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1.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 88-93, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of pulpotomy with two kinds of calcium silicate materials, and to evaluate the formation of dentin bridge and pulp calcification after pulpotomy of adult permanent teeth.@*METHODS@#Patients who visited the General Department of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from November 2017 to September 2019 and planned for pulpotomy on permanent premolars and molars with carious exposed pulp were selected. They were randomly divided into two groups. Bioceramic putty material iRoot BP (iRoot group, n=22) and mineral trioxide aggregate MTA (MTA group, n=21) were used as pulp capping agents, respectively. The patients were recalled after one year and two years. The clinical efficacy, dentin bridge index (DBI) and pulp calcification index (PCI) were recorded. Blinding method was used for the patients and evaluators.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in gender, mean age, dentition and tooth position between the two groups (P>0.05). Seven cases were lost during the first year (4 cases in iRoot group and 3 cases in MTA group). In the iRoot group, 1 case had transient sensitivity at the time of 1-year follow-up. The cure rate of the two groups was 100% at the time of 2-year follow-up. The proportion of dentin bridge formation was 38.9% one year after operation, 55.6% two years after operation. The proportion of partial or even complete disappearance of root canal image was 5.6% before operation, 38.9% and 55.6% one and two years after operation, respectively. The difference was statistically significant by rank sum test (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in dentin bridge formation and pulp calcification between the two groups (P < 0.05). DBI and PCI after operation was as the same as those before operation (44.4% cases of DBI and 25% cases of PCI) or gradually increased (55.6% cases of DBI and 75% cases of PCI). Spearman's nonparametric correlation analysis showed that age was positively correlated with preoperative pulp calcification index (PCI0, P < 0.05), but not with the dentin bridge index (DBI1, DBI2), pulp calcification index (PCI1, PCI2) and the degree of change (DBI2 vs. DBI1, PCI1 vs. PCI0, PCI2 vs. PCI0) 1-year and 2-year after operation (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#According to this study, good clinical effects were obtained within 2-year after pulpotomy of adult permanent teeth with MTA and iRoot. In some cases, the root canal system had a tendency of calcification aggravation, and there was no statistical difference in the development of this trend between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Pulpotomy/methods , X-Rays , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Dentition, Permanent , Molar/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Silicates/therapeutic use , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Oxides , Drug Combinations , Dental Pulp Capping
2.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 522-528, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981571

ABSTRACT

The bionic optic nerve can mimic human visual physiology and is a future treatment for visual disorders. Photosynaptic devices could respond to light stimuli and mimic normal optic nerve function. By modifying (Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythio-phene):poly (styrenesulfonate)) active layers with all-inorganic perovskite quantum dots, with an aqueous solution as the dielectric layer in this paper, we developed a photosynaptic device based on an organic electrochemical transistor (OECT). The optical switching response time of OECT was 3.7 s. To improve the optical response of the device, a 365 nm, 300 mW·cm -2 UV light source was used. Basic synaptic behaviors such as postsynaptic currents (0.225 mA) at a light pulse duration of 4 s and double pulse facilitation at a light pulse duration of 1 s and pulse interval of 1 s were simulated. By changing the way light stimulates, for example, by adjusting the intensity of the light pulses from 180 to 540 mW·cm -2, the duration from 1 to 20 s, and the number of light pulses from 1 to 20, the postsynaptic currents were increased by 0.350 mA, 0.420 mA, and 0.466 mA, respectively. As such, we realized the effective shift from short-term synaptic plasticity (100 s recovery of initial value) to long-term synaptic plasticity (84.3% of 250 s decay maximum). This optical synapse has a high potential for simulating the human optic nerve.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quantum Dots , Bionics , Oxides , Optic Nerve
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1462-1476, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981148

ABSTRACT

Antibiotics are playing an increasingly important role in clinical antibacterial applications. However, their abuse has also brought toxic and side effects, drug-resistant pathogens, decreased immunity and other problems. New antibacterial schemes in clinic are urgently needed. In recent years, nano-metals and their oxides have attracted wide attention due to their broad-spectrum antibacterial activity. Nano-silver, nano-copper, nano-zinc and their oxides are gradually applied in biomedical field. In this study, the classification and basic properties of nano-metallic materials such as conductivity, superplasticity, catalysis, and antibacterial activities were firstly introduced. Secondly, the common preparation techniques, including physical, chemical and biological methods, were summarized. Subsequently, four main antibacterial mechanisms, such as cell membrane, oxidative stress, DNA destruction and cell respiration reduction, were summarized. Finally, the effect of size, shape, concentration and surface chemical characteristics of nano-metals and their oxides on antibacterial effectiveness and the research status of biological safety such as cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and reproductive toxicity were reviewed. At present, although nano-metals and their oxides have been applied in medical antibacterial, cancer treatment and other clinical fields, some issues such as the development of green preparation technology, the understanding of antibacterial mechanism, the improvement of biosafety, and the expansion of application fields, require further exploration.


Subject(s)
Oxides/chemistry , Metal Nanoparticles/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry , Zinc , Copper
4.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 165-174, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to investigate the effect of new biomimetic micro/nano surfaces on the osteoclastic differentiation of RAW264.7 macrophages by simulating natural osteons for the design of concentric circular structures and modifying graphene oxide (GO).@*METHODS@#The groups were divided into smooth titanium surface group (SS), concentric microgrooved titanium surface group (CMS), and microgroove modified with GO group (GO-CMS). The physicochemical properties of the material surfaces were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), contact-angle measurement, atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, and Raman spectroscopy. The effect of the modified material surface on the cell biological behavior of RAW264.7 was investigated by cell-activity assay, SEM, and laser confocal microscopy. The effect on the osteoclastic differentiation of macrophages was investiga-ted by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) immunofluorescence staining and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) experiments.@*RESULTS@#Macrophages were arranged in concentric circles along the microgrooves, and after modification with GO, the oxygen-containing groups on the surface of the material increased and hydrophilicity increased. Osteoclasts in the GO-CMS group were small in size and number and had the lowest TRAP expression. Although it promoted the proliferation of macrophages in the GO-CMS group, the expression of osteoclastic differentiation-related genes was lower than that in the SS group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Concentric circular microgrooves restricted the fusion of osteoclasts and the formation of sealing zones. Osteomimetic concentric microgrooves modified with GO inhibited the osteoclastic differentiation of RAW 264.7 macrophages.


Subject(s)
Graphite/pharmacology , Titanium/pharmacology , Haversian System , Macrophages , Cell Differentiation , Oxides/pharmacology , Surface Properties
5.
São Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 42-55, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357468

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Maintenance of oral microbiota balance is the simplest way to prevent infectious oral diseases, through controlling dental biofilm. Combined use of mouthwash and mechanical removal has been shown to be a very effective way for this. OBJECTIVES: To identify clinical studies comparing the antimicrobial effect and possible adverse effects and/or side effects of chlorhexidine-based mouthwashes with those of mouthwashes containing chlorine dioxide and/or polyhexanide, for controlling oral microbiota. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review designed by the stomatology sector of postgraduation in applied dental sciences of Bauru Dentistry School, University of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using online databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Science Direct) up to April 8, 2020. The search was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. RESULTS: The studies included comprised eight articles published between 2001 and 2017. A total of 295 young adults, adults and elderly people were evaluated (males 44.75% and females 55.25%). Three articles compared polyhexanide with chlorhexidine and five articles compared chlorine dioxide with chlorhexidine. No studies comparing all three mouthwashes were found. The concentrations of the study solutions were quite varied, and all rinses had an antimicrobial effect. In four studies, it was stated that no side effects or adverse effects had been found. Three studies did not address these results and only one study addressed side effects and/or adverse effects. CONCLUSION: Mouthwashes containing chlorine dioxide and polyhexanide are viable alternatives to chlorhexidine, since they reduce oral biofilm and have little or no reported side or adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chlorhexidine/adverse effects , Chlorine Compounds/pharmacology , Oxides , Biguanides/pharmacology
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 113-118, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical characteristics and effectiveness of pulpotomy in mature permanent teeth with bioceramic putty repairmen iRoot and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA).@*METHODS@#Pulpotomy was performed on mature permanent premolars and molars with carious exposures at the Department of General Dentistry of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, from November 2017 to September 2019. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, Group iRoot (n=22) and Group MTA (n=21). In Group iRoot, bioceramic putty repairmen iRoot was used as pulp capping agent, while in Group MTA, mineral trioxide aggregate was used as pulp capping agent. All the patients had signed informed consent forms. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by clinical examinations (temperature and electrical activity test) and imaging examinations 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Blinding was used for the patients and evaluators, but due to the obvious differences in the properties of the two pulp capping agents, the blinding method was not used for the treatment provider (the attending physician).@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in gender, average age, dentition and tooth position distribution between the two groups (P>0.05). In the study, 7 cases were lost to follow-up 12 months after operation (4 cases in Group iRoot, and 3 cases in Group MTA). One case in each of the two groups had transient sensitivity at the end of the 3-month follow-up, and the pulp vitality was normal at the end of the 6-month follow-up. One case in Group iRoot showed sensitivity at the end of the 12-month follow-up. The success rates of the two groups at the end of 12-month follow-up were 100%, and the cure rates were 94.4% (Group iRoot) and 100% (Group MTA), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). No cases in Group iRoot had obvious crown discoloration, while 3 cases in Group MTA had.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical characteristics and effectiveness of pulpotomy in mature permanent teeth with bioceramic putty repairmen iRoot were similar with MTA. Bioceramic putty repairmen iRoot is an acceptable material when used in pulpotomy of mature permanent teeth. Because it is not easy to cause tooth discoloration after treatment and is convenient to operate, bioceramic putty repairmen iRoot has a better clinical application prospect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Oxides/therapeutic use , Pulpotomy , Silicates/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 65-74, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345502

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the effect of three commercial calcium silicate-based materials (CSBM) on cytotoxicity and pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines production in cultured human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). Culture of hPDLSCs was established and characterized. Extracts of Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) and PBS Cimmo HP (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brazil) were prepared by placing cement specimens (5 x 3 mm) in culture medium. Then, the extracts were serially two-fold diluted (1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:16) and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h for MTT assays. TNF-α and IL-10 cytokines were quantified by ELISA at 24h-cell supernatants. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). All CSBM exhibited some cytotoxicity that varied according to extract concentration and time of evaluation. MTA Fillapex presented the highest cytotoxic effects with significant reduction of metabolic activity/cell viability when compared to Bio-C Sealer and Cimmo HP®. TNF-α was significantly upregulated by the three tested cements (p < 0.05) while only MTA Fillapex significantly upregulated IL-10 in comparison to control. Taken collectively, the results showed that PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer and MTA Fillapex present mild and transient cytotoxicity and slightly induced TNF-α production. MTA Fillapex upregulated IL-10 release by hPDLSCs.


Resumo Este estudo investigou o efeito de três materiais comerciais à base de silicato de cálcio (CSBM) na citotoxicidade e na produção de citocinas pró e antiinflamatórias em células-tronco do ligamento periodontal humano (hPDLSCs). Cultura de hPDLSCs foi estabelecida e caracterizada. Extratos de Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil) e PBS Cimmo HP® (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brasil) foram preparados com a colocação de espécimes dos cimentos (5 x 3 mm) em meio de cultura. Em seguida, os extratos foram diluídos (1, 1: 2, 1: 4, 1: 8, 1:16) e inseridos nos poços semeados de células para ensaio de citotoxicidade por meio de MTT por 24, 48 e 72 h. As citocinas TNF-α e IL-10 foram quantificadas por ELISA em sobrenadantes de células de 24 h. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Todos os CSBM exibiram alguma citotoxicidade que variou de acordo com a concentração do extrato e o tempo de avaliação. O MTA Fillapex apresentou os maiores efeitos citotóxicos com redução significativa da atividade metabólica / viabilidade celular quando comparado ao Bio-C Sealer e Cimmo HP®. O TNF-α foi regulado positivamente pelos três cimentos testados (p <0,05), enquanto apenas o MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 em comparação com o controle. Tomados em conjunto, os resultados mostraram que PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer e MTA Fillapex apresentam citotoxicidade leve e transitória e induziram a produção de TNF-α. O MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 por hPDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Root Canal Filling Materials/adverse effects , Stem Cells/drug effects , Silicates/adverse effects , Calcium Compounds/adverse effects , Oxides , Materials Testing , Cytokines/metabolism , Aluminum Compounds
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 21-31, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345507

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study assessed the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth reinforced with calcium aluminate cement (CAC) or mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) containing calcium carbonate nanoparticles (nano-CaCO3). The microstructural arrangement of the cements and their chemical constitution were also evaluated. Forty-eight canines simulating immature teeth were distributed into 6 groups (n=8): Negative control - no apical plug or root canal filling; CAC - apical plug with CAC; CAC/nano-CaCO3 - apical plug with CAC+5% nano-CaCO3; MTA - apical plug with MTA; MTA/nano-CaCO3 - apical plug with MTA+5% nano-CaCO3; and Positive control - root canal filling with MTA. The fracture resistance was evaluated in a universal testing machine. Samples of the cements were analyzed under Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to determine their microstructural arrangement. Chemical analysis of the cements was performed by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). The fracture resistance of CAC/nano-CaCO3 was significantly higher than the negative control (p<0.05). There was no significant difference among the other groups (p>0.05). Both cements had a more regular microstructure with the addition of nano-CaCO3. MTA samples had more calcium available in soluble forms than CAC. The addition of nano-CaCO3 to CAC increased the fracture resistance of teeth in comparison with the non-reinforced teeth. The microstructure of both cements containing nano-CaCO3 was similar, with a more homogeneous distribution of lamellar- and prismatic-shaped crystals. MTA had more calcium available in soluble forms than CAC.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a resistência à fratura de dentes imaturos simulados reforçados com cimento de aluminato de cálcio (CAC) ou trióxido agregado mineral (MTA) contendo nanopartículas de carbonato de cálcio (nano-CaCO3). O arranjo microestrutural dos cimentos e sua constituição química também foram avaliados. Quarenta e oito caninos simulando dentes imaturos foram distribuídos em 6 grupos (n=8): Controle negativo - sem plug apical ou obturação do canal radicular; CAC - plug apical com CAC; CAC/nano-CaCO3 - plug apical com CAC + 5% nano-CaCO3; MTA - plug apical com MTA; MTA/nano-CaCO3 - plug apical com MTA + 5% nano-CaCO3; e Controle positivo - obturação dos canais radiculares com MTA. A resistência à fratura foi avaliada em máquina universal de ensaios. Amostras dos cimentos foram analisadas em Microscópio Eletrônico de Varredura (MEV) para determinar seu arranjo microestrutural. A análise química dos cimentos foi realizada por Espectroscopia de Energia Dispersiva de Raio-X (EDS). A resistência à fratura de CAC/nano-CaCO3 foi significativamente maior do que o controle negativo (p<0,05). Não houve diferença significativa entre os outros grupos (p>0,05). Ambos os cimentos apresentaram microestrutura mais regular com a adição de nano-CaCO3. As amostras de MTA apresentaram mais cálcio disponível em formas solúveis do que CAC. A adição de nano-CaCO3 ao CAC aumentou a resistência à fratura dos dentes em comparação aos dentes não reforçados. A microestrutura de ambos os cimentos contendo nano-CaCO3 foi semelhante, com uma distribuição mais homogênea de cristais de formato lamelar e prismático. MTA apresentou mais cálcio disponível nas formas solúveis do que CAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tooth Fractures , Oxides , Root Canal Obturation , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Tooth Apex , Dental Cements , Drug Combinations
9.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(2): 1-9, abr. 30, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381731

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the cytotoxicity and effects of graphene oxide (GO) on cellular proliferation of gingival-fibroblasts, pulp-dental cells and human osteoblasts in culture, and to determine the physical, mechanical and biological properties of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) enriched with GO. Material and Methods: The GO was characterized with SEM. Cytotoxicity and cell proliferation were determined by the MTT bioassay. The physical mechanical tests (flexural strength and elastic modulus) were carried out with a universal testing machine. Sorption and solubility were determined by weighing before and after drying and immersion in water. Porosity was evaluated by visual inspection. Data were analyzed with Student's t-test and Tukey's posthoc ANOVA. Results: The GO has a heterogeneous morphology and a particle size of 66.67±64.76 µm. GO has a slight to no-cytotoxicity (>50-75% viability) at 1-30 days, and at 24 hours incubation of PMMA with GO significantly stimulates osteoblasts (45±8%, p<0.01). The physical and mechanical properties of PMMA with GO increase considerably without altering sorption, solubility and porosity. Conclusion: GO alone or with PMMA has an acceptable biocompatibility, could contribute to cell proliferation, cell regeneration and improve the physical mechanical properties of PMMA.


Objective: To determine the cytotoxicity and effects of graphene oxide (GO) on cellular proliferation of gingival-fibroblasts, pulpdental cells and human osteoblasts in culture, and to determine the physical, mechanical and biological properties of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) enriched with GO. Material and Methods: T he G O w as c haracterized with SEM. Cytotoxicity and cell proliferation were determined by the MTT bioassay. The physical-mechanical tests (flexural strength and elastic modulus) were carried out with a universal testing machine. Sorption and solubility were determined by weighing before and after drying and immersion in water. Porosity was evaluated by visual inspection. Data were analyzed with Student's t-test and Tukey's post-hoc ANOVA. Results: The GO has a heterogeneous morphology and a particle size of 66.67±64.76 ?m. GO has a slight to no-cytotoxicity (>50-75% viability) at 1-30 days, and at 24 hours incubation of PMMA with GO significantly stimulates osteoblasts (45±8%, p<0.01). The physical and mechanical properties of PMMA with GO increase considerably without altering sorption, solubility and porosity. Conclusion: GO alone or with PMMA has an acceptable biocompatibility, could contribute to cell proliferation, cell regeneration and improve the physical-mechanical properties of PMMA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials , Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Graphite/chemistry , Osteoblasts , Oxides , Regeneration , Biological Assay , Cell Proliferation , Flexural Strength
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 53-58, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180728

ABSTRACT

Abstract The endodontic revascularization may be an alternative treatment for necrotic immature teeth, however, several treatment steps may cause tooth discoloration. This study evaluated the use of three calcium silicate-based cements with different radiopacifying agents on the color alteration (∆E) of extracted premolars after simulation of revascularization. Forty single rooted extracted premolars were shaped with #1-6 gates Glidden drills, rinsed with sodium hypochlorite, and filled with fresh human blood. Three calcium silicate-based cements with different radiopacifying agents (bismuth oxide - CSBi, calcium tungstate - CSW, and zirconium oxide - CSZr) were applied over the blood clot (n=10). The control group received the application of a temporary zinc oxide-based cement (TFZn) (n=10). ∆E was measured with a spectrophotometer, using the L*a*b* color system of the International Commission on Illumination (CIELab), in different times: prior to the preparation of the access cavity (t0); right after treatment (t1); and after one (t2), two (t3), three (t4) and four (t5) months. The tooth site for color evaluation was standardized by silicon matrix, the color reading was performed 3 times per tooth, and the teeth were stored in 37º water between evaluations. ∆E, whiteness (WID index) and yellowness (b*) were evaluated. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA and repeated measures ANOVA, followed by Tukey's post hoc test (α=0.05). All groups were similar in ∆E1 (t0-t1). The ∆E was the lowest and constant in the control group. In all evaluation times, CSBi presented the highest ∆E (p<0.01). CSW and CSZr were similar in all evaluated times and presented intermediate ∆E values. WID index from CSBi and CSW presented more distancing from 'white' reference. CSBi presented the greatest decrease in yellowness (b* value). The cement containing bismuth oxide presented the highest color alteration values. All tested calcium silicate-based cements presented clinically perceptible discoloration. Calcium tungstate and zirconium oxide may be used as alternative radiopacifiers to decrease tooth discoloration after endodontic tooth revascularization.


Resumo A revascularização endodôntica pode ser um tratamento alternativo para dentes imaturos necrosados, porém, várias etapas do tratamento podem causar alteração de cor dental. Este estudo avaliou o uso de três cimentos a base de silicato de cálcio com diferentes agentes radiopacificadores na alteração de cor (∆E) de pré-molares extraídos após a simulação de revascularização. Quarenta pré-molares unirradiculares extraídos foram conformados com brocas gates glidden #1-6, irrigados com hipoclorito de sódio, e preenchidos com sangue humano fresco. Três cimentos a base de silicato de cálcio com diferentes agentes radiopacificadores (óxido de bismuto - CSBi, tungstato de cálcio - CSW, e óxido de zircônio - CSZr) foram aplicados sobre o coágulo sanguíneo (n=10). O grupo controle recebeu a aplicação de um cimento temporário a base de óxido de zinco (TFZn) (n=10). ∆E foi medida com um espectrofotômetro, utilizando o sistema de cor L*a*b* da International Commission on Illumination (CIELab), em tempos diferentes: previamente ao preparo da cavidade de acesso (t0); logo após o tratamento (t1); e após um (t2), dois (t3), três (t4) e quatro (t5) meses. O local do dente para a avaliação de cor foi padronizado por uma matriz de silicone, a leitura da cor foi realizada 3 vezes por dente, e os dentes foram armazenados em água a 37ºC entre as avaliações. ∆E, 'clareamento' (índice WID) e tom amarelado (b*) foram avaliados. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste de ANOVA um fator e teste ANOVA de medidas repetidas, seguidos pelo teste post hoc de Tukey (α=0,05). Todos os grupos foram semelhantes em ∆E1 (t0-t1). A ∆E foi menor e constante no grupo controle. Em todos os tempos de avaliação, CSBi apresentou os maiores valores de ∆E (p<0.01). CSW e CSZr foram semelhantes em todos os tempos avaliados e apresentaram valores intermediários de ∆E. O índice WID de CSBi e CSW se distanciaram mais da referência 'branco'. CSBi apresentou maior diminuição no tom amarelado (valor de b*) os outros grupos. O cimento contendo óxido de bismuto apresentou os maiores valores de alteração de cor. Todos os cimentos testados apresentaram alteração de cor clinicamente perceptível. O tungstato de cálcio e óxido de zircônio podem ser usados como radiopacificares alternativos para a diminuição da alteração de cor dental após o processo de revascularização endodontica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tooth Discoloration , Oxides , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Dental Cements , Drug Combinations
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 42-47, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180727

ABSTRACT

Abstract New methodologies using micro-CT to evaluate solubility besides dimensional and morphological changes of endodontic materials are proposed. However, there is no standardization in the methods. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different dimensions of test samples on volumetric change evaluation of different endodontic materials. AH Plus, FillCanal and Sealapex root canal sealers, Biodentine, IRM and MTA root-end filling cements were used in the tests. Samples of each material with a thickness of 1.5 mm and different diameters were manufactured: 6.3, 7.75, and 9.0 mm. The samples were scanned in micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) after setting and after 7 days of immersion in distilled water. The volumetric change was evaluated by means of the difference in the total volume of the specimens before and after immersion. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests (p<0.05). The size of the samples did not affect the percentage of volumetric change of the materials (p>0.05). All sample sizes had greater volume loss for Sealapex among the sealers and Biodentine for the cements (p<0.05). In conclusion, Biodentine and Sealapex had the highest volume loss after immersion. Samples with 1.5 mm thickness, and diameters ranging between 6.3 and 9.0 mm can be used to assess the stability of endodontic materials using micro-CT without affecting the percentage of volumetric change.


Resumo Novas metodologias utilizando micro-CT são propostas para avaliar a solubilidade além de alterações dimensionais e morfológicas em materiais endodônticos. No entanto, não há padronização nos métodos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes dimensões de corpos de prova na avaliação da alteração volumétrica de diferentes materiais endodônticos. Os cimentos obturadores AH Plus, FillCanal e Sealapex e os cimentos retrobturadores Biodentine, IRM e MTA foram utilizados nos testes. Foram confeccionadas amostras de cada material com espessura de 1.5 mm e diâmetros diferentes: 6.3, 7.75 e 9.0 mm. As amostras foram escaneadas em microtomografia computadorizada (micro-CT) após a presa e após 7 dias de imersão em água destilada. A alteração volumétrica foi avaliada por meio da diferença no volume total dos corpos de prova antes e após a imersão. Os dados foram submetidos aos testes ANOVA e Tukey (p<0,05). A dimensão das amostras não afetou o percentual de alteração volumétrica dos materiais (p>0,05). Todos os diâmetros de amostra mostraram maior perda de volume para Sealapex entre os cimentos obturadores e Biodentine entre os cimentos retrobturadores (p<0,05). Como conclusão, Biodentine e Sealapex mostraram a maior perda volumétrica após a imersão. Amostras com 1.5 mm de espessura e diâmetros variando entre 6.3 e 9.0 mm podem ser usadas para avaliação da estabilidade de materiais endodônticos utilizando micro-CT, sem influenciar no percentual de alteração volumétrica.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Oxides , Root Canal Obturation , Materials Testing , Calcium Compounds , Drug Combinations , Epoxy Resins , X-Ray Microtomography
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e077, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278594

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the physicochemical, biological, and antimicrobial properties of a new hydraulic calcium silicate-based modified material, and compared it with MTA Repair HP and MTA Angelus. The materials were assessed regarding color luminosity (L), color change, radiopacity, setting time, and ISO 6876:2012 linear flow. Volumetric filling and volume change were evaluated using microcomputed-tomography (µCT). Chemical characterization after 28 days in Hank's Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) and pH analysis were also assessed. Biological characterization of cytotoxicity and microbiological assessment were also undertaken. Shapiro-Wilk, ANOVA, Levene and post hoc analyses with Bonferroni correction were performed, adopting a 5% significance level (p <0.05). Bio-C Pulpo exhibited the highest L values after 90 days. All tested materials demonstrated color change during the analyses, and had radiopacity above 5 mm Al. MTA Repair HP set faster than Bio-C Pulpo, whereas the latter had the highest linear flow. MTA Repair HP had the highest volumetric filling in µCT analysis. Bio-C Pulpo showed the highest alkalinity during all tested periods, and the highest volumetric loss (above 9%), in comparison with MTA Repair HP and MTA Angelus. Bio-C Pulpo did not form calcium hydroxide after hydration. MTA Repair HP demonstrated the highest cytocompatibility, and Bio-C Pulpo, the highest cytotoxicity. No inhibition halos were observed for any material, and similar higher turbidity values were seen after direct contact. Composition additives used in Bio-C Pulpo modified its properties, and both the absence of calcium hydroxide deposition after hydration, and the related cytotoxicity of this material are of particular concern.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Materials Testing , Calcium , Silicates/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Drug Combinations
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3745-3756, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921462

ABSTRACT

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a chronic disease but causes the highest mortality and morbidity among the cardiovascular diseases worldwide. Correlations between CAD and gut microbiota have been observed. This suggests that the gut microbiota could become a vital diagnostic marker of CAD, and restoring the gut habitat may become a promising strategy for CAD therapy. The elevated level of trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a gut microbiota-derived metabolite, was found to be associated with the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and the all-cause mortality. Preclinical studies have shown that it has pro-arteriosclerosis properties. It is likely that regulating the production of TMAO by gut microbiota may become a promising strategy for anti-atherosclerosis therapy. This review summarizes the clinical and preclinical researches on the intervention of CAD by regulating the gut microbiota and the microbiota-derived metabolite TMAO, with the aim to provide new target for the therapy of CAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Methylamines , Oxides
14.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 531-539, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to fabricate a bionic coating with titanium (Ti) phosphate to promote the osseointegration of Ti substrate implants.@*METHODS@#Phosphorylated micro/nanocoating was prepared on the surface of pure titanium (i.e., TiP-Ti) by hydrothermal process under special pressure, and the untreated smooth pure titanium (cp-Ti) was selected as the control. To evaluate the characteristics of the coating surface, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, and contact-angle measurement were performed. In addition, the effects of TiP-Ti on the proliferation, adhesion, and differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were investigated by using @*RESULTS@#The TiP-Ti surface presented a bionic structure with coexisting nanoscale 3D spatial structure and microscale pores. @*CONCLUSIONS@#A bionic structure with TiP-Ti micro/nanoscale coating was successfully fabricated, indicating a promising method for modifying the surface of implants.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Dental Implants , Osseointegration , Osteogenesis , Oxides , Phosphates , Surface Properties , Titanium
15.
Rev. odontopediatr. latinoam ; 11(1): e-320162, 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1379321

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analizar la eficacia clínica del Agregado Trióxido Mineral (MTA) en pulpotomías a través de estudios comparativos con el formocresol, sulfato férrico e hidróxido de calcio; en pacientes pediátricos con edad de tres a nueve años. Materiales y Métodos: El artículo se basa en una revisión sistemática de la literatura, por ello, se utilizaron como fuentes de información las bases de datos: PubMed, Scielo, y Biblioteca Virtual de Salud. Asimismo, como criterios de inclusión se establecieron publicaciones del año 2008 al 2019, cuya procedencia se derivó de journalsy revistas académicas arbitradas; los cuales permitieron obtener dieciséis ensayos que evaluaban la eficacia clínica a través de los signos y síntomas de las patologías pulpares más comunes: absceso, inflamación gingival, movilidad patológica, dolor a la percusión y dolor espontáneo. Resultados: El MTA obtuvo una eficacia de 97,9% en contraposición al 86,9% del Sulfato Férrico. En relación al Formocresol, el MTA logró el 99% contra un 98,3% de eficacia. Además, en la comparación del MTA con el Hidróxido de Calcio el primero logró un 98,2% y el segundo 74,5%. Conclusiones: El MTA obtuvo una mayor eficacia clínica debido a su biocompatibilidad, pH básico y su elevada facultad al sellar la cámara pulpar. Por lo tanto, puede emplearse como un material seguro para las pulpotomías de pacientes pediátricos.


Objetivo: Analisar a eficácia clínica do Agregado de Trióxido Mineral (MTA) em pulpotomias através de estudos comparativos com formocresol, sulfato férrico e hidróxido de cálcio; em pacientes pediátricos de três a nove anos de idade. Materiais e Métodos: O artigo é baseado em uma revisão sistemática da literatura, portanto, bases de dados foram utilizadas como fontes de informação: PubMed, Scielo, e Biblioteca Virtual. Da mesma forma, como critério de inclusão, foram estabelecidas publicações de 2008 a 2019, cuja origem foi derivada de periódicos e revistas acadêmicas de referência; o que nos permitiu obter dezesseis ensaios que avaliaram a eficácia clínica através dos sinais e sintomas das doenças mais comuns da polpa: abscesso, inflamação gengival, mobilidade patológica, dor na percussão e dor espontânea. Resultados: A MTA obteve uma eficácia de 97,9% contra 86,9% para o sulfato férrico. Em relação ao Formocresol, o MTA alcançou 99% contra 98,3% de eficácia. Além disso, na comparação do MTA com o hidróxido de cálcio, o primeiro atingiu 98,2% e o segundo 74,5%. Conclusões: A MTA obteve uma maior eficácia clínica devido a sua biocompatibilidade, pH básico e sua alta faculdade ao selar a câmara de celulose. Portanto, pode ser usado como material segura para pulpotomias de pacientes pediátricos.


Objective: To analyze the clinical efficacy of the Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) in pulpotomies through comparative studies with formocresol, ferric sulfate and calcium hydroxide; in pediatric patients aged three to nine years. Materials and Methods: The article is based on a systematic review of the literature, therefore, databases were used as sources of information: PubMed, Scielo, and Virtual Health Library. Likewise, as inclusion criteria, publications from 2008 to 2019 were established, whose origin was derived from journals and refereed academic journals; which allowed us to obtain sixteen trials that evaluated clinical efficacy through the signs and symptoms of the most common pulp diseases: abscess, gingival inflammation, pathological mobility, pain on percussion and spontaneous pain. Results: MTA obtained an efficacy of 97.9% as opposed to 86.9% for ferric sulfate. Concerning to Formocresol, MTA achieved 99% versus 98.3% efficacy. Also, in the comparison of MTA with Calcium Hydroxide, the former achieved 98.2% and the latter 74.5%. Conclusions: MTA obtained a higher clinical efficacy due to its biocompatibility, basic pH and its high faculty when sealing the pulp chamber. Therefore, it can be used as a safe material for pediatric patient pulpotomies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Pulpotomy , Inorganic Chemicals/therapeutic use , Oxides/therapeutic use , Tooth Mobility/therapy , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Ferric Sulfate , Treatment Outcome , Silicates/therapeutic use , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Cavity , Abscess/therapy , Drug Combinations , Pain Management , Formocresols/therapeutic use , Gingivitis/therapy
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e086, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285724

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the cytotoxicity, the antimicrobial and physicochemical properties of root canal sealers incorporated with phytotherapic Uncaria tomentosa (UT). Unmodified AH Plus (Dentsply, DeTrey, Germany) and MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, Brazil) were used as controls. UT was incorporated into AH Plus and MTA Fillapex, at concentrations of 2% and 5% of the total weight of these sealers (w/w). Flowability, setting time, and solubility were evaluated following ISO requirements. The pH values were measured at periods of 12, 24, 48 hours, and 7 days. The antimicrobial activity of the sealers against Enterococcus faecalis was analyzed by both direct contact tests in freshly prepared sealers, and after 7 days. The cytotoxicity of the samples was evaluated by the MTT assay, to check Balb/c 3T3 cell viability. The statistical analysis was performed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The incorporation of UT was associated with a decrease in flow, for both sealers, an increase in AH Plus setting time, increase in MTA Fillapex pH values, and solubility (after 14 days), for both sealers (p < 0.05). Regarding the antibacterial evaluation, bacterial reduction was reported after incorporation of UT into both AH Plus and MTA Fillapex, up to 7 days after handling of the material (P<0.05). UT incorporation decreased the cytotoxic effects of both AH Plus and MTA Fillapex sealers in a way directly proportional to their respective concentrations (p < 0.05). In conclusion, UT can be added to both sealers to reduce their cytotoxicity, and improve their antibacterial effects, without compromising their original physicochemical properties.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Cat's Claw , Oxides , Materials Testing , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Drug Combinations , Epoxy Resins/toxicity , Anti-Bacterial Agents/toxicity
17.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(3): 181-185, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385170

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Introducción: El recubrimiento pulpar directo es un método para tratar la pulpa vital expuesta conservando su vitalidad. Tradicionalmente se ha utilizado el hidróxido de calcio como material de elección para este tratamiento, sin embargo, sus efectos adversos han promovido el desarrollo y utilización de agregado trióxido mineral (MTA), del cual aún existe controversia sobre una mayor efectividad. Métodos: Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. Resultados y conclusiones: Identificamos cuatro revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron siete estudios primarios, de los cuales, cuatro corresponden a ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que el recubrimiento directo con agregado trióxido mineral (MTA) comparado con hidróxido de calcio probablemente aumenta el éxito clínico y que podría aumentar la sobrevida pulpar, pero la certeza de la evidencia es baja.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Direct pulp capping has been suggested as the treatment of exposed vital pulp. Conventionally calcium hydroxide (CH) has been the main biomaterial option for maintaining pulp vitality, but its adverse effects have promoted the development and use of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). However, there is still uncertainty regarding its effectiveness. Methods: We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. Results and conclusions: We identified four systematic reviews including seven studies overall, of which four were randomized trials. We conclude that direct pulp capping with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) probably improves clinical success rate and may improve pulp survival rate, however, the certainty of the evidence has been assessed as low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Hydroxide/administration & dosage , Silicates/administration & dosage , Calcium Compounds/administration & dosage , Aluminum Compounds/administration & dosage , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Pulp Capping/methods , Oxides , Decision Making , Drug Combinations , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents
18.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(3): 176-180, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385169

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Introducción: La pulpotomía parcial se utiliza para el tratamiento de caries con exposición pulpar en dientes permanentes inmaduros. El agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) ha sido propuesto como uno de los biomateriales de elección para el tratamiento, pero existe incertidumbre en relación a su efectividad comparado con la del hidróxido de calcio. Métodos: Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. Resultados y conclusiones: Encontramos cinco revisiones sistemáticas, que incluyeron tres estudios primarios, de los cuales todos corresponden a ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que la pulpotomía parcial con agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) podría resultar en poca o nula diferencia en la tasa de éxito comparado a la pulpotomía parcial con hidróxido de calcio, pero la certeza de la evidencia es baja.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Partial pulpotomy is the treatment of choice following carious pulp exposure in immature permanent teeth. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has been suggested as the biomaterial first option for treatment, but there is still uncertainty regarding its effectiveness compared to calcium hydroxide. Methods: We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. Results and conclusions: We identified five systematic reviews including three studies overall, of which all were randomized trials. We conclude that partial pulpotomy with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) may make little or no difference to success rate compared to partial pulpotomy with calcium hydroxide, however, the certainty of the evidence has been assessed as low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulpotomy/methods , Calcium Hydroxide/administration & dosage , Silicates/administration & dosage , Calcium Compounds/administration & dosage , Aluminum Compounds/administration & dosage , Dental Caries/therapy , Oxides , Decision Making , Drug Combinations
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 680-684, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132355

ABSTRACT

Abstract This case report discusses the endodontic treatment of a 7-year-old girl who suffered trauma (intrusion) to the immature upper central incisors secondary to a fall from a bicycle. Thirty days after the accident the patient was brought by her mother for clinical and radiographic assessment with a chief complaint of swelling and tenderness to percussion and palpation. Acute apical abscess associated with immature teeth were diagnosed. A decision was made to perform regenerative endodontic treatment. Access cavities were made and the root canals were disinfected by irrigation with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. Final irrigation was performed with 17% EDTA. Due to pain and presence of secretions, 2% chlorhexidine gel was applied as an intracanal medicament. Seven days later, at the second visit, the root canals were once again disinfected and the canals of the right and left permanent upper central incisors were filled with double antibiotic paste (metronidazole/ciprofloxacin) and calcium hydroxide paste, respectively. Zinc oxide was mixed in both pastes. At the third visit, after 21 more days, the pastes were removed and the periapical areas were stimulated with a #80 K-file to encourage clot formation within the pulp cavities. A mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) paste cervical plug was placed and the teeth were restored with glass ionomer cement. Radiographs and CBCT scans demonstrated complete root formations. The patient has been followed for 12 years, with evidence of clinical success throughout.


Resumo Este relato de caso discute o tratamento endodôntico de uma menina de 7 anos que sofreu trauma nos incisivos centrais superiores imaturos, após queda de bicicleta. Trinta dias após o acidente, a paciente foi levada pela mãe para avaliação clínica e radiográfica com queixa principal de inchaço e sensibilidade à percussão e palpação. Foram diagnosticados abscessos apicais agudos em ambos os dentes. Foi decidido por realizar o tratamento endodôntico regenerativo. Após acessos coronários, os canais radiculares foram submetidos à protocolos de antissepsia com auxílio de irrigação com hipoclorito de sódio a 2,5% e EDTA 17%. Devido à dor e presença de secreções, foi utilizada medicação intracanal com clorexidina gel 2% por 7 dias. Na segunda sessão, os canais radiculares foram novamente submetidos aos procedimentos de antissepsia e os canais dos incisivos centrais superiores permanentes direito e esquerdo foram preenchidos com pasta antibiótica dupla (Metronidazol / Ciprofloxacina) e pasta de hidróxido de cálcio, respectivamente. Em ambas as pastas foi adicionado o óxido de zinco. Na terceira sessão, após mais 21 dias, as pastas foram removidas e as regiões periapicais foram estimuladas com lima K nº 80 para incentivar a formação de coágulos sanguíneos no interior das cavidades pulpares. Tampões cervicais de MTA foram adaptados e os dentes restaurados com cimento de ionômero de vidro resinoso. Radiografias e tomografias computadorizadas demonstraram formações radiculares completas. A paciente é acompanhada há 12 anos, com evidências clínicas e radiográficas de sucesso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Regenerative Endodontics , Incisor , Oxides , Follow-Up Studies , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Abscess , Drug Combinations
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 477-484, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132331

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the biocompatibility, biomineralization, and collagen fiber maturation induced by Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; β-tricalcium phosphate [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; bioactive glass), and DM Bone® (DMB; hydroxyapatite and β-TCP) in vivo. Sixty-four polyethylene tubes with or without (control group; CG) materials (n=8/group/period) were randomly implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of 16 male Wistar rats (four per rat), weighting 250 to 280 g. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 days (n=8), and the specimens were removed for analysis of inflammation using hematoxylin-eosin; biomineralization assay using von Kossa (VK) staining and polarized light (PL); and collagen fiber maturation using picrosirius red (PSR). Nonparametric data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests, and parametric data by one-way ANOVA test (p<0.05). At 7 days, all groups induced moderate inflammation (p>0.05). At 30 days, there was mild inflammation in the BIOG and CG, and moderate inflammation in the RTR and DMB groups, with a significant difference between the CG and RTR (p<0.05). The fibrous capsule was thick at 7 days and predominantly thin at 30 days in all groups. All materials exhibited structures that stained positively for VK and PL. Immature collagen fibers were predominant at 7 and 30 days in all groups (p>0.05), although DMB exhibited more mature fibers than BIOG at 30 days (p<0.05). RTR, BIOG, and DMB were biocompatible, inducing inflammation that reduced over time and biomineralization in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. DMB exhibited more mature collagen fibers than BIOG over a longer period.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a biocompatibilidade, biomineralização e maturação das fibras de colágeno induzidas por Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; fosfato β-tricálcico [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; vidro bioativo) e DM Bone® (DMB; hidroxiapatita e β-TCP) in vivo. Sessenta e quatro tubos de polietileno com ou sem (grupo controle; GC) os materiais (n=8/grupo/período) foram implantados aleatoriamente em tecido subcutâneo de 16 ratos machos Wistar (quatro por rato), pesando entre 250 a 280g. Os ratos foram mortos após 7 e 30 dias (n=8), e as amostras foram removidas para análise da inflamação utilizando hematoxilina-eosina; avaliação da biomineralização utilizando coloração de von Kossa (VK) e luz polarizada (LP); e maturação das fibras colágenas, utilizando picrosirius red (PSR). Os dados não-paramétricos foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn, e os paramétricos pelo teste de one-way ANOVA (p<0.05). Aos 7 dias, todos os grupos induziram inflamação moderada (p>0,05). Aos 30 dias, houve inflamação leve nos grupos BIOG e GC, e inflamação moderada nos grupos RTR e DMB, com diferença significativa entre os GC e RTR (p<0,05). A cápsula fibrosa foi espessa aos 7 dias, e predominantemente fina aos 30 dias em todos os grupos. Todos os materiais exibiram estruturas positivas para VK e LP. Fibras colágenas imaturas foram predominantes aos 7 e 30 dias em todos os grupos (p>0,05), embora o DMB exibiu fibras mais maduras do que o BIOG aos 30 dias (p<0,05). RTR, BIOG e DMB foram biocompatíveis, induzindo inflamação que reduziu com o tempo, e biomineralização no tecido subcutâneo de ratos. O DMB exibiu mais fibras colágenas maduras do que o BIOG em período mais longo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Root Canal Filling Materials , Biomineralization , Oxides , Biocompatible Materials , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Collagen , Rats, Wistar , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Subcutaneous Tissue
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