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1.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3,supl): 2479-2484, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886791

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Syzygium cumini leaves (SCL) in laying hens diets on productive performance, egg quality and lipid oxidation of yolk. A total of 108 Hysex White laying hens were distributed in a completely randomized design with three treatments and six replicates of six birds each. The treatments consisted of SCL inclusion at dietary levels of 0, 5 and 10 g/kg. There was no significant effect of SCL inclusion on feed intake, laying percentage, weight and egg mass, feed conversion ratio, Haugh units, specific gravity, percentage of yolk, albumen and egg shells and shell thickness. However, the inclusion of SCL significantly influenced the yolk color and yolk lipid oxidation measured by TBARS values. Yolk color increased and TBARS values ​​decreased with the inclusion of SCL. The inclusion of SCL in laying hens diets improves pigmentation and lipid stability of yolk.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Oviposition/drug effects , Plant Extracts/analysis , Chickens/physiology , Plant Leaves , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Animal Feed/analysis , Brazil , Syzygium , Diet , Egg Shell , Egg Yolk , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
2.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(7): 443-449, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787552

ABSTRACT

Environmentally friendly botanical larvicides are commonly considered as an alternative to synthetic larvicides against Aedes aegypti Linn. In addition, mosquito resistance to currently used larvicides has motivated research to find new compounds acting via different mechanisms of action, with the goal of controlling the spread of mosquitos. Essential oils have been widely studied for this purpose. This work aims to evaluate the larvicidal potential of Syzygium aromaticum and Citrus sinensis essential oils, either alone or in combination with temephos, on Ae. aegypti populations having different levels of organophosphate resistance. The 50% lethal concentration (LC50) of the essential oils alone and in combination with temephos and the influence of essential oils on vector oviposition were evaluated. The results revealed that essential oils exhibited similar larvicidal activity in resistant populations and susceptible populations. However, S. aromaticum and C. sinensis essential oils in combination with temephos did not decrease resistance profiles. The presence of the evaluated essential oils in oviposition sites significantly decreased the number of eggs compared to sites with tap water. Therefore, the evaluated essential oils are suitable for use in mosquito resistance management, whereas their combinations with temephos are not recommended. Additionally, repellency should be considered during formulation development to avoid mosquito deterrence.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aedes , Citrus sinensis/chemistry , Insecticides , Oils, Volatile , Syzygium/chemistry , Temefos , Drug Combinations , Insecticide Resistance/drug effects , Larva/drug effects , Mosquito Control/methods , Oviposition/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(8): 1064-1069, 12/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732595

ABSTRACT

In sandflies, the absence of the peritrophic matrix (PM) affects the rate of blood digestion. Also, the kinetics of PM secretion varies according to species. We previously characterised PpChit1, a midgut-specific chitinase secreted in Phlebotomus papatasi (PPIS) that is involved in the maturation of the PM and showed that antibodies against PpChit1 reduce the chitinolytic activity in the midgut of several sandfly species. Here, sandflies were fed on red blood cells reconstituted with naïve or anti-PpChit1 sera and assessed for fitness parameters that included blood digestion, oviposition onset, number of eggs laid, egg bouts, average number of eggs per bout and survival. In PPIS, anti-PpChit1 led to a one-day delay in the onset of egg laying, with flies surviving three days longer compared to the control group. Anti-PpChit1 also had a negative effect on overall ability of flies to lay eggs, as several gravid females from all three species were unable to lay any eggs despite having lived longer than control flies. Whereas the longer survival might be associated with improved haeme scavenging ability by the PM, the inability of females to lay eggs is possibly linked to changes in PM permeability affecting nutrient absorption.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Chitinases/immunology , Immune Sera , Immunologic Factors/pharmacology , Insect Proteins/drug effects , Insect Vectors/drug effects , Phlebotomus/drug effects , Chitinases , DNA, Complementary , Digestion/drug effects , Feeding Behavior , Gastrointestinal Absorption/drug effects , Hemoglobins , Immune Sera/immunology , Insect Proteins , Insect Vectors/physiology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mosquito Control/methods , Oviposition/drug effects , Plasmids , Phlebotomus/physiology
4.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 56(6): 505-510, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-725805

ABSTRACT

The action of extracts from the stem, leaves, and fruit of Jatropha gossypiifolia on Biomphalaria glabrata was studied by analyzing survival, feeding capacity and oviposition ability. The extracts were obtained by macerating the plant parts in 92% ethanol, which were then evaporated until a dry residue was obtained and phytochemically studied. The molluscicidal activity on B. glabrata was investigated using the procedures recommended by WHO (1965). The amount of food ingested and oviposition were measured during each experiment. The extract of leaves from J. gossypiifolia was shown to be a strong molluscicidal agent, causing 100% mortality of B. glabrata, even in the lowest concentration tested, of 25 ppm. Regarding the fruit extract, there was variation in the mortality, depending on the concentration used (100, 75, 50 and 25 ppm). The snails that were in contact with the fruit extract had significant reduction in feeding and number of embryos in comparison to the control. The stem extract did not present molluscicidal activity nor had any influence on the feeding and oviposition abilities of B. glabrata, in the concentrations tested. In conclusion, the extracts of leaves and fruits of J. gossypiifolia investigated in this work show molluscicidal effect and may be sources of useful compounds for the schistosomiasis control.


Estudou-se a ação dos extratos do caule, folhas e frutos de Jatropha gossypiifolia (Pinhão-roxo) sobre Biomphalaria glabrata analisando a sobrevivência, capacidade alimentar e de oviposição. Os extratos foram obtidos pela maceração das partes do vegetal em álcool etílico 92%, evaporados até obter-se um resíduo seco e estudados fitoquimicamente. A atividade moluscicida em B. glabrata seguiu os procedimentos recomendados pela WHO (1965). A medida de quantidade de alimento ingerido e a oviposição foi realizada durante cada experimento. O extrato das folhas de J. gossypiifolia mostrou-se um forte agente moluscicida, promovendo 100% de mortalidade de B. glabrata mesmo na menor concentração testada, 25 ppm. Com o extrato dos frutos houve variação na mortalidade, de acordo com a concentração utilizada (100, 75, 50 e 25 ppm). Os caramujos em contato com o extrato dos frutos apresentaram quando comparado ao controle uma diminuição significativa nos comportamentos alimentares e de número de embriões. O extrato do caule não apresentou atividade moluscicida e nenhuma influência sobre a capacidade alimentar e de oviposição de B. glabrata nas concentrações testadas. Em conclusão, os extratos de folhas e frutos de J. gossypiifolia investigados neste trabalho apresentam efeito moluscicida e possivelmente podem ser fontes de compostos no controle da esquistossomose.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Biomphalaria/drug effects , Jatropha/chemistry , Molluscacides/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Feeding Behavior/drug effects , Oviposition/drug effects , Survival
5.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 107(4): 543-545, June 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-626450

ABSTRACT

Lutzomyia longipalpis is the most important vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil. When female sandflies feed on blood, a peritrophic matrix (PM) is formed around the blood bolus. The PM is secreted by midgut cells and composed of proteins, glycoproteins and chitin microfibrils. The PM functions as both a physical barrier against pathogens present in the food bolus and blood meal digestion regulator. Previous studies of mosquitoes and sandflies have shown that the absence of a PM, resulting from adding an exogenous chitinase to the blood meal, accelerates digestion. In the present study, we analysed biological factors associated with the presence of a PM in L. longipalpis females. Insects fed blood containing chitinase (BCC) accelerated egg-laying relative to a control group fed blood without chitinase. However, in the BCC-fed insects, the number of females that died without laying eggs was higher and the number of eggs laid per female was lower. The eggs in both groups were viable and generated adults. Based on these data, we suggest that the absence of a PM accelerates nutrient acquisition, which results in premature egg production and oviposition; however, the absence of a PM reduces the total number of eggs laid per female. Reduced fecundity in the absence of a PM may be due to inefficient nutrient conversion or the loss of the protective role of the PM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Chitinases/pharmacology , Digestive System/enzymology , Oviposition/physiology , Psychodidae/enzymology , Fertility/drug effects , Fertility/physiology , Oviposition/drug effects , Psychodidae/physiology , Time Factors
6.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 106(8): 997-1001, Dec. 2011. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-610976

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we assessed the suitability of using the neonicotinoid imidacloprid with standard ovitraps by evaluating the ovicidal properties of imidacloprid and its influence on the oviposition response of gravid females of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti Linnaeus (Diptera: Culicidae). First, we calculated the imidacloprid lethal dose 99 (LD99) by exposing third instar larvae of the target species to different concentrations of the insecticide. Next, Ae. aegypti eggs were exposed to the imidacloprid LD99 for 24 h and hatching inhibition was recorded. Finally, we investigated any potential repellent effect of the imidacloprid solution on the oviposition response of gravid Aedes females in field and laboratory conditions. The LD99 obtained from larvae tests proved to be sufficient to keep any exposed eggs from hatching. No repellent effect was observed; females laid as many eggs in imidacloprid-treated ovitraps as in traps containing either clean water or temephos-treated water in both field and laboratory conditions. Our results indicate that imidacloprid is a suitable insecticide for treating ovitraps against Ae. aegypti.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Aedes/anatomy & histology , Imidazoles/pharmacology , Insecticides/pharmacology , Nitro Compounds/pharmacology , Oviposition/drug effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Laboratories
7.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135771

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Mosquito control is facing a threat due to the emergence of resistance to synthetic insecticides. Insecticides of plant origin may serve as suitable alternative biocontrol techniques in the future. The purpose of the present study was to assess the ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol extracts of Andrographis paniculata, Eclipta prostrata and Tagetes erecta leaves tested for oviposition-deterrent, ovicidal and repellent activities against malaria vector, Anopheles subpictus Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae). Methods: The dried leaves of the three plants were powdered mechanically and extracted with ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol. One gram of crude extract was first dissolved in 100 ml of acetone (stock solution). From the stock solution, test solution concentrations of 31.21- 499.42 mg/l for oviposition- deterrence assay and repellency and 15.60 - 998.85 mg/l were used in ovicidal assay. The percentage oviposition- deterrence, hatching rate of eggs and protection time were calculated. One-way analysis of variance was used for the multiple concentration tests and for per cent mortality to determine significant treatment differences. Results: The percentage of effective oviposition repellency was highest at 499.42 mg/l and the lowest at 31.21 mg/l in ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol extracts of A. paniculata, E. prostrata and T. erecta. The oviposition activity index (OAI) value of ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol extracts of A. paniculata, E. prostrata and T. erecta at 499.42 mg/l were -0.91, -0.93, -0.84, -0.84, -0.87, -0.82, -0.87, -0.89 and -0.87, respectively. Mortality (no egg hatchability) was 100 per cent with ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of A. paniculata, E. prostrata and T. erecta at 998.85 mg/l. The maximum adult repellent activity was observed at 499.42 mg/l in ethyl acetate extracts of A. paniculata, E. prostrata and methanol extracts of T. erecta, and the mean complete protection time ranged from 120 to 150 min with the different extracts tested. Interpretation & conclusions: The acetone extract of A. paniculata, methanol extract of E. prostrata and T. erecta showed good oviposition-deterrent, ovicidal and repellent activities respectively. These results suggest that the leaf extracts of A. paniculata, E. prostrata and T. erecta may have the potential to be used as an ideal eco-friendly approach for the control of the An. subpictus.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Acetone , Analysis of Variance , Andrographis/chemistry , Animals , Anopheles/drug effects , Eclipta/chemistry , India , Insect Vectors/drug effects , Methanol , Mosquito Control/methods , Oviposition/drug effects , Ovum/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Tagetes/chemistry
8.
Neotrop. entomol ; 40(1): 123-128, Jan.-Feb. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-578845

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the effects of crude extracts from the plantain Plantago lanceolata and the bitter gourd Momordica charantia on the oviposition preference and development of the coffee leaf miner Leucoptera coffeella Guérin-Mèneville & Perrottet under laboratory and/or greenhouse conditions. The ovicidal effects of these extracts were also studied in a greenhouse. Plantago lanceolata and M. charantia extracts also underwent fractionation directed by oviposition tests with the coffee leaf miner. The extracts of both plants reduced L. coffeella oviposition and egg hatching, apparently as a result of action of plant metabolites on the embryo. Adults originating from eggs treated with the extracts exhibited similar survival rates, but a higher female/male ratio. Fecundity was reduced for females obtained from eggs treated with the M. charantia extract. Partial chemical analysis indicated that both extracts produced polar fractions that reduced the oviposition of L. coffeella on coffee leaves under laboratory conditions. The extracts of P. lanceolata and M. charantia have potential for use in the development of new products to control the coffee leaf miner.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lepidoptera/drug effects , Plantago , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Lepidoptera/anatomy & histology , Lepidoptera/growth & development , Oviposition/drug effects , Pest Control, Biological
9.
Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 2011; 7 (2): 169-174
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-110420

ABSTRACT

Two pesticides one from OP compound [Chlorpyrifos] and other from Biopesticides [Neem extract] were applied against 3[rd] instar larvae of house flies by contact method. LC[50 of Chlorpyrifos and Neem extract was calculated as 0.25% for chlorpyrifos and 0.42% for Neem Extract. Treated larvae when succeeded to reach the adult stage, the effects of the mentioned insecticides were noted on fecundity of adults of Musca domestica. Chlorpyrifos delayed egg-laying while Neem extract completely inhibited the egg-laying. Moreover, the treated larvae when succeeded to pupate, they failed to emerge from the pupal case completely and the larvae got heavy melanization after 48 hours of treatment


Subject(s)
Insecta , Pesticides , Chlorpyrifos , Muscidae/drug effects , Fertility/drug effects , Polymyxins , Oviposition/drug effects , Larva/drug effects
10.
Neotrop. entomol ; 39(2): 299-302, mar.-abr. 2010. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-547700

ABSTRACT

The present study investigates new sources of infusion as an oviposition attractant for Aedes aegypti L. Infusions with fetid and non-fetid odors were compared as an oviposition stimulant. Traps baited with infusions of dehydrated cashew leaves (Anacardium occidentale), potato peels (Solanum tuberosum) and graminea (Panicum maximum) were compared as attractants, and the effect of odor (fetid and unfetid) on attractiveness was tested. Oviposition activity changed significantly according to the concentration and type of infusion (F = 4.1279; gl = 2; P = 0.0231). A larger number of eggs were observed in cups containing 50 percent A. occidentale (non-fetid odor) and 30 percent P. maximum (fetid odor). When compared in the same cage, comparable oviposition was found between A. occidentale and P. maximum. Moreover, approximately 20 percent more eggs were recorded in the infusion without odor when compared to the grass infusion and water. These findings suggest A. occidentale as a new stimulant for use in ovitraps for Aedes surveillance and control, with the benefit of having an agreeable odor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aedes/anatomy & histology , Oviposition/drug effects , Plant Preparations/pharmacology , Anacardium , Poaceae , Solanum tuberosum
11.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 79(1): 35-39, Mar. 2007. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-445583

ABSTRACT

The effect of 2-tridecanone vapor on the cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus) development was determined. Seeds of cowpea were infested with adults and exposed to different doses of 2-tridecanone isolated from Pilocarpus microphyllus Stapf ex Holm, a plant species native from northeastern Brazil. The pure monoterpene was evaluated both undiluted as well as in the dilutions 1:10, 1:100 and 1:1,000 (v/v). The following parameters of the cowpea weevil life cycle were analyzed in response to decreasing doses of 2-tridecanone: number of eggs laid, percentage of egg hatching on seeds, percentage of adult emergence, adult weight at emergence, mean developmental time and number of adults emerged. Vapor of 2-tridecanone caused a significant (P < 0.05) reduction in the number of eggs laid, in the percentage of eggs hatched and in the number of emerged adults in infested seeds. The fumigant insecticidal effect of 2-tridecanone was mainly due to its ovicidal activity.


O efeito dos vapores da 2-tridecanona sobre o caruncho do feijão-de-corda (Callosobruchus maculatus) foi avaliado. Sementes de feijão-de-corda infestados com insetos adultos foram expostas a diferentes doses de 2-tridecanona isolada de Pilocarpus microphyllus, uma espécie nativa do Nordeste do Brasil. O monoterpeno puro foi utilizado nas diluições 1:10, 1:100 e 1:1000 (v/v). Os parâmetros da biologia do inseto foram analisados em função da resposta a doses decrescentes de 2-tridecanona: número de ovos postos por fêmea, percentagem de eclosão de ovos, percentagem de emergência de adultos, peso dos adultos recém-emergidos, tempo médio de desenvolvimento e número total de ovos emergidos. Diferenças significativas (P < 0.05) entre as doses de 2-tridecanona testadas foram observadas, para quatro dos seis parâmetros biológicos analisados. Os resultados obtidos indicaram que a 2-tridecanona é tóxica para C. maculatus, reduzindo significativamente (P < 0.05) o número de insetos emergidos após a infestação. Esse efeito foi causado principalmente pela significativa redução observada na eclosão dos ovos expostos ao vapor da substância.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Insecticides/administration & dosage , Ketones/administration & dosage , Phaseolus/parasitology , Pilocarpus/chemistry , Weevils , Insecticides/isolation & purification , Ketones/isolation & purification , Oviposition/drug effects
12.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36058

ABSTRACT

In this study we evaluated and reported repellent effects of essential oils from Thai plants against 4 mosquito vectors: Aedes aegypti, Ae. albopictus, Anopheles. dirus and Culex quinquefasciatus under laboratory conditions using human volunteers. The essential oils were extracted from 18 plant species, belonging to 11 families, and the oils were then prepared as 10% solution in absolute ethanol with additives. Two chemical repellents, deet and IR3535, were also prepared in the same formulation as the essential oil repellents and tested for repellency as controls. The essential oils were also evaluated for oviposition deterrent effects against Ae. aegypti under laboratory conditions. The results show night-biting mosquitoes (An. dirus and Cx. quinquefasciatus) and Ae. albopictus were more sensitive to all the essential oils (repellency 4.5 - 8 hours) than was Ae. aegypti (repellency 0.3 - 2.8 hours), whereas deet and IR3535 provided excellent repellency against all four mosquito species (repellency 6.7- 8 hours). All essential oils exhibited oviposition deterrent activity against Ae. aegypti with various degrees of repellency ranging from 16.6 to 94.7%, whereas deet and IR3535 had no repellency. The present study demonstrates the potential for using essential oils as mosquito repellents and oviposition deterrents. These findings may lead to new and more effective strategies for protection from and control of mosquitoes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aedes/drug effects , Animals , Culicidae/drug effects , DEET , Humans , Insect Repellents/pharmacology , Insect Vectors/drug effects , Middle Aged , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Oviposition/drug effects , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Propionates , Thailand
13.
Neotrop. entomol ; 35(2): 192-200, Mar. -Apr. 2006. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-431900

ABSTRACT

Avaliou-se a influência do nitrogênio no crescimento e nas características morfológicas e nutricionais de Passiflora suberosa L. e as conseqüências no desempenho larval e oviposição de Heliconius erato phyllis (Fabricius). Foram utilizados três níveis de nitrogênio no solo (tratamentos) para o cultivo de P. suberosa: 0, 150 e 300 mg L-1. Larvas recém-eclodidas foram criadas em laboratório (25 ± 1ºC), individualmente, em ramos das plantas cultivadas em cada tratamento e fêmeas capturadas em campo foram submetidas a testes de escolha para oviposição. A taxa de crescimento, a área foliar e o comprimento dos internódios de P. suberosa aumentaram significativamente com a adição de nitrogênio. A dureza das folhas jovens nas plantas cultivadas sem adição de nitrogênio foi maior, as quais também apresentaram menor conteúdo de água. Houve maior concentração de nitrogênio e potássio nas plantas cultivadas com a adição de nitrogênio no solo. A qualidade nutricional do alimento expressa pela maior concentração de nitrogênio e água, diminuiu o tempo de desenvolvimento larval e aumentou o tamanho dos adultos, embora não tenha afetado a sobrevivência de forma significativa. As fêmeas escolheram os ramos das plantas fertilizadas para oviposição, o que foi positivamente relacionado com desempenho das larvas. Isto poderia explicar a manutenção desse comportamento, bem como a escolha por ramos maiores, registrado em estudos anteriores.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lepidoptera/anatomy & histology , Lepidoptera/drug effects , Nitrogen/pharmacology , Oviposition/drug effects , Passiflora/drug effects , Passiflora/parasitology , Larva/drug effects
14.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-30801

ABSTRACT

Sublethal effect of hexaflumuron, an insect growth regulator (IGR), on the oviposition of three species of vector mosquitos. Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi was studied. Significant reduction in oviposition was observed in the females of the above three species derived from fourth instar larvae and pupae exposed to sublethal (EI5 and EI50) doses. The reduction in egg laying is proportional to the dose of exposure and was found to be about twice higher in females of three species exposed to EI50 dose than those exposed to EI5 dose. Among the three species exposed at larval and pupal stages, Ae. aegypti showed maximum reduction in egg laying (29.3-46.6%). Blood feeding was also reduced in females exposed to EI50 dose at larval stage and a positive correlation was demonstrated between the quantity of blood meal taken and the proportion of eggs laid. Significant reduction in the quantum of blood ingested by the treated females may be responsible for the reduced egg laying.


Subject(s)
Aedes/physiology , Animals , Anopheles/physiology , Benzamides/pharmacology , Culex/physiology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Feeding Behavior/drug effects , Female , Insect Vectors/classification , Insecticides/pharmacology , Mosquito Control/methods , Oviposition/drug effects , Phenylurea Compounds
15.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 1995 Oct; 33(10): 757-60
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-61563

ABSTRACT

Oviposition response of gravid P. papatasi females to conspecific eggs was studied in laboratory colonized sandflies. It was observed that significantly higher number of eggs were laid in the vicinity of conspecific eggs. However, a certain minimum number of eggs were required to be placed on the substratum to influence the rate of oviposition. The fecundity of females (mean = 56.5 +/- 4.9 eggs) exposed to conspecific eggs was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that of blank control group. Perhaps, the chemical substances/pheromone of egg origin stimulated the oviposition rate. In an attempt to isolate the active ingredient, solvent washing of the conspecific eggs were tested. No increase in the rate of oviposition was noticed when the test site was treated with distilled water extract, whereas, significantly larger number of eggs were laid at the site treated with di-ethyl ether extract. This indicated that the oviposition attractant associated with the eggs dissolved in the organic solvent, but not in water. The possible application of this attractant for wild sandflies in nature and for regulating the site of oviposition on the substratum in the laboratory colonized sandflies needs to be explored.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Oviposition/drug effects , Ovum/metabolism , Pheromones/pharmacology , Phlebotomus/physiology , Pregnancy , Stimulation, Chemical
16.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-111674

ABSTRACT

Biological activity of saturated diethers viz. 1-benzyloxy/phenoxy-8-alkoxy and 1-alkoxy-8-benzyloxy-3,7-dimethyl-1, 8-octanes (IIa-IIq) prepared from Geraniol, were studied on three mosquito species and the bug Dysdercus koenigii. These diethers exhibited oviposition deterrent and developmental inhibition activities of greater magnitudes than the compounds based on citronellol reported in Part I of this paper. Some of these new compounds inhibit development of mosquitoes at 0.05 ppm and deter oviposition at 0.05 per cent doses. Tests were extended to field simulated conditions in selected cases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Culicidae/classification , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Female , Insect Vectors/classification , Male , Octanes/pharmacology , Oviposition/drug effects , Phenyl Ethers/pharmacology , Terpenes/chemistry
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 23(6/7): 525-31, 1990. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-92197

ABSTRACT

1. Diets containing different amounts of an amino acid mixture were tested in terms of egg production and layings by Ceratitis capitata. The amino acid composition of the diet was identical to that of casein. The other components of the diet were: 1.0g agar, 0.8g of saalt mixture, 0.8 g of a vitamin mixture, 1.6g corn oil, 0.2g Tween 80,05 ml propionic acid, 90 ml distilled water and 0.5 ml of a 20% alcohol solution of nipagin. Diets containing 0.4, 0.8, 1.3, 1.6 and 2.0g of an amino acid mixture per 100 ml diet and an amino acid-free control diet were used. The diets were made isocaloric by adding 12.4, 12.0, 11.6, 11.2 and 10.8g sucrose, respectively. 2. The diet containing 1.2g amino acids proved to be the best, leading to 6.84 egg layings per female per day and to production of 7.72 eggs per female per day


Subject(s)
Animals , Amino Acids/administration & dosage , Diet , Diptera , Oviposition/drug effects
18.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-35906

ABSTRACT

Bisazir, at a 0.5% solution induced sterility in males and at a 1.5% solution in female A. dirus. These sterilizing doses reduced P. falciparum infection in mosquitoes, however, they can still transmit malaria. It is concluded that by the concentration of 1.5 and 2.0% that induced complete sterility in males and females are not safe in sterile-male release programme for the control of A. dirus, unless all females were eliminated prior to release.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Laboratory , Anopheles/drug effects , Aziridines/pharmacology , Azirines/pharmacology , Crosses, Genetic , Female , Fertility/drug effects , Male , Oviposition/drug effects , Plasmodium falciparum/growth & development , Pupa/drug effects
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