine the diagnostic accuracy of the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and body shape index (ABSI) for the diagnosis of overweight or obesity in an adult population of Ecuador. Materials and methods. An observational cross-sectional study was carried out in which 253 subjects aged between 20 and 60 years participated. Weight, height, waist circumference and percentage body fat (PBF) were measured. The PBF was correlated with BMI, WC and ABSI and the sensitivity and specificity of these indicators were established for the diagnosis of overweight or obesity with ROC curves. Results. The PBF was lower in men than in women (30.09 vs 41.87), ABSI and CC were higher in men than in women (0.079 vs 0.075) and (99.76 vs 91.25) respectively. A strong positive correlation (≥0.75) was found between % body fat and BMI and WC. On the ROC curve, the area under the highest curve is observed for BMI (0.949), while the lowest area is observed for ABSI (0.395). Conclusion. The BMI is the indicator with the highest diagnostic precision of overweight or obesity. ABSI would not be a useful indicator in the diagnosis of overweight or obesity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Body Mass Index , Adipose Tissue , Overweight , Body Fat Distribution , Obesity , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis , Ecuador , Waist Circumference
2.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(1): 1-10, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1368331

ABSTRACT

Sugar-sweetened beverages and fast-food consumption have been associated with non-communicable diseases. Objective. Was to analyze consumption of non-alcoholic beverage and fast-food consumption among first- and fourth-year nursing students. Materials and methods. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among first-and fourth-year nursing students in Madrid, Spain. Anthropometric data (weight and height) and demographic data were collected, as were data on consumption of specific foods and beverages. Results. The survey was completed by 436 students. Mean (SD) age was 22.0 (6.8) years, 84.1 % of were women.26.2 % of the students were underweight; 6.3 % were overweight. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet drinks was moderate. Slightly more than three-quarters of the students (75.5 %) purchased fast food in the previous month. Burger bars were the most frequently visited fast-food outlet (77.2 %). A direct relationship was observed between BMI and fast-food consumption (rho = 0.099; p = 0.042) and between BMI and consumption of diet cola or carbonated drinks (rho = 0.120; p = 0.013). Conclusion. We provide new epidemiological data from a specific university population that could be useful to promote more studies that help design appropriate strategies to increase a healthy lifestyle(AU)


Las bebidas azucaradas y el consumo de comida rápida se han asociado con enfermedades no transmisibles. Objetivo. Analizar el consumo de bebidas no alcohólicas y el consumo de comida rápida entre estudiantes universitarios de primer y cuarto curso de enfermería. Materiales y métodos. Cuestionario validado entre estudiantes de enfermería de primer y cuarto año en Madrid, España. Se recopilaron datos antropométricos (peso y altura) y demográficos, así como datos sobre consumo de alimentos y bebidas específicos. Resultados. La encuesta fue completada por 436 estudiantes. La edad media (DE) fue de 22,0 (6,8) años, el 84,1 % eran mujeres; el 26,2 % de los estudiantes tenían bajo peso y el 6,3% mostraban sobrepeso. El consumo de bebidas azucaradas y bebidas dietéticas fue moderado. Más de tres cuartas partes de estudiantes (75,5%) compraron comida rápida en el mes anterior. Las hamburgueserías fueron el restaurante de comida rápida más visitado (77,2%). Se observó una relación directa entre el IMC y el consumo de comida rápida (rho = 0,099; p = 0,042) y entre el IMC y el consumo de refrescos dietéticos o bebidas gaseosas (rho = 0,120; p = 0,013). Conclusión. Aportamos nuevos datos epidemiológicos de una población universitaria concreta, que podrían ser de utilidad para promover más estudios que ayuden a diseñar estrategias adecuadas para incrementar un estilo de vida saludable(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students, Nursing , Fast Foods , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages , Spain , Universities , Weight by Height , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Surveys and Questionnaires , Overweight
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(1): 363-375, jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356041

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a tendência temporal da prevalência de excesso de peso (EP) em crianças menores de cinco anos assistidas pelo Programa Bolsa Família (PBF) entre 2008 e 2018. O painel de dados foi baseado nos relatórios de estado nutricional do Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional (SISVAN) (n=30.574.118) e analisado por meio de modelos de regressão joinpoint específicos para idade (lactentes e pré-escolares) e macrorregião. Ainda, calculou-se a cobertura do SISVAN para o PBF e a representatividade nacional, segundo projeção censitária. Na década analisada, o EP em lactentes reduziu de 11,9% (11,8; 12,0 IC95%) para 8,5% (8,4; 8,6 IC95%) (-3,6%/ano [-5,1; -2,0 IC95%]); quanto aos pré-escolares, a prevalência EP aumentou em 3,1%/ano (2,0; 4,2 IC95%) até 2015, seguida por uma retração até 2018 (-6,4%/ano [-10,1; -2,6 IC95%]). Em ambos os grupos etários, a região Norte apresentou a menor prevalência em toda série histórica e a Nordeste o pior desempenho no controle do EP infantil. A cobertura do SISVAN no PBF foi elevada e a representatividade dos dados variou entre 13,9% (Sul) e 42,2% (Nordeste). Apesar da prevalência estar acima do esperado, após 2014, identificou-se redução linear no EP em lactentes e desaceleração na taxa de crescimento nos pré-escolares.


Abstract This study aimed to analyze the overweight (OW) prevalence trends from 2008 to 2018 among under-five-year-old children assisted by the conditional cash transfer program entitled Programa Bolsa Família (PBF). The panel was based on the Food and Nutritional Surveillance System (SISVAN) (n=30,574,118) nutritional status reports. Age- (infants and preschoolers) and region-specific joinpoint regression models were used to analyze OW's prevalence temporal changes. Besides, the coverage of SISVAN for PBF and national representativity were calculated according to census projection. In the decade analyzed, OW in infants decreased from 11.9% (11.8; 12.0 95%CI) to 8.5% (8.4; 8.6 95%CI) (-3.6%/year [-5.1; -2.0 95%CI]); for preschool children, the prevalence of OW increased by 3.1%/year (2.0; 4.2 95%CI) until 2015, followed by a decrease until 2018 (-6.4%/year [-10.1; -2.6 95%CI]). In both age groups, the North region had the lowest prevalence in all time-series, and the Northeast had the worst performance in managing childhood obesity. The SISVAN's coverage in the PBF was high, and the data representativity varied between 13.9% (South) and 42.2% (Northeast). Although the prevalence was higher than expected, after 2014, it was detected a linear reduction in OW in infants and a deceleration in the growth rate in preschoolers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Overweight/epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Poverty , Nutritional Status , Prevalence
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(2): 771-782, Fev. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356090

ABSTRACT

Abstract A cross-sectional study enrolled participants from the CUME project (n = 289) who lived in Viçosa, Brazil. The neighborhood unit adopted was the buffer (200 meters), considering the participant's residence as central point. We measure the number of public and private facilities inside the buffer as well as violent criminal occurrences. Food establishments were categorized into establishments with predominant sale of natural or minimally processed foods, mixed establishments, and establishments with predominant sale of ultra-processed foods. Those who attended the face-to-face interview filled two scales of perception of the environment. Overall, 33.6% of participants reported overweight. We observed a higher concentration of individuals close to the central region of the city. Access to different establishments, food environments, and criminal occurrences differed between normal-weight and overweight individuals. The groups deferred in the perception of the location of squares, open public spaces, clubs, and soccer fields. The results indicate the association between environmental characteristics and overweight in Brazilian adults.


Resumo Realizou-se um estudo transversal com participantes do projeto CUME (n = 289) que moravam em Viçosa, Brasil. A unidade de vizinhança adotada foi o buffer (200 metros), considerando a residência do participante como ponto central. Foi contabilizado o número de instalações públicas e privadas dentro do buffer, bem como as ocorrências criminais. Os estabelecimentos alimentares foram categorizados em estabelecimentos com venda predominante de alimentos naturais ou minimamente processados, estabelecimentos mistos e estabelecimentos com venda predominante de alimentos ultraprocessados. Os participantes que compareceram à entrevista presencial, preencheram duas escalas de percepção do ambiente. No total, 33,6% dos participantes apresentaram excesso de peso. Foi observada uma maior concentração de indivíduos próximos à região central da cidade. O acesso a diferentes estabelecimentos, ambientes alimentares e ocorrências criminais diferiram entre indivíduos com eutrofia e com excesso de peso. Os grupos diferiram na percepção da localização de praças, espaços públicos abertos, clubes e campos de futebol. Os resultados indicam a associação entre as características ambientais e o excesso de peso em adultos brasileiros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Social Environment , Overweight/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Residence Characteristics , Cross-Sectional Studies
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(2): 783-792, Fev. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356082

ABSTRACT

Abstract Our aim was to analyze the joint association of parental characteristics and offspring obesity indicators with metabolic risk in adolescents. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 972 adolescents and their parents. We observed that overweight adolescents who have a normal weight mother show lower metabolic risk in comparison with their counterparts with overweight mothers. In conclusion, mother's weight status moderates the relationship between offspring' obesity indicators and metabolic risk in adolescents.


Resumo Nosso objetivo foi analisar a associação combinada entre características dos pais e indicadores de adiposidade dos filhos com o risco metabólico em adolescentes. Foi realizado estudo transversal com 972 adolescentes e seus pais. Observamos que adolescentes com sobrepeso que possuem mãe com peso normal apresentaram menor risco metabólico em comparação com seus pares com mães que apresentam sobrepeso. Concluímos que o status de peso da mãe modera a relação entre indicadores de obesidade e risco metabólico dos adolescentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Overweight/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Parents , Exercise , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
6.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210281, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356218

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo investigar fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares e compreender as práticas de cuidado de mulheres. Método paralelo convergente misto. A etapa quantitativa foi transversal descritiva com formulário abordando características demográficas, socioeconômicas, fatores de risco cardiovascular, hábitos de vida e saúde, participaram 289 mulheres e aplicou-se estatística descritiva. A etapa qualitativa foi fundamentada na pesquisa participativa, exploratória descritiva, mediante entrevista semiestruturada, técnica de criatividade e sensibilidade e narrativas, com 30 mulheres. Resultados identificaram-se fatores como sedentarismo (60,9%), uso do anticoncepcional (57,9%), estresse (60,6%), depressão (40,1%), obesidade (38,8%), hipertensão arterial (33,6%), consumo de bebida alcoólica (29,8%), cigarro (16,6%), dislipidemia (25,6%) e diabetes (10,0%). Quanto aos saberes e práticas de cuidado, as participantes mencionaram os fatores, porém algumas relataram realizar os cuidados, e outras não, mesmo reconhecendo os riscos. Assim, compartilharam a falta de tempo para realizar exercícios físicos, dificuldades para cuidar da alimentação e aderir ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo e, ainda, relataram sentirem-se estressadas. Conclusão e implicações para a prática identificaram-se fatores modificáveis e as mulheres possuíam conhecimento acerca destes, entretanto divergiam sobre os cuidados, demonstrando a importância de ações voltadas a essa população.


Resumen Objetivo investigar los factores de riesgo para enfermedades cardiovasculares y comprender las prácticas de atención brindadas a las mujeres. Método paralelo convergente mixto. La etapa cuantitativa fue transversal transcriptiva con formulario abordando características demográficas, socioeconómicas, factores de riesgo cardiovascular, hábitos de vida y salud. Participaron 289 mujeres y se aplicó estadística descriptiva. La etapa cualitativa fue fundamentada en la investigación participativa, exploratoria descriptiva, mediante entrevista semiestructurada, técnica de creatividad y sensibilidad y narrativas, con 30 mujeres. Resultados se identificaron factores como sedentarismo (60,9%), uso de anticonceptivos (57,9%), estrés (60,6%), depresión (40,1%), obesidad (38,8%), hipertensión arterial (33,6%), consumo de bebidas alcohólicas (29,8%), tabaquismo (16,6%), dislipidemia (25,6%) y diabetes (10,0%). En cuanto a los conocimientos y prácticas de cuidado, las participantes mencionaron los factores, sin embargo, algunas reportaron realizar el cuidado y otras no, inclusive reconociendo los riesgos. Así, compartieron la falta de tiempo para la realización de actividades físicas, dificultades para cuidar su alimentación y la adherencia al tratamiento antihipertensivo e, inclusive, refirieron sentirse estresadas. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica se identificaron factores modificables y las mujeres tenían conocimiento sobre ellos, sin embargo, divergieron sobre el cuidado, demostrando la importancia de las acciones dirigidas a esta población.


Abstract Objective to investigate risk factors for cardiovascular disease and understand the care practices of women. Method mixed convergent parallel. The quantitative stage was descriptive transversal with a form addressing demographic characteristics, socioeconomic, cardiovascular risk factors, lifestyle and health habits; 289 women participated and descriptive statistics were applied. The qualitative step was based on participatory research, exploratory descriptive, through semi-structured interviews, creativity and sensitivity technique and narratives, with 30 women. Results factors were identified as sedentarism (60.9%), use of contraceptives (57.9%), stress (60.6%), depression (40.1%), obesity (38.8%), high blood pressure (33.6%), alcohol consumption (29.8%), smoking (16.6%), dyslipidemia (25.6%), and diabetes (10.0%). As for knowledge and care practices, the participants mentioned the factors, but some reported performing the care, and others did not, even though they recognized the risks. Thus, they shared the lack of time to perform physical exercises, difficulties to take care of the diet and adhere to antihypertensive treatment, and also reported feeling stressed. Conclusion and implications for practice modifiable factors were identified and women had knowledge about these, however, they differed on the care, demonstrating the importance of actions aimed at this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Women's Health/statistics & numerical data , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Self Care , Stress, Psychological , Alcohol Drinking , Smoking , Workload , Contraceptive Agents/adverse effects , Depression , Dyslipidemias , Overweight , Sedentary Behavior , Healthy Lifestyle , Diet, Healthy , Hypertension
7.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(12): 6189-6198, Dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350488

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar as mudanças na prevalência do excesso de peso em adolescentes e sua associação com variáveis sociodemográficas e insegurança alimentar em período de 5 anos. Foram realizados dois estudos transversais com 511 (2005) e 314 (2010) adolescentes de 12 a 18,9 anos residentes de Campos Elíseos (Duque de Caxias-RJ). Excesso de peso foi avaliado por meio do IMC (peso/estatura²). A insegurança alimentar foi investigada por meio da Escala Brasileira de Insegurança Alimentar (EBIA). Utilizou-se regressão logística para verificar a associação entre as mudanças temporais de excesso de peso segundo sexo, idade, cor da pele, e insegurança alimentar. Quanto à evolução do excesso de peso pode se notar que nos meninos houve aumento significativo para os mais novos (20,1% para 49,5%), os de cor preta ou parda (22,2% para 37,3%), os que tinham renda per capita de até ½ salário mínimo (13,6% para 32,5%) e os que apresentavam insegurança alimentar moderada e grave (9,2% para 36,3%) entre 2005 e 2010. Conclui-se que o aumento do excesso de peso foi expressivo nos adolescentes residentes em área de insegurança alimentar, e os meninos mais novos, pretos ou pardos, de menor renda e residentes em lares com insegurança alimentar moderada e grave estão mais expostos a este aumento.


Abstract This study ascertained changes, over 5 years, in the prevalence of overweight in adolescents and associations with socio-demographic variables and food insecurity. Two cross-sectional population-based studies were conducted with 511 (2005) and 314 (2010) adolescents resident in Campos Elíseos (Duque de Caxias-RJ). Overweight was evaluated by sex and age specific cut-off points of BMI (weight/height²). The prevalence of food insecurity was investigated using the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. Logistic regression was used to determine the association between changes in overweight over time and sex, age, skin colour, and food insecurity. Overweight was found to increase significantly, between 2005 and 2010, in boys who were younger (from 20.1% to 49.5%), black or brown (22.2% to 37.3%), those with per capita income of up to half a minimum wage (13.6% to 32.5%) and those experiencing moderate or severe food insecurity (9.2% to 36.3%). It was concluded that overweight increased significantly in adolescents living in an area of food insecurity, and that younger, black or brown, lower-income adolescents, and those living with moderate and severe food insecurity, were more exposed to that increase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Overweight/epidemiology , Food Supply , Socioeconomic Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Food Insecurity
8.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(4): 252-260, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355147

ABSTRACT

La doble carga de la desnutrición y el exceso de peso (o mala nutrición) es uno de los indicadores que mejor ilustra las inequidades en salud que existen en zonas indígenas de México. Por otro lado, existe escasa evidencia del estado de nutrición en población Tarahumara. Objetivo: Estimar indicadores del estado de nutrición y su asociación con factores sociodemográficos en población indígena Tarahumara menor de 5 años. Métodos: Estudio transversal en 21 localidades indígenas de la Sierra Tarahumara en Chihuahua, México, que analizó información sociodemográfica, de salud y antropométrica en población infantil de 6 a 59 meses de edad (n=323). Se estimaron índices antropométricos y su asociación con variables de interés mediante regresión logística múltiple. Un valor de p ≤0,05 fue considerado como estadísticamente significativo. Todos los análisis se realizaron en el paquete estadístico Stata v14.2. Resultados: Se encontraron altas prevalencias de talla baja (44,4%), emaciación (5,3%), bajo peso (11,9%) y sobrepeso (15,2%). El sexo masculino se asoció significativamente con talla baja (Razón de Momios (RM)=2,5; 1,45-4,34), mientras que, ninguna escolaridad de la madre (RM=0,39; 0,15-0,99) y ser beneficiario de un programa local de nutrición por más de 2 años se asoció con sobrepeso (RM=2,97; 1,26 -6,97). Conclusión: Se encontraron indicadores de mala nutrición en la muestra estudiada; éstos hallazgos podrían sugerir la existencia de inequidad y rezago en salud y nutrición de población infantil indígena Tarahumara. Se requieren más estudios que puedan orientar programas y acciones de salud y nutrición para atender a esta población de forma prioritaria(AU)


The double burden of malnutrition and excess weight (or poor nutrition) is one of the indicators that best illustrates the health inequities that exist in indigenous areas of Mexico. On the other hand, there is scarce evidence of the nutritional status of the Tarahumara population. Objective: To estimate indicators of the nutritional status and its association with sociodemographic factors in the Tarahumara indigenous population under 5 years of age. Methods: A cross-sectional study in 21 indigenous localities of the Sierra Tarahumara in Chihuahua, Mexico, which analyzed sociodemographic, health and anthropometric information in children from 6 to 59 months of age (n=323). Anthropometric indices and their association with variables of interest was estimated by multiple logistic regression. A value of p ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. All analyzes were performed using the Stata v14.2 statistical package. Results: It were founded high prevalences of short stature (44.4%), emaciation (5.3%), underweight (11.9%) and overweight (15.2%). Male sex was significantly associated with short stature (Odds Ratio (OR) = 2.5; 1.45-4.34), while no education of the mother (OR = 0.39; 0.15-0.99) and being a beneficiary of a local nutrition program for more than 2 years it was associated with being overweight (OR = 2.97; 1.26-6.97). Conclusion: Indicators of malnutrition and overweight were founded in the sample studied; these findings suggest inequity and delays in health and nutrition of the indigenous Tarahumara child population. More research is required that can guide health and nutrition programs and actions to serve this indigenous population as a priority(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Weight by Height , Nutrition Programs , Cross-Sectional Studies , Indigenous Peoples , Social Class , Social Conditions , Nutritional Status , Malnutrition , Overweight , Nutritional Sciences
9.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(4): 346-355, Oct.-Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360988

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento, frente a la alimentación, de un grupo de gestantes con exceso de peso. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cualitativo, desde la perspectiva de etnografía enfocada. Se incluyeron mujeres gestantes mayores de 18 años con sobrepeso u obesidad, o ganancia excesiva de peso en el embarazo, y que asistieron al programa de control prenatal de dos instituciones públicas de salud pertenecientes al régimen subsidiado por el Estado en el Sistema General de Seguridad Social, en dos municipios del departamento de Antioquia (Colombia). Se realizaron 13 entrevistas semiestructuradas individuales y tres entrevistas grupales. Análisis por triangulación y codificación abierta y axial. Resultados: Participaron 22 mujeres gestantes. Se encontraron cinco factores que condicionan el comportamiento alimentario de esta población: el nivel socioeconómico bajo que limita el acceso a una alimentación variada, la red social de apoyo, el estado de salud en los embarazos previos o en la gestación actual, las recomendaciones genéricas brindadas por el personal de salud sobre alimentación y nutrición, y, por último, los conocimientos de las participantes sobre alimentación y las implicaciones del exceso de peso materno en la salud madre-hijo. Conclusión: Es imperante que la atención y educación alimentaria y nutricional sean brindadas desde las particularidades que inciden en la adopción de cambios del comportamiento alimentario de las mujeres embarazadas con exceso de peso; los profesionales del control prenatal deben contar con capacitación que promueva la unificación de criterios y una atención adaptada a la realidad social de la gestante.


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe eating behaviors in a group of overweight pregnant women. Material and methods: Qualitative study from the focused ethnography perspective that included pregnant women over the age of 18 years, with overweight or obesity or excess weight gain during pregnancy, who attended the pre-natal care program at two public healthcare institutions belonging to the government-subsidized regime under the General Social Security System in two municipalities of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia). Thirteen individual semi-structured and three group interviews were carried out. Analysis was based on triangulation and open and axial coding. Results: Overall, 22 pregnant women participated in the study. Five determinants of eating behavior in this population were found: low socioeconomic level that limits access to a variety of foods, social support network, health condition during previous pregnancies or during the current gestation, generic dietary and nutritional recommendations provided by healthcare staff and, finally, knowledge of the participants regarding diet and the implications of maternal overweight for the health of the mother and the child. Conclusion: It is imperative to provide dietary and nutritional education and care based on the particular characteristics that influence the adoption of changes in eating behaviors among overweight pregnant women; prenatal care professionals must be trained to promote standardized criteria and care that is tailored to the social reality of the pregnant woman.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Overweight , Pregnant Women , Obesity
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(12): 6129-6139, Dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350511

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a relação entre duração insuficiente do sono, sobrepeso/obesidade e o consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados em adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, com avaliação de 1.384 adolescentes de escolas públicas de João Pessoa-PB, participantes do Estudo Longitudinal sobre Comportamento Sedentário, Atividade Física, Hábitos Alimentares e Saúde de Adolescentes (LONCAAFS). Foram mensuradas variáveis sociodemográficas, duração do sono, turno de aula, estado nutricional antropométrico, comportamento sedentário e consumo alimentar. Foram realizadas regressão linear e logística por meio do Software Stata 13.0. Prevalência de curta duração do sono de 29,5% (<9h/noite). Associação significativa entre a curta duração do sono e o excesso de peso somente para adolescentes <12 anos. Quanto à relação entre a duração do sono e o consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados, quanto maior a duração do sono, menor o consumo de lanches pelos adolescentes menores de 12 anos, com associação positiva para ≥12 anos apenas com ajuste pela variável atividade física. Não houve associação com os grupos "bebidas açucaradas" e "biscoitos" para nenhuma das faixas etárias analisadas.


Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the relationship between insufficient sleep duration, overweight/obesity and the consumption of ultra-processed foods among adolescents aged 10 to 14 years. This is a cross-sectional study, with an evaluation of 1,384 adolescents from public schools in João Pessoa-PB, participating in the Longitudinal Study on Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity, Diet and Adolescent Health (LONCAAFS). Sociodemographic variables, sleep duration, class shift, anthropometric nutritional status, sedentary behavior and food consumption were measured. Linear and logistic regression of the following were performed using Stata 13.0 Software: the prevalence of short sleep duration of 29.5% (<9h/night); a significant association between short sleep duration and excess weight only for adolescents <12 years old. With respect to the relationship between sleep duration and the consumption of ultra-processed foods, the longer the sleep duration, the lower the consumption of snacks by adolescents under 12 years old, with a positive association for ≥12 years old only with adjustment by the physical activity variable. There was no association with the "sugary drinks" and "cookies" groups for any of the age groups analyzed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Overweight/epidemiology , Fast Foods , Sleep , Cross-Sectional Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Diet , Feeding Behavior
11.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(4): 1109-1118, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360725

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to evaluate feeding practices in the first year of life and their association with the development of overweight and obesity in children in Mexico. Methods: the association between overweight and obesity with different feeding practices were evaluated. The data was processed using the statistical package Stata version 14 using logistic regression models. Results: 396 children were evaluated; the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 6% and 7.7% presented a possible risk of overweight. 6.9% had exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life and 71.7% were fed infant formula. The variables significantly associated with the development of overweight and obesity in the first year of life were the age of the child (p =0.043, RR=0.57), the introduction of fluids in the first three days of life (p=0.02, RR=2.90), consumption of foods with a high sugar content (p =0.01, RR=0.25), consumption of milk other than breast (p =0.02, RR3.25) and egg consumption (p =0.05; RR=0.28). Conclusions: our results show that it is essential to attend complementary feeding practices and reinforce exclusive breastfeeding in the first year of life, as measures to prevent overweight and obesity to improve health in childhood.


Resumen Objetivos: evaluar las prácticas de lactancia y alimentación en el primer año de vida y su asociación con desarrollo del sobrepeso y obesidad de niños en México. Métodos: estudio transversal, analítico, y explicativo, se evaluó la asociación entre sobrepeso y obesidad con las distintas prácticas de alimentación en menores de un año de edad. Resultados: se evaluaron 396 menores, la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad fue de 6% y 7.7% presentaba posible riesgo de sobrepeso. El 6.9% tuvo lactancia materna exclusiva en los primeros 6 meses de vida; 71.7% fueron alimentados con fórmula infantil. Las variables asociadas significativamente con el desarrollo de sobrepeso y obesidad en el primer año de vida fueron: la edad del menor (p =0.043; RR=0.57), introducción de líquidos en los tres primeros días de vida (p=0.02; RR=2.90), consumo de alimentos con alto contenido de azúcar (p = 0.01; RR=0.25), consumo de leches distintas al pecho (p = 0.02; RR=3.25) y consumo de huevo (p =0.05; RR=0.28). Conclusiones: nuestros resultados muestran que es fundamental atender las prácticas de alimentación complementaria y reforzar la lactancia materna exclusiva en el primer año de vida, como medidas de prevención del sobrepeso y obesidad para mejorar la salud en la infancia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Breast Feeding , Breast Feeding/statistics & numerical data , Overweight/epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Maternal Behavior , Mexico/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 465-472, 01-dic-2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354746

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad del hígado graso no alcohólico (EHGNA) tiene graves implicaciones para la salud y, asociada a la epidemia de obesidad, es una tendencia creciente. Objetivo: detectar la presencia de hígado graso en niños con sobrepeso y obesidad, así como evaluar los factores asociados con una mayor posibilidad de presentar un resultado positivo en la detección. Metódos: se realizó un estudio de tipo transversal en una unidad médica del segundo nivel de atención médica en el que fueron reclutados 102 niños. Los niveles séricos de alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) fueron cuantificados y se realizaron ecografías hepáticas. Modelos de regresión logística múltiple fueron utilizados para evaluar los factores asociados con la presencia de EHGNA (infiltración grasa en la ecografía y ALT > 52U/L para niños y > 44 U/L para niñas). Resultados: la prevalencia de EHGNA fue del 10,8%. En el análisis multivariante, una relación entre cintura y cadera ≥ 1 se asoció con una mayor posibilidad de EHNGA (razón de momios (RM) = 4.96, IC del 95%: 1.17 - 20.90). Conclusiones: nuestros hallazgos indican que uno de cada diez niños sobrepeso y obesidad tiene datos sugestivos de EHGNA y está en riesgo de presentar sus consecuencias para la salud.


Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has serious health implications and upward trends of the disease, accompanied by the obesity epidemic worldwide. Objective: To screen for fatty liver in overweight and obese children and evaluate the factors associated with an increased likelihood of presenting a positive-screen result. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 102 children were recruited at a secondary care medical unit. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels were quantified and hepatic ultrasounds were performed; multiple logistic regression models were used to evaluate factors associated with the increased odds of presenting with NAFLD (fatty infiltration on ultrasound and ALT > 52 U/L for boys and > 44 U/L for girls). Results: The overall prevalence of NAFLD was 10.8%. In multivariate analysis, a waist-to-hip ratio ≥ 1 was associated with increased odds of screening positive for NAFLD (odds ratio (OR) = 4.96, 95% CI 1.17-20.90). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that one out of ten children with overweight or obesity has data suggestive of NAFLD and is at risk of presenting its consequences on health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Child Health , Overweight , Fatty Liver , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Mexico , Secondary Care , Mass Screening , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Impacts on Health , Obesity
13.
Más Vita ; 3(4): 18-25, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1354614

ABSTRACT

La actividad física en docentes universitarios se constituye en motivo de estudio puesto que es una población con una franja de gran responsabilidad y propensa a la inactividad física. Objetivo: Valorar el nivel de actividad física e índice de masa corporal de 50 docentes de la facultad de salud en una universidad pública, a partir de la edad, género, estado civil, peso y talla. Materiales y Métodos: El enfoque de investigación es cuantitativo, de tipo descriptivo, no experimental y corte transversal. Los sujetos de estudio son 50 docentes de la facultad de salud en una universidad pública. Para clasificar el nivel de actividad física, se aplicó el formato corto del Cuestionario de Actividad Física (IPAQ). Resultados: Se evidenció que el 74% de docentes es de género femenino, la mayoría tienen más de 40 años y el 50% son casados. La percepción de los docentes sobre su nivel de actividad física es la siguiente: bajo (- de 600 Mets, el 48%), nivel moderado (- de 1500 Mets, el 38%) y nivel alto (+ de 1500 Mets, el 14%), el tiempo sentado en un día hábil es de 5 a 10 horas diarias. El IMC del 54% de docentes tiene valores correspondientes a sobrepeso, la mayoría pertenece a la carrera de enfermería, el 46%, presenta valores normales. Conclusión: Se concluye que la percepción sobre el nivel de actividad física de los docentes universitarios es bajo y moderado, no cumplen con requerimientos mínimos señalados por la OMS, presentan sedentarismo y sobrepeso(AU)


Physical activity in university teachers is the subject of study since it is a population with a range of great responsibility and prone to physical inactivity. Objective: To assess the level of physical activity and body mass index of 50 teachers from the health faculty at a public university, based on age, gender, marital status, weight and height. Materials and Methods: The research approach is quantitative, descriptive, non-experimental and cross-sectional. The study subjects are 50 teachers from the faculty of health at a public university. To classify the level of physical activity, the short format of the Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was applied. Results: It was evidenced that 74% of teachers are female, most are over 40 years old and 50% are married. Teachers' perception of their level of physical activity is as follows: low (- of 600 Mets, 48%), moderate level (- of 1500 Mets, 38%) and high level (+ of 1500 Mets, 14 %), the time spent sitting on a business day is 5 to 10 hours a day. The BMI of 54% of teachers has values corresponding to overweight, the majority belong to the nursing career, 46% have normal values. Conclusion: It is concluded that the perception about the level of physical activity of university teachers is low and moderate, they do not meet the minimum requirements indicated by the WHO, they are sedentary and overweight(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise , Body Mass Index , Energy Metabolism , Sedentary Behavior , Universities , Surveys and Questionnaires , Overweight , Faculty
14.
Más Vita ; 3(4): 65-72, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355027

ABSTRACT

Una de las principales dificultades en la atención al adulto mayor diabético continúa siendo la falta de educación hacia un estilo de vida y una actitud favorable hacia la enfermedad, lo cual solo puede lograrse mediante estrategias educativas. Objetivo: Validar los instrumentos AM1 ­ MO de la investigación factores modificables y su influencia en la presencia de complicaciones en adultos mayores con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 en el club de adultos mayores Lupita Nolivos en la Carrera de Enfermería de la Universidad de Guayaquil, en los periodos de septiembre a diciembre 2019. Materiales y Métodos: El Instrumento AM1 ­MO se realizó un estudio descriptivo, exploratorio y transversal, este instrumento cuantitativo se aplicó al universo de 50 adultos mayores entre 55 y 65 años y más, utilizando el SOFTWARE IBM SPSS Statistics Base 22.0. Resultados: Del total de pacientes con DMT2, el sexo femenino estuvo representado con 60,0 % y el masculino aportó 40,0 %. El grupo de edad de 70-79 fue el de mayor predominio de dicha afección con 62,0 %, de ellos 18 eran mujeres y 13 hombres. En cuanto a los hábitos alimentarios resulto se obtuvo los siguientes resultados que hay un alto consumo de gaseosas y dulces 24%. Conclusiones: En este trabajo se identificó que las personas que tienen mayor riesgo de desarrollar DMT2 son aquellas que tienen una edad superior a 55 años, presentan antecedentes familiares para esta enfermedad, son del sexo femenino, presentan exceso de peso, son físicamente inactivas y padecen HTA. En conclusión, el instrumento construido constituye una aproximación para determinar los factores modificables y su influencia en la presencia de complicaciones en adultos mayores con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Los resultados obtenidos por las diferentes vías para evaluar los instrumentos utilizados fueron adecuados. Está disponible un instrumento válido y confiable que justifica su uso y aplicación en el ámbito investigativo(AU)


One of the main difficulties in caring for the elderly with diabetes continues to be the lack of education towards a lifestyle and a favorable attitude towards the disease, which can only be achieved through educational strategies. Objective: to validate the AM1 ­ MO instrument of the research, modifiable factors and their influence on the presence of complications in older adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in the Lupita Nolivos club for older adults in the Nursing Career of the University of Guayaquil, in the periods from September to December 2019. Materials and Methods: The AM1-MO Instrument was carried out a descriptive, exploratory and cross-sectional study, this quantitative instrument was applied to the universe of 50 older adults between 55 and 65 years old and over, using the IBM SPSS SOFTWARE Statistics Base 22.0. Results: Of the total number of patients with T2DM, the female sex was represented with 60.0% and the male contributed 40.0%. The age group 70-79 was the one with the highest prevalence of this condition with 62.0%, of which 18 were women and 13 were men. Regarding eating habits, the following results were obtained that there is a high consumption of soda and sweets 24%. Conclusions: In this work it was identified that the people who have a higher risk of developing T2DM are those who are older than 55 years, have a family history for this disease, are female, are overweight, are physically inactive and suffer from HTA. In conclusion, the instrument constructed constitutes an approximation to determine the modifiable factors and their influence on the presence of complications in older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The results obtained by the different ways to evaluate the instruments used were adequate. A valid and reliable instrument is available that justifies its use and application in the research field(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Teaching , Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Elderly Nutrition , Life Style , Risk Factors , Overweight , Hypertension
15.
Infectio ; 25(4): 262-269, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286720

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyse the clinic characteristics, risk factors and evolution of the first cohort of hospitalised patients with confirmed infection by COVID-19 in 5 Colombian institutions. Materials and methods: Is a retrospective observational study of consecutive hospitalized patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19 confirmed from March 01 to May 30, 2020 in Colombia. Results: A total of 44 patients were included. The median age was 62 years. 43.2% had a history of smoking, while 69.8% were overweight or obese. 88.6% had at least one comorbidity and 52.3% had three or more comorbidities. Hypertension and dyslipidaemia were the most frequent comorbidities (40.9% and 34.1%, respectively). The 30-day mortality rate was 47.7% with a median of 11 days. The composite outcome occurred in the 36.4%. The biomarkers associated with mor tality risk included troponin higher than 14 ng/L (RR: 5.25; 95% CI 1.37-20.1, p = 0.004) and D-dimer higher than 1000 ng/ml (RR: 3.0; 95% CI 1.4-6.3, p = 0.008). Conclusions: The clinical course of SARS-CoV-2 infection in hospitalized Colombian was characterised by a more advanced stage of the infection.


Resumen Objetivo: Analizar las características, clínicas, factores de riesgo, y la evolución de pacientes hospitalizados con infección confirmada por COVID-19 en 5 Institu ciones de Colombia. Material y método: Es un estudio observacional retrospectivo de pacientes consecutivos hospitalizados con diagnóstico de COVID-19 confirmado entre 01 de Febrero de 2020 y 30 de Mayo de 2020 en Colombia. Resultados: Un total de 44 pacientes fueron incluidos. La mediana de edad fue de 62 años y la mayoría del sexo masculino. El 43.2% tenían historia de tabaquismo, mientras que el 69.8% tenían sobrepeso u obesidad. El 88.6% tenían al menos una comorbilidad y el 52.3% tenían tres o más comorbilidades. La hipertensión arterial fue la comorbilidad más frecuente (40.9%), seguido de la dislipidemia (34.1%). La tasa de letalidad a 30 días fue de 47.7% y ocurrió con una mediana de 11 días. El 36.4% presentó el desenlace compuesto. Los biomarcadores asociados con el riesgo de muerte fue troponina > 14 ng/mL (RR:5.25, IC95% 1.37-20.1, p=0.004) y dímero D mayor a 1000 mg/dL (RR: 3.0, IC95% 1.4-6.3, p=0.008). Conclusiones: El curso clínico de la infección por SARS-CoV-2 en colombianos hospitalizados fue un estadio más avanzado de la infección.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Biomarkers , COVID-19 , Patients , Tobacco Use Disorder , Comorbidity , Risk , Risk Factors , Mortality , Colombia , Overweight , Courses , Infections , Obesity
16.
Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento ; 29(1): [1-9], nov. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343754

ABSTRACT

As crianças estão cada vez mais utilizando brincadeiras e jogos eletrônicos, passando muitas horas diante da televisão e isso pode atrapalhar o processo de desenvolvimento motor bem como o desenvolvimento do processo de sobrepeso e obesidade. A educação física escolar é um importante aliado na promoção de hábitos de vida mais ativos, sendo a educação infantil a primeira etapa de escolarização e prática de atividades motoras desta fase é fundamental. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e o desempenho motor de escolares com idade de cinco anos dos Centros Municipais de Educação Infantil em Divinópolis/MG. O desempenho motor foi avaliado com o Teste de Coordenação Corporal para Crianças (Körperkoodinations test Für Kinder ­ KTK) composto por quatro testes: equilibrar-se andando de costas, saltos monopedais, saltos laterais e transposição lateral sobre plataforma. O IMC foi calculado a partir de medidas de peso e altura. Os resultados do presente estudo demonstram que 80,65% da amostra apresenta deficiência na coordenação motora, e quando comparado entre os sexos, os meninos apresentaram melhor coordenação motora que as meninas. Ao analisar o IMC e a coordenação motora não foi encontrada qualquer relação significativa entre eles. Pode-se concluir com o presente estudo que o IMC não influenciou no desempenho motor dos alunos, e que a maioria dos alunos está com a coordenação motora abaixo do esperado. A falta de aulas de educação física com o professor especialista e estímulos específicos para o desenvolvimento motor podem ter contribuído para os resultados encontrados neste estudo, reforçando a necessidade do professor de educação física n o ensino infantil.(AU)


: Children are increasingly using games and electronic games, spending many hours in front of the television and this can hinder the process of motor development as well as the development of overweight and obesity. School physical education is an important ally in the promotion of more active life habits, with early childhood education being the first stage of schooling and the practice of motor activities in this phase is fundamental. The objective of this study was to evaluate the body mass index (BMI) and the motor performance of schoolchildren aged five years old from the Municipal Centers of Early Childhood Education in Divinópolis / MG. Motor performance was assessed with the Body Coordination Test for Children (Körperkoordinations test Für Kinder - KTK) composed of four tests: balance on your back, single-legged jumps, lateral jumps and lateral transposition on a platform. BMI was calculated from weight and height measurements. The results of the present study showed that 80.65% of the sample has impaired motor coordination, and when compared between genders, boys showed better motor coordination than girls. When analyzing BMI and motor coordination, no significant relationship was found between them. It can be concluded with the present study that the BMI did not influence the motor performance of the students, and that the majority of the students have motor coordination below the expected. The lack of physical education classes with the specialist teacher and specific stimuli for motor development may have contributed to the results found in this study, reinforcing the need for physical education teachers in early childhood education.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Physical Education and Training , Body Mass Index , Child Rearing , Motor Activity , Play and Playthings , Psychomotor Performance , Television , Weights and Measures , Child , Child, Preschool , Electronics , Overweight , Internet Addiction Disorder , Habits , Obesity
17.
Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento ; 29(1): [1-12], nov. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344047

ABSTRACT

: O número de crianças e adolescentes com índice de sobrepeso e obesidade está aumentando. Já é consolidado que o baixo condicionamento cardiorrespiratório tem relação com riscos cardiovasculares e metabólicos. O objetivo desse trabalho é avaliar o nível de condicionamento cardiorrespiratório em adolescentes do ensino médio e relacionar com indicadores de sobrepeso e obesidade e a maturação somática. O método utilizado caracteriza-se como transversal com método associativo e abordagem quantitativa. Participaram do estudo 51 adolescentes de duas escolas (privada e pública) de uma cidade da região serrana do RS. Após medição dos índices antropométricos foi realizado um teste de campo para medição do VO2pico. As associações indicaram que a razão cintura/quadril foi o indicador antropométrico que mais se associou com o VO2pico, independente da distância para o pico de velocidade do crescimento. Todavia quando analisamos os sexos em separado, essa associação manteve o padrão apenas nas meninas, indicando que o sexo é um moderador na associação entre razão cintura/quadril, maturação somática e VO2pico em adolescentes.(AU)


The number of overweight and obese children and adolescents is increasing. It is already established that low cardiorespiratory conditioning is related to cardiovascular and metabolic risks. The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of cardiorespiratory fitness in high school adolescents and to relate with indicators of overweight and obesity and somatic maturation. This is a cross-sectional study with an associative method and quantitative approach. The study included 51 adolescents from two schools (private and public) at a countryside of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. After measuring the anthropometric variables, a field test was performed to measure VO²Peak. The associations indicated that the waist/hip ratio was the anthropometric indicator that was most associated with VO2peak, regardless of the distance to the peak growth velocity. However, when we analyzed the sexes separately, this association maintained the pattern only in girls, indicating that sex is a moderator in the association between waist/hip ratio, somatic maturation and VO2peak in adolescents.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Exercise , Adolescent , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Growth , Physical Education and Training , Education, Primary and Secondary , Overweight , Exercise Test , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Metabolism , Obesity
18.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(11): 834-839, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357075

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective It has been suggested that excess body weight could represent a risk factor for infertility outcomes. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of overweight and anovulation among infertile women with regular menstrual cycles. Methods We conducted a retrospective case-control study with consistently anovulatory patients undergoing assisted reproduction treatment. The patients were stratified into normal weight (body mass index [BMI]: 18.5-24.9kg/m2) and overweight (BMI: 25.0- 29.9kg/m2).Those with polycystic ovary syndrome or obesity were excluded. The groups were matched for age, duration of infertility, prolactin, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), thydroid stimulating hormone (TSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol levels. Results Overweight was significantly associated with anovulation, when using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for anovulation: progesterone levels>5.65 ng/ml and ultrasonography evidence of follicle collapse (odds ratio [OR]: 2.69; 95% confidence interval [CI95%]: 1.04-6.98). Conclusion Body mass index above the normal range jeopardizes ovulation among non-obese infertile women with regular menstrual cycles.


Resumo Objetivo O excesso de peso corporal tem sido associado como fator de risco para infertilidade. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a associação de sobrepeso e anovulação entre mulheres inférteis com ciclos menstruais regulares. Métodos Realizamos um estudo retrospectivo de caso-controle com mulheres com anovulação consistente em tratamento por reprodução assistida. As pacientes foram estratificadas entre aquelas com peso normal (índice de massa corporal [IMC]: 18,5- 24,9 Kg/m2) e as com sobrepeso (IMC: 25,0-29,9 Kg/m2). As pacientes com síndrome do ovário policístico ou obesidade foram excluídas. Os grupos foram pareados por idade, duração da infertilidade, níveis de prolactina, hormônio folículo-estimulante (FSH), hormônio tiroestimulante (TSH), hormônio luteinizante (LH) e estradiol. Resultados O excesso de peso associou-se significativamente à anovulaçãoquando usados os critérios de anovulação da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS): níveis de progesterona>5,65 ng/ml e evidência ultrassonográfica de colapso folicular (razão de chances [RC]: 2,69; IC95%: 1,04-6,98). Conclusão O IMC acima da faixa normal compromete a ovulação em mulheres inférteis não obesas com ciclos menstruais regulares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/complications , Infertility, Female/complications , Anovulation/complications , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Overweight/complications , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Menstrual Cycle
19.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(5): 431-439, 01-oct-2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358064

ABSTRACT

Introducción: México es segundo lugar mundial en obesidad en adultos y los médicos residentes no están exentos de este problema. La dieta inadecuada y la inactividad física son factores asociados. La bioimpedancia tiene mayor precisión que la antropometría. Objetivo: analizar la diferencia entre grado de actividad física, ingesta calórica y composición corporal en residentes de Medicina Interna de acuerdo con su grado de residencia. Material y métodos: estudio transversal. Se incluyeron médicos residentes de ambos sexos de segundo, tercero y cuarto grado, quienes participaron en ayuno. Se les tomaron signos vitales, se les otorgó el cuestionario Rapid Assesment of Physical Activity (RAPA), antropometría, recordatorio de 24 horas y medición de composición corporal por bioimpedancia. Se empleó estadística descriptiva, prueba de Kruskal-Wallis y chi cuadrada. Resultados: se incluyeron 84 médicos residentes, 48 (57.14%) fueron del género masculino. La mediana de edad fue de 27 años (26-28). Se encontró una prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad de 46.4% a pesar de la dieta hipocalórica en el 89%. La medición por bioimpedancia indicó que 72.6% tuvo grasa corporal elevada, 71% grado de actividad física subóptimo y 23.7% hipertensión arterial. Conclusiones: se encontró una alta prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad con diferencias en la composición corporal y el nivel subóptimo de actividad física. Es importante corregir los malos hábitos alimenticios y mejorar la actividad física para reducir riesgos en esta población.


Background: Mexico is ranked second in obesity in adults worldwide and resident physicians are not exempt from this problem. Inadequate diet and physical inactivity are associated factors. Bioimpedance has greater precision than anthropometry. Objective: To analyze the difference between degree of physical activity, caloric intake and body composition in Internal Medicine residents according to their degree of residence. Material and methods: Cross-sectional study. Resident physicians of both sexes, from second, third and fourth degree of training were included; they were fasting. Vital signs were taken; a Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) questionnaire, anthropometry, a 24-hour reminder, and bioelectrical impedance analysis were administered. Descriptive statistics, Kruskal-Wallis and chi squared tests were used. Results: 84 resident physicians were included, 48 were male. The median age was of 27 years (26-28). There was a prevalence of 46.4% of overweight and obesity, despite the hypocaloric diet in 89%. Bioelectrical impedance analysis showed that 72.6% of residents had elevated body fat, 71% sub-optimal degree of physical activity and 23.7% arterial hypertension. Conclusions: A high prevalence of overweight and obesity was found with differences in body composition and suboptimal level of physical activity. It is important to correct bad eating habits and improve physical activity to reduce risks in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Medical , Physical Conditioning, Human , Mexico , Body Composition , Exercise , Cross-Sectional Studies , Overweight , Feeding Behavior , Sedentary Behavior , Hypertension , Internal Medicine
20.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 4835-4848, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345770

ABSTRACT

Resumo Estudo transversal com 2.909 participantes (≥ 18 anos) da linha de base da Coorte de Universidades Mineiras (CUME), Brasil, que verificou a associação entre o consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e o excesso de peso. Por meio de questionário virtual, coletaram-se dados sociodemográficos, de estilo de vida, hábitos alimentares, antropométricos e condições clínicas. Considerou-se Índice de Massa Corporal ≥ 25 kg/m2 como excesso de peso. Avaliou-se o consumo diário de bebidas alcoólicas no total em gramas (álcool) e segundo tipo em mililitros (cerveja, vinhos e destiladas). As prevalências de consumo de álcool e excesso de peso foram 73,6% e 40,8%, respectivamente. Houve uma tendência significativa de aumento da prevalência de excesso de peso quanto maior o consumo de cerveja (p de tendência = 0,038), fato não observado para os demais tipos de bebidas. Após análises de sensibilidade, a ingestão de álcool associou-se ao excesso de peso, com tendência de aumento da prevalência quanto maior o consumo diário. Ressalta-se a necessidade de reduzir a visão amplamente aceita de que o consumo leve a moderado de álcool não é nocivo à saúde, adotando cautela nesta proposição. Deve-se considerar a influência da ingestão de bebidas alcoólicas no ganho de peso nas políticas públicas de saúde e de controle do consumo do álcool.


Abstract This is a cross-sectional study with 2,909 participants (aged ≥18 years) from the baseline of the Cohort of Universities of Minas Gerais [CUME - Coorte de Universidades Mineiras] which verified the association between alcohol consumption and overweight. Data on sociodemographic factors, lifestyle, eating habits, anthropometric factors and clinical conditions were collected through an online questionnaire. Body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m² was considered an indicator of overweight. The daily consumption of alcohol was evaluated in grams (alcohol) and according to type in milliliters (beer, wine, hard liquor). The prevalence of alcohol consumption and overweight was 73.6% and 40.8%, respectively. There was a significant tendency of an increase in overweight with higher beer consumption (tendency p value of 0.038), which was not observed for the other types of alcohol. After sensitivity analyses, alcohol consumption was associated to overweight, with a tendency of increase in prevalence with higher daily consumption. There is a crucial need to curb the widely accepted idea that a low or moderate alcohol consumption is not harmful to one's health, and to be cautious of such a proposition. The influence of alcohol consumption regarding weight gain must be considered in public health policies and policies of alcohol consumption control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies
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