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1.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 109-116, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877177

ABSTRACT

@#Background and Objectives. Neuroprotection agents may help improve the outcomes of large vessel ischemic stroke. This study aims to explore the role of Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO), with its well-documented anti-oxidant properties, in neuroprotection after transient occlusion of the extracranial internal carotid artery in a rat model of stroke. Methods. Twenty-three Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into two groups: 1) control group (n=11) given distilled water, and 2) treatment group (n=12) given virgin coconut oil at 5.15 ml/kg body weight for seven days. Subsequently, the rats underwent transient right extracranial internal carotid artery occlusion (EICAO) for 5 minutes using non-traumatic aneurysm clips. At 4 and 24 hours after EICAO, the animals were examined for neurologic deficits by an observer blinded to treatment groups, then sacrificed. Eight brain specimens (4 from each group) were subjected to histopathologic examination (H & E staining) while the rest of the specimens were processed using triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining to determine infarct size and area of hemispheric edema. Results. VCO treatment significantly improved the severity of neurologic deficit (1.42 ± 2.31) compared to the control distilled water group (4.09 ± 2.59) 24 hours after EICAO. Whereas, infarct size and percent hemispheric edema did not significantly differ between the two groups. Conclusion. Prophylactic treatment of VCO is protective against EICAO-induced neurologic deficits in a rat model. VCO shows great potential as a neuroprotective agent for large vessel ischemic stroke. However, more studies are necessary to elucidate the neuroprotective mechanisms of VCO therapy in ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Palm Oil , Oxidants , Antioxidants , Neuroprotection , Ischemia , Stroke
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(4): 405-410, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132617

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound in the head or in the head in the absence of external sounds. The cause of tinnitus is still unknown. Objective We aimed to compare the serum levels of total oxidant status, total antioxidant status, serum prolidase enzyme activity and the oxidative stress index in patients with tinnitus to those of normal subjects. Methods Twenty five patients with tinnitus (mean age 34.3) and 25 healthy controls (mean age 37.2) were included in the study. Results Total oxidant status levels in the patient group were significantly higher than in the control group (p = 0.037). The mean total oxidant status value was 2.54 ± 0.95 mmoL/L in the patient group, and 2.06 ± 0.98 mmoL/L in the control group. The mean oxidative stress index level was 0.22 ± 0.10 AU in the patient group, while it was 0.17 ± 0.08 AU in the control group. Oxidative stress index was significantly higher in the patient group (0.026). There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of total antioxidant status values (p = 0.838). The mean serum prolidase enzyme activity level was 202.74 ± 33.56 U/L in the patient group and 175.46 ± 42.68 U/L in the control group. Serum prolidase enzyme activity levels in the patient group were significantly higher than in the control group (0.040). Conclusion We detected that the total oxidant status, oxidative stress index and serum prolidase enzyme activity levels were higher in patients with tinnitus when compared to the healthy controls. This finding suggests that oxidative stress index and serum prolidase enzyme activity may play a role in the etiopathogenesis of tinnitus.


Resumo Introdução O zumbido é definido como a percepção de um som na cabeça na ausência de sons externos. A causa do zumbido ainda é desconhecida. Objetivo Comparar os níveis séricos do estado oxidante total, estado antioxidante total, atividade da enzima prolidase sérica e o índice de estresse oxidativo em pacientes com zumbido e em indivíduos normais. Método Foram incluídos no estudo 25 pacientes com zumbido (média de 34,3 anos) e 25 controles saudáveis (média de 37,2 anos). Resultados Os níveis do estado oxidante total no grupo de pacientes foram significantemente maiores do que no grupo controle (p = 0,037). O valor médio do estado oxidante total foi de 2,54 ± 0,95 mmoL/L no grupo de pacientes e de 2,06 ± 0,98 mmoL/L no grupo controle. O nível médio de índice de estresse oxidativo foi de 0,22 ± 0,10 AU no grupo de pacientes, enquanto no grupo controle foi de 0,17 ± 0,08 AU. O índice de estresse oxidativo foi significantemente maior no grupo de pacientes (0,026). Não houve diferença significante entre os grupos em relação aos valores do estado antioxidante total (p = 0,838). O nível médio de atividade da enzima prolidase sérica foi de 202,74 ± 33,56 U/L no grupo de pacientes e de 175,46 ± 42,68 U/L no grupo controle. Os níveis de atividade da enzima prolidase sérica no grupo de pacientes foram significantemente maiores do que no grupo controle (0,040). Conclusão Detectamos que os níveis de estado oxidante total, índice de estresse oxidativo e atividade da enzima prolidase sérica foram maiores nos pacientes com zumbido quando comparados aos controles saudáveis. Esse achado sugere que o índice de estresse oxidativo e a atividade da enzima prolidase sérica podem desempenhar um papel na etiopatogenia do zumbido.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Tinnitus , Oxidative Stress , Oxidants , Dipeptidases , Antioxidants
3.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(1): 245-255, jan./feb. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049246

ABSTRACT

Paracetamol (PCM) overdose can cause hepatotoxicity with oxidative stress; the present study was carried out to establish the possible protective effect of olive leaves extract (OLE) on toxicity induced by paracetamol in adult male rats. Twenty four adult male rats were divided into four equal groups; control, olive leaves extract group, paracetamol group and olive leaves extract plus paracetamol group. Some biochemical parameters and liver histopathology were evaluated. PCM treatment significantly increased serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin, gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), urea, creatinine and alpha-fetoprotein. Paracetamol was found to significantly increase malonaldehyde (MDA) and decrease glutathione reductase (GR) activity in tissue and significantly decrease total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in serum. Administration of OLE caused a significant decrease serum AST, ALT enzyme, total bilirubin, GGT, LDH, creatinine, urea, alpha-fetoprotein. Also, amelioration of oxidant ­ antioxidant status with olive leaves extract was observed in addition to a significant decrease in MDA and a significant increase in TAC in liver tissue with a significant increase in glutathione reductase (GR) and SOD in serum compared to paracetamol treated group The chemical pathological changes were in step with histopathological observation suggesting marked hepatoprotective result of olive leaves extract. It could be concluded that olive leaves extract (OLE) treatment may be effective in decreasing hepatic injury and oxidative stress induced by paracetamol overdose in male albino rats


A sobredosagem de paracetamol (PCM) pode causar hepatotoxicidade com estresse oxidativo; o presente estudo foi realizado para estabelecer o possível efeito protetor do extrato de folhas de oliveira (OLE) na toxicidade induzida pelo paracetamol em ratos machos adultos. Vinte e quatro ratos machos adultos foram divididos em quatro grupos iguais: controle, grupo extrato de folhas de oliveira, grupo paracetamol e extrato de folhas de oliveira mais grupo paracetamol. Alguns parâmetros bioquímicos e histopatologia hepática foram avaliados. O tratamento com PCM aumentou significativamente aspartato aminotransferase sérica (AST), alanina aminotransferase (ALT), bilirrubina total, gama-glutamiltransferase (GGT), lactato desidrogenase (LDH), uréia, creatinina e alfa-fetoproteína. Verificou-se que o paracetamol aumenta significativamente o malonaldeído (MDA) e diminui a atividade da glutationa redutase (GR) no tecido e diminui significativamente a capacidade antioxidante total (TAC) e a superóxido dismutase (SOD) no soro. A administração de OLE causou uma diminuição significativa de AST, enzima ALT, bilirrubina total, GGT, LDH, creatinina, uréia, alfa-fetoproteína. Também foi observada melhora do status oxidante - antioxidante com extrato de folhas de oliveira, além de uma diminuição significativa no MDA e um aumento significativo no TAC no tecido hepático, com um aumento significativo na glutationa redutase (GR) e SOD no soro em comparação ao grupo tratado com paracetamol. As alterações patológicas químicas acompanharam a observação histopatológica, sugerindo resultado hepatoprotetor acentuado do extrato de folhas de oliveira. Pode-se concluir que o tratamento com extrato de folhas de oliveira (OLE) pode ser eficaz na diminuição da lesão hepática e do estresse oxidativo induzido pela overdose de paracetamol em ratos albinos machos


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Olea , Hepatoprotector Drugs , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/prevention & control , Acetaminophen/toxicity , Rats, Inbred Strains , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Random Allocation , Oxidants , Rats, Wistar , Plant Leaves , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Liver/pathology , Antioxidants/pharmacology
4.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 51(4): 371-380, dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057403

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cattle manure composting was performed in an aerated vessel. Community structure and diversity of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) were investigated using polymerase chain reaction and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) techniques targeting the ammonia monooxygenase alpha subunit (amoA) gene and the correlation between AOB and AOA communities and environmental factors was explored. Thirteen (13) AOB sequences were obtained, which were closely related to Nitrosomonas spp., Nitrosomonas eutropha, and Nitrosospira spp. and uncultured bacteria, among which Nitrosomonas spp. were predominant. Excessively high temperature and high ammonium concentration were not favorable for AOB growth. Five AOA sequences, belonging to Candidatus Nitrososphaera gargensis and to an uncultured archaeon, were obtained. During composting, community diversity of AOB and AOA fluctuated, with AOA showing a higher Shannon-Wiener index. The AOB community changed more dramatically in the mesophilic stage and the early thermophilic stage, whereas the most obvious AOA community succession occurred in the late thermophilic stage, the cooling stage and the maturity stage. Water content, total nitrogen (TN) and ammonium concentration were more relevant to the AOB community structure, while higher correlations were observed between ammonia, nitrate and TN and the AOA community. AOB community diversity was negatively correlated with pH (r = -0.938, p < 0.01) and water content (r = -0.765, p < 0.05), while positively correlated with TN (r = 0.894, p < 0.01). AOA community diversity was negatively correlated with ammonium concentration (r = -0.901, p < 0.01). Ammonium concentration played an important role in the succession of AOB and AOA communities during composting.


Resumen Se llevó a cabo un compostaje de estiércol de ganado en un recipiente aireado. Se investigó la estructura de la comunidad y la diversidad de bacterias oxidantes del amoníaco (AOB) y las arqueas oxidantes del amoníaco (AOA) mediante el uso de las técnicas de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa y la electroforesis en gel con gradiente de desnaturalización (PCR-DGGE) dirigidas al gen de la subunidad alfa de la amonio monooxigenasa (amoA), y se exploró la correlación entre las comunidades AOB, AOA y los factores ambientales. Se obtuvieron 13 secuencias de AOB, las cuales se relacionaron estrechamente con Nitrosomonas spp., Nitrosomonas eutropha y Nitrosospira spp., y bacterias no cultivadas, entre las cuales fueron predominantes las Nitrosomonas spp. La temperatura excesivamente alta y la concentración de amonio elevada no fueron favorables para el crecimiento de las AOB. Se obtuvieron 5 secuencias de AOA, pertenecientes a Candidatus Nitrososphaera gargensis y un Archaeon no cultivado. Durante el compostaje, la diversidad de AOB y AOA fluctuó y las AOA mostraron un índice de Shannon-Wiener más alto. La comunidad de AOB cambió significativamente en la etapa mesofílica y la etapa termofílica temprana, mientras que la sucesión más obvia de la comunidad AOA ocurrió en la etapa termofílica tardía y las etapas de enfriamiento y de maduración. El contenido de agua, el nitrógeno total (TN) y la concentración de amonio fueron más relevantes para la estructura de la comunidad AOB, mientras que se observaron correlaciones mayores entre amoníaco, nitrato y TN, y la comunidad AOA. La diversidad de la comunidad AOB se correlacionó negativamente con el pH (r= -0,938; p < 0,01) y el contenido de agua (r = -0,765; p < 0,05), mientras que se relacionó positivamente con TN (r = 0,894; p < 0,01). La diversidad de la comunidad AOA se correlacionó negativamente con la concentración de amonio (r = -0,901; p < 0,01). La concentración de amonio desempenó un papel importante en la sucesión de las comunidades AOB y AOA durante el compostaje.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/growth & development , Archaea/growth & development , Nitrification , Ammonium Compounds/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Oxidants/chemistry , Electrophoresis/methods , Manure/microbiology
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(4): 322-328, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019415

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: We examined the effect of intracameral administration of cefuroxime on oxidative stress and endothelial apoptosis in rat corneal tissue. METHODS: In total, 30 rats were divided into 3 groups of 10 rats each (intracameral administration of cefuroxime 0.1 mg/0.01 mL (cefuroxime group); intracameral administration of balanced salt solution 0.01 mL (control group); or absence of intracameral injection (sham group). Corneal endothelial apoptosis was assessed by immunohistochemical analysis using caspase-3 and caspase-8. Total oxidant status, total antioxidant status, oxidative stress index, and paraoxonase and arylesterase levels were examined in corneal endothelial tissue and serum. RESULTS: Paraoxonase levels in the serum were significantly different between the sham and cefuroxime groups (p=0.027). A significant difference was also observed in total oxidant status levels between the cefuroxime and balanced salt solution groups (p=0.023). In addition, there were significant differences in total antioxidant status levels in corneal tissue between the cefuroxime and sham groups (p<0.001) and between the cefuroxime and balanced salt solution groups (p<0.001). Furthermore, significant differences were also observed in oxidative stress index levels between the cefuroxime and balanced salt solution groups (p=0.001) and between the cefuroxime and sham groups (p=0.026). According to the immunohistochemical staining results, a significant association with caspase-3 activity existed between the cefuroxime and balanced salt solution groups (p=0.007), while no significant difference was found with caspase-8 activity (p=0.541). Caspase-3 activity exhibited a significant relationship between the sham and balanced salt solution groups (p=0.018), but no relationship was found with caspase-8 activity (p=0.623). CONCLUSION: Immunohistochemical examination revealed that intracameral cefuroxime increased apoptosis when compared to the sham and balanced salt solution groups. Moreover, intracameral cefuroxime increased oxidative stress in the cornea and simultaneously induced apoptosis.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Examinamos o efeito da administração intracameral da cefuroxima sobre o estresse oxidativo e a apoptose endotelial no tecido corneano de ratos. MÉTODOS: No total, 30 ratos foram divididos em 3 grupos de 10 ratos cada (administração intracameral de cefuroxima 0,1 mg/0,01 mL (grupo cefuroxima), administração intracameral de solução salina balanceada 0,01 mL (grupo controle) ou ausência de injeção intracameral (grupo sham)). A apoptose endotelial da córnea foi avaliada por análise imuno-histoquimica usando caspase-3 e -8. O status oxidante total, o status antioxidante total, o índice de estresse oxidativo e os níveis de a paraoxonase e arilesterase foram investigados no tecido endotelial da córnea e no soro. RESULTADOS: Os níveis de paraoxonase no soro foram significativamente diferentes entre os grupos sham e cefuroxima (p=0,027). Foi também observada uma diferença significativa nos níveis de estado oxidante total entre os grupos cefuroxima e solução salina balanceada (p=0,023). Além disso, houve diferenças significativas nos níveis de status antioxidante total no tecido da córnea entre os grupos cefuroxima e sham (p<0,001) e entre os grupos cefuroxima e solução salina balanceada (p<0,001). Diferenças significativas também foram observadas nos níveis do índice de estresse oxidativo entre os grupos cefuroxima e solução salina balanceada (p=0,001) e entre os grupos cefuroxima e sham (p=0,026). De acordo com os resultados de coloração imuno-histoquimica, houve associação significativa com a atividade da caspase-3 entre os grupos cefuroxima e solução salina balanceada (p=0,007), enquanto não houve diferença significativa com a atividade da caspase-8 (p=0,541). A atividade da caspase-3 exibiu uma relação significativa entre os grupos sham e solução salina balanceada (p=0,018), mas nenhuma relação foi encontrada com a atividade da caspase-8 (p=0,623). CONCLUSÃO: O exame imuno-histoquímico revelou que a cefuroxima intracameral aumentou a apoptose quando comparada com os grupos sham e solução salina balanceada. Além disso, a cefuroxima intracameral aumentou o estresse oxidativo na córnea e induziu simultaneamente a apoptose.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cefuroxime/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Cornea/drug effects , Cornea/metabolism , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Endothelium, Corneal/drug effects , Endothelium, Corneal/metabolism , Endothelium, Corneal/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Oxidants/blood , Rats, Wistar , Cornea/pathology , Aryldialkylphosphatase/analysis , Caspase 3/analysis , Caspase 8/analysis , Injections, Intraocular
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762830

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Microvascular anastomosis patency is adversely affected by local and systemic factors. Impaired intimal recovery and endothelial mechanisms promoting thrombus formation at the anastomotic site are common etiological factors of reduced anastomosis patency. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is a catechin derivative belonging to the flavonoid subgroup and is present in green tea (Camellia sinensis). This study investigated the effects of EGCG on the structure of vessel tips used in microvascular anastomoses and evaluated its effects on thrombus formation at an anastomotic site. METHODS: Thirty-six adult male Wistar albino rats were used in the study. The right femoral artery was cut and reanastomosed. The rats were divided into two groups (18 per group) and were systemically administered either EGCG or saline. Each group were then subdivided into three groups, each with six rats. Axial histological sections were taken from segments 1 cm proximal and 1 cm distal to the microvascular anastomosis site on days 5, 10, and 14. RESULTS: Thrombus formation was significantly different between the EGCG and control groups on day 5 (P=0.015) but not on days 10 or 14. The mean luminal diameter was significantly greater in the EGCG group on days 5 (P=0.002), 10 (P=0.026), and 14 (P=0.002). Intimal thickening was significantly higher on days 5 (P=0.041) and 10 (P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: EGCG showed vasodilatory effects and led to reduced early thrombus formation after microvascular repair. Similar studies on venous anastomoses and random or axial pedunculated skin flaps would also contribute valuable findings relevant to this topic.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Catechin , Femoral Artery , Humans , Male , Microsurgery , Oxidants , Phenobarbital , Rats , Skin , Tea , Thrombosis , Vasodilation
7.
Ashok AGARWAL; Neel PAREKH; Manesh-Kumar PANNER-SELVAM; Ralf HENKEL; Rupin SHAH; Sheryl-T HOMA; Ranjith RAMASAMY; Edmund KO; Kelton TREMELLEN; Sandro ESTEVES; Ahmad MAJZOUB; Juan-G ALVAREZ; David-K GARDNER; Channa-N JAYASENA; Jonathan-W RAMSAY; Chak-Lam CHO; Ramadan SALEH; Denny SAKKAS; James-M HOTALING; Scott-D LUNDY; Sarah VIJ; Joel MARMAR; Jaime GOSALVEZ; Edmund SABANEGH; Hyun-Jun PARK; Armand ZINI; Parviz KAVOUSSI; Sava MICIC; Ryan SMITH; Gian-Maria BUSETTO; Mustafa-Emre BAKIRCIOĞLU; Gerhard HAIDL; Giancarlo BALERCIA; Nicolás-Garrido PUCHALT; Moncef BEN-KHALIFA; Nicholas TADROS; Jackson KIRKMAN-BROWNE; Sergey MOSKOVTSEV; Xuefeng HUANG; Edson BORGES; Daniel FRANKEN; Natan BAR-CHAMA; Yoshiharu MORIMOTO; Kazuhisa TOMITA; Vasan-Satya SRINI; Willem OMBELET; Elisabetta BALDI; Monica MURATORI; Yasushi YUMURA; Sandro LA-VIGNERA; Raghavender KOSGI; Marlon-P MARTINEZ; Donald-P EVENSON; Daniel-Suslik ZYLBERSZTEJN; Matheus ROQUE; Marcello COCUZZA; Marcelo VIEIRA; Assaf BEN-MEIR; Raoul ORVIETO; Eliahu LEVITAS; Amir WISER; Mohamed ARAFA; Vineet MALHOTRA; Sijo-Joseph PAREKATTIL; Haitham ELBARDISI; Luiz CARVALHO; Rima DADA; Christophe SIFER; Pankaj TALWAR; Ahmet GUDELOGLU; Ahmed-M-A MAHMOUD; Khaled TERRAS; Chadi YAZBECK; Bojanic NEBOJSA; Damayanthi DURAIRAJANAYAGAM; Ajina MOUNIR; Linda-G KAHN; Saradha BASKARAN; Rishma-Dhillon PAI; Donatella PAOLI; Kristian LEISEGANG; Mohamed-Reza MOEIN; Sonia MALIK; Onder YAMAN; Luna SAMANTA; Fouad BAYANE; Sunil-K JINDAL; Muammer KENDIRCI; Baris ALTAY; Dragoljub PEROVIC; Avi HARLEV.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761886

ABSTRACT

Despite advances in the field of male reproductive health, idiopathic male infertility, in which a man has altered semen characteristics without an identifiable cause and there is no female factor infertility, remains a challenging condition to diagnose and manage. Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative stress (OS) plays an independent role in the etiology of male infertility, with 30% to 80% of infertile men having elevated seminal reactive oxygen species levels. OS can negatively affect fertility via a number of pathways, including interference with capacitation and possible damage to sperm membrane and DNA, which may impair the sperm's potential to fertilize an egg and develop into a healthy embryo. Adequate evaluation of male reproductive potential should therefore include an assessment of sperm OS. We propose the term Male Oxidative Stress Infertility, or MOSI, as a novel descriptor for infertile men with abnormal semen characteristics and OS, including many patients who were previously classified as having idiopathic male infertility. Oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) can be a useful clinical biomarker for the classification of MOSI, as it takes into account the levels of both oxidants and reductants (antioxidants). Current treatment protocols for OS, including the use of antioxidants, are not evidence-based and have the potential for complications and increased healthcare-related expenditures. Utilizing an easy, reproducible, and cost-effective test to measure ORP may provide a more targeted, reliable approach for administering antioxidant therapy while minimizing the risk of antioxidant overdose. With the increasing awareness and understanding of MOSI as a distinct male infertility diagnosis, future research endeavors can facilitate the development of evidence-based treatments that target its underlying cause.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Classification , Clinical Protocols , Diagnosis , DNA , Embryonic Structures , Female , Fertility , Health Expenditures , Humans , Infertility , Infertility, Male , Male , Membranes , Ovum , Oxidants , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Reducing Agents , Reproductive Health , Semen , Spermatozoa , Subject Headings
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764067

ABSTRACT

Glutathione (GSH) is a major antioxidant in cells, and plays vital roles in the cellular defense against oxidants and in the regulation of redox signals. In a previous report, we demonstrated that stem cell function is critically affected by heterogeneity and dynamic changes in cellular GSH concentration. Here, we present a detailed protocol for the monitoring of GSH concentration in living stem cells using FreSHtracer, a real-time GSH probe. We describe the steps involved in monitoring GSH concentration in single living stem cells using confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. These methods are simple, rapid, and quantitative, and able to demonstrate intracellular GSH concentration changes in real time. We also describe the application of FreSHtracer to the sorting of stem cells according to their GSH content using flow cytometry. Typically, microscopic or flow cytometric analyses of FreSHtracer and MitoFreSHtracer signals in living stem cells take ~2~3 h, and the fractionation of stem cells into subpopulations on the basis of cellular GSH levels takes 3~4.5 h. This method could be applied to almost every kind of mammalian cell with minor modifications to the protocol described here.


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Dyes , Glutathione , Methods , Microscopy, Confocal , Oxidants , Oxidation-Reduction , Population Characteristics , Stem Cells
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180108, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975873

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study aims to evaluate the clinical and biochemical (oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory mediators) effects of the gaseous ozone use accompanied by scaling and root planning (SRP) in periodontal treatment. Material and Methods: The study population consisted of 40 patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) randomly sorted into two groups of 20. The experimental group received SRP plus 3 watts gaseous ozone in two separate applications five days apart, whereas the control group received SRP plus placebo. Clinical periodontal parameters were assayed and saliva samples were taken before the initial and one month after the second treatment. Periodontal examination assessed plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing depth, and clinical attachment level (CAL). Total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), nitric oxide (NO), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), myeloperoxidase (MPO), glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) levels were evaluated from saliva samples. Results: Changes following treatment in PI, GI, probing depth, and CAL scores were similar for both groups (p>0.05). Of note, TGF-β levels were observed to be higher in the treatment group than in controls (p<0.05). Changes in 8-OHdG, TAS, TOS, NO, MPO, GSH and MDA levels, however, were not significantly different between groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that SRP plus gaseous ozone versus SRP alone does not correlate to a significant improvement in periodontal recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Oxidants, Photochemical/therapeutic use , Ozone/therapeutic use , Root Planing/methods , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Saliva/chemistry , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Reproducibility of Results , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Oxidants/antagonists & inhibitors , Peroxidase/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Deoxyguanosine/analysis , Deoxyguanosine/analogs & derivatives , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Glutathione/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Middle Aged , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1235-1240, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975689

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to search the effect of wheatgrass on the Total Antioxidan (TAS)-Oxidan Status (TOS) and DNA damage in rat with diabetes. The rats used in the study were randomly divided into 4 groups that each of has 10 rats: Control group; 1 ml single dose phosphate-citrate buffer injected i.p (pH: 4.5), Diabetes group; 45 mg/kg single dose streptozotocin injected i.p., Wheatgrass group; was given oral wheatgrass (10 ml/kg/day) for 6 weeks, Diabetes +Wheatgrass group; 45 mg/kg single dose streptozotocin injected i.p. and wheatgrass (10 ml/kg/day) was given by oral during 6 weeks. After the process of experiment during 6 weeks, blood sample and pancreas tissue were taken. The analysis were done of blood glucose levels, TAS, TOS levels by colorimetric kits; DNA damage by ELISA kits in serum. The pancreas tissues were examined histopathologically. In the group of Diabetes+Wheatgrass was determined that the levels of glucose levels (p<0.001), TOS (p<0.05) and OSI (p<0.01) statistically decreased and heal histopatolojical compared to diabetes group. In the group of Wheatgrass was determined that the levels of TAS p<0.05 statistically increased from other groups. The statistical significance were not found in the level of serum 8OHdG differences between the groups. The beta cells were seen to increase in the group receiving wheatgrass for therapeutic purposes.As a conclusion, it was determined that wheatgrass strengthened the anti-oxidant defense system and reduced the glucose level in diabetic rats.


El objetivo de este estudio fue buscar el efecto del pasto de trigo sobre el estado total de antioxidantes (TAS) -Oxidan Status (TOS) y el daño del ADN en ratas con diabetes. Las ratas analizadas en el estudio se dividieron aleatoriamente en 4 grupos de 10 ejemplares cada uno: grupo control; 1 ml de tampón fosfato-citrato de dosis única inyectado i.p. (pH: 4,5)., Grupo diabetes; 45 mg / kg de estreptozotocina en dosis única inyectada i.p., grupo pasto de trigo; se administró pasto de trigo oral (10 ml / kg / día) durante 6 semanas, grupo diabetes + pasto de trigo; 45 mg / kg de estreptozotocina en dosis única inyectada i.p. y pasto de trigo (10 ml / kg / día) por vía oral durante 6 semanas. Después del proceso experimental durante 6 semanas, se tomaron muestras de sangre y tejido de páncreas. Se midieron los niveles de glucosa en sangre, TAS, y TOS mediante kits colorimétricos; El daño al ADN fue realizado por kits de ELISA en suero. Los tejidos del páncreas se examinaron histopatológicamente. En el grupo de diabetes + pasto de trigo se determinó que los niveles de glucosa (p <0,001), TOS (p <0,05) y OSI (p <0,01) disminuyeron estadísticamente y curaron histopatológicamente en comparación con el grupo de diabetes. En el grupo de pasto de trigo se determinó que los niveles de TAS p <0,05 se incrementaron estadísticamente con respecto a otros grupos. No fue estadísticamente significativo el nivel de las diferencias séricas de 8OHdG entre los grupos. Se observó que las células beta aumentaron en el grupo que recibió pasto de trigo con fines terapéuticos. Como conclusión, se determinó que el pasto de trigo fortaleció el sistema de defensa antioxidante y redujo el nivel de glucosa en las ratas diabéticas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Triticum/chemistry , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Pancreas/drug effects , Blood Glucose/drug effects , DNA Damage/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Oxidants/blood , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Insulin-Secreting Cells/drug effects , Antioxidants/analysis
11.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 514-519, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714471

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic mood disorder characterized by recurrent episodes that has a lifetime prevalence of 0.4–5.5%. The neurochemical mechanism of BD is not fully understood. Oxidative stress in neurons causes lipid peroxidation in proteins associated with neuronal membranes and intracellular enzymes and it may lead to dysfunction in neurotransmitter reuptake and enzyme activities. These pathological processes are thought to occur in brain regions associated with affective functions and emotions in BD. The relationship between the number of manic episodes and total oxidant-antioxidant capacity was investigated in this study. METHODS: Eighty-two BD patients hospitalized due to manic symptoms and with no episodes of depression were enrolled in the study. Thirty of the 82 patients had had their first episode of mania, and the other 52 patients had had two or more manic episodes. The control group included 45 socio-demographically matched healthy individuals. Serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total oxidant capacity (TOC) measurements of the participants were performed. The oxidative stress index (OSI) was calculated by TOC/TAC. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in OSI scores between BD patients with first-episode mania and BD patients with more than one manic episode. However, OSI scores in both groups were significantly higher than in the control group. TOC levels of BD patients with first-episode mania were found to be significantly higher than TOC levels of BD patients with more than one manic episode and healthy controls. There were no significant differences in TAC levels between BD patients with first-episode mania and BD patients with more than one manic episode. TAC levels in both groups were significantly higher than in the control group. CONCLUSION: Significant changes in oxidative stress indicators were observed in this study, confirming previous studies. Increased levels of oxidants were shown with increased disease severity rather than with the number of manic episodes. Systematic studies, including of each period of the disorder, are needed for using the findings indicating deterioration of oxidative parameters.


Subject(s)
Bipolar Disorder , Brain , Depression , Humans , Lipid Peroxidation , Membranes , Mood Disorders , Neurons , Neurotransmitter Agents , Oxidants , Oxidative Stress , Pathologic Processes , Prevalence
12.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 101-109, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-722000

ABSTRACT

In-depth knowledge of disinfection and sterilization is a key component of infection control. Sterilization completely removes a spore, whereas disinfection cannot. Disinfectants are classified as oxidants and non-oxidants. The decision regarding which method to apply is based on Spaulding's classification. In this article, disinfection and sterilization are thoroughly reviewed, and extensive information from basic to practical points is discussed.


Subject(s)
Classification , Disinfectants , Disinfection , Infection Control , Methods , Oxidants , Spores , Sterilization
13.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 101-109, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-721495

ABSTRACT

In-depth knowledge of disinfection and sterilization is a key component of infection control. Sterilization completely removes a spore, whereas disinfection cannot. Disinfectants are classified as oxidants and non-oxidants. The decision regarding which method to apply is based on Spaulding's classification. In this article, disinfection and sterilization are thoroughly reviewed, and extensive information from basic to practical points is discussed.


Subject(s)
Classification , Disinfectants , Disinfection , Infection Control , Methods , Oxidants , Spores , Sterilization
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728618

ABSTRACT

Ursolic acid (UA) is a natural triterpene compound found in various fruits and vegetables. There is a growing interest in UA because of its beneficial effects, which include anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-apoptotic, and anti-carcinogenic effects. It exerts these effects in various tissues and organs: by suppressing nuclear factor-kappa B signaling in cancer cells, improving insulin signaling in adipose tissues, reducing the expression of markers of cardiac damage in the heart, decreasing inflammation and increasing the level of anti-oxidants in the brain, reducing apoptotic signaling and the level of oxidants in the liver, and reducing atrophy and increasing the expression levels of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase and irisin in skeletal muscles. Moreover, UA can be used as an alternative medicine for the treatment and prevention of cancer, obesity/diabetes, cardiovascular disease, brain disease, liver disease, and muscle wasting (sarcopenia). In this review, we have summarized recent data on the beneficial effects and possible uses of UA in health and disease managements.


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Anticarcinogenic Agents , Atrophy , Brain , Brain Diseases , Cardiovascular Diseases , Complementary Therapies , Disease Management , Fruit , Heart , Inflammation , Insulin , Liver , Liver Diseases , Muscle, Skeletal , Oxidants , Protein Kinases , Vegetables
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common anxiety disorder. Although lots of research done to reveal neurobiological basis of GAD, it is still unclear. Diagnosis of GAD depends on subjective complaints of patients, thus the need for a biological marker is constantly emerging. In this study, we aimed to investigate diagnostic value of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in GAD. METHODS: We evaluated MDA, SOD, and CAT levels in peripheral blood of 46 patients and 45 controls. MDA was measured with Ohkawa’s methods, SOD was measured with Fridovich method, and CAT was measured with Beutler’s method. RESULTS: MDA was significantly increased in patients than controls, medians 4.05 nmol/mg and 1.71 nmol/mg respectively, p < 0.001; SOD and CAT activity was significantly decreased in patients than controls, medians of SOD were 159.07 U/mg and 301.87 U/mg, p < 0.001 respectively, medians for CAT were 138.47 U/mg and 160.60 U/mg respectively. We found high correlation between Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale and SOD, MDA r values were 0.723 and 0.715 respectively, p < 0.001 for both. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed high diagnostic performance for MDA and SOD, low diagnostic performance for CAT, areas under curve were 1.0, 1.0, and 0.648 respectively. CONCLUSION: Our results reveal possible diagnostic value of MDA, less likely of SOD but not CAT. Future studies should investigate diagnostic value of oxidants and antioxidantn enzymes in larger samples and include diagnostic value of these parameters.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anxiety Disorders , Anxiety , Biomarkers , Catalase , Cats , Diagnosis , Humans , Malondialdehyde , Methods , Oxidants , Superoxide Dismutase , Superoxides
16.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(2): 125-132, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839198

ABSTRACT

Abstract Resistance to benznidazole in certain strains of Trypanosoma cruzi may be caused by the increased production of enzymes that act on the oxidative metabolism, such as mitochondrial tryparedoxin peroxidase which catalyses the reduction of peroxides. This work presents cytotoxicity assays performed with ferrocenyl diamine hydrochlorides in six different strains of T. cruzi epimastigote forms (Y, Bolivia, SI1, SI8, QMII, and SIGR3). The last four strains have been recently isolated from triatominae and mammalian host (domestic cat). The expression of mitochondrial tryparedoxin peroxidase was analyzed by the Western blotting technique using polyclonal antibody anti mitochondrial tryparedoxin peroxidase obtained from a rabbit immunized with the mitochondrial tryparedoxin peroxidase recombinant protein. All the tested ferrocenyl diamine hydrochlorides were more cytotoxic than benznidazole. The expression of the 25.5 kDa polypeptide of mitochondrial tryparedoxin peroxidase did not increase in strains that were more resistant to the ferrocenyl compounds (SI8 and SIGR3). In addition, a 58 kDa polypeptide was also recognized in all strains. Ferrocenyl diamine hydrochlorides showed trypanocidal activity and the expression of 25.5 kDa mitochondrial tryparedoxin peroxidase is not necessarily increased in some T. cruzi strains. Most likely, other mechanisms, in addition to the over expression of this antioxidative enzyme, should be involved in the escape of parasites from cytotoxic oxidant agents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Rabbits , Peroxidases/metabolism , Ferrous Compounds/pharmacology , Protozoan Proteins/metabolism , Oxidants/pharmacology , Diamines/pharmacology , Mitochondria/enzymology , Trypanosoma cruzi/drug effects , Trypanosoma cruzi/enzymology , Blotting, Western , Mitochondria/drug effects
17.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2017. 201p ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-849475

ABSTRACT

Neste trabalho, avaliou-se o potencial do uso de oxidantes quirais em oxidações enantiosseletivas de compostos orgânicos de boro. É de conhecimento geral que compostos orgânicos de boro, especialmente ésteres e ácidos borônicos são facilmente oxidados por hidroperóxidos em meio básico. No entanto, são escassos na literatura exemplos destas reações de modo enantiosseletivo. A fim de realizar as reações mencionadas, sintetizou-se os hidroperóxidos quirais TADOOH ({(4R,5R)-5-[(hidroperoxidifenil)metil]-2,2-dimetil-1,3-dioxolan-4il}difenilmetanol) e o hidroperóxido quiral derivado de carboidrato, 2,3-dideoxi1-O-oxidanil-4,6-di-O-pivaloil-α-D-eritro-hex-2-enopiranose (di-O-PivOOH). Estes compostos apresentaram resultados interessantes na literatura em oxidações enantiosseletiva de sulfetos orgânicos, em epoxidações de alcenos e em oxidações de Baeyer-Villiger. Inicialmente o potencial oxidativo de ambos hidroperóxidos, bem como a seletividade destes, foi avaliado frente a diversos ésteres borônicos, sendo que somente o TADOOH apresentou resultados promissores. (Ver esquema no PDF) Observou-se uma melhor seletividade do TADOOH frente a ésteres borônicos que possuíam grupos carbonílicos em sua estrutura. Ao submeter o ß-boronil-éster, 3-fenil-3-(4,4,5,5-tetrametil-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-il)propanoato de etila, à oxidação com o TADOOH em THF utilizando NaOH como base, a -30°C por 1 hora, obteve-se o respectivo álcool com 40% de e.e. Cálculos de DFT para o estado de transição na oxidação dos ésteres borônicos com o TADOOH foram realizados em colaboração com o grupo do Prof. Dr. Ataualpa Albert Carmo Braga. Estes cálculos demonstraram que o estado de transição é estabilizado por uma ligação de hidrogênio não clássica entre o oxigênio da carbonila e umas das ligações C-H dos grupos fenila do TADOOH. Além dos estudos relatados, a reconhecida metodologia de Sharpless na epoxidação assimétrica de alcoóis alílicos foi adaptada para a oxidação enantiosseletiva de ésteres borônicos. Ao trocar o ligante derivado de éster tártarico, normalmente utilizado nas epoxidações de Sharpless, por (-)-efedrina observou-se uma moderada seletividade deste sistema frente ao pinacol l-fenietilboronato. Investigações mais detalhadas demonstraram que a presença do Ti(IV) não era necessária, sendo que a (-)efedrina era a responsável pela ativação e indução quiral nesta reação.


In this work, it was investigated the potential use of chiral oxidants in organic boron compound oxidation. It is known in the literature, that organic boron compounds can be easily oxidized by hydroperoxides. However, an enantioselective approach in literature is scarce. In order to perform these reactions, hydroperoxide TADOOH ({(4R,5R)-5[(hydroperoxydiphenyl)methyl]-2,2-dimethyl-l,3-dioxolan-4-yl}diphenylmethanol) and carbohydrate derived hydroperoxide, 2,3-dideoxy-1-O-oxidanyl-4,6-di-O-pivaloyl-α-D-erythro-hex-2-enopyranose (di-O-PivOOH), have been synthesized. These compounds showed interesting results in several enantioselective oxidations, as like, organic sulfides oxidation, alkenes epoxidation and Baeyer-Villiger oxidations. The oxidative potential of both hydroperoxides, as well as their selectivity, were evaluated against several boronic esters. Only TADOOH has shown promissing results for further studies. (See Scheme on PDF). Boronic esters containing a carbonyl moiety showed better selectivities with TADOOH, for example, the reaction of ß-boronyl-ester, ethyl 3-phenyl-3-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)propanoate, gave the correponding alcohol with 40% e.e. DFT calculations for the transition state in the oxidation of the boronic esters with TADOOH were carried out in collaboration with the group of Prof. Dr. Ataualpa Albert Carmo Braga. These calculations have shown that the transition state is stabilized by a non-classical hydrogen bond between the carbonyl oxygen and one of the C-H bonds of the TADOOH phenyl groups. In addition to the studies, the well-known Sharpless protocol for asymmetric epoxidation of allylic alcohols was adapted in the enantioselective oxidation of boronic esters. By replacing the tartaric ester-derived, commonly used in the Sharpless experiments, for (-)-ephedrine moderate selectivity was observed with pinacol 1-phenylethyl boronate. Further investigations showed that the presence of Ti (IV) was not necessary, and (-)-ephedrine was responsible for the activation and chiral induction in this reaction.


Subject(s)
Esters , Organic Chemicals , Oxidants/chemical synthesis , Boron Compounds/chemistry , Kinetics
18.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017; 30 (6): 2109-2117
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189721

ABSTRACT

Oxidative stress is a common pathological condition associated with drug-induced hepatotoxicity. This study investigated Spondias mombin L. aqueous leaf extract on reactive oxygen species and acetaminophen-mediated oxidative onslaught in rats' hepatocytes. Hepatotoxic rats were orally administered with the extract and vitamin C for 4 weeks. The extract dose-dependently scavenged DPPH, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radicals, with ICso values of 0.13, 0.66, and 0.64 mg/mL, and corresponding % inhibitions of 89, 80, and 90%, respectively at 1.0 mg/mL. Ferric ion was also significantly reduced. The marked [p<0.05] increases in the activities of alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase were reduced following treatment with the extract. The extract also significantly [p<0.05] induced the activities of antioxidant enzymes. These inductions reversed the acetaminophen-erihanced reduction in the specific activities of these enzymes as well as attenuated the observed elevated concentrations of auto-oxidized products and rived DNA in the acetaminophen-intoxicated animals. The observed effects competed with those of vitamin C and are suggestive of hepatoprotective and antioxidative attributes of the extract. Overall, the data from the present findings suggest that S. Mombin aqueous leaf extract is capable of ameliorating acetaminophen-mediated oxidative hepatic damage via enhancement of antioxidant defense systems.


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Macromolecular Substances , Oxidants , Antioxidants , Acetaminophen , Oxidative Stress , Plant Extracts , Free Radicals , Rats , Liver/drug effects
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world and it has several adverse effects such as anxiety, panic reactions and psychotic symptoms. In this study, we aimed to evaluate oxidant, anti-oxidant status and cytokine levels in individuals with cannabis use disorder. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with cannabis use disorder and 34 healthy controls were enrolled to the study. Serum total antioxidant status, total oxidant status and cytokine levels were investigated in patients with cannabis use disorder and healthy controls. RESULTS: We found increased levels of total oxidant status, oxidative stress index and interleukin (IL) 1β, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α in individuals with cannabis dependency compared to healthy people. When we compared total antioxidant status, IL-12, and interferon (IFN) γ levels, there were no differences in both groups. There was positive correlation between IL-6 and total oxidant status, oxidative stress index levels. CONCLUSION: The oxidative balance of individuals with cannabis use disorder was impaired and they had higher levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α, which is a pro-inflammatory cytokine and indicates increased inflammation compared to healthy controls. Thus, these findings suggest that cannabis increased inflammation and impaired the oxidative balance.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Anxiety , Cannabis , Cytokines , Humans , Inflammation , Interferons , Interleukin-12 , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Interleukins , Oxidants , Oxidative Stress , Panic , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
20.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 163-170, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750106

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ozone is well known as an important component of ambient air pollutants. Ozone can aggravate respiratory symptoms in patients with bronchial asthma, but, not in healthy person. We hypothesized asthma itself may show different response to ozone compared to nonasthma. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the differences of response to ozone between normal and asthmatic mice model in terms of status of oxidant injury and antioxidant activity. METHODS: Three parts per million of ozone was exposed to ovalbumin (OVA)-induced murine asthma model for 3 hours at 3, 7, 14, 21 days after completion of asthma model. Airway responsiveness to methacholine was measured after completion of asthma model. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), protein extraction from lung for Western blot and immunohistochemistry of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), NF-E2 related factor 2 (Nrf-2), and activity of glutathione were performed at before and each ozone exposure day. RESULTS: Airway hyper-responsiveness and increased eosinophils in BAL fluid were observed in asthma model. In asthma model, the expression of 4-HNE already more increased at baseline (without ozone) compared to those in sham model. This increased expression is more enhanced at 3 days after ozone exposure. The expression of PCNA was significantly increased in OVA-model compared to those in sham model. The expression of Nrf-2 was observed at baseline, and 3 and 7 days after exposure ozone in asthma model, but not in sham model. The activity of glutathione increased significantly after exposure of ozone, but not in sham model. CONCLUSION: Murine asthma model has enhanced oxygen toxicity and antioxidant activity response to ozone.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , Animals , Antioxidants , Asthma , Blotting, Western , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Eosinophils , Glutathione , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lung , Methacholine Chloride , Mice , Ovalbumin , Oxidants , Oxygen , Ozone , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Respiratory Hypersensitivity
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